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1 ONE-SCHOOL.

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PMR Mathematics Formula List for Paper 2
RELATIONS

1 a m × a n = a m+n

2 a m ÷ a n = a m−n

3 ( a m ) n = a mn

4 Distance = ( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

5 Midpoint
⎛ x + x 2 y1 + y 2 ⎞
(x, y) = ⎜ 1 , ⎟
⎝ 2 2 ⎠

distance travelled
6 Average speed =
time taken

sum of data
7 Mean =
number of data

8 Pythagoras’ Theorem
c 2 = a2 + b2

1 Area of rectangle = length × width

1
2 Area of triangle = × base × height
2

3 Area of parallelogram = base × height

1
4 Area of trapezium = × sum of parallel sides × height
2

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Rumus-rumus berikut boleh membantu anda menjawab soalan. Simbol-simbol yang

PERKAITAN

1 a m × a n = a m+n

2 a m ÷ a n = a m−n

3 ( a m ) n = a mn

4 Jarak = ( x 2 − x1 ) 2 + ( y 2 − y1 ) 2

5 Titik Tengah
⎛ x + x 2 y1 + y 2 ⎞
(x, y) = ⎜ 1 , ⎟
⎝ 2 2 ⎠

jarak yang dilalui

6 Purata laju =
masa yang diambil

hasil tambah nilai data

7 Min =
bilangan data

8 Teorem Pithagoras
c 2 = a2 + b2

1 Luas segiempat tepat = panjang × lebar

1
2 Luas segitiga = × tapak × tinggi
2

3 Luas segiempat selari = tapak × tinggi

1
4 Luas trapezium = × hasil tambah dua sisi selari × tinggi
2

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5 Circumference of circle = π d = 2 π r

6 Area of circle = π r 2

10 Volume of cuboid = length × width × height

11 Volume of cylinder = π r 2 h

1 2
12 Volume of cone = πr h
3

4 3
13 Volume of sphere = πr
3

1
14 Volume of right pyramid = × base area × height
3

arc length angle subtended at centre

16 =
circumference of circle 360°

area of sector angle subtended at centre

17 =
area of circle 360°

PA'
18 Scale factor, k =
PA

19 Area of image = k 2 × area of object

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5 Lilitan bulatan = π d = 2πj

6 Luas bulatan = π j 2

10 Isipadu kuboid = panjang × lebar × tinggi

11 Isipadu silinder = π j 2 t

1 2
12 Isipadu kon = πj t
3

4 3
3

1
14 Isipadu piramid tegak = × luas tapak × tinggi
3

panjang lengkok sudut pusat

16 =
lilitan bulatan 360°

luas sektor sudut pusat

17 =
luas bulatan 360°

PA'
18 Faktor skala, k =
PA

19 Luas imej = k 2 × luas objek

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