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Chapter 18

Utility Interface

• Power quality has become an important issue

18-1
Various Loads Supplied by the Utility Source

• PCC is the point of common coupling

18-2
Diode-Rectifier Bridge

• Bock diagram

18-3
Typical Harmonics in the Input Current

• Single-phase diode-rectifier bridge

18-4
Harmonic Guidelines: IEEE 519

• commonly used for specifying limits on the input


current distortion

18-5
Harmonic Guidelines: IEEE 519

• Limits on distortion in the input voltage supplied


by the utility

18-6
Reducing the Input Current Distortion

• use of passive filters


18-7
Power-Factor-Correction (PFC) Circuit

• For meeting the harmonic guidelines


18-8
Power-Factor-Correction (PFC) Circuit
Control

• generating the switch on/off signals

18-9
Power-Factor-Correction (PFC) Circuit

• Operation during each half-cycle


18-10
Thyristor Converters for 4-Quadrant
Operation

• Two back-to-back connected 2-quadrant converters

18-11
Switch-Mode Converter Interface

• Bi-directional power flow; unity PF is possible

18-12
Switch-Mode Converter Interface

• Rectifier and Inverter modes based on the


direction of power flow
18-13
Switch-Mode Converter Control

• DC bus voltage is maintained at the reference


value

18-14
Switch-Mode Converter Interface

• Waveforms in the rectifier mode


18-15
3-Phase Switch-Mode Converter Interface

• Rectifier and Inverter modes based on the


direction of power flow
18-16
EMI: Conducted Interefence

• Common and differential modes

18-17
Switching Waveforms

• Typical rise and fall times

18-18
Conducted EMI

• Various Standards

18-19
Conducted EMI

• Filter arrangement

18-20