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Factoring

ax 2 + bx + c = 0

EX. 1:

x 2 + 6x + 8 = 0

(x + 4)(x + 2) = 0

x+4=0 x+2=0

x = −4 or x = −2

EX. 2:

x 2 − 12 x − 28 = 0

(x − 14)(x + 2) = 0

x − 14 = 0 x+2=0

x = 14 or x = −2

EX. 3:

4 x 2 − 49 x = 0

(2 x − 7 )(2 x + 7 ) = 0

2x − 7 = 0 2x + 7 = 0

2x = 7 2 x = −7

2 2

7 −7

x= or x =

2 2

EX. 4:

4x 2 − x = 0

x(4 x − 1) = 0

4x = 1

x=0

4

1

x = 0 or x =

2

EX. 5:

2x 2 − 2x − 4 = 0

( )

2 x2 − x − 2 = 0

2[( x + 1)( x − 2)] = 0

x +1 = 0 x−2=0

x = −1 or x = 2

18

Mathematics 334 Designed by Peter Nield Notes by Katherine Daignault

Westwood High School Grade 9 Student

EX. 6:

4 y 2 + 12 y + 9 = 0

4y2 + 6y + 6y + 9 = 0

2 y (2 y + 3) + 3(2 y + 3) = 0

(2 y + 3)(2 y + 3) = 0

2y + 3 = 0

2 y = −3

2

−3

y=

2

EX. 7:

3x( x − 4) = 2( x + 1) + 3

3x 2 − 12 x = 2 x + 2 + 3

3x 2 − 12 x = 2 x + 5

3x 2 − 12 x − 2 x − 5 = 0

3x 2 − 14 x − 5 = 0

3x 2 − 15 x + x − 5 = 0

3x( x − 5) + 1( x − 5) = 0

(3x + 1)(x − 5) = 0

3x + 1 = 0 x−5 = 0

3 x = −1

x=5

3

−1

x= or x=5

3

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