PARSHAS SHEKALIM- ACHDUS

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Chazal say (Megillah 13) that Hashem antii!ate" the she#alim $hih Haman $%&l"
%''e( t% Ahash)ei(%sh as !a(t %' his !lan t% $i!e %&t *nei +is(%el, An" the(e'%(e
Hashem ga)e *nei +is(%el the mitz)ah %' Mahatzit Hashe#el t% %&nte(at %( negate
Haman-s !lan, .he Mahatzit Hashe#el is the hal' she#el eah /e$ gi)es eah yea( t%
the *eis Hami#"ash t% 0e &se" '%( the %mm&nal K%(0an%s, 1ne may as#2 $hat is
the %nneti%n 0et$een %&( Mitz)ah %' Mahatzit Hashe#el an" Haman-s she#alim3
H%$ "%es this !a(ti&la( mitz)ah %&nte(at %( negate Haman-s e)il !lan3 Let &s t(y
t% &n"e(stan" the "e!th %' $hat Chazal a(e saying,
4hen Haman 'i(st a!!(%ahe" Ahash)ei(%sh $ith his !lan t% #ill the /e$s5 he says5
6the(e is (7+eshn%8) a e(tain !e%!le satte(e" an" "is!e(se" (7Me'&za( &8Me'&(a"8)
et9: ( Esthe( 32;), 1n the !shat le)el5 Haman $as ass&(ing Ahash)ei(%sh '(%m a
!%litial %( milita(y !%int %' )ie$ n%t t% $%((y a0%&t "est(%ying his nati%n, P%litially5
this nati%n is (elati)ely &nim!%(tant t% the #ing"%m in that they $e(e satte(e" an"
"is!e(se"5 s% Ahash)ei(%sh sh%&l" n%t 0e %ne(ne" $ith his em!i(e 0eing $ea#ene"
th(%&gh "est(%ying them, Milita(ily5 Ahash)ei(%sh sh%&l" n%t 'ea( (e!(isals 0ea&se
this nati%n is satte(e" an" the(e'%(e $ea# an" $ill n%t 0e a0le t% 'ight 0a#,

Chazal ( Megilla 13) h%$e)e( %''e( a "ee!e( e<!lanati%n, .he (%%t %' the $%("
6+eshn%6 is +ashan5 meaning slee!, Ahash)ei(%sh $as %ne(ne" that i' he atta#e"
the /e$s5 Hashem $%&l" !&nish him, Haman ass&(e" him that they a(e 6+eshn%65
slee!ing '(%m the !e('%(mane %' .%(ah an" Mitz)%t= the(e'%(e Ahash)ei(%sh nee"
n%t 0e %ne(ne",
Chazal "% n%t s!ei'y $hih !a(ti&la( mitz)%t the /e$s $e(e la< in, .he Kli +a#a(
(Shm%s 1>2; ite" in Hegy%nei Halaha !g, ?@A) an" %the(s say5 that the /e$s $e(e
la#ing in *ein A"am L8ha)e(% an" Ah"&s, Haman-s !h(ase 6Me'&za(
&8Me'&(a"6 an 0e inte(!(ete" n%t as 6satte(e" an" "is!e(se" am%ngst the nati%ns6
0&t 6satte(e" an" "is!e(se" am%ngst themselves6, .he /e$s la#e" &nity, Haman
$as !%inting %&t t% Ahash)ei(%sh that %n a spiritual le)el the /e$s a(e s&se!ti0le t%
atta# $hen they la# Ah"&s,
I' Am +is(%el is $ea#ene" 0y a la# %' Ah"&s5 then it '%ll%$s5 that t% "e'en" an"
st(engthen %&(sel)es5 $e m&st im!(%)e %&( *ein A"am L8ha)a(% an" Ah"&s, .he
Man%s Hale)i5 an im!%(tant %mmenta(y %n the Megilla $(itten 0y Ra) Al#a0etz
(a&th%( %' Leha D%"i)5 e<!lains th(ee !%ints in the Megilla 0ase" %n this theme,
Bi(st5 $hen Esthe( 0egins he( attem!t t% sa)e the /e$s5 she "i(ets M%("ehai t% 6g%
an" assem0le the /e$s et,,,6 (Esthe( C2D), .he Man%s Hale)i (!,1CE) an" %the(s
e<!lain that Esthe( $as t(ying t% %&nte(at Haman-s laim, She $ante" the /e$s t%
s!ei'ially e<!(ess Ah"&s th(%&gh gathe(ing t%gethe( t% 'ast, .he /e$s a(e n%
l%nge( satte(e" an" "is!e(se" am%ngst themsel)es, (.his %nneti%n 0et$een
Esthe(-s "i(eti)e an" Haman-s laim is 'i(st all&"e" t% in the Mi"(ash .ehillim ??2>),
Se%n"5 the Man%s Hale)i (!,?ED5 ?E;) inte(!(ets the Mitz)ah %' Mishl%ah Man%s
0ase" %n this theme as $ell, M%("ehai an" Esthe( instit&te" this Mitz)ah that eah
!e(s%n 6sen"s "eliaies t% his '(ien"6 t% em!hasize the Ah"&s an" '(ien"shi!, 4e
m&st negate Haman-s laim,
Binally5 the Megilla $(ites 6F-#e0el Hayeh&"im6 (an" the /e$s ae!te" et9)
(Esthe( A2?;), .he He0(e$ $%(" &se" is !(%n%&ne" F-#i0l&- meaning -an" they
ae!te"-, *&t it is s!elle" 6F-#e0el6 the sing&la( '%(m5 $ith%&t the -)a)-, 4hy3 .he
Man%s Hale)i (!, ?E>) e<!lains that the s!elling is meant t% (e'let the Ah"&s the
/e$s 'elt at that time, .hey ae!te" M%("ehai-s "i(eti)e as a single &nit (simila( t%
Shm%s 1A2? $ith Rashi the(e),

4e 'in" in Hilh%s Megilla a s!eial (eG&i(ement t% (ea" the Megilla in '(%nt %' ten
!e%!le, 1ne an e)en 'in" ases $he(e i' a minyan is n%t !(esent5 n% *(aha is
(eite" 0e'%(e the (ea"ing %' the Megilla (M,*, DAE2D1), .he S'as Emes (Shm%s
!,1;;) e<!lains that sine the main sal)ati%n %' Am +is(%el ame th(%&gh gathe(ing
t%gethe( t% sh%$ Ah"&s5 Chazal instit&te" this s!eial (eG&i(ement %' (ea"ing
*-tzi0&(,
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.he 1h( He"alyah& (M%a"im !,;@) e<!lains that the 0asi less%n %' Mahatzit
Hashe#el is ah"&s, E)e(y /e$ m&st (ealize that he %nly (e!(esents hal' %' a $h%le,
Eah /e$ nee"s t% I%in $ith the (est %' *nei +is(%el in %("e( t% ma#e a '&ll
%nt(i0&ti%n t% the *eis Hami#"ash, 1&( se()ie t% Hashem m&st 0e as a nati%nal
&nit5 $ith eah in"i)i"&al mem0e( !laying his (%le as !a(t %' the la(ge( $h%le, *y
mysel'5 I-m %nly 6hal'6, .his is the message %' Mahatzit Hashe#el,

*ase" %n the a0%)e I thin# %ne an e<!lain the Hema(a $ith $hih $e sta(te", .he
Mitz)ah %' Mahatzit Hashe#el teahes ah"&s, Amale# atta#s *nei +is(%el $hen
$e la# ah"&s5 as Haman himsel' sai", .he(e'%(e Hashem ga)e &s Mahatzit
Hashe#el t% negate Haman-s laim $hih a%m!anie" his gi)ing %' She#alim t%
Ahash)ei(%sh ,
4e al$ays (ea" Pa(shas She#alim 0e'%(e P&(im, Pa(t %' %&( !(e!a(ati%n '%( the
st(&ggle against Amale# is $%(#ing %n the Ah"&s in Am +is(%el, I' $e lea(n the
less%n %' Mahatzis Hashe#el an" $%(# %n *ein A"am L-ha)e(% t% ahie)e Ah"&s5
$e $ill 0e im!e()i%&s t% any atta# '(%m Amale# ,
H%%" Sha00%s 5
*einish Hins0&(g
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*ase" %n the 1h( He"alyah&
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.he theme $e ha)e "e)el%!e" is that Am +is(%el is s&se!ti0le t% atta# 0y Amale# $hen $e la# Ah"&s5
an" $e m&st st(engthen %&( Ah"&s t% "e'en" %&(sel)es, .he Kli +a#a( e<!lains Amale#-s 'i(st atta#
against the /e$s in Pa(shas *-shalah 0ase" %n this theme as $ell, .he P%s&# $hih imme"iately !(ee"es
Amale#-s atta# in the .%(ah (e'e(s t% the !lae %' Masa U-Me(i)a5 6%m!laining an" testing6 (Shm%s 1>2>),
1n a sim!le !shat le)el5 6%m!laining an" testing6 (e'e(s t% the /e$s- %m!laints against Hashem %ne(ning
la# %' $ate(, .he Kli +a#a( !%ints %&t5 h%$e)e(5 (0ase" %n Rashi JShm%s 1A2?K) that this (e'e(s as $ell t%
the /e$s %m!laining an" a(g&ing am%ngst themselves, .he /e$s la#e" Ah"&s in all thei( enam!ments in
the Mi"0a( &ntil they (eahe" Ha( Sinai, S% again $e 'in" that Amale# atta#s $hen Am +is(%el la#s
Ah"&s,
.he Kli +a#a( !%ints %&t '&(the( that the He0(e$ lette(s %' Re!hi"im5 the !lae $he(e Amale# atta#e"5 a(e
the same as the $%(" -P(ei"im- (I&st s$ith the -!eh- an" the -(esh-), -P(ei"im- means se!a(ate", Am +is(%el
$e(e se!a(ate" am%ngst themsel)es5 an" that is $hat all%$e" Amale# t% atta#,

4hen *nei +is(%el '%&ght 0a# against Amale# in Pa(shas *-shalah5 the .%(ah (e%("s that Aha(%n an"
Ch&( s&!!%(te" M%she-s a(ms, 4hat is the signi'iane %' Aha(%n an" Ch&( in this %nte<t3 .he K6+
e<!lains that Ch&( $as Mi(iam-s s%n, Mi(iam is the &ltimate sym0%l %' Mitz)%t *ein A"am L8ha)e(% an"
Hemil&s Chasa"im, She $as a mi"$i'e $h% %nstantly hel!e" %the(s gi)e 0i(th an" late( hel!e" M%she
Ra0ein& 0y the Lile (i)e(, Aha(%n %' %&(se is 61he) Shal%m F-(%"e' Shal%m6 (A)%s 121?)= he %nstantly
t(ie" t% 0(ing Ah"&s an" ha(m%ny am%ngst *nei +is(%el, It is G&ite 'itting that these t$% s&!!%(t M%she-s
a(ms, 4e m&st em!hasize Mitz)%t *ein A"am L-ha)e(% an" Ah"&s in %&( st(&ggle against Amale# (the
K6+ himsel' e<!lains Aha(%n-s (%le s%me$hat "i''e(ently),
.he .%(ah !(esents %ne m%(e atta# 0y Amale# against *nei +is(%el (*ami"0a( ?1215 see Rashi the(e),
Rashi the(e G&%tes Chazal that Amale# atta#e" &!%n hea(ing that Aha(%n "ie", 1ne an e<!lain that $hen
Aha(%n5 the 1he) Shal%m F-(%"e' Shal%m "ie"5 the /e$s- Ah"&s $as $ea#ene" an" the(e'%(e 0eame
s&se!ti0le t% atta# 0y Amale#,

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