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PNEUMATIC

PNEUMATIC
INSTRUMENTATION
INSTRUMENTATION
&
&
AIR SUPPLY SYSTEM.
AIR SUPPLY SYSTEM.

ADVANTAGE/DISADVANTAGE
ADVANTAGE/DISADVANTAGE
OF PNEUMATIC.
OF PNEUMATIC.

1. No interference from nei!"o#rin circ#it$.

%. Intrin$ic&''( $&fe ) *!ic! me&n$ it i$ $&fe to #$e in


t!e +re$ence of inf'&mm&"'e &$e$ or e,+'o$i-e
$#"$t&nce$.

.. $($tem tec!nic&''( $im+'er t!&n e'ectronic.

/. Ser-icin i$ tec!nic&''( $im+'e "ec&#$e of t!e


$im+'e mec!&ni$m$ #$e0.

1. Correctin #nit &re of & $im+'e n&t#re.

2. 3or4 $&ti$f&ctor( &t !i! tem+er&t#re.

5. Air $tor&e t&n4 in &ir $#++'( i-e & fe* min#te$


emerenc( #$e &fter tot&' e'ectric&' f&i'#re.

DISADVANTAGES.
DISADVANTAGES.

1. S'o* $+ee0 of re$+on$e.

%. Un$#it&"'e for '&re 0i$t&nce$ 6TIME


LAGS7

.. Re8#ire$ & com+re$$or.

/. M#$t !&-e c'e&n &ir.

1. Gre&ter !&n09$4i''$ re8#ire0.

2. P!($ic&''( '&rer t!&n e'ectronic


0e-ice$.

AIR SUPPLY SYSTEM.
AIR SUPPLY SYSTEM.

AIR SUPPLY.
AIR SUPPLY.

For +ne#m&tic in$tr#ment&tion +#r+o$e$ it


nece$$&r( for t!e &ir $#++'( to "e &"'e to :9

Co+e *it! &'' 0em&n0$ *it! o-er !e&tin t!e


com+re$$or.

M&int&in &n &0e8#&te m&in 'ine +re$$#re.

Free from corro$i-e$.

Free from $o'i0$.

Free from oi' &n0 moi$t#re.



AIR COMPRESSOR.
AIR COMPRESSOR.

INSTALLATION PROCEDURE OF
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE OF
AIR SUPPLY LINE.
AIR SUPPLY LINE.

AIR ;EADER SYSTEM.
AIR ;EADER SYSTEM.

MOISTURE CONTENT OF COMPRESSED
MOISTURE CONTENT OF COMPRESSED
AIR DIFFERENT DE3 POINTS.
AIR DIFFERENT DE3 POINTS.

DE3 POINT AT ATMO. PRESS. MOISTURE

CONTENT. ++m

<=C .><<

1=C %1<<

1<=C 12<<

%<=C 2>1
.<=C %./
/<=C 1../
2<=C 2.1

DE3 POINT:9

IS MEASURE OF MOISTURE IN AIR AND IT IS T;E


TEMPERATURE AT 3;IC; MOISTURE START CONDENSING
AIR IN TO T;E LI?UID STATE.
LO3 DE3 POINT MORE DRY AIR.

AIR REGULATOR
AIR REGULATOR
.
.

AIR FILTER REGULATOR
AIR FILTER REGULATOR
.
.

PNEUMATIC
PNEUMATIC
INSTRUMENTS.
INSTRUMENTS.

FLAPPER/NO@@LE.
FLAPPER/NO@@LE.
PRINCIPAL.
PRINCIPAL.

FLAPPER/NO@@LE GAP.
FLAPPER/NO@@LE GAP.

TYPES OF PNEUMATIC INSTS
TYPES OF PNEUMATIC INSTS
.
.

1. POSITION AALANCE.

%. FORCE AALANCE.

POSITION FEED AACB.
POSITION FEED AACB.

FORCED AALANCE SYSTEM
FORCED AALANCE SYSTEM
.
.

PNEUMATIC RELAYS.
PNEUMATIC RELAYS.
OR
OR
AMPLIFIERS.
AMPLIFIERS.

CONTINUOUS ALEED RELAY
CONTINUOUS ALEED RELAY
6REVERSE ACTING7
6REVERSE ACTING7

CONTINUOUS ALEED RELAY
CONTINUOUS ALEED RELAY
60irect &ctin7
60irect &ctin7

NON ALEED RELAY.
NON ALEED RELAY.

PNEUMATIC TRANSMITTER.
PNEUMATIC TRANSMITTER.

SECTION VIE3 OF
SECTION VIE3 OF
TRANSMITTER.
TRANSMITTER.

;O3 TO CALIARATE.
;O3 TO CALIARATE.

INSTALLATION ON LINE.
INSTALLATION ON LINE.

LIST OF TEST E?UIPMENT FOR
LIST OF TEST E?UIPMENT FOR
TRANSMITTERS CALIARATION.
TRANSMITTERS CALIARATION.

PRESS/RANGE. TEST E?UIP.

< TO /< MM3CL. MICRO-MANOMETER .


/< TO 1<< MM3CL.INCLINED TUBE MANOMETER.
100 TO 1500 MMWCL.WATER U TUBE
MANOMETER.
11<< TO 11<<< MM3CL.MERCURY MANOMETER.

11<<< AND AAOVE DEAD WEIGHT TESTER.



PNEUMATIC TEMP. TRANS.
PNEUMATIC TEMP. TRANS.

PNEUMATIC RECORDER.
PNEUMATIC RECORDER.

E/P CONVERTERS.
E/P CONVERTERS.

E/P CONVERTER.
E/P CONVERTER.

E/P CONVERTER.6BENT7
E/P CONVERTER.6BENT7

E/P CONVERTER LAYOUT.
E/P CONVERTER LAYOUT.

ACTUATORS.
ACTUATORS.

T!e &ct#&tor$ m#$t #$#&''( re$+on0 to


&n in+#t $in&' *!ic! in effect te''$ it
*!en to mo-e ) !o* f&r to mo-e ) !o*
f&$t to mo-e &n0 *!en to $to+ mo-in
in or0er for t!e -&'-e to f#nction &$
re8#ire0.

ACTUATORS.
ACTUATORS.

DIAP;RAGM
ACTUATORS.

Direct &ctin.

ACTUATOR 3IT; POSITIONER.
ACTUATOR 3IT; POSITIONER.

Di&+!r&m
&ct#&tor.

Re-er$e &ctin.

Act#&tor *it!
-&'-e
+o$itioner.

VALVE ACTUATORS.
VALVE ACTUATORS.

ACTUATOR 3IT; VALVE
ACTUATOR 3IT; VALVE
POSITINER.
POSITINER.

ADCUSTMENT OF ACTUATORS.
ADCUSTMENT OF ACTUATORS.

1.C!&nin t!e ten$ion of $+rin @ERO


&0D#$tment i$ 0one.

%. M&,. &0D#$tment i$ 0one "( c!&nin


t!e r&ne $+rin.

A. If incre&$e0 t!e tr&-e' ) (o# m#$t


$e'ect t!e r&ne $+rin 0ecreein
or0er.

A. If 0ecreein t!e tr&-e') (o# m#$t


$e'ect t!e $+rin incre&$in or0er.

COMMISSIONING POINTS OF
COMMISSIONING POINTS OF
ACTUATORS.
ACTUATORS.

S.C.L:9

1. C!ec4 i0entific&tion &&in$t $c!e0#'e.

%. S&fe &cce$$ for o+er&tion E m&int.

.. Correct c&"'e termin&tion &n0 +i+e *or4.

/. P#re t!e com+re$$e0 &ir 'ine$.

1. Set &ir +re$$#re &n0 c!ec4 for 'e&4$.



VALVE ACTUATORS
VALVE ACTUATORS
.
.

PNEUMATIC PO3ER
PNEUMATIC PO3ER
CYLINDERS.
CYLINDERS.

FUNCTION OF PO3ER
FUNCTION OF PO3ER
CYLINDER.
CYLINDER.

PO3ER CYLINDER 6BENT7
PO3ER CYLINDER 6BENT7

PO3ER CYLINDER
PO3ER CYLINDER
INSTALLATION.
INSTALLATION.

PNEUMATIC PO3ER CYLINDER
PNEUMATIC PO3ER CYLINDER
.
.

AY:9 S;IV ME;RA
AY:9 S;IV ME;RA
D( . Director 6NPTI7
D( . Director 6NPTI7
T;ANB YOU.
T;ANB YOU.

P/P CONVERTER.
P/P CONVERTER.

IDEAL COMPRESSED AIR
IDEAL COMPRESSED AIR
SYSTEM.
SYSTEM.

For "e$t +erform&nce of


&ir 0r(in #nit) t!e in'et
tem+er&t#re to t!e
0r(er $!o#'0 "e /<=c
m&,im#m.

T!erefore it i$ $tron'(
recommen0e0 t!&t
efficient com+re$$or
&fter coo'er &n0
moi$t#re $e+&r&tor "e
in$t&''e0 "efore t!e &ir
0r(er.

;EATLESS AIR DRYER.
;EATLESS AIR DRYER.

T!e &ir 0r(er con$i$t$ of t*o


&"$or"er$ AD91 &n0 AD9%
cont&inin mo'#c#'&r $ie-e$
&$ 0e$icc&nt.
T!e re9&cti-&tion of
mo'#c#'&r $ie-e$ i$ 0one "(
co#nter c#rrent ) +#re
e,+&n0e0 0r( &ir *!ic! i$
0i$c!&re0 to &tmo$+!ere.

T!e norm&' +#re f'o*


re8#ire0 for t!i$ &++'ic&tion
i$ &"o#t 11F.
;e&t in+#t i$ none ot!er
t!&n t!e !e&t &"$or"tion
+ro0#ce0 in t!e 0e$icc&nt
"e0 0#rin t!e 0r(in c(c'e.

CONT.
CONT.

T!e c!&ne o-er of t!e c(c'e i$ 0one "( #$in t*o $'i0e -&'-e$
SG &n0 S% *!ic! o+er&te$ on t!e +re$$#re 0ifference &n0 t*o
$o'inoi0 -&'-e$ $-1 &n0 $-% .
T!e &ir from com+re$$or i$ +&$$e0 t!ro#! &n &fter coo'er &n0
+re9fi'ter to remo-e mo$t of t!e moi$t#re in t!e 0ro+'et form.
T!e i$ t!&n +&$$e0 t!ro#! t!e $'i0e -&'-e $91 to t!e &"$or"er
-e$$e' AD91 &n0 moi$t#re "ein remo-e0 +&$$e$ t!ro#! $9% to
t!e +oint of #$e .

A+&rt of 0r( &ir i$ t&++e0 &n0 i$ +&$$e0 t!ro#! &"$or"er AD9%


for reener&tion .
T!i$ &ir remo-e$ t!e moi$t#re of t!e 0e$icc&nt &n0 i$
e,!&#$te0 in to t!e &tmo$+!ere.
T!e &#tom&tic timer c!&ne$ o-er t!e m&in f'o* from AD91 TO
AD9% "( o+er&tin $o'enoi0 -&'-e$.