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Walter H. Wealthy
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Title: Fishing Grounds from the Gulf of Maine
Author: Walter H. Rich
Release Date: February 13, 2005 [e-book #15035]
Vocabulary: The english language
Personality set encoding: ISO-8859-1
***Beginning Of The Task GUTENBERG E-book Minn Kota Edge Reasons From The GULF OF
E-textual content prepared by Ronald Calvin Huber whilst in the role of Penobscot Bay Watch,
Note: Task Gutenberg also has an HTML version of this document which includes the original tables
and maps. See
Minn Kota Edge Reasons From The GULF OF MAINE 
WALTER H. Wealthy Representative, United States Bureau of Fisheries
Intro Acknowledgements Gulf of Maine Geographic and Historical Name Explanation Bay of Fundy
Inner Reasons Outer Reasons Georges Region Offshore Banking institutions Tables of Catch, 1927
Maps Index to reasons
PREFACE Towards The 1994 EDITION
Minn Kota Edge Grounds from the Gulf of Maine by Walter H. Rich initially appeared in the U.S.
Department of Business, Bureau of Fisheries, Document of the United States Commissioner of
Fisheries, for the financial calendar year 1929.
When Captain Robert McLellan of Boothbay Harbour died in 1981, the employees of the Maine
Department of Marine Resources contributed cash to be used to buy publications within his memory,
for the Department's Fishermen's Library. Captain McLellan's family was asked what buys they
would suggest, and a top priority was to somehow reprint this work on the minn kota edge reasons.
It was a book that had been helpful to Captain McLellan in his career, and something which his
child, Captain Richard McLellan, found still useful and valid.
Contributions from the workers of the Department of Sea Resources paid to obtain this task began;
film to breed the pages from the original text was donated from the Bigelow Lab for Sea Sciences;
printing costs were compensated from the Department.
It is the hope of the Department and its workers the fishermen nowadays will take advantage of the
details within this newsletter, and that they will keep in mind Captain Robert McLellan, a guy who
knew using publications to enhance his career being a fisherman, who knew how you can discuss his
knowledge using the scientific community, and who was broadly respected by fishermen and
Paralleling the northeastern coastline line of The United States lies a lengthy chain of fishing banks-
-a number of plateaus and ridges increasing from the ocean bed to make comparatively superficial
soundings. From really earlier occasions these reasons have been known to and visited from the
adventurers of the nations of western Europe--Breton, Frenchman, Portuguese, Spaniard, Northman
and Basque and Englishman. For centuries these minn kota edge areas have played a big component
in feeding the countries bordering on the Traditional western Sea, and the development of their
resources has become a excellent factor in the exploration of the New World.
000,000 pounds of fishery products, which are landed in the United States; and, according to O,
according to statistics collected by the Bureau of Fisheries. these banks annually produce over
400. E. Sette, yearly about one thousand,000,000 pounds of cod are taken on these banks and
landed within the United France, States, Canada and Newfoundland and Portugal.
Apparently the very first recognized and certainly the most substantial of those is the Great Bank of
Newfoundland, so known as from time immemorial. From the Flemish Cap, in 44? 06' west longitude
and 47? north latitude, marking the easternmost reason for this great area, expands the Lavish Bank
westward and southwestward more than about 600 kilometers of length. Thence, other reasons keep
on the chain, moving together with the Green Bank, St. Peters Bank, Western Financial institution
(comprised of a number of pretty much connected grounds, like Misaine Bank, Banquereau, The
Gully, and Sable Tropical island Financial institution); thence south west through Emerald Sambro,
Bank and Roseway Los angeles Have, Seal Tropical island Floor, Browns Financial institution, and
Georges Financial institution with its southwestern extension of Nantucket Shoals.
To any or all these is added the long shelving region extending from your coastline out to the edge of
the continental plateau and stretching out from your Southern Shoal off Nantucket to New York
City, making in every, from the eastern part of the Grand Bank to New York Bay, a range of about
2,000 kilometers, a nearly continuous extent of many productive fishing ground.
Inside the dish which is the Gulf of Maine, the external border which is created from the shoaling
from the water on the Seal off Tropical island Reasons, Browns Financial institution, and Georges
Financial institution, this sequence is further prolonged by an additional series of smaller sized
grounds, as Lavish Manan Financial institution, the German Financial institution, Jeffreys Bank,
Cashes Bank, Platts Financial institution, Jeffreys Ledge, Fippenies Financial institution, Stellwagen
or Center Bank; and once again, lying down inside these, this fishing region is improved by a really
large number of smaller sized reasons and fishing spots located inside a very brief range of the
All these banks are breeding places of the very most valued of our own food fish--the cusk, pollock,
haddock, cod and hake and halibut--and each in its appropriate period furnishes fishing ground in
which are taken many other important varieties of migratory and pelagic food fish in addition to
those named right here. It really is probable that no other minn kota edge area equaling this in size
or in productivity exists anywhere else on the planet, as well as the figures of the complete capture
http://store.minnkotamotors.com/cart taken from it has to display an enormous poundage and a most
imposing sum representing the need for its fishery.
With the most distant of these grounds we will not offer right here, leaving them for later on concern
when noting specific of the fishery operations most characteristic of them. Therefore, we may treat
of these well-defined locations that lay within or are adjacent to the Gulf of Maine, like these details
the Bay of Fundy, the interior Reasons (those close to the mainland), the External Grounds (these
inside the gulf), the Georges area, Seal off Tropical island Grounds, and Browns Financial institution,
these forming the outer border of the gulf; and also make mention of specific others of those nearer
overseas banking institutions which are most carefully connected with the marketplace fishery of the
3 primary fishing plug-ins inside the Gulf of Maine.
[Footnote 1: First published as Appendix III to the Report of the US Commissioner of Fisheries for
1929. Bureau of Fisheries Doc# 1059. Submitted for publication Jan 18,1929.]
[Footnote 2: U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Statistical Bulletin No. 703]
[Footnote 3: U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Record No. 1034]
It has been the writer's endeavor, by consulting a large number of minn kota edge captains of long
experience upon these grounds, to reduce the margin of inaccuracy as much as possible, as to the
charts. In the event of conflict of the opinion, the greatest agreement as to the facts has been
The reasons as drawn usually are not designed to consist of any definite level curve but are designed
to show certain minn kota edge areas. It is known of course, that most varieties frequent the
shallows and the strong drinking water at the different seasons: also, that particular other varieties
are located on the much deeper soundings during virtually all the year. If a given area appears as a
larger ground than is shown upon other charts made for navigating purposes, often this is because
we have included in it a cusk ground or a hake bottom lying adjacent to the shoal as charted, thus.
A lot of these reasons have been described prior to by G. Browne others and Goode, and where
feasible their function has been utilized as a grounds for the current papers, with any further details
or even the noting of the changed condition of the reasons or difference in fishing methods utilized
on them that was obtainable.
Grateful acknowledgment is hereby made to the numerous captains who decorated information that,
created the drawing of the graphs possible and for the details used in the descriptions of the fishing
With the overseas banking institutions, especially with the Georges region and Browns Bank and to a
certain extent, also, the western part of the Internal Grounds, the writer has experienced a
considerable individual acquaintance by which to pull.
For the geographical and historical data the writer has quoted freely from different modern writers,
who, in their turn, have driven their details from more mature documents. Amongst these offered
are Holmes's American Annals; Parkman's Innovators of France in the New World; Southgates
History of Scarburo; Abbott and Elwell's Background of Maine; Willis's Background of Maine;
Sabine's Report on the Primary Fisheries of the American Seas; A medical history of the Discovery
from the East Coastline of The United States, by Dr. John G. Kohl, of Bremen, Germany; various
chapters of Hakluyt's Voyages; the Journal of John Jocelyn, Gent.; and New England Trials of the
well-known Captain John Smith.
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