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Answer: Density is mass divided by volume, so that the density is 45 g divided by 15cm3, which is 3.0 g/cm3.

2. You have a different rock with a volume of 30cm3 and a mass of 60g. What is its density? Answer: Density is mass divided by volume, so that the density is 60 g divided by 30cm3, which is 2.0 g/cm3.

3. In the above two examples which rock is heavier? Which is lighter? Answer: The question is asking about heavier and lighter, which refers to mass or weight. Therefore, all you care about is the mass in grams and so the 60 g rock in the second problem is heavier and the 45 g rock (in the first question) is lighter. 4. In the above two examples which rock is more dense? which is less dense? Answer: The question is asking about density, and that is the ratio of mass to volume. Therefore, the first rock is denser, (density = 3.0) and the second rock is less dense even though it weighs more, because its density is only 2.0. This example shows why it is important to be careful to not use the words heavier/lighter when you means more or less dense. 5. You decide you want to carry a boulder home from the beach. It is 30 centimeters on each side, and so has a volume of 27,000 cm3. It is made of granite, which has a typical density of 2.8 g/cm3. How much will this boulder weigh? Answer: in this case, you are asked for a mass, not the density. You will need to rearrange the density equation so that you get mass. By multiplying both sides by volume, mass will be left alone. Substituting in the values from the problem, The result is that the mass is 75,600 grams. That is over75,6kg! 6. Rocks are sometimes used along coasts to prevent erosion. If a rock needs to weigh 2,000 kilograms (about 2 tons) in order not to be shifted by waves, how big (what volume) does it need to be? You are using basalt, which has a typical density of 3200 kg/m3. Answer: In this problem you need a volume, so you will need to rearrange the density equation to get volume. By multiplying both sides by volume, we can get volume out of the numerator (the bottom). You can then divide both sides by density to get volume alone:

By substituting in the values listed above, So the volume will be 0.625 m3 7. A golden-colored cube is handed to you. The person wants you to buy it for $100, saying that is a gold nugget. You pull out your old geology text and look up gold in the mineral table, and read that its density is 19.3 g/cm3. You measure the cube and find that it is 2 cm on each side, and weighs 40 g. What is its density? Is it gold? Should you buy it? Answer: To determine the density you need the volume and the mass since . You know the mass (40 g), but the volume is not given. To find the volume, use the formula for the volume of a box volume = length x width x height. The volume of the cube is 2cm x 2cm x 2cm = 8cm3. The density then is the mass divided by the volume:

Thus the cube is NOT gold, since the density (5.0 g/cm3) is not the same as gold (19.3g/cm3). You tell the seller to take a hike. You might even notice that the density of pyrite (a.k.a. fool's gold) is 5.0 g/cm3. Luckily you are no fool and know about density! 8. You have a sample of granite with density 2.8 g/cm3. The density of water is 1.0 g/cm3. What is the specific gravity of your granite? Answer: Specific gravity is the density of the substance divided by the density of water, so

Note that the units cancel, so this answer has no units. We say "the number is unitless." 9. What is the density of an object with a mass of 10g and a volume of 5 cubic cm? Answer: 10 = 5 = 2 g/cm3 10. You have a sample of granite with density 174.8 lbs/ft3. The density of water is 62.4 lbs/ft3. What is the specific gravity of the granite now? Answer: Again, the specific gravity is the density of the substance divided by the density of water, so

This shows that the specific gravity does not change when measurements are made in different units, so long as the density of the object and the density of water are in the same units. 11. The density of aluminum is 2.70 g/cm^3. What is the mass of a cube of aluminum 1.00 cm on each edge?

Answer: Density = Mass/Volume The volume of a cube with 1 cm on each edge is 1 cm cubed because 1 x 1 x 1 = 1. If you plug the volume and the density into the formula, you get 2.70 = g / 1. Because anything over one equals itself (for example 2/1 = 2 and 5/1 = 5) that means 2.70 = 2.70/1. The mass of the aluminum cube is 2.70 grams. 12. Mr. Ahmad buys a stone. It has a volume of 25 cm3 and a mass of 175 g. What is its density? Answer: 175 = 25 = 7 g/cm3 13. What is the density of a rock, which has a mass of 35 grams and a volume of 7.0 cubic centimeters? Answer: 35 = 7.0 = 5 g/cm3 14. What error would occur when measuring the density of an irregular solid using the water displacement method if there would be air bubbles in the cylinder/beaker being used? Would the density be to high or too low and why? Answer: Your measured volume would be higher than the volume of the substance would explain (the volume you measure is higher than the true volume by the amount of volume occupied by air). Since you are dividing the measured mass by a higher than real volume, your calculated density would be lower than reality. You would have a bigger number on the bottom of the fraction than you should, and this makes the number smaller than it should be. 15. Does pressure impact Density? Answer: Many substances, especially gases, can be compressed into a smaller volume by increasing the pressure acting on them 16. What is density? Answer: Density is the ratio of the mass of a substance to its volume. 17. What is the Density do a gas converted to? Answer: The density of a gas is often converted mathematically to what it would be at a standard temperature and pressure 18. There is a stone has a volume of 13,000 cm3, which has a typical density of 3.7 g/cm3. How much will this stone weigh? Answer: in this case, you are asked for a mass, not the density. You will need to rearrange the density equation so that you get mass. By multiplying both sides by volume, mass will be left alone. Substituting in the values from the problem, 13,000 cm3 x 3,7 g/cm3 = mass The result is that the mass is 48,100 grams. That is over 48,1kg!

19. If an object has a mass of 615 grams and a volume of 105 cm what is the density of the object? Answer: 615 = 105 = 5,8 g/cm3 20. An object measuring 4.0cm by 2.5 cm by 5.0 cm has a mass of110grams.What is the density of the object? Answer: Here, Mass = 110 grams Volume = 4 cm X 2.5 cm X 5.0 cm = 50 cm ³ 110 gram Therefore, density of the given object = 50 cm³ = 2.2 g/cm³

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