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by Alliyah Pernell And William Hayes Jr.
Origination and Sub tribes
The Apaches are a Native American tribe from the Southwest. The Apache tribe consist of six tribes: Western Apache, Mescarelo, Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, and Kiowa. The word Apache originates from the Yuma word for “Fighting Men” and Zuni word meaning “Enemy”. All tribes deny the migration theories and say they were the “First people”.
Apaches believed their homeland was filled with spiritual power and meaning. Ghosts and witches could bring bad luck. The Black Hactin was someone with great power, and was the God in which the Apaches believed in. The Black Hactin created everything. He created man and woman from clay. There are many different versions of this story, but each Apache believe they emerged from a mystical underworld and came to live in the Southwest. Even the animals could speak the Jicarilla language, so they were able to communicate with other animals,humans, and the Black Hactin.
Apache life was based on families, not one main government. When a couple became married, the husband would have to move with the bride's relatives. Several families might sometimes form small groups called bands. Women took care of the home. Men did the hunting and women prepared the food. Women sewed clothing from animal skin. Women's special skills were woven baskets. Apache children sat beside their parents watching them work so they could become husbands and wives. Men did weapon making and crafted bow and arrows called lances. About 12 to 20 people lived in each band. Chiricahua mothers hung badger paws to protect the baby from fear cholla to prevent colds. Sometimes Shamans used herbs and other plants for medicine. Shaman men and women lead ceremonies
Food and Shelter
In the western region, the Apaches hunted other animals, because fewer buffalos lived their. they also farmed small pieces of land. In Apache eating certain animals was taboo. The Kiowa- Apaches hunted buffalo and that was basically their main supply of food. The Apache homeland is mostly made of wide plains and praries. The western and eastern Apaches lived in homes. The people in the eastern region lived in tipis built by women. These tipis were made out of poles. In the western homeland they lived in different homes reffered to as gowa or wickiups. Families built new gowa when they moved.