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[Culture] Indian Art, Architecture and Painting Schools (Mindmap cum

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1. Gandhara Art
2. Rajput painting
3. Saranatha pillar
4. Gopurum
5. Vijayanagara art
6. Bundi School Of Painting
7. Sunga art
8. Kangra school of painting
9. Manjusha Art
10. Madhubani Art
11. Kishangarh school of painting
12. Rock-cut temple
13. Mathura school of art
14. Chola architecture
15. Kulu School
16. Chaitya
17. nagara style of architecture
18. Chandella School Of Arch
19. Dravadian Architecture
20. Mughal painting
21. Mughal Architecture
22. Effect Of Islamic Rulers on India Architecture
23. HINDUSTAN MUSIC
24. Carnatic music
25. Ahmadiya movement
26. Mindmap
Gandhara Art
Greco-Buddhist art
the hand of a Greek but the head and heart of an Indian.
the basic urge, imagery and iconography remained Indian
north-west
west-asia settled here
lotus throne
central Asian fashion
Rajput painting
depict a number of themes, events of epics like the Ramayana and the
Mahabharata, Krishnas life
but many paintings were done on the walls of palaces, inner chambers of the
forts,
colours were extracted from certain minerals, plant sources, conch shells, and
were even derived by processing precious stones
emerged from Persian miniature painting
Saranatha pillar
lion capital = national emblem
four lions are seated back to back
UP:
column = same place
lion capital = sarnatha museum
@ ashoka column
ashoka chakra = indian ag
Gopurum
monumental tower, entrance, southern india
pallavas
shrine has more than one
tamil meaning = king and exterior
urban nodes and focal points
Vijayanagara art
religious, courtly and civic
comb = hoysala, pandya, chola
granite, sandstone and plaster
Bundi School Of Painting
major cultural hub in the city of Bundi, Rajasthan
Mewar School, the School of Painting
uman gures have a unique expression
red-brown color
Sunga art
stupas at sanchi
expansion of mathura school
sculpture not in bold relief
male/female large ornaments
no emotions
eyeballas conspicuous
Kangra school of painting
Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
@ Pahari painting school
greenery
naturalistic
plants and creepers, leaess trees
colors made of vegetable and mineral extract
Manjusha Art
Manjushas are temple-shaped boxes
ade of bamboo,jute and paper
Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Tarai area of the Nepal
Manjusha Art is one of the very old and historically very important Art
Madhubani Art
Mithila painting
region of Bihar state
using natural dyes and pigment
paintings for each occasion and festival such as birth, marriage, holi
aditionally by the women of villages
paste of powdered rice
mostly depict nature and Hindu religious motifs
Kishangarh school of painting
elongation of human faces
Portrayal of Radha and Krishna
Bani Thani.
labeled as Indias Mona Lisa
Rock-cut temple
mostly religious in nature
When Buddhist missionaries arrived they naturally gravitated to caves
suited to their natural inclinations
A rock cut temple is carved from a large rock and excavated and cut
ellora, kailash
Mathura school of art
ancient
kushanas
city of mathura
hinduism, jainism and buddhism
rst Buddha images
Sarnath, Sravasti Rajgir
school excelled in Yaksha (Male)
lion throne Indian dresses
Chola architecture
tamil dynasty
famous for tamil lit + art and archi
Pallava style
sanctum = square + circular
stone and metal scrip
gopurams
Kulu School
style of painting
is one of the prominent examples of centres of pahari school of painting in india.
Chaitya
buddhist or jain shrine including a stupa
holding devotees
providing shelter
roman = column + arch
ajanta, ellora
Nagara style of architecture
hindu temple archi
elevation convex curve
plan square shape
projections of plan are carried to top
Chandella School Of Arch
diff from other dynasties
contemporary : khajuraho temple and lakes
Dravadian Architecture
southern part
developed for about 10 centuries
Chola domination was the golden age for Dravidian Architecture
Northeastern Sri Lanka, Maldives, and various parts of Southeast Asia
Vimanam, Mandapams,Gopurams
Mughal painting
emerged from Persian miniature painting
blending of Persian and Indian ideas
greater interest in realistic portraiture
Animals and plants were also more realistically shown
Mughal Architecture
at fatehpur sikri synthesis of various regional schools of architectural
islamic, hindu and jain
Sikri sandstone
Buland Darwaza, jama masjid, Tomb of Salim Chishti, panch mahal
Effect Of Islamic Rulers on India Architecture
use of shapes (instead of natural forms)
decorative lettering or calligraphy
inlay decoration and use of coloured marble
all spaces were spanned by means of horizontal beams
concept of arch or dome was not invented by the Muslims
borrowed architectural styles of the post-Roman period
put to use certain scientic and mechanical formulae
were typical mortar-masonry works formed of dressed stones
religious=Mosques and Tombs
secular=palaces and forts
masjid
open courtyard surrounded by a pillared verandah
crowned off with a dome
mihrab indicates the direction of the qibla for prayer
tomb
maqbara = maqbara refers to the graves of all Muslims, it refers especially
to the graves (Raula or Rauza) of religious gures or Waliyullahs who
dedicated their life to Islam
qabr = normal muslim person
dargah = In Asian countries, maqbara also refers to the Dargah of
Waliyullahs, Sus, Sheikhs, Imams
three sections
a. delhi or imperial
b. provincial
i. jaunpur
ii. deccan
c. mughal
HINDUSTAN MUSIC
north india
persian inuence
khyal =modern
Carnatic music
one of the two major systems
melody based not harmony
gives equal importance to melody
and rhythm
dhrupad = oldest, still in use ne blend of science and art
concerts are generally solo or duet
Ahmadiya movement
Islamic reformist
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
view themselves as leading the revival and peaceful propagation of Islam
earliest Muslim communities to arrive in Britain and other Western countries
Most mainstream Muslims consider both Ahmadi movements to be non-Muslim
and heretical
Mindmap
This mindmap is contributed by Syed Waseem Pasha. click on following image
another mindmap
Click ME To see the mindmap of this article (created by software Freemind)
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Posted By On 04/10/2012 @ 01:17 In the category culture