ASME CODES & STANDARDS

Departement of Metallurgical and Materials
Engineering - University of Indonesia

By : Dwi Marta Nurjaya
ASME Background
 Founded: 1880
 120,000 individual members; no corporate members
 <400 staff
 Not-for-profit organization
 Focused on technical, educational and research issues
 One of the world’s largest technical publishing
operations
 Holds numerous technical conferences worldwide
 Offers professional development courses
 Sets internationally recognized industrial and
manufacturing codes and standards that enhance
public welfare and safety
What is a standard?
 A standard can be defined as a set of
technical definitions and guidelines that
function as instructions for designers,
manufacturers, operators, or users of
equipment.
 Standards, not having the force of law, are
considered voluntary and serve as
guidelines. ASME publishes standards and
accredits users of standards toensure that
they are capable of manufacturing products
that meet those standards.
What is a code?
 A standard is a code when it has been
adopted by one or more
governmental bodies and is
enforceable by law, or when it has
been incorporated into a business
contract.
ASME Codes and Standards
 ASME’s Codes and Standards organization
develops and maintains standards and
conformity assessment programs
 First standard issued in 1884
 Approx. 600 consensus standards
 Over 100 ASME standards committees
 Over 3,600 volunteer committee members
 Standards address pressure technology, nuclear,
safety, standardization, and performance test codes
 Conformity Assessment programs to accredit
manufacturers of equipment

ASME Codes and Standards
 ASME’s Voluntary Consensus Process
 Openness, balance of Interests, consensus, due
process
 American National Standards Institute
(ANSI) accredited procedures
 Compliance with World Trade Organization
(WTO) Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
principles for international standards
development
 Transparency, openness, impartiality and consensus,
effectiveness and relevance, coherence, and
development dimension.
How does ASME produce codes and
standards?
 ASME’s Council on Codes and Standards oversees six
standards-developing supervisory boards and three
advisory boards, which manage more than 100
committees and 3,600 volunteer members (see figure
on next page).
 The supervisory boards are responsible for pressure
technology, nuclear installations, safety codes, per
formance test codes, conformity assessment,
andstandardization.
 The advisory boards deal with international standards,
hearings and appeals, and council operations.
Standards development steps
 Initiate Standards Action
 Prerequisite technical work, R&D
 Draft standard – project team
 Distribute to cognizant groups for review
and comment
 Standards Committee approval
 Public review
 Supervisory Board approval
 ANSI approval
ASME Products

 Codes and Standards

 Conformity Assessment Programs

 Training Courses
ASME Codes and Standards
 Component standards to ensure
dimensional compatibility and to provide
pressure / temperature ratings of piping,
pipe threads, flanges, fittings, gaskets, etc.
 Piping design and construction standards.
 Boilers and pressure vessels.
 In-service inspection, fitness-for-service
evaluation, repair and testing.
Conformity Assessment

 ASME Product Certification Programs:
 Boilers & pressure vessels
 Nuclear components
 Nuclear materials
 Reinforced thermoset-plastic tanks
Conformity Assessment
(continued)
 ASME Accreditation Programs:
 Pressure relief device testing laboratories
 Boiler & pressure vessel inspection
agencies (AIAs)
 Elevator inspector certification bodies
ASME - Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
 12 volume or code sections:
I. Power Boilers
II. Materials
III. Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components
IV. Heating Boilers
V. Nondestructive Examination
VI. Recommended Rules for the Care and Operation of Heating
Boilers
VII. Recommended Guidelines for the Care of Power Boilers
VIII. Pressure Vessels
IX. Welding and Brazing Qualifications
X. Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure Vessels
XI. Rules for In-service Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant
Components
XII. Rules for Construction and Continued Service of Transport
Tanks
I. Power Boilers
 This Section provides requirements for all methods of
construction of :
 power, electric, and miniature boilers;
 high temperature water boilers used in stationary service;
 and power boilers used in locomotive, portable, and traction
service.
 And Requirements for:
 Boilers Fabricated by Welding;
 Boilers Fabricated by Riveting (by reference only);
 Watertube Boilers;
 Firetube Boilers;
 Feedwater Heaters;
 Miniature Boilers;
 Electric Boilers;
 Organic Fluid Vaporizer Generators.
II. Materials

 Part A-Ferrous Material Specifications
 Part B-Nonferrous Material
Specifications
 Part C-Specifications for Welding
Rods, Electrodes, and Filler Metals
 Part D-Properties

III. Rules for Construction of
Nuclear Facility Components
 DIVISION 1
 Subsection NB- Class 1 Components
 Subsection NC- Class 2 Components
 Subsection ND- Class 3 Components
 Subsection NE- Class MC Components
 Subsection NF - Supports
 Subsection NG - Core Support Structures
 Subsection NH - Class 1 Components in Elevated
Temperature Service
 DIVISION 2
 Code for Concrete Containments
 DIVISION 3
 Containments for Transportation and Storage

IV. Heating Boilers
 This Subsection provides requirements for:
 design, fabrication, installation and inspection of
steam generating boilers,
 hot water boilers intended for low pressure service
that are directly fired by oil, gas, electricity, or coal.
 It contains appendices which cover approval of new
material, methods of checking safety valve and
safety relief valve capacity,
 examples of methods of checking safety valve and
safety relief valve capacity,
 examples of methods of calculation and computation,
definitions relating to boiler design and welding, and
quality control systems.
V. Nondestructive Examination
 Requirements and methods for nondestructive
examination which are referenced and required by
other code Sections.
 It also includes manufacturer's examination
responsibilities, duties of authorized inspectors and
requirements for qualification of personnel, inspection
and examination.
 Examination methods are intended to detect surface
and internal discontinuities in materials, welds, and
fabricated parts and components.
 A glossary of related terms is included.
VI. Recommended Rules for the Care
and Operation of Heating Boilers
 General descriptions, terminology and
operation guidelines applicable to steel and
cast iron boilers limited to the operating
ranges of Section IV Heating Boilers.
 It includes guidelines for associated
controls and automatic fuel burning
equipment.
 Illustrations show typical examples of
available equipment.
 Also included is a glossary of terms
commonly associated with boilers, controls,
and fuel burning equipment.
VII. Recommended Guidelines for
the Care of Power Boilers
 Guidelines to promote safety in the use of stationary,
portable, and traction type heating boilers.
 The section provides guidelines to assist operators of
power boilers in maintaining their plants as safely as
possible.
 Emphasis has been placed on industrial-type boilers
because of their extensive use. Contains Fuels for
Routine Operation;
 Operating and Maintaining Boiler Appliances;
 Inspection;
 Prevention of Direct Causes of Boiler Failure;
 Design of Installation;
 Operation of Boiler Auxiliaries;
 Control of Internal Chemical Conditions
VIII. Pressure Vessels

 Division 1 - Provides requirements applicable to the design,
fabrication, inspection, testing, and certification of pressure
vessels operating at either internal or external pressures
exceeding 15 psig.

 Division 2 - Alternative Rules, provides requirements
applicable to the design, fabrication, inspection, testing,
and certification of pressure vessels operating at either
internal or external pressures exceeding 15 psig.

 Division 3 - Alternative Rules for Construction of High
Pressure Vessels, provides requirements applicable to the
design, fabrication, inspection, testing, and certification of
pressure vessels operating at either internal or external
pressures generally above 10,000 psi.
IX. Welding and Brazing
Qualifications
 Rules relating to the qualification of welding and brazing
procedures as required by other Code Sections for
component manufacture.
 Covers rules relating to the qualification and re-qualification
of welders, brazers, and welding and brazing operators in
order that they may perform welding or brazing as required
by other Code Sections in the manufacture of components.
 General Welding Requirements
 Welding Procedure Qualifications;
 Welding Performance Qualifications;
 Welding Data;
 Welding Forms;
 General Brazing Requirements
 Brazing Procedure Qualifications;
 Brazing Performance Qualifications;
 Brazing Data;
 Brazing Forms.
X. Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Pressure
Vessels

 Requirements for construction of an FRP
pressure vessel in conformance with a
manufacturer's design report.
 It includes production, processing,
fabrication, inspection and testing methods
required for the vessel.
XI. Rules for In-service Inspection
of Nuclear Power Plant Components

 Rules for the examination,
 in-service testing and inspection,
 and repair and replacement
of components and systems in light-
water cooled and liquid-metal cooled
nuclear power plants.
XII. Rules for Construction and
Continued Service of Transport Tanks
 Requirements for construction and
continued service of pressure vessels
for the transportation of dangerous
goods via highway, rail, air or water
at pressures from full vacuum to
3,000 psig and volumes greater than
120 gallons.
ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 A Mark applied to the name plate of a
pressure vessel by an authorized shop or
other organization to indicate that the
vessel has been fabricated in accordance
with the ASME BPVC section
ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 Power Boilers - Section I

ASME – BPVC Stamps
 Heating Boilers - Section IV

ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 Pressure Vessels - Section VIII
Division 1
ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 Pressure Vessels - Section VIII
Division 2


 Pressure Vessels - Section VIII
Division 3

ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 Reinforced Plastic Vessels - Section X


 Transport Tanks - Section XII
ASME – BPVC “U Stamps”
 Nuclear Stamps
The ASME Pressure Piping Code
(B31)
 B31.1 - Power Piping
 B31.2 – Fuels Gas Piping
 B31.3 - Process Piping
 B31.4 - Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid
Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids
 B31.5 - Refrigeration Piping
 B31.8 - Gas Transportation and Distribution Piping
 B31.9 - Building Services Piping
 B31.11 - Slurry Transportation Piping Systems
 B31.12 - hydrogen piping
 B31G - Manual for Determining Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines