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Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.
WCDMA Power Control and
Relevant Parameters
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page2
Objectives
Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:
Describe the purpose and function of power control
Explain open loop power control and parameters
Explain inner loop power control and relevant parameters
Explain outer loop power control and relevant parameters
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page3
Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control

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Purpose of Uplink Power Control
Uplink Transmission Character
Self-interference system
Uplink capacity is limited by interference level
Near-far effect
Fading
Uplink Power Control Function
Ensure uplink quality with minimum transmission power
Decrease interference to other UE, and increase capacity
Solve the near-far effect
Save UE transmission power
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Purpose of Downlink Power Control
Downlink Transmission Character
Interference among different subscribers
Interference from other adjacent cells
Downlink capacity is limited by NodeB transmission power
Fading
Downlink Power Control Function
Ensure downlink quality with minimum transmission power
Decrease interference to other cells, and increase capacity
Save NodeB transmission power
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Effect of Power Control
Time (ms)
0 200 400 600 800
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
20
R
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

p
o
w
e
r

(
d
B
)

Channel Fading
Transmitting power
Receiving power
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Power Control Classification
Open Loop Power Control
Uplink / Downlink Open Loop Power Control

Closed Loop Power Control
Uplink / Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
Uplink / Downlink Outer Loop Power Control

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Power Control For Physical Channels
Power control methods are adopted for these physical channels:
" can be applied, " not applied
Physical
Channel
Open Loop
Power
Control
Closed Loop Power Control
No Power
Control
Inner Loop
Power Control
Outer Loop
Power Control
DPDCH
DPCCH
SCH
PCCPCH
SCCPCH
PRACH
AICH
PICH
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
MAXTXPOWER
Parameter name: Max transmit power of cell
The recommended value is 430, namely 43dBm

PCPICHPOWER
Parameter name: PCPICH transmit power
The recommended value is 330, namely 33dBm
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Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
PSCHPOWER or SSCHPOWER
Parameter name: PSCH / SCCH transmit power
The recommended value is -50, namely -5dB

BCHPOWER
Parameter name: BCH transmit power
The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page11
Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
MAXFACHPOWER
Parameter name: Max transmit power of FACH
The recommended value is 10, namely 1dB

PCHPOWER
Parameter name: PCH transmit power
The recommended value is -20, namely -2dB

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page12
Common Physical Channel Power Parameters
AICHPOWEROFFSET
Parameter name: AICH power offset
The default value of this parameter is -6, namely -6dB

PICHPOWEROFFSET
Parameter name: PICH power offset
The default value of this parameter is -7, namely -7dB
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page13
Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page14
Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
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Open Loop Power Control Overview
Purpose
Calculate the initial transmission power of uplink / downlink channels
Principle
Estimates the downlink signal power loss on propagation path
Path loss of the uplink channel is related to the downlink channel
Application
Open loop power control is applied only at the beginning of connection
setup to set the initial power value.
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page16
Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE Node B
Serving
RNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC
RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Set up
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
Open loop power
control of PRACH
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Initial Power Calculation for the First Preamble
When UE needs to set up a RRC connection, the initial power
of uplink PRACH can be calculated according to the following
formula:

Power Tx Initial g Calculatin For Value Constant + ce Interferen UL +
CPICH_RSCP - Power Transmit PCPICH = er nitial_Pow Preamble_I
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters
CONSTANTVALUE
Parameter name: Constant value for calculating initial TX
power
The recommended value is -20, namely -20dB

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PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Timing relationship of PRACH and AICH
AICH
PRACH
1 access slot
t
p-a
t
p-m
t
p-p
Pre-
amble
Pre-
amble
Message
part
Acq.
Ind.
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters
AICHTXTIMING
Parameter name: AICH transmission timing
Content:
When AICHTXTIMING = 0,
t
p-p,min
= 15360 chips, t
p-a
= 7680 chips, t
p-m
= 15360 chips
When AICHTXTIMING = 1,
t
p-p,min
= 20480 chips, t
p-a
= 12800 chips, t
p-m
= 20480 chips
The recommended value is 1
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page22
PRACH Open Loop Power Control
Power Ramping for Preamble Retransmission
Power Ramp Step
Power Offset P
p-m
Preamble_Initial
_Power
Message
part
Pre-
amble
Pre-
amble

Pre-
amble Pre-
amble
1 3
N
2
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters
POWERRAMPSTEP
Parameter name: Power increase step
The recommended value is 2, namely 2dB

PREAMBLERETRANSMAX
Parameter name: Max preamble retransmission
The Recommended value is 20
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters
MMAX
Parameter name: Max preamble loop
The recommended value is 8

NB01MIN / NB01MAX
Parameter name: Random back-off lower / upper limit
The recommended value: 0 for both NB01MIN / NB01MAX
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PRACH Open Loop Power Control Parameters
POWEROFFSETPPM
Parameter name: Power offset
The default value:
-3dB for signalling transmission;
-2dB for service transmission.
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page26
Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page27
DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE Node B
Serving
RNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC
RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Set up
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
DL DPDCH Open
Loop Power Control
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DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control
When a dedicated channel is set up, the initial power of
downlink DPDCH can be calculated according to the
following formula:

|
|
.
|

\
|
=
Total
CPICH
CPICH
DL Initial
P
) No / Ec (
P
)
No
Eb
(
W
R
P o
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page29
DL DPDCH Open Loop Power Control
Data1 TPC TFCI Data2 Pilot
Downlink
Transmit
Power
DPCCH DPDCH DPDCH
DPCCH
PO2
PO1
PO3
1 timeslot
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Downlink Power Control Restriction
The power of downlink dedicated channel is limited by an
upper and lower limit for each radio link.
The DL DPDCH power could not exceed Maximum_DL_Power,
nor could it be below Minimum_DL_Power.

RLMAXDLPWR / RLMINDLPWR
Parameter name: RL Max / Min DL TX power
The recommended value is shown in the following table.

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Downlink Power Restriction Parameters
Referential configurations for typical services:
Service
RL Max Downlink
Transmit Power (dB)
RL Min Downlink
Transmit Power
(dB)
Downlink SF
CS Domain
12.2 kbps AMR -3 -18 128
28 kbps -2 -17 64
32 kbps -2 -17 64
56 kbps 0 -15 32
64 kbps 0 -15 32
PS Domain
8 kbps -8 -23 128
32 kbps -4 -19 64
64 kbps -2 -17 32
144 kbps 0 -15 16
256 kbps 2 -13 8
384 kbps 4 -11 8
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page32
Contents
2. Open Loop Power Control
2.1 Open Loop Power Control Overview
2.2 PRACH Open Loop Power Control
2.3 Downlink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control
2.4 Uplink Dedicated Channel Open Loop Power Control

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page33
UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control
5. Downlink Synchronization
UE Node B
Serving
RNC
DCH - FP
Allocate RNTI
Select L1 and L2
parameters
RRC RRC
NBAP NBAP
3. Radio Link Setup Response
NBAP NBAP
2. Radio Link Setup Request
RRC RRC
7. CCCH: RRC Connection Set up
Start RX
description
Start TX
description
4. ALCAP Iub Data Transport Bearer Setup
RRC RRC
9. DCCH: RRC Connection Setup Complete
6. Uplink Synchronization
NBAP NBAP
8. Radio Link Restore Indication
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
DCH - FP
1. CCCH: RRC Connection Request
Open Loop Power
Control of UL DPCCH
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page34
UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control
The initial power of the uplink DPCCH can be calculated
according to the following formula:



Where
CPICH_RSCP means the received signal code power, the received
power measured on the CPICH.
DPCCH_Power_Offset is provided by RNC to the UE via RRC
signaling.
RSCP _ CPICH Offset _ Power _ DPCCH Power _ Initial _ DPCCH =
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page35
UL DPCCH Open Loop Power Control Parameter
DEFAULTCONSTANTVALUE
Parameter name: Constant value configured by default
The recommended value is -22, namely -22dB.
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Uplink Power Control Restriction
During the operation of uplink power control, the UE
transmit power shall not exceed the Maximum Allowed
Uplink Transmit Power.

MAXALLOWEDULTXPOWER
Parameter name: Max allowed UE UL TX power
The recommended value is 24, namely 24 dBm.
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Uplink Power Control Restriction
In addition, there are four parameters which correspond to the maximum
allowed transmit power of four classes of services respectively:
MAXULTXPOWERFORCONV
Parameter name: Max UL TX power of Conversational service
MAXULTXPOWERFORSTR
Parameter name: Max UL TX power of Streaming service
MAXULTXPOWERFORINT
Parameter name: Max UL TX power of Interactive service
MAXULTXPOWERFORBAC
Parameter name: Max UL TX power of Background service
The recommended value is 24, namely 24 dBm.
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page38
Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. Open Loop Power Control
3. Closed Loop Power Control

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page39
Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page40
Closed Loop Power Control Overview
Why closed loop power control is needed?
Open loop power control is not accurate enough, it can only
estimate the initial transmission power.
Closed loop power control can guarantee the QoS with
minimum power. By decreasing the interference, the system
capacity will be increased.
Inner Loop
Outer Loop
SIR
tar
SIR
mea
>SIR
tar
TPC=0

SIR
mea
<SIR
tar
TPC=1

Until
SIR
mea
=SIR
tar
TPC
BLER
tar
BLER
mea
>BLER
tar
SIR
tar

BLER
mea
<BLER
tar
SIR
tar

Until
BLER
mea
=BLER
tar
TPC=1 Power
TPC=0 Power
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page41
Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page42
Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
NodeB compares the measured SIR to the preset target SIR, then derives
TPC and sends the TPC Decision to UE.
TPC Decision
( 0, 1 )
Generate TPC_cmd
( -1, 0, 1 )
Adjust DPCCH Tx
DPCCH =TPCTPC_cmd
Single RL / Soft HO
PCA1 / PCA2
Adjust DPDCH Tx
( |
c
, |
d
)
NodeB UE
Transmit TPC
Inner Loop
Set SIRtar
Compare SIRmea with SIRtar
SIRmea > SIRtar TPC =0
SIRmea s SIRtar TPC =1
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page43
Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Single Radio Link
For single radio link and PCA1, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each
time slot as follows:
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0


TPC_cmd
TPC
-1 1 1 -1 1 1 -1 1 1 -1
This control is performed in each time slot, so
the power control frequency is 1500Hz
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Single Radio Link
For single radio link and PCA2, UE derives one TPC_cmd in each
5-slot group as follows:
This control is performed in each 5-slot group,
so the power control frequency is 300Hz
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0
10ms radio frame
Group 2
Group 1 Group 3


0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0
TPC
TPC_cmd

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Uplink Inner Loop with Soft Handover
When UE enters soft handover state, on the NodeB side,
there are two phases :
Uplink synchronization phase
Multi-radio link phase

On UE side, UE will receive different TPCs from different
RLS in one time slot. Therefore, the UE should combine all
the TPCs to get a unique TPC_CMD.
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA1 with Soft Handover
For each slot, combine TPC from
the same RLS, then get W
i
CELL1 CELL2
CELL4 CELL3
RL1-1 RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2 RLS3 Get TPC_cmd based on
TPC_cmd = (W
1
, W
2
, W
N
)
0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0

RLS1-TPC (W
1
)


RLS2-TPC (W
2
) 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1



TPC_cmd
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0
-1 -1 -1 -1 1 -1 -1 1 -1 -1
RLS3-TPC (W
3
)
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft Handover
Combine TPC from same RLS
in each time slot

Calculate TPC_cmd
If any TPC_tempi =-1, TPC_cmd =-1

If , TPC_cmd =1

Otherwise, TPC_cmd =0
Calculate TPC_temp
i
for each RLS
i
5 . 0 _
1
1
>

=
N
i
i
temp TPC
N
CELL1 CELL2
CELL4 CELL3
RL1-1 RL1-2
RLS1
RLS2 RLS3
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Uplink Inner Loop PCA2 with Soft Handover
RLS3
RLS2
RLS1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0

10ms/frame
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3
RLS3
RLS2
RLS1 0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
1 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0


TPC
TPC_temp
i
0 0 0 0 0 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
TS14 TS13 TS12 TS11 TS10 TS9 TS8 TS7 TS6 TS5 TS4 TS3 TS2 TS1 TS0

TPC_cmd

Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page49
Uplink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters
PWRCTRLALG
Parameter name: Power control algorithm selection
The recommended value is ALGORITHM1

ULTPCSTEPSIZE
Parameter name: UL closed loop power control step size
The recommended value is 1, namely 1dB
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page50
Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page51
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
UE L1 compares the measured SIR to the preset target SIR, then derives
TPC and sends the TPC Decision to NodeB.
Derive TPC
est
(k)
( 0, 1 )
Generate P
TPC
(k)
Calculate P(k)
Adjust DPCH Tx Power
DPC_MODE
NodeB
L3 Set SIRtar
Derive and transmit
TPC based on
DPC_MODE
Inner Loop
UE
L1 compare
SIRmea with
SIRtar
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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Mode
Two DPC_MODE (Downlink Power Control Mode) could be
used:
If DPC_MODE = 0, UE sends a unique TPC in each slot,
UTRAN shall derive TPC
est
to be 0 or 1, and update the power
every slot;
If DPC_MODE = 1, UE repeats the same TPC over 3 slots,
UTRAN shall derive TPC
est
over three slots to be 0 or 1, and
update the power every three slots.

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Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters
DPCMODE
Parameter name: Downlink power control mode
The recommended value is SINGLE_TPC, namely
DPC_MODE = 0
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page54
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
After estimating the TPC, the UTRAN shall set the downlink power
to P(k) for k:th slot according to the following formula:


Where
P(k-1) is downlink transmission power in (k-1):th slot
P
TPC
(k) is the adjustment of downlink power in k:th slot
P
bal
(k) is correction value according to the downlink power balance
procedure. For a single radio link, P
bal
(k) equals 0.
) k ( P ) k ( P ) 1 k ( P ) k ( P
bal TPC
+ + =
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page55
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
P
TPC
(k) is calculated according to the following:
If the value of Limited Power Increase Used parameter is Not
Used , then:


Where
TPC
est
(k) is uplink received TPC of the k:th slot
A
TPC
is downlink power adjustment step size

=
= +
=
0 ) k ( TPC if
1 ) k ( TPC if
) k ( P
est TPC
est TPC
TPC
A
A
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page56
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
If the value of Limited Power Increase Used parameter is
Used , then:




Where

=
=
1 k
Size _ Window _ Average _ Power _ DL k i
TPC sum
) i ( P ) k ( A

=
> + =
< + = +
=
0 ) k ( TPC if
Limit _ Raise _ Power ) k ( and 1 ) k ( TPC if 0
Limit _ Raise _ Power ) k ( and 1 ) k ( TPC if
) k ( P
est TPC
TPC sum est
TPC sum est TPC
TPC
A
A A
A A A
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page57
Downlink Inner Loop Power Control Parameters
INNER_LOOP_DL_LMTED_PWR_INC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PCSWITCH (Power control algorithm
switch) parameter.
The default value is 1, namely ON.
FDDTPCDLSTEPSIZE
Parameter name: FDD DL power control step size
The recommended value is STEPSIZE_1DB, namely 1dB
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page58
Downlink Power Balance
Purpose
The purpose of this procedure is to
balance the DL transmission powers of
more than one Radio Links.
The start and stop of DPB
The power offset of two RLs is greater
than the DPB start threshold, the DPB
process is started
The power offset of two RLs is less
than the DPB stop threshold, the DPB
process is stopped
NodeB
NodeB
Monitor the
Tx power of
NodeBs and
start the DPB
process
DPB process
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page59
Downlink Power Balance Parameters
DOWNLINK_POWER_BALANCE_SWITCH
This is one switch in PCSWITCH (Power control algorithm switch)
parameter.
The default value is 1, namely ON.

DPBSTARTTHD / DPBSTOPTHD
Parameter name: DPB start threshold / DPB stop threshold
The recommended value:
DPB start threshold 8, namely 4dB;
DPB stop threshold 4, namely 2dB.
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page60
Contents
3. Closed Loop Power Control
3.1 Closed Loop Power Control Overview
3.2 Uplink Inner Loop Power Control
3.3 Downlink Inner Loop Power Control
3.4 Outer Loop Power Control
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page61
Outer Loop Power Control
Why we need outer loop power control?
SIR
BLER
Different curves
correspond to
different multi-path
environment
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Uplink Outer Loop Power Control
NodeB UE
Transmit TPC
Measure SIR and
compare with SIR
tar
Inner loop
Set SIRtar
Out loop
RNC
Measure BLER of received
data and compare with the
BLER
tar
Set BLERtar
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Initial SIR Setting
The initial SIR target value is provided by the RNC to the
NodeB through the SIR_init_target_value which is service-
dependent.
For the same SRB or TRB, the values of
SIR_init_target_value, Maximum_SIR_target, and
Minimum_SIR_target must fulfill the following requirement:
Minimum_SIR_target SIR_init_target_value
Maximum_SIR_target..
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Adjusting the SIR Target
SIR
tar
Adjustment



Where
i is the i:th transport channel.
n is the n:th adjustment period.
(
(



+ = Factor Step
BLER
BLER ) 1 n ( BLER
) 1 n ( SIR MAX ) n ( SIR
i
i , tar
i , tar i , meas
tar tar
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page65
SIR Target Adjustment Limitation
The parameters MaxSirStepUp and MaxSirStepDown limit the
adjustment range of the SIR
tar
, and the algorithm is:
If ASIR
tar
> 0 and ASIR
tar
> MaxSirStepUp ,
then SIR
tar
(n+1) = SIR
tar
(n) + MaxSirStepUp
If ASIR
tar
< 0 and ABS( ASIR
tar
) > MaxSirStepDown ,
then SIR
tar
(n+1) = SIR
tar
(n) MaxSirStepDown
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page66
Parameters of BLER-based outer-loop
power
control on RAB basis
Service
SRB
3.4k
SRB
13.6k
AMR
12.2k
CSD
64k
PS
I/B
8k
PS I/B
16k
PS I/B
32k
PS I/B
64k
PS I/B
128k
PS I/B
144k
PS I/B
256k
PS I/B
384k
SIR init
target value
102 122 102 122 102 102 102 102 102 107 122 142
OLPC
adjustment
period
4 2 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Service
DCH_BLER
target value
-20 -20 -20 -27 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20 -20
SIR
adjustment
step
4 10 5 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
MaxSirStep
Up
400 500 500 1000 400 400 400 400 400 400 400 400
MaxSirStep
Down
200 200 200 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200
Maximum
SIR target
132 132 132 152 132 132 132 132 132 137 152 172
Minimum
SIR target
62 62 62 62 62 62 62 62 62 62 62 62
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page67
Uplink Outer Loop Power Control Parameters
OLPC_SWITCH
This is one switch in PCSWITCH (Power control algorithm
switch) parameter.
The default value is 1, namely ON
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page68
Downlink Outer Loop Power Control
NodeB
set SIR
tar
Transmit TPC
Measure SIR and
compare with SIR
tar
Measure BLER of
received data and
compare with the
BLER
tar
Outer loop
Inner loop
L1
L3
UE
Copyright 2006 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved. Page69
Summary
In this course, we have discussed function, principle and
common parameters of the following power control
algorithm:
Open loop power control
Inner loop power control
Outer loop power control
Thank you
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