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42/1 (SPL) 1 P.T.O.

+t||| =|s =| +-|t-+|--=| = -o-+r


+t =- |=o
Candidates must write the Code on the
title page of the answer-book.
Series OSR
=tz +.
42/1 (SPL)

Code No.
t|= +.
Roll No.











t|= |at+ (=t|-=)
PHYSICS (Theory)

|+||t- =- : 3 =|=-- == : 70
Time allowed : 3 hours Maximum Marks : 70
- =+| =| =t = |= := +-+-++ - -|;- +r 16 r
- +-+-++ - :||r+ r| =| =|t |: =|s +--t =| c|+ +-|t-+|--=| = -o-+r +t
|=o
- =+| =| =t = |= := +-+-++ - 30 +-+ r
- =t + =t :-tt |o+t n= =t+ = z, + =t =t= |o
- := +-+-++ =| +c+ = |= 15 |-+ =| =- |:| | r +-+-++ =| |-t +|
- 10.15 -= |=| =|| 10.15 -= = 10.30 -= -= c|+ == +-+-++ =| +c
=|t := =| = :|t|+ +-|t-+|--=| +t =|: +-|t +r| |=o
- Please check that this question paper contains 16 printed pages.
- Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be
written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
- Please check that this question paper contains 30 questions.
- Please write down the Serial Number of the question before
attempting it.
- 15 minutes time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question
paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the
students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on
the answer-book during this period.
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42/1 (SPL) 2

=tt- |+n :
(i) =t +-+ =|+| r
(ii) := +-+-++ - == 30 +-+ r +-+ =. 1 = 8 -= = +-+ =|--=+-|t| +-+ r
=|t += = == =| r
(iii) +-+ =. 9 = 18 - += +-+ t == =| r, +-+ =. 19 = 27 - += +-+ t+
== =| r =|t +-+ =. 28 = 30 - += +-+ t == =| r
(iv) t+ ==| |= +-+| - = = - =|||t- +-+ r
(v) +-+-++ - =- +t =|: |=+ +r| r -||+, :| ==| |= = +-+ -, -|+ ==|
|= = +-+ - =|t +| ==| |= -|+| +-+| - =|--|t= + +:|+ |=| | r
= +-+| - =|+=| |: +| - = == = +-+ r| =t+| r
(vi) ====t = ++| =| =+-|- +zt r -||+, |: =|-= r| -| =|+ ==|
=|t| =| +| =t ==- r
(vii) =r| =|-= r| =|+ |+-+|=|o- ||-= |+-|=| = -|+| =| ++| =t ==- r :
c = 3 10
8
m/s
h = 6
.
63 10
34
Js
e = 1
.
6 10
19
C

o
= 4t 10
7
T mA
1

o
4
1
c t
= 9 10
9
N m
2
C
2
m
e
= 9
.
1 10
31
kg
General Instructions :
(i) All questions are compulsory.
(ii) There are 30 questions in total. Questions No. 1 to 8 are very short answer
type questions and carry one mark each.
(iii) Questions No. 9 to 18 carry two marks each, questions No. 19 to 27 carry
three marks each and questions No. 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
(iv) One of the questions carrying three marks weightage is value based
question.
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42/1 (SPL) 3 P.T.O.
(v) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided
in one question of two marks, one question of three marks and all the three
questions of five marks each weightage. You have to attempt only one of
the choices in such questions.
(vi) Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables if
necessary.
(vii) You may use the following values of physical constants wherever
necessary :
c = 3 10
8
m/s
h = 6
.
63 10
34
Js
e = 1
.
6 10
19
C

o
= 4t 10
7
T mA
1

o
4
1
c t
= 9 10
9
N m
2
C
2
m
e
= 9
.
1 10
31
kg
1. |==| +t|u- -|- = u- +: =| +|t||+- =||= :==| =.=|:. (S.I.)
-|+= |=|o 1
Define the term electric polarisation of a dielectric medium. Write its
S.I. unit.
2. |==| = +t q =|n r, r = v = |==| -|n --=| + - |- =t-|
r |=+ n-| (+|--|) = =--- := +t =+ |=| -= (i) n- r||, (ii) =|=--
r|| ? 1
Under what conditions does a particle of charge q moving with velocity
v, experience (i) no force, (ii) maximum force, in an external magnetic
field ?
3. |==| |== - =|n |r=| =| =+|r |=+ :| =|t=| +t |+t =t-| r ?
+=o =||= 1
Write any two factors on which drift velocity of charge carriers in a
conductor depends.
4. |+=|=- |-+t = +|t+ |+- =| |-| == |=|o 1
Write the mathematical expression for the generalized Amperes circuital
law.
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42/1 (SPL) 4
5. -|==|+| = = - =| |-|-= ==| -| ++= -| =| :t| = ==+ = =+ -
=|to o|| 1
Draw a plot showing variation of potential energy of a pair of nucleons as
a function of their separation.
6. =|t -| - ++t|- = (|t+|t) =| +=| | r|-| r ? 1
State the function of a Repeater in a communication system.
7. +t|-| :t:n= - = == = -|+ +t =-= :+ =| =|-= = =+ - +|
=t+ =| = =|t |=|o 1
Give one reason for using a concave mirror, rather than a lens, as an
objective in a reflecting type telescope.
8. |==| |r= -t c(t) =| := +=|t = |=| | r :
c(t) = 3 sin (4tt) volt
-|s=+ |=+= m(t) :n| =+=|t = -t r

:==| -|s=+ ==|= -|- =||= 1
A carrier wave c(t) is given by
c(t) = 3 sin (4tt) volt
The modulating signal m(t) is a square wave as shown.

Find its modulation index.
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42/1 (SPL) 5 P.T.O.
9. (a) |+ s |= =|++ = -s |=| |== o|= +t + ||--t =| = =|-|
-= r| -c+ :+ = |= =|t= =| +r|+ =||=
(b) = =-|--t -= (+|;=|) =||t+ =| +|| ||t-| 1 F r -| :==| :|
-=| = -| =| :t| 1 cm r :==| :| -=| = -| - 9 10
6
V/m
+t|u- =|- =| = +t|u- -|- t |:| =|-| r -| =||t+ +t =|n
=| |+|t =||= 2
(a) In a Van de Graaff generator, identify the factor which limits the
build-up of a high potential difference on a large spherical
conducting shell.
(b) A dielectric medium of dielectric strength 9 10
6
V/m is filled
between the plates of a parallel plate capacitor having effective
capacitance of 1 F and plate separation 1 cm. Determine the
charge on the capacitor.
10. |+-+|=|o- |= (=|=o), :| += >| LCR +|t+| = |=, et = =| |-|
(V) -| |t| (I) = +|t-+ =| :n|- r

:+- = |== +|t+ - =||t+ +|--|| (X
C
), +t|= +|--|| (X
L
) = (i) =|= r||
(ii) =- r|| ? =++ +-|t = |= =|t |=|o 2
The following graphs depict the variation of voltage (V) and current (I)
versus (et) for two different series LCR circuits.

State, giving reason, in which of the circuits capacitive impedance (X
C
) is
(i) greater, (ii) smaller than the inductive impedance (X
L
).
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42/1 (SPL) 6
11. (a) + z-= = =+|:n -+ =t-| r: = |u----=| -t =| =||-| v -|
-t: r := -t = =-; |u- -| --=| + = =| = |=
|-| |+=+ (|+) =| |=|o
(b) z-= = =+|:n =t =t-| r:, |==| =--= |u----=| -t =|,
+== :|=|-|+ |u- -| --=| + = =| = =| = to||+ (-=)
-+|: 2
(a) Write the mathematical expressions for electric and magnetic field
components associated with an electromagnetic wave of frequency
v and wavelength propagating along the + z-axis.
(b) Draw the sketch of the plane electromagnetic wave propagating in
the z-direction along with the components of oscillating electric
and magnetic fields.
12. :+ =+ =| ++| r :n|+ = |= =||= |= +-|= :+ ;|t| -+| =||=| +|-|---
=: =|=|t - c|| =|t :+ = =|== = -| |-- r|-| r 2
t
r| =|to - = |;|=t| +| = = -|++ =| :n|| | r, |==- =-;|
|== O +t r

+: +t -+ |-=t ++ +t | +| +s|, |:, (i) n|- S =| S
1
S
2
=--= =
=-|--t =+t =| =|t |-||+- =t |:| =| -| (ii) n|- S =| -- +=|n = |==|
n|- = +|--||+- =t |:| =| ? 2
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42/1 (SPL) 7 P.T.O.
Use the mirror formula to show that the virtual image produced by a
convex mirror is always diminished in size and is located between the
focus and the pole.
OR
The figure shows an experimental set-up of Youngs double slit
experiment with the central fringe at O.

How will the interference pattern on the screen be affected when (i) the
source S is displaced upwards parallel to the plane S
1
S
2
and (ii) the
source S is replaced by white light ?
13. |==| +=|n-=:| +r (=-r) = |=, |+t|| | (V
0
) -| =|+|-- ||=t| =|
=||-| (v) = +:| -, =|:--|:+ = +=|n-|u- =-|=t =| |=|o r :n|+ =
|= = ++= |= (=|=o) -+|:, |= := |= = (i) |==| +:| = |= =|
==+ -| (ii) -=|= |+-|= = -|+ = -|t - =+| == +| =| =| ==-| r 2
Write Einsteins photoelectric equation in terms of the stopping potential
(V
0
) and the frequency of the incident radiation (v) for a given
photosensitive surface. Draw a suitable graph to show how one can get
the information about (i) the work function of the material and (ii) value
of Plancks constant from this graph.
14. ++= |+ =| =r|-| = p-n =| = |+-| - -c +|=|=| =| |t :||=
r|=| + = -++ =| =+ - + =||= 2
Explain, with the help of a diagram, the basic processes involved in the
formation of p-n junction. Write briefly how the depletion region is
developed.
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42/1 (SPL) 8
15. (a) ==| (|s|==) -| =+=+ (+|=|) ==-| = -| =--t |=|o
(b) += -= =| -= +-|= -| +== |= =-|+ =|t| -+|: =| |+n =|
=|-- =+|--t ++ =t-| r 2
(a) Distinguish between digital and analogue signals.
(b) Write the logic symbol and truth table of the basic gate which
produces an inverted version of the input.

16. :| =--, +-= =-|--t -|t| =| to| =|n + =-n 2 10
9
C/m -|
3 10
9
C/m r | - =-:=t = 20 cm :t to r :+ += -|t| =
10 cm :t |-- |==| |--: +t |u- + =| +|t-| (-|+) -| +==| |:n| -|-
=||= 2
Two long thin parallel wires having linear charge density 2 10
9
C/m
and 3 10
9
C/m are kept 20 cm apart in air. Find the magnitude and
direction of the electric field at a point 10 cm from each wire.

17. = :=|+ -| = =||+ - += =| -t: 3
.
315 nm r -| :=|+ =|
|-= ==| (K) =| =||+ =| ==| = =++|- -|- =||= 2
An electron and a photon each have a wavelength 3
.
315 nm. Find the
ratio of the kinetic energy (K) of the electron to the energy of the photon.
18. = =||n- = +t 2 nC =| =|n r r =

v = 10
5

^
i (m/s) = --=|
+ B - |- =t-| r=| = --=| -=,

F = 2 10
5
(
^
j ) N =| =+
=t-| r := --=| + =| |:n| -| +|t-| (-|+) -|- =||= 2
A charged particle having a charge of 2 nC moving in a magnetic field
B with a velocity

v = 10
5

^
i (m/s) experiences a magnetic force

F = 2 10
5
(
^
j ) N. Find the direction and magnitude of the magnetic
field.
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42/1 (SPL) 9 P.T.O.
19. :| =||t+| =| ||t-| =-n C
1
-| C
2
r, =|t C
1
= 2C
2
(i) +r= :+= >|=-
- =|=+ =| =|t (ii) |=t :+= =-|--t-=- - =|=+ =|, = r| -t| = =|s| =|-|
r :+ :| :n|=| = |==- (a) =|- ==| -| (b) ++||=- =|n, =|= r|| ?
=++ +-|t =| +|r =||= 3
Two capacitors of capacitances C
1
and C
2
such that C
1
= 2C
2
are
connected in turn (i) in series and (ii) in parallel across the same battery.
In which of the two cases will the (a) energy stored and (b) charge
acquired be more ? Justify your answer.
20. |==| =| n|- = +=|n 0
.
2 mm |s| == |=t| (|-=) +t +s-| r, =|t :==
|=t| = =--= = 1 m :t |-- +: +t |-+ ++ -+-| r |: -c +|r =| ==
to| :t| 4
.
8 mm r, -| =++= +=|n =| -t: () =| +|t==+ =||= =
:= -|+ = ++| ;|t|, |;-| (:=t|) =:| |== =| to| |s|: =| +|t==+
=||= 3
|==| |-+ ++ - |==| =| -|-| - == +|t-+ r|-| r ?
Light from a monochromatic source falls on a single slit of width 0
.
2 mm
to produce a diffraction pattern on a screen kept at a distance of 1 m from
the plane of the slit. If the total linear width of the principal maxima is
4
.
8 mm, calculate the wavelength () of the light used. Using this value of
, calculate the linear width of the second dark fringe.
How does the intensity of fringes in a diffraction pattern vary ?
21. |==| =||t -||=- ||=-t = |= CE |-|= - =--t =|= =| =
=|=o - :n|: := =|= =| ++| += =-| + =| =||+|t =t+ -
=||=, =r| ||=-t =| ++| (i) += = =+ - -| (ii) |- = =+ - |=| =|
==-| r
||=-t = |- = =+ - ++| =| =||| =| =+ - -+r =||= 3
Draw the transfer characteristic of base biased transistor in CE
configuration. Use this characteristic to identify the regions where
transistor can be used as (i) an amplifier and (ii) a switch.
Briefly explain the working of a transistor as a switch.
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42/1 (SPL) 10
22. =+ - + =||= |= =|=|n -t =t || ;|t| t|s| -t| =| =t == r|-|
r
= ++| |+| =| =|: 20 m -| =||r| |+| =| =|: 80 m r LOS ||
- =-|+=+= =|t = |= :|+| = -| =| =|=-- :t| =| +|t==+ =||= [|:|
| r, +| =| |+-| = 6
.
4 10
6
m] 3
Describe briefly how radio waves are propagated in space wave mode of
propagation.
A transmitting antenna has a height of 20 m and the height of the
receiving antenna is 80 m. Calculate the maximum distance between
them for satisfactory communication in LOS mode.
[Given, radius of Earth = 6
.
4 10
6
m]

23. -|+ ==| = |u- |r= -= (:.-.=.) c
1
= 1
.
5 V, c
2
= 2
.
0 V -| c
3
= 3 V
r, :+= =|--|t= +|-t| =-n, r
1
= 0
.
3 O, r
2
= 0
.
4 O -| r
3
= 0
.
6 O r :+
-|+| ==| =| =-|--t-=- - =||=- |=| | r |: := =|=+ = -|+ +t =
== |=| =|, -| += == =| - |u- |r= -= (:.-.=.) -| - +|-t|
-|- =||= 3
t
:n| u- =|==- - |=to|= = |+-| = ++| ;|t| |u- |t|=| I
1
-| I
2

= -|+ -|- =||= 3

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42/1 (SPL) 11 P.T.O.
Three cells of e.m.f., c
1
= 1
.
5 V, c
2
= 2
.
0 V and c
3
= 3 V, having internal
resistances r
1
= 0
.
3 O, r
2
= 0
.
4 O and r
3
= 0
.
6 O respectively are
connected in parallel. Find out the equivalent e.m.f. and the equivalent
resistance of a cell which can replace this combination.
OR
Use Kirchhoffs rules to find out the values of the currents I
1
and I
2
in the
electrical network as shown.

24. =-= = |+- =| |=|o = =t= +:|rt =| + =||=, =| :n| |= r |+-
==|-=t |=;|-- = =+=+ r
:= |+- = ++| ;|t|, =|to - :n| :| =--=| =+| (+|n|) - +|t- |u-
|t| =| |:n| =|t :=t -|- =||= =+ (+|n) |==| = ==-|+ --=|
+ - |u-|+ r |===| |:n| +|n| = =--= = =|=--- -| +|== (=|+) =|
=|t r +|n abcd := --=| + = -|rt |+== tr| r -| +|n pqrs --=|
+ - +n =t tr| r 3

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42/1 (SPL) 12
State Lenzs law. Describe a simple example to show that this law is in
conformity with the principle of conservation of energy.
Using this law, predict, giving reasons, the directions of the induced
currents in each of the two planar loops shown in the figure. The loop
abcd is moving out whereas the loop pqrs is moving into the region of a
uniform magnetic field directed normal to the planes of the loop and
towards the reader.

25. |+-+|=|o- =| =|t =|r- -+r =||= :
(a) |: |==| =|-|- n|- (== =||s- =-+) = +=|n |==| +|=t|:s n| =
r|=t =t-| r, -| :==| -|-| =|| r| =|-| r =|t +|=t|:s =| -|+ =
+|t- -|-| +t =|: +| +r| r|-|
(b) |==| +-|= == =| |: = -|- - s -| |:| =| |===| =+-+|=, ==
= +:| = =+-+|= = =|= r, -| r +-|= == = =+=|t| == =|
||- =| =t-| r
(c) == =-:n| - =|-= -| +|+=| :|+| r| =+ =|== :t| = r|- r 3
Explain the following giving reason :
(a) If light from an ordinary source (like a sodium lamp) passes
through a polaroid sheet, its intensity is reduced to half and
rotating the polaroid has no effect on the transmitted intensity.
(b) A convex lens when immersed in a medium whose refractive index
is more than that of the material of the lens, behaves like a
diverging lens.
(c) Both the objective and the eyepiece of a compound microscope have
short focal lengths.
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42/1 (SPL) 13 P.T.O.
26. = >| LCR (= =| =|t) +|t+ = |= -| n|= =| == n|= |= =
+: - + =||= =- :n|: |= -| n|= =| -|+ =++|: =| |-|- -
=|=-- r|-| r 3
Deduce the expression for the average power dissipated in a series LCR
circuit in terms of power factor. Hence show that average power
dissipated at resonance is maximum.
27. n|-| = |+-|+ cs (t|s) ;|t| =| = = +|+ - +|+| - =t+ =| ++ =t tr|
| (r t|s =| r| -+ +|t =-=|: = =s| |) =- r =|++ = |= |= +|+|
+| - r=| | +r|, r =++| +=| +|+| - s|=+ =| r| tr| | -| +== |n= +
+= =| + =t+ = |= =- |=|
:= +| +t =|||t- |+-+|=|o- +-+| =| +-|t :||= :
(i) r ==|r :=t n|-| = |n= + |== - =| +:n+ |=| ?
(ii) =- +|+| - |u- +||r- =| =| tr| r -| += c +| -t+|= | r|-| r ? |:
n|-| + =|=- == |=| r|-|, -| | r =|= =t|- r|-| ?
(iii) = +:|rt :||= |==- =|++ - =| | |==| =- |= =| |--|=
=|+ - := +=|t = - =| +:n+ =t- r +|| r| 3
Shoma was trying to heat water by means of immersion rod (connected
directly to the main power supply) in a glass vessel containing water. As
she tried to put her finger into the water to check if the water was warm
enough, her teacher cautioned her against doing it.
Based on the above information, answer the following questions :
(i) What value did Shomas teacher display by giving this advice ?
(ii) Why is it considered dangerous to touch water when current is
being passed into it ? Will it be safer if Shoma had used distilled
water ?
(iii) Give an example where you have displayed or observed someone
else displaying similar value in real life situation.
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42/1 (SPL) 14
28. (a) ++= =|to =| =r|-| = |==| ==-|+ --=| +

B - |--,

A
+== =| = =|-|=|t I |t||r| =s=| +t =+ |= -==| (|=)
= |= = == (=|:n =+ -) +| =||=
(b) ++ n-| =| +o =||= |=+- (i) =+t |: -=-=| =| ==
= =s=| +|-|t - ++= r|-| r; (ii) = =s=| +|-|t =|
=||r-| -c ==-| r 5
t
(a) +| = +r = |==| |--: +t --=| + =| |t :+ = |= =|-=
-|+ t||n| (=|) =| =| +, =|-= =|to| = ++| ;|t|
=||= =++= =|-= =+ | |=|o
(b) +|---=| -| =+--=| +:|| =| ==-|+ --=| + - to| | r
:+ +:|| = =-|+ --=| + to|=| =| r|t |+ ;|t| +:|n- =||=
=++ +-|t =| +|- =||= 5
(a) Derive, with the help of a suitable diagram, the expression (in
vector form) for the torque acting on a rectangular loop of area

A
carrying current I, placed in a uniform magnetic field . B


(b) Mention the conditions under which (i) the above expression for
the torque is applied in moving coil galvanometer; (ii) the
sensitivity of the moving coil galvanometer is increased.
OR
(a) Give a brief description using necessary diagrams, of the three
elements (quantities) required to specify the magnetic field of the
Earth at a point on its surface. Also write the necessary formulae
used.
(b) Specimens of a paramagnetic material and a diamagnetic material
are placed in a uniform magnetic field. Draw the behaviour of
magnetic field lines near these specimens. Justify your answer.
29. |==| |+=|| |+-- = r|=t =t-| r: +=|n =| |=t =| -| :n|+ = |= =
|=t =|to -+|: := =|to = ++| =, |+-- = =| -| -+-- |=+ =|
= +:| -, |+-- = +:| = =+-+|= = |= =--- +| =||= |==| |+-- =
|=, =|+-+ =| -| |=+ =| = -| |= =| +=|- =| :n|: 5
t
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42/1 (SPL) 15 P.T.O.
(a) -t| =| +|t|+| |=|o |==| =- t = 0 +t |==| -t| =| =|=|t
=--= -t = =+ - r r|:-= =| t+| ;|t| :n|: |= (i) =c =- t =
+-|-, |;-|= -t|=|=| = +=+ (+|+r -+n=), =--= -t ==
++-+ =t- r -| (ii) +-|= == = =t+ = +-|- |+- -t| |== +=|t
|=|=|t r| =|-| r =|t =|== +t =|=|t- r| =|-| r
(b) r|:-= = |=;|-- = ++| ;|t| |==| =+ -|- = |t= -|- =|
=|t- r|-| r: =--= -t = =+-+ = -+= = |+- =| =|++ =||= 5

Draw a ray diagram to show the passage of a ray of light through a
triangular prism. Use this diagram to obtain the relation for the
refractive index of the material of the prism in terms of the angle of
minimum deviation and the angle of the prism. Plot the nature of the
graph for the angle of deviation versus the angle of incidence in a prism.
OR
(a) Define a wavefront. Given the shape of a wavefront as a plane
wave at time t = 0, show using Huygens construction, (i) how the
envelopes of secondary wavelets produce the plane wave at a later
time t and (ii) how the emergent wavefront becomes spherical and
converges to the focus after passing through a convex lens ?
(b) Verify using Huygens principle, Snells law of refraction of a plane
wave propagating from a denser to a rarer medium.
30. (a) r|:s |=+ +t-| = |= -|t = |=;|-- = +- :| =|r|-| =| |=|o
+t-| =| =t+| = + = |= :+ =|r|-| =| =|-=-| =| =+ -
-+r =||=
(b) -|t =| --| =|r|- = ++| ;|t|, r|:s |=+ +t-| = -+- = |=
|ts- =| =+ |=|o := =+ =| =r|-| = , r|:s |=+ -+- =| =|:-+
>| - -+ -| to| = +- =:- = -t: =| +|t==+ =||=
(|ts- |+-|= =| -|+, R = 1
.
03 10
7
m
1
=||=) 5

t
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42/1 (SPL) 16
(a) (i) =| (o)- -| (ii) -||

(|

)- - += =| = +:|rt :||= :+
-+=-| =| =|=|-= =+ - |=|o
(b) :| : +||=| =||=|,
MeV 27
.
3 n He H H
1
0
3
2
2
1
2
1
+ + +
- u|+ -|==|+| =| =c| :|+| =|t =t|- tr-| r, |=t | ==| |+-=
r|-| r -+r =||=
(c) :n|: |= = +||= = |= |--- |o=| - +||= + |-t tr-| r -|
;-|+ =c| A = --+ r|-| r 5

(a) State the first two postulates of Bohrs theory of hydrogen atom.
Also explain briefly the necessity for invoking these postulates to
describe the structure of the atom.
(b) Using Bohrs third postulate, write the Rydberg formula for the
spectrum of the hydrogen atom. With the help of this formula,
calculate the wavelength of the first member of the spectral line in
the Lyman series of the hydrogen spectrum.
(Take the value of Rydberg constant R = 1
.
03 10
7
m
1
)
OR
(a) Give one example each for (i) o-decay and (ii) |

-decay by writing
the decay processes in symbolic form.
(b) In a given nuclear reaction,
MeV 27
.
3 n He H H
1
0
3
2
2
1
2
1
+ + +
although number of nucleons is conserved on both sides, yet energy
is released. Explain.
(c) Show that nuclear density in a nucleus, on a wide range of nuclei
is constant and independent of mass number A.
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Page 1 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
MARKING SCHEME
SET 42/1 (SPL)
Q. No. Expected Answer / Value Points Marks Total
Marks
1. Net dipole moment per unit volume developed in the dielectric medium in
presence of an external electric field is called electric polarization.
SI unit : coulomb/m
2






1
2. i. When a charged particle is moving parallel/anti parallel to the
magnetic field.
ii. When a charged particle is moving perpendicular to the magnetic
field.





1
3. Two factors on which drift velocity of charge carriers depends;
Applied electric field and temperature of the conductor.
(or any other correct 2 factors.)





1
4.
= +
Alternatively :
= (


1



1
5.








1












1
6. A repeater picks up the signal from the transmitter, amplifies and retransmits
it to the receiver.
1 1
7. i. There is no chromatic aberration.
ii. Spherical aberration is reduced.
iii. Easy mechanical support.
(Any one /any other one correct reason.)



1



1
8.
=
=
= 0.5
[Note: Award this one mark, if a student writes answer directly without
calculation.]









1
9.



a) Limiting factor break down field of air.
b) c =
as dielectric strength E = =
















(a) Identification of factor
(b) Determination of charge on the capacitor 1
1
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Page 2 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
c =

q= 9 x 10
-2
C
= 90mC









2
10.



i. For circuit I, X
c
> X
L

Reason: Current is leading the voltage in phase.
ii. For circuit II, X
c
< X
L

Reason: Current is lagging the voltage in phase.















2

11.




a) =
=

b)














1















2

12.




For a convex mirror, and for an object on left side i.e. ,
Using the mirror formula
=
(as and )

<
Image is between Pole and focus of the mirror,
Linear magnification m= for
Hence, image is diminished



OR


































2





Identification of circuits +
Reasons +
(a) Mathematical expressions for electric and magnetic field components
+
(b) Drawing of the sketch of the plane electromagnetic wave 1
Showing, that the virtual image produced by convex mirror is always
diminished and between focus & pole 2
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Page 3 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon





i. Fringe pattern on the screen will shift downwards with central fringe
below point 0, on the screen.
ii. Central fringe will be white, fringe closest on either side of central
white fringe will be red and farthest will appear blue, after a few
fringes, no clear pattern will be seen.







1


1










2
13








work function = -(e intercept on the y-axis)

Planeks constant = e slope of the curve.
















































2

14.




Two processes involved during the formation of p-n junction are diffusion
and drift. Due to the concentration gradient, across p and n sides of the





1


























Effect on interference pattern when
i. Source S is displaced upwards. 1
ii. Source S is replaced by white light. 1
i. Einsteins photoelectric equation
ii. Drawing of suitable graph 1
Processes involved in the formation of p-n junction 2
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Page 4 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
junction , holes diffuse from p n, and electrons from n p. This movement
of charge carriers leaves behind ionised acceptors on the p-side and donors
on the n- side of the junction. This space charge region on either side of the
junction, together, is known as depletion region.


1





2
15.




i. Analogue signals are in the form of continuos, time varying voltage
or current.
Digital signals are those which can take only discrete stepwise values
i.e. only two levels of voltage / current.
ii.









































2
16.




Electric field at a point distant 10cm from each wire, = +
E = [ ]
= 9 x 10
9
x ( 2 )
= 9 x 5 x 2 x 10 N/C
= 900 N/C (towards the wire having negative linear charge density.)
[Note : Give full credit, if a student doesnt draw diagram.]







































2
17.



for electron












a) Distinction between digital & analogue signals 1
b) Logic symbol and truth table +
Finding the magnitude and direction of the electric field. 2
Calculation of ratio of kinetic energy of electron and energy of photon. 2
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Page 5 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
K.E. =

For photon, energy(E) =
=


66 x 10
-4






















2
18.




= q( )
Since, charged particle is moving along +x axis and experiences the force
along y axis, therefore magnetic field should be along +z axis . (using right
hand thumb rule/ flemings left hand rule/ any relevant rule.)
i.e. should be along .
F = qvBSin
2 x 10
-5
= 2 x 10
-9
x 10
5
B(as angle = )

= 0.1 T



























2
19.



i. For series combination of the given capacitors

ii. For parallel combination of the given capacitors

a) As energy stored U , for same voltage source.
Energy stored in parallel combination of capacitors will be more,
b) Charge acquired, Q for same Voltage source,
Hence charge acquired will be more in parallel combination.
[Note : Also give full credit, for alternative methods.]
























3

20.






Linear width of principal maxima(w)

4.8

= 4.8 x 10
-7
m = 480nm
























Calculation of wavelength ( ) of light used 1
Calculation of linear width of second dark fringe
Variation of Intensity of fringes. 1

Finding the direction and magnitude of magnetic field. 2
Calculation of energy stored and charge acquired in given cases. 1+1
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Page 6 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
Linear width of second dark fringe
= = half of the linear width of principal maxima
= 2.4mm
Intensity of bright fringes, falls rapidly as one moves from centre to the ends
of the screen, and for the dark fringes intensity remains zero.
[Note : Also accept the intensity distribution curve of diffraction for this
part.]







1







3
21.









i. Region for transistor to be used as an amplifier : Active region.
ii. Region to be used as a switch : cut off region and saturation region.
Working: when input voltage ( ) is low and unable to forward bias the
transistor, is high. If is high enough to drive the transistor into
saturation then is low. Therefore when transistor is not conducting, it is
switched off and when it is driven into saturation it is switched on.











1









1






















3
22.



Space wave travels in a straight line from transmitting antenna to receiving
antenna.
Maximum distance = +
= +


= 2 x 8 x 10
3
+ 4 x 8 x 10
3

= 48 x 10
3
m
= 48Km




1


















3
23.




=

=
















Draw of the transfer characteristic 1
Identification of regions for amplifier and switch +
Brief working of a transistor as a switch 1

Brief description of propagation of radio waves in space wave mode. 1
Calculation of maximum distance. 2

Calculation of equivalent e.m.f. 1
Calculation of equivalent resistance 1

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Page 7 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
=
=
=
= 5+5+5
=
= 2.0V
OR

In loop abcda
-20 I
1
+ 40 40 I
3
= 0
I
1
+2 I
3
= 2 ----------(1)
As I
3
= I
1
+ I
2

I
1
+2 I
1
+2 I
2
= 2
3 I
1
+ 2I
2
= 2 ----------(2)
In loop adefa
40 I
3
40 80 +20 I
2
= 0
2 I
3
+ I
2
= 6 -----------(3)
Substituting I
3
= I
1
+ I
2

2 I
1
+ 2I
2
+I
2
= 6
2 I
1
+ 3I
2
=6 -----------(4)
solving equation 2 and 4
I
2
= A
And I
1
= A















































3





















3
24.





The polarity of induced emf is such that it tends to produce a current which
opposes the change in magnetic flux that produced it.
This law is in conformity with the principle of conservation of energy,
consider a situation where induced current is in the direction opposite to that
given by lenzs law. Then in this situation kinetic energy will continuously
increase without expanding any energy and hence one can construct a
perpetual motion machine by a suitable arrangement, which violates the
conservation of energy.
In irregular loop induced current will be in the sense. pqrsp, as induced
current will oppose the increase in magnetic flux.
In other loop, induced current will be in the sense abcda, as the induced
current will oppose the decrease in magnetic flux.





1


1
























3
Statement of Lenzs law 1
Description of a simple example 1
Prediction of direction of induced current +
Finding the value of I
1
and I
2
3

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Page 8 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
25.



a) It is because, light which is produced from an ordinary source (like a
sodium lamp) is unpolarised, when an unpolarised light wave is
passed through a Polaroid sheet, it gets linearly polarised with the
electric vector oscillating along the direction perpendicular to the
aligned molecules.
b) Ray of light parallel to the pricipal axis, gets deviated away from the
normal at the first surface and towards the normal at the second
surface since deviation at two surfaces is in same sense,
net deviation from both the surfaces make the ray diverge away
from the principal axis.
Alternatively: It is because the relative refractive index of lens
becomes less than 1 and
becomes ve. Hence, lens behave like a diverging lens.
[Note : Also accept the explanation through diagram.]
c) Due to short focal length of eye piece, angular magnification of eye
piece increases and magnification of objective is large when is
slighty greater than , since the microscope is used for viewing very
close object therefore is small and hence , should be small.





1







1






1





















3
26.





V =
I =
Instantaneous power p supplied by the source P = VI
= .
= [
Average power over a complete cycle
P = (because the average of time dependent term is zero.)
=
=
At resonance V and I are in same phase i.e.
P = , which is maximum
















1
















3
27.


i. Concerned/ Caring(or any other one relevant value)
ii. Because, one can get electric shock, as water conducts electricity,
Yes, relatively safer, because distilled water is a bad conductor of
electricity.
iii. Any example displaying similar value in real life situation.



1

1
1






3
28.












Explanation of parts a, b and c 1 +1+1

Deduction of the expression for the average power 2
Showing the average power dissipation is maximum at resonance 1
Answer of the parts i, ii and iii 1+1+1

a) Derivation of the expression for torque 3
b) Mentioning the conditions for (i) & (ii) 1+1

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Page 9 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon

a)

Forces on the arms BC and DA are equal, opposite and act along the axis
of coil, being collinear along the axis, they cancel each other,
Forces on arms AB and CD are and which are equal and opposite,
but not collinear.
= =IbB
therefore magnitude of torque acting on the loop
= +
(Area of the loop A = ab)
= I X
b)
i. In moving coil galvanometer, this expression is applied at
i.e. = NIAB
ii. Senstivity of a galvanometer is increased by increasing number
of turns/ increasing area of coil/ increasing magnetic field/ by
decreasing torsional constant.
OR





a)






























1



1



















































5


















a) Brief description of three elements + +
Necessary diagram
Necessary formula +
b) Drawing the behavior of magnetic field lines +
Justification +

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Three physical quantities are Magnetic declination, angle of dip
(inclination) and horizontal component of Earths field.
The angle between the true geographic north and north shown by compass
needle is called magnetic declination.
Dip is the angle that the total magnetic field of earth makes with the
surface of Earth.
Component of total magnetic field of earth along the surface of earth is
called horizontal component.
= , =
And
tanI =
where and are horizintal and vertical component of the earths field
and I is the inclination at a place.
b)

The field lines gets concentrated inside the material and field inside is
enhanced.


The field lines are repelled or expelled and the field inside the material is
reduced.






















































5
29.




a)

In the quadrilateral AQNR
--------------------(1)
From the triangle QNR
+ -----------------(2)
Comparing these two equations
+ =A -----------------------------------(3)
The total devation is the sum of derivations at the two faces.
=










1





































Ray diagram showing the passage of ray 1
Obtaining the relation for refractive index 3
Nature of graph. 1
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Page 11 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon
That is = i+ -------------------(4)
At the minimum derivation D
m
, the refracted ray inside the prism becomes
parallel to its base.
= D
m
, i = e which implies =
Equation (3) becomes
2r = A or r =
In the same way equation (4) becomes
D
m
= 2i-A, => i=
The refractive index of the prism is
= =


OR




a) Wave front is the surface of constant phase
Alternatively: locus of points, which orscillate in phase.
i.

To produce the plane wave at a later time t, draw spheres of radius vt
from each point on the plane wave front . By drawing the common
tangent to all these spheres a plane wave at a later time t is obtained.
(where v is the speed of waves in the medium)



















1














1











































5

























a) Definition of wave front 1
Showing (i) and (ii) using Huygens construction 1+1
b) Verification of Snells law. 2
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Page 12 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon


ii.


The central part of the incident plane wave traverses the thickest portion
of the lens and is delayed the most. Therefore the emerging wavefront has
a depression at the centre and hence it becomes spherical and converges at
the focus.
b)

= = = (Refractive index of rarer medium wrt denser
medium.)




















1








































5
30.





a)
i. An electron in an atom revloves in certain stable orbit without
the emission of radiant energy.
ii. Electron revolves around the nucleus only in those orbit for
which the angular momentum is an integral multiple of .
Alternatively: where n is an integer
According to classical electromagnetic theory, an accelerated electron emits
radiation in the form of electromagnetic waves. Therefore energy of electron
would decrease continuously and electron would spiral inward and eventually
fall into the nucleus, such an atom can not be stable. As the electrons spiral
inwards, their frequency would change continuously, thus they would emit a
continuous spectrum in contradiction to the line spectrum observed. To
overcome above shortcomings, Bohrs theory came into existence.







1

1





1
























a) Statement of the first two postulates of Bohrs theory. 1+1
Brief explanation of the necessity 1
b) Rydberg formula 1
c) Calculations of wavelength 1
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Page 13 of 13 Final draft 13/4/14 12:00noon








b) Bohrs third postulate , gives the Rydberg Formula
= R
For first member of spectral line in lyman series,


= 129nm
OR




a)

i.
Alternatively


ii.
Alternatively:

b) Binding energy per nucleon of the fussed muclei is more than
the binding energy per nucleon of the lighter nuclei i.e. final
system is more tightly bound than the initial system therefor energy is
released.
c) Let A be the mass number and m be the average mass of a nucleon,
Nuclear density =
=
Substituting R =
Which is constant and independent of Mass Number(A).



1




















1




1



1






























5






























5
a) One example each for (i) and (ii) 1+1
b) Explanation of release of energy 1
c) Showing that nuclear density is independent of mass number 1


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