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S.I.

UNITS
BASIC
INTRODUCTION TO ARITHMETIC
POWER ENGINEERING
FRACTIONS
DECIMALS
APPLIED PERCENTAGES
MATHEMATICS RATIO
PROPORTION
AREAS & VOLUMES
OF SOLIDS
LENGTH, LINES & EQUATIONS
SIMPLE PLANE FIGURES TRANSPOSITION
   
STEAM/VAPOUR > 103 CERTIFICATE ALLOW
KPA OR 15PSI
LIQUID > 1100 KPA (160PSI)
POWER PLANT TEMP > 121C (250F)
BOILER
NG I N E ER
ANY SYSTEM & ENGINES, PO WER E
TURBINES PRESSURE ACT AS ENGINEER
VESSEL, PRESS PIPE • SKETCH
MACHINERY, CONNECTION • CONSTRUCT
• INSTALL
• OPERATE

INTRODUCTION TO
TERMS

• REPAIR
• GIVE ADVISE

NOT WELD

POWER ENGINEERING
LEGAL REQUIREMENTS

CERTIFICATION
POWER ENGINEER
COMPETENCY
POWER PLANT OPERATED
2. UNDER SUPERVISION
CHIEF STEAM
ENGINEER
MAINTAIN AND OPERATE EQUIPMENT 3. CERT ACT AS SHIFT
2. POWER PLANT AND MAY ENG UNDER
3. SMALL TURBINE SUPERVISION FROM (1)
4. LARGE FEEDWATER PUMP
5. DIESEL ENGINE

PROMOTE SAFETY
LOWER COSTS
NATIONAL STANDARDS
    BASIS FOR INSPECTION & CERTIFICATION
LENGTH METER - m 10 18 E exa LENGTH m
10 15 P peta AREA m2

PREFIXES
MASS KILOGRAM - kg
10 12 T tera VOLUME m3
TIME SECOND - s 10 9 G giga SPEED m/s
10 6 M mega
ELECTRIC CURRENT AMPERE - A 10 3 k kilo ACCEL m/s2
10 2 h hecto MASS kg
TEMP KELVIN - K 10 1 da deca DENSITY kg/m3
10 -1 d deci TEMP K or C
AMOUNT SUBSTANCE MOLE - mol 10 -2 c centi
10 -3 m milli FORCE kgm/s2 or N
LUMINOUS INTENSITY CANDELA - cd 10 -6 u micro WORK Nm or J
10 -9 n nano ENERGY J
10 -12 p pico POWER J/s or W
BASIC UNITS 10 -15
10 -18
f
a
femto
atto PRESSURE N/M2 or Pa

UNIT ANAYLSIS S.I. UNITS DERIVED SI UNITS


CONVERT IMPERIAL <> SI

1 in = 2.54 cm
1 mile = 1609 m
1 gal = 4.546 L
1 lb = 0.454 kg
1 bar = 100 kPa = 14.51 psi

   
ORDER OF OPERATIONS
1. POWERS EVLAUATED
2. BRACKETS CARRY, INNER OUT
3. MULTIPLICATION, DIV LEFT>RIGHT
4. ADDITION & SUBTRACTION

BASIC
ARITHMETIC
EVALUATE
EQUATIONS
= (-16 / 2 + 12 + 6) / (-1)(2)
= (-8 / 12 + 6) / (-1)(2)
= (10) / (-1)(2)
= (-10)(2)
= -20

   
LIKE 2 + 3 = 5 =1
5 5 5
SUBTRACT MULTIPLY

ADD
MIXED NUMBERS 4 + 7 + 13 1 1
2 1/4, 9 7/8, 15 3/4 7 - 11 = 56 - 11
9 12 24 3X8X7 =7 = 1 3
8 64 64 64
2 3 16 4 4
PROPER UNLIKE LCM OF 9, 12, 24 1 2
2/3, 3/8, 17/23 9 =3X3
12 = 2 X 2 X 3
24 = 2 X 2 X 2 X 3 DIVIDE
IMPROPER
3 / 2 = 3 X 5
5/3, 9/8, 13/7
72 = 2 X 2 X 2 X 3 X 3 7 5 7 2
NUMERATOR
DENOMINATOR
FRACTIONS LOWEST TERMS

12% OF 500 IS WHAT NUMBER (N)


DECIMALS = 75/105
= 5 X 15

PERCENTAGES
5 X 21
N = 12 X 500
=3X5
100
3X7
N = 12 X 5
=5/7
N = 60

21 IS WHAT % OF 300? FRACTIONS > DECIMALS


P X 300 = 21 4 = 0.04
100 100
P = 21 X 100 DECIMALS > FRACTIONS
300 5% OF WHAT NUMBER IS 10? 0.125 = 125
P = 21
1000
3 5 (N) = 10
= 5
P= 7 100
40
N = 10 X 100
= 1
5
    8
N = 200
RATIO 3 TONNES TO 200 KG
3 IS TO 1 AS 9 IS TO 3
3 T X 1000KG = 3000KG
3 : 1 :: 9 : 3
1T
RATIO = 3000 KG = 15
3 = 9
200 KG 1
1 3

A certain chemical mixture should be in the


ratio of 3 parts A, 5 parts B and 2 parts C.
A 15 kg batch is to be used. What INVERSE
RATIO
quantities of A, B and C should be used.
A gear wheel 300 mm in diameter
and revolving at a speed of 100
RATIO A = 3

PROPORTION
10 r/min drives a wheel 120 mm in
5 OR 1 diameter. What speed is second
RATIO B = 10 2 gear?
2 OR 1
RATIO C = 10 5
SPEED 2ND:SPEED 1ST::DIA 1ST:DIA 2ND

FIND A FIND B FIND C


SPEED:100::300:120
A:15::3:10 B:15::1:2 C:15::1:5
= 100 r/min x 300 mm
A = 15 KG X 3 B = 15 KG X 1 C = 15 KG X 1 120 mm
10 2 5
A = 4.5 KG B = 7.5 KG C = 3 KG = 250 r/min

   
+ - * / X2 √
SAME BOTH SIDES
SOLVE FOR r
E = R+r
e r

erE = er(R + r)
e r

Er = e(R + r)
EQUATIONS
TRANSPOSITION
Er = eR + er

Er - er = eR + er - er

Er - er = eR

r(E - e) = eR SOLVE FOR d


r(E - e) = eR a = c
(E - e) (E - e)
b d
r = eR d = cd
(E - e)
a

   
CONVERT UNITS 5 yd, 2ft, 6in TO meters 6 dam, 3 m, 7 cm to feet
12 inches 1 foot 5 yd x 36 in = 180 in 6 dam x 1000 = 6000 cm
3 feet 1 yard 1 yd 1 dam
5 1/2 yards 1 rod 2 ft x 12 in = 24 in 3 m x 100 cm = 300 cm
320 yards 1 mile 1 ft 1m
1760 yards 180 in + 24 in + 6 in = 210 in 6000 cm + 300 cm + 7 cm = 6307 cm
5280 feed 210 in x 25.4 mm = 5334 mm 6307 cm x 0.394 in = 2485 in
1 in 1 cm
PARALLEL 2485 in x 1 ft = 207.08 ft
12 in

PERPENDICULAR LENGTH, LINES & π = 3.1416

SIMPLE PLANE FIGURES


π = 0.7854
4

S RULE = AREA AREA = 0.433 X SIDE 2


CIRCUMFEFERENCE
S=a+b+c
2 = 2πR = πD
AREA = √S(S-a)(S-b)(S-c)
EQUILATERAL RIGHT ISOSCELES SCALENE OBTUSE AREA = πR2 = π D2
SUM ANGLES = 180 4

QUADRILATERALS

SQUARE RECTANGLE RHOMBOID RHOMBUS TRAPEZOID TRAPEZIUM ACUTE RIGHT OBTUSE


  SUM ANGLES = 360  
CONVERT VOLUME
1 L = 1 dm3
0.5 m3 = ? cm3
1 m3 = 1 m x 1 m x 1 m HEIGHT = VOLUME
1 m3 = 100 cm x 100 cm x 100 cm AREA
1 m3 = 1 000 000 cm3
0.5 m3 = 0.5 x 1 000 000 cm3
= 500 000 cm3

AREAS & VOLUMES


π D2
4
OF SOLIDS
SURFACE AREA
4πr2

SURFACE AREA
πDh
= πDh + 2 (π D2)
4
VOLUME
= π D2h VOLUME
4
4πr3
3