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Lymphatic organs

The immune system comprises immune cells, lymphoid
tissue, and lymphoid organs. The immune cells include
lymphocytes, plasma cells, mast cells, phagocytes ,
antigen presenting cells (APCs) and et al.
Lymphoid tissue consists of reticular tissue and a large
number of immune cells. There are three types of
lymphoid tissue: diffuse lymphoid tissue , lymphoid
nodule and lymphoid cord.
Lymphoid organs are main composed of lymphoid tissue.
They are thymus,lymph nodes, spleen and tonsils.
Specimen NO.28
Specimen NO.28


② ①

Cortex of lymph node.
①capsule ② lymphatic nodule ③ diffuse lymphatic tissue. HE stain.
Specimen NO.28

cortical
sinus

T

capsule

Cortex of lymph node . T: trabeculae (HE stain,high mag.)
Specimen NO.28


Medulla of lymph node. HE stain
①trabeculae ② medullary cord ③ medullary sinus

① ③

Specimen NO.28 Medulla of lymph node. HE stain.
①trabeculae ② medullary cord ③ medullary sinus
Specimen NO.29. Section of spleen. HE stain.
splenic corpuscle

periarterial lymphatic
Specimen NO.29. Section of spleen sheath

Specimen NO. White pulp of spleen. HE stain.
arrowhead:central artery ①periarterial lymphatic sheath ② splenic corpuscle
Splenic
sinus

Splenic
cord

Splenic
cord

Splenic
sinus

Specimen NO. Red pulp of spleen arrow: trabeculae
Specimen NO. Red pulp of spleen. arrow: splenic sinus. HE stain.
Specimen NO.30
Thymus
nodule


capsul
e
Section of thymus ①cortex ②medulla (HE stain,low mag.)
Specimen NO.30
cortex

medull
a

Thymus arrowhead :lobule septation (HE stain,high mag.)
thymic
corpuscl
e

Specimen NO.30 Medulla of thymus HE stain.
Questions
1. What is lymphoid tissue? How many types of
lymphoid tissue are there? What differences are there
between they?
2. Describe the differences between the lymph node and
the spleen.
3. Describe the structure and function of blood-thymus
barrier.
4. Describe the route and function of lymphocyte
recirculation.