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Historical Context
 To know the events of the time period
 To understand how they affect the
 To complete note taking and set tasks
1912 – Key Events
 Sinking of the Titanic
 Balkan War
 Republic of China established
 Scott’s expedition to the Antarctic
 Wilson elected president
1945 – Key Events
 First meeting of the United Nations and
UN Security Council
 Yugoslavia’s constitution
 Bank of England nationalized as well as
 Italy/Bulgaria – declared republics
 UNICEF founded
What do these events
 1912
 Victorian Era – new technology/rigid
social systems/conservative era
(individual responsibility)
 1946
 Post war/Modern era – new ideas, new
politics/globalization (collective
conservative Ideas
 Trickle effect
 Little involvement from central
 Isolation…where possible
 Individuals job to better their situation.
 Class system comfortably established
Socialist Ideas
 Central government in everyday life
 Rich contribute towards the poor
through taxes
 People can move through the class
system – ideal is to have no class system
 NHS, Free schooling till 16 and welfare
system (collective responsibility)
Old Order vs New Order
 The Second World War had brought new
ideas, socially and politically.
 Those who still believed in conservative
ideas (individual responsibility) and did
not want things to change were part of
an ‘old order’.
 New ideas and socialist politics
(collective responsibility) were part of a
‘new order’.
 To make global or worldwide in scope or
 The advantages and disadvantages of
globalization have been debated and scrutinized
heavily in recent years.
 Proponents of globalization say that it helps
developing nations "catch up" to industrialized
nations much faster through increased
employment and technological advances.
 Critics of globalization say that it weakens
national sovereignty and allows rich nations to
ship domestic jobs overseas where labor is much
 Countries have become more inter-
League of Nations
 The forerunner of the United Nations was
the League of Nations, an organization
conceived in similar circumstances during
the first World War, and established in
1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "to
promote international cooperation and to
achieve peace and security."
 The International Labour Organization was
also created under the Treaty of Versailles
as an affiliated agency of the League.
 The League of Nations ceased its activities
after failing to prevent the Second World
United Nations
 In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in
San Francisco at the United Nations Conference
on International Organization to draw up the
United Nations Charter.
 Those delegates deliberated on the basis of
proposals worked out by the representatives of
China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and
the United States at Dumbarton Oaks, United
States in August-October 1944. The Charter was
signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of
the 50 countries.
 Poland, which was not represented at the
Conference, signed it later and became one of
the original 51 Member States.