Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving Day is celebrated in the United States on the fourth Thursday of November. On this day, American families gather around, have dinner and give thanks for the blessing of the year.
➢ History of Thanksgiving: This holiday has been celebrated since 1621. At that

time, it was an occasion for the pilgrims to thank God for a plentiful harvest. The pilgrims had to abandon England because they were against some of the rituals of the Church of England. First, they moved to Holland and in 1620, they sailed to the USA on the famous ship The Mayflower. They carried lots of seeds, garden tools, gunpowder and firearms. After a long trip (65 days) they arrived in a place that they called Plymouth, the English town they came from.
➢ The first Thanksgiving festival was in October 1621 and it lasted three days. The

pilgrims invited the Native Americans to join the celebration. In 1863 President Lincoln made it a national holiday.
➢ There is a traditional Thanksgiving Day Parade with giant

balloons and marching bands, organized by Macy's in New York, which is shown on television. There is also the popular American Thanksgiving football game.
➢ The traditional food prepared nowadays for this celebration is: stuffed turkey with

gravy, cranberry sauce and pumpkin pie.
➢ As a tradition, some days before the celebration the President of the United States

pardons a turkey, the "White House Thanksgiving Turkey". People have the opportunity to give a name to the spared turkey, which is then taken back to a farm.

Black Friday is the Friday after
Thanksgiving. It's the busiest shopping day in the USA and it's the beginning of the Christmas shopping season. It's called like that because on that day all shops earn a lot of money from sales, so they go into the black (as opposed to be in the red, meaning that they have debts).

➢ Answer the following questions:
1.When

is Thanksgiving Day celebrated?

2.How do the families celebrate it? 3.When did this tradition start? 4.Why did the pilgrims have to leave England? 5.How long did the trip from England to USA take? 6.Who was the president who made it a national holiday?
7.What

kind of activities are organised nowadays in USA?

8.What kind of food do they have for this celebration?
9.What

happens on Black Friday?

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