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SIMILITUDE: It is said to be similitude between the subsidiary member and the neighboring

member. In a particular sequence of two phonemes, there is a use of the former having a
greater resemblance to the latter, the neighboring sound.
ASSIMILATION: It is the process of replacing a sound by another sound under the influence
of a third sound which is near to it in the word or sentence.
COALESCENT ASSIMILATION: A sequence of two sounds coalesces and gives place to a single
new sound different from either of the original sounds.
HISTORICAL ASSIMILATION: Assimilation that has taken place in the course of development of
a language, and by which a word which was once pronounced in a certain way came to be
pronounced subsequently in another way. /ant/
CONTEXTUAL ASSIMILATION: One which is occasioned when words are juxtaposed in a
sentence, or in the formation of compounds, and by which a word comes to have a
pronunciation different from that which it has when said by itself. /horse-shoe/
While similitude is used to describe an existing fact, assimilation is a process by which certain
pronunciations are evolved.

Organ of Articulation Phonetic Descriptor Examples