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sVLigRig_Lki sRsVV

sVs xqsLixqsQX, xqsLixmsyRWV, AyLRi ssLSV, FsLi][ DRQXxtsQ\sVs%s. C RLSRLRi xqsXztsQ


xqssVxqsLi[ \ys RLji+LiRgRigRiRLi, xmspLiRRLi sVs xms[NRPR! @lgi[ sVs xqsLixqsQX[s RVV,
sORPQ yV, yLSV, sWryV sLisds, s[NRP%s xms[NRPRV NRPgji DyLiVV.
yLiRsWys FyLi[ sVs xmsLiyLigRiLi[s xmssLiRV sV s[NRPs[ xms[NRPRsV NRPgji DsxmsNUP,
y[ ""aSssWxqsLi'' DRQXxtsQ\sVLij. sVVLigS aSssWxqsLi sVzNRPV @RLiR sVVQ\sVsj.
sVzV FyLi[ sy[ @jNRPLi C sWxqsLi[s[ DLiRRLi s, ""sy sWxqsLi''gS }msLRiV
F~LiRRLi][ FyV, sVzNRPV rgSs xmsryjLi[ sWxqsLigS NRPWy }msL]sRV][Lij.
aSs sWxqs sysgSs[ xmsysLigS gRiVLRiVNRPV s[j c ""sLRiOUPQ sRLi''.
A RLS*R aSs sWxqsLi[ sVzV ARLjiLi[ sVL][ xmsys sRLi c ""sVLigRig_Lji sRLi.''
ksZNP[ ""aSs sVLigRiyLRisRLi'' @s, ""sVLigRi g_Lki [sVV'' @s }msLRiV. C sys ARLjiLiRRLi s sVzNRPV
rgRiNRPLRi\sVs ""HRVsRsLi'' NRPNSLi sVxqsVLiRs xmsd. C sys gRiVLjiLi xqs*RVLigS $NRPXxtsvR _xmsjNTP %ssLjiLisV
xmsoLSV }msL]yLiVV.
INRPryLji _xmsj $NRPXxtsvs sRNRPV s ""@y! sVzNRPV \sRys NRPgjiLiRs sRLi G\y DLi[ xms'' sVs @RgS,
$NRPXxtsvRV ""sVLigRig_Lki sV[sR. A xmsLSaRPNTP[V sVLigRig_LjigS xmszqsj LijLij. xmsoLSxqsVLRi xqsLiLRi xqssVRVLi[
xmsLRisVbPsoRV sVLigRig_Lki [%ss xmspLi %sRVLi ryjLiyRV. @LigSLRiNRPVRV sVLigRig_Lki [%ss xmspLiR gRixLS\,
sVLigRiyLSsNTP @jxms\ sVg]LiRVRVyRV. A sVLigRi g_Ljis xmspxqsW, aSs sWxqs sVLigRiyLRisVV[ sys
ARLjiLisLiVV[ \sRsLi FyzmsLiRRV. C sys ARLjiLis yLRiV xqsNRP rgS][ sLjiVyLRiV'' @s FyRs xmsoLS
NRPRsLi. xmsoLSNSLi sVLid C sRLi ARLRi[ DsV VrLij.
sys FssLRiV [RVsRV?
sVLigRig_Lki sys N]RgS |msLiVVs sVV^QRVsoV [RW. @Li[ %syxLi Ljigjis @sLiRLRiLi s[ aSs sWxqsLi[ C
sys [RVRLi FyLRiLiLiy. aSssWxqsLi[ s[ sVVR sVLigRiyLRiLi yRV C sys [RVRLi FyLRiLiLi, A
s[ Fss sVLigRiyLRisVVV s}qs, @s yLSV sys [RW. INRP s[ G\sy ALiNRPsVVV GLRiTy G\y INRP yLRiLi
gSds, lLiLiRV yLSV gSds [RV[NRPF[, @LiRVNRPV xmsysWRV sWLSs sVs xmsoLSV xqsWLiyLiVV. aSssWxqsLi[
Fss sVLigRiyLSV [RVysNTP %dsVNRPVgRi][,@s sVLigRiyLSV RxmsR sWxqsLi[s aRPVNRP xmsORPQLi[ s[ sVLigRiyLS[
[RVsRV. @Li[ sVRV xmsOSQV FyLRiLiLi NSsysNTP sVVLi[ C sys xmspLji [RW. C %sRLigS |msLiVVs
xqsLisR=LRiLi sVLi sVVRLi sLRiVxqsgS HRV xqsLisR=LS FyW C sys [zqs Dyxmss [RW.
sR sRVsWV #
]ryLjigS [sVVsV FyLRiLiLi[xmsVRV, sRLi [xqsVs yLji R, xmsNRPs[ soLiT sys [LiVVLiRRLi ZaP[xtsQLi. @lgi[
] yRVys RZNP[ Bs*RLi sVLij. INRP s[ R [NRPFLiVVsLiVV[, @RgSds, [y BRLRi sVV^QRVso
xqsRVLi][ gSds sys ARLjiLiRsRV.
sRsVVsV [}qs L][ DRRVLi sR[xqsWs[, sVVLiRVgS LRi FyyNRPV, @sLiRLRiLi RRLiRVV, @RsWsVV, BRLRi
|msRNRPV FyysLiRsLi [zqs yLji AbdPLS*RLi F~Liy. sRLi ARLjiLi[ y sVVLiRV L][ LS, xmnsLRiLi VLi
DxmsyxqsLi DLiRRLi ZaP[xtsQLi. sys ARLjiLi[ sVzV RxmssxqsLjigS NSNRPV FyLS |msVN][y.
sys FyLi[ L][ LS DxmsyxqsLi DLiy.
sys ARLjiLi[ y sVVLiRV L][, sRLi L][ yLixmsR xqsVsNTP RWLRiLigS DLiy.
sysNTP RxmssxqsLjigS HRV sVLij sVV^QRVsoV }msLRiLisNTP zms, yLjiNTP yRVssVVsV By*. @LiVV[ N]s
FyLiy[ sVVRyLRiLi HRV sVLij, lLiLiRyLRiLi xmsj sVLij, C %sRLigS lLiLixmso][ sVV^QRVsosV A*sLi
yRVssVVV B[ AyLRiLi DLij. Bj [}qs yLji aRPNTPs DLiVLij.
IZNP[ sVLigRig_Lki[%s %sgRis A s[ s[ @s yLS[ DxmsWgjiLiy. yLSsN]NRP N]R %sgRis
DxmsWgjiLiRNRPWRRV. A xqsLisR=LRiLi sRLi xmspLRiLiVVs RLS*R, %syRVNRP R%s xmsLiRVgRi zmsRxms, %syRVNRPVT ssVsLi][
FyW @sVyLjids ssVsLi [RW.
xmspNRPV gRiLjiZNP, DRlLi[, RLilgi[TxmspV RxmssxqsLjigS yRssV.

NSszqss sxqsVsoV
xmsxqsVxmso, NRPVLiNRPVsV, yRVssVVsNRPV @sxqsLRi\sVs sxqsVsoV, FsLRi LRi%sZNPgRiVR, gRiLiRsVV, xmspV, xmsLiRV, ANRPVV, sNRPV,
][LRisVVNRPV yLRisVV, LiNSRV, xmsxqsVxmso yRV, NRP kxmsxmso |qssVVc2, HRV sRV][ LRi Bs*ysNTP @sxqsLRi\sVs LRi
|qssVV ([y) g][RVsVzmsLiT][ gSds, xmspLRiLi][ gSds [zqss HRV xms%sVRV, kFyLSRsNRPV sLiVV, NRPLRiWLRiLi, @gRiLRisRVV,
RVsVV, N]Ljixms, aRPsgRiV sVVR\s%s.
sVLigRig_Ljis xmsztsQLiRVNRPVs[ %sRLi
sys ARLjiLi[ L][s DRRWs[ [ R rysLi [zqs, BLis aRPVLigS NRPRgS.
sV s[LiVV[ @NS. BLi[s xmspgRiXxLi[ gSds, BLi[ sRLi [RVRRVNRPVs
FyLiRLi[ gSds, INRP sVLiRFys GLSV [xqsVN][y. C sVLiRLi\|mss RVxmso zmsLiT][
@xtsQR xmsRsVVsV sVVgRiVgS dLjijy.
ys\|mss RWs Fzqs RVLiQ\|ms INRP N]Lji xmssV DLiy. A ZNPV\|ms
RsVFyNRPVsV |ms, A \|mss sVLigRig_Ljis xmsztsQLiRVN][y. sVLigRig_LRis ryyLRiLigS
xmsxqsVxmso][ [xqsVN][sLi sVLij. @LiVV[ INRP sWxqssVLiy DLiRVN][y NS, xmsxqsVxmsoNRPV
g][RVsVzmsLiTs NRPzms sVLigRig_Ljis RRWLRiV [xqsVN][y.
sVLigRig_Ljis HRV sVV][ RRWLRiV [xqsVN][y. @Li[ xmsxqsVxmso, g][RVsVzmsLiT
%sVaRPsVsVV][ INRP {mshRisVVgS [xqsVNRPVs, ys\|ms yVgRiV sVW sQxqsLiVgS DLiy. y sVR[ HRsys DLiy.
C %sRLigS sVLigRig_Ljis HRV sVV][ RRWLRiV [xqsVNRPVs {mshRisVV\|ms xmsztsQLi, NRPVLiNRPVsV, xmspsV @LiNRPLjiLiy.
\|mss zmssVsLis[ xmsxqsVRLi ""sVLigRig_Lji'' %sgRixsVVV sLiT [y LigSLRixmso%s sWlLiV[ ryLiVV. N]LiRLRiV ys
NRPWy DxmsWgjixqsVyLRiV. ys DxmsWgjiLiy xmsxqsVxmso][ [zqs xmsztsQLiRVN][y. C sVLigRig_Lki [%sNTP ssVNRP gSs
g_Lki[%s Fn[sV NRPWy DLiRVN][sRV. xmsp {mshSs FssLji aRPNTP N]k yLRiV @LiNRPLjiLiRVN][sRV. C %sRLigS @sVyLjis
xmsztsQLiRVNRPVs sys [xqsVN][y. g_Lki[%s Fn[ ]LRiNRPs yLRiV FyLRi*d [%s LRiWFyNRPV Lijs Fn[sV |msVN][sRV.
sR %sysLi
aRPVNSLiLRiRLRiLi %sxtsvLi aRPbPsLRiLi RRVLRiVsV
xmsxqsssRsLi y[VR=LRi* %s|mnsWxmsaSLiR[V.
(@s sVVLiRVgS gRixmss ysLi, RRVxmsLji ARsVsLi [RW)
JLi ZNP[aRPyRV ry*M ( [[ dsLRiV dxqsVNRPVs {qs*NRPLjiLiy)
JLi yLSRV ry*M
JLi sWRyRV ry*M
JLi g][%sLiyRVssVM ([RVV NRPRVN][y)
JLi %sxtsQs[ssVM (NRP RVRVRVN][y)
JLi sVRVxqsWRyRV ssVM
JLi %sNRPsWRV ssVM
JLi ysVyRV ssVM
JLi $RLSRV ssVM
JLi xX{tsQZNP[aSRV ssVM
JLi xmsRyRV ssVM
JLi xqsLiNRPL<RiRV ssVM
JLi yxqsV[yRV ssVM
JLi xmsRVsWRV ssVM
JLi @sLRiVyRV ssVM
JLi xmsoLRiVuRsWRV ssVM
JLi @][ORPQRV ssVM
JLi yLRizqsLiRV ssVM

JLi @RVyRV ssVM


JLi yLRiyRV ssVM
JLi D}msLiyRV ssVM
JLi xLRi[V ssVM
JLi $NRPXuyRV ssVM
(N]LiLi dssV [[NTP dxqsVNRPVs s[\|ms NRPLjixqsW....)
""DxtsQLiRV WRzmsaSyM[V[ V%sV LRiNSM
[V[uysV %sL][[s xNRPLRi xqssWLRi[ee''
(@s[ a][NSs xmshjiLiy)
""JLi WM JLi VsM JLi xqsVsM JLi sVxM
JLi sM JLi RxmsM JLi xqsRLi JLi R`
xqs%sRVLRi*lLi[VLi, L][ [sxqs ksVz jWWsM
xms][RRW`, JLi sVF[ CLRirsVXRLi x VLRisxqsV=L][sV....''
sVsV DFyR xqssVxqs RVLjiRORPQRV y*LS $xmsLRis[VaRP*LRi {msRLRiLi aRPV[ a][s sVVxlLi[ @RM j*dRV xmsLSlLi[ ZaP[*R
sLSxNRP[, \ssxqs*R sVs*LiRlLi[ NRPRVVgRi xmsRsV Fy[ LiW k*}ms LRiR slL<i[, LRiRLi[, s[VL][M ROTPQ jgSlgi[
$\ZaPxqs..... ($\ZaPsNTP, sRLi [}qs yLji ELRiV G jNRPV[ DLi][, A jNRPVs Fy) xms[ZaP[, NRPXuy, NSs[Lki sVR xms[ZaP[ ( G
sRV sVR FyLiRLi[ soLi[ A sRV }msLRiV xmsssV)
xqs*/a][s gRiX}, xqssVxqs [sy, x, xLjixLRi xqss_, sLRisWs ysLjiNRP yLiRsWs[s $FyLjis ysV xqsLisR=lLi[
ROTPQRVs[ sL<Ri VVf aSs sW}qs aRPVNRP NRPXxtsQ xmsZOP[Q.. _ (j}msLRiV) ..... yxqslLi[ (yLRiLi}msLRiV).... aRPVsORPQ [ aRPVWlgi[
aRPVNRPLRi[ GsLi gRiV %sZaP[xtsQ %sbPuyRVLi aRPV_, $sVyM....... g][Rxqs... aRPLRiM RLRixmsd $sVd... g][Rsd (g][RLi
}msLRiV)..... ysV[RVs (}msLRiV) @xLi sVsWFyR RVLjiRORPQRVy*LS RWss rysWLigRi zqsRLRi xmsoR, FR xqsLixmsf=gRi
zqsRLRiLi sVsV %syx xmsRsV sL<Sj xmsLiRsV sL<Ri xmsLRiLiRLi $sVLigRig_Lki sRLi NRPLji}tsQ. @R $ sVLigRi g_Lki [sy sVVjaRP
$ sVLigRig_Lki [sy {msRLRiLi, xqsLisjLRiQQ\sM xqsLi%sysRVs[Vs ysyxyj u][a][xmsyLRi xmspLi NRPLji}tsQ.... (dss
%sRy).
C %sRLigS xqsLiNRPLi xmsVN]s RLS*R NRPaRPxmsp [RW.
NRPaRP xmsp
xmspNRPV sWRs[V DxmsWgjiLi[ INRP gSxqsVsV gSds, xmsLiRFyRsV gSds dxqsVNRPVs, @LiRV[ dsLRiV Fzqs, @LiRV[ @ORPQRsV,
xmsoso*V, RsVFyNRPVsV DLiy. ysNTP RV sVWRV \sxmso gRiLiys LSzqs, NRPVLiNRPVsVsV |ms. C %sRLigS [zqs, ys\|ms
NRPVT [LiVV sVLi NTPLij a][NSs xmshjiLiy.
NRPaRPxqs sVV[ %sxtsv NRPLilhi[ VVRxqssWbPRM
sVW[RR zqs][ x sV[ sWRXgRiMzqsyM
NRPVO_QRVry=gRiLRixqs=lLi[* xqsxmsk*Fy sxqsVLiRLS
VVlgi[*][R RVlLi[*][ ry=sV s[][ xRLRi*M
@Li\lgiaRP xqs=zy xqs=lLi[* NRPaSLiV xqssWbPyM
@RWLiRV gRixms xmspLRiLi RVLjiRORPQRV NSLRiNSM
gRiLilgi[R RVsVVs[\s g][ysLRi xqsLRixqs*
sLRi[ zqsLiRW NSs[LRi [zqss xqssjLi NRPVLRiVee
@LiW a][NSs Rj%s NRPaRPLi[s dss xmsoxtsQsVV][ sVVLiR gRisLiRVs\|mss, xmspRssVV\|mss, xmsp [RVVyLRiV R\|mss
RVN][y.
(gRisVsNRP: xmsp[ @sxqsLRi\sVs xqssVRVLi[ C NRPaRPLi[s dss[ DxmsWgjiLiy. ARsVsLi [}qsLiRVNRPV DxmsWgjiLi[ s
xmspNRPV DxmsWgjiLiRLSRV. @lgi[ NRPaRPLi[s dss ARsVssVVsNRPV DxmsWgjiLiRLSRV. G sRLi[\sy, xmsp[\sy Bj
RxmssxqsLjigS
FyLiRszqss sRVsVLi.)
NRPaRPxmsp @sLiRLRiLi xmsxqsVxmso][ gRixmss [xqsVNRPVs, sVLiRxmsLi[ RsVFyNRPV \|ms sVLi, sRLi sLji*xmnsVLigS LRigSs sVVLiRVgS
gRixmss xmspLiy.

@_ sLji*}mnsVs sR xmsLjixqssWxmsQLRiLi gRixms xmspLi NRPLji}tsQ.


""sNRPRVLiR sVNSRV N][ xqsWLRi xqssVxms
sLji*xmnsVLi NRPLRiVs[V[[ xqsLRi* NSlLi[xtsv xqsLRi*yee''
AgRiR sLRizqsR %syRVNRP, @LiNS zmsRVsLiRs
xmspgRiXx xqsVsVV, ssV}qs gRiyRVNRP''
JLi xqsVsVVRV ssVM
JLi GNRPRLiyRV ssVM
JLi NRPzmsRV ssVM
JLi gRiNRPLjiNSRV ssVM
JLi Li[RLSRV ssVM
JLi %sNRPRV ssVM
JLi %sxmnsV LS LSRVssVM
JLi gRijFyRV ssVM
JLi RWsVZNP[Rs[ ssVM
JLi sNRPRVLiyRV ssVM
JLi gRiRQOSQRV ssVM
JLi FnyRLiyRV ssVM
JLi gSsyRV ssVM
JLi aRPWLRiNRPLSRV ssVM
JLi }LRiLiRV ssVM
JLi xqsLiR xmspLRi*RV ssVM
JLi $ sVgRijxmsR[V ssVM yy%sR xmsLjisVxmsR xmsouy xqssVLRiRW%sV)
JLi $ sVgRijxmsR[V ssVM RWxmsLi AxmnsWxmsRW%sV
JLi $ sVgRijxmsR[V ssVM kxmsLi RLRi+RW%sV.
(@sLiRLRiLi ry*%sV yLji sVVLiRV xmsLiRVgSs s gSs, \ss[RLigS DLiy).
JLi WLRiVsxqsV=sM RR=%sRVLRi*lLi[Li, L][[sxqs ksVz jWWsM, xms][RRW`... (dsLRiV ss[Rs RVW RVRW.)
xqsRLi R*QQlLi[s xmsLjiztsQLiy%sV, @sVXRsVxqsV @sVX][ xmsxqsLRisVzqs... JLi FyRV ry*, JLi @FyyRV ry*x[, JLi
yyRV ry*x[, JLi DyyRV ry*, JLi xqssWyRV ry*x[, JLi x[ ry*x[ gRiWR xqszRxmns
ss[RsLi xqssVLRiRW%sV, sV[ sV[ FydsRVLi xqssVLRiRW%sV ( dss sR.).
JLi $ sVgRijxmsR[V ssVM yLiWLi xqssVLRiRW%sV, yLiWsLiRLRiLi ARsVsLi xqssVLRiRW%sV.
(NRPLRiWLRiLi sgjiLi dsLSsLi By*)
JLi $ sVgRijxmsR[V ssVM NRPLRiWLRi dsLSsLi xqssVLRiRW%sV dsLSysLiRLRiLi, ARsVdsRVLi xqssVLRiRW%sV!
@s[s sWRW RLjiR gRixms @LRis[s gRisRM xqsLS*RNRPM $ gRixmslLi[sy xqsV{msR, xqsVxmsxqss sLRiysRV! sVsV
LiVVxtsQNSsWLRi zqsjLRixqsV!!
%syRVNRPVsNTP ssVxqsLjiLi @ORPQRV R %dsVR RVN][y. C %sRLigS sVgRixms xmspsV sVVgjiLis @sLiRLRiLi sVLigRig_Lki
sys FyLRiLiLiy. xmspsV FyLRiLiLi[ sVVLiRV ][LRisVVsV RRWLRiV [xqsVN][y.
][LRi xmsp
yLRisVVsV HRV FgRiVV dxqsVNRPVs ysNTP xmsxqsVxmso LSxqsVN][y. A yLRisVVsNRPV HRV xmspV, HRV ][ NRP sVVRVV
s[RW. @Li[ HRV FgRiV yLRisVVsV DxmsWgjiLi, HRV xmsoso*][ HRV sVVRV][ ][LRisVVsV RRWLRiV [xqsVNRPVs, {mshRiLi
sR DLi, xmsoxtsQsVVV, xmsxqsVxmso, NRPVLiNRPVsV, @ORPQRV s[zqs, ][LRisVVsV xmspLi DLiRVN]sssV. C %sRLigS ][LRisVVsV
RRWLRiV [xqsVNRPVs @sLiRLRiLi xmspNRPV DxmsNRP%sVLiy.