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3-1 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.

02/EN February,2000
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Section 3
Logical Channels
3-2 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Radio Interface messages and logical channels
Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to:
- Define a logical channel versus a physical channel
- Show how logical channels are mapped in time
- List the allowed logical channels combination
- Identify the information carried by each logical channel
Objectives
3-3 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Time Slot
TDMA Frame
= 4.615 ms
lll lll
different
message
types
=
different
logical
channels
LOGICAL
CHANNELS
• TCH
• FCCH
• SCH
• FACCH
• SACCH
• SDCCH
• CBCH
• AGCH
• PCH
• BCCH
• RACH
lll lll
Logical
Channels
multiplexing
MESSAGE TYPE
TS = 577 ms
Physical Channel
From Physical Channel to Logical Channels
3-4 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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TS1 TS1
Timing Advance = 2t
TDMA Frame
TS1 TS1
t, propagation delay
t
t
DOWNLINK
f
0
+ Df
UPLINK
f
0
3TS - 2t
Frame Alignment and Timing Advance
3-5 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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BTS
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 TS
Frequency correction
Synchronization
Broadcast control
Access request
Subscriber paging
Answer to Access request
Dedicated signaling
Sys InFo 5, 6 + SMS
Traffic (speech data)
Associated signaling
MS
Traffic (speech-data)
Associated signaling
Radio Measurement + SMS
Dedicated signaling
Broadcast info
Access request
Subscriber paging
Answer to Access request
M.S. Pre-synchronization
Broadcast info
FCCH
SCH
BCCH
PCH
AGCH
CBCH
SDCCH
SACCH
TCH
FACCH
TCH
FACCH
SDCCH
SACCH
FCCH
SCH
BCCH
RACH
PCH
AGCH
RACH
CBCH
Logical Channels
3-6 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Frequency reference

GSM Time
BSIC

System information for Network:
1, 2, 2
bis
, 2
ter
, 3, 4, 7, 8
SCH
BCCH
FCCH
Beacon Frequency
Broadcast Channels
3-7 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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SCH MESSAGES
l Frame Number (Reduced Frame Number)
l Base Station Identity Code (BSIC)
= downlink message
= uplink message
FCCH MESSAGES
l no message is sent (all bits 0)
BCCH MESSAGES
l System Information type 1, 2, 2
bis
,
2
ter
, 3, 4, 7, 8
(idle mode)
BCH
3-8 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Immediate Assignment AGCH
(Channel Description)
Subscriber Paging PCH
(IMSI, TMSI)
Beacon FREQUENCY
Access Request RACH
Channel Request
Common Control Channels
3-9 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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AGCH MESSAGES
l Dedicated channel description:
 frequency number (ARFCN)
 time slot number
 frequency hopping description
 Timing Advance (1
st
estimation)
l MS identification
 Random Reference
CBCH MESSAGES
l Short Messages
l Specific information as:
 weather
 road information
PCH MESSAGES
l Mobile identity for a call,
a short message or an authentication
RACH MESSAGES
lRandom Reference
l Service request:
 emergency call
 answer to an incoming call
 outgoing call
 short message
 call re-establishment
 inscription
CCCH
3-10 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Dedicated Signaling
Location Update, Authentication
Call Establishment, SMS-PP
SDCCH
Radio Measurement
Timing Advance
SMS-PP
SYS INFO 5, 5 bis,
5 ter, 6
Speech
Data
Control
TCH
FACCH (Pre-emption)
Traffic
Dedicated Control Channels
SACCH
3-11 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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SDCCH MESSAGES
l Order of commutation from SDCCH
to TCH (DL)
l Short Messages Point to Point
l Location Updates
l Authentication
l Ciphering Initiation
l Supplementary Services
SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header:
 Timing Advance
 Power Control
l System Information 5, 5
bis
, 5
ter
and 6
(connected mode)
SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header
 Timing Advance
 Power Control
l Measurement report:
 DL received level of the communication
 DL received quality of the communication
 level monitored on the beacon frequencies
of the 6 best received neighboring cells,
and associated BSIC (decoded on SCH)
SDCCH and SACCH
3-12 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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FACCH MESSAGES
l Connection establishment from
SDCCH to TCH
l Validation of a SDCCH-TCH
switching
l Handover command
l Physical Info message (TA)
l Validation of a handover
(handover complete message)
TCH MESSAGES
l Full rate speech at 13 kbit/s
l Half rate speech at 5.6 kbit/s
l Full rate data at 0.3 - 14.4 kbit/s
l Half rate data at 4.8 or 2.4 kbit/s
l Handover Access message (uplink)
SACCH MESSAGES
l Layer 1 Header:
 Timing Advance
 Power Control
l System Information 5, 5
bis
, 5
ter
and 6
(connected mode)
l Layer 1 Header
 Timing Advance
 Power Control
l Measurement report:
 power level of the communication
 quality level of the communication
 level on the beacon frequency
of the 6 best received
neighboring cells + associated BSIC
SACCH MESSAGES
TCH / FACCH and SACCH
3-13 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Filling byte(s)
Length indicator
field: 1 byte
Control field
1 byte
Address field
1 byte
Information bytes
23 bytes = 184 bits
23 bytes
 20 bytes
 18 bytes
• uplink: Measurement Reports
• downlink: System Information
Layer 1 Header: Timing Advance (1 byte) + Power Control (1 byte)
Signaling Protocol: LAPDm
3-14 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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1 frame
4.615 ms = 1250 bits
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
7
NORMAL BURST
DUMMY BURST
ACCESS BURST
FREQUENCY CORRECTION BURST
SYNCHRONIZATION BURST
Tail bits + Information bits +
Training sequence + Guard period
577 ms = 156.25 bits
Burst
3-15 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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ACCESS BURST
Tail
Training
Sequence
Guard Period Tail
156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
8 bits 36 encrypted bits 68.25 bits 3 bits 41 synch bits
Data
DUMMY BURST
Tail Dummy Sequence Training Sequence Dummy Sequence Tail
3 bits 57 mixed bits 28 midamble bits 57 mixed bits 3 bits 8.25 bits
Guard
Period
156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
1 3 bits 57 encrypted bits 1 26 bits 57 encrypted bits 3 bits 8.25 bits
Tail Data Training Sequence Data Tail Guard
Period
NORMAL BURST
Burst Formats (1/2)
3-16 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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SYNCHRONIZATION BURST
(SCH)
Tail Data Extended Training Sequence Data Tail
156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
3 bits 39 encrypted bits 64 synchronization bits 39 bits 3 bits 8.25 bits
Guard
Period
FREQUENCY CORRECTION BURST
(FCCH)
Tail Data Tail
156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
3 bits 142 fixed bits (0) 3 bits 8.25 bits
Guard
Period
Burst Formats (2/2)
3-17 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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156.25 bits (0.577 ms)
1 3 bits 57 encrypted bits 1 26 bits 57 encrypted bits 3 bits 8.25 bits
Tail Data Data Tail Guard
period
16 bits 5 repeated bits 5 repeated bits
8 sequences of 16 bits

l determine the position of the useful signal inside a
burst (synchronization)

l evaluate transmission distortions (equalization)

l distinguish two cells using the same beacon
frequency (BSIC)
Training Sequence (Normal Burst)
3-18 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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TCH/F + SACCH
ou
2(TCH/H + SACCH)
1
2
3
4
8(SDCCH + SACCH)
FCCH
+ SCH
+ BCCH
FCCH
+ SCH
+ BCCH
PCH
+ AGCH
+ RACH
PCH
+ AGCH
+ RACH
4(SDCCH + SACCH)
CCCH DCCH BCH
Logical Channels Mapping
3-19 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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26 frames = 120 ms
Full Rate - Downlink & Uplink

time
26 frames = 120 ms
T
0
A
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
0
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
T
1
A
1
time
Half Rate - Downlink & Uplink

T : TCH A : SACCH : IDLE T
i
: TCH
sub-channel n° i
A
i
: SACCH
sub-channel n° i
T A T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
Traffic Channels Combination
Logical Channel Mapping (1/5)
3-20 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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A : SACCH D : SDCCH : IDLE
51 frames = 235 ms
A
1
A
2
A
3
A
0
D
7
D
6
D
5
D
4
D
3
D
2
D
1
D
0
A
5
A
6
A
7
A
4
D
7
D
6
D
5
D
4
D
3
D
2
D
1
D
0
time
Downlink
51 frames = 235 ms
A
5
A
6
A
7
A
0
A
4
D
7
D
6
D
5
D
4
D
3
D
2
D
1
D
0
D
7
D
6
D
5
D
4
D
3
D
2
D
1
D
0
A
1
A
2
A
3
time
Uplink
Dedicated Signaling Channels Combination
Logical Channel Mapping (2/5)
3-21 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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51 frames = 235 ms
C C F S C C F S C C F S C C C B F S F S
Downlink
time
51 frames = 235 ms
R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
Uplink
time
B : BCCH S : SCH F : FCCH : IDLE
: AGCH/PCH
C R : RACH
Common Channels Combination
Logical Channel Mapping (3/5)
3-22 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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A
3
A
2
A
1
D
3
D
2
D
3
D
2
D
1
D
1
D
0
D
0
F S F S F S C C C F S B F S
F S F S F S C C C F S B F S
51 frames = 235 ms
A
0
time
Downlink
R R
R R D
2
D
2
D
1
D
1
D
0
D
0
A
1
A
3
A
0
A
2
R
R
R
R
D
3
D
3
51 frames = 235 ms
time
Uplink
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
A : SACCH D : SDCCH : IDLE B : BCCH S : SCH F : FCCH : AGCH/PCH C R : RACH
BCCH Combined
Logical Channel Mapping (4/5)
3-23 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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Common Channels - Downlink
The first AGCH/PCH message: in a common channels
combination can be replaced by a BCCH message:
called BCCH Extended and used to broadcast System Information.
C
B
ext
Dedicated Signaling Channels - Downlink
The SDCCH message: in a dedicated signaling channels
combination can be replaced by a CBCH message:
used to carry the short message service cell broadcast (SMS-CB).
CBCH
D
2
The FCCH and SCH messages: in a common channels
combination are replaced by dummy bursts if this multiframe is
broadcast on TS 2, 4 or 6, in case of high traffic, microcellular or
bi-band network.
F S
Possible Changes
Logical Channel Mapping (5/5)
Extended BCCH
Extended CCCH
SMS-CB
3-24 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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C C F S C C F S C C F S C C C B F S F S F S
0 1 12 25 0 1 12 25
0 1 10 20 30 40 50 0 1
Dowlink message
Uplink message
Neighboring BTS
(downlink)
MEASUREMENT WINDOW
T A T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T A T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T T
Why 26 and 51 Frames per Multiframe?
3-25 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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CHANNEL ASSIGNMENT
TCH
SACCH
FACCH
FCCH
SCH
BCCH
RACH
AGCH
PCH
CBCH
SPEECH / DATA
SYSTEM INFO / MEASURES
URGENT INFORMATION
FREQUENCY CORRECTION
SYNCHRON. / IDENTIFICATION
SYSTEM INFORMATION
ACCESS REQUEST
DATA
CHANNEL INFORMATION TYPE
SDCCH SIGNALING
Traffic CHannel
Stand-alone Dedicated Control CHannel
Slow Associated Control CHannel
Fast Associated Control CHannel
Frequency Correction CHannel
Synchronization CHannel
Broadcast Control CHannel
Random Access CHannel
Access Grant CHannel
Cell Broadcast CHannel
NAME DIRECTION
PAGING REQUEST Paging CHannel
DCCH
BCH
CCCH
Logical Channel Types
3-26 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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FACCH MESSAGES
l Connection establishment from
SDCCH to TCH
l End validation of a SDCCH-TCH
commutation
l Characteristics of the future used BS
after handover
l Connection establishment to BS
after handover
l Validation of an handover
SACCH MESSAGES
l System Information 5, 5
bis
, 5
ter
and 6
(connected mode)
l Measures:
 power level of the communication
 quality level of the communication
 level on the beacon frequency
of the neighboring cells
l Timing Advance
l Power Control
TCH MESSAGES
l Full rate speech at 13 kbit/s
l Half rate speech at 5.6 kbit/s
l Full rate data at 9.6, 4.8, or 2.4 kbit/s
l Half rate data at 4.8 or 2.4 kbit/s
l Handover Access message (uplink)
SDCCH MESSAGES
l Order of commutation from SDCCH
to TCH (DL)
l Short Messages
lLocation Updates
lAuthentication
lCiphering Initiation
lSupplementary Services
Logical Channel Description (1/2)
3-27 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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CBCH MESSAGES
l Specific information
For example:
 weather
 road information
FCCH MESSAGES
l no message is sent (all bits 0)
BCCH MESSAGES
l System Information type 1, 2, 2
bis
,
2
ter
, 3, 4, 7, 8
(idle mode)
SCH MESSAGES
l Frame Number
l Base Station Identity Code (BSIC)
AGCH MESSAGES
l For dedicated channel assignment:
 frequency number
 slot number
 frequency hopping description
 Timing Advance (1
st
estimation)
 MS identification
PCH MESSAGES
l messages containing a mobile
identity for a call, a short message
or an authentication
RACH MESSAGES
l Service request:
 emergency call
 answer to an incoming call
 outgoing call
 short message
 call re-establishment
 inscription
Logical Channel Description (2/2)
3-28 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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38.30 INFO/S
12.77 INFO/S

TCH
SACCH
FACCH
FCCH
SCH
BCCH
RACH
AGCH
PCH
CBCH
50 INFO/S
25 INFO/S
2.08 INFO/S
2.12 INFO/S
not defined (variable)
21.24 INFO/S
21.24 INFO/S
4.24 INFO/S
8.48 INFO/S
216.67 INFO/S
114.70 INFO/S
4.25 INFO/S (if used)
CHANNEL PROTECTED INFO PERIOD
24 FRAMES OVER 26 - FULL RATE
12 FRAMES OVER 26 - HALF RATE
SDCCH 4.25 INFO/S 8 FRAMES OVER 2x51
1 FRAME OVER 26 - ASSOCIATED WITH TCH
4 FRAMES OVER 2x51 - ASSOCIATED WITH SDCCH
FACCH IS DYNAMICALLY USED
5 FRAMES OVER 51
5 FRAMES OVER 51
4 FRAMES OVER 51 - NORM
8 FRAMES OVER 51 - NORM + EXT
51 OVER 51 - HIGH CAPACITY CELLS
27 OVER 51 - LOW CAPACITY CELLS
36 FRAMES OVER 51 - HIGH CAPACITY CELLS
12 FRAMES OVER 51 - LOW CAPACITY CELLS
(PCH AND AGCH ARE DYNAMICALLY DISTRIBUTED)
8 FRAMES OVER 2x51 (if used)
NUMBER OF USED FRAMES PER MULTIFRAME
Logical Channel Periods
3-29 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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1- What is the difference between a physical and a logical channel?
2- What are the 11 logical channels (acronyms)?
3- What kind of information do FCCH and SCH provide?
4- On which logical channels are SYSINFOs transmitted?
5- When and how is RACH used?
Check Your Learning (1/2)
3-30 Logical Channels PE/TRD/GR/0109 12.02/EN February,2000
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6- What does the paging consist in?
7- What is the LAPDm protocol (main characteristics)?
8- Which are the different kinds of bursts?
9- What is the training sequence purpose?
10- Define a logical channels combination and give 2 examples
Check Your Learning (2/2)

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