# Aktiviti 1 : Mengumpul maklumat

100 m
100 m
100 m
100 m
1.2 m
100 m
100 m
1.2 m
Lorong Lilitan bulatan Jejari Jarak setiap lorong
1 100.000 31.818 1.200
2 103.771 33.018 1.200
3 107.543 34.218 1.200
4 111.314 35.418 1.200
5 115.086 36.618 1.200
6 118.857 37.818 1.200
7 122.629 39.018 1.200
8 126.400 40.218 1.200

Aktiviti 2 : Analisis Data
Method 1  Calculation
Total perimeter for first lane = 400 m
Distance from the finishing line = 400 – 400
= 0 m

Total perimeter for second lane = 200+2(103.771)
= 407.543
Distance from the finishing line = 407.543 – 400
= 7.543 m

Total Perimeter for third lane = 200+2(107.543)
= 415.086
Distance from the finishing line = 415.086 – 400
= 15.086 m

Method 2 Microsoft Excel

Lorong Lilitan bulatan Jumlah perimeter
1 100.000 400.000
2 103.771 407.543
3 107.543 415.086
4 111.314 422.629
5 115.086 430.171
6 118.857 437.714
7 122.629 445.257
8 126.400 452.800

Each participant has to complete 400 m
Lorong ke-n
Jarak terdekat di antara Garisan
permulaan dan garisan penamat
Ln-Ln-1
1 0.000 7.543
2 7.543 7.543
3 15.086 7.543
4 22.629 7.543
5 30.171 7.543
6 37.714 7.543
7 45.257 7.543
8 52.800 7.543

b) The different between all the 8 participants are 7.543 and everyone will complete equally 400 m
in every lane.

Aktiviti 3 : Mentafsir Data
Lorong Lilitan bulatan Jumlah perimeter
1 100.000 400.000
2 103.771 407.543
3 107.543 415.086
4 111.314 422.629
5 115.086 430.171
6 118.857 437.714
7 122.629 445.257
8 126.400 452.800
9 130.171 460.343

Jumlah perimeter kesemua lapan lorong termasuk garisan terakhir

Jumlah liter cat yang diperlukan

Jumlah tin yang diperlukan

Jumlah kos

Aktiviti 4 : Mentafsir Data
Design 1

(

)

(

)

80 m
80 m
80 m 80 m
20 m
Suku bulatan
r
C
1

C
2
C
3

C
4

80 m
80 m
80 m
80 m
Lorong
Lilitan satu suku
bulatan
Jejari
Jumlah 4 sukuan =
1 bulatan
Jumlah
perimeter
Jarak setiap
lorong
1 20.000 12.727 80.000 400.000 1.200
2 21.886 13.927 87.543 407.543 1.200
3 23.771 15.127 95.086 415.086 1.200
4 25.657 16.327 102.629 422.629 1.200
5 27.543 17.527 110.171 430.171 1.200
6 29.429 18.727 117.714 437.714 1.200
7 31.314 19.927 125.257 445.257 1.200
8 33.200 21.127 132.800 452.800 1.200
9 35.086 22.327 140.343 460.343 1.200

Design 2

r C
1

C
2

1.2
Lorong
Lilitan satu
bulatan
Jejari
Jumlah
perimeter
Jarak setiap
lorong
1 400.000 63.636 400.000 1.200
2 407.543 64.836 407.543 1.200
3 415.086 66.036 415.086 1.200
4 422.629 67.236 422.629 1.200
5 430.171 68.436 430.171 1.200
6 437.714 69.636 437.714 1.200
7 445.257 70.836 445.257 1.200
8 452.800 72.036 452.800 1.200
9 460.343 73.236 460.343 1.200

b) Rekabentu yang pertama, mungkin disebabkan rekabentuk pertama mempunyai laluan yang lurus
yang boleh mengurangkan kadar kecederaan para peserta.
Aktiviti 5 : Kesimpulan

1. Runner's knee. This is a common overuse injury. Runner's knee has several different causes.
It often happens when your kneecap is out of alignment.
Over time, the cartilage on your kneecap can wear down. When that happens, you may
feel pain around the kneecap, particularly when:
 Going up or down stairs
 Squatting
 Sitting with the knee bent for a long time
2. Stress fracture. This is a small crack in a bone that causes pain and discomfort. It typically
affects runners in the shin and feet. It's often due to working too hard before your body gets
used to a new activity.
Pain gets worse with activity and improves with rest. Rest is important, as continued stress on
the bone can lead to more serious injury.
3. Shin splint. This is pain that happens in the front or inside of the lower leg along the shin bone
(tibia). Shin splints are common after changing your workout, such as running longer
distances or increasing the number of days you run, too quickly.
People with flat feet are more likely to develop shin splints.
Treatment includes:
 Rest
 Stretching exercises
4. Achilles tendinitis. This is inflammation of the Achilles tendon. That's the large tendon that
attaches the calf to the back of the heel.
Achilles tendinitis causes pain and stiffness in the area of the tendon, especially in the
morning and with activity. It is usually caused by repetitive stress to the tendon. Adding too
much distance to your running routine can cause it. Tight calf muscles can also contribute.
Treatment includes:
 Rest
 Icing the area
 Calf stretches
5. Muscle pull. This is a small tear in your muscle, also called a muscle strain. It's often caused
by overstretching a muscle. If you pull a muscle, you may feel a popping sensation when the
muscle tears.
Treatment includes RICE: rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Muscle pull commonly affects these muscles:
 Hamstrings
 Calf
 Groin
6. Ankle sprain. This is the accidental stretching or tearing of ligaments surrounding the ankle. It
often happens when the foot twists or rolls inward.
Sprains typically get better with rest, ice, compression, and elevating the foot.
7. Plantar fasciitis. An inflammation of the plantar fascia. That's the thick band of tissue in the
bottom of the foot that extends from the heel to the toes.
People with tight calf muscles and a high arch are more prone to plantar fasciitis. Although it
may be linked to adding activity, plantar fasciitis can also happen without any obvious reason.