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t\mv

kp{][m\ ^XvhI

[ Malayalam aebmfw ]

XmdmnbXv:
ssiJv A_vZp Akokv _n _mkv
:

hnh\w:
A_vZpdkmJv _mJhn
:
Daawabooks
P.B. No: 1981
Vyttila, Kochi
Ph: 0091-484-2301275
Email: info@dawabooks.org

Web Edition by:

1432 - 2011

Am-cmjv{S \ne-hm-c-n ae-bmf ]p


kvX-I- ]pd-n-d-p-Ibpw {]k--amb hn
hn[ `mjm-{K-- ae-bm-f-n-tev samgnamw \Sn {]kn-o-I-cn-p-Ibpw Am-cm
jv{S kaq-l-n\v ]cn-NbsSp-t ae-bm
f IrXn-I ap `mj-I-fn-tev ]cn-`m-j-s-Sp
n {]kn-o-I-cn-p-Ibpw sNp-I-sb e
y-tmsS XpSw Ipdn "ZAvhm _pIvkv'
{it-bhpw hyXn-cn--hp-amb ]pkvX-I-
]pd-n-d-n-smv CXn-\Iw Xs ]pkvXI
{]km-[\ cwKv nc-{]-XnjvT t\Sn--gn
n-p-v,
hnip Jp-B\pw Xncp-kp--p-am-Ip
Ckvem-ans ASn-m\ {]am-W--sf, {]
hm-N-I()s {]tXy-I-amb AwKo-Im-c-n\v
hnt[b-amb BZna Xe-ap-d-m a\-n-em-n
b-Xp- t]mse a\-n-em--W-sa Alvep-kp
n h Pam-A-ns coXnimkv{X-n
{K-c-N\ \S-n-bn-p ]n-Xam-cpsS ]p
kvX-I--fmWv {][m-\-ambpw ZAvh _pIvkv

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage1

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage2

]pd-n-d-p--Xv. {K-Im--fpsS kz
amb A`n-{]m-b--fn-tev Wn-p-I-b-, {]
am-W_--ambn Imcy-sf hne-bn-cp-p-Ibpw
a\-n-em-p-Ibpw sNp--Xn-tev \bn-p-IbmWv Ccw {K- ]pd-n-d-p-tm
"ZAvh _pIvkv' Dt-in-p--Xv. {K-Im
-fpsS kz-amb A`n-{]m-b- ZAvhm _p
Ivkns A`n-{]m-b--f-s-w.
kDuZn Atd-_y-bnse ap^vXnbpw aX-Imcy
hIp--y--\p-ambncp AssJv A_vZp A
kokv _n A_vZpmlv _n _mkns "^
mhm apln-- XX-A-Jp _nnbmw' F Ir
Xn-bpsS samgn-am--am-WnXv. t\mp-ambn _-s
B[p-\n-Ihpw \qX-\-hp-amb {]iv\-v hnip
Jp-B-\n-sbpw {]_-e-amb \_n-N-cy-bp-sS
bpw ASn-m-\-n-ep- {i-t-bam-b G-Xm\pw
a-X-hn-[n-I-fmWv Cu Ir-Xn D--sIm-p-Xv.
\mYm. . . . \o CsXmcp {]Xn-^-eml-am
b {]h-\-ambn kzoI-cn-t-Wta (Bao)
amt\-P

Xmfp-I-fn
1. t\m-v : {]m-[m-\yhpw \n--_--ap--hcpw /7
2. Ip-n-I-fp-sS t\m-v /11
3. bm-{X-m-cp-sS t\m-v /12
4. am-k-nd-hn /15
5. D-Z-b-m-\--fn-se hy-Xym-khpw Im-gv-N-bpw /16
6. {[p-h{]-tZ-i--fnse am-k\n--Wbw /18
7. ^-Pv-dpw A-m-g-hpw /30
8. K--`n-Wn-I-fp-sS t\mpw {]m-b-n--hpw /32
9. hr-cpw \n-Xytcm-Kn-Ifpw /33
10. B---h-Im-cn-I-fp-sS t\mv; {]-k-hn-p-In-Sp-h-cp-sS-bpw /34
11. ^-Zv t\m-v t\m-v ho-t--h-cp-sS kp-v
t\mv /35
12. a-c-W-s--h-cp-sS t\m-v /36
13. Ip-n-sh-bvv /38
14. t]-v D-]-tbm-Kn-epw a-cp-v H-gn-epw /39
15. Z-ip-o-I-cWw. /40

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage3

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage4

16. ad-v `-nm... /40


17. \--s t\m-v t\m-v ho-p--Xn-s Im-em-h
[n /42
18. \-a-kv-I-cn-m-h-s t\mv /43
19. t\m-v D-t]-n-p-h-s hn[n /44
20. B---h-Im-cn ]-I- ip-n-bm-bm- /46
21. c--sa-Sp-epw c--Zm-\-hpw /46
22. k-a-b-am-sb-v sX-n--cn-m- /47
23. `m-cy-bp-am-bp kw-k--Kw /47
24.
25.
26.
27.

hm-bn- kvt{] D-]-tbm-Knm- /49


h-kv-Xn {]-tbmKw /50
N-n /50
InUv\n tcm-Kn c-w am-- /51

Am-lp-hn\v kvXpXn
kDuZn Atd-_y-bnse ap^vXnbpw aX-Imcy
hIp-
- y-\
- p-amb AssiJv A_vZp Akokv
_n A_vZp _n _mkns "^mhm apln-A
-
- Jp _nnbmw' F IrXn-bpsS samgnam--am-WnXv. t\mp-ambn _-s B[p-\n-Ihpw
\qX-\-hp-amb {]iv\-v hnip Jp-B-\n
sbpw {]_-ea
- mb \_n-Nc
- y-bp-sSbpw shfn-
- n
ssiJv \Ip aX-hn-[n-I Gsd {it-b-am
Wv. hnh-\-n ]c-am-h[n kqvaX ]men
n-pv. A_-
- {i-bn s]-Sp-p-h
- t- cm
Sv \n-bp-m-bn-cnpw. CXns {]kn-o-I-c-W-n
kl-I-cn Fm kplr-p-pw IrX
X ChnsS tcJ-s-Sp-pp.

28. C-Av-Xn-Im^v /51

hnh-I
A_vZp-d-kmJv _mJhn
t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage5

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage6

hn[n-hn-e-p-Iv hnt[-b-cmb (apI-^v)


Fm apkvenw kv{Xo ]pcp-j-mpw da-Zm t\m
v \n_--amWv. Ggv hb-n\v ta {]mb-ap-
hcpw km[n-p--h-cp-amb BIp-n-Ipw s]
Ip-n-Ipw t\mv kp-mWv. \a-kvIm-c
n-s\-- t]mse cn-Xm- Ipn-I-tfmSv t\m
-\p-jvTn-m\pw I]n- \n_--amWv.
Amlp ]d-bpp:



)
(183,184:
""kXy-hn-izm-kn-Itf, \n-fpsS app--h-tcmSv I
]n-n-cp--Xp- t]mse Xs \npw t\mv

\n_--ambn I]n--s-n-cn-pp.\n tZm


j-_m-[sb kqn-m thn-bs{X AXv. F
-s GXm\pw Znh-k--fn am{Xw. \n-fm-scnepw tcmKn-bm-hp-Itbm bm{X-bn-em-hp-Itbm sN
bvXm ap Znh-k--fn \nv A{Xbpw Fw
(t\ms-Sp-t--XmWv.)'' (A_-Jd: 183,184)



(185 : )
""P\-v amK-Zi-\-ambn sImpw t\hgn
Imp-Xpw kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw thXn-cnp Im
Wn-p--Xp-amb kphy sXfn-hp-I-fm-bn- sIm
pw hnip Jp-B Ah-X-cn-n--s amk-amIpp da-Zm. AXp-sImv \n-fn B B am
k-n kn-ln-X-cmtWm Ah B amkw {hX
a-\p-jvTn-t--XmWv. Bsc-nepw tcmKn-bm-hp-I
tbm, bm{X-bn-em-hp-Itbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{X
bpw Fw (t\ms-Sp-t--XmWv)'' (A _J
d: 185)

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage7

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage8

t\mv; kp{]-[m\ ^Xvh-I


1. Bs-m-amWv da-Zm-\nse t\mv \n_--ap
Xv? da-Zm t\mn-sbpw kpv t\mpI-fp-sSbpw {]m[m\yw Fv?

\_n () ]dp:


""Ckvemw Av ASn-m-\--fn-emWv m]n-
s-n-p-Xv. Amlp AmsX bYm Bcm
[y-\n. apl-Zv() Am-lp-hns ZqX-\mWv F
kmyw, \a-kvImcw apd-{]-Imcw \n-ln-p
I, kImv \IpI,da-Zm-\nse t\m-\p-jvTnp
I, lv sNpI.''

Iepw da-Zm-\nse t\mv A\p-jvTn-epw km[n


p-sa-n lv sN-ep-am-Ipp.
{]hm-N-I()]dp.


""{]Xn-^-te--tbm-sSbpw hnizm-k-tm-sSbpw da
Zm-\nse t\m-\p-jvTn--h\v Xs Ign--Ime
]m]- s]mdp--s-Sp--XmWv.''

Ckvem-ans\ Ipdnp Pn_vco() tNmZn--Xn


\v \_n() C{]-Imcw ]dp.









""Ckvemw Fm bYm Bcm-[y Amlp
am{X-am-sWpw apl-Zv() Am-lp-hns ZqX
\m-sWpw \o kmyw- h-ln-epw kImv \

hopw Xncp-\_n() ]d-bpp.










""Amlp C{]-Imcw Acp sNpp. a\pjy- ]p
{Xs Ia--sfmw Ah-\p--XmWv. \-Iv
]p apX Fgp-qdv Cc-n-hsc {]Xn-^ew e`n
pw. Fm t\mv F\n-p--XmWv. Rm\-Xn

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage9

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage10

\v {]Xn-^ew \Ipw. Ah Xs A ]m\o-b


Dt]-n-p-Ibpw hnImc \nb-{Ww hcp
pIbpw sNbvXXv Fs Hm-Xn-\m-emWv.t\m
p-Im-c\v cv ktm-jm-h-k-c--fpv. t\mv
Xpd-p-tmgpw Xs \mY-\p-ambn Ip- ap-ptm
gpw t\mp-Im-cs hmbpsS kuc`yw Am-lp-hns-b-Sp- IkvXq-cn-tb-m al--c-amWv.''
t\mns al-Xzs Ipdn-p lZo-Yp-I
C\nbpw [mcm-f-apv.
2. hI-Xn-cnsh-nb Ipn-I-tfmSv t\mv A\p-jvTnm I]n-t--Xptm? t\mp-Im-c-\m-bncns Ah\v {]mb-]qn-bm-bm {]kvXpX
t\mv Xs aXn-bm-Iptam?

]I ka-b-mWv Hcp Ipnv {]mbw XnI


bp--sX-n AtX t\mp-Xs aXn. t\mp-Im
c-\m-bn-cns D ka-b
- mWv Hcp Ipnv ]Xn-\
v hbv XnI-bp-s
- X-n Ah\v {]kvXpX
t\mv Xs aXn-bmhpw. ]I-ens BZy ]IpXn
sFnI t\mmbpw cmw]IpXn \n_ t\m
mbpw KWn--sSpw. t\cs {]mb-]qn-sbm--hmWo ]d--sXmw. Kply-m-\
s tcma-v In-Iq-SpI, kvJe\w A\p-`-hs-SpI XpS-n-bh {]mb-]qn-bpsS e-W-
fmWv. ta]d Imcy- s]Ip-n-Ipw
_m[-I-amWv. Ahv Bhw IqSn {]mb-]q
n-bpsS e-W-ambn IW-m-m-hp--XmWv.
3. bm{X-m-c\v t\mv A\p-jvTn-tem Dt]-ntem GXmWv Daw? hninjym, hnam-\-
tfm, ap {]bm-k-c-ln-X-amb B[p-\nI bm{Xm
amK-tfm kzoI-cn-p--hv?

Ggv hbp apX BIp-n-I-tfmSpw s]


Ip-n-I-tfmSpw ]cn-io-e-\-sa \nev t\m-\p
jvTn-m I]n--W-sav app ]d-p-htm.
\a-kvIm-c-n-s\- -t]mse t\m-\p-jvTn-m\pw
cn-Xm- Ah-tcmSv I]n-t--XmWv. {]mb]qn-sb-n-bm t\mv Ahv \n_-amIp-XpamWv.

bm{X-m-c\v t\mp-t]-n-p--XmWv D
asa-nepw t\m-\p-j vTn-p--Xn sXn. cv
cq]hpw \_n()bpw kzlm-_n-amcpw kzoI-cn-n-p

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage11

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage12

v. ]s, AXyp-jvWhpw tihpw A\p-`-h-s


Sp bm{X-bm-sW-n t\mv Dt]-n-p-I- Xs-bmWv thXv. Ccw kml-N-cy-n t\m
v A\-`n-e-j-Wo-b-amWv. bm{X-bn Hcp t\mpIm-c AXypjvWw \nanw XW-en-en-cn-p--Xm
bn {]hm-N-I() I-tm Atlw ]dp:
""bm{X-bn t\m-\p-jvTn- ]pWy-a.'' asm-cn Xncp-\_n() ]dp: ""\nbw,\ntcm-[n-s Imcy- sNp-Xv Amlp shdp-p-t]mse Xs,A\p-h-Zn--s Cf-hp-I D]-tbmK-s-Sp-p-Xv Amlp CjvS-s-Sp-Ibpw sNp
p.'' ""JWvUnX \nb-a- {]mhn-I-am-p-
Xv CjvS-s-Sp-Xv t]mse.'' Fpw dntmpv.
HIw, t_mv, I, ap tamtm hml-\-
XpS-n-b-htbm, hnam\w t]mep ap thK-X-tb
dnb bm{Xm kuI-cy-tfm D]-tbm-Kn-mepw Cu
bm{Xm B\p-Iq-ey- D]-tbm-K-s-Sp-m--hp-XmWv. bm{X-mpw Am--hpw thn I
]n--s \nb-a-fpw \nt-i-fpw {]hm-N-I
s ka-Im-eo-\pw temImyw hsc-bp F
m-hpw Hcp-t]mse _m[-I-amWv. amdn-h-cp

kml-N-cy-sf ]nbpw bmt{Xm-]m-[n-I-fpsS ssh


hn-[y--sf-Ip-dnpw \mbn Adn-bp--h-\m-Wtm
Amlp. hn[n hyXy-kvX-am-sW-n Amlp A
Xv DWp-am-bn-cpp.

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage13

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage14

Amlp ]d-bpp.

(89 : )
""Fm Imcy-n\pw hni-Zo-I-c-W-am-bn-smpw
amK-Zi-\hpw Imcp-Wyhpw Iogvs]v Pohn-p
-hv ktm-j-hm-bm-bn-sm-p-amWv \n
\v \mw thZ-{Kw Ah-X-cn-n-n-cn-p-Xv.'' A
mlp hopw ]d-bpp.


(8 :)
""IpXn-c-I-sfbpw tImhI-gp-X-I-sfbpw Igp-X-I-sf
bpw (Ah krjvSn-n-cn-pp) Ahsb \n
v hml-\-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-p-hm\pw, Ae-m-cn\v thnbpw, \n-dn-hn-m-Xpw Ah
krjvSn-n-cn-pp.'' (kqd. \lv 8)

4. da-Zm amk-ns Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw


Fs\ nco-I-cn--sSpw? amkw XpS-ptmtgm Ah-km-\n-p-tmtgm N{-]n-dhn X\n
p I-hs hn[n-sb-mWv?
amk-ns Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw c
tm AXn-e-[n-Itam \oXn-am-m-cmb kmn-I-fp
sS samgn-bm nco-I-cn--sSpw. Fm da-Zm
amk-ns XpSw Hcp kmn-sImv Xs
nco-I-cn-p--XmWv.

N{s\ X\nv I-hs kmyw kzoI-cn


-s-n-s-n, Ah P\--tfm-sSm-nv t\m
-\p-jvTn-p-Ibpw Ah-tcm-sSmw t\mv Ah
km-\n-n-p-Ibpw sNWw. ]WvUn-Xm-`n-{]m-b-
fn {]_ew Ah kz-amb Hcp \ne-]m-sS-Sp
-cp-sX-mWv.
\_n() ]d-bpp.

\_n() ]dp: cv
t] kmyw hln-m \n t\ms-Spp-I
bpw t\mv Ah-km-\n-n-p-Ibpw sNpI; Hcn-
C_v\p Dadn()s kmyhpw asm-cn H
cp {Kmao-Ws kmyhpw kzoI-cn-p-sImv P\-tfmSv t\m-\p-jvTn-m \_n() I]n-n-cp
p. ap kmn-I-sf-p-dnv Atlw At\z-jn-Xp-an.
]WvUn-X-m hy-am-n-b-Xp- t]mse amkns BZyhpw Ah-km-\hpw \n-bn-p--Xn
ep kqvaX-bmhmw CXn-e-S-nb XXzw.


""\n (P\-) t\m-\p-jvTn-p Znhkw
t\mpw, \n t\mv Ah-km-\n-n-p Znh
kw CuZp ^nXzdpw, \n _en-\-S-p Znh
kw CuZp AZvlmbpw BWv.''
5. hyXykvX DZ-b-m-\--fn hkn-p--h
t\m-\p-jvTn-t-Xv Fs\? Ata-cn,
Bkvt{X-enb XpS-nb hnZqc\mSp-I-fn hkn
p--hv kDuZn Atd-_y-bn N{s\ I
m t\m-\p-jvTn-m \n_--am-hptam?
DZ-bm-m\--fpsS hyXym-k-s-b Zi\-s-bmWv Ah-ew-_-am-tsXXmWv icnbmb hoWw. Zi-\s B[m-c-am-m {]

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage15

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage16

hm-N-I() I]np. hni-Zo-I-c-W- \In


b-Xp-an. \_n() ]dp.





""N{s\ I-Xn-\m t\ms-Sp-pI, N{s\ I


-Xn-\m Xs CuZp-am-tLm-jn-pI. A-co
w taLm-hr-X-am-sW-n apXv \m ]qn
bm-pI.'' asmcp lZo-Yn Cs\ hn-cn-p
p.
" "
" "
""N{- Zi\w Dm-hp-Itbm, \mfp-I-fpsS Fw
]qn-bm-hp-Itbm sNp-Xv hsc t\m-\p-jv
Tn-p-Itbm,CuZv BtLm-jn-p-Itbm sN-cpXv.''
kam-\m-ap \nc-h[n lZo-Yp-I-fpv. Ah-bnsempw Xs DZ-b-mm\--fpsS hyXym-k
s- ]n Hcp kqN-\-bp-an. Fm DZ-b-m-\ hyXy-kvX-am-sW-n Hmtcm \mnepw N{s\
ImW-W-sa-mWv Hcp-]w ]WvUn-X-m A`n-{]m-

b-s-Sp-Xv. kndn-b-m N{s\ IXv C_v\p


Amkv() Ah-ew-_n-n F-XmWv CXn-\-h
m-[mcw. Atlw aZo-\-bn-em-bn-cpp. apB-hnb
()s Imev kndn-b-m Hcp shn-bmgvN
cm{Xn N{s\ IXp {]Imcw t\ms-Spp. i
\n-bm-gvN-bm-bn-cpp aZo-\-m N{s\ IXv. N
{ Zi-\s XpSv kndn-b-m t\ms-Sp-p
-Xmbn Ipssd_v() C_v\p Amkv()t\mSv
]dp.Atm Atlw {]Xn-I-cn--Xn--s\bmbn-cpp. ""\mw IXv i\n-bm-gvN-bmWv. N{s\
ImWp-Itbm amkw ]qn-bm-hp-Itbm sNp-
Xp-hsc \mw t\mp XpS-cp--Xp-amWv.'' ""N{s\
I-Xn-\m t\ms-Sp-p-Ibpw AXn-\m Xs
CuZm-tLm-jn-p-Ibpw sNpI.''F lZo-YmWv
Atlw Ah-ew-_n-Xv.Cu A`n-{]m-b-n\pw A
Xn-t-Xmb {]k-n-bpv. kDuZn Atd-_y-bnse
{]apJ ]WvUn-X-m Cu A`n-{]mbw AwKo-I-cn
n-pv.
6. ]I-en\v Ccp-]-smv aWn-q ssZLy-ap
ev Xma-kn-p--hcpw ]I kabw

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage17

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage18

\t Ipd-hp {]tZ-iv hkn-p--hcpw


Bdp-amkw hoXw cmhpw ]Iepw A\p-`-h-s-Sp
e--fn-ep--hcpw Fv sNWw?
Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dn-\p-n cmhpw ]I
epw A\p-`-h-s-Sp {]tZ-i--fn Xma-kn-p-
h ]I kabw Ipd-mepw IqSn-bmepw ]I-en
Xs-bmWv t\m-\p-jvTn-t-Xv. cmhn\pw ]
I-en\pw Bdv amktam atm ssZLy-ap {]tZ-i-fn Xma-kn-p--h \a-kvIm-c-n\pw t\m
n\pw kabw IW-m-t--XmWv.
Zm-ens Imev Hcp hjtam, amk
tam, BgvNtbm ssZLy-ap Znh-k--fn \a
kvIm-c-n\v kabw IW-m-p-hm \_() I
]n--Xmbn ImWmw.
Cn-j-b-I-ambn kDuZn ]WvUn-X-k` ]pds-Sp-hn aX-hn-[n-bpsS ]q cq]-amWv Xmsg.
k-kvXp-Xnbpw Am-lp-hn\v.\_n()pw
A\p-N-c-mpw IpSpw-_-n\pw \bpw kam
[m-\hpw hjn-s.

1398 d_o-D BJn BZy-n dnbm-Zn


tN kDuZn Atd-_y-bnse DX ]WvUn-X
mcpsS 12mw kt-f-\-n dm_nXz sk{I--dn
bpsS 1611398se 555mw \ Iv Nv hn
t[-b-ambn. {]kvXpX In kzoU-\nse tamUp
(Modu) \K-c-nse Ckvem-anI kwL-S-\m- X-e-h
s Xmsg sImSp-p Nne kwi-b- AS-n
bn-cpp.
""`qan imkv{X-]-c-amb Imc-W--fm kvIm
n-t\-hn-b cmPy--fn DjvW-Im-ev ]I
ZoL-ambpw ssiXy-Im-ev ]I {lkz-ambpw
A\p-`-h-s-Spp. hS- {]tZ-i--fn DjvWIm-ev kqcy AkvX-an-p-Itbm ssiXy-Im-e
v kqcy DZn-p-Itbm sNp-n. B \mnse
apkvenw-I da-Zm t\mv Fs\ A\p-jvTn
pw? \a-kvImc kabw Fs\ IW-mpw?
Cu Imcy-n Hcp aX-hn[n {]Xo-n-pp.''
Zmdp C^vX-bp-sSbpw ap ]WvUn-X-m-cp-sS
bpw A`n-{]m-b- N sNbvXv Xmsg sImSp
pw {]Imcw Xocp-am-\n-n-cn-pp.

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage19

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage20

1. DZ-bm-kvX-a-\- hgn cmhpw ]Iepw amdn-h-cpXpw ]I-en\v DjvW-Im-ev ssZLyhpw


ssiXy-Im-ev Ipdhpw A\p-`-h-s-Sp--Xp-amb
{]tZ-i--fn Xma-kn-p--hv Ap-t\-c
hpw \nnX ka-b--fn \a-kvI-cn- \n
_--amWv.
Amlp ]d-bpp









(78 : )
""kqcy (BIm-i-a-y-n \nv) sXn-b-Xp- ap
X cm{Xn Ccp-p--Xp-hsc (\nnX ka-b--fn
) \o \a-kvImcw apd-{]-Imcw \n-ln-pI. Jp
-B ]mcm-bWw sNbvXp-sIm-p {]`m-X-\-a
kvIm-chpw (\ne-\npI).Xo-bmbpw {]`mX \
a-kvIm-c-nse Jp-B ]mcm-bWw kmyw h
ln--s-Sp--Xm-Ipp.'' (CkvdmAv 78)

(78 : )

""Xo-bmbpw \a-kvImcw kXy-hn-izm-kn-Iv
kabw \nW-bn--s Hcp \n_ _m[y-X

bm-Ipp'' (\nkm-Av: 103)


_pssd-Z()hn \nv \nth-Z\w: Hcm \
_n()tbmSv \a-kvImc ka-b-s-n tNmZnp.
Atlw ]dp: ""cv Znhkw R-tfm-sSm-n
v \a-kvI-cn-pI.'' kqcy BImi a[y-n
\nv (]Sn-m-tdmv) \on-b-tm _nem()
t\mSv _mv hnfn-m I]np. ]noSv CJm-a
v sImSpv fpl \a-kvI-cnp. ]noSv kqcy
Db-c-n shfpv {]Im-in-p-sIm-n-cp--tm
Xs Akdpw, kqcy AkvX-an--tm aKvcn
_pw, AkvX-ab-tim` am-tm CimDw, Dj
kns DZ-b-th-f-bn ^Pvdpw Atlw \a-kvI-cn
p.
cmw Znh-k-am-b-tm \_n() Zpl A
ev]w ]nnp. AXv t{]mm-ln-n-p-Ibpw sNbv
Xp. t\cs \n-ln--Xn A]w ]nn-psImv Akdpw \a-kvI-cnp. AkvX-abtim` am
bp-Xn\v apt aKvcn_pw, cm{Xn-bpsS aqn-semcp
`mKw Ign tijw CimDw \a-kvI-cnp. {]`m-Xsh-fnw hym]n-- tijw ^Pvdpw \a-kvI-cnp. ]n

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage21

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage22

oSv \_n() tNmZy-Im-hns\pdn--t\z-jn


p. At-l-tmSv ]dp: ""\a-kvIm-c-k-abw \n
I-\p-`-hn ka-b-n-S-bn-ep--Xs{X.''
(_pJmcn, apkvenw)
\_n() ]dp:
















""fpl-dns kabw kqcy BImi ay-n
\nv (]Sn-m-tdmv) \op-Xv apX XpSn H
cm-fpsS \ng Abm-fpsS A{Xbpw hep--n
Bbn-o-cp-thmfw (Ak-dns kabw Bk-a
- mIm-n-S-tmfw am{Xw) BWv. kqcy a \n
dw {]m]n-p-Xv hsc Ak-dns ka-b-amWv. A
kvX-a-\- tim` A{]-Xy--am-Ip--Xp-hsc aKvcn-_n

s ka-bhpw, cm{Xn-bpsS ayw- hsc Cim-Cs


k-a-bhp-amWv.Djkv apX kqtcym-Zbw hsc kp
_vln-bpsS kab-amWv. kqcy DZn-p-b-cp-tm
\a-kvImcw \n-ln--cpXv. Xo-bmbpw kqcy
]nim-Nns cv sImp-In-Sbn-emWv DZn-pXv. (apkvenw)
\a-kvImc ka-b- IrXy-ambn hni-Zo-I-cn
p thsdbpw At\Iw lZo-Yp-I-fpv. Xncp-\
_n() hni-Zo-I-cn AS-bm-f- sImv \a-kv
Imc ka-b- hy-am-hp kml-N-cy-n
cm-I-ep-I-fpsS G-p-d-hp-I ]cn-K-Wn-t--Xn
. Cu ]d-Xv B \mp-Im-cpsS \a-kvImc ka
bs kw_-n-mWv.
t\mv A\p-jvTn-p--h Blmc ]m\o-b
fpw t\mns\ \njv^-e-am-p av Imcy-
fpw {]`mXw apX {]tZmjw hsc hPn-Ww.cm
{Xn-Im-e--fn Blm-c- ]m-\o-b-, kwtbmKw
apX-em-bh A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amWv; cm{Xn F{X lrkz
am-sW-nepw. Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dn-\p-n cm
hpw ]Iepw amdn- h-cp \mSp-I-fn Cu amK-am

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage23

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage24

Wv kzoI-cn-t-Xv. Fp-sIm-s-m Ckvem


anI hn[n-hn-e-p-I apgp-h P\-pw _m
[-I-amWv. Amlp ]d-bpp.


...

(187 : )...
""\n Xnp-Ibpw IpSn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm
pI. ]pe-cn-bpsS shfp Cg-I Idp Cg-I
fn \nv sXfn-p- Im-Wp-am-dm-Ip-Xv hsc. F
nv cm{Xn-bmIpw hsc \n {hXw ]q-ambn
A\p-jT
v n-p-Ibpw sNpI. (A _Jd: 187)
]I-ens AXn-ssZLyw, A\p-`hw, hnZ-KvZ
amb sshtZym-]-tZiw, tcmKia\w sshIp-satm
tcmKw aqn-p-satm D Bi, ITn-\-amb
av tcmK-tfm, ac-Wtam Dm-Ip-sa `bw F
o Imc-W--fm t\mv ]qn-bm-m Ignbn-sv tXmn-bm Hcmv t\mv apdn-m-hp-XmWv. ]Icw at-sX-nepw amk--fn Abm
t\ms-Sp-t--XmWv. Amlp ]dp:


(185 : )
""\n-fn B B amk-n kn-ln-X-cm
tWm Ah B amkw t\m-\p-jvTn-t--XmWv.
Bsc-nepw tcmKn-bm-hp-Itbm, bm{X-bn-em-hp-I
tbm sNbvXm ]Icw A{Xbpw Fw (t\ms
Sp-t--XmWv). (A _-Jd : 185)


(286 : )
""Amlp Hcm-tfmSpw Abm-fpsS Ign-hn s]-X
msX sNm \n_-n-p-Ib
- n.'' (A _J
d: 286)

(78 : )

aX-Im-cy-n bmsXmcp {]bm-khpw \nfpsS ta Ah Npa-n-bn-n. (lv 78)
2. kqcy NqSv Imev AkvX-an-p-Itbm XWpp-Im-ev DZn-p-Itbm sNm {]tZ-i--fn
tem, Bdv amkw hoXw cmhpw ]Iepw A\p-`-h
s-Sp {]tZ-i--fntem hkn-p--h Hmtcm
Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dn-\p-nepw Av t\cw
\a-kvI-cn-n-cn-Ww. AXns kab ]cn-[n-I

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage25

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage26

IW-m-t--XmWv. cm-I-ep-I-fpsS amw


\nan w kab hyXymkw A\p-`-h-s-Sp
sXm-Sp \mSn-s\-bmWv CXn\v Ah-ew-_-amt-Xv.

cw \a-kvI-cn-pI.'' Abm tNmZnp F\nv av


h \a-kvIm-chpw \n_--aptm? \_n() ]d
p: ""\n_--an. Fm kpv \a-kvIm
c- \n\v \n-lnmw.''

CkvdmAv, anAvdmPp-Isf hni-Zo-I-cn-p H


cp lZo-Yn Cs\ ImWmw. ""Amlp Cu k
ap-Zm-b-n\v Znhkw A]Xv \a-kvIm-c- \n
_--amn. CXns\ eLq-I-cn-p--Xn-mbn \
_n() Am-lp-thm-S-t]-np sImn-cpp. A
h-km\w Amlp ]dp: ""apl-tZ! Hmtcm Znhkhpw Av \a-kvIm-c- \n-ln-pI. Ah
Hmtcmpw Hn\v ]v F tXmXn A]Xv
\a-kvIm-c-n\v Xpey-ambn KWn--sSpw.''

A\kv _n amenIv() ]dp: \_n-()


tbmSv \nc-I-amb Imcy- tNmZn-p-Xv R
tfmSv hne-n-bn-cpp. {Kmao-Wc
- nse _pn-am
m \_n-()bpsS ASp- hp kwi-b-
tNmZn-p-Xv tIm R B{K-ln-n-cp
p. Hcn- Hcp {Kmao-W \_n()bpsS ASp
hp ]dp: apl-tZ! \ns Amlp
\ntbm-Kn--b-n-cn-p-p-shp \o Ah-Im-i-s-Sp-Xmbn \ns ZqX R-tfmSp ]d-p-htm?
\_n() ]dp. Ah ]d-Xv kXy-amWv.R
Znh-khpw Av t\cw \a-kvI-cn--W-sav
Ah ]dp. \_n() {]Xn-h-Nnp. Ah ]dXv kXy-amWv. \ns \ntbm-Kn--b-h X
s kXyw! Am-lp-hmtWm \ntm-SnXv I]n-
Xv? \_n() ]dp: ""AsX.''

Xzl-Xp_v\p Dss_Zv() ]d-bpp. \PvZn


\nv ]mdn-d-
- p Xe-ap-Sn-bp-ambn Hcm \_n
()sb Dt-inv hp. Abm-fpsS Ahy--amb
i_vZw Rv tIm-am-bn-cpp; ]d-bp-Xv
a\-n-em-m Ign-n-s-nepw. A\-cw \_n
()-bpsS ASp-sn Abm Ckvem-an-s\-n
tNmZnp. \_n() ]dp: ""Znh-khpw Av t\
t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage27

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage28

Xn-\mbn Ah-ew-_nmw. \a-kvImcw t]mse-Xs


da-Zm-\nse t\mpw Ahp \n_--amWv. Da
Zm amk-ns Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw IWm-t- Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dn cmhpw ]
Iepw amdn hcp sXm-Sp \mn-te-Xn\v Xpey-ambn-mWv. Hmtcm Znh-khpw t\mv XpS-p-Xpw
Ahkm-\n-p-Xpw sXm-Sp {]tZ-is {]`mXhpw kqcym-kvX-a-bhpw IW-n-se-Sp-p-sIm
m-bn-cn-Ww. Zm-ens Imes \a-kvIm-ck-a-b-s-n h lZoYv CXn\pw sXfn-hmWv.
kab-\n-b-n t\mn\pw \a-kvIm-c-n-\pan-S-bn Hcp hyXym-k-hp-an. (^Xvhm \ 61)

\_n() Xs A\p-N-c-m-tcmSv Zm-en-s\


n ]d--tm Ah tNmZnp: Ah F{XImew `qan-bn Xma-knpw? Atlw ]dp.
\m]Xv Znhkw. AXnse Hcp Znhkw Hcp hj
hpw cmw Znhkw Hcpamkhpw, aqmw Znhkw H
cm-gvN-bp-amWv. _mn Znh-k- \n-fpsS km
[m-cW Znh-k- Xs. Atm Hcm tNmZn
p: Hcp hjw \op- \np Znh-k-n H
cp Znh-ks \a-kvImcw aXn-bm-Iptam? Atlw
]dp. aXn-bm-hn. \n IW-p-Iqn AX-\pk-cnp \a-kvImcw \n-ln-Ww. ChnsS Hcp h
jw ssZLy-ap Znh-ks km[m-cW Znh-k
ambn ]cn-K-Wn-msX Av \a-kvIm-c- Hm
tcm Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dnepw \nh-ln-m-\m
Wv \_n() I]n-Xv. AXn-\m tNmZy-n D
bn--s cmPy--fn Hmtcm Ccp-]-n-\mev a
Wn-q-dnepw Av t\cw \a-kvI-cn-pI Xs
thWw. cm-I-ep-I Ccp-]-n-\mev aWn-q-dn-\
Iw km[m-cW \ne-bn amdn-h-cp-Xpw AS-bm-f
aptJ\ \a-kvIm-c-k-abw Adn-bm Ign-bp-Xp-amb sXm-Sp \mnse \a-kvIm-c-k-abw C

^Pvdns kabw Dd-mb tijw am{X-amWv


_mv hnfn-p-s
- X-n `W ]m\o-b
- fpw
t\mv apdn-bp ap Imcy-fpw _mns XpS
w apX Xs hn-t--XmWv. Fm
ka-b-am-sb [mc-W-bn-ep _mm-sW-n

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage29

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage30

7. ^Pvdns _mv XpS-p-tm Xs Am


gw \nt--Xptm? _mv Ah-km-\n-p-
Xp-hsc `W]m\o-b- D]-tbm-Kn-mtam?

Blmc ]m\o-b- D]-tbm-Kn-p-Xv sImv


hntcm-[-an.
\_n() ]dp.


_nem() cm{Xn-bm-Wtm _mv hnfn-p
Xv.C_v\p Dn-aIvXqw() _mv hnfn-p--Xp-h
sc \nv Xnp-Ibpw IpSn-p-Ibpw sNmw.
lZo-Yns Ah-km-\-n \nth-Z-I ]dbpp.
"

" "
C_v\p Dn aIvXqw() A-\m-bn-cpp. ""{]`m-Xambn'' Fv ap--h ]d-bp-Xv tIm am{Xta
Atlw _mv hnfn-n-cp-pq. (_pJmcn, apkv
enw) kwi-b-ap-Xv Dt]-n-p-Ibpw kwiban
m-Xv kzoI-cn-p-Ibpw sNpI. F \_n- hN-\-ns ASn-m-\-n {]`m-X-n\p ap]v
Xs Am-g-n \npw hnc-an--emWv kXyhn-izm-kn-Iv Ghpw kqvaX.

\_n() ]dp

kwi-bm-kv]-Z-amb Imcy--fn AI-s-SmsX kq
vaX ]men--h Xs aXhpw A`n-am-\hpw kw
c-np. {]`mXw ASp-n-cn-p-p-shp ap-dn
bnv \Ip _mmWv tIp--sXv t_m
y-aps-n Cu _mm-Wtm _nem() \n
-ln-n-cp-Xv kp_vlv _mv hsc Blmc- ]m\o-b- D]-tbm-Kn-p--Xn sXn.
8. K`n-Wn-Ipw ape-bq-p kv{XoIpw
t\mv Dt]-n-mtam? Dt]-n t\mv ]n
oSv t\mp-ho-t--Xptm? {]mb-nw \n
_--aptm?
K`n-Wn-Ifpw ape-bq-p kv{XoIfpw tcmKn
I-sf-tm-se-bmWv. t\ms-Sp-p--Xn\p {]bm-k
ap-s-n Dt]-nmw. ]noSv Ign-bp ka-b
v t\mp-ho-Ww.
\jvS-s Hmtcm t\mn\pw Hmtcm AK-Xn
p `Ww \In-bm aXn-sb Nne ]WvUn

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage31

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage32

X-m-cpsS A`n-{]mbw Zp_-e-amWv. tcmKn-I, bm


{X-m Fn-h-sc-tmse Chpw t\mp-ho-
\n_--amWv. CXmWv icn-bmb hoWw. A
mlp ]d-bpp:

(184:)
\n-fn-em-sc-nepw tcmKn-bm-hp-Itbm bm{X-bn-em
hp-Itbm sNbvXm ap Znh-k--fn \nv A{X
bpw Fw (t\ms-Sp-t--XmWv).

\_n() ]dp
"
"
""\nbw Amlp bm{X-m-c\v \a-kvImcw Npcp
n \n-ln-m\pw t\mv Dt]-n-m\pw A\phmZw \In-bn-cn-pp; K`n-Wn-Ipw ape-bqp kv{Xopw t\mv Dt]-n-m\pw.''
9. {]mbw sN-h, tcmK-i-a-\-n\p km[y-X-bnm tcmKn-I XpSn t\mp-t]-n-m

A\p-h-Zn--s--hv {]mb-nw \n_-amtWm?


{]mbm-[nIyw, ia\ {]Xo--bn-m tcmKw
Fn-h-bm t\m-\p-jvTn-m Ign-bm--h
km-nI tijn-bp-s-n Hmtcm t\mn\pw
Hmtcm AK-Xnp Blmcw \IWw. C_v\p A
mkv() ASw Hcp kwLw klm-_n-am C
s\ aX-hn[n \In-bn-cpp.
10.B-h-Im-cn-Ipw {]k-hnp InS-p--h
pw t\mv t\mt--Xptm? ASp d
a-Zm hsc t\mv t\mp hom-Xn-cp-m-ep
{]mb-n--sa-mWv?
B-h-Im-epw {]k-hm-\--chpw t\m
pw \a-kvIm-chpw \njn-hpw km[p-X-bn-m-
Xp-amWv. t\mv ]noSv t\mp-ho-Ww. Fm \
akvImcw hot--Xn. B-h-Im-cn-I \a-kv
Im-chpw t\mpw ap ka-b
- f
- n hot--Xp
tm Fv Bbni()tbmSv tNmZnp. Ah ]d
p: t\mv t\mp-ho-m R-tfmSv \_n()I

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage33

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage34

]n-n-cpp. Fm \a-kvImcw hop--Xn\p I


]n-n-cp-n. ""Bbni()bpsS Cu {]kvXm-h-\
sb kw_-nv ]WvUn-X-m GIm-`n-{]m-b-m
cmWv. Znt\\ Av XhW Bhn--s-Sp
\a-kvImcw ]noSv \nh-ln-pI {]bm-k-I-c-am
Wv. Fm hj-n Hcn- am{X-ap t\m
v t\mp-ho-pI Xmc-X-tay\ Ffp--amWv. Am
lp kv{XoIp \Inb Cu Cfhv Ahs A
]m-c-amb Hc-\p-{K-l-amWv. \ymb-amb ImcWw Iq
SmsX ASp da-Zm hsc t\mv t\mp-ho-p-
Xn hogvN hcp-p-h
- ]m-]
- n-p-Ibpw
Hmtcm t\mn\pw Hc-KX
- nv F IW-n B
lmcw \Ip-Ibpw t\mp-ho-p-Ibpw thWw.bm{Xm-c\pw tcmKnpw Cu hn[n _m[-I-amWv. bm{X
ASp da-Zm hsc \op- t]m-hp-Itbm tcmKw
XpS-cp-Itbm sNbvXm \jvS-s t\mv t\mpho-n-bm aXn. {]mb-nw Bh-iy-an.
11. da-Zm-\nse t\mv t\mp-ho-t--h im-ense
Bdv t\mp-I, Zpln ]v hsc-bp
Znh-k
- f
- nse t\mp-I, Biq-dmAv XpS-n

b kpv t\mp-I A\p-jvTn-p--Xns


hn[n-sbv?
da-Zm-\nse t\mv t\mp-ho-t--h kp
v t\mp-I A\p-jvTn-p-Xn\p ap]v \n
_ t\mv hop-I-bmWv thXv. kp-n-t\
m {]m[m\yw ^fn-\m-Wtm \tI-Xv. C
XmWv {]_-e-amb ]WvUnX aXw.
12.tcmKw aqew da-Zm-\n t\m-\p-jvTn-m IgnbmsX hcn-Ibpw da-Zm amkw Ignp ac-Ws-Sp-Ibpw sNbvX hynpthn ap--h
t\mv t\mp-ho-p-Itbm As-n AK-Xn-I
p Blmcw \Ip-Itbm FmWv thXv?
da-Zm Ignp tcmKm-h--bn Xs acW-s--bmp thn amcpw t\mv t\mp-ho-pItbm As-n AK-Xn-Ip Blmcw \IpItbm sNt--Xn. \ymb-amb Imc-W-m-em-W
tm Abm t\mp-t]-n-Xv.bm{X-bntem bm{X
Ah-km-\n--bp-S-s\tbm ac-W-s bm{X-m-cs
hn[nbpw CXp-Xs. tcmK-i-a\w e`n-npw t\mpho-p--Xn DZm-ko-\X Imn-b-h\pw bm{X Ign-

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage35

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage36

npw A{i--ambn \on-smp t]mb-h\pw a


c-Ws-m Ahp thn Ah-cpsS ASp
_p- t\ms-Sp-Ww.
\_n() ]d-bpp: ""t\mv t\mp-ho-m-\p-h ac-W-s-m Ahs Ghpw ASp _
p Ah-\p-thn t\m\p-jvTn-Ww''(_pJm-cn,
apkvenw). C\n ASp _p-hn\p t\m-\p-jvTnm Ign-bn-s-n ac-W-s--h-cpsS A\c
kzp]-tbm-Knv Hmtcm t\mn\pw GI-tZiw H
c Intem{Kmw Hc-K-Xnv F IW-n B
lmcw \tI--XmWv. tcmK-i-a-\-n\p km[y-Xbn-m tcmKn-Ifpw {]mbw sNhcpw {]mb-n
w \I-W-sap ap]v hy-am-n-bn-p-
tm. Fm ac-W-s--bmp kz-amb kz
n-s-n {]mb-nw Bhiy-an.


(286: )

""Amlp Hcm-tfmSpw Abm-fpsS Ign-hns]-X
msX sNm \n_-n-p-I-bn.''


(16: )

""AXn-\m \nv km[y-amb hn[w Am-lp


sh \n kqn-pI.'' (XKm-_p:16)
13. t\mp-Im-c\v \mUn-I-fnepw t]in-I-fnepw Ip
n-shbvv \S-mtam?
Ipn-sh-bvp--Xp-sImv t\mv apdn-bp-Ibn. Fm Blm-c-]-Zm- Ipn-sh-bv
p--Xp- sImv t\mv \njv^-e-amIpw.
t\mp-Im-cs ico-c-n \np ]cn-tim-[
\p thn cw FSp-p--Xn\p hntcm-[-an.
Fm sImp-sh-p--Xp-sImv AXn-tes
cp t]pw t\mv \jvS-s-Sp-sa-mWv {]
_-eamb A`n-{]mbw.
\_n() ]dp:

"sImp shp--h\pw shn-p--h\pw t\mv
\jvS-s-Spn'. (ico-c-n \npw {]tXyI co
Xn-bn cw hen-s-Sp-p-sIm-p Hcp NnIn
m coXn-bmWv sImp-sh-.)

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage37

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage38

14.t\mp-Im-c Sqv s]bvv D]-tbm-Knp Zipn hcp-p--Xn\pw Inepw ImXnepw aq


nepw apw acpv Cn-p--Xn\pw hntcm-[-ap
tm? Cn acp-ns cpNn sXm-bn A\p`-h-s-m AXns hn[n-sbv?
Z-ipn hcp-m shdpw {_jp-]-tbm-Kn
mepw Sqv s]bvp-]-tbm-Kn-mepw t\mv apdn
bn. s]bvv AI-tv Cd-n-tm-ImsX kq
n--W-sap am{Xw. Fm Adn-bmsX A
]w Cd-n-tm-bm t\mv ]noSv t\mp-ho-t-Xn. CXp-t]m-se-Xs Inepw ImXnepw acpv
Cn-p--Xp-sImpw t\mv apdn-bn. CXmWv {]
_-e-amb A`n-{]mbw.]s, sXm-bn cpNn A
\p`-h-s-m t\mv asm-cn- t\mp-ho-p-
XmWv kqvaX. Ipw ImXpw Blm-c-]-\o-b-
fpsS {]th-i-\-amK--f-tm. Fm hmbn-tep {]thi\ Zzmcw IqSn-bm-sW--Xn-\m aq
n Cn-p-Xp A\p-h-Z-\o-b-a.AwK-ipn h
cp-p--Xn-s\-n \_n() ]dp. ""t\mp-Im-c
\-s-n aqn ]q-ambn shw tIn Igp
IpI.'' Cu lZo-Yns ASn-m-\
- n aqn

acpv Cn-p-Ibpw sXm-bn AXns cpNn


A\p-`-h-s-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXm t\mv \njv^-e-am
Ipw. ]noSv Cu t\mv t\mp-ho-Ww.
15.t\mp-Im-c ZsshZys\ kao-]np ]v o
sNp-Itbm AS-p-Itbm ]s-Sp-p-Itbm
sNbvXm AXv t\mns\ {]Xn-Iq-e-ambn _m
[n-ptam? ]v Xcn-n-m Ipn-sh-m
t\mv apdn-bptam?
tNmZy-n ]cm-ain--s Imcy-
t\mns\ Akm-[p-hm-p-I-bn. Ah-bn Cfhv
A\p-h-Zn--s-n-pv. acptm ctam hngp-p
Xv kqn--W-sav am{Xw.Xcn-n-m Ipnsh-p-Xpw t\mn\p tZmjw hcp-p-I-bn. C
h-sbmpw Blmc ]m\o-b--fmbn IW-m-
s-Sp--h-b-tm.
16.Hcm t\mp-Im-c-\m-bn-cns ad-p-sImv Xn
p-Itbm IpSn-p-Itbm sNbvXm Fm-WXns hn[n?
t\mp-Im-c ad-p-sImv `-W-]m-\o-b
D]-tb-mKn-m Ahs t\mv apdn-bp-n.

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage39

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage40



(286: )

""R-fpsS \mYm, R ad-p-t]m-hp-Itbm
Rp sXp ]p-Itbm sNbvXp-sh-n R
sf \o inn--cptX.''
hnizm-kn-I-fpsS Cu {]mY-\-p--c-ambn
""Rm AwKo-I-cnp'' Fv Amlp ]d--Xm
bn lZo-Yn hn-pv. \_n() ]dp.



""t\mp-Im-c ad-p-sImp Xnp-Itbm IpSnp-Itbm sNbvXm B Znh-ks t\mv Ah
XpS-cs. Am-lp-hmWv Ah\p B `-W-]m
\o-b- \In-bXv.''

dn-m B t\mv ]noSv t\mp-ho-p-Itbm AXn


\p {]mb-nw \Ip-Itbm th.''
Cu lZo-Yns Xm]cyw kwt`mKw XpSn
t\mv apdn-bp apgp-h Imcy--sfbpw DsImp-pv. CsXmw Am-lp-hns A\p-{K-lhpw
HuZm-cy-hp-amWv.
17. \jvS-s t\mv ASp da-Zm hsc XXmb Imc-W--fn-msX t\mp-ho-m--h ]
m--]n-p-Ibpw t\mp-ho-p-Ibpw sNbvXm
aXn-bm-Iptam?{]mb-nw Bh-iy-amtWm?


""da-Zm-\n Bsc-nepw ad-p-sImp t\mp ap

Ah ]m--]n-p-Ibpw t\mv t\mp-ho


p--tXm-sSmw {]mb-nw \Ip-Ibpw th
Ww. \mnse apJym-lm-c-amb tKmXv, Acn, Imc
apX-em-bh Hmtcm t\mn\pw GI-tZiw Hc
Intem{Kmw F IW-n AK-Xn-Iv \IpI-bmWv thXv. tcmKw, bm{X, K`w, ape-bq-
XpSn t\mv Dt]-n-m-hp Imc-W
- f
- msW-n t\mv t\mp hon-bm aXn. {]mb-n
w Bh-iy-an. C_v\p Am-k-Sw ]e kz
lm_n-amcpw Cs\ aX-hn[n \In-bn-pv.

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage41

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage42

ad-p-sImv `mcy-bp-ambn kwkK-n-te


s--hs t\mpw km[p-hm-sW-mWv {]_-e
amb ]WvUn-X-aXw. \_n() ]dp.

18.\a-kvI-cn-m--hs t\mv kzoIm-cy-amtWm?


a\-qhw \a-kvImcw Dt]-n-p--h A
hn-izm-kn-bm-bn-o-cp-sa-mWv {]_-e-amb ]Wv
UnX aXw. CX-\p-k-cnp Ahs t\mn\pw ap
Bcm-[-\m-Ia-pw Ah ]m-X-]np aSp--Xp- hsc Hcp km[p-X-bp-an. Amlp ]d
bpp.

(88: )
""Ah (Am-lp-thmSv) ]p tNn-cp-p-sh-n
Ah {]hn-n-cp--sXmw Ahsc kw_n-n-S-tmfw \njv^-e-am-bn-tm-Ip-am-bn-cpp.''
Fm \a-kvImcw \n_--amb Hcp B
cm-[\m I-am-sWv AwKo-I-cn-p--tXm-sSmw
Xs Ae-k-Xbpw A{i-bpw aqew \a-kvImcw
Dt]-n-p-Xv sImv Ahn-izm-kn-bm-bn-o-cpI-bn F A`n-{]m-b-ap ]WvUn-X-m-cp-apv.
cm-as A`n-{]m-b-a-\p-k-cnv Ahs Ia-
v km[p-X-bpv. Hm-as A`n-{]mbw XsbmWv {]_ew. hf-sc-tbsd sXfn-hp-I CXn-m
bn Nqn-m-Wn--s-Spp.

\_n() ]d-bpp





""\a-kvImcw Dt]-n- hnizm-kn-bmb Hcp a


\p-jys\ Ahn-izm-k-ntem _lp-ssZ-h-Xz-n
tem Fn-p--XmWv.''
asmcp lZoYv ImWpI



""\fpw Ahcpw Xn-ep DS-Sn \a-kvIm-c-a
s{X. AXv Dt]-n--h Ahn-izm-kn-bm-bn-o-cp
p.''
\a-kvIm-c-s-p-dnpw AXv Dt]-n-p-
Xns\ kw_-npw kzX-{-amb Hcp eLp-IrXn
C_v\p Jnw()pv. AXn-e-tlw Cm-cy
hni-Z-ambn N sNbvXn-pv. hmbnp {K
ln-t-Xpw D]-Im-c-{]-Z-amb Hcp IrXn-bm-WXv.
19.da-Zm-\nse t\mv \n_--am-sWv AwKo-Icn-p--tXm-sSmw AXp-t]-n-p--hs hn
[n FmWv? Hn-e-[nIw XhW A{i--ambn

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage43

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage44

t\mv Dt]-n B Ckvem-an \nv ]pd


v t]mIptam?

20.B-h-Im-cnv da-Zm-\nse ]I ka-bv


ipn ssIh-m Fv sNWw?

X-Xmb ImcWw IqSmsX a\x-]qw t\m


v Dt]-n-p--h alm]m]n-bm-sW-nepw A
hn-izmkn Bbn-o-cp-n-s-mWv {]_-e-amb ]
WvUn-X -aXw. AXn-\m Ah ]m--]n-p-I
bpw Dt]-n t\mv ]noSv t\mp hop-Ibpw
thWw. Fm ASp da-Zm hsc \ymb-amb
Imc-W--fn-msX \jvS-s t\mv t\mp-ho-m-Xncp-m apv hy-am-n-b-t]mse Hmtcm t\mn
\pw Hcp AK-Xnv Blmcw \IWw. lpw
kImpw \n_--am-sWv AwKo-I-cnv sIm
v Xs Ah \nh-ln-p--Xn hogvN hcp
p--h Ahn-izm-kn-bmbn IW-m--s-Sp-I
bn.Fm Ah ]m--]n-Ww. hogvN h
cp-nb Imes kImv sImSpv hop-Ibpw
lv \n-ln-p-Ibpw thWw. Amlp kIm
v sImSp-m--hsc Ahs [\w sImv X
s inn-p-sapw tijw \c-Itam kzKtam
\Ip-sapw hy-am-p lZo-Yp-I CXn\v
sXfn-hmbn Nqn-m-Wn--s-Spp.

Ahv t\m-\p-jvTn-m-\p XSw \o


n-b-Xn-\m ]I _mn kabw t\mp-Imsc
t]mse Ign-p- Iq-Ww. IqSmsX B Znh-ks
t\mv ]noSv t\mp-ho-p-Ibpw thWw. CXmWv
{]_-e-amb ]w.

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage45

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage46

CXp-t]mse Xs ]I ka-bv da-Zm


amk-n-dhn nco-I-cn--s-m _mn- k-abw
t\mp-Im-sc-tmse Ignv Iqp-Ibpw ]noSv t\m
v t\mp-ho-p-Ibpw thW-sa-mWv `qcn-]w ]
WvUn-X-mcpw A`n-{]m-b-s-Xv. ]I ka-bv
bm{X Ah-km-\n-np kztZ-iv Xncn-s-nb
bm{X-m-c\pw ta ]d hn[n _m[-I-amWv.
21.t\mp-Im-cs aqn \ntm atm cw h
m FmWv hn[n? ]cn-tim-[-\-mbn Ah
s ico-c-n \nv c-sa-Sp-p-Xpw cZm\w sNp-Xpw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-amtWm?
aqn \nv hcp cw, c-{kmhw
Fnh t\mns\ \njv^-e-am-p-I-bn. c-

]-cn-tim-[\ sImv t\mv apdn-bp-I-bp-an. c


Zm\w t\mv Xpd-p--Xp-hsc \on-sh-pI-bmWv Daw.IqSp-X cw ]pd-s-SppXn\v sImv shp--Xn-t\mSv kmay-ap-
tm.
22.kqcy AkvX-an-p-shtm Djkv DZbw sN
bvXn-n-stm [cn-p-sImv t\mp-Im-c kw
tbmK-n-tes-Sp-Itbm Blmc]m\o-b-fp]-tbm-Kn-p-Itbm sNbvXm FmWv hn[n?
\jvS-s t\mv kuI-cy-s ap ka-b
v t\mv hop-Ibpw kwkK-n Gs-h
-
{]mb-nw sNp-Ibpw thWw. (Hcp ASn-asb
tamNn-n-p-Itbm, cv amk-mew XpS-bmbn
t\mv A\p-jvTn-p-Itbm, Adp-]Xv AK-Xn-I
v Blmcw \Ip-Itbm sNpI)

kwkK-n-tes-m {]mb-nw sNWw.


\jvSs
- -Sp-nb t\mv t\mp-ho-p-t- Xm-sSmw
Hc-Sn-asb tamNn-n-p-Itbm, cv amkw XpS
bmbn t\ms-Sp-p-Itbm,Adp-]-X-K-Xn-Iv B
lmcw \Ip-Itbm thWw. t\mp-t]-n-m
A\p-hm-Z-ap bm{X-m-c\pw tcmKnbpw {]mb-n
w sNt--Xn. \jvS-s t\mv t\mp-ho-n
bm aXn.
bm{X-m-c\pw tcmKnpw t\mp-t]-nm
A\p-hm-Z-ap-s--Xn-\m Ah\v kwkKw ap
tJ--\tbm atm t\mv apdn-p-Xv A\p-h-Z-\o-b
amWv. Amlp ]d-bpp.




(184:)
""\n-fn-em-sc-nepw tcmKn-bm-Ip-Itbm bm{X-bn-emIp-Itbm sNbvXm ap Znh-k--fn \nv A{X
bpw Fw(t\ms-Sp-t--XmWv)''(A_Jd:184)

23.t\mp-Im-c da-Zm ]I ka-bv `mcy-bpambn kwkK-n-tes-m FmWv hn[n?


t\mn-m bm{X-m-c\v CXv A\p-hZ
- \
- o-ba
- m
tWm?
da-Zm-\n t\ms-Sp--h ]I ka-bv

]pcp-j-s\-tmse kv{Xopw Cu \nbaw _m


[-I-amWv. \jvS-s-Sp-Xv \n_ t\mm-sW

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage47

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage48

n Ahfpw {]mb-nw sNWw. Fm


Ah bm{X-m-cntbm tcmKn-Wntbm BsW-n
{]mb-nw th-Xn.
24.BkvXa t]mep tcmK-v t\mp-Im-c
]I ka-bv hmbn kvt{] D]-tbm-Kn
p--Xns hn[n FmWv?
AXym-h-iy-am-sW-n AXv A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am
Wv. Amlp ]d-bpp.



(119:)
""\n-fpsS ta \njn--am--s-Xv Ah \n
v hni-Z-amn Xn-p-tm. \n(Xnphm
) \n_-n-X-cmbn Xocp--sXm-gnsI.''(ABw119)
kvt{] D]-tbm-Kn-p-Xv Blmc ]m\o-b-
fp-]-tbm-Kn-p-Xv t]mse-b. ]cn-tim-[-\-mbn
cw ]pd-s-Sp-p--Xn-t\mSpw {ZmhIcq]-n
`-W-]-ZmY- \Im-\-m Ipn-sh-nt\mSp-am-Wn-Xn\v kmayw.

25.t\mp-Im-c\v hkvXn {]tbmKw (Enema) \Smtam?


Bhiyw hm hkvXn {]tbmKw \S-p-Xn hntcm-[-an-s-mWv {]_-e-amb A`n-{]m
bw CXv `W ]m\o-b- D]-tbm-Kn-p-Xv
t]mse-b. ssiJp Ckvemw C_v\p-ssX-anb
bpw av At\Iw ]WvUn-X-mcpw Cu A`n-{]m-b
m-cmWv.
26.t\mp-Im-c On-m-\n-S-h-m FmWv
hn[n? t\mv ]noSv t\mv hot--Xptm?
t\mp-Im-c On-m-\n-S-bm-bm t\mv
apdn-bp-I-bn. ]noSv Cu t\mv t\mv hot-
Xp-an. Fm OZn-p-m-n-bm Ahs
t\mv apdnbpw. AXv ]noSv t\mv hop-Ibpw th
Ww. \_n() ]d-bpp:



""Bs-nepw kzm`m-hn-I-ambn On-bp-m-bm
(t\mv apdn-bp-I-bn) AXv t\mv hot--Xp-an
. Fm Bsc-nepw a\x-]qhw On-m
(t\mv apdnbpw) AXv t\mv hot--Xp-amWv.""

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage49

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage50

27.InUv\n tcmKn-bmb t\mp-Im-c\v cw amnsIm-Sp-p--Xns hn[n-sb-mWv? t\mv ho


t--Xptm?
t\mp-Im-cs ico-c-n ]pXnb cw I
b-p-Xv aqew Ahs t\mv apdn-bp--XmWv. c
-tm-sSmw ap ]ZmY- IqSn-bm-Ip-tm
{]tXy-Inpw. AXn-\m \jvS-s t\mv Ah
]noSv t\mp-ho-t--XmWv.

At-l-ns ac-W-tijw Ah CXv XpSXmbpw ImWmw.

CAvXnIm^v kv{Xo ]pcp-j-mv Hcp-t]m


se kp-mWv. \_n()da-Zm-\n CAvXnIm^v
Ccp--Xmbpw Xs Ah-km\ \mfp-I-fn da-Zm-\n
se HSp-hn-es ]n CXv ]Xn-hm-n-b-Xmbpw
lZo-Yp-I-fn nc-s--XmWv.\_n()bpsS IqsS
Xs `mcyam-cn Nne CAvXnIm-^n-cp--Xmbpw

\a-kvImcw Pam-A-mbn \n-ln--s-Sp


]n-I-fmWv CAvXnIm-^n\v Xnc-s-Sp-t
Xv. CAvXnIm-^n-\n-S-bn shn-bmgvN hcp-sa
n PpapA. \S-p ]n-I-fm-Wp-aw. CAv
XnIm-^n\v \nnX ka-b-an-s--XmWv {]_-e-amb
A`n-{]mbw. t\mv A`n-Im-ay-am-sW-nepw A\n
hm-cy-a. CAvXnIm-^n\v Dt-in-p-tm `P\
ev {]th-in-p-Ibpw DnjvS kabw Ign
m ]pdv hcn-I-bp-amWv \_n-Ncy. CAvXn
Im^v kp-m-b-Xn-\m (t\-bm-n-b-X-s-n
) CSv shv \nm-hp--Xp-amWv. da-Zm-\nse
HSp-hn-es ]n \_n-Ncy ]np-Sp-sIm
v `P-\-an-cn-p--h Ccp-]-n-H-n\v ^Pv \akvIm-c-tijw `P-\--ev {]th-in-p-Ibpw am
kw Ah-km-\n-p-tm ]pdv hcn-I-bp-amWv
thXv. kuI-cy-ap-s-n hn{i-a-n-mbn {]
tXyIw ew Hcp-p--Xm-Wp-aw. ZnIvdv, JpB ]mcm-bWw, ]m]-tam-N-\-n-\m-bp {]m
\, av {]mY-\I
- , kpv \a-kI
v m-c
-

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage51

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage52

28. kv{Xo ]pcp-j-m ]n-bn CAvXnIm^v


Ccn-p--Xns hn[n-sb-mWv? CXn\v t\mv
Hcp D]m[n BtWm? CAvXnIm^v Ccn-p--h
hym]r-X\
- m-th-Xv Fsmw Imcy--fn-em
Wv? `P-\--ev {]th-in-t-Xpw AhnsS
\nv ]pdv t]mtI-Xpw Ftm?

Fn-h-m-bn-cn-Ww kabw hn\n-tbm-Kn-t-


Xv. CAvXnIm-^n-cn-p--hs\ Abm-fpsS kvt\lnX-m kin-p--Xnt\m, Ah-cp-ambn kwkmcn-p--Xnt\m hntcm-[-an.
\_n()bpsS Nne `mcy-am `P-\-k-a-bv
At-ls hv ImWp-Ibpw kw`m-jWw \S
p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cpp. Hcn- Xs-b-Spv h
v k^nb() Xncnv t]mIp-tm bm{X Abm \_n() ]n-bpsS {]th-i-\-I-hmSw hsc
A\p-K-an-p-I-bp-mbn. (Cu kw`hw \_n()bp
sS At--bs hn\-b-tbpw `mcy-am-cp-am-bp
DIrjvS _-sbpw hy-am-p-I- IqSn
sNpp.
**********

t\mv kp{][m\ ^XvhIPage53