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PMR-Mathematics-Formula-List-P2

PMR-Mathematics-Formula-List-P2

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09/12/2014

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ONE-SCHOOL.NET

PMR Mathematics Formula List for Paper 2
RELATIONS 1 2 3 4 5
a m × a n = a m+n a m ÷ a n = a m−n

( a m ) n = a mn Distance =
( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

Midpoint ⎛ x + x 2 y1 + y 2 ⎞ (x, y) = ⎜ 1 , ⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 Average speed =
distance travelled time taken

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7

Mean =

sum of data number of data

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Pythagoras’ Theorem c 2 = a2 + b2

SHAPES AND SPACE 1 2 3 4 Area of rectangle = length × width Area of triangle =
1 × base × height 2

Area of parallelogram = base × height Area of trapezium =
1 × sum of parallel sides × height 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

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ONE-SCHOOL.NET

Rumus-rumus berikut boleh membantu anda menjawab soalan. Simbol-simbol yang diberi adalah yang biasa digunakan. PERKAITAN 1 2 3 4 5
a m × a n = a m+n a m ÷ a n = a m−n

( a m ) n = a mn Jarak =
( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

Titik Tengah ⎛ x + x 2 y1 + y 2 ⎞ , (x, y) = ⎜ 1 ⎟ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 Purata laju = jarak yang dilalui masa yang diambil

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7

Min =

hasil tambah nilai data bilangan data

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Teorem Pithagoras c 2 = a2 + b2

BENTUK DAN RUANG 1 2 3 4 Luas segiempat tepat = panjang × lebar Luas segitiga =
1 × tapak × tinggi 2

Luas segiempat selari = tapak × tinggi Luas trapezium =
1 × hasil tambah dua sisi selari × tinggi 2

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Circumference of circle = π d = 2 π r Area of circle = π r 2 Curved surface area of cylinder = 2 π r h Surface area of sphere = 4π r 2 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length Volume of cuboid = length × width × height Volume of cylinder = π r 2 h Volume of cone =
1 2 πr h 3 4 3 πr 3

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

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Volume of sphere =

14 15 16

1 Volume of right pyramid = × base area × height 3

Sum of interior angles of a polygon = (n − 2) × 180 °
angle subtended at centre arc length = circumference of circle 360° area of sector angle subtended at centre = area of circle 360°

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18 19

Scale factor, k =

PA' PA

Area of image = k 2 × area of object

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Lilitan bulatan = π d = 2πj Luas bulatan = π j 2 Luas permukaan melengkung silinder = 2π jt Luas permukaan sfera = 4π j 2 Isipadu prisma tegak = luas keratan rentas × panjang Isipadu kuboid = panjang × lebar × tinggi Isipadu silinder = π j 2 t Isipadu kon =
1 2 πj t 3 4 3 πj 3

ONE-SCHOOL.NET

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Isipadu sfera =

14 15 16

1 Isipadu piramid tegak = × luas tapak × tinggi 3

Hasil tambah sudut pedalaman poligon = (n − 2) × 180 °
panjang lengkok sudut pusat = lilitan bulatan 360° luas sektor sudut pusat = luas bulatan 360°

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18 19

Faktor skala, k =

PA' PA

Luas imej = k 2 × luas objek

http://www.one-school.net/notes.html

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