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Title: BEH!" THE #$%!& '()*E+'
(uthor: #rank 'cully
-ublication %ear: 1./0
"edicated to The 'cully *ircus0 our trained fleas fro1 hea2en33'kip0 'yl0 -at0 !on0 and 5ike33and 1ay they so1e day
fly in one.
8e are publishin9 Behind The #lyin9 'aucers because :e belie2e it to be an e;citin90 ti1ely0 and strai9htfor:ard
interpretation of one of the stran9est pheno1enon in 1odern ti1es. t is ob2ious0 of course0 that any discussion of
flyin9 saucers fro1 :hate2er point of 2ie: is bound to be contro2ersial. This book is no e;ception0 for #rank 'cully6s
conclusions as to the nature of these craft differ sharply fro1 those held officially by the "epart1ent of "efense.
Ho:e2er0 :e are as con2inced as any thou9htful publisher can be that 5r. 'cully has approached his sub<ect :ith
probity and has interpreted the facts and fi9ures 9i2en hi1 :ith care and caution. n :ritin9 this book he has had
e;tensi2e inter2ie:s and assistance fro1 scientists and other e;perts in such fields as 1a9netic ener9y0 astrono1y0
and aerodyna1ics 1en :ho are reputedly hi9h in their profession but so1e of :hose na1es0 as :ill be apparent in
readin9 this book0 1ust be kept anony1ous.
8e0 like 1ost people0 includin9 5r. 'cully0 ha2e ne2er seen a flyin9 saucer. But fro1 the 1ass of e2idence as
reported in the press and 1a9a=ines by reputable persons0 there is 1uch reason to belie2e that they actually do
e;ist. 8hat they are0 :here they co1e fro10 or ho: they fly0 :e do not presu1e to kno:. 5r. 'cully atte1pts to
ans:er so1e of these >uestions and :e6re sure that you6ll find his ans:ers both fascinatin9 and pro2ocati2e. 8e did.
BET8EE! THE -E7-$E and 9o2ern1ent today lies a double standard of 1orality. (nythin9 re1otely scientific has
beco1e by 9o2ern1ent definition a 1atter of 1ilitary security first? hence of secrecy0 so1ethin9 :hich does not
breed security but fear. f :e see anythin9 unusual0 e2en in the skies0 :e the people 1ust either free=e our lips0 like
a +ussian peasant at the si9ht of a co11issar0 or 9i2e our na1es0 addresses0 business connections0 and testi1ony to
be screened and filtered by anony1ous intelli9ence officers.
#eared and respected by 1any people0 these anony1ous creatures can deny :hat :e say0 ridicule :hat :e say0 and
so1eti1es (and in an increasin9 nu1ber of countries) <ail us for :hat :e say especially if our ti1in9 does not 1atch
to the second their intended official pronounce1ents on the sub<ect.
@ust as the co11unists ha2e 1ade a 9od of their )ncle @oe0 :e ha2e be9un to deify our faceless spokes1an. Both
should be fou9ht by free 1en as :ord oppressors. 8ithout 9oin9 into it at too 9reat a len9th0 this all ties up :ith the
loss of faith in for1al reli9ion0 :hich forces people to clin9 to the !e: 'ubli1ation.
The only :ay for a free people to fi9ht such encroach1ents on free in>uiry is to say in ad2ance0 A8hat a1 tellin9
you :ill be denied0A or AThis is true but those :ho say so no: :ill be branded as drea1ers0 and if they persist0 as
t co1pletely destroys (1erican sports1anship standards :hen :e0 the people0 stick to the rules :hile an opposin9
tea1 of censors :ho ha2e usurped our ri9hts are per1itted0 by their o:n handpicked referee0 to pull rabbit3punches
on defensi2e play0 ha1strin9 us fro1 the rear if :e see1 to be runnin9 :ell in an open field0 and e2en 1achine9un
the ball in 1idair if :e are kickin9 an al1ost certain field 9oal.
There is only one thin9 to do under such a setup. E;pose their tactics. 'ho: that 1ore offenses are co11itted under
the :ord AdefenseA than this :orld drea1s of. nsist that :hat :e say is the :hole truth0 and :hat they say is not
the :hole truth.
That 1ay see1 a dreadful :ay to treat our o:n flesh and blood0 our co11issioned sons :ho ha2e been trained for
co1bat but ha2e been assi9ned in peaceti1e to espiona9e and counter espiona9e. But since our sons in unifor1 do
not report to us0 the people0 but to *entral ntelli9ence (:hich as far as :e can 1ake out reports to nobody and is
ans:erable to nobody)0 ho: other:ise can :e 9et our current findin9s to our o:n friendsB
'cientists belie2e they ha2e suffered 1ore than any other 9roup fro1 the post:ar loyalty hysteria but :riters cannot
be far behind the1. The Athread of intoleranceA :hich runs throu9h our history has no: beco1e as thick as a noose
to han9 us. )nder the circu1stances0 to :rite a book0 kno:in9 not only that you :ill be ridiculed0 but also kno:in9
:ho :ill do the ridiculin90 and not ha2e a counteroffensi2e ready0 is to be starry eyed and unrealistic.
+ather than be rated drea1ers by such ob2ious interior proof that :e are drea1ers0 it is a 9ood deal s1arter to
s:in9 first and say that all bureaucrats0 :hether in t:eeds or bo99ed do:n :ith salad dressin90 are inco1petent
ti1e ser2ers0 han9in9 on the public payroll till pensioned or re:arded :ith a stuffed shirt <ob in pri2ate enterprise
(pri2ately endo:ed uni2ersities0 naturally0 included) and are truth tri11ers to boot.
n order to re9ain this lost freedo1 :e :ill ha2e to say Aa po; on both your housesA and cease to be brushed off by
the perpetual hocus3pocus in2ol2ed in such phrases of these spokes 1en as Atop secret0A Asecret and confidential0A
Arestricted0A and0 A:ithheld for reasons of security.A
'uch brush3offs are al1ost in2ariably follo:ed by a state1ent fro1 another depart1ent of the defense ar10 that
:hat :e are hidin9 isn6t really :orth concealin90 that :e are defended by old and obsolete e>uip1ent0 and that0
finally0 unless :e 9rant the1 an additional billion dollars for ne: e>uip1ent o2erni9ht0 :e are dead ducks0 saucers or
-ropa9anda has 1ade trueDand33false practically obsolete in our lan9ua9e. n fact0 if a spokes1an has ser2ed ti1e
in intelli9ence0 it 1ay fairly be said0 the truth is no lon9er in hi1. 'pies cannot e2en buy or sell lies :ith skill. f so0
:hy are they bein9 arrested all o2er the :orld and al1ost in2ariably 9ettin9 a sentence of fifteen yearsB Has that
beco1e the fair trade practices act on the international le2elB
-erhaps it :ould be clearer to readers if illustrated :ith a fe: sa1ples of this dis1al :allpaper pattern. 7n @une 2E0
1.EF0 business1an Genneth (rnold of Boise0 daho0 flyin9 his o:n plane0 first reported he had seen se2eral flyin9
saucers in the area of 5t. +ainier0 8ashin9ton. +eports of other saucers fro1 other areas follo:ed.
Then on (u9ust .0 $ieutenant *olonel "onald 'prin9er0 assistant to the chief of staff of the #ourth (ir #orce0 decided
to stop the nonsense. "espite the fact that his co11and had an unsol2ed 1ystery on its hands concernin9 1olten
1aterial clai1ed to ha2e fallen on 5aury sland0 and the death of t:o ar1y pilots :ho :ere transportin9 the 1aterial
for further e;a1ination0 *olonel 'prin9er said0 as far as he :as concerned0 there :as no basis for belief in flyin9 disks
in the Taco1a area Aor any other.A
!e:spapers took this as so1e sort of hint and piped do:n on the sub<ect. 8ith :hat resultB That by @anuary0 1.EH0
si; 1onths after *olonel 'prin9er6s dis1issal of the sub<ect0 the -enta9on set up -ro<ect 'aucer to in2esti9ate the
hundreds of reports that had been co1in9 in. #ate de2oted al1ost half of its first issue to flyin9 saucers and led off
:ith an article by Genneth (rnold entitled A "id 'ee The #lyin9 "isks.A
-ro<ect 'aucer proceeded in a >uiet unhysterical :ay for ei9hteen 1onths before issuin9 e2en a preli1inary report.
The 'aturday E2enin9 -ost apparently 9ot the idea that the report :as 9oin9 to be ne9ati2e0 so it had 'idney 'halett
prepare t:o articles on the sub<ect for al1ost si1ultaneous release :ith the (ir #orce report. The articles turned out
to be rather lon9 :inded recapitulations of 2arious flyin9 saucer case histories pre2iously e;plored0 and the 9eneral
i1pression left after readin9 the1 :as that belie2ers in the actuality of flyin9 saucers appeared as not >uite bri9ht.
'halett6s first article appeared in the -ost issue dated (pril I0? the second0 5ay F. The (pril I0 issue :as on the
ne:sstands se2eral days before (pril I00 of course. n fact0 it :as on sale :hen the (ir #orce issued its (pril 2F
preli1inary report. The (ir #orce report crossed up the -ost. This :as in line :ith the pattern ha2e pre2iously
outlined of 1akin9 fools of collaborators.
#ar fro1 confir1in9 *olonel 'prin9er or the -ost0 the official report held that there :as so1ethin9 to the flyin9
saucer stories after all. t e2en entertained the idea that the saucers 1i9ht be fro1 another planet. t left 1any of its
case histories :ith no solution0 as far as this earth or (ir #orce ntelli9ence :as concerned0 but pro1ised 1ore li9ht
on these later.
Ha2in9 thus proceeded to lure the -ost into Afrontin9A for a ne9ati2e approach0 the (ir #orce proceeded to accentuate
the positi2e. This naturally opened the door to those ri2al editors :ho thou9ht they sa: a ne: trend. True 1a9a=ine
fi9ured it could cash in on the -ost6s loss of face. ts publisher0 editor0 and a contributor reasse1bled 1uch of the
#ate and -ost 1aterial and told the tale a9ain0 e;cept that instead of castin9 doubt on all belie2ers in aerial disks0
True follo:ed an older party line established by #ate in the sprin9 of 1.EH and declared in "ece1ber0 1.E.0 A#lyin9
'aucers (re +eal.A
Hardly had True6s copies reached the ne:sstands :hen (ir #orce ntelli9ence denied True6s position fro1 be9innin9
to end. ts spokes1an announced on "ece1ber 2F0 1.E.0 that -ro<ect 'aucer had been closed. t classified belie2ers
in flyin9 saucers practically as psychopaths or hoa;ers. t left no other :ay open as an escape hatch for True or
This 5achia2ellian pattern of inflatin9 and deflatin9 those :ho a9reed or disa9reed :ith the 1ilitary on flyin9 saucers
continued and :as not likely to be altered e2en if0 and :hen0 the :hole truth ca1e out. The for1ula see1ed to be:
A-lay ball :ith us and :e6ll let you ha2e it bet:een the eyes.A
Thou9h ha2e not the sli9htest interest in :hat the 1ilitary 1ay or 1ay not say about this book0 :ant 1y readers
to under stand 1y position. ha2e ne2er seen a flyin9 saucer. ha2e ne2er had a hallucination that ha2e seen a
flyin9 saucer. ha2e ne2er <oined in any 1ass hysteria on the sub<ect0 and to the best of 1y kno:led9e and belief
ha2e ne2er participated in the perpetration of a hoa; on flyin9 saucers.
ha2e talked to 1en of science :ho ha2e told 1e they ha2e not only seen the1 but ha2e :orked on se2eral. ha2e
tried to the best of 1y ability to find fla:s in their stories. But to date ha2e not succeeded in placin9 the1 in any of
the three cate9ories laid do:n by the (ir #orce.
'cientists do not :ant to 9o to :ar :ith the (r1y o2er the issue. They ha2e to 9et essential 1aterials for research0
and certain branches of the "epart1ent of "efense 1i9ht find it difficult to find such essential 1aterials for scientists
:ho :ill not cooperate. "o they 1ake the1sel2es clearB
s it any :onder therefore that ad2ise readers to treat any official co11ent as no 1ore to be considered than old
ne:s papers blo:in9 in the :indB n fact0 if such faceless 1en should say that the ob<ects are (a) ne:spapers or (b)
not ne:spapers but fra91ents of flyin9 saucers0 they are not to be belie2ed either :ay. !ot until :e0 the people0 :e
:ho0 ha2e na1es0 addresses0 and the coura9e of our con2ictions0 not until :e say there are such thin9s as flyin9
saucers0 is it authentic. (nd :e ha2e been sayin9 it for so1eti1e.
!o: read Behind The #lyin9 'aucers and thro: in the fire unread all the -enta9onic denials fro1 this day for:ard.
#rank 'cully. "ecoration "ay0 1./0
*hapter 1: The 5ystery of The )ni2ersity of "en2er
(' THE 'E*7!" H($# of the t:entieth century be9an0 three thin9s e;perienced stran9e ne:s e1phasis. T:o
practically did not e;ist for The !e: %ork Ti1es. The third0 :hich did not actually e;ist at the ti1e for anybody0 :as
featured for 1onths in this 9reat ne:spaper as :ell as all others.
The t:o that had practically no ne:s 2alue to The !e: %ork Ti1es :ere nu1erous reports of the presence of flyin9
saucers o2er our 1ainland0 and the birth of n9rid Ber91an6s baby in taly.
The third ite1 had not been 2erified as anythin9 1ore than a terrifyin9 ni9ht1are0 and 1any of the scientists :ho
:ere e;pected to turn it into a reality :ere not sure that it :ould :ork if0 and :hen0 1ade. That :as the hydro9en
bo1b. But to the ne:spapers0 :ithout e;ception0 the un1ade bo1b :as Jun fait acco1pliK.
t is hard to belie2e that to all people li2in9 in the sprin9 of 1./0 this ther1onuclear 1onster :as already a reality0
:hile to the 1a<ority flyin9 saucers0 either fro1 here or else:here0 re1ained the stuff 6of :hich drea1s are 1adeK.
( bo1b :hich 1i9ht destroy fifty ti1es as 1any persons as did the ato1ic bo1b released o2er Hiroshi1a0 in the
process of construction0 :as of course ne:s. But it certainly had less reality in 1./0 than the stockpile of stories
about flyin9 saucers in our at1osphere and possibly on our soil.
'uch a story0 if true0 1i9ht :ell be a1on9 the 9reatest stories told since the creation of the :orld. t :ould see1
that0 if a choice had to be 1ade0 al1ost any 9o2ern1ent sur2i2in9 on deficit3spendin9 or lend3lease0 or e2en on the
s:eat of its people0 :ould decide to bud9et 1illions for studyin9 interplanetary space ships0 rather than to spend the
sa1e a1ount 1akin9 bo1bs :hich could contribute nothin9 ne: to 1an6s kno:led9e and understandin9 of this
:orld or any other.
%et 9i2en such a choice0 at least one 9o2ern1ent chose to close do:n a -ro<ect 'aucer after t:o years of researchin9
on a 1odest bud9et and report that its (ir #orce had traced 1ost reports of unidentified flyin9 ob<ects to:
1. 5isinterpretation of 2arious con2entional ob<ects0
2. ( 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria0
I. 7r hoa;es.
ts unidentified spokes1an briefly e;plained that the pro<ect had been established t:o years pre2iously at 8ri9ht3
-atterson (ir #orce Base0 "ayton0 7hio0 head>uarters of (ir 5ateriel *o11and.
A'ince that ti1eA L@anuary0 1.EHM Aso1e IF/ incidents ha2e been reported and in2esti9ated0A the report concluded.
A(ssistin9 special in2esti9ators :ere scientific consultants fro1 uni2ersities and other 9o2ern1ental a9encies.A
!o na1es of in2esti9ators0 consultants0 or colle9es :ere 1entioned. ndeed bet:een that brief dis1issal and a fairly
lon9 report of si; 1onths pre2iously :hich0 despite its len9th0 left IE of IF/ incidents still unsol2ed (e2en to the (ir
#orce6s satisfaction) the IE unsol2ed 1ysteries :ere closed out :ithout any e;planations :hate2er. f they :ere e2er
sol2ed at all they re1ained top secret to all but the 1ilitary.
%et hardly had -ro<ect 'aucer6s final press release been printed :hen a series of reports on flyin9 saucers be9an
bo1bardin9 ne:spapers fro1 e2ery corner of the 8estern 8orld. (s the 9o2ern1ent6s pro<ect :as closed0 the
bearers of these tidin9s had no:here to 9o e;cept to their local ne:spapers.
There had been an entente cordiale bet:een the press and the "epart1ent of "efense to i9nore these stories durin9
the t:o years of the (ir #orce6s official in>uiry. But :hen the (ir #orce pulled out0 the flood9ates opened. 'o1e
ne:spapers continued to thro: flyin9 saucers into their :astebaskets. 7thers broke do:n under the persistent
barra9e of reader reports and reader interest. By Easter ti1e e2ery radio co11entator of any standin90 e2ery
co1edian0 e2ery le9islator0 e2ery tele2isable personality0 e2en The !e: %ork Ti1es0 had had his or her say. 8alter
8inchell :as sure he had had it first and that the 1issiles :ere fro1 +ussia. Henry @. Taylor had tried his hand t:ice.
His 2ersion :as that the saucers :ere (1erican0 not +ussian. He assured his listeners his elaborate radio accounts of
the authenticity of flyin9 saucers contained only half the story0 and :hen the rest :as released by the ar1ed forces it
:ould be 9ood ne:s toni9ht. n fact0 he sounded 1ore like &abriel Heatter (a 1orale3boostin9 radio broadcaster) than Henry
@. Taylor. "a2id $a:rence thre: all the presti9e of his ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport behind the belie2ers in the reality
of flyin9 saucers and said they :ere Aa re2olutionary type0 a co1bination of helicopter and a fast <et plane.A E2en the
-resident had to be dra99ed out of his Gey 8est retreat to blo: that one do:n. Eleanor +oose2elt had inter2ie:ed
*aptain @ack (da1s and #irst 7fficer &. 8. (nderson0 t:o 2eteran pilots of the *hica9o and 'outhern (irlines. They
reported the flyin9 saucer they had seen o2er (rkansas0 :hich they insisted :as not a 2isitor fro1 another planet but
a secret e;peri1ental type aircraft and not <et3propelled either. 8alter Gieran said he :ished "re: -earson :ould
confir1 the story and 9et it o2er :ith. A61 :illin9 to belie2e it0A he added. But a :eek before Gieran6s broadcast0
"re: -earson had confir1ed it. #ulton $e:is0 @r. had aired his 2ersion. Bob Hope0 +ed 'kelton0 #ibber 5c&ee and
5olly0 Ed9ar Ber9en and *harlie 5c*arthy0 (1os 6n6 (ndy0 and0 of course0 @ack Benny had also kicked the saucer
around. E2erybody0 includin9 @i11y "urante0 had 9ot into the act.
But the real inside story had been 1issed by all of the1. t happened on 5arch H0 1./00 in "en2er0 *olorado. 7n that
day at 12:I0 -.5. I/0 students of the )ni2ersity of "en2er skipped lunch to hear a confidential scientific discourse
deli2ered by :hat the press described later as Aan unidentified 1iddle3a9ed lecturer.A
He deli2ered :hat :as probably the 1ost sensational lecture about this earth or any other planet since &alileo said0
At 1o2esCA He 9a2e the :hole inside story of a flyin9 saucer :hich he said had landed :ithin /00 1iles of :here he
:as no: talkin90 and he described the space ship and its personnel in such detail that the under9raduates and faculty
1e1bers left the lecture roo1 :ith their heads spinnin9.
'uch is the nature of 1an6s distorted sense of curiosity0 ho:e2er0 that :ho the lecturer :as soon be9an to
o2ershado: :hat he had said. He0 not the flyin9 saucer0 beca1e the 1ystery that had to be sol2ed by the students
t :as recalled so1e hours later that the lecturer had been escorted by one &eor9e T. Goehler of I1/ #ranklin0
"en2er I0 *olorado0 a staff 1e1ber of an independent +ocky 5ountain radio station0 :ith the call letters of G5%+. t
:as co11ented upon by those faculty 1e1bers :ho attended the lecture that Goehler ne2er introduced the lecturer
by na1e to anybody. (But the lecturer later e;plained to 1e that the professor :hose <ob it :as to 9uard the
speaker6s anony1ity in his introduction certainly kne: :ho he :as.)
Before be9innin9 the 1ain body of his talk0 the lecturer e;plained that he :ould purposely ha2e to lea2e out certain
na1es0 dates0 and places0 and 1ust not be asked about the10 as so1e of the scientists :ere :orkin9 on security
pro<ects0 and therefore :ere not free to talk e2en about such flyin9 saucers as they :ere reported to ha2e e;a1ined
personally. 8ith that e2en the professors 9ot out their notebooks.
He talked like a faculty 1e1ber :ho kne: ho: to ti1e his :ell3considered :ords so that the scribblin9 students
:ould not fall off at the first turn. He spaced his re2elations0 :hich at the end of the lecture :ere described as
Astartlin90A Asensational0A Aspellbindin90A and Aelectrifyin90A by the 1a<ority? and Aabsurd0A Aridiculous0A and
Aunbelie2able0A by the 1inority.
n actual fi9ures his lecture0 :hich took /0 1inutes0 left about E0 percent of his audience still :ith their 1ystery. The
lecture :as arran9ed for students of a basic science class0 on the condition that it :as not to be publici=ed. But fro1
a 9roup of .0 students0 the 9atherin9 had 9ro:n0 by 9rape2ine0 to a capacity audience. -rofessors of astrono1y and
en9ineerin90 as :ell as their students0 piled in. There :asn6t e2en standin9 roo1 only.
The ne9otiations bet:een the faculty and the spokes1an for the lecturer took 1onths to arran9e0 as the speaker
:asn6t keen about bein9 Ae2aluated0A but :hen the science students 2oted 100 percent to hear the lecturer0 he
ac>uiesced. 7f these0 H0 percent said0 after the lecture0 that they :ere Ai1pressed.A By a sho: of hands N0 percent
indicated they belie2ed the 1an kne: :hat he :as talkin9 about0 that he ob2iously :as a 1e1ber of the 9roup of
scientists he described as ha2in9 e;a1ined space ships :hich had landed on this earth fro10 in all likelihood0 another
planet. 5ore0 they belie2ed the 1ystery 1an of science had the best ans:er to the secret of propulsion behind these
flyin9 saucers and that it :as neither co1bustion nor <et.
(nother poll taken later reduced the colle9e3bred belie2ers in this sta99erin9 story fro1 N0 percent to /0 percent.
This :as considerably hi9her than the o2er3all credence in flyin9 saucers. (ccordin9 to a nation3:ide sur2ey by the
)nited -ress0 one out of e2ery four belie2ed the ob<ects :ere real ships. (ctually 2N percent belie2ed they :ere and H
percent :eren6t sure. The rest a9reed :ith the (ir #orce spokes1an :ho said they :ere hallucinations0 1ass
hysteria0 or hoa;es. These :ould include those 1e1bers of the )ni2ersity of "en2er faculty :ho thou9ht their
speaker6s perfor1ance :as at best a 2ery 9ood act. t :ould also include those :ho suspected it :as a hoa; played
on the fair na1e of a proud uni2ersity. But all a9reed that the 1ysterious stran9er talked as plausibly0 as
conser2ati2ely0 and as scientifically as Einstein0 7ppenhei1er0 or Busch 1i9ht ha2e talked if placed in the position of
presentin9 e>ually sensational re2elations to an e>ually skeptical audience.
(fter the 1ysterious scientist had been plied for fifteen 1inutes :ith >uestions0 &eor9e Goehler cried: A&reat 'cott0
:e ha2e to 9et out of hereC %ou ha2e only t:enty 1inutes to catch your planeCA
8ith that0 the pair hurried out of the buildin90 cli1bed into a hi9h3po:ered car and dro2e off.
The con2ersation piece on interplanetary tra2el had set up such a chain reaction that :ithin the hour 1e1bers of the
faculty0 students0 ne:spaper editors0 and radio co11entators :ere tra1plin9 all o2er each other in their 1ad haste
to 2iolate a confidence. 8ithin t:o hours they in turn :ere bein9 >uestioned by (ir #orce ntelli9ence officers.
The first thin9 the in2esti9ators :anted to kno: :as :hat :as the 1an6s na1e. !obody >uite kne:. 7ne fresh1an
re1e1bered he had been referred to as A&reat 'cottA <ust before he and Goehler took off. ( faculty 1e1ber recalled
introducin9 hi1 to another as A5r. 'ears0A and bein9 corrected? but he couldn6t re1e1ber :hat the 1an said his
A think he said it :as J!e:ton6 or 1aybe that he :as a friend of !e:ton.A
A%ou 1ean the 5ayor of "en2erBA
!o0 they :ere sure he :asn6t the 5ayor of "en2er.
A%ou 1ean a 1an can lecture at the )ni2ersity of "en2er and not be identified at allBA the 1ilitary de1anded.
The faculty didn6t >uite 1ean that0 certainly not in the face of all loyalty oaths0 :itch3huntin90 and security taboos
:hich :ere bo99in9 do:n :hat :as left of their acade1ic freedo10 but the 1an had been 2ouched for by Goehler
and0 after all0 he only had talked har1lessly on a fascinatin9 sub<ect about :hich 1an had speculated for hundreds of
AHar1lesslyBA the 1ilitary repeated. AHo: do you kno: the sub<ect is har1lessB "id anybody 9et the nu1ber of his
carB 7r o2erhear :hat hotel he :as stoppin9 atBA
8ell0 one auditor re1e1bered that Goehler did say that the 1an had to catch a plane in t:enty 1inutes.
A"id he say to :hereBA
A!o0A the infor1er re1arked0 Abut Goehler :ould kno:.A A7h0 GoehlerCA the in2esti9ator cried in dis9ust.
8hy thatB 8ell0 for 1onths it see1s (ir #orce ntelli9ence as :ell as editors0 fro1 -ublisher Gen -urdy of True :ho
:as out on a li1b because he had proclai1ed in 9iant type A#$%!& '()*E+' (+E +E($0A do:n to an unby3lined
reporter on The Gansas *ity Ti1es3had been bad9erin9 Goehler about details concernin9 flyin9 saucers. (ctually
Goehler had none firsthand. He told the1 so. -urdy rushed "onald Geyhoe out to "en2er fro1 8ashin9ton to 9et the
story. 5oney :as no ob<ect. But Goehler said he had no firsthand infor1ation. 'o0 incensed0 they thre: the book at
hi1. 7ne Gansas *ity reporter :ho hadn6t 1et Goehler0 called hi1 A*oulterA and said it :as all a hoa;. (n (.-. feature
:riter :ho hadn6t 1et Goehler either0 repeated the fallacy. Geyhoe picked it up on the bounce and repeated it0 too.
Goehler called the1 the sort of na1es :hich :ould be out of place here0 since this is not a 1odern no2el.
!o one :ould belie2e hi10 least of all (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 :hose 1e1bers acted as if they :ere >uite sure Goehler
had a pipeline into the 2ery cabin of a flyin9 saucer :hich :as reported by so1e to ha2e landed so1e:here in the
&reat (1erican "esert0 and :as further reported by others to ha2e been dis1antled by the 2ery sou2enir3huntin9
1ilitary of :hich (ir #orce ntelli9ence :as an inte9ral part. 8ere the 1ilitary "ick Tracys seekin9 infor1ation or
:ere they tryin9 to bottle up all :ho had the sa1e infor1ation they hadB 8ere they fearful that their o:n
e;peri1ents in space ships :ould leak :ithout deli2erin9 a counterpunch. 8hen an ar1y in2esti9ator turned up at
'tation G5%+ on the hunt for flyin9 saucer data0 Goehler decided to record their con2ersations.
7n a subse>uent 2isit fro1 another officer representin9 7peration Hush3Hush (:hich presu1ably had supplanted
-ro<ect 'aucer) Goehler :as surprised :hen at the end of the inter2ie: he :as ordered to surrender the reel. A8e
kno: you ha2e been recordin9 these inter2ie:s0A the officer told hi1. A!o: hand the1 o2er.A
*au9ht off 9uard0 Goehler said he6d ha2e to consult the station6s o:ner before handin9 o2er co1pany property to
anybody. Af it6s for reasons of securityA Lthe 1a9ic :ordM0 Aby all 1eans0A the proprietor a9reed.
Goehler left the conference0 e;plainin9 he6d ha2e to ha2e the en9ineer re:ind the recordin9s0 :hich happened to be
on tape. Ha2in9 also learned ho: to handle 9o2ern1ent bureaucrats fro1 their o:n double3talk0 Goehler :ent to the
en9ineer6s booth and :ith his back to the 1ilitary :inked at the technician and then ordered0 A#i; up the recordin9s
for the 9entle1an.A
He sure fi;ed the1. n re:indin9 the spools the en9ineer de1a9neti=ed the :ire0 co1pletely :ipin9 out all recorded
con2ersations as if a :et spon9e had been rubbed o2er a chalk 1ark on a blackboard. Thus :hen played back later
by the e;ultant espiona9e officers the result :as e;actly nothin9. 'o :hen in the pursuit of the 1ystery 1an of
science :ho had lectured at the )ni2ersity of "en2er the (ir #orce ntelli9ence boys cried0 A7h0 GoehlerCA they :ere
practically addin9 under their breaths0 A8e could :rin9 that bird6s neckCA
8hat they did instead :as to su11on all passen9er lists of co11ercial planes out of "en2er on 5arch H0 fro1 1:I0
-.5. 7n. They co1bed these to see if any scientists :hose na1es had e2er co1e up in relation to the late -ro<ect
'aucer had defied an unofficial directi2e for all scientists re1otely connected :ith defense (and that about included
e2erybody :ith a B.'. de9ree) to button up about flyin9 saucers. The 1anhunt 9ot no:here.
5onths before this te1pest in a uni2ersity teapot the (ir #orce had announced that -ro<ect 'aucer0 :hich it had set
up at 8ri9ht #ield0 "ayton0 7hio0 in @anuary0 1.EH0 had been ordered closed by the end of 1.E.. The preli1inary
report issued in (pril0 1.E.0 had discarded IE10 re1e1ber0 of IF/ reports :hich had been in2esti9ated since a
business1an in Boise0 daho0 had reported that in the su11er of 1.EF :hile flyin9 his pri2ate plane he had si9hted
nine saucer3like ob<ects :hich shot throu9h space at a speed too fast for hi1 to co1pute.
7f the re1ainin9 IE case histories concerned :ith flyin9 saucers the (ir #orce officers could find no satisfactory
ans:ers. 'ee1in9ly they could not ascribe these to hoa;es0 hallucinations0 and sure3fire de2ices of nobodies hun9ry
to see their na1es in ne:spaper headlines. !e2ertheless0 despite these unsol2ed 1ysteries0 the (ir #orce announced
late in "ece1ber0 1.E.0 that the :hole pro<ect had been shel2ed and as far as its in2esti9ators concerned flyin9
saucers :ere a 1yth and the belief in a for1 of 1ass hysteria in :hich it :as takin9 no further part.
"espite this shuntin9 of stran9e disk3like ob<ects s:eepin9 the sky at tre1endous speeds to the file3and3for9et file by
the #orce0 persons :ho reported ob<ects :hirlin9 throu9h our the1sel2es playin9 host soon espiona9e echelon of the
1ilitary on local le2els. !e:spaper1en and others in the kno: lau9hed at the idea that -ro<ect 'aucer had been
closed. 'o1e e2en openly printed their derision. The -enta9on didn6t bother to deny that their saucerian in>uiry had
9one under9round and :as no: operatin9 under another na1e.
Goehler had been one of 1any pri2ate citi=ens :ho had had a brush :ith a counterespiona9e body. But ha2in9 been
an old professional football player on the *hica9o Bears before he 9ot into the sellin9 end of radio0 he :as not one to
take a roust.
'carcely had (ir #orce ntelli9ence s:allo:ed the bitter pill of a lost suspect :hen flyin9 disks be9an flyin9 around
like an (u9ust festi2al of 1oths around an arc li9ht.
8ithin the :eek 5e;ico *ity? $os (n9eles? "uran9o0 *olorado? 5a=atlan? "ayton? &erin90 !ebraska? 7ran9ebur90
'outh *arolina? $i1a0 -eru? and e2en the *hilean !a2y :ere reportin9 saucer3shaped ob<ects in their skies. 5ost of
the stories :ere one3day :onders: strea1er headlines one e2enin90 :atered do:n or reduced to hearsay the ne;t.
But here and there a story sho:ed surprisin9 stayin9 po:er.
'urprisin90 too0 :as the double standard of identity 1aintained in these 1atters. E2ery citi=en :ho thou9ht he sa: a
flyin9 saucer had to turn in a report that left no doubt about :ho he :as0 :here he :as0 and the alcoholic content of
his blood for one :eek before and one :eek after he had obser2ed Aa sil2er3like saucer :hi==in9 throu9h space.A But
in t:o years of sittin9 in the re2ie:in9 stand0 the (ir #orce rarely identified so 1uch as one officer or ci2ilian technical
ad2iser it had used to blo: do:n these e2er3increasin9 reports.
E2en in the case of the )ni2ersity of "en2er lecturer0 it :ould not per1it hi1 to en<oy the sa1e anony1ity :hich it
clai1ed for itself. The faculty and students :ere pled9ed not to publici=e :hat they had heard but to e2aluate it for
:hat it :as :orth to the1 as science students. The speaker told the1 to disre9ard all but :hat he said. #or this
reason he :as not introduced by na1e or by his de9rees.
7ne of the thin9s the lecturer said :as that the first flyin9 saucer found on this earth :as disco2ered by his
collea9ues :ithin /00 1iles of :here he :as talkin9 ri9ht there in "en2er. This didn6t send the science students
scurryin9 into the field in all directions0 as it should ha2e if they had any feelin9 for research. t sent so1e to
ne:spaper offices and the rest spent the afternoon lyin9 on the la:n and 9a=in9 at the sky. By the ne;t day the
hori=ontal scanners had increased to nearer one thousand students.
That behind all this s1oke :as no fire :hate2er continued to be the unyieldin9 pre1ise of the (ir #orce Hi9h
*o11and0 officially0 thou9h its officers continued to hop around like cha1eleons on a scotch plaid0 unofficially.
7ut:ardly the (ir #orce took a detached position in the *hrist1as season of 1.E. and 1aintained it unperturbed
ri9ht throu9h the Easter sunrise ser2ices of 1./00 e2en thou9h :arned by 1en of hi9h standin9 in the
electro1a9netic branch of science that these alien ob<ects in our skies :ere kno:n for years to pile up in hea2iest
nu1bers in @anuary0 #ebruary0 and 5arch. @ud9in9 fro1 the pilin9 up of ne:spaper reports0 the scientists :ere
certainly ri9ht in their calculations and the :eary (ir #orce spokes1en :ere :ron9.
The second phase of the )ni2ersity of "en2er story :as either to find the na1e of the lecturer :ho 1i9ht0 for all the
faculty kne:0 be an a9ent fro1 5osco:0 daho0 or to find a ApatsyA to bla1e for the affair0 or did they belie2e the
flyin9 saucers :ere bein9 hurled like boo1eran9s fro1 behind the Gre1lin :allB
8hile this :as 9oin9 on0 a report ca1e in fro1 'antia9o0 *hile0 >uotin9 *o11ander (u9usto Oars 7rre9o0 head of
the *hilean (ntarctic Base0 as sayin9 that se2eral e;plorers under his co11and had photo9raphed flyin9 saucers. The
co11ander denied the possibility of optical illusions because the pictures0 he insisted0 corroborated :hat :as
obser2ed. 8hether these :ould be published depended on his superiors in the *hilean !a2y0 he told the )nited
-ress. 'o far they ha2en6t been.
This report had scarcely found its place in the line of 1arch before another report out of 'antia9o fro1 the country6s
1eteorolo9ical obser2atory added that Aa spheroid celestial bodyA (astrono1ical slan9 for flyin9 saucer) had been
si9hted at an esti1ated hei9ht of 1H0000 feet. t supposedly crossed the sky in an east to :est direction. t re1ained0
accordin9 to the na2al astrono1ers0 in the sky fro1 10 (.5. to 1 -.5.0 and then disappeared. t :as obser2ed by
(s *hile is outside the boundaries of the ). '. (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 this one elicited no co11ent fro1 the -enta9on.
Bri9adier &eneral +odri9ue= *ardenes0 chief of the 5e;ican (ir *orps0 added his disclai1er0 indicatin9 that the 9ood
nei9hbor policy :as not dead :hen it ca1e to reciprocal a9ree1ents on press releases of this sort. t :as 9ettin9 so
that pilots0 na2i9ators0 and others trained to obser2e ob<ects in the sky :ere not keen about reportin9 their
obser2ations any lon9er to (ir #orce ntelli9ence. There :ere too 1any kickbacks. To obser2e :as to be suspect? to
kno: :as to be 9uilty. t :as a cra=y situation for (1erica to find herself in0 but there it :as.
5ost persons in responsible posts learned to take the official position as if it had all the force of a directi2e. (l1ost to
a 1an you could bank on such persons accentuatin9 the positi2e0 if the -enta9on :as 9oin9 that :ay0 or addin9 their
ridicule if the trend :as do:nhill.
n the 1idst of positi2e reports fro1 here0 there0 and e2ery:here0 "r. &erard -. Guiper0 professor of astrono1y at the
)ni2ersity of *hica9o0 lau9hed at the idea that the pilot of the saucer reported in 5e;ico :as a s1all 1an0 but
su99ested that pilots of space ships could be s1art bu9s or s1all plants because that6s all0 in his opinion0 the planet
5ars could produce at present.
This sort of s1art3aleck rebuttal couldn6t possibly recei2e an official rebuff at the ti1e because it :as in the Ari9htA
direction. 5oreo2er0 it sort of set the party line for other astrono1ers.
7ff the record you could find dissentin9 opinions fro1 astrono1ers :hose standin9 :as <ust as hi9h as Guiper6s.
5any kept an open 1ind on the issue. 'o1e belie2ed the ob<ects :ere flyin9 saucers but :ere still at a loss as to
their ori9in. ( fe: fa2ored one planet or another as a possibility. But fro1 Guiper6s :hi1sy you6d think that e2erybody
had a9reed the space ships :ere fro1 5ars. 8ho said they :ere fro1 5arsB 7rson 8ellesB The 9host of the lon9
dead +. (. $ockeB 7r :as this a de2ice of the 1ilitary0 a ne9ati2e approach0 to condition us to further re2elations
later in2ol2in9 5arsB
Thou9h no (ir #orce officer has been kno:n to ha2e :ritten on the sub<ect0 True 1a9a=ine 1ana9ed to 9et t:o !a2y
1en to air to ne:spapers.
(s for thin9s at the "en2er le2el their in2esti9ators :ere too busy tailin9 that 1ystery 1an of science to bother :ith
scuttlebutt fro1 the *hilean !a2y.
The sa1e day0 unfortunately0 for those on the ne9ati2e side of the debate0 the director of the Tonant=intla
(strono1ical 7bser2atory in 5e;ico reported photo9raphin9 a flyin9 saucer. The photo9raph didn6t turn out any too
:ell0 but the ne:spaper E;celsior printed it ne2ertheless. $uis Enri>ue Erro0 director of the obser2atory0 said it :as
photo9raphed on 5arch 2 :hen the stran9e circular ob<ect crossed the 5e;ican sky.
Then on 5arch .0 +oy $. "i11ick0 $os (n9eles sales 1ana9er for the (pache -o:der *o1pany0 the sort of 1an :ho
:ould be :elco1e on al1ost any <ury0 started a 2eritable sta1pede of disk <itters :hen he reported the :recka9e of
a flyin9 saucer picked up near 5e;ico *ity. t had a dead pilot on board. The space ship 1easured EN feet across0 he
said0 and the pilot 1easured 2I inches.
A(1erican 1ilitary 1en ha2e 2ie:ed the stran9e ob<ect0A "i11ick testified0 Abut for 1ilitary security reasons the
entire 1atter has been kept 2ery hush3hush.A
The ne;t day "i11ick dropped back to :hat the 1ilitary call Aa pre2iously prepared positionA and said he hadn6t
actually seen the space ship personally but had talked to t:o i1portant 1en0 one fro1 5e;ico and the other fro1
Ecuador0 :ho had. 7ne had 9i2en hi1 a strip of 1etal fro1 the saucer. t looked like alu1inu10 but :asn6t of a 1etal
kno:n to this earth0 he added. This had a fa1iliar rin9. 62e handled so1e of that stuff0 too.
A think the 9o2ern1ent ou9ht to 1ake its position clear0A "i11ick co1plained. Af it doesn6t :ant to discuss these
thin9s for reasons of security0 :hy not say soBA
But the (ir #orce :as not sayin9 anythin9 of the sort. The saucers :ere Aa 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria.A (E;cept in
cases like "i11ick6s. He :ould fall0 suppose0 accordin9 to their ri9id classifications0 into either the 9roup sufferin9
fro1 hallucinations or the perpetrators of hoa;es.)
"onald E. Geyhoe0 a for1er 5arine pilot0 and +obert E. 5c$au9hlin0 a co11ander still on acti2e ser2ice0 :rote about
flyin9 saucers they had seen or had heard about. The articles :ere lon9 on sound and fury0 and :hile it 1i9ht be
harsh to say they si9nified nothin90 that :as 1ore because of poor :ritin9 rather than poor 1aterial. True :as not
the first in the field by any 1eans. :as at least ten :eeks ahead of True :ith articles in Oariety0 and #ate :as
ahead of 1e by a year. But 1ine :as not a re:rite. used 1aterial ne2er pre2iously printed by anybody any:here0
#ate0 the -ost0 and True included.
5uch of this :as subse>uently reprinted fro1 Oariety in papers as :idely scattered as Boston0 Buffalo0 Gansas *ity0
and $os (n9eles0 and a 9ood deal of it has been released o2er one radio station or another.
"urin9 1ost of these e;poses0 (ir #orce ntelli9ence 1aintained a :ary silence in the face of aerial obser2ations
:hich had turned the peoples of all countries fro1 discussions of the cold :ar to hot speculations about flyin9
(s for "en2er0 and its 1ysterious lecturer of 5arch H0 1./00 the 1usic :ent 6round and 6round. 'o1eone
re1e1bered that a tape recordin9 had been 1ade of the scientist6s talk and that it probably :as stashed a:ay at
'tation G5%+ :here Goehler :orked. Goehler6s e1ployer per1itted a 9roup of "en2er business1en to listen to the
recordin9 so that they could better understand the ridiculousness of all the espiona9e and counterespiona9e on the
By then the *hancellor0 :ho had been out of to:n :hen the lecture :as deli2ered0 :as soundin9 off. He issued a
directi2e to his faculty. They :ould ha2e to screen speakers 1ore carefully in the future. (n anony1ous :riter on
The "en2er -ost liked this approach to the proble1. 'o he tried his editorial hand at rebuffin9 anony1ity a1on9
2isitin9 lecturers. His rebuff had all the 1oral force of pots callin9 kettles black.
n the audience of leadin9 citi=ens at the radio transcription :as a reporter of the sa1e "en2er -ost. He broke the
story ane: in a 'unday edition. This brou9ht the (r1y (ir #orce ntelli9ence into the picture a9ain. #inally Goehler
said he could take the third3de9ree stuff no lon9er. AThe na1e of the 1ystery scientist is Ed9ar B. "a2isCA he cried. t
:as a9reed by all :ho heard it that this :as a nice honest soundin9 na1e. But :ho :as Ed9ar B. "a2isB The hunt
started out ane:.
(t the 2ery hour0 ho:e2er0 :hen "en2er :as listenin9 to a recordin9 of the lecture0 se2eral persons in Holly:ood
:ere listenin9 to a tape recordin9 of the sa1e lecture. t :as taken fro1 the ori9inal tape recordin9. n Holly:ood it
:as heard in the pri2ate ho1e of a doctor and his :ife :ho had been a 9raduate nurse and a for1er airline hostess.
The recordin9 :as in the custody of a 9eophysicist0 a 1an kno:n to 1e for years.
(ll :ere un>uestionably astounded by the re2elations and e2en 1ore so by the fact that the 2oice on the tape and
the one of the 9eophysicist :ere al1ost beyond a shado: of a doubt one and the sa1e 2oice. 7f course0 since the
flyin9 ti1e bet:een "en2er and $os (n9eles is only a 1atter of si; hours his presence in both places in the sa1e day
could not be ad2anced as conflictin9 testi1ony.
But on 5arch 1F0 "en2er6s faculty0 student body0 press0 and (ir #orce intelli9ence officers :ere pretty :ell con2inced
they had identified the lecturer :ho had had the te1erity to :rite the bad :ords A#lyin9 'aucers #or Be9innersA on
their cloistered :alls.
#our students0 as :ell as Barron Beshoar0 "en2er6s bureau 1ana9er of Ti1e3$ife ncorporated (a 9ate3crasher to the
lecture incidentally)0 :ere sure fro1 "en2er -ost photo9raphers that the 1an :as 'ilas 5ason !e:ton0 president of
the !e:ton 7il *o1pany0 a1ateur 9olf cha1pion of *olorado in 1.E20 9raduate of Baylor )ni2ersity and %ale0 :ho
did post9raduate :ork at the )ni2ersity of Berlin0 a 1an :ho had ne2er 1ade 1ore than P2/00000000 nor lost 1ore
than P20000000000 re3disco2erer of the +an9ely oil field0 patron of the arts0 and 1an of the :orld 9enerally. n brief0 a
1an of substance as :ell as science and as (1erican as apple pie.
7ne student later ad1itted he re1e1bered the lecturer and kne: :ho he :as all alon9 because he had caddied for
hi1 at the $ake:ood 9olf course 1any ti1es. But he hadn6t spoken up before because he understood there :as to
be no publicity. Hadn6t the sub<ect 1atter been announced as confidential0 he :anted to kno:B
This te1pest in a uni2ersity teapot0 cooked up to 1ake 1odesty appear as scandalous and tattle3tellin9 as a 2irtue0
:as all but obliterated fro1 e2en The "en2er -ost by a :ire story out of #ar1in9ton0 !e: 5e;ico0 on the afternoon
of 5arch 1F. The sky0 it appeared0 had been cluttered :ith flyin9 saucers for three days. But on 't. -atrick6s day in
the 1ornin9 half the to:n reported saucers in the sky. 'o1e sa: hundreds0 none sa: less than nine.
#ar1in9ton is an oil to:n of /0000 persons. ts citi=ens are 9i2en 1ore to lookin9 do:n than lookin9 up. Their li2in9
is :ay do:n there in the bo:els of the earth in the 'an @uan Basin of northern !e: 5e;ico0 close to the *olorado
line? :ithin0 si9nificantly0 that /00 1iles of "en2er the lecturer referred to.
The to:n has one ne:spaper0 the #ar1in9ton "aily Ti1es. 7n one ear of its front3pa9e 1asthead it proclai1s0 A7ur
5ission3Truth? 7ur #aith3!e: 5e;ico.A t :as established in 1HHE0 a lon9 ti1e before (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 and its
reputation for 2eracity in the co11unity is 9ood.
'o :hen on the 1ornin9 of 5arch 1H it ran an ei9ht3colu1n banner headline proclai1in9 AHu9h 'aucer (r1ada @olts
#ar1in9ton0A it :as reportin9 the ne:s as the entire staff and 1ost of the to:n6s population sa: it. *layton @. Boddy0
the paper6s business 1ana9er0 and 7r2ille +icketts0 the associate editor0 had a hand in it0 but the story :as actually
:ritten by 8alter +o9al0 the 1ana9in9 editor.
The 1ain story told that fully half the to:n6s population :as still certain the 1ornin9 after that it had seen space
ships or so1e stran9e aircrafts3hundreds of the13=oo1in9 throu9h the skies on the pre2ious day. The esti1ates ran
fro1 se2eral to 1ore than fi2e hundred. A8hate2er they :ere0A the :riter reported0 Athey caused a 1a<or sensation
in this co11unity :hich lies only a 110 air 1iles north:est of the hu9e $os (la1os (to1ic installation.A
The ob<ects appeared to play ta9 hi9h in the sky. (t ti1es they streaked a:ay at al1ost unbelie2able speeds. 7ne
trian9ulation esti1ated the speed at 10000 1iles an hour0 and 9uessed the saucers :ere about t:ice the si=e of a B3
The ne:spaper office :as delu9ed :ith calls fro1 persons :ho sa: the ob<ects and :anted so1e e;planation of
their ori9in. 5ost obser2ers described the space ships as sil2ery discs0 and a nu1ber a9reed one :as red in color.
*layton @. Boddy0 a for1er captain of the en9ineers of the (1erican (r1y in taly0 :as <ust one of the nu1ber :ho
testified as to :hat he sa:. He :as one in fact a1on9 those :ho thou9ht there appeared to be about fi2e hundred of
the1. His account :as confir1ed by @oseph *. *allioff and #rances *. *allioff0 9rocers fro1 (ntonito0 *olorado0 and
+obert #out=0 and @ohn Burrell of #ar1in9ton. The *allioffs :ere in #ar1in9ton inspectin9 sites for a proposed ne:
store in their chain0 and they contributed the opinion that the saucers see1ed to be flyin9 in for1ation.
Harold #. Thatcher0 director of the #ar1in9ton unit of the ). '. 'oil *onser2ation 'er2ice0 :as the one :ho 1ade the
trian9ulation. !ot an en9ineer0 he had en9ineers :orkin9 under hi1 and kne: ho: to 1ake a rou9h trian9ulation of
an ob<ect. He lau9hed off the idea that the sky 1i9ht ha2e been full of pieces of cotton fu== floatin9 around. A :as
not si9htin9 on any cotton0A he said. The cotton theory :as a contribution of a state patrol1an na1ed (ndy
The first reports of flyin9 saucers :ere noted at 10:1/ (.5. and for an hour thereafter reports kept strea1in9 in. The
second lar9e3scale si9htin9 appeared at I o6clock in the afternoon. The first report that one of the saucers appeared
red ca1e fro1 @ohn Eaton0 a real estate sales1an0 and Ed:ard Brooks0 a 9ara9e e1ployee. Brooks had been a B32.
tail39unner0 and :as the first to discount the ob<ects as that of 1odern aircraft. They :ere Atoo 1aneu2erableA he
@ohn Bloo1field0 another 9ara9e e1ployee0 said that they tra2eled about ten ti1es faster than <et planes and
fre>uently 1ade ri9ht3an9led turns. AThey appeared to be co1in9 at each other head on0A he added. (t the last
second one :ould 2eer at ri9ht an9les up:ard and the other at ri9ht an9les do:n:ard.A
A#ro1 the 9round they appeared about the si=e of a dinner plate0A said 5arlo: 8ebb0 another e1ployee. AThey fle:
side:ays0 on ed9e and at e2ery concei2able an9le. This is :hat 1ade it easy to deter1ine that they :ere saucer3
!o one reported seein9 any 2apor trails0 or hearin9 any en9ine noises.
n 9eneral the to:n accepted the pheno1enon cal1ly enou9h. E;cept for a fe: isolated reports there :as no
indication of (ir #orce6s tired old trinity 3 hallucinations0 1ass hysteria0 and hoa;es.
(s to :hether the ob<ects :ere fro1 another planet or so1e ne: craft of (1erican desi9n0 the to:n6s opinion :as
di2ided. (t 11:1/ (.5. the clearest 2ie: and reports of the lar9est nu1ber of saucers ca1e into the #ar1in9ton
Ti1es. By 11:I0 all had disappeared.
!earby $as Oe9as reported that at 11:I/ obser2ers cau9ht a 9li1pse of the saucers. T:el2e postal e1ployees
:itnessed one that sailed till noon. 7ne e1ployee :as +obert Hil9ers0 a lieutenant in the na2al reser2e. He said the
ob<ect :as 2ery hi9h in the sky0 Aprobably t:enty 1iles.A
The $as Oe9as "aily 7ptic 9a2e the #ar1in9ton story an ei9ht3colu1n strea1er too. A'-(*E 'H-' *()'E
'E!'(T7!A it proclai1ed. (ll pre2ious official e;planations in the (ir #orce stockpile0 that these thin9s could be
kites0 balloons0 reflections0 debris fro1 ato1ic bo1b tests at nearby (la1o9ordo0 :ind3blo:n 1erry39rounds0
su99estibility0 hallucinations0 1ira9es0 and post:ar psychoses didn6t see1 to co2er the #ar1in9ton re2elations. (
:hole to:n couldn6t be seein9 thin9s.
8ithout kno:in9 it0 that #ar1in9ton fish story had co1e a:fully close to landin9 a :hale0 because it :as in that
9eneral direction :here it all started in the sprin9 of 1.EH :hen a collea9ue of the lecturer of the )ni2ersity of
"en2er te1pest 9ot a hurry call to fly to !e: 5e;ico. This collea9ue ( shall call hi1 A"r. &eeA) had been in
9o2ern1ent ser2ice on top secret defense pro<ects for se2en years and had played a part in I/0000 e;peri1ents on
land0 sea0 and air0 in2ol2in9 10F00 scientists. He :as still on call and 9ettin9 pretty tired of these consultations0 :hich
at 9o2ern1ent salaries represents a loss to a 1an 1uch in de1and by industry.
But this ti1e he :as too thrilled to be tired. t took hi1 only three hours to fly fro1 "en2er to his destination. There
on the 9round0 ha2in9 9ently pan3caked to earth0 see1in9ly :ithout ha2in9 suffered a scratch0 he sa: the first flyin9
saucer e2er kno:n to ha2e landed on this planet.
!ot lon9 after:ard heard about it0 first fro1 that )ni2ersity of "en2er lecturer and later fro1 the lips of "r. &ee
hi1self. A don6t belie2e a :ord of it0A re1e1ber sayin9 at the ti1e0 Qbut tell 1e 1ore about it. 8hat did it look
likeB 8here :as it foundBA
The scientist told 1e0 but he also told 1e so 1any other thin9s that had for9otten the na1e of the to:n. He
e;plained about 1a9netic fault =ones particularly in 7re9on and on the 5o<a2e "esert and ho: the pilots of these
ships see1ed to be as curious about the1 as bees about honey. He said he :as checkin9 to see if this curiosity :as a
likely source or had any connection :ith the propulsion behind their ships. He told 1e he suspected they had
1astered secrets of flyin90 :hich :e :ere only no: seein9 1ost di1ly.
kept 1y o:n counsel for 1onths. But :hen others less :ell infor1ed be9an soundin9 off in all directions about
flyin9 saucers0 thou9ht it :as about ti1e that told the :orld if nothin9 1ore than proof that kne: 1ore than
had read in the papers.
n fact the ni9ht the "en2er -ost :as e;posin9 'cientist R and the #ar1in9ton citi=ens :ere e;posin9 7peration
HushHush0 :as dinin9 in Holly:ood :ith the 1an all "en2er :as huntin9 for. He had <ust talked to &eor9e Goehler
in "en2er by lon9 distance. Goehler had :orked for hi1 and had 1arried his nurse. The #ar1in9ton report had set
"en2er uproar0 Goehler told hi1.
A"o you re1e1ber 1y tellin9 you0A 'cientist R said hun9 up0 Athat the first flyin9 saucer :as found on a ranch t:el2e
1iles fro1 (=tecBA
re1e1bered :hen he re1inded 1e A%es0A said0 A re1e1ber no:.A
A8ell0A he said0 A#ar1in9ton is only t:enty3ei9ht 1iles fro1 that ranch. n fact they fle: o2er the e;act place :here
one of their nu1ber had fallen a year a9o.A
A :onder :hy they keep scoutin9 that areaBA asked. As it a tribute to the saucer that failed to co1e ho1e or to
sho: that they ha2e 1astered the particular fault =one that 9rounded an earlier patrolBA
A co2ered that in 1y "en2er lecture0A he said. A8eren6t you payin9 attentionBA
*hapter 2: 8hat the 'cientist 'aid
TH7)&H -E+H(-' not too 1uch thou9ht has 9one into the sayin9 Anearer to church the further fro1 &odA (else ho:
e;plain the piety of 1onks and nunsB)0 it ne2ertheless happens that a her1it on a fara:ay hilltop sees 1ore clearly
into your :indo:s no: and then0 than your ne;t door nei9hbor. 'uch an e;planation of the 2a9aries of reflected li9ht
1i9ht e;plain also :hy it :as not the "en2er ne:spapers that 9a2e the best report of :hat 'cientist R had said to
students of the )ni2ersity of "en2er. The reflected pri=e for the best reportin9 :ould 9o to the 'u11erside @ournal0
a 1odest si=ed publication >uartered on -rince Ed:ard sland0 *anada? bet:een !e:foundland and !e: Bruns:ick
at the 1outh of the 't. $a:rence +i2er.
This ne:spaper ob2iously 9ot its story fro1 a "en2er correspondent0 but it recapitulated :hat the speaker said so
:ell that it6s better than a transcript in helpin9 readers arri2e at an understandin9 of :hat :ent on that 5arch
( transcript of a speech doesn6t necessarily lea2e the reader :ith a :ell3rounded picture of :hat happened. The
reason for this is that :hen a 1an talks he is pri1arily appealin9 to the ears of his readers? :hen he :rites he is
appealin9 to their eyes. Therefore0 a co1plete transcription such as The !e: %ork Ti1es fre>uently e1ploys :ould
not necessarily be the truest picture of :hat a 1an said. t :ould certainly lack his e1phasis0 his 9estures0 and (in
this case) his chalk sketches on the blackboard.
Basically0 the >uestions brou9ht to the surface by this 1ysterious talker at the )ni2ersity of "en2er :ere: (1) had
science really found flyin9 saucers to be real0 (2) :hat did they consist of0 and (I) :here :ere they foundB
( listener :ould like to kno: if the speaker thou9ht the flyin9 saucers had their ori9in on this earth. f they :ere0 on
the other hand0 fro1 another planet0 :hat planetB 8ere they operated by pilots aboard the1B (nd if by pilots0 :hat
:ere the appearance0 si=e0 colorin90 a9e0 clothes0 and so1e of the other census3takin9 factsB
"id their kno:led9e of aerodyna1ics 9o deeper than ours :ould be another natural >uestion.
n a fifty31inute address0 it :ould be too 1uch to e;pect any scientist to co2er this :hole field co1pletely. (t best he
could subdi2ide the already di2ided ca1ps bet:een those :ho belie2ed in flyin9 saucers and those :ho disbelie2ed in
the1. He 1i9ht re2eal certain infor1ation alon9 the :ay0 fortifyin9 the 9eneral suspicion that he :as a 1an of
education and standin9 in the co11unity0 that he :as not only a 1an of science but of substance.
8ell0 he :as sayin90 to be9in :ith0 that there is such a thin9 as a flyin9 saucer. He :as sayin90 1oreo2er0 that the (ir
#orce0 despite its announce1ent to the contrary0 had not abandoned its -ro<ect 'aucer0 but :as operatin9 on another
le2el and under possibly another na1e. He :as sayin9 that four of these flyin9 saucers had actually landed on this
Three of the four0 he added0 had been captured and had been inspected by 1en :ith :ho1 he :as currently
identified in 9eophysical research. Thirty3four 1en0 1easurin9 bet:een thirty3si; inches to forty inches in hei9ht had
been found dead in three of the saucers disco2ered.
The first saucer to land on this earth0 he said0 landed less than t:o years pre2ious to his talk0 Aon a site :ithin /00
1iles of "en2er.A
The saucer not only didn6t appear to co1e fro1 any part of this earth0 but the >uestion of :here it ca1e fro1 still
re1ained unsol2ed. The best speculation0 he added0 :as Oenus0 but he continued to stress the point that it :as still a
)nder research0 he said0 the 1aterials used in the saucer had disclosed t:o 1etals unkno:n to us. This con2inced
hi1 and his co3scientists that the saucers :ere not likely 1ade by us or ri2al po:ers.
#ound in the first space ship :ere instru1ents :hich see1in9ly 1easured lines of 1a9netic force. These instru1ents
:ere a key to so1ethin9 :hich his 9roup :as still :orkin9 on and belie2ed :hen they sol2ed it0 they :ould ha2e
sol2ed the :hole proble1 of the propulsion of these saucers. He said such ships capable of tra2elin9 :ith the speed
of li9ht could lea2e such a planet as Oenus0 say0 :hich is 1N100000000 1iles fro1 us :hen our orbits lie in e;tre1e
positions0 and return to Oenus in less than one hour.
(ccordin9 to the correspondent0 the lecturer ne2er identified hi1self speech :as calculated0 :ell thou9ht enou9h for
the slo:est student to absorb and record.
There :as no particular accent or diction :hich the correspondent could detect. The speaker used scientific ter1s
and spoke :ith a fa1iliarity of a 1an :ho kne: 1any sciences. He repeatedly used the :ord A:eA :hen referrin9 to
e;peri1ents bein9 done on the stran9e crafts. He didn6t associate hi1self :ith any particular e;peri1ent. He also
indicated that a full disclosure of the 9o2ern1ent6s interest in flyin9 saucers0 thou9h officially denied at present0
:ould be forthco1in9 in the not too distant future. He said the first disk that landed :as .... feet in dia1eter and
had a cabin 1easurin9 F2 inches in hei9ht. The second 1easured F2 feet in dia1eter0 the third0 IN feet. (ll
1easure1ents on the ships see1in9ly :ere di2isible by nine0 :hich 1ay ha2e been a clue that they used our syste1
The disks0 he e;plained had re2ol2in9 rin9s of 1etal0 in the center of :hich :ere the cabins. The cabins :ere 9eared
to the disks0 :hich re2ol2ed around the stabili=ed cabins. The 9ears0 :hich had no lubrication0 :ere of a 9ear ratio
unfa1iliar to our en9ineers. He thou9ht they 1i9ht ha2e tra2eled by usin9 the 1a9netic lines of force kno:n to
encircle planets of our solar syste1.
#ro1 its appearances the researchers assu1ed that the first saucer :as capable of 1aneu2erin9 in any 9i2en
direction. $ike helicopters0 :hich these ships :ere not0 they could be 1aneu2ered to land any:here. The s1allest
had a landin9 9ear built like a tricycle of three 1etal balls0 :hich could re2ol2e in any direction.
(cceptin9 the theory0 :hich he did0 that the craft could operate by harnessin9 1a9netic lines of force0 he said it :as
entirely lo9ical to assu1e these saucers could tra2el up to 2irtually unli1ited speed0 at least up to 1HN0000 1iles per
second the speed of li9ht0 in this at1osphere0 and :here there :as no 9ra2itational or :ind resistance it :ould be
i1possible to co1pute ho: fast they could tra2el.
'i;teen 1en0 ran9in9 in a9es0 he :ould 9uess0 fro1 thirty3fi2e to forty years old0 if :e use our calendar of ti1e0 :ere
taken dead fro1 the first craft. Their bodies had been charred to a dark bro:n color.
'i;teen dead 1en :ere also found in the second craft. These0 ho:e2er0 had not suffered fro1 burns apparently0 and
:ere all of fair co1ple;ion. 7ther:ise they :ere like the first space tra2elers3of s1all stature. !o different fro1 us0
e;cept for hei9ht0 and lack of beards. 'o1e had a fine 9ro:th rese1blin9 peach fu==.
The third ship :as also 1anned and the 1en in it :ere also dead. This one0 a s1all saucer0 IN feet in dia1eter0 had a
cre: of only t:o. These 1en had li2ed to land0 because they had died :hile atte1ptin9 to cli1b out of their cabin.
Those connected :ith the research0 the speaker said0 belie2ed that all three craft landed under the 9uidance of their
o:n instru1ents and did not crash0 despite the fact that their cre:s :ere dead. They 1ay ha2e landed on
instru1ents or they 1ay ha2e been 9uided the :hole distance. But they did not crash and in only one ship :as there
any 1ark of i1perfection.
n construction0 they :ere >uite dissi1ilar to anythin9 :e ha2e desi9ned. There :as not a ri2et0 nor a bolt0 nor a
scre: in any of the ships. Their control boards :ere a series of push buttons. Their outer construction :as of a li9ht
1etal 1uch rese1blin9 alu1inu1 but so hard no application of heat could break it do:n.
There :as no reference to the 1eans of propulsion beyond that the craft presu1ably operated on lines of 1a9netic
force and the desi9ners had con>uered the proble1 of ho: to s:itch fro1 Oenus (:hich is positi2e) to this earth
(:hich is positi2e)0 and therefore repel each other.
The ships carried no :eapons0 and the speaker assu1ed that they had sol2ed the proble1 of disinte9ratin9 an ob<ect
:hich 1i9ht pursue or threaten the1.
He 9a2e details of the :ater and food found on the board the saucers. He also told of sleepin9 acco11odations on
one craft that had :all3enclosed bunks :hich could not be seen :hen closed and in9eniously disappeared in the
curtains :hen open.
(s he neared the end of his lecture he told of the disco2ery of a fourth saucer :hich 1e1bers of his 9roup stu1bled
on near a 9o2ern1ent pro2in9 9round. t :as unoccupied at the 1o1ent.
The scientists returned to their car for ca1eras and e>uip1ent and as they neared the ship they sa: se2eral little
1en hop into the saucer0 and the ship <ust disappeared like one of those hallucinations :e hear so 1uch about.
(t no ti1e did the speaker indicate :here the ships disappeared to after bein9 broken up for research. !or did he
9i2e any clue as to :hat happened to the bodies of the IE 1en found dead in the first three saucers. AHe said
si1ply0A concluded the reporter for the 'u11erside @ournal0 JThere is a flyin9 saucer.6 A
He 1i9ht ha2e added for the benefit of any ea2esdroppers scoutin9 for the (ir #orce that the ships :ere as real as
the planes o2er -earl Harbor0 :hich the (ir #orce ne2er sa: either. He 1i9ht ha2e0 but he refrained.
*o1parin9 this ne:s su11ary :ith an actual transcript of the lecture0 the reporter for the 'u11erside <ournal
co1es out :ith flyin9 colors. That he skipped such technical 1atters as the speaker6s reference to 8illia1 &ilbert3
(1/EE31N0I)3as the father of 1a9netis10 and other 1ilestones0 such as @uly 1N0 1.E/0 at /:I0 (.5. :hen the ato1ic
a9e :as born at (la1a9ordo0 !e: 5e;ico0 and 5a; -lanck6s theories ad2anced in 1.0I :hen he :as professor at the
)ni2ersity of Berlin is not i1portant. Tyin9 all these thin9s to the a9e of the flyin9 saucers :as part of the speaker6s
He dre: four desi9ns on the blackboard. 7ne sho:ed the A'yste1 of !ines0A belie2ed to ha2e been used in
constructin9 the saucers. T:o others sho:ed t:o 2ie:s of the saucer0 :hich :as ..... feet in dia1eter0 1H feet
across the cabin and a clearance of E/ inches abo2e the ri1 for pilots to see :hat 1i9ht be around the1. The desi9n
looked 2ery 1uch like the photo9raphs taken by -aul Trent of 5c5inn2ille0 7re9on0 and published in the @une 2N0
1./0 issue of $ife. The fourth desi9n sho:ed ho: 1a9netic lines of force tra2el fro1 the sun to the 2arious planets0
particularly to the earth and to Oenus.
(fter his lecture had caused such a stir0 the chalked desi9ns :ere preser2ed by lac>uer0 and unless the lac>uer has
been re1o2ed are there to this day.
The reporter 1issed too that the space ships apparently had no doors0 no e;its. They did0 ho:e2er0 ha2e portholes.
7ne :as broken and it had a hole about the thickness of a pencil. Throu9h this had rushed either 9ases or air :ith
such speed that it burned the 1N passen9ers inside to a bro:n crisp.
The speaker 1ade it >uite clear both in the transcript and subse>uent fireside chats at 1y ho1e that the passen9ers0
althou9h appro;i1ately E0 inches tall :ere not 1id9ets. They had no bad teeth0 no fillin9s. They all :ore a sort of
unifor1 but there :ere no insi9nia on collars or caps.
There :ere t:o or three instru1ents :hich the scientists <ud9ed to be ti1epieces. t took 2. days for the instru1ent
to 1ake a co1plete circu1ference. This :as their first clue that there 1i9ht be so1ethin9 bet:een the ship6s 1eans
of propulsion and 1a9netis10 because a 1a9netic day is 2I hours and /H 1inutes0 :hich :orks out at 2. days for a
(nother thin9 the reporter 1issed0 one that :as really si9nificant0 :as the speaker6s solution as to :hat happened to
*aptain Tho1as #. 5antell. This case had been hashed and rehashed 1any ti1es0 but ne2er once had anybody co1e
near a re1otely plausible solution as to :hat happened to 5antell and his plane.
(ll reports a9reed that on @anuary F0 1.EH0 an unidentified ob<ect :as si9hted o2er &od1an (ir #orce base0 #ort
Gno;0 Gentucky0 by both 1ilitary and ci2ilian obser2ers. #our national 9uards1en in # /16s0 flyin9 in the 2icinity0 :ere
re>uested by the &od1an control to:er operator to in2esti9ate the forei9n ob<ect. Three of the planes closed in and
reported that it :as 1etallic and of tre1endous si=e. 7ne pilot described it as Around like a teardrop and fluid.A
*aptain 5antell contacted &od1an to:er and reported the ob<ect :as tra2elin9 at half his speed at 12 o6clock hi9h.
A61 closin9 in no: to take a 9ood look0A he said. At6s directly ahead of 1e and still 1o2in9 at about half 1y speed.
The thin9 looks 1etallic and of tre1endous si=eSt6s 9oin9 up no: and for:ard as fast as a1. That6s IN0
1.p.hS61 9oin9 up to 200000 feet and if 61 no closer0 6ll abandon chase.A
The ti1e :as I:1/ -.5. @anuary F0 1.EH. That :as the last radio contact by 5antell :ith the &od1an To:er.
#i2e 1inutes after 5antell6s disappearance fro1 the for1ation the t:o re1ainin9 planes returned to &od1an #ield.
7ne of the1 refueled and e>uipped hi1self :ith o;y9en. He co2ered the territory for 100 1iles and cli1bed as hi9h
as I00000 feet0 but found nothin9.
$ater that day 5antell6s body :as found in the :recka9e of his plane near #ort Gno;.
5uch of the 1a9ic0 the scientist e;plained0 :hich has baffled both trained and untrained obser2ers0 is not 1a9ic at
all. ( 9ood deal of :hat is clai1ed to ha2e happened to ships in the air0 such as disinte9ration0 suspension for a
period of ti1e0 i11obili=ation of their instru1ent boards0 and such can be duplicated in the laboratory. 5antell6s
plane and e2ery portion of his plane fro1 the 1otor to the tips of the :in9s hun9 to9ether by reason of 1a9netic
fre>uency. This :as true of e2en 5antell hi1self. Therefore all that a flyin9 saucer had to do to disinte9rate 5antell6s
plane0 the lecturer re2ealed0 :as to de1a9neti=e it.
!o t:o lines ha2e e2er been kno:n to cross each other naturally. f forced to do so0 or if crossed by AaccidentA you
9et disinte9ration and fire.
(nybody :ho could create such a 1a9netic disturbance could :ipe out e2ery li2in9 thin9 on this earth in a second.
This0 then :as the 1a9netic research scientist6s e;planation as to :hat happened to *aptain 5antell and his ship.
The captain :as pro2in9 a source of annoyance in his pursuit of a 1a9netically controlled flyin9 saucer. ( button :as
pushed and 5antel and his plane :ere no 1ore.
(nother thin9 the speaker pointed out that should ha2e been of 1ore durable interest :as that the :ater on the
flyin9 saucer :as al1ost t:ice as hea2y as our drinkin9 :ater. t :as carried in t:o s1all containers and :as 2ery
si1ilar in fact to the hea2y :ater the !a=is :anted so badly fro1 !or:ay in their haste to be the first to 1ake an
The little :afers0 apparently the food supply0 :ere so condensed that :hen one :as put in a 9allon of :ater it
s:elled up and o2erflo:ed. t :as fed to 9uinea pi9s and they thri2ed on it.
#ro1 the outside the :hole cabin of the first flyin9 saucer e;a1ined see1ed her1etically sealed and if it had not
been for that break in one of the portholes the researchers 1i9ht ha2e spent 1onths 9ettin9 into the ship. But fro1
the inside there :as a 2isible knob in the :all and on the knob :as another s1aller knob. 8hen the s1allest knob
:as pushed the door fle: open0 but once it :as shut a9ain it :as i1possible to see the door fro1 the outside.
This at least is the official opinion of the (ir 5ateriel *o11and. (ccordin9 to the10 subse>uent in2esti9ation re2ealed
that 5antell had probably blacked out at 200000 feet fro1 lack of o;y9en and that the 1ysterious ob<ect :hich he
chased to his death :as the planet Oenus.
AHo:e2er0A the report continued0 Afurther probin9 sho:ed the ele2ation and a=i1uth readin9 of Oenus and the
ob<ects specified ti1e inter2als did not coincide.A
The ob<ect0 in fact0 is still considered Aunidentified0A and as far as is kno:n has ne2er been identified or cleared up by
the (ir #orce to this day.
But the speaker in "en2er cleared it up to the satisfaction of 1any. He first prepared his hearers by e;plainin9 that
1e1bers of his 9roup had been en9a9ed in 9o2ern1ent research since 1.E2. (t least 10F00 scientists :ere in2ol2ed
in top secret pro<ects. They had :orked to9ether for fi2e years and had found out 1ore about 1a9netis1 in those
fi2e years than the :hole :orld had been able to do in centuries pre2ious.
They had co1e to the conclusion that e2erythin9 e;istin9 o:ed its shape and bein9 to 1a9netic lines of force. He
e;plained there are 102/F 1a9netic lines of force to the s>uare centi1eter. That is to say0 to about a half inch.
(round certain areas of this earth are places kno:n to ha2e 1a9netic fault =ones. Here blo:3outs occur0 si1ilar to
the perpetual eddyin9 of the :aters around *ape Hatteras. 7n this continent areas around the states of 7re9on and
!e: 5e;ico are kno:n to ha2e these sort of faultin9s.
f the saucers fly on these 1a9netic :a2es and ha2e an intelli9ence operatin9 the1 (like ours0 or e2en superior to
ours) it follo:s that they :ould sho: a curiosity about areas that :ere troubleso1e. (lso ato1ic e;plosions 1i9ht
disturb 1a9netic lines of force and certainly be not unkno:n to their instru1ents.
This could e;plain their fre>uent appearances o2er areas like the 8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round. 'ince the air is so
1uch clearer in 8yo1in90 *olorado0 (ri=ona0 !e: 5e;ico0 and Te;as it ob2iously is easier for land3based obser2ers
to spot the1.
t had not yet been deter1ined :hat the t:o 1aterials found on the ship :ere. Heat had not been able to 1elt one
do:n0 not e2en up to 100000 de9rees. t :as stron90 it :as li9ht. ( do=en 1en could stand on it and not dent it? t:o
1en could raise up one end of the ship0 it :as that li9ht.
5ore than 1/0 e;peri1ents had been tried to break do:n the 9ear structure of the ship0 :ith no success t :as hard
and of a ratio different fro1 the ':edish syste1 :hich :e e1ploy. nstead of bein9 three to fi2e it :as three to si;0
9i2in9 no allo:ance for lubrication or play or :ear e;pansion under heat. The speaker said that one ship had defied
all effort to 9et inside of it0 despite the use of PI/0000 :orth of dia1ond drills.
Thou9h the F23foot ship had sleepin9 >uarters and e2en a toilet0 the third ship had neither of these features. The
latter :as piloted by t:o little 1en0 :ho sat on bucket seats in front of a control board :hich :as entirely
1anipulated by push buttons. 7ne0 :hen found0 :as half:ay out of is cabin. The other :as sittin9 :ith his head on
his chest? both dead.
t :as the little ship that had the three3point landin9 9ear. The loco1otion :as not on :heels but steel3lookin9 balls.
f all the balls :ere spinnin9 in the sa1e direction0 any nu1ber of 1en could not tilt the ship. Ho:e2er0 if the :ere
no 1o2e1ent to the steel balls0 a child could tilt the disk ship. This helped to con2ince the researchers that 1a9netic
la:s :ere in2ol2ed. The speaker 9uessed that the t:o3seater 1ust ha2e been a later 1odel0 based and built on the
kno:led9e that the trip fro1 :here2er they ca1e and back did not re>uire sleepin9 acco11odations nor toilets0 any
1ore than auto1obiles re>uire the1 on this earth.
*ertainly any flyin9 saucer :hich could tra2el fro1 the planet Oenus0 say0 to this earth and back in an hour :ould
ha2e no need for o2erni9ht ba9s.
The speaker also said that the thread used to se: the buttons on the <ackets of these 1en had been tested0 and it
took E/0 pounds of :ei9ht to break the thread.
This :as the lecturer6s story. $ater :e :ill 9et to "r. &ee6s o:n story0 but ha2e a story to tell0 too. (nd after 1e the
(ir #orce has its story0 for in this court all :ill 9et a hearin9.
*hapter I: 'o1e -ersonal History
$7!& BE#7+E this point0 1any readers 1ust ha2e asked the1sel2es0 AHo: did 'cully 9et into all thisBA
#rankly0 :rote 1y :ay into it. %ears a9o :rote the inside story of ho: happened to be the author of #rank
Harris6s life of Bernard 'ha:. later incorporated the articles into a book called +o9ues &allery0 a title :hich
subse>uently 9a2e to Ellery Tueen for a book of detecti2e stories0 only to find it used :ithout per1ission in 1o2ies0
radio0 and e2ery:here else as ti1e :ent by.
(1on9 the readers of +o9ues &allery :as one :ho :rote in substance: A%ou keep pickin9 around the ed9es of
Harris. 8hy don6t you :rite a book about hi1BA t :as si9ned J'ilas 5. !e:tonK.
The na1e ran9 a bell in 1y 1e1ory. 8hen Harris and his :ife 1ade a trip fro1 !ice to !e: %ork in the :inter of
1.2.U1.I00 'ilas !e:ton paid for it. He housed the1 in his -ark (2enue residence and arran9ed for their in2itation to
talk to 8ashin9ton officialdo1 on 'hakespeare.
A7b2iously it6s an outcroppin90A he said. A!o prospector :ould kno: ho: to 9et it other:ise.A
He or9ani=ed an e;pedition. He ordered e>uip1ent0 1en0 and a <eep dispatched fro1 "en2er. They :ere to 1eet us
at a 1otel near the *alifornia3!e2ada line. 8e :ere routed out at I:E/ in the 1ornin9. 8e tra2eled to a <u1pin93off
place in a ne: 7lds1obile and the <eep.
#our of the1 transferred to the <eep takin9 instru1ents0 :ater0 and food :ith the1. :as left to 9uard the pass.
#ro1 :hatB The nearest si9n of life :ere so1e dinosaur6s hoof prints3and they :ere I000000000 years old.
Af :e don6t co1e back by noon0 don6t :orry0A said !e:ton. Af thin9s 9o bad :e 1i9ht be held up till E:I0.A
A(nd if you don6t co1e back by sundo:nBA A8e6re lost0A he said.
Then he dro2e off :ith the keys to the rescue car. That 1eant if they :ere lost0 :as too.
They left <ust as the sun :as co1in9 o2er the 1ountains. :as parked on a 2olcanic la2a bed3barren of the sli9htest
2e9etation. !ot e2en a bu==ard fle: o2er the area all day.
By noon the heat beca1e stiflin9. stripped nude e;cept for ar1y boots and cra:led under the car. !e2er had seen
such a &od3forsaken spot.
be9an to think of 1yself in ter1s of *aptain 'cott0 that 1y end :ould be si1ply a 1atter of Athese fe: notes and
1y dead body :ill tell the tale.A n fact e2en feared that the notes :ould burn up and ne2er be found. could see
fifty 1iles in any direction and could see nothin9. could 9et a radio station fro1 'alt $ake *ity but they didn6t help
because they couldn6t 9et 1e.
( sand:ich and a canteen of :ater :ere 9one by noon. be9an to dry out0 to sali2ate. could ha2e tried the radiator
:ater0 but it :as full of rust and felt that all that :as left of 1e :as ferrous o;ide0 the sodiu1 chloride ha2in9 lon9
E2en if rescued :ouldn6t kno: :here to hunt for the others. There are IN0 de9rees in e2en a secret circle0 lea2in9 a
I/.3to31 shot that a searchin9 party :ould find the1.
They didn6t return at noon. They didn6t return by E:I0. 'o by !e:ton6s o:n definition they :ere lost. t :as too late
to try hobblin9 back to ci2ili=ation0 so decided to spend the ni9ht in the car0 :ithout food or :ater.
But after the sun had set sa: the li9hts of a <eep :ea2in9 in and out of the cactus0 sa9e0 la2a beds0 and sand. (fter
three atte1pts to 9et to 1e they finally found a :ay in.
They returned 9aspin9 for :ater0 pooped0 9lass3eyed. They drank so1e of the radiator :ater0 thre: a sack of ore0
so1e tools0 and their 9old3cra=ed bodies in the car. !e:ton took the :heel and tore across the open 2alley to the crib
:here :e had spent the ni9ht.
7nce refreshed by a couple of coyote sand:iches and so1e diluted 1ari<uana the nati2es used for coffee0 !e:ton
9a2e out :ith the bi9 ne:s. They had found the outcroppin9 all ri9ht.
A7nly it6s on a reacti2ated 1ilitary reser2ation0A he said0 Aand :e6ll 9et our butts shot off if :e 9o in there a9ain. 'o
9uess :e6ll ha2e to shel2e the pro<ect till the cold :ar is o2er.A The others a9reed.
A8ell0 it 2indicated 1y hunch that :e could find other thin9s besides oil by instru1entation0A he added. A$et6s 9et
so1e sleep. 8e62e 9ot to 9et back to business.A
The sack of ore he lured fro1 a 9o2ern1ent 1ilitary reser2ation :ei9hed fifty pounds. t assayed P102/0.
t :as a year al1ost to the day0 after this ad2enture in the broadcastin9 of 1icro:a2es fro1 a 9old outcroppin9 to
!e:ton6s instru1ents0 that !e:ton introduced 1e to his ne:est secret. had introduced hi1 to a 9irl0 'haron
*hillison (he has since 1arried her)0 and he in2ited her0 5rs. 'cully0 and 1e to dinner at the 'ports1en6s $od9e in the
'an #ernando Oalley. He had <ust co1e fro1 (ri=ona0 :here he had been referred for so1e i1pro2e1ents in his
9eolo9ical research e>uip1ent. (t the ti1e of the dinner he had 1ade thousands of sur2eys in the 5o<a2e "esert and
had <ust about decided to drill so1e test :ells. (ll the bi9 oil co1panies :ere con2inced there :as nothin9 in the
area0 but by instru1entation he :as sure there :as.
A-etroleu1 in place0A he contends0 Aradiates 1a9netic ener9y0 and this is 1easurable.A
The trouble :as0 ho: 1uchB Ho: deep did the :ells 9oB -etroleu1 deposits hidden deep in the earth :ere
constantly broadcastin9 throu9h 1a9netic 1icro:a2es0 he belie2ed0 :hat had been trapped in the 2arious fault
=ones. The only handicap his instru1ents sho:ed :as that they could co1e :ithin inches of tellin9 hi1 :here oil
could be found but could not tell hi1 ho: 1uch 2olu1e to e;pect. Thus he 1i9ht co1e out :ith so little oil that for
all practical purposes0 he had drilled a dry hole.
n 1.E/ !e:ton told 8alter +ussell that the broadcastin9 of 1icro:a2es by his instru1entation ne2er e;ceeded I2
1iles. He didn6t understand :hy. +ussell e;plained :hy.
A)nder one of 1y la:s co2erin9 circular 1otion0A he said0 Athe radius is li1ited to I2 1iles because that is the li1it of
the earth6s crust. Beyond that depth is a solid substance. 8ithout kno:in9 it you ha2e disco2ered the thickness of the
skin of the earth.A
!e:ton :as deli9hted to hear this and the deli9ht :as not lessened :hen 1F 1onths later the telephone co1pany
announced that they :ere settin9 up a line bet:een !e: %ork and Boston :ith relay stations e2ery I0 1iles because
that see1ed to be as far as 1icro:a2es :ould reflect. They did the sa1e thin9 :hen settin9 up tele2ision relay
stations bet:een $os (n9eles and 'an #rancisco in 1./0.
5ean:hile !e:ton :as applyin9 the kno:led9e of 1icro:a2es to Apetroleu1 in place.A 'ince trapped oil :as :hat he
:as lookin9 for0 that6s all he :as concerned about. That of course and an esti1ate of ho: 1uch :ould be there
before he started di99in9.
n the su11er of 1.E. he 1et "r. &ee0 a 1a9netic en9ineer :ho had been released in @uly after se2en years of
9o2ern1ent ser2itude on all sorts of top3dra:er pro<ects. He had beco1e a 1aster of 1a9netic ener9y but PF0200 a
year :as all he could 1ake for all his 1astery. 'o he be99ed off 9o2ern1ent pro<ects to 9et back to a 1ore profitable
business. He and !e:ton e;chan9ed 2ie:s and he told !e:ton that he thou9ht !e:ton :as operatin90 not 1erely on
1icro:a2es but on 1a9netic :a2es. He thou9ht a 1a9netron0 such as :as de2eloped durin9 the :ar0 1i9ht be able
to detect the 2olu1e of oil. This0 he e;plained0 :as possible because 1a9netic :a2es :ill not 9o throu9h oil. They
1o2e o2er and under the petroleu1. Thus it :ould be easy to subtract the difference and tell you ho: 1uch 2olu1e
there :as in a 9i2en oil trap.
This :as the ans:er !e:ton :as lookin9 for and he si9ned "r. &ee and his e>uip1ent to check on the 5o<a2e "esert
field before startin9 any :ildcat operations.
8hile dri2in9 :ith "r. &ee fro1 "en2er to -hoeni; one day early in the su11er of 1.E. !e:ton tuned in on a ne:s
co11entator :ho happened to be reportin9 a flyin9 saucer story.
A"o you think there6s anythin9 to these thin9s0 "octorBA !e:ton asked the 1a9netic research scientist.
The doctor nodded his head. AToo bad :e :eren6t associated before0A he said. A could ha2e :orked you into the
pro<ect of the first one :e :ere called in to e;a1ine.A He pointed south of :here they :ere dri2in9. At landed do:n
near (=tec0 !e: 5e;ico. 9ot a call and fle: do:n fro1 "en2er in three hours.A
t :as his 9roup that had :orked out the 1eans by :hich @apanese sub1arines :ere detected by 1a9netic de2ices.
'o successful :ere the instru1ents0 that :e :ere able to knock out as 1any as 1F @ap sub1arines in one day. They
had conducted I/0000 e;peri1ents for the 9o2ern1ent on land0 sea0 and air. They had 1o2ed 1a9netic research
ahead hundreds of years and had spent a billion dollars doin9 it.
!e:ton :as e;plainin9 all this to us at dinner and then0 as if he could keep a secret no lon9er fro1 old friends0 he
started to tell the details of t:o saucers the research 1a9netic scientist had personally seen0 e;a1ined0 checked on0
His story :as so fantastic0 that if he :eren6t a solid 1an of industrial ser2ice0 you 1i9ht ha2e suspected that he had
9one cra=y in a >uiet0 plausible :ay.
He said that "r. &ee of their 9roup :as co1in9 to the coast 2ery shortly to check on so1e 9o2ern1ent defense :ork
:hich for the present :as top secret. He :as then 9oin9 to check on !e:ton6s o:n 9eophysical findin9s in the
5o<a2e "esert and 1aybe he :ould tell us :hat he had told !e:ton.
"r. &ee 1i9ht sho: us so1e of the thin9s that had been taken off one flyin9 saucer0 so1e s1all disks of a 1etal
unkno:n to this earth0 a tiny radio :hich operated under principles >uite unkno:n to our en9ineers0 a stran9e cloth0
so1e 9ears and other s1all thin9s :hich he could carry :ith hi10 and :hich he had taken off one of the ships for
research0 after he found 1e1bers of the (ir #orce pickin9 off pieces <ust for sou2enirs.
#rankly0 ne2er e;pected to hear any 1ore of this0 but a fe: :eeks later recei2ed a call fro1 !e:ton askin9 1e if
6d like to dri2e up to the to:n of 5o<a2e0 :hich is about ninety 1iles fro1 $os (n9eles0 to see ho: his e;ploratory
operation :as 9ettin9 alon9. The 9eophysicist :ho :as the top 1an in 1a9netic research :ould be :ith us. This :as
on 'epte1ber H0 1.E.. He said that -e2erly 5arley0 ca1era1an at 8arner6s and the husband of $inda "arnell0 :ould
be co1in9 alon9 too.
8e failed to 1ake connections :ith 5arley and :ent on :ithout hi10 but at the cutoff at !e:hall :e heard a honkin9
behind us and there :as 5arley :ho had pursued us and cau9ht up :ith us. He parked his car at a 9as station and
:e all repaired to 5o<a2e in !e:ton6s *adillac. 5arley and the 1a9netic research scientist sat in the back? !e:ton
and in the front.
(s on 1ost lon9 trips0 people talk about all sorts of thin9s. 'o :e 9ot started on flyin9 saucers. There :as no
secrecy0 official or other:ise0 at the ti1e and the scientist ans:ered any and all >ueries. His e;planations :ere as
phle91atic as those of a co1bustion en9ineer e;plainin9 ho: 9as e;plodes in the cylinder of an auto1obile. 7n the
oil field proper0 the 1a9netic scientist 9ot out his 1a9netron and !e:ton 9ot out his o:n instru1ents. Thou9h their
instru1ents looked in no:ise alike0 these 1en kept checkin9 each other and in2ariably co1in9 out :ithin a foot of
each other6s esti1ates. !e:ton :ould ask the 1a9netic scientist :hat depth he thou9ht oil :as at a particular point
at :hich they a9reed there :as oil and :ithin seconds the scientist :ould say so1ethin9 like 20F/0. !e:ton :ould
check in his book and say0 A 9ot 20FE. :hen checked here last 5ay.A
There :ould be a cal1 e;chan9e of ho: this discrepancy of one foot could ha2e arisen0 but the difference :as so
s1all that it constantly a1a=ed a lay1an like 1e that they could split hairs about di99in9 one foot 1ore or less into
:hat 1ust ha2e been 1illions of dollars either :ay.
nstead of stayin9 o2erni9ht on the desert0 :e decided to dri2e back to to:n0 a 1atter of only t:o hours and the
e1inent 9eophysicist stopped off at our house for a short 2isit to 1eet 5rs. 'cully and our fa1ily.
'ho:in9 no feelin9 :hate2er that he :as airin9 confidences :hich 1i9ht be 2iolated0 he ans:ered all sorts of
>uestions concernin9 the possible ori9in of the flyin9 saucers and ho: they 1i9ht ha2e 9ot to this earth fro1 another
planet0 and0 1ore i1portant to his 1ind0 ho: they could ha2e 9ot back to :here they ca1e fro1. The s1allest detail0
:hich a :o1an 1i9ht brin9 up0 about the interior of the cabin of the flyin9 saucer0 1atters of :ater0 food0 clothin90
:ere >uietly e;plained <ust as one 1i9ht describe the furniture of his o:n ho1e.
His kno:led9e of 1a9netic ener9y :as as far ahead of us as0 say0 the kno:led9e of ato1ic3ener9y scientists 1ust
ha2e been to the a2era9e person in relation to nuclear fission ten years a9o. ndeed0 he said so1e thin9s at that ti1e
:hich since ha2e been heralded far and :ide by (lbert Einstein in relation to his 1odified theory of the uni2erse0
:herein he discounted !e:ton6s la: of 9ra2ity in fa2or of one in2ol2in9 electro31a9netic forces. This didn6t 1ean
1uch to 1e at the ti1e but it 1eans a lot 1ore to 1e no:.
He said he re9retted the ship :as dis1antled this :ay but the (r1y see1s to breed sou2enir huntin9 as it does rank.
8hen he sa: :hat :as happenin9 he 9rabbed a fe: thin9s hi1self0 not to put in his trophy cabinet but to use for
The (ir #orce took so1e fil10 he e;plained. But it fades in t:o hours0 for reasons of security. ( special che1ical0 9ot
only on license0 restores the i1a9e for another t:o hours. !aturally this fil1 :as not a2ailable to hi1. He said he
shot so1e fil1 of his o:n0 but it :asn6t 2ery 9ood. He6d brin9 that alon90 thou9h. n ti1e :e sa: all those thin9s3all
e;cept the <acket. 8e e;a1ined the radio0 the 9ears0 the fil1.
Then be9an the rei9n of error. (ir #orce closed -ro<ect 'aucer and :ent under9round. (ll :ere told to for9et :hat
they kne:. AHallucinationsA beca1e a routine ans:er. A-sychoA beca1e a 2eiled threat. E2erybody shut up but the
people. The official da1s :ere closed but the public spilled its obser2ations into the lake of a free press.
But the conflict bet:een free in>uiry and official censorship 9re:. 5en :ho talked freely in the su11er of 1.E.
:ouldn6t tell their story for P2000000000 by the su11er of 1./0. But re1e1bered. Better than elephants0
re1e1bered. n fact0 elephants co1e to 1e :hen they for9et.
t 1eans 1ore because the 9eophysicist said he had checked o2er t:o of the saucers and belie2ed they :ere dri2en0
not by fuel0 <et0 turbo<et0 or e2en athodyds (ca2ity 1a9netron)0 but by 1a9netic po:er and that due to certain 1etals not
found on this earth but found on the saucers0 he suspected the space ships :ere fro1 another planet. n fact he
ridiculed the idea of anythin9 9ettin9 e2en as far as the 1oon on <et propulsion or anythin9 like it. (s at this ti1e he
:as doin9 research for 1en :hose li2in9 ca1e out of oil0 and :as in fact a partner in their properties0 he could hardly
be suspected of featherin9 his o:n nest by discountin9 9as or petroleu1 as a 1eans of propulsion fro1 one planet to
(nother thin9 re1e1bered fro1 that first 1eetin9 :as his interest in 1y infir1ity. ha2e only one le9 and ha2e not
had 1uch luck :ith artificial le9s0 chiefly because they are too hea2y and 1y stu1p too short.
He su99ested a suction socket0 eli1inatin9 all shoulder and :aist harness. He said he could 1ake one of a 1aterial
as stron9 as steel and as li9ht as plastic. told hi1 it :ould still ha2e to be 1anipulated. He su99ested he could
install a s1all 1otor that could be operated by push button.
AThe :hole thin9 shouldn6t :ei9h three pounds0A he added. A#ine0A said0 Abut suppose stopped to shake hands and
chat :ith a friend0 and the le9 should keep on :alkin9. 8ouldn6t look sillyBA
A6d control that :ith a push button too0A he said.
t 9a2e 1e a clue to the practicality and s:eep of his 1ind. Before he left he pro1ised us he :ould sho: us s1all
parts of one of the saucers on his ne;t trip fro1 -hoeni;. ( radio had hi1 particularly baffled. t had no tubes0 no
aerials0 no :ires. He 9uessed the cabin 1ust ha2e been its antenna. He :as tryin9 to ri9 up a substitute antenna. He
could hear a hi9h sin9son9 note 1/ 1inutes past the hour. But the dial :as so 1icro31etrically keyed it :as difficult
to stay on the :a2e. He :as thinkin9 of settin9 up so1ethin9 like a block3and3fall :hich per1its a clu1sy hand to lift
a hea2y ob<ect. (ny:ay he6d take it alon9. 8asn6t 1uch bi99er than a kin93si=ed ci9arette packa9e.
*hapter E: Theories in *ollision
BE#7+E &+7)!"!&0 belie2ers in flyin9 saucers perhaps it 1i9ht be fruitful to hear :hat dissenters (by no 1eans
accepted by other dissenters) ha2e to say on interplanetary tra2el.
!aturally if you follo: any ri2al theorist too lon90 you6ll either be sucked in by his prop :ash or be blo:n o2er a cliff
by his e;haust 9ases. t also naturally follo:s that 1en :ho are :edded to rockets as the only plausible 1eans of
9ettin9 fro1 one planet to another (and that in 1./0 included the (ir #orce) are not 9oin9 to <unk their rockets and
e1brace flyin9 saucers 1erely because others 1ay say saucers are already here0 :hile the best 1ilitary infor1ation
puts rockets to the 1oon t:enty3fi2e years into the future0 and a four3day trip e2en then.
5en stay :ith :hat they belie2e0 or fi9ht for bu99y :hips in an era of auto1obiles for the si1ple reason that their
li2elihoods are all tied up :ith bu99y :hips.
That rocketeers should pooh3pooh the reality of flyin9 saucers :hile 9i2in9 painstakin9 details of trips to the 1oon in
their i1a9inary rockets re2eals ho: theories as :ell as :orlds can suffer collision.
%et :ho can read 8illy $ey and not be con2inced that the 1an is :ritin9 about a trip to the 1oon that he actually
tookB (nd for those :ho 1ay still doubt0 they :ill be 9athered in like daisies if they look at *hesley Bonestell6s
Adocu1entaryA paintin9s :hich support $ey6s te;t. !o ca1era could add anythin9 to such an interplanetary
Oikin90 :hich 9a2e JThe *on>uest of 'paceK (1.E.) the 9la1our treat1ent0 published a 1ore thorou9h if less
9la1orous book on rockets by $ey in 1.EE. $ey 1ust ha2e for9otten so1e of his o:n researches0 because in the
earlier book he lists a 2olu1e published in 1.I1 :ritten by "a2id $asser. t bears the fetchin9 title JThe *on>uest of
Both books co11endably play do:n the lethal prospects of rockets and stress their possibilities for interplanetary
tra2el. $ey is particularly persuasi2e0 :hether appealin9 to astrono1ers0 en9ineers0 or those :ho like a 9ood story.
He has been ena1ored of rockets for t:enty3fi2e years and has been publishin9 pa1phlets on the1 since at least
1.2N. The +ussians0 ho:e2er0 :ere at the1 as early as 1H.I0 and the #rench 9o back to 1H1E :hen 8illia1
*on9re2e published his first book on rockets. His theories spread to En9land0 reland0 and &er1any and :ere the
1ilitary 2o9ue of the ne;t fifteen years.
(fter the #irst 8orld 8ar there :as another upsur9e of interest3especially a1on9 those obsessed :ith the belief that
one ne: :eapon can :in a :ar. The O2 of the 'econd 8orld 8ar con2inced 1any ene1ies of the !a=is that perhaps
the fanatics :ere ri9ht. 8ere it not for the fact that the (1ericans in2ented the ato1 bo1b0 :ar rockets :ould be
co1pletely in the saddle today. (s it is0 rockets hold a secondary position and their proponents0 both a1on9 the
1ilitary and ci2ilian0 1ust console the1sel2es :ith such subli1ations as trips to the 1oon instead of to 5osco:.
Thou9h $ey has a tendency to belittle :hat he calls second3rate no2elists dealin9 :ith 1atter in the science3fiction
field0 he is really in the sa1e field hi1self. He starts fro1 a basic and belie2able pre1ise0 such as a rocket bein9 shot
off at the 8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round0 !e: 5e;ico (north of El -aso0 Te;as)0 and o2er:hel1s you :ith such a detail
of en9ineerin9 data0 in connection :ith such a release0 that you 9o :ith hi1 into areas :here0 if you thou9ht about
it0 you :ould reali=e he had 1o2ed fro1 fact into a strictly fictional field :ith 1ore lau9hable brass than any @ules
Oerne of flyin9 saucers.
He calls the si9nal for firin9 AR 1inus 200A and he :orks you :ith a palpitant (pulsatin9) pace all the :ay do:n to R
1inus 1. (fter that there are only fifty seconds to 9o. . .forty. . .thirty. . .t:enty . . .ten. ( hand in a steel 9lo2e
pushes an i9nition button. ( pin:heel burns0 2al2es <u1p open0 li>uid o;y9en and alcohol rush fro1 tanks into the
1otor. *ontactC 9nitionC. . . ( noise :hich can be heard one3half a 1ile a:ay like the roar of a :aterfall0 or of distant
thunder. -ero;ide and per1an9anate co1e to9ether0 the turbine :heel spins0 the pu1ps 1o2e0 the fuel is forced.
There is a deafenin9 roar. VeroC +ocket a:ayC
Ho: can anybody deny that such e;cite1ent is realB
There is a thrust of t:enty3se2en tons on a rocket :ei9hin9 less than fifteen tons. #ifteen 1iles up the 2elocity cli1bs
fro1 forty feet per second to one 1ile per second. (fter si;ty3ei9ht seconds0 there is a 1echanis1 :hich shuts off
the fuel flo:. $ey insists on callin9 it Brennschluss because the &er1ans called it that. (fter that the rocket keeps
1o2in9 on kinetic ener9y. t reaches a hei9ht of 110 1iles0 before 9ra2ity be9ins to reassert itself.
n fi2e 1inutes it is back to the earth. (nd thou9h it :ent strai9ht up it has landed thirty 1iles a:ay. $ike all planets
or other ob<ects in space0 it has follo:ed Gepler6s la: of elliptical confor1ity. t 1i9ht ha2e been set to follo: a
different ellipse as :ar rockets do. n that case it 1i9ht ha2e landed 200 1iles fro1 :here it :as fired instead of
7f course if the rocket could ha2e 9ot outside our 9ra2itational pull0 it 1i9ht ha2e kept ri9ht on do the 1oon. But
hi9h perfor1ance depends on hi9h 2elocity. 8ith a hi9h 1ass ratio0 and a hi9h e;haust 2elocity0 a rocket slanted to
land :here the 1oon :ould be four days fro1 no:0 :ould hit it ri9ht on the nose. There is an e;peri1ental rocket
airplane called R'31. $ey belie2es the :in9ed0 lon93ran9ed rocket of the future :ill rese1ble this type of airplane. But
he 9i2es no thou9ht to the idea that the rocket principle :hich he hu9s so close to his breast 1ay also be in2ol2ed in
the propulsion of flyin9 saucers. f a rocket0 si1plified0 is fire:orks0 a flyin9 saucer0 e>ually si1plified0 can be a
pin:heel in the sa1e pyrotechnical display.
The at1osphere of the earth e;tends 2/0 1iles0 but at forty 1iles the density is nearer a 2acuu1 than anythin9 else.
(pparently $ey cannot concei2e of any propulsion beyond our co1bustion en9ines0 turbines0 turbo<ets and0 in his
drea1s0 athodyds. Thou9h belie2ers in flyin9 saucers ha2e fre>uently been classified as beautiful drea1ers0 $ey talks
about a rocket :ith fla:less do:n3to3earth lo9ic3until you find that his rockets do not ha2e enou9h po:er to 9et to
the 1oon. n that case they can beco1e orbital rocketsC That is to say0 sort of artificial 1oons0 there to re2ol2e in our
at1osphere and be used for na2i9ation purposes or stations in space0 for later rocket ships to refuel on their :ay to
8hat 8illy $ey is cookin9 up0 a 9roup callin9 the1sel2es the Borderland 'cientists belie2e is here already. They call
these space ships and the people 1o2in9 around on such a plane bet:een this planet to another0 AEtherians.A
7nce he has 9ot an un1anned rocket to o2erco1e all barriers and actually reach the 1oon (possibly :ith a load of
9ypsu1 so that its crash3landin9 :ill sho: up :hite a9ainst the 1oon6s habitual 9reyness) $ey :ould be ready for a
1oonship 1anned by a cre: conditioned to all sorts of at1ospheric pressures and 2acuu1s. Because 1an on this
earth functions at 1 9. (9ra2ity)0 the rocket could not e;ceed an acceleration of E 9. :ithout tearin9 hi1 apart. Thus it
:ould take /00 seconds of acceleration at E 9. before the ship hit a 2elocity of F 1iles per second3a speed it :ould
ha2e to 1aintain to 9et out of the earth6s 9ra2itational pull. n its fall to:ard the 1oon0 there :ould ha2e to be
enou9h fuel reser2ed to resist the pull of the 1oon6s 9ra2itational pull. (nd in fact enou9h fuel left o2er0 to 9et out of
it a9ain. There :ould be no :ay to relay a 1essa9e0 as there is no air around the 1oon :here the te1perature
2aries fro1 2/0 de9rees belo: =ero to 200 abo2e. )nless the cre: hit a happy 1ediu10 their chances of co1in9 back
on $ey6s slo: boat :ould be acade1ic.
*o1in9 back to this earth0 $ey hoped the en9ineers could :ork out a series of breakin9 ellipses0 so that the rocket
could e2entually 9et ho1e like a 9lider. He also su99ested a t:o3step rocket0 one inside the other0 and the s1aller
one to take on the final <ob of 9ettin9 to the 1oon.
#unny thin9 that $ucian of 'a1osata0 :ho :rote the first story of a trip to the 1oon0 in the third century0 had a ship
cau9ht in an (tlantic stor1 and had the ship carried to the 1oon. t took ei9ht days. That6s not bad calculatin90
considerin9 that the best fi9ures today0 accordin9 to those unfa1iliar :ith 1a9netic ener9y ($ey apparently a1on9
the1)0 :ould be four days.
@ohannes Gepler :ho disco2ered the la:s of planetary orbits also 1ade an i1a9inary trip to the 1oon. But his :asn6t
as belie2able as $ey6s. $ey6s o:n i1a9inary trip takes place on a 1ountaintop near the e>uator. t :ill be out of si9ht
:ithin a 1inute. ts path :ill be 2ertical0 and then tipped east:ard so it can 9ain so1e of the earth6s rotational
1o1entu10 and then pointed to a spot :here the 1oon :ill be four days hence. t :ill lea2e the earth6s at1osphere
three 1inutes after takin9 off0 and the rocket6s 1otors :ill :ork for ei9ht 1inutes.
7nce the terrible acceleration has stopped0 and the Brennschluss set0 the pilot :ill no doubt ha2e a hard ti1e 9ettin9
his breath back as the 9ra2ity 9oes do:n fro1 E 9. to 1 9. to =ero. (t that point the pilot :ill find e2erythin9 around
hi1 de2oid of :ei9ht. He 1ay ha2e to drink :ater that has beco1e bubbles and is floatin9 all around hi1. 7f course
he could eat0 because bodily functions do not depend on 9ra2ity. 5en can drink :hen standin9 on their heads. But
e2erythin9 :ould ha2e to be strapped do:n0 includin9 the cre: until it :as ti1e for the rocket to back do:n and
decelerate to the 1oon four days later.
7n the 1oon the pilot :ould not find those craters as such0 at least they :ould not be e;tinct 2olcanoes0 but peltin9s
that had hit the 1oon fro1 an outside at1osphere0 and left hu9e circular indentations0 so1e as :ide as 1/0 1iles.
'i1on !e:co1b described the 1oon as a :orld :ithout :eather on :hich nothin9 happens. (pparently that6s :hy
there is such a fren=y to 9et there. t 1i9ht be the sanitariu1 of the solar syste1.
But four days is a lon9 ti1e for such a short trip. #rit= $an9 produced a picture years a9o in &er1any called #rau i1
5ond and the rocket 9ot to the 1oon and back in t:o hours of playin9 ti1e. &eor9e -al produced "estination 5oon
in Holly:ood in 1./0 and cut the round trip do:n to .0 1inutes. (l1ost any planetariu1 can 9i2e a really
co1fortable trip to the 1oon and back and by re1o2in9 all the fictional se; appeal considered essential in 1otion
pictures0 co1plete the 2oya9e in E/ 1inutes. n fact "r. "ins1ore (lter0 director of the &riffith -ark 7bser2atory0 $os
(n9eles0 has taken 1ore than 1000000 persons on such trips since 1.I/. But 1a9netic ener9y en9ineers belie2e that
anybody :ho has 1astered 1a9netic propulsion can 9o fro1 the 1oon to the earth in t:o seconds on a flyin9
saucer. That puts the rocket ship realists practically back a1on9 the bu99y :hips.
llustrations of 11anuel Oeliko2sky6s J8orlds n *ollisionK ("oubleday) portrayin9 balls of fire strikin9 :ide31outhed
pri1iti2e 1en :hose only :eapon :as a spear :ere by no 1eans as con2incin9 as Bonestell6s astrono1ically certified
illustrations in $ey6s The *on>uest of 'pace0 but the net result in both instances see1ed to 1o2e the :hole sub<ect
back to the days :hen *a1ille #la11arion6s features :ere the life of Hearst6s (1erican 8eekly. That :as in the
9ood old days :hen a9nostics read the 1a9a=ine sections instead of either 9oin9 to church or readin9 the co1ic
8alde1ar Gae1pffert0 science editor of The !e: %ork Ti1es and the author of J'cience Today and To1orro:K and a
history of astrono1y0 took the 2ie: that :ere it not for the years it took Oeliko2sky to co1pile his hundreds of
citations and footnotes Aa critical reader 1i9ht :ell :onder if this >uasi3erudite outpourin9 is not an elaborate hoa;
desi9ned to fool scientists and historians.A 7ddly0 neither Gae1pffert nor any other first3rate critic see1ed to obser2e
the deadly parallels bet:een J8orlds in *ollisionK and H. '. Bella1y6s J5oons0 5yths and 5enK0 :hich :as published
by Harpers in 1.IH0 a year before Oeliko2sky landed in (1erica after a stran9e odyssey that took hi1 fro1 +ussia0 to
5ontpellier0 Edinbur9h0 Berlin (:here he studied 1edicine)0 -alestine (:here he practiced it)0 Vurich0 and Oienna
before al1ost buryin9 hi1self ali2e in the $o: $ibrary of *olu1bia )ni2ersity only to e1er9e after ten years :ith not
only J8orlds n *ollisionK but J(9es in *haosK and JThe 7rbitK0 a stupendous tribute to the art of learnin9 e2en if 1uch
of it :asn6t so in the first place.
But :hy has the astro3historical continuity fro1 Bella1y to Oeliko2sky been i9nored by practically the :hole critical
fraternityB Both set do:n biblical catastrophes and 1iracles side by side :ith cos1ic disturbances0 e;cept that
Bella1y is 1ore enthralled by :hat the 5oon did and Oeliko2sky by Oenus.
Bella1y6s 1ain concern :as not planetary conflicts but the populari=in9 of Hans Hoerbi9er6s JThe *os1ic ce TheoryK.
He e2en :ent into the fall of cos1ic 1aterial0 fra91ents of :hich could easily be confused :ith flyin9 saucers.
Hoerbi9er6s book0 incidentally0 :as sno:ed under by the #irst 8orld 8ar0 ha2in9 been first published on the e2e of
co1bat. t failed to :ork itself free of that bli==ard until 1.2/ :hen the battle for and a9ainst his 9lacial theory
ndeed0 in :ar1in9 up to Hoerbi9er6s sub<ect0 Bella1y carried the torch as :ell for *harles #ort :ithout >uite
reali=in9 it. JThe *os1ic ce TheoryK0 :hich considers the 1oon as a body co1posed of ore 1inerals co2ered :ith ice0
contends that it :as captured out of space not so 1any thousands of years a9o. Bella1y has a 2ery snu9 theory of
the birth of our solar syste10 :hich co1es out of capture itself follo:ed by a subse>uent 9enerati2e e;plosion. He
sho:s hydro9en0 o;y9en0 :ater0 stea1 and ice 9oin9 throu9h aerial 9y1nastics throu9h 1illions of years and reduces
one operation to a particularly i1pressi2e desi9n. He takes a 9roup of orbital cones. 5ercury is deepest inside. Oenus
is outside of 5ercury. The Earth has the ne;t outside position0 then the 5oon0 and then 5ars. Bella1y 1o2es the
cones fro1 their :idest dia1eters to their points. %ou see the Earth6s capture of $una0 :hich is the present state of
thin9s. !e;t0 co1in9 up0 you see the end of 5ercury0 then the capture of 5ars0 then the end of Oenus0 then the end
of the Earth. f 5ars slips by uncaptured it :ill finally plun9e into the sun and :ill do that before the Earth does. t
:ill be Bella1y6s trick of the li9ht3year0 if it co1es off.
n the capture of the planet $una by Terra0 Bella1y 9a2e a blo:3by3blo: description that al1ost see1ed as if he had
a rin9side seat. nstead of bein9 2200000 1iles a:ay in space and 100000 to 1/0000 years a:ay in ti1e0 he :rote as
if he :ere ri9ht there :hen it happened. The 1oon0 it see1s0 had dod9ed an open trap 1any ti1es before its
capture. This :as due to the fact that it la99ed behind the earth in those days. Then it be9an 1o2in9 so1e:hat
faster than our earth0 and on the ne;t elliptical s:oop around it could not resist the earth6s superior 9ra2itational pull.
t thereby beca1e co1pletely entan9led0 as if cau9ht in the earth6s tendrils0 and henceforth :as no lon9er an
independent planet. t beca1e a satellite of the earth.
Before its capture it :as bri9hter than Oenus and see1in9ly 9ro:in9 in 1ass (as 2ie:ed of course by earth3bound
obser2ers) until it appeared si;teen ti1es its nor1al si=e. ( sudden shock0 accordin9 to Bella1y0 sent tre1blin9
cro:ds to their knees0 a series of throes and tre1ors sent the1 9ro2elin9 in the dust. #ro1 abo2e and belo: ca1e a
thunderin90 ru1blin90 roarin90 ra9in9 2oice. The houses heard it and crashed. The trees shi2ered into splinters. The
hills reeled0 and the earth opened up its :o1b and fire flashed forth. "ust stor1s s:ept o2er the sur2i2ors. Then
fro1 the north and the south0 :a2es 1ountain3hi9h s:ept o2er the land0 dro:nin9 all but a 2ery fe: in a cold0 cold
Thus Bella1y describes the capture of the 1oon. (Oeliko2sky applies 1ost of the sa1e sta9e directions to the tail of
Oenus s:ishin9 close to the earth0 but the 9eneral idea is the sa1e.) ( little thin90 the 1oon0 co1pared to the si=e of
the earth0 but it :as bi9 enou9h to pull the earth out of shape0 1akin9 it bul9e 1ore at the e>uator0 flatten 1ore at
the poles0 and lea2in9 there barren and ice3bound0 :here once they had supposedly en<oyed a te1perate cli1ate.
*urious0 :here one :riter :ill pro2e that the poles had 1ild te1peratures before bein9 s>uee=ed of their hu1an
<uices by citin9 e;a1ples of prehistoric 1onsters found buried :ith 9rass still in their teeth0 others :ill use these
skeletons to pro2e that the uphea2als thre: these 1onsters fro1 their e>uatorial ho1elands to the arctic areas.
Oeliko2sky hi1self0 unaided by 1elodra1atic illustrations0 had :orked lon9 of course to pro2e that such thin9s as the
openin9 of the +ed 'ea0 the flood that en2eloped all e;cept !oah and his (rk0 @oshua and his transfi;ed sun0 and
such recordin9s of the 7ld Testa1ent0 :ere 1atched by si1ilar occurrences on 1any other places of the earth as
:ell. The E;odus beca1e the sufferin9s of 1an caused by the 9aseous tail of Oenus0 at that ti1e a co1et3a brush
:hich pulled the earth out of shape0 and conse>uently sub1er9ed land in so1e places and raised 1ountains in
others0 :hile peltin9 the earth :ith 1eteorites0 fla1in9 rocks and stea1in9 air. ("oes it differ essentially fro1
Bella1y6s 1ad 1oonB)
Oeliko2sky0 like 1any others atte1ptin9 to fit pheno1ena into a plausible 1osaic0 constantly stro2e for a fi9ure that
:ould sho: so1e order in all this chaos. He settled on fifty3t:o. By stretchin9 forty years of :anderin9 in the desert
and addin9 t:el2e years bet:een the crossin9 of the @ordan and the battle of Beth3horan0 he 1ana9ed to co1e out
:ith fifty3t:o years bet:een the crossin9 of the +ed 'ea and @oshua6s co11and to the sun to stand still. He found
t:o catastrophes in old 5e;ico :hich also had a fifty3t:o3year span.
8hen the planet Oenus 1o2ed closer to the earth and passed on :ithout catastrophe0 that :as listed as a near 1iss.
8hen 5oses told his people to hallo: the fiftieth year0 this too :as :orked out to be really fifty3t:o years. $ucifer
beca1e0 throu9h Oeliko2sky6s painstakin9 research not a fallen an9el but a fallen star. He pointed out that the (rab
na1e for the planet Oenus :as (l3)==a0 9i2in9 rise to the suspicion that Oenus :as a co1et before it beca1e a
planet3a belief supported by early &reek philosophers0 because Aco1etA is deri2ed fro1 the :ord AhairA and the tail of
the co1et looked like the hair of a 9oddess bein9 blo:n back:ard by the :ind.
The pressure of such a co1et6s tail could distort the shape of the earth in passin9 and 1ake it appear as if the sun
had stood still. ( rain of 1eteorites :ould in all probability follo: such a co1et6s s:eep past this earth0 and fortify the
theory of 1a9netic research scientists :ho point out that 1eteors are co1posed of 1etals :hich 1ake the1 actually
Oeliko2sky e2en ad2anced the su99estion that the battles Ho1er described in the liad really referred to Oenus and
5ars. 'ince that conflict0 5ars and the earth approach each other a1icably e2ery fifteen years. The earth rotates in
t:enty3three hours0 fifty3si; 1inutes0 and four seconds. 5ars rotates in t:enty3four hours0 thirty3se2en 1inutes0 and
t:enty3se2en seconds. #or all practical purposes this lea2es these t:o planets on friendly0 al1ost synchroni=ed0
ter1s. This alone could account for the suspicion that the space ships0 people insist they see0 1i9ht be 9uided by
nosy nei9hbors :ho are <ust as interested in our planet as :e are in theirs.
Oeliko2sky6s first book knocked out "ar:in6s theory of e2olution0 :hich :as dyin9 a slo: death any:ay as a theory0
and 1odified !e:ton6s la:s of 9ra2itation0 :hich researchers in the field of electro1a9netic ener9y had 1odified
before either Oeliko2sky or Einstein 9ot around to it.
Oeliko2sky and Bella1y suffer a partin9 of the :ays at this point0 because Oeliko2sky sa: shifts in planets but no
li>uidations in the foreseeable future0 :hereas Bella1y 1o2ed all planets in this solar syste1 to an e;plosi2e end0 the
:ay he belie2ed they be9an. 7ther:ise0 the t:o ha2e a lot in co11on. (nd both of the1 fortify those scientists :ho
belie2e that the planets in our solar syste1 are really 9iant 1a9nets. ndeed the 1a9netic research 1en describe the
earth as a bi9 dyna1o :rapped in 1a9netic lines of force. #ro1 this they ar9ue that anybody :ho can 1aster
propulsion on these lines of force could fly around the planet :ith the speed of li9ht0 and if he could o2erco1e the
repellin9 lines of say Oenus and Terra he could 1o2e fro1 one planet to any other planet as easily as :e step fro1 a
1o2in9 stair:ay to a lin9erie depart1ent of a depart1ent store.
To say Oeliko2sky 1ay ha2e so1ethin9 in his theory that e2erythin9 fro1 the sun to the 1oon is an electro1a9netic
dyna1o0 is to ask for the back of the hand fro1 such as 8alde1ar Gae1pffert. !e2ertheless0 he has.
*hapter /: The $unar #rin9e
! ('T+7!75%0 it 1ay be a lon9 2oya9e fro1 the lunar to the lunatic0 but they fre>uently cross each other6s orbits
:hen the sub<ect of flyin9 saucers co1es up. n fact0 one of the hardest thin9s serious 1en in the field ha2e to deal
:ith is the partisans they attract to the1sel2es.
t should of course be no reflection on a 1a9net that so1e of the steel filin9s it picks up spent their youth in a !a=i
hand 9renade0 or :ere rust on the bars of a 1adhouse. But <uries do ha2e a :eakness for such irrele2ancies0
ho:e2er 1uch a <ud9e 1ay :arn the1 to i9nore such thin9s.
'o1e of the supporters of flyin9 saucers ha2e rocked e2en 1e0 a 1an :ith the balance of &ibraltar. t 1i9ht be a
1ark of discretion to hide the1 in a closet0 but unbelie2ers :ould find the1 and seek to blo: up the :hole case :ith
such concealed e2idence.
7ne pro3'aucerian0 a 1ost fantastic :itness0 e2en sub1itted photo9raphs of &od :ith his brief. His case :as that
flyin9 saucers :ere connected :ith the throne of &od Aa spiritual nebulous0 standin9 E. trillion 1iles in hei9ht.A His
photo9raph :as taken throu9h a one3hundred3inch telescope on an e;posure of E hours EF 1inutes.
$ike 11anuel Oeliko2sky he :as able to dra9 in E=ekiel0 Ephah0 Vechariah0 and other 7ld Testa1ent prophets0 to
back up his contentions. The an9els referred to by the prophets :ere really flyin9 saucers and could tra2el far faster
than li9ht 3 IF20E00 1iles per second0 accordin9 to this photo9rapher6s cos1o9raph3role;. He had been spottin9
flyin9 saucers since 1.220 se2en in all by 1./00 and had e;chan9ed infor1ation :ith e2erybody fro1 the late +obert
+ipley to "r. 8alter '. (da1s of 5t. 8ilson 7bser2atory. 'ee1in9ly0 they all a9reed he had photo9raphed &od0 and
e2en the *entury of -ro9ress at *hica9o in 1.IE had found a place for his ca1era6s re2elations.
The flyin9 saucers0 he stoutly 1aintained0 :ere not people fro1 other planets snoopin9 around this earth. They :ere
chariots of fire that an9els e1ployed for space tra2el :hen sent by the (l1i9hty on certain 1issions. The first report
on the1 could be found in Vechariah0 chapter /0 2erses 1 and 2. That :as in /1. B.*. Their si=e :as 9i2en: A20
cubits in len9th and 10 cubits in breadth.A
$est this confuse those :ho think of a saucer as round or o2al and ha2in9 dia1eter rather than len9th and breadth0
the celestial photo9rapher added0 A%ou don6t ha2e to be an Einstine (sic) to fi9ure that out.A
suppose he :as referrin9 to the scientist :ho usually spelled his na1e Einstein.
By referrin9 to E=ekiel0 chapter 10 2erses H to 2N0 this 8yo1in9 research scholar :as able to describe flyin9 saucers
in detail. They :ere a :heel in the 1iddle of :heels. Their :in9s :ere so hi9h they :ere dreadful. He interpreted
this to 1ean that they 1ust ha2e been 1ore po:erful than radar. They reached fro1 the earth to the Throne of the
(l1i9hty. 8hen the li2in9 creatures :ere lifted up the :heels (saucers) :ere lifted up0 Afor the spirit of life :as in the
The 8yo1in9 scholar e;plained that 1eant that Athe spirit of &od :as in the flyin9 saucersA and he :arned all0
particularly (ir #orce pilots0 Adon6t ne2er try to shoot do:n a flyin9 saucer0A or you :ill be Ainstantly crisped upA as
:ere those :ho pursued flyin9 saucers in ar1y planes o2er #ort Gno;.
t :ould be easy not to take such a scholar and his cos1o9raphic findin9s too seriously0 but ho: about belie2ers in
't. @oseph *upertino :ho had the 9ift of le2itationB He reportedly had it so 1arked that he :as ordered to desist by
his superiors. 7nce he sa: a 1an fallin9 fro1 a roof and by e1ployin9 his hea2enly po:ers stopped the 1an in 1id3
air. Then re1e1berin9 his 2o: of obedience he sou9ht the per1ission of a superior before allo:in9 the la:s of
9ra2ity to co1plete their earthly 1ission. E2en so0 he inter2ened enou9h to let the 1an do:n 9ently.
Then there are the $ost -lanet boys. E2er since *eres :as disco2ered0 and that 9oes back to 1H010 there ha2e been
hunters of the hea2ens tryin9 to piece a planet to9ether0 :hich they are certain ble: up bet:een us and the 'un.
5ore than 10200 such asteroids ha2e been listed? /00000 belie2ed to e;ist. Her1es0 the s1allest0 1easures0 one 1ile
in dia1eter? Oesta0 2E0 1iles.
7n the assu1ption that the asteroids are e;ploded bits of a planet not unlike the Earth0 they :ould be neither balls of
fire nor balls of ice. They :ould0 in fact0 be <ust the ri9ht te1perature to be used as steppin9 stones by space ships.
n fact0 the s1aller ones 1i9ht be hauled into our orbit and 9i2en the <ob of space stations alon9 the asteroid :ay.
The e;a1ple of the (ri=ona asteroid0 :hich if it had landed in 1idto:n 5anhattan instead of (ri=ona could ha2e
:recked the :hole city0 does not see1 to sober the $ost -lanet boys. t :as co1posed like any 1eteorite of
1a9netically attracti2e 1etals. But in hittin9 this earth at se2en 1iles per second it 9ot burned so badly by the
resistance of our at1osphere that it :as set on fire. This is :hat happens :hen a 1eteor 9ets out of line. 1a9ine
:hat :ould happen if so1e space3ship :reckin9 cre:s tried to 1o2e one around in the hea2ensC
!ot >uite so far out in space nor so far back in ti1e as the 8yo1in9 biblical scholar nor 't. @oseph *upertino0 nor the
$ost -lanet boys0 :ere the Borderland 'ciences +esearch (ssociates. Bet:een 1.E/ and 1./0 they appeared :ith
bulletins al1ost as often as a flyin9 saucer :as reported0 and that0 for a :hile0 :as al1ost daily.
'et up in 'an "ie9o and $os (n9eles and dually directed by !. 5eade $ayne and 5a; #reedo1 $on90 B'+( :ere
interested in happenin9s :hich orthodo; or official science could not or :ould not in2esti9ate3Asuch as the officially
Jda1nedK facts :hich *harles #ort and his associates studied at 9reat len9th.A
(1on9 these :ere Athe proble1s of under9round racesA and Athe ori9in and nature of the ether ships and other
unkno:n aircraft no: 2isitin9 our planet.A
Before treatin9 their researches to a fraction of the len9th their o:n round3robin bulletins0 pa1phlets0 and
1i1eo9raphed books ha2e done0 perhaps it :ould be a brisk and possibly re2oltin9 therapy to 9i2e an e;a1ple of
:hat they 1ean by a borderland science.
This under9round race proble1 they refer to :as ad2anced by -a;son *. Hayes0 Aa disco2erer0A accordin9 to 8ho6s
8ho0 Aof 1u11ified re1ains of an ancient 5on9oloid ci2ili=ation and lost city in 'onora0 5e;ico.A He one ti1e
1ana9ed the political destinies of Bri9adier &eneral Herbert *. Holdrid9e0 ).'.(. retired0 and 1yself :hen :e ran for
9o2ernor and lieutenant 9o2ernor of *alifornia0 and that one ne2er 9ot off the 9round either.
( 1an of assured con2ictions Hayes belie2ed the 1u11ies he unearthed li2ed in hu9e ca2es .0000 feet deep as lon9
a9o as 2I0000 B.*. )nlike 'aucerians of today they :ere reported to be bi9 1en0 at least se2en feet tall. Hayes found
their re1ains far belo: the le2els of ci2ili=ations :hich ha2e co1e and 9one since.
Ho: 1any ci2ili=ations are buried bet:een the presently accepted si; feet of sod and the center of the earth E0000
1iles belo:0 Hayes didn6t kno:0 but he clai1ed at least fi2e ha2e been lost.
He belie2ed this earth :as a ball of fire thro:n off by the sun (the first hydro9en bo1b)0 1illions of years a9o0 took
its place in the orbit of the planets and tried to keep up a lon93ran9e battle of bo1bardin9 the sun :ith its o:n
radioacti2e rays and 9ettin9 pelted back until a leaded 2apor :as for1ed bet:een the1. This currently circles Hayes6s
concept of the earth0 as the rin9s encircle 'aturn0 to a hei9ht of H00 1iles.
The earth be9an to cool off. !ot all at once of course. n fact it ble: hot and cold for a lon9 ti1e. The center of the
earth re1ained a ball of fire. The contractions and e;pansions indicated so1ethin9 had to 9i2e and so0 accordin9 to
Hayes0 the ends ble: out. !ice :ar1 ca2es :ere the result. -eople 1o2ed there.
t is a Hayesean 9uess that the ato1ic e;plosions ha2e stirred these under9round people into a curiosity and they
ha2e flo:n out of their ca2es at the ter1inal ends of the earth (polar 2ents)0 and are cruisin9 around on 1a9netically3
directed saucers tryin9 to deter1ine :hat 1anner of nei9hbors ha2e taken to li2in9 upstairs.
This :ould e;plain0 accordin9 to Hayes0 the *hilean !a2y6s 'aucerian reports in the sprin9 of 1./0.
He didn6t share the 2ie: of other borderland scientists that the space ships had co1e fro1 outside our at1osphere.
(steroids :ould knock the1 around like pin93pon9 balls. He belie2ed they ca1e fro1 do:n under. (:ay do:n under.
Thus softened by a subterranean attack on his credulity0 the reader 1ay pro2e an easier 2icti1 for other borderland
scientists0 1any of :ho10 thou9h other:ise >uite sane0 take e2en 1ore fantastic liberties :ith acade1ic and
industrial scientists than does -a;son Hayes.
To the ribaldry attendin9 testi1ony that the cre:s of flyin9 saucers :ere d:arfs or little people0 a doubt :hich e2en
(ssociate Hayes shares0 the Borderland 'ciences +esearch (ssociates ad2anced a solution. n fact0 they ad2anced
t:o. 7ne :as that the Etherians suffer shrinka9e :hen they and their craft penetrate into this at1osphere too
rapidly. The other :as they chose to 1ateriali=e in s1all for1s Asi1ply for con2enience of operation and fli9ht.A
(nd :hy are they here in the first placeB Because it 1ay be their intention to pre2ent destruction of the o1ni2erse by
1akers of hydro9en bo1bs0 an e2entuality that could pro2e as deterioratin9 to the1 as to us. A)nfortunately0A added
one B'+(0 Anot e2eryone :ill find the e;planation easily understandable.A
8hat e;planationB 8ell0 5ead $ayne6s for one. His 1i1eo9raphed booklet published by B'+( in 1./0 :as entitled:
#lyin9 "iscs: The Ether 'hip 5ystery and ts 'olution.
Thou9h 5eade $ayne :as its author0 other borderland associates0 notably 5illen *ooke0 @ohn (. Hilliard0 and Ed:ard
'. 'chult=0 contributed. To9ether they hadn6t the sli9htest doubt about the presence of flyin9 saucers in our
at1osphere0 nor the likelihood that so1e ha2e landed0 cre:ed by little 1en.
They called the1 ether ships0 and clai1 they :ere 1anned by Etherians. 'ince B'+( opened its doors to
1etaphysicians0 theosophists0 1ediu1s0 trances0 and students of the occult0 it is a little difficult to reduce their far3
flun9 beliefs to the confines of a book as s1all as this. They ha2e been e;chan9in9 infor1ation a1on9 the1sel2es
and their associates for years and ha2e >uite a library of papers dealin9 :ith e2erythin9 fro1 the J-roble1 of "isk
-ropulsionK by Hilliard to the J5ystery of Ether 'hipsK0 as edited by $ayne.
AThe basic state1ents0A one bulletin reported0 Aconcernin9 etheric ori9in of ether craft co1e to us fro1 theKother
side.6 They :ere first 1ade in the fall of 1.EN by the trance controls of the 1ediu10 5ark -robert0 durin9 a sittin9
held in the city of 'an "ie9o.A
They do not a9ree :ith the (ir #orce :hich announced officially after *hrist1as0 1.E. that no 9enuine and factual
basis for the belief in flyin9 saucers e;ists. They insist they do e;ist and feel it necessary to infor1 at least their public
to 1iti9ate the dan9er of panic if and :hen the facts beco1e officially reco9ni=ed.
They do not belie2e the saucers co1e fro1 a forei9n and unfriendly 9o2ern1ent or e2en another planet. !either
+ussia0 Oenus0 nor 5ars fi9ure in their e;planations of the source of these space ships. They not only do not belie2e
they are not constructed by a forei9n po:er0 but they also do not belie2e they are put to9ether by our o:n
They belie2e they co1e fro1 a place they call Etheria0 :hich to the1 is one of the se2en planes bet:een this earth
and the ne;t planet. They touch a possibility that the ether ships tra2el alon9 1a9netic 1eridians0 north and south.
They ha2e e;planations too as to :hy these planes see1 to appear and disappear0 and 9i2e off 2arious colors :hich
are confused :ith 2apor trails.
( :idely circulated story that these saucers ori9inated fro1 a 1other ship at least ten 1iles lon9 and 1ore than fi2e
hundred 1iles abo2e our earth0 a 9iant airship thou9ht to be re2ol2in9 around the earth at enor1ous speed0 but
slo:in9 do:n e2en so0 see1ed to deri2e fro1 7ahspe0 accordin9 to borderland scientists. This is a book :hich
described Etherians as ancestors of both the *hinese and (ryan races3ori9inators of the 'anskrit lan9ua9e0 but lon9
re1o2ed as ta;payers on this earth.
(ccordin9 to the borderland scientists0 four3fifths of our :orld lies outside our nor1al ran9e of 2ision.
#lyin9 saucers are obser2ed :hen they slo: do:n31uch as the blades of a plane6s propeller are countable :hen the
speed of their re2olutions approaches =ero. They 9i2e credence to the belief that se2eral of these ether ships ha2e
fallen and the contents e;a1ined in ut1ost secrecy.
AThere is no 1otor0A one borderland report said0 Ano propeller nor any 1echanis1 inside the fallin9 disks0 so far as
:e ha2e been able to learn. The outer skin of the fallin9 disks is harder than steel and is an unidentified substance.A
They hold to the belief that fro1 nothin90 no thin9 :as e2er born. They illustrate if you hold a 1a9net o2er a nail0 a
1iracle occurs. The nail <u1ps as if prodded by de1ons. t :as first belie2ed nothin9 e;isted bet:een the 1a9net
and the nail so scientists postulated the presence of ether.
This assu1ption beco1es an ei9ht3lane boule2ard of tra2el a1on9 borderland scientists0 :hose ApostulatesA
see1in9ly ha2e the 2alue a1on9 their associates of infallibility.
The borderland scientists infor1ed ne:co1ers in the field0 :ho 1ay feel at a loss to count all the states in the union0
and :ho therefore look be:ildered at the :ord AEtheria0A that the place has been kno:n to occultists0 adepts0 and
initiates Afor thousands of years.A They >uote *ory6s translation of J(ncient #ra91entsK and Bla2atsky6s Jsis )n2eiledK.
n JThe Ethership 5ystery and ts 'olutionK $ayne says: An spite of a policy and an unofficial censorship0 it is :idely
belie2ed by this ti1e that a nu1ber of ether ships of the disk type ha2e landed in the )nited 'tates0 throu9h accident
of so1e kind. 8e ha2e no reports that any of the Jd:arf6 occupants sur2i2ed the landin90 and :e are told that the
propulsion and control of these craft is 2ery 1uch of a pu==le to scientists :ho ha2e inspected the1. They are said to
be :ithout 1otors0 propellers0 or anythin9 reco9ni=able as a dri2e 1echanis1. This su99ests0 of course0 so1e kind of
1a9netic propulsion. (nd the perfor1ance of these crafts0 their e;traordinary speed0 po:er and 1aneu2erability far
outclasses anythin9 our o:n en9ineers ha2e been able to achie2e.A
7b2iously so1e of these 1en ha2e either contacted 1a9netic en9ineers :ho researched flyin9 saucers reported in
the "en2er lecture0 or had access to sources of 1aterial of scientists :ho had researched so1e of the ships.
@ohn (. Hilliard0 of the borderland associates0 9i2es an entertainin9 theory as to the propulsion of these ships. He
takes the analo9y of a piece of steel heated to a thousand de9rees abo2e nor1al0 and points out it :ill stretch .00FEI
of an inch. f this could be done three 1illion ti1es a second and the steel directed to 1o2e alon9 in one direction
like an inch:or10 the bar :ould 1o2e alon9 at 102/E./. 1iles per hour.
#ro1 here he 9oes into e2en 9reater speculation3and then tosses the baton to Ed:ard 'chult=0 a fello: belie2er in
the theory that this is a septenary uni2erse and that e2erythin9 9oes by se2ens. (8e no: ha2e /26s0 .6s and F6s as
secrets of the uni2erse.)
$eanin9 on the Aabundant and irrefutable obser2ations of thousands of persons :ho clai1ed they ha2e seen flyin9
disks0A 'chult= concedes that the ori9inators of these space ships are centuries ahead of us in their science0 that they
1ake the transition fro1 one plane to another independent of air for support0 and that they can tra2el at terrific
speed. He adds that there is reason to suppose that they tra2el to other planets and if sufficiently pro2oked on this
one they can retaliate in a 1anner to set the :orld Ainto a fren=y of 1isinterpretation and fear.A He postulates further
than the force of 9ra2ity at their place of ori9in 1ay be t:ice :hat ours is0 thereby 9i2in9 the pilot a 9reater freedo1
of 1o2e1ent here.
The theory that these ships 1ay tra2el on alternate currents of intense heat :hich :ould e;pand and contract their
skins0 :as a postulation deri2ed fro1 a 'cience !e:s $etter of 1.E. in :hich "r. @. ". *obine0 &eneral Electric
en9ineer0 reported that he had 9enerated enou9h heat to 1elt tun9sten. (Tun9sten at that ti1e had the hi9hest
1eltin9 point kno:n 3 I0IF0 de9rees centi9rade.) The heart of the electronic torch :as a tube kno:n as a
1a9netron0 :hich produced radio :a2es of one billion cycles per second. The <et fla1e :as nine inches lon90 and
thou9h the heat it 9enerated :as stron9 enou9h to 1elt do:n tun9sten0 the <et itself0 it is clai1ed0 :asn6t particularly
t is a short step fro1 here to applyin9 the disco2ery to the propulsion of space ships. (ssu1in9 their outer skins
could 1o2e like an earth:or16s and that the intense outside heat :ould not burn up the passen9ers inside the ship0
the concept is not too fantastic for e2en inter1ediaries in the field of science.
)nfortunately0 these Borderlanders rarely take the 1iddle :ay. They 9o fro1 science to fantasy. They suspect that in
an earlier ci2ili=ation the sur2i2ors of a pre2ious collapse i11i9rated to another che1ical island in space. Etherians0 it
appears0 populate planes around se2eral planets and the ones obser2ed in
flyin9 disks here0 the borderland researchers belie2e0 1i9ht be co1in9 fro1 an area surroundin9 Oenus0 5ars0 and
e2en 'aturn. They belie2e that the Etherians obser2ers are hundreds of years ahead of us in their kno:led9e of
sound and speed. !o doubt they ha2e cau9ht disturbances on this earth? such as our e;plosions fro1 our ato1ic
pro2in9 9rounds in !e: 5e;ico and our ato1 bo1bs in @apan and at Bikini. They are curious to kno: :hat is causin9
these disturbances. f disturbed the1sel2es by attacks of persistent pursuit0 these Etherians0 :e are assured0 ha2e
the po:er to disinte9rate e2ery earth31ade production fro1 a hydro9en bo1b to the <et plane that 1i9ht ha2e
Because of the diffusion of their pseudo3scientific interests in an a9e of speciali=ation0 the borderland scientists0 up to
no:0 ha2e had a difficult ti1e 9ettin9 the1sel2es taken seriously. They0 in turn0 ha2e found it hard to absorb so1e of
the do91atic :ritin9s of those on the outer ed9es of their scope of in>uiry.
&rant the1 that it is possible to chan9e H27 fro1 a solid to a li>uid0 to a 9as (that is0 fro1 ice to :ater to stea1)0
and they :ill 1o2e for:ard :ith 'aucerian dispatch and insist that it is e>ually possible for little 1en in the ether
beyond our at1osphere to 1ateriali=e space ships fro1 thou9hts of space ships? easier0 in fact0 than it is for a
carpenter to 1ateriali=e a table fro1 a thou9ht of a table by buildin9 :hat is in his 1ind fro1 1aterial that is :ithin
reach of his body.
'uch a space ship :ould be 2isible0 they contend0 once it ca1e :ithin the three re1ainin9 planes :hich are :ithin
our perception3at least :ithin the preception of those :ho are occultists0 1ediu1s0 adepts0 clair2oyants0 2orte;ans0
serious students of 7ahspe0 or specialists in astral3etheric31ental deep trances.
(s the borderland scientists :arn :riters and publishers that they ha2e a hi9h duty not to treat these pheno1ena
:ith ridicule0 because e2en at the ele2enth hour thin9s can and do happen for the first ti1e0 it :ould be flyin9 in the
face of stor1 :arnin9s perhaps for 1e to do so.
The Hindus illustrated the fallacy of a barrel supposedly full of apples0 by puttin9 a bushel of rice bet:een the apples
and a sack of flour bet:een the 9rains of rice. The idea :as to sho: that there is no such thin9 as nothin9 and no
such thin9 as full. The borderland boys use this to fill in the e1pty space bet:een here and their Etheria and once
you ad1it that by concentratin9 on it you can see particles in the air0 they :ill proceed to fill it :ith e2erythin9 fro1
rice to little 1en in space ships carryin9 apples0 ships :hich can be seen and then not seen0 dependin9 on ho: fast
the po:er is bein9 put on and off0 :hich is the key to their propulsion31ateriali=ation and de1ateriali=ation.
n ad2ancin9 this theory of 1ateriali=ation and de1ateriali=ation the borderland scientists belie2e they ha2e a secret
(:hich they call 5(T and "E5(T) of the propulsion behind space ships.
%ou 1i9ht 9et a better idea of :hat they 1ean by this 5(T and "E5(T by obser2in9 the :orkin9s of an electric
ne:spaper or flash3cast in Ti1es '>uare0 !e: %ork. These intelli9ences 1ateriali=e throu9h a series of s1all dots and
dashes. $i9hts 9o on and off accordin9 to a desi9n. The total effect is a flo: in a certain direction. ( space ship 1i9ht
concei2ably scoot throu9h the at1osphere on such an on3and3off current.
(nato1ically0 if a caterpillar could be speeded up to thousands of 1iles a second0 he too :ould ser2e as a 9ood
e;a1ple of :hat these 1en belie2e is the type of propulsion behind ether craft.
They ha2e another bait line to belie2ability and that is the spectru1 of color. They belie2e there are colors far beyond
:hat has been so far accepted by the physicists0 and since the color spectru1 :as :idened a 9ood deal by the
Bunsen and Girchoff disco2eries0 they do not belie2e it is the 1ark of a true research scholar to close off both ends of
the spectru1 and say0 AThis far and no further.A They insist there are colors :e can not see0 sounds :e cannot hear0
and solid bodies :hich :e can not disco2er by touch.
7ddly0 seein9 thin9s :hich 1ay not be there is not considered by psychiatrists but hearin9 thin9s puts you :ithin
reco9ni=able distance of the 2000000000 crackpots currently ad<ud9ed insane in (1erica.
'ince e2ery physicist kno:s no: that colors ha2e their :a2e len9ths3fro1 red :ith 0.000F/.Ec1s. to 2iolet :ith
0.000I.NHc1s.3ho: can :e dis1iss :ithout a hearin9 the testi1ony of others e;plorin9 beyond present3day frontiers
:ho clai1 they ha2e additional :a2e len9ths and can e2en see flyin9 saucers before the rest of us canB They :ill
point out to you that there are ani1als that cannot see the colors that :e see. 7n the other hand0 there are ani1als
that hear sounds inaudible to us. Beyond the supersonic is the ultrasonic0 and beyond ultrasonic0 they ask0 :ho
A'eriously0A they su1 up0 A:hat :e face in the ether ship situation is far fro1 a1usin9. 7n the face of it :e ha2e
:hat see1s an e>ual chance of utter disaster0 or of 1akin9 in a fe: years the leap fro1 our present bede2iled
condition into a co1parati2ely 9olden a9e of kno:led9e0 reason0 and 1orality.A
They point out that 1en of scientific reputation ha2e re1ained cautiously silent about ether ships and in so1e
instances ha2e <oined or led the popular course of derision. But these scientists are ob2iously not a1on9 the
*hapter N: Hoa;ers and 'aucers
$78E'T in the list of air31inded persons0 and therefore likely to be un:orthy of the co1passion of e2en the (ir
#orce checkers0 :ere those 5achia2ellians :ho ha2e <oined the secret 1anufacturers of hoa;es. 'uspects on the
lunatic frin9e 1i9ht presu1ably be cured of their personal hallucinations or participation in a 1ass hysteria0 but the
fabricators of hoa;es belon9ed understandably on the cold side of the 1oon0 the side :e ne2er see.
'uch a sentence :ould be 1ild enou9h0 but did the cloistered characters :ho kne: life al1ost e;clusi2ely in ter1s of
the fi2e :alls of the -enta9on kno: a hoa; fro1 a hot potatoB They picked up at least one such hot potato and
described it as a hoa; and ha2en6t heard the end of it yet.
( bo1b that refuses to e;plode is called a dud. n other :ords0 a hoa;. "oes that 1ake the (ir #orce belie2e less in
bo1bsB 5any hoa;es ha2e been perpetrated in the na1e of flyin9 saucers0 but like the duds a1on9 bo1bs0 that
shouldn6t lull people into belie2in9 there are no such thin9s as bo1bs or flyin9 saucers.
(nythin9 as li2ely as a flyin9 saucer is bound to e;cite li2ely i1a9inations0 and a1on9 such i1a9inations one has
e1er9ed no: and then :ith a story that see1ed al1ost foolproof. But founded on fiction0 reared on faith0 it
in2ariably died0 if it :ere a hoa;0 of o2ere;posure.
t is 9enerally belie2ed that to be any party to a hoa; spells ruin0 once the hoa; is e;posed. !othin9 is further fro1
the facts. The e;posure of the $ocke hoa; did not ruin The !e: %ork 'un0 any 1ore than $incoln *olcord6s e;posure
of @oan $o:ell6s *radle of the "eep ruined 'i1on and 'chuster or 7rson 8elles6s realistic broadcast of H. &. 8ellsK
JThe 8ar of the 8orldsK destroyed either *.B.'.0 Trenton0 !. @.0 or 7rson 8elles.
!e2ertheless0 no one :ants to be either a collaborator or a dupe in such a literary lollypop if he can a2oid it.
n 9eneral a fair backlo9 of belie2able data has to be accu1ulated before a hoa; can be tried :ith hope of any
de9ree of success. %ou <ust can6t pull off a practical <oke about so1ethin9 no one e2er heard of before. That6s :hy
+ichard (da1s $ocke6s hoa;es in the 'un back in 1HI/ :ere so successful. They not only :ere :ell :ritten but they
dealt :ith 1en on the 1oon and :ere supported by the best astrono1ical data of the era. They clai1ed0 1oreo2er0
to be reprints of articles fro1 the Edinbur9h @ournal. They supposedly reported the findin9s of 'ir @ohn Herschel0 a
British astrono1er busy at the ti1e 1akin9 obser2ations at the *ape of &ood Hope0 'outh (frica.
There actually :as such an astrono1er. He :as the son of 'ir 8illia1 Herschel0 the 1an :ho in 1FHF disco2ered
Titania and 7beron3the last t:o satellites to be identified :ith the -lanet )ranus.
The telescope that presu1ably re2ealed habitation on the 1oon :as described by $ocke as a 2HH3inch <ob. (s the
1uch ad2ertised 1irror at the -alo1ar 7bser2atory near 'an "ie9o is only 200 inches0 you can 9et so1e idea of ho:
far ahead $ocke6s i1a9ination :as of present3day facts.
n subse>uent install1ents to his first article0 :hich appeared on (u9ust 2/0 1HI/0 9rass0 trees0 ani1als0 and
e2entually bat31en0 and of course their fe1ale counterparts0 be9an to circulate on the pa9es of the 'un as :ell as
the surface of the 1oon. The paper cli1bed to a circulation in e;cess of 1.00000 9i2in9 it pree1inence o2er all (n9lo3
'a;on ne:spapers of the day. The articles :ere subse>uently printed in pa1phlet for1.
T:o %ale professors played the 1ain roles in the e2entual e;pose0 but the 'un didn6t suffer in the least by their
proofs of fraud. t 9re: in stature and died in 1./0 at the ripe old a9e of 11F0 tendin9 to support the theory that a
reputation ho:e2er ac>uired (Af you read it in the 'un0 it6s soA) tends to beco1e hallo:ed if held on to lon9 enou9h.
$ike all old 'un 1en0 ha2e a copy of the first issue published in 1HII0 but ha2e ne2er seen any issues of the days
of its 9reatest notoriety.
(t the close of the *i2il 8ar there :as another outburst of stran9e tales fro1 skies. 5ost of the10 like @ules Oerne6s
J#ro1 the Earth to the 5oonK and J(round the 5oonK0 and (chille Eyraud6s JOoya9e To OenusK0 :ere frankly science3
fiction pieces0 but in J+ocketsK0 8illy $ey recorded one that ca1e nearer to the $ocke for1at. t :as called JBeyond
the VodiacK by -ercy &re9. t :as printed in &er1an in four 2olu1es0 presu1ably as a translation.
$ey0 a =ealous research scholar0 clai1ed he ne2er :as able to find the Aori9inalA and naturally fell back on the
suspicion that the &er1an translation :as actually the ori9inal0 follo:in9 the lines of $ocke6s AreprintsA fro1 the
7f course 1uch of the early astrono1ical literature sho:s a recklessness :ith facts that lea2es the scientist :alkin9 a
ti9ht rope and fre>uently fallin9 into :hat a1ounts to a hoa; of his o:n 1akin9. #ran= 2on -aula &ruithuisen0 for
e;a1ple0 started out by disco2erin9 a :alled city on the 1oon. Then he 1o2ed into disco2erin9 a 1oon for Oenus.
(fter that he :as sure he detected life on Oenus. He traced a particularly bri9ht period of the planet6s life to a festi2al
in honor of a ne:ly3cro:ned E1peror of Oenus.
t turned out the :alled city :as at best so1e dead 1ountains? the 1oon of Oenus0 a distant star? and the E1peror
of Oenus0 hardly 1ore than a 1usical3co1edy character.
That conte1porary arts0 sciences0 and professions are free fro1 hoa;es0 :ould be the last to contend. 8hile deep
in this opus in the sprin9 of 1./0 recei2ed a telephone call fro1 @ack -aar of radio fa1e. t :as on the ni9ht of
5arch 2.. He told 1e that GTTO0 a 8est *oast tele2ision outlet of the *olu1bia Broadcastin9 'yste10 had <ust cut in
on a pro9ra1 to announce that bi9 ne:s :ould be released at . -.5.0 -acific *oast Ti1e. That :ould be an hour
)nable to bear the strain0 he called the tele2ision station and said it :as an outra9e to do that :ith ne:s. But the
station 1ana9er said he could do nothin9 about it0 not till . -.5. any:ay.
(t the appointed hour +oy 5aypole0 public ser2ice director of the station0 flashed photo9raphs of a saucer3shaped
aircraft :hich :as clai1ed could start and stop like a polo pony. #ired by turbo<ets0 it could ho2er at =ero or scoot to
//0 1iles per hour.
t :as su99ested that possibly these ships :ere the saucers people thou9ht they sa: flyin9 around and if so the
pilots in the disks :ere !a2y 1en0 a branch of the ser2ice :hich doesn6t cater to 1en 2I to E0 inches tall0 e2en :hen
it e1ploys disk <ockeys for public :ork.
@ack -aar reported to 1e as soon as the telecast :as o2er and :as able to cal1 hi1 by tellin9 hi1 that the flyin9
saucer in >uestion sounded like a *hance Oou9ht <ob ori9inally desi9ned by *harles Vi11er1an in 1.II and tried out
in 1.E2 under the description of O 1FI. 8hen the !a2y first announced it had the ship its spokes1an said it :as the
only plane that offered both e;tre1ely hi9h speed and e;tre1ely lo: speed in one 1achine.
(t the ti1e only one had been 1ade and thereafter not 1uch :as heard of it. t is no: listed in @ane6s as R#/).
The ne;t day the $os (n9eles Ti1es0 :hich has an interest in GTTO0 1ade no 1ention of the sensational ne:s of the
ni9ht before0 but an afternoon paper0 the $os (n9eles 5irror0 :hich
is o:ned by the sa1e co1pany0 turned o2er its :hole front pa9e to a ballooned3up photo9raph of the ship and asked
its readers across fi2e colu1ns: TH' !(O% -(!*(GE ' +E($. *7)$" T BE ( #$%!& '()*E+B
t referred its readers to pa9e I :here a story be9an and ran o2er to pa9e 12. (ll the pre2ious suspicions :ere borne
out by the story. t :as <ust one of those thin9s. t :as our old friend0 R#/)0 alias O 1FI.
!o:0 this co1es perilously close to a contri2ed hoa;. t is desi9ned to sell papers and nothin9 else. (s of that day0
5arch I00 1./00 it sold 1./0000 copies0 accordin9 to Oir9il -inkley0 the 5irror6s editor and publisher.
'o1ebody deser2ed a bonus0 possibly the poor readers. f further speculation is not closed0 the 5irror6s editors 1i9ht
try a 1uch 1ore plausible follo:3up. The !a=is had a s>uat little <ob0 :hich by stretchin9 the :ord a little here and
there0 could be described as a Asaucer.A t :as <et3po:ered0 and :as belie2ed to be capable of a speed of 1/00 1iles
per hour. 8hat beca1e of itB
By (pril I0 R#/)0 alias O 1FI0 :as re2ol2in9 out of 8ashin9ton0 ". *. under Ji1pri1e6 of both the (.-. and ).-.0 :hich
in turn leaned on an article in the ).'. !e:s and 8orld +eport for support.
The ne:s dispatches stated that these flyin9 saucers :ere real aircraft of re2olutionary desi9n. They :ere de2eloped
in the )nited 'tates by the !a2y and :ere a co1bination of helicopter and fast <et plane. The 1odels :ere built by
en9ineers of the !ational (d2isory *o11ittee for (eronautics.
E2erybody printed this story0 includin9 The !e: %ork Ti1es and the !e: %ork Herald Tribune. "a2id $a:rence in his
syndicated colu1n >uoted freely fro1 the ori9inal too3:ithout 1akin9 reference to the fact that he :as publisher of
the ).'. !e:s and 8orld +eport.
But the !a2y and the (ir #orce reduced the ApancakesA or AsaucersA to a lot of baloney. They denied that they had
any such secret 1issile in operation0 and said it 1ust ha2e referred to an old thin9 they bou9ht years before0 tried
out0 found it anythin9 but a success0 and stored it in 5aryland as a curiosity for a subse>uent 1useu1 of a2iation.
This :as al1ost char9in9 "a2id $a:rence :ith 1anufacturin9 a hoa;. (l1ost but not >uite. n one of its official
releases the (ir #orce listed se2eral hoa;es about :hich it had no doubt.
t clai1ed the 1onth of @uly0 1.EF as a banner 1onth for the practical <okers. ( 'eattle :o1an reported to the police
that a fla1in9 disk had landed on her roof. Tuickly e;tin9uished0 the ob<ect :as turned o2er to federal a9ents0 :ho in
turn had it checked by !a2y electronic e;perts. They disco2ered it to be a t:enty3ei9ht3inch circular piece of ply:ood
held in position by :ire. The letters )''+ and E%+ :ere painted on the disk in :hite. There :as of course a ha11er
and sickle on the disk as :ell. T:o radio tubes and a cylindrical3shaped oil can0 1ounted on pieces of bakelite0 :ere
inside the ob<ect. There :as also a cloth saturated :ith an infla11able fluid. The final consensus a1on9 (ir 5ateriel
*o11and ntelli9ence officers :as that the disk could not fly and :as the :ork of practical <okers.
The ne;t one ca1e fro1 'hre2eport0 $ouisiana. ( saucer0 :hirlin9 throu9h the air0 shootin9 s1oke and fire0 landed in
a do:nto:n street. This one :as see1in9ly sol2ed :ithout recourse to either the #B or (ir #orce ntelli9ence. The
'hre2eport police said it :as the :ork of a prankster0 :ho had launched the ho1e1ade disk fro1 the top of an office
buildin9. The saucer had a fluorescent li9ht starter and t:o electric fan condensers. t couldn6t fly either.
Black +i2er #alls0 8isconsin0 :as ne;t in line a1on9 the hoa;es of 1.EF. #ashioned fro1 ply:ood0 this flyin9 saucer
:as seen in fli9ht. (n electrician found it lyin9 in the deep 9rass on the to:n6s fair 9rounds. He proceeded to 1ake it
a side sho: at fifty cents a peek.
The police stepped in and put the 9ad9et in a bank 2ault. t :as subse>uently analy=ed at 5itchel #ield. The report
read AThis contri2ance is patently a hoa;. t :ill be held for a reasonable ti1e and then disposed of in the nearest ash
!e;t in line in the @uly platter parade0 :as a disk fro1 "anford0 llinois. This one had burned the :eeds in the area in
landin9. t :as re2ealed to be co1posed of plaster of -aris0 bakelite3coiled for1 :rapped in ena1eled copper :ire0
an old3fashioned 1a9netic speaker diaphra910 parts of an electronic condenser and of a 1etallic 1a9netic rin9.
But the bi9 <oker of @uly0 1.EF0 accordin9 to the (ir #orce report of (pril 2F0 1.E.0 :as one :hich in2ol2ed #red
*ris1an and Harold (. "ahl0 pre2iously respected citi=ens of Taco1a0 8ashin9ton. (ccordin9 to the (ir #orce they
rated nu1ber one a1on9 the nation6s practical <okers and publicity seekers0 at least as far as -ro<ect 'aucer :as
( fe: days after Genneth (rnold had reported about the nine saucers he sa: flyin9 abo2e 5t. +ainier0 "ahl reported
si9htin9 si; disks :hile he :as patrollin9 off 5aury sland0 8ashin9ton. He said one of the disks fluttered to earth
and disinte9rated0 sho:erin9 his boat :ith fra91ents. The fra91ents killed his pet do9 and caused other da1a9e.
(ccordin9 to the 9o2ern1ent docu1ent0 "ahl and *ris1an then atte1pted to sell the story to a *hica9o ad2enture
1a9a=ine :hich in turn asked Genneth (rnold to check it for errors. (rnold :ent to Taco1a :ith *aptain E1il @.
'1ith0 a )nited (irlines pilot0 A:ho had also recei2ed saucer publicity0A accordin9 to the (ir #orce di9est0 A:hen he
reported seein9 disks on the #ourth of @uly :hile on a routine fli9ht out of Boise.A
(rnold0 a business1an :ho fle: his o:n plane0 arri2ed in Taco1a and there asked t:o officers of (r1y (2
ntelli9ence to help screen the clai1s of "ahl and *ris1an.
AThus0A to >uote the (ir #orce report a9ain0 Abe9an a story of secret hotel 1eetin9s and 1ysterious anony1ous
telephone calls :hich ended in death for t:o of the participants and e;posed the Taco1a disk story as a hoa;.A
(ll parties 1et at the 8inthrop Hotel. There "ahl produced so1e fra91ents A:hich he alle9ed ca1e fro1 the disk
:hich da1a9ed his boat.A He repeated the story in detail in the presence of (rnold and '1ith and the identified (r1y
The ne;t day the (2 officers left to return to Ha1ilton #ield0 *alifornia0 takin9 so1e of the fra91ents :ith the1 for
technical analysis. But tra9edy struck en route. The plane crashed0 killin9 both officers. 7n board also :as the cre:
chief and a hitchhiker. These parachuted to safety.
7n the heels of the tra9edy0 Taco1a ne:spapers be9an recei2in9 telephone calls infor1in9 the1 of the fallen ship
:hich had been carryin9 flyin9 disk fra91ents and that the plane had been shot do:n :ith a 20 11 cannon by
saboteurs. The papers :ent alon9 :ith the saboteur idea but the official (ir #orce opinion :as that the crash re2ealed
no indication of foul play.
7n the day of the crash *aptain '1ith :ent :ith *ris1an and "ahl to check on the da1a9e the boat had suffered
fro1 the fallin9 disk. '1ith sa: so1e repairs0 but :as not con2inced that they :ere the result of the clai1ed incident
of a fallin9 disk.
A$ater under >uestionin90A the (ir #orce report concluded0 A*ris1an and "ahl broke and ad1itted that the fra91ents
they had produced :ere really unusual rock for1ations found on 5aury sland and had no connection :ith flyin9
disks. They ad1itted tellin9 the *hica9o 1a9a=ine that the fra91ents :ere re1nants of the flyin9 disks in order to
increase the 2alue of their story. "urin9 the in2esti9ations "ahl6s :ife consistently ur9ed hi1 to ad1it that the entire
affair :as a hoa;0 and it is carried as such in -ro<ect 'aucer files.A
!o:0 to check on the checkers. (ccordin9 to #red $. *ris1an0 the (ir #orce report :as so 9arbled and t:isted as to
bear no rese1blance as to :hat actually happened. He said he had told +oy (. -al1er0 editor of (1a=in9 'tories
(:hich see1s to be the na1e of the publication the (ir #orce report bypassed)0 that he refused to :rite the story. He
had been 1ade an offer0 but he had refused it as he had offers fro1 se2eral other publications.
(s to the (ir #orce report that he and "ahl broke under >uestionin9 and ad1itted that the fra91ents they had
secured :ere really unusual rock for1ations fro1 5aury sland0 AThis0A said "ahl0 Ais a bald3faced lie.A
8hat0 he :anted to kno:0 beca1e of the fra91ents aboard the ship that crashedB 8hat beca1e of the analytical
reports that -al1er recei2ed and :hy did a 8est *oast check differ fro1 that of the )ni2ersity of *hica9o if they
:ere the sa1e substanceB 8hy did the (ir #orce refuse to allo: pictures of the crashB 8hy if he and "ahl :ere such
black9uards as to deliberately cause the death of t:o (ir #orce pilots and the loss of a P1/00000 plane did not so1e
9o2ern1ent a9ency clink the1 for da1a9es in the courtsB
A :as at the ti1e acti2e in reser2ist affairs of the (ir #orce0A *ris1an reported. A8hy did not the (ir #orce call 1e to
account for 1y dastardly actionsB %ou kno: as :ell as do that they :ould not take such shenani9ans fro1 a <unior
officer of the reser2e :ithout so1e for1 of punish1ent.A
He had other thin9s to say and he :as tellin9 the :orld if anybody perpetuated the (ir #orce 2ersion0 he :ould
institute le9al action.
Editor -al1er of (1a=in9 'tories confir1ed :hat *ris1an said. 'o did Genneth (rnold0 and the 9eneral 2erdict (the
(ir 5ateriel *o11and dissentin9) :as that *ris1an did not perpetrate a hoa; to sell an ad2enture story.
n fact0 there :as testi1ony that after the tra9ic crash :hich killed the t:o (r1y fliers0 *ris1an :as ordered to take
a fli9ht to (laska in any ar1y plane0 and the (ir #orce :ould hardly be reposin9 that trust in a reser2e pilot0 listed in
their records as a perpetrator of a hoa;0 if they belie2ed their o:n literature told the :hole truth and nothin9 by the
nstructed 2erdict for "efendant *ris1an. But :hat happened to "ahl and the flyin9 pieces fro1 a flyin9 diskB )p to
(pril0 1./00 nobody kne:.
*hapter F: The (ir #orce +eports
TH7)&H THE+E 8E+E stories printed to the effect that the (ir #orce had released <ust about e2erythin9 it had
9athered in the t:o years it operated -ro<ect 'aucer0 the nearest 1ost peasants like oursel2es ca1e to such a feast
of reason :as a se2en3thousand3:ord di9est of preli1inary studies released on (pril 2F0 1.E.0 by the (ir 5ateriel
*o11and at 8ri9ht3-atterson (ir #orce Base0 "ayton0 7hio.
-ro<ect 'aucer :as officially acti2ated on @anuary 220 1.EH. t released its di9est of preli1inary studies fifteen 1onths
later. t declared itself officially AdiscontinuedA on "ece1ber 2F0 1.E.. But on (pril E0 1./00 it ad1itted that it had
continued and :ould continue to recei2e and e2aluate Athrou9h nor1al field intelli9ence channels any substantial
reports of any unusual aerial pheno1ena.A
This :as the first official ad1ission of a char9e 1ade in @anuary0 1./0 that A-ro<ect 'aucer had not closed do:n but
only had du11ied up.A ts (pril E release ad1itted it had decentrali=ed the chase.
(s a further e;a1ple of ho: badly synchroni=ed these top le2el characters can beco1e0 on (pril E0 in a state1ent
fro1 Gey 8est0 :herein the -resident :as dra9ooned into blo:in9 do:n "a2id $a:rence6s story about flyin9 saucers0
*harles &. +oss0 8hite House 'ecretary0 told correspondents he :ould take their 1ornin9 >uestions and report back
:ith ans:ers in the afternoon. He did so. He >uoted +ear (d1iral +obert $. "ennison as sayin9 he kne: nothin9 of
the flyin9 saucer. Then he had Bri9adier &eneral +obert B. $andry0 the -resident6s (ir #orce aide0 e;plain that the (ir
#orce had set up a pro<ect in "ece1ber0 1.EF0 and had Acarried on this pro<ect until last (u9ust0 1.E. :hen it 1ade a
final report there :as nothin9 to these flyin9 saucers.A
The fact that the pro<ect did not cease until four 1onths after &eneral $andry said it :as closed do:n and the further
fact that it had opened a 1onth after he said it had opened in "ece1ber0 1.EF are sa1ples of ho: little tea1 :ork
or accuracy there is bet:een the 1e1bers of this tea1.
8hile it :ould ha2e been nice to ha2e had all the cards on the table0 especially since the "epart1ent of "efense
insisted it :as not conductin9 e;peri1ents Aclassified or other:iseA :ith disk3shaped flyin9 ob<ects0 ne2ertheless
suppose :e should be thankful for the cru1bs that ha2e been allo:ed to drop fro1 the ban>uet table.
n the first place let 1e say for a report of this character that the (ir 5ateriel *o11and6s "i9est :as supre1ely :ell3
:ritten0 and aside fro1 such typo9raphical errors as the spellin9 of Henry Holt and *o1pany as AHolte0A 5t. +ainier
as A+anier0A splittin9 infiniti2es0 and such tri2ia0 the report had a feelin9 of substance. t be9ins :ith the fa1ous case
of Genneth (rnold0 :ho on Tuesday0 @une 2E0 1.EF0 looked fro1 his pri2ate plane and spotted a chain of nine saucer3
like ob<ects playin9 ta9 :ith the <a99ed peaks of 8ashin9ton6s 5t. +ainier.
(rnold6s report set off :hat the (ir #orce6s literary ar1 described as Aa 2eritable celestial chain3reaction.A #lyin9
saucers :ere follo:ed by reports of chro1iu1 hub3caps :hirlin9 throu9h space0 flyin9 di1es0 flyin9 teardrops0 flyin9
9asli9hts0 flyin9 ice crea1 cones0 and flyin9 pie plates.
t see1s 1ore fantastic than the fantastic reports that the (ir #orce could set up a -ro<ect 'aucer if it had no 1ore
than this sort of fluff to be9in :ith. !e2ertheless0 as it rounded the turn to:ard the ho1e stretch in the sprin9 of
1.E.0 it re2ealed that it had looked into 2E0 do1estic and I0 forei9n incidents. 8ith the assistance of 9o2ern1ent
and pri2ate a9encies and the entire facilities of 8ri9ht #ield laboratories0 the -ro<ect 'aucer personnel said that in
fifteen 1onths they had identified about thirty percent of the 2F0 cases under sur2ey as bein9 nothin9 1ore than
con2entional aerial ob<ects such as :eather balloons0 9uided 1issile research acti2ities0 astrono1ical pheno1ena0
co11ercial and 1ilitary aircraft in unscheduled fli9hts0 1i9ratory birds0 shots fro1 flare 9uns0 practical <okers0 2icti1s
of optical illusions0 and pheno1ena of 1ass hallucinations. The official pro9nosis :as that e>ually co11onplace
e;planations :ould take care of at least another thirty percent of these riddles of the sky.
But as of that sprin9 day of 1.E. (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence still ad1itted there :ere >uestion 1arks in the
saucer story. The possibility of technical de2elop1ent far in ad2ance of the kno:led9e a2ailable to (1erican
en9ineers and scientists had been :idely considered. That the saucers 1i9ht be 2isitations fro1 5ars0 Oenus0 or
distant planets attached to other star syste1s :as looked upon by (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence as Aan al1ost
That0 you :ill obser2e on re3readin90 is not >uite the sa1e as sayin9 Aan i1possibility.A A(l1ostA is a little loop3hole0
but if a flyin9 saucer slipped throu9h it0 (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence could point to the fact that it had ne2er
>uite closed the door.
(nother cautious su11ary :as this:
A8hile -ro<ect 'aucer e2aluation tea1s report that no definite and conclusi2e e2idence is yet a2ailable to either pro2e
or dispro2e the e;istence of at least so1e of the re1ainin9 unidentified ob<ects as real aircraft of unkno:n and
uncon2entional confi9uration. e;hausti2e in2esti9ations ha2e turned up no alar1in9 probabilities.A
(s thin as that line :as bet:een life or death for flyin9 saucers0 thirty3four cases :ere left dan9lin9 in space0
unidentified0 une;plained0 unburied :hen -ro<ect 'aucer :as officially closed "ece1ber 2F0 1.E..
#ro1 the "i9est of (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence0 it is not possible for a detached obser2er to tell :hether they
belie2ed they had identified Genneth (rnold6s nine flyin9 saucers or not. (t least three years after (rnold first
reported the flyin9 saucers he still 1aintained his position and has probably been 1ore o2er:hel1ed :ith reports of
like character than any other ci2ilian on earth.
His story is si1plicity itself. He dealt in fire3control e>uip1ent and co2ered the !orth:est in his pri2ate plane. 7n
@une 2E0 1.EF0 he sa: the reflection of a bri9ht flash on his :in90 he looked around and cau9ht a chain of nine
peculiar aircraft approachin9 5t. +ainier. They fle: like 9eese in a dia9onal line as if they :ere linked to9ether. They
fle: close to the 1ountaintops. He <ud9ed the1 to be about the si=e of a "*3E. They :ere appro;i1ately t:enty or
t:enty3fi2e 1iles a:ay0 near enou9h for hi1 to see if they had tails0 but he couldn6t see a tail on any of the1. He
:atched the1 for about three 1inutes. They :ere flat like a pie pan and so shiny they reflected the sun like a 1irror.
He clocked their speed at about 10200 1iles per hour. A ne2er sa: anythin9 so fast0A he told in2esti9ators.
(ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence put -rofessor @oseph (. Hynek0 head of the 7hio 'tate )ni2ersity 7bser2atory0 to
:ork on the (rnold report. "r. Hynek :as under contract :ith (ir 5ateriel *o11and to check on the astrophysicist
phases of -ro<ect 'aucer. "r. Hynek thou9ht the ob<ects :ere tra2elin9 at subsonic speed and :ere therefore so1e
sort of kno:n aircraft.
(rnold had stated that they :ere tra2elin9 at 10200 1iles per hour0 :hich :ould 1ake the1 definitely supersonic.
take it that (ir 5ateriel ntelli9ence screens e2en its astrono1ers. Had it found itself saddled :ith "r. 8alter $ee
astrono1er of the )ni2ersity of $ouis2ille0 instead of "r. Hynek of 7hio 'tate )ni2ersity0 it 1i9ht ha2e 9ot a different
story about flyin9 saucers. "r. 5oore reported that he personally focused his telescope on se2eral flyin9 disks. They
headed strai9ht to:ard Oenus. Oenus :as nearer to the sun3in its peri9ee (the point at :hich an ob<ect 1akes its closest
approach to the Earth) phase. The day :as clear. n fact the planet could ha2e been seen that day durin9 the dayti1e
:ith the naked eye.
(ccordin9 to "r. 5oore the disks headed strai9ht to:ard Oenus on the return trip. This led hi1 to suspect that as
little as :e kno: of :hat is 9oin9 on behind those Oenusian cloudbanks0 Oenus :as the point of ori9in of those flyin9
saucers :hich he sa: and those :hich Genneth (rnold sa:.
But (ero35edical $aboratory 1en instead of "r. 5oore :ere called in by (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence to needle
(rnold6s story. They stated that an ob<ect tra2elin9 at 10200 1iles per hour :ould not be 2isible to the naked eye.
But (rnold didn6t say he looked at the1 :ith a naked eye0 and the (ero35edical $aboratory 1en0 :ho of course :ere
not up there :ith (rnold0 ne2er reported ho: fast (rnold6s eyes 1i9ht be at spottin9 ob<ects t:enty3fi2e 1iles a:ay
and possibly scootin9 by hi1 as he <o99ed alon9 at 200 1iles per hour. They ne2er checked on "r. 5oore6s either. n
fact as far as could find0 (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence ne2er e2aluated0 and0 if so0 ne2er released "r. 5oore6s
report at all.
(1on9 the filed3and3for9otten of (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence6s A)nidentified #ileA :as the *aptain Tho1as #.
5antell case0 :hich e2erybody tried a hand at e;plainin9 until the scientist at the )ni2ersity of "en2er ca1e up :ith
the real ans:er31a9netic disinte9ration at the hand of so1e intelli9ence :hich understands both 1a9netic propulsion
and 1a9netic destruction.
7ther cases :hich presu1e (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence ne2er sol2ed 3 at least they :ere not sol2ed in the
unclassified handout :hich 9entle1en of the press0 ladies of the e2enin90 or anybody could ha2e for the askin93run
to >uite a for1ation0 but the follo:in9 fe: 9i2e you the 9eneral idea.
$isted as perhaps their 1ost fantastic saucer story0 the (ir 5ateriel *o11and 9a2e its 2ersion of the space ship
reported by t:o Eastern (irline pilots in the skies near 5ont9o1ery0 (laba1a0 in @uly0 1.EH. The sa1e ob<ect :as
reported by 9round obser2ers at +obins (ir #orce Base at 5acon0 &eor9ia0 about an hour before the co11ercial
pilots si9hted it abo2e 5ont9o1ery. (ll the reports a9reed the space ship :as 9oin9 in a southerly direction0 that
2arious colored fla1es :ere trailin9 fro1 it and that it 1aneu2ered :ith 9reat speed.
The Eastern (irline pilots :ere *aptain *. '. *hiles and @ohn B. 8hitted. They described the ob<ect as Aa :in9less
aircraft a hundred feet lon90 ci9ar3shaped0 and about t:ice the dia1eter of a B32.0 :ith no protrudin9 surfaces.A
They both sa: it at the sa1e ti1e and asked each other :hat in the :orld :as thisB t flashed to:ard the1 and they
2eered to the left. t 2eered to its left and passed the1 about F00 feet to their ri9ht. (t this point it :as abo2e the1.
AThen0 as if the pilot had seen and :anted to a2oid us0A *hiles testified to in2esti9ators0 Ait pulled up :ith a
tre1endous burst of fla1e fro1 the rear and =oo1ed into the clouds0 its prop :ash or <et :ash rockin9 our "*I.A
*aptain *hiles said the illu1ination inside the craft itself re1inded one of the brilliance of a 1a9nesiu1 flare.
#ro1 the side of the craft ca1e an intense blue 9lo: that ran the entire len9th of the fusila9e3like a blue fluorescent
factory li9ht. The e;haust :as a red3oran9e fla1e0 :hich e;tended thirty to fifty feet behind the craft and beca1e
deeper in intensity as the unidentified ship pulled up into a cloud. The co11ercial pilots <ud9ed its speed to be about
one3third faster than a <et6s0 :hich :ould 1ean about H00 1iles per hour.
n their in2esti9ation of the *hiles38hittedd story0 -ro<ect 'aucer personnel screened 22/ ci2ilian and 1ilitary fli9ht
schedules and found the only other aircraft in the 2icinity at the ti1e :as an (ir #orce *3EF.
(t this point ca1e one of those i1pressi2e but be:ilderin9 contributions fro1 (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence.
A(pplication of the -randtl theory of lift to the incident indicated of the fusela9e of the di1ension reported by *hiles
and 8hitted could support a load co1parable to the :ei9ht of an aircraft of this si=e at flyin9 speeds in the subsonic
8hat in hea2en6s na1e does that 1eanB This is a di9est of a report fro1 one branch of the people to another branch
of the people0 but it certainly doesn6t sound as thou9h it :ere :ritten by the people. The only possible clue as to
:hat all this has to do :ith the case is that re1ark about Asubsonic ran9e0A and e2en that doesn6t see1 >uite bri9ht.
The co11ercial pilot said that the space ship :as tra2elin9 about one3third faster than a <et. @ets can 9o faster than
sound. *ertainly a ship tra2elin9 one3third faster than e2en a co11on <et :ould be doin9 at least H00 1ph0 and
that6s not subsonic0 that6s se2enty 1iles per hour faster than sound.
But -randtl0 his theory0 subsonic or supersonic to the contrary0 (ir 5ateriel *o11and left the ob<ect on (pril 2F0
1.E.0 as Astill considered J)nidentified.6 A
Those southern skies in fact see1 to ha2e had al1ost as 1any reports of flyin9 saucers as 7re9on and !e: 5e;ico.
Early in (u9ust0 1.EF0 t:o pilots fro1 Bethel0 (laba1a0 told in2esti9ators that they spotted a hu9e black ob<ect :hich
see1ed bi99er than a *3/E. t stood out a9ainst a brilliant e2enin9 sky.
To a2oid collision0 the pilots had to pull up to 10200 feet. The ob<ect crossed their path at ri9ht an9les. They s:un9 in
behind and follo:ed at 1F0 1.p.h. until it left the1 far behind and about four 1inutes later disappeared fro1 si9ht.
Thou9h described as rese1blin9 a *3/E0 this :as a 2ery 9eneral and so1e:hat erroneous classification. The t:o
pilots further >ualified the description by sayin9 it :as A:ithout 1otors0 :in9s0 or 2isible 1eans of propulsion0 and
:as s1ooth surfaced and strea1lined.A
By :ay of closin9 the case0 (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence concluded not :ithout anticli1actic hu1or0 A!o
balloons :ere reported in the area.A
The fa1ous case of $ieutenant &eor9e #. &or1an of the !orth "akota !ational &uard0 and his t:enty3se2en31inute
do9 fi9ht :ith a flyin9 saucer abo2e #ar9o0 is recapitulated in the (ir 5ateriel *o11and "i9est of its preli1inary
studies0 but this one doesn6t e2en co1e out :ith the consolin9 :ords Astill considered unidentified.A
&or1an0 a solid character0 1ana9er of a #ar9o construction co1pany :as preparin9 to land at the #ar9o airport on
the ni9ht of 7ctober 10 1.EH0 after a routine #3/1 patrol fli9ht. *leared by the to:er to land0 &or1an asked if there
:ere anythin9 in his :ay0 because he sa: :hat appeared to be the tail li9ht of another plane a 10000 yards a:ay.
The to:er told hi1 there :as a -iper *ub belo: hi10 and that :as all. He could see that clearly enou9h0 but that :as
not :hat he :as alludin9 to.
He decided to close in and take a look at the 1ystery li9ht a 10000 yards ahead of hi1. t :as s1all0 clear and :hite0
and it kept blinkin9 on and off. (s he approached0 ho:e2er0 the li9ht beca1e sharp and steady and pulled into a
sharp left bank.
A thou9ht it :as 1akin9 a pass at the to:er0A $ieutenant &or1an reported. A di2ed after it and brou9ht 1y 1anifold
pressure up to N0 inches0 but couldn6t catch up :ith the thin9. t started 9ainin9 altitude and 1ade another left
$ieutenant &or1an put his #3/1 into a sharp turn0 and tried to cut the li9ht off in its atte1pt to turn. By then they
:ere F0000 feet up. The li9ht 1ade a sharp ri9ht turn0 and they :ere headed strai9ht at each other. 8hen they :ere
about to collide0 &or1an 9uessed he 9ot scared.
A :ent into a di2e0A he said0 Aand the li9ht passed o2er 1y canopy at about /00 feet. Then0 it 1ade a left circle at
about 10000 feet abo2e0 and 9a2e chase a9ain.A
t looked as if they :ere headed for another collision0 :hen this ti1e it :as a case of the li9ht that failed. The ob<ect
shot strai9ht into the air. $ieutenant &or1an :ent after it to 1E0000 feet0 :hen his plane :ent into a po:er stall0 and
the li9hted ob<ect turned to a north:est direction and disappeared.
The lieutenant reached his ho1e field pretty :orn out after that t:enty3se2en31inute chase0 at speeds 2aryin9 fro1
I00 to E00 1.p.h.
Had the lieutenant co1e :ith this story on his o:n0 he probably :ould ha2e found it subse>uently e;plained a:ay by
so1e psychiatrist consulted by (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence as <ust another 1an :ith another hallucination. But
it so happened that the airport traffic controller at #ar9o0 $. ". @ensen0 reported that he had :atched the 1ystery
li9ht throu9h a pair of binoculars0 and :hile &or1an and @ensen could possibly both be :ron90 t:o don6t >uite 1ake
a A1ass hysteria.A
@ensen said he :as unable to distin9uish any for1 other than :hat appeared to be the tail li9ht of a 2ery fast 1o2in9
craft. $ieutenant &or1an0 :ho :as a pilot instructor for #rench 1ilitary students durin9 the 'econd 8orld 8ar0 said
he :as sure there :as an intelli9ence behind the 1aneu2ers0 and that it :as li1ited by intelli9ence0 too0 because it
:as unable to 1ake turns beyond the natural cur2es. That it could out3turn and out3speed the #3/1 :as also
conceded. He doubted if 1any earth3born pilots could ha2e :ithstood the turn and speed affected by the li9ht
:ithout blackin9 out.
E;cept for raisin9 a psycholo9ical >uestion 3 s it possible for an ob<ect :ithout appreciable shape or kno:n
aeronautical confi9urations to appear to tra2el at 2ariable speeds and 1aneu2er intelli9entlyB 3 (ir 5ateriel *o11and
ntelli9ence left $ieutenant &or1an and his li9ht pretty 1uch in the dark.
(9ain the ans:er to this one 1ay be in the hands of the 1a9netic research en9ineers0 scientists :ho see1in9ly :ere
not consulted in the 1anufacture of this brochure.
#ro1 saucers si; or ei9ht inches in dia1eter0 to those see1in9 to ha2e the bulk of B32.6s and the speed three ti1es
that of <ets0 the (ir #orce had its troubles clearin9 up that A)nidentifiedA file.
7ne 1ore incident and a1 done :ith (ir 5ateriel *o11and6s unsol2ed 1ysteries. This one took place /0000 feet
abo2e sea le2el in the *ascade 5ountains0 :here one #red 5. @ohnson0 a prospector0 told of spottin9 fi2e or si; disks
about thirty feet in dia1eter. He 9rabbed his telescope and :atched the disks for fifty seconds :hile they banked in
the sun. 8hile the disks :ere in si9ht0 the hand of his co1pass :atch A:ea2ed :ildly fro1 side to side.A
Here :as another 1a9netic clue0 but like the solution of its other 1ysteries (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence0 :as
leanin9 hea2ily on astrono1ers or psychiatrists and ha2in9 no part of the Oeliko2skys0 Einsteins0 or !e:tons0 :ho had
decided that this earth and all other planets in our solar syste1 :ere <ust bi9 dyna1os 9o2erned by electro1a9netic
ATo su1 up0A (ir 5ateriel *o11and Technical ntelli9ence "i2ision stated0 Ano definite conclusi2e e2idence is yet
a2ailable0 that :ould pro2e or dispro2e the possibility that a portion of the unidentified ob<ects are real aircraft of
unkno:n or uncon2entional confi9uration.A
The "i9est concluded: AThere are scores of possible e;planations for the scores of different types of si9htin9
reporters. 5any of the aerial pheno1ena ha2e been positi2ely identified. Ho:e2er0 the correct ta99in9 of the
re1ainin9 percenta9e is still the <ob of -ro<ect 'aucer. The saucers are not a <oke. !either are they a cause for alar1
to the population. 5any of the incidents already ha2e ans:ers. 5eteors. Balloons. #allin9 stars. Birds in fli9ht. Testin9
de2ices0 etc. 'o1e of the1 still end in >uestion 1arks. t is the 1ission of the (ir 5aterial *o11and Technical
ntelli9ence "i2ision6s -ro<ect 'aucer to supply the periods.A
There 1ust ha2e been a hi9h priority on punctuation 1arks bet:een 1.EF and 1./00 because as late as 5ay0 1./00
1onths after -ro<ect 'aucer :as officially closed (but still operatin9 unofficially on local le2els)0 nobody in the
"epart1ent of "efense0 fro1 the unidentified spokes1an of (ir 5ateriel *o11and Technical ntelli9ence up to
"efense 'ecretary $ouis @ohnson hi1self0 e2er supplied those periods.
*hapter H: #ro1 #ort to #ate
($$ TH+7)&H the 'aucerian sky3:ritin9s the #orteans 1ust ha2e sat around in their se1inars 9rinnin9 like
contented cats. Thanks to the painstakin9 researches of their dead 1aster0 they could clai1 they foresa: -ro<ect
'aucer and the rei9n of error.
n the JBooks of *harles #ortK (Holt0 1.E1)0 :hich consists of JThe Book of the "a1nedK0 J$oK0 J8ild TalentsK0 and J!e:
$andsK0 all 1er9ed into one 1onu1ental 2olu1e of 1012/ pa9es (inde;ed)0 #ort has recorded thousands of e;a1ples
of :ild talents in our skies0 so1e runnin9 back as far as three hundred years.
(s #ort held that Aif it6s plausible0 accept it at least te1porarilyA and that Anothin9 is of itself co1plete but is part of a
continuous operation0A this should 1ake space ships fro1 another planet 2ery easy for the #ortean 'ociety to accept3
at least te1porarily. #or did he not say also0 if one te1porarily accepts their e;istence one facilitates their arri2alB
He listed stran9e tales :hich pure science re<ected fro1 1/.F to 1.I2. But he really didn6t 9et 9oin9 at his best until
1H1.. #ro1 there on the reports increased in nu1bers until they hit their top stride after the *i2il 8ar and in 1HHI
reached a peak of I2 listin9s 3 a record0 incidentally0 s1ashed to s1ithereens in the first four 1onths of 1./0 :hen
10. airborne oddities :ere listed.
By 1.I1 the depression had hit stran9e bodies in the skies as :ell as star2ed bodies on this lo:ly earth. #ort listed
only 1. that year. The ne;t year he tabulated a 1ere half do=en0 and after that no 1ore :as heard fro1 this a1a=in9
statistician of the sandlot sciences.
He died on 5ay I0 1.I20 at the +oyal Hospital0 the Bron;0 and presu1ably sent no 1ore reports fro1 :here he :ent
fro1 here. But in his /H years on this earth he 9athered a lot of odd flo:ers fro1 the field of science and so1e :ere
That he could not ha2e li2ed to ha2e listed so1e of the reports that follo:ed in the :ake of each ru1or of a flyin9
saucer as the first half of the t:entieth century :hirled into the second 1ust be recorded :ith 9reat re9ret. His
co11entaries :ould ha2e deflated e2en the -enta9onic :itch3hunters :ho :ere detached te1porarily fro1 9rand
strate9y and assi9ned to (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 there to flay e2ery citi=en :ho thou9ht he sa: :hat he sa:.
(s for the scientists the 1ilitary hired to e2aluate :hat neither >uite understood0 #ort :ould ha2e had a better ti1e
:ith the1 than he e2er had :ith their forebears :ho e;plained e2erythin9 unusual in ter1s of the co11onplace.
AThe 8esse; E;planationA he used to call it.
Before science ad1its a flyin9 saucer has been found on earth and pro2ed up all the 9ossip that has 9one before0 it
probably :ill do :hat it did :ith the stories of stones fro1 the skies0 :hich #ort reported early in his parade of
These :ere reported to ha2e belted the earth shortly after the -russians took their cannon ho1e fro1 -aris in 1HFF.
Throu9h 5onsieur $a2oissier0 a 1e1ber of the #rench (cade1y0 it :as absolutely pro2ed that a stone had not fallen0
because there are no stones in the sky? therefore one could not fall fro1 there. 8hat had happened0 accordin9 to 5.
$a2oissier0 :as that a flash of li9htnin9 had struck a stone on the 9round and the peasants had assu1ed the stone
n ti1e0 1eteorites0 stones0 and space ships :ere reported to ha2e fallen0 and0 like the stones0 so1e scientists
thou9ht they 1i9ht ha2e been debris dropped by a hurricane fro1 else:here and possibly hit by li9htnin9 :hen
tossed out of the cyclone.
This :as in line :ith the 8esse; E;planation. By that #ort 1eant any atte1pt to interpret the enor1ous in ter1s of
the 1inute0 to locali=e the uni2ersal0 to 9i2e a cos1ic cloud absolute interpretation in ter1s of Alittle dusty roads and
lanes of 8esse;.A
8hat rest and satisfaction (ir #orce ntelli9ence :ould ha2e found if it could ha2e cleared up all its cases0 :ith the
e;pression Aabsolutely identified0A :as not a yen unusual to the (ir #orce. To 1any 1inds0 accordin9 to #ort0
absoluteness0 or the illusion of it0 :as the uni2ersal >uest. 8hen che1ists identified substances that had fallen in
Europe as sand fro1 the (frican deserts0 this put 1inds at rest :hich :ould other:ise ha2e been disturbed by
interplanetary pro:lin9s and in2asions.
AThe only trouble is that a che1ist6s analysis0A :rote #ort0 A:hich see1s so final and authoritati2e to so1e 1inds is
no 1ore nearly absolute than is identification by a child or description by an i1becile.A
That he described electricity as Aborn as a parlor stunt0A did not 1ean he :as a9ainst "r. 8illia1 &ilbert or electricity.
8hen "r. &ilbert rubbed a rod :ith the skin of a cat0 and 1ade bits of paper <u1p fro1 a table0 he thrilled perhaps
forty percent of his se2enteenth3century listeners0 and set up an opposition of si;ty percent. The 1a<ority0 as in all
a9es0 did not look on this 1a9ic for :hat it :as so 1uch as to :here it 1i9ht lead. A8itchcraft0A to >uote another
#ortean pro2erb0 Aal:ays has a hard ti1e until it beco1es established and chan9es its na1e.A
He did not look upon all scientists as beneficent bein9s. He kne: too :ell that e2ery scientist :ho upheld a ne: idea
brou9ht upon hi1self abuse fro1 other scientists. 7r to use his o:n :ords: A'cience has done its ut1ost to pre2ent
:hate2er science has done.A
He :as partisan to the industrial scientist and the 9ood he had done as opposed to the acade1ic or aristocratic
scientist :ho :as li2in9 on the repute of industrial science. He co1pared the1 to a 9ood :atch do9 and the fleas
upon hi1. Af the fleas too could be tau9ht to bark0A he :rote0 Athere :ould be a little chorus that :ould be of so1e
tiny 2alue. But fleas are aristocrats.A
Throu9hout his :orks0 you :ill find scores of obser2ations upon cylindrical3shaped bodies that ha2e appeared in this
earth6s at1osphere. 'o1e too :ere torpedo3shaped or ci9ar3shaped. He suspected that 1any of these0 tra2elin9
super39eo9raphical routes0 had been dri2en into this earth6s at1osphere.
He :rote: A#ro1 data0 the acceptance is that upon enterin9 this earth6s at1osphere these 2essels ha2e been so
racked that had they not sailed a:ay0 disinte9ration :ould ha2e occurred: that0 before lea2in9 this earth0 they ha2e0
:hether in atte1pted co11unication or not0 or in 1ere :antonness or not0 dropped ob<ects0 :hich did al1ost
i11ediately 2iolently disinte9rate or e;plode. )pon 9eneral principles :e think that e;plosi2es ha2e not been
purposely dropped0 but that parts ha2e been racked off0 and ha2e fallen0 e;plodin9 like the thin9s called Jball
He e;posed0 1ore than berated0 people like -rofessor $a:rence '1ith and 'ir +obert Ball0 :ho stated that nothin9
could fall to this earth unless it had been blo:n up fro1 so1e other part of the earth6s surface. These0 in brief0
belon9ed to the sa1e school :hich a1on9 (ir #orce ntelli9ence today belie2e there6s no such thin9 as an ob<ect
ha2in9 e;ternal ori9in. The notion of thin9s droppin9 in upon this earth fro1 :ithout is as unsettlin9 and as
un:elco1e to the1 as children blo:in9 fish horns durin9 a sy1phony concert.
#ort offered for acceptance0 Aas so1ethin9 concordant :ith the spirit of the t:entieth century0A the e;pression that
beyond this earth are other lands0 <ust as one ti1e beyond the 5editerranean :ere other seas0 and0 thou9h the
1inds that run (ir #orce ntelli9ence :ould ha2e denied it if they had for1ed a part of *aesar6s i1perial 9uard0 far to
the :est of the +o1an E1pire :ere other lands. 'o1e of those other lands ha2e since beco1e the (1ericas0 :here
1en :ho fly planes at 10000 1iles per hour scoff at 1en :ho suspect others fro1 other lands can fly 1HN0000 1iles
per second. This0 oddly0 is slo:er co1pared to (ir #orce <et planes than (ir #orce <ets are to *aesar6s 1archin9
le9ions0 for if his centurions could do I0 1iles per day a <et could do H00000 and that0 in a 1onth0 :ould be 2E00000
1iles0 :hile *aesar6s soldier :as :alkin9 off his first 10000 1iles. t is therefore 1ore plausible to belie2e in 1./0 that
flyin9 saucers can tra2el 1HN0000 1iles per second than it :ould ha2e in *aesar6s ti1e been to belie2e anybody could
e2er tra2el 10000 1iles per hour.
#ort thou9ht0 as to 1ost of his data concernin9 thin9s flyin9 throu9hout at1osphere0 that the super3thin9s really had
no 1ore interest in this earth than ha2e stea1ship passen9ers in the botto1 of the sea. !o: and then there 1ay be
a passen9er :ith such a keen interest Abut circu1stances of schedules and co11ercial re>uire1ents forbid his
in2esti9ation of the botto1 of the sea.A
This concession to the curious tra2eler naturally led #ort to concede that there 1ay ha2e been super3scientific
atte1pts to in2esti9ate pheno1ena on this earth fro1 abo2e0 Aperhaps by bein9s fro1 so far a:ay that they ne2er
e2en heard that so1ethin9 so1e:here asserted a le9al ri9ht to this earth.A
had intended to beda==le doubters by trottin9 out #ort6s first0 second0 third0 fourth0 and fifth tea1s0 <ust as !otre
"a1e on the 9ridiron has o2er:hel1ed 1any opponents by the sho: of 1ere nu1bers0 but ha2e decided to
transfer his kind of i1pressi2e chronolo9ical parade to an appendi;.
8ell0 one 1easures a circle be9innin9 any:here0 accordin9 to #ort. That suspect does not conflict :ith the
Holly:ood sayin90 A$et6s drop the ro1ancin9 and cut to the chase.A
This chase :ould take us fro1 #ort and 1.I2 up to Genneth (rnold and @une 2E0 1.EF0 :hen the story of super3
2ehicles that ha2e tra2ersed this at1osphere really 9ot do:n to cases.
(rnold is the youn9 1an :ho sa: nine flyin9 saucers0 flyin9 in for1ation at .0./00 feet and 9oin9 fro1 north to
south0 headin9 to:ard 5t. +ainier0 8ashin9ton. He :as flyin9 fro1 *hehalis to %aki1a He :as 1arried0 had a :ife
and t:o children0 aryl his o:n landin9 field :hich ad<oined the Bradley (ir #ield0 Eoise0 daho. His pilot6s license :as
IIIEHF? his plane6s national certificate0 !o. !*3III//. t :as a sin9le3en9ine <ob0 desi9ned for hi9h altitude
8hile en route to %aki1a0 he looked around for a lost 5arine transport0 belie2ed to ha2e disappeared on the
south:est side of 5t. +ainier. He didn6t find it0 thou9h subse>uently it :as found. The :eather :as crystal clear and
as he headed back to his course a bri9ht flash reflected on his plane. He turned and obser2ed nine odd3lookin9
aircraft0 1o2in9 in a dia9onal line as if linked to9ether. #or a 1o1ent he assu1ed they :ere a ne: type of <et planes0
but then he obser2ed they hadn6t any tails. They dipped in and out a1on9 the 1ountain peaks at terrific speed. He
deduced that the chain :as about fi2e 1iles lon90 and the ti1e it took the for1ation to pass fro1 the southern ed9e
of 5t. +ainier to the northern1ost crest of 5t. (da1s :as one 1inute and forty3t:o seconds.
The ob<ects held al1ost constant ele2ation. They fle: like 9eese0 the fastest 9eese he6d e2er seen. He esti1ated their
speed at 10200 1iles per hour.
"isturbed0 he :ent back huntin9 for the lost 5arine plane. (fter fifteen or t:enty 1inutes he beca1e so disturbed al
the thou9ht of those flyin9 disks that he took a last look at Teton +eser2oir and then headed for %aki1a.
8hen he landed0 he reported to the 9eneral 1ana9er of the *entral (ircraft *o1pany0 :ho0 (rnold felt0 didn6t >uite
belie2e hi1. Then he talked to 'onny +obinson0 a for1er (ir force pilot0 :ho later e1ployed his talents in Adustin9
operationsA around -endleton0 7re9on. That6s a <ob of sprayin9 fruit trees fro1 planes.
A8hat you obser2ed0A +obinson said0 Ais so1e type of <et or rocket3propelled ship that is in the process of bein9
tested by our 9o2ern1ent0 or it could e2en be by so1e forei9n 9o2ern1ent.A (s soon as his story beca1e public
kno:led9e0 (rnold recei2ed telephone calls0 letters0 tele9ra1s0 and co11unications fro1 all o2er the :orld0 and not
one person trans1itted ridicule. AThe only disbelief0A said (rnold0 A:as :hat :as printed in the papers.A
He in2ited open in2esti9ation by the #B and the (r1y. )p to the ti1e he presented his findin9s to #ate0 the little
1a9a=ine :hich opened its first nu1ber in the sprin9 of 1.EH0 :ith (rnold6s insistence that he did see the flyin9
disks0 he said that no interest :as e2idenced by either the #B nor (ir #orce ntelli9ence at the ti1e. The subse>uent
interest of the (ir #orce is a 1atter of record0 for (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence ad1itted in its preli1inary report
that -ro<ect 'aucer really be9an :ith the interest aroused by Genneth (rnold6s story.
#ate really :ent all out on flyin9 saucers in its Oolu1e 10 !u1ber 10 and if anybody :as in the field before the little
pocket 1a9a=ine fro1 E2anston0 llinois0 ha2e not been able to find any e2idence of it. The scientific 1anner in
:hich it checked its o:n accepted data :as in the hi9hest tradition.
(s (rnold6s flyin9 saucers :ere thou9ht by so1e to rese1ble a 1ilitary craft kno:n as a dou9hnut0 #ate6s editor0
+obert !. 8ebster0 turned @ohn *. +oss lose on the (rnold report. +oss had access to 1ilitary research bases0 notably
the &uided 5issile *enter at -oint 5u9u0 *alifornia0 and the t:o rocket testin9 centers at 5uroc0 *alifornia.
(t that ti1e0 :hich :as the :inter of 1.EF31.EH0 +oss didn6t belie2e :e had an aircraft that e2er reached the speed
of 10200 1iles per hour. !or did he belie2e :e had a po:er plant capable of propellin9 any aircraft that fast. !or
1issiles that could keep a close for1ation0 and certainly none that :ere dou9hnut3shaped. n fact he didn6t belie2e
that there :ere any supersonic aircraft in this country or any other at the ti1e.
But :e did ha2e 1issiles :hich had attained a speed in e;cess of 10200 1iles per hour0 +oss ad1itted. n fact0 the
ba=ooka and the &er1an O320 he said :ere capable of I0000 1iles per hour.
8e had at the ti1e aircraft that :ere 1anned by pilots0 and e2en 1issiles0 that rou9hly rese1bled a dou9hnut in
shape0 but these had no speed approachin9 sound0 :hich at sea le2el is FN0 1iles per hour. 7ne :as the rocket3
propelled Bell R'31 and another :as the "ou9las "3//H0 a transonic <et plane.
Three other types 1i9ht be 1istaken for dou9hnut3shaped craft0 if seen fro1 a distance0 but they too lacked the
speed indicated by (rnold. 7ne :as the !50 built by !orthrop0 but it :as propeller3dri2en0 :hich auto1atically
li1ited it to subsonic speeds. (nother0 !.!0 :hich :ere desi9ned to carry one person0 had a si;ty3foot :in9 spread0
and :as li1ited to trainin9 pilots for B 2/6s. ( third0 :as an 5R3I2E. This :as rocket3dri2en0 but :as a failure
because it could not de2elop enou9h thrust. ( fourth :as the R-3F.. This :as <et3dri2en0 and closely rese1bled the
!orthrop planes in that it had bi9 and broad :in9s :ith no tail. This one :as called the #lyin9 +a1 and could do /00
1iles per hour. The subse>uent B32/6s and B3E.6s :ere propeller3dri2en0 :hich :ould take the1 out of circulation
:hen it ca1e to tra2elin9 10200 1.p.h.
(s for the Oou9ht O31FI and the R#/)310 these too :ere propeller3dri2en and looked like hu9e0 flat saucers. They
:ere the ones pre2iously discussed in this 2olu1e (see *hapter N) as the source of "a2id $a:rence6s subse>uent
Adisco2eryA in 1./0.
The nearest to (rnold6s description in speed :as a @ae9er -31I desi9ned by (le;ander $ippisch0 for the $uft:affe. t
:as intended to fly at 10/00 1iles per hour0 and $ippisch esti1ated it 1i9ht reach 20200 1.p.h. t :as po:ered :ith
a ra1 <et en9ine and had no 1o2in9 parts. The air entered the front of the en9ine0 :as run into the co1bustion
cha1ber by the terrific speed of the plane itself0 1i;ed :ith air and fuel in the co1bustion cha1ber0 i9nited0 and
blasted out of the rear. The :in9s :ent so sharply back that it could easily be confused :ith a saucer0 but so far as
:e0 the people0 beyond the confines of (ir #orce classification are concerned0 this plane has ne2er been announced
as co1pleted and flo:n. !e2ertheless0 it is the only one that fitted Genneth (rnold6s description as to speed and
n subse>uent articles #ate co2ered <ust as thorou9hly the case of $ieutenant &eor9e &or1an0 :ho had a do9 fi9ht
:ith a flyin9 disk o2er the #ar9o0 !orth "akota0 airfield. To $ieutenant &or1an6s story0 it added those of $loyd ".
@ensen0 and H. E. @ohnson0 both *(( controllers at the control to:er of the #ar9o field0 and "r. (. E. *annon0 an
optician :ho sa: the ob<ect0 and :atched the do9 fi9ht fro1 a pri2ate plane throu9h his binoculars.
This is a 1ore elaborate report than the "i9est offered us by the (ir 5ateriel *o11and ntelli9ence and left us :ith
the conclusions that the #3/1 :hich $ieutenant &or1an :as pilotin9 :as outdistanced at E00 1iles per hour and also
out1aneu2ered0 that he atte1pted to crash the ob<ect :hich 1i9ht ha2e resulted in his o:n death0 but fortunately
n that sprin90 1.EH issue #ate carried another article. t :as entitled AThe 5ystery of the #lyin9 "isks.A #ro1 readin9
it0 the only conclusion to be arri2ed at is that the 1ystery :as no 1ystery e;cept to the fabricators of 1ysteries
attached to the (ir #orce. The article contained a 1ore elaborate presentation of the *ris1an3"ahl contro2ersy. This
:as a year before the (ir 5ateriel *o11and6s "i9est portrayed these 1en as perpetrators of a Ahoa;.A n fact0 for
one dollar0 ta;payers could ha2e 9ot far better reports fro1 #ate than they e2er 9ot for the 1illions e;pended on
-ro<ect 'aucer. !ot only that0 but they could ha2e 9ot the desired infor1ation a year sooner.
*hapter .: (dded 'tarters
THE )!(!5T% :ith :hich 1a9a=ines of lar9er for1at sou9ht to brush off little #ate6s clai1s to priority in the
1atter of bein9 the first to record the presence of disks flyin9 abo2e our nati2e land has been little short of a
conspiracy in restraint of credits.
The 'aturday E2enin9 -ost ran t:o articles in the sprin9 of 1.E.. They :ere entitled A8hat %ou *an Belie2e (bout
#lyin9 'aucers0A and they :ere si9ned by 'idney 'hallet0 an old !e: %ork Ti1es 8ashin9ton correspondent.
( year later +oy -al1er0 :ho had ac>uired control of #ate and had once edited (1a=in9 'tories0 :rote a piece
entitled A'pace 'hips0 #lyin9 'aucers (nd *lean !oses.A n it he told ho: he had fed 'idney 'hallet 1aterial for
'hallet6s -ost articles. He also told of an inter2ie: :ith 'tuart +ose0 associate editor of the -ost0 so1e ti1e after the
-ost articles had appeared.
asked +ose about this. He replied he didn6t kno: -al1er and had ne2er heard of #ate.
checked the references to #ate in the -ost. There they :ere: on pa9e 1I. of the (pril I00 1.E. issue of the -ost.
8hat6s the score no:B "on6t editors kno: :hat 9oes into their o:n 1a9a=ines any lon9erB
n his articles 'hallet accepted the assurance of the hi9hest officers of the (ir #orce that they had nothin9 concealed
up their slee2es. He >uoted &eneral Hoyt '. Oandenber90 then chief of staff0 &eneral *arl 'paat=0 retired chief0
$ieutenant &eneral $auris !orstad0 $ieutenant &eneral *urtis E. $e5ay and *olonel H. 5. 5c*oy0 all hi9h a1on9 the
(ir #orce brass at that ti1e.
Their opinions bunched to9ether and their e2aluations ree2aluated0 the substance of this parade of desk pilots :as
that they did not belie2ed flyin9 saucers e;isted. 5ost of the1 had noticed stran9e ob<ects flyin9 around0 :hich
turned out to be0 accordin9 to the1: (a) a reflection of a 9round li9ht0 (b) reflection of a star on a cloud0 (c) a 9lint of
sunli9ht fro1 the canopy of one -3/1 into the eyes of a pilot of another -3/10 (d) a certain type of alu1inu13co2ered
radar3tar9et balloon then in use and (e) an AiffyA re1ark fro1 &eneral 'paat= to :it: Af the (1erican people are
capable of 9ettin9 so e;cited o2er so1ethin9 :hich doesn6t e;ist0 &od help us if anyone e2er plasters us :ith a real
ato1ic bo1bCA n brief0 an ans:er to lo9ic and obser2ation :ith a fri9ht :i90 and a ridiculous non3se>uitur if e2er
(1on9 the scientists only t:o of any substance :ere >uoted. 7ne :as -rofessor @oseph (. Hynek0 the 7hio 'tate
astrophysicist :ho :as back in the subsonic a9e of propulsion0 and 1ay still be there for all kno:. The other :as
"r. r2in9 $an91uir0 a !obel -ri=e :inner in physics and0 like 1ost !obel -ri=e :inners0 i11ediately thereafter an
authority on e2erythin9. He :as the assistant director of &eneral Electric6s research laboratory at 'chenectady0 !e:
%ork. He :as also a 1e1ber of the (ir #orce6s scientific ad2isory board0 accordin9 to 'hallet0 thou9h not announced
as such in any (ir 5ateriel *o11and press handouts e2er sa:. 'hallet said $an91uir had Aspent a lifeti1e
debunkin9 :hat he called patholo9ical science.A (sked :hat he :ould ad2ise the (ir #orce to do about flyin9 saucers
'hallet said $an9rnuir snapped0 A#or9et it.A The snapper sounded as if $an91uir had picked up e2en his dialo9ue
fro1 the hi9h co11and. could al1ost see0 in 1y patholo9ically scientific :ay0 the t:o ci2ilians endin9 their
inter2ie: :ith a snappy salute.
"o you think the -ost :as paid off in 9ratitude by the 1ilitary for tellin9 its 1illions of readers at the end of ten
thousand :ords to for9et the :hole thin9B (u contraire. t :as crossed up in the tradition of the -enta9on :hich
see1in9ly holds all (1ericans as -russian @unkers used to hold their peasant class0 e;cept :hen its officers co1e
around for a con9ressional handout.
Bet:een the t:o issues of the -ost0 :hich in substance said there :as nothin9 to the flyin9 saucer story0 the (ir
5ateriel *o11and released a di9est of its preli1inary report0 :hich in substance said there :ere a lot of thin9s still
une;plained about flyin9 saucers and it :ould try to e;plain the1 before its ne;t report ca1e out. !ice tea1:ork.
8hat happened to *o1bined 7perationsB t :orked :ell a1on9 press0 radio0 and the hi9h co11and on "3day. Too
bad the co1bination :as lost in the post:ar era.
!e;t a1on9 the added starters after the -ost :as Oariety. But perhaps it :ould be a 1ark of politesse to 1ake :ay
for the clai1s of others on the theory that 9uests should be ser2ed first.
7n (pril F0 1./00 "a2id $a:rence in his nationally syndicated colu1n struck back at the 8hite House and the
-enta9on for their repudiation of his )nited 'tates !e:s and 8orld +eport feature0 :hich re2ealed the !a2y had
flyin9 saucers. n his colu1n $a:rence >uoted Gen 8. -urdy0 publisher of True for added support.
A%ou are correct in sayin9 that flyin9 saucers e;ist0A -urdy told $a:rence. A7f course they do and think no one can
properly :rite this story :ithout reference to the fact that :e 1ade the first state1ent in "ece1ber0 1.E..A
The Aof courseA is that no one can properly :rite the story :ho says anythin9 of the sort. 8eeks before True 9ot on
the ne:s3stands :ith itKs "onald E. Geyhoe feature0 Oariety had run t:o features of 1ine 3 the first as early as
7ctober 120 and the second on !o2e1ber 2F. 5ine0 ho:e2er0 contained 1aterial ne2er before released0 thou9h
fre>uently used and 9arbled since.
But usin9 si1ilar source 1aterial0 :hich #ate0 the -ost0 and True did0 it6s incredible that the last t:o could be i9norant
of the prior scoops of the first.
True deser2ed a lot of credit for bra2ery under ire. t 1ust ha2e kno:n that in 9oin9 out on a li1b :ith the si1ple
declarati2e sentence A#lyin9 'aucers (re +ealA it :ould annoy the -enta9onic party3liners no end. The 1a9a=ine had
to e1ploy a retired 5arine pilot to front for the story0 because ob2iously no (ir #orce 1e1ber :ould touch it :ith a
ten3foot pole. True tapped "onald E. Geyhoe0 a !a2al (cade1y 9raduate :ho had flo:n in acti2e ser2ice :ith the
5arine *orps and had been a balloon e;pert for a :hile. Bet:een :ars he had aided in the e;ploitation of the plane
:hich (d1iral Byrd used to fly o2er the !orth -ole0 as :ell as ha2in9 a hand in *harles $indber9h6s public relations
after the latter returned fro1 his solo fli9ht to -aris in 1.2F. #or a period Geyhoe also had been chief of infor1ation
for the aeronautics branch of the "epart1ent of *o11erce.
True said Geyhoe6s article :as the 1ost i1portant it had e2er published0 :as Autterly trueA and Acould docu1ent
e2ery occurrence reported.A Ei9ht 1onths of in2esti9ation :ere clai1ed to be behind the contribution. (1on9 its
1. That our planet has been under syste1atic obser2ation for 1F/ years0 :ith a 9reater intensification since 1.EF.
2. That three types of transports ha2e been used: Type 0 a s1all pilotless0 disk3shaped <ob0 e>uipped :ith so1e
for1 of tele2ision or i1pulse trans1itter? Type 0 a lar9e disk3shaped ship0 perhaps 2/0 feet in dia1eter operated on
the helicopter principle? and Type 0 a ci9ar3shaped :in9less craft Aoperated in confor1ance :ith the -randtl theory
True didn6t belie2e the ships :ere operated by any 1eans of propulsion unkno:n to us but that the operators :ere
22/ years ahead of us in their thinkin9 e2en so. This ruled out the likelihood of their bein9 desi9ned by today6s
A(n i1portant 1a9a=ine0A Geyhoe :rote (ob2iously referrin9 to the -ost) Apublished t:o stran9ely inconclusi2e and
contradictory articles0 stated to ha2e been prepared :ith the cooperation of the (ir #orce purportin9 to dis1iss disks
as of no basic si9nificance.A
Geyhoe then sou9ht to 9i2e his o:n interpretation0 at 9reat len9th0 of the 5antell case and fro1 there :ent into the
practicality of buildin9 flyin9 saucers on this earth0 po:ered by ato1ic ener9y or Athe ener9y that produces cos1ic
He also >uoted fro1 the (ir 5ateriel *o11and di9est that Athe chance of space tra2elers e;istin9 on planets outside
the solar syste1 is 2ery 1uch 9reater than the chance of space3tra2elin9 5artians.A
( recapitulation of unsol2ed disk si9htin9s follo:ed0 as :ell as rocket propulsion and such ite1s0 endin9 on an (ir
#orce >uotation: AThe saucers are not a <oke.A
'carcely had Geyhoe6s opus0 :hich :as Aone3tenth inspiration and nine3tenths perspiration0A to >uote an old phrase
of Tho1as Edison6s0 9ot off the presses :hen the (ir 5ateriel *o11and proceeded to follo: its re9ular beha2ior
pattern. t 9a2e True a head start of 2E hours and then slu99ed not only True but0 like an asp bitin9 itself0 its o:n
pre2ious preli1inary report as :ell. The saucers :ere not only a <oke to the (ir #orce by no:? they :ere the product
of hallucinations and 1ass hysteria as :ell.
+ebuffed fro1 abo2e0 True6s staff scattered to all parts of the country0 seekin9 aid and co1fort and hopin9 to find
so1e authority superior to (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 to take the 1a9a=ine off the li1b. By 5arch it had 9ot nothin9
better than another 1e1ber of the na2al ar10 this ti1e a co11ander on acti2e ser2ice0 +obert 5c$au9hlin0 to
support the reality of space ships around this earth. *o11ander 5c$au9hlin told ho: he had run across a flyin9
saucer :hile assi9ned to 9ettin9 :eather data fro1 the upper at1osphere /F 1iles north:est of the 8hite 'ands
-ro2in9 &round0 !e: 5e;ico.
( cre: of four :ere checkin9 on a balloon :ith a theodolite and a stop :atch. ( stran9e ob<ect crossed their path. t
:as elliptical in shape0 about 10/ feet in dia1eter0 flyin9 at an altitude of about /N 1iles. t :as 1o2in9 at about
10H00 1.p.h. Hi9h po:ered binoculars sho:ed no e;haust trail0 no strea1 of li9ht0 nor other e2idence of propulsion
as :e kno: it.
A a1 con2inced0A 5c$au9hlin :as con2inced0 Athat it :as a flyin9 saucer and0 further0 that these disks are space
ships fro1 another planet0 operated by ani1ate0 intelli9ent bein9s.A
t didn6t see1 fantastic to hi1 for earth3born 1ortals to e;plore other planets. A8hy then should it be fantastic0 for
5artians0 say0 to 2isit usBA he :anted to kno:.
t 1ay not ha2e see1ed fantastic to hi1 but bet:een the ti1e of his obser2ations and their publication in True0 the
ar1ed forces had been 1er9ed under the "epart1ent of "efense and na2al opinion had been 1o2ed far do:n fro1
the head of the table.
*o11ander 5c$au9hlin 9ot orders to report for sea duty. !ai2e to all nuances as :ell as the direct rebuffs :hich had
co1e to those :ho tried to play ball :ith the -enta9onic specialists in ne9ation0 Henry @. Taylor0 an e1inent radio
co11entator heard fro1 coast to coast o2er (1erican Broadcastin9 *o1pany6s net:ork0 thou9ht he :ould add
chapter and 2erse to the story. He told his listeners that the real facts :ere 9ood ne:s for the nation. #lyin9 saucers
:ere actually of t:o types and both :ere top secrets of our ar1ed forces. The e;peri1ents :ere started on @une 2/0
1.EF0 and ha2e been e;panded e2er since.
7ne type :as a disk that :hirls throu9h space0 Taylor re2ealed0 halts suspended in air0 soars to I00000 feet or 1ore0
drops to 10000 feet and then usually disinte9rates. These are har1less0 pilotless disks 2aryin9 fro1 t:o to 2/0 feet in
si=e. The other ob<ect is the #lyin9 -hanto10 the R#/)0 <et3propelled.
These :ords0 said the co11entator0 are stenciled on the back of e2ery real saucer in case it doesn6t disinte9rate:
A(nyone da1a9in9 or re2ealin9 description or :hereabouts of this 1issile is sub<ect to prosecution by the ). '.
&o2ern1ent. *all collect at once.A
The (ir #orce of course denied the :hole Taylor story. 'o there :as no 9ood ne:s that ni9ht.
Taylor6s re2elations and $a:rence6s o2erlapped in fact0 but both :ere slapped do:n by official denial. n $a:rence6s
case0 ho:e2er0 e2en the -resident had to be trotted out to back up the defensi2e halfbacks in the -enta9on. His press
secretary0 *harles +oss0 said it :as e;tre1ely unlikely that there :ould be a secret :eapons pro<ect not kno:n to the
ha2e pointed out else:here that the na2al and air force aides of the -resident issued state1ents that :ere so far
off in their ti1in9 that if they had been directin9 the ato1 bo1b that dropped o2er Hiroshi1a it 1i9ht ha2e hit
5ac(rthur in 5anila. t took Bri9adier &eneral +obert $. $andry0 the -resident6s (ir #orce aide0 all day to prepare a
state1ent. 8hen released at Gey 8est0 the state1ent 1iscalculated the official openin9 and closin9 of -ro<ect 'aucer
by three 1onths.
But official errors :eren6t e2en 9ettin9 the rebuff of a correction fro1 the 1a<or 1etropolitan dailies in those days. n
fact0 e;cept for a s1all to:n paper here and there0 nobody bothered to take the 1ilitary to task for the kind of
slipshod <ournalis1 that :ould 9et a police reporter fired.
7nly the ni9ht before Taylor :ent on the air :ith :hat he assured us :as only a hint of the 9ood ne:s :hich so1e
day it :ould be a <oy to tell in detail (because the saucers0 he assured us0 :ere 100 percent (1erican)0 8alter
8inchell told his listeners in !orth and 'outh (1erica and all the ships at sea that the flyin9 saucers :ere real all
ri9ht but they :ere not the in2entions of )ncle 'a1. They :ere unin2ited i1ports fro1 )ncle @oe.
(s +ussia at that ti1e had no official spokes1an other than )ncle @oe and )ncle @oe :as not talkin9 to 8alter
8inchell0 there :as no official denial of the 8inchell AscoopA fro1 the Gre1lin.
n fact for a no2elty there :as no official denial fro1 a -enta9on spokes1an either. t :as a 'unday ni9ht and
possibly all the official and unofficial spokes1en :ere sleepin9 off the fati9ue of a hard afternoon at 9olf. doubt if
1any of the1 1issed 8inchell6s broadcast because they :ere at 2espers.
'idney 'hallet0 reflectin9 the official opinion in his -ost articles0 :rote that if the +ussians :ere e;peri1entin9 :ith
supersonic aircraft and 9uided 1issiles (ir #orce ntelli9ence0 A:hich painstakin9ly sifts all reports0A :ould like to
kno: ho: they do it and0 :hat6s 1ore to the point0 ho: they 9et ho1e :ithout bein9 seen by 1ore peopleB )p to
that ti1e0 'hallet said0 (ir #orce ntelli9ence Adid not ha2e so 1uch as one loose nut off any une;plained ob<ect.A
f they found one suspect they :ould ha2e sent it to psycho instead of to the 1a9netic research en9ineers.
n the 1ain the )nited -ress played up the saucers and the (ssociated -ress played the1 do:n. Ed *rea9h0 (- staff
1an operatin9 out of !e: %ork0 released a lon9 one on (pril 20 1./00 that :as so full of holes he 1i9ht ha2e done
better if he had stayed in bed.
t :as entitled AThin9s n The 'ky.A 8hether they :ere 1yths or 1ilitary secrets0 optical illusions or in2asions fro1
5ars0 *rea9h said he didn6t presu1e to <ud9e but as his story de2eloped he see1ed inclined to take the party line of
the ar1ed forces and dis1iss the sub<ect as so 1uch 1oonshine.
*rea9h didn6t identify any 1e1ber of the ar1ed forces by na1e and a spokes1an for the other side0 usin9 the sa1e
cloak of anony1ity0 said it :as about ti1e the 1ilitary identified the1sel2es and took the :ar3of3:ords out in the
open. A7ther:ise people :ill han9 it on to *rea9h and say he is the one :ho is passin9 out so 1uch 1oonshine.A
7ne of the irate opposition closely identified :ith the 1a9netic research en9ineers :ho had e;a1ined at least three
9rounded flyin9 saucers 9a2e 1e a tape recordin9 :hich chided *rea9h plenty for bein9 chu1ped by so1e faceless
spokes1en of the (ir #orce. He particularly took *rea9h to task for takin9 one state hi9h:ay patrol1an6s :ord
a9ainst /0000 citi=ens of #ar1in9ton0 !e: 5e;ico. The copper said that the hundreds of saucers /0000 persons
reported as flyin9 o2er #ar1in9ton :ere pieces of cotton.
Af 5r. *rea9h0A the tape3recorded state1ent in 1y possession re2ealed0 Ahad e2er been in the 2icinity of #ar1in9ton0
!e: 5e;ico0 he :ould ha2e kno:n there is no cotton 9ro:n :ithin a thousand 1iles of that to:n.A nstru1ents
checked the cop6s Apieces of cottonA as they scooted across the sky fro1 hori=on to hori=on in three seconds. That6s
at the rate of 100 1iles per second or N0000 1iles per hour. !o piece of cotton about the si=e of a >uarter could
tra2el that fast0 e2en to a person sufferin9 fro1 hallucinations. To put /0000 persons in that cate9ory is placin9 too
1uch faith in a cop6s untested sanity or 2ision.A
Then *rea9h related :hat he called Aan e;ploded yarnA about a space ship fro1 5ars0 1anned by little 1en.
A8hen :as it e;ploded0A the spokes1an for the 1a9netic research en9ineers :anted to kno:0 Aand :ho e;ploded itB
*o1e on0 5r. *rea9h0 let6s ha2e your facts. "on6t <ust 1ake state1ents of this kind :ithout na1in9 the e;plosi2e and
:ho setoff the fuse.A
There :ere at least I0000 :ords to this recordin90 but 61 afraid 6ll ha2e to 9et on to the rest of the added starters
:ithout usin9 the1.
Ed:ard +. 5urro:0 ace co11entator of the *olu1bia Broadcastin9 'yste10 thou9h a late starter0 super2ised a
roundup on flyin9 saucers that had all the docu1entary belie2ability0 thou9h none of 8estbrook Oan Oorhee6s
sepulchral tones0 of ti1e 1archin9 on. He co2ered the contro2ersy fro1 Genneth (rnold to -resident Tru1an0 :hich
1eans he co2ered it fro1 1.EF to 1./0.
5urro: prefaced the roundup by sayin9 that none of the *B' staff had e2er seen a flyin9 saucer0 thou9h a lar9e
percenta9e of sane and reliable persons reported they had. He talked :ith Genneth (rnold in Boise0 daho0 by
telephone and recorded (rnold6s testi1ony on tape in !e: %ork. (rnold0 re1e1ber0 :as the business1an :ho had
been flyin9 his o:n plane for si; years and :as the first to report nine flyin9 saucers near 5t. +ainier.
AThe sli9ht Jbeep6 you :ill hear0A 5urro: said0 Ais re>uired by la: to let both parties kno: the con2ersation is bein9
recorded.A This put the :ire tappin9 on an honorable le2el.
5urro:6s 2ersion of (rnold6s story cleared up one point. t re2ealed ho: the ob<ects happened to be called Aflyin9
saucersA in the first place. t :as all due to a 1is>uotation by the press.
A8hen described ho: they fle:0A (rnold e;plained to 5urro:0 A said they fle: like you6d take a saucer and thro: it
across the :ater. 7f course the ne:spaper 1isunderstood and 1is>uoted that too. They said said they :ere saucer3
like. 8hat said :as they fle: in a saucer3like fashion.A
The press reduced all this to Aflyin9 saucersA and thus be9an a phrase that 1ay ne2er die.
(fter recordin9 (rnold6s story0 5urro: cut in e2erybody fro1 the top brass in 8ashin9ton and astrono1ers at
Har2ard do:n to the 1an and :o1an in the street. 'o1e of the 2oices :ere real0 so1e :ere si1ulated0 but the
thin9s they said :ere >uoted fro1 their o:n state1ents.
5urro:0 soft 2oiced and assurin90 re2ealed a fe: thin9s about the *aptain 5antell story that :ere ne:0 too. t had
been often recorded than 5antell :as a Gentucky !ational &uard pilot0 :hich of course is no dis9race0 but actually he
:as a co1bat 2eteran of the !or1andy in2asion0 :ith I0000 flyin9 hours behind hi10 before he chased either a flyin9
saucer or the planet Oenus to the disinte9ration of his ship and hi1self.
-aul Gerby0 co11entin9 on the catastrophe0 re1arked that a pilot of that e;perience represented a terrible loss to
the nation and certainly so1ebody should be held responsible if he lost his life chasin9 a craft kno:n to the -enta9on
but unkno:n to
5antell. f he died chasin9 a space ship fro1 another planet0 the only ones (:ith the e;ception of the cre: of the
space ship itself) :ho could be held responsible :ould be those :ho denied such thin9s e;isted :ithout kno:in9 at
all :hat they :ere talkin9 about.
5urro: of course didn6t 9o into the thin9 as deeply as this. (fter all0 radio sur2i2es by skatin9 2ery deftly o2er rather
thick ice0 and hardly scratchin9 its surface. He touched on -ro<ect 'aucer and said its findin9s0 co1piled in t:o thick
2olu1es0 had been AdeclassifiedA and released for public study0 thou9h 1ost of us ha2e ne2er seen anythin9 beyond
a 223pa9e "i9est released by the (ir 5ateriel *o11and. He had so1e 2oice fro1 the -enta9on 9i2in9 the old tired
trinity3hallucinations0 1ass hysteria0 and hoa;es. 8as that the sa1e 2oice that told *alifornia ne:spaper1en that :e
had no supersonic <ets0 lon9 after e2erybody had 9ot tired of seein9 the1 :hi= around in e;cess of H00 1iles per
But the cutest cut3in on 5urro:6s pro9ra1 :as a :o1an :ho :as inter2ie:ed near the end of the pro9ra1. (sked
:hat she thou9ht of flyin9 saucers0 she replied that there 1ust be lots 1ore to the story than the people are 9ettin9.
'he said it all re1inded her of the !e: %ork 8orld correspondent :ho tele9raphed fro1 !orth *arolina back in
"ece1ber0 1.0I that 8ilbur 8ri9ht had <ust flo:n 2/0 yards in a plane near Gitty Ha:k. The reporter 9ot fired for
:astin9 tele9raph char9es.
5urro: 1ade no such direct state1ents about flyin9 saucers. He left a 2ent in his saucer0 ho:e2er0 and in
conse>uence :as not fired for :astin9 :ire char9es. Ti1e0 as they say around +ockefeller *enter0 1arches on and as
it 1arches co11entators beco1e con2incin9ly cautious.
'o far none of the added starters had done 1uch 1ore than 1arch the 2arious stories up the hill and 1arch the1
do:n a9ain0 and then e;it0 nonco11ittal and s1ilin9. t re1ained for Ti1e to assu1e the role of dra9on slayer.
(n old hand at bitin9 the hand that feeds the10 Ti1e6s course on flyin9 saucers could be charted in ad2ance.
"ynasties ha2e descended fro1 dra9ons. n fact in 1any places it6s still a 1ark of aristocratic pedi9ree to ha2e
descended fro1 dra9ons. The sa1e is true of course of dra9on slayers.
n ran0 Oerethra9hna sle: Oerethra. n ndia0 Oritrahan sle: Oritra. n En9land0 't. &eor9e sle: the dra9on. n !e:
%ork0 Ti1e sle: the flyin9 saucer.
'o1eti1es in these 1yths a descendant slays the sire. s it too 1uch to e;pect that in the $uce dynasty that $ife or
#ortune0 children of Ti1e0 1ay one day do as 1uch for the :ell3cloaked snipers of Ti1eB
The Ti1e for1ula is to pick the brains of ori9inal researchers and then0 by snappin9 a sarcastic :hip in the last fe:
para9raphs0 slay the dra9on of the :eek. t had its :hole staff out as a sort of collection a9ency on the flyin9 saucer
story in (pril0 1./0.
#rit= &ood:in0 chief of its $os (n9eles ne:s bureau0 ca1e to see 1e on (pril F to see :hat could contribute to 1y
o:n li>uidation. (s :as deep in this book at this ti1e0 and rushin9 to 1eet a deadline 1yself0 :asn6t 2ery keen
about <oinin9 a cannibalistic feast :here cro:s fed on cro:s. asked hi1 :hat an9le Ti1e :as 9oin9 to take on the
roundup storyB He said he didn6t kno:. 5aybe he didn6t0 but kne:. told hi1 they :ould build the :hole thin9 up
and <ust before the end they :ould blo: it all do:n? :hich is <ust about :hat they did in their (pril 1F issue.
!ot >uite sure they :ere bi9 enou9h to slay the dra9on alone0 they called on +ear (d1iral "aniel O. &allery0 :ho at
one ti1e had been in char9e of the 9uided 1issile pro9ra1 operatin9 at the 8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round. t :as
fro1 there0 re1e1ber0 that *o11ander +obert 5c$au9hlin reported to (d1iral &allery that he had seen a flyin9
saucer. The (d1iral0 I0000 1iles a:ay in 8ashin9ton0 thou9ht a proper ans:er :as to ask 5c$au9hlin0 :hat kind of
:hisky he had been drinkin9 in !e: 5e;icoB Bet:een t:o 9raduates of (nnapolis this sort of hu1or didn6t see1 too
far off protocol. But 5c$au9hlin persisted0 :rote pieces about it and in ti1e found hi1self in co11and of the
destroyer Bristol0 :here apparently he hasn6t seen a flyin9 saucer since.
Qf you look back about /00 years a9o0A said (d1iral &allery0 by :ay of dis1issin9 the :hole sub<ect to the aid and
co1fort of Ti1e Ayou :ill find that the people of En9land had a period of hysteria :hen e2erybody :as seein9 flyin9
dra9ons in the sky. 8e are no: 9oin9 throu9h the 1odern 2ersion of flyin9 dra9ons.A
(d1iral &allery should ha2e 9one further back than /00 years. "idn6t 't. &eor9e ha2e it out :ith the dra9on0 and 't.
5ichael :ith 'atanB (nd ho: about the old serpent of the (pocalypseB The *hinese could fill any book :ith such
co1bats. He 1ay not belie2e anybody sle: a dra9on anyti1e in recorded history0 let alone /00 years a9o in En9land0
but in (frica in the sprin9 of 1./00 Ho:ard Hill0 dre: an arro: that :ent 2F inches throu9h the hide of an elephant.
(nybody :ho could kill an elephant :ith such a :eapon could ha2e killed a dinosaur and a dinosaur is not far
re1o2ed fro1 a dra9on.
:as not burned by the hot breath of a dra9on0 nor ridiculed by the Ti1e dra9on slayers0 as :ere "a2id $a:rence0
Henry @. Taylor0 and0 by i1plication0 8alter 8inchell. n >uotin9 the "epart1ent of "efense as sayin9: A!one of the
three ser2ices or any a9ency in the "epart1ent of "efense is conductin9 e;peri1ents . . . :ith disk3shaped ob<ects0
:hich could be the basis for the reported pheno1ena.A Ti1e :as fello: tra2elin9 on the old party line. This has been
the -enta9on6s story for a lon9 ti1e. !obody belie2es it0 least of all those :ho release the handouts. But the
state1ent :as supposed to take care of Taylor and $a:rence at any rate. n another sentence the release added:
AThere has been no e2idence to the acti2ity of any forei9n nation.A That took care of 8inchell :ho said they ca1e
Thus three top <ournalists :ere brushed off by so1e unidentified -enta9onic personality in one s:oop. Ti1e <oined
the :olf pack of official scoffers.
(s for 1yself0 thou9h inter2ie:ed by their Holly:ood 1ana9er0 and photo9raphed by one of their staff0 ca1e out
practically unscathed. (ll the roundup said of 1e :as: AHenry Holt announced a Jserious6 book on flyin9 saucers by
Oariety6s colu1nist #rank 'cully.A
)nder the circu1stances0 you6d think :ould be discreet enou9h not to 9o around slayin9 dra9on slayers. But 61
lookin9 into the future0 and don6t need a crystal ball to tell 1e that :on6t co1e throu9h the ne;t occasion
unscathed. $ike the 1oon0 61 due for capture. But like the prophet0 :ho :as not :ithout honor0 sa2e a1on9 his o:n
kind and his o:n kin0 61 not 1issin9 at least this opportunity to say: A told you those birds couldn6t be trusted.A
"id it e2er occur to Ti1e or the -enta9onians to ask each other this >uestion: The !a2y is sure that the saucers
obser2ers sa: :ere not theirs. The (r1y :as sure the disks :eren6t theirs. The (ir #orce kno:s they ha2e none in
the skies. The "epart1ent of "efense doesn6t belie2e they are the :ork of a forei9n po:er. (ll three ridicule the idea
that they are fro1 another planet. But they are around. "oesn6t that stren9then the suspicion that either so1ebody0
is lyin90 i9norant0 or bothB
$ittle Tuick in its 5ay 1 issue thre: the harassed hi9h co11and a hint. n its predictions it said: AThe hi9h co11and
:ill ha2e to 1ake its denials stron9er to stop flyin9 saucer ru1ors. The -enta9on is full of officers :ho don6t kno:
:hat to belie2e.A
The only a1end1ent could offer :ould be the substitution of :ho1 for :hat to belie2e. $on9 a9o :rote0 Af the
-enta9on tells you flyin9 saucers are here0 don6t belie2e the1. f they say they are a 1yth0 don6t belie2e the1. @ust
don6t belie2e the1. Belie2e 1e.A
find ha2e been so hospitable to the :ay:ard and confor1in9 1e1bers of the press that there is practically no
space left for 'cully6s heretical findin9s as published in Oariety in 1.E. and 1./0.
8ell0 that6s the price a 9ood 'a1aritan has to pay for 9rantin9 asylu1 to stran9ers and 1aybe truth is ser2ed better
*hapter 10: (s (strono1ers Oie: The1
)- T7 THE ')55E+ '7$'T*E of 1./0 practically no Ana1eA astrono1er had co1e out as an eye :itness to flyin9
saucers. ndeed such e1inent astro3physicians as "r. "onald 5en=el of Har2ard0 "r. &erard -. Guiper of *hica9o0 and
"r. @oseph (. Hynek of 7hio 'tate all s:ore on their loyalty oaths that e;cept for so1e crockery cau9ht in a cyclone0
flyin9 saucers :ere nonsense. Here and there of course an astrono1er 9a2e a positi2e31aybe sort of testi1onial0 but
1ost of the1 :ould as lea2e ha2e been photo9raphed as a 1an of distinction clinkin9 9lasses :ith 5ae 8est or
takin9 a *hesterfield fro1 the proffered hand of a con2icted spy as to ha2e taken issue :ith the (ir #orce6s un:ritten
la: a9ainst the pro;i1ity of space ships.
But a:ay fro1 their obser2atories0 their loyalty oaths filed a:ay for the ni9ht0 and protected by ho1e ties0 1any of
the1 confessed that space tra2el fro1 else:here held Aconsiderable possibility.A This :asn6t 1uch0 since anythin9
:hich can be considered0 a pin point for instance0 is AconsiderableA and anythin9 possible is a Apossibility.A !apoleon
once said: A1possibleB *e 1ot 8est pas francaisCA t isn6t En9lish either.
"r. 8alter $ee 5oore0 astrono1er of the )ni2ersity of $ouis2ille0 felt sure he had si9hted a disk and :atched it head
to:ard Oenus0 and -rofessor &eor9e (da1ski of -alo1ar once said he thou9ht there :as so1ethin9 to the1. 8illia1
$a1b0 8yo1in96s e1inent astro3theolo9ian0 :as as certain of the1 as he :as of 't. 5ichael6s :in9s. %oun9er
astrono1ers0 a1ateurs like 'tanley -. Hi99ins and Ed:ard *off1an0 had done a 9reat deal of e;tracurricular acti2ity
in the field. Hi99ins retained an open 1ind0 but *off1an insisted he had seen one o2er Oan !uys0 *alifornia0 and
brou9ht three :itnesses :ho corroborated his findin9s.
But in the 1ain astrono1ers of established rank and position follo:ed the re>uest to keep their traps shut please
about any 2isitations fro1 5ars0 Oenus0 +ussia0 or any:here else. True0 fe: had seen behind the clouds that en2elop
Oenus0 so it :as easy for the1 to declare that no life e;isted behind that incon2enient curtain. To e;pect the10
therefore0 to confir1 that a space ship ade>uately propelled could hop fro1 such a planet to this earth and back in an
hour :as e>ui2alent to re2ersin9 the current of an electric shock treat1ent and splittin9 their pre2iously disturbed
personalities as :ide open as a schi=ophrenicKs.
To condition people into an acceptance of interplanetary tra2el0 can think of no better route than those bla=ed lon9
a9o by 7berth and Hoh1ann and their present3day disciples0 Bonestell and $ey.
Before takin9 their trips to the 1oon0 Oenus0 and 5ars0 perhaps it :ould help if :e rounded up the currently
accepted findin9s of astrono1ers concernin9 our solar syste1. (s of 1./0 the accepted planets re2ol2in9 around our
sun nu1bered nine? their satellites in turn0 I1. Three planets presu1ably had no 1oons. @upiter had 11? the Earth0
7nly 1E astrono1ers :ere credited :ith the I1 satellite disco2eries. 7f these disco2eries0 &alileo0 *assini0 and
Herschel :ere credited :ith four each. Guiper0 a lateco1er0 :hen pickin9s presu1ably :ere fe:0 1ana9ed to 9et t:o
as recently as 1.EH and 1.E.. His telescope had to reach out /00000000 1iles to 9et one of the1. That is a lon9 :ay
7f the 1oons0 @upiter6s are the lar9est0 those of 5ars the s1allest. n fact0 "ei1os of 5ars0 is supposed to be only
fi2e 1iles in dia1eter0 as co1pared to our 1oon0 :hich is 201N0 1iles in dia1eter.
5ercury0 Oenus0 Earth0 and 5ars see1 a nei9hborly little 9roup in the solar syste1 (if you disre9ard the 1illions of
1iles as you :ould disre9ard 1illions in a national bud9et0 and think of the1 instead as :ell :ithin one hundred units
of each other). )nder such a si1plification0 5ercury is IN.00 Oenus NF.20 Earth .I.00 and 5ars 1E1./0 units fro1 the
sun. That :ay they all see1 :ithin a day6s ride of each other0 and the cli1atic chan9es do not see1 1uch :orse than
sunshine in one to:n and rain in another in al1ost any county in (1erica.
The ti1e it takes the1 to co1plete an orbit is not too di2erse either. 5ercury and Oenus takes little less0 5ars a little
lon9er than ours. The orbital 2elocities are pretty close too. 8e tra2el at 1H./ per second0 Oenus at 21.F0 5ercury at
2...0 and 5ars at 1/.0. Their 9ra2ities are not too di2erse. Takin9 the Earth as e>ual to one0 Oenus :ould be 0.H/0
5ars 0.IH0 and 5ercury 0.2F.
The period of their rotation is 9uess:ork in the case of Oenus0 but 5ars is kno:n to rotate at 2F hours and IF
1inutes as co1pared to the Earth :hich 1a9netically is 2I hours and /H 1inutes.
Their 1ass 2olu1e and density sho: not too 9reat a discrepancy0 and their dia1eters are e2en closer. The Earth is
F0.00 1iles :ide0 Oenus F0F00 1iles0 5ars E0200 1iles0 and 5ercury I0100. Their percenta9e of li9ht sho:s the
:idest discrepancy. 5ercury has only F percent0 to the Earth6s /0 percent0 and 5ars has only 1/ percent. Oenus0
ho:e2er0 has /. percent.
The si=e and position of these planets has not been upset by anybody in a lon9 ti1e. -luto is the nearest to the 'un0
and the others 1o2e out:ard in the follo:in9 order: !eptune0 )ranus0 'aturn0 @upiter0 5ars0 Earth0 Oenus0 and
5ercury. n si=e they ran9e fro1 @upiter0 :hich is the lar9est0 throu9h 'aturn0 !eptune0 )ranus0 Earth0 Oenus0 -luto0
5ars0 and 5ercury0 :hich is the s1allest.
)ranus0 !eptune0 and -luto ha2e all been disco2ered since @ohannes Gepler6s ti1e. !early all the planets in our solar
syste1 are in the sa1e plane0 and they 1o2e in ellipses rather than circles around the 'un. That brin9s the1
so1eti1es nearer and so1eti1es farther a:ay fro1 not only the 'un0 but each other. Their 1a;i1u1 orbits are
called their apo9ee? their 1ini1u10 their peri9ee.
The Earth has one 1oon0 5ars 20 'aturn 100 and @upiter 11. Oenus0 5ercury0 and -luto do not see1 to ha2e any.
5oons0 ho:e2er0 ha2e been disco2ered as early as Babylonian ti1es and as late as 1.E.. 'o it is possible that other
planets 1ay ha2e 1oons :hich no telescope or spectroscope has detected as yet. Oenus in particular0 because of the
clouds surroundin9 it0 1ay ha2e a 1oon :hich defies detection. (fter all0 5ars has a 1oon :hich is only /0H00 1iles
fro1 its surface as opposed to one 1oon of @upiter :hich is 1E0HH00000 1iles fro1 ho1e. 'o there is no obser2able
la: sayin9 a 1oon has to be any set distance fro1 its planet.
(s there are 2I solar syste1s :hich so far ha2e been checked as ha2in9 satellite planets0 is it unreasonable to
assu1e that 9i2en si1ilar conditions in the uni2erse no other sun :ould ha2e a planet .000000000 1iles a:ay0 and
therefore0 like ours0 capable of supportin9 intelli9ent life. n fact 1any astrono1ers belie2e that in addition to our sun
there 1ust be at least one habitable planet for each of the other 22 stars.
n the (ir 5ateriel *o11and "i9est of (pril 2F0 1.E.0 there :as reference that the nearest eli9ible star :hich 1i9ht
ha2e a planet co1parable to our Earth0 :as one called 8olf I/.. But this is ei9ht li9ht years a:ay fro1 the Earth.
E2en if a space ship tra2eled at 1H0000 1iles per second0 :hich is as fast as an (ir #orce 1ind could 9o in 1./00 it
:ould take such a space ship H0 years to tra2el fro1 the earth of 8olf to the earth of the 'un. f nuclear 1aterial
could be con2erted into <et ener9y0 the ti1e0 the (ir #orce en9ineers belie2ed0 1i9ht be cut to N00 or0 at the shortest0
to 1N years.
8ith a si9h0 their en9ineers and astrono1ers decided to let 9o of 8olf I/. and try their hand at 5ars. 7rson 8elles
tried his hand at brin9in9 these people in0 and Genneth (rnold is still referred to by so1e people as Athe 1an :ho
sa: the 1en fro1 5ars.A The 9eneral opinion of astrono1ers0 ho:e2er0 is that 5ars is e2en 1ore desolate and
inhospitable durin9 its best 1o1ents than the 1iddle of the 'ahara durin9 a sandstor1. 'uch people0 the (ir #orce
astrono1ers contend0 :ould be 1ore occupied :ith sur2i2al than :ith air tra2el. To sur2i2e a9ainst the loss of
at1osphere of o;y9en and :ater0 they :ould ha2e had to protect the1sel2es by so1e scientific control of di1inishin9
natural resources. By the construction of ho1es and cities under9round they 1i9ht reduce the arctic te1peratures of
their ni9hts. t is possible0 of course0 that a race faced :ith di1inishin9 assets 1i9ht 9o out on the hunt for another
place to li2e. *ertainly on this earth :hen faced either :ith plo:s :hich ha2e destroyed their plains0 or ato1 bo1bs0
people ha2e either 1i9rated by co2ered :a9on0 <alopy0 or plane0 or ha2e 9one under9round.
*ontrary to the (ir #orce astrono1ers0 others do not belie2e that 5ars is so 1uch colder than our arctic areas0 bein9
nearer /0W #. at noon on their e>uator. The terrain bein9 flat and featureless0 there :ould certainly be plenty of
landin9 fields0 thou9h all a9ree that e2en the sno: at the polar ice caps can hardly be 1ore than a foot deep0 and
:ater scarce at all ti1es. There is a 2e9etation 1uch like arctic 1oss. *ertain types of plants 9ro: on the :inds:ept
tundras. There is 2ery little :eather0 as :e kno: it0 but dust stor1s are fre>uent.
Guiper has detected no o;y9en in the at1osphere. The density is 2ery lo:. The canals or surface 1arkin9s :hich
ha2e been esti1ated up to t:enty 1iles :ide and three thousand 1iles lon90 ha2e been credited to e2erythin9 fro1
super1en to cracked telescopic lenses. (s the ice caps shrink0 the canals be9in to beco1e apparent. 'hortly
after:ard0 9reen 2e9etation de2elops.
Back in 1.I.0 :hen 5ars :as close to us0 2arious astrono1ers ca1e in :ith 2arious reports of :hat they had seen.
'o1e sa: as 1any as forty canals0 so1e didn6t see any. But the consensus re1ained0 at least throu9h the first phase
of the flyin9 saucer era0 that the canals did e;ist0 thou9h the di99ers of the1 didn6t.
(s :e are bet:een I/00000000 and NI00000000 1iles a:ay0 it is hard for us to ad<ust our si9hts on those canals.
They so1eti1es :ri99le and so1eti1es see1 strai9ht. They interlace0 and at intersections 9i2e the appearance of
'urely if there is any intelli9ence on 5ars0 and that intelli9ence obser2ed the loss of hu1idity0 it could not be a 2ery
hi9h intelli9ence if it didn6t look around for another planet0 :hen life :as found to be no lon9er supportable on its
7b2iously0 if such people hadn6t been killin9 each other off throu9h :ars0 they 1i9ht ha2e 1o2ed 1uch farther ahead
in their arts and sciences than the hu1an race on this planet. But it :ould be only fair0 if it :ere at all possible for us
to do so0 to tell the1 not to settle do:n here until :e can stop inti1idatin9 each other :ith bi99er and 1ore horrible
e;plosi2es. 'urely as innocent bystanders they6d 9et the blast first.
f astrono1ers don6t think 1uch of life on 5ars0 they think e2en less of it on Oenus. This despite the fact that Oenus
is nearer to the earth in its physical characteristics than any other planet. Barrin9 the 1oon0 it is our nearest
nei9hbor? but because of its dense cloud for1ations0 astrono1ers ha2e succeeded in seein9 Oenus on only a fe:
occasions0 and e2en then0 they :ere in such 2iolent disa9ree1ents as to :hat they actually sa:0 :hether 1ountain
chains or 2olcanic eruptions0 that the re2elations so far ha2e had practically no 2alue.
The planet Oenus at the present ti1e re2ol2es around the sun in 2HH days0 :hich is the sidereal year of the planet.
Ho:e2er0 seen fro1 the earth it re2ol2es around the sun on a lon9er orbit and at a lo:er speed.
Oenus returns to the sa1e position :ith respect to the earth0 after /HE days0 :hich is its synodical year. t rises
before the sun0 earlier e2ery day for F1 days0 until it reaches the :estern elon9ation0 or its :estern1ost point a:ay
fro1 the risin9 sun. Each 1ornin9 thereafter this 1ornin9 star rises lo:er and lo:er and for 221 days approaches the
(bout a 1onth before the end of this period0 it is eclipsed by the rays of the sun0 and for o2er N0 days it is not seen
because of the sun6s rays. t is behind the sun0 or in superior con<unction. Then it appears for a 1o1ent after the
settin9 sun0 bein9 no: the e2enin9 star0 and east of the :estern sun.
#or 221 ni9hts0 be9innin9 :ith the e2enin9 on :hich it first appears as an e2enin9 star0 it appears farther fro1 the
settin9 sun0 until it reaches the eastern elon9ation. Then for F1 ni9hts it approaches the sun. #inally it enters the
inferior con<unction0 :hen it is bet:een the earth and the sun. t is usually in2isible for one or t:o days0 and
thereafter appears :est of the risin9 sun and is a9ain the 1ornin9 star.
These 1o2e1ents of Oenus0 and their e;act duration0 ha2e been kno:n to the people of the 7rient and the 7ccident
for 1ore than t:o thousand years. (ctually a Oenus year0 :hich follo:s the synodical (lunar period) re2olution of Oenus0
:as e1ployed in calendars of the 7ld and !e: 8orld alike. #i2e synodical years of Oenus e>uals 2.1. NU10 days0
:hereas ei9ht years of IN/ days e>uals 20.20 days0 and ei9ht @ulian years of IN/ 1UE days e>uals 20.22 days.
n other :ords0 in four years there6s a difference of appro;i1ately one day bet:een the Oenusian and the @ulian
'ince the latter part of the ei9hth century before the present era0 Oenus has follo:ed an orbit bet:een 5ercury and
Earth :hich it has 1aintained e2er since. t beca1e the 1ornin9 and e2enin9 star seen fro1 the earth. t is ne2er
re1o2ed 1ore than EH de9rees0 :hen at its eastern and :estern elon9ation0 or three hours and a fe: 1inutes east
or :est of the sun.
(ll planets re2ol2e in their orbits in the sa1e direction0 counterclock:ise0 if seen fro1 the north0 around the sun.
5ost of their 1oons re2ol2e counterclock:ise in direct 1otion0 but there are a fe: that re2ol2e in the opposite
direction in retro9rade 1otion. !o orbit is an e;act circle. There is no re9ularity in the eccentrical shapes of the
planetary orbits. Each elliptical cur2e 2er9es in a different direction. nfor1ation obtained by different 1ethods of
obser2ation of Oenus is contradictory. t is not kno:n :hether Oenus rotates so slo:ly0 that its day e>uals its year0 or
so rapidly that its ni9ht3side is ne2er sufficiently cooled.
(ir #orce consultant astrono1ers0 stran9ely0 do not consider the possibility of intelli9ent life on Oenus as co1pletely
unreasonable. !o o;y9en or :ater has been found as yet0 thou9h this does not 1ean there is none. t could 1ean
that the :ater 2apor has not reached the outer cloud banks :here it could be detected by us.
There is a >uaint astrono1ical opinion that a cloudy at1osphere around Oenus :ould discoura9e astrono1y and
hence discoura9e space tra2el. 'pectroscopic analyses ha2e sho:n that there are lar9e >uantities of carbon dio;ide
$ee Bo:1an0 :ho has 1ade half a 1illion dollars on patents0 :orked up a plane run on *72 9as0 :hich is :ay ahead
of e2en the dra:in9 boards of those en9ineers :ho :eren6t e2en beyond hydro9en0 a hi9hly infla11able 9as0 on
paper by 1./0.
The idea that people behind a cloud :ould not be curious to kno: :hat transpired on the other side of the cloud is
the sort of thinkin9 that :ent out :ith *olu1bus. Handicapped in his desire to reach ndia fro1 'pain by tra2ellin9
:est0 :e had to o2erco1e the i9norance of those :ho held that if he insisted on it his ships :ould fall off the flat
earth beyond the hori=on and disappear fore2er. But he took an e99 and con2inced certain backers at least that if he
:ent on lon9 enou9h he :ould co1e back to :here he started fro1.
t is therefore possible that so1e early Oenusians0 ha2in9 co1e on *72 as a 1eans of propulsion lon9 before $ee
Bo:1an0 1ay ha2e been outside those cloud for1ations for untold centuries. (nd it is the opinion of the best
authorities on electro1a9netic ener9y that so1e intelli9ent bein9s fro1 so1e:here ha2e 9ot far beyond *72 as a
1eans of propulsion0 despite the bookies in the (ir #orce0 :ho >uote odds on such space tra2el at 10000 to 1.
The best of our aerodyna1icists can do to date is to think in ter1s of rocket ships fro1 this earth to 5ars or Oenus
alon9 narro: Geplerian ellipses.
8illy $ey and *hesley Bonestell deser2e no end of credit for softenin9 us up so that :e can belie2e in space tra2el
and thou9h belie2e the ti1e :ill co1e :hen their 1eans of propulsion :ill see1 like sellin9 us o;carts in a day of
hot rods0 their tra2elo9ues :ill still be e;citin9 readin9 :hen our day beco1es kno:n as the prehistoric period of
n JThe *on>uest of 'paceK they use the ho1eopathic approach. They start us out :ith an actual0 factual report of a
rocket takin9 off at the 8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round. !e;t they talk us into a rocket trip fro1 !e: %ork to *alifornia.
!e;t they take us fro1 $on9 sland to Europe and around the :orld.
'ince :e ha2e :eathered all those trips safely0 they ne;t take us to the 1oon. ha2e ne2er been trapped 1ore
allurin9ly into a trip ne2er intended to take.
Bonestell6s paintin9s and sketches look 1ore real than color photo9raphs or e2en black and :hite prints. 7n a
transcontinental trip fro1 a $on9 sland airport to *alifornia0 he Aphoto9raphsA (presu1ably fro1 another rocket) a
rocket :hich has cli1bed to ten 1iles abo2e 5anhattan. Tilted at a E/3de9ree an9le0 :e see star3span9led 5anhattan
belo: and the ne;t thin9 :e kno: :e are t:enty3fi2e 1iles abo2e !e: @ersey :here all of $on9 sland and
5anhattan are 2isible behind us.
!e;t :e are 12/ 1iles abo2e 8illia1sport0 -ennsyl2ania0 and in the distance :e can see $ake Erie0 "etroit0 and
Buffalo. t :as dark :hen the rocket left $on9 sland0 but our speed is fast o2erco1in9 that disad2anta9e. By the
ti1e !ebraska is reached the rocket is /00 1iles up and e2erythin9 as far north as Hudson Bay and the (urora
Borealis is 2isible.
That :as its hi9h point. The rocket started to slip after that and by the ti1e it reached !e2ada it :as do:n to 2/0
1iles abo2e the earth6s surface. #ro1 there to Ba<a0 *alifornia0 the descent :as rapid39ood thin90 too0 or all of us
:ould ha2e dro:ned in the -acific 7cean.
Ha2in9 1ade that trip :ith such ease0 nobody unless he :ere a chicken3hearted -enta9onian :ould balk at a rocket
trip fro1 $on9 sland0 across the (tlantic and around the :orld. He 1i9ht ha2e to cli1b E0000 1iles hi9h to 1ake it0
but it :ould be a nice conditionin9 for that ine2itable trip to the 1oon.
The 1oon by rocket0 :e are assured0 as if it had already been tested (:hich of course it has as 1uch as that rocket
trip :e took fro1 !e: %ork to $os (n9eles)0 takes four days and ni9hts. The 1oon is that little thin932/I0000 1iles
a:ay fro1 us at its 1a;i1u1 (apo9ee) and 2220000 1iles a:ay at its 1ini1u1 (peri9ee). ts a2era9e density is I.I
to our /./ and its 9ra2ity a 9ood deal less than ours0 fro1 one3fifth to one3si;th of 1.00 :hich is the unit used for
9ra2ity on this earth. ts albido0 or :hiteness0 is only se2en percent as co1pared to our fifty percent.
(ssu1in9 that the pilot of the 1oon ship has been conditioned to :ithstand acceleration up to E 9.0 and assu1in9
further that such a rocket :ould ha2e to ha2e a 2elocity of se2en 1iles per second to 9et out of this at1osphere0 it
:ould take I000000 seconds to reach =ero 2elocity. By then nine3tenths of the distance bet:een the earth and 1oon
:ould ha2e been co2ered. The 1ain task at that point :ould be to 9et across the frontier because in interplanetary
tra2el0 as on this earth0 there are custo1s proble1s and they in2ol2e ad<ust1ents and delays. 7ur rocket :ould ha2e
to be turned around so that it could back do:n to the 1oon.
5ost interplanetary tra2elers shoot ri9ht by these difficulties0 but there is a di2idin9 line bet:een the earth and its
satellite0 and ho: to 9et out of the 9ra2itational 9rip of one and into another pullin9 in the opposite direction0 is as
difficult as s:i11in9 do:n :ith one tide0 tryin9 to cross o2er in 1idstrea1 and s:i11in9 back on another. (t one
point you are likely to be pulled under and disappear.
f you o2erco1e this0 the ne;t <ob is to see that the 9ra2itational pull to:ard the 1oon doesn6t increase your speed
the nearer you 9et to the satellite. 8ithout brakes you 1i9ht hit your tar9et at F0200 1.p.h. t :ould take po:erful
rocket 1otors :orkin9 in re2erse and brakin9 to brin9 that 2elocity do:n to =ero.
(s for that little 1atter of turnin9 the ship around :hen bet:een the earth6s pull and the 1oon6s0 so that the rocket
can back do:n to the 1oon0 the rocket en9ineers ha2e this all :orked out0 and since you62e already tra2eled fro1
!e: %ork to $os (n9eles and fro1 $on9 sland around the :orld0 :hy should you doubt that they :ould be stu1ped
in 9ettin9 fro1 neutral into re2erseB #ifteen years a9o you surely :ould ha2e belie2ed that a
trip to the 1oon :as 1ore feasible than the ato1ic bo1b0 and since you62e accepted that there is such a thin9 as
ato1ic ener9y0 :hy doubt that such 1asters in the field of industrial science :ould be stu1ped by the proble1 of
9ettin9 you o2er the frontier0 fro1 the earth6s 9ra2itational pull to the 1oon6sB
The <ob of 9ettin9 you back fro1 the 1oon0 of course0 :ould be easier than lea2in9 this earth0 pro2ided (1) you had
fuel and (2) you had o;y9en. (strono1ers say that there is practically no air on the 1oon0 and nobody has e2er
clai1ed they had fillin9 stations. But it :ould be easier than lea2in9 here0 say the rocket en9ineers0 because of the
fact that the 1oon6s 9ra2itational pulls is about 1N percent of :hat the earth6s is.
Then0 too0 once you passed that frontier a9ain on the :ay ho1e0 you6d be in the earth6s 9ra2itational field for the
ne;t 21/0000 1iles. n the last ei9ht 1inutes co1in9 do:n suppose you :ould ha2e to decelerate at about the
sa1e speed you accelerated on the :ay up3so by the ti1e you reached the earth6s surface the pull :ould be =ero on
the ship and no 1ore than E 9. on you. 7ther:ise you :ould be hittin9 the earth at F0200 1iles per hour0 :hich
:ould be a 1ess.
But <ust as $ey and Bonestell con2inced you it :as easy to tra2el around the :orld0 they present a series of color and
black and :hite Aphoto9raphsA of a trip to the 1oon on :eekly schedule. (ctually it :ould be ei9ht days :ithout e2en
stopo2er pri2ile9es0 but thanks to the realistic paintin9s of Bonestell0 there :ill be fe: surprises for tourists there. The
2arious craters0 pro1ontories0 and dried3out bays :ill also be there for those :ho :ould step on the10 and thanks to
the reduced 9ra2itational pull they :ould en<oy a sprin9 in their step such as has ne2er been e;perienced on this
Ther1al erosions :hich ha2e filled up 2alleys0 includin9 the 9reat 2alley of the (lps0 :ill be there to be studied by
earth3li9ht as :ell as sun3li9ht0 for <ust as the 1oon reflects its li9ht on our planet0 so :e reflect ours on our satellite.
8hile the trip to the 1oon (no: that it6s o2er) :as co1parati2ely easy0 one to 5ars or Oenus :ould re>uire 1uch
:ider ellipses. The lon9est one to Oenus 1i9ht be the easier because it :ould be 1ore econo1ical in the use of fuel.
( ship to Oenus :ould start out counterclock:ise 1o2in9 as our earth does.
$ike the trip to the 1oon the Oenus3bound ship :ould ha2e to drift out:ard into the solar syste1 and of course into
the orbit of the planet. f that :ere Oenus the orbital 2elocity :ould be about 21.F 1iles per second. f e2erythin9
:ere ti1ed ri9ht0 the space ship :ould 1eet the planet at the ri9ht point at the ri9ht 1o1ent. f they 1issed it :ould
be a case of A:hoopsCA like the 1an on the flyin9 trape=e :hose ti1in9 :as off.
But assu1in9 e2erythin9 :ere 1athe1atically correct it :ould be easier to 9o to Oenus than to 5ars because of fuel
re>uire1ent. n fact in one of these trips it :as :orked out that the easiest drain on 9as and oil :ould be to Oenus0
then to 5ars0 and then back to Earth fro1 5ars. But either direct trip or a round trip see1ed :ell :ithin the te;tbook
skills of conte1porary rocket en9ineerin9.
(ll this is based on the theory or error (2ote for one) that the only :ay to con>uer 9ra2ity is by superior force. The
idea of harnessin9 1a9netic lines of force and ridin9 on the1 as one :ould on a scenic rail:ay has not occurred as
yet to the rocketeers.
$ey in +ockets0 The #uture of Tra2el Beyond the 'tratosphere 9i2es an e;cellent e;a1ple of the difference bet:een
flyin9 in this at1osphere and another. Tra2elin9 in a rocket in this at1osphere is likin9 1o2in9 fro1 one seat to
another in the sa1e car of a train. #lyin9 to the 1oon is like 1o2in9 fro1 one car to another car of the sa1e train.
#lyin9 to Oenus is like 1o2in9 fro1 one train to another on an ad<oinin9 track 1o2in9 in the sa1e direction. f you
1iss it you 1ay fall flat on your face on the tracks and 1ay ne2er be heard of a9ain.
( trip to Oenus0 accordin9 to partisans of the rocket propulsion0 :ould take t:o years0 one 1onth0 and three days.
((ccordin9 to those on the side of 1a9netic propulsion it :ould be about half an hour.)
8illy $ey used as his authorities for the rocket trip 7berth and Hoh1ann. "r. 8alter Hoh1ann0 :ho :rote The
(ttainability of the *elestial Bodies0 :as the city architect of Essen3on the3+uhr. His book dealt :ith departure fro1
this earth0 return to this earth0 free coastin9 in space0 circular orbits around other celestial bodies0 and landin9 on
other celestial bodies.
-rofessor Her1ann 7berth :as a 1athe1atician :ho published a book in 5unich in 1.2I on the theoretical
possibility of space tra2el. He belie2ed that technolo9ical kno:led9e :as sufficient to build 1achines that could rise
beyond the li1its of the at1osphere of this earth0 and that further de2elop1ent :ould 9i2e the1 sufficient 2elocity so
they could continue in space and not fall back to earth0 that they could be built to carry 1en and that :ithin a fe:
decades they could be 1anufactured on a profitable basis.
The earth6s at1osphere is 2ariously ar9ued to e;tend fro1 E0 to /00 1iles but 1ost scientists a9ree that after E0
1iles the density is nearer a 2acuu1 and the 9ra2itational pull pretty nearly acade1ic.
(s our ar1ed forces ha2e ad1itted propellin9 rockets F0 1iles in at1osphere (:hich is about E0 1iles this side of
:hat so1e rockets ha2e actually done unofficially)0 it does see1 that in the AclassifiedA infor1ation on file in the
-enta9on so1ebody so1e:here already kno:s :hether there is any 9ra2itational pull abo2e E0 1iles.
7f course the speed of rockets is not the proble1. The hu1an body is the thin9 that has li1itations. t is supposed
not to be able to tra2el at a 2elocity in e;cess of four to si; 9ra2ities :hich is far in e;cess of :hat it nor1ally has to
:ithstand on this earth. (ctually the hu1an body is tra2elin9 at F20000 1iles per hour :ithout e2en kno:in9 it0
because that6s the speed :hich the earth has to 1aintain to co1plete its orbit around the sun on ti1e. 8hat the
hu1an body can6t stand0 apparently0 is the sudden chan9e of pace0 thou9h in 5ay0 1./00 a pilot at Ed:ards (ir #orce
base ridin9 do:n a track at 1/0 1.p.h. and strapped in a seat had his speed cut in half in .2 seconds0 the e>ui2alent
of I/ 9ra2ities0 and li2ed to say it blurred his 2ision0 but didn6t black hi1 out.
The >uestions asked about rocket3propelled space ships are e>ually applicable to flyin9 saucers.
Ho: are you 9oin9 to landB Ho: are you 9oin9 to returnB 8hat are you 9oin9 to use for fuelB Ho: do you e;pect
passen9ers0 pilots0 and co3pilots to stand the strainB 8hat about food0 :ater0 o;y9en for breathin90 fuel for heatin9
n J*onsider the Hea2ensK #orest +ay 5oulton said that there :as not the sli9htest possibility of such a <ourney0 that
there is no :ay of 9ettin9 off this planet and no :ay to 9uide us throu9h interplanetary space to another :orld if :e
could propel our departure fro1 this. 5oreo2er0 no ship could carry the lar9e a1ount of o;y9en0 :ater0 and food for
such a lon9 2oya9e and there :as no kno:n :ay of easin9 an ether ship do:n on the surface of another :orld if :e
could 9et there.
8illy $ey0 fortified by 7berth and Hoh1ann0 thou9ht 5oulton had 1ore fears than intelli9ence and recent disclosures
of sub1arines tra2elin9 /0000 1iles :ithout surfacin90 1anufacturin9 their o:n o;y9en en route and eatin9 food
concentrates0 tends to support $ey and dis1iss 5oulton.
8hen :as youn9 and t:enty there :as a son9 entitled0 AThe $on9est 8ay +ound s The ':eetest 8ay Ho1e.A t
1ust ha2e 9i2en "r. Hoh1ann an idea0 for he :orked out in9enious trips fro1 this planet to so1e others and finally
ended :ith a triple3play fro1 the earth to 5ars to Oenus and back to earth as a faster trip than to any one planet
alone. To Oenus alone he fi9ured it :ould take t:o years and one 1onth? to 5ars0 t:o years and ei9ht 1onths0 and
fro1 the earth to 5ars0 to Oenus and back to this earth0 he fi9ured could be done in ei9hteen 1onthsC
There :ere fi2e possible orbits to tra2el on. But t:o crossed orbits and therefore had to be ruled out0 because that
in2ol2ed a chan9e in direction. That :ould be contrary to the 9eneral rotation of the solar syste1. 'pace ships ha2e
to float :ith the currents0 not fi9ht the1.
( trip to Oenus could be 1ade in 1EN days0 but since Oenus tra2els faster than the earth that :ould in2ol2e a
stopo2er on Oenus till the earth :as a9ain in position for the return trip. That :ould 1ean a stopo2er of EF0 days on
Oenus. (nother 1EN days to 9et back and FN2 days :ould ha2e passed before the tra2eler :ould be returned ho1e
:ith his 2ersion of T:o %ears Before The 5ast.
5ars 1o2es at a slo:er pace than the earth. But a trip to 5ars and back could not be 1ade :ithout a stopo2er any
1ore than it could to Oenus0 for the si1ple reason that the earth :ould not be :here :e left it and :e :ould ha2e to
:ait until it ca1e around a9ain. That :ould 1ean E// days :aitin9 and another 2/H days to 9et ho1e. This0 :ith the
2/H days needed to 9et to 5ars0 :ould 1ake a 9rand total of .F1 days for the round trip.
But the 1ost e;citin9 of Hoh1annic 1aneu2ers :as a nonstop fli9ht fro1 the earth to 5ars :here the pilot :ould not
land. nstead he :ould drift around on the orbit that touches the earth and Oenus until he found the orbit of Oenus.
n doin9 so he :ould ha2e passed the earth6s orbit en route but the earth :ould ha2e been no:here in si9ht.
He6d find Oenus :here he e;pected and :ould circle around Oenus for a :hile until he :as cau9ht in the orbit of the
earth. That :ould dra: hi1 ho1e in less ti1e than if he had taken stopo2er pri2ile9es on either of the alien planets.
He :ouldn6t ha2e had 1uch to report about life on Oenus or 5ars0 but he :ould ha2e passed their :ay and 9ot ho1e
in ei9hteen 1onths0 and as all fast tra2elers :ill tell if you sa2e ti1e you sa2e 1oney.
The :hole trip :ould pro2e a little confusin9 to clock :atchers because the planets all tra2el counterclock:ise.
The fuel e;penditure for such a trip is already sol2ed but other factors are far fro1 sol2ed. n fact e2en under the
rocket ship 1ethod of tra2el0 1oon ships are considered t:enty3fi2e years in the future and those to nei9hborin9
planets 1uch farther a:ay. t co1es as a shock therefore to hear that :hile :e are ditherin9 around :ith nuclear
fission0 <et propulsion0 cos1ic rays0 and rockets0 trippers ridin9 the 1a9netic :a2e bands on disks 1ay ha2e been
lookin9 us o2er for centuries and not sure e2en yet if they should shake hands :ith us.
*hapter 11: (n (erodyna1ic *orrection
THE+E6' an aerodyna1ic pro2erb0 or if there isn6t0 there ou9ht to be0 that e2erythin9 has an end3e;cept a flyin9
saucer0 :hich has neither a be9innin9 nor an end.
E;ceptions to this 1i9ht be taken by $eo Bent=0 &eor9e de Bay and @ac>ue #resco0 all of :ho1 ha2e either seen or
desi9ned flyin9 saucers 1any years a9o. Bent=0 an old3ti1e builder of auto1obiles0 said he sa: a confidential
de1onstration of a flyin9 saucer in &riffith -ark0 *alifornia0 as lon9 a9o as 1.2H. t :as desi9ned by &eor9e de Bay.
t skipped throu9h the air like a flat stone0 or better0 a saucer :ith its cur2ed side to:ard the earth. Thus it :orked
on a 2acuu1 principle0 :hich de Bay e;plained :ould re>uire ten ti1es less po:er for propulsion than :hat :as used
at that ti1e. t :as not0 ho:e2er0 desi9ned to carry a pilot or cre:. Bent= lost si9ht of de Bay before the :ar and
belie2ed he had 9one to +ussia.
n 1.IH @ac>ue #resco desi9ned a flyin9 saucer but at that ti1e the aircraft co1panies said the 1odel :as too far
ahead of anythin9 they could handle and it :as shel2ed :hile he :orked on a 1ore con2entional <ob0 :hich he did at
-earl Harbor0 <ust before the :ar0 and so1e Buck +o9ers contributions :hich :ere his lot at 8ri9ht #ield durin9 the
conflict. ( s1all dark 1an :ith the eyes of a fo; terrier and a 1ind as sharp as an arctic :ind0 #resco belon9s to the
Abelie2e only :hat you can 1easureA school of science. #lyin9 saucers 1i9ht be 1ira9es reflectin9 fro1 round3shaped
alu1inu13painted oil tanks0 he su99ested. AThey 1i9ht see1 to 1o2e in the sky as the sun 1o2ed0 thus confusin9
people either on the 9round or aboard planes.A But0 e2en so0 disk3shaped aerial ships he thou9ht had a sound
aerodyna1ic future. But he :ouldn6t 9o beyond hydro9en 9as and turbo<ets as a 1eans of propulsion. n fact :hen
he heard so1ebody :as offerin9 P2/0000 for a saucer that :ould fly he said that :ould be like takin9 candy fro1 a
baby. A can build one for P1/0000 and 1ake it fly fast enou9h to pull a pilot out of his skin0A he said0 Aand 61
:orkin9 on a :ay to 1ake e2en hi1 sur2i2e the e;perience.A
The first ti1e hinted to hi1 that the flyin9 saucers under e;a1ination :ere in all likelihood po:ered by 1a9netic
ener9y0 the re1ark stopped his strea1 of speech and turned hi1 for a 1o1ent into a 1ute0 in9lorious 5ilton.
A!o aircraft en9ineer :ill 9o that far0A he :arned. A5ind0 a1 not stressin9 flyin9 saucers in the first place0 for the
si1ple reason the industry doesn6t :ant the10 but if they6re 1ade in the future0 they :ill ha2e to be alon9
conser2ati2e lines.A lea2e it to readers to <ud9e :hat he considers conser2ati2e lines.
n the aircraft industry #resco is kno:n as the 1an :ho is fore2er t:enty years ahead of his ti1e. )p to the day
consulted hi1 on flyin9 saucers0 hopin9 to use hi1 as a possible control factor0 he had been :orkin9 on :hat he said
:ould be the forerunner of space ships. These pre3space ship 1odels0 he said0 :ould ha2e to be constructed to
handle proble1s :ithin reach of the earth6s 9ra2ity. They :ould ha2e to 9et rid of the nuisance of static electricity0
:hich 1ost ships do today by the use of a tail :ire :hich dischar9es e;traneous electricity picked
up by the skin as the ship cuts throu9h the air. His ships of the future :ill use that static electricity for added
propulsion. The ne;t proble1 that 1ust be sol2ed is to stop stalls or spins0 especially at lo: speed. #resco has
desi9ned a syste1 of electrostatic controls :hich :ould not let the ship stall e2en if the pilot lost control. ( strea1 of
electrons fannin9 out fro1 the :in9s :ill control a bankin9 ship. Electrostatic action :ill not only control the ship but
increase its speed. (n electronic rain baffle :ill keep 2ision clear and send a positi2e char9e of electricity throu9h the
canopy0 thus creatin9 a resistance3free passa9e for the craft. +aindrops :ould ne2er hit the canopy0 thereby 9i2in9
the pilot clear 2isibility0 rain or shine.
(s for #resco6s re9ular planes of the near future0 they :ill be rocket types0 :ith snu9 :in9s for use if and :hen
needed. 'hock :a2e eli1inated throu9h the use of electrostatic po:er0 air can be 1ade to flo: in any direction.
+esistance thus reduced0 I0000 1iles per hour :ill be co11onplace0 fast ser2ice bet:een $os (n9eles and !e: %ork
a 1atter of perhaps 1inutes0 interplanetary tra2el0 1000000 1iles per hour.
*on2entional 1otors :ill be used to start a ship and to brin9 it in. Bet:een ti1es it :ill use polari=ed field 1otors.
These :ill chan9e the polarity of 1atter and offset the effect of sudden acceleration0 :hich :ould other:ise kill
pilots. n fact #resco is of the opinion that the less you 9i2e a pilot to do the fe:er people are apt to be killed. He is a
9reat belie2er in a push3button :ar on the o2er:orkin9 of pilots.
told hi10 accordin9 to the flyin9 saucers 1y infor1ants had researched0 that had already been acco1plished. The
ships e;a1ined :ere co1pletely run by push buttons0 had no 2isible 1otors and apparently could land safely e2en
:ith dead pilots.
He insisted that any such talk :ould only annoy aerodyna1ic en9ineers. told hi1 that Hall Hubbard0 2ice president
and chief en9ineer of $ockheed0 :as already annoyed. Hubbard conceded that it :as possible to build and to fly a
ship that looks like a saucer but he didn6t belie2e it possible :ith our present kno:led9e to 1ake the1 fly :ith the
speed that e2erybody is talkin9 about.
#resco :anted to kno: ho: fast the 1a9netic research 1en said that :as. said as fast as li9ht0 1HN0000 1iles per
second. n fact0 so1e ar9ued that 2H20000 1iles per second :as possible0 despite Einstein6s contention that nothin9
can tra2el faster than the speed of li9ht. #resco took a 1iddle position bet:een Hubbard and Einstein. A belie2e :e
:ill hit 1000000 1iles per second outside this at1osphere in the not too distant future0A he said0 Abut balk at
anythin9 faster than that0 and you6ll only 1ake yourself appear ridiculous if you 9o beyond that e2en
To sho: 1e ho: far it :ould be safe to 9o he sketched so1e saucers that could be built e2en no:. He started out
:ith a 1odest <ob that :as his 1odel of 1.IH. t had ei9ht <ets spaced around the ri1 of the saucer like a pin:heel
firecracker. The center rotated on a turbine held in position like a helicopter0 :hile the outer ri1 re2ol2ed on a
turbine. t :as before turbo<ets and hence considered i1practical at the ti1e.
'ince then0 ho:e2er0 he has 9one beyond turbo<ets in an effort to 1eet space ships fro1 another planet at least half
:ay. He has desi9ned a hydro9en3po:ered turbine disk :hich has ten essential parts. The canopy for the cre: is of
transparent 1etal. n the center is a sphere containin9 li>uid hydro9en. Three tubes fro1 the sphere con2ey
hydro9en throu9h a nuclear reactor. The upper tube feeds the hydro9en to the upper turbine. This sets the turbine
re2ol2in9. The hydro9en is then fed back throu9h a duct to the lo:er turbine. This turbine 1o2es in the opposite
direction to the upper turbine. Bet:een the1 they neutrali=e the tor>ue in the center as :ould a helicopter.
( series of blades are turned so as to propel the air fro1 the upper surface of the disk to the lo:er. The result :ould
be decreased pressure on top of the disk and increased pressure belo:0 liftin9 the disk 2ertically to any desired
The 2ents are then closed and a cyclic pitch actuator controls the fli9ht direction of the disk as desired. 8hen flyin9
for:ard the disk :ould be tilted nose do:n:ard. This :ould cause the air underneath the disk to slip back:ard0 thus
propellin9 the disk for:ard. ts speed thereafter could be propelled by the use of interstellar radiation0 such as the
field polari=in9 type of 1otor or the harnessin9 of cos1ic rays0 thus forcin9 the saucer to tra2el in a 1anner si1ilar to
the :ay 1eteors tra2el throu9h space.
asked hi1 if he kne: :hat 1eteors are co1posed of. A!ickel and iron0 1ostly. 'o1e cobalt.A
A"o you kno: :hat 1akes the best 1a9netBA A'ure. 'teel.A
A8hat about 1an9anese and alu1inu1BA
AThey6re non1a9netic. n fact an electro1a9net repels alu1inu1.A
ATrue0 but did you kno: that N1 percent copper0 2E percent 1an9anese0 and 1/ percent alu1inu1 :hen co1bined
as an alloy are stron9ly 1a9neticBA
He :anted to kno: :hat :as hintin9 at. told hi1 the 1a9netic en9ineers say a 1eteor tra2els on 1a9netic lines
of force and the reason they land here no: and then is because they ha2e struck a 1a9netic fault =one in our
at1osphere. n fact they say the sa1e thin9 1ust ha2e happened to the flyin9 saucers.
A-eople :ill ne2er belie2e it0A he said. told hi1 :hen :e 9ot throu9h :ith the1 they :ould.
*hapter 12: nside #lyin9 'aucers
T ' an accepted practice in <urisprudence to 9i2e the plaintiff enou9h rope in the hope that he :ill han9 hi1self and
thus spare the defendant the task of doin9 it by :ay of rebuttal. 7n occasion :hen such a procedure 1ay ha2e left
so1e doubt in the 1inds of <urors it is up to counsel for the defense to sprin9 a surprise :itness0 and this propose
n the su11er of 1.E.0 :hile consortin9 :ith 1en en9a9ed in 1a9netic research on the 5o<a2e "esert0 1et a 1an
of science :hose conte1poraries rated hi1 the top 1a9netic research specialist of the )nited 'tates. He had 1ore
de9rees than a ther1o1eter and had recei2ed the1 fro1 such di2erse institutions as (r1our nstitute0 *rei9hton
)ni2ersity0 and the )ni2ersity of Berlin. He is the scientist ha2e called "r. &ee.
He has been assi9ned to direct a di2ision of top scientists durin9 the :ar. Their task :as to knock sub1arines out of
the se2en seas and directed31issiles out of the skies by other than the slo: and disheartenin9 1ethods then in use.
They conducted I/0000 e;peri1ents on land0 sea0 and air on this
defense pro<ect. They :orked out of t:o laboratories and had a bud9et of one billion dollars at their secret co11and.
Their :ork has ne2er been publici=ed0 as :as the t:o billion spent on creatin9 the first ato1ic bo1b0 first0 because
defense is ne2er as spectacular as offense and0 second0 because so 1uch of their :ork :as still unco1pleted by the
:ar6s end that it has re1ained top secret to this day. 'uffice it to say that it :as of 1a9netic ori9in.
$on9 after other scientists :ere dischar9ed and back in their industrial and scholarly laboratories0 these 1en labored
on. The director in fact didn6t 9et e2en a conditional release until @uly0 1.E..
1et hi1 shortly after:ard. He :as the 1an :ho told us the :hole story of the first flyin9 saucer that had landed in
the )nited 'tates. (nother had landed in the 'ahara before this0 but that one :as 1ore cracked than a psychiatrist in
an auto :reck. But the one he had :orked on had 9ently pancaked to earth like a slo: 1otion of 'onia Henie
i1itatin9 a dyin9 s:an.
T:o telescopes cau9ht this unidentified ship as it ca1e into our at1osphere. They :atched its position and esti1ated
:here it :ould land. 8ithin a fe: hours after it landed0 (ir #orce officers reached the flyin9 field at "uran9o0
*olorado0 and took off in their search for the ob<ect.
8hen they found it0 it :as in a 2ery rocky0 hi9h plateau territory0 east of (=tec0 !e: 5e;ico. They i11ediately thre:
a 9uard around it. Then "r. &ee and se2en of his 9roup of 1a9netic scientists :ere called in to e;a1ine this stran9e
ship. 8hen they arri2ed on the 9round they decided that the best thin9 to do :as not to touch it or try to 9et into it.
They studied the ship fro1 a distance for a 1atter of t:o days0 bo1bin9 it :ith &ei9er counters0 cos1ic rays0 and
other protecti2e de2ices.
A#inally0 :e decided that it :as probably safe0A the doctor said0 Aas nothin9 had transpired inside the ship to indicate
that there :as life therein. (pparently there :as no door to :hat un>uestionably :as the cabin. The outside surface
sho:ed no 1arkin9 of any sort0 e;cept for a broken porthole0 :hich appeared on first e;a1ination to be of 9lass. 7n
closer e;a1ination :e found it :as a 9ood deal different fro1 any 9lass in this country. #inally0 :e took a lar9e pole
and ra11ed a hole throu9h this defect in the ship.
AHa2in9 done this0 :e looked into the interior. There :e :ere able to count si;teen bodies0 that ran9ed in hei9ht fro1
about IN to E2 inches.
A8e assu1ed that there 1ust be a door of so1e kind0 unless these people had been her1etically sealed in a
pressuri=ed cabin0 so :e prodded around :ith the pole :hich :e had used to push throu9h the openin9 1ade
throu9h the broken porthole0 and on the opposite side fro1 the broken porthole0 :e hit a knob? or a double knob0 to
be e;act. 8hen :e pushed a9ainst that double knob0 to our a1a=e1ent and surprise0 a door fle: open. This enabled
us to 9et into the ship.
A8e took the little bodies out0 and laid the1 on the 9round. 8e e;a1ined the1 and their clothin9. re1e1ber one
of our tea1 sayin90 JThat looks like the style of 1H.0.6 8e e;a1ined the bodies 2ery closely and 2ery carefully. They
:ere nor1al fro1 e2ery standpoint and had no appearance of bein9 :hat :e call on this planet J1id9ets.K They :ere
perfectly nor1al in their de2elop1ent. The only trouble :as that their skin see1ed to be charred a 2ery dark
chocolate color. (bout the only thin9 that :e could decide at the ti1e :as that the charrin9 had occurred so1e:here
in space and that their bodies had been burned as a result of air rushin9 throu9h that broken porthole :indo:0 or
so1ethin9 9oin9 :ron9 :ith the 1eans by :hich the ship :as propelled and the cabin pressured.A.
They then be9an an e;a1ination of the ship itself. #irst they decided to take co1plete 1easure1ents of the ship
fro1 the outside. The skin :as alu1inu1 colored.
A+eports that had appeared fro1 ti1e to ti1e in the papers about these stran9e 2isitors0A continued "r. &ee0 Ahad
al:ays been to the effect that Jthey looked like flyin9 saucers.6 8ith this ship on the 9round :e could not help but be
a:are of the fact that it looked like a hu9e saucer0 and you 1i9ht al1ost say that there :as a cup in it0 because the
cabin set in an insert in the botto1 of the saucer. The o2er3all di1ensions of the ship :ere found to be a fraction
short of 100 feet in dia1eter. To be e;act it 1easured .. ..U100 feet :ide. #ro1 the outer tip of the :in90 :hich
:as entirely circular0 to the botto1 of the saucer0 1easurin9 in an i1a9inary line 2ertically0 :as 2F inches. The cabin
:hich :as entirely round0 :as 1H feet across0 and F2 inches in hei9ht. E;actly E/ inches of the cabin :as e;posed
abo2e the outer ri1 of the saucer. The portholes :ere located in this area.A
7n 9ettin9 into the ship0 the doctor said0 their first ob<ecti2e :as to decide0 if they could0 ho: the ship :as propelled.
He :as the first to su99est that it probably fle: on 1a9netic lines of force. 'o1e of his staff su99ested pushin9 so1e
of the buttons on :hat appeared to be the instru1ent board to find out if his suspicions :ere true. But all a9reed
after so1e discussion that that :ould be about the :orst possible thin9 they could do0 because if the ship started0
nobody :ould kno: :hich button to push to stop it a9ain.
A'o the result :as0A said "r. &ee0 Athat none of us pushed any buttons on the instru1ent board.A
There :ere t:o Abucket seats0A as the doctor called the10 in front of the instru1ent board and t:o of the little
fello:s :ere sittin9 there. They had fallen o2er0 face do:n0 on the instru1ent board.
!o:0 it appeared that this ship0 if flyin9 on 1a9netic lines of force0 1ust ha2e had an auto1atic type of control0 so
that :hen it ca1e into dan9er or :hen its occupants :ere not in a position to operate the ship0 it si1ply settled
>uietly to earth. 7b2iously it had already flo:n into our at1ospheric area0 either on intelli9ence or instru1ents.
A!one of us could arri2e at any conclusion as to :hen or ho: this :indo: had broken0A "r. &ee re1arked0 Aor at
:hat possible point in space these occupants 1ust ha2e been killed. The si1ple fact :as that there they :ere0 dead
fro1 either burns or the bends0 and :e proceeded :ith the further e;a1ination of the interior of the ship.
A8e found so1e pa1phlets or booklets0 :hich in all probability dealt :ith na2i9ation proble1s. Ho:e2er0 :e :ere
unable to decipher any of the :ritin90 :hich :e <ud9ed to be a pictorial type of script. (ll of these booklets :ere
turned o2er to certain officials of the (ir #orce0 :ho in turn reported that they :ere 9oin9 to ha2e the1 placed in the
hands of 1en e;perienced in translatin9 :ork of this kind.A
asked the doctor if he had heard if the hand:ritin9 e;perts had 1uch success. He said as far as he kne: no
head:ay of any kind had been 1ade in :orkin9 out a translation of the :ritten sub<ect 1atter of the booklets. He
said there :ere not any 1aps0 and so far as they could deter1ine the ship carried no instru1ents of destruction0 nor
the cre: any firear1s of any sort.
n studyin9 the 1atter further0 the doctor pointed out that this of course :as entirely unnecessary0 because if the
ship had been operated 1a9netically0 it un>uestionably had the 1eans by :hich it could de1a9neti=e any ob<ect0
fro1 an asteroid to a #3H0 that 1i9ht cross its path. The de1a9neti=ation :ould destroy or disinte9rate the obstacle.
This of course :ould e>ually be applicable to hu1an bein9s on this earth0 or any for1 of 1atter :hich they ca1e in
contact :ith on this planet.
said0 A"octor0 :hat do you 1ake of this :hole thin9B 8here do you think these ships are co1in9 fro1BA
He said0 A7f course :e don6t kno:0 but our best 9uess at this 1o1ent0 astrono1ers to the contrary0 is that they ha2e
flo:n here fro1 the planet Oenus.A
asked hi1 :hy they had decided this.
A8ell0A he said0 Ain all the latest research re9ardin9 the possibility of life on other planets it :as fairly :ell a9reed
a1on9 >uite a school of thou9ht in astrono1ical research0 that there :as 1ore likelihood of hu1an habitation on the
planet Oenus than. on the planet 5ars.A
The si=e of the 1en0 too0 :as a factor in his decision. He :ent so far as to say that if there :ere any hu1an bein9s
on the planet 5ars they :ould probably be three or four ti1es as lar9e as hu1an bein9s on this planet0 and since the
people on the 9rounded disk ship ran9ed in hei9ht fro1 about IN to E2 inches0 that0 in his <ud91ent0 ruled out 5ars.
"ay after day o2er a period of the ne;t ninety days follo:in9 this first talk about this first space ship0 or as :e ca1e
to talk of it0 this Aflyin9 saucer0A one of our nu1ber0 1ade it his business on all sorts of occasions0 1ost of the1 :hen
alone :ith the doctor and in the 1idst of research in 1a9netic :ork0 to ask hi1 for 1ore details. The >uestioner
ca1e up :ith >uestions at the 1ost inopportune ti1es0 because0 it 1ust be understood0 that he felt that he o:ed it
to hi1self as :ell as to us0 to run this thin9 do:n to :here :e could finally decide as to :hether or not this :as all
7n one occasion he asked0 A"octor0 ho: :ere these ships constructedBA He said0 AThe outer skin of the ship :as
:hat looked like alu1inu10 but on all the tests so far 1ade0 there :as nothin9 that had been found by the scientists
:ho had checked into it0 to indicate that this :as any for1 of alu1inu1 that :e kno:.A
He said that on the bi9 ship t:o or three 1en could lift one side of it0 it :as that li9ht. 7n the other hand0 as 1any as
a do=en of the1 had cra:led up on top of the :in9 and it :as so stron9 they 1ade no i1pression on it :hate2er.
He said that the (ir #orce0 in :antin9 to 1o2e the ship0 decided to dis1antle it because it :as too bi9 to 1o2e
other:ise. This be9an a 1ost interestin9 study. There :ere no ri2ets. There :ere no bolts0 no scre:s. There :as
nothin9 on the outer skin that :ould indicate ho: the ship :as put to9ether.
(fter a lon9 study it :as found0 ho:e2er0 that the ship :as asse1bled in se91ents. The se91ents fitted in 9roo2es
and :ere pinned to9ether around the base.
8hen the cabin :as lifted out of the botto1 of the saucer0 they found a 9ear co1pletely encirclin9 the botto1 of the
ship and this 9ear fitted into a 9ear that :as on the cabin. The :hole thin9 :as 2ery in9eniously put to9ether0 and
there had to be a lot of care taken in breakin9 it do:n.
(fter it had been broken do:n0 it :as 1o2ed to a 9o2ern1ent testin9 laboratory and there it re1ained :hile parts
:ere bein9 tested for a considerable period of ti1e.
8hen "r. &ee ne;t sa: it0 the instru1ent board0 to his a1a=e1ent and cha9rin0 had been broken up and all of the
inner :orkin9s torn apart. This0 he said0 pre2ented any further study by the1 as to the 1a9netic operation of the
He re9retted this dis1antlin9 2ery 1uch0 because he said that had they been able to keep it intact lon9 enou9h0
there 1i9ht ha2e co1e a ti1e :hen they 1i9ht ha2e :orked out a plan :hereby they could 1ake certain tests as to
the different push buttons on the instru1ent board. These0 he :as certain0 held the clues to the 1a9netic for1 of
co1bustion de2eloped on the ship itself.
7ne of us asked0 A8hat has been done :ith the people that :ere on the shipBA "r. &ee said that so1e of the1 had
been dissected0 and studied by the 1edical di2ision of the (ir #orce and that fro1 the 1ea9er reports he had
recei2ed0 they had found that these little fello:s :ere in all respects perfectly nor1al hu1an bein9s0 e;cept for their
teeth. There :asn6t a ca2ity or a fillin9 in any 1outh. Their teeth :ere perfect.
#ro1 the characteristics and physiolo9y of their bodies they 1ust ha2e been about I/ to E0 years of a9e0 <ud9ed by
our standards of a9e.
(s to clothes0 he said they all :ore the sa1e type of unifor10 a dark blue 9ar1ent0 :ith 1etal buttons. He said it :as
si9nificant that there :as not any insi9nia of any kind on the collars or on the slee2es or on the caps of these people.
'o0 to all intents and purposes0 all of the1 had the sa1e rank.
He said it 1i9ht of course be possible that they had different ranks a1on9 the1sel2es but that by our standards of
1ilitary rankin9 there :as nothin9 to indicate :ho they :ere nor :hat they :ere.
&oin9 into the 1atter of physical possessions on the bodies of these people0 "r. &ee said that so far as he sa:
hi1self0 they :ere 2ery li1ited0 but that there :ere t:o or three pieces to :hich he had had access that 1i9ht ha2e
been ti1epieces. He said it :as 2ery interestin9 to study these ti1epieces0 because they see1ed to do their :ork0 or
functionin90 :ithout any attention. The ti1epieces :ere about the si=e of a sil2er dollar in dia1eter and a little bit
thicker. They had four 1arkin9s0 one at the top0 and one at :hat :ould be I o6clock0 another at N o6clock0 and a
fourth at . o6clock.
t :as disco2ered that the inside part of :hat he and his staff called a ti1epiece0 actually 1o2ed0 but that it took a
full 1a9netic 1onth for it to co1plete its circle.
A!o:0A said "r. &ee0 Ayou kno: of course that a 1a9netic day is 2I hours and /H 1inutes. 8e found that the ti1e it
took for the ti1epiece to 1ake this co1plete circu1ference0 :as o2er 2. days. #i9ured out in hours and 1inutes0
that totaled e;actly the nu1ber of 1a9netic days in a 1a9netic 1onth.A
He said that there :as :hat appeared to be food on this ship and that these :ere little :afers. They fed the1 to
9uinea pi9s0 and they see1ed to thri2e on the1. 7n one occasion one :afer :as put into a 9allon container of boilin9
:ater and it 2ery >uickly boiled o2er the sides of the container.
This :as the only e2idence of food on the ship. He added that there :ere t:o containers of :ater on this particular
ship0 and on checkin9 the :ater they found it to be nor1al in all respects to our :ater0 e;cept it :as about t:ice as
hea2y. The doctor pointed out that there :as a :ater in !or:ay that :as about the :ei9ht of this :ater.
7ne day 'i !e:ton0 :ho :as closest to "r. &ee and felt he :as in a position to act as a sort of buffer state0 since he
:as both a partner in 9eophysical research and independent of any -enta9onic ties0 past or present0 :as surprised to
hear the doctor say0 A :ant you to see these ships and <ud9e for yourself :hether :e are on the ri9ht track and not
9uessin9 at their point of ori9in. 61 tryin9 to 9et clearance ri9ht no:.A
!e:ton asked0 A"id you say shipsBA
A7h yes0A responded "r. &ee0 A:e ha2e had three and :e sa: a fourth. But that one 9ot a:ay0A he added :ith a
lau9h. AThe second one landed near one of the pro2in9 9rounds in (ri=ona0 as opposed to the first :hich landed near
a pro2in9 9round in !e: 5e;ico. 8hen :e 9ot to the second one :e found al1ost the sa1e conditions of the first0
e;cept that the door :as open and the si;teen dead people in it :ere not burned nor bro:ned. n fact 1edical
opinion :as that they had not been dead 1ore than t:o or three hours. 7ur conclusion :as that they had died in our
at1osphere :hen the double knob of the door :as opened and our air rushed into their cabin :hich :as probably
2acuu1ed or pressuri=ed for their at1osphere but not ours.A
!e:ton asked0 AHo: do you deter1ine the presence of these particular ships. "o you stu1ble on the1 or kno: the
1o1ent they co1e in our at1osphereBA
"r. &ee replied0 An the laboratories and also at (la1o9ordo and $os (la1os and at different parts of the country :e
ha2e telescope obser2ers :ho spend 2E hours a day :atchin9 for e2idence of ob<ects or ships flyin9 in the sky.
E2erythin9 that co1es :ithin the ran9e of these telescopes is noted. f it is unfa1iliar and lands0 the (ir #orce is
a:are of it al1ost i11ediately0 and if it presents scientific proble1s :e or other 9roups are consulted.A
He said that the second ship :as s1aller0 F2 feet in dia1eter0 but other:ise si1ilar to the ....U100 foot ship. He and
his fello: scientists had decided that the 1athe1atical syste1 of the operators of these ships :as in all probability
the sa1e as ours0 Abecause 1athe1atical la: should follo: for all the planets in this solar syste1.A Their reason for
thinkin9 this :as because they :ere struck :ith the fact that :hen the 1easure1ents of the ship in all its parts :ere
broken do:n they found that it follo:ed :hat he called AThe 'yste1 of .6s.A
He :ent to considerable len9th to e;plain the 1athe1atical syste1 of .6s0 and added0 A8e concluded fro1 this clue
that in all probability they used a syste1 of 1athe1atics si1ilar to oursC6
The third ship he and his staff e;a1ined landed ri9ht abo2e -hoeni; in -aradise Oalley. A8e happened to be in
-hoeni;0 so :e 9ot out to it in a hurry.A
7ne of the little 1en :as half out of the escape door or Ahatch0A as the doctor called it. The little 1an :as dead. The
other little fello: (there bein9 only a cre: of t:o on this ship) :as sittin9 in his seat at the control board. He also
:as dead. This ship :as IN feet in dia1eter and the si=e of the cabin and all the rest of di1ensions balanced out on
the sa1e syste1 of .6s0 that had been found in the other ships.
(sked if they had any sleepin9 >uarters or toilet facilities0 the doctor e;plained that on the F23foot ship there :as a
2ery in9enious de2ice :hich :hen they disco2ered ho: to operate it0 turned out to be the sleepin9 >uarters. -ushed
back into the :all :as :hat turned out to be a collapsible or accordion type screen0 and as it :as pulled out0 it
1o2ed around in a half circle0 so that by the ti1e it reached the :all of the circular cabin little ha11ocks had
dropped do:n fro1 this screen or accordion3like :all0 and there :ere the sleepin9 >uarters for these 1en.
He said there :ere toilet facilities inside the sleepin9 >uarters. The s1allest ship0 ho:e2er0 had no such
con2eniences0 fro1 :hich the doctor deduced they :ere 1akin9 round trips so fast they didn6t feel the need of such
facilities any lon9er.
!e:ton asked0 A8here is the little shipBA
A8e ha2e that one in the laboratories at the present ti1e0A replied "r. &ee. A(s soon as 9et your appoint1ent
throu9h :ill be authori=ed to let you inspect it.A
n ti1e !e:ton6s appoint1ent ca1e throu9h0 but by then the ship had been dis1antled and reported shipped to
"ayton0 and all co11ent thereafter proscribed0 denied0 or i9nored.
(ll the doctor had to sho: for his labors :as a tubeless radio0 so1e 9ears0 so1e s1all disks0 and other ite1s that
could be carried in one6s pocket. He :as 9ranted these baubles for research.
sa: and e;a1ined these. 5ore than 1/0 tests had failed to break do:n the 1etal of the 9ears. The 9ears
the1sel2es :ere of a ratio unfa1iliar to en9ineers on this earth? had no play0 no lubrication.
(s for the radio0 it :as not 1uch bi99er than a pack of ci9arettes. t had been torn fro1 a corner of the cabin0 :hich
:as in all likelihood its aerial antenna. t had no tubes0 no :ires0 and only one dial. "r. &ee built a special antenna for
it0 about E inches hi9h0 and :as able to catch a hi9h * sort of note at 1/ 1inutes past e2ery hour. t :asn6t radio as
:e kno: it0 but it :as a 1eans of co11unication :ith so1e:here.
(sked :hat possible reason there could be for keepin9 all this a secret0 "r. &ee couldn6t i1a9ine0 Aunless0A he added0
Afear of a panic or the upsettin9 of certain reli9ious beliefs0 or <ust plain brass e;ercisin9 its authoritati2e po:ers to
keep their po:ers fro1 atrophyin9. The 9o2ern1ent :ants to keep people a:ay fro1 that area of !e: 5e;ico0 as
this could 2ery :ell start a sta1pede of curiosity seekers as :ell as a panic a1on9 certain types of people :ho are
easily fri9htened. 62e talked to reli9ious leaders and they ridicule any idea that this :ould upset theolo9ical concepts.
'o can6t i1a9ine :hat the (ir #orce had in 1ind. (ll kno: is they ruined our chances of :orkin9 on Jli2e6 1odels
and ha2e left the1sel2es 9ropin9 and 9uessin9 e2er since. think :e ha2e so1e of the ans:ers by no:0 but they are
deri2ed fro1 our side not the 2isitors0 :ho0 1y 9uess is0 are /00 years ahead of us3in their kno:led9e of propulsion
at any rate.A
8hether :e can soon return the co1pli1ent and 2isit the 'aucerians0 :ith or :ithout per1ission of the
-enta9onians0 e2en :ith nothin9 1ore than the charred body of 7rson 8elles0 depends0 "r. &ee belie2ed0 on ho:
fast :e can step up our kno:led9e of 1a9netic propulsion and the :hole sub<ect of 1a9netic ener9y 9enerally. That
the 2isitors sho:ed i1pro2e1ent in each ship they sent out0 the doctor didn6t doubt. He pointed out a three point
landin9 9ear :hich :as on the s1allest ship. t held steel balls in 2acuu1 cups :hich per1itted the balls to re2ol2e.
8hile the balls :ere 1o2in9 in one direction0 nothin9 could tilt or tip the ship0 but :hen they :ere 1otionless a child
could tilt it. To sol2e that secret alone0 "r. &ee contended0 :ould be :orth years of research. 5aybe others in the
2ast interdepart1ental structure of the -enta9on are doin9 it and keepin9 it a secret fro1 those :ho :orked on so1e
other phase of it. The :hole procedure tends to 1ake a 1an hoard :hat he kno:s instead of sharin9 it0 lest he be
clinked for 9i2in9 a:ay the nation6s security0 or :hat so1e fallible and unidentified authority has decreed for the
1o1ent is the nation6s security.
8e asked the doctor :hat in his opinion :ere the chances of the (ir #orce6s e2entually ad1ittin9 that the flyin9
saucers ha2e co1e fro1 another planet. He replied that as nearly as he could <ud9e fro1 all the :ork that he and his
associates had done0 the (ir #orce :as not interested in ad1ittin9 the disco2ery of a ne: 1ethod of fli9ht. @et
propulsion :as their story and :e :ere stuck :ith it. Then he launched on a technical e;planation concernin9 the
creation of 1oti2e po:er by the breakin9 of 1a9netic lines of force. He called to 1y attention that there are 102/F
1a9netic lines of force to the s>uare centi1eter. These are counted on a telescope as one :ould count strands of
:ire at the cut end of a cable.
He said that the crossin9 of t:o or 1ore lines of force 1ade it possible in effect to per1it 1o2e1ent in a 1anner
hitherto unkno:n in aerodyna1ics.
A7f course0 you understand0A he added0 Athe saucer3like construction is the 1ost ideal type of 2ehicle to 1o2e in the
air. The fact that the saucer :hirls is only for the purpose of balance0 because there is not any thrust insofar as the
:in9 surface is concerned. There is not any thrust by reason of any propeller0 either0 because there are no propellers.
A8hat actually happens is that0 e2en thou9h the :in9 part is :hirlin90 the saucer actually cra:ls for:ard fro1 one
crossed 1a9netic line of force to another.
A!o:0 :hen you consider there are 102/F lines to the s>uare centi1eter and no t:o cross. :e ha2e the proble1 of
co1bustion or propulsion0 or po:er created :hen they are crossed under control. The successi2e crossin9 of these
1a9netic lines of force under control 1akes possible the speedin9 up of the :hirlin9 action of the plate or :in9 part
of the saucer0 because the saucer is atte1ptin9 to 9et to the ne;t succeedin9 line of force? or0 perhaps :e could say0
seekin9 to 9et back in balance.
An other :ords0 the ship is tryin9 to 9et a:ay fro1 itself0 or tryin9 to 9et a:ay fro1 the position it finds itself in0
:hen co1bustion po:er is created by the crossin9 of 1a9netic lines of force.
A8e think in ter1s of electric current0 :hen it is produced in a :ire0 as tra2elin9 in the :ire itself0 or as so1e
scientists put it0 flo:in9 throu9h a :ire. This has ne2er been conclusi2ely pro2ed. But :e do kno: that :here the
electric ener9y is created at its source0 the dyna1o0 it is trans1itted throu9h the :ire0 and the :ire of course
beco1es a 1a9netic field and at its 2arious ter1ini :e ha2e the use of it0 as electric li9ht or in other for1s.A
(sked if he didn6t consider that the 1oti2e po:er of the saucer :as :hat one 1i9ht say0 in re2erse as to electric
ener9y in a :ire0 "r. &ee e;plained0 A8hat :e ha2e here is ener9y e;istin9 and created :ithout a :ire and actually in
the lines of force the1sel2es. The saucer bein9 so re9ulated 1a9netically is eternally tryin9 to 9et a:ay fro1 its
disturbed 1a9netic points0 as a person prodded fro1 behind by a needle 1i9ht try to 9et a:ay fro1 the disturbance0
and thereby 1o2e1ent is created.
A8hen the saucer 1o2es out of our at1ospheric area0 or control0 then0 of course0 :e ha2e no :ei9ht and :e ha2e no
resistance. (nd all :e ha2e left is 1a9netic lines of force0 :hich are in an undisturbed state0 out to :here they
approach 1a9netic lines of force fro1 another planet. 'ince these 1a9netic lines of force are identical0 they act
si1ilar to the t:o north poles of any 1a9net. n other :ords0 like poles (:hich is the first la: of 1a9netis1) repel.
Therefore0 the planet Oenus0 for e;a1ple0 and the planet Earth0 is each held in position by reason of its 1a9netic
repulsion. (ll are in uni2ersal balance and all 1o2e in their orbits in the sa1e fashion.
A8e do not understand ho: these 1a9netic fields are created fro1 the sun? :e only kno: that they e;ist0 and :hen
:e learn so1ethin9 about ho: they are created0 or ho: they e2ol2ed0 then :e can be9in to learn so1ethin9 about
ho: they act.A
His reason for appraisin9 the interplanetary 2isitors :ho ha2e flo:n in here as bein9 /00 years ahead of us0 is based
on the fact that they no: appear to co1e and 9o at :ill. 'o1eho: they can cross fro1 their 1a9netic lines of force
on to ours0 despite the fact that the t:o planets in2ol2ed are positi2e and :ould therefore repel any ob<ect6s effort to
1o2e fro1 one to the other. t is as easy to concei2e of the1 tra2elin9 in their =one and :e in ours as it is to
concei2e of tra2elin9 up and do:n on a scenic rail:ay once 9i2en sufficient push. But hoppin9 fro1 one scenic
rail:ay to another 9oin9 in the opposite direction represents a triu1ph of 1a9ic o2er e;perience. This the 'aucerians
appear to ha2e achie2ed. They fly sin9ly0 and in 9roups and0 as reported at #ar1in9ton0 !e: 5e;ico0 durin9 the
1onth of 5arch0 1./00 they e2en appear no: and then in 9roups of hundreds. t is as if they :ere de1onstratin9
that :here one0 t:o0 and e2en three of their nu1ber had failed0 they later corrected the faults that caused the
failures and ca1e o2er in stren9th0 flyin9 o2er the 2ery area :here their pioneers had died tryin9.
Those :hose doubts e;ceeded those of the -enta9onians ha2e harped on the si=e of those pilotin9 the flyin9 saucers.
t has see1ed to the1 like a re:rite of &ulli2er6s Tra2els. These scoffers should not be allo:ed to for9et that
@onathan ':ift6s little friends 1easured si; inches hi9h0 :hereas these 'aucerians 1easured three to three3and3a3half
feet tall and are therefore at least as belie2able as 5ickey +ooney.
*hapter 1I: #ro1 $odestone to Einstein
T7 )!"E+'T(!" at all ho: 1a9netic ener9y could be the >uiet one behind all the current sound and fury
concernin9 the presence and propulsion of flyin9 saucers0 it 1ay be necessary to point out historically ho: this
pri1ary force 9ot lost in the shuffle.
The -enta9onians ob2iously :ere i9norant of it. 7ther:ise they :ould ha2e included references to it in their 2arious
co11uni>uXs to us0 their pay1asters0 before closin9 do:n -ro<ect 'aucer. 'cientists in related fields 1ay kno: a
little 1ore than the -enta9onians0 but because the for1er no lon9er en<oy the free e;chan9e of ideas under the
bu9aboo of AsecurityA they are either reluctant to 9i2e the de2il his due or i9norant of his acti2ities. The cell3by3cell
1ethod of research0 further sealed off by the 1ilitary6s forceful phobias0 has de2eloped 1odern science into a self3
li1itin9 disease0 as physicians :ould call it.
Thus it :ould be as fruitless to ask Oanne2ar Bush0 +obert 5illikan0 Harold *. )rey0 and possibly (lbert Einstein to
check on these findin9s as it :ould be to ask the1 to check on the end results of a hydro9en bo1b :hich fortunately
hasn6t been detonated as yet. 'o they as :ell as the lo:er orders of idealists0 1ay find a briefin9 in the other 1an6s
field as not too 9ratuitous.
They kno: of course that the first la: of 1a9netis1 is that like poles repel and unlike poles attract0 that 8illia1
&ilbert (1/EE31N0I) :as kno:n as the father of 1a9netis1 (despite the fact that Thales of 5iletus0 the first onian
physicist0 had disco2ered the pheno1enon of frictional electricity and hence of 1a9netis1 20000 years before &ilbert
and -eter -ere9rinus0 12N.0 disco2ered 1a9netic poles) and that it 1i9ht ha2e been better if Ben<a1in #ranklin :ere
kno:n today as the patron of both these pioneers instead of as Athe father of electricity0A for :ithout a kno:led9e of
1a9netis1 :e :ould ha2e had no kno:led9e of electricity.
The :ord 1a9net0 accordin9 to $ucretius0 :as deri2ed fro1 the hills of the 5a9nesians :here he thou9ht it :as first
found0 thou9h -liny credited it to a shepherd na1ed 5a9nes :ho one day raised his iron crook on 5ount da and
found to his a1a=e1ent that his staff stuck to a led9e :hich pro<ected abo2e his head. *enturies before this0
ho:e2er0 the *hinese used a lodestone0 :hich :as as 1uch of 1a9net as the stone 5a9nes contacted in the second
(round the year 1000 5editerranean na2i9ators :ere usin9 suspended 1a9nets to help the1 ho1e. These
lodestones or Alead3stonesA :ere the 9uides for -eter -ere9rinus :ho by con2er9in9 lines like 1eridians to:ard t:o
points on a sphere6s surface found that he had :orked out the idea of 1a9netic poles. n fact he called the1 that.
#ro1 the open sea0 1a9netis1 ne;t 1o2ed into the parlor :here in the si;teenth century :e find 8illia1 &ilbert
entertainin9 Tueen Eli=abeth :ith his parlor tricks. He rubbed t:o bodies to9ether (one of the1 a1ber) and could
pick up pieces of paper0 thanks to the 9enerated 1a9netis1. This ca1e close to black 1a9ic and :itchcraft0 but
&ilbert :as a court physician instead of a fe1ale on a broo1stick and thus :as spared the rod0 :hich if :hacked
hard enou9h on a :ool3co2ered 9luteus 1a;i1us :ould ha2e 9enerated 1ore Astatic electricity0A not less.
f &ilbert had not been so fa1iliar :ith &reek and had not called bodies :hich0 :hen rubbed0 attracted li9hter bodies
to the1sel2es0 electrics (after electron0 the &reek :ord for a1ber) a lot of the later confusion bet:een electricity and
1a9netis1 ne2er :ould ha2e arisen. Bet:een &ilbert6s electrics and non3electrics de2eloped :hat is today kno:n as
insulators and conductors of electricity.
The ne;t 9reat step a:ay fro1 si1plicity :as :hen 'tephen &ray (1F2.) electrified t:o :ooden cubes3one hollo:
and one solid. He sho:ed they produced the sa1e effects and concluded that the electrification is identified :ith the
surfaces and not the 2olu1es of ob<ects. Thus be9an t:o hundred years of ne: disco2eries0 1ost of the1 :ron90
because if &ray had reali=ed that ho:e2er you cut an ob<ect0 its 1a9netic >ualities re1ain the sa1e0 he :ould not
ha2e 9one off on a tan9ent about electrification bein9 the surface not the center of thin9s.
(fter &ray ca1e "u #ay0 :ho de2eloped the positi2e and ne9ati2e phases of electricity. #ranklin ca1e on this
disco2ery so1eti1e later independently.
Then there :as Oon Gleist0 Oon 5usschenbroek0 &rallat0 and finally $eyden0 :hose <ar per1itted the concentration
and stora9e of electricity.
7f course e2eryone re1e1bers Ben<a1in #ranklin6s fa1ous kite and the key that dre: off fire fro1 the cloud0 but
fe: re1e1ber *oulo1b (1FH/) :ho introduced a >uantitati2e basis into the study of 1a9netis1. -re2iously research
had been e;clusi2ely >ualitati2e. *oulo1b sho:ed that electric char9es e;ert forces on each other in2ersely to the
s>uare of the distance. The sa1e :as true of 1a9netic poles.
This la: of *oulo1b6s :as 1erely a restate1ent of !e:ton (1NH0) :ho had applied the in2erse3s>uare la: to the
9ra2itational field. The t:o (9ra2ity and 1a9netis1) thou9h ob2iously ste11in9 fro1 the sa1e parent0 re1ained
unrelated until Einstein0 as late as 1./00 sou9ht to brin9 the1 to9ether a9ain0 :here in fact they had been fro1 the
(round 1H000 Oolta 1ade the first 2oltaic pile and found that by closin9 the circuits0 he could 9et a continuous
electrical effect. This differed fro1 the $eyden <ar :hich like a 1odern stora9e battery had to be re3electrified after
!icholson0 *arlisle0 Hu1phrey "a2y0 Ber=elius0 and others 1o2ed into the physical field of electricity behind #ranklin0
*oulo1b0 and the pioneers. Ber=elius ad2anced the theory that e2ery co1pound contained t:o parts0 and that the
che1ical co1bination resulted :hen oppositely char9ed ions united0 thus 9i2in9 stability to the co1pound and
neutrali=in9 the electricity therein. This is so close to the 1odern theory that e2erythin9 is kept in 1a9netic balance0
that it6s fantastic it should ha2e been lost si9ht of for 1/0 years.
+esearchin9 in the sa1e 9eneral period :ere (1pere (the !e:ton of Electricity)0 #araday (:ho had :orked under
Hu1phrey "a2y)0 'tur9eon0 (:ho :orked out the first electro1a9net)0 and 7h1 after :ho1 7h16s $a: :as na1ed.
7f this 9roup perhaps 5ichael #araday :ould be 1ost :orthy of lon93ti1e reco9nition because he :orked out the
principle on :hich present3day alternatin9 currents are based. This particular disco2ery of his0 ho:e2er0 lay dead for
(nother one of his researches 1i9ht bear further study today. That is a study of the inter2enin9 space or substance
sub<ected to electric or 1a9netic influence. Before #araday6s ti1e0 as of today0 1ost people :ere interested in the
end3results. That is to say0 the pheno1ena the1sel2es. But #araday decided to find out :hat :ent on bet:een the
electricity andUor the 1a9netis1 :hich caused certain pheno1ena0 and the pheno1ena the1sel2es. Thus0 if he :ere
ali2e today it could be fairly :ell predicted that he :ould be neither frontin9 for the (ir #orce (denyin9 such thin9s as
flyin9 saucers)0 nor off in space so1e:here tryin9 to find :hat causes that0 but :ould be ri9ht in the 1iddle
e;a1inin9 e2ery part of the ships the1sel2es.
(fter #araday carne $ord Gel2in0 :ho 9ot his title because he :as a distin9uished physicist0 not because so1ebody of
the sa1e na1e died. Gel2in did a 9reat deal to:ard the accurate 1easure1ent of physical 1atter0 and :as lar9ely
responsible for the electrostatic and electro1a9netic syste1s of units based on the point electric char9e and the point
1a9netic pole0 referred to in scientific circles as *&'.
n 1H/N0 8eber and Gohlrausch :orked out the unit of 1easure1ent bet:een electrostatic and electro1a9netic units
and found it to be three ti1es ten raised to the tenth de9ree. This in itself reads <ust like another al9ebraic fi9ure0
:hich ou9ht to be a2oided in a book of this sort at all costs0 but actually it contains a secret that 1i9ht be 1ost
re2ealin90 if it e2er penetrates the ca2erns of the -enta9on. Because I ; 101W is 2ery close to the 2elocity of li9ht0
and as all kno:0 li9ht tra2els at 1HN0000 1iles per second.
By 1.0/0 Einstein had concluded that nothin9 tra2eled faster than li9ht. Today 1a9netic research scientists deny this0
but rather than pro<ect their heresy into the discussion at this point0 let us li1it all speed to the speed of li9ht. (n
ob<ect that could tra2el at such speed :ould 1ake transportation bet:een this planet and another no 1ore ti1e
consu1in9 than a co11uter6s trip fro1 !e: %ork to !e: Ha2en. n fact a trip fro1 Oenus to this earth and back
:ould take E2 1inutes.
To return to our 1uttons0 ho:e2er0 in 1H/20 Gel2in and *lausius laid do:n t:o la:s of ther1odyna1ics :hich still
hold 9ood. The first :as that ener9y 1ay be transfor1ed fro1 one state to another0 its total a1ount re1ainin9
constant. This la: of the conser2ation of ener9y :as follo:ed by a second la:0 :hich stated that :here2er ener9y
:as transfor1ed fro1 one state to another so1e of it appeared in the for1 of heat0 :hich :as considered the lo:est
for1 of ener9y (to :hich in ti1e it :as feared all ener9y :ould de9enerate).
$en= contributed a la: follo:in9 the state1ent of the principle of the conser2ation of ener9y. He declared:
A8hene2er a current is induced by the relati2e 1otion of the 1a9netic field and a conductor0 the direction of the
induced cur3 rent is al:ays such as to set up a 1a9netic field :hich opposes the 1otion.A
n other :ords0 the electrical ener9y (E5#) is 9ained in this case at the e;pense of 1echanical ener9y.
*lerk 5a;:ell (1HFI) :as the ne;t pioneer in the field. fact it :as he :ho cleared up 1any of the obscurities of
Gel2in0 8eber0 Gohlrausch0 and #araday. n 5a;:ell6s e>uations0 he asserted that electric and 1a9netic fields0 if
chan9in9 in ti1e0 9enerate each other and by their co1bined action0 propa9ate ener9y as :a2es out into space :ith
the 2elocity of li9ht.
#ro1 here to the assertion that li9ht :as nothin9 1ore than an electro1a9netic :a2e :as but a short step0 but it
nearly 9ot 5a;:ell6s le9s blo:n off. Today it is as accepted as the presence of the electric li9ht itself.
(fter these 9reat 1en ca1e 1any :hose na1es are kno:n to the present 9eneration. But one not so :ell kno:n
:as 5a; -lanck0 :ho disco2ered that 5a;:ell6s 1ar2elous definitions failed to e;plain certain facts about radiant
ener9y. t :as assu1ed that li9ht :as propa9ated throu9h space in the for1 of continuous :a2es. -lanck said it
:asn6t so0 that the radiant ener9y :as trans1itted fro1 the ori9inatin9 source in AclustersA or A>uantaA and thus
be9an the >uantu1 theory0 the be9innin9 of the belief that all 1atter is ato1ic in nature. 7f course0 so1e ar9ue that
5a;:ell6s old theory :as better able to e;plain the interference of li9ht than -lanck or the >uantu1 theory0 but the
1odern 1a9netic scientist belie2es that both can be 9athered under one canopy because e2erythin9 is 1a9netic in its
#ro1 -lanck to Einstein :as a short :alk but it in2ol2ed a 9reat chan9e of scenery0 and fro1 that 9reat chan9e in
1.0/ to today has seen all science 1o2in9 further a:ay fro1 &ilbert6s ori9inal error in callin9 1atter electric and
!e:ton6s error in callin9 the la: of 1a9netic balance 9ra2itation.
Early in the career of science there :as only one 9odhead and that :as 1a9netis1. But by the ti1e the t:entieth
century 9ot really 9oin9 the physical :orld had been split into as 1any parts as an auto1obile. *hiefly they :ere
electricity0 physics0 che1istry0 and li9ht0 :ith poor old #ather 5a9netis1 sho2ed off in the attic so1e:here. The
electronic theory sou9ht to unite the1 by holdin9 that all 1atter :as essentially electrical in its constitution0 but0 as
ha2e pointed out0 this :as &ilbert6s ori9inal error in associatin9 the :ord :ith the &reek :ord for a1ber.
The :ars brou9ht the1 all under one roof a9ain0 but the in<ection by the 1ilitary of secrecy0 security0 and such
unscientific <ar9on broke the1 into unrelated cells a9ain. Their post:ar efforts to 9et to9ether ha2e been sta1ped as
proof of disloyalty by one political di2ision or another.
Einstein6s 'pecial Theory of +elati2ity :as another step to:ard an atte1pt at unity0 and further atte1pts0 such as the
droppin9 of electro1a9netic ter1 for the si1pler 1a9netic ter1 1ay brin9 the :hole in>uiry back to :here it be9an.
The electron theory rests on the belief that all 1atter is electrical in its constitution. t isn6t 1uch to ad1it that
1a9netis1 and electricity are one and fro1 there to the acceptance that all 1atter is 1a9netic in its constitution is
but a step.
Einstein briefly0 stripped of 2E pa9es of e>uations0 :as tryin9 to pro2e the follo:in9 points:
1. His ob<ecti2e in for1ulatin9 his )nified #ield Theory :as to pro2e that all for1s of nature3stars0 planets0 li9ht0
electricity0 and possibly the tiny particles inside the ato13obey the sa1e basic uni2ersal la:s.
2. -ractically all the pheno1ena of nature arise fro1 t:o basic forces: the electro1a9netic force0 the basis of li9ht
and all radiant ener9y0 heat0 etc.? and the 9ra2itational force0 the force :hich 9uides the 1o2e1ents of 1aterial
ob<ects as :ell as celestial bodies. (There is one other force :hich tends to operate in a sphere of its o:n. !uclear
force0 as personified in the ato1ic bo1b.)
I. There has been speculation for years as to :hether the 9ra2itational force described by !e:ton :asn6t really
electro1a9netis1. The bu9 :as that all past efforts to establish 9ra2itation
as a for1 of electro1a9netis1 has 1et :ith failure. Either !e:. ton or 5a;:ell :as :ron9.
E. 8hat the )nified #ield does is to sho: that 9ra2itation and electro1a9netis1 are inseparable.
/. Einstein stated in 1.0/ that all 1atter is Afro=enA ener9y0 and that 1atter differs fro1 ener9y only te1porarily.
N. He said in 1.1N that all 1easure1ents of ti1e are actually 1easure1ents in space. ('pace3ti1e concept0 the
7nly one person :as supposed to ha2e understood Einstein6s 'pecial Theory of +elati2ity :hen he ad2anced it in
1.0/. That :as :hen he handed do:n a decision that nothin9 e;ceeded the speed of li9ht. His e;ception to the
9eneral la: of tra2el0 ho:e2er0 :as that :hereas t:o auto1obiles tra2elin9 at I0 1iles an hour :ould 1eet head on
at N0 1iles an hour0 t:o li9ht :a2es tra2elin9 at 1HN0000 1.p.h. :ould 1eet head on at 1HN0000 1.p.h. That :ould
be their relati2e speed in space.
By 1.1N :hen Einstein released his &eneral Theory of +elati2ity the nu1ber :ho understood hi1 had increased to
12. The rest of us had to be satisfied :ith the suspicion that it 1eant that parallel lines e2entually 1eet0 that a fourth
di1ension (the ti1e3space factor) :ould ha2e to be accepted to understand the theory at all0 and that for a2era9e
1en it :ould be only necessary to understand that if they :ere on a train0 :hich :as standin9 at the station0 and a
train on the ne;t track 1o2ed0 confusin9 the passen9ers in the first train as to :hether they or the people in the
other train :ere 1o2in90 all parties had 9ot all they needed to kno: about the Theory of +elati2ity.
By no: 1aybe 1ore people understood Einstein6s latest theory0 the )nified #ield Theory0 :hich is the last of his
1any atte1pts to inte9rate !e:ton6s la: of 9ra2ity :ith 1odern theories of radiation0 li9ht0 and 1a9netic ener9y0
9enerally classed under the head of electro1a9netis1.
But for all :ho 1ay clai1 to understand Einstein6s latest atte1pt to si1plify the la: of the uni2erse0 fro1 theolo9ians
:ho 1ay re<oice in 9atherin9 the once professed atheist into &od6s pastures0 to fello: scientists :ho 1ay feel he bit
off 1ore than he could che: if he li2ed another hundred years (:hich he readily conceded)0 there is 9ra2e doubt if
there are a do=en persons0 Einstein included0 :ho ha2e a thorou9h 9rasp of electro1a9netic ener9y.
E2en those scientists fro1 the 1a9netic field0 :ho supplied Einstein :ith a 9ood deal of ori9inal 1aterial0 don6t >uite
kno: yet after thousands of years :hat 1akes a lodestone :ork0 or :hy. f they did they could po:er planes on this
earth and send the1 spinnin9 to Oenus and back like perfectly controlled boo1eran9s.
Einstein6s t:enty3pa9e resu1e of his latest theory left the conflict bet:een t:o kinds of physics unreconciled. 8hat
happens to an ato1 and :hat happens to the uni2erse at lar9e still don6t 1atch0 and they :on6t 1atch0 1a9netic
scientists contend0 until all accept the theory that there are thin9s faster than li9ht0 that in this at1osphere it is
possible for an ob<ect to tra2el on a 1a9netic :a2e at 2H20000 1iles per second and that beyond the 1a9netic forces
of this planet0 tra2el at a 1illion 1iles per second0 is not only possible but routine.
@ust as Einstein :as positi2e that nothin9 e;ceeded the speed of li9ht and that all ener9y :as Afro=enA ener9y and
that 1atter differs fro1 ener9y only te1porarily (as0 for e;a1ple0 a ball on a shelf and the sa1e ball fallin9 to the
floor) so are the 1a9netic scientists positi2e that e2erythin9 fro1 a pencil to a flyin9 saucer has its 1a9netic
fre>uencies and that any force :hich can disturb or break (for e2en a split3second) these fre>uencies0 can
disinte9rate the ob<ect so disturbed. This 1o2es us ahead of ato1ic fission0 into0 in fact0 1a9netic fission.
t e;plains :hy our concern need no lon9er be about ene1ies on this earth0 but :hat protection :e ha2e fro1
2isitors fro1 other planets :ho 1ay ha2e 1astered the 1eans of 1o2in9 fro1 their 1a9netic field on 1a9netic lines
of force into ours and disinte9ratin9 our :hole planet :hile :e are :orkin9 out :ays to disinte9rate cities of
earthbound Aene1iesA by ato1ic or hydro9enic bo1bs. 8e could of course 9i2e so1e serious thou9ht to the use of
counter1a9netic disinte9ration as a perfect 1ethod of shieldin9 this fair land in case of air in2asion0 but since the
obser2ers ha2e sho:n no belli9erence unless positi2ely threatened perhaps the e1phasis should be on politesse
rather than pu9nacity.
The (ir #orce as :ell as scientists and people 9enerally need to be trained to politeness on an interplanetary le2el.
This 1ay be as difficult as it is for stran9ers to 1ake friends :ith babies. 'o1e of our scientists are reported to ha2e
:histled at a 9roup of 9rounded 'aucerians and :hen the 'aucerians ran0 the scientists ran after the10 only to ha2e
the 'aucerians disappear in the blue.
#eli; #ra=er tells 1e that in discussin9 the >uestion :ith (ir #orce pilots0 colonels no less0 they said they had no
instructions as to ho: to act if they 1et a saucer abo2e our 1ainland. The procedure0 they infor1ed hi10 is let the
ship ha2e it first and ask >uestions after:ard. f 1et on the 9round the procedure is to take the aliens into custody0
by force0 naturally0 if necessary0 and to shoot the1 if they atte1pted to run a:ay.
7f course the proper procedure is not to lay hands on the10 any 1ore than you :ould on a :ire carryin9 a current of
20000 2olts. (n act of friendliness 1i9ht chan9e the :orld at such a ti1e. 'ince the 'aucerians are ob2iously so far
ahead of us scientifically0 it :ould be utterly silly for us to try to outs1art the1. 8e are really :here the @apanese in
Hiroshi1a :ere in defense a9ainst the (3bo1b in 1.E/. 8hate2er :ay :e could learn fro1 the 'aucerians as to ho:
they 9ot on :ithout blo:in9 each other to pieces :ould be :elco1e infor1ation to us. t is >uite possible that in
1any :ays :e 1ay ha2e de2eloped techni>ues in ci2ili=ed li2in9 :hich :ould be helpful to the10 for :e ha2e done
1any 9ood thin9s in peace as :ell as bad thin9s in :ar.
The :orst feature of our present predica1ent is that the 1ilitary has first crack at e2erythin9 and is the poorest
e>uipped for handlin9 such delicate 1atters as the birth of co11unication on an interplanetary le2el. #or this :ork
:e should be trainin9 an ar1y of E1ily -osts instead of tri99er3happy bo1bardiers.
hereby turn this su99estion o2er to the !obel co11ittee for consideration before they a:ard their ne;t peace pri=e.
*hapter 1E: 'o1e 5a9netic "efinitions
"E'-TE THE B(*G&+7)!" they no: possess of a capsule history of 1a9netis10 our readers0 unless strapped in
:ith a 1ore technical briefin9 of the 1ysteries behind 1a9netic ener9y0 1ay fly off into space as :e 1o2e inside0
around and behind the flyin9 saucers at .03de9ree an9les.
E2en :hen 9ranted asylu1 a1on9 these 1ysteries0 as 't. #rancis of (ssisi or (ndrocles 1i9ht 9rant protection to :ild
ani1als0 the -enta9onian :olf pack 1ay find the chase too 1uch for the1 and drop dead of e;haustion. #or those
:ho han9 on it is only fair to :arn the1 that0 as in "ante6s nferno0 they should abandon all hope :ho enter here0 for
cynicis10 skepticis1 and ne9ati2e approaches 9enerally :ill ne2er knock do:n the 1a9netic lines of force :hich :ere
set up 1illions of years a9o to disinte9rate the1 if they carried their pursuit of i9norance this far.
Enou9h hints ha2e been dropped at inter2als throu9h this 1ono9raph to ha2e :arned all dissenters :ith an .T.
abo2e 102 as to :hat :ould happen to the1 if they persisted in follo:in9 the (ir #orce6s party line to the effect that
flyin9 saucers do not e;ist any:here in this solar syste1 and that belie2ers in their presence are 2icti1s of
hallucinations0 1ass hysteria0 or hoa;es. )nfortunately those :ho persist in follo:in9 party lines0 and e2en fello:
tra2elers0 are al1ost to a 1an unsusceptible to nuances0 hints0 su99estions0 and so1eti1es e2en to shock. But no:
and then you find an e;ception.
(s an e;a1ple of last31inute con2ersion >uote Harry 2on Vell. )p to 5ay0 1./00 he :as in the doubters6 ca1p. But
after he returned to Holly:ood fro1 !e: 5e;ico0 :here he had been on location :ith a picture co1pany he asked to
be stricken fro1 the list of "oubtin9 Tho1asKs. He said that any:here :ithin fifty 1iles of $os (la1os the air :as so
full of 1a9netic char9es that he had to 9round his house key to keep the static electricity fro1 9i2in9 hi1 a perpetual
hot3foot. AE2erybody6s hair stood on end. "on6t tell 1e that :e6re not foolin9 around :ith the stuff or that so1ebody
so1e:here doesn6t kno: ho: to use it to propel ob<ects throu9h the air.A
7nly a :eek before this plausible dispenser of radio co11ercials hit the 1a9neti=ed trail0 had t:enty 1en listen to
a personal history of one 1an6s e;perience :ith flyin9 saucers. The 9roup contained for1er (ir #orce pilots0 for1er
&32 1en0 aerodyna1ic en9ineers0 physicists0 astrono1ers0 and specialists in the field of 1a9netic ener9y. The
se1inar took fi2e hours and all a9reed it :as an e2enin9 such as they had ne2er pre2iously en<oyed in their li2es.
They :ere 1ade pri2y to such inside stuff as is kno:n to no one outside the inner circle dealin9 :ith 1a9netic
pheno1ena. 5uch they could not understand because the technical lan9ua9e :as as alien to their ears as 'anskrit.
(s 1ore is about to be re2ealed0 perhaps it :ould be sensible to pause for a 1o1ent :hile certain ter1s are defined.
'ince it :ould only produce confusion :orse confounded to 9o into 1atters of conducti2ity0 flu; linka9es0 inductance0
potentials as distin9uished fro1 per1itti2ity0 de1a9netis1 as distin9uished fro1 dia1a9netis10 definitions :ill be
5a9netic (nalysis. The separation of a strea1 of electrified particles by a 1a9netic field in accordance :ith their
1ass0 char9e0 or speed. This is the principle behind the 1ass spectro9raph.
5a9netic "eclination. The an9le bet:een true north 9eo9raphical and 1a9netic north0 the direction of the co1pass
needle. This an9le is different for different places and chan9es continuously :ith respect to ti1e. 5a9netic "ip. The
an9le that the 1a9netic field of the earth 1akes :ith the hori=ontal at a particular location. (lso called 1a9netic
5a9netic #ield. ( 2ector field 1a9neti=in9 force as 9enerally used in 1a9netic field indicates the re9ion throu9hout
:hich the 1a9neti=in9 force 2alues are of si9nificant 1a9nitude :ith respect to the conditions under consideration. n
effect a 1a9netic field is in a re9ion in :hich the 1a9netic forces created by a per1anent 1a9net or by a current
carryin9 conductor or coil can be detected.
5a9netic #i9ures. ( pattern sho:in9 the distribution of a 1a9netic field0 1ade by sprinklin9 iron filin9s on
non1a9netic surface in the field.
5a9netic #lu;. 5a9netic lines of force.
5a9netic #lu; "ensity. The 1a9netic >uantity. !u1ber of 1a9netic lines of force that deter1ines ho: 1uch 2olta9e
:ill be induced in a conductor that 1o2es in a particular point in a 1a9netic field. t is the nu1ber of 1a9netic lines
of force per unit area at ri9ht an9les to the lines. 5ore 9enerally called 1a9netic induction.
5a9netic Hysteresis occurs :hen a ferro31a9netic substance is sub<ected to a 2aryin9 1a9netic field and causes the
1a9netic induction to la9 behind the chan9es in 1a9neti=in9 force. 5a9netic $ines of #orce. 1a9inary lines used for
con2enience to represent the direction in :hich 1a9netic forces are actin9 in a 1a9netic field and to represent the
stren9th of the 1a9netic field.
5a9netic 5ap. 5ap indicatin9 (a) iso9onics0 :hich are lines of e>ual declination and (b) isoclinics0 :hich are lines of
5a9netron (a) ( 2acuu1 ther1ionic tube in :hich a 1a9netic field e;ternally produced by a coil surroundin9 the tube
is used to control the unidirectional current flo:. t is used for 9eneratin9 1icro:a2es0 radio :a2es belo: one 1eter
in :a2e len9th. (b) n a split anode 1a9netron the cylindrical anode that surrounds the cathode is di2ided
lon9itudinally into hal2es bet:een :hich the oscillations are produced. (c) Enlar9ed 1a9netrons handlin9 po:ers up
to about a thousand kilo:atts in continuous oscillation are produced in the plate circuit at t:ice the fre>uency of the
hi9h fre>uency alternatin9 field pro2ided by the fila1ent :ithout the use of a 9rid.
5a9netic -article. ( s1all but relati2ely lon9 and thin portion of a 1a9neti=able 1ediu10 possessin9 e>ual poles of
opposite types at the ends.
5a9netic -ole. (a) Either of the t:o poles of a 1a9net0 north pole and south pole0 near :hich the 1a9netic intensity
is 9reatest. (b) Either of t:o locations on the surface of the earth to:ard :hich a co1pass needle points. The north
1a9netic pole is near the north 9eo9raphic pole and hence attracts the south pole of a co1pass needle.
5a9netic 'tor1. +apid and erratic chan9es in 1a9netic field of the earth belie2ed due to the acti2ity on the sun. t
seriously affects both radio and :ire co11unications.
-er1eability. The ability of a 1aterial to beco1e 1a9neti=ed :hen placed in a 1a9netic field. The sa1e as the
dielectric constant in the electric field.
)nit -ole. 7ne that repels a like pole of 1 dyne :hen they are placed 1 c1. apart in a 2acuu1.
5a9netic Vero. The 1a9netic =ero station in (1erica is at &ary0 ndiana0 :hich is on the a9onic line of our iso9onics
1ap as prepared by the ).'. &eodetic sur2ey.
(lbert 8allace Hull0 research physicist0 born (pril 1.0 1HH00 a 9raduate of %ale0 in2ented the 1a9netron and in co3
operation :ith "r. #. +. Elder0 de2eloped oscillators0 :hich produce 10k:. at /0 kilocycles. The 1a9netron ca1e into
rene:ed pro1inence in 1.2H :ith the disco2ery that 1a9netrons ha2in9 split anodes can 9enerate 2ery hi9h
'ince: then the 1a9netron has had 1any i1portant applications. t depends on the fact that electrons can be
ordered in their path by a 1a9net. n ordinary electron tubes0 the flo: of electrons fro1 the fila1ents to the plate is
re9ulated by the chan9e on the 9rid. n the 1a9netron there is no 9rid0 but the tube is in a 1a9netic field. (s the
intensity of the field increases0 there co1es a sta9e at :hich the electrons are curled back into the fila1ent and ne2er
reach the plate. (t this critical point a sli9ht chan9e in the field produces a lar9e chan9e in the current carried by the
The 1a9netron is especially 2aluable for producin9 hi9h fre>uency oscillations used for 9eneratin9 ultra short :a2es.
The 1a9netron is a diode or ther1ionic tube ha2in9 a stran9e a;ial cathode surrounded by a cylindrical anode. ts
use as a 1a9netic prospectin9 instru1ent deri2es fro1 the fact that in the presence of a 1a9netic field the electrons
do not tra2el re9ularly fro1 the cathode to the anode? instead they spiral around the cathode in circular paths and
after a critical 1a9netic field intensity is reached0 the electrons :ill return to the cathode :ithout reachin9 the anode.
(t this field stren9th the plate current :ill drop abruptly. The procedure in operatin9 the instru1ent consists in
decreasin9 the plate 2olta9e on the diode until the 2olta9e is reached at :hich the current falls off rapidly. The place
2olta9e at :hich this occurs is related to the critical field stren9th H by the relation H3NUF200 OU+ :here + is the
radius of the anode.
n practice a co1pensation procedure is used :herein the field to be 1easured is nullified by a kno:n field produced
by Hel1ut6s coil arran9e1ent. The 1a9netron is affected by the co1ponent of the earth6s field :hich is parallel to its
a;is. The instru1ent theoretically 1ay be used to 1easure any co1ponents of the earth6s field by suitable
The sensiti2ity of the tube 1ay be increased throu9h re9eneration by passin9 the plate current throu9h an additional
nterestin9 e;peri1ental results ha2e been obtained by usin9 1a9netic alloy field pieces to increase the affected
1a9netic field. The earth bein9 si1ply a hu9e 1a9net0 a dyna1o :ound :ith 1a9netic lines of force as its coils0
telescopically counted to be 102/F to the s>uare centi1eter in one direction and 10H/0 to the s>uare centi1eter in the
other direction (eddy currents) indicates that natural la: has placed these lines as close to9ether as the hairs on
one6s head. (nd yet they ne2er touch or cross each other if let alone. f done so by accident the catastrophe :ould
spread like a searchli9ht and destroy e2erythin9 in its path. (n ori9inal error of say0 a foot0 at its source :ould burn
e2erythin9 in its path up to 20 1iles and a 1ile and a half :ide in a ten3thousandth of a second. f left to encircle the
:orld the ori9inal flash :ould ha2e banded the 9lobe ten ti1es in one second. #ortunately0 as a :eapon of defense0
this destructi2e force has been 1astered.
The spectroscope sho:s that there is an enor1ous 1a9netic field around the sun0 and it is the present conclusion of
the best 1inds that 1a9netic lines of force fro1 the sun en2elop this earth and e;tend to the 1oon0 and that
e2erythin90 no 1atter :hat its for1 on this planet0 e;ists by reason of 1a9netic lines of force.
8e do not understand :hy certain for1s of 1atter0 referred to as bein9 non1a9netic by the1sel2es0 but :hen
placed to9ether in co1bination beco1e stron9ly 1a9netic. The co1bination of N1Y copper0 2EY 1an9anese0 and
1/Y alu1inu1 3 all practically non1a9netic separately0 but stron9ly 1a9netic :hen co1bined as an alloy of these
three co1ponent 1etals0 is an e;cellent e;a1ple of this 1ystery.
t is co11on to refer to electric current as Apassin9 throu9h a :ire0A but :e already kno: that there are 1a9netic
lines of force surroundin9 e2ery :ire throu9h :hich an electric current is passin9.
t is i1possible to study electricity :ithout reali=in9 and reco9ni=in9 the close connection bet:een 1a9netis1 and
electricity0 the t:o 9o hand in hand if they are not one and the sa1e thin9.
The present is kno:n as the electrical a9e0 but it :ill be kno:n to the future <ust as 1uch as the 1a9netic a9e0
because the t:o are inseparable.
The 1ore :e learn about 1a9netis10 the 9reater the opportunity :e ha2e for an understandin9 of the source of
electrical ener9y0 :hich :as 9i2en a 9reat i1petus at the be9innin9 of the present century by the de2elop1ent of the
electronic theory of 1atter.
The si1plest of all 1echanical 1otions is that of rotation0 and :hene2er :e utili=e 1a9netic lines of force in cuttin9
across the loop of the coils so as to cut the lines of force at ri9ht an9les to their flo:0 :e ha2e the dyna1o in its
si1plest for10 and the current then picked up fro1 the rotatin9 coil beco1es electricity as :e kno: it.
5illikan0 &ale0 and *oyle teach this e2en to schoolboys. They say in their ele1entary te;tbook on physics: A(ll the
2arious kinds of dyna1os or 9enerators are funda1entally nothin9 but de2ices for 1o2in9 a conductor throu9h a
1a9netic field and dra:in9 off the current thus produced. Ho:e2er0 the electrical ener9y is produced only :hen the
1otion takes place in such a 1anner as to cut the 1a9netic lines of force.A
8hen referrin9 to 1a9netic fields and lines of force0 :e 1ust reco9ni=e that at all points about a 1a9net a co1pass
needle is affected by 1a9netic forces. This 1eans that a 1a9net is surrounded by a re9ion in :hich there is 1a9netic
force e2ery:here. 'uch a re9ion is called a 1a9netic field of force.
+eferrin9 to 1a9nets the1sel2es0 as :e kno: the10 e2ery 1a9net0 re9ardless of its si=e0 :hen broken up0 refor1s
itself into additional 1a9nets and no 1atter if the 1a9net :ere cut into pieces as s1all as those of an ato10 :e
:ould still ha2e a 1a9net :ith a north and south pole.
(s to the iso9onics and isoclinics0 the iso9onics are lines of e>ual declination? the isoclinics are lines of e>ual dip. (n
isoclinic is a line connectin9 points on the earth6s surface that ha2e e>ual dip an9les. 5aps are a2ailable that sho:
the li9ht lines or isoclinics for the )nited 'tates.
The dip in the )nited 'tates increases to:ard the north fro1 about // de9rees at the south end of Te;as to F/
de9rees at points on the line throu9h 5aine to 5ontana.
(t a point of the Boothia -eninsula0 north of Hudson Bay0 and about 20 de9rees fro1 the earth6s north 9eo9raphic
pole0 the dip beco1es .0 de9rees. ( dip needle there stands 2ertically? that is0 the north pole points do:n:ard. This
is the earth6s north so3called 1a9netic pole.
(t the south 1a9netic pole0 about 1H de9rees fro1 the south 9eo9raphic pole0 a dip needle a9ain stands 2ertically0
but the north pole points up:ard.
The 1a9netic e>uator is an i1a9inary line throu9h t:o points on the earth6s surface :here the an9le of inclination
e>uals =ero. That is :here the lines of force are hori=ontal.
'ince the 1a9netic and 9eo9raphic poles are not coincident0 neither are the 1a9netic and 9eo9raphic e>uators. 7ne
1ay think the 9eo9raphic e>uator as a 9reat circle dra:n about the earth half:ay bet:een the 9eo9raphic poles. But
the 1a9netic e>uator is not <ust half:ay bet:een the 1a9netic poles. 7ne reason for this is that our i1a9inary earth
1a9net does not e;tend throu9h the center of the earth. ( strai9ht line connectin9 the north and south 1a9netic
poles0 :ould 1iss the earth6s center by so1e H00 1iles.
( co1pass needle usually is pi2oted so that it can s:in9 in a hori=ontal plane only. *onse>uently0 it is only the
hori=ontal co1ponents of the earth6s 1a9netic field that has anythin9 to do :ith the needle6s orientation. (t the poles
:here the dip is .0 de9rees0 the hori=ontal co1ponent is =ero.
(t the 1a9netic poles0 then0 there is no tendency for a co1pass needle to point at any particular direction. Therefore0
:e find a proper e;planation for :hat :e call the (urora Borealis. That is0 :e ha2e 1a9netic lines of force that are
crossin9 one another at or near the 9eo9raphic and the 1a9netic poles0 and as a result :e see those beautiful
colored li9hts. The directi2e force on a needle is 9reatest at the 1a9netic e>uator :here the dip
an9le e>uals =ero and the hori=ontal co1ponent is a 1a;i1u1. The an9le of declination at a point is the an9le
bet:een 9eo9raphic north and south and the direction taken by a co1pass needle at the point. n other :ords0 it is
the de2iation of a co1pass needle fro1 9eo9raphic north and south.
(n iso9enic is an i1a9inary line connectin9 points on the earth6s surface ha2in9 the sa1e 1a9netic declination.
(9onic is an i1a9inary line connectin9 all points on the earth6s surface :hen the declination is =ero.
+eferrin9 a9ain to the (urora Borealis0 it 1ust be understood that :hat causes the 1a9netic lines of force to cross in
the area of the 1a9netic poles0 is the fact of the chan9e in the 1a9netic field of the earth. 8e ha2e e2idence of
these chan9es and :e attribute the1 to the chan9es in the 1a9netic field on the sun0 usually referred to as bein9
caused by sun spots. The disturbance so1eti1es is so 9reat that e2en all our electrical syste1s0 our telephones0 our
radios0 our tele9raph lines0 and all co11unications :hich rely on this source of ener9y0 are affected.
The 1ore :e del2e into the >uestion of 1a9netic propulsion as to flyin9 saucers0 the 1ore :e beco1e con2inced that
this 1ethod of transportation or tra2el has been de2eloped by people fro1 an unidentified planet and ha2e reached a
hi9h point of e;cellence due to the fact that they are able to tra2el fro1 one planet to another. They are probably
doin9 research :ork as to the 1a9netic conditions of this earth.
Ti1e 2ariations in the earth6s 1a9netic field in all likelihood ha2e dra:n the attention of these people in their fli9hts
o2er this planet. The secular 2ariation0 that is the syste1atic chan9e of the earth 1a9netis1 o2er lon9 periods of
ti1e0 is of sli9ht i1portance in any study of applied 9eophysics0 but the diurnal 2ariation0 :hich appears to be a
terrestrial pheno1enon 2aryin9 chiefly :ith the position of the sun abo2e the hori=on0 is ordinarily of such 1a9nitude
that it 1ust be taken into account in nearly all applications of 9eo1a9netic theories. Oariations produced by 1a9netic
stor1s (those 2iolent disturbances :hich last hours and on occasion days) 1ust be taken into account because they
1ay chan9e the earth6s total 1a9netic field by as 1uch as one percent. !aturally0 this could disturb fliers usin9
1a9netic lines of force for propulsion0 too.
But these are s1all accidents to a s1all planet0 :hich in the 1ain is beautifully taken care of by the sun. The earth
appears to be hun9 to nothin90 held up by nothin9. t has no tracks like the rails that 9uide a speedin9 train0 and yet
its 1o2e1ents are 1ore precise and 1ore predictable than those of the best "iesel3dri2en train dri2en by the best
en9ineer. 7b2iously0 if the earth is a 1a9net0 the sun fro1 :hich it is deri2ed is the 1aster 1a9net. 8e are a
substation of the 9reat dyna1o. 'o are the other planets. To tra2el on the 1ain line does not see1 beyond e2en our
intelli9ence. But ho: people can 9et across to:n0 that is0 fro1 one planet to another0 still has us 1ystified.
The people :ho ha2e flo:n the space ships are un>uestionably of a hi9her order of intelli9ence0 because of the fact
that they ha2e done :hat 1an on this planet has not been able to do. The fact that they are little is of concern only
to police reporters0 sports :riters0 and draft boards. 7nly persons of 2ery little brains belie2e si=e has anythin9 to do
:ith brain po:er.
5a9netic scientists0 1any of the1 bi9 1en0 physically as :ell as 1entally0 ha2e tried to put the1sel2es in the
position of these brilliant To1 Thu1bs fro1 else:here. They ha2e tried to reason out :hy the 2isitors see1ed to
appear at certain preferred places o2er this country. The consensus is that the space pioneers are 1akin9 a study of
the 1a9netic lines of force that enco1pass this earth0 checkin9 discrepancies and disturbances0 and 1akin90 in brief0
a 9eodetic sur2ey.
(ssu1in9 that these ships are tra2elin9 fro1 the planet Oenus0 a 1a;i1u1 distance of appro;i1ately 1N1 1illion
1iles0 the terrific distance 1ay 9i2e us cause to pause0 but it 1ust not be for9otten that once outside of the
at1ospheric pressure conditions of a planet0 ships 1o2e into space0 :here there is no :ei9ht0 :here there is no
resistance0 :here there are only 1a9netic lines of force. (nd since circular 1otion is one of the 1ost ideal of all
aerodyna1ic 1ethods of tra2el0 :hich has been pro2en o2er and o2er a9ain0 :e6re not surprised at the saucer3like
shape of these ships of the air.
(ctually there is no thrust in re9ard to these saucers0 nor is there any needed0 because :hat actually happens is that
the ship0 once in 1otion0 1o2es for:ard at :hate2er speed is desired on 1a9netic lines of force.
n other :ords0 the ship is tryin9 to 9et out of its o:n :ay0 ha2in9 crossed one or 1ore lines of force. 8e find that
the ship is :hirlin9 as to its :in90 :hich of course is circular. Therefore it is tryin9 to 9et a:ay fro1 itself0 :hich it
actually ne2er does.
!o: that :e ha2e learned that these ships fro1 another :orld fly 1a9netically0 it is 1y opinion that our o:n
1a9netic en9ineers :ill sol2e the proble1 of 1a9netic fli9ht and 1atch the ships of the 2isitors :ith saucers 1ade on
But until that day co1es0 :e shall ha2e to re1e1ber that the 9reatest e;hibition of 1a9netic fli9ht that has e2er
happened in this uni2erse0 insofar as :e kno:0 ca1e on the second day of the 1e1orable three3day circus o2er
#ar1in9ton0 !e: 5e;ico0 :hen the sky :as filled :ith flyin9 saucers :hich to date at least ha2e not been credited to
any a9ency on our planet.
*hapter 1/: 8hy 'aucers $anded Here
H(O!& &OE! about e2ery de2il his due0 ha2e been debatin9 the ne;t step. 'hould Tell (llB 7r a1 0 too0 bound
to e;ercise discretionB The bu9aboo of security 1ay enter here on 1uch 1ore plausible 9rounds than in the field of
ato1ic fission0 for the si1ple reason that the 1akin9 of (3bo1bs and H3bo1bs are not secrets of (1erican scientists
e;clusi2ely. Ho: to 1ake the1 on a 1ass production basis and not bankrupt our capitalist syste1 is the proble1 and
that6s still bein9 kept a secret. 7n the other hand0 1uch of 1a9netic action is a secret to all but perhaps a fe:
scientists0 and the rest is a secret e2en to the1.
+aised in a school of <ournalis1 that belie2ed that the only secret that shouldn6t be told to the people of a de1ocracy
:as that told in a confessional ha2e s1all patience :ith pri2ate pacts on any le2el.
'ecret :eapons and surprise attacks are narcotics that 1ay lull the 1ilitary for a :hile0 but a secret :eapon 1ust
one day be brou9ht out in the open0 and a surprise attack is o2er once it6s 1ade. (fter that0 the better 1an :ins0 as
the blit=krie9 in +ussia and the bo1bin9 of -earl Harbor pro2ed.
E2ery nation has been the 2icti1 of this sort of self3hypnosis. But if you belie2e that &od is on the side of the 1ore
2irtuous0 not 1erely0 as !apoleon said0 on the side of the bi99est ar1ies0 you 1ust belie2e that 2irtue and
co1petence0 unlike 1ushroo1s0 do not 9ro: better in da1pness and darkness.
#or 1y part prefer a ci2ili=ation run as +ube 8addell used to run a ball 9a1e. He called outfielders in :hen about to
strike out a third 1an. He told the outfielders to shift :hen he :as 9oin9 to 1ake a batter hit to ri9ht or left field.
7nce :as a 1e1ber of a 9roup :hich :as delousin9 a city of its ini>uities. The police :ere on the side of the
under:orld. They had a special s>uad :hose <ob it :as to harass and inti1idate all those on the side of ci2ic 2irtue.
These 9oons in unifor1 :ould e2en bo1b a kitchen of a ci2ic leader at ni9ht. That :ould not kill anybody0 but it
:ould scare hell out of all the occupants sleepin9 in another :in9 of the house.
7ne day :hile discussin9 the state of thin9s o2er a tapped phone :ith our attorney0 said it didn6t really 1atter that
the 9oon s>uad kne: our plans fro1 day3to3day because they :ere not s1art enou9h to profit by the kno:led9e. Af
you :ere at bat0A said0 Aand the chief de1olitionist :ere playin9 in center field and you shouted to hi1 that you
:ere 9oin9 to hit a Te;as lea9uer ri9ht back of second base0 it :ouldn6t do hi1 any 9ood because he6d be too du1b
to act on the re2elation.A 8ith that the chief de1olitionist0 listenin9 in on the con2ersation0 let out a raucous Bron;
cheer. 8e all lau9hed0 he loudest of all but :ithin t:o 1onths he bo1bed the car of an e;3police chief :ho :as on
our side. The bo1bin9 :as 1eant to kill0 but the e;3chief sur2i2ed 1HN slu9s and the police captain :ho en9ineered
the bun9led <ob 9ot 20 years at 'an Tuentin.
8hat does this tend to pro2eB That secrecy and inco1petence 9o hand in hand and should ne2er be tolerated in a
free :orld0 or e2en in any corner of a free :orld. They are the other fello:6s secret :eapons and contain his certain
defeat. (1erica should drop the :hole ridiculous business0 because :hen you 9et do:n all to brass tacks as
distin9uished fro1 brass hats0 a secret is so1ethin9 shared by one person. E2en t:o is a cro:d. 8hen three are in
on it you ha2e an a9ent :hose business it is to buy and sell other people6s secrets. !o secrets0 no sale.
That6s 1y philosophy0 but as Bernard 'ha: said to the 1an :ho hissed his play0 A a9ree :ith you0 youn9 1an0 but
:hat can :e t:o do a9ainst so 1anyBA 'o 9uess can6t tell all. But can tell you that by 1en :ho kno: telescopes
best it6s saucers 2 to 1. $et the (ir #orce screa1 it6s not true. They 1ay ha2e their reasons for doin9 so but truth is
not a1on9 the1.
don6t belie2e the 1a9netic research scientists had hallucinations. don6t belie2e they :ere participants in a 1ass
hysteria. belie2e the 1ilitary had hallucinations and belie2e they certainly :ere participants in a class hysteria3the
@unker class a9ainst the rest of us. They don6t :ant us to kno: :hat they kno:. They trust us e2en less :hen :e
kno: :hat they don6t kno:.
They si1ply kne: nothin9 of the principles of propulsion and destruction discussed in this brief. Their reports pro2e
that. 7bser2e ho: far off the 1ark they co1e in this e;cerpt of the (ir 5ateriel *o11and6s report:
J(lthou9h 2isits fro1 outer space are belie2ed to be possible0 they are thou9ht to be hi9hly i1probable. n particular0
detailed reports 1ade on study of indi2idual incidents and the o2er3all picture of pro<ect A'aucerA point to the fact
that actions attributed to the flyin9 ob<ects reported durin9 the last t:o years are inconsistent :ith the re>uire1ents
for space tra2el.
The possibility that the AsaucersA :ere supported by 1eans of rays or bea1s :as in2esti9ated and debunked. By
AraysA or Abea1sA are 1eant either purely electro1a9netic radiation or else radiation :hich is lar9ely corpuscular like
cathode rays0 cos1ic rays or cyclotron bea1s.
(ny de2ice thus propelled :ould ha2e to be funda1entally a reaction de2ice. The basic theory of such de2ices is that
a 9i2en a1ount of ener9y is 1ost efficiently spent if the 1o1entu1 thro:n back or do:n is lar9e. This 1eans
that a lar9e 1ass should be 9i2en a s1all acceleration0 a theore1 :ell understood by helicopter desi9ners.
Bea1s or rays to the contrary0 a s1all 1ass is 9i2en a 2ery hi9h 2elocity0 and conse>uently enor1ous po:ers 9reater
than the total :orld6s po:er capacity3:ould be needed to support e2ent the s1allest ob<ect by such 1eans.
'e2eral unorthodo; 1eans of supportin9 or propellin9 a solid ob<ect ha2e been considered0 includin9 the fiction
:riters old standby0 the anti39ra2ity shield0 but all ha2e been found i1practical. This0 in the opinion of in2esti9atin9
scientists0 lends credence to the assu1ption that the unidentified flyin9 ob<ects are supported and propelled by so1e
nor1al 1eans0 or else they are not solids.K
This >uaint resu1e :as published in 1.E.3IE. years after 8illia1 &ilbert had told all :ho could read that the earth
:as a 9iant 1a9net. (ll of &ilbert6s :ritin9s :ere destroyed in the 9reat fire of $ondon0 but he did lea2e so1e
instru1ents :hich enabled sailors to find out their latitude :ithout seein9 the sun0 1oon0 or stars. f (ir #orce
ntelli9ence can 9et back to the -enta9on by 1eans of one of these co1passes0 perhaps it can scroun9e around and
find so1e reports that not only back up &ilbert but the 1ain points of this treatise.
The si1plest proof is that 1a9netic lines of force kno: no barrier is e2idenced by the action of a 1a9netic co1pass.
'et it up on the south side of -ikes -eak0 it still points north. !othin9 in the fa1ous peak disturbs the lines of force in
any 1anner. f a 1a9netic needle is disturbed throu9h usa9e all you ha2e to do is to place it on the surface of the
earth and it i11ediately rearran9es itself. n fact0 there6s a belief that the sa1e could be done if an electrocuted
body (:hich is a de1a9neti=ed body) :ere placed i11ediately in the earth. ts 1a9netic fre>uencies :ould be re3
established0 and life thus restored.
*ertainly fro1 the (ir #orce co11uni>uXs you :ould 9et no inklin9 that anybody had found a :ay to use 1a9netic
lines of force or the crossin9 of the1 as a 1eans of defense. 1ean a literal defense of these shores0 not a
"epart1ent of "efense :hich is in reality a depart1ent of offense.
*an the (ir #orce be i9norant of a force that if crossed can destroy e2erythin9 for 1iles :ithin 1U100000ths of a
secondB (re they i9norant of 1a9netic se>uence counters :hich are capable of 100000000 calculations a secondB
"on6t they kno: that e2erythin9 on this planet0 and0 indeed0 in the entire solar syste10 operates on 1a9netic
fre>uencies0 fro1 a pencil to an (ir #orce 9eneral0 and that anybody :ho has 1astered this kno:led9e could
de1a9neti=e and destroy anythin9 he desiredB f so :hy didn6t the (ir #orce hit on the suspicion that the si1plest
:ay to destroy *aptain 5antell6s ship o2er #ort Gno; :as to de1a9neti=e itB 8hy all this hocus3pocus about chasin9
Oenus0 runnin9 out of o;y9en0 and 1arkin9 the :hole case Aan une;plained 1ysteryBA
Has :hat probably happened to *aptain 5antell e2er been duplicated by earth3born e;peri1entersB 7h yes0 by
accident. 8ith :hat resultB "isinte9ration and fire.
8e ha2e certain places :here 1a9netic blo:3outs occur0 notably around 7re9on and !e: 5e;ico. f a ship tra2elin9
on such 1a9netic lines of force should hit a blo:3out it 1i9ht be in for trouble. 8ouldn6t you check on those
disturbin9 factors if you tra2eled that :ayB 7r are you the sort of chauffeur :ho 9ets blo:3outs and ne2er looks back
to see :here you picked up the nailB
7n those space ships e;a1ined by our 1a9netic research 1en no destructi2e force of any kind :as found0 e;cept
possibly those push buttons :hich nobody e2er pushed. 'o1e:here on that panel :as the secret of their propulsion
and their secret :eapon. Their :eapon :asn6t such a secret either0 because0 as ha2e hinted0 a1on9 the 10N00
scientists :ho :orked fi2e to se2en years in this field so1e accidentally fell on the secret of destruction and by
chan9in9 its direction turned it into a defensi2e shield for this continent. kno: ho: they did it but 61 not tellin9. f
the (ir #orce kno:s too0 fine.
(s for those pilots and other obser2ers :ho thou9ht they sa: li9hts of 2arious colors connected :ith flyin9 saucers
and :ere listed as crackpots by the 1ilitary6s >uackpots0 let the1 rest easy on their beds fro1 this day forth. 8hat
they think they sa: they sa:. 8hite li9hts0 blue li9hts0 yello: li9hts0 9reen li9hts0 red li9hts3all can be produced in a
laboratory by disturbin9 1a9netic lines of force. n fact0 nature has been doin9 it for thousands of years outside of
laboratories. 8hen the earth shifts a fraction there is a 1a9netic disturbance around the poles and that6s all the
(urora Borealis is. These 1a9netic lines of force 9o as deep as the skin of the earth0 :hich is I2 1iles. t is assu1ed
that the sun supplies its other planets :ith this ener9y as it does us. t is assu1ed they are all positi2e forces and
thus repel each other and so keep in 1a9netic balance. (nybody :ho can effect a ne9ati2e current can 9et fro1 one
positi2e planet to another positi2e planet.
n laboratories0 our scientists ha2e :orked it out so that it is possible to surpass the speed of li9ht by tra2elin9 on
these 1a9netic lines of force. 7ne e;peri1ent calculated the speed at 2H20000 1iles a second. t :as on such a
theoretical calculation that said in Oariety on 7ctober 120 1.E.0 that flyin9 saucers could fly fro1 Oenus to here and
back in E2 1inutes.
But e2en if their speed :ere li1ited to the speed of li9ht0 as ours at one ti1e :as li1ited to the speed of sound0 the
round trip could be acco1plished :ell :ithin an hour. The assu1ption is that the 'aucerians ha2e de2eloped their
o:n ships to :here they can create a 1a9netic flu; and 1o2e at any speed3fro1 =ero to 2H20000 1iles per second.
n fact0 once out of their at1osphere0 or ours0 :here no resistance operates0 they could 1o2e at 100000000 1iles per
But if :e stay on the conser2ati2e side oZ Einstein0 :ho holds that nothin9 can e;ceed the speed of li9ht0 :here does
that 9et usB (t 1HN0000 1iles per second0 that6s 110 1F20000 1iles per 1inute0 or NI00I200000 1.p.h. (t one ti1e
Oenus is 1/E00000000 1iles fro1 us? at another ti1e0 1N100000000 1iles a:ay. Takin9 the shorter distance? that6s
I0H00000000 1iles for the round trip. Half of NF0I200000 is II/ 1N0 000. n other :ords0 the round trip could be
1ade in less than E2 1inutes. t could be 1ade in half an hour.
(s for the three space ships that failed to 1ake their round trips (others too ha2e been reported0 one in the 'ierra
5adre 5ountains of 5e;ico :ith si; dead 1en aboard)0 the assu1ption is that their ships :ere set on auto1atic
float0 in case anythin9 happened to the pilots.
7n reachin9 1a9netic =ero0 :hich is :hat the skin of the earth :ould be to such a positi2e force0 the ship ha2in9
arri2ed at 1a9netic balance :ould stop all 1otion. )ntil another button :as pushed that :ould repel it fro1 this
earth0 it :ould not 1o2e. 'ince nobody kne: :hich button to push and therefore didn6t push any0 :e :ill ne2er kno:
for sure of course ho: that particular ship :ould ha2e acted0 but our 1a9netic research en9ineers can 1ake a pretty
That the 9reatest ha=ard of the 2isitin9 'aucerians :as deco1pression0 is the best 9uess as to :hat killed those
found dead on such ships as ha2e been 9rounded on this planet. The assu1ption is that they ha2e o2erco1e that0
because no ship0 :ith its cre: dead possibly fro1 the bends0 has been found for 1ore than a year. The suspicion is
that nu1bers still land and lea2e at :ill0 but that6s only a suspicion. #aultin9s 1ay brin9 the1 do:n a9ainst their :ill0
but :hy couldn6t they 1aster those as our na2i9ators ha2e 1astered the stor1y :aters around *ape HatterasB
These fault =ones are not 2ery :ell understood either. !either are 2olcanic eruptions :hich are the results of the1. (t
the turn of the century it :as belie2ed that the earth :as a ball of fire :hich had cooled off on its outer crust. Today
:e are told that its core is of solid 1etal and that the crust0 or skin :hich is about thirty 1iles thick0 is of rock0 1etal0
The planet @upiter is a 9ood 1odel. ts core is 1etallic. 7utside that core are thousands of 1iles of ice. Beyond the
ice is a hydro9en at1osphere0 and beyond that0 1ethane and a11onia clouds.
To those :ho raise the >uestion0 ho: co1e 2olcanoes if the center of the earth is not a 1olten 1ass0 1odern
astrono1ers and 9eophysicists both concur that 2olcanoes are the results of faultin9s and frictions. These set up fire
and continue in their eruptions until the particular faultin9 is corrected or falls into 1a9netic balance.
They :ill point out to you the presence in 5e;ico of a 2olcano :hich looks thousands of years old0 and :hich has
been obser2ed as 9oin9 fro1 nothin9 to its present eruption in our lifeti1e. 'cientists :ho ha2e flo:n o2er it in
2arious periods and ha2e :atched its for1ation look upon it as so1ethin9 as superficial as a boil on the body3a
ble1ish :hich doesn6t necessarily 9o to the 1arro: of the bone0 :hich in this case is not calciu1 but cold steel3an
ideal 1aterial for a 9iant 1a9net.
-rofessor &eor9e (da1ski0 in J-ioneers in 'paceK0 holds that all kno:led9e of space ships is a denied 1ilitary secret
but ne2ertheless a secret because the 1ilitary 1ust al:ays ha2e a secret. t :ill 9i2e up this one :hen it 9ets a
better one. To hi1 (1erica is in the kinder9arten scientifically co1pared to 1en fro1 5ars. He says the !a2y is
trainin9 1en in courtesy a9ainst the day :hen interplanetary calls :ill follo: protocol0 :hich could of course be na2al
propa9anda because all the (ir #orce e2er thinks about is shootin9 do:n the sonsabitches.
They can fi9ht their :ay out but to think their :ay out see1s to be beyond the1.
s it any :onder that the i9norance of the -enta9onians is conceded by all (e;cept the -enta9onians) to be abys1alB
*hapter 1N: The Tuestion Bo;
7! @(!)(+% 110 1./00 1 asked the -enta9onian desk 9enerals t:enty >uestions. They ha2e not ans:ered the1 to
date. This has put 1e in a uni>ue position. E2erybody else has been ans:ered. (t least "onald E. Geyhoe0 Henry @.
Taylor0 "a2id $a:rence0 8alter 8inchell0 +ay -al1er0 +. B. 5c$au9hlin0 and se2eral thousand eye3:itnesses to flyin9
saucers ha2e been ans:ered0 but ha2e been left in a deep free=e. They ha2e been either ridiculed or diplo1atically
hea2ed on to the hu9e rubbish heap :hich di2ides the sane fro1 the insane.
1ay ha2e recei2ed a brushoff for 2iolatin9 protocol0 because instead of sendin9 the >uestions to the (ir #orce chief
of staff and delayin9 all publication until recei2in9 a reply tersely :orded Ano co11ent0A caused the >uestions to be
published in Oariety0 the sho:1an6s bible0 and sent the 1ilitary no personal co11unication :hate2er. assu1ed that
those hired for espiona9e and counterespiona9e can read and do not need either to ha2e thin9s dra:n to their
attention or spelled out for the1. t :as an erroneous assu1ption.
7thers0 ho:e2er0 picked up the >uestions and reprinted the10 notably The Buffalo E2enin9 !e:s0 The *hristian
'cience 5onitor0 #ortni9ht0 The *anyon *rier0 and "ick 8illia1s in the $os (n9eles "aily 5irror.
7ne of the editors of the e1inent Buffalo daily :ent so far as to telephone 1e in *alifornia for per1ission to reprint
the >uestions and0 as proof that capitalis1 is not dead0 sent a check on publication0 thou9h 1oney had ne2er entered
the telephonic con2ersation. The others took the position0 suspect0 that in spreadin9 the 'aucerian in>uest they
:ere doin9 a public ser2ice.
7f the t:enty >uestions0 only one has e2er been ans:ered0 and that not by those to :ho1 it :as addressed but by
an e1ployee of a pri2ately endo:ed institution in *hica9o. He said !o. could0 of course0 ha2e then addressed the
>uestion to -hiladelphia6s "re;el nstitute0 or !e: %ork6s 5useu1 of !atural History0 or 8ashin9ton6s '1ithsonian
nstitution0 or "en2er6s -hipps 5useu10 and so on. But :as not interested in chasin9 the (ir #orce collaborators or
indeed (ir #orce 9enerals the1sel2es0 on foot0 :hile they could either hole up in the -enta9on or skip off in a B32. to
check on installations any:here bet:een #rankfurt3a135ain and ndo3*hina and bill 1e for the <unket0 on the
9rounds that security :as in2ol2ed.
'o :ithout e2en e;ercisin9 an editorial blue pencil or askin9 lea2e to a1end0 a1 sub1ittin9 the ori9inal >uestions
a9ain. ha2e been charitably e;plainin9 to belie2ers in free in>uiry that the (ir #orce closed do:n -ro<ect 'aucer :ith
IE of its cases still unsol2ed because the desk pilots didn6t :ant to be asked any 1ore >uestions to :hich they
personally didn6t ha2e the ans:ers. !obody likes to say0 A don6t kno:0A thou9h "r. 'a1uel @ohnson added to his
i11ortality :hen he e;plained that a :ron9 definition in his fa1ous dictionary :as the result of Apure i9norance0
(s se2eral 1onths ha2e passed since those >uestions :ere addressed to the (ir #orce0 it is >uite possible that by no:
they either ha2e the ans:ers or reasonable facsi1iles of sa1e. 'o 61 askin9 the1 a9ain:
1. "o you think it such a 9ood idea to close off 7peration 'aucer at this ti1e :hen the records sho: that 1ore
saucers fly the skies bet:een "ece1ber 21 and 5arch 1/ than at any other ti1e of the yearB
2. 8hy is it that pilots :ho ha2e been trained to identify e2ery 1ake0 1odel0 and nationality of airplanes all describe
these space ships they ha2e seen as Asaucer3shapedBA
I. "id the (ir #orce :reckin9 cre:s break up one of these ships instead of lettin9 it in the hands of 1a9netic
en9ineers until they could study in detail ho: such a ship0 if not put to9ether on this earth0 could ha2e transferred
fro1 the 1a9netic lines of force fro1 another planetB n other :ords0 ho: could they lea2e on their bea1 and land
E. "id the (ir #orce e2er 1ake public :hat the AE;plosi2es0A lookin9 like a dis1antled flyin9 saucer0 :ere0 :hich they
transported in ar1y trucks fro1 a :estern research base to "ayton0 7hioB
/. 8eren6t all the saucers found on the :estern he1isphere 1a9netic rather than <et <obsB
N. 8asn6t the s1all one0 :hich :as IN feet in dia1eter0 e>uipped :ith landin9 9ear :hich had steel3lookin9 balls
instead of :heels and :hich :hen 1o2in9 could not be tipped o2er by ten 1en but :hen not 1o2in9 could be tilted
by one 1anB
F. *onsiderin9 ho: 1any of our planes ha2e s1ash3ups on landin90 :ouldn6t it ha2e been :orth :hile to ha2e
studied the secret behind these 1a9neti=ed ball3shaped landin9 9ears before releasin9 parts to brass3bound sou2enir
H. 8hy don6t you release the tape recordin9s of co11ents and >uestions asked at the public 2ie:in9 of one of the
1en picked up dead fro1 a flyin9 saucer0 put in a preser2ati2e solution0 and placed bet:een hu1an speci1ens fro1
prenatal to 9ro:n 1an in an e;hibit in *hica9oB
.. 8hat has happened to the re1ains of the 1N 1en found dead in one of the lar9e saucers and the t:o in a s1aller
10. "id you e2er find the secret of ho: these flyin9 saucers :ere her1etically sealed so as to sho: no outside crack
:hen the door :as closedB
11. f you suspect the flyin9 saucers :ere 1anufactured and released by a forei9n po:er0 don6t you kno: that as late
as 1.I0 the fore1ost of such nations :as happy to 9et rehabilitated $iberty 1otors fro1 us (:orth P1000 and :ith
i1pro2e1ents0 P10100) at PI0000 apiece and hasn6t sho:n any particular 9enius since in ori9inatin9 de2ices desi9ned
to con>uer the airB
12. Ha2e you looked thorou9hly into :hat our o:n air plants 1i9ht be 1anufacturin9 :ith or :ithout your kno:led9e
1I. "id you e2er see a radio like the one :hich :as on the flyin9 saucer that landed on a ranch in !e: 5e;icoB
1E. 8hy did the (ir #orce in its report pick 8olf I/. as an ideally habitable planet outside the solar syste1B
1/. 8hat happened to the body of the 1an IY2 feet tall0 taken dead fro1 a saucer :hich had landed in !e: 5e;ico
and e;hibited in *hica9oB 8as that at the +osen:ald nstituteB
1N. 8hat do you kno: about 1a9netic fault =ones in certain areas on this earth0 notably in 7re9onB
1F. "o you kno: ho: 1a9netic :a2es e1anate fro1 the sun0 re2ol2e around the earth0 continue on the earth6s
1oon0 co1e back to the earth0 and return fro1 there to the sunB "o you kno: that 1a9netic :a2es follo:in9 a
si1ilar course tra2el bet:een the sun and OenusB f you don6t kno: 1uch about this0 :hy did you insist on tearin9
e2erythin9 open that 1i9ht ha2e helped the 1a9netic scientists into deter1inin9 if a saucer 1a9netically controlled
could hop fro1 one 1a9netic =one to anotherB
1H. 'ince the scientists :ho researched these saucers ha2e ne2er been able to find any e2idence of t:o of the
saucer6s 1etals on this earth0 ho: 1uch nearer to the solution has (ir #orce ntelli9ence co1e since takin9 o2er the
pro<ect and no: presu1ably shel2in9 itB
1.. "on6t you think it :as so1ethin9 less than cricket to encoura9e "onald E. Geyhoe0 a for1er na2y3trained balloon
pilot as :ell as a 1arine corps airplane pilot0 into :ritin9 that flyin9 saucers are real0 only to deny the :hole thin9
after his True 1a9a=ine story brokeB
20. (nd finally0 do you belie2e :e :ere all chu1ped by #il1. *lassics and their pro9ra1 picture called The #lyin9
'aucerB The last >uestion of course :as facetious and anticli1actic0 a 'ha2ian :eakness encoura9e lest be
char9ed :ith takin9 1yself too seriously. !e2ertheless0 5ikel *onrad :ho produced the 1odest little pro9ra1 picture
has attested 1any ti1es that he shot .00 feet of flyin9 saucers in (laska and had the fil1 confiscated by the 1ilitary.
!ine 1onths later0 *onrad said0 the fil1 :as AdeclassifiedA and returned to hi1. t 1eant nothin9 to hi1 in this for10
so he :hipped up a little nu1ber in2ol2in9 conflict bet:een the airborne :arriors of )ncle 'a1 and )ncle @oe
:herein )ncle 'a16s boys :rested the 9rounded saucer fro1 their for1er allies.
(s for the >uery concernin9 one of the 1en picked up fro1 a flyin9 saucer0 put in a preser2ati2e solution and placed
bet:een hu1an speci1ens in an e;hibit at +osen:ald nstitute0 *hica9o0 #ortni9ht said: A(n old ti1e ne:spaper 1an
:ith a stron9 sense of public obli9ation0 'cully s:ore his >uestions :ere based on 9ood sources0 :anted (ir #orce to
Herb Hildebrand0 a spokes1an for the +osen:ald nstitute0 :as >uoted in #ortni9ht as replyin9: A+e9ardin9 your
>uestion the only speci1en :e ha2e of a 9ro:n 1an is a plaster 1odel0 sho:in9 one3half bone and one3half ner2e
tissue. "atin9 back to the 8orld6s #air of 1.II is an actual 1edical e;hibit :hich sho:s the de2elop1ent of the
e1bryo fro1 conception to the full ter1.A
t :as #ortni9ht6s opinion that 1aybe had stirred up so1ethin9 on one of the bi99est stories in history or 1aybe
hadn6t. This t:o3:ay escape hatch :as follo:ed by the state1ent: A(s usual the (ir #orce :as keepin9 discreetly
fortni9ht end3had issued no denial or ans:er to the 'cully colu1n.A
(s ans:ers take ti1e and 1aybe si; 1onths :as rushin9 1atters0 perhaps :e 1i9ht entertain oursel2es0 if not the
(ir #orce0 by askin9 so1e 1ore >uestions.
8hat about the boy in (ppleton0 8isconsin0 :hose short3:a2e set hit a 1a9netic fre>uency :hich not only paraly=ed
auto1obiles :ithin three 1iles of his ho1e0 but any plane flyin9 o2er his houseB
*het $. ':ital :as sent by his paper fro1 *hica9o to co2er the story and :hen he reached (ppleton he found the
place cra:lin9 :ith #B 1en. They confiscated the boy6s short3:a2e set and shipped hi10 his fa1ily0 and the
1ystifyin9 radio to 8ashin9ton for further study. This :as in 1.E1. 8hat happenedB 7r is that one still AclassifiedA
fi2e years after the :ar and nine years after the reported pheno1enonB
8hat about the reported incidents of pilots :ho ha2e been terrori=ed by their 1otors stoppin9 dead0 and then0
suddenly0 after e2erythin9 fro1 one 1inute to fi2e 1inutes0 startin9 up a9ainB 8hat about the incident specifically0 of
the t:o (r1y (ir #orce pilots attached to the transport co11and :hose plane :as fro=en hi9h abo2e the Hi1alayasB
ha2e talked :ith pilots :ho :ere in on that one fro1 the be9innin9. 7ne of the10 *harles #. $ane0 :ho has been
flyin9 t:enty years and is still at it0 told 1e ho: it happened. The pilots :ere flyin9 o2er the Hu1p. t :as a clear
day. 'o1ethin9 bri9ht :hirled and circled around their plane se2eral ti1es. t :as tra2elin9 at 9reat speed. 'uddenly
their 1otors stopped. Their instru1ents fro=e. They felt as if they :ere 9ripped and suspended in 1id3air.
The ob<ect circled a fe: 1ore ti1es and then =oo1ed a:ay. 8ith its departure0 their instru1ent board be9an
operatin9 a9ain0 their 1otors cou9hed0 their hair :hich had stood on end flattened do:n0 and they :ere able to 9et
their destination0 thou9h they clai1ed that they :ould ne2er feel the sa1e a9ain about our 1astery of the air unless
so1eone cleared up that 1ystery. "id their plane stop its for:ard 1otionB "id the la: that Aa body in 1otion tends
to stay in 1otion unless i1pelled by so1e e;ternal force to chan9e that stateA 1eet such an e;ternal forceB 7r did
the force 1erely de1a9neti=e their 1otor and lea2e it floatin9 alon9 for a short ti1e0 1uch as the planes flyin9 o2er
that boy6s ha1 radio in (ppleton0 8isconsin0 :ere left :hen a plane 9ot in its :ayB
8hat about the youn9 pilot at 5uroc (#B :ho suffered a si1ilar e;perience in 1./0B 8as he >ui==ed by an officer of
the (ir #orce brass :ho happened to be I0000 1iles fro1 the -enta9onian frontierB 8as he ordered to take it easy
for a fe: daysB "id he 9o up :ith a ca1era the ne;t day0 hopin9 to 9et a shot of the flyin9 saucer :hich had left hi1
suspended the day beforeB 8as he ordered to return to the field and 9rounded for 2iolatin9 the pre2ious su99estion
to take it easy for a fe: daysB
8hat about another case that *het ':ital reportedB This one0 accordin9 to ':ital0 took place o2er an (r1y airfield in
!e: 5e;ico. 8hy do so 1any happen thereB s it because :e are lousin9 up the at1osphere :ith our e;peri1ents
and thus attractin9 the curiosity of those :ho fly on 1a9netic :a2esB This pilot clai1ed his pro9ress :as intercepted
by a flyin9 disk. He said it circled hi10 killed his 1otor0 and paraly=ed all 1o2e1ent of his instru1ents. The rest of his
case history follo:s the classic for1ula. (s soon as the flyin9 saucer checked hi1 as har1less and s:ished a:ay0 his
1otor sputtered to life0 settled do:n to a reassurin9 hu10 and0 to his relief0 his instru1ent board be9an tellin9 hi1
that &od :as in His Hea2en and all :as ri9ht :ith the pilot6s particular part of the :orld.
(re :e 9oin9 to be told that 1eteorites tossin9 off dust cau9ht and reflected in the sun effected the electro1a9netic
1echanis1 of these 1otors0 and in doin9 so0 hei9htened the i1a9ination of the pilots to the point :here they :ere
seein9 thin9sB f so0 it can also be ar9ued that since these forces are in the uni2erse so1ebody so1e:here 1ay be in
control of the10 and capable of turnin9 the1 on and off0 as easily as :e turn on and off li9hts by touchin9 one fin9er
to a s:itch.
t can also be ar9ued that they recei2ed :arnin9s0 like *aptain 5antell0 but :ere spared the disinte9ration of body
and ship :hich :ere the end3result of his deter1ination to chase a flyin9 saucer and brin9 it do:n. But :hether
5antell6s plane :as disinte9rated by (a) 9ettin9 in the 1a9netic dust of a 1eteorite0 or (b) by ha2in9 his 1a9netic
lines of force crossed by an intelli9ence 1ore 2ersed in the la:s controllin9 1a9netic ener9y0 the :hole thin9 is still a
1ystery to the (ir #orce0 thou9h not0 hope0 any lon9er0 to our readers.
(s to :hy the skies see1 to ha2e a hea2ier traffic load bet:een "ece1ber and 5arch0 1en 2ersed in 1a9netic
research don6t >uite kno:0 but they did :arn 1e that it :as as silly for -ro<ect 'aucer to close do:n at that ti1e of
the year as it :ould for the police to 2acate Ti1es '>uare on election ni9ht. Ed *off1an0 an a1ateur astrono1er of
standin90 has su99ested that perhaps that :as the period :hen the 1a9netic lines of force bet:een Oenus and the
earth ca1e closest to9ether.
Tuestion: 8hat is the difference bet:een crossin9 1a9netic lines of force for propulsion and crossin9 the1 for
destructionB (ns:er: Essentially none. n both instances the co1bustion is controlled but in one it is used to tra2el
on:ard and in the other it is used to destroy pursuin9 pests as flit destroys bu==in9 1os>uitoes.
Tuestion: 8hat are eddy currentsB
(ns:er: They are the 1a9netic lines of force that re2ol2e around the earth laterally. They 1easure 10H/0 to the
s>uare centi1eter0 as opposed to those :hich run at ri9ht an9les to the poles and 1easure 102/F to the s>uare
Tuestion: "idn6t the "en2er lecturer say that t:o scientists sa: a flyin9 saucer and a li2e cre: on one of the pro2in9
9rounds in the 'outh:estB
(ns:er: %es he did0 but they didn6t report it in because (1) it could ha2e been a 1ira9e0 (2) because the 1en and the
ship disappeared :hen they sou9ht to co1e close to the10 and (I) psychiatry is in the pilot seat of the (ir #orce and
it is so1eti1es easier not to see :hat you see than to be told to lie do:n on a
couch and let a flock of #reudians psychoanaly=e you to see :hat connection all this had to do :ith your e;cessi2e
affection for your 1other. @oe $andon0 ho:e2er0 ad2anced the thou9ht that the 2isitors 1i9ht ha2e kno:n ho: to
bend li9ht rays :hich :ould create a shield till they could 9et in their ship and sail off. n other :ords they :ould be
there but couldn6t be seen. 5a9icians can e2en do this :ith 1irrors.
Tuestion: "oesn6t 1uch of this theory of 1a9netic propulsion 2iolate the conser2ation of ener9y principleB n
tra2elin9 alon9 a 1a9netic band0 1uch as a packa9e rides alon9 on a con2eyor belt0 aren6t t:o thin9s i9nored: all
types of friction and 9ra2ityB sn6t 1ore than one set of forces actin9 on a ship re9ardless of its shapeB 'ince the
saucer has no propellant force of its o:n0 ho: :ould it offset the dra9 of :ind resistance0 con2ection of currents0 and
the pull of 9ra2ityB Ho: about obstacles thro:n in its pathB 8ouldn6t these knock the packa9e off its con2eyor beltB
(nd if the friction forces :ere constant :ouldn6t the saucer slo: do:n in2ersely as the s>uare of the distance0 as
does a rock thro:n by a boy in the air or a rocket shot in the sky by your (ir #orceB
(ns:er: !o:0 here are >uestions :hich it :ould see1 1i9ht take chapters to ans:er. (ctually the ans:ers can be
reduced to a sentence or t:o. #irst 9et rid of the idea that 1a9netis1 and 9ra2ity are both fi9htin9 for control. They
are one and the sa1e thin9. 8hen an ob<ect is tra2elin9 on 1a9netic propulsion it is not fi9htin9 1a9netic po:er? it
is usin9 it. t is the sa1e thin9 that 1akes it possible to lift your ar1 to :a2e 9ood3by to a friend. f 9ra2ity :ere so
all po:erful0 you could ne2er lift your ar1. 8ho said the saucer had no propellant force of its o:nB The contention of
the 1a9netic research en9ineers is that 'aucerians ha2e 1astered the 9reatest propellant force in the uni2erse3
1a9netic lines of force.
+obert -ike0 a for1er (ir #orce pilot0 actin9 as spokes1an for a 9roup of t:enty :hich included one pilot :ho had
flo:n e2erythin9 fro1 the crates of 1.1H to 1odern bo1bers0 listened to a recordin9 of the )ni2ersity of "en2er
lecture and turned in a report that had 1uch 1ore depth but by no 1eans the len9th of an (ir 5ateriel *o11and
( bit da=ed by the :hole thin90 they found the1sel2es di2ided on 1any points0 united on others. They all a9reed that
the ob2iously hi9h le2el of intelli9ence :hich had applied itself to the solution of :hat :as behind the flyin9 saucers
:as the bi99est sin9le factor in its fa2or. 8ithout it the solid :all of skepticis1 :hich the 9o2ern1ent had set up
throu9h its 2arious (ir #orce denials :ould fortify the disbelief of the a2era9e person. These :ere so1e of their
Tuestion: 8hat about those fa1ous s>uare3cornered turnsB (ny pilot kno:s that6s i1possible in an aircraft relyin9
solely on aerodyna1ics. 7r is this the lon9 sou9ht anti39ra2ity 1achine that spares ship and cre: alikeB
(ns:er: t is indeed. 7nce e2erythin9 is set in 1a9netic balance and the cre: sealed in0 say0 a 2acuu1 turret :ith
o;y9en tanks strapped to their backs0 all talk about ho: 1any 96s a body can stand loses its 1eanin9.
There 1i9ht be so1e >uestion as to ho: fast an ordinary ship could be stepped up :ithout crackin9 if 2eered at too
sharp an an9le but a saucer isn6t that sort of ship. t 1o2es at all an9les and no an9les. 8e ha2e e2en no:
co11ercial planes :hich fly at 200000 feet. %et the pressure :ithin the cabin re1ains at F0000 feet. 8hen that
pressure is reduced to sea le2el e2en cardiac cases 1ay find flyin9 at /00000 feet as easy as lyin9 on the sand. This is
but an inklin9 of :hat is ahead of us and behind those :ho ha2e 1astered old theories of 1otion and 9ra2ity by
controllin9 1a9netic lines of force.
Tuestion: 8hat about those di1ensionsB 8e see1 at odds as to those 1ultiples of nines. 8hen translated all the
di1ensions of a saucer found e2erythin9 :as di2isible by three. Ho: :ould that apply to the 1etric syste1B
(ns:er: #rankly don6t kno:. That :as "r. &ee6s theory not 1ine. He says e2erythin9 about the ships :orked out in
nines or 1ultiples of nine. Typical :as the second ship. t :as F2 feet in dia1eter. ts cabin :as 1H feet across0 and
F2 inches hi9h. 'epte1ber has nine letters and is the ninth 1onth. There are nine planets in our solar syste1. E2ery
ninth :a2e accordin9 to "r. &ee that beats on e2ery shore on this planet is lar9er than the other ei9ht. *heck on this
yourself and see if he6s ri9ht.
Tuestion: 8hat is the si9nificance of a 1a9netic 1onthB (ns:er: !o si9nificance e;cept that it see1s a 1ore
scientific :ay to 1easure ti1e. t takes 2I hours /H 1inutes to co1plete a 1a9netic day. That 1akes 2H days 2I
hours 2. 1inutes for a 1a9netic 1onth. )nder this co1putation the earth co1pletes its orbit around the sun in 1I
1onths0 instead of 12 1onths and 1UE days. The *hinese ha2e used a 1I31onth year for centuries. Tuestion: 8hy
can6t 1etallur9ists analy=e any and e2ery 1etal especially :hen your scientists say the :hole solar syste1 is
co1prised of blood relationsB Ho: could so1ethin9 be present on one planet and not on all0 since accordin9 to your
theory they are all castoffs of the sa1e sunB
(ns:er: This does see1 to present a fla: in "r. &ee6s case. Ho:e2er0 he did not say the flyin9 saucers contained t:o
1etals :hich could not under any circu1stances be found on this earth. He said they hadn6t been found to date.
(fter all0 ne: ele1ents ha2e been found in our lifeti1e. 8e are no: up to .F. #orty of these ha2e been found on the
sun as :ell. That still lea2es a lot unaccounted for. t is >uite possible that on another planet an ele1ent is on the
surface0 :hereas on this one it is 1iles belo: the skin of the earth. 8hat "r. &ee said :as that 1/0 tests and 100000
de9rees of heat had not been able to break do:n t:o of the 1etals and therefore it :as assu1ed they 1ust ha2e
co1e fro1 else:here. They could of course ha2e :orked out an alloy unkno:n to us out of 1etals kno:n to us.
Tuestion: s the one3inch s>uare 1a9netic radio telephone that "r. &ee and 5r. !e:ton use okayed by the #.*.*.B
(ns:er: %es0 62e seen their license nu1bers.
Tuestion: (re you sure there :ere no :ritten instructions on the shipB (ll of us are e;perienced pilots of fro1 20000
to 100000 flyin9 hours each0 and :e cannot concei2e of an aircraft :ithout :ritten instructions all o2er the ship0 both
inside and outside. 5y brother0 con2inced that they cannot ha2e a lan9ua9e or it
:ould be printed so1e place on the controllin9 1echanis10 su99ested they 1i9ht use an ad2anced for1 of 1ental
telepathy such as birds and ani1als0 and e2en ants use. s that possibleB
(ns:er: 7f course. (s :as said before0 anythin9 is possible. But it so happens there :ere parch1ents on the ship
:hich "r. &ee said looked like picture lan9ua9e. These :ere turned o2er to specialists in the field :ho so far ha2e not
been able to 1ake anythin9 out of the1.
Tuestion: 8e find any con2ersation about Alittle 1enA is poison. 8o1en are tolerant of the idea but not 1en. (re
you sure they :eren6t d:arfs or 'in9er 5id9ets or so1ethin9B
(ns:er: (ll the 'in9er 5id9ets ha2e been accounted for. (nd as said before0 the fact that the 1en :ere s1all is no
1ore incredible than the fact that little 5ickey +ooney is a bi9 star in 1otion pictures. *li1atic conditions ha2e a
9reat deal to do :ith the si=e of 1en6s bodies0 a 9ood deal less :ith their brains. The dinosaur :ei9hed 1200000
pounds? his brain :ei9hed a pound. He :asn6t 2ery bri9ht. (t any rate he6s <oined the dead dra9ons and the dra9on
slayers. t :ould be nice of course to be able to report that the 'aucerians :ere N feet tall0 :ei9hed 1F/ pounds0 and
looked like 1e1bers of a 2arsity cre:0 but "r. &ee says they 1easured bet:een IN and E2 inches and :ere I0 to E0
years old. 7ther:ise he found nothin9 unusual about the1.
Tuestion: *ould the facts be :ithheld on hi9her 9rounds than an inability to ans:er the >uestionsB 'ay0 to a2oid
panic0 or reli9ious contro2ersiesB
(ns:er: 'o1e of the 1a9netic research scientists ha2e ad2anced this as a possibility but doubt it. -anic is a t:o3
:ay street. Those skilled in public relations could condition the people0 AprepareA the10 and e2en :ork up a
sta1pede of 9eneral acceptance of the idea before the facts :ere released. (s to the reli9ious proble10 none e;ists
as far as theolo9ians on this earth are concerned. &od created this earth. 8e are descended fro1 (da1. 7ther
planets0 other (da1s. That &od is al1i9hty is best pro2ed by the endless pattern of His creations. The 1ore that is
re2ealed the 1ore al1i9hty He beco1es. E2en an atheist can find little co1fort in infinity or eternity0 but those :ho
belie2e a di2inity shapes our ends0 rou9h he: the1 as :e :ill0 1ust :elco1e additional proof of this di2inity.
Tuestion: 8hat books are reco11ended on the technical aspects of all this businessB
(ns:er: This one.
Tuestion: s there any a2ailable infor1ation about the e;act function of the push3button controls in the saucersB
(ns:er: (sk the (ir #orce. They 1ay be usin9 the sa1e buttons on their directed 1issiles0 for all kno:. -robably
listed as Areclai1ed :ar surplus.A
Tuestion: These portholes :hich they can see out of but nobody can see in. *ould they be half3sil2ered to stop
(ns:er: *ould be.
Tuestion: "id they ha2e any heatin9 de2icesB
(ns:er: !one that one could see0 but of course a co1plete 1astery of 1a9netic ener9y :ould include a 1astery of
heat0 because heat is the lo:est for1 of ener9y.
Tuestion: Ho: :ere their clothes. 8here :ere the sea1sB Ho: :ere the buttonholes 1adeB Ho: about their shirtsB
"id they :ear tiesB "id their pants ha2e pocketsB "id their shoes ha2e lacesB 8ere they hi9h or lo: shoesB "id they
ha2e heelsB !ailsB "id they ha2e stockin9sB *apsB 8ere the seats upholsteredB #lat0 hard0 or softB "id their bunks
that disappeared into the cabin :all ha2e blankets0 pillo:s0 sheetsB 8ere the beds hard or softB 8as there any floor
co2erin9B *urtainsB (ny first3aid kitsB 7r drinks other than the hea2y :aterB (ny eatin9 utensilsB -icturesB +in9sB
TablesB 8ere their docu1ents bound or rolledB (ny other readin9 1atterB
(ns:er: These are :o1en6s >uestions. They are 9ood >uestions0 but can6t ans:er 1ost of the1. 5aybe a 8(*
assi9ned to (ir #orce ntelli9ence can. (fter0 of course0 the first t:enty >uestions ha2e been ans:ered by the 8(*6s
superiors. (fter all0 priority still is a 1a9ic :ord around the -enta9on0 and :ant 1y >uestions ans:ered first.
*hapter 1F: 'o1e (ir3*onditioned *onclusions
A%ou can 1easure a circle be9innin9 any:here0A said *harles #ort. The sa1e is true of the flyin9 saucer story. n
three years it had co1pleted a circle. n a 2ery literal sense it :as back to :here it had started.
7n @une 2/0 1.EF0 Genneth (rnold reported nine ob<ects flyin9 in saucer3like fashion o2er 5t. +ainier0 8ashin9ton.
7n (pril I00 1./00 5rs. (lbert &oelit=er reported seein9 ei9ht flat cylindrical3shaped ob<ects flyin9 o2er *entralia0
8ashin9ton. 8ere ei9ht of the1 the sa1e ones Genneth (rnold had seen three years beforeB 8ere they lookin9 for
the 1issin9 ninth0 the one that had had A1a9neto troubleA and had dropped out near (=tec0 !e: 5e;icoB
Bet:een those t:o obser2ations and the inter2enin9 three years0 thousands had seen stran9e ob<ects in the sky and
fro1 trained obser2ers to rank a1ateurs they al1ost to a 1an0 :o1an0 and child0 had reported that they looked like
But the (ir #orce took the position that they :ere all out of step but @i1. @i1 of the (ir #orce had decided that
e2erybody else :as either a little cra=y or playin9 <okes. ha2e decided that :hen 1/000000000 persons are rated
cra=y it6s the psychiatrist :ho is cracked. f this is any consolation to @i1 of the (ir #orce0 he6s :elco1e to it.
(t the be9innin9 of this pro<ect took the position that if the (ir #orce said there :as such a thin9 as flyin9 saucers0
don6t you belie2e the1. f they said there is no such thin9 as flyin9 saucers0 don6t you belie2e the1. f they said
didn6t kno: :hat :as talkin9 about0 don6t you belie2e the1. n brief0 don6t belie2e the1. Belie2e 1e.
ha2e 2ie:ed :ith co1passion those reporters :ho tried to 9et at the truth of this story0 only to 9et slu99ed for
playin9 ball :ith the -enta9onians. ha2e told the1 that if the pen :ere really 1i9htier than the s:ord they :ere
poor hands at pro2in9 it. 6d as lea2e 9o into a co1bat of this sort unar1ed as 5arines :ould ha2e 9one into
$ike others0 ha2e thrilled 1any ti1es at the picture of &eneral "ou9las (. 5ac(rthur steppin9 into the shallo:
:aters of $u=on and :adin9 ashore. But kne: before that happened that barra9es had been laid do:n0 fla1e
thro:ers had cleared out all snipers and0 thou9h the beach looked a :reck0 it :as co1parati2ely safe fro1 ene1y
fire. ha2e follo:ed the sa1e procedure in dealin9 :ith the -enta9onians and the flyin9 saucer story. ha2e treated
the1 as a race apart and ha2e0 hope0 :arned 1y readers to di9 in and so be prepared to lau9h off a counterattack.
Thus :hen it co1es all of us can say0 A'ee0 told you the truth :ould burn the1 upCA
The hypocritical pattern is e2er the sa1e and :hen broken do:n it re1ains essentially the sa1e. !ote ho: the
chancellor of the )ni2ersity of "en2er 9ot all stea1ed up about an unidentified lecturer. He issued a faculty order that
all lecturers 1ust be screened henceforth. He and his faculty kne: :ho the speaker :as. t :as all a part of the
9reat (1erican 9a1e of chu1pin9 the co11on people. The 1ilitary and no: the intelli9entsia belie2e $incoln :as
:ron9. %ou can fool all the people all the ti1e0 if you chan9e your act no: and then. "id that "en2er chancellor e2er
ask that the anony1ity of (ir #orce spokes1en be re2ealedB "id he e2er ask the1 to stop snoopin9 around0 tryin9 to
9et infor1ation on a pro<ect that :as publicly announced as closedB "id he e2er ask the ne:spapers not to print
press handouts unless (ir #orce spokes1en :ere identifiedB
8hen reflect on all the 1oney that :as spent on -ro<ect 'aucer and ho: little these 1aster 1inds had to sho: for
it :onder if the ob<ect of a 1ilitary trainin9 is not only to use lan9ua9e to conceal thou9ht but to 1ake thinkin9
+ead a9ain the "i9est of the (ir 5ateriel *o11and and see if it sho:s an inklin9 of e2en a theoretical kno:led9e of
1a9netic propulsion. t reads like the learned essays of the pre3*opernican era3full of thin9s :hich :hen :ei9hed
1ean nothin9. There :as ne2er better proof that a dull 1ind hides behind 1any a s1art unifor1.
t re1inds 1e of $ee Bo:1an and his ship0 :hich he desi9ned durin9 the :ar. Because hi9h octane 9as :as at a
pre1iu10 he desi9ned his ship to fly on carbon dio;ide. *arbon dio;ide :as cheap. t couldn6t e;plode or burn.
+oscoe Turner tested an R 1odel and pronounced it :ell :orth de2elopin9. The !a2y decided it :anted it. They
horsed around for ei9hteen 1onths :hile Bo:1an a:aited essential 1aterial. He finally said0 A$isten0 9et this stuff or
for9et it.A They told hi1 to hold his horses and :ait his turn. He told the1 to 9et 1o2in9 and to lea2e the horses to
the bookies. They said there :ere t:o :ays to do it: their :ay and their :ay. He said0 A!ot :ith 1y brains.A They
said0 A8e ha2e :ays of 1akin9 1en do it our :ay.A He said0 A!ot no: you ha2en6t0 because <ust pulled out of the
:hole deal a 1inute a9o.A
The ship :as ne2er 1ade and Bo:1an is rich and the brass that tried to push hi1 around is un:ept0 unhonored0 and
unsun9. f he had been a poor scientist0 forced to take that PF0/00 a year and all the 9uff that :ent :ith it0 or in a
:orse position :here he had to rely on their caprices for essential 1aterials0 he6d ha2e had to take their orders0 or
Bad as that is in :arti1e it is absolutely intolerable bet:een :ars. The *ouncil of the #ederation of (1erican
'cientists ha2e decided to fi9ht back. n deplorin9 an order a9ainst the discussion of scientific infor1ation the council
At is hard for any (1erican to take an order fro1 so1e one in 8ashin9ton to Jkeep his trap shut6 e2en :here there is
a belated Jplease6 attached to it.A
&erard -iel0 publisher of the 'cientific (1erican0 :ho :as ordered to burn I0000 copies0 because the issue contained
1aterial kno:n to e2ery scientist short of Haile 'elassie6s physician0 said: A#or the pall of secrecy :hich so
dan9erously frustrates its le9iti1ate acti2ities0 the press 1ust bla1e itself as 1uch as anybody. 7ur ne:spapers and
1a9a=ines ha2e sold the1sel2es a 9old brick.A
"a2id $a:rence0 :ho found hi1self at the recei2in9 end of a flyin9 saucer0 asked editors to stop bein9 confused by
:orn3out ar9u1ents concernin9 national security since Atoo often it can cloak a desire for a hush3hush policy that can
hide inco1petence behind the scenes.A
8ell0 that6s a charitable 2ie:. But suppose it hid :illful duplicity. 'uppose it hid the truth about so1ethin9 that
couldn6t possibly pro2e :e :ere :orse off than anybody else on this planetB 'uppose at :orst it 1erely pro2ed that
:e are /00 years behind so1e other part of the uni2erse in the 1atter of propellin9 ob<ects throu9h spaceB s that
such a dis9raceful thin9 to confessB
(l1ost e2erybody else in the :orld a9rees that :here there is 1uch s1oke there 1ust be so1e fire. But not the (ir
#orce. To the1 :e all ha2e soot on our sun 9lasses and the 1o2in9 disks :e think :e see are really drops of s:eat.
Oery si1ple fello:s in the (ir #orce. Too si1ple. f only you could put a 1a9net on one side of their 1inds and dra:
brains into it :e 1i9ht be officered by Einsteins.
There is still hope that they 1ay decide that :e the people are :orth takin9 into their confidence. 7r are :e like the
decei2ed :ife0 the last one to kno:B
By (pril .0 1./00 e2en The !e: %ork Ti1es had be9un to :eaken. t published a feature by @oseph !olan0 entitled:
ATH7'E #$%!& '()*E+': (+E 7+ (+E!6T THE%BA
E2erybody0 includin9 the -resident0 the story said0 A:as pu==led and 1any 9uesses :ere 1ade.A
The only 9uess that ca1e near the 1ark0 in 1y opinion0 :as by 'o2iet "eputy #orei9n 5inister (ndrei (. &ro1yko0
:ho :alked into0 instead of out of0 this one for a chan9e. He su99ested they 1i9ht be caused by a +ussian discus
thro:er :ho didn6t kno: his o:n stren9th.
*ould be0 for :hen &eor9e 8ashin9ton thre: that sil2er dollar across the -oto1ac he 1i9ht ha2e 9ot on a 1a9netic
line of force that flustered the la: of 9ra2ity for a 1o1ent.
t6s an old story0 you see. f 9oes back to the lodestone and that 9oes back thousands of years. 7fficial ridicule to the
contrary0 the :orld :ill ha2e to 9o back to Thales0 to &ilbert0 and to #araday0 and :ork up fro1 these sources to an
understandin9 of 1odern 1a9netic research before any one can ans:er the >uestion of ho: real or unreal are flyin9
8ith that lea2e the door open for a last 1inute confession fro1 the (ir #orce that the saucers :ere (a) ours0 (b)
+ussia6s0 (c) fro1 another planet0 or (d) fro1 all three. (fter that they 1ay co1e ho1e and all :ill be for9i2en.
(ppendi;: The -ost3#ortean #ile 1.EF31./0
@une 2N0 1.EF: $os (n9eles Ti1es
. A'()*E+'A #$%!& 1200 5-H '&HTE"3B)T 8H(T (+E THE%B
-endleton0 7re. @une 2/ ((-) Genneth (rnold reported seein9 nine shiny ob<ects flyin9 at 10200 1iles an hour o2er
the *ascade ran9e of 8estern 8ashin9ton. The ob<ects :ere bri9ht and saucer3like0 flyin9 at 100000 feet altitude.
8hen first si9hted they :ere appro;i1ately 2/3I0 1iles a:ay0 and flyin9 north.
@une 2.0 1.EF: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
5(!% +E-7+T 'EE!& #$%!& '()*E+'
8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round0 !. 5. @une 2H ()-) The Genneth (rnold report of seein9 nine ob<ects :hich fle: like
flyin9 saucers and supported by other residents in the !orth:est area as ha2in9 seen flyin9 ob<ects0 :as discounted
by (ir #orce officers in !e: 5e;ico. $t. *ol. Harold +. Turner0 co11andin9 officer of the (r1y6s rocket pro2in9
9round0 said the disks 1ust ha2e been <et airplanes.
@uly E0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
(+ #7+*E -+7BE' A#$%!& "'G'A 5%'TE+%? HT' 5''$E THE7+%
8ri9ht #ield0 7hio0 @uly I (!') 7fficers of the air research and de2elop1ent section of the ((#6s (ir 5ateriel
*o11and :ere asked by &eneral *arl 'paat=0 the (r1y6s air co11ander0 to try to ascertain :hat the disks are. $t.
8illia1 *. (nderson0 public relations officer at the field0 said: A'o far :e ha2en6t found anythin9 to confir1 that the
disks e;ist. 8e don6t think they are 9uided 1issiles.A He said as thin9s :ere they no: appear to be either a
pheno1enon or fi91ent of so1ebody6s i1a9ination.
@uly E0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
(+$!E -$7T '&HT' #$%!& "'G *$)'TE+
Boise0 daho0 @uly E ((-) *aptain '1ith0 )nited (irlines pilot0 :ith co3pilot0 #irst 7fficer 'te2ens0 reported Athree to
fi2eA disks at an altitude of F0/00 feet0 1/ 1iles south:est of 7ntario0 7re9on. The first photo9raph taken of the
1ystery saucers :as clai1ed by %eo1an #rank +y1an. +y1an6s esti1ate :as that the saucer :as .0000 to 100000
feet in the air and tra2elin9 /00 1.p.h.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
5(+' 3 '(%' A'()*E+'A 5(% BE '&!($' #+75 -$(!ET
"etroit0 @uly / (!') ( "etroit 1eteorolo9ist0 unidentified0 says the disks 1ay be si9nals fro1 5ars.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
('T+7!75E+ #($' T7 $7*(TE '()*E+'
#la9staff0 (ri=. @uly / ()-) "r. O. 5. 'lipher0 director of the fa1ed $o:ell 7bser2atory0 said he hadn6t noted any
saucers fro1 (ri=ona but that you can find anythin9 you :ant to find in the hea2ens if you look lon9 enou9h.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
+E-7+T' -7)+ ! 7! '()*E+ -)VV$E )-
+elease: !u1erous reports recei2ed fro1 all o2er the nation are causin9 scientists to :onder if 1any (1ericans <ust
don6t ha2e a bad case of <itters? seein9 spots before their eyes0 aren6t sufferin9 fro1 hallucinations or delusions.
+eports noted fro1 -ennsyl2ania0 !e: @ersey0 &eor9ia0 daho0 and other states in the far :est.
@uly /0 1.EF : $os (n9eles E;a1iner
'T+(!&E #!"37B@E*T $GE A'()*E+A "+7-' 7! #(+5
*ircle2ille0 7hio0 @uly E ((-) 'her1an *a1pbell reported ha2in9 found a stran9e ob<ect on his far1 in the for1 of a
si;3pointed star0 /0 inches hi9h0 EH inches :ide0 co2ered :ith tinfoil0 and :ei9hin9 about t:o pounds. -ort *olu1bus0
(ir field 8eather 'tation0 said ob<ect tallied :ith ob<ect used by the (r1y (ir #orces to 1easure :ind 2elocity.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
!OE!T7+6' TE'T 7# A#$%!& '()*E+'A HE+E ! 1.2H B(+E"
$eo Bent=0 one ti1e builder of auto1obiles0 said that he and a friend sa: a confidential de1onstration of saucer3like
flyin9 1odel in &riffith -ark in 1.2H. The in2entor :as &eor9e de Bay interested in a ne: principle for airplanes. "e
Bay produced dra:in9s sho:in9 desi9ns of contri2ance that :ould skip throu9h the air like a flat stone3an upside
do:n saucer that :orked on a 2acuu1 principle re>uirin9 ten ti1es less po:er for propulsion. n2entor de Bay0 it is
belie2ed0 1ay ha2e 9one to +ussia.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
#$E+' &ET *$7'E )-37!E '(%' 7O($' A'*(+E" H5 '$$%A
"an @. 8helan and "uncan )nderhill of Holly:ood reported that near 'anta 5onica at / -.5. on @uly E0 1.EF0 they
sa: a disk abo2e the1 at 20000 feet. The fliers :ere about F0000 feet altitude. t :as a disk3shaped ob<ect0 not
spinnin90 but rese1blin9 a rifle practice disk tar9et0 forty to fifty feet in dia1eter and tra2elin9 at about E00 to /00
1iles an hour.
@uly /0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
#$%!& "'G' O.#.8. *HE# ER-E*T' ). '. T7 ER-$(!
*olu1bus0 7hio0 @uly / ((-) $ouis E. 'tarr0 national co11ander in chief of the Oeterans of #orei9n 8ars told the
O.#.8. 7hio enca1p1ent that he :as e;pectin9 infor1ation fro1 8ashin9ton re9ardin9 the Afleet of flyin9 saucers.A
*o11ander did not indicate his source of infor1ation.
@uly /01.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
$!G A'()*E+'A T7 (T75 TE'T'
n headlines one and three3ei9hths inches hi9h story 1akes a stab at tie up bet:een ato1ic disturbances and
saucerian curiosity. -hoto :ith title A8hat is itBA sho:s flyin9 disk at 100000 feet. This is a print of the photo9raph
taken by %eo1an +y1an.
@uly .0 1.EF: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
*aption reads0 A+esidents in al1ost e2ery section of Gentucky reported seein9 these lu1inous Jdisks6 streakin9 across
the sky last ni9ht. ( ne:spaper photo9rapher :as on hand to snap this picture of t:o of the flyin9 ob<ects.A
@anuary F0 1.EH: The $ouis2ille *ourier
#3/1 (!" *(-T. 5(!TE$$ "E'T+7%E" *H('!& #$%!& '()*E+
#t. Gno;0 @an. H ()-) *apt. Tho1as #. 5antelM0 of the Gentucky (ir !ational &uard0 a 2eteran of the !or1andy
in2asion0 chased either a flyin9 saucer or the planet Oenus to his death today o2er &od1an (ir #orce base0 near #ort
Gno;. T:o others in the for1ation pulled out at 1H0000 feet but *apt. 5antell :ent up to 200000 feet before 1eetin9
#ebruary 1H0 1.EH: The 71aha Herald
#$%!& '()*E+ 'ET' 7## ER-$7'7!B
'tockton0 Gansas0 #eb. 1H ()-) ( terrific e;plosion in northern Gansas rocked buildin9s0 broke :indo:s0 and terrified
nati2es. ts ori9in is unkno:n. ( far1er near 'tockton said he sa: a flyin9 saucer before the e;plosion.
(pril /0 1.EH: 5anila0 -. .
'()*E+ E$)"E' (+5% -$7T B% .03"E&+EE T)+!
5anila0 (pr. H $t. +obert 8. 5eyers of the NFth #i9hter 8in90 1Hth #i9hter &roup0 -hilippine slands0 leadin9 a 9roup
of four #3EFs0 sa: an aerial ob<ect three 1iles a:ay0 turned around to check on it and :atched it 1ake a .03de9ree
turn and disappear :ithin fi2e seconds. t :as sil2er3colored and left no e;haust trails.
(pril H0 1.EH:
T87 T78!' +E-7+T '$OE+ -$(TTE+ ! 'G%
(shley0 7.0 (pr. H ()-) 'e2eral :itnesses reported an oblon9 sil2er streak o2er t:o 7hio to:ns. -erkins 7bser2atory
said there :ere :eather balloons in the area at the ti1e of the si9htin9.
@uly 2H0 1.EH: $os (n9eles Herald and E;press
&E7+&(!' 'EE 8E+" 'G% 'H78
5ont9o1ery0 (la.0 @uly 2H (!') (t least 1/ persons in &eor9ia report seein9 a ball of fire0 :ith a short fla1in9 tail0
:hich :as 2ariously described as bein9 red0 9reen0 blue0 and reddish :hite. T:o flyers in (laba1a reported seein9
flyin9 ob<ects :hich :ere sil2ery 1o2in9 :est:ard 2ery slo:ly. (ll a9reed the ob<ects :ere 1o2in9 fro1 :est to east.
7ctober 10 1.EH:
&7+5(! H(' 2F35!)TE "7& #&HT 8TH "'G $&HT
$t. &eor9e #. &or1an had a do9 fi9ht :ith a flyin9 saucer o2er the #ar9o0 !orth "akota0 (ir !ational &uard field for
2F 1inutes. He chased the li9ht up and do:n0 dod9ed head3on collisions and finally :as lost at 1E0000 feet0 left
behind by his assailant. T:o control to:er officers and ci2ilians in another plane :itnessed the fi9ht.
(pril H0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'G%3&7!& "'G '&HTE" B% -(+G @7B 87+GE+'
T:o :ork1en in &riffith -ark reported seein9 a sil2er disk flyin9 at a hi9h rate of speed. $eft a trail of :hite 2apor0
and =i93=a99ed north:ard. Esti1ated the altitude about one 1ile0 and the disks to be about fi2e feet in dia1eter.
&riffith 7bser2atory reported seein9 or hearin9 nothin9 that day.
(pril 2F0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
#$%!& '()*E+' !7 @7GE0 (+ #7+*E '(" T7 H(OE #7)!" (#TE+ !T)+%
"ayton0 7hio0 (pril 2N ()-) The (ir #orce has not ruled out the possibility that the flyin9 saucers are forei9n aircraft.
They ha2e assi9ned a cre: of technical intelli9ence a9ents of the (ir 5ateriel *o11and to track do:n reports of the
1ysterious ob<ect. ( total of 2E0 do1estic and I0 forei9n incidents of saucers reported ha2e been in2esti9ated. Thirty
percent of these found to be due to con2entional ob<ects such as :eather0 1eteors0 and cos1ic ray research
balloons. *o11onplace ans:ers are e;pected to be found for thirty percent and the re1ainin9 forty percent are still
a 1ystery0 the <ournal Herald said. At is belie2ed 2ery unlikely that any other nation of the earth could ha2e
kno:led9e so far abo2e the le2el of ours.A
(pril I00 1.E.: The 'aturday E2enin9 -ost
8H(T %7) *(! BE$EOE (B7)T #$%!& '()*E+'
by 'idney 'halett. n a lon9 article he says the (ir #orce has 9i2en hi1 :holehearted co3operation and that the
ser2ice has not been able to locate a flyin9 saucer. He follo:s the A1istaken ob<ectsA party line but 9i2es no opinion
of his o:n that can be pinned do:n and >uoted.
5ay F0 1.E.: The 'aturday E2enin9 -ost
8H(T %7) *(! BE$EOE (B7)T #$%!& '()*E+'
by 'idney 'halett. The author >uotes 2arious 1e1bers of the hi9h co11and 3 Oandenber90 !orstad0 5c*oy0 $e5ay0
and 'paat= 3 all tendin9 to belittle :hat you can belie2e about flyin9 saucers. This is follo:ed by case histories all
tendin9 to support the old AhallucinationsA party line.
@uly 2/0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
8!&$E'' #$(5!& 'G% 57!'TE+ 'EE!
(tlanta0 @uly 2E ()-) (irline pilots reported tre1endous aircraft spe:in9 forty3foot strea1 of fire fro1 rear. The space
ship had a lu1inous 9lo:0 like a 9iant fluorescent li9ht :hich ran alon9 the belly of the thin9. t :as 9oin9 bet:een
/00 and F00 1iles an hour.
(u9ust 210 1.E.: The $os (n9eles Ti1es
@)'T 7$" *7!T+(-T7!' A#$%!& '()*E+'A #!" -+7OE' #($'E ($(+5
8ashin9ton0 ". *. (u9ust 20 ((-) (ir #orce said that the t:o old 1achines found in a 5aryland tobacco shed had
nothin9 to do :ith the reported flyin9 saucers. (llustrated by a 1.E0 photo of rotor planes de2eloped by @onathan
*ald:ell. +e1ains of his :orks :ere found in 5aryland.)
(u9ust I10 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
). '. 7##*E+' +E-7+T 'EE!& #$%!& "'G'0 #eature by 5ar2in 5iles
8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &rounds0 !. 5. (u9ust 2.. #lyin9 saucers or at least so1e 1ysterious ob<ects seen by the
ser2ice personnel at this center :ere reported today. 7ne officer belie2es the ob<ects :ere space ships. 8eather
balloon0 fa1iliar to obser2er0 :as therefore dis>ualified. 7bser2ation 1ade throu9h a photo theodolite0 sho:ed ship
to be e993shaped0 fantastic in si=e0 tra2elin9 at possibly three to four 1iles a second.
(u9ust I10 1.E.: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
8E+" 'G% 57!'TE+ T+($' 5$E 7# #$(5E
+eport of sky 9iant trailin9 a blue fla1e e;haust nearly a 1ile lon90 cruisin9 /00000 feet abo2e the (ir #orce6s base at
5uroc. (irport to:ers and *(( 1onitors at $ockheed (ir Ter1inal0 -al1dale and $on9 Beach recei2ed the startlin9
report fro1 a pri2ate pilot and t:o passen9ers. Bob Hanley0 pilot0 reported ob<ect at 12:1/ (.5. o2er 5int *anyon.
Hanley :as described as a steady and reliable pilot.
'epte1ber 1N0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
7)+ #$%!& "'G ER-E+T +E("' '75E 7# H' 5($
#eature by 5ar2in 5iles. 8ritten in the hu1orous trend0 author >uotes portions of letters recei2ed by :riter fro1
people0 statin9 the 2arious and sundry thin9s they ha2e seen0 such as: Aa hu9e blunt3nosed bullet0A Abri9ht 9olden
ob<ect :ith bluish 9reen li9ht0A Alooked like enor1ous shuttlecocks.A 5ar2in 5iles :ould like to ha2e a photo9raph0 he
7ctober N0 1.E.: $os (n9eles "aily 5irror
!E8THE7+% H!TE"3A#$%!& '()*E+'A (+E +E($$% +E($
#lyin9 saucers are real ob<ects not fi91ents of i1a9ination0 reports "aily 5irror. They 1ay e2en be fro1 so1e other
planet. Basis for the conclusion apparently :as that enou9h e2idence has been 9athered fro1 2aried and far flun9
sources to blast the notion that Athere6s nothin9 to the flyin9 saucers.A
7ctober 120 1.E.: Oariety (!e: %ork)
7!E #$%!& '()*E+ $(!"' ! !E85ER*7
T:o3colu1n feature by #rank 'cully 9i2in9 full details fro1 scientists :ho researched a saucer. At :as 100 feet
across0 :ith a cabin in the center that 1easures 1H feet in dia1eter and F2 inches hi9h.A t further stated that
Asi;teen 1en0 intact but charred black0 :ere found in the cabin. The space ship contains t:o 1etals ne2er found so
far on this earth.A
7ctober I10 1.E.: $os (n9eles "aily 5irror
8E+" 'G% 57!'TE+ T+($' 5$E 7# #$(5E
(ircraft in2entor0 8illia1 B. 'tout0 stated that the flyin9 disk and :eird space ships cannot be lau9hed off. The sa1e
story of the A1ile of fla1eA that appeared in the (u9ust I10 1.E. issue of the $os (n9eles "aily !e:s is run here.
!o2e1ber 2I0 1.E.: Oariety (!e: %ork)
#$%!& '()*E+' "'5(!T$E"0 'E*+ET' 5(% BE $7'T
T:o3colu1n feature by #rank 'cully 9i2in9 added details of flyin9 saucers re2ealed by hi1 on 7ctober 120 1.E.. !e:
details indicate they tra2eled on 1a9netic lines of force and could therefore ha2e co1e fro1 a planet like Oenus and
ha2e 9ot back there in an hour. 'hips0 he says0 :ere dis1antled by the (ir #orce o2er the protests of 1a9netic
"ece1ber 2F0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
#$%!& "'G' *($$E" '-E' #+75 -$(!ET
!e: %ork0 "ece1ber 2N ((-) (rticle refers to "onald Geyhoe6s story in True 5a9a=ine0 @anuary issue. 5any >uotes
direct fro1 the article. (.-. story see1s to accept the True article as >. correct.
"ece1ber 2H0 1.E.: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
A#$%!& '()*E+A 5%TH B$78! 'G% H&H B% (+ #7+*E 'T)"%
8ashin9ton0 "ece1ber 2H ()-) The (ir #orce has closed pro<ect saucer0 because the IF/ reports that the (ir #orce
has 1ade of the flyin9 saucers sho: no 2erification :hate2er of the reports0 and attributes the reports to
A1isinterpretation of con2entional ob<ects0 a 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria or hoa;es.A
"ece1ber 2H0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
!7 EO"E!*E3#$%!& "'G' B+(!"E" A@7GEA B% (+ #7+*E
8ashin9ton0 "ece1ber 2F ((-) (ir #orce said today that t:o years of in2esti9ation ha2e con2inced the1 that flyin9
saucers are <ust a <oke. t ordered ended a special Aflyin9 saucerA pro<ect :hich :as set up in @anuary0 1.EH. The
announce1ent of its final report ser2ed as a denial of a story published by True 5a9a=ine0 :hich said saucers :ere
real and :ere fro1 another planet. (nalyses indicate flyin9 ob<ects are: (1) 5isinterpretation of 2arious con2entional
ob<ects (2) a 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria (I) or hoa;es.
"ece1ber 2H0 1.E.: Holly:ood *iti=en !e:s
#$%!& '()*E+ "E(' B$('TE" B% (+ #7+*E
8ashin9ton0 "ece1ber 2F ((-) t took t:o years0 a special tea1 fro1 the (ir #orce6s science staff and help fro1
uni2ersity consultants to track do:n the ru1ors of disks. A)nder (ir #orce definition0 J2arious con2entional ob<ects6
include such thin9s as 1eteors0 balloons0 birds in fli9ht0 or <ust ordinary optical illusions.A
"ece1ber 2.0 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'T+(!&E B$5-3'H(-E" (+*+(#T 'EE! ! E('T
Ha1let0 !. *. "ece1ber 2H ((-) 'e2eral residents includin9 t:o pilots report seein9 craft :hich :as about t:enty to
thirty feet in dia1eter. 7ne pilot chased it and reported seein9 so1e
thin9 dropped fro1 the craft3it rese1bled a 1an. The theory of a :eather balloon :as dis>ualified as the ob<ect :as
1uch lar9er than a :eather balloon0 and the pilot :as fa1iliar :ith the standard :eather balloon.
"ece1ber 2.0 1.E.: $os (n9eles E2enin9 Herald and E;press
8E+" '&!($' ! 'GE' (' 1./0 "(8!'
&hostly ATrailsA o2er $os (n9eles. (lso seen in the East a 1ystery 2apor in stran9e desi9ns. #our pilots chased an
ob<ect o2er *arolina for se2eral 1inutes. t rese1bled a streak of s1oke about fifteen or t:enty feet lon9 co1in9
fro1 an unseen plane. 7bser2ers at the ). '. 8eather Bureau spotted the trails spreadin9 across the sky at an
esti1ated 200000 or 2/0000 feet.
"ece1ber 2.0 1.E.: Holly:ood *iti=en !e:s
#$%!& ATH!&A E$)"E' !7+TH *(+7$!( -$7T'
5any residents reported ha2in9 seen an ob<ect lookin9 like a balloon or bli1p0 and it appeared to be t:enty to thirty
feet in dia1eter0 o2er the !orth *arolina co11unities of #ayette2ille0 and &reen:ood. t fle: into the settin9 sun?
four pilots in li9ht planes atte1pted to follo: it. The 8eather Bureau at *harlotte said that apparently it :as not a
:eather balloon0 but the officials at -op #ield (irbase said that the ob<ect could 2ery probably ha2e been a balloon.
"ece1ber I00 1.E.: $os (n9eles Ti1es
O(-7+ T+($' T+(*E" ! 'G% B% 5$T(+% -$(!E'
-icture sho:in9 1ile lon9 2apor trails co1in9 fro1 :in9 tips of 1ilitary planes 1aneu2erin9 bet:een 2/0000 and
I/0000 feet. The turbulence created by the planes6 passa9e caused a pre1ature for1ation of Aclouds0A :hich
appeared as strea1ers behind the aircraft.
"ece1ber I10 1.E.: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
Editorial: E2idences skepticis1 as to possibility of flyin9 disks. At :ould not be too difficult to belie2e there are bein9s
in the uni2erse 1ore intelli9ent than 1an. But it is still a bit outside the bounds of reason to belie2e space ships fro1
another planet ha2e co1e here.A t further states: A(1ericans :ant their flyin9 saucers and their 1en fro1 5ars.
They :ant their bu9aboos and boo9ie 1en. They :ant their scandal and ordeals by fire. f the facts interfere :ith the
achie2e1ent of these0 to heck :ith the facts.A
@anuary 1./0: True 5a9a=ine0 Oolu1e 2N0 !o. 1/2
THE #$%!& '()*E+' (+E +E($ by "onald E. Geyhoe
(uthor reports that he spent ei9ht 1onths of intensi2e in2esti9ation. He is con2inced flyin9 saucers are real. (rticle
re:rites #ort and (ir #orce reports 1ainly.
@anuary 110 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
T)EE+ 7B@E*T' '&HTE" ! 'G% B% 8E(THE+5E!
Tucu1cari0 !. 5. @anuary 10 ((-) The report of three :eather1en co1parin9 notes re9ardin9 t:o stran9e ob<ects.
7ne ob<ect soared throu9h the sky0 chan9in9 fro1 :hite to red to 9reen and back to :hite. t disappeared t:enty3
t:o 1inutes after it first :as si9hted. The second ob<ect :as 1uch s1aller? it also chan9ed color and disappeared in
about an hour.
@anuary 110 1./0: Oariety (!e: %ork)
(+ #7+*E ('GE" T8E!T% T)E'T7!' by #rank 'cully
Tueries indicate that flyin9 saucers :ere dis1antled in !e: 5e;ico and (ri=ona and shipped back to 8ri9ht #ield0
"ayton0 7hio and ne2er heard of since. (ir #orce did not e2en bother to say A!o co11ent0A but ne:spapers like the
$. (. "aily 5irror0 The Buffalo E2enin9 !e:s0 The *hristian 'cience 5onitor0 #ortni9ht0 The *anyon *rier and radio
co11entators around the country picked the >uestions up for further disse1ination. (s of (pril0 1./0 only one of the
>uestions has been ans:ered0 and that not by the (ir #orce.
@anuary 110 1./0: "aily Oariety (+e2ie:)
THE #$%!& '()*E+
(re2ie:er not 9i2en) #il1s *lassics of *olu1bia -roductions. A(ction unfolds at the fa1ed Taku 9lacier near @uneau.
5uch of the foota9e is spectacularly effecti2e. !arrati2e sho:s race bet:een ). '. and +ussia to find saucer0 and in
its unfold1ent there is fast action. 'cenes purportin9 to sho: the li9htnin93like saucer are thrillin9ly presented.A The
producer0 director0 :riter0 and star is 5ikel *onrad.
@anuary .31I0 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es.
E!'TE! (!!7)!*E' -+7#7)!" "'*7OE+%
Einstein used a >uadratic type of e>uation 1ethod to describe the fact that ener9y and 1atter are not different. A!o:
"r. Einstein has 9one one step further. He has a series of e>uations :hich0 he says0 e;presses all the relationships of
the physical uni2erse. -articularly0 they tell the relationship bet:een 9ra2itation and the electro1a9netic force that is
all about us.A
@anuary 1N0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily 5irror
HE+E (+E '75E !E8-)VV$E+' 7! #$%!& '()*E+' +""$E by "ick 8illia1s
"ick 8illia1s picks up the t:enty >uestions asked by #rank 'cully0 and is interested in :hat the ans:ers are to these
@anuary 200 1./0: The Gansas *ity Ti1es
THE $TT$E 5E! ! '-(*E 'H-' '($ B(*G T7 #*T7!6' $5B7
The "en2er residents :ho told +udy #ick about 2isitors fro1 Oenus and sho:ed hi1 Ae2idenceA no:
disclai1 authenticity of their con2ersational #rankenstein. 5otorcar dealer passes story on that :as told to hi1 by an
en9ineer fro1 "en2er na1ed &eor9e *oulter. The story beca1e distorted as it circulated0 endin9 up :ith +. #ick
actually ha2in9 seen the disks instead of passin9 on a story :hich had been related to hi1. ( prank :as played on
the 1otorcar dealer.
@anuary 2I0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily 5irror
"" 1/3%E(+37$" B7% H(--E! 7! 'E*+ET 7# #$%!& "'G' by "ick 8illia1s
This is the story of a fifteen3year3old boy interested in short:a2e radio construction0 :ho accidently hit on the :a2e
len9th of 1a9netic fre>uency and e2ery ti1e he dialed this fre>uency he shorted e2ery 1otor3dri2en 2ehicle usin9
the i9nition syste1 for a radius of three 1iles. This incident occurred back in 1.E1 in (ppleton0 8isconsin. n check0
"ick 8illia1s found that 1otors of planes flyin9 o2er his house :ere also shorted. The local airfield had 1ade record
of the pheno1ena se2eral ti1es This story is related in that the e;planation of 1a9netic fre>uency as bein9 tied in
#ebruary 20 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily 5irror
#$(5E' (*+7'' THE 'G%3T)*'7! -$7T *H('E' A"'GA
Tucson0 (ri=.0 #ebruary 2 ((-) (n (ir #orce base pilot0 "a2is 5onthan chased an unidentified ob<ect in his B32.. He
:as unable to catch the ob<ect0 :hich left a Alon9 black plu1e of s1okeA as it disappeared 2ery rapidly behind a
ran9e of 1ountains. 8hite 'ands -ro2in9 &round in !e: 5e;ico said that the ob<ect :as not a rocket0 because there
had been no firin9 that day.
#ebruary .0 1./0: $os (n9eles Herald E;press
A#$%!& *7!EA3*HE*G +E-7+T 7# 7"" *+(#T 7OE+ '(! #+(!*'*7
'an #rancisco0 #eb. .. 7bser2ations 1ade by fi2e residents of 'an $eandro0 *alifornia0 and $t. *o11ander @. $.
Graker of an ob<ect :hich appeared like a thirty3foot ice crea1 cone. t fle: o2er the (la1eda !a2al 'tation at about
/0000 feet and disappeared southeast at fro1 se2enty3fi2e to ninety3fi2e 1iles an hour. Oapor trails :ere left.
#ebruary 1.0 1./0: $os (n9eles Herald E;press
#$%!& '()*E+ "'!TE&+(TE' !T7 '-(+G'
*openha9en0 "en1ark0 #eb. 1H. *hristian 'andersen0 far1er0 and his :ife said they sa: t:o flyin9 saucers. 7ne
saucer passed o2er the roof of the far1house0 and the other landed in the yard and in less than a 1inute
disinte9rated into thousands of flo:in9 sparks. The saucer had a li9ht shinin9 throu9h its apparently transparent
botto1 and fle: a red ribbon.
#ebruary 2I0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
A'-(*E 'H-' #+75 (!7THE+ -$(!ETA
!e: %ork0 #eb. 2I ()-) !a2y 1an tells about 6e1 (at usual rates). *o11ander +obert B. 5c$au9hlin relates theory
that flyin9 saucers are really Aspace ships fro1 another planet.A *o11ander 5c$au9hlin headed a 9uided 1issiles
research unit. 5c$au9hlin states he sa: one of the disks in 5ay of 1.E.. 5uch of the infor1ation is that contained in
his article in True 5a9a=ine.
#ebruary 220 1./0: Buffalo E2enin9 !e:s
*+T* 7# (+ #7+*E !''T' B7"E' 8E+E #7)!" ! #$%!& '()*E+'
(nnounce1ent by the (ir #orce that its 7peration 'aucer had been closed failed in its purpose. The announce1ent
follo:ed by t:enty3four hours the appearance in True 5a9a=ine of an article by "onald E. Geyhoe. #rank 'cully scoffs
at (ir #orce announce1ent of closin9. The article lists 'cully6s t:enty >uestions.
#ebruary 2I0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
7THE+ -$(!ET 'E!" '()*E+'0 !(O% 5(! '(%'
!e: %ork0 #eb. 22 ()-) !a2y co11ander con2inced that flyin9 saucers are real space ships0 piloted by stran9ers
fro1 other planets. *o11ander +obert B. 5c$au9hlin0 9uided 1issile e;pert0 is the ).-.6s authority.
5arch F0 1./0: "en2er -ost
'G% $&HT (T &E+!& H)+T' E%E'
&erin90 !eb.0 5arch F. ( bla=in9 :hite li9ht flashed across the countryside in the early 1ornin9. The ob<ect :as 2ery
bri9ht0 and could not be :atched continually :ithout hurtin9 the eyes. (ppeared to be 100 feet in the air and
tra2eled fast. t see1in9ly chan9ed shape3first appearin9 flat and :ide0 then hour9lass shaped0 and then round.
Esti1ated t:enty to t:enty3fi2e feet in radius.
5arch .0 1./0: "en2er -ost
". ). 'T)"E!T' HE(+ 8E+" T($E 7# 5"&ET "'G -$7T' $(!"!&
'tory by "en2er -ost staff :riter3*harles $ittle39i2es account of a E/31inute secret discourse on flyin9 saucers by an
unidentified 9uest lecturer to se2eral hundred students.
5arch .0 1./0: "en2er -ost
"'G ER-E+T6' "E!TT% 'T$$ ( "(+G 5%'TE+%
(lfred *. !elson0 2ice3chancellor0 e;pressed surprise at the publicity 9i2en the lecturer0 since the students of the class
:ere ur9ed to Ae;ercise lo9icA on :hate2er the lecturer told the1 in his address. #rancis #. Bro1an0 the class
instructor0 said he per1itted the lecturer to speak to test the class6 ability to :ei9h e2idence of a scientific nature.
5arch .0 1./0: "en2er -ost
%(!G *$(5' HE '(88+E*GE" #$%!& "'G
$os (n9eles0 5arch . (!') +ay $. "i11ick0 sales 1ana9er for the (pache -o:der *o.0 states he sa: a disk land
near 5e;ico *ity0 killin9 its pilot0 :ho :as 2/ inches tall0 :ith a bi9 head and s1all body. The ob<ect :as EN feet in
dia1eter and po:ered by t:o 1otors. The disk appeared to be constructed of alu1inu1.
5arch .0 1./0: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
'H78E+' #+75 THE !7+TH8E'T
7ne 8ord $ed to (nother by (rthur ABu9sA Baer Af you ha2e been perturbed by ru1ors of flyin9 saucers don6t :orry
until you see the rest of the dishes.A n this 2ein he says that scientists dispute the theory that 5ars is thro:in9 the
dishes3that they call it natural pheno1enon une;plainable by 1ar9inal notations in a cookbook.
5arch 100 1./0: $os (n9eles E;a1iner
2I3!. -$7T +E-7+TE" G$$E" ! A'()*E+A *+('H
+ay $. "i11ick0 business e;ecuti2e and :ell3kno:n a1ateur 9olfer0 reported that he sa: a :recka9e at a secret
1ilitary installation near 5e;ico *ity0 of a saucer :hich :as po:ered by t:o 1otors. The saucer :as appro;i1ately
EN feet in dia1eter0 built of 1etal rese1blin9 alu1inu10 and contained the body of a pilot 2I inches tall0 :ho :as
killed :hen the ob<ect supposedly crashed. The 5e;ican authorities roped off the area0 and re1o2ed the :recka9e to
1ilitary installation. ATop brassA fro1 8ashin9ton0 ". *.0 and (ir #orce head>uarters professed to kno: nothin9 of it0
and said0 Af (1erican officers had seen the ob<ect they :ould ha2e 1ade a report.A
5arch 100 1./0: "en2er -ost
' %7)+ '()*E+ OE8"5 7+ "55*G6'B
$os (n9eles0 5arch 10 ((-) +ay $. "i11ick0 a dyna1ite sales1an0 backtracked today. He said the flyin9 saucer story
:as related to hi1 by t:o business associates. (ll "i11ick actually sa:0 accordin9 to re2ised 2ersion0 :as a strip of
1etal about si; feet lon90 ei9ht inches :ide0 and three3>uarters of an inch thick. "r. Oallarta0 5e;ico6s leadin9 nuclear
scientist0 stated that the saucer3seers :ere 2ie:in9 balloons released by the ). '. 8eather stations alon9 the border.
5arch 100 1./0: "en2er -ost
AV7750 '8'H0 -##TCA '(%' '()*E+ 'EE+
$e:is Hayden0 "en2er a2iation e;ecuti2e0 reported that he thou9ht he si9hted a saucer. A(ll kno:3it :as 2ery hi9h0
shiny like alu1inu10 and shot out of si9ht at a rate of speed unkno:n to 1odern a2iation.A
5arch 100 1./0: *hica9o "aily Ti1es
A"'GA +E-7+T' 'T(+T @TTE+'
( t:o3colu1n report of the fallen saucer seen by +ay $. "i11ick0 :hich crashed in 5e;ico0 killin9 its 2I3inch pilot0
coupled :ith the *olorado 2ersion0 as related by the "en2er -ost0 of the lecturer :ho told se2eral hundred students
in a basic science class of the )ni2ersity of "en2er that he kne: of three saucers landin9.
5arch 100 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
*75-7'E+ ')+E HE '(8#$%!& '()*E+ ! 'G%
Eddie *off1an0 co1poser0 and a1ateur astrono1er0 told police he had seen a 9enuine flyin9 saucer about E00 feet
o2er the 'an #ernando Oalley. 'aucer :as about fifty feet in dia1eter0 and :as obser2ed throu9h 203po:er
5arch 100 1./0: "en2er -ost
". ). 'T)"E!T' 5-+E''E" B% T($G 7# #$%!& "'G' (!" $TT$E 5E!
+eaction of the )ni2ersity of "en2er basic science students to the lecture they heard by an unidentified indi2idual
:ho clai1ed kno:led9e of disks and the 1en inside0 :as one of 9reat interest. The class had re>uested to hear fro1
an AauthorityA on e;istence of the ob<ects.
5arch 1./0: True 5a9a=ine0 Oolu1e 2N0 !o. 1/E
H78'*E!T'T' T+(*E" ( #$%!& '()*E+
by *o11ander +. B. 5c$au9hlin. (uthor :as assi9ned to 9uided 1issiles at 8hite 'ands -ro2in9
&round0 !e: 5e;ico. His article is 1ainly a detailed account of one saucer :hich he thou9ht he sa: at an altitude of
t:enty3fi2e 1iles 1o2in9 at IN0 1iles per hour. He said he :as con2inced they :ere space ships fro1 another
5arch 100 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'*E!T'T '(%' '()*E+' *(++% 5(+' O'T7+'
5e;ico *ity0 5arch . ()-) &o2ern1ent ne:spaper El !acional >uoted a 5e;ican scientist as sayin9 his clai1 that
flyin9 saucers carry 2isitors fro1 5ars0 :ould be confir1ed in the near future. The scientist said that it :as ob2ious
fro1 the 1anner of li9ht and proportions of these disks that they carry bein9s fro1 another :orld0 undoubtedly 5ars.
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
$TT$E 5E! HE+E (&(!0 TH' T5E 7OE+ '($!('
'alinas0 5arch 11 ()-) +eports of saucers dri2in9 on an auto1obile0 loopin9 the loop andUor speedin9 across the
hori=on at lo: altitude0 :as 1ade by a score of persons in the 'alinas0 *alifornia area.
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
*H$E(! !(O% +E-7+T' F3!*H #$%!& '()*E+
'antia9o0 5arch 11 ()-) *hilean !a2y6s 1eteorolo9ist obser2atory at -unta (renas reported spheroid celestial body0
about se2en inches in dia1eter0 and naked to the eye0 :hich crossed the sky in an east3to3:est direction.
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
(5(TE)+ -H7T7&+(-HE+ '!(-' 8E+" "'G ! 'G%
(1ateur photo9rapher0 5iss Bette 5alles of $os (n9eles0 has both seen and snapped a photo9raph of so1ethin9
rese1blin9 a flyin9 saucer. The disk :as a circular blob0 and :hat appears to be a cone of faint li9ht0 connects the
blob to the disk. ( second cone of li9ht0 pro<ectin9 back:ards fro1 the disk narro:s to 1eet another round blob of
li9ht :hich see1s to ser2e as the disk6s rear 9uard. The disk and its rear 9uard are enclosed :ithin a lar9e and
perfectly circular halo.
5arch 120 1./0: "en2er -ost
'()*E+3T($G 5""$E5(! T)V T(+&ET
&eor9e T. Goehler is the 1iddle1an in brin9in9 the 1ystery scientist to speak to the basic science students of "en2er
)ni2ersity. Goehler 9a2e his opinion: A$et6s open our 1inds to the possibility of the saucer0 at least. 8hy hide our
heads in the sandB f the a9e is here0 it is here :hether there are denials that interplanetary tra2el has co1e of a9e
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
5ER*7 'EE' #$%!& '()*E+' 7+ '75ETH!&
5e;ico *ity0 5arch 11 ()-) E2er since the True 5a9a=ine story0 and the fact that the ne:spaper E;celsior printed a
series of articles citi=ens ha2e Asaucer cra=e.A ( picture taken of a stran9e ob<ect appeared 2ery 1uch like a picture of
a klie9 li9ht.
5arch 120 1./0: "en2er -ost
'()*% '()*E+ '()'E3'H("E' 7# H. &. 8E$$' (!" @)$E' OE+!E
#eature by Thor 'e2erson0 "en2er -ost staff :riter. #actual report of the lecture 9i2en to the basic science students
of the )ni2ersity of "en2er by the unidentified lecturer :ho reported on disks and the little 1en inside the1.
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
*($ER*7 H(' !E8#$%!& '()*E+ T($E
+esidents reported a stran9e round ob<ect in the sky. There see1s to be a dispute as to :hether the ob<ect :as a
:eather balloon0 or the :ork of so1e prankster :ho atte1pted to au91ent recent flyin9 saucer reports in the
5arch 120 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
#$%!& '()*E+'B %7) *(!6T BE ')+E by 5ar2in 5iles
Gites0 balloons0 reflectionsB (l1ost anythin90 says the (ir #orce. Three hundred and forty3one reports ha2e been
e;plained to the (ir #orce6s satisfaction out of IF/ selected reports of unidentified flyin9 ob<ects. 'tates ratio is
probably lo:er by no:0 and that it does not 1ean that the une;plained reports are necessarily space ships or hi9h
altitude cruisers fro1 another nation.
5arch 1E0 1./0: $os (n9eles !e:s
ER-E+T' '&HT #7)+ J'()*E+'6 7OE+ 5ER*7 *T%
5e;ico *ity0 5arch 1E ()-) Hundreds of persons said they sa: four flyin9 saucers o2er the city and one at 5onterrey0
I/0 1iles north. 5eteorolo9ist calculated the altitude bet:een I/0000 and E00000 feet. ncluded also :as the story of
the t:o *olorado business1en :ho :ere chased by a stran9e flyin9 ob<ect :hile returnin9 fro1 a trip to !e: 5e;ico.
5arch 1E0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
-+7#E''7+6' "E(3'()*E+ -$7T' *7)$" BE '5(+T B)&' 7+ -$(!T'
"r. &erard -. Guiper0 professor of astrono1y at the )ni2ersity of *hica9o0 speculated that any little 5artian :ho steps
out of a flyin9 saucer space ship :ill be either an intellectual insect or an e2en 1ore incredible 2e9etable creature. "r.
Guiper states further that 5ars is co1posed of carbon dio;ide and there is absolutely no o;y9en in the at1osphere?
hence no for1 of life such as :e kno: it. There 1ay be for1s of insect life ho:e2er.
5arch 1/0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
ER-E+T' '&HT #7)+ A'()*E+'A 7OE+ 5ER*7 *T%
5e;ico *ity0 5arch 1E ()-) Trained aircraft obser2ers and 1eteorolo9ists confir1ed reports today of hundreds of
persons :ho sa: four Aflyin9 saucersA yesterday o2er the city and one at 5onterrey0 I/0 1iles north.
5arch 1N0 1./0: "en2er -ost
@ohn $euthold0 in the 7pen #oru1 Theory0 sub1itted a letter that e;plained that the saucers are ato1ic clouds or
cloudlets of released ato1ic in9redients arrested by0 and 1a9netically collected on sheets or shells of the earth6s
1a9netic field. 'o1e of these AshellsA ha2e been detected by the scientists and na1ed Aionospheres.A
5arch 1N0 1./0:
TE*H!*(! &ET' *$7'E)- 7# #$%!& '()*E+
't. 5ary6s0 -a.0 5arch 1N ()-) "r. *rai9 Hunter0 EF0 of Berkley 'prin9s0 8. Oa.0 a technical director for a 8ashin9ton
1edical instru1ent supply fir10 reported he sa: flyin9 ob<ects that :ere 1o2in9 slo:ly fro1 east to :est. Their
altitude :as first noted to be about 2/0 to /00 feet. The ob<ects appeared to be /0 to 1/0 feet in dia1eter and about
2/ to I0 feet thick at the center.
5arch 1N0 1./0: "en2er -ost
"'G T($G 57OE' ". ). T7 '*+EE! $E*T)+E+'
*hancellor (lbert *. @acobs cautioned )ni2ersity of "en2er faculty 1e1bers to screen 9uest lecturers carefully. This
action ca1e as a result of the 1ystery lecturer that spoke at the uni2ersity on 5arch H0 1./0.
5arch 1N0 1./0: "en2er -ost
". ). -+7#E''7+ -$(*E' !7 O($)E 7! '()*E+ $E*T)+E B% 5'TE+ R
by Thor 'e2erson0 "en2er -ost staff :riter
#rancis #. Bro1an0 of the )ni2ersity of "en2er0 basic science instructor :ho per1itted the contro2ersial A1ystery
1anA to lecture to his class on flyin9 saucers0 said0 A told this 1an 1ust present hi1 and his re1arks as an
5arch 1N0 1./0: "en2er -ost
"'G -$7T' &ETT!& B7$"E+0 7!E T(GE' /35!)TE B+E(G
"en2er -ost 'pecial. ( ':iss en9ineer reported that he had seen a flyin9 saucer that had re1ained suspended in the
air for fi2e 1inutes.
5arch 1F0 1./0: "en2er -ost
THE )!OE+'T% &ET' ( "E'E+OE" '-(!G!&
"en2er -ost Editorial. AThe skirts of acade1ic freedo1 are :ide and are often used to co2er 1any sub<ects and sins.
The case of the flyin9 saucer lecture cannot be so co2ered0 as *hancellor @acobs (of )ni2ersity of "en2er) has said. t
is 9ratifyin9 to see the chancellor take such a stron9 stand on this case.A
5arch 1F0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
(E;cerpt fro1 5att 8einstock6s colu1n) A&ranted that 1ost reports of flyin9 saucers are unreliable or due to :ishful
i1a9ination0 plenty of people ha2e a suspicion there6s 1ore to the1 than 1eets the eye.A
5arch 1F0 1./0: "en2er -ost
'T)"E!T' "E!T#% '()*E+ '-E(GE+ by Thor 'e2erson0 "en2er -ost staff :riter
A5r. RA :ho lectured at )ni2ersity of "en2er on flyin9 saucers last 5arch H has been finally identified. ( picture of the
1ystery lecturer found in the "en2er -ost files has been identified as 'ilas 5. !e:ton0 president of the !e:ton 7il
*o1pany and *olorado a1ateur 9olf cha1pion in 1.E2. 7ne of the students :ho identified the picture as that of the
lecturer :as Bill Berry0 :ho said that he Aused to caddy for !e:ton at the $ake:ood 9olf course.A
5arch 1F0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
#$%!& '()*E+ 8H+$' (B7OE B($"8! H$$'
($os (n9eles Ti1es special) +oy 8olford0 a for1er <et test pilot0 has desi9ned a flyin9 saucer that has t:o :in9s that
rotate :ith the disk. 5r. 8olford ori9inally desi9ned the strin93controlled disk as a hi9h3speed to: tar9et for aerial
5arch 1H0 1./0: "en2er -ost
!E85ER*7 T78! ')+E '()*E+ 5('' #$&HT 'EE!
#ar1in9ton0 !. 5.0 5arch 1H ()-) 5ost of the /0000 residents of this north:estern !e: 5e;ico oil to:n said today
that they :ere Aabsolutely con2incedA that flyin9 saucers e;ist. 5ore than /0 :itnesses3includin9 business1en and
pri2ate pilots3said that they sa: a 1ass fli9ht of disk3shaped ob<ects yesterday :hich ca1e across the to:n in 9roup
:a2es and nu1bered Ainto the hundreds.A *layton Boddy0 ad2ertisin9 1ana9er of the #ar1in9ton "aily Ti1es0 said
the day :as clear :ith only a li9ht scatterin9 of cirrus clouds at an altitude esti1ated at 200000 feet0 and :ith no
stron9 :inds capable of pickin9 up paper or si1ilar 1aterial.
5arch 1H0 1./0: "en2er -ost
(+ #7+*E H7$"' #$%!& "'G' AB)!GA
8ashin9ton0 5arch 1H ()-) The (ir #orce still belie2es there is no such thin9 as a flyin9 saucer despite recent reports
to the contrary. ( spokes1an for the (ir #orce said today that the Aunidentified ob<ects result fro1 1isinterpretation
of 2arious con2entional ob<ects0 a 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria0 or hoa;es.A
5arch 1H01./0: $as Oe9as "aily 7ptic
A'-(*E 'H-'A *()'E 'E!'(T7!
by 8alt +o9al0 !e: 5e;ico !e:spaper staff :riter
#or the third consecuti2e day flyin9 saucers ha2e been reported o2er #ar1in9ton. (nd on each of the three days their
arri2al :as reported bet:een 11 (.5. and noon. #ully half of this to:n6s population is certain today that it sa: space
ships or so1e stran9e aircraft3hundreds of the13=oo1in9 throu9h the skies yesterday. 8hate2er they :ere0 they
caused a 1a<or sensation in this co11unity0 :hich lies only 110 air 1iles north:est of the hu9e $os (la1os ato1ic
installation. 7ne :itness :ho took a trian9ulation si9htin9 on one of the ob<ects esti1ated its speed at about 10000
1iles an hour0 and esti1ated its si=e as appro;i1ately t:ice that of a B32..
5arch 1H0 1./0: $as Oe9as "aily 7ptic Editorial titled:
&OE )' THE #(*T'
%esterday hundreds of reliable0 sober people in #ar1in9ton sa: Aso1ethin9A in the skies. (t least half belie2e :hat
they sa: :as an ar1ada of space ships. 7thers sa: so1ethin9 they ne2er sa: before0 but :on6t 2enture a 9uess as
to :hat it :as. (nd still others say that :hat :as seen :as cotton0 or <et planes or so1e other fa1iliar ob<ect. The
(1erican population is not co1posed chiefly of children or idiots. 5ost of us are adults :ho are :illin9 to e1brace
ne: concepts of ti1e and space :ithout panic. (tte1pts to keep the public in the dark in2ariably ha2e hurt the
9eneral :elfare0 not helped it. 8e can say0 ho:e2er0 that it is hi9h ti1e the 9o2ern1ent of the ). '. cast aside the
cloak of e2asion and secrecy surroundin9 these 1anifestations0 and present to the public the findin9s it has reached
on such 1atters.
5arch 1H0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'*7+E' +E-7+T 'EE!& '()*E+'6 #$&HT ! #7+5(T7! 7OE+ !E85ER*7
#ar1in9ton0 !. 5.0 5arch 1F ()-) /0 persons reported a 1ass fli9ht of flyin9 saucers o2er #ar1in9ton0 !. 5e;ico.
&roups co11encin9 at 10:I0 (.5. and lasted for one hour. (1on9 the saucers :as one lo:3flyin9 red3hued0 saucer3
shaped ob<ect. (ll the saucers e;cept for this one :ere sil2ery color0 and all appeared to be 2ery hi9h e;cept for the
5arch 210 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
'EE '()*E+ 8TH 8!"78' 7! B7TT75
5e1phis0 Tenn.0 5arch 21 ()-) T:o airline pilots report that a flyin9 saucer :ith :indo:s on the botto1 and a
blinkin9 li9ht on top fle: o2er (rkansas last ni9ht at a tre1endous rate.
5arch 210 1./0:
(+ #7+*E #E(+' 5(%BE T T($GE" ( $TT$E T77 5)*H
8ashin9ton0 5arch 21 ()-) The (ir #orce :as reported red3faced today o2er so1e of its too candid disclosures to the
House (r1ed 'er2ices *o11ittee. The disclosures :ere 1ade in a 1i1eo9raphed F13pa9e docu1ent <ustifyin9 (ir
#orce re>uests for authority to build0 repair0 or e;pand its bases in this country0 (laska0 $abrador0 the (=ores0 and
5arch 220 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
2 OETE+(! -$7T' '8E(+ T7 #$%!& "'G
5e1phis0 5arch 22 ()-) *aptain @ack (da1s and #irst 7fficer &. 8. (nderson reported an aircraft in controlled fli9ht
o2er (rkansas 1o2in9 :ith terrific speed and possessed of a stran9e0 stron9 blue3:hite li9ht0 :hich blinked rapidly on
top of the ob<ect. t :as not a <et. 7f that they are sure.
5arch 220 1./0: $os (n9eles Herald E;press
H)!"+E"' 8(T*H "'G E H7)+' 7OE+ '(! @(*!T7 57)!T(!'
dyll:ild0 *alif. 5arch 22. Hundreds of people :atched a saucer3like ob<ect o2er dyll:ild0 *alifornia0 :hile :atchin9
e;haust trails fro1 a <et aircraft. The disk :as esti1ated to be flyin9 at I00000 feet and 1o2in9 north:ard.
5arch 2I0 1./0. $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
5att 8einstock colu1n. 8einstock relates the story of a $os (n9eles business1an :ho inad2ertently landed0 due to
carburetor trouble :ith his plane0 in an area :here a disk presu1ably had landed. He 1et :ith ei9ht hours of
>uestionin9 by (ir #orce and :as 9rounded.
5arch 2I0 1./0: Oariety
Harry Hincle of Tucson0 (ri=ona0 tries to talk an e;3(ir *orps pilot out of so1e 1N 1 foota9e of flyin9 saucer for
&eor9e -al6s A8hen 8orlds *ollide.A
5arch 2I0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
A'()*E+'A -7- )- ! $. (. (+E(3H 'EE! 7## *7('T
-icture and story of Bill Elder and Bob 76Hara0 fro1 the (ir #orce reser2e trainin9 center in $on9 Beach0 *alifornia.
They s:ear they sa: so1ethin9 in the sky near dyll:ild0 *alifornia0 that they had ne2er seen before. They did not
say it :as a space ship fro1 another planet or Aanythin9 else.A They sa: ei9ht thin9s of an elliptical shape about 100
feet in dia1eter at 20000 feet.
5arch 2E0 1./0: "en2er -ost
Gen 8hite 7n The (ir colu1n. +alph Ed:ards on the ATruth or *onse>uenceA pro9ra1 :ill offer P10000 to the first
person to sho: up on his pro9ra1 :ith one of those little 1en fro1 an interplanetary space ship.
5arch 2/0 1./0: The 5irror
#$%!& A"'GA "(VV$E' $. (. 8+TE+
"aniel ':inton0 :riter fro1 !orth Holly:ood0 *alifornia0 obser2ed ob<ect si9hted near his ho1e as bein9 elliptical in
shape0 brilliant0 and undi11in9.
5arch 2N0 1./0: "en2er -ost
'()*E+' 7+ B($$77!'B -**(+" !7T *E+T(!
5inneapolis0 5arch 2/. by 8illia1 $. Hatha:ay. (n e;clusi2e inter2ie: by the press :ith "r. (u9uste -iccard0 fa1ed
scientist and balloonist. "r. -iccard states that A1ost saucers 1ay be e;peri1ental balloons :hich tra2el hundreds of
1iles.A (ir #orce in2esti9ation has 9i2en no bases for belief that there are hi9h3speed disks in the skies0 says the
editor of "en2er -ost. -iccard says there :ill al:ays be une;plained pheno1ena3ho:e2er fe:er today than a fe:
hundred years a9o . . . 1ost saucers can be e;plained by co1petent0 scientifically3trained obser2ers.
5arch 2F0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
+E-7+T "'G 'EE! !E(+ ). '. *(-T($
8ashin9ton0 5arch 2F ()-) Bertra1 (. Totten0 clerk at the *on9ressional $ibrary0 sa: an alu1inu13colored disk
about forty feet in dia1eter and ten feet thick0 :hile flyin9 o2er #airfa; county on the outskirts of 8ashin9ton.
5arch 2F0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
-$(!ET 7+ '()*E+B 5%'TE+% 'G% O'T7+ '&HTE" B% (+ #7+*E
$as Oe9as0 5arch 2N. 7fficers and 1en at the (ir #orce6s ndian 'prin9s 9unnery ran9e today :ere takin9 turns
lookin9 into an antiaircraft scope to 9li1pse Aso1ethin9 bri9ht in the sky.A !o one said it :as a saucer3<ust :ild
5arch 2F0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
*(! "'G' BE !E8#$%!& T(+&ET "+7!EB
(ustin0 Te;as0 5arch 2H ()-) Tar9et drones of apparently fantastic speed are bein9 created by )ni2ersity of Te;as
scientists for sky scri11a9es :ith ne: 9uided 1issiles. The (ir #orce has repeatedly denied the e;istence of flyin9
saucers. +adio announcer0 Henry @. Taylor0 broadcast that AThese disks that are flyin9 saucers are real but that this
nation need not be alar1ed.A
5arch 2F0 1./0:
Tulsa0 7kla.0 5arch 2F ((-) 'e2en Tulsans relate ho: they sa: flyin9 saucers ridin9 hi9h in the dust stor1 that silted
5arch 2H0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'()*E+' 'EE! (' 'E*+ET 7# 7)+ (+ #7+*E
"allas0 5arch 2H ((-) Henry @. Taylor0 radio co11entator0 said in his opinion flyin9 saucers are real and that :hen
the ). '. (ir #orce confir1s the ne:s it :ill be :onderful.
5arch I00 1./0: $os (n9eles 5irror
!(O% A-(!*(GEA 5(% (!'8E+ #$%!& "'G'
by "ick 8illia1s. -icture of disk3like plane that had :indo:s underneath and ro:s of ports across the front. The
plane is the aircraft <et 1odels of the ori9inal R#/). This radically3different type of !a2y plane can han9 stationary in
1id3air or =oo1 throu9h the skies at speeds up to //0 1iles per hour.
5arch I00 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es
57+E A#$%!& '()*E+'A ! 5E"TE++(!E(!0 7+E!T
$ondon0 5arch 2.. +eports of ob<ects in skies abo2e the 5editerranean as lookin9 like stran9e bodies e1ittin9 s1oke
trails0 1oons :ith :akes of fire0 like full 1oons. n Hon9 Gon9 three flyin9 fireballs :ere reported.
5arch I10 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
8ashin9ton0 5arch I1 ()-) The !a2y today discounted a *alifornia report that perhaps its t:in3en9ine *hance3
Oou9ht R#/) fi9hter plane had been 1istaken for a flyin9 saucer. This type of aircraft :as not found to be successful.
7ne :as purchased by the !a2y t:o years a9o.
(pril I0 1./0: !e: %ork 8orld3Tele9ra1
THE% )'E B& 87+"' T7 *7!#)'E -)B$*
8ashin9ton0 (pril I. fro1 8ashin9ton !otebook by -eter Edson. The bi99est off3the3record story in 8ashin9ton is
the flyin9 saucer. (ir #orce say Athere ain6t no such ani1al. They ha2e ne2er seen one and ha2e no photo9raphs or
2isible proof.A -eter Edson says0 ho:e2er0 that Apri2ately 1ost officials belie2e there6s so1ethin9 to it.A
(pril I0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
(+ '()*E+' *($$E" T7- 'E*+ET 7# ). '.
!e: %ork0 (pril I ()-) #lyin9 saucers actually are t:o types of top3secret ). '. 1ilitary in2entions0 radio
co11entator Henry @. Taylor said. The real facts are 9ood ne:s for the nation. 7ne type a disk that :hi==es throu9h
space0 halts suspended in the air0 soars to I00000 feet and 1ore0 drops to 10000 feet and then usually disinte9rates in
the air. 'aucers are har1less0 pilotless disks320 inches to 2/0 feet in dia1eter. The other ob<ects are #lyin9
-hanto1s0 R#/)0 <et propelled.
AThe !a2y is not e;peri1entin9 :ith or doin9 research on any type of plane or 9uided 1issile that rese1bles in any
:ay a flyin9 saucer.A (>uote by !a2y spokes1an) The R#/)31 :as unsuccessful and ne2er flo:n. t :as @une 2/0
1.EF0 co11entator H. @. Taylor said0 that saucer e;peri1ents be9an0 and they ha2e been e;panded constantly e2er
since. (The (ir #orce denied Taylor6s story.) These :ords0 Taylor says are stenciled on the back of e2ery real saucer:
A(nyone da1a9in9 or re2ealin9 description or :hereabouts of this 1issile is sub<ect to prosecution by the ). '.
&o2ern1ent. *all collect at once.A
(pril I0 1./0: $os (n9eles E2enin9 Herald [ E;press
B(+E #$%!& '()*E+' (' +E($ (+*+(#T BE!& "EOE$7-E" B% ). '.
8ashin9ton0 (pril I. +eference to the ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport article :hich stated that there is co1petent
e2idence that flyin9 saucers are real aircraft of re2olutionary desi9n0 de2eloped in the )nited 'tates. A#lyin9 saucers0
seen by hundreds of co1petent obser2ers o2er 1ost parts of the )nited 'tates0 are accepted as real. E2idence is that
they are aircraft of a re2olutionary type0 a co1bination of helicopter and fast <et plane.A t states that early 1odels
:ere built by en9ineers of the !ational (d2isory *o11ittee for (eronautics.
(pril I0 1./0: (-
*7!&+E''7!($ #$%!& '()*E+'
*on9ress1an 5el -rice0 East 't. $ouis0 llinois0 recently acted as a co11ittee of one fro1 House (r1ed 'er2ices in
bad9erin9 the (ir #orce into an in2esti9ation of flyin9 saucers. -rice6s official (ir #orce reply :as AThere is absolutely
nothin9 to the10A he said. AThey are caused by retina retention0 1istaken identity0 a 1ild for1 of 1ass hysteria0 and
<ust plain hoa;es.A
(pril I0 1./0: Holly:ood *iti=en !e:s
A#$%!& '()*E+'A +E($ TH!&B !(O% TE'T!& 'E*+ET -$(!E'0 '(%' 5(&(V!E.
8ashin9ton0 (pril I ((-) The :eekly ne:s 1a9a=ine0 ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport concludes that the !a2y is doin9
the de2elop1ent relati2e to flyin9 saucers bein9 real aircraft. t is noted that an (ir #orce in>uiry into saucer reports
:as called off last "ece1ber and says this indicates clearly that top (ir #orce officials kno: :here the saucers
ori9inate and are not concerned about the1.
(pril I0 1./0: !e: %ork 8orld3Tele9ra1
"'H!& 7)T THE "+T 7! #$%!& '()*E+'
8ashin9ton0 (pril I. *artoon by B. -ause :ith caption0 AThe #lyin9 'aucers seen around the country :ere arpad6s
latest dish :ashin9 ser2ice to conser2e :ater. . . .A There are >uotations fro1 the ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport
article of the 2alidity of flyin9 saucers bein9 real aircraft0 de2eloped in the )nited 'tates.
(pril E0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
(+ '()*E+' *($$E" T7- ). '. 'E*+ET
!e: %ork0 (pril I ()-) Tuotations fro1 co11entator Henry @. Taylor that flyin9 saucers are t:o types of top3secret
). '. 1ilitary in2entions.
(pril E0 1./0: !e: %ork Herald Tribune
#$%!& '()*E+' *($$E" 'E*+ET ). '. 8(+*+(#T 7# TE++#* '-EE"
8ashin9ton0 (pril I. -icture 9i2en0 :hich :as also included in the ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport article0 of the one3
third scale 1odel built in 1.E2. The 1odel is said to be the prototype of flyin9 saucers :hich the ). '. !e:s and
8orld +eport article said are real aircraft.
(pril E0 1./0:
T+)5(!0 @7H!'7! T+% T7 "78! THE "'G'
8ashin9ton0 (pril E ()-) 5r. Tru1an announced throu9h his press secretary at Gey 8est0 #lorida that he kno:s
nothin9 of any flyin9 saucers bein9 de2eloped by this or any other country. A8e are not denyin9 this because of any
de2elop1ents of secret :eapons0 but purely because :e kno: of nothin9 to support these ru1ors0A said -ress
'ecretary *harles &. +oss.
(pril E0 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es
A'()*E+'A *($$E" +E($ !(O% -$(!E'
8ashin9ton0 (pril I ((-) +ecap of the 1a9a=ine article fro1 ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport0 :hich declares e2idence
indicatin9 re2olutionary craft are of ). '. de2elop1ent. ncluded a picture of scale 1odel built in 1.E2 1ounted for
:ind tunnel tests at $an9ley0 Oa.
(pril E0 1./0: "en2er -ost
). '. "E!E' '()*E+' TE'T 8E(-7!'
8ashin9ton0 (pril E ()-) (ir #orce and !a2y say they are not e;peri1entin9 :ith any plane or :eapon that could
account for :idespread reports about the flyin9 disks. ( spokes1an for the (ir #orce after in2esti9ation of hundreds
of saucer stories said the ar1ed ser2ices are standin9 on conclusions reached last "ece1ber that flyin9 saucers <ust
(pril /0 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es
T+)5(!0 @7H!'7! +"*)$E A'()*E+'A
Gey 8est0 #la. (pril E ('pecial) -resident Tru1an said today he kne: nothin9 about the flyin9 saucer0 :hile other
8hite House co11ent rele9ated the reputed :anderer to the real1 of 1yths. The 5ia1i "aily !e:s has been
publishin9 copyri9hted photo9raphs of a 9lo:in9 conca2e ob<ect :hich it identifies as the saucer that flies.... *harles
&. +oss0 8hite House secretary0 >uoted Bri9. &eneral +obert B. $andry and +ear (d1iral +obert $. "ennison as
sayin9 they kne: nothin9 of the flyin9 saucers.
5r. +oss said he :asn6t denyin9 the1 for security reasons0 that he thou9ht it e;tre1ely unlikely they could be part of
a secret :eapon pro<ect concealed e2en fro1 the -resident and as far he kne: no other country had the1. 'ecretary
of "efense @ohnson said he :ouldn6t 1ind ha2in9 a fe: s>uadrons if they increased security.
(pril /0 1./0. $os (n9eles Ti1es
8HTE H7)'E -77H3-77H' A'E*+ET 8E(-7!A '()*E+'
Gey 8est0 #la.0 (pril E ((-) "r. *lark B. 5illikan0 chair1an of the (r1ed #orces &uided 5issile *o11ittee0 9a2e a flat
denial to chain3reaction ru1ors of 9o2ern1ent disk de2elop1ents. He confir1ed the reports that :ork is bein9 done
on space rockets capable of streakin9 out of the earth6s at1osphere.
(pril /0 1./0: !e: %ork @ournal (1erican
"7 '()*E+' #$%B $E("E+' '(% %E' (!" !7
8ashin9ton0 (pril 1 ()-) 7ne House 1e1ber :ho should kno: said flatly there is no such thin9 as a flyin9 saucer.
But another 1e1ber e>ually >ualified said he has seen one hi1self. A a1 confident of this0A said +ep. En9el (+.3
5ich.) Af there are any such thin9s as saucers they are ours0 not so1ebody else6s.A
(pril /01./0: !e: %ork <ournal (1erican
!7T E!E5% (*TOT% '(%' "E#E!'E "E-T.
8ashin9ton0 (pril / ()-) Here is te;t of "efense "epart1ent state1ent on flyin9 saucers: AThere is no intention of
reopenin9 -ro<ect 'aucer0 an (ir #orce 'pecial pro<ect officially closed three 1onths a9o. Ho:e2er the (ir #orce has
and :ill continue to recei2e and e2aluate throu9h nor1al field intelli9ence channels any substantial reports of any
unusual aerial pheno1ena.A
(pril N0 1./0: Holly:ood (d2ertiser
&+##TH -(+G "+E*T7+ '*7##' (T #$%!& "'G'
@ust their i1a9ination0 says "r. "ins1ore (lter0 "irector of the &riffith -ark 7bser2atory. A#lyin9 saucers are all kinds
of i1a9ination3fla2ored thin9s3but they certainly aren6t space ships fro1 5ars.A He 9oes further to state that AThe
saucers <ust are Jordinary pheno1ena06 t:isted by untrained obser2ers0 :hose readin9 and discussions about the
possibility of space tra2el lead the1 to interpret so1e of :hat they see on hi9h as saucers.A
(pril N0 1./0: +ocky 5ountain !e:s
#$%!& 7+(!&E '-7TTE" ! 'GE': "isk0 Too0 'een -erfor1in9 (erial (ntics
( :o1an called the +ocky 5ountain !e:s reportin9 that she sa: an ob<ect co1pletely round e;cept that it :as sil2er
and 9ray in color instead of oran9e. t :as spinnin9 in a con2entional flyin9 disk 1anner. This ob<ect :as si9hted by
four other persons. (nother ob<ect si9hted in the sa1e area :as disk3like in shape0 but not round as the oran9e one
(pril N0 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
+E(*T7!(+% H7$" 7)T (&(!'T '()*E+' TH(T #$% by 5a; Ha1ilton. Ha1ilton states that if there :ere flyin9 saucers they
:ould ha2e to ori9inate either on the earth or else:here in the uni2erse. The latter0 he feels0 is preposterous. A!ot
e2en ato1ic fission0 the 1ost sensational disco2ery in history0 burst full blo:n upon the :orld. The possibilities of it
:ere discussed 9enerations before. But no reputable aeronautical en9ineer has e2er su99ested that a saucer3shaped
2ehicle :ould be a :onderful ne: :ay of con>uerin9 the air0A further states Ha1ilton.
(pril F0 1./0: "en2er -ost
(!7THE+ "'G &)E''
At isn6t hard at all to e;plain the flyin9 Jsaucer0A6 :rites *ornelius "ono2an0 of !e: %ork *ity. At is a Jsecret6 pro<ect
of an earth 9o2ern1ent0 na1ely the )nited 'tates of (1erica. . . 3 Tuite understandably0 9o2ern1ent officials deny
ha2in9 anythin9 to do :ith the Jflyin9 saucer6 1ethod of takin9 the (1erican ta;payer for a ride throu9h the
stratosphereC *ould they be <ust a bit asha1ed0 by any chanceBA
(pril F0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
A#$%!& *(!"$E'A (+E THE $(TE'T
El *entro0 (pril F ()-) 'e2eral residents reported seein9 hundreds of li9hts ho2erin9 o2er the city. 'o1e 1o2ed fast3
others 1ore slo:ly3before disappearin9.
(pril F0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
ER-E+T '(%' #$%!& '()*E+' ). '. 5$T(+% 'E*+ET
5ont2ale0 !. @. (pril F ()-) 8illy $ey0 one of the :orld6s outstandin9 authorities on rockets and fli9ht abo2e the
stratosphere0 said he fir1ly belie2ed that the flyin9 saucers ha2e been :in9in9 across the ). '. He said they are not
rocket3propelled. The ). '. 1i9ht 2ery probably ha2e learned ho: to send disks soarin9 o2er the nation in controlled
fli9ht. He 9i2es three possibilities: (1) They are a ). '. 1ilitary secret0 (2) They are the secret of so1e forei9n po:er0
or (I) The flyin9 saucers are fro1 another planet. $ey6s personal opinion is that the flyin9 saucers are a ). '. 1ilitary
(pril F0 1./0: Holly:ood *iti=en !e:s
#$%!& "'G' !7T H7(RE'.
8ashin9ton0 ". *. 'yndicated feature by "a2id $a:rence. Tuotes fro1 the ). '. !e:s and 8orld +eport0 also Gen
-urdy0 editor of True0 :hich published the t:o articles :ritten by "onald Geyhoe and *o11ander 5c$au9hlin. A%ou
are >uite correct in sayin9 that the flyin9 saucers e;ist0A $a:rence >uoted -urdy as sayin9. A7f course they do0 and
think no one can properly :rite this story :ithout reference to the fact that :e first 1ade the state1ent in "ece1ber
1.E..A $a:rence added0 that Aclearly so1ethin9 is lackin9 to e;plain :hat the co1petent (ir #orce flyers :rote in
reportin9 their obser2ations of the flyin9 saucers3:hich reports are reposin9 in official files and ha2e ne2er been
(pril .0 1./0: "en2er -ost
OE8E+ B+E(G' '$E!*E T7 TE$$ 7# $. (. '()*E+
"en2er0 (pril .0 "en2er -ost 'pecial. 7ne "en2er flyin93saucer32ie:er broke a ten 1onth silence 'aturday to describe
:hat he says 1ust surely ha2e been a flyin9 saucer he 2ie:ed one afternoon last @uly in $os (n9eles. 5r. @. '.
'tanka2a9e0 a retired painter0 said he kept >uiet because A1y :ife and :ere afraid if said anythin9 about it people
:ould accuse 1e of Jseein96 thin9s.A 'tanka2a9e said the heart3shaped ob<ect he sa: appeared to ha2e t:o portholes
alon9 the side. t did not spin0 but 1o2ed :ith the point of the heart headed for:ard.
(pril .0 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es
TH7'E #$%!& '()*E+': (+E 7+ (+E!6T THE%B.
n a by3lined story by @oseph !olan spreadin9 o2er four colu1ns the Ti1es recapitulated stories of the flyin9 saucers.
E2erybody had been left pu==led0 includin9 the -resident and 1any 9uesses :ere 1ade.
(pril 100 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
'*7+*HE" B7% !''T' HE T7)*HE" '()*E+
(1arillo0 Te;.0 (pril . ()-) "a2id $i9htfood0 120 si9hted :hat :as at first thou9ht to be a balloon0 but turned out to
be an ob<ect about the sa1e circu1ference as an auto1obile tire0 and about 1H inches thick. t :as rounded on the
botto1 :ith a top rese1blin9 a flat plate. He barely touched it :hen he clai1ed it :as slick like a snake and hot. t
:as blue39ray in color and had no openin9 other than the di2ided section. There :as so1e release of 9as or spray
:hen the ob<ect took off0 :hich turned his ar1s and face bri9ht red0 causin9 :elts. ( youn9er boy of . confir1ed this
(pril 100 1./0: The 'alinas 'un
'($!(! '-7T' #$%!& '()*E+
$indsbor90 (pril 10. -. E. -atchin of $indsbor90 said he sa: a 9ray3:hite0 cla13shaped ob<ect streakin9 across the sky
near $indsbor9 at 11:I0 (.5. 8ednesday. The ob<ect :as 2isible to hi1 for about fi2e and one3third 1iles. t 1ade
no noise0 and accordin9 to -atchin6s 1athe1atical calculations0 it :as headin9 south:est at about N/0 1iles per hour
and at an altitude of t:o 1iles.
(pril 100 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
$!G' #$%!& "'G' 8TH 5%'TE+% ')B
Boise0 daho0 (pril 10 ()-) Genneth (rnold is a9ain in the ne:s. (rnold belie2es there is a link bet:een the flyin9
saucers and the 1ysterious sub1arines reported off the ). '. coastline. He a9rees :ith those :ho think that the
stran9e aircraft 1i9ht be space ships fro1 another planet.
(pril 110 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
*H+75E$GE A'()*E+A 'EE! 7OE+ 57!TE+E% 5onterey0 (pril 10 ((-) ( chro1elike flyin9 saucer :as spotted here today by se2en
persons. t :as cruisin9 at a hi9h rate of speed o2er 5onterey. The ob<ect :as I0 feet in dia1eter and :as at an
altitude of appro;i1ately E0000 feet.
(pril 1E0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
#$%!& "'G "E'&!E" 2I %E(+' (&7
5onterey0 *alif.0 (pril 1E ()-) (le;ander &. 8ey9ers0 a 1echanical en9ineer and architect0 desi9ned a AdiscopterA 2I
years a9o. The patented desi9ns for this 9as or <et po:ered craft :ere re<ected by *onsolidated Oultee (ircraft *orp.
in (pril0 1.E/ as bein9 Atoo ad2anced.A
(pril 1.0 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
TER(!' +E-7+T 'EE!& #$%!& B(!(!(3'%5!&T7! -77H3-77H' T
"allas0 Te;.0 (pril 1. ()-) Be:ildered Te;ans today sou9ht an e;planation for flyin9 saucers0 flyin9 bananas0 and
e2en a dinner plate :hich they thou9ht they sa: in the sky. Hundreds sa: the10 in #ort 8orth0 (ustin0 and
*larendon as :ell as "allas. ra 5a;ey0 a #ort 8orth 2eteran of I0N00 hours of (ir #orce flyin90 produced pictures of
cur2ed banana3like ob<ects :hich he photo9raphed. He said they left 2apor trails. (ir #orce 'ecretary 'y1in9ton0 :ho
:asn6t in Te;as0 but in 'an #rancisco at the ti1e0 said Athere is nothin9 at all to such reports.A
(pril 200 1./0: "en2er -ost
(+ #7+*E 7+"E+' A'()*E+A 8(T*H ! TER(' 'GE'
#ort 8orth0 Te;.0 (pril 200 1./0 ((-) The Hth (ir #orce still doesn6t belie2e in flyin9 saucers but its pilots :ill keep an
eye out for Aany unusual aerial pheno1enaA said a recent 1e1orandu1 issued by Hth (ir #orce Head>uarters.
(pril 200 1./0: $os (n9eles Ti1es
+(!*HE+ *(-T)+E' #$%!& "'G: '(%' T6' !(O% -+7-E+T%
"ou9las0 8yo.0 (pril 20 ()-) E2erett #letcher0 a rancher0 si9hted a flyin9 ball in the skies I2 1iles north of here and
follo:ed it to the 9round. 'ta1ped on a na1e3plate :as0 Athis scientific apparatus is the <oint property of the ). '.
!a2y and the )ni2ersity of 5innesota. 5ade in $e;in9ton0 Gentucky.A ( telephone call to 5inneapolis said it :as a
!a2y instru1ent used for 1easurin9 cos1ic rays. A"on6t open it0A a !a2al officer :arned. A'hip it here i11ediately0
but don6t touch it.A
(pril 220 1./0: $os (n9eles "aily !e:s
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$ufkin0 Te;.0 (pril 22 ()-) @ack +obertson0 2H0 a phar1acist 9raduated fro1 the )ni2ersity of Te;as0 :as 1otorin9
alon9 Hi9h:ay .E :est of to:n. He felt so1ethin9 follo:in9 hi1. He stopped and 9ot out of his car. (n ob<ect
approached0 ho2ered 200 feet o2er hi10 turned a /03de9ree an9le and speeded off0
droppin9 sparks as it cli1bed. t :hirled like a flyin9 saucer. #i2e 1inutes later his face started burnin9. His
e;perience chan9ed his 2ie:s about the none;istence of flyin9 saucers0 (ir #orce or no (ir #orce.
(pril 2N0 1./0: The !e: %ork Ti1es
*O$(! T+(!!& ! (T75 "ETE*T7!
A belie2e0A said -aul @. $arson0 director of the 7ffice of *i2ilian 5obili=ation of the !ational 'ecurity +esources Board0
Ait is essential that0 insofar as it is possible0 all of us tell the sa1e story.A
(pril 2H0 1./0: The +an9ely "riller
7$ B('! #7$G' 87!"E+0 "" THE% 'EE #$%!& '()*E+'B
+an9ely0 *olo.0 (pril 2F 'e2en persons includin9 the *ontinental 7il *o. 'uperintendent (. 8. @ay and his :ife and
dau9hter0 said that they si1ultaneously sa: a 9lo:in9 ob<ect flash across the sky Thursday ni9ht in this north:estern
*olorado oil to:n. 5r. and 5rs. &len Holden sa: one /0 to F/ feet a:ay. t :as circular and appeared to be co2ered
:ith a Aphosphorescent 1etallic paint.A (lso +onnie &risdale and *arley *ook0 oil field :orkers0 reported a Astran9e
9lo: :hich see1ed to han9 in the sky.A By their reports0 one fle: fast0 one fle: lo:0 one stood still.
(pril 2.0 1./0: The *hica9o Ti1es
(+$!E+ #$+T' 8TH ( A"'GA? 6T8(' +E"0 +7)!" (!" &$78!&
'outh Bend0 (pril 2. (*hica9o Ti1es0 'pecial) *apt. +obert (dickes0 a 2eteran T8( pilot0 and se2eral passen9ers said
they sa: a 1ysterious Around0 9lo:in9 1assA in the air as they fle: o2er 'outh Bend Thursday ni9ht. A used to
lau9h at all those flyin9 saucer reports0 but it6s no lau9hin9 1atter no:0A (dickes said. A sa: one.A (dickes6 story
:as confir1ed by #irst 7fficer +obert 5annin9 and se2eral of the 1. passen9ers aboard and *hristianity in no :ay
e;cluded the possibility that &od has created other 9roups of intelli9ent bein9s0 :ho 1ay or 1ay not inhabit other
planets. n fact the Bible tells us 1any ti1es of a 9roup of intelli9ent bein9s0 called an9els. t e2en records the
2isitations of a fe: of these bein9s to our earth. &od has told us about the an9els? there could be other bein9s He
has created about :hich He has told us nothin9. (fter all0 there are so1e 1en :ho find it difficult to accept :hat He
has told the1.
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