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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

MEANING RESULT CLAUSE CONDITIONAL


CLAUSE
EXAMPLES
CONDITIONAL 0
Natural or Artificial Laws
Present Simple If + Present
Simple
Unless +
Water oils if it reac!es "00#
W!en t!e a$ is t!irst$% s!e cries
CONDITIONAL I &If t!e con'ition is fulfille'(
St! will !appen in t!e future
St! is li)el$ or ale to !appen in t!e future
St! is somewa$ li)el$ to !appen in t!e fut*
St! is arel$ possile to !appen in t!e fut
An or'er or comman'

WILL
CAN
+A, + IN-INITI.E
+I/0T1COULD
I+PE2ATI.E
If
+ Present
Simple
Unless
We3ll 4o to !er office if s!e 'oesn3t come soon
We can 4o to !er office if s!e 'oesn3t come soon
S!e ma$ fail En4lis! if s!e 'oesn3t stu'$ !ar'er
S!e mi4!t1coul' win t!e lotter$ if s!e u$s a tic)et
re4ularl$
If s!e 'oesn3t arri5e in fi5e minutes% 4i5e !er a call*
CONDITIONAL II &T!e con'ition is not li)el$ to
occur(
T!e result clauses is a !$pot!esis% st! not
proale
TO 6E7 alwa$s 8were 8for all persons
Wit! 8I9 to 4i5e a'5ice
WOULD
COULD + IN-INITI.E
+I/0T
If
+ Past
Simple
Unless
T!e$3' !a5e a 4oo' !oli'a$ if t!e$ went to t!e mountains
S!e coul' wor) as a top mo'el if s!e were taller
+ar$ mi4!t win t!e pri:e if s!e traine' 'ail$*
If s!e were ric!% s!e3' u$ a -errari*
If I were $ou% I woul'n3t 'o it*
CONDITIONAL III &T!e con'ition 'i'n3t occur(
T!e result was not possile;;* WOULD
COULD + PE2-ECT
IN-INITI.E
+I/0T
&!a5e+participle(
If
+ Past
Perfect
Unless
&!a'+participle(
I3' !a5e een more comfortale if I !a' worn m$ trainers
We coul' !a5e 4one to t!e concert if we !a' ou4!t t!e
tic)ets
<ill mi4!t !a5e come to t!e part$ if $ou !a' in5ite' !im
NOTES
"* I f we write t!e con'itional clause first% we must use comma after it*
If we !a' )nown !e was sic)% we3' !a5e 5isite' !im in !ospital
We3' !a5e 5isite' !im in !ospital if we !a' )nown !e was sic)
=* CONT2AST "
ST
1=
ND
CONDITIONAL
"
ST
COND is more li)el$ to !appen7 If I pass t!e e>am% I3ll 'o m$ 'e4ree in Lon'on
=
n'
COND is less li)el$ to !appen7 If I passe' t!e e>am% I3' 'o m$ 'e4ree in Lon'on &more t!eoretical% less real(
?* UNLESS7 means 8I- NOT9
Unless I stu'$ all t!e lesson% I won3t 4o out@ If I 'on3t stu'$ all t!e lesson% I won3t 4o out