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The digestive tract is a long, continuous tube of

varying diameter extending from the lips to the anus.
It includes oral cavity,esophagus, stomach, small
intestines, large intestine and appendix.

The oral cavity

The oral cavity is lined by mucosa. There are a
tongue and 32 permanent teeth in the oral cavity.
Tongue
Taste bud
Except the oral cavity, the wall of the
digestive tract consists of four layers: mucosa,
submucosa, muscularis and adventitia. The
mucosa consists of epithelium, lamina propria
and muscularis mucosa.
mucosa

submucos
a

Tunica
muscularis

Specimen NO.37. Cross section of esophagus HE stain.
mucos
a

submucos
a

Tunica
musculari
s

adventitia

Specimen NO.38 Section of stomach HE stain
Gastric
pit

Gastric gland

Specimen NO.38 . Section of stomach HE stain
Parietal
cell

Neck
mucous
cell

Parietal cell

Specimen NO.38 The mucosa of gastric fundus : fundic glands
Parietal cell

Active cell

Resting cell
parietal cell
Chief cells Chief cells

Fig . 9 The mucosa of gastric fundus : fundic glands
Chief cell
ZG:

Zymogen
granules
The small intestines include duodenum ,
jejunum and ileum. There are plica
circulares and villi on the mucosa of the
small intestines.
Villus

Specimen NO.40 Small intestine (jejunum)
Striated
border
Central lacteal

Columnar cell

Goblet cell

Specimen NO.40 Villus of small intestine
Striated
border

Central
lacteal

Specimen NO.40 Villus of small intestine
absorptive cell
Specimen NO.40
small intestine
gland

Paneth cell:
acidophilic
granules
Paneth cell:

Secretory
granules
mucosa

submucosa

Tunica
muscularis

Specimen NO.41 Longitudinal section of Colon
epithelium

Intestinal
gland

Specimen NO.40 Mucosa of Colon
Intestinal
gland

Specimen NO.40 Mucosa of Colon
muscularis
mucosa

Intestinal
gland

Specimen NO.42 Cross section of appendix
Arrowhead:lymphoid nodule
Questions
1. How many layers does the wall of digestive tract
consist of?
2. Describe the structure and function of gastric
gland.
3. Describe the structure and function of intestinal
villus.
4. How many types of lingual papillae are there ?
5. Compare the structure of stomach, small intestine
and large intestine.