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Primavera® P6™ Project Management

Primavera® P6™ Project Management


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Published by: kenadya on Nov 25, 2009
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Create relationships between activities to indicate whether an activity can
begin only after other activities start or finish. Once you assign
relationships, schedule the project to calculate early and late dates for each

Establish relationships between activities in the same project, or link
projects by creating relationships between activities in different projects
within the EPS. You can define relationships to activities in any other
project (not including what-if/inactive projects), even if the project is not
opened in the current display.

There are several methods for assigning relationships. Use the Activity
Network to visualize the flow of logic as you link activities, or use the
Gantt Chart to view relationships according to time. You can also use the
Relationships tab in Activity Details to assign relationships to activities in
the same project or in other projects in the EPS.

Relationship types and lag You can define the following four types
of relationships. Typically, you define relationships from the predecessor
to the successor activity.

When a successor activity cannot start or finish as soon as its predecessor
starts or finishes, you can define a lag time for the relationship. Lag is the
number of time units from the start or finish of an activity to the start or
finish of its successor. Lag can be a positive or negative value. For
example, a start to start relationship with a three-day lag indicates that the
successor activity can start three days after the start of its predecessor.

Finish to start. The successor activity can begin only
when the predecessor activity completes.

Finish to finish. The finish of the successor activity
depends on the finish of the predecessor activity.

Start to start. The start of the successor activity depends
on the start of the predecessor activity.

Start to finish. The successor activity cannot finish until
the predecessor activity starts.

214 Part 3: Implementing the Schedule

Primavera - Project Management

For more information on
advanced scheduling options,
see “Updating, Scheduling,
and Leveling” on page 283.

You can select a calendar to calculate the lag between predecessors and
successors for all activities. If you do not select a calendar, the Successor
Activity Calendar is used to calculate lag. You can calculate lag based on
the Predecessor Activity Calendar; the 24 Hour Calendar, which uses
continuous, 7 days/week, 24 hours/day workperiods; or the Project
Default Calendar, which is the calendar selected as Default for New
Activities on the Defaults tab of Project Details. To select the calendar for
scheduling relationship lag, choose Tools, Schedule. Click Options. In the
General tab, select a calendar in the Calendar for Scheduling Relationship
Lag field.

View relationships in the Gantt Chart To assign relationships in the
Gantt Chart, make sure relationships are displayed onscreen. Click the
Layout Options bar, then choose Bars. Click Options in the Bars dialog
box. Click the General tab in the Bar Chart Options dialog box and mark
the Show Relationships checkbox, then click OK.

Working with Activities 215

Primavera - Project Management

While you are dragging the
relationship line between
two activities, a hint
window displays that
indicates the type of
relationship that will be
created when you release
the mouse button.

Create relationships in the Gantt Chart or Activity Network

Drag the mouse between any two activities that you want to connect. Point
to the left or right of the predecessor activity and drag the mouse to the left
or right of the successor activity. The mouse pointer changes to a as
you define relationships.

To modify or delete a relationship, double-click the relationship

Dissolving Activities

To maintain relationships when deleting activities, choose Edit, Dissolve,
in the Activities window. Dissolving deletes an activity and joins its
predecessor and successor activities with a finish to start relationship. The
selected activity to be dissolved must have a predecessor and successor.

Drag the mouse from the end of activity
A114380 to the start of A1143820 to
define a finish to start relationship.

This sequence of activities above can be completed with just two activities.
Dissolve activity A114400. Activity A114390 and A114410 automatically join with
a finish to start relationship.

216 Part 3: Implementing the Schedule

Primavera - Project Management

To assign a relationship
between projects, click the
Display Options bar in the
Assign Predecessors/
Assign Successors dialog
box, then choose Select
Project. Select activities to
define relationships the
same way as you would
from the same project.

Assign relationships using Activity Details In the Activities
window, select the activity to which you want to add a predecessor or
successor relationship. Display Activity Details by clicking the Layout
Options bar and choosing Show on Bottom, Activity Details, then click the
Relationships tab. Click Assign in either the Predecessors or Successors
section. Select the predecessor or successor activity you want to assign,
click the Assign button, then click the Close button. Double-click the
Relationship Type field, then select a relationship type. Double-click the
Lag field, then type the relationship’s lag time value.

You can also use the Predecessors or Successors tabs in
Activity Details to assign relationships. The Relationships tab
combines the predecessor and successor information in a
single tab. The data stored in the Relationships tab is
synchronized with the information in the Predecessors and
Successors tabs.

Trace Logic The Trace Logic layout enables you to examine a path
while still viewing the entire project. Click the Layout Options bar and
choose Show on Bottom, Trace Logic. In the Gantt Chart or Activity
Network upper layout, select the activity from which you want to begin
tracing logic.

To move through the chain of activities, click a predecessor or successor of
the selected activity. To modify the number of predecessor/successor
levels, click the Layout Options bar and choose Bottom Layout Options.

Click the arrows to
move from one
activity to the next
activity in the

To expand either the Predecessors or
Successors area, drag the split bar
separating the right and left panes.

Working with Activities 217

Primavera - Project Management

This Trace Logic layout
shows three levels for
both predecessors and

218 Part 3: Implementing the Schedule

Primavera - Project Management

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