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Russian Revolution

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From the fall of the Romanovs to Communism

   
Czar Nicholas and the Wolves

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I. The Reign of Nicholas II
(1894-1917)
A. Czar Nick (1894-1917)
Ÿ Weak, ineffectual leader
Ÿ Not a man of the people
Ÿ Had no idea that people hated him
and would revolt

   
I. The Reign of Nicholas II
(1894-1917
A. Czar Nick
Ÿ Opposed reform (wouldn’t change)
Ÿ Lost war with Japan
Ÿ Bloody Sunday (1905)
§ Allowed Duma (parliament)
§ Dissolved after 10 weeks

   
World War I
1914-1918

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I. World War I (1914-1918)
A. Conditions
Ÿ Russia is forced to enter the war
Ÿ Russia suffers serious setbacks and
losses in the war
Ÿ Nick takes control of army, leaves
Mrs. Nick (Alexandra) to run Russia

   
I. World War I (1914-1918)
A. Results
Ÿ Widespread discontent
Ÿ Desertion
Ÿ Hatred of czar

   
Women Worker’s Strike

   
I. March Revolution (1917)
A. Women’s March
Ÿ Women lead march on capital
demanding change
Ÿ Leaders and soldiers join march
§ Czar Nick abdicates
Ÿ Romanov dynasty ends
Ÿ Provisional Government (Kerensky)
Ÿ Continues in WWI
   
Lenin Speaking at October
Revolution

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I. Bolshevik (October)
Revolution (1917)
A. Lenin
Ÿ Marxist
Ÿ Exiled to Germany for Communist
belief
Ÿ Leader of Bolsheviks
§ “Peace, Land and Bread”
Ÿ Promises peace, prosperity, and food
for all
   
IV. Bolshevik (October)
Revolution (1917)
A. Provisional Government
Ÿ Widely unpopular due to WWI
Ÿ Bolsheviks stage a bloodless coup,
over in hours
§ Civil War
Ÿ Bolsheviks (Reds) vs. Mensheviks
(Whites)
Ÿ Lenin becomes dictator
   
Vladimir Illych Lenin

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I. Lenin in Power (1920-1928)
A. Marxist-Leninism
Ÿ State controls property, prices
Ÿ Takes land from church, religion is an
“opiate for the masses”
Ÿ Expands education
Ÿ Improves health care

   
Lenin’s death (1924)
A. Downfall
Ÿ Suffered many strokes
Ÿ Died after being a semi-invalid for 6
months