2011 / If¿/ 3 Un/ Cw•ojv/ bp.-F-kv.-F.

/ 128 an\p´v
kwhn-[m\w: am¿´n≥ kvtIm¿ksk

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X
t¢mk∏v

hnP-b-Ip-am¿ ªmØq¿

{_

bm≥ skevÃn°ns‚ "Z C≥sh≥j≥ Hm^v lyqtKm Ims{_‰v' F∂ t\mh-ens\ Bkv]-Z-am°n Ata-cn-°-bn¬ 2011¬ \n¿an®v, am¿´n≥ kvtIm¿ksk kwhn-[m\w sNbvXv]p-d-Øn-d-ßnb "lyqtKm'
F∂ {Xnam\ Ne-Nn{Xw a™p-s]m-gn-bp∂ ]mcokv \K-c-Øns‚ BImi-°m-gvN-I-fn-emWv Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. Xnc-t°-dnb ]mcokv tam≠v
hm¿sWkv sdbn¬th-sS¿an-\-en-te°v IpXn-s®-Øp∂ Bhn
h≠n-s°m∏w t{]£-Icpw AhnsS FØp-∂p. tÃj-\nse
t¢m°v Sh-dn-\p-≈n¬ Hfn-U-b-en\p ]ndIn¬ Hfn-®n-cp∂v- F√mw t\m°n-°m-Wp∂ lyqtKm Im{_‰v F∂
]{¥-≠p-h-b- p-Im-c-\m-b -A-\m-Y-°p-´n-bpsS \oe-°Æp-I-fn-te°pw \Ω-sf-Øp-∂p. Ahs‚ ImgvN-I-fneq-sS-bmWv kn\na ]n∂oSv hnI-kn-°p-∂-Xv. IY \S°p-∂Xv 1931 se ssiXyIme-Øpw.
\K-c-Ønc-°p-I-fnse A\m-Y-_mey Pohn-X-Øns‚ ZpcnX Xo®qSv thhn® Gsd-t∏¿ Ncn-{X-Øn-ep≠v. kmln-Xy-Ønepw kn\n-a-bnepw Cu Ip´nIsf
\mw ]e-X-hW I≠n-´p-ap≠v. ]t£ lyqtKm-bpsS At\z-j-Whpw Is≠-Ø-ep-amWv Cu kn\n-a-bpsS Imºv.
AΩ \„-s∏´ lyqtKmsb hfsc Hma-\n®pw kvt\ln®p-amWv ayqknbw tPmen-°m-c-\mb A—≥ hf¿Øn-bn-cp-∂Xv. b{¥-`m-K-߃ \∂m-°p-∂-Xn¬ henb {`a-ap≈ At±lw Ne\-b-{¥-߃ tISp-Xo¿°m≥ lyqtKm-tbbpw ]Tn-∏n-®n-´p-≠v. ayqkn-bØn¬ B¿°pw th≠msX-In-S∂ Hcp b{¥-∏m-hsb \∂m-°n-sb-Sp°m-\p≈ {ia-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. b{¥ss° sIm≠v IS-em-kn¬
Fgp-Xm\pw hc-bv°m\pw Ign-bp-∂-Xm-Wt{X B ]mh. lyqtKmbpw

30 imkv{X-tI-cfw

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

lyqtKm-bpsS
At\z-j-Whpw
Is≠-Ø-ep-amWv
Cu kn\n-a-bpsS
Imºv

A—-t\m-sSm∏w AXns‚ ]Wn-bn¬ Iq-Smdp-≠v. ayqkn-b-Øn-ep-≠mb Xo]n-Sp-ØØn¬ A—≥ sIm√-s∏-´-t∏mƒ
Ah\v Iq´m-bp-≈Xv B b{¥∏mh am{X- a m- W v . apgp- ° p- S nb\pw sdbn¬th-tÃ-j-\nse
t¢m°v Sh-dns‚ ta¬t\m´
DtZym- K - ÿ - \ p- a mb AΩmh≥ t¢mUns‚ kwc-£-WØn-emWv ]ns∂ lyqtKm.
Ahs‚ ]TnØw aXn-bm-°n®v t¢m°v Sh-dn-se-tPm-en-Iƒ
sNøm-\mbn IqsS Iq´n-b-XmW-bmƒ. `oa≥ L-Sn-Im-c-Øn\v
Io sImSp-°epw ]¬®{I-߃°v
FÆ-bn-Sepw Hs° Ip™v lyqtKm
thKw Xs∂ ]cn-io-en-°p-∂p. Bcpw
Xncn- ™ p- t \m- ° mØ t¢m°v Sh- d n- \ p≈nse IpSp- p-ap-dn-bmWv Ahs‚ temIw.
t¢mUv AΩm-h≥ bm{X-t]m-bn´v Xncn®v h∂n´n-√. tPmen-I-sf-√mw- lyqtKm `wKn-bmbn sNøp-∂Xn-\m¬ Abm-fpsS Akm-∂n[yw A[n-Im-cn-Iƒ Adn™n-´p-t]m-ep-an-√. X°w-t\m°n Xs‚ Hfn-hn-S-Øn¬
\n∂pw ]pd-Øn-dßn `£-Whpw Xs‚ ]mh-bpsS dnt∏dn\v th≠ ]¬N-{I-ßfpw kv{]nwKp-I-fp-sams° tamjvSn®v

Ah≥ Znh-k-߃ \o°p-∂p. hfsc `b-tØm-sS-bmWv
Ah≥ ]pd-Øn-d-ßp-∂-Xv. kq£va-{i-≤-bp≈ I¿°-i-°mc-\mb tÃj≥ C≥kvs]-Œ-dp-sStbm Abm-fpsS ]´n-bpsStbm ap∂n¬ s]´p-t]m-bm¬ Ahs\ ]nSn-Iq-Sn- A-\mYm-e-b-Øn¬ sIm≠pt]mbnSpw F∂-X-h-\-dn-bmw. A\mYm-e-b-ß-fnse \c-I-Xp-ey-amb Akz-X{¥ Pohn-X-tØ°m-tfsd Xs‚ {]nb-s∏´ b{¥-∏m-h-sb- ]-cn-tb-≠n-h-cp∂XmWv- A-hs\ IqSp-X¬ thZ-\n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Ahs‚
A—s‚ km∂n-[yw-Iq-Sn-bm-W-Xv. B ]mh {]h¿Øn-®p
XpS-ßn-bm¬ A—≥ X\n-°m-bn -{I-a-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂
GtXm Hcp ktμiw Fgp-Xn-°n´pw F∂m-W-hs‚ {]Xo£. AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ AXv \∂m-°p-hm-\p≈ ITn-\{iaw XpS-cp-I-bp-am-Wv.
Ah≥- A-Xn-\p-th≠ ]e LS-I-ßfpw tam„n-°p∂Xv tÃj-\n¬ Ifn-∏m-´°
- S \S-Øp∂ hr≤-\mb tPm¿P∏q-∏s‚ IS-bn¬\n-∂m-Wv. Io sImSp-Øm¬ Nen-°p∂
]e-bn\w Ifn-∏m-´-߃ \n¿an®v hn‰mWv Abmƒ Pohn°p-∂-Xv. Dd°w Xqßp∂ tPm¿P-∏q-∏s‚ tai-∏p-d-Øp\n∂v Hcp Ifn-∏m´w Ah≥ X´n-sb-Sp-°p-tºmƒ ]nSn-°s∏-Sp-∂p. Xs‚ IS-bn¬ \n∂pw CXn\p apºpw-]-eXpw
lyqtKm tam„n-®n-´p-s≠∂v Abmƒ°-dn-bmw. ]t£ Ch
F¥n-\m-sW∂v Abmƒ°v a\- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. lyqtKmbpsS A—≥ b{¥-∏mh \∂m-°m-\mbn kvsI®p-Iƒ hc®p-tN¿Ø sNdp ]pkvXIw I≠-tXmsS tPm¿Pns‚ {]IrXw amdp-∂p. Cu Nn{X-߃ Bcm-Wv h-c-®-sX∂v AUnkw_¿ ˛2013

31

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X
t¢mk∏v

bmƒ Ae-dn-t®m-Zn-°p-∂p. i–w tI´v tÃj≥ C≥kvs]Œ¿ Atßm´v HmSn-h-cp-∂p. temI-a-lm-bp-≤-Im-eØv ]´mf-°m-c-\mb Abmƒ°p-≠mb A]-ISw aqew b{¥-°mep-sh-®mWv Abmƒ HmSp-∂-Xv. ]nSn-sIm-Sp-°msX lyqtKm
c£-s∏-Sp-∂p.
lyqtKmbv°v B ]pkvXIw Xncn-®p-In-´ntb aXn-bmhq. A{X-ta¬ hne-s∏-´-Xm-W-h\v A—s‚ B ]pkvXIw. cm{Xn IS-b-S®v tPm¿Pv A∏q-∏≥ t]mIp-tºmƒ Ah≥
AXv Xncn-®p-X-cm≥ sI©p-∂p-≠v. Abmƒ AXv IØn-®pI-f-bm≥ t]mhp-I-bm-sW∂v ]d™v ho´n-te°v \S-°p∂p. Ip™v lyqtKmbpw a™v ]pX™ hgn-I-fn-eqsS Abm-fpsS ]nd-sI-Øs∂ t]mIp-∂p. sXcp-hn¬ Ahs\
X\n-®m°n Abmƒ ho´n¬°-bdn hmXn-e-S-®p. Pme-I-ØneqsS ]pdØv \n¬°p∂ lyqtKmsb I≠v Abm-fpsS
hf¿Øp t]c-°p´n Ck-s_√ ]pd-Øp-h-cp-∂p. Aen-hptXm-∂nb Ahƒ Ahs\ klm-bn-°m-sa∂pw ]pkvXIw
IØn-°msX t\m°m-sa∂pw hm°p-\¬Ip-∂p.
]nt‰-Zn-hkhpw tPm¿P-∏q-∏s‚ IS-bneh≥ t]mIp∂p. IØn-®-]p-kvX-I-Øns‚ Nmcw F∂p-]-d™v Ah\v
Hcp s]mXn-bm-W-bmƒ \¬Ip-∂-Xv. k¶-S-tØmsS HmSnb
Ah≥ Ck-s_-√sb ImWp-∂p. apØ-—≥ AXp IØn®n-´n-s√∂pw B ]pkvXIw apØ-—s\
h√msX Akz-ÿ-s∏Sp-Øp-∂p-s≠∂pw
Ahƒ ]d-bp∂p. kmlkn- I - X bpsS

32 imkv{X-tI-cfw

]pkvX-I-߃ C„-ap≈ Ahƒ CXnse clkyw I≠p]n-Sn-°p-∂-Xnse BÀm-Z-Øn-em-Wv. Xs‚ A—-s\-°pdn®pw b{¥-∏m-h-sb-°p-dn®pw Ah-\h-tfmSv ]d-bp-∂p.
X{¥-]q¿hw ]pkvXIw Xncn-®p-In-´m-\mbn Abm-fpsS ISbn¬ A{]‚n-kmbn tPmen-sN-øp-∂p. Ah≥ tam„n®
km[-\-ß-fpsS hnebv°v Xpey-amIpw hsc Iqen-bn-√msX
]Wn-sb-Sp-°m-\mWv \n¿tZ-iw. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ b{¥-∏mh
]q¿W-ambpw Ah≥ icn-bm-°n. ]t£ lrZ-bm-Ir-Xn-bnep≈ Hcp Io IqSn-th-Ww- AXp {]h¿Øn-°m≥. AXn\p≈ At\z-j-W-Øn-em-bn. ]ns∂ bmZr-—n-I-ambn Cks_-√-bpsS Igp-Øn¬-A-Øcw Hcp Xmt°m¬ Xmenbmbn Xqßn-°n-S-°p-∂Xv Ah≥ ImWp-∂p. Ah-sfbpw
Iq´n Xs‚ Hfn-Øm-h-f-Øn-seØn b{¥-∏m-hbv°v Io
sImSp-°p-∂p. ]mh ap∂nse IS-em-kn¬ Nn-{Xhpw H∏pamWv hc-bv°p-∂-Xv. kn\n-am-°-º-°m-c-\mb lyqtKm-bpsS
A—≥ Ahs\ Gsd kn\n-abv°v Iq´ns°m≠p-t]m-bn´p≠v. Aßns\ Hcn-°¬ I≠ tPm¿Pv saen-b-kns‚
"F {Sn∏v Sp aq¨' F∂ kn\n-a-bn¬ N{μ-s‚ IÆn¬
tdm-°‰v IpØn-bn-d-ßp∂ Hcp Zriy-amWv b{¥-∏mh hc®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Xs‚ A—≥ X\n-°mbn \¬Inb ktμ-iambn AXv lyqtKm Icp-Xp-∂p. ]t£ Nn{X-Øn\p Xmsg
C´n-cn-°p∂ H∏v Xs‚ apØ-—-t‚-Xm-sW∂v Ck-s_√
Xdn-∏n®p ]d-bp-∂p.
CXnse clkyw Npcp-f-gn-°m\mbn B Nn{X-hp-ambn Ccp-hcpw tPm¿P-∏q-∏s‚ ho´n-seØp-∂p. apØ»n aΩPo≥
BZyw lyqtKm-sb- No-Ø]-d-bp-∂p. b{¥w hc® Nn{Xw I≠- t XmsS Ah¿
Aen- b p- ∂ p. CsX- h nsS
\n∂v In´n F∂ tNmZyØn-\p-Ø-c-ambn B¿°pw
th≠m- X n- c p∂ b{¥- ∏ mhsb Xm\pw A—\pw IqSn
\∂m°n FSp- s Ø∂pw
AXp hc-®-XmWv Cu Nn{Xsa∂pw lyqtKm ]d-bp-∂p.
F¶nepw clkyw ]pd-Øp]-d-bm≥ Ah¿ k∂-≤-am-Ip∂n-√. s]s´∂v Ahn-tSbv°v
h∂-tPm¿Pv ImWmXn-cn-

al-Ømb kn\n-a-Ifn-eqsS Hcp bm{X

°m-\mbn Ip´n-Isf Hcp apdnbn-em°n hmXn-e-S-bv°p-∂p.
Ahn-SsØ henb Ae-am-c-bn¬ \n∂v Hcp s]´n ]pdsØ-Sp-°p-tºmƒ Ck-s_√ Itkc XI¿∂v Xmsg hogp∂p. i–w tI´v tPm¿Pv AhnsS hcp-∂p. s]´n-bn¬
\ndsb tPm¿Pv saen-b-kns‚ Ne-®n-{X-ß-fpsS kvsI®pI-fm-bn-cp∂p. hniz-{]-kn≤ Ne-®n-{X-Im-c-\mb tPm¿Pv
saen-b v BWv shdpw Ifn-∏m-´-I-S-°m-c-\mbn Pohn-°p∂
tPm¿P-∏q-∏≥ F∂ clkyw Ck-s_-√sb kvXw`n-∏n°p-∂p-≠v.
sse{_-dn-bn¬ h®v Ck-s_-√bpw lyqtKmbpw IqSn
hmbn® Hcp-]p-kvX-I-Øn¬ Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv temI-alm-bp-≤-Øn¬ tPm¿Pv saen-bkv acn-®p-sh-∂m-bn-cp∂p
At∏mƒ AhnsS FØnb {KŸ-Im-c\pw saen-b-kns‚
ISpØ Bcm-[-I-\p-amb s{]m^-k¿ ssSw_m¿Un-t\mSv
˛ saen-bkv Ct∏mgpw Pohn-®n-cn-∏p-s≠∂ clkyw Ah¿
]d-bp-∂p. ssSw_m¿Uv saen-b-kn-s\-°p-dn-®p≈ kzImcy-ayq-kn-b-Øn¬ Ahsc sIm≠p-t]m-bn F√mw ImWn°p∂p. ambm-Pm-e°
- m-c\
- mb tPm¿Pv saen-bkv F∂ {]Xn`- At±lw epan-b¿ ktlm-Z-c-∑m-cpsS BZy kn\na I≠v
Bthiw ]q≠v kz¥-ambn Iyma-dbpw ÃpUn-tbmbpw
\n¿an®p. amPnIv X\n°v \¬Inb A\-¥-amb `mh-\-Iƒ
kn\n-a-bn¬ {]tbm-Kn®v ^m‚-knbpw kz]v\-ßfpw ]e-

Xcw sSIv\n-°p-I-fn-eqsS kn\n-a-bn¬ Nn{Xo-I-cn-®p-Im-´n.
kn\n-a-sb∂ A¤p-X-temIw \ap°v ap∂n¬ ImWn-°p∂
alm-\mb Ne-Nn-{X-Im-cs\ At±lw Ah¿°v ]cn-N-b-s∏Sp-Øp-∂p. bp≤m-\-¥cw kmº-ØnI amμyw kn\na \n¿amW-sØ- D-e-®p. Zmcn{Zyw aqew \qdp-I-W-°n\v kn\naIfpsS
{]n‚p-Iƒ Dcp-°n-am‰n kv{XoI-fpsS sNcp-∏ns‚ loep-Iƒ
\n¿an-°m-\m-bn- B-{In-°-®-h-S-°m¿°v hn¬t°-≠n-h-∂p.
C„-tlm-_n-bmb D]-I-cW \n¿am-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn
\n¿an® Fgp-Xm\pw hc-bv°m\pw Ign-bp∂ b{¥-∏mhsb
Ftßm \„-am-bn. kn\nam PohnXw Fs∂-t∂-°p-ambn
ad-∂p. kn\n-a-I-fn-sem-s°bpw A`n-\-bn-®n-cp∂ `mcys°m∏w ]mco-kn¬ IosIm-Sp-Øm-tem-Sp∂ Ifn-∏m-´-߃
D≠m°n Pohn-°p-I-bm-sW∂v Bcp-a-dn-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Gsd
\njvI¿j ]pe¿Øn.- C-sXm-sXm-s°bpw ]n∂oSv tPm¿Pv
saen-b-kn¬ \n∂p-Xs∂ s{]m^.- ssSw-_m¿Upw lyqtKmbpw Ck-s_-√bpw Adn-bp-∂p≠v.
temIsØ apgp-h≥ C„-ap≈, A—-t\sd C„-ap≈
B Ne-®n-{X-Im-cs\ Is≠-ØpI F∂-XmWv B b-{¥∏m-h-bn-eqsS X\n°v \¬Inb ktμ-i-sa∂v lyqtKm hnizkn-°p-∂p. B b{¥-∏mh AXns‚ Ah-Im-inbv°v XncnsI
\¬Im-\m-bn- A-h≥ Xoh-≠n- tÃ-j-\n-te°v Xncn-s®-Øp∂p. t¢mUv acn-®p-t]m-sb∂pw Xs∂ I_-fn-∏n®v Ip´n-bmb
Unkw_¿ ˛2013

33

lyqtKm BWv t¢m-°p-Iƒ ]cn-N-cn-°p-∂-sX-∂pw-Xn-cn-®dn™ tÃj≥ C≥kvs]-Œ¿ Ahs\ ]nSn-Iq-Sp∂p. IpXdn-HmSpw hgn Iønse b{¥-∏mh sdbn¬∏m-f-Øn-te°v
hogp-∂p. IpXn-s®-Øp∂ F©n≥ AXv XI¿°p-sa-∂-dnbm-am-bn-cp∂ lyqtKm Poh≥ ]cn-K-Wn-°msX {Sm°n-te°v
NmSn AXv ssI°-em-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw πm‰-vt^m-an-te°v
Xncn-®p-I-b-dm-\m-hp-∂n-√. ]t£ tÃj≥ C≥kvs]-Œ¿
kml-kn-I-ambn Ahs\ c£n-°p-∂p. A\m-Ym-e-b-Ønte°v Ah-s\-]-d-™p-hnSpw apºv tPm¿Pv saen-bkv
AhnsS FØp-Ibpw Cu Ip´n Xs‚ -kw-c-£-W-Øn-emsW∂v Adn-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. lyqtKm- Xs‚ kΩm\-am-bn B b{¥-∏mh tPm¿Pv saen-b-kn\v \¬Ip-∂p ˛
CXv XI¿∂p-t]mbn F∂ Ip‰-k-Ω-X-tØm-sS. ]t£ saen-bkv Ahs\ sI´n-∏n-Sn®v ]d-bp-∂-Xv, C√ CXv hfsc
IrXy-X-tbmsS {]h¿Øn®p F∂m-Wv.

]n∂o-Sv tPm¿Pv saen-b-kns‚ Nn{X-߃°mbn am{Xw
^nenw A°m-Uan Hcp-°nb s^Ãn-h-emWv \mw ImWp∂-Xv. {]ikvX hy‡n-Iƒs°m∏w lyqtKmbpw Ck-s_√bpw ama-Po\pw Hs°-bp-≠v. \„-s∏´p F∂p Icp-Xnb
saen-b-kns‚ F¨]-tXmfw kn\n-a-Iƒ ]ebnSß-fn¬
\n∂mbn Is≠-Øn kwc-£n-®-Xmbn s{]m^-k¿ St_mƒ´v Ah-Xm-c-I-\mbn ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. X-I¿∂v aqebv°v InS∂
Hcp ]Sp-b{¥w ho≠pw {]h¿Ø-\-£-a-am-°nb [oc-\mb
Ip´n°v Xs‚ \μn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠mWv tPm¿Pv
saen-bkv \nd-™p-I-hn™ HmUn-t‰m-dn-b-Øn¬ {]kwKw
Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. B s]mfn™ ˛temI-Ønte‰hpw Zbm]q¿h-amb amPn-°m-W-sX∂pw B b{¥-amWv \nß-tfmSn-t∏mƒ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-sX∂pw G‰p ]d-bp-∂p. Xt∂msSm∏w ]¶p-tN¿∂v kz]v\-߃ ImWm≥ £Wn-®p-sIm≠v
At±lw Xnc-io-e-bv°p-≈n-te°v ad-bp-∂p.

34 imkv{X-tI-cfw

kt¥m-j-I-c-amb PohnXw kmbm-”- ]m¿´nIƒ- AXnYn-Iƒ°p apºn¬ No´p-IƒsIm≠v amPn-°p-Iƒ Im´p-∂lyq-tKm. Ahn-sS-\n∂p \oßn Hcp IY Fgp-Xn-Øp-S-ßpI-bmWv Ck-s_-√. ]≠p ]s≠m-cn-°¬ Rm≥ lyqtKm
Im{_‰v F∂ Ip´nsb I≠p-ap´n. F¥n-\m-W-h≥ Hcp {Sbn≥ tÃj-\n¬ Pohn-°p∂v˛ \nßfpw B tNmZyw tNmZn®n-´p-≠mhmw. AXn-s\-°p-dn-®mWo ]pkvX-Iw. Ah≥ At\z-jn®v PohnXw Is≠-Ønb ktμ-i-sØ-°p-dn-®pw...''
Hcp apdn-bn¬ X\n-®n-cp∂v aμ-l-kn-°p-∂-b-{¥-∏m-hbn¬ kn\n-a- A-h-km-\n-°p∂p. Ck-s_-√-bpsS IY-bpsS -h-cn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬.
kn\n-a-sb-∂Xv Pohn-X-I-Y-Iƒ ]®-bmbn hc-®p-Im-Wn°m≥ am{X-ap-≈-X-s√∂pw a\p-jy-a-\- nse Pohn-Xhpw
kz]v\-ßfpw ^m‚-knbpw Hs° shfn-hm°n ImWn-°m\m-hp∂ am[y-a-am-sW∂pw temI-Øn\p apºn¬ hnfn-®p]-d™ tPm¿Pv saen-b-knt\m-Sp≈ BZ-cw-X-s∂-bmWv
Cu kn\n-a. hfsc EPp-hmb
Hcp IYm- X ¥p kn\n- a - b m°nbncn-°p-∂Xv Ahn-iz-k\o- b Xsb hniz- k - \ o- b - a m°n A\p-`-hn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠mWv. kvs]jy¬ C^-Œp-Ifpw
{Xnam-\- Nn-{Xo-Ic- W
- hpw i–k-∂n-th-ihpw Hs° CXn\mbn am¿´n≥ kv t Im¿ksk hfsc kq£va-ambn D]tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≠v.
tÃj≥ C≥kv s ]- Œ dn¬ \n∂pw c£-s∏-Sm≥ Hfn°m-\mbn `oa≥ t¢m°vS-hdn¬ kqNn ]nSn®v ad™p
\n¬°p∂ lyqtKm-bpsS Zriy- h pw, Xs‚ b{¥- ∏ m- h bpsS Io {Sm°n¬ \n∂v FSp-°p-tºm-gp-≠mb Xoh≠n A]-I-S-Øns‚ kz]v\-Zriyhpw kn\n-a-bpsS A\-¥-km-[y-X-Isf shfn-hm-°p-∂h
Xs∂.
Fk-_-´¿ ^n¬-Uns‚ lyqtKmbpw s_≥ InMvkvenbp-sS- tPm¿Pv saenkpw \ΩpsS a\- n¬\n∂pw A{X
s]s´-s∂m∂pw ambn-√. 2012 se A©v A°m-Uan Ahm¿Up-Iƒ IqSmsX Bdp t\man-t\-j-\p-Ifpw Cu kn\na
Ic-ÿ-am-°n. \nc-h[n taf-I-fn¬ BZ-cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw ]pckvIm-c-߃ t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp.
a\ pw Nn¥-bp-an-√mØ Hcp b{¥-∏m-hbmWv lyqtKmbpsS At\z-j-W-߃°v hgn-Xp-d-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ tImSn°-W-°n\v a\- p-I-fnse \qdm-bncw kz]v\-ß-fpsS Im¬∏-\nI `mh-\I
- f- mWv Cu Nn{X-Øn-eqsS angn-Xp-d∂
- X
- v. AXv
Ct∏mgpw XpS¿∂p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p-∂p.
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