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VI

31.10.2013.



 , SMA





VI

(WMA Warm Mix Asphalt & Half-Warm MA)


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)
 -,

. 2013/14 .






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( )
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,

.

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:
-
-


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.











. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.

 8% .

< 0,5 mm




 :
 -


.




74


(80-90%)

30
(80-90%)
10
(90-96%)
5

1

 3-5
 = =



. 2013/14 .
. , ..


(mm)
2
4
8
11,2
16
22,4
31,5


(mm)
3
5
11,2
14
19
26
35,5

VI

31.10.2013.

14 mm

11 mm

5 mm

3 mm

0/2
4/8

2/4

8/11


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.


 . 100 km
 . 2


 . 70 km
 . 1.5

 :



 -


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.





























()


 60 (50/70)
 155-160 oC


 120 150 oC
 100 120 oC
 80 100 oC
Pavecool

Na poetku
zbijanja

Dubina
zbijanja

Na kraju
zbijanja

Via ivica kolovoza







Nia ivica kolovoza


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.




 :
 (
)
 (

 ,
 4-5
 :
 (min. 15 t)
 (4 - 8,5 MPa)



/


GPS -

 (

)
 ,

2 3
 3 12 t





GPS
.


 ,


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

Maximum

Minimum

VI

GPS-a

31.10.2013.


 Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA)


 110 130 oC

 Half Warm Mix Asphalt


 < 100 oC

Warm Mix Asphalt - WMA


 XX (1997.)

Warm Mix Asphalt - WMA





 Advera
 Aspha min
 WAM Foam BP

 ...


 Evoterm (Mead/Westvaco)
 Rediset (Akzo Nobel)
 Sasobit (Sasol)
 ...
.

WMA
 (30 90 %)
 o ( 30 %)


50

100

150

200

, oC
.

- WMA

T=160 oC

WMA
T=130 oC







. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.

e - WMA


WMA Advera
T=120 oC

Kontrolna
meavina
T=160 oC
.



 :






 7-8% -

10 %

 -:

3 8 %
Z
V ,is = 1 m ,is
Z max

100

% (V V )


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

VI

31.10.2013.

 ?

SZ =

Z m ,is

Zm

 /

100

 > 20 30

SZ , %
Zm,is (kg/m3)
Zm , (kg/m3)

 t
 < 20

 SRPS-: 95 98 %




x
n

(x )

CV =
- n
- x

n 1

1
y=
e
2

( x )2
2

68.27 %
2 95.45 %
3 99.73 %
4 99.99 %

x
z=

z2

1
yz =
e 2
2
- Z = 0
- .. Z = 1


. 2013/14 .
. , ..

- z

- 3.0

0.0013

- 2.5

0.0062

- 2.0

0.0227

- 1.5

0.0668

- 1.0

0.1587

- 0.5

0.3085

0.5000

0.5

0.6915

1.0

0.8413

1.5

0.9332

2.0

0.9772

2.5

0.9938

3.0

0.9987

10

VI

31.10.2013.

..

= 3.51 %

68.27 %

= 0.47 %

2 95.45 %

3 99.73 %

..
Zg = (5-3.51)/0.47=3.1395
Pg = 0.99915=99.92 %

7
6
5
4
3

2
1
0

10
9
8

2.5

2.75

3.25

3.5

3.75

4.25

4.5

More

Zd = (2-3.51)/0.47=-3.1855

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Pd = 0.00072=0.072 %
P = Pg-Pd=99.84 %
Pg = 99.92 %
-3.1855

VS (%)

2.5

2.75

Pd = 0.072 %

3.1395

3.25

3.5

3.75

4.25

4.5

More

VS (%)

Zd = (96-97.7)/1.4=-1.286

Pd = 0.09917=9.92 %
P = 100-9.92=90.08 %

6
5
4
3
2

-1.286
1
0

Pd = 9.92 %

95.5

96

96.5

97

97.5

98

98.5

99

99.5 100 100.5 More

(%)


. 2013/14 .
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