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INTRODUCTION
introduccin

introduc tion

When the Spanish conquistador Hernndo Corts landed in


Mexico he was confronted by a vast and complex Aztec civilisation in which Nahuatl and Mayan languages predominated.
Its difficult to imagine how Corts, with his relatively small
band of followers, managed to overthrow one of the most
powerful empires of its time.
The key to the conquest of Mexico was not brute force but
language. As every Mexican knows, it was the indigenous
mistress of Corts a Mayan girl known as La Malinche who
facilitated the Spanish conquest by acting as an interpreter
between the warring parties. Though reviled by many as a
traitor, in recent years she has been reinvented as a symbol of
Mexicos unique hybrid culture.
In many ways, the multilingual La Malinche is also the mother
of Mexican Spanish, a language that still bears the birthmark of
the early interaction between Mexico and Europe.
Today Mexican Spanish
at a glance
has evolved from that first
significant encounter.
language name:
Variations in grammar and
Mexican Spanish
pronunciation distinguish
names in language:
Mexican Spanish from the
espaol, castellano,
Castilian Spanish spoken
espaol mexicano
in Spain. Mexicans do not
language family: Romance
lisp the letters c and z, as
approximate number of
the Spanish do, and the
speakers: 98 million
use of the Spanish form
close relatives: Castilian
vosotros (you plural) is
Spanish, Latin American
limited to remote areas of
Spanish, Italian, French,
the southern state of
Portuguese
Chiapas. Perhaps the most
donations to English:
obvious distinguishing featomato, chocolate,
ture of Mexican Spanish is
avocado, coyote
its colloquial vocabulary

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that sets it apart from Castilian Spanish, as well as the forms


of Spanish spoken in neighbouring Latin American countries
(see Lonely Planets Spanish Phrasebook, Costa Rica Spanish
Phrasebook and Latin American Spanish Phrasebook).
The indigenous languages that first baffled Corts have
had a considerable impact on Mexican Spanish, especially in
words to do with food, flora, fauna and place names (including
the word Mxico itself). Nahuatl words, such as avocado and
tomato, have even made it into the English language. These
days US English is possibly the strongest influence on Mexican Spanish, particularly in the northern border areas where
Mexicans are known to accommodate some English words in
everyday conversation.
Getting acquainted with Mexican Spanish is easy. In many
ways, the pronunciation is similar to English, and visitors soon
fall for the beauty of the Mexican accent with its cantering
rhythm and plaintive rising and falling. If youre already familiar
with the Spanish spoken in Spain or elsewhere in Latin America
youll have no problem learning the basic differences, and locals
will warm to your efforts to use the appropriate Mexican words
and expressions.
This book gives you all the practical vocabulary and phrases
you need to get by as well as all the fun, spontaneous phrases that
lead to a better understanding of Mexico and its people. Need
more encouragement? Remember, the contact you make using
Mexican Spanish will make your travels unique. Local knowledge,
new relationships and a sense of satisfaction are on the tip of your
tongue, so dont just stand there, say something!

introduc tion

abbreviations used in this book

m masculine
f feminine

sg singular
pl plural

pol polite
inf informal

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TOOLS > pronunciation


herramientas de pronunciacin

Mexican Spanish pronunciation isnt hard, as many sounds are


similar to sounds used in English. The best way to learn the correct
pronunciation is to listen carefully to people around you.
Mexican Spanish pronunciation differs from the Castilian
Spanish spoken in Spain. The most obvious difference is the
lack of the lisping th sound which is found in Castilian Spanish.
With a bit of practice youll soon get the basics and even if you
cant roll your rs like Speedy Gonzlez, youll still be understood.

vowel sounds
vocales
symbol

english equivalent

spanish example

run

agua

red

nmero

ee

bee

da

dog

ojo

oo

book

gusto

symbol

english equivalent

spanish example

ai

aisle

bailar

ay

say

seis

ow

house

autobs

oy

boy

hoy

p ro n u n c i at i o n

Vowels in Mexican Spanish are quite short and fairly closed.


Unlike some English vowels, the sound remains level, and each
vowel is pronounced as an individual unit. There are, however,
a number of cases where two vowel sounds become very
closely combined (so-called diphthongs):

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consonant sounds
consonantes
spanish example

big

barco

ch

chili

chica

din

dinero

fun

fiesta

go

gato

kick

cabeza/queso

kh

as in the Scottish
loch

gente/jardn/Mxico

loud

lago

man

maana

no

nuevo

ny

canyon

seora

pig

padre

run, but strongly


rolled, especially in
words with rr

ritmo/mariposa/burro

so

semana/Xochimilco

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english equivalent

TO O L S

symbol

tin

tienda

a soft b, halfway
between v and b

veinte

win

guardia/Oaxaca

yes

llave/viaje

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word stress
nfasis
Words in Spanish have stress, which means you emphasise
one syllable over another. Rule of thumb: when a written
word ends in n, s or a vowel, the stress falls on the secondlast syllable. Otherwise, the final syllable is stressed. If you see
an accent mark over a syllable, it cancels out these rules and
you just stress that syllable instead. Dont worry if you cant
remember this rule our coloured phonetic guides give you
the stressed syllable in italics.

plunge in!
anmate!
Dont worry too much about pronunciation. Speaking another
language is a little like acting, so if you can talk the talk like
Benicio del Toro youre halfway there. The coloured phonetic
guides weve provided for every phrase give you all the correct
sounds and the stressed syllables.
mexican spanish alphabet
a

khota

er

be larga

ka

rr

ere

se

ele

ese

ch

che

ll

doble ele

te

de

eme

oo

ene

be korta

efe

enye

doble be

khe

ekees

ache

pe

eegryega

ee

koo

seta

p ro n u n c i at i o n

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spellbound
The relationship between Mexican Spanish sounds and
their spelling is quite straightforward and consistent. The
following rules will help you read any written Mexican
Spanish you may come across:
c

gue,
gui

before e or i pronounced as the


s in so
before a, o and u pronounced
as the k in kick
before e or i pronounced as the
ch in loch a harsh, breathy
sound
pronounced as the g in go
(the u is not pronounced in
these combinations unless
there are two dots over the u)

cerveza, cinco
carro, corto, cubo
gigante

guerra,
Guillermo,
giski
haber

harsh and breathy as the ch


in loch

jardn

ll

pronounced as the y in yes

llave

pronounced as the ny in
canyon

nio

qu

pronounced as the k in kick (u


is not pronounced)

quince

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never pronounced (silent)

TO O L S

usually pronounced as the ch


in loch
as an s in some indigenous
place names
as a ks in other words
(See also the box on page 84)

Mxico

pronounced as the s in soup

Xochimilco
prximo
zorro

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az phrasebuilder
construyendo frases

Differences in vocabulary and pronunciation distinguish


Mexican Spanish from the Spanish spoken in Spain. But
Mexicans will also structure their sentences slightly differently.
If youre already familiar with some Spanish, take note of how
Mexicans use diminutives (page 17) and the plural form of you
(page 26).
This chapter is designed to help you build your own sentences.
Its arranged alphabetically for ease of navigation. If you cant find
the exact phrase you need in this book, remember that with just a
little grammar, a few gestures and a couple of well-chosen words,
youll generally get the message across.

a/an & some


Id like a ticket and a postcard.
Quisiera un boleto
y una postal.
(lit: I-would-like a ticket
and a postcard)

keesyera oon boleto


ee oona postal

un sg

un taco
oon tako

a taco

unos pl

unos tacos
oonos takos

some tacos

una sg

una casa
oona kasa

a house

unas pl

unas casas
oonas kasas

some houses

masculine

feminine

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

Spanish has two words for a/an: un and una. The gender of
the noun determines which one you use. Un and una have
plural forms, unos and unas, meaning some.

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adjectives see describing things


articles see a/an & some and the
be
Spanish has two words for the English verb be: ser and estar.
Cecilia es
muy amable.
seseelya es
mooy amable

occupations or
nationality

Marcos es de Mxico. Marcos is from


markos es de
Mexico.
mekheeko

the time & location


of events

Son las tres.


son las tres

Its 3 oclock.

possession

De quin es esta
mochila?
de kyen es esta
mocheela

Whose backpack
is this?

use ESTAR to express

examples

temporary
characteristics of
persons/things

La comida est fra.


la komeeda esta
freea

The meal is cold.

the time & location


of persons/things

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examples

permanent
characteristics of
persons/things

TO O L S

use SER to express

Estamos en
Coyoacn.
estamos en
koyoakan

We are in
Coyoacn.

the mood of a
person

Estoy contento/a.

Im happy.

m/f

estoy kontento/a

Cecilia is very
nice.

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am a journalist

yo

soy

reportera

you sg inf

are

from
Chihuahua

eres

de
Chihuahua

you sg pol

are

an artist

usted

es

artista

he/she

is

an artist

l/ella m/f

es

artista

we

are

single

you pl

are

students

pol&inf

nosostros/ somos
as m/f

m/f

ustedes

son

estudiantes

ellos/as m/f

son

estudiantes

m&f

are

am

well

yo

estoy

bien

you sg inf

are

angry

ests

enojado/a

usted

est

borracho/a

l/ella

est

borracho/a

he/she
we

are
is
are

drunk
drunk

are

reading

are

reading ellos/as m/f

pol&inf

they

m/f
m/f

happy nosostros/as estamos contentos/as


m/f

you pl

m/f

ustedes

m/f

estn

leyendo

estn

leyendo

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

they

you sg pol

students

solteros/as

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describing things
Im looking for a comfortable hotel.
Estoy buscando un hotel
estoy booskando oon otel
cmodo.
komodo
(lit: I-am looking-for a hotel
comfortable)
When using an adjective to describe a noun, you need to use a
different ending depending on whether the noun is masculine
or feminine, and singular or plural. Most adjectives have four
forms which are easy to remember:
singular

plural

masculine

fantstico

fantsticos

feminine

fantstica

fantsticas

un hotel
fantstico

oon otel
fantasteeko

a fantastic hotel

una hamaca fantstica

oona amaka
fantasteeka

a fantastic
hammock

unos libros
fantsticos

oonos leebros
fantasteekos

some fantastic
books

unas tortillas
fantsticas

oonas torteeyas
fantasteekas

some fantastic
tortillas

TO O L S

Adjectives generally come after the noun in Spanish. However,


adjectives of quantity (such as much, a lot, little/few, too
much) and adjectives expressing possession (eg, my and
your) always precede the noun.

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muchos turistas

moochos tooreestas

many tourists

primera clase

preemera klase

first class

mi sombrero

mee sombrero

my hat

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diminutives
Mexicans frequently use diminutives which are nouns whose
endings have been altered in order to soften their intensity,
emphasise smallness, express endearment or even show
politeness. A persons name can be made diminutive as a way of
expressing affection, especially towards a child or younger sibling.
Diminutives are created by changing the ending of the noun
to -ito for a masculine noun, or -ita for a feminine noun. Less commonly, diminutives may be formed with -illo and -illa endings.
noun

diminutive noun

used to express

un momento
one moment

un momentito
just a moment
(lit: a moment-little)

show
politeness

dos semanas
two weeks

dos semanitas
just two weeks
(lit: two weeks-little)

soften
intensity

gato
cat

gatito
kitten (lit: cat-little)

emphasize
smallness

Pablo
Paul

Pablito
(dear) Paul (lit: Paul-little)

endearment/
affection

In Mexican Spanish, all nouns words which denote a thing,


person or concept are either masculine or feminine.
The dictionary will tell you what gender a noun is, but here
are some handy tips to help you determine gender:
masculine
gender iswhen talking when atalking about a man and
feminine
about woman
words ending in -o are often masculine
often
words ending in -a areor -in feminine feminine
are usually
words ending in -d, -z

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

gender

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In this book, masculine forms appear before the feminine


forms. If you see a word ending in -o/a, it means the masculine
form ends in -o, and the feminine form ends in -a (that is, you
replace the -o ending with the -a ending to make it feminine).
The same goes for the plural endings -os/as. If you seen an (a)
between brackets on the end of a word, eg, escritor(a), it means
you have to add that in order to make that word feminine. In
other cases we spell out the whole word.
See also a/an & some, describing things, possession and the.

have
I have two brothers.
Tengo dos hermanos.
(lit: I-have two brothers)

tengo dos ermanos

Possession can be indicated in various ways in Mexican Spanish.


The easiest way is by using the verb tener, have.
I

have

a ticket

yo

tengo

un boleto

you sg inf have

the key

tienes

la llave

you sg pol have

the key

usted

tiene

la llave

tiene

aspirinas

he/she

has

aspirin

l/ella

we

have

matches

nosotros/as
m/f

tenemos

cerillos

have

tequila

ustedes

tienen

tequila

tienen

problemas

you pl
pol&inf

TO O L S

they

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have problems ellos/as m/f

See also my & your and somebodys.

is & are see be

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location see this & that


more than one
I would like two tickets.
Quisiera dos boletos.
(lit: I-would-like two tickets)

keesyera dos boletos

In general, if the word ends in a vowel, you add -s for a plural. If


the nouns ends in a consonant (or y), you add -es:
bed

cama

kama

beds

camas

kamas

woman

mujer

mookher

women

mujeres

mookheres

This is my daughter.
sta es mi hija.
(lit: this is my daughter)

esta es mee eekha

A common way of indicating possession is by using possessive


adjectives before the noun they describe. As with any other
adjective, they always agree with the noun in number (singular
or plural) and gender (masculine or feminine).

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

my & your

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singular

plural

masculine

feminine

masculine

feminine

gift

room

friends

sisters

my

mi regalo

mi
habitacin

mis amigos

mis
hermanas

your sg inf

tu regalo

tu
habitacin

tus amigos

tus
hermanas

your sg pol

su regalo

su
habitacin

sus amigos

sus
hermanas

his/her/its

su regalo

su
habitacin

sus amigos

sus
hermanas

our

nuestro
regalo

nuestra
habitacin

nuestros
amigos

nuestras
hermanas

pol&inf

su regalo

su
habitacin

sus amigos

sus
hermanas

their

su regalo

su
habitacin

sus amigos

sus
hermanas

your pl

See also have & somebodys.

negative
TO O L S

Just add the word no before the main verb of the sentence:

20

I dont like bullfights.


No me gustan las
corridas de toros.
(lit: not me they-please
the bullfights)

no me goostan las
koreedas de toros

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planning ahead
As in English, you can talk about your plans or future events
by using the verb ir (go) followed by the word a (to) and the
infinitive of another verb, for example:
Tomorrow, Im going to travel to Real de Catorce.
manyana yo voy a vyakhar
Maana, yo voy a viajar
a Real de Catorce.
a real de katorse
(lit: tomorrow I go-I to travel
to Real de Catorce)

am going

to call

yo

voy

a llamar

you sg inf

are going

to sleep

vas

a dormir

usted

va

a bailar

l/ella

va

a beber

you sg pol are going to dance


he/she

is going

to drink

we

are going

to sing

nosotros/as vamos a cantar


m/f

you pl

to eat

ustedes

van

a comer

are going

to write

ellos/as

van

a escribir

pol&inf

they

m/f

plural see more than one


pointing something out
To point something out the easiest phrases to use are es (it is),
or eso es (that is). To say this is use este es if its a masculine
object and esta es if its feminine.

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

are going

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Es una gua de
Mrida.

es oona geea de
mereeda

Its a guide to
Mrida.

Eso es mezcal.

eso es meskal

That is mezcal.

Este es mi
pasaporte.

esto es mee
pasaporte

This is my
passport.

Esta es mi
licencia.

esta es mee
leesensya

This is my
drivers license.

See also this & that.

possession see have, my & your and somebodys


pronouns
Subject pronouns corresponding to I, you, he, she, it, we
and they are often omitted, as verb endings make it clear who
the subject is. Use them if you want to emphasise the subject.
singular

plural

yo

we

nosotros/as m/f

you inf

you pl inf

ustedes

you pol

usted

you pl pol

ustedes

he/she/it

l/ella

they

ellos/as m/f

See also be, have and you.

questions

TO O L S

Is that the main square?


Eso es el zcalo?
(lit: that is the main-square)

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eso es el sokalo

When asking a question, simply make a statement, but raise


your intonation towards the end of the sentence, as you can
do in English. The inverted question mark in written Spanish
prompts you to do this.

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question words
Who?

Quin? sg
Quines? pl

kyen
kyenes

Who is it?

Quin es?

kyen es

Who are those men?

Quines son estos


hombres?

kyenes son estos


ombres

What?

Qu?

ke

What are you saying?

Qu est usted
diciendo?

ke esta oosted
deesyendo

Which?

Cul? sg
Cules? pl

kwal
kwales

Which restaurant is
the cheapest?

Cul es el
restaurante ms
barato?

kwal es el
restowrante mas
barato
kwales platos
teepeekos pwedes
rekomendar

When?

Cundo?

kwando

When does the next


bus arrive?

Cundo llega el
prximo pesero?

kwando yega el
prokseemo pesero

Where?

Dnde?

donde

Where can I buy


tickets?

Dnde puedo
comprar boletos?

donde pwedo
komprar boletos

How?

Cmo?

komo

How do you say that


in Spanish?

Cmo se dice eso


en espaol?

komo se deese eso


en espanyol

How much is it?

Cunto cuesta?

kwanto kwesta

How many?

Cuntos/as? m/f pl kwantos/kwantas

For how many


nights?

Por cuntas
noches?

por kwantas
noches

Why?

Por qu?

por ke

Why is the museum


closed?

Por qu est
cerrado el museo?

por ke esta
serado el mooseo

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

Cules platos
Which local dishes do
tpicos puedes
you recommend?
recomendar?

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some see a/an & some


somebodys
In Spanish, ownership is expressed through the word de (of ) .
Thats my friends backpack.
Esa es la mochila
de mi amigo.
(lit: that is the backpack
of my friend)

esa es la mocheela
de mee ameego

See also have and my & your.

the
The articles el and la both mean the. Whether you use el or
la depends on the gender of the thing, person or idea talked
about, which in Spanish will always be either masculine or
feminine. The gender is not really concerned with the sex
of something, for example a toucan is a masculine noun,
even if its female! Theres no rule as to why, say, the sea
(el mar) is masculine but the beach (la playa) is feminine.
When talking about plural things, people or ideas, you use
los in stead of el and las instead of la.

el

los

feminine

la

las

el burro

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plural

masculine

TO O L S

singular

el booro

the donkey

la tienda

la tyenda

the shop

los burros

los booros

the donkeys

las tiendas

las tyendas

the shops

See also gender and a/an & some.

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this & that


There are three distance words in Spanish, depending on
whether something or someone is close (this), away from
you (that) or even further away in time or distance (that over
there).
masculine

singular

plural

close

ste (this)

stos (these)

away

se (that)

sos (those)

further away

aqul
(that over there)

aqullos
(those over there)

close

sta (this)

stas (these)

away

sa (that)

sas (those)

further away

aqulla
(that over there)

aqullas
(those over there)

feminine

See also pointing something out.

Sentences in Mexican Spanish have a basic word order of


subject-verb-object, just as English does.
I study business.
Yo estudio comercio.
(lit: I study-I business)

yo estoodyo komersyo

However, the subject pronoun is generally omitted: Estudio


comercio is enough.

a z p h ra s e b u i l d e r

word order

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yes/no questions
Its not impolite to answer questions with a simple s (yes) or no
(no) in Mexico. Theres no way to say Yes it is/does, or No, it
isnt/doesnt, as in English.
See also questions.

you
Mexicans use two different words for you. When talking to someone familiar to you or younger than you, its
usual to use the informal form t, too, rather than the
polite form usted, oosted. The polite form should be used
when youre meeting someone for the first time, talking to
someone much older than you or when youre in a formal
situation (eg, when talking to the police, customs officers etc).
In this phrasebook we have often chosen the appropriate
form for the situation, so you dont have to think twice about
whether you are being polite enough. If both forms could be
handy we give you the polite option first, followed by the
informal option. For example:

TO O L S

Did you like it?


Le/Te gust? pol/inf

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le/te goosto

Note that in Mexcio you use the word ustedes when you mean
you plural whether or not its a formal situation. This is different to the Spanish spoken in Spain where you would distinguish between formal speech (ustedes) and informal speech
(vosotros/as m/f).

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language difficulties
dificultades con el idioma

Do you speak (English)?


Habla/Hablas (ingls)? pol/inf
Does anyone speak (English)?
Hay alguien que
hable (ingls)?
Do you understand?
Me entiende/entiendes? pol/inf
I understand.
Entiendo.
I dont understand.
No entiendo.
I speak (Spanish).
Hablo (espaol).

ai algyen ke
able (eengles)
me entyende/entyendes
entyendo
no entyendo
ablo (espanyol )

no ablo (espanyol )
ablo oon pokeeto
(de espanyol )
ablo (eengles)
komo se pronoonsya esto
komo se se eskreebe
syoodad
ke seegneefeeka gway

language difficulties

I dont speak (Spanish).


No hablo (espaol).
I speak a little (Spanish).
Hablo un poquito
(de espaol).
I speak (English).
Hablo (ingls).
How do you pronounce this?
Cmo se pronuncia sto?
How do you write ciudad?
Cmo se escribe
ciudad?
What does gey mean?
Qu significa gey ?

abla/ablas (eengles)

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Could you
please ?
repeat that
speak more
slowly
write it down

Puede ,
por favor?
repertirlo
hablar ms
despacio
escribirlo

pwede
por favor
repeteerlo
ablar mas
despasyo
eskreebeerlo

false friends
Beware of false friends words which look, and sound, like
English words but have a different meaning altogether. Using
them in the wrong context could confuse, or even amuse
locals.
injuria
eenkhooreea
not injury which is herida, ereeda

insult

parientes
paryentes
not parents which is padres, padres

relatives

xito
ekseeto
not exit which is salida, saleeda

success

embarazada
embarasada
pregnant.
not embarrassed which is avergonzado/a m/f
avergonsado/a

TO O L S

Spanish visitors to Mexico frequently embarrass themselves by using the verb coger which in Spain means to
take or to catch but in Mexico means to fuck.

28

Lonely Planet Publications

numbers & amounts


los nmeros & las cantidades

cardinal numbers
los nmeros cardinales
cero
uno
dos
tres
cuatro
cinco
seis
siete
ocho
nueve
diez
once
doce
trece
catorce
quince
diecisis
diecisiete
dieciocho
diecinueve
veinte
veintiuno
veintids
treinta
cuarenta
cincuenta
sesenta
setenta
ochenta
noventa
cien
doscientos
mil
dos mil
un millon

sero
oono
dos
tres
kwatro
seenko
says
syete
ocho
nweve
dyes
onse
dose
trese
katorse
keense
dyeseesays
dyeseesyete
dyeseeocho
dyeseenweve
vaynte
vaynteeoono
vaynteedos
traynta
kwarenta
seenkwenta
sesenta
setenta
ochenta
noventa
syen
dosyentos
meel
dos meel
oon meeyon

n u m b e r s & a m o u nt s

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
200
1,000
2,000
1,000,000

29

Lonely Planet Publications

ordinal numbers
los nmeros ordinales
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th

primero/a m/f
segundo/a m/f
tercero/a m/f
cuarto/a m/f
quinto/a m/f

preemero/a
segoondo/a
tersero/a
kwarto/a
keento/a

fractions
las fracciones
a quarter
a third
a half
three-quarters
all (of it)
all (of them)
none

un cuarto
un tercio
un medio
tres cuartos
todo/a m/f sg
todos/as m/f pl
nada

oon kwarto
oon tersyo
oon medyo/a
tres kwartos
todo/toda
todos/todas
nada

useful amounts
cantidades tiles
Cunto/a? m/f
Cuntos/as? m/f pl

kwanto/kwanta
kwantos/kwantas

Please give me Por favor, deme


(just) a little
(slo) un poco
some
algunos/as m/f pl
much
mucho/a m/f
many
muchos/as m/f pl
less
menos
more
ms

por favor deme


(solo) oon poko
algoonos/as
moocho/a
moochos/as
menos
mas

TO O L S

How much?
How many?

30

Lonely Planet Publications

time & dates


la hora & la fecha

telling the time


dando la hora
When telling the time in Mexico It is is expressed by Son
las followed by a number. The exceptions are Es la una (Its
one oclock), Es medioda (Its midday) and Es medianoche (Its
midnight).
What time is it?
Its one oclock.
Its (ten) oclock.
Quarter past one.
Twenty past one.
Half past (eight).
Twenty to (eight).
Quarter to (eight).

At what time ?
At one.
At (eight).
At (4.40 pm).

ke ora es
es la oona
son las (dyes)
es la oona
ee kwarto
es la oona
ee vaynte
son las (ocho)
ee medya
son vaynte para
las (ocho)
son kwarto para
las (ocho)
de la manyana
de la tarde
de la noche
de la noche

A qu hora ?
A la una.
A las (ocho).
A las (cuatro
y cuarenta
de la tarde).

a ke ora
a la oona
a las (ocho)
a las (kwatro
ee kwarenta
de la tarde)

t i m e & d ate s

in the morning/am
in the afternoon/pm
in the evening/pm
at night/pm

Qu hora es?
Es la una.
Son las (diez).
Es la una
y cuarto.
Es la una
y veinte .
Son las (ocho)
y media.
Son veinte para
las (ocho).
Son cuarto para
las (ocho).
de la maana
de la tarde
de la noche
de la noche

31

Lonely Planet Publications

days of the week


los das de la semana
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday

lunes
martes
mircoles
jueves
viernes
sbado
domingo

loones
martes
myerkoles
khweves
vyernes
sabado
domeengo

the calendar
el calendario

months
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

enero
febrero
marzo
abril
mayo
junio
julio
agosto
septiembre
octubre
noviembre
diciembre

enero
febrero
marso
abreel
mayo
khoonyo
khoolyo
agosto
septyembre
oktoobre
novyembre
deesyembre

TO O L S

dates

32

What date?
Qu da?
What todays
Qu da es hoy?
date?
Its (17 November). Es (el diecisiete
de noviembre).

ke deea
ke deea es oy
es (el dyeseesyete
de novyembre)

Lonely Planet Publications

seasons
summer
autumn
winter
spring

verano
otoo
invierno
primavera

verano
otonyo
eenvyerno
preemavera

present
el presente
now
right now

ahora
ahorita

aora
aoreeta

this
afternoon
morning
month
week
year

esta tarde
esta maana
este mes
esta semana
este ao

esta tarde
esta manyana
este mes
esta semana
este anyo

today
tonight

hoy
esta noche

oy
esta noche

past
el pasado
(three days) ago
day before
yesterday

ase (tres deeas)


antyer

last
month
night
week
year

el mes pasado
anoche
la semana pasada
el ao pasado

el mes pasado
anoche
la semana pasada
el anyo pasado

since (May)
yesterday

desde (mayo)
ayer

desde (mayo)
ayer

yesterday
afternoon
evening
morning

ayer
en la tarde
en la noche
en la maana

ayer
en la tarde
en la noche
en la manyana

t i m e & d ate s

hace (tres das)


antier

33

Lonely Planet Publications

future
el futuro
day after tomorrow
in (six) days

pasado maana
en (seis) das

pasado manyana
en (says) deeas

el mes que viene


la prxima
semana
el ao que viene

el mes ke vyene
la prokseema
semana
el anyo ke vyene

tomorrow

maana

manyana

tomorrow
afternoon
evening
morning

maana en la
tarde
noche
maana

manyana en la
tarde
noche
manyana

until (June)

hasta (junio)

asta (khoonyo)

next
month
week
year

maana, maana
Its worth remembering that the word maana means
tomorrow, but la maana means morning. More rarely,
maana can mean later on (especially in bureaucratic
situations). Also, madrugada can mean daybreak or the
small hours of the morning, depending on the context.

during the day

TO O L S

durante el da

34

afternoon
dawn
day
evening
morning
night
sunrise
sunset

tarde f
madrugada f
da m
noche f
maana f
noche f
amanecer m
puesta f del sol

tarde
madroogada
deea
noche
manyana
noche
amaneser
pwesta del sol

Lonely Planet Publications

money
dinero

How much is it?


Cunto cuesta?
How much is this?
Cunto cuesta sto?
Its free.
Es gratis.
Its (10) pesos.
Cuesta (diez) pesos.
Can you write down the price?
Puede escribir el precio?
Do you change money here?
Se cambia dinero aqu?
Do you accept ? Aceptan ?
credit cards
tarjetas de
crdito
debit cards
tarjetas de
dbito
travellers
cheques de
cheques
viajero

kwanto kwesta
kwanto kwesta esto
es gratees
kwesta (dyes) pesos
pwede eskreebeer el presyo
se kambya deenero akee
aseptan
tarkhetas de
kredeeto
tarkhetas de
debeeto
chekes de
vyakhero

Whats the ?
commission
exchange rate

Cul es ?
kwal es
la comisin
la komeesyon
el tipo de cambio
el teepo de kambyo

money

Id like to
Me gustara
me goostareea
cash a cheque
cobrar un cheque
kobrar oon cheke
change money
cambiar dinero
kambyar deenero
change a
cambiar un
kambyar oon
travellers
cheque de
cheke de
cheque
viajero
vyakhero
withdraw money sacar dinero
sakar deenero

35

Lonely Planet Publications

Whats the charge for that?


Cunto hay que pagar
kwanto ai ke pagar
por eso?
por eso
Do I need to pay upfront?
neseseeto pagar por
Necesito pagar por
adelantado?
adelantado
Id like ,
Quisiera ,
keesyera
please.
por favor.
por favor
a receipt
un recibo
oon reseebo
my change
mi cambio
mee kambyo
my money
que me devuelva
ke me devwelva
back
el dinero
el deenero
I have already paid for this.
Ya pagu sto.
ya page esto
Theres a mistake in the bill.
Hay un error en la cuenta.
ai oon eror en la kwenta
I dont want to pay the full price.
No quiero pagar
no kyero pagar
el precio total.
el presyo total
Wheres the nearest automatic teller machine?
Dnde est el cajero
donde esta el kakhero
automtico ms
owtomateeko mas
cercano?
serkano

TO O L S

pieces of eight

36

During the colonial era, the imperial currency circulated


in Mexico was a silver coin known as the Ocho Reales (lit:
eight royals) although in common usage it was referred to
by its present name, the peso (lit: weight). Since the end
of the 15th century, Mexico began to lead the world in
the production of silver, and the Ocho Reales was traded
all over the globe. In English-speaking countries it earned
the name pieces of eight, in Holland the Reaal van Achten,
and in Italy, the colonnato (lit: with-columns) alluding to
the pillars of Hercules stamped on the coin. The Egyptians
mistook these pillars for cannons and gave it the name abu
madfa, meaning two cannons.

Lonely Planet Publications

Lonely Planet Publications. To make it easier for you to use, access to this
chapter is not digitally restricted. In return, we think its fair to ask you to
use it for personal, non-commercial purposes only. In other words, please
dont upload this chapter to a peer-to-peer site, mass email it to everyone
you know, or resell it. See the terms and conditions on our site for a longer
way of saying the above - Do the right thing with our content.

CO P Y R I G H T
37

Lonely Planet Publications

PRACTICAL > transport


transporte

getting around
desplazndose
What time does
the leave?
boat
bus (city)
bus (intercity)
metro
minibus
plane
train
trolleybus

A qu hora
sale el ?
barco
camin
autobs
metro
pesero
avin
tren
trolebs

a ke ora
sale el
barko
kamyon
owtoboos
metro
pesero
avyon
tren
troleboos

What times
the bus?
first
last
next

A qu hora sale
el autobs?
primer
ltimo
prximo

a ke ora sale
el owtoboos
preemer
oolteemo
prokseemo

Can I have a
lift in your ?
trailer
truck
ute/pick-up
van

Me puede dar un
aventn en su ?
trailer
camin
pickup
camioneta

me pwede dar oon


aventon en soo
trayler
kamyon
peekop
kamyoneta

bussing it

t ra n s p o r t

Originally, a small bus was simply called a colectivo but in


the 70s, small public transport vehicles (including cars and
vans) came to be classified as peseros so called because
the trip cost one peso. During the 80s, the goverment
began introducing new minibuses known as microbuses or
just micros. While all these terms are still widely used, the
general word is pesero, though today a lift will cost you a lot
more than one peso!

37

Lonely Planet Publications

How long will it be delayed?


Cunto tiempo habr
kwanto tyempo abra
de retraso?
de retraso
Whens the next flight to (Mexico City)?
Cundo sale el prximo
kwando sale el prokseemo
vuelo para (Mxico)?
vwelo para (mekheeko)
Can you tell me when we get to (Puerto Vallarta)?
Me puede avisar cundo
me pwede aveesar kwando
lleguemos a (Puerto Vallarta)? yegemos a (pwerto vayarta)
I want to get off here.
Aqu me bajo!
akee me bakho
Is this seat free?
Est libre este asiento?
esta leebre este asyento
Thats my seat.
ese es mee asyento
se es mi asiento.

listen for
esta yeno
kanselado
retrasado

Est lleno.
cancelado
retrasado

Its full.
cancelled
delayed

buying tickets

P R AC T I C A L

comprando boletos

38

Where can I buy a ticket?


Dnde puedo comprar
un boleto?
Do I need to book?
Tengo que reservar?
Can I get a stand-by ticket?
Puede ponerme en la
lista de espera?
Id like to my
ticket, please.
cancel
change
confirm

donde pwedo komprar


oon boleto
tengo ke reservar
pwede ponerme en la
leesta de espera

Me gustara mi
boleto, por favor.
cancelar
cambiar
confirmar

me goostareea mee
boleto por favor
kanselar
kambyar
konfeermar

Lonely Planet Publications

A ticket (to
Un boleto (a
Oaxaca), please. Oaxaca), por favor.
1st-class
de primera clase
2nd-class
de segunda clase
childs
infantil
one-way
viaje sencillo
return
redondo
students
de estudiante

oon boleto (a
wakhaka) por favor
de preemera klase
de segoonda klase
eenfanteel
vyakhe senseeyo
redondo
de estoodyante

Id like a/an
Quisiera un
seat.
asiento
aisle
de pasillo
(non-)smoking en la seccin de
(no) fumar
window
junto a la
ventana

keesyera oon
asyento
de paseeyo
en la seksyon de
(no) foomar
khoonto a la
ventana

Is there (a) ?
Hay ?
airaire
conditioning
acondicionado
blanket
una cobija
toilet
sanitarios
video
video

ai
aire
akondeesyonado
oona kobeekha
saneetaryos
veedeo

For phrases about entering and leaving countries, see


border crossing, page 47.

t ra n s p o r t

How much is it?


Cunto cuesta?
kwanto kwesta
How long does the trip take?
Cunto dura el viaje?
kwanto doora el vyakhe
Is it a direct route?
es oon vyakhe deerekto
Es un viaje directo?
What time do I have to check in?
A qu hora tengo que
a ke ora tengo ke
documentar?
dokoomentar

39

Lonely Planet Publications

luggage
el equipaje
My luggage hasnt arrived.
Mis maletas no han
llegado.
My luggage has
been
damaged
lost
stolen

mees maletas no an
yegado

Se mis
maletas.
daaron
perdieron
robaron

se mees
maletas
danyaron
perdyeron
robaron

Id like
Quisiera
a luggage locker un casillero
some coins
unas monedas
some tokens
unas fichas

keesyera
oon kaseeyero
oonas monedas
oonas feechas

bus, trolleybus & metro

P R AC T I C A L

camin, trolebs & metro

40

Which city/intercity bus goes to ?


ke kamyon/
Qu camin/
autobs va a ?
owtoboos va a
This/That one.
ste/se.
este/ese
Bus/Trolleybus number (11).
el kamyon/troleboos
El camin/trolebs
nmero (once).
noomero (onse)
How many stops (to the market)?
kwantas paradas son
Cuntas paradas son
(al mercado)?
(al merkado)

Lonely Planet Publications

train
el tren
What station is this?
Cul es esta estacin?
kwal es esta estasyon
Whats the next station?
Cul es la prxima estacin? kwal es la prokseema estasyon
Does this train stop at (Chihuahua)?
Para el tren a (Chihuahua)? para el tren a (cheewawa)
Do I need to change trains?
Tengo que cambiar de tren? tengo ke kambyar de tren
Which is the dining car?
Cul es el vagn comedor? kwal es el vagon komedor
Which carriage
Cul es el tren ? kwal es el tren
is ?
de preemera klase
1st class
de primera clase
for (Quertaro)
para (Quertaro)
para (keretaro)

boat
el barco
Are there life jackets?
Hay chalecos salvavidas?
Whats the sea like today?
Cmo est el mar hoy?
I feel seasick.
Estoy mareado/a. m/f

ai chalekos salvaveedas
komo esta el mar oy
estoy mareado/a

taxi
Id like a
taxi
at (9am)
now
tomorrow

Quisiera un
taxi
a las (nueve de
la maana)
ahora
maana

keesyera oon
taksee
a las (nweve de
la manyana)
aora
manyana

t ra n s p o r t

el taxi

41

Lonely Planet Publications

Is this taxi free?


Est libre este taxi?
How much is it to ?
Cunto cuesta ir a ?
Please put the meter on.
Por favor, ponga el
taxmetro.
Please take me to (this address).
Por favor, llveme a
(esta direccin).
Please
slow down
wait here

P R AC T I C A L

Stop
at the corner
here

42

esta leebre este taksee


kwanto kwesta eer a
por favor ponga el
takseemetro
por favor yeveme a
(esta deereksyon)

Por favor
vaya ms
despacio
espere aqu

por favor
vaya mas
despasyo
espere akee

Pare
en la esquina
aqu

pare
en la eskeena
akee

Lonely Planet Publications

car & motorbike


coches & motocicletas

car & motorbike hire


Id like to hire
a/an
4WD
automatic (car)
car
manual (car)
motorbike

Quisiera rentar
un cuatro por
cuatro
un (coche)
automtico
un coche
un (coche)
manual
una moto

keesyera rentar
oon kwatro por
kwatro
oon (koche)
owtomateeko
oon koche
oon (koche)
manwal
oona moto

with/without
con/sin
air-conditioning
aire
acondicionado
a driver
chofer

kon/seen
aire
akondeesyonado
chofer

How much for


hire?
daily
hourly
weekly

kwanto kwesta la
renta
dyarya
por ora
semanal

Cunto cuesta la
renta ?
diaria
por hora
semanal

on the road

Is this the road to (Palenque)?


Por aqu se va a (Palenque)? por akee se va a (palenke)

t ra n s p o r t

Whats the
Cul es el lmite
kwal es el leemeete
speed limit ?
de velocidad ?
de veloseedad
in town
en las calles
en las kayes
on the highway
en las carreteras
en las kareteras

43

Lonely Planet Publications

Wheres a petrol station?


Dnde hay una gasolinera? donde ai oona gasoleenera
Please fill it up.
Lleno, por favor.
yeno por favor
Id like (30) pesos worth.
kyero (traynta) pesos
Quiero (treinta) pesos.
diesel
petrol
unleaded
petrol
regular unleaded
premium unleaded

diesel
gasolina
gasolina sin
plomo
Magna
Premium

Please check the Por favor, revise


oil
el nivel del
aceite
tyre pressure
la presin de
las llantas
water
el nivel del agua

deesel
gasoleena
gasoleena seen
plomo
magna
premeeoom
por favor reveese
el neevel del
asayte
la presyon de
las yantas
el neevel del agwa
petrol
gasolina f
gasoleena

P R AC T I C A L

windscreen
parabrisas m
parabreesas

44

battery
batera f
batereea
engine
motor m
motor
headlight
faro m
faro

tyre
llanta f
yanta

Lonely Planet Publications

(How long) Can I park here?


(Por cunto tiempo)
Puedo estacionarme aqu?
Where do I pay?
Dnde se paga?

(por kwanto tyempo)


pwedo estasyonarme akee
donde se paga

road signs
Alto
Ceda el Paso
Cuota
Entrada
Estacionamiento
Peligro
Prohibido el Paso
Prohibido
Estacionar
Salida
Un Slo Sentido

alto
seda el paso
kwota
entrada
estasyonamyento
peleegro
proeebeedo el paso
proeebeedo
estasyonar
saleeda
oon solo senteedo

Stop
Give Way
Toll
Entrance
Parking
Danger
No Entry
No Parking
Exit
One Way

problems

t ra n s p o r t

I need a mechanic.
Necesito un mecnico.
neseseeto oon mekaneeko
The car has broken down (at the intersection).
El coche se descompuso
el koche se deskompooso
(en la interseccin).
(en la eenterseksyon)
I had an accident.
Tuve un accidente.
toove oon akseedente
The motorbike wont start.
La moto no arranca.
la moto no aranka
I have a flat tyre.
Tengo una llanta ponchada. tengo oona yanta ponchada
Ive lost my car keys.
Perd las llaves de
perdee las yaves de
mi coche.
mee koche
Ive locked the keys inside.
dekhe las yaves dentro
Dej las llaves dentro
del coche.
del koche

45

Lonely Planet Publications

Ive run out of petrol.


Me qued sin gasolina.
Can you fix it (today)?
Puede arreglarlo (hoy)?
How long will it take?
Cunto tardar?

me kede seen gasoleena


pwede areglarlo (oy)
kwanto tardara

listen for
ke marka/modelo es
Qu marca/modelo es?

What make/model is it?

tengo ke pedeer esa refaksyon


Tengo que pedir esa
I have to order that part.
refaccin.

bicycle
la bicicleta
Where can I ?
buy a secondhand bike

P R AC T I C A L

hire a bicycle

46

How much is it
per ?
afternoon
day
hour
morning

Dnde puedo ?
comprar una
bicicleta
usada
rentar una
bicicleta

donde pwedo
komprar oona
beeseekleta
oosada
rentar oona
beeseekleta

Cunto cuesta
por ?
una tarde
un da
hora
una maana

kwanto kwesta
por
oona tarde
oon deea
ora
oona manyana

I have a puncture.
Se me ponch una llanta.

se me poncho oona yanta

Lonely Planet Publications

border crossing
cruzando la frontera

Im here
in transit
on business
on holiday
to visit relatives

Estoy aqu
en trnsito
de negocios
de vacaciones
visitando a
mis parientes

estoy akee
en transeeto
de negosyos
de vakasyones
veeseetando a
mees paryentes

Im here for
(10) days
(two) months
(three) weeks

Voy a estar
(diez) das
(dos) meses
(tres) semanas

voy a estar
(dyes) deeas
(dos) meses
(tres) semanas

Su , por favor.
pasaporte
tarjeta de
turista
visa

Your , please.
passport
tourist card

esta
Est
vyakhando
viajando ?
en groopo
en grupo
kon soo fameelya con su familia

Are you
travelling ?
in a group
with your
family
on your own

listen for

solo/a

solo/a m/f

visa

For phrases about payment and receipts, see money, page 35.

b o rd e r c ro s s i n g

soo por favor


pasaporte
tarkheta de
tooreesta
veesa

47

Lonely Planet Publications

I have nothing to declare.


No tengo nada
no tengo nada
que declarar.
ke deklarar
I have something to declare.
keesyera deklarar algo
Quisiera declarar algo.
I didnt know I had to declare it.
no sabeea ke teneea ke
No saba que tena que
declararlo.
deklararlo
Do you have this form in English?
tyene esta forma
Tiene esta forma
en ingls?
en eengles

signs

P R AC T I C A L

Aduana
Artculos Libres
de Impuestos
Control de
Pasaportes
Inmigracin

48

adwana
arteekoolos leebres
de eempwestos
kontrol de
pasaportes
eenmeegrasyon

Customs
Duty-free
Goods
Passport
Control
Immigration

Lonely Planet Publications

directions
instrucciones

Wheres (the bank)?


Dnde queda (el banco)?
Im looking for (the cathedral).
Busco (la catedral).
Which ways (the main square)?
Cmo se llega (al zcalo)?
How do I get to ?
Cmo llego a ?
How far is it?
A qu distancia est?
Can you show me (on the map)?
Me lo puede sealar
(en el mapa)?

boosko (la katedral )


komo se yega (al sokalo)
komo yego a
a ke deestansya esta
me lo pwede senyalar
(en el mapa)

Est
detrs de
a (tres) cuadras

esta
detras de
a (tres) kwadras

lejos
aqu
en frente de
a la izquierda
cerca
al lado de
en la esquina
a una cuadra

lekhos
akee
en frente de
a la eeskyerda
serka
al lado de
en la eskeena
a oona kwadra

frente a
a la derecha
todo derecho
ah

frente a
a la derecha
todo derecho
aee

d i re c t i o n s

Its
behind
(three) blocks
from here
far away
here
in front of
left
near
next to
on the corner
one block
from here
opposite
right
straight ahead
there

donde keda (el banko)

49

Lonely Planet Publications

Turn
left/right
at the corner
at the
traffic lights

De vuelta a la
izquierda/
derecha
en la esquina
en el semforo

de vwelta a la
eeskyerda/
derecha
en la eskeena
en el semaforo

Its
Est a
(100) metres
(cien) metros
(two) kilometres (dos) kilmetros
(30) minutes
(treinta)
minutos

esta a
(syen) metros
(dos) keelometros
(traynta)
meenootos

by bus (city)
by car
by metro
by minibus
by taxi
by train
on foot

en kamyon
en koche
en metro
en pesero
en taksee
en tren
a pye

traffic lights
semforo m
semaforo

en camin
en coche
en metro
en pesero
en taxi
en tren
a pie

(city) bus
camin m
kamyon

P R AC T I C A L

shop
tienda f
tyenda

50

intersection
interseccin f
eenterseksyon
pedestrian
crossing
cruce m
peatonal
kroose
peatonal

corner
esquina f
eskeena
taxi
taxi m
taksee

Lonely Planet Publications

accommodation
alojamiento

finding accommodation
buscando alojamiento
Wheres a ?
Dnde hay ?
camping ground un rea para
acampar
guesthouse
una pensin
hotel
un hotel
room
una habitacin
youth hostel
un albergue
juvenil

donde ai
oon area para
akampar
oona pensyon
oon otel
oona abeetasyon
oon alberge
khooveneel

Can you
recommend
somewhere ?
cheap
good
luxurious
nearby
romantic

pwede
rekomendarme
alokhamyento
barato
bweno
lookhoso
serkano
romanteeko

Puede
recomendarme
alojamiento ?
barato
bueno
lujoso
cercano
romntico

In Mexico youll find lodging to suit all budgets and


lifestyles. Look out for some of the following popular
accommodation options:
cabaa f
casa f de
huespedes
departamento m
posada f

kabanya
kasa de
wespedes
departamento
posada

cabin
lodging house
apartment
inn

a cco m m o d at i o n

a room with a view

51

Lonely Planet Publications

Whats the address?


Cul es la direccin?
kwal es la deereksyon
Whats the telephone number?
Cul es el telfono?
kwal es el telefono

local talk
dive
rat-infested
top spot

lugar m de
mala muerte
plagado/a m/f
de ratas
lugar m
de moda

loogar de
mala mwerte
plagado/a
de ratas
loogar
de moda

booking ahead & checking in


reservando & registrndose

P R AC T I C A L

Do you have
a room?
double
single
triple
twin

52

Tiene una
habitacin ?
doble
sencilla
triple
con camas
individuales

tyene oona
abeetasyon
doble
senseeya
treeple
kon kamas
eendeeveedwales

with/without (a) con/sin


air-conditioning
aire
acondicionado
bathroom
bao
fan
ventilador
sea view
vista al mar
street view
vista a la calle
TV
televisin

kon/seen
aire
akondeesyonado
banyo
venteelador
veesta al mar
veesta a la kaye
televeesyon

How much is
it per ?
night
person
week

kwanto kwesta
por
noche
persona
semana

Cunto cuesta
por ?
noche
persona
semana

Lonely Planet Publications

Id like to book a room, please.


Quisiera reservar una
habitacin.
I have a reservation.
Tengo una reservacin.
My names
Me llamo
For (three) nights/weeks.
Por (tres) noches/semanas.
From (30 July) to (4 August).
Del (treinta de julio)
al (cuatro de agosto).

toilet
taza f
del bao
tasa del
banyo

bathroom
bao m
banyo

keesyera reservar oona


abeetasyon
tengo oona reservasyon
me yamo
por (tres) noches/semanas
del (traynta de khoolyo)
al (kwatro de agosto)

air-conditioning
aire m acondicionado
aire akondeesyonado

fan
ventilador m
venteelador

key
llave f
yave

bed
cama f
kama

a cco m m o d at i o n

TV
televisin f
televeesyon

53

Lonely Planet Publications

Can I see it?


Puedo verla?
Its fine. Ill take it.
Est bien, la tomo.
Do I need to pay upfront?
Necesito pagar por
adelantado?
Can I pay ?
by credit card
by travellers
cheque
with cash

pwedo verla
esta byen la tomo
neseseeto pagar por
adelantado

Puedo pagar ?
con tarjeta
de crdito
con cheques
de viajero
con efectivo

pwedo pagar
kon tarkheta
de kredeeto
kon chekes
de vyakhero
kon efekteevo

For more on payment, see money, page 35.

listen for
konsoomyo algo del meeneebar
Consumi algo del
Did you use the
minibar?
mini-bar?

P R AC T I C A L

la yave esta en la resepsyon


La llave est en la
recepcin.

54

The key is at
reception.

lo syento no ai vakantes
Lo siento, no hay vacantes.

Im sorry, were full.

por kwantas noches


Por cuntas noches?

For how many nights?

soo pasaporte por favor


Su pasaporte, por favor.

Your passport, please.

Lonely Planet Publications

requests & queries


peticiones & preguntas
When/Wheres breakfast served?
Cundo/Dnde se sirve
kwando/donde se seerve
el desayuno?
el desayoono
Do you have room service?
Tiene servicio al cuarto?
tyene serveesyo al kwarto
Please wake me at (seven).
Por favor, despirteme a
por favor despyerteme a
las (siete).
las (syete)
Can I get (another towel)?
pwede darme (otra toaya)
Puede darme (otra toalla)?

Puedo usar ?
la cocina
la lavandera
el telfono

pwedo oosar
la koseena
la lavandereea
el telefono

Do you have
a/an ?
dry-cleaning
service
elevator
gym
laundry service

Hay ?

ai

message board
safe
swimming pool
Do you here?
arrange tours
change money

servicio de
tintorera
elevador
gimnasio
servicio de
lavandera
pizarrn de
anuncios
caja fuerte
alberca

serveesyo de
teentorereea
elevador
kheemnasyo
serveesyo de
lavandereea
peesaron de
anoonsyos
kakha fwerte
alberka

Aqu ?
akee
organizan tours organeesan toors
cambian dinero kambyan deenero

a cco m m o d at i o n

Can I use the ?


kitchen
laundry
telephone

55

Lonely Planet Publications

Can I leave a message for someone?


pwedo dekhar oon
Puedo dejar un
mensaje para alguien?
mensakhe para algyen
Is there a message for me?
Hay algn mensaje
ai algoon mensakhe
para m?
para mee
Im locked out of my room.
Dej la llave dentro
dekhe la yave dentro
del cuarto.
del kwarto
The (bathroom) door is locked.
La puerta (del bao) est
la pwerta (del banyo) esta
cerrada con llave.
serada kon yave

complaints
quejas

P R AC T I C A L

The room is
too
cold
dark
expensive
light/bright
noisy
small

56

La habitacin
es muy
fra
oscura
cara
iluminada
ruidosa
pequea

la abeetasyon
es mooy
freea
oskoora
kara
eeloomeenada
rweedosa
pekenya

The (air-conditioning) doesnt work.


no foonsyona (el aire
No funciona (el aire
acondicionado).
akondeesyonado)
This (blanket) isnt clean.
Esta (cobija) no est
limpia.

esta (kobeekha) no esta


leempya

For more things you might want in your room, see the dictionary.

Lonely Planet Publications

a knock at the door


Who is it?
Just a moment.
Come in.
Come back
later, please.

Quin es?
Un momentito.
Pase.
Puede volver ms
tarde, por favor?

kyen es
oon momenteeto
pase
pwede volver mas
tarde por favor

checking out
pagando la cuenta

Could I have
my , please?
deposit
passport
valuables

Me puede dar ,
por favor?
mi depsito
mi pasaporte
mis objetos
de valor

me pwede dar
por favor
mee deposeeto
mee pasaporte
mees obkhetos
de valor

a cco m m o d at i o n

What time is checkout?


a ke ora ai ke dekhar
A qu hora hay que dejar
la habitacin?
la abeetasyon
Can I have a late checkout?
pwedo dekhar la
Puedo dejar la
habitacin ms tarde?
abeetasyon mas tarde
How much extra to stay until (6 oclock)?
kwanto kwesta kedarse
Cunto cuesta quedarse
hasta (las seis)?
asta (las says)
Can I leave my luggage here?
pwedo dekhar mees
Puedo dejar mis
maletas aqu?
maletas akee
Can you call a taxi for me (for 11 oclock)?
me pwede pedeer oon
Me puede pedir un
taxi (para las once)?
taksee (para las onse)
Theres a mistake in the bill.
ai oon eror en la kwenta
Hay un error en la cuenta.
Im leaving now.
me voy aora
Me voy ahora.

57

Lonely Planet Publications

Ill be back
in (three) days
on (Tuesday)

Volver
en (tres) das
el (martes)

I had a great stay, thank you.


Tuve una estancia muy
agradable, gracias.
Youve been terrific.
Han sido estupendos. pl
Ill recommend it to my friends.
Se lo recomendar a mis
amigos.

volvere
en (tres) deeas
el (martes)

toove oona estansya mooy


agradable grasyas
an seedo estoopendos
se lo rekomendare a mees
ameegos

camping
acampando
Wheres the
nearest ?
campsite
shop

Dnde est
ms cercana?
el rea para
acampar
la tienda

P R AC T I C A L

Do you have ?
electricity
a site

58

Tiene ?
electricidad
un lugar de
acampado
shower facilities
regaderas
tents for hire
tiendas de
campaa en
renta

How much is it
per ?
person
tent
vehicle

Cunto es
por ?
persona
tienda
vehculo

donde esta
mas serkana
el area para
akampar
la tyenda
tyene
elektreeseedad
oon loogar de
akampado
regaderas
tyendas de
kampanya en
renta
kwanto es
por
persona
tyenda
veeekoolo

Lonely Planet Publications

Can I ?
camp here
park next to
my tent

Se puede ?
se pwede
acampar aqu
akampar akee
estacionar al lado estasyonar al lado
de la tienda
de la tyenda

Who do I ask to stay here?


Con quin tengo que hablar
para quedarme aqu?
Could I borrow (a mallet)?
Me puede prestar
(un martillo)?
Wheres the toilet block?
Dnde estn los
sanitarios?
Is it coin-operated?
Funciona con monedas?
Is the water drinkable?
El agua es potable?

kon kyen tengo ke ablar


para kedarme akee
me pwede prestar
(oon marteeyo)
donde estan los
saneetaryos
foonsyona kon monedas
el agwa es potable

For more words related to camping, see the dictionary.

renting
rentando
Im here about the for rent.
Vengo por el/la en renta. m/f

Tiene
tyene
en renta?
en renta
un departamento oon departamento
una cabaa
oona kabanya
una casa
oona kasa
una recmara
oona rekamara
una villa
oona veeya

(partly) furnished (parcialmente)


amueblado/a m/f
unfurnished
sin amueblar

(parsyalmente)
amweblado/a
seen amweblar

a cco m m o d at i o n

Do you have
a/an for rent?
apartment
cabin
house
room
villa

vengo por el/la en renta

59

Lonely Planet Publications

How much is it
for ?
(one) week
(two) months

Cunto cuesta
por
(una) semana
(dos) meses

Are bills extra?


Los servicios se pagan
aparte?

kwanto kwesta
por
(oona) semana
(dos) meses

los serveesyos se pagan


aparte

staying with locals


hospedndose con la gente de la zona
Can I stay at your place?
me pwedo kedar en
Me puedo quedar en
su/tu casa? pol/inf
soo/too kasa
Is there anything I can do to help?
pwedo ayoodar en algo
Puedo ayudar en algo?
I have my own

P R AC T I C A L

hammock
mattress
sleeping bag

60

Tengo mi
tengo mee
propio/a m/f
propyo/a
hamaca f
amaka
colchn m
kolchon
bolsa f de dormir
bolsa de dormeer

Can I ?
Puedo ?
pwedo
bring anything
traer algo para la
traer algo para la
for the meal
comida
komeeda
do the dishes
lavar los platos
lavar los platos
set/clear
poner/quitar
poner/keetar
the table
la mesa
la mesa
take out the
sacar la
sakar la
rubbish
basura
basoora
Thanks for your hospitality.
Gracias por su/tu
hospitalidad. pol/inf

grasyas por soo/too


ospeetaleedad

If youre dining with your hosts, see eating out, page 139, for
additional phrases.

Lonely Planet Publications

shopping
de compras

looking for
buscando
Wheres (a supermarket)?
Dnde hay (un
supermercado)?

donde ai (oon
soopermerkado)

Where can I buy (bread)?


Dnde puedo comprar (pan)? donde pwedo komprar (pan)
For more items and shopping locations, see the dictionary.
Want to know how to get there? See directions, page 49.

making a purchase
comprando algo
keesyera komprar
solo estoy meerando
kwanto kwesta esto
pwede eskreebeer el presyo
tyene otros
pwedo verlo

shopping

Id like to buy
Quisiera comprar
Im just looking.
Slo estoy mirando.
How much is this?
Cunto cuesta sto?
Can you write down the price?
Puede escribir el precio?
Do you have any others?
Tiene otros?
Can I look at it?
Puedo verlo?

61

Lonely Planet Publications

I dont like it.


no me goosta
No me gusta.
Does it have a guarantee?
tyene garanteea
Tiene garanta?
Could I have it wrapped?
me lo podreea envolver
Me lo podra envolver?
Can I have it sent overseas/abroad?
Pueden enviarlo a
pweden envyarlo a
otro pas?
otro paees
Can you order it for me?
me lo pwede pedeer
Me lo puede pedir?
When can I pick it up?
kwando lo pwedo rekokher
Cundo lo puedo recoger?
Can I pick it up later?
Puedo recogerlo ms tarde? pwedo rekokherlo mas tarde
Its faulty/broken.
esta defektwoso/roto
Est defectuoso/roto.

P R AC T I C A L

Do you accept ? Aceptan ?


cash
efectivo
credit cards
tarjetas de
crdito
debit cards
tarjetas de
dbito
travellers
cheques de
cheques
viajero

62

aseptan
efekteevo
tarkhetas de
kredeeto
tarkhetas de
debeeto
chekes de
vyakhero

Could I have a ,
please?
bag
box
receipt

podreea darme
por favor
oona bolsa
oona kakha
oon reseebo

Podra darme ,
por favor?
una bolsa
una caja
un recibo

Id like ,
Quisiera ,
keesyera
please.
por favor.
por favor
my change
mi cambio
mee kambyo
my money back
que me devuelva
ke me devwelva
el dinero
el deenero
to return this
devolver sto
devolver esto

Lonely Planet Publications

bargaining
el regateo
Thats too expensive.
es demasyado karo/a
Es demasiado caro/a. m/f
The price is very high.
el presyo es mooy alto
El precio es muy alto.
Can you lower the price?
Podra bajar un poco
podreea bakhar oon poko
el precio?
el presyo
Do you have something cheaper?
tyene algo mas barato
Tiene algo ms barato?
Ill give you
Le doy
le doy
Whats your final price?
Cul es su precio final?
kwal es soo presyo feenal

local talk
bargain
bargain hunter

rip-off
specials
sale

ganga f
cazador/
cazadora m/f
de ofertas
estafa f
rebajas f pl
venta f

ganga
kasador/
kasadora
de ofertas
estafa
rebakhas
venta

clothes
la ropa
me lo pwedo probar
no me keda byen
esta demasyado (grande)

shopping

Can I try it on?


Me lo puedo probar?
It doesnt fit.
No me queda bien.
Its too (big).
Est demasiado (grande).

63

Lonely Planet Publications

My size is
small
medium
large
(40)

Soy talla
chica
mediana
grande
(cuarenta)

soy taya
cheeka
medyana
grande
(kwarenta)

For different types of clothes, see the dictionary.

repairs
reparaciones
Can I have my Puede reparar
repaired here?
mi aqu?
backpack
mochila
camera
cmara

pwede reparar
mee akee
mocheela
kamara

When will my
be ready?
shoes
(sun)glasses

kwando estaran
leestos mees
sapatos
lentes (de sol)

Cundo estarn
listos mis ?
zapatos
lentes (de sol)

hairdressing

P R AC T I C A L

en la esttica

64

Id like (a)
blow wave
colour
haircut
highlights
my beard
trimmed
shave
trim

Quisiera
keesyera
un secado a mano
oon sekado a mano
un tinte
oon teente
un corte de pelo
oon korte de pelo
unos reflejos
oonos reflekhos
que me recorte
ke me rekorte
la barba
la barba
que me afeite
ke me afayte
que me despunte
ke me despoonte
el pelo
el pelo

Lonely Planet Publications

Do you do ?
facials

manicure
massage
waxing

Aqu ?
akee
hacen
asen
tratamientos
tratamyentos
faciales
fasyales
hacen manicure
asen maneekyoor
dan masajes
dan masakhes
depilan
depeelan

Dont cut it too short.


no me lo korte
No me lo corte
demasiado corto.
demasyado korto
Shave it all off!
rapeme
Rpeme!
Please use a new blade.
por favor oose oona
Por favor, use una
navaja nueva.
navakha nweva
I should never have let you near me!
no debereea aberme
No debera haberme
cortado con usted!
kortado kon oosted
For colours, see the dictionary.

his & hers


A saln de belleza is a hairdressing salon specifically for
women, while a peluquera is for men. If you need a neutral
word for hairdresser use esttica.

books & reading


Is there a/an
(Englishlanguage) ?
bookshop
section

Hay alguna
(con material
en ingls)?
libreria
seccin

ai algoona
(kon materyal
en eengles)
leebrereea
seksyon

shopping

libros & lectura

65

Lonely Planet Publications

Do you have a book by (Rosario Castellanos)?


Hay algn libro de
ai algoon leebro de
(Rosario Castellanos)?
(rosareeo kasteyanos)
Can you recommend a book for me?
Me puede recomendar
me pwede rekomendar
algn libro?
algoon leebro
Do you have Lonely Planet guidebooks?
Tiene libros de
tyene leebros de
Lonely Planet?
lonlee planet
Id like a
dictionary
guidebook
magazine
map
newspaper
(in English)

Quisiera
un diccionario
una gua
turstica
una revista
un mapa
un peridico
(en ingls)

keesyera
oon deeksyonaryo
oona geea
tooreesteeka
oona reveesta
oon mapa
oon peryodeeko
(en eengles)

listen for
no no tenemos
No, no tenemos.
No, we dont have any.
see tenemos algoonas geeas
S, tenemos algunas guas. Yes, we have some
guidebooks.

music
P R AC T I C A L

msica

66

Id like
a blank tape
a CD
headphones

Quisiera
un cassette
vrgen
un cmpact
unos audfonos

I heard a band called (Man).


Escuch a un grupo que se
llama (Man).

keesyera
oon kaset
veerkhen
oon kompakt
oonos owdeefonos

eskooche a oon groopo ke se


yama (mana)

Lonely Planet Publications

I heard a singer called


Escuch a un cantante
que se llama (Luis Miguel)
Whats his/her best recording?
Cul es su mejor disco?
Can I listen to this?
Puedo escucharlo?

eskooche a oon kantante


ke se yama (looees meegel)
kwal es soo mekhor deesko
pwedo eskoocharlo

photography
fotografa
I need film for
this camera.
APS
B&W
colour
slide
(400) speed
a 35 mm

Necesito un rollo
neseseeto oon royo
para esta cmara. para esta kamara
Advantix
advanteeks
blanco y negro
blanko y negro
de color
de kolor
de transparencias de transparensyas
ASA
asa
(cuatrocientos)
(kwatrosyentos)
de treinta y
de traynta ee
cinco
seenko
milmetros
meeleemetros

Can you ?
Puede ?
pwede
develop this film revelar este rollo
revelar este royo
load my film
cargar la cmara
kargar la kamara
Quisiera
keesyera
marcos
markos
dos copias
dos kopyas
en papel brillante
en papel breeyante
en papel mate
en papel mate
panormica
panorameeka

shopping

Id like
borders
double copies
glossy
matte
panoramic

67

Lonely Planet Publications

How much is it to develop this film?


kwanto kwesta revelar
Cunto cuesta revelar
este rollo?
este royo
When will it be ready?
kwando estara leesto
Cundo estar listo?
I need passport photos taken.
neseseeto fotos tamanyo
Necesito fotos tamao
pasaporte.
pasaporte
Im (not) happy with these photos.
(No) Estoy satisfecho/a con
(no) estoy sateefecho/a kon
estas fotos. m/f
estas fotos
I dont want to pay the full price.
No quiero pagar el precio
no kyero pagar el presyo
total.
total
For more photographic equipment, see the dictionary.

souvenirs
What is typical of the region?
Qu es tpico de
la regin?

ke es teepeeko de
la rekhyon

alebrijes m pl
alebreekhes
wood carvings of mythical creatures, crafted mainly in Oaxaca
amate m
amate
decorated bark paper produced in central Mexico

P R AC T I C A L

amakas
hamacas f pl
hammocks, usually made of cotton or nylon

68

waraches
huaraches m pl
leather sandals available all over Mexico
weepeeles
huipiles m pl
traditional tunics worn mostly in the south
kheepeekhapas
jipijapas m pl
Panama-style hats sold in Mrida and Campeche
peenyatas
piatas f pl
traditional festive dolls filled with candy

Lonely Planet Publications

communications
las comunicaciones

post office
el correo
I want to send a Quisiera enviar
fax
un fax
letter
una carta
money order
un giro
parcel
un paquete
postcard
una postal

keesyera envyar
oon faks
oona karta
oon kheero
oon pakete
oona postal

Quisiera comprar keesyera komprar


un sobre
oon sobre
unos timbres
oonos teembres

airmail
customs
declaration
domestic
express mail
fragile
glue
international
mailbox
postcode
registered mail

correo m areo
declaracin f de
aduana
nacional
correo m expreso
frgil
pegamento m
internacional
buzn m
cdigo m postal
correo m
certificado
correo m ordinario
va martima

regular mail
sea mail

koreo aereo
deklarasyon de
adwana
nasyonal
koreo ekspreso
frakheel
pegamento
eenternasyonal
booson
kodeego postal
koreo
serteefeekado
koreo ordeenaryo
veea mareeteema

co m m u n i c at i o n s

I want to buy
an envelope
stamps

69

Lonely Planet Publications

listen for
a donde lo enveea
A dnde lo enva?

Where are you sending it?

lo kyere mandar por koreo serteefeekado


Lo quiere mandar por
Would you like to send
correo certificado?
it by registered post?
por koreo ekspreso o ordeenaryo
Por correo expreso o
Express post or
ordinario?
regular post?

Please send it by air/regular mail to (France).


por favor mandelo por veea
Por favor, mndelo por va
area/terrestre a (Francia).
aerea/terestre a (fransya)
It contains
Contiene
kontyene

phone

P R AC T I C A L

el telfono

70

Whats your phone number?


Cul es su nmero de
kwal es soo noomero de
telfono?
telefono
Wheres the nearest public phone?
Dnde hay un telfono
donde ai oon telefono
pblico?
poobleeko
I want to make a call to (the USA).
Quiero hacer una llamada
kyero aser oona yamada
a (los Estados Unidos).
a (los estados ooneedos)
I want to make a reverse charge/collect call to (Singapore).
Quiero hacer una llamada
kyero aser oona yamada
por cobrar a (Singapur).
por kobrar a (seengapoor)

Lonely Planet Publications

I want
Quiero
to buy a phone
comprar una
card
tarjeta
telefnica
to speak for
hablar por (tres)
(three) minutes
minutos
How much
does cost?
a (three)minute call
each extra
minute

kyero
komprar oona
tarkheta
telefoneeka
ablar por (tres)
meenootos

Cunto cuesta ? kwanto kwesta


una llamada de
(tres) minutos
cada minuto
extra

oona yamada de
(tres) meenootos
kada meenooto
ekstra

co m m u n i c at i o n s

The number is
el noomero es
El nmero es
Whats the area/country code for ?
kwal es la klave lada de
Cul es la clave Lada de ?
Its engaged.
esta yamando
Est llamando.
Ive been cut off.
me kolgaron
Me colgaron.
The connections bad.
La conexin es mala.
la koneksyon es mala
Hello. (when making a call)
ola
Hola!
Its (when introducing yourself)
Habla
abla
Is there?
Est?
esta
Can I speak to , please?
Me comunica
me komooneeka
con, por favor?
kon por favor
Can I leave a message?
Puedo dejar un
pwedo dekhar oon
mensaje?
mensakhe

71

Lonely Planet Publications

What time will he/she be back?


a ke ora regresa
A qu hora regresa?
Please tell him/her I called.
Por favor, dile que le llam. por favor deele ke le yame
Ill call back (later).
Llamar (ms tarde).
yamare (mas tarde)
What time should I call?
A qu hora debera llamar? a ke ora debereea yamar
My number is
Mi nmero es
mee noomero es
I dont have a contact number.
no tengo telefono
No tengo telfono.

P R AC T I C A L

listen for

72

bweno
Bueno?
Hello! (answering a call)
de parte de kyen
De parte de quin?
Whos calling?
kon kyen kyere ablar
Con quin
Who do you want to
quiere hablar?
speak to?
aoreeta no esta
Ahorita no est.
Im sorry, hes/shes not here.
see akee esta
S, aqu est.
Yes, hes/shes here.
no pwedo oeerte
No puedo orte.
I cant hear you.
oon momento
Un momento.
One moment.
tyene el noomero ekeevokado
Tiene el nmero
Sorry, wrong number.
equivocado.

Lonely Planet Publications

mobile/cell phone
el telfono celular
Id like a/an
Quisiera
keesyera
adaptor plug
un adaptador
oon adaptador
charger for
un cargador para
oon kargador para
my phone
mi telfono
mee telefono
mobile/cell
rentar un
rentar oon
phone for hire
celular
seloolar
prepaid mobile/
un celular con
oon seloolar kon
cell phone
tarjetas
tarkhetas
prepagadas
prepagadas
SIM card for
una tarjeta
oona tarkheta
your network
SIM para su red
seem para soo red
What are the rates?
Cules son las tarifas?
(Two pesos) per (30) seconds.
(Dos pesos) por (treinta)
segundos.

kwales son las tareefas


(dos pesos) por (traynta)
segoondos

the internet
el internet

Id like to
Quisiera
get Internet
usar el
access
Internet
check my email
revisar
mi correo
electrnico
use a printer
usar una
impresora
use a scanner
usar un
escner

keesyera
oosar el
eenternet
reveesar
mee koreo
elektroneeko
oosar oona
eempresora
oosar oon
eskaner

co m m u n i c at i o n s

Wheres the local Internet cafe?


Dnde hay un cafe
donde ai oon kafe
Internet por aqu?
eenternet por akee

73

Lonely Planet Publications

How much
per ?
CD
(five) minutes
hour
page

P R AC T I C A L

Do you have ?
Macs
PCs
a Zip
drive

74

Cunto cuesta
por ?
cmpact
(cinco)
minutos
hora
pgina

kwanto kwesta
por
kompakt
(seenko)
meenootos
ora
pakheena

Tiene ?
Macs
PCs
una unidad
de Zip

tyene
maks
peses
oona ooneedad
de seep

How do I log on?


komo entro al seestema
Cmo entro al sistema?
How do I log off?
komo salgo del seestema
Cmo salgo del sistema?
Can you help me change to English-language preference?
me pwede ayoodar a
Me puede ayudar a
cambiar la preferencia
kambyar la preferensya
al ingls?
al eengles
Can I burn a CD?
Puedo quemar un cmpact?
pwedo kemar oon kompakt
I need help with the computer.
Necesito ayuda con la
neseseeto ayooda kon la
computadora.
kompootadora
This (computer) isnt working.
esta (kompootadora)
Esta (computadora)
no funciona.
no foonsyona
Its crashed.
Se trab.
se trabo
Ive finished.
Ya termin.
ya termeene
For more computer-related terms, see the dictionary.

Lonely Planet Publications

banking
banca

Where can I ?
Id like to
arrange a
transfer
cash a cheque

Dnde puedo ? donde pwedo


Me gustara
me goostareea
hacer una
aser oona
transferencia
transferensya
cambiar un
kambyar oon
cheque
cheke
change a
cambiar un
kambyar oon
travellers cheque cheque de viajero cheke de vyakhero
change money
cambiar dinero
kambyar deenero
get a cash
obtener un
obtener oon
advance
adelanto
adelanto
use internet
usar la banca
oosar la banka
banking
por Internet
por eenternet
withdraw money
sacar dinero
sakar deenero

Wheres the
Dnde est ?
nearest ?
automatic teller
el cajero
machine
automtico
ms cercano
foreign exchange la casa
office
de cambio
ms cercana

donde esta
el kakhero
owtomateeko
mas serkano
la kasa de
kambyo
mas serkana

banking

What time does the bank open?


A qu hora abre el banco? a ke ora abre el banko
The automatic teller machine took my card.
el kakhero owtomateeko
El cajero automtico
se trag mi tarjeta.
se trago mee tarkheta
Ive forgotten my PIN.
se me olveedo mee neep
Se me olvid mi NIP.
Can I use my credit card to withdraw money?
Puedo usar mi tarjeta de pwedo oosar mee tarkheta de
crdito para sacar dinero? kredeeto para sakar deenero

75

Lonely Planet Publications

Whats the exchange rate?


Cul es el tipo de cambio?
Whats the commission?
Cul es la comisin?
Whats the charge for that?
Cunto hay que pagar por so?
Can I have smaller notes?
Me lo puede dar en
billetes ms pequeos?
Has my money arrived yet?
Ya lleg mi dinero?
How long will it take to arrive?
Cunto tiempo tardar
en llegar?
Where do I sign?
Dnde firmo?

kwal es el teepo de kambyo


kwal es la komeesyon
kwanto ai ke pagar por eso
me lo pwede dar en
beeyetes mas pekenyos
ya yego mee deenero
kwanto tyempo tardara
en yegar
donde feermo

For other useful phrases, see money, page 35.

P R AC T I C A L

listen for

76

ai oon problema kon soo kwenta


Hay un problema con
Theres a problem
su cuenta.
with your account.
feerme akee
Firme aqu.
Sign here.
no podemos aser eso
No podemos hacer eso.
We cant do that.
pwede eskreebeerlo
Puede escribirlo?
Can you write it down?
soo eedenteefeekasyon/pasaporte
Su identificacin/pasaporte. Your ID/ passport.
en
En
In
(seenko)
(cinco )
(five)
deeas abeeles
das hbiles
working days
(dos) semanas
(dos) semanas
(two) weeks

Lonely Planet Publications

sightseeing
visitas tursticas

Id like a/an
Quisiera
audio set
una audiogua
catalogue
un catlogo
guide (person)
un gua
guidebook in
una gua
English
turstica en
ingls
(local) map
un mapa
(de la zona)
Do you have
information on
sights?
cultural
local
religious
unique

keesyera
oona owdyogeea
oon katalogo
oon geea
oona geea
tooreesteeka en
eengles
oon mapa
(de la sona)

Tiene informacin tyene eenformasyon


sobre
sobre
atracciones
atraksyones
culturales
kooltoorales
locales
lokales
religiosas
releekhyosas
nicas
ooneekas

sightseeing

Id like to see
me goostareea ver
Me gustara ver
Whats that?
ke es eso
Qu es eso?
Who made it?
kyen lo eeso
Quin lo hizo?
How old is it?
de kwando es
De cundo es?
Could you take a photograph of me?
Me puede tomar una foto?
me pwede tomar oona foto
Can I take a photograph (of you)?
pwedo tomar(le) oona foto
Puedo tomar(le) una foto?
Ill send you the photograph.
Le mandar la foto.
le mandare la foto

77

Lonely Planet Publications

getting in
la entrada
What time does it open/close?
A qu hora abren/cierran?
Whats the admission charge?
Cunto cuesta la entrada?
It costs (20 pesos).
Cuesta (veinte pesos).
Is there a
discount for ?
children
families
groups
pensioners
students

a ke ora abren/syeran
kwanto kwesta la entrada
kwesta (vaynte pesos)

Hay descuento
para ?
nios
familias
grupos
jubilados
estudiantes

ai deskwento
para
neenyos
fameelyas
groopos
khoobeelados
estoodyantes

P R AC T I C A L

navel of the moon

78

The mysterious origins of the word Mxico have long been


the subject of debate.
One of the most popular theories is that Mxico literally
means navel of the moon in the indigenous Nahuatl language,
derived from meztli (moon) and xictli (navel). Another theory
associates the name with the Nahuatl word metl (maguey
plant). In the 15th and 16th centuries some clerics tried vainly
to establish a link between Mxico and the Hebrew word Mesi
(Messiah). Other theories include place of springs and that
which kills by an obsidian arrow.
In 1998, a Round Table on the True Meaning of the Word
Mxico was convened in an attempt to lay the issue to rest
once and for all. The panel agreed unanimously that the
Aztecs who founded Mexico City called themselves mextin
(Mexicans) in honour of their leader Mextli, known affectionately as Mexi. Add the Nahuatl suffix -co (place of) and
you get Mxico: Place of the Mexicans.

Lonely Planet Publications

tours
excursiones
Can you
Puede recomendar pwede rekomendar
recommend a ? algn ?
algoon
boat-trip
paseo en lancha
paseo en lancha
tour
tour
toor
Whens the
next ?
daytrip

Cundo es la
prxima ?
excursin de
un da
excursin

kwando es la
prokseema
ekskoorsyon de
oon deea
ekskoorsyon

Is included?
Incluye ?
accommodation alojamiento
food
comida
transport
transporte

eenklooye
alokhamyento
komeeda
transporte

excursion

neseseeto yevar
podemos kontratar
oon geea
el geea va a pagar
el geea ya pago
kwanto doora el toor
a ke ora tengo ke regresar

sightseeing

Do I need to take with me?


Necesito llevar ?
Can we hire a guide?
Podemos contratar
un gua?
The guide will pay.
El gua va a pagar.
The guide has paid.
El gua ya pag.
How long is the tour?
Cunto dura el tour?
What time should I be back?
A qu hora tengo que regresar?

79

Lonely Planet Publications

Be back here at (five oclock).


Regrese a (las cinco).
regrese a (las seenko)
Im with them.
Estoy con ellos.
estoy kon eyos
Ive lost my group.
He perdido a mi grupo.
e perdeedo a mee groopo

local talk
Whats (Aguascalientes) like?
Cmo es
komo es
(Aguascalientes)?
(agwaskalyentes)
Ive been to (Zacatecas).
He estado en (Zacatecas).
Theres (not)
a great
restaurant/
hotel
a lot to see
fabulous
nightlife
lots of culture

e estado en (sakatekas)

(No) Hay
un buen
restaurante/
hotel
mucho que ver
una muy
buena vida
nocturna
mucha
cultura

(no) ai
oon bwen
restowrante/
otel
moocho ke ver
oona mooy
bwena veeda
noktoorna
moocha
kooltoora

There are (no) rip-off merchants.


(No) Hay estafadores.
(no) ai estafadores

P R AC T I C A L

There are (not) too many tourists.


(No) Hay demasiados
(no) ai demasyados
turistas.
tooreestas

80

The best time to go is (December).


la mekhor epoka
La mejor poca
para ir es (en
para eer es (en
diciembre).
deesyembre)

Lonely Planet Publications

business
los negocios

Im attending
a/an
conference
course
exhibition
meeting
trade fair
convention

Estoy asistiendo
a
un congreso
un curso
una
exhibicin
una reunin
una feria de
negocios
una convencin

Im with
Estoy con
my company
mi compaa
my colleague(s)
mi(s) colega(s)
(two) others
(dos) ms

estoy aseestyendo
a
oon kongreso
oon koorso
oona
ekseebeesyon
oona reoonyon
oona ferya de
negosyos
oona konvensyon
estoy kon
mee kompanyeea
mee(s) kolega(s)
(dos) mas

business

Im alone.
estoy solo/a
Estoy solo/a. m/f
Im staying at (the Hotel Jurez), room (90).
me estoy alokhando en
Me estoy alojando en
(el Hotel Jurez),
(el otel khwares)
habitacin (noventa).
abeetasyon (noventa)
Im here for (two) days/weeks.
voy a estar (dos) deeas/
Voy a estar (dos) das/
semanas.
semanas
Heres my business card.
akee tyene mee tarkheta
Aqu tiene mi tarjeta
de presentacin.
de presentasyon
Let me introduce my colleague.
le/te presento
Le/Te presento
a mi colega. pol/inf
a mee kolega
I have an appointment with (Mr Alberto Estavillo).
tengo oona seeta kon
Tengo una cita con
(Seor Alberto Estavillo).
(senyor alberto estaveeyo)

81

Lonely Planet Publications

That went very well.


Estuvo muy bien.
Shall we go for a drink/meal?
Vamos a tomar/comer algo?
Its on me.
Yo invito.

estoovo mooy byen


vamos a tomar/komer algo
yo eenveeto

Wheres the ?
Dnde es ?
business centre
el centro de
conferencias
conference
el congreso
meeting
la reunin

donde es
el sentro de
konferensyas
el kongreso
la reoonyon

I need
a connection
to the Net
an interpreter
to make
photocopies
some space to
set up
to send an
email
to send a fax
to use a
computer

neseseeto
oona koneksyon
a eenternet
oon eenterprete
fotokopyar

Necesito
una conexin
a Internet
un intrprete
fotocopiar
espacio para
instalarme
enviar un correo
electrnico
enviar un fax
usar una
computadora

Im expecting a Estoy esperando


call
una llamada
fax
un fax

espasyo para
eenstalarme
envyar oon koreo
elektroneeko
envyar oon faks
oosar oona
kompootadora
estoy esperando
oona yamada
oon faks

P R AC T I C A L

For equipment you might need at a conference, see the


dictionary.

82

business etiquette
Mexicans have a friendly approach to doing business, and
maintaining good relationships with business partners is
given the highest priority. Responding to requests with
a flat no and throwing documents on the table during
a meeting is considered to be highly aggressive business
behaviour.

Lonely Planet Publications

disabled travellers
viajeros discapacitados

I have a disability.
soy deeskapaseetado/a
Soy discapacitado/a. m/f
I need assistance.
Necesito asistencia.
neseseeto aseestensya
What services do you have for people with a disability?
Qu servicios tienen para
ke serveesyos tyenen para
discapacitados?
deeskapaseetados
I have a hearing aid.
Llevo un aparato para
yevo oon aparato para
sordera.
sordera
Im deaf.
soy sordo/a
Soy sordo/a. m/f
Are guide dogs permitted?
se permeete la entrada a
Se permite la entrada a
los perros gua?
los peros geea

ai akseso para la seeya de


rwedas
ke tan ancha es la entrada
ai elevador

d i s a b l e d t rave l l e r s

Is there wheelchair access?


Hay acceso para la silla de
ruedas?
How wide is the entrance?
Qu tan ancha es la entrada?
Is there a lift?
Hay elevador?

83

Lonely Planet Publications

How many steps are there?


Cuntos escalones hay?
kwantos eskalones ai
Is there somewhere I can sit down?
Hay algn lugar donde me
ai algoon loogar donde me
pueda sentar?
pweda sentar
Could you call me a disabled taxi, please?
me pwede yamar oon taksee
Me puede llamar un taxi
para discapacitados?
para deeskapaseetados
Could you help me cross this street?
me pwede ayoodar
Me puede ayudar
a cruzar la calle?
a kroosar la kaye
access for
the disabled
Braille library
guide dog
person with
a disability
ramps
space (to move
around)
wheelchair

acceso m para
discapacitados
biblioteca f
Braille
perro m gua
persona f
discapacitada
rampas f pl
espacio m
(para desplazarse)
silla f de ruedas

akseso para
deeskapaseetados
beeblyoteka
braile
pero geea
persona
deeskapaseetada
rampas
espasyo
(para desplasarse)
seeya de rwedas

P R AC T I C A L

X marks the spot

84

Beware of the letter x in Mexican Spanish, which can


be pronounced four different ways. In words such as
Mxico its pronounced kh (as in the Scottish loch) and
in words like expreso its pronounced ks. In some words
of indigenous origin, such as mixiotes and xcatic (types of
food) its pronounced sh, but in place names like Xchitl
and Xochicalco its spoken as an s. Dont get too confused
by this just check the coloured phonetic guides for the
correct pronunciation.
See also pronunciation, page 12.

Lonely Planet Publications

children
nios

Is there a/an ?
baby change
room

Hay ?
una sala para
cambiarle el
paal al beb
child-minding
club para
service
nios
childrens menu
men infantil
creche
guardera
(Englishniera (que
speaking)
hable ingls)
babysitter
family discount
descuento
familiar
highchair
silla para beb
park
un parque
playground
juegos por aqu
nearby
theme park
una feria
toyshop
una juguetera

I need a
baby seat

booster seat

deskwento
fameelyar
seeya para bebe
oon parke
khwegos por akee
oona ferya
oona joogetereea
neseseeto
oon asyento de
segooreedad para
bebe
oon asyento de
segooreedad para
neenyos
oona koona
oona baseeneeka
oona kareola
oona mameela
oon choopon
oonos panyales

c h i l d re n

crib
potty
stroller
bottle
dummy
nappies

Necesito
un asiento de
seguridad para
beb
un asiento de
seguridad para
nios
una cuna
una bacinica
una carreola
una mamila
un chupn
unos paales

ai
oona sala para
kambyarle el
panyal al bebe
kloob para
neenyos
menoo eenfanteel
gwardereea
neenyera (ke
able eengles)

85

Lonely Planet Publications

Do you mind if I breast-feed here?


Le molesta que d el
le molesta ke de el
pecho aqu?
pecho akee
Are children allowed?
se admeeten neenyos
Se admiten nios?
Is this suitable for (four)-year-old children?
es apto para neenyos de
Es apto para nios de
(cuatro) aos?
(kwatro) anyos

P R AC T I C A L

kids talk

86

Whens your birthday?


kwando es too
Cundo es tu
cumpleaos?
koompleanyos
Do you go to school or kindergarten?
vas a la preemarya o
Vas a la primaria o
a kinder?
a keender
What grade are you in?
en ke grado estas
En qu grado ests?
Do you like school?
te goosta la eskwela
Te gusta la escuela?
Do you like sport?
te goosta el deporte
Te gusta el deporte?
What do you do after school?
ke ases despwes de la
Qu haces despus de la
escuela?
eskwela
Do you learn English?
aprendes eengles
Aprendes ingls?
I come from very far away.
vengo de mooy lekhos
Vengo de muy lejos.
Show me how to play.
deeme komo se khwega
Dime cmo se juega.
Well done!
mooy byen
Muy bien!

Lonely Planet Publications

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use it for personal, non-commercial purposes only. In other words, please
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way of saying the above - Do the right thing with our content.

CO P Y R I G H T
87

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SOCIAL > meeting people


conociendo gente

basics
lo bsico
Yes.
No.
Please.
Thank you
(very much).
Youre welcome.
Sorry. (regret)
Sorry. (apology)

S.
No.
Por favor.
(Muchas) Gracias.

see
no
por favor
(moochas) grasyas

De nada.
Lo siento.
Perdn.

de nada
lo syento
perdon

Excuse me. (regret)


Perdn.
Excuse me. (attention or apology)
Disclpe.

perdon
deeskoolpe

greetings
saludos
Hola! inf
Buen da.
Buen da.
Buenos das.
Buenas tardes.

ola
bwen deea
bwen deea
bwenos deeas
bwenas tardes

Buenas noches.
Buenas noches.
Hasta luego.
Adis!
Cmo est? pol
Cmo ests? inf
Cmo estn?

bwenas noches
bwenas noches
asta lwego
adyos
komo esta
komo estas
komo estan

pl pol&inf

Fine, thanks.

Bien, gracias.

byen grasyas

meeting people

Hi.
Hello.
Good day.
Good morning.
Good afternoon.
(until about 7pm)
Good evening.
Good night.
See you later.
Goodbye.
How are you?

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Whats your name?


Cmo se llama usted? pol
Cmo te llamas? inf
My name is
Me llamo
Id like to introduce you to
Le presento a pol
Te presento a inf
Im pleased to meet you.
Mucho gusto.

komo se yama oosted


komo te yamas
me yamo
le presento a
te presento a
moocho goosto

getting friendly
Remember that there are two ways of saying you. When
addressing a stranger, an older person or someone in a
position of authority, use the polite form usted oosted.
When talking to children or people who are familiar to you,
use the informal form tu too. In this book we have used the
most appropriate form for each phrase, but where you see
pol/inf you have both options.

titles & addressing people


ttulos & maneras de dirigirse a la gente

SOCIAL

The terms Don (Sir) and Doa (Madam) are sometimes used to
address older men and women in rural areas but are rare elsewhere. Use the word Seor to show politeness towards a man
and Seora for a woman. Unless you are talking to a very young
girl avoid using Seorita altogether, otherwise you may come
across as patronising. You might also hear children address
their godfather as padrino and godmother as madrina.

88

Mr
young man
Mrs/Ms
Miss/Ms
Doctor

Seor
Jven
Seora
Seorita
Doctor(a) m/f

senyor
khoven
senyora
senyoreeta
doktor/doktora

Lonely Planet Publications

making conversation
platicando
Do you live here?
Vive/Vives aqu? pol/inf
Where are you going?
A dnde va/vas? pol/inf
What are you doing?
Qu hace/haces? pol/inf
Are you waiting (for a bus)?
Est/Ests esperando
(el autobs)? pol/inf
Can I have a light, please?
Tiene/Tienes un
encendedor, por favor? pol/inf
Whats this called?
Cmo se llama sto?
What a beautiful baby!
Qu beb tan hermoso/a! m/f

veeve/veeves akee
a donde va/vas
ke ase/ases
esta/estas esperando
(el owtoboos)
tyene/tyenes oon
ensendedor por favor
komo se yama esto
ke bebe tan ermoso/a

three amigos

cuate m&f
chavo/a m/f
maestro/a m/f

kwate
chavo/a
maestro/a

(lit: twin)
(lit: kid)
(lit: master)

meeting people

The most common word for friend is amigo/a m/f, but


Mexican Spanish has an abundance of fun alternatives.
You may hear people call each other mano m or mana f, an
abbreviation of hermano/a (brother/sister). Close male friends
may call each other gey (buddy), while in the north friends
sometimes address each other as batos (youngsters). Here are
some other colloquial Mexican words for friend:

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This is my
ste/a es mi m/f
brother
hermano
child
hijo/a m/f
colleague
colega m&f
friend
amigo/a m/f
husband
esposo
partner (intimate) pareja m&f
sister
hermana
wife
esposa

este/a es mee
ermano
eekho/a
kolega
ameego/a
esposo
parekha
ermana
esposa

Estoy aqu
estoy akee
de vacaciones
de vakasyones
en viaje de
en vyakhe de
negocios
negosyos
to study
estudiando
estoodyando
with my family
con mi familia
kon mee fameelya
with my friends
con mis
kon mees
amigos/as m/f
ameegos/as
with my partner
con mi pareja m&f kon mee parekha

SOCIAL

Im here
for a holiday
on business

90

How long are you here for?


Cunto tiempo va/vas a
estar aqu? pol/inf
Im here for weeks/days.
Voy a estar
semanas/das.
Do you like it here?
Le/Te gusta este lugar? pol/inf
I love it here.
Me encanta este lugar.

kwanto tyempo va/vas a


estar akee
voy a estar
semanas/deeas
le/te goosta este loogar
me enkanta este loogar

Lonely Planet Publications

local talk
Hey!
Hows things?
Whats new?
Whats up?
Its/Im OK.
OK.
How cool!
Great!
No problem.
Sure.
Maybe.
No way!
Check this out!

Oye! inf
Oiga! pol
Qu tal?
Qu onda?
Quihubo?
Est/Estoy bien.
Okey.
Qu padre!
Padrsimo!
No hay problema.
Seguro.
Tal vez.
De ninguna
manera!
Checa sto!

oye
oyga
ke tal
ke onda
kyoobo
esta/estoy byen
okay
ke padre
padreeseemo
no ai problema
segooro
tal ves
de neengoona
manera
cheka esto

nationalities
Where are you from?
De dnde es/eres? pol/inf
Im from
Australia
Japan
the USA

de donde es/eres

Soy de
Australia
Japn
los Estados
Unidos

For more countries, see the dictionary.

soy de
owstralya
khapon
los estados
ooneedos

meeting people

nacionalidades

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gringo lingo
Are you a gringo? In Mexico the word gringo/a m/f describes
a person from the USA, while elsewhere in Latin America it
can refer to any foreigner. Americans neednt be offended
by the term, which is rarely derogatory. It can be used to
describe anything that has come from over the northern
border, whether people, cars or films.
A popular myth is that the term originated during the
war between Mexico and the USA (18461848). American
soldiers, who wore green uniforms, were supposedly
taunted with the slogan Green, go home!. The most likely
theory though is that gringo is derived from the Spanish
griego meaning Greek.

age
la edad

SOCIAL

How old ?
Cuntos aos ? kwantos anyos
are you
tiene/tienes pol/inf tyene/tyenes
is your daughter tiene su/tu
tyene soo/too
hija pol/inf
eekha
is your son
tiene su/tu
tyene soo/too
hijo pol/inf
eekho

92

Im years old.
Tengo aos.
Hes/Shes years old.
Tiene aos.
Too old!
Demasiados!
Im younger than I look.
Soy ms joven de lo que
parezco.

tengo anyos
tyene anyos
demasyados
soy mas khoven de lo ke
paresko

For your age, see numbers & amounts, page 29.

Lonely Planet Publications

occupations & studies


el empleo & los estudios
Whats your occupation?
A qu se dedica? pol
A qu te dedicas? inf
Im a/an
chef
teacher
writer

a ke se dedeeka
a ke te dedeekas

Soy
chef m&f
maestro/a m/f
escritor/
escritora m/f

soy
chef
maestro/a
eskreetor/
eskreetora

I work in
Trabajo en
trabakho en
communications comunicaciones
komooneeka
syones
education
educacin
edookasyon
hospitality
hotelera
otelereea
Im
retired
unemployed

Estoy
estoy
jubilado/a m/f
khoobeelado/a
desempleado/a m/f desempleado/a

Im studying
business
history
languages

Estudio
economa
historia
idiomas

trabakho por mee kwenta


ke estoodya/estoodyas
estoodyo
ekonomeea
eestorya
eedyomas

For more occupations and studies, see the dictionary.

meeting people

Im self-employed.
Trabajo por mi cuenta.
What are you studying?
Qu estudia/estudias? pol/inf

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family
la familia

SOCIAL

Do you have (children)?


Tiene/Tienes (hijos)? pol/inf
I have (a partner).
Tengo (una pareja).
Do you live with (your family)?
Vive/Vives con (su/tu
familia)? pol/inf
I live with (my parents).
Vivo con (mis paps).
This is (my mother).
sta es (mi mam).
Are you married?
Est casado/a? m/f pol
Ests casado/a? m/f inf
I live with someone.
Vivo con alguien.

94

Im
married
separated
single

tyene/tyenes (eekhos)
tengo (oona parekha)
veeve/veeves kon (soo/too
fameelya)
veevo kon (mees papas)
esta es (mee mama)
esta kasado/a
estas kasado/a
veevo kon algyen

Soy
casado/a m/f
separado/a m/f
soltero/a m/f

soy
kasado/a
separado/a
soltero/a

For more kinship terms, see the dictionary.

Lonely Planet Publications

farewells
despedidas
Tomorrow is my last day here.
Maana es mi ltimo
da aqu.

manyana es mee oolteemo


deea akee

Heres my
ste/a es mi m/f este/a es mee
Whats your ?
Cul es tu ?
kwal es too
(email) address
direccin f
deereksyon
(de email)
(de eemayl)
fax number
nmero m de fax
noomero de faks
mobile number
nmero m de
noomero de
celular
seloolar
work number
nmero m del
noomero del
trabajo
trabakho
If you ever visit
(Australia)
come and
visit us
you can stay
with me

Si algn da
see algoon deea
visitas
veeseetas
(Australia)
(owstralya)
ven a
ven a
visitarnos
veeseetarnos
te puedes quedar
te pwedes kedar
conmigo
konmeego

For addresses, see also directions, page 49.

meeting people

Ill send you copies of the photos.


te mandare kopyas
Te mandar copias
de las fotos.
de las fotos
Keep in touch!
mantente en kontakto
Mantente en contacto!
Its been great meeting you.
a seedo oon plaser
Ha sido un placer
conocerte.
konoserte
Im going to miss you!
te voy a ekstranyar
Te voy a extraar!

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chicano chic
Americans with a Mexican background often choose to
identify themselves as chicanos or chicanas for women a
label derived from the word mexicano (formally pronounced
mesheekano). Though originally a derogatory term, today
the word chicano denotes an empowered Mexican-American
cultural identity.
The rise of chicano identity politics in the USA has led to
a greater recognition of Chicano Spanish as a unique form
of Mexican Spanish. Chicanos may use older words that
have disappeared from standard Mexican and European
Spanish such as semos for somos (we are), as well as new
words influenced by English such as cookiar (cook). Here
are a few common chicanoisms:

SOCIAL

Chicano
Spanish
ansina
dispus
leyer
muncho
naiden
nejecitar
nde
parkiar
pos
prebar
watchar

96

Standard
Mexican Spanish
as
despus
leer
mucho
nadie
necesitar
dnde
estacionar
pus
probar
mirar

English
like this
after
read
much/a lot
nobody
need
where
park
since
try
watch

Lonely Planet Publications

interests
intereses

common interests
intereses en comn
What do you do in your spare time?
ke te goosta aser en too
Qu te gusta hacer en tu
tiempo libre?
tyempo leebre
Do you like ?
I (dont) like
cooking
dancing
films
gardening
reading
socialising
travelling

Te gusta ?
te goosta
(No) Me gusta
(no) me goosta
cocinar
koseenar
bailar
bailar
el cine
el seene
la jardinera
la khardeenereea
la lectura
la lektoora
hacer vida social
aser veeda sosyal
viajar
vyakhar

For more hobbies and sports, see sports, page 125, and the
dictionary.

if you please
In Spanish, in order to say you like something, you say me
gusta (lit: me it-pleases). If its a plural noun, use me gustan
(lit: me they-please).

I like this song.


Me gusta sta cancin.
I like tacos.
Me gustan los tacos.

me goosta bailar
me goosta esta kansyon
me goostan los takos

inte rests

I like dancing.
Me gusta bailar.

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music
la msica
Do you like to ? Te gusta ?
dance
bailar
go to concerts
ir a conciertos
listen to music
escuchar
msica
play an
tocar un
instrument
instrumento
sing
cantar
What bands do you like?
Qu grupos te gustan?
What music do you like?
Qu msica te gusta?
classical music
electronic music
jazz
metal
pop
punk
merengue
music in Spanish

SOCIAL

rock
R&B
salsa
traditional music

98

world music

te goosta
bailar
eer a konsyertos
eskoochar
mooseeka
tokar oon
eenstroomento
kantar

ke groopos te goostan
ke mooseeka te goosta

msica f
clsica
msica f
electrnica
jazz m
metal m
msica f pop
msica f punk
merengue m
msica f en
espaol
rock m
rhythm and blues m
salsa f
msica f
tradicional
msica f
folklrica

mooseeka
klaseeka
mooseeka
elektroneeka
yas
metal
mooseeka pop
mooseeka ponk
merenge
mooseeka en
espanyol
rok
reedem and bloos
salsa
mooseeka
tradeesyonal
mooseeka
folkloreeka

Planning to go to a concert? See buying tickets, page 38 and


going out, page 109.

Lonely Planet Publications

you cant stop the msica


From latin rhythms blaring from bus stereos to wandering
mariachis and live salsa bands, music is absolutely everywhere in Mexico. Here are some unique styles to listen for:
corridos
koreedos
narrative ballads influenced by polka and waltz styles
huapango
wapango
a fast, indigenous dance-song from the Huastec region
msica tropical
mooseeka tropeekal
slow-paced rhythmic music of Caribbean origin including
danzn (Cuba) and cumbia (Colombia)
nortenyo
norteo
country ballad and dance music from northern Mexico
ranchera
ranchera
very cheesy country-style music
son
son
a folk fusion of African, Spanish and indigenous music
styles, combining guitar, violin and voice
trova
trova
poetic troubadour-style folk music

cinema & theatre


I feel like going
to a
comedy
film
play

Tengo ganas
de ir a ver una
comedia
pelcula
obra de teatro

tengo ganas
de eer a ver oona
komedya
peleekoola
obra de teatro

inte rests

el cine & el teatro

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Whats showing at the cinema/theatre tonight?


ke dan en el seene/teatro
Qu dan en el cine/teatro
esta noche?
esta noche
Is it in English/Spanish?
es en eengles/espannyol
Es en ingls/espaol?
Does it have subtitles?
Tiene subttulos?
tyene soobteetoolos
Have you seen ?
Has visto ?
as veesto
Whos in it?
kyen aktooa
Quin acta?
It stars
Acta(n) sg/pl
aktooa(n)
Did you like the film?
Te gust la pelcula?
te goosto la peleekoola

100

pyenso ke fwe
ekselente
regoolar
largo/a
maleeseemo/a

animated films

SOCIAL

I thought it was Pienso que fue


excellent
excelente
OK
regular
long
largo/a m/f
very bad
malsimo/a m/f

deebookhos
aneemados
komedya
dokoomentales
drama
seene negro
seene
(mekheekano)
peleekoolas
de teror
peleekoolas
de syensya feeksyon
kortos
peleekoolas
de soospenso

dibujos m pl
animados
comedy
comedia f
documentaries
documentales m pl
drama
drama m
film noir
cine m negro
(Mexican) cinema cine m
(mexicano)
horror movies
pelculas f pl
de terror
sci-fi
pelculas f pl
de ciencia ficcin
short films
cortos m pl
thrillers
pelculas f pl
de suspenso

Lonely Planet Publications

reading
la lectura
What kind of books do you read?
ke teepo de leebros lees
Qu tipo de libros lees?
Which (Mexican) author do you recommend?
ke owtor (mekheekano)
Qu autor (mexicano)
me recomiendas?
me rekomyendas
Have you read anything by (Carlos Fuentes)?
as leeedo a (karlos fwentes)
Has ledo a (Carlos Fuentes)?
Have you read (Our Word is Our Weapon)?
Has ledo (Nuestra arma
as leeedo (nwestra arma
es nuestra palabra)?
es nwestra palabra)

novel ideas

inte rests

Literature is considered an important part of Mexican


culture and the nation has a very lively literary scene.
Much of the activity centres on Mexico City, the location
of choice for literary greats such as the Colombian emigre
Gabriel Garca Marquz. You may already be familiar with
Laura Esquivels Como agua para chocolate (Like Water for
Chocolate) which has been adapted as a film.
Good bookshops will stock English translations of
famous modern authors such as Carlos Fuentes, Rosario
Castellanos, Mariano Azuela and Nobel Prize winner
Octavio Paz. Newer Mexican writers to look out for
include Jorge Volpi, Pedro ngel Palou and Ignacio
Padilla.

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Lonely Planet Publications

On this trip Im reading


En este viaje estoy
leyendo
Id recommend
Te recomiendo a
Where can I exchange books?
Dnde puedo
intercambiar libros?

en este vyakhe estoy


leyendo
te rekomyendo a
donde pwedo
eenterkambyar leebros

body language

SOCIAL

Be aware of sending the wrong signals with your body


language. In Mexico, women are expected to initiate
handshakes with men, but will greet other women with a
kiss on the cheek or a pat on the forearm. Conversations
take place at a close physical distance and male acquaintances often hug each other when meeting.
When paying for something, place the cash or credit
card directly into the hand of the person youre dealing
with, even if youre in a restaurant. Leaving payment on the
counter can be interpreted as a sign that you dont respect
the person enough to have contact with them.

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feelings & opinions


los sentimientos & las opiniones

feelings
los sentimientos
Feelings are described with either nouns or adjectives: the nouns
use have in Spanish (eg, I have hunger) and the adjectives use
be (like in English).
Im (not)
Are you ?
bored
happy
sick
Im (not)
Are you ?
cold
hungry
sleepy
thirsty

(No) Estoy
Est/Ests ? pol/inf
aburrido/a m/f
feliz
enfermo/a m/f
(No) Tengo
Tiene/Tienes ? pol/inf
fro
hambre
sueo
sed

(no) estoy
esta/estas
abooreedo/a
felees
enfermo/a
(no) tengo
tyene/tyenes
freeo
ambre
swenyo
sed

For more feelings, see the dictionary.

mixed emotions

quite
bastante
Im quite disappointed.
Estoy bastante
decepcionado/a. m/f
very
muy
Im very happy.
Estoy muy feliz.

oon poko
estoy oon poko treeste
bastante
estoy bastante
desepsyonado/a
mooy
estoy mooy felees

fe e l i n g s & o p i n i o n s

a little
un poco
Im a little sad.
Estoy un poco triste.

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opinions
opiniones
Did you like it?
Le/Te gust? pol/inf
What did you think of it?
Qu pens/pensaste
de eso? pol/inf

le/te goosto
ke penso/pensaste
de eso

I thought it was Pienso que fue


pyenso ke fwe
Its
Es
es
absurd
absurdo/a m/f
absoordo/a
beautiful
hermoso/a m/f
ermoso/a
bizarre
extrao/a m/f
ekstranyo/a
crap
una porquera
oona porkereea
crazy
loco/a m/f
loko/a
cute
bonito/a m/f
boneeto/a
entertaining
entretenido/a m/f entreteneedo/a
excellent
excelente
ekselente
full-on
extremo/a m/f
ekstremo/a
horrible
horrible
oreeble
incomprehenincompreneenkompren
sible
sible
seeble

SOCIAL

revolutionary acronyms

104

Mexican politics is peppered with acronyms. Look for some


of the following in newspaper headlines and street grafitti:
EZLN Ejrcito Zapatista de Liberacin Nacional
(Zapatista National Liberation Army)
FZLN Frente Zapatista de Liberacin Nacional
(Zapatista National Liberation Front)
PAN Partido Accin Nacional
(National Action Party)
PDPR Partido Democrtico Popular Revolucionario
(Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Party)
PRD Partido de la Revolucin Democrtica
(Democratic Revolution Party)
PRI
Partido Revolucionario Institucional
(Institutional Revolutionary Party)

Lonely Planet Publications

politics & social issues


la poltica & los temas sociales
While Mexicans are very critical of their leaders, they can also
be fiercely patriotic at the same time. Visitors should try to pick
the mood, and ask questions before offering opinions. Mexican
history, art and culture are fruitful subjects of conversation. As
a rule, avoid topics such as the Mexican-American war and
illegal immigration.
Who do you vote for?
Por quin vota/votas? pol/inf

por kyen vota/votas

I support the
Apoyo al
party.
partido
Im a member
Soy miembro del
of the party.
partido
communist
Comunista
conservative
Conservador
green
Verde
liberal
Progresista
(progressive)
labour
Laborista
social democratic Socialdemcrata
socialist
Socialista

apoyo al
parteedo
soy myembro del
parteedo
komooneesta
konservador
verde
progreseesta
laboreesta
sosyaldemokrata
sosyaleesta

fe e l i n g s & o p i n i o n s

I (dont) agree with


(No) estoy de acuerdo con
(no) estoy de akwerdo kon
Are you against ?
esta/estas en
Est/Ests en
contra de ? pol/inf
kontra de
Are you in favour of ?
Est/Ests a favor de ? pol/inf esta/estas a favor de
How do people feel about ?
Cmo se siente la gente
komo se syente la khente
acerca de ?
aserka de
In my country we are concerned about
En mi pas nos
en mi paees nos
preocupamos por
preokoopamos por

105

Lonely Planet Publications

abortion
animal rights
corruption
crime
discrimination
drugs
the economy
education
exploitation
the environment
equal opportunity
euthanasia
globalisation
human rights
indigenous rights
immigration
inequality
machismo
party politics

SOCIAL

poverty
privatisation
racism
sexism
social welfare

106

terrorism
the war in
unemployment
violence

aborto m
derechos m pl
de animales
corrupcin f
crimen m
discriminacin f
drogas f pl
economa f
educacin f
explotacin f
medio m
ambiente
igualdad f
de oportunidades
eutanasia f
globalizacin f
derechos m pl
humanos
derechos m pl
de indgenas
inmigracin f
desigualdad f
machismo m
polticas f pl
de partido
pobreza f
privatizacin f
racismo m
sexismo m
seguridad f
social
terrorismo m
la guerra f en
desempleo m
violencia f

aborto
derechos
de aneemales
koroopsyon
kreemen
deeskreemeenasyon
drogas
ekonomeea
edookasyon
eksplotasyon
medyo
ambyente
eegwaldad
de oportooneedades
eootanasya
globaleesasyon
derechos
oomanos
derechos
de eendeekhenas
eenmeegrasyon
deseegwaldad
macheesmo
poleeteekas
de parteedo
pobresa
preevateesasyon
raseesmo
sekseesmo
segooreedad
sosyal
teroreesmo
la gera en
desempleo
vyolensya

Lonely Planet Publications

the environment
el medio ambiente
Is there a/an (environmental) problem here?
Aqu hay problemas con
akee ai problemas kon
(el medio ambiente)?
(el medyo ambyente)

biodegradable
conservation

Is this
protected?
forest
park
species

byodegradable
konservasyon del
medyo ambyente
deforestasyon
sekeea
ekoseestema
koolteevos/
aleementos
transkheneekos
eereegasyon
kapa de osono
pesteeseedas
kontameenasyon
reseeklable
programas
de reseeklakhe
soomeeneestro
de agwa

Est protegido/a
ste/a ? m/f
bosque m
parque m
especie f

esta protekheedo/a
este /a
boske
parke
espesye

fe e l i n g s & o p i n i o n s

deforestation
drought
ecosystem
genetically
modified
crops/foods
irrigation
ozone layer
pesticides
pollution
recyclable
recycling
programme
water supply

biodegradable
conservacin f del
medio ambiente
deforestacin f
sequa f
ecosistema m
cultivos/
alimentos m pl
transgnicos
irrigacin f
capa f de ozono
pesticidas m pl
contaminacin f
reciclable
programas m pl
de reciclaje
suministro m
de agua

107

Lonely Planet Publications

local talk
Me ests
vacilando?
Qu tal?
Qu interesante!
Estoy
bromeando.
Listen (to this)!
Escucha (esto)!
Look!
Mira!
Of course!
Por supuesto!
Really?
De veras?
Thats great!
Est padrsimo!
Thats incredible! Es increble!
You bet!
Ya lo creo!
You dont say!
No me digas!

SOCIAL

Are you pulling


my leg?
How about that?
How interesting!
Just joking.

108

me estas
vaseelando
ke tal
ke eenteresante
estoy
bromeando
eskoocha (esto)
meera
por soopwesto
de veras
esta padreeseemo
es eenkreeeble
ya lo kreo
no me deegas

Lonely Planet Publications

going out
salidas

where to go
a dnde ir
Whats there to do in the evenings?
ke se pwede aser en las
Qu se puede hacer en las
noches?
noches
Whats on ?
locally
this weekend
today
tonight
Is there a local
guide?
entertainment
film
gay
music

Qu hay ?
en la zona
este fin de
semana
hoy
esta noche

ke ai
en la sona
este feen de
semana
oy
esta noche

Hay una gua


ai oona geea
de de la zona?
de de la sona
entretenimiento
entreteneemyento
cines
seenes
los lugares gay
los loogares gay
de msica
de mooseeka

donde ai
bares
kafetereeas
deeskos
loogares gay
loogares donde
komer
bares

going out

Where are the ? Dnde hay ?


bars
bares
cafes
cafeteras
clubs
discos
gay venues
lugares gay
places to eat
lugares donde
comer
pubs
bares

109

Lonely Planet Publications

I feel like
going to
a cafe
a concert
the movies
a party
a restaurant
the theatre

Tengo ganas
tengo ganas
de ir
de eer
a una
a oona
cafetera
kafetereea
a un concierto
a oon konsyerto
al cine
al seene
a una fiesta
a oona fyesta
a un restaurante
a oon restowrante
al teatro
al teatro

Where can we go (salsa) dancing?


donde podemos eer a
Dnde podemos ir a
bailar (salsa)?
bailar (salsa)
Whats the cover charge?
kwanto kwesta el kover
Cunto cuesta el cover?
Its free.
es gratees
Es gratis.

three mexicans walk into a bar


From rowdy rum-soaked saloons to cosy and romantic
lounge-bars, Mexico has it all.
antro
antro
bar or nightclub, formerly used to describe a dive

SOCIAL

bar
bar
a place for drinking and talking, rather than dancing or
listening to live music

110

kanteena
cantina
a uniquely Mexican establishment (often recognisable by
Wild-West style swinging doors) where tequila, mezcal,
beer, rum and brandy are the order of the day some
cantinas are exclusively men-only zones, while others are
more relaxed.
pea
penya
a place to go for either a drink or a meal, usually with live
romantic Mexican music

Lonely Planet Publications

invitations
las invitaciones
What are you
doing ?
right now
this evening
this weekend
tomorrow

Qu vas a
hacer ?
ahorita
esta noche
este fin de
semana
maana

ke vas a
aser
aoreeta
esta noche
este feen de
semana
manyana

Would you
Te gustara ?
like to go ?
dancing
ir a bailar
out somewhere
salir a algn
lado

te goostareea

I feel like going


for a
coffee
drink
meal
walk

me goostareea
eer a
tomar oon kafe
tomar algo
komer
kameenar

Me gustara
ir a
tomar un caf
tomar algo
comer
caminar

My round.
Yo invito.

eer a bailar
saleer a algoon
lado

yo eenveeto

Do you know a good restaurant?


konoses algoon bwen
Conoces algn buen
restaurante?
restowrante

Were having a party.


Vamos a hacer una fiesta.

vamos a aser oona fyesta

You should come.


Por qu no vienes?

por ke no vyenes

going out

Do you want to come to the (Caf Tacuba) concert with me?


kyeres veneer konmeego al
Quieres venir conmigo al
concierto (de Caf Tacuba)? konsyerto (de kafe takooba)

111

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responding to invitations
respondiendo a invitaciones
Sure!
Claro que s, gracias!
Yes, Id love to.
S, me encantara.
Where shall we go?
En dnde vamos?
Thanks, but Im afraid I cant.
Gracias, pero no puedo.
What about tomorrow?
Qu tal maana?
Sorry, I cant sing/dance.
Perdn, no s cantar/bailar.

klaro ke see grasyas


see me enkantareea
en donde vamos
grasyas pero no pwedo
ke tal manyana
perdon no se kantar/bailar

arranging to meet

SOCIAL

organizando un encuentro

112

What time shall we meet?


A qu hora nos vemos?
Where will we meet?
Dnde nos vemos?

a ke ora nos vemos


donde nos vemos

Lets meet
Nos vemos
nos vemos
at (eight oclock)
a (las ocho)
a (las ocho)
at the (entrance)
en la (entrada)
en la (entrada)

Lonely Planet Publications

Ill pick you up.


Paso por t.

paso por tee

Ill be coming later.


Te alcanzo ms tarde.

te alkanso mas tarde

Where will you be?


Dnde vas a estar?

donde vas a estar

If Im not there by (nine), dont wait for me.


see no yego a las (nweve)
Si no llego a las (nueve),
no me esperes.
no me esperes
OK!
OK!

okay

Ill see you then.


Nos vemos.

nos vemos

See you later.


Hasta luego.

asta lwego

See you tomorrow.


Hasta maana.

asta manyana

Im looking forward to it.


Tengo muchas ganas de ir.

tengo moochas ganas de eer

Sorry Im late.
Perdn por llegar tarde.

perdon por yegar tarde

Never mind.
No te preocupes.

no te preokoopes

timing isnt everything

going out

Being late for an appointment isnt the end of the world in


Mexico. In situations where punctuality is important, make
sure you add en punto meaning exactly after arranging
a time to meet. Family obligations always take precedence
over social or business meetings, and if youre invited to a
party its expected that youll arrive between thirty minutes
to an hour later than the specified time.

113

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drugs
las drogas
I dont take drugs.
No consumo drogas.
I have occasionally.
Consumo
de vez en cuando.
Do you want to have a smoke?
Nos fumamos un churro?
Im high.
Estoy pacheco/a. m/f

no konsoomo drogas
konsoomo
de ves en kwando
nos foomamos oon chooro
estoy pacheko/a

smoking the devil

SOCIAL

Slang words for marijuana include mota (lit: fleck) or


hierba (lit: grass). A joint is called a churro (lit: fritter) or
a gallo (lit: rooster). If someone wants to suggest having a
smoke they may ask Le quemamos las patas al diablo?, which
can be translated as Shall we burn the devils paws?

114

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romance
romance

asking someone out


invitando a alguien a salir
Would you like to do something (tonight)?
Quieres hacer algo
kyeres aser algo
(esta noche)?
(esta noche)
Yes, Id love to.
S, me encantara.

see me enkantareea

No, Im afraid I cant.


Gracias, pero no puedo.

grasyas pero no pwedo

Not if you were the last person on Earth!


Ni aunque fueras la ltima nee ownke fweras la oolteema
persona en el mundo!
persona en el moondo

local talk

ro m a n ce

Hes (a)
l
el es
Shes (a)
Ella es
eya es
bitch
una perra
oona pera
hot
caliente
kalyente
hot girl
cachonda
kachonda
hot guy
cachondo
kachondo
gorgeous
guapsimo/a m/f
gwapeeseemo/a
prick
un cabrn
oon kabron
slut
una puta
oona poota
What a babe! (about a man)
Que tipo tan bueno!
ke teepo tan bweno
What a babe! (about a woman)
Que vieja tan buena!
ke vyekha tan bwena
He/She gets around.
Se va a la cama con
se va a la kama kon
cualquiera.
kwalkyera

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pick-up lines
frases para ligar
Would you like a drink?
te eenveeto oona kopa
Te invito una copa?
What star sign are you?
kwal es too seegno
Cul es tu signo?
Shall we get some fresh air?
vamos afwera
Vamos afuera?
Do you study or do you work?
Estudias o trabajas?
estoodyas o trabajas
You mustnt come here much, because I would
have noticed you sooner.
no debes veneer mooy
No debes venir muy
seguido porque me habra
segeedo porke me abreea
fijado en t antes.
feekhado en tee antes
Do you have a light?
Tienes encendedor?
tyenes ensendedor

You have (a)


beautiful
body
eyes

SOCIAL

hands

116

laugh
personality

Tienes
un muy
buen cuerpo
unos ojos
preciosos
unas manos
preciosas
una risa
preciosa
una gran
personalidad

tyenes
oon mooy
bwen kwerpo
oonos okhos
presyosos
oonas manos
presyosas
oona reesa
presyosa
oona gran
personaleedad

Lonely Planet Publications

rejections
rechazos
Im here with my boyfriend/girlfriend.
estoy akee kon mee novyo/a
Estoy aqu con mi novio/a.
I have a boyfriend/girlfriend.
tengo novyo/a
Tengo novio/a.
Excuse me, I have to go now.
Lo siento, pero me tengo
lo syento pero me tengo
que ir.
ke eer
Im not interested.
No estoy interesado/a. m/f
no estoy eenteresado/a
Hey, Im not interested in talking to you.
meera no me eenteresa
Mira, no me interesa
hablar contigo.
ablar konteego
Your ego is out of control.
Tu ego est fuera de
too ego esta fwera de
control.
kontrol
Leave me alone!
Djame en paz.
dekhame en pas
Piss off!
vete a la myerda
Vete a la mierda!

getting closer
acercndose
eres mooy seempateeko/a
eres mooy atrakteevo/a
eres khenyal
me goostas moocho

ro m a n ce

Youre very nice.


Eres muy simptico/a. m/f
Youre very attractive.
Eres muy atractivo/a. m/f
Youre great.
Eres genial.
I like you very much.
Me gustas mucho.

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Do you like me too?


yo te goosto
Yo te gusto?
Im interested in you.
me eenteresas
Me interesas.
Can I kiss you?
te pwedo besar
Te puedo besar?
Will you take me home?
me akompanyas a mee kasa
Me acompaas a mi casa?
Do you want to come inside for a while?
Quieres pasar un rato?
kyeres pasar oon rato

sticky situations
The adjective cachondo/a m/f has two different meanings depending on which form of the verb to be is used.
For example:
Juan es cachondo
means Juan is a babe.
(the verb ser)

but

Juan est cachondo


means Juan is horny.
(the verb estar)

sex

SOCIAL

sexo

118

I want to make love to you.


Quiero hacerte el amor.
Do you have a condom?
Tienes un condn?
Lets use a condom.
Usemos un condn.
I wont do it without protection.
No lo har sin proteccin.
I think we should stop now.
Pienso que deberamos
parar.

kyero aserte el amor


tyenes oon kondon
oosemos oon kondon
no lo are seen proteksyon
pyenso ke debereeamos
parar

Lonely Planet Publications

Lets go to bed!
Kiss me!
I want you.
Take this off.
Do you like this?
I (dont) like that.
Touch me here.
Oh my God!
Oh yeah!
Thats great.
Easy tiger!
Please stop!
Please dont stop!
harder
faster
softer
slower

Vamos a la cama!
Bsame!
Te deseo.
Qutate sto.
Te gusta stos?
Esto (no) me gusta.
Tcame aqu.
Ay dios!
S, s!
Eso es genial!
Tranquilo!
Para!
No pares!
ms fuerte
ms rpido
ms suave
ms despacio

vamos a la kama
besame
te deseo
keetate esto
te goosta esto
esto (no) me goosta
tokame akee
ai dyos
see see
eso es khenyal
trankeelo
para
no pares
mas fwerte
mas rapeedo
mas swave
mas despasyo

ro m a n ce

That was amazing.


Eso fue increble.
eso fwe eenkreeeble
Its my first time.
Es mi primera vez.
es mee preemera ves
I cant get it up sorry.
Lo siento, no se me para.
lo syento no se me para
Dont worry, Ill do it myself.
no te preokoopes yo lo ago
No te preocupes, yo lo hago.
It helps to have a sense of humour.
Ayuda tener sentido del
ayooda tener senteedo del
humor.
oomor
Can I meet you tomorrow?
Puedo verte maana?
pwedo verte manyana
Can I stay over?
Puedo quedarme?
pwedo kedarme
When can I see you again?
Cundo nos vemos
kwando nos vemos
de nuevo?
de nwevo

119

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love
el amor
Im in love with you.
Estoy enamorado/a de t. m/f
I love you.
Te amo.
I think were good together.
Creo que hacemos buena
pareja.

estoy enamorado/a de tee


te amo
kreo ke asemos bwena
parekha

problems
problemas

SOCIAL

Are you seeing someone else?


Me ests engaando con
alguien?
Hes just a friend.
Es un amigo, nada ms.
Shes just a friend.
Es una amiga, nada ms.
Well work it out.
Lo resolveremos.
I want to end the relationship.
Quiero que terminemos.
I never want to see you again.
No quiero volver a verte.
I want to stay friends.
Quiero que quedemos
como amigos.

120

me estas enganyando kon


algyen
es oon ameego nada mas
es oona ameega nada mas
lo resolveremos
kyero ke termeenemos
no kyero volver a verte
kyero ke kedemos
komo ameegos

are you horny?


If someone suspects that their partner is cheating on them,
they may ask Me est poniendo los cuernos? which roughly
means Are you putting horns on my head?

Lonely Planet Publications

beliefs & cultural differences


las creencias & las diferencias culturales

religion
la religin
Whats your religion?
Cul es su/tu religin? pol/inf
I (dont) believe in God.
(No) Creo en Dios.

practising
protestant
religious
Id like to go
to (the)
church
mosque
synagogue
temple

(no) kreo en dyos

(No) Soy
agnstico/a m/f
ateo/a m/f
budista
catlico/a m/f
cristiano/a m/f
hind
judo/a m/f
musulmn/
musulmana m/f
practicante
protestante
religioso/a m/f

(no) soy
agnosteeko/a
ateo/a
boodeesta
katoleeko/a
kreestyano/a
eendoo
khoodeeo/a
moosoolman/
moosoolmana
prakteekante
protestante
releekhyoso/a

Me gustara ir a

me goostareea

la iglesia
la mezquita
la sinagoga
el templo

la eeglesya
la meskeeta
la seenagoga
el templo

Can I here?
Puedo aqu?
Where can I ?
Dnde puedo ?
attend mass
ir a misa
make confession confesarme
(in English)
(en ingls)
pray
rezar
receive
comulgar
communion

pwedo akee
donde pwedo
eer a meesa
konfesarme
(en eengles)
resar
komoolgar

b e l i e fs & c u l t u ra l d i f fe re n ce s

Im (not)
agnostic
atheist
Buddhist
Catholic
Christian
Hindu
Jewish
Muslim

kwal es soo/too releekhyon

121

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cultural differences
las diferencias culturales
Is this a local or national custom?
Es una costumbre local
es oona kostoombre lokal
o nacional?
o nasyonal
Im not used to this.
No estoy acostumbrado/a no estoy akostoombrado/a
a sto. m/f
a esto
I dont mind watching, but Id rather not join in.
no me eemporta meerar
No me importa mirar,
pero prefiero no participar. pero prefyero no parteeseepar
Ill try it.
lo probare
Lo probar.
Sorry, I didnt mean to say/do something wrong.
perdon lo deese/eese
Perdn, lo dice/hice
sin querer.
seen kerer

122

Perdn, pero eso


va en contra de
mis creencias
mi cultura
mi religin

perdon pero eso


va en kontra de
mees kreensyas
mee kooltoora
mee releekhyon

This is (very)
different
fun
interesting

SOCIAL

Im sorry, its
against my
beliefs
culture
religion

Esto es (muy)
diferente
divertido
interesante

esto es (mooy)
deeferente
deeverteedo
eenteresante

Lonely Planet Publications

art
el arte

art

Whens the museum open?


A qu hora abre el museo? a ke ora abre el mooseo
Whens the gallery open?
A qu hora abre la galera? a ke ora abre la galereea
What kind of art are you interested in?
ke teepo de arte le/te
Qu tipo de arte le/te
interesa? pol/inf
eenteresa
Whats in the collection?
Qu hay en la coleccin?
ke ai en la koleksyon
Its a (cartoon) exhibition.
Hay una exposicin de
ai oona eksposeesyon de
(historieta).
(eestoryeta)
What do you think of (Frida Kahlo)?
ke pyensa/pyensas de
Qu piensa/piensas de
(Frida Kahlo)? pol/inf
(freeda kalo)
Im interested in (Mexican muralism).
Me interesa (el muralismo me eenteresa (el mooraleesmo
mexicano).
mekheekano)
I like the works of (Jos Guadalupe Posada).
Me gusta la obra de (Jos
me goosta la obra de (khose
Guadalupe Posada).
gwadaloope posada)
art
arte m
arte
abstract
abstracto
abstrakto
Aztec
Azteca
asteka
colonial
colonial
kolonyal
contemporary
contemporneo
kontemporaneo
Mayan
maya
maya
Mexican
mexicano
mekheekano
Modernist
modernista
moderneesta
prehispanic
prehispnico
preeespaneeko
religious
religioso
releekhyoso
revolutionary
revolucionario
revoloosyonaryo

123

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artist
architecture
artwork
canvas
curator
design
etching
handicraft
installation
opening
painter
painting (canvas)
painting (art)
period
print
sculptor

SOCIAL

sculpture
statue
studio
style
technique

124

artista m&f
arquitectura f
obra f de arte
tela f
curador m
diseo m
grabado m
artesana f
instalacin f
inauguracin f
pintor/pintora m/f
cuadro m
pintura f
periodo m
impresin f
escultor/
escultora m/f
escultura f
estatua f
estudio m
estilo m
tcnica f

arteesta
arkeetektoora
obra de arte
tela
koorador
deesenyo
grabado
artesaneea
eenstalasyon
eenowgoorasyon
peentor/peentora
kwadro
peentoora
peryodo
eempresyon
eskooltor/
eskooltora
eskooltoora
estatwa
estoodyo
esteelo
tekneeka

Lonely Planet Publications

sport
el deporte

sporting interests
los intereses deportivos
Do you like (sport)?
Te gustan los deportes?
Yes, very much.
S, mucho.
Not really.
En realidad, no mucho.
I like watching it.
Me gusta ver.

te goostan los deportes


see moocho
en realeedad no moocho
me goosta ver

sport

What sport do you play?


Qu deporte practicas?
ke deporte prakteekas
What sport do you follow?
a ke deporte eres
A qu deporte eres
aficionado/a? m/f
afeesyonado/a
I play (basketball).
prakteeko (el balonsesto)
Practico (el balconcesto).
I follow (soccer).
Soy aficionado/a al (ftbol). m/f soy afeesyonado/a al (footbol)
Whos your favourite sportsperson?
Quin es tu deportista
kyen es too deporteesta
favorito/a? m/f
favoreeto/a
Whos your favourite team?
Cul es tu equipo favorito?
kwal es too ekeepo favoreeto
For more sports, see the dictionary.

125

Lonely Planet Publications

going to a game
asistiendo a un partido
Would you like to go to a (soccer) match?
Te gustara ir a un
te goostareea eer a oon
partido (de ftbol)?
parteedo (de footbol)
Who are you supporting?
a ke ekeepo te vas
A qu equipo te vas?
Whos playing?
Quin juega?
kyen khwega
Whos winning?
Quin va ganando?
kyen va ganando
How much time is left?
Cunto tiempo queda
kwanto tyempo keda
(de partido)?
(de parteedo)
Whats the score?
Cmo van?
komo van
Its a draw.
Es un empate.
es oon empate
What was the final score?
Cmo termin el partido?
komo termeeno el parteedo
It was a draw.
Fue un empate.
fwe oon empate
That was a
game!
bad
boring
great

Fue un
partido !
malo
aburridsimo
buensimo

fwe oon
parteedo
malo
abooreedeeseemo
bweneeseemo

SOCIAL

sports talk

126

What a !
goal
hit
kick
pass

Qu !
gol
tiro
chute
pase

ke
gol
teero
choote
pase

Lonely Planet Publications

playing sport
practicando un deporte
Do you want to play?
Quieres jugar?
kyeres khoogar
Can I join in?
Puedo jugar?
pwedo khoogar
Yes, thatd be great.
see me enkantareea
S, me encantara.
Not at the moment, thanks.
aoreeta no grasyas
Ahorita no, gracias.
I have an injury.
estoy lasteemado/a
Estoy lastimado/a. m/f
Wheres the best place to jog around here?
kwal es el mekhor seetyo
Cul es el mejor sitio
para correr por aqu cerca?
para korer por akee serka
Wheres the
nearest ?
gym
park
sports club
swimming pool
tennis court

el gimnasio
ms cercano
el parque ms
cercano
el club
deportivo ms
cercano
la alberca ms
cercana
la cancha de
tenis ms
cercana
Canto cobran
por ?
da
juego
hora
visita

donde keda
el kheemnasyo
mas serkano
el parke mas
serkano
el kloob
deporteevo mas
serkano
la alberka mas
serkana
la kancha de
tenees mas
serkana
kwanto kobran
por
deea
khwego
ora
veeseeta

sport

Whats the
charge per ?
day
game
hour
visit

Dnde queda ?

127

Lonely Planet Publications

Can I hire a ?
ball
court
racquet

Puedo
rentar una ?
pelota
cancha
raqueta

pwedo
rentar oona
pelota
kancha
raketa

Do I have to be a member to attend?


ai ke ser sosyo/a
Hay que ser socio/a
para entrar? m/f
para entrar
Is there a women-only pool?
Hay alguna alberca slo
ai algoona alberka solo
para mujeres?
para mookheres
Where are the changing rooms?
Dnde estn los vestidores?
donde estan los vesteedores
Can I have a locker?
Puedo usar un casillero?
pwedo oosar oon kaseeyero

a sporting chance
Some visitors might find Mexicos traditional sports to be
a little gruesome, but whatever your opinion, local sports
are a cultural experience to remember. Look for posters
advertising the following:
corridas de toros
koreedas de toros
bullfighting, especially popular in major towns

SOCIAL

pelota meeksteka
pelota mixteca
a five-a-side ball game reconstructed from a preHispanic version that often ended with human sacrifice

128

loocha leebre
lucha libre
theatrical free-style Mexican wrestling in which both
competitors are masked
peleas de gallos
peleas de gayos
cockfights two roosters fight to the death using
deadly blades attached to their feet

Lonely Planet Publications

diving
el buceo
Id like to
Me gustara
me goostareea
explore wrecks
explorar
eksplorar
naufragios
nowfrakhyos
go scuba diving
hacer buceo
aser booseo
libre
leebre
go snorkelling
esnorquelear
esnorkelear
hire diving gear
rentar equipo
rentar ekeepo
de buceo
de booseo
hire snorkelling
rentar equipo
rentar ekeepo
gear
para esnorkelear
para esnorkelear
join a diving tour unirme a un
ooneerme a oon
tour de buceo
toor de booseo
learn to dive
aprender a
aprender a
bucear
boosear
Where are some good diving sites?
Dnde hay buenos lugares
donde ai bwenos loogares
para bucear?
para boosear
Are there jellyfish?
Hay aguasmalas?
ai agwasmalas
Where can I hire (flippers)?
Dnde puedo rentar (aletas)? donde pwedo rentar (aletas)

extreme sports
los deportes extremos

sport

Are you sure this is safe?


De verdad que sto es seguro? de verdad ke esto es segooro
Is the equipment secure?
Es seguro el equipo?
es segooro el ekeepo
This is insane!
Esto es una locura!
esto es oona lokoora

129

Lonely Planet Publications

abseiling
bungy-jumping
caving
game fishing
mountain
biking
parasailing
rock-climbing
skydiving
white-water
rafting

rappel m
bungy-jump m
espeleologa f
pesca f deportiva
ciclismo m de
montaa
esqu m acutico
con paracadas
escalada f en roca
paracaidismo m
descenso m de ros

rapel
bonyee yomp
espeleolokheea
peska deporteeva
seekleesmo de
montanya
eskee akwateeko
kon parakaeedas
eskalada en roka
parakaeedeesmo
desenso de reeos

For more words and phrases you might need while hiking or
trekking, see outdoors, page 133, and camping, page 58.

fishing

SOCIAL

la pesca

130

Do I need a fishing permit?


Necesito una licencia
neseseeto oona leesensya
para pescar?
para peskar
Do you do fishing tours?
Hay tours de pesca?
ai toors de peska
Where are the good spots (for fishing)?
Dnde hay buenos lugares donde ai bwenos loogares
(para pescar)?
(para peskar)
Whats the best bait?
kwal es la mekhor karnada
Cul es la mejor carnada?
Are they biting?
estan peekando
Estn picando?
What kind of fish are you landing?
Qu peces ests sacando?
ke peses estas sakando
How much does it weigh?
kwanto pesa
Cunto pesa?

Lonely Planet Publications

bait
handline
hooks
flare
float
lifejacket
lures
rod
sinkers

carnada f
lnea f de mano
anzuelos m pl
luz f de bengala
flotador m
chaleco m
salvavidas
seuelos m pl
caa f de pescar
plomadas f pl

karnada
leenea de mano
answelos
loos de bengala
flotador
chaleko
salvaveedas
senywelos
kanya de peskar
plomadas

soccer
el ftbol

sport

Who plays for (the Pumas)?


kyen khwega en
Quin juega en
(los Pumas)?
(los poomas)
Hes a great (player).
es oon gran (khoogador)
Es un gran (jugador).
He/She played brilliantly in the match against (Venezuela).
khoogo ekselente en el
Jug excelente en el
partido contra
parteedo kontra
(Venezuela).
(veneswela)
Which team is at the top of the league?
ke ekeepo esta preemero
Qu equipo est primero
en la liga?
en la leega
What a terrible team!
ke ekeepo tan malo
Qu equipo tan malo!

131

Lonely Planet Publications

ball
corner (kick)
free kick
goal
goal (place)
goalkeeper
mid-fielder
offside
penalty
red card
striker
yellow card

baln m
tiro m de esquina
tiro m libre
gol m
portera f
portero m
mediocampista m
fuera de lugar
penalty m
tarjeta f roja
delantero m
tarjeta f amarilla

balon
teero de eskeena
teero leebre
gol
portereea
portero
medyokampeesta
fwera de loogar
penaltee
tarkheta rokha
delantero
tarkheta amareeya

Off to see a match? Check out going to a game, page 126.

tennis
el tenis

SOCIAL

Would you like to play tennis?


Quieres jugar tenis?
kyeres khoogar tenees
Can we play at night?
Podemos jugar de noche?
podemos khoogar de noche

132

ace
advantage
fault
game, set,
match
play doubles
serve
set
tennis balls
tennis court

saque m as
ventaja f
falta f
juego, set y
partido m
jugar dobles
saque m
set m
pelotas f pl de tenis
cancha f de tenis

sake as
ventakha
falta
khwego set ee
parteedo
khoogar dobles
sake
set
pelotas de tenees
kancha de tenees

Lonely Planet Publications

outdoors
al aire libre

hiking
el excursionismo
Where can I ?
buy supplies

Dnde puedo ? donde pwedo


comprar
komprar
provisiones
proveesyones
find out about
encontrar
enkontrar
hiking trails
informacin
eenformasyon
sobre rutas
sobre rootas
para
para
excursionismo
ekskoorsyoneesmo
find someone
encontrar a
enkontrar a
who knows
alguien que
algyen ke
this area
conozca la zona
konoska la sona
get a map
obtener un mapa
obtener oon mapa
hire hiking gear
rentar equipo
rentar ekeepo
para
para
excursionismo
ekskoorsyoneesmo

Do we need to
take ?
bedding

neseseetamos
yevar
algo en ke
dormeer
komeeda
agwa

Which is the
route?
easiest
longest
shortest

Cul es la ruta
ms ?
fcil
larga
corta

kwal es la roota
mas
faseel
larga
korta

Is the track ?
(well-)marked
open

El sendero est ? el sendero esta


(bien) marcado
(byen) markado
abierto
abyerto

food
water

o u td o o r s

Necesitamos
llevar ?
algo en que
dormir
comida
agua

133

Lonely Planet Publications

SOCIAL

How high is the climb?


A qu altura se escala?
How long is the hike?
Qu tan larga es la caminata?
How long is the trail?
Qu tan larga es la ruta?
Is the track scenic?
Es escnico el sendero?
Do we need a guide?
Necesitamos un gua?
Are there guided treks?
Hay escaladas guiadas?
Is it safe?
Es seguro?
Is there a hut there?
Hay alguna cabaa?

134

a ke altoora se eskala
ke tan larga es la kameenata
ke tan larga es la roota
es eseneeko el sendero
neseseetamos oon geea
ai eskaladas geeadas
es segooro
ai algoona kabanya

When does it get dark?


A qu hora oscurece?
a ke ora oskoorese
Where have you come from?
De dnde vienes/vienen? sg/pl de donde vyenes/vyenen
How long did it take?
kwanto tardaste
Cunto tardaste?
Does this path go to (Morelia)?
Este camino va a (Morelia)? este kameeno va a (morelya)
Can we go through here?
Podemos atravesar
podemos atravesar
por aqu?
por akee
Is the water OK to drink?
Se puede tomar el agua?
se pwede tomar el agwa
Im lost.
Estoy perdido/a. m/f
estoy perdeedo/a

Lonely Planet Publications

Wheres ?
a camping site
the nearest
village

Dnde ?
donde
hay un lugar para ai oon loogar para
acampar
akampar
est pueblo ms
esta el pweblo mas
cercano
serkano

Where are the ? Dnde hay ?


showers
regaderas
toilets
sanitarios

donde ai
regaderas
saneetaryos

beach
la playa
Wheres the
beach?
best
nearest
nudist

Dnde est la
playa ?
ms padre
ms cercana
nudista

donde esta la
playa
mas padre
mas serkana
noodeesta

Is it safe to here? Es seguro aqu? es segooro akee


dive
echarse clavados
echarse klavados
scuba dive
bucear
boosear
swim
nadar
nadar
What time is
tide?
high
low

A qu hora es la
marea ?
alta
baja

a ke ora es la
marea
alta
bakha

listen for
Are you a model?
Its dangerous!
Be careful of the undertow.

o u td o o r s

eres modelo
Eres modelo?
es peleegroso
Es peligroso!
kweedado kon la koryente
Cuidado con la corriente.

135

Lonely Planet Publications

How much for


a/an ?
chair
hut
umbrella

Cunto cuesta
rentar una ?
silla
palapa
sombrilla

kwanto kwesta
rentar oona
seeya
palapa
sombreeya

Are there any ?


reefs
rips
water hazards

Hay ?
arrecifes
corrientes
peligros en el
agua

ai
areseefes
koryentes
peleegros en el
agwa

signs
Prohibido Nadar

proeebeedo nadar

No Swimming

weather
el clima
Whats the weather like?
Cmo est el clima?
(Today) Its raining.
(Hoy) Llueve.
(Tomorrow) It will be raining.
(Maana) Llover.

komo esta el kleema


(oy) yweve
(manyana) yovera

SOCIAL

(Today) Its
Will it be
tomorrow?
cloudy
sunny
warm
windy

136

Hoy est
Estar
maana?
nublado
soleado
clido
ventoso

oy esta
estara
manyana
nooblado
soleado
kaleedo
ventoso

(Today) Its
Will it be
tomorrow?
cold
hot

(Hoy) hace
Maana har ?

(oy) ase
manyana ara

fro
calor

freeo
kalor

Lonely Planet Publications

Where can I
buy ?
an umbrella
a rain jacket

Dnde puedo
comprar un ?
paraguas
impermeable

dry season
hail
rainy season

poca f de secas
granizo m
poca f
de lluvias
tormenta f
sol m

storm
sun

donde pwedo
komprar oon
paragwas
eempermeable
epoka de sekas
graneeso
epoka
de yoovyas
tormenta
sol

flora & fauna


flora & fauna
Qu es
se/a? m/f
animal m
flor f
planta f
rbol m

ke es
ese/a
aneemal
flor
planta
arbol

Is it ?
common
dangerous
endangered

Es ?
comn
peligroso/a m/f
en peligro de
extincin
venenoso/a m/f
protegido/a m/f

es
komoon
peleegroso/a
en peleegro de
eksteensyon
venenoso/a
protekheedo/a

poisonous
protected
Whats it used for?
Para qu se usa?
Can you eat it?
Se puede comer?

para ke se oosa
se pwede komer

o u td o o r s

What is
that?
animal
flower
plant
tree

137

Lonely Planet Publications

wildlife watching
From the raucous howler monkeys to scorpions and vampire
bats, Mexico ranks as one of the most biologically diverse
countries in the world. Whether youre trekking across the
northern deserts or exploring the southern jungles, ask a
local what youre looking at.
What animal is that?
Qu animal es se?

SOCIAL

anteater
armadillo
buzzard
eagle
hawk
howler monkey
iguana
macaw
ocelot
rabbit
raccoon
skunk
scorpion
snake
spider monkey
tapir
toucan
vampire bat

138

ke aneemal es ese

oso m hormiguero
armadillo m
zopilote m
guila f
halcn m
mono m aullador
iguana f
guacamayo m
ocelote
conejo m
mapache m
zorrillo m
escorpin m
serpiente f
mono m araa
tapir m
tucn m
vampiro m

oso ormeegero
armadeeyo
sopeelote
ageela
alkon
mono owyador
eegwana
gwakamayo
oselote
konekho
mapache
soreeyo
eskorpyon
serpyente
mono aranya
tapeer
tookan
vampeero

Lonely Planet Publications. To make it easier for you to use, access to this
chapter is not digitally restricted. In return, we think its fair to ask you to
use it for personal, non-commercial purposes only. In other words, please
dont upload this chapter to a peer-to-peer site, mass email it to everyone
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way of saying the above - Do the right thing with our content.

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FOOD > eating out


saliendo a comer

key language
lenguaje bsico
breakfast
dinner
drink
eat
lunch
snack

desayuno m
cena f
beber
comer
comida f
botana f

Im starving!
Me muero de hambre!

desayoono
sena
beber
komer
komeeda
botana

me mwero de ambre

tacos to go
Fresh tacos are cheap, tasty and absolutely everywhere.
Dont leave without trying these three favourites:
takos al pastor
tacos al pastor
tacos with thinly-sliced meat, pineapple, onions and coriander
takos de karne asada
tacos de carne asada
tacos with marinated minced steak, fresh onions and coriander

tacos de carnitas
takos de karneetas
tacos with finely-diced pork,onions and coriander

finding a place to eat


Can you
recommend a
bar
cafe
coffee bar
restaurant

Me puede
recomendar ?
un bar
un caf
una cafetera
un restaurante

me pwede
rekomendar
oon bar
oon kafe
oona kafetereea
oon restowrante

e at i n g o u t

buscando un lugar para comer

139

Lonely Planet Publications

Where would
you go for ?
a celebration
a cheap meal
local
specialities

Dnde se
puede ?
festejar
comer barato
comer comida
tpica

donde se
pwede
festekhar
komer barato
komer komeeda
teepeeka

listen for
akee tyene
Aqu tiene.

Here you go!

donde le goostareea sentarse


Dnde le gustara
Where would you
sentarse?
like to sit?
estamos yenos
Estamos llenos.

Were fully booked.

ke desea ordenar
Qu desea ordenar?

What can I get for you?

komo lo kyere preparado


Cmo lo quiere
preparado?

How would you like


that cooked?

kyere tomar algo myentras espera


Quiere tomar algo
Would you like a
mientras espera?
drink while you wait?

I suggest the

no tenemos mesas
No tenemos mesas.

140

Do you like ?

le rekomyendo
Le recomiendo

FOOD

le goosta
Le gusta ?

We have no tables.

oon momenteeto
Un momentito.

One moment.

ya seramos
Ya cerramos.

Were closed.

Lonely Planet Publications

Id like to reserve
a table for
(two) people
(eight) oclock

Quisiera reservar
una mesa para
(dos) personas
a las (ocho)

Are you still serving food?


Siguen sirviendo comida?
How long is the wait?
Cunto hay que esperar?

keesyera reservar
oona mesa para
(dos) personas
a las (ocho)

seegen seervyendo komeeda


kwanto ai ke esperar

Id like ,
Quisiera ,
please.
por favor.
a table for (five)
una mesa para
(cinco)
the menu
el men
the drink list
la carta de
bebidas
the (non-smoking) el rea de
section
(no) fumar

keesyera
por favor
oona mesa para
(seenko)
el menoo
la karta de
bebeedas
el area de
(no) foomar

Do you have ? Tienen ?


childrens meals
men infantil
a menu in
un men en
English
ingls

tyenen
menoo eenfanteel
oon menoo en
eengles

at the restaurant
en el restaurante

e at i n g o u t

Id like the menu, please.


Quisiera el men,
keesyera el menoo
por favor.
por favor
Is it self-serve?
Es autoservicio?
es owtoserveesyo
Were just having drinks.
Slo queremos tomar algo. solo keremos tomar algo
What would you recommend?
Qu recomienda?
ke rekomyenda

141

Lonely Planet Publications

Ill have what theyre having.


Quiero lo mismo que ellos.

kyero lo meesmo ke eyos

Whats in that dish?


Qu tiene ese platillo?

ke tyene ese plateeyo

Does it take long to prepare?


Se tarda mucho en
prepararlo?

se tarda moocho en
prepararlo

Are these complimentary?


stos son de cortesa?
Id like a local speciality.
Quisiera un platillo
tpico.
Id like a meal fit for a king.
Quisiera comer como
un rey.
Is service included in the bill?
La cuenta incluye el
cubierto?

ashtray
cenicero m
seeneesero
spoon
cuchara f
koochara

FOOD

fork
tenedor m
tenedor

142

plate
plato m
plato
knife
cuchillo m
koocheeyo

estos son de korteseea


keesyera oon plateeyo
teepeeko
keesyera komer komo
oon ray
la kwenta eenklooye el
koobyerto

wineglass
copa f de vino
kopa de veeno
glass
vaso m
vaso
table
mesa f
mesa

Lonely Planet Publications

look for
botanas
comida
corrida
ensaladas
entradas
guarniciones
platillo
principal
postre
sopas

botanas
komeeda
koreeda
ensaladas
entradas
gwarneesyones
plateeyo
preenseepal
postre
sopas

aguas frescas
de frutas
aperitivos
bebidas
cervezas
digestivos
licores
refrescos
vinos blancos
vinos dulces
vinos espumosos

agwas freskas
de frootas
apereeteevos
bebeedas
servesas
deekhesteevos
leekores
refreskos
veenos blankos
veenos doolses
veenos
espoomosos
veenos teentos

vinos tintos

appetisers
set meals
salads
entrees
side dishes
main course
desserts
soups
fruit drinks
aperitifs
drinks
beers
digestifs
spirits
soft drinks
white wines
dessert wines
sparkling wines
red wines

For more words you might see on the menu, see the culinary
reader page 157.
Por favor,
nos trae
la cuenta
un cuchillo
una servilleta
una cuchara

Is there (any chilli sauce)?


Hay (salsa picante)?

por favor
nos trae
la kwenta
oon koocheeyo
oona serveeyeta
oona koochara

ai (salsa peekante)

e at i n g o u t

Please bring
us
the bill
a knife
a serviette
a spoon

143

Lonely Planet Publications

talking food
hablando de comida
That was delicious!
Estaba delicioso!
My compliments to the chef.
Mis felicitaciones
al chef.
Im full.
Estoy satisfecho/a. m/f

estaba deleesyoso
mees feleeseetasyones
al chef
estoy sateesfecho/a

I love
this dish
the local
cuisine

Me encanta
este platillo
la comida
tpica

me enkanta
este plateeyo
la komeeda
teepeeka

This is
burnt
(too) cold
(too) hot
spicy
superb

Esto est
quemado
(muy) fro
(muy) caliente
picante
exquisito

esto esta
kemado
(mooy) freeo
(mooy) kalyente
peekante
eskeeseeto

FOOD

Tex-Mex teaser

144

If you were expecting crunchy tacos youll be disappointed


and dont order a burrito unless youre after a little donkey.
Some foods that you may have thought were Mexican like
fajitas, burritos and nachos are actually all from Texas.
Some say these dishes are a pale imitation of Mexican food,
while others claim Tex-Mex cuisine belongs in a class of its
own. As a former state of Mexico, Texas certainly maintains
strong cultural influences from further south, but homesick
Texans should order tacos dorados (deep-fried tacos) if they
need a bit of crunch.

Lonely Planet Publications

breakfast
el desayuno
Whats a typical (Mexican) breakfast?
Cmo es un tpico
komo es oon teepeeko
desayuno (mexicano)?
desayoono (mekheekano)
tocino m
frijoles m pl
pan m
mantequilla f
cereal m
chocolate m
(caliente/fro)
caf m
fruta f
atole m
huevos m pl
huevos m pl
estrellados
Mexican-style
huevos m pl
eggs
a la mexicana
scrambled eggs huevos m pl revueltos
jam
mermelada f
milk
leche f
orange juice
jugo m de
naranja
sauce
salsa f
sweet bread
pan m dulce
stuffed corn dough tamales m pl
tea
t m
toast
pan m tostado
bacon
beans
bread
butter
cereal
(hot/cold)
chocolate
coffee
fruit
hot corn drink
eggs
fried eggs

tortillas f pl
tortillas f pl
de maz
quesadillas f pl

torteeyas
torteeyas
de maees
kesadeeyas

See self-catering, page 151, and the culinary reader, page


157, for more breakfast foods.

e at i n g o u t

tortillas
cornflour
tortillas
cheese tortillas

toseeno
freekholes
pan
mantekeeya
sereal
chokolate
(kalyente/freeo)
kafe
froota
atole
wevos
wevos
estreyados
wevos
a la mekheekana
wevos revweltos
mermelada
leche
khoogo de
narankha
salsa
pan doolse
tamales
te
pan tostado

145

Lonely Planet Publications

methods of preparation
mtodos de preparacin
Id like it
I dont want it
boiled
broiled

Lo quiero
lo kyero
No lo quiero
no lo kyero
hervido/a m/f
erveedo/a
asado/a a la
asado/a a la
parrilla m/f
pareeya
deep-fried
sumergido/a
soomerkheedo/a
en aceite m/f
en asayte
fried
frito/a m/f
freeto/a
grilled
a la parilla
a la pareeya
medium
trmino medio
termeeno medyo
rare
roja
rokha
re-heated
recalentado/a m/f rekalentado/a
steamed
al vapor
al vapor
well-done
bien cocido/a m/f
byen koseedo/a
with the dressing con el aderezo
kon el adereso
on the side
aparte
aparte
without (chilli)
sin (chile)
seen (cheele)

in the bar

FOOD

en el bar

146

Excuse me!
Oiga!
Im next.
Sigo yo!
Ill have (a tequila).
Quiero (una tequila).
Same again, please.
Otro igual, por favor.
No ice, please.
Sin hielo, por favor.
Ill buy you a drink.
Te invito una copa.

oyga
seego yo
kyero (oona tekeela)
otro eegwal por favor
seen yelo por favor
te eenveeto oona kopa

Lonely Planet Publications

What would you like?


Qu quieres tomar?
Its my round.
Yo invito esta ronda.
You can get the next one.
Tu invitas la que sigue.
Do you serve meals here?
Sirven comidas aqu?

ke kyeres tomar
yo eenveeto esta ronda
too eenveetas la ke seege
seerven komeedas akee

nonalcoholic drinks
bebidas sin alcohol
(un) t m
(oon) te
(un) caf m
(oon) kafe
con (leche)
kon (leche)
sin (azcar)
seen (asookar)

juice
lemonade
milkshake
orangeade
soft drink (general)
soft drink
(northern Mexico)

jugo m
limonada f
malteada f
naranjada f
refresco m
soda f

khoogo
leemonada
malteada
narankhada
refresko
soda

water
boiled
jamaica
mineral
rice
sparkling
still
tamarind

agua f
hervida
de jamaica
mineral
de horchata
con gas
sin gas
de tamarindo

agwa
erveeda
de khamayka
meeneral
de orchata
kon gas
seen gas
de tamareendo

e at i n g o u t

(cup of) tea


(cup of) coffee
with (milk)
without (sugar)

147

Lonely Planet Publications

alcoholic drinks
bebidas alcohlicas
beer
champagne
cocktail
gin
rum
vodka
whisky

cerveza f
champn m
coctel m
ginebra f
ron m
vodka m
whisky m

servesa
champan
koktel
kheenebra
ron
vodka
weeskee

the spirit of Mexico


I would like a shot of
Quisiera un shot de

keesyera oon shot de

mezcal
meskal
liquor distilled from agave
posh
posh
cane liquor flavoured with herbs
pulque
poolke
alcohol made from fermented agave sap
rompope
rompope
eggnog with cane alcohol and cinnamon
tepache
tepache
alcohol made from fermented pineapple rinds

FOOD

tequila
tekeela
popular spirit distilled from the maguey plant

148

a bottle/glass
of wine
dessert
red
rose
sparkling
white

una botella/copa
de vino
dulce
tinto
rosado
espumoso
blanco

oona boteya/kopa
de veeno
doolse
teento
rosado
espoomoso
blanko

Lonely Planet Publications

a of beer
glass
jug
large bottle
(940ml)
small bottle
(325ml)

de cerveza
un tarro
una jarra
una caguama

de servesa
oon taro
oona khara
oona kagwama

una botella

oona boteya

one too many?


demasiadas copas?
salood
grasyas pero no se me
antokha
no bebo
estoy kansado/a mekhor
me voy a mee kasa
donde esta el banyo
me lo estoy pasando
mooy byen
se me esta soobyendo
moocho
me syento mooy byen

e at i n g o u t

Cheers!
Salud!
Thanks, but I dont feel like it.
Gracias, pero no se me
antoja.
I dont drink alcohol.
No bebo.
Im tired, Id better go home.
Estoy cansado/a, mejor
me voy a mi casa. m/f
Wheres the toilet?
Dnde est el bao?
This is hitting the spot.
Me lo estoy pasando
muy bien.
Im feeling drunk.
Se me est subiendo
mucho.
I feel fantastic!
Me siento muy bien!

149

Lonely Planet Publications

I really, really love you.


Te quiero muchsimo.
I think Ive had one too many.
Creo que he tomado
demasiado.
Can you call a taxi for me?
Me puedes pedir
un taxi?
I dont think you should drive.
No creo que debas manejar.
Im pissed.
Estoy borracho/a. m/f
I feel ill.
Me siento mal.

te kyero moocheeseemo
kreo ke e tomado
demasyado
me pwedes pedeer
oon taksee
no kreo ke debas manekhar
estoy boracho/a
me syento mal

the best seat in the house


Nature calls by many names in Mexico. Toilets are widely
known as baos, while public toilets may also advertise
themselves as sanitarios or servicios. An unexpected bout of
Montezumas revenge a bowel condition afflicting those
still adjusting to spicy food can leave you charging for the
door. Before rushing in blindly, take a moment to consider
your best option:

ombres
mookheres

Men
Women

Seores
Seoras

150

kabayeros

Hombres
Mujeres

FOOD

Caballeros
Damas damas

senyores
senyoras

Sirs
Madams

Gentlemen
Ladies

Lonely Planet Publications

self-catering
autoservicio

key language
lenguaje bsico
cooked
dried
fresh
frozen
raw

cocido/a m/f
seco/a m/f
fresco/a m/f
congelado/a m/f
crudo/a m/f

koseedo/a
seko/a
fresko/a
konkhelado/a
kroodo/a

market munchies
The mouthwatering aroma of fresh food in a Mexican
market can really work up your appetite. For a cheap local
meal in a rowdy atmosphere, grab a seat at a comedor (lit:
eatery) usually found in the centre of the market.

buying food
comprando comida
kwanto
kwanto kwesta
kwanto vale
(oon keelo de keso)
kwal es la espesyaleedad
de la sona
ke es eso
pwedo probarlo/a

s e l f - c ate r i n g

How much?
Cunto?
How much does it cost?
Cunto cuesta?
How much is (a kilo of cheese)?
Cunto vale
(un kilo de queso)?
Whats the local speciality?
Cul es la especialidad
de la zona?
Whats that?
Qu es eso?
Can I taste it?
Puedo probarlo/a? m/f

151

Lonely Planet Publications

Can I have a bag, please?


Me da una bolsa, por favor?
Id like
(100) grams
a kilo
(two) kilos
a bottle
a dozen
a jar
a packet
a piece
(three) pieces
a slice
(six) slices
a tin
that one
this one
a bit more
less

FOOD

SADIB
SOLLID CEB
SALLIDAAEOB
S U
SOTIRRUQ
SADALIHCNB
E
SOCAT

152

me da oona bolsa por favor

Quisiera
keesyera
(cien) gramos
(syen) gramos
un kilo
oon keelo
(dos) kilos
(dos) keelos
una botella
oona boteya
una docena
oona dosena
un jarra
oon khara
un paquete
oon pakete
una pieza
oona pyesa
(tres) piezas
(tres) pyesas
una rebanada
oona rebanada
(seis) rebanadas
(says) rebanadas
una lata
oona lata
se/a m/f
ese/a
sto
esto
un poco ms
oon poko mas
menos
menos

Lonely Planet Publications

Thats enough, thanks.


As est bien, gracias.

asee esta byen grasyas

Do you have ? Tiene ?


tyene
anything
algo ms barato
algo mas barato
cheaper
otros teepos
any other kinds
otros tipos
Where can I find
the section?
dairy
fish and
seafood
frozen goods
fruit and
vegetable
meat
poultry

Dnde est la
seccin de ?
lcteos
pescados y
mariscos
productos
congelados
frutas y
verduras
carnes
aves

donde esta la
seksyon de
lakteos
peskados ee
mareeskos
prodooktos
konkhelados
frootas ee
verdooras
karnes
aves

listen for
Anything else?

en ke le pwedo serveer
En qu le puedo servir?

Can I help you?

ese es (mole)
Ese es (mole).

Thats (mole).

ke desea
Qu desea?

What would you like?

no tengo
No tengo.

I dont have any.

se termeeno
Se termin

Theres none left.

son (seenko pesos)


Son (cinco pesos).

Thats (five pesos).

s e l f - c ate r i n g

algo mas
Algo ms?

153

Lonely Planet Publications

cooking utensils
utensilios de cocina
Could I please borrow (a corkscrew)?
me pwede prestar (oon
Me puede prestar (un
sacacorchos)?
sakakorchos)
Wheres (a frying pan)?
donde ai (oon sarten)
Dnde hay (un sartn)?

FOOD

bottle opener
bowl
can opener
chopping board
cup
corkscrew
fork
fridge
frying pan
glass
knife
oven
plate
saucepan
spatula
spoon
toaster
tongs

154

destapador m
refractario m
abrelatas m
tabla f para picar
taza f
sacacorchos m
tenedor m
refrigerador m
sartn m
vaso m
cuchillo m
horno m
plato m
olla f
esptula f
cuchara f
tostador m
pinzas f pl

destapador
refraktaryo
abrelatas
tabla para peekar
tasa
sakakorchos
tenedor
refreekherador
sarten
vaso
koocheeyo
orno
plato
oya
espatoola
koochara
tostador
peensas

Lonely Planet Publications

vegetarian & special meals


comidas vegetarianas & platos especiales

ordering food
ordenando comida
Is there a (vegetarian) restaurant near here?
Hay un restaurante
ai oon restowrante
(vegetariano) por aqu?
(vekhetaryano) por akee
Im (vegan).
Soy (vegetariano/a
soy (vekhetaryano/a
estricto/a). m/f
estreekto/a)
I dont eat (meat).
No como (carne).
no komo (karne)
Is it cooked in/with (oil)?
Est cocinado en/
esta koseenado en/
con (aceite)?
con (asayte)
Tienen
comida ?
halal
kosher
vegetariana

tyenen
komeeda
khalal
kosher
vekhetaryana

Is this ?
decaffeinated
free of animal
produce
free range
genetically
modified
gluten-free
low-fat
low in sugar
organic
salt-free

Esto es ?
descafeinado
sin productos
animales
de corral
transgnico

esto es
deskafaynado
seen prodooktos
aneemales
de koral
transkheneeko

sin gluten
bajo en grasas
bajo en azcar
orgnico
sin sal

seen glooten
bakho en grasas
bakho en asookar
organeeko
seen sal

ve g e t a r i a n & s p e c i a l m e a l s

Do you
have food?
halal
kosher
vegetarian

155

Lonely Planet Publications

Could you
Me puede
prepare a meal
preparar una
without ?
comida sin ?
butter
mantequilla
eggs
huevos
fish
pescado
meat/fish stock
consom de
carne/pescado
pork
cerdo
poultry
aves
(red) meat
carne (roja)

me pwede
preparar oona
komeeda seen
mantekeeya
wevos
peskado
konsome de
karne/peskado
serdo
aves
karne (rokha)

listen for
le pregoontare al koseenero
Le preguntar al cocinero.
pwede komer
Puede comer ?
todo tyene (karne)
Todo tiene (carne).

Ill check with the cook.


Can you eat ?
It all has (meat) in it.

special diets & allergies


dietas especiales & alergias

FOOD

Im on a special diet.
Estoy a dieta especial.

156

estoy a dyeta espesyal

Im allergic to Soy alrgico/a m/f soy alerkheeko/a


dairy produce
a los productos
a los prodooktos
lcteos
lakteos
eggs
a los huevos
a los wevos
gelatin
a la gelatina
a la khelateena
gluten
al gluten
al glooten
MSG
al glutamato
al glootamato
monosdico
monosodeeko
nuts
a las nueces
a las nweses
peanuts
a los cacahuates
a los kakakhwates
seafood
a los mariscos
a los mareeskos
shellfish
a los moluscos
a los molooskos

Lonely Planet Publications

culinary reader
lxico culinario
For a more detailed version of this glossary, see Lonely Planets World
Food Mexico.

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

abuln aboolon abalone


aceite asayte oil
de girasol de kheerasol
sunflower oil
de oliva de oleeva olive oil
vegetal vekhetal vegetable oil
aceituna asaytoona olive
negra negra black olive
verde verde green olive
acitrn aseetron cactus prepared as a
candy but also used in savoury dishes
acocil akoseel small red shrimp
achiote achyote red, musky-flavoured
spice used as a colouring agent in mole
& other foods (also called annatto)
adobo adobo paste of garlic, vinegar,
herbs & chillies used as a sauce,
marinade or pickling agent
agave agave American aloe, also
known as century plant source of
alcoholic beverages such as pulque,
mezcal & tequila
azul asool blue agave used to
produce tequila & mezcal
agua agwa water
caliente kalyente hot water
con gas kon gas soda water
carbonated water
de horchata de orchata rice water
de jamaica de khamaika drink
made by steeping dried hibiscus flowers
in warm water served chilled
de la llave de la yave tap water
de manantial de manantyal spring
water
embotellada emboteyada bottled
water
fresca freska fruit-flavoured water

fra freea cold water


mineral meeneral mineral water
purificada pooreefeekada purified
water
quina keena tonic water
sin gas seen gas still water
tnica toneeka tonic water
aguacate agwakate avocado
aguamiel agwamyel agave juice
aguardiente agwardyente sugar
cane alcohol
ajo akho garlic
ajonjol akhonkholee sesame seeds
albahaca albaka sweet basil
albndigas
albondeegas
meatballs
alcachofa alkachofa artichoke
alcaparras
alkaparas capers
alegras
alegreeas traditional sweet
made from amaranth seeds & molasses
alfajor de coco alfakhor de koko
pastry filled with jam & sprinkled with
grated coconut
algodn de azcar algodon de
asookar fairy floss cotton candy
alimentos
aleementos food
almeja almekha clam scallop
almendra almendra almond
almuerzo almwerso brunch, also
translated as lunch a late-morning
snack typically consisting of a quick plate
of tacos or a sandwich
alubia aloobya haricot bean
amaranto amaranto amaranth
a native plant similar to spinach
anchoa anchoa anchovy
anguila angeela eel
ans anees anise aniseed (used in
desserts, liqueurs & breads)
annatto anato see achiote

157

FOOD

Lonely Planet Publications

158

antojitos
antokheetos little
whimsies small portions of classic
Mexican dishes, such as quesadillas,
sopes & tostadas, served as snack food
for street eating or as appetisers
anyekho/a aged used to
aejo/a
describe certain cheeses, meat & tequila
apio apyo celery
arndano arandano bilberry
agrio agryo cranberry
arenque arenke herring kipper
arroz aros rice
a la Mexicana a la mekheekana
Mexican rice may be coloured red
with tomatoes & cooked with diced
carrots & peas
a la poblana a la poblana pilaf
with chile poblano, corn & melted
cheese
con leche kon leche rice pudding
de grano corto de grano korto
short-grain rice
glutinoso glooteenoso glutinous
rice
integral eentegral brown rice
salvaje salvakhe wild rice
verde verde green rice, made with
chile poblano
asadero asadero white cheese used in
quesadillas
atole atole thin porridge or gruel of
maize flour or cornflour, usually served
hot for breakfast
de chocolate de chokolate
chocolate atole
de fresa de fresa strawberry atole
de nuez de nwes nut atole
de vainilla de vaineeya vanilla atole
atn atoon tuna
avellana aveyana hazelnut
avena avena rolled oats a breakfast
staple usually served with milk
azafrn asafran saffron
azcar asookar sugar
blanca blanka white sugar
morena morena brown sugar

B
bacalao bakalao cod usually dried
balch balche Mayan alcoholic drink
made from the fermented bark of the
balch tree
banderillas
bandereeyas long
flaky pastries
barbacoa barbakoa Mexican-style
barbecue a lamb, goat or chicken is
steamed with vegetables, then baked in
the ground
bebida bebeeda drink
alcohlica alkoleeka alcoholic drink
berenjena berenkhena aubergine
eggplant
betabel betabel beet beetroot
birria beerya soupy stew made with
meat (usually goat) in a tomato-based
broth
blankeeyos eggs (also
blanquillos
huevos)
bolillo boleeyo large, French-style roll,
served with most meals
borrego borego lamb (see also
cordero)
botana botana appetiser
botella boteya bottle
brocheta brocheta skewer kebab
brcoli brokolee broccoli
buey bway ox
buuelo boonywelo tortilla-sized
fritter sprinkled with sugar & cinnamon

C
cabra kabra goat
cabrito kabreeto milk-fed kid rubbed
with butter or oil & seasoned with salt,
pepper & lime, then roasted whole on
a spit
kakawates peanuts
cacahuates
japoneses khaponeses Japanesestyle peanuts, covered with a crunchy
coating
cacao kakao cocoa

Lonely Planet Publications

a la Tampiquea a la tampeekenya
plate piled with a small piece of meat,
chile poblano, a taco or enchilada,
beans, guacamole & shredded lettuce
de cerdo de serdo pork
de res de res beef
de vaca de vaka beef
para asar para asar brisket
para taquear para takear meat for
use in tacos
carnero karnero mutton
carnitas
karneetas slow-simmered
chunks of seasoned pork served on
tortillas with salsa, chopped onion &
fresh coriander
cscara kaskara rind shell husk
castaa kastanya chestnut
caza casa game (animals)
cebada sebada barley
cebolla seboya onion
blanca blanka white onion
de Cambray de kambray spring
onion
morada morada red onion Spanish
onion
cena sena supper dinner
cerdo serdo pig pork
cereal sereal cereal
cerveza servesa beer
amarga amarga bitter
clara klara blonde beer light beer
de barril de bareel draught beer
oscura oskoora stout
ceviche seveeche cocktail with fish,
shrimp, oysters or crab, mixed with onion,
coriander & tomato
cidra seedra cider
cilantro seelantro coriander cilantro
ciruela seerwela plum
pasa pasa prune
clayuda klayooda large, crisp tortilla
(also spelled tlayuda)
cocada kokada traditional candy made
with coconut, eggs, milk, almonds & sugar
coco koko coconut
coctel koktel cocktail
de camarn de kamaron shrimp
cocktail

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

caf kafe cafe coffee


con leche kon leche coffee with milk
de olla de oya coffee flavoured with
cinnamon & sweetened with piloncillo
expresso ekspreso espresso coffee
cajeta kakheta goats milk caramel
calabacita kalabaseeta zucchini
courgette vegetable marrow
calabaza kalabasa pumpkin squash
calamar kalamar squid
calaveras
kalaveras confectionery
skulls eaten to celebrate the Day of the
Dead (2 November)
de azcar de asookar skulls made
from sugar
de chocolate de chokolate skulls
made from chocolate
caldo kaldo broth
tlalpeo tlalpenyo vegetable soup
xchitl socheetl fiery hot soup with
serrano peppers on top
camarn kamaron prawn shrimp
para pelar para pelar whole shrimp
boiled in a very weak broth, milled & then
served with lime
camote kamote sweet potato
canela kanela cinnamon
cangrejo kangrekho crab (also jaiba)
moro moro stone crab
caa de azcar kanya de asookar
sugar cane
capeado kapeado fried, battered meat
or vegetables
capirotada kapeerotada Mexicanstyle bread pudding
capulines
kapooleenes black
cherries
cardo kardo cardoon (vegetable similar
to an artichoke)
carne karne meat
asada asada thinly cut, broiled
tenderloin or steak, usually served with
sliced onion & grilled sweet pepper strips,
rice, beans & guacamole

159

FOOD

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160

cochinita pibil kocheeneeta peebeel


pork cooked with achiote, red onions &
orange juice
codorniz kodornees quail
col kol cabbage
cola kola tail
coles
de Bruselas koles de
brooselas Brussels sprouts
coliflor koleeflor cauliflower
comida komeeda food lunch (the
biggest meal of the day, taken between
1pm 4pm)
comino komeeno cumin
conchas
de vainilla konchas de
vayneeya mini loaves topped with
vanilla icing
conchas
de chocolate konchas de
chokolate mini loaves topped with
chocolate icing
conejillo de indias konekheeyo de
eendyas guinea pig
conejo konekho rabbit
consom kaldo meat broth stock
de camarn de kamaron prawn
soup
de pollo de poyo chicken broth soup
with chicken, vegetables & sometimes
rice & chickpeas
de res de res beef & vegetable soup
corazn korason heart
cordero kordero lamb mutton
koroondas little tamales
corundas
costillas
kosteeyas ribs
crema krema cream
cida aseeda sour cream
batida bateeda whipping cream
chantilly chanteeyee chantilly
espesa espesa clotted cream
crepas
krepas crepes
croqueta kroketa croquette
Cuba libre kooba leebre rum & cola
(also simply called Cuba)
cubierta koobyerta topping
cubiertos
koobyertos cutlery
cuerno kwerno croissant
cuitlacoche kweetlakoche black corn
fungus (also huitlacoche)
culebra koolebra snake
crcuma koorkooma turmeric

CH
chabacano chabakano apricot
chalote chalote shallot onion
chalupas
chaloopas small tortillas
made with cornflour, chilli, beans &
cheese
chamorro chamoro leg of pork
marinated in adobo then oven-roasted
at a very low heat
championes
champeenyones
mushrooms
champurrado champoorado similar
to atole but made with chocolate, water
& cornflour
chapuln chapooleen grasshopper
charal charal sardine-like fish
chaya chaya type of spinach
chayote chayote popular type of
squash that was once the staple of the
Aztecs & Maya usually stuffed & baked
or used raw in salad
chcharo cheecharo pea
seco seko green split pea
verde verde snap pea
chicharra cheechara cricket (insect)
chicharrones
cheecharones
deep-fried pork rinds, usually sold by
street vendors with a topping flourbased fried snack
cheelakeeles crisp
chilaquiles
tortillas topped with chicken, onion,
cream, fresh cheese & salsa this popular
breakfast choice is sometimes made with
scrambled eggs & chorizo
chile cheele chilli a huge variety
of fresh & dried chillies is available at
Mexican markets, sometimes pickled &
sold in bottles
ancho ancho broad chilli so
named for its size & shape, this chilli
has wrinkled, reddish-brown skin & is
the most common form of dried chile
poblano
cayena kayena cayenne
chipotles cheepotles smoke-dried
version of chile jalapeo
dulce en adobo doolse en adobo
sweet, non-spicy pickled chilli

Lonely Planet Publications

D
dtiles
dateeles dates
desayuno desayoono breakfast
Mexicans usually eat eggs or meat for
breakfast, including one or more staples
such as tortillas, beans, chillies & atole
diente de ajo dyente de akho clove
of garlic
dona dona doughnut
dulce doolse sweet candy
durazno doorasno peach

E
elote elote maize corn
tierno tyerno sweet corn
empanada empanada pastry turnover
with a savoury meat & vegetable filling,
baked or fried, or filled with fruit & served
as a dessert
encebollado enseboyado served with
onion
encurtidos
enkoorteedos table
condiment consisting of a bowl of chillies
marinated in vinegar, combined with
onions, carrots & other vegetables
encheeladas meat or
enchiladas
cheese wrapped in tortillas & smothered
in red or green salsa, cream & melted
cheese
adobadas adobadas beef or chicken
enchiladas in adobo sauce
queretanas keretanas fresh
enchiladas topped with shredded lettuce
& other raw vegetables
rojas rokhas meat or cheese
enchiladas with a red chile ancho
sauce, the most popular enchiladas on
menus
suizas sweesas mild & creamy Swissstyle enchiladas filled with chicken or
cheese, served with creamy green tomato
sauce
verdes verdes served with a delicate
green tomatillo sauce

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

en nogada en nogada a green


chile poblano stuffed with a stew of
beef & fruits, topped with nogada &
decorated with pomegranate seeds
guajillo gwakheeyo very hot, dried
chilli, almost black in colour
habanero abanero extremely hot
type of chilli
jalapeo khalapenyo Jalapeno
pepper, often eaten in pickled form
mulato moolato dried chile
poblano its almost-black colour means
it can be substituted for chilhuacle
negro in the dish mole negro
pasilla paseeya dark, dried & very
spicy chile used in mole and marinades
poblano poblano medium-green to
purple-black chilli, sometimes dried to
produce chile ancho & chile mulato
this mildly hot, arrow-shaped chilli is also
used for making stuffed peppers
relleno reyeno green chile poblano
stuffed with cheese, covered in egg batter
& fried
serrano serano fiery green chilli
used in moles & salsa
chilhuacle negro cheelwakle negro
very dark, spicy strain of chilhuacle, a
chilli about the shape & size of a small
bell pepper
chilpachole de Jaiba cheelpachole
de khaiba a soup made with crab
chirimoya cheereemoya custard
apple cherimoya
chocolate oaxaqueo chokolate
wakhakenyo chocolate from Oaxaca
mixed with hot milk
chongos
zamoranos chongos
samoranos popular dessert of curdled
milk, sugar, cinnamon & egg yolks
choriqueso choreekeso chorizo &
melted cheese
chorizo choreeso spicy pork sausage,
fried with eggs as breakfast, or cooked
with potatoes as a filling for tacos
chuletas chooletas chops
de cerdo de serdo pork chops
de res de res small beef steaks
churro chooro long doughnut covered
with sugar

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Lonely Planet Publications

162

endivia endeevya endive


enebro enebro juniper
eneldo eneldo dill
enfrijolado/a
enfreekholado/a
describes anything cooked in a bean
sauce, most commonly corn tortillas in a
smooth black bean sauce & topped with
thinly sliced onions, cream & crumbed
cheese
enmolado/a
enmolado/a
describes anything cooked in a mole
sauce
ensalada ensalada salad
Csar sesar Caesar salad, named
after its inventor Csar Cardini, an Italian
immigrant to Mexico
de verduras de verdooras salad
of cooked vegetables, a mix of fresh
vegetables, or a combination of the two
mixta meeksta mix of lettuce, red
tomatoes, cucumber, peas, avocado &
fresh onion rings
entrada entrada entree
entrems entremes appetiser
epazote epasote wormseed, a
pungent herb similar to coriander, used in
sauces, beans & quesadillas
escabeche eskabeche a brine used as
a pickling agent or as a fish marinade
escamoles
eskamoles ant eggs,
a delicacy that looks like rice usually
sauteed in butter & wine, served as
an accompaniment to meat or with
tortillas, avocado & salad
esparagos asparagus
esprragos
especias
espesyas spices
espinaca espeenaka spinach
eskeetes fresh corn grains
esquites
boiled with butter, epazote & onions,
served with fresh lime juice, chilli powder
& grated cheese
estofado estofado stew a Oaxacan
mole served over chicken or pork,
prepared with tomatoes, almonds, bread,
raisins, cloves & ground chile guajillo
estragn estragon tarragon
esturin estooryon sturgeon

F
faisn faysan pheasant
filete a la Mexicana feelete a la
mekheekana grilled white fish with a
tomato-based sauce
flan flan a caramel egg custard
flavoured with vanilla & covered in a
syrupy topping
napolitano napoleetano whiter
& thicker than the custard-style flan,
sometimes flavoured with liqueur
flautas
flowtas tube-shaped tacos
topped with chicken meat, deep-fried &
served with cream, cheese & green or red
sauce
flor de calabaza flor de kalabasa
large squash flowers used in soups &
other dishes
frambuesa frambwesa raspberry
fresa fresa strawberry
fideos
feedeos noodles
frijoles
freekholes beans, of which
nearly 100 varieties are included in the
Mexican cuisine
borrachos borachos drunken
beans, made as frijoles charros but
flavoured with flat beer
charros charos cowboy beans pork
rind, fried tomatoes, onion & coriander,
served as a soup
molidos moleedos ground beans
negros negros black beans served
mashed & refried, pureed as a soup or
whole, usually seasoned with epazote
refritos refreetos mashed beans fried
in lard or vegetable oil
frutas
frootas fruits
cristalizadas kreestaleesadas
different fruits cooked with sugar & water
until crunchy
secas sekas dried fruit

G
galleta gayeta biscuit cookie cracker
gallina gayeena hen
ganso ganso goose
garbanzo garbanso chickpea

Lonely Planet Publications

gelatina khelateena gelatin


germen de trigo khermen de treego
wheat germ
germinado de soya khermeenado de
soya bean sprout
ginebra kheenebra gin
gordeetas thick corn
gorditas
tortillas fried then filled with beef,
chicken or pork, then topped with cheese
& lettuce
granada granada grenadine
pomegranate
grasa grasa dietary fat
grosella groseya currant
guacamole gwakamole mashed
avocado mixed with lemon or lime juice,
onion & chilli
gwaraches tortilla shells
guaraches
piled high with chorizo, meat, potato,
coriander & chilli salsa
guarnicin gwarneesyon garnish
guisado geesado stew
guiso geeso stew
gusano goosano worm
de maguey goosanos de
gusanos
magay worms that live in maguey
theyre usually placed in the bottom of
the bottle as a sign that youve bought
true mezcal
con salsa borracha kon salsa
boracha a dish of maguey worms
fried in oil & accompanied by a sauce
of roasted chile pasilla, garlic, onion,
cheese & pulque

haba aba broad bean


habanero abanero extremely spicy
type of chilli
hamburguesa amboorgesa
hamburger
helado elado ice cream
hielo yelo ice
hgado eegado liver
encebollado enseboyado liver
with onions
higo eego fig

I
iguana eegwana iguana some
species are protected and should not
be eaten

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

hinojo eenokho fennel


hojas
okhas leaves (banana,
avocado, corn or maguey) used in
cooking for subtle flavouring, to wrap
food for steaming & to line or cover
earthenware pots
de laurel de lowrel bay leaves
de pltano de platano banana
leaves
santas santas large anise-flavoured
leaves
huachinango wacheenango red
snapper
a la Veracruzana a la verakroosana
specialty of the port city of Veracruz
where fresh red snapper is broiled in a
lightly spiced sauce of tomato, onion &
green olives
huarache warache flat & oval tortilla
with beans and/or meat, topped with
cream, cheese & a variety of sauces
a common street food
huatape tamaulipeco watape
tamowleepeko green prawn soup
thickened with corn dough
huauzontle wowsontle green
vegetable whose buds are dipped in
flour & fried
hwevos eggs
huevos
entomatados entomatados eggs
in a tomato sauce
estrellados estreyados fried eggs
fritos freetos fried eggs
revueltos revweltos scrambled eggs
rancheros rancheros eggs on
tortillas, topped with chilli sauce
tibios teebyos soft-boiled eggs
huitlacoche weetlakoche black
fungus that grows on young corn
during the rainy season, used in crepes,
quesadillas & soups

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J
jabal khabalee boar
jabn khabon soap
jaiba khayba crab
de ro de reeo crayfish
jalapeo khalapenyo hot green chilli
from Jalapa
jamn khamon ham
jengibre khenkheebre ginger
jerez kheres sherry
jcama kheekama crunchy, sweet
turnip potato-like tuber often sold by
street vendors, sliced & garnished with red
chilli powder, salt & fresh lime juice
jitomates
kheetomates red
tomatoes, specifically plum or roma
cereza seresa cherry tomatoes
deshidratados deseedratados
sun-dried tomatoes
jugo khoogo juice
de fruta de froota fruit juice
fresco fresko freshly squeezed juice

FOOD

164

langosta langosta lobster


laurel lowrel bay leaf
lavanda lavanda lavender
leche leche milk
descremada deskremada skimmed
milk
entera entera full cream milk
lengua lengwa tongue
lenguado lengwado sole (fish)
lentejas
lentekhas brown lentils
rojas rokhas red lentils
verdes verdes green lentils
levadura levadoora yeast
licor leekor liqueur
licores
leekores spirits
lichi leechee lychee
liebre lyebre hare
lima leema lime
limn leemon lemon
agrio agryo bitter lemon
sin semilla seen semeeya seedless
lemon
limonada leemonada lemonade

lomo lomo loin rump shoulder


longaniza longaneesa dried speciality
pork sausage
lonche lonche sandwich made with a
long bun in Guadalajara most of the
bread is scooped out of the middle to
make way for a filling of meat, cheese,
avocado & mayonnaise or cream
lucio loosyo pike (fish)

M
macadamia makadamya macadamia
machaca machaka meat grinder
sheets of dried beef or beef jerky
machacado machakado dried meat
maguey magay any of the various
American agave plants, used to make
alcoholic beverages such as pulque
and tequila
maz maees corn maize
molido moleedo de-husked dried
maize kernels with the germ removed,
usually softened in boiling water
malta malta malt
malteada malteada milkshake
mamey mamay rough brown fruit with
bitter yellow inner skin & orangey flesh,
often used to make smoothies, gelatin,
ice cream & mousses
mantequilla mantekeeya butter
manzana mansana apple
maracuy marakooya passion fruit
margarina margareena margarine
Margarita margareeta cocktail made
with tequila, lime juice, Cointreau &
crushed ice, served in a chilled glass with
salt on the rim
mariscos
mareeskos seafood
shellfish
masa masa ground, cooked corn mixed
with slaked lime and made into a dough
or batter used for making tortillas
de harina de maz de areena de
maees cornflour
de harina de trigo de areena de
treego wheat flour
maseca maseka type of cornflour used
in tortillas & tamales

Lonely Planet Publications

coloradito koloradeeto a Oaxacan


mole made with chillies, sesame seeds,
almonds, raisins, bananas & spices, ladled
over chicken
de olla de oya type of mole prepared
with pork, lamb or smoked meat, cactus
fruit & epazote
de xico de kheeko a slightly sweet
mole
naolinco naoleenko a spicy mole
negro negro a dark mole
poblano poblano type of mole
made from deseeded & pureed chillies,
onion, coriander, anise, cinnamon,
garlic, toasted peanuts, almonds &
sweetened chocolate
moyekhas giblets
mollejas
moyetes savoury, filled
molletes
bread roll spread with refried beans &
melted cheese & topped with fresh salsa
mondongo mondongo a kind of stew
with several regional variations
mora mora mulberry
moronga moronga black pudding
mostaza mostasa mustard

N
nabo nabo turnip
naranja narankha orange
agria agrya bitter orange used in
marinades & sauces
china cheena kumquat
nyeves sherbets made with
nieves
fruits or other ingredients such as tequila,
avocado, shrimp, rosehips or sweet corn
nixtamal neekstamal mixture of corn &
lime used in tortilla dough (see masa)
nogada nogada walnut or walnut
sauce
nogal nogal walnut tree
nopal nopal prickly pear cactus the
cactus pads (leaves) are cut into strips
& boiled as a vegetable or added to
scrambled eggs
nudillo noodeeyo knuckle

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

mayonesa mayonesa mayonnaise


mazapn masapan marzipan
medio medyo half medium cooked
mdula medoola bone marrow, also
called tutano
mejilln mekheeyon mussel
mejorana mekhorana marjoram
meln melon melon cantaloupe
membrillo membreeyo quince
menta menta peppermint mint
menudo menoodo tripe stew
a popular hangover remedy with an
acquired taste
merienda meryenda the equivalent of
English afternoon tea
merluza merloosa hake
mermelada mermelada fruit jam
jelly marmalade
mezcal meskal distilled liquor made
from agave a worm is usually placed
in the bottle
miel myel honey
meegakhas crumbs
migajas
mijo meekho millet
milanesa meelanesa pork, beef or
chicken schnitzel inferior cuts of beef
are pounded to a thin slab, then fried
in an egg & bread batter, served with
mayonnaise & fresh limes & accompanied
by rice, beans & salad
meeshyotes lamb, chicken
mixiotes
or rabbit meat wrapped in a thin layer of
maguey leaves & steamed in a rich broth,
then served with a mild green sauce,
sliced avocado & tortillas
modongo jarocho mondongo
kharocho rich, stew-like dish with ham,
tripe, pork, chickpeas, coriander &
tortillas
mojarra a la veracruzana mokhara a
la verakroosana spicy baked perch in a
tomato, onion & green olive salsa
mole mole the quintessential Mexican
sauce, made using a variety of chillies,
herbs, spices & chocolate
almendrado almendrado a mole
made mainly with almonds

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Lonely Planet Publications

nueva cocina mexicana nweva


koseena mekheekana new Mexican
cuisine a movement among some
chefs to combine traditional ingredients
with contemporary preparations &
presentations
nuez nwes nut
de Castilla de kasteeya walnut
del Brasil del braseel brazil nut
de la India de la eendya cashew
moscada moskada nutmeg
pacana pakana pecan

O
obleas
obleas coloured wafers filled
with raw brown sugar syrup & decorated
with toasted pumpkin seeds
octli oktlee alcoholic drink made from
a combination of juices from different
agave plants
olivo oleevo olive tree
oporto oporto port
ostra ostra oyster
oveja ovekha sheep

FOOD

166

palanquetas
palanketas traditional
candy made with peanuts or pumpkin
seeds conformed in rectangular or round
shapes using caramelised sugar
paleta paleta lollipop Popsicle icy
pole
de agua de agwa icy pole made with
water & fruit juice
de leche de leche icy pole made with
milk & fruits or other ingredient such as
vanilla, chocolate or nuts
de maz palomeetas de
palomitas
maees pop corn
pan pan bread
rabe arabe pita bread
de muerto de mwerto heavy bread
used as an offering on the Day of the
Dead (2 November)
de yema de yema yellow, rich &
heavy bread made with egg yolks
dulce doolse sweet bread

duro dooro stale bread


tostado tostado toasted bread
panoochos finger food
panuchos
taken as an appetiser, these are beanstuffed tortillas, fried crisp then topped
with a tower of shredded turkey or
chicken, tomato, lettuce & onions
papas potatoes
papas
a la francesa a la fransesa chips
French fries
papadsooles fresh
papadzules
corn tortillas wrapped around a filling of
chopped hard-boiled eggs then covered
with sauce made from pumpkin seed &
epazote
del monte papeetas del
papitas
monte wild potatoes
paprika papreeka paprika
parillada pareeyada flame-grilled
meat platter
pasa (de uva) pasa (de oova) raisin
pastel pastel pastry cake
de tres leches de tres leches cake
made with evaporated milk, condensed
milk & evaporated cream
pastelera pastelereea cake shop
pastelito pasteleeto pastry
patas hooves
patas
pato pato duck
pavo pavo turkey
pechuga pechooga breast
de pollo de poyo chicken breast
pepinillo pepeeneeyo gherkin
pepino pepeeno cucumber
pepitoria pepeetorya traditional
candy made with coloured obleas
pera pera pear
perejil perekheel parsley
pescadera peskadereea fishmonger
pescado peskado fish
pibil peebeel sauce made from achiote,
bitter orange juice, garlic, salt & pepper,
used as a marinade for chicken or pork
picadillo peekadeeyo mincemeat
cooked with tomatoes, almonds, raisins
& vegetables
pierna pyerna leg
piloncillo peelonseeyo raw brown
sugar

Lonely Planet Publications

pozole posole thick soup made of


corn, chicken or pork, lettuce & slices of
radish, traditionally eaten at Christmas
blanco blanko corn soup prepared
with stock but without chillies
rojo rokho corn soup made with chilli
verde verde corn soup made with
green chillies & toasted pumpkin seeds
puchero poochero stew made of
chicken & vegetables
puerro pwero leek
pulpo poolpo octopus
en su tinta en soo teenta octopus in
its own ink
pulque poolke white, thick, sweet
alcoholic drink made from the fermented
sap of agave plants, especially the
maguey

Q
queretanas
keretanas Queretarostyle enchiladas topped with shredded
lettuce & other raw vegetables
kesadeeyas flour or
quesadillas
corn tortillas with a savoury cheese
filling corn dough filled with different
toppings such as mushrooms, mashed
potatoes, huitlacoche & rajas
quesillo keseeyo stringy goats milk
cheese from Oaxaca
queso keso cheese
aejo anyekho hard, aged cheese
with a sharp flavour similar to Parmesan
Chihuahua cheewawa creamy
yellow cheese often used in quesadillas
crema krema cream cheese
fresco fresko cheese made from
cows milk
fundido foondeedo cheese fondue
manchego manchego although this
cheese is originally from La Mancha in
Spain, its a popular cheese in Mexico &
used in many recipes
Oaxaca wakhaka Oaxacan cheese,
made from goats milk (see quesillo)
parmesano parmesano Parmesan
cheese

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

pimentn peementon cayenne red


pepper paprika
pimienta peemyenta black pepper
de cayena de kayena cayenne
pepper
entera entera ground pepper
inglesa eenglesa allspice
negra negra black pepper
recin molida resyen moleeda
freshly ground black pepper
verde verde green pepper
pinole peenole flour made with a
mixture of toasted corn & amaranth
seeds
pia peenya pineapple
piatas
peenyatas balloons or
animal-shaped dolls made with clay or
papier mache, filled with sweets, fruits,
peanuts & toys
pin peenyon pine nut
pipin verde peepyan verde a type of
mole made with ground spices &
pumpkin or squash seeds, green
tomatoes, peanuts served over pork or
chicken
pistaches
peestaches pistachios
pltano platano banana plantain
dominico domeeneeko small & very
sweet banana
macho macho large banana, fried &
served with sour cream & sugar
poc chuc pok chook thin slice of pork,
cooked on a grill & served on a sizzling
plate with a bitter orange sauce &
chopped onions
pollo poyo chicken
a la pibil a la peebeel chicken
marinated in pibil sauce
frito freeto fried chicken
rostisado rosteesado roast chicken
ponche de frutas ponche de frootas
fruit punch prepared during Christmas
festivities made with guava, tejocotes,
sugar cane, cinnamon, raisins, cloves &
raw sugar
con piquete kon peekete fruit
punch with a shot of tequila or rum
postre postre dessert

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Lonely Planet Publications

FOOD

rbano rabano radish


picante peekante horseradish
rabo rabo tail
rakhas slices of chilli
rajas
con crema kon krema a dish made
with chile poblano & sour cream
en escabeche en eskabeche pickled
chillies
rana rana frog
ranchera ranchera sauce made with
chillies, tomatoes, onions, coriander
used for eggs or enchiladas
raspados
raspados scrapings
flavoured ice with fruit juice, sold by
pushcart vendors as a refreshing treat
rebanada rebanada a slice
regaliz regalees liquorice
refresco refresko soft drink
relleno reyeno stuffing
negro negro green pepper, chiles
anchos & achiote, served over shredded
turkey & a hard-boiled egg
relleno/a
reyeno/a stuffed
reposado reposado an alcoholic drink
such as tequila that has been aged two
to 12 months
requesn rekeson cottage cheese
res res beef
rin reenyon kidney
robalo robalo sea bass
romero romero rosemary
ron ron rum
rosca de reyes roska de reyes eaten on
Epiphany (6 January), this large, wreathshaped pastry has a small china doll
representing Christ, baked into it
whoever gets the piece with the doll in it
throws a party on Candlemas Day (2
February)

168

S
sal sal salt
salbutes
salbootes fried crisp
tortillas topped with a tower of shredded
turkey or chicken, tomato, lettuce &
onions

salchicha salcheecha frankfurter


de coctel de koktel small cocktail
sausage
de Viena de vyena sausages used for
hot dogs
salsa salsa a spicy, tomato-based sauce
a la veracruzana a la verakroosana
sauce of tomato, onion & green olives
bandera bandera flag sauce
named for the red of the tomato, the
white of the onion & the green of the
chilli
borracha boracha drunken sauce
made from roasted chile pasilla, garlic,
onion, cheese & pulque
de tomatillos sauce with green
chillies, onion & coriander
picante peekante hot sauce
roja rokha red sauce made with plum
tomatoes, onions, garlic & salt
trtara tartara tartare sauce
verde verde green sauce made with
tomatillos, green chillies, onion &
coriander
sanda sandeea watermelon
a symbol of Mexico (the red, white &
green correspond to the colours of the
Mexican flag)
sangra sangreea refreshing cold drink
of Spanish origin made with red wine,
lemonade & sliced fresh fruit
sangrita sangreeta bright red, thickish
mixture of crushed tomatoes (or tomato
juice), orange juice, grenadine, chilli & salt
served chilled with a shot of tequila
sardina sardeena sardine
semilla semeeya seed
de ajonjol de akhonkholee sesame
seed
de amapola de amapola poppy seed
de apio de apyo celery seed
de hinojo de eenokho fennel seed
semita semeeta round & flat sweet
bread
de alcaravea semeeyas de
semillas
alkaravea caraway seed
smola semola semolina
sesos brains
sesos
sidra seedra cider

Lonely Planet Publications

sopa sopa soup chowder


de coco de koko coconut soup
de lima de leema lime soup
de nopales de nopales soup with
cactus leaves
de tortilla de torteeya chicken
broth-based soup featuring strips of
leftover corn tortillas
seca seka dry soup a rice, pasta or
tortilla-based dish
sope sope thick cornflour tortilla
stuffed with refried beans, served with
chicken or other meat with lettuce &
cream on the top

c u l i n a r y re a d e r

tablillas
de chocolate tableeyas de
chokolate blocks of chocolate
takos folded corn tortillas
tacos
filled with meat, beans & other
ingredients
al pastor al pastor tacos with meat
cut from a roasting spit, served with fresh
pineapple, onions, coriander & salsa
rabe arabe tacos made with slightly
thicker wheat bread (pita bread)
de carne asada de karne asada
tacos with minced beef
de carnitas de karneetas
tacos with finely chopped pork
de pollo de poyo chicken tacos
dorados dorados deep fried tacos
tallo tayo shank
tamales corn dough stuffed
tamales
with meat, mole, green or red salsa, fruit
or nothing at all, usually wrapped in
banana leaves, sometimes in corn husks
& then steamed
tamarindo tamareendo tamarind, a
fruit used for making aguas, nieves &
desserts
taquera takereea place that
specialises in serving tacos
taquito takeeto a small tortilla
wrapped around meat or chicken
t te tea
de hierbabuena de yerbabwena
peppermint tea
de limn de leemon lemongrass tea

de manzanilla de mansaneeya
chamomile tea
de menta de menta mint tea
descafeinado deskafaynado
decaffeinated tea
negro negro black tea
tejate tekhate Oaxacan recipe for
chocolate that includes mamey seeds,
cacao flowers & corn dough
tejocote tekhokote hawthorn
telera telera French-style roll used to
make tortas
tepache tepache alcoholic drink made
from fermented pineapple
tequila tekeela classic Mexican spirit
distilled from the maguey plant, also
known as the blue agave plant
ternera ternera veal
tescalate teskalate type of chocolate
popular in Chiapas, made by grinding the
cacao beans with toasted corn & achiote
tlayuda tlayooda large, crisp tortilla
topped with Oaxacan cheese, tomatoes &
beans, also called clayuda
tocino toseeno bacon
de lomo de lomo bacon (off the back)
tomate verde tomate verde see
tomatillo
tomatillo tomateeyo small green
native tomato wrapped in a brownish
papery husk used for salsas (also known
as tomate verde)
tomillo tomeeyo thyme
tonronja toronkha grapefruit
toowloche towloche wrapped in corn
leaves Mayan tamal made by home
chefs & served to people in the street on
festival days
toro toro bull
torta torta sandwich made with crusty
bread
tortillas torteeyas ubiquitous round
flatbread made with corn or wheat flour,
a staple in the Mexican diet for thousands
of years used in making tacos,
chalupas, huaraches, sopes & tostadas
de maz de maees corn tortillas
de trigo de treego wheat tortillas
yucatecas yookatekas see
papadzules

169

Lonely Planet Publications

tortillera torteeyereea bakery in


which Mexicans buy their tortillas by
the kilo (if they dont make it themselves
at home)
tostadas fried corn
tostadas
tortillas
totopos deep-fried wedges
totopos
of stale corn tortillas
trigo treego wheat
integral eentegral whole-grain
wheat
sarraceno saraseno buckwheat
tripa treepa tripe
trucha troocha trout
tuna toona prickly pear cactus fruit
tutano twetano marrow
turrn tooron nougat

vino veeno wine


afrutado afrootado fruity wine
blanco blanko white wine
de la casa de la kasa house wine
dulce doolse sweet wine
espumoso espoomoso sparkling
wine
ligeramente dulce leekheramente
doolse lightly sweet wine
muy seco mooy seko very dry wine
nacional nasyonal domestic wine
seco seko dry wine
semi-seco semee seko semi-dry
wine
tinto teento red wine
vuelve a la vida vwelve a la veeda
go back to life seafood cocktail in a
tomato salsa

uchepos
oochepos corn dough,
wrapped in corn husks, steamed & served
with fresh cream
uvas
oovas grapes

whiskey weeskee whiskey


canadiense kanadyense rye whiskey
de centeno de senteno bourbon
whiskey

FOOD

vainilla vayneeya vanilla


vajilla vakheeya crockery china
venado venado venison deer
verdulera verdoolereea greengrocer
verduras
verdooras mixed greens
vinagre veenagre vinegar
balsmico balsameeko balsamic
vinegar

170

X
xcatik shkateek kind of chilli found in
Yucatn state
xtabentn shtabentoon Mayan
liqueur made from native xtabentn
flowers

Z
zanahoria

sanaorya carrot

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SAFE TRAVEL > essentials


bsicos

emergencies
emergencias
Help!
Stop!
Go away!
Thief!
Fire!
Watch out!

Socorro!
Pare!
Vyase!
Ladrn!
Fuego!
Cuidado!

yame a la poleeseea
yame a oon medeeko
yame a oona amboolansya
es oona emerkhensya
me pwede ayoodar por favor
neseseeto oosar el telefono
tooveemos oon akseedente
(de trafeeko)
estoy perdeedo/a
donde estan los banyos

essentials

Call the police!


Llame a la polica!
Call a doctor!
Llame a un mdico!
Call an ambulance!
Llame a una ambulancia!
Its an emergency.
Es una emergencia.
Could you help me, please?
Me puede ayudar, por favor?
I have to use the telephone.
Necesito usar el telfono.
Weve had a (traffic) accident.
Tuvimos un accidente
(de trfico).
Im lost.
Estoy perdido/a. m/f
Where are the toilets?
Dnde estn los baos?

sokoro
pare
vayase
ladron
fwego
kweedado

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Is it safe ?
at night
for foreigners
for gay
travellers
for women
travellers
to go alone
to hitch

Es seguro ?
de noche
para los
extranjeros
para viajeros
gay
para viajeras
para ir solo/a m/f
pedir aventn

es segooro
de noche
para los
ekstrankheros
para vyakheros
gay
para vyakheras
para eer solo/a
pedeer aventon

police
la polica
Wheres the police station?
Dnde est la estacin
de polica?
I want to report an offence.
Quiero denunciar un
delito.
Ive lost (my wallet).
Perd (mi cartera).

donde esta la estasyon


de poleeseea
kyero denoonsyar oon
deleeto
perdee (mee kartera)

S A F E T R AV E L

My was
stolen.
backpack
money

172

Mi fue
robado/a. m/f
mochila f
dinero m

mee fwe
robado/a
mocheela
deenero

My were
stolen.
bags
tickets

Mis fueron
robados/as. m/f pl
maletas f pl
boletos m pl

mees fweron
robados/as
maletas
boletos

He/She tried to l/lla intent m/f el/eya eentento


assault
asaltarme
asaltarme
rape
violarme
vyolarme
rob
robarme
robarme

Lonely Planet Publications

essentials

Ive been robbed.


Me han robado.
me an robado
Hes/Shes been assaulted.
Lo/La asaltaron. m/f
lo/la asaltaron
Ive been raped.
Me violaron. m&f
me vyolaron
Hes/Shes been raped.
Lo/La violaron. m/f
lo/la vyolaron
I want to contact my consulate/embassy.
kyero ponerme en
Quiero ponerme en
contacto con mi
kontakto kon mee
consulado/embajada.
konsoolado/embakhada
Can I call someone ?
pwedo yamar a algyen
Puedo llamar a alguien?
Can I call a lawyer?
pwedo yamar a oon
Puedo llamar a un
abogado?
abogado
Can I have a lawyer who speaks English?
Quisiera un abogado que
keesyera oon abogado ke
hable ingls.
able eengles
Can we pay an on-the-spot fine?
Podemos pagar una
podemos pagar oona
multa de contado?
moolta de kontado
This drug is for personal use.
esta droga es para ooso
Esta droga es para uso
personal.
personal
I have a prescription for this drug.
Tengo receta para esta
tengo reseta para esta
medicina.
medeeseena
I (dont) understand.
(no) entyendo
(No) Entiendo.
What am I accused of?
de ke me akoosan
De qu me acusan?
Im sorry.
lo syento
Lo siento.

173

Lonely Planet Publications

I didnt realise I was doing anything wrong.


No saba que estaba
no sabeea ke estaba
haciendo algo mal.
asyendo algo mal
I didnt do it.
no lo eese
No lo hice.
Im innocent.
soy eenosente
Soy inocente.

the police may say

S A F E T R AV E L

Youll be
charged with
Hell/Shell be
charged with

174

Ser acusado/a sera akoosado/a


de m/f
de
l/Ella ser
el/eya sera
acusado/a
akoosado/a
de m/f
de
anti-government
actividades
akteeveedades
activity
contra el
kontra el
gobierno
gobyerno
assault
agresin
agresyon
disturbing the
alterar el orden alterar el orden
peace
pblico
poobleeko
indecent behaviour faltas a la moral faltas a la moral
overstaying
quedarse ms
kedarse mas
your visa
tiempo de lo que tyempo de lo ke
permite la visa
permeete la veesa
possession (of
posesin (de
posesyon (de
illegal
sustancias
soostansyas
substances)
ilegales)
eelegales)
shoplifting
robo
robo
speeding
exceso de
ekseso de
velocidad
veloseedad
theft
robo
robo

Lonely Planet Publications

health
la salud

doctor
el mdico
Wheres the
Dnde est
donde esta
nearest ?
ms cercano/a? m/f mas serkano/a
(night) chemist
la farmacia f
la farmasya
(de guardia)
(de gwardya)
dentist
el dentista m
el denteesta
doctor
el mdico m
el medeeko
hospital
el hospital m
el ospeetal
medical centre
la clnica f
la kleeneeka
optometrist
el optometrista m el optometreesta
I need a doctor (who speaks English).
Necesito un doctor
neseseeto oon doktor
(que hable ingls).
(ke able eengles)
Could I see a female doctor?
Puede revisarme
pwede reveesarme
una doctora?
oona doktora
Can the doctor come here?
Puede visitarme
pwede veeseetarme
el doctor?
el doktor
Estoy vacunado/a
contra m/f
Est vacunado/a
contra m/f

I need new
contact lenses
glasses

Necesito nuevos. neseseeto nwevos


lentes de contacto
lentes de kontakto
lentes
lentes

hepatitis A/B/C
ttanos
tifoidea

estoy vakoonado/a
kontra
esta vakoonado/a
kontra
epateetees a/be/se
tetanos
teefoydea

health

Ive been
against
Hes/Shes been
vaccinated
against
hepatitis A/B/C
tetanus
typhoid

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Ive run out of my medication.


Se me terminaron mis
se me termeenaron mees
medicinas.
medeeseenas
This is my usual medicine.
Esta es mi medicina
este es mee medeeseena
habitual.
abeetwal
Can I have a receipt for my insurance?
Puede darme un recibo
pwede darme oon reseebo
para mi seguro mdico?
para mee segooro medeeko
I dont want a blood transfusion.
No quiero que me hagan
no kyero ke me agan
una transfusin de sangre. oona transfoosyon de sangre
Please use a new syringe.
Por favor, use una
por favor oose oona
jeringa nueva.
khereenga nweva
I have my own syringe.
Tengo mi propia jeringa.
tengo mee propya khereenga

symptoms & conditions

S A F E T R AV E L

los sntomas & las condiciones

176

Im sick.
Estoy enfermo/a. m/f
My friend is sick.
Mi amigo/a est
enfermo/a. m/f
It hurts here.
Me duele aqu.
Ive been injured.
He sido lastimado/a. m/f
Ive been vomiting.
He estado vomitando.
Im dehydrated.
Estoy deshidratado/a. m/f
Im all hot and cold.
Tengo escalofros.
I cant sleep.
No puedo dormir.

estoy enfermo/a
mee ameego/a esta
enfermo/a
me dwele akee
e seedo lasteemado/a
e estado vomeetando
estoy deseedratado/a
tengo eskalofreeos
no pwedo dormeer

Lonely Planet Publications

the doctor may say


Where does it hurt?
Dnde le duele?

donde le dwele

How long have you been like this?


desde kwando se
Desde cundo se
siente as?
syente asee
Have you had this before?
Ha tenido sto antes?

a teneedo esto antes

Have you had unprotected sex?


a teneedo relasyones
Ha tenido relaciones
sexuales sin
sekswales seen
proteccin?
proteksyon
Are you on medication?
Est tomando algn
medicamento?

esta tomando algoon


medeekamento

Are you pregnant?


Est embarazada?

esta embarasada

How long are you travelling for?


Por cunto tiempo
por kwanto tyempo
va a viajar?
va a vyakhar
Do you ?
drink
smoke
take drugs

Usted ?
oosted
bebe
bebe
fuma
fooma
consume drogas
konsoome drogas

You need to be admitted to hospital.


Necesita ingresar al
neseseeta eengresar al
hospital.
ospeetal

You should return home for treatment.


debe regresar a kasa
Debe regresar a casa
para que lo/la atiendan. m/f para ke lo/la atyendan

health

You should have it checked when you go home.


Debe revisarse
debe reveesarse
cuando vuelva a casa.
kwando vwelva a kasa

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I feel
anxious
better
depressed
dizzy
nauseous
shivery
strange
weak
worse

Me siento
me syento
ansioso/a m/f
ansyoso/a
mejor
mekhor
deprimido/a m/f
depreemeedo/a
mareado/a m/f
mareado/a
con nuseas
kon nowseas
destemplado/a m/f
destemplado/a
raro/a m/f
raro/a
dbil
deveel
peor
peor

S A F E T R AV E L

Ive (recently) had


(Hace poco) Tuve
Hes/Shes (recently) had
(Hace poco) Tuvo
Im on medication for
Estoy bajo tratamiento
mdico contra
Hes/Shes on medication for
Est bajo tratamiento
mdico contra
Im asthmatic.
Soy asmtico/a. m/f
Im diabetic.
Soy diabtico/a. m/f
Im epileptic.
Soy epilptico/a. m/f

178

asthma
cold
cough
diarrhoea
fever
headache
infection
sprain

(ase poko) toove


(ase poko) toovo
estoy bakho tratamyento
medeeko kontra
esta bakho tratamyento
medeeko kontra
soy asmateeko/a
soy dyabeteeko/a
soy epeelepteeko/a

asma f
resfriado m
tos f
diarrea f
fiebre f
dolor m de cabeza
infeccin f
torcedura f

asma
resfreeado
tos
dyarea
fyebre
dolor de kabesa
eenfeksyon
torsedoora

For more symptoms and conditions, see the dictionary.

Lonely Planet Publications

womens health
salud femenina
I think Im pregnant.
kreo ke estoy embarasada
Creo que estoy embarazada.
Im pregnant.
estoy embarasada
Estoy embarazada.
Im on the Pill.
Tomo pastillas
tomo pasteeyas
anticonceptivas.
anteekonsepteevas
I havent had my period for (three) days/weeks.
Hace (tres) das/semanas
ase (tres) deeas/semanas
que no tengo mi periodo.
ke no tengo mee peryodo
Ive noticed a lump here.
He notado que tengo una
e notado ke tengo oona
bola aqu.
bola akee

the doctor may say

health

Are you using contraception?


Usa anticonceptivos?
oosa anteekonsepteevos
Are you menstruating?
Est menstruando?
esta menstrwando
Are you pregnant?
Est embarazada?
esta embarasada
When did you last have your period?
Cundo tuvo su
kwando toovo soo
ltimo periodo?
oolteemo peryodo
Youre pregnant.
Est embarazada.
esta embarasada

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I need
Necesito
contraception
algn mtodo
anticonceptivo
the morningtomar la pastilla
after pill
del da
siguiente
a pregnancy
una prueba del
test
embarazo

neseseeto
algoon metodo
anteekonsepteevo
tomar la pasteeya
del deea
seegyente
oona prweba de
embaraso

allergies
alergias
I have a skin allergy.
Tengo alergia en la piel.
Im allergic to
Hes/Shes
allergic to
antibiotics

Soy alrgico/a m/f soy alerkheeko/a


Es alrgico/a m/f es alerkheeko/a

S A F E T R AV E L

antiinflammatories
aspirin
antihistamines

180

bees
codeine
inhalers
injections
penicillin
pollen

tengo alergya en la pyel

a los
antibiticos
a los antiinflamatorios
a la aspirina
a los antihistamnicos
a las abejas
a la codena
a los inhaladores
a las
inyecciones
a la
penicilina
al polen

a los
anteebyoteekos
a los antee
eenflamatoryos
a la aspeereena
a los antee
eestameeneekos
a las abekhas
a la kodeeena
a los eenaladores
a las
eenyeksyones
a la
peneeseeleena
al polen

For food-related allergies, see vegetarian & special meals,


page 156.

Lonely Planet Publications

parts of the body


las partes del cuerpo
My (stomach) hurts.
Me duele mi (estmago).
I cant move my (ankle).
No puedo mover mi
(tobillo).
I have a cramp in my (foot).
Tengo calambres en mi (pie).
My (throat) is swollen.
Mi (garganta) est
hinchada.

me dwele mee (estomago)


no pwedo mover mee
(tobeeyo)
tengo kalambres en mee (pye)
mee (garganta) esta
eenchada

For more parts of the body, see the dictionary.

ear
oreja f
orekha

head
cabeza f
cabesa
arm
brazo m
braso
stomach
estmago m
estomago
bum
nalga f
nalga

hand
mano f
mano

chest
pecho m
pecho

leg
pierna f
pyerna

health

foot
pie m
pye

mouth
boca f
boka

nose
nariz f
narees

eyes
ojos m pl
okhos

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Lonely Planet Publications

chemist
la farmacia
I need something for (fever).
neseseeto algo para
Necesito algo para
(la fiebre).
(la fyebre)
Do I need a prescription for (antihistamines)?
Necesito una receta para neseseeto oona reseta para
(antihistamnicos)?
(anteeeestameeneekos)
How many times a day?
kwantas veses al deea
Cuntas veces al da?
Will it make me drowsy?
Me dar sueo?
me dara swenyo
For more chemist items, see the dictionary.

S A F E T R AV E L

listen for

182

a tomado esto antes


Ha tomado sto antes? Have you taken this before?
debe termeenar el tratamyento
Debe terminar el
You must complete
tratamiento.
the course.
dos veses al deea (kon la komeeda)
Dos veces al da (con la
Twice a day (with food).
comida).
estara leesto en (vaynte meenootos)
Estar listo en (veinte
Itll be ready to pick
minutos).
up in (20 minutes).

Lonely Planet Publications

dentist
el/la dentista
I have a
broken tooth
cavity
toothache

Tengo
un diente roto
una caries
dolor de muelas

tengo
oon dyente roto
oona karyes
dolor de mwelas

I need a/an
anaesthetic
crown
filling

Necesito una
anestesia
corona
amalgama

neseseeto oona
anestesya
korona
amalgama

listen for

health

abra grande
Abra grande.
Open wide.
enkhwagese
Enjuguese.
Rinse.
esto no le dolera
Esto no le doler.
This wont hurt a bit.
esto le pwede doler oon poko
Esto le puede doler un poco. This might hurt a little.
mwerda esto
Muerda sto.
Bite down on this.
no se mweva
No se mueva.
Dont move.
regrese por ke no e termeenado
Regrese, porque no
Come back, I havent
he terminado.
finished.

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Lonely Planet Publications

S A F E T R AV E L

Ive lost a filling.


Se me cay una amalgama.
My dentures are broken.
Se me rompi la
dentadura postiza.
My gums hurt.
Me duelen las encas.
I dont want it extracted.
No quiero que me lo saque.
Ouch!
Ay!

184

se me kayo oona amalgama


se me rompyo la
dentadoora posteesa
me dwelen las enseeas
no kyero ke me lo sake
ai

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DICTIONARY >
englishmexican spanish
Nouns in the dictionary have their gender indicated by
or . If its a plural
noun, youll also see . Where a word that could be either a noun or a verb has
no gender indicated, its the verb. For all words relating to local food, see the
culinary reader, page 157.

e n gli s h mex i ca n s p an i s h

(to be) able poder poder


aboard a bordo a bordo
abortion aborto aborto
about sobre sobre
above arriba areeba
abroad en el extranjero en el
ekstrankhero
accept aceptar aseptar
accident accidente akseedente
accommodation alojamiento
alokhamyento
across a travs a traves
activist activista
akteeveesta
acupuncture acupuntura
akoopoontoora
adaptor adaptador adaptador
address direccin deereksyon
administration administracin
admeeneestrasyon
admission price precio de entrada
presyo de entrada
admit (acknowledge) reconocer
rekonoser
admit (allow to enter) dejar entrar
dekhar entrar
admit (accept) admitir admeeteer
adult adulto/a
adoolto/a
advertisement anuncio anoonsyo
advice consejo konsekho
advise aconsejar akonsekhar
aerobics aerbics aerobeeks
Africa frica afreeka
after despus de despwes de
aftershave locin para despus del
afeitado losyon para despwes del
afaytado

again otra vez otra ves


age edad edad
aggressive agresivo/a
agreseevo/a
agree estar de acuerdo estar de
akwerdo
agriculture agricultura
agreekooltoora
AIDS SIDA seeda
air aire aire
airmail correo areo koreo aereo
(by) airmail por va area por veea
aerea
air-conditioning aire acondicionado aire akondeesyonado
airline aerolnea aeroleenea
airport aeropuerto aeropwerto
airport tax tasa de aeropuerto tasa
de aeropwerto
alarm clock despertador
despertador
alcohol alcohol alkol
all todo todo
allergy alergia alerkhya
allow permitir permeeteer
almond almendra almendra
almost casi kasee
alone solo/a
solo/a
already ya ya
also tambin tambyen
altar altar altar
altitude altura altoora
always siempre syempre
amateur amateur
amater
ambassador embajador/embajadora
embakhador/embakhadora
among entre entre
anarchist anarquista
anarkeesta

185

D I C TI O N A RY

186

ancient antiguo/a
anteegwo/a
and y ee
angry enojado/a
enokhado/a
animal animal aneemal
ankle tobillo tobeeyo
answer respuesta respwesta
answering machine contestadora
kontestadora
ant hormiga ormeega
anthology antologa antolokheea
antibiotics antibiticos
anteebyoteekos
antimalarial tablets pastillas
antipaldicas pasteeyas
anteepaloodeekas
antinuclear antinuclear
anteenooklear
antique antigedad
anteegwedad
antiseptic antisptico
anteesepteeko
any (singular) alguno/a
algoono/a
any (plural) algunos/as
algoonos/as
appendix apndice apendeese
apple manzana mansana
appointment cita seeta
apricot chabacano chabakano
archaeological arqueolgico/a
arkeolokheeko/a
archaeologist arquelogo/a
arkeologo/a
architect arquitecto/a
arkeetekto/a
architecture arquitectura
arkeetektoora
argue discutir deeskooteer
arm brazo braso
army ejrcito ekherseeto
arrest arrestar arestar
arrivals llegadas
yegadas
arrive llegar yegar
art arte arte
art gallery galera de arte
galereea de arte
artichoke alcachofa alkachofa

artist artista
arteesta
ashtray cenicero seneesero
Asia Asia asya
ask (a question) preguntar pregoontar
ask (for something) pedir pedeer
aspirin aspirina aspeereena
assault agresin agresyon
asthma asma asma
at the back (behind) detrs de detras de
athletics atletismo atleteesmo
atmosphere atmsfera atmosfera
aubergine berenjena berenkhena
aunt ta teea
Australia Australia owstralya
Australian Rules football ftbol
australiano footbol owstralyano
automatic teller machine cajero
automtico kakhero owtomateeko
autumn otoo otonyo
avenue avenida aveneeda
avocado aguacate agwakate
Aztec azteca
asteka

B
B&W (film) blanco y negro
blanko ee negro
baby beb bebe
baby food alimento para beb
aleemento para bebe
baby powder talco para beb
talko para bebe
babysitter niera neenyera
back (of body) espalda espalda
back (of chair) respaldo respaldo
backpack mochila mocheela
bacon tocino toseeno
bad malo/a
malo/a
bag bolsa bolsa
baggage equipaje ekeepakhe
baggage allowance lmite de
equipaje leemeete de ekeepakhe
baggage claim entrega de equipaje
entrega de ekeepakhe
bakery panadera panadereea
balance (account) saldo saldo
balcony balcn balkon

bet apuesta apwesta


better mejor mekhor
between entre entre
Bible Biblia beeblya
bicycle bicicleta beeseekleta
big grande grande
bike bici beesee
bike chain cadena de bici
kadena de beesee
bike path carril para bici
kareel para beesee
bill (account) cuenta kwenta
biodegradable biodegradable
beeodegradable
biography biografa beeografeea
bird pjaro pakharo
birth certificate acta de nacimiento
akta de naseemyento
birthday cumpleaos
koompleanyos
birthday cake pastel de cumpleaos pastel de koompleanyos
biscuit galleta gayeta
bite (dog) mordedura
mordedoora
bite (food) bocado bokado
bite (insect) picadura peekadoora
black negro/a
negro/a
blanket cobija kobeekha
bleed sangrar sangrar
blind ciego/a
syego/a
blister ampolla ampoya
blocked bloqueado/a
blokeado/a
blood sangre sangre
blood group grupo sanguneo
groopo sangeeneo
blood pressure presin arterial
presyon arteryal
blood test anlisis de sangre
analeesees de sangre
blue azul asool
board (ship, etc) embarcar embarkar
boarding house pensin pensyon
boarding pass pase de abordar
pase de abordar
boat bote bote
body cuerpo kwerpo

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

ball pelota pelota


ballet ballet bale
banana pltano platano
band grupo groopo
bandage vendaje vendakhe
Band-Aids curitas
kooreetas
bank banco banko
bank account cuenta bancaria
kwenta bankarya
banknotes billetes
beeyetes
baptism bautizo bowteeso
bar bar bar
bar (with live music) bar con
variedad bar kon varyedad
barber peluquero pelookero
baseball bisbol baysbol
basket canasta kanasta
basketball baloncesto balonsesto
bathtub tina teena
bathing suit traje de bao
trakhe de banyo
bathroom bao banyo
battery (car) batera batereea
battery (small) pila peela
be (ongoing) ser ser
be (temporary) estar estar
beach playa playa
beans frijoles
freekholes
beautiful hermoso/a
ermoso/a
beauty salon saln de belleza
salon de beyesa
because porque porke
bed cama kama
bedding ropa de cama
ropa de kama
bedroom habitacin abeetasyon
bee abeja abekha
beef carne de res karne de res
beer cerveza servesa
beetroot betabel betabel
before antes antes
beggar limosnero/a
leemosnero/a
begin comenzar komensar
behind detrs de detras de
below abajo abakho
best mejor mekhor

187

D I C TI O N A RY

188

bomb bomba bomba


bone hueso weso
book libro leebro
book (reserve) reservar reservar
booked out lleno/a
yeno/a
bookshop librera leebrereea
boots botas
botas
border frontera frontera
boring aburrido/a
abooreedo/a
borrow pedir prestado pedeer
prestado
botanic garden jardn botnico
khardeen botaneeko
both ambos/as
ambos/as
bottle botella boteya
bottle opener destapador
destapador
bottle shop vinatera
veenatereea
bowl refractario refraktaryo
box caja kakha
boxer shorts boxers
boksers
boxing boxeo bokseo
boy nio neenyo
boyfriend novio novyo
bra brassiere brasyer
Braille Braille braile
brakes frenos
frenos
branch office sucursal sookoorsal
brandy brandy brandee
brave valiente valyente
bread pan pan
bread roll bolillo boleeyo
brown bread pan integral
pan eentegral
rye bread pan de centeno
pan de senteno
sourdough bread pan
de levadura fermentada
pan de levadoora fermentada
white bread pan blanco pan
blanko
break romper romper
break down descomponerse
deskomponerse
breakfast desayuno desayoono
breast (poultry) pechuga
pechooga

breasts senos
senos
breasts (colloquial) chichis
cheechees
breathe respirar respeerar
bribe soborno soborno
bribe sobornar sobornar
bridge puente pwente
briefcase portafolios portafolyos
brilliant brillante breeyante
bring traer traer
brochure folleto foyeto
broken roto/a
roto/a
bronchitis bronquitis bronkeetees
brother hermano ermano
brown caf kafe
bruise moretn moreton
bucket cubeta koobeta
Buddhist budista
boodeesta
budget presupuesto
presoopwesto
buffet buffet boofe
bug bicho beecho
build construir konstrooeer
building edificio edeefeesyo
bull toro toro
bullfight corrida (de toros)
koreeda (de toros)
bullring plaza de toros
plasa de toros
bum (ass) culo koolo
burn quemadura kemadoora
burn (something) quemar kemar
bus (city) camin kamyon
bus (intercity) autobs owtoboos
bus station estacin de autobuses
estasyon de owtobooses
bus stop parada de camiones
parada de kamyones
business negocios
negosyos
business class clase ejecutiva
klase ekhekooteeva
business person comerciante
komersyante
busker artista callejero/a
arteesta kayekhero/a
busy ocupado/a
okoopado/a
but pero pero

butchers shop carnicera


karneesereea
butter mantequilla mantekeeya
butterfly mariposa mareeposa
buttons botones
botones
buy comprar komprar

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

cabbage col kol


cable cable kable
cable car telefrico telefereeko
cactus cactus kaktoos
cactus worms gusanos
de
maguey goosanos de magay
cafe caf kafe
cake pastel pastel
cake shop pastelera pastelereea
calculator calculadora
kalkooladora
calendar calendario kalendaryo
calf becerro besero
camera cmara
fotogrfica
kamara fotografeeka
camera shop tienda de fotografa
tyenda de fotografeea
camp acampar akampar
camping store tienda de campismo
tyenda de kampeesmo
campsite rea para acampar
area para akampar
can (tin) lata lata
can (be able) poder poder
can opener abrelatas abrelatas
Canada Canad kanada
cancel cancelar kanselar
cancer cncer kanser
candle vela vela
candy dulces
doolses
cantaloupe meln cantaloupe
melon kantaloop
capsicum pimiento peemyento
car coche koche
car hire renta de coches
renta de koches
car owners title factura del coche
faktoora del koche

car park estacionamiento


estasyonamyento
car registration matrcula
matreekoola
caravan caravana karavana
cards cartas
kartas
care (about something) preocuparse
por preokooparse por
care (for someone) cuidar de
kweedar de
caring bondadoso/a
bondadoso/a
carpenter carpintero karpeentero
carrot zanahoria sanaorya
carry llevar yevar
carton cartn karton
cash dinero en efectivo
deenero en efekteevo
cash (a cheque) cambiar (un cheque)
kambyar (oon cheke)
cash register caja registradora
kakha rekheestradora
cashew nut nuez de la India
nwes de la eendya
cashier cajero/a
kakhero/a
casino casino kaseeno
cassette cassette kaset
castle castillo kasteeyo
casual work trabajo eventual
trabakho eventwal
cat gato/a
gato/a
cathedral catedral katedral
Catholic catlico/a
katoleeko/a
cauliflower coliflor koleeflor
caves cuevas
kwevas
CD cmpact kompakt
celebrate (an event) celebrar
selebrar
celebration celebracin
selebrasyon
cell phone telfono
celular
telefono seloolar
cemetery cementerio sementeryo
cent centavo sentavo
centimetre centmetro
senteemetro
Central America Centroamrica
sentroamereeka

189

D I C TI O N A RY

190

central heating calefaccin central


kalefaksyon sentral
centre centro sentro
ceramic cermica serameeka
cereal cereal sereal
certificate certificado
serteefeekado
chair silla seeya
champagne champn champan
chance oportunidad
oportooneedad
change (money) cambio kambyo
change cambiar kambyar
changing rooms probadores
probadores
charming encantador/encantadora
enkantador/enkantadora
chat up ligar leegar
cheap barato/a
barato/a
cheat tramposo/a
tramposo/a
check revisar reveesar
check (bank) cheque cheke
check (bill) cuenta kwenta
check-in (flight) documentacin
dokoomentasyon
check-in (hotel) registro
rekheestro
checkpoint control kontrol
cheese queso keso
chef chef
chef
chemist (person) farmacutico/a
farmasewteeko/a
chemist (shop) farmacia farmasya
cheque cheque cheke
chess ajedrez akhedres
chest pecho pecho
chewing gum chicle cheekle
chicken pollo poyo
chicken breast pechuga de pollo
pechooga de poyo
chickpeas garbanzos
garbansos
child nio/a
neenyo/a
childs car seat asiento de
seguridad para bebs asyento de
segooreedad para bebes
childminding service guardera
gwardereea
children nios
neenyos

chilli chile cheele


chilli sauce salsa picante
salsa peekante
chocolate chocolate chokolate
choose elegir elekheer
Christian cristiano/a
kreestyano/a
Christmas Day Navidad naveedad
Christmas Eve Nochebuena
nochebwena
church iglesia eeglesya
cider sidra seedra
cigar puro pooro
cigarette cigarro seegaro
cigarette lighter encendedor
ensendedor
cigarette machine mquina de
tabaco makeena de tabako
cigarette papers papel para cigarros papel para seegaros
cinema cine seene
cinnamon canela kanela
circus circo seerko
citizenship ciudadana
syoodadaneea
city ciudad syoodad
city centre centro de la ciudad
sentro de la syoodad
city walls murallas
moorayas
civil rights derechos
civiles
derechos seeveeles
classical clsico/a
klaseeko/a
clean limpio/a
leempyo/a
cleaning trabajo de limpieza
trabakho de leempyesa
client cliente/a
kleeente/a
cliff acantilado akanteelado
climb escalar eskalar
cloak capa kapa
cloakroom guardarropa
gwardaropa
clock reloj relokh
close (nearby) cerca serka
close (shut) cerrar serar
closed cerrado/a
serado/a
clothes line tendedero tendedero
clothing ropa ropa

computer computadora
kompootadora
computer game juego
de computadora khwego de
kompootadora
concert concierto konsyerto
conditioner acondicionador
akondeesyonador
condoms condones
kondones
confession confesin konfesyon
confirm confirmar konfeermar
connection conexin koneksyon
conservative conservador/conservakonservador/
dora
konservadora
constipation estreimiento
estrenyeemyento
consulate consulado konsoolado
contact lenses lentes
de contacto lentes de kontakto
contraceptives anticonceptivos
anteekonsepteevos
contract contrato kontrato
convenience store tienda tyenda
convent convento konvento
cook cocinero koseenero
cook cocinar koseenar
cookie galleta gayeta
corn maz maees
corn flakes hojuelas
de maz
okhwelas de maees
corner esquina eskeena
corrupt corrupto/a
koroopto/a
cost costo kosto
cost costar kostar
cottage cheese queso cottage
keso kotash
cotton algodn algodon
cotton balls bolas
de algodn
bolas de algodon
cough tos tos
cough medicine jarabe para la tos
kharabe para la tos
count contar kontar
counter (in shop) mostrador
mostrador

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

clothing store tienda de ropa


tyenda de ropa
cloud nube noobe
cloudy nublado nooblado
clove (of garlic) diente (de ajo)
dyente (de akho)
cloves clavos
de olor
klavos de olor
clutch embrague embrage
coach entrenador/entrenadora
entrenador/entrenadora
coast costa kosta
cocaine cocana kokaeena
cockroach cucaracha kookaracha
cocoa cacao kakow
coconut coco koko
codeine codena kodeeena
coffee caf kafe
coins monedas
monedas
cold fro/a
freeo/a
cold (illness) resfriado resfreeado
colleague colega
kolega
collect call llamada por cobrar
yamada por kobrar
college universidad
ooneeverseedad
colour color kolor
colour film pelcula en color
peleekoola en kolor
comb peine payne
comb peinar paynar
come venir veneer
come (arrive) llegar yegar
comedy comedia komedya
comfortable cmodo/a
komodo/a
communion comunin
komoonyon
communist comunista
komooneesta
companion compaero/a
kompanyero/a
company compaa kompanyeea
compass brjula brookhoola
complain quejarse kekharse

191

D I C TI O N A RY

192

country pas paees


countryside campo kampo
coupon cupn koopon
courgette calabacita kalabaseeta
court (tennis) cancha de tenis
kancha de tenees
cous cous cus cus koos koos
cover charge cover kover
cow vaca vaka
crab cangrejo kangrekho
crackers galletas
saladas
gayetas saladas
craft artesana
artesaneea
crash choque choke
crazy loco/a
loko/a
cream crema krema
cream cheese queso crema
keso krema
creche guardera gwardereea
credit card tarjeta de crdito
tarkheta de kredeeto
cricket (sport) crquet kreeket
crop cosecha kosecha
crowded lleno/a
yeno/a
cucumber pepino pepeeno
cuddle abrazo abraso
cuddle abrazar abrasar
cup taza tasa
cupboard alacena alasena
currency exchange cambio
(de moneda) kambyo (de moneda)
current (electricity) corriente
koryente
current affairs informativo
eenformateevo
curry curry kooree
curry powder curry en polvo
kooree en polvo
custard flan flan
customs aduana adwana
cut cortar kortar
cutlery cubiertos
koobyertos
CV currculum kooreekooloom
cycle andar en bicicleta
andar en beeseekleta
cycling ciclismo seekleesmo
cyclist ciclista
seekleesta
cystitis cistitis seesteetees

D
dad pap papa
daily diariamente dyaryamente
dance bailar bailar
dancing baile baile
dangerous peligroso/a
peleegroso/a
dark oscuro/a
oskooro/a
data projector caon proyector
kanyon proyektor
date (appointment) cita seeta
date (day) fecha fecha
date (a person) salir con saleer kon
date of birth fecha de nacimiento
fecha de naseemyento
daughter hija eekha
dawn amanecer amaneser
day da deea
day after tomorrow pasado maana
pasado manyana
day before yesterday antier antyer
dead muerto/a
mwerto/a
deaf sordo/a
sordo/a
deal (cards) repartir reparteer
decide decidir deseedeer
deep profundo/a
profoondo/a
deforestation deforestacin
deforestasyon
degree ttulo teetoolo
delay demora demora
delirious delirante deleerante
deliver entregar entregar
democracy democracia
demokrasya
demonstration (protest) manifestacin maneefestasyon
dental floss hilo dental eelo dental
dentist dentista denteesta
deny negar negar
deodorant desodorante
desodorante
depart salir de saleer de
department store tiendas
departamentales tyendas
departamentales
departure salida saleeda

do hacer aser
doctor doctor/doctora
doktor/doktora
documentary documental
dokoomental
dog perro/a
pero/a
dole paro paro
doll mueca moonyeka
dollar dlar dolar
domestic flight vuelo nacional
vwelo nasyonal
donkey burro booro
door puerta pwerta
dope droga droga
double doble doble
double bed cama matrimonial
kama matreemonyal
double room habitacin doble
abeetasyon doble
down hacia abajo asya abakho
downhill cuesta abajo kwesta abakho
dozen docena dosena
drama drama drama
draw dibujar deebookhar
dream soar sonyar
dress vestido vesteedo
dried fruit fruta seca froota seka
drink bebida bebeeda
drink tomar tomar
drive conducir kondooseer
drivers licence licencia de manejo
leesensya de manekho
drug (medicinal) medicina
medeeseena
drug addiction drogadiccin
drogadeeksyon
drug dealer traficante
de
drogas trafeekante de drogas
drugs (illegal) drogas
drogas
drums batera batereea
drumstick muslo de pollo
mooslo de poyo
drunk borracho/a
boracho/a
dry seco/a
seko/a
dry secar sekar
duck pato pato
dummy (pacifier) chupn
choopon
during durante doorante
DVD DVD de ve de

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

deposit (bank) depsito


deposeeto
descendant descendiente
desendyente
desert desierto desyerto
design diseo deesenyo
destination destino desteeno
destroy destruir destrooeer
detail detalle detaye
diabetes diabetes deeabetes
dial tone lnea leenea
diaper paal panyal
diaphragm diafragma
deeafragma
diarrhoea diarrea deearea
diary agenda akhenda
dice dados
dados
dictionary diccionario
deeksyonaryo
die morir moreer
diet dieta dyeta
different diferente deeferente
difficult difcil deefeeseel
dining car vagn restaurante
vagon restowrante
dinner cena sena
direct directo/a
deerekto/a
direct-dial marcacin directa
markasyon deerekta
director director/directora
deerektor/deerektora
dirty sucio/a
soosyo/a
disabled discapacitado/a
deeskapaseetado/a
disco discoteca deeskoteka
discount descuento deskwento
discover descubrir deskoobreer
discrimination discriminacin
deeskreemeenasyon
disease enfermedad enfermedad
disk disco deesko
disposable desechable desechable
diving submarinismo
soobmareeneesmo
diving equipment equipo para
buceo ekeepo para booseo
divorced divorciado/a
deevorsyado/a
dizzy mareado/a
mareado/a

193

D I C TI O N A RY

194

each cada kada


ear oreja orekha
early temprano temprano
earn ganar ganar
earplugs tapones
para los odos
tapones para los oeedos
earrings aretes
aretes
Earth Tierra tyera
earthquake terremoto teremoto
east este este
Easter Pascua paskwa
easy fcil faseel
eat comer komer
economy class clase tursta
klase tooreesta
eczema eczema eksema
editor editor/editora
edeetor/edeetora
education educacin edookasyon
eggplant berenjena berenkhena
egg huevo wevo
elections elecciones
eleksyones
electrical store ferretera
feretereea
electricity electricidad
elektreeseedad
elevator elevador elevador
embarrassed apenado/a
apenado/a
embassy embajada embakhada
emergency emergencia
emerkhensya
emotional emocional emosyonal
employee empleado/a
empleado/a
employer jefe/jefa
khefe/khefa
empty vaco/a
vaseeo/a
end fin feen
end terminar termeenar
endangered species especies
en
peligro de extincin espesyes en
peleegro de eksteensyon
engine motor motor
engineer ingeniero/a
eenkhenyero/a

engineering ingeniera
eenkhenyereea
England Inglaterra eenglatera
English (language) ingls eengles
enjoy (oneself) divertirse
deeverteerse
enough suficiente soofeesyente
enter entrar entrar
entertainment guide gua del ocio
geea del osyo
envelope sobre sobre
environment medio ambiente
medyo ambyente
epilepsy epilepsia epeelepsya
equal opportunity igualdad de
oportunidades eegwaldad de
oportooneedades
equality igualdad eegwaldad
equipment equipo ekeepo
escalator escaleras
elctricas
eskaleras elektreekas
Euro euro eooro
Europe Europa eooropa
euthanasia eutanasia
eootanasya
evening noche noche
everything todo todo
example ejemplo ekhemplo
excellent excelente ekselente
excess baggage exceso de equipage ekseso de ekeepakhe
exchange cambio kambyo
exchange (money) cambiar kambyar
exchange rate tipo de cambio
teepo de kambyo
excluded excludo/a
eksklooeedo/a
exhaust agotar agotar
exhaust (car) escape eskape
exhibit exponer eksponer
exhibition exposicin
eksposeesyon
exit salida saleeda
expensive caro/a
karo/a
experience experiencia
eksperyensya
express expreso ekspreso

express mail correo expresso


koreo ekspreso
extension (visa) prrroga proroga
eye ojo okho
eyebrows cejas
sekhas
eye drops gotas
para los ojos
gotas para los okhos

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

fabric tela tela


face cara kara
face cloth toallita facial
toayeeta fasyal
factory fbrica fabreeka
factory worker obrero/a
obrero/a
fall cada kaeeda
fall (season) otoo otonyo
family familia fameelya
family name apellido apeyeedo
famous famoso/a
famoso/a
fan (supporter) aficionado
afeesyonado
fan (machine) ventilador
venteelador
far lejos lekhos
farewell despedida despedeeda
farm granja grankha
farmer granjero/a
grankhero/a
fart pedo pedo
fart echarse un pedo echarse oon
pedo
fast rpido/a
rapeedo/a
fat gordo/a
gordo/a
fat (grease) grasa grasa
father padre padre
father-in-law suegro swegro
faucet llave (del agua)
yave (del agwa)
fault falta falta
faulty defectuoso/a
defektwoso/a
feed alimentar aleementar
feel sentir senteer
feelings sentimientos
senteemyentos
fence cerca serka

fencing (sport) esgrima esgreema


festival festival festeeval
fever fiebre fyebre
few pocos/as
pokos/as
fiance(e) prometido/a
prometeedo/a
fiction ficcin feeksyon
field campo kampo
fig higo eego
fight pelea pelea
fight luchar loochar
fill llenar yenar
film pelcula peleekoola
film speed sensibilidad
senseebeeleedad
filtered con filtro kon feeltro
find encontrar enkontrar
fine multa moolta
finger dedo dedo
finish terminar termeenar
fire (general) fuego fwego
fire (building) incendio eensendyo
fireplace chimenea cheemenea
firewood lea lenya
first primero/a
preemero/a
first class primera clase
preemera klase
first name nombre de pila
nombre de peela
first-aid kit botiqun boteekeen
fish pez pes
fish (as food) pescado peskado
fish shop pescadera peskadereea
fishing pesca peska
fizzy con gas kon gas
flag bandera bandera
flannel franela franela
flashlight linterna leenterna
flat plano/a
plano/a
flea pulga poolga
flippers aletas
aletas
flooding inundacin
eenoondasyon
floor (ground) suelo swelo
floor (storey) piso peeso
florist florista
floreesta
flour harina areena

195

D I C TI O N A RY

196

flower flor flor


flower seller
vendedor/vendedora de flores
vendedor/vendedora de flores
flu gripe greepe
fly volar volar
foggy neblinoso/a
nebleenoso/a
folk folklrico/a
folkloreeko/a
follow seguir segeer
food comida komeeda
food supplies vveres
veeveres
fool imbcil
eembeseel
foot pie pye
football (soccer) ftbol footbol
footpath banqueta banketa
for para para
foreign extranjero/a
ekstrankhero/a
foreign exchange office casa de
cambio kasa de kambyo
forest bosque boske
forever para siempre para syempre
forget olvidar olveedar
forgive perdonar perdonar
fork tenedor tenedor
fortnight quincena keensena
foul asqueroso/a
askeroso/a
foyer vestbulo vesteeboolo
fragile frgil frakheel
France Francia fransya
free (not bound) libre leebre
free (of charge) gratis gratees
freeze congelar konkhelar
friend amigo/a
ameego/a
frost escarcha eskarcha
frozen foods productos
congelados
prodooktos konkhelados
fruit fruta froota
fruit picking recoleccin de fruta
rekoleksyon de froota
fry frer freeer
frying pan sartn sarten
fuck coger kokher
fuel combustible komboosteeble
full lleno/a
yeno/a

full-time tiempo completo


tyempo kompleto
fun diversin deeversyon
funeral funeral fooneral
funny divertido/a
deeverteedo/a
furniture muebles
mwebles
future futuro footooro

G
garlic ajo akho
gas (for cooking) gas gas
gas (petrol) gasolina gasoleena
gay gay gay
gelatin gelatina khelateena
general general kheneral
Germany Alemania alemanya
gift regalo regalo
gin ginebra kheenebra
ginger jengibre khenkheebre
girl chica cheeka
girl (child) nia neenya
girlfriend novia novya
give dar dar
give (a gift) regalar regalar
glandular fever enfermedad del
beso enfermedad del beso
glass (drinking) vaso vaso
glass (material) vidrio veedryo
glass (of wine) copa (de vino)
kopa de veeno
glasses lentes
lentes
gloves guantes
gwantes
go ir eer
go out with salir con saleer kon
go shopping ir de compras
eer de kompras
goal gol gol
goalkeeper portero/a
portero/a
goat cabra kabra
god dios dyos
goddess diosa dyosa
goggles goggles
gogles
golf golf golf

gynaecologist gineclogo/a
kheenekologo/a

H
hair pelo pelo
hairbrush cepillo sepeeyo
haircut corte de pelo korte de pelo
hairdresser peluquero/a
pelookero/a
halal halal khalal
half medio/a
medyo/a
half a litre medio litro medyo
leetro
hallucinate alucinar alooseenar
ham jamn khamon
hammer martillo marteeyo
hammock hamaca amaka
hand mano mano
handbag bolsa bolsa
handicrafts artesanas
artesaneeas
handkerchief pauelo panywelo
handlebar manubrio manoobryo
handmade hecho/a
a mano
echo/a a mano
handsome guapo/a
gwapo/a
happy feliz felees
harassment acoso akoso
harbour puerto pwerto
hard duro/a
dooro/a
hardware store tlapalera
tlapalereea
hash hachs khashees
hat sombrero sombrero
have tener tener
have a cold tener gripa tener greepa
have fun divertirse deeverteerse
hay fever alergia al polen
alerkhya al polen
he l el
head cabeza kabesa
headache dolor de cabeza
dolor de kabesa
headlights faros
faros
health salud salood
hear or oeer

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

golf ball pelota de golf


pelota de golf
golf course campo de golf
kampo de golf
good bueno/a
bweno/a
goodbye adis adyos
gorgeous guapo/a
gwapo/a
government gobierno gobyerno
gram gramo gramo
grandchild nieto/a
nyeto/a
grandfather abuelo abwelo
grandmother abuela abwela
grapefruit toronja toronkha
grapes uvas
oovas
grass pasto pasto
grasshoppers chapulines
chapooleenes
grave tumba toomba
gray gris grees
grease grasa grasa
great padrsimo/a
padreeseemo/a
green verde verde
greengrocery verdulera
verdoolereea
grey gris grees
grocery tienda de abarrotes
tyenda de abarotes
groundnut cacahuate kakawate
grow crecer kreser
g-string tanga tanga
guess adivinar adeeveenar
guide (audio) audiogua
owdyogeea
guide (person) gua
geea
guide dog perro gua pero geea
guidebook gua turstica
geea tooreesteeka
guided tour recorrido guiado
rekoreedo geeado
guilty culpable koolpable
guitar guitarra geetara
gum goma goma
gymnastics gimnasia
kheemnasya

197

D I C TI O N A RY

198

hearing aid audfono owdeefono


heart corazn korason
heart condition cardiopata
kardyopateea
heat calor kalor
heater calentador kalentador
heating calefaccin kalefaksyon
heavy pesado/a
pesado/a
helmet casco kasko
help ayudar ayoodar
hepatitis hepatitis epateetees
her su soo
herbalist yerbero/a
yerbero/a
herbs hierbas
yerbas
here aqu akee
heroin herona eroeena
herring arenque arenke
high alto/a
alto/a
high school la preparatoria
la preparatorya
hike ir de excursin eer de
ekskoorsyon
hiking excursionismo
ekskoorsyoneesmo
hiking boots botas
de montaa
botas de montanya
hiking routes caminos
rurales
kameenos roorales
hill colina koleena
Hindu hind
eendoo
hire rentar rentar
his su soo
historical histrico/a
eestoreeko/a
hitchhike pedir aventn
pedeer aventon
HIV positive seropositivo/a
seroposeeteevo/a
hockey hockey khokee
holiday da festivo deea festeevo
holidays vacaciones
vakasyones
Holy Week Semana Santa
semana santa
home casa kasa
homeless sin hogar seen ogar

homemaker ama de casa


ama de kasa
homosexual homosexual
omosekswal
honey miel myel
honeymoon luna de miel
loona de myel
horoscope horscopo oroskopo
horse caballo kabayo
horse riding equitacin
ekeetasyon
hospital hospital ospeetal
hospitality hotelera otelereea
hot caliente kalyente
hot water agua caliente
agwa kalyente
hotel hotel otel
house casa kasa
housework trabajo de casa
trabakho de kasa
how cmo komo
how much cunto kwanto
hug abrazo abraso
huge enorme enorme
human rights derechos
humanos
derechos oomanos
humanities humanidades
oomaneedades
(be) hungry tener hambre tener ambre
hunting caza kasa
(be in a) hurry tener prisa tener preesa
hurt lastimar lasteemar
husband esposo esposo

I
I yo yo
ice hielo yelo
ice axe piolet pyolet
ice cream helado elado
ice-cream parlour heladera
eladereea
ice hockey hockey sobre hielo
khokee sobre yelo
identification identificacin
eedenteefeekasyon
idiot idiota
eedyota

IT informtica eenformateeka
itch comezn komeson
itemised detallado/a
detayado/a
itinerary itinerario eeteeneraryo
IUD DIU deeoo

J
jacket chamarra chamara
jail crcel karsel
jam mermelada mermelada
Japan Japn khapon
jar jarra khara
jaw mandbula mandeeboola
jealous celoso/a
seloso/a
jeans jeans
yeens
jeep jeep yeep
Jehovas witness testigo de Jehov
testeego de kheova
jet lag jet lag yet lag
jewellery joyera khoyereea
Jewish judo/a
khoodeeo/a
job trabajo trabakho
jockey jockey yokee
jogging correr korer
joke broma broma
joke bromear bromear
journalist periodista
peryodeesta
judge juez
khwes
juice jugo khoogo
jump saltar saltar
jumper (sweater) sweater sweter
jumper leads cables
pasacorrientes
kables pasakoryentes

K
ketchup ctsup katsoop
key llave yave
keyboard teclado teklado
kick patear patear
kick (a goal) meter (un gol)
meter (oon gol)
kill matar matar
kilogram kilo keelo

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

if si see
ill enfermo/a
enfermo/a
immigration inmigracin
eenmeegrasyon
important importante eemportante
in a hurry de prisa preesa
in front of enfrente de enfrente de
included includo/a
eenklooeedo/a
income tax impuesto
sobre la renta
eempwesto sobre la renta
India India eendya
indicator indicador eendeekador
indigestion indigestin
eendeekhestyon
industry industria eendoostrya
infection infeccin eenfeksyon
inflammation inflamacin
eenflamasyon
influenza gripe greepe
ingredient ingrediente
eengredyente
inject inyectar eenyektar
injection inyeccin eenyeksyon
injury herida ereeda
innocent inocente eenosente
inside adentro adentro
instructor instructor/instructora
eenstrooktor/eenstrooktora
insurance seguro segooro
interesting interesante
eenteresante
intermission descanso deskanso
international internacional
eenternasyonal
Internet Internet eenternet
Internet cafe caf Internet
kafe eenternet
interpreter intrprete
eenterprete
intersection interseccin
eenterseksyon
interview entrevista entreveesta
invite invitar eenveetar
Ireland Irlanda eerlanda
iron (for clothes) plancha plancha
island isla eesla

199

kilometre kilmetro keelometro


kind amable amable
kindergarten jardn
de nios
khardeen de neenyos
king rey ray
kiss beso beso
kiss besar besar
kitchen cocina koseena
kitten gatito/a
gateeto/a
kiwifruit kiwi keewee
knapsack mochila mocheela
knee rodilla rodeeya
knife cuchillo koocheeyo
know (someone) conocer konoser
know (something) saber saber
kosher kosher kosher

D I C TI O N A RY

200

labourer obrero/a
obrero/a
lace encaje enkakhe
lager cerveza
clara servesa klara
lake lago lago
lamb borrego borego
land tierra tyera
landlady propietaria propyetarya
landlord propietario propyetaryo
languages idiomas
eedyomas
laptop computadora
porttil
kompootadora portateel
lard manteca manteka
large grande grande
laser pointer sealador lser
senyalador laser
late tarde tarde
laugh rer reeer
laundrette lavandera
lavandereea
laundry lavandera lavandereea
law ley lay
law (field of study) derecho
derecho
lawyer abogado/a
abogado/a
leader lder
leeder
leaf hoja okha
learn aprender aprender
leather cuero kwero

lecturer profesor/profesora
profesor/profesora
ledge saliente salyente
leek poro poro
left izquierda eeskyerda
left luggage consigna konseegna
left-wing de izquierda de eeskyerda
leg pierna pyerna
legal legal legal
legislation legislacin
lekheeslasyon
lemon limn leemon
lemonade limonada leemonada
lens objetivo obkheteevo
Lent Cuaresma kwaresma
lentils lentejas
lentekhas
lesbian lesbiana lesbeeana
less menos menos
letter carta karta
lettuce lechuga lechooga
liar mentiroso/a
menteeroso/a
library biblioteca beeblyoteka
lice piojos
pyokhos
license plate number nmero
de
placa noomero de plaka
lie (not stand) recostarse rekostarse
life vida veeda
life jacket chaleco salvavidas
chaleko salvaveedas
lift elevador elevador
light (of weight) ligero/a
leekhero/a
light luz loos
light bulb foco foko
light meter fotmetro fotometro
lighter encendedor ensendedor
lights luces
looses
like gustar goostar
lime lima leema
line lnea leenea
lip balm blsamo
para labios
balsamo para labyos
lips labios
labyos
lipstick lpiz
labial lapees labyal
liquor store vinatera
veenatereea
listen escuchar eskoochar

M
machine mquina makeena
made of (cotton) hecho/a
de
(algodn) echo/a de (algodon)

magazine revista reveesta


magician mago/a
mago/a
mail correo koreo
mailbox buzn booson
main principal preenseepal
make hacer aser
make fun of burlarse de boorlarse de
make-up maquillaje makeeyakhe
mammogram mamograma
mamograma
man hombre ombre
manager director/directora
deerektor/deerektora
mandarin mandarina
mandareena
mango mango mango
manual worker obrero/a
obrero/a
many muchos/as
moochos/as
map mapa mapa
margarine margarina
margareena
marijuana marihuana
mareewana
marital status estado
civil
estado seeveel
market mercado merkado
marmalade mermelada
mermelada
marriage matrimonio
matreemonyo
married casado/a
kasado/a
marry casarse kasarse
martial arts artes
marciales
artes marsyales
mass misa meesa
massage masaje masakhe
masseur/masseuse masajista
masakheesta
mat petate petate
match (game) partido parteedo
matches cerillos
sereeyos
mattress colchn kolchon
maybe tal vez tal ves
mayonnaise mayonesa
mayonesa
mayor alcalde
alkalde

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

live vivir veeveer


liver hgado eegado
lizard lagartija lagarteekha
local local lokal
lock cerradura seradoora
lock cerrar serar
locked cerrado/a con llave
serado/a kon yave
lollies dulces
doolses
long largo/a
largo/a
long-distance larga distancia
larga deestansya
look mirar meerar
look after cuidar kweedar
look for buscar booskar
lookout mirador meerador
loose suelto/a
swelto/a
loose change cambio
en monedas
kambyo en monedas
lose perder perder
lost perdido/a
perdeedo/a
lost property office oficina
de
objetos perdidos ofeeseena de
obkhetos perdeedos
loud ruidoso/a
rweedoso/a
love amar amar
lover amante
amante
low bajo/a
bakho/a
lubricant lubricante loobreekante
luck suerte swerte
lucky afortunado/a
afortoonado/a
luggage equipaje ekeepakhe
luggage lockers casilleros
kaseeyeros
luggage tag etiqueta
para equipaje
eteeketa para ekeepakhe
lump bulto boolto
lunch almuerzo almwerso
lungs pulmones
poolmones
luxury lujo lookho

201

D I C TI O N A RY

202

measles sarampin sarampyon


meat carne karne
mechanic mecnico/a
mekaneeko/a
media medios
de comunicacin
medyos de komooneekasyon
medicine medicina medeeseena
meet encontrar enkontrar
melon meln melon
member miembro myembro
menstruation menstruacin
menstrwasyon
menu men menoo
message mensaje mensakhe
metal metal metal
metre metro metro
metro station estacin
del metro
estasyon del metro
microwave horno
de microondas
orno de meekroondas
midnight medianoche
medyanoche
migraine migraa meegranya
military militar meeleetar
military service servicio
militar
serveesyo meeleetar
milk leche leche
millimetre milmetro meeleemetro
million milln meeyon
mince meat carne
molida
karne moleeda
mind cuidar kweedar
mineral water agua
mineral
agwa meeneral
mints pastillas
de menta
pasteeyas de menta
minute minuto meenooto
mirror espejo espekho
miscarriage aborto
natural
aborto natooral
miss (feel absence of) extraar
ekstranyar
mistake error eror
mix mezclar mesklar
mobile phone telfono
celular
telefono seloolar
modem mdem modem

moisturiser crema
hidratante
krema eedratante
monastery monasterio
monasteryo
money dinero deenero
month mes mes
monument monumento
monoomento
moon luna loona
morning maana manyana
morning sickness nuseas
del
embarazo nowseas del embaraso
mosque mezquita meskeeta
mosquito mosquito moskeeto
mosquito coil repelente
contra
mosquitos repelente kontra
moskeetos
mosquito net mosquitero
moskeetero
mother madre madre
mother-in-law suegra swegra
motorboat lancha
de motor
lancha de motor
motorcycle motocicleta
motoseekleta
motorway carretera karetera
mountain montaa montanya
mountain bike bicicleta
de montaa beeseekleta de montanya
mountain path brecha brecha
mountain range cordillera
kordeeyera
mountaineering alpinismo
alpeeneesmo
mouse ratn raton
mouse (computer) mouse mows
mouth boca boka
movie pelcula peleekoola
MP3 player reproductor
de MP3
reprodooktor de eme pe tres
mud lodo lodo
muesli granola granola
mum mam mama
muscle msculo mooskoolo
museum museo mooseo
mushroom champin
champeenyon

music msica mooseeka


musician msico/a
mooseeko/a
Muslim musulmn/musulmana
moosoolman/moosoolmana
mussels mejillones
mekheeyones
mustard mostaza mostasa
mute mudo/a
moodo/a
my mi mee

O
oats avena avena
ocean ocano oseano

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

nail clippers cortauas


kortaoonyas
name nombre nombre
napkin servilleta serveeyeta
nappy paal panyal
nappy rash rosadura rosadoora
national park parque
nacional
parke nasyonal
nationality nacionalidad
nasyonaleedad
nature naturaleza natooralesa
naturopathy naturopata
natooropateea
nausea nusea nowsea
near cerca serka
nearby cerca serka
nearest ms cercano/a
mas serkano/a
necessary necesario/a
nesesaryo/a
neck cuello kweyo
necklace collar koyar
need necesitar neseseetar
needle (sewing) aguja agookha
needle (syringe) jeringa
khereenga
negatives negativos
negateevos
neither tampoco tampoko
net red red
network red red
Netherlands Holanda olanda
never nunca noonka
new nuevo/a
nwevo/a
New Year Ao Nuevo anyo nwevo

New Years Day da de Ao Nuevo


deea de anyo nwevo
New Years Eve fin
de ao
feen de anyo
New Zealand Nueva Zelandia
nweva selandya
news noticias
noteesyas
news stand puesto
de peridicos
pwesto de peryodeekos
newsagency agencia
de noticias
akhensya de noteesyas
newspaper peridico peryodeeko
next prximo/a
prokseemo/a
next (month) (el mes) que viene
(el mes) ke vyene
next to al lado de al lado de
nice simptico/a
seempateeko/a
nickname apodo apodo
night noche noche
no no no
noisy ruidoso/a
rweedoso/a
none nada nada
non-smoking no fumar no foomar
noodles fideos
feedeos
noon medioda medyodeea
north norte norte
nose nariz narees
notebook cuaderno kwaderno
nothing nada nada
now ahora aora
nuclear energy energa
nuclear
enerkheea nooklear
nuclear testing pruebas
nucleares prwebas nookleares
nuclear waste desperdicios
nucleares desperdeesyos
nookleares
number nmero noomero
nun monja monkha
nurse enfermero/a
enfermero/a
nuts nueces
nweses

203

D I C TI O N A RY

204

off (spoiled) hechado/a


a perder
echado/a a perder
office oficina ofeeseena
office worker empleado/a
empleado/a
offside fuera de lugar fwera de loogar
often seguido segeedo
oil aceite asayte
old viejo/a
vyekho/a
olive oil aceite de oliva
asayte de oleeva
Olympic Games juegos
olmpicos
khwegos oleempeekos
on en en
once una vez oona ves
one-way ticket boleto
sencillo
boleto senseeyo
onion cebolla seboya
only slo solo
open abierto/a
abyerto/a
open abrir abreer
opening hours horario
de servicio
oraryo de serveesyo
opera pera opera
operation operacin operasyon
operator operador/operadora
operador/operadora
opinion opinin opeenyon
opposite frente a frente a
or o o
orange naranja narankha
orange (colour) naranja narankha
orange juice jugo
de naranja
khoogo de narankha
orchestra orquesta orkesta
order (command) orden orden
order (placement) orden orden
order ordenar ordenar
ordinary corriente koryente
orgasm orgasmo orgasmo
original original oreekheenal
other otro/a
otro/a
our nuestro/a
nwestro/a
outside exterior eksteryor
ovarian cyst quiste
ovrico
keeste ovareeko
oven horno orno

overcoat abrigo abreego


overdose sobredosis sobredosees
overhead projector proyector
de
acetatos proyektor de asetatos
owe deber deber
owner dueo/a
dwenyo/a
oxygen oxgeno okseekheno
oyster ostin ostyon
ozone layer capa
de ozono
kapa de osono

P
pacemaker marcapasos
markapasos
pacifier chupn choopon
package paquete pakete
packet paquete pakete
padlock candado kandado
page pgina pakheena
pain dolor dolor
painful doloroso/a
doloroso/a
painkillers analgsicos
analkheseekos
paint pintar peentar
painter pintor/pintora
peentor/peentora
painting pintura
peentoora
pair (couple) pareja parekha
palace palacio palasyo
palm pilot palm palm
pan sartn
sarten
pants pantalones
pantalones
panty liners pantiprotectores
panteeprotektores
pantyhose pantimedias
panteemedyas
pap smear papanicolaou
papaneekolow
paper papel papel
paperwork trmites trameetes
paraplegic parapljico/a
paraplekheeko/a
parcel paquete pakete
parents padres
padres
park parque parke
park (car) estacionar estasyonar

period pain clico


menstrual
koleeko menstrwal
permission permiso permeeso
permit permiso permeeso
permit permitir permeeteer
person persona persona
perspire sudar soodar
petition peticin peteesyon
petrol gasolina gasoleena
pharmacy farmacia farmasya
phone book directorio
telefnico
deerektoryo telefoneeko
phone box telfono
pblico
telefono poobleeko
phone card tarjeta
de telfono
tarkheta de telefono
photo fotografa fotografeea
photocopier fotocopiadora
fotokopyadora
photographer fotgrafo/a
fotografo/a
photography fotografa
fotografeea
phrasebook libro
de frases
leebro de frases
pick-up (truck) pickup peekop
pick up (lift) levantar levantar
pick up (seduce) ligar leegar
pickaxe pico peeko
picnic da
de campo
deea de kampo
pie pay pay
piece pedazo pedaso
pig cerdo serdo
pill pastilla pasteeya
the Pill la pldora la peeldora
pillow almohada almwada
pillowcase funda
de almohada
foonda de almwada
pineapple pia peenya
pink rosa rosa
pistachio pistache peestache
place lugar loogar
place of birth lugar
de nacimiento
loogar de naseemyento
plane avin avyon
planet planeta planeta
plant planta planta

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

parliament parlamento
parlamento
parsley perejil perekheel
part parte parte
partner (intimate) pareja parekha
part-time medio tiempo
medyo tyempo
party fiesta fyesta
party (political) partido parteedo
pass pase pase
passenger pasajero/a
pasakhero/a
passport pasaporte pasaporte
passport number nmero
de
pasaporte noomero de pasaporte
past pasado pasado
pasta pasta pasta
pate (food) pat pate
path sendero sendero
pay pagar pagar
payment pago pago
peace paz pas
peach durazno doorasno
peak cumbre koombre
peanuts cacahuates kakawates
pear pera pera
peas chcharos
cheecharos
pedal pedal pedal
pedestrian peatn peaton
pedestrian crossing cruce peatonal
kroose peatonal
pen pluma plooma
pencil lpiz lapees
penis pene pene
penknife navaja navakha
pensioner jubilado/a
khoobeelado/a
people gente khente
pepper (bell) pimiento
peemyento
pepper (spice) pimienta
peemyenta
per (day) por (da) por (deea)
percent por ciento por syento
performance desempeo
desempenyo
perfume perfume perfoome

205

D I C TI O N A RY

206

plant sembrar sembrar


plastic plstico plasteeko
plate plato plato
plateau meseta meseta
platform plataforma plataforma
play obra obra
play (an instrument) tocar tokar
play (game/sport) jugar khoogar
plug (bath) tapn tapon
plug (electrical) chavija chaveekha
plum ciruela seerwela
pocket bolsillo bolseeyo
poetry poesa poeseea
point apuntar apoontar
point (tip) punto poonto
poisonous venenoso/a
venenoso/a
poker pquer poker
police polica poleeseea
police officer oficial de polica
ofeesyal de poleeseea
police station estacin
de polica
estasyon de poleeseea
policy poltica poleeteeka
policy (insurance) pliza poleesa
politician poltico poleeteeko
politics poltica poleeteeka
pollen polen polen
polls encuestas
enkwestas
pollution contaminacin
kontameenasyon
pony pony ponee
pool (game) billar beeyar
pool (swimming) alberca alberka
poor pobre pobre
pope Papa papa
popular popular popoolar
pork cerdo serdo
pork sausage chorizo choreeso
port puerto pwerto
port (wine) oporto oporto
portable CD player reproductor de
compacts porttil reprodooktor de
kompakts portateel
possible posible poseeble
post code cdigo
postal
kodeego postal

post office oficina


de correos
ofeeseena de koreos
postage timbre teembre
postcard postal postal
poste restante lista
de correos
leesta de koreos
poster pster poster
pot (kitchen) cazuela kaswela
pot (for plant) maceta maseta
pot (marijuana) mota mota
potato papa papa
pottery alfarera alfarereea
pound (money) libra leebra
poverty pobreza pobresa
power poder poder
prawn camarn kamaron
prayer oracin orasyon
prayer book libro
de oraciones
leebro de orasyones
prefer preferir prefereer
pregnancy test kit prueba
de
embarazo prweba de embaraso
pregnant embarazada embarasada
premenstrual tension sndrome
premenstrual seendrome
premenstrwal
prepare preparar preparar
president presidente/a
preseedente/a
pressure presin presyon
pretty bonito/a
boneeto/a
prevent prevenir preveneer
price precio presyo
priest sacerdote saserdote
primary school la primaria
la preemarya
prime minister (man) primer ministro
preemer meeneestro
prime minister (woman) primera
ministra preemera meeneestra
printer impresora eempresora
prison crcel karsel
prisoner prisionero/a
preesyonero/a
private privado/a
preevado/a

Q
qualifications aptitudes
apteetoodes
quality calidad kaleedad
quarantine cuarentena
kwarentena
quarrel pelea pelea
quarter cuarto kwarto
queen reina rayna
question pregunta pregoonta
question preguntar pregoontar
queue cola kola
quick rpido/a
rapeedo/a
quiet tranquilo/a
trankeelo/a

quiet tranquilidad trankeeleedad


quit renunciar renoonsyar

R
rabbit conejo konekho
race (sport) carrera karera
racetrack pista peesta
racing bike bicicleta
de carreras
beeseekleta de kareras
racquet raqueta raketa
radiator radiador radyador
railway station estacin
de tren
estasyon de tren
rain lluvia yoovya
raincoat impermeable
eempermeable
rainbow arcoiris arkoeerees
raisin uva
pasa oova pasa
rally rally ralee
rape violar vyolar
rare raro/a
raro/a
rash irritacin eereetasyon
raspberry frambuesa frambwesa
rat rata rata
rate of pay salario salaryo
raw crudo/a
kroodo/a
razor rastrillo rastreeyo
razor blades navajas
de razurar
navakhas de rasoorar
read leer leer
ready listo/a
leesto/a
real estate agent agente
inmobiliario akhente eenmobeelyaryo
realise darse cuenta de
darse kwenta de
realistic realista realeesta
reason razn rason
receipt recibo reseebo
receive recibir reseebeer
recently recientemente
resyentemente
recognise reconocer rekonoser
recommend recomendar
rekomendar
recording grabacin grabasyon
recyclable reciclable reseeklable

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

private hospital hospital


privado
ospeetal preevado
produce producir prodooseer
profit ganancia ganansya
programme programa programa
projector proyector proyektor
promise promesa promesa
protect proteger protekher
protected protegido/a
protekheedo/a
protest protesta protesta
protest protestar protestar
provisions provisiones
proveesyones
prune ciruela
pasa seerwela pasa
pub bar bar
public telephone telfono
pblico
telefono poobleeko
public toilets baos
pblicos
banyos poobleekos
pull jalar khalar
pump bomba bomba
pumpkin calabaza kalabasa
puncture ponchar ponchar
punish castigar kasteegar
puppy cachorro kachoro
pure puro/a
pooro/a
purple morado/a
morado/a
push empujar empookhar
put poner poner

207

D I C TI O N A RY

208

recycle reciclar reseeklar


red rojo/a
rokho/a
referee rbitro arbeetro
reference referencia referensya
refrigerator refrigerador
refreekherador
refugee refugiado/a
refookhyado/a
refund reembolso reembolso
refund reembolsar reembolsar
refuse negar(se) negar(se)
registered mail correo
certificado
koreo serteefeekado
regret lamentar lamentar
relationship relacin relasyon
relax relajarse relakharse
relic reliquia releekya
religion religin releekhyon
religious religioso/a
releekhyoso/a
remember recordar rekordar
remote remoto/a
remoto/a
remote control control
remoto
kontrol remoto
rent renta renta
rent rentar rentar
repair reparar reparar
repeat repetir repeteer
republic repblica repoobleeka
reservation reservacin
reservasyon
reserve reservar reservar
rest descansar deskansar
restaurant restaurante restowrante
resum currculum kooreekooloom
retired jubilado/a
khoobeelado/a
return volver volver
return ticket boleto de viaje redondo
boleto de vyakhe redondo
review crtica kreeteeka
rhythm ritmo reetmo
rice arroz aros
rich rico/a
reeko/a
ride paseo paseo
ride montar montar
right (correct) correcto/a
korekto/a

right (not left) derecha derecha


right-wing de derecha de derecha
ring anillo aneeyo
ring llamar por telfono
yamar por telefono
rip-off estafa estafa
risk riesgo ryesgo
river ro reeo
road camino kameeno
rob robar robar
rock roca roka
rock (music) rock rok
rock climbing escalada
en roca
eskalada en roka
rock group grupo
de rock
groopo de rok
rollerblading patinar pateenar
romantic romntico/a
romanteeko/a
room habitacin abeetasyon
room number nmero de habitacin
noomero de abeetasyon
rope cuerda kwerda
round redondo/a
redondo/a
roundabout glorieta gloryeta
route ruta roota
rowing remo remo
rubbish basura basoora
rug alfombra alfombra
rugby rugby roogbee
ruins ruinas
rweenas
rules reglas
reglas
rum ron ron
run correr korer
run out of quedarse sin kedarse seen

S
Sabbath Sabbath sabat
sad triste treeste
saddle silla
de montar
seeya de montar
safe caja
fuerte kakha fwerte
safe seguro/a
segooro/a
safe sex sexo seguro sekso segooro
saint santo/a
santo/a
salad ensalada ensalada

self-service autoservicio
owtoserveesyo
sell vender vender
send enviar envyar
sensible sensible senseeble
sensual sensual senswal
separate separado/a
separado/a
separate separar separar
series serie serye
serious serio/a
seryo/a
service station gasolinera
gasoleenera
service-charge cubierto
koobyerto
several varios/as
varyos/as
sew coser koser
sex sexo sekso
sexism sexismo sekseesmo
sexy sexy seksee
shadow sombra sombra
shampoo shampoo shampoo
shape forma forma
share (with) compartir komparteer
shave rasurar rasoorar
shaving cream espuma
de rasurar
espooma de rasoorar
she lla eya
sheep oveja ovekha
sheet (bed) sbana sabana
sheet (of paper) hoja okha
shelf repisa repeesa
ship barco barko
ship enviar enveear
shirt camisa kameesa
shoe shop zapatera sapatereea
shoes zapatos
sapatos
shoot disparar deesparar
shop tienda tyenda
shopping centre centro
comercial
sentro komersyal
short (height) bajo/a
bakho/a
short (length) corto/a
korto/a
shortage escasez eskases
shorts shorts
shorts
shoulder hombro ombro
shout gritar greetar

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

salami salami salamee


salary salario salaryo
sales tax IVA eeva
salmon salmn salmon
salt sal sal
same igual eegwal
sand arena arena
sandals sandalias
sandalyas
sanitary napkins toallas
femeninas
toayas femeneenas
sauna sauna sowna
sausage salchicha salcheecha
save salvar salvar
save (money) ahorrar aorar
say decir deseer
scale (climb) escalar eskalar
scarf bufanda boofanda
school escuela eskwela
science ciencias
syensyas
scientist cientfico/a
syenteefeeko/a
scissors tijeras
teekheras
score anotar anotar
scoreboard marcador markador
Scotland Escocia eskosya
screen pantalla pantaya
script guin geeon
sculpture escultura eskooltoora
sea mar mar
seasick mareado/a
mareado/a
seaside costa kosta
season estacin estasyon
season (in sport) temporada
temporada
seat asiento asyento
seatbelt cinturn
de seguridad
seentooron de segooreedad
second segundo segoondo
second segundo/a
segoondo/a
secondary school la secundaria
la segoondarya
second-hand de segunda mano
de segoonda mano
secretary secretario/a
sekretaryo/a
see ver ver
selfish egosta egoeesta

209

D I C TI O N A RY

210

show espectculo espektakoolo


show mostrar mostrar
shower regadera regadera
shrine capilla kapeeya
shut cerrado/a
serado/a
shut cerrar serar
shy tmido/a
teemeedo/a
sick enfermo/a
enfermo/a
side lado lado
sign seal senyal
sign firmar feermar
signature firma feerma
silk seda seda
silver plateado/a
plateado/a
silver plata plata
SIM card tarjeta
SIM
tarkheta seem
similar similar seemeelar
simple sencillo/a
senseeyo/a
since (time) desde desde
sing cantar kantar
singer cantante
kantante
single soltero/a
soltero/a
single room habitacin
individual
abeetasyon eendeeveedwal
singlet camiseta kameeseta
sister hermana ermana
sit sentarse sentarse
size (clothes) talla taya
size (general) tamao tamanyo
skateboarding andar en patineta
andar en pateeneta
skateboard patineta pateeneta
ski esquiar eskeear
skiing esqu eskee
skimmed milk leche
descremada
leche deskremada
skin piel pyel
skirt falda falda
sky cielo syelo
sleep dormir dormeer
sleeping bag bolsa
de dormir
bolsa de dormeer
sleeping car coche
cama
koche kama
sleeping pills pastillas
para
dormir pasteeyas para dormeer

(be) sleepy tener sueo tener swenyo


slide transparencia transparensya
slow lento/a
lento/a
slowly despacio despasyo
small pequeo/a
pekenyo/a
smell olor olor
smell oler oler
smile sonrer sonreeer
smoke fumar foomar
SMS capability capacidad de SMS
kapaseedad de ese eme ese
snack botana botana
snail caracol karakol
snake serpiente serpyente
snorkelling esnorkelear esnorkelear
snow nieve nyeve
snowboarding snowboarding
esnowbordeen
soap jabn khabon
soap opera telenovela telenovela
soccer ftbol footbol
social welfare seguridad
social
segooreedad sosyal
socialist socialista
sosyaleesta
socks calcetines
kalseteenes
soft drink refresco refresko
soldier militar meeleetar
some algn algoon
someone alguien algyen
something algo algo
sometimes de vez en cuando
de ves en kwando
son hijo eekho
song cancin kansyon
soon pronto pronto
sore adolorido/a
adoloreedo/a
soup sopa sopa
sour cream crema
agria
krema agrya
south sur soor
souvenir suvenir
sooveneer
souvenir shop tienda
de suvenirs
tyenda de sooveneers
soy milk leche
de soya
leche de soya
soy sauce salsa
de soya
salsa de soya

stereo equipo
estereofnico
ekeepo estereofoneeko
stingy tacao/a
takanyo/a
stock (broth) caldo kaldo
stockings calcetas
kalsetas
stomach estmago estomago
stomachache dolor
de estmago
dolor de estomago
stone piedra pyedra
stoned ciego/a
syego/a
stop parada parada
stop parar parar
store tienda tyenda
storm tormenta tormenta
story cuento kwento
stove estufa estoofa
straight derecho/a
derecho/a
strange extrao/a
ekstranyo/a
stranger desconocido/a
deskonoseedo/a
strawberry fresa fresa
stream arroyo aroyo
street calle kaye
string cuerda kwerda
strong fuerte fwerte
stubborn terco/a
terko/a
student estudiante
estoodyante
studio estudio estoodyo
stupid estpido/a
estoopeedo/a
style estilo esteelo
subtitles subttulos
soobteetoolos
suburb colonia kolonya
subway metro metro
suffer sufrir soofreer
sugar azcar
asookar
suitcase maleta maleta
summer verano verano
sun sol sol
sunblock bloqueador solar
blokeador solar
sunburn quemadura de sol
kemadoora de sol
sun-dried tomatoes tomates
deshidratados tomates
deseedratados

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

space espacio espasyo


Spain Espaa espanya
sparkling espumoso/a
espoomoso/a
speak hablar ablar
special especial espesyal
specialist especialista
espesyaleesta
speed velocidad veloseedad
speedometer velocmetro
veloseemetro
spermicide espermecida
espermeseeda
spider araa aranya
spinach espinaca espeenaka
spoon cuchara koochara
sport deportes
deportes
sports store tienda
de deportes
tyenda de deportes
sportsperson deportista
deporteesta
sprain torcedura torsedoora
spring (wire) resorte resorte
spring (season) primavera
preemavera
square cuadrado kwadrado
square (town) zcalo sokalo
stadium estadio estadyo
stage escenario esenaryo
stairway escalera eskalera
stamp sello seyo
stand-by ticket boleto
en lista de
espera boleto en leesta de espera
stars estrellas
estreyas
start comenzar komensar
station estacin estasyon
statue estatua estatwa
stay (at a hotel) alojarse alokharse
stay (remain) permanecer
permaneser
stay (somewhere) quedarse kedarse
steak (beef) bistec beestek
steal robar robar
steep empinado/a
empeenado/a
step paso paso

211

sunflower oil aceite


de girasol
asayte de kheerasol
sunglasses lentes
de sol
lentes de sol
sunny soleado soleado
sunrise amanecer amaneser
sunset puesta
de sol pwesta de sol
supermarket supermercado
soopermerkado
superstition supersticin
soopersteesyon
supporters aficionados
afeesyonados
surf surfear sorfear
surface mail correo terrestre
koreo terestre
surfboard tabla
de surf
tabla de sorf
surname apellido apeyeedo
surprise sorpresa sorpresa
survive sobrevivir sobreveeveer
sweater sueter sweter
sweet dulce doolse
sweets (candy) dulces
doolses
swim nadar nadar
swimming pool alberca alberka
swimsuit traje
de bao
trakhe de banyo
synagogue sinagoga seenagoga
synthetic sinttico/a
seenteteeko/a
syringe jeringa khereenga

D I C TI O N A RY

212

table mesa mesa


table tennis ping pong peen pon
tablecloth mantel mantel
tail cola kola
tailor sastre sastre
take (away) llevar lyevar
take (the train) tomar (el tren)
tomar (el tren)
take (photos) tomar (fotos)
tomar fotos
talk hablar ablar
tall alto/a
alto/a

tampons tampones
tampones
tanning lotion bronceador
bronseador
tap grifo greefo
tasty sabroso/a
sabroso/a
tax impuesto
eempwesto
taxi taxi taksee
taxi driver taxista
takseesta
taxi stand sitio
de taxis
seetyo de taksees
tea t te
teacher maestro/maestra
maestro/maestra
team equipo ekeepo
teaspoon cucharita koochareeta
technique tcnica tekneeka
teeth dientes
dyentes
telegram telegrama telegrama
telephone telfono telefono
telephone llamar (por telfono)
yamar (por telefono)
telephone centre central
telefnica
sentral telefoneeka
telephoto lens teleobjetivo
teleobkheteevo
telescope telescopio teleskopyo
television televisin televeesyon
tell decir deseer
temperature (fever) fiebre fyebre
temperature (weather) temperatura
temperatoora
temple templo templo
tennis tenis tenees
tennis court cancha de tenis
kancha de tenees
tent tienda
(de campaa)
tyenda (de kampanya)
tent pegs estacas
estakas
terrible terrible tereeble
test prueba prweba
thank dar gracias dar grasyas
theatre teatro teatro
their su soo
they ellos/ellas
eyos/eyas
thief ladrn/ladrona
ladron/ladrona
thin delgado/a
delgado/a

tomorrow morning maana en la


maana manyana en la manyana
tonight esta noche esta noche
too (expensive) muy (caro/a)
mooy (karo/a)
too much demasiado demasyado
tooth (back) muela mwela
toothache dolor
de muelas
dolor de mwelas
toothbrush cepillo
de dientes
sepeeyo de dyentes
toothpaste pasta
de dientes
pasta de dyentes
toothpick palillo paleeyo
torch linterna leenterna
touch tocar tokar
tour excursin ekskoorsyon
tourist turista
tooreesta
tourist office oficina de turismo
ofeeseena de tooreesmo
towards hacia asya
towel toalla toaya
tower torre tore
toxic waste residuos
txicos
reseedwos tokseekos
toyshop juguetera khoogetereea
track (footprints) rastro rastro
track (path) sendero sendero
track (sport) pista peesta
trade comercio komersyo
traffic trfico trafeeko
traffic lights semforos
semaforos
trail camino kameeno
train tren tren
train station estacin
de tren
estasyon de tren
tram tranva tranveea
transit lounge sala
de trnsito
sala de transeeto
translate traducir tradooseer
transport transporte transporte
travel viajar vyakhar
travel agency agencia
de viajes
akhensya de vyakhes
travel books guas
tursticas
geeas tooreesteekas

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

think pensar pensar


third tercio tersyo
(be) thirsty tener sed tener sed
this ste/sta
este/esta
this (month) este mes este mes
throat garganta garganta
thrush infeccin
de garganta
eenfeksyon de garganta
ticket boleto boleto
ticket collector inspector/inspectora
eenspektor/eenspektora
ticket machine venta
automtica de boletos
venta owtomateeka de boletos
ticket office taquilla takeeya
tide marea marea
tight apretado/a
apretado/a
time tiempo tyempo
time difference diferencia
de horas
deeferensya de oras
timetable horario oraryo
tin lata lata
tin opener abrelatas abrelatas
tiny pequeo/a
pekenyo/a
tip (gratuity) propina propeena
tired cansado/a
kansado/a
tissues kleenex
kleeneks
toast pan tostado pan tostado
toaster tostador tostador
tobacco tabaco tabako
tobacconist tabaquera
tabakereea
today hoy oy
toe dedo
del pie dedo del pye
tofu tof tofoo
together juntos/as
khoontos/as
toilet bao banyo
toilet paper papel
higinico
papel eekhyeneeko
tomato jitomate kheetomate
tomato sauce catsup katsoop
tomorrow maana manyana
tomorrow afternoon maana en la
tarde manyana en la tarde
tomorrow evening maana en la
noche manyana en la noche

213

travel sickness mareo mareo


travellers cheques cheques
de
viajero chekes de vyakhero
tree rbol arbol
trip viaje vyakhe
trousers pantalones
pantalones
truck camin kamyon
trust confianza konfeeansa
trust confiar konfeear
try probar probar
try (attempt) intentar eententar
T-shirt camiseta
kameeseta
tube (tyre) cmara
de llanta
kamara de yanta
tuna atn atoon
tune meloda melodeea
turkey pavo pavo
turn dar vuelta dar vwelta
TV televisin televeesyon
TV series serie serye
tweezers pinzas
peensas
twice dos veces dos veses
twin beds dos camas dos kamas
twins gemelos/as
khemelos/as
type tipo teepo
type escribir a mquina
eskreebeer a makeena
typical tpico/a
teepeeko/a
tyre llanta yanta

D I C TI O N A RY

214

ultrasound ultrasonido
ooltrasoneedo
umbrella paraguas paragwas
umpire rbitro arbeetro
uncomfortable incmodo/a
eenkomodo/a
underpants (men) truzas
troosas
underpants (women) pantaletas
pantaletas
understand comprender komprender
underwear ropa
interior
ropa eenteryor
unemployed desempleado/a
desempleado/a

unfair injusto/a
eenkhoosto/a
uniform uniforme ooneeforme
universe universo ooneeverso
university universidad
ooneeverseedad
unleaded sin plomo seen plomo
unsafe inseguro/a
eensegooro/a
until (June) hasta (junio) asta
(khoonyo)
unusual raro/a
raro/a
up arriba areeba
uphill cuesta arriba kwesta areeba
urgent urgente oorkhente
USA Estados
Unidos de Amrica
estados ooneedos de amereeka
useful til ooteel

V
vacant vacante vakante
vacation vacaciones
vakasyones
vaccination vacuna vakoona
vagina vagina vakheena
validate validar valeedar
valley valle vaye
valuable valioso/a
valyoso/a
value valor valor
van camioneta kamyoneta
veal ternera ternera
vegan vegetariano/a estricto/a
vekhetaryano/a estreekto/a
vegetable legumbre legoombre
vegetables verduras verdooras
vegetarian vegetariano/a
vekhetaryano/a
vein vena vena
venereal disease enfermedad
venrea enfermedad venerea
venue jurisdiccin
khooreesdeeksyon
very muy mooy
video tape videocassette
veedeokaset
view vista veesta
village pueblo pweblo
vine vid veed

vinegar vinagre veenagre


vineyard viedo veenyedo
virus virus veeroos
visa visa veesa
visit visitar veeseetar
vitamins vitaminas
veetameenas
vodka vodka vodka
voice voz vos
volume volumen voloomen
vote votar votar

e n gl i s h m ex ic a n s p a n i s h

wage sueldo sweldo


wait esperar esperar
waiter mesero/a
mesero/a
waiting room sala
de espera
sala de espera
walk caminar kameenar
wall (inside) pared pared
wallet cartera kartera
want querer kerer
WAP enabled capacidad de WAP
kapaseedad de wap
war guerra gera
wardrobe closet kloset
warm templado/a
templado/a
warn advertir adverteer
wash (oneself) lavarse lavarse
wash (something) lavar lavar
wash cloth jerga kherga
washing machine lavadora
lavadora
watch reloj
de pulsera
relokh de poolsera
watch mirar meerar
water agua agwa
boiled water agua hervida
agwa erveeda
still water agua sin gas
agwa seen gas
tap water agua de la llave
agwa de la yave
waterfall cascada kaskada
watermelon sanda sandeea

waterproof impermeable
eempermeable
waterskiing esqu
acutico
eskee akwateeko
wave ola ola
way camino kameeno
we nosotros/as
nosotros/as
weak dbil debeel
wealthy rico/a
reeko/a
wear llevar yevar
weather tiempo tyempo
wedding boda boda
wedding cake pastel
de bodas
pastel de bodas
wedding present regalo
de bodas
regalo de bodas
weekend fin
de semana
feen de semana
weigh pesar pesar
weight peso peso
weights pesas
pesas
welcome bienvenida
byenveneeda
welcome dar la bienvenida
dar la byenveneeda
welfare bienestar byenestar
well bien byen
well pozo poso
west oeste oeste
wet mojado/a
mokhado/a
wetsuit wetsuit wetsoot
what qu ke
wheel rueda rweda
wheelchair silla
de ruedas
seeya de rwedas
when cundo kwando
where dnde donde
white blanco/a
blanko/a
whiteboard pizzarn blanco
peesaron blanko
who quin kyen
why por qu por ke
wide ancho/a
ancho/a
wife esposa esposa
win ganar ganar
wind viento vyento
window ventana ventana

215

D I C TI O N A RY

216

window-shopping mirar los aparadores meerar los aparadores


windscreen parabrisas
parabreesas
windsurfing hacer windsurf
aser weendsorf
wine vino veeno
red wine vino tinto veeno teento
sparkling wine vino espumoso
veeno espoomoso
white wine vino blanco
veeno blanko
winery bodega
de vinos
bodega de veenos
wings alas
alas
winner ganador/ganadora
ganador/ganadora
winter invierno eenvyerno
wire alambre alambre
wish desear desear
with con kon
within (an hour) dentro de (una hora)
dentro de (oona ora)
without sin seen
woman mujer mookher
wonderful maravilloso/a
maraveeyoso/a
wood madera madera
wool lana lana
word palabra palabra
work trabajo trabakho
work trabajar trabakhar
work experience experiencia
laboral eksperyensya laboral
work permit permiso
de trabajo
permeeso de trabakho
workout entrenamiento
entrenamyento

workshop taller tayer


world mundo moondo
World Cup Copa
Mundial
kopa moondyal
worms lombrices
lombreeses
worried preocupado/a
preokoopado/a
worship rezar resar
wrist mueca moonyeka
write escribir eskreebeer
writer escritor/escritora
eskreetor/eskreetora
wrong equivocado/a
ekeevokado/a

Y
year ao anyo
yellow amarillo/a
amareeyo/a
yes s see
(not) yet todava (no) todaveea (no)
yesterday ayer ayer
yoga yoga yoga
yogurt yogurt yogoort
you
t too
you
usted oosted
you
ustedes oostedes
young joven khoven
your tu too
your
su soo
youth hostel albergue
juvenil
alberge khooveneel

Z
zodiac zodaco sodeeako
zoo zoolgico soolokheeko