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CHAPTER ONE THE FORMATION

(16 SEPTEMBER 1963 - OCTOBER 1965)

MERGER AND MALAYSIA

I". On 27 MAY 1961 the Prime Minister of MALAYA, Yang Teramat Malia TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA made a statement to a Foreign Correspondence Association in SINGAPORE about the inevitability of remaining British Colonies coming together with

Malaya economically and politically. "

2. Approximately two and half years later this statement became a reality. Despite the objection and threat bf confrontation from SUKARNO REGIME of INDONESIA and the territorial claim of British North Borneo (now SABA,Ii) by the PHnJPPINES. MALAYSIA was furinalised on 16th SEPTEMBER 1963 joining together the newly independent colonies of SABAH. SARA WAK and SINGAPORE with MALAYA. True to his "words; PRESIDENT SUKARNO of INDONESIA declared a state of confrontation against the new Dation.

THE FIRST BATTALION

3. Following the terms of the Defence Agreement. Britain had agreed to raise. train and maintain one Infantry Battalion each from SABAH and SARAWAK. To coordinate and implement this clause of the agreement; HQ Malaya Command RANGER GROUP was formed and headed by COLONEL I.G. WFLLSTEAD.

4. The First Battalion Malaysian Rangers, was formed on the 16th SEPfEMBER 1963 at BAIRD CAMP. ULU TIRAM, JOHORE - the same .Camp occupied by the Sarawak Rangers. LT COL E. GOPSn.L OBE, DSO, Me of the 7tb GURKHA RIFLES was appointed the Commanding Officer.

S. The Sarawak Rangers disbanded on 15 Sep 63 and was absorbed - approximately tOO strong - into the newbattalioD as untrained cadres. The officers of the Sarawak Rangers were also posted to the battalion. Amongst them was LT JAMES TOMWW AK ISA who was originally granted a Governor's Commission in the Sarawak Rangers was subsequently granted the Regular Commission by the AGONG (now he commands the Second Battalion).

RECRUITING DRIVE

Intake I

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6. When the command element was set up in ULUTlRAM, the first recruiting group left for SARA WAK to select recruits in SEP 63. This group led by MAl F .A. GODFFERY. MC. travelled to SIBU, KAPIT. SONG. KANowrr and MUKAH in 3rd Division. This recruiting team succeeded in recmiting:

a. mAN

b. MALAY

c. CHINESE

139 10 2

Intake 2

7. Second Intake was recruited by a team led by MAl D. THOMSON in FEB/MAR 64. The team travelled to LIMBANG. LAW AS, LONG SEMADO, ULU/CENTRAL TRUSAN. (aU 5th DIV), SIMANGGANG, ENGK.ILILI. LUBUK ANTU~ BEfONG and SARATOK

(2nd DIV). The following were recruited:

a. lBAN

b. ~AY

c. aoNESE

151 7 2

B.Fl'Om this batch two were selected to go for officers training at the Royal Military College. They were MOHDJO~ BIN mRAlDM and FABIAN WONG BOON SOON.

lntU;e3

9. lDtake 3 was recruited in MAY/JUN 64 from MIR1, BINTULU, MARUDI, BARAM, TlITOH. APOH (4th OIV) SIMANGGANG. BETONG, SARATOK. LUBOK ANTU, ENGKlLlLI (2nd DIY) BALAI RINGIN and SERIAN (lst OIV). The following were selected:

a. mAN 54
b. MALAY 2S
c. Kenyah 23
d. Others 32
Intake 4 10. Intate 4 was recruited in SEP 64 from KUCHING. LUNOU, SElUAN. SEMUNJAN,

BAU (1st OIV) KAPIT and- ULU BALEH. The followmg were accepted: .

a. mAN

b. MALAY

c. LAND DAY AK

d. CHINESE

205 90 74 10

MOVETO KANDY LINES

U. In OCfOBER.I963. the nude'os of the Battalion moved out of BAIRD CAMP to KAMDY LINES, TRG DEPOT BDE OF GURKHAS at SUNGAI PETANI to prepare and conduct recruit training and continuity training for the new intakes. The recruits went througIi. about four months of basic individual training followed by anotber two months continuity training.

PASSING OUT PARADES

12. The first batch of recruits who arrived in Oct 63 completed their basic traiJiing and were ~yto be passed out in 24 Feb 64. For this occassion the first intake of the Second Battalion were also to be passed out together. They·had the honour to pass out in the presence of the Chief of tbe Armed Forces Staff. LT GENTUNKU OSMAN BIN TUNKU MOHD JEW A. In his speech for the occassIOD he remiode·d the recruits to always remember:

.~ ..... it is your solemn duty to glorify the bistory of your new born regiment and the Armed Forces as a wbole by building a good tradition; to up bold that tradition; and most of all to carry out the task of safe-guardiog our nation without any reservation"

13.. In JULY 64, the $eCODd intake took.their tum to passed out. For this occassion the honoUr to take the salute was given to the Chief of the General Staff of the MalaYsian Army • . MB.J GEM ABDUb HAMID BIN'BmlN.

14. The final batch of recruits had their passiog out parade on 6 Feb 1965 at SUVLA UNES. For this occassion the honour to take the salute was given to commander. of the RANGER GROuP. COLONEL I.G. WELISTEAD. He worked hard towards this event and it must have been a proud moment for him to see the last batch for the first battalion marchiog smartly before him.

MOVE ro SUVLA LINES

15. In October 1964, the battalion moved out of KANDY LINES. SUNGAI PEfANI for SUVlA LINFS. IPOH. This Camp rust occupied by the YII'St Battalion was occupied continuously by other RANGER tiattation and it was decided in 1975 to make it a RANGER HOME.

HANDING OVER PARADE

16. The British Government responsibility to raise. train and maintain the two RANGER BATTALIONS was completed and both battalions were ready to be handed over to the Malaysian Government.

17. On 4th OCTOBER 1965 •. at a simple ceremony at SUVLA LINES the FttSt and the Second BattalioDs the Malaysian Rangers were on parade for tbe first time in full strength. That oceassion would be the last event for the British Government and that parade also marked the first event for both battalions to perform as the youngest units of the Malaysian Army.

18. Major General H.A. LASCELLES, CBE. DSO, the Major General Staff at FARELF on behalf of the British Government. handed over both battalions·to Major General DATO ABDULHAMlD BIN BIDIN. DPMK., JMN. PMP, PJK, the Chief of tbe General Staff who represented the. Malaysian Government.

OPFRAll0NAL DUTIES

19. In ~a~rto give the young soldiers jungle ·experience. the battalion was deployed in (jp MAGNUS area. in the MAL/THAI Border to conduct operation cum training from December 1964 up to June 1965. At anyone time two rifle companies were deployed to cover an area stretching from KROH in PERAK to PERLIS.

20. 1n April 1965, one contact was made with 5 Cfs and after a brief exchange of fire. the Cfs fled across the border into Thailand. There were no casualties on both sides.

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21. During the period of late 1964 and 1965, various special tracker platoons were deployed in LABIS and PONTIAN, JOHORE, to hunt for the INDONESIAN INFILTRATORS. In fact the battalion scored its first kill even before it was handed over to the Malaysian Army. The record showed the following successes:

a. On 6 OCT 64 at LABIS. JOHORE, SGT DUGU killed one infiltrator during a contact.

b. On 3 APR 65 at LABIS. JOHORE, LCPL UNJANG led a patrol of 2 SIR in an attack on a Camp occupied by 13 infiltrators. During the assault 6 infiltrators were killed one of whom was personally killed by RGR BANTA. the leading scout.

c. On 11 JUNE 6S at PONTIAN, JOHORE 5 infiltrators were eliminated in two separate encounters. During the first contact RGR REDAN killed 3 infiltrators and during the subsequence contact 2 more infiltrators were killed by SGr DUGU.

I THE VlSlTOllS

22. During the two years since its establishment uuti] the Handing Over Ceremony. the battalion was honoured by the visit of so BlIDy VVIPs and VIPs either in KANDY LINES. SG PETANIor at SUVLA UNES. Among them were the foJlowing.

a. AT KANDY LINES
(1) 24FEBf964
(2) 14JULI964
(3) 14JULl964
b. _At SUVLAIJNES
(I) 14 DEC 1964
(2) 12. FEB 1965
(3) 23FE81965
(4) AUG 1965 LT GENTUNKUOSMAN BIN TUNKU MOHDJEWA. CAFS

GENERAL SIR AllAN JOLLY, KCB. CBE, DSO. ARMY COMMANDER FARELF

YB DATO TEMENGGONG JUGAn Ax: BARING. MINISTER FOR SARA WAK AFFAIRS

HIS MAJESTY YAliG DIPERTUAN AGONG YAS TUN ABDULRAZAK., DEPUfY PRIME MINISTER

BRIG. P.A.I;,. VOUX. OBE. COMMANDER. MALAYA AREA

YABDAro STEPHEN KALONG NlNGKAN, CHIEF MINISTER SARA WAle.

MO~roSARAWAK

23. As SOOD _ the- Haodiog Over Ceremoay was completed, the bBttaliou begma puparatioa to move aero.ss to Sarawat lot an operational tour. By 16 October 1965. tbe . advance party left SUVLA LINEs for SlMANGGANG.

Annex A to CHAPfER ONE
LIST OF BATTALION OFFICERS
(FROM SEP 63 ro FEB 66)
SINO RANK NAME APPOINTMENT
1. LTCOL E.GOPSILL CO
2. MAl W.N.A. AXWORTHY 21C
3. CAn D.W.F. TWIGS ADJT AND 21C D COY
4. CAPT J.J.R. WINGFIEW 10
S. CAPT R.J.M. DRUMOND RSO
6. MAJ D. THOMSON" OCHQCOY
7. CAPT R.G.LONG MORCOMD
8. CAPT W.R.N. LADDS MTO
9. MAl E.F. DOLEMAN RMO
, 10. LT J.ADAMsON QM
U. MAl H. W.N. GRACE OCACOY
12. MAJ M.M.SMITH OCBCOY
13. MAJ W.D.R. WfST OCCCOY
14. MAJ L.M. CHANDLER OCDCOY
15. MAl F.A. GOOFFERY OCHQ&DCOY
16. CAPT J. LANGHORNE ADJT (for short period
.as 2ICCOy)
17. CAPT A.E. BUCKINGHAM 21CACOY
18. CAPT .G.STEAD 21CBCOY
19, CAPT P.H.D.MARR ADJT
20. CAPT B.PROSSER MTO
21. CAPT EN. WALKER 21CCOY
22. CAPT D.C. MCNEILL MORCOMD
23. CAPT C.R.DAY 21CCOY
24. LT B.K.FINCH PLCOMD
25. LT M.D.H. SCOTT PLCOMD
26. LT C.J. NEWBOULD PLCOMD
MALAYSIAN OFFICERS
27. CAPT C.A.LOONE 2IC (Subsequently'OC COY)
28. LT JAMFS TOMLOW PLCOMD
29. LT ABU BIN SURIP, PIS OM
30. lLT HAYATABINELIAS PLCOMD
31. 2LT WALTERTEDWONGAK PLCOMD
lEDONG
32. 21T MOHD NOOR BIN PLCOMD
SALEH,PJK
33. 2LT GORDON VINCENT PLCOMD
NICHOL
34. 21T MOHD JOHARI BIN PLCOMD
IBRAlUM
35. 2LT WILFRED BUSU AK PLCOMD
MINGGAT
136. 21T EDMUND ABIT AK PLCOMD
BEDINDANG 37. 2LT FABIAN WONG BOON PLCOMD
SOON
38. 2LT MUHAMMAD.BIN PMR
HUSSEIN
LIST OF BATIALION OFFICERS
(FROM FFB 66 TO NOV 67)
SINO RANK NAME APPOINTMENT
1. LTroL YUSOFF BIN ABU BAKAR CO
2. MAl W.N.A. A.XWORTHY 21C
3. MAl D.THOMSON OCHQCOY
4. MAl H.W.N. GRACE OCACOY
5. MAl E.F. DOLEMAN RMO
6. MAl W.D.R. WEST OCCOY
7. CAPf A.G. BUCKINGHAM OCCOY
8 .. CAPT C.R.DAY OC~Y
9. CAPT R.l.M. DRUMOND RSO
10. CAPI' M.I.Green OCBCOY
11. CAPT J. LANGHORNE 21CCOY
12. CAPT W.R.N. LADDS MTO
13. CAPT D.W.F. TWIG ADJT
14. CAPT 1.1.R. WINGFIELD IQ
15. CAPT B.G.STEAD 21C
16. CAPT R.G.OONG MORCOMD
17. LT B.K.FlNCH PLCoMD
rs, CAPI" F.N.WALKFB 21CCOY
19. CAPf C.I. NEWBOULD 21CCOY
MALAYSIAN OFFICERS
20. MAl CHONG THEAN BOK 21C
21- MAl MANSOR BIN YUNUS . OC (For short period·
Now COL)
22. MAl HARCHAND SINGH 21C COY (For short period)
23. MAl C.A.LOONE OCCOY
24. MAl MD..NOOR BIN HASSAN OCHQCOY
25. CAPT MORD KALAMAZAD ADJT (For short period)
26. CAPT EUAS LAFI1 BIN TAN SRI ADJT
HUSSEIN
28. CAPl'(DR) BHUPlNDERSINGH HMO
29. LT JAMES TOMLOW PLCOMD
30. lLT DUNSI'AN NYARING 10
ANGKING
31. 2LT MORD NOORBIN SALEH, PL COM (Now MAl-21e)
PJK
32. 2LT ABD RAHIM BIN ABO PLCOMD
RAHMAN
33. 2LT AMBROSE YAP YIN SYN PLCOMD
, 34. 2LT EDMUND ABIT AK PLCOMD
BEDINDANG
35. 2LT Wll.FRED BUSU AK PLCOMD
MINGGAT
36. 2LT MORD JOHARJ BIN RSO
IBRAlDM
37. 2LT WALTER TED WONG AK PLCOMD
37. 2LT WALTER TED WONG AK PLCOMD
TEDONG
38. LT HA YATA BIN ELIAS PLCOMD
39. 2LT P. NAIR PLCOMD
40. 2LT AHMAD BIN JOHAN PLCOMD
41. 2LT GORDON VINCENT PLCOMD
NICHOL
42. 2LT FABIAN WONG BOON PLCOMD
SOON
43. 2LT GEORGE NGAU LIAN PLCOMD
44. 2LT MUHAMAD BIN HUSSEIN PMR
LIST OFBATIALION OmCERS
(FROM NOV 67 TO MAY 68)
SINO RANK NAME APPOINTMENT
1. LTCOL WAN ISMAn. BIN MORD CO
SALLEH
2. MAJ N.S.GREEN OCBCOY
3. CAPT W.R.N. LADDS MTO
4. CAPf R.G.LONG MORCOMD
5. CAPT CJ. NEWBOULD 2ICCOY
MALAYSIAN OmCERS
6. MAJ MANSOR BIN YUNUS 2IC
7. MAJ MORD NOR BIN HASSAN oc HQ COY
8. MAJ CA. LooNE, PJK OCCOY
9. CAPT MORD KALAM AZAp OCCOy
10. CAPf MORD KASSIM SIN ADJT
ISMAn.
11. CAPT MALAKANBIN OCCOy
KAMARUD.IN
12. CAPT MORD SHARIFF BIN OCCOY
ABDULJALIL·
13. (CAPT(DR) YEOH THEAM HOCK RMO
J4. CAPT ABU BIN SURIP. PIS QM
115• LT WALTER TED WONG AK PLCOMD
TEDONG
16. LT P.NAIR MTO
17. LT JAMES TO~OW AK ISA PLCOMD
18. LT MOHAMMAD BIN PMR
HUSSEIN
19.: 2LT GORDON VINCENT PLCOMD
NOCHOL
20. 2LT GEORGE NGAU LIAN PLCOMD 21. 2LT ABDUL KAZAK BIN PLCOMD
JAAFAR
22. 2LT SYED SHEIKH BIN MOHD PL COMD
23. 2Lr WILFRED BUSU AK PLCOMD
MINGGAT
24. 2LT MOHAMAD BIN WNG PLCOMD
25. 2LT SYED MOHD BIN SYED PLCOMD
26. 2111' ALWISHAHAB PLCOMD
27: 2LT FABIAN WONG BOON PLCOMD
SOON
28. 2LT EDMUND ABIT AK PLCOMD
BEDINDANG
29. 2LT MOHD JOHARI BIN KSO
IBRAHIM
30. 2LT MOHD KAMAL BACHA PLCOMD
BIN MOHD YUSUFF
31. 2LT AHMAT BIN JOHAN PLCOMD
32. 2LT HAYATABIN ELIAS PLCOMD
33. 2LT ABDUL RAHIM BIN ABD PLCOMD
RAHMAN
34. 2LT DUNSTAN NYAKING 10
ANGKING CHAPTER TWO

FIRST.SARAWAK TOUR (OCTOBER 1965 - DECEMBER 1966)

GENERAL

I. When the new nation, MALAYSIA, was formalised on 16 SEP 63, the SUKARNO REGIME of INDONESIA declared a state of confrontation against MALAYSIA. Member of the regular or irregular units of the Tentera Nasional Indonesia (TNI) operating under the banner of Tentera Nasional Kalimantan Utara (TNKU) began to create border incidents and acts of terrorisism across the border. The militant element - a big majority of them youths- of the Sarawak Communist Organisation deflected across the border by hundreds to receive military training and other assistance from the TNI. These youths initially were made use of as guides whenever incursions were made.

2. The British Government in accord with· the Defence Agreement came to the assistance to safeguard the new nation from this threat. The appointment of Director of Operation Borneo (DOBOP) was established and given the responsibility to safeguard both SABAH and SARA W AK. Malaysian troops and British forces were deployed allover the border areas of SABAH and SARA W AK to prevent incursions from disturbing the peace and security of the population.

FIRST TEST FOR THE FIRST BATTALION

3. In October 1965, it was the tum for the new unit to play its role alongside the other Malaysian and British troops in Sarawak. The advance element of the unit moved out from SUVLA LINES on 16 October 1965 and later to be foUowetl by the rest of the Battalion. The Battalion was placed under command to the 5th British Infantry Brigade and· was deployed in the Second Division of Sarawak. The' dispositions of the battalion were as follows:

a. Bn Hq located at SIMANGGANG

b. Rifle Coys were deployed in JAMBU, LUBOK ANTU, BATU UNTANG and SUNGAI TENGANG

4. The Battalion was in this operational area for seven months and during that time one of the platoon in the border area clashed with a band of Tentera Nasional Kalimantan Utara. The member of the' platoon stood to their baptism of fire very well and succeeded in putting the enemies to flight back to their territory. Various special forces were deployed to 'take on special/selected tasks and achieved good result. These success~s not only built up high morale in the unit but it also made others confident in the capabilities of the unit.

FAREWELL TO THE FIRST COMMANDING OFFICER

S. Lt Col E. GOPSILL, OBE, DSO, MC who became the Commanding Officer on 16 September 1963 has completed his tour of duties after two and a half years and due to return to other duties in United Kingdom. On 12 February 1965, the battalion bid farewell to him and although he was no longer with the unit, his leadership and all the energies he had put into the training and organisation of the battalion win never be forgotten. He has set a high standard in all respects for the battalion and that standard remained until today.

6. On 13 February 1966. LT COL YUSOFF BIN ABU BAKAR became the new

Commanding Officer.

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FIRST SUCCESS IN LUNDUDISTRICT

7. After serving for seven months in Second Division, SARAWAK, the battalion was transfered to another operational area in LUNDU District of ryst Division, Sarawak, where there had been reports of members of the Sarawak Communist Organisation making preparation for the return of their members from across the border.

8. In March! April 1966. the troops were lifted out from the forward bases by Helicopters into HMS ALBION anchored off the coast -of KABONG. From there the ship steamed up to the coast opposite LUNDU from where the helicopters once again were deployed to put the troop at LUNDU.

9. Hardly three weeks after arrlvai in the new operation area, a platoon from CHARLIE Company led by newly commissioned 2LT DUST AN NY ARING ANGKING made a contact with a group of four communist terrorists. In the ensuing fire fight, one member of the group was killed while the remainder fled leaving behind blood trail. On follow up, the other three found hiding in a cave were subsequently captured. Food stuff and many other items of value to the communist terrorist were also recovered from the cave.

10. These successes which took place on 21 MAY 1966 was well appreciated by all

concerned. The Battalion was honoured by the visits ofthe foilowing VIPs:

a. MAY66

- Y AB TUN ABDUL KAZAK the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence

a. JUNE66

- YTM TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN PUTRA the Prime Minister of Malaysia

SARA WAK HONOUR

11. One of the memorable event so far recorded by the battalion was the presentation of truncheon by the Sarawak Government to the unit. This occassion was held on 19 November 1966 at LUNDU, First Division, SARAWAK. His Excellency, the late Governor of Sarawak, TUN ABANG HAll OPENG BIN ABANG SAPI'EE. SMN, PNBS. OBE grace the occassion by his presence and by the presentation ofthe truncheon.

In his address to the battalion, he had this to say amongst other things:

"This TRUNCHEON which is presented to you is an emblem from the State Government. It is also a mark of appreciation of the Government and the people of SARA WAK for your services to the country and for the worthy upholding of the best tradition of our people. This is a great honour earned through your conduct. bearing and bravery in battle every-where you are called upon to serve".

12. This "TRUNCHEON" is the treasure ofthe unit and it will continue to be a symbol

to inspire every member of the unit to give their best always to the country. .

13. After a tour of 14 months, at that time the longest ever done by any unit, the battalion began to move out from the operation to KUCHING enroute to T AlPING by December 1966.

14. For this trip. many who were married made arrangement to bring their families with them to TAIPlNG.to occupy the Camp vacated by the First Battalion The Royal Malay Regiment, who moved across to KUcmNG to occupy the new military complex at

SEMENGGOCAMP. .

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8HAPTER THREE

TAl PING BARRACKS (DECEMBER 1966- OCTOBER 1969)

REfRAINING

] . By the end of the year 1966, the battaIion had settled into the T AIPING BARRACI and after sbedding their jungle sores and battle fatique. the battalion was given tl opportunity to go through a retraining period. Besides perfecting the jungle craft. tl battalion spent a Jot of time perfecting the techniques of Publi~ Order Drill.

OPERATIONAL TOUR

2. By the middle of 1967. the battalion serving under Headquarters 2 MlB. was ba again in the border areas to conduct jungle operati!>ns against the remnants of the Malay; Communist Party. The battalion was deployed to cover from nOH to KEDAH.

3. "Jne operational tours to the border areas were rotated with the other units und

Headquarters 2 MlB.

THE COMMAND CHANGED HANDS

4. LT COL YUSOFF BIN ABU BAKAR was selected to hold another appointme in the Ministry of Defence after being with the battalion for about one and half years. j COL YUSOFF was kind and considerate and full of diplomacy in handling the battalic It was a sad occassion to see him depart and the battalion will never forget him.

S. Thetbird Commanding Officer of the battalion was LT COL WAN ISMAIL BIN Wi MOHD SALLEH who took over 00 17 November 1967. He had just returned from I tour of duties as the Military Attache in Republic Indonesia.

PUBLIC ORDER DEPLOYMENT

6. Hardly a month after taking over. LTCOL WAN ISMAlLorganised the battalion j Public Order Duties in PENANG. On 2S November 1967, the Communist United Frc found the cause to create public disorder in PENANG by using the devaluation of t Malaysian Currency and the change of the symbol of sailing boat to the portrait of the fi

Head of State as an excuse. .

7. The Public Order situation in PENANG'became serious so quickly that POPO had to declared and troops were engaged on duty. The battalion having had the trainiI thoroughly went into action with all enthusiasm and quickly brought the situation unc control. The high standard of discipline displayed brought the situation under contr The high standard of discipline displayed by the troops and the no-nonsense attitu towards law enforcement was a big contribution towards bringing the situation une' control and law and order was restored.

8. It was subsequently revealed that the situation was caused by the irresponsible a' by members of the Labour party Malaya. The activities of the party was curtailed a subsequently this political party was banned.

UCCESS IN OPERATION

9. After being released from the PubJic Order deployment in Penang, the battalion was

ad again in jungle operation in the Malaya/Thailand border. In late December 1967 and three weeks after the HART AL. the battalion scored the first success against the communist errorists since the end of emergency in 1960 •

. 10. A platoon from BRAVO Company had a contact with a group of communb~t terrorists near the border areas. During the contact three members ofthe group were found dead and from the blood trail left at the scene it was obvious that several other members of the group were wounded but 'managed to flee across into the safety of their. sanctuary across the border. This achievement added one more laurel to the reputation of the battalion.

HE COMMAND CHANGED HANDS·

11. After only six months in command, LT COL WAN ISMAIL had to bid farewel1 to the unit. He bad to leave the battalion in order to take over the appointment of GSO I at HQ 1 MAL DIY in KUCHING. He handed over the battalion on 27 May 1966 to LT COL SYED ABDULAZIZ.

12. LT COL SYED ABDUL AZlZ was not a stranger to the battalion - he was tbe Second in Command from 01 Jan 1967 to OS March 1968 before be was posted to the same appointment to 4 RENJER. The battalion was certainly happy to serve with him again .

. COMM11NlST TERRORIST AMBUSH

3. Since they fled into BETONG SAUENT in 1960, the remnants- of the Communist rty Malaya were slowly building up their strength in: order to come back for the second und of insurgency. For' the last eight years they began to organise and build up their trength without being disturbed or harassed. They had to plan and execute a memorable vent in order to signal their readiness and to show their capability.

4. This sought after occassion was executed on 17 June 1968, just a day after the eginning ofthe first emergency two years ago. It was a memorable anniversary for them. that day close to the border at a locality within sight of the THAI Border Check Point, a and of them executed an ambush on a Police Field Force convoy moving from KROH to EfONG. The Police Field Force suffered a heavy blow by losing 16 kiJ] in action and 17 hers wounded. Before the news of the ambush could even reached KROH, the communist

errorists were already across the border full of joy and had something to celebrate for.

S. The battalion was deploy~d in the area but nothing could be done to avenge the [~-back. The patrols were dispatched to cover all possible infiltration routes to wait for the ~mmunist terrorist to make· another incursion. But, they held the initiative and would !Jnly pick the time and place advantageous to them to hit and run and by doing so, causing the population to panic and win back their former staunch supporters.

116. The battalion continue with the operation by tum with the other units under HQ 2 IIVflB until April 1969 when the battalion was pulled up to stand by for Public Order Duties n view ofthe forth coming general election.

IrHlRTEENS OF MAY 1969

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h. J.Q May 1969, the general election went on as scheduled. The result or fate of certain (JOliticai parties were disappointing for a few but surprisingly· successful for some. In

SELANGOR the fate of the Alliance was in a precarious state for it lost the majority seats and had equal member of seats to that of the opposition parties.

18. The uncontroUedcelebration over the election victory by some political parties led to "a sudden public disorder and eventually ended into racial clashes. Within hours on 13 May 1969. KUALA LUMPUR the National Capital. erupted into an ugly city. POPO was declared and troops were engaged on duty.

19. The battalion once again moved to PENANG and PROVINCE WELLESLY for Public Order duties. Fortunately. the chaos and clashes never took place elsewhere except for minor incidents. The battalion could even celebrate its annual GA W AI celebration while still being engaged for duties in PENANG. It was a memorable occassion for the battalion for the people of PENANG and PROVINCE WELLESLY celebrated the occassion together with the troops in various locations.

BACK TO BORDER OPERATION

20. By June 1969, the battalion was back once again on border operation covering from KROH to KEDAH. To augment the strength, a company·from Fourth Battalion the Royal Malay Regiment was put under command. This company was deployed in a sector covering SINTOK.

21. On 29 July 1969, the communist created an Incident in SINTOK iiI.order to draw the troops into their well-prepared ambush. On this fateful day, one of the section from this company (4 MD) went to the scene of the incident to investigate and report. On the way back to base. this section was ambushed, by the communist terrorists and 6 members of the patrol were killed in action. Three others managed to fight their way out of the ambush area to return to base. Follow up operation was conducted quickly and several others became casualties due to booby traps cunningly used by the communist terrorists.

22. This was the first occassion where the communist terrorists showed their capabilities of using home-made booby traps to cause injuries to the Security Forces. Many casualties were caused by this contraption because the. troops were ignorant of the tactics. It was a bitter lesson learnt and it took a long while for troops to learn and avoid getting hurt.

OTHER ACTIVITIES

23. During the stay in TAIPING the battalion had the opportunity to show itself as being

equally good in other fields.

24. In 1967, the battalion won the 2 Bde areaposs country championship and eventually

won the Armed Forces inter-unit trophy.

25. In 1968. the battalion shooting team won the 2 Bde Major Unit Championship and was awarded the "TUNKU OSMAN TROPHY" .

26. By October 1969, the battalion was pulled back into the base at TAIPING to make

preparation for roulement to SARA WAK aceompaniedby the families.

CHAPTER FOUR SECOND SARAWAK TOUR (OCTOBER 1969 - DECEMBER 1973)

SECURITY SITUATION

1 . During the confrontation period, five to six hundred militant members of the Sarawu:

Communist Organisation went across the border into KAUMANTAN BARAT to receive military training, waging insurgency ~ Sarawat ~ventually. While in Kaliman~an ~arat. they worked closely with the regularllrregular units of the TNI and named their umts as Pasukan'Rakyat Kalimantan Utara (PARAKU). Pasutan Gerila Ratyat Sarawat (PGRS) and others in order to gain international recognition for their fight.

2. However, events that toot place in JAKARTA in September 1965 did a tumabout effect on these movement. On 30 September 1965, the Patti Komunis Indonesia (PKI) with the assistance of their sympbatisers within the Armed Forces stage a coup which was quickly aborted by the loyal forces (non-communist) of the Indonesia Armed Forces. Subsequently, Parti Komunis Indonesia was crushed by this loyal forces. This event triggered off a cbain of reaction to all the provinces of the Republic of Indonesia.

3. In Kalimantan Barat, the cordial relationship between the guerilla organisations of Sarawal with the Tentera Nasional Indonesia became the opposite-they were no longer friends but became foes. They dashed against one another and this forced the guerilla organisations to infiltrate bact to Sarawak to wage insurgency against the Government. Pasukan Rakyat Kalimantan Utara (PARAKU) crossed the border into Second and Third Division of SARA W AK. This organisation numbering 40(}' SOO guerilla became a menace. ,

THEARRlVAL

4. The original plan was for the battalion to move into a new battalion complex situated at Oya Road. Due to unavoidable reasons the complex was not ready in time to receive the families. The arrival of the battalion was therefore disorganised andafleeted the morale of the families. They had to be dispatched to their own homes allover Sarawu. and only a few managed to obtained rentals in SIBU.

S. '{be battalion 'itself was dispersed. The battalion headquarters and one Rifle Company were deployed to Serian District while the remainder were dispersed to several threatened locations in Third Division Sarawak.

6. It was only in early 1970 that the battalion headquarters and the Rifle Company was moved out of Serian Distriet to Third Division. The Battalion Headquarters was given the Airport Camp at smu while the Rifle Companies were spread out from SIBU up to the

upper reaches of KAPIT. .

MOVETOOYACAMP

7. Since the arrival in late 1969, the families were spread all over Sarawak and this remained so throughout 1970. OVA ROAD CAMP was made ready by stages from earJy 1971 and fami~ies began to move into the new Camp. The Camp was only completely ready by the end of 1971.

SHOW OF TRUE COLOUR

8. Whatever frustration the members of the battalion had against the organisation,

they remain loyal and took on their task with outstanding achievement

The battalion began to show its true colour and capabilities by repeatedly being successful during contacts and the enemy kills began to mount on the chart.

9. From 1970 to the end ofllie tour in 1973, the battalion accounted for the elimination of 103 communist terrorists (including several captures). This figure remain to be the highest achievement by the unit and it will never be beaten.

HONOURS AND AWARDS

10. The achievement could only be got through the excellent efforts contributed by every member of the battalion. Howe~ several members of the battalion proved themselves to more outstanding than othtrrs and weresingledout for special awards. The following were awarded gallantry medals:

a. SRI PAHLAW AN GAGAH PERKASA (Posthumous) WO II LENGGU AK. CHINA

b. PAHLA WAN GAGAH BERANI

lLT BAHARIN BIN ABDUL JALIL (Now CAYI') SGT INDANG AK ENGKAS

SGT MEtING AK KILONG (Now WO II) ~GT DAJAI AKANGGIE

CPL LAN AK GlMA

~J..CP~L UNGGEK AK ANTIN

c. PINGAT KEBERANIAN SARAWAK

LT COL SYED ABDUL AZIZ BIN SYED RAZAK CAYI' HOO AH SAl

] 1. Their individual gallantry and devotion to duty to deserve such awards is elaborated at CHAPTER SEVEN.

FAREWELL/WELCOMING COMMANDINC OFFICERS

12. After being in command of the battalion for about three years, it was his tum to bid farewell to the battalion. LT COL SYED ABDUL AZIZ who had led the battalion during part of its finest period was selected to be the Chief Instructor at the Armed Forces Training School at Port Dickson. On I 4 March 1971, he was sent off in a grand style to benefit his personality and leadership.

]3. On ]5 March 197]. LT COL BALJIT SINGH took over the battalion and became its fifth Commanding Officer. He continued to lead the battalion. through many more successes which further glorified the battalion. He was also known for his introduction of the game of "Volleyball" to the battalion.

]4. During this tour, the battalion saw the departure of another Commanding Officer. After just over one and haIf years with the battalion, LT COL BAUIT was appointed to another appointment in the Ministry of Defence. He left the unit on 28 December 1972.

15. On 29 December 1972, the battalion welcomed the arrival of LT COL M. NASIR

T AlB. The battalion continued to maintain the pressure in the Lower Rejang area for another year. By this time the communist terrorist learnt their lesson well and avoided getting anywhere near to 1 RENJER. Nevertheless, the relentless effort of the communist terrorists.srought in several more kills.

16. By the end of October 1973, the battalion thinned out from the operation to prepare for the return to SUVLA LINES, lPOH. By Nov/Dec of the year the battalion and the families moved across by air and sea to occupy the SUVLA LINES.

Farewell Parade

17. In order to pay our gratitude to all concerned who had been kind and cooperated to the battalion during itl tour, a farewell parade was held on 6 November 1973. The battalion was greatly honoured by the presence of TAN SRI TEMENGGONG JUGAH AK BARING on the oecassion to inspect the parade an~ take the salute at the march past.

Picture 8. The brave RangeTs are admiring the "Satria' daggers presented by the.RASCOM CommandeT Brig Gen Ghazali Seth at the Sg Joh Camp

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CHAPTER FIVE SULVALINES (DECEMBER 1973 - NOVEMBER 1976)

1. For most of the older members of the battalion returning to SUVLA LINES meant coming back ,to their old home. It was in this camp that the battalion was raised and established. By the end of the year the battalion and the families settled into the camp and was once again ready for operation.

RETRAINING PERIOD

2. The first event on the programme for the battalion was to undergo a foor week battalion retraining programme at PUS~ATIHAN ANGKA TAN DARAT at ULU TIRAM.

J. After having been aw.ay for the past three years, the battalion foond the retraining very useful for it 'had the chance to get acquainted with the latest communist terrorist tactics and techniques. The situation had also changed with regards to the Security. The Communist Terrorist Organisation managed to infiltrate ten regimental element deep into the Peninsula - 5th Assault Unit came back to SUNGAI SIPUT IT ANAH HIT AMI T ANJUNG RAMBUT AN areas while the 6th Assault Unit penetrated up to RAUB district of PAHANG.

FIRST VISITOR

4. The battalion was honoured by the ~sit of the Honourable Minister of Defence on 22 Mar 73. DATO HAMZAH BIN DATO ABU SAMAH spent a day meeting all personnel and witnessing activities of the battalion.

NGELABAN PLATOON

5. The battalion organised a special force made up of experts as tracking platoon - the NGELABAN PLATOON - for follow up operation. This platoon :first showed its capabilities by tracking and following the trail left behind by the 6th Assault·Unit which was on the run after being contacted in RAUB. Inspite of the cunningness of the 6th Assault Unit to camouflage their track it was picked up continuously by this platoon and the trailed led alI ~e way from SG RlAN in RAUB District across the central Range to SLIM RIVER, PERAK where it was later destroyed by operation conducted by Headquarters 2 MIB.

6.. Throughout the battalion stay under HQ 2 MIB. this platoon was continually being deployed on special missions.

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! OPERATION GONZALES

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7. The development and expansion of the 6th ~sault Unit in PAHANG was baIted wbe" they suffered a terrible bJow at the band of HQ 2 MID when it tried to seek refuge in SLIM RIVER in Feb 74. One member of the UDit was killed; two others were captured and later as a result of iDfunnation given by another surrendered member. 11 bodies were recovered having died due to starvation.

8. It was then. to destroy the 5tb Assault Unit in PERAK., OPS GONZALES was launched m APRIL 1974. Three Brigade Headquarters were deployed in the field ! coml1l8Jlding ten infantry battalion.

9. The battalion operated under the command of HQ 2 MIB. Hardly a day after commencement of the operation, one of the personnel of the battalion became the first casualty to the booby traps. By the end of the operation eight other personnel became minor casualties.

10. At the end of the operation, OPS GONZALES eliminated 13 communist terrorists killed, Unfortunately, the battalion had no chance to make contact throughout the operation " for. besides the finding of empty camps nothing else was achieved by the battalion.

'OPERATION SEnA' SERIES

1] . After a brief rest on termi¢ton of OPS GONZALES. the battalion was deployed for OPS SEllA ENAM in SUNGAI SIPUT/TANAH HlTAM area. During this operation the battalion scored its first kill. In June 1974 one section on patrol make a contact with 314 CTs in ULU KINTA Forest Reserve. During the contact one communist terrorist was killed.

12. Towards the end of the year, the battalion was deployed on the East-West Highway to provide security and protection to the workers and the machineries that were employed .to complete the highway. The project was sabotaged by the communist terrorist in 1974 when over seventy machineries were damaged.

FORMATION OF UNIT COMBAT INTElliGENT SECTIONS

13. In order to improve the gathering of intelligence within the unit and Bde level. it was decided that each Infantry Battalion send one platoon for training. The UCIS platoon of the battalion brought honour to the battalion by winning the award for the best overall performance during training. This platoon had certainly justified their formation and continued to play its role well.

THE YEAR 1975

] 4. Hardly the new year was heralded in the battahon was again being deployed in AYER KALA area. On 4 Jan 75. one ofthe UCIS platoon deployed in the area located and assaulted a camp occupied by the headquarters element of the 5th Assault Unit led by CCM NAM YAT. The battaJion was deployed to do the follow up:

]5. No contact was made with communist terrorist but, one of the company located a food dump within the area whicb was the biggest ever found. Amongst other items, the medical items found of quantity and variety that could equip a small dispensary. The operation in this area was maintained for four months and it was revealed that CCM NAM YAThad to move and return to BEfONG SALIENT.

16. For the rest of the year the battalion had three companies in operation - two in OP

SETIA area and the other at KUAN INT AN.

PUBLIC RELATION PROGRAMM:E

17. During the two years in SUVLA LINES, the general public began to get to know the

battalion and to appreciate the difficult task it bad to play to ensure their security.

18. The battalion also made its presence known to the public by taking part and winning sporting events. The football team consecutively won the IPOH Football league and other memorial trophies.

24. The battalion continued to be deployed in.Op Setia Series planned by HQ 2 MIB. During the course of the operation the battalion recorded the sad loss of two of the members in action. CPL JUGAT. a member of the Ngelaban Platoon lost his life during a contact on 21 JULY while he was attempting to hack one communist terrorist with his Parang Dang after his weapon became defective. During this contact one communist terrorist was also killed. At another incident on 28 AUGUST, CPL AHMAD JIMI was doing a receennalssance for an ambush position. He was shot and killed by a group of communist terrorist who were

I :~ ::'01 the year, the""""" 'hinD"" oot &om the ......... in ....... to

! prepare for the move accompanied by families to a new Infantry Battalion Complex at

'1 SIMANGGANG.

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] 9. The battalion cross country team also proved their capabilities by winning the championship for two years ruaning. Our basketball team won the Armed Forces . non-chinese basketball competition in 1975 and became runner up in 1976.

CHANGEOVER OF COMMAND

20. At the end of the year LT COL M. NASIR TAIB who had been in Command for the last three years was posted to a new appointment at the Ministry of Defence. He was sent off in appropriate style . To the officers of the battalion be will always be remembered for his many talents and unforgetable personality.

21. The honour to command the battalion as the Seventh Commanding Officer was given to LT COL ZULKIFLI BIN ABDUL HAMID. He was not a stranger to the battalion as he had been the Brigade Major of HQ 2 BIM during the two years that the battalion were under command to HQ 2 MIB and had been in close liason with the unit.

THE YEAR 1976

22. The pattern of operation remained t'e same. The battalion bad three Companies deployed at anyone time while the other wAs used to relief the others periodically. At the beginning of the year two companies of the battalion was deployed in joint operation with the MSSR in the ULU KINTA Forest Reserve. to locate and destroy a group of communist terrorists believed to be in the area. However. the result was negative.

VISIT BY COLONEL COMMANDANT

23. On 28 MAY 1976. the battalion was honoured by the visit of Colonel Command of the Corps. His Highness the Raja of Perlis and Her Majesty Raja Perempuan of Pedis spend a full day visiting the unit and to meet the personnel of the battaliQn. For the record. thiswas the first visit that was made to the unit since his appointment as the Colonel Commandant of the RANGER CORPS. This event was the highlight of the year.

OP SErIA SERIES CONTINUED .. ,

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CHAPTER SIX

THIRD SARAWAK TOUR (NOVEMBER 1976 - SEPTEMBER 1977)

1. During the height of confrontation, .the battalion made its first move to SIMANGGANG in 1965. Now eleven years later. the battalion was once again Dominated to move and become the first occupants of the new battalion complex.

2. The battalion completed its move into the camp by the end of JANUARY 1977. For the second time the battalion was moved into a camp which was not ready completely and adjustment had to be done as a temporary arrangement to wait the final touches to be complete.

OP KRIS SEPULOH

3. As soon as the families were settled in the whole battalion was deployed in FEB 77 in SEMPADI Forest Reserve to search for the remnant of the members of the First Bureau NKCP. During the month long operation dfe movement and conduct of operation were made extremely difficult by the continuous raitl and flooding of the area. Nevertheless, several empty/evacuated camps were located and one outstanding finding. was made by a subunit, of a most ingenuous method of bidden food dump. This discovery and portrayal of the method had assisted other units in finding similar dumps in their own area of operation.

4. It was unfortunate for the battalion for not being able to make contact with the communist terrorist, for the group of fifteen, contacted one week prior to the commencement of operations. had left our area of operation.

BACK TO RASCOM

5. The composition of the battalion· namely "the large proportion of IBAN still present . and the knowledge of the ground made us more suitable for RASeOM Operations. Therefore, it was planned for us to be under operational control of RASe OM.

6. By the end of March 1977, the Tactical Headquarters and two rifle companies began their tour of duties in Sixth Division, Sarawak under operational control of RASCOM. We have been there eversince.

SUCCESS TO DATE

7. To date this battalion had contributed to one capture and made one contact with the Lower RAJANG elements of the Second Bureau NKCP (North Kalimantan Communist Party) besides the findings of several old camps and resting places.

8. We will continue to be there and will certainly eliminate the group of communist

terrorists that are there.

VISITORS

9. The Simanggang Barracks is reputed to be the "model camp" for an Infantry Battalion. As such this complex had attracted visitors, amongst them, we recorded the

following:

a. 06JAN77

b. OSFEB77

c. 23MAR77

d. IOMAY77

e. 04 AUG 77

f.Ol SEP77

,

Outgoing PANGUMA WILAY AH DUA MAJ GEN DATO ZAIN HASIDM

PANGUMA WILAYAH DUA MAJ GEN DATO JAFFAR BIN ONN

DMI BRIG GEN YAAKOB BIN MOHD ZAIN CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF LT GEN TAN MOHD SAN! BIN GHAFFAR

HONOURABLE DEPUTY MINISTER OF DEFEN ENC1K MOKHTAR HASHIM

CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES STAFF GEN 1 SRI mRAHIM BIN ISMAIL

CHAPTER SEVEN

"AGIIDUP AGI NGELABAN" (WHILST THERE'S LIFE THERE'S FIGHT)

THEMOTIO

1. It was SIR JAMES BROOKE. the first WHITE RAJ AH of Sarawak who experimented with the idea of using the local nativ~ as soldiers. He established the first Military Force in Sarawak in 1862. This force was known as •• SARA WAK RANGERS".

2. This force adopted tbe motto and war cry of "Agi Idup Agi Ngelabao" which was akin to the Brooke Family motto of "Whilst there's life there's fight". This motto was retained by the Sarawak Rangers that was reorganised in 1953 at Port Dickson during the emergency. Later, on the formation of the First Battalion, this motto was adopted automatically.

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rrSIMPACf

3. Having been in use for so long. this motto and war cry •• Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban" bas been a part of this battalion. This war-cry had somehow spurred the personnel to give their best always. When sbouted by the leader and chorused by the others, it gives confidence and creates a sense of oneness amongst the personnel that lead them to give their best against all odds.

4. The gallant actions of these men and the devotion to duty that won them national recognition for gallantry or otherwise. were in fact spurred on by cry of .. Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban".

a. The Late WO n LENGGU AK CHINA, SP

On 20 Jan 71. a group of 13 personnel were moving III SUNGAI KATIBAS on routine patrol. The first boat with seven was commanded by 2LT ANWAR BASHA KHAN: the second was commanded by WO II LENGGAU AK CHINA. When the first boat appeared before Tanjoog Datu Babi, it came under a hail of gunfire from the communist terrorists waiting in ambush. The boat went out of control and every member of the boat were wounded and could not figbt back. WO II LENGGU saw that happening and ordered his boat to head for the ambush position. He led the charge into the enemy position shouting tbe "War·Cry". His immediate and gallant action forced the communist terrorists to abandoned the ambush and fled Jeaving behind 4 dead members, blood tran of others being wounded. WO II LENGGU'S gallant action and outstanding leadership prevented the enemies from achieving greater success and saving the lives of our comrades • the battalion mourned the death of seven heroes including WO n LENGGU who succumbed to the injuries received; four otbers including 2LT ANWAR were seriously injured. He was the first military member to be awarded with the nations highest gallantry honour - Sri Pahlawan Gagah Perbsa.

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b. 2LT BAHRIN. PGB and CPL LAN AK GIMA, PGB

Ture to the motto of ·"Agi Idup Agi NgeJaban" 2LT BARRIN and RJR LAN between them accounted for the highest number of cr kills in one single action. 2LT BAHRlN was in command of one platoon A CompaJJy 1 RENJER attacbed to 8 R Malay for OP HENTAM at Baki Forest Reserve. A large group of CTs were reported to be in his platoon area. He spread out his platoon in pairs to locate the trail

made by the CTS. He went out with RJR LAN. He located a track and followed on and due to haste to follow on, he did not want to waste time on calling on/waiting for others. He knew that the track was made by more than 10 Cl's and he and LAN decided to proceed. They came upon the Cfs at rest and charged into the group firing as they did so. Out of the 14 Cfs that were there only one managed to escape while 13 others were killed. Their determination and outstanding courage and bravery earned them both the esteemed Pahlawan Gagah Berani. Their exploit will always remain as the most outstanding achievement of this unit which will be difficult to be repeated.

c. SGT INDANG AK ENGKAS, PGB

On 21 MAY 1971. SGT INDANG was leading a patrol in PARADOM AREA of BINATANG District. In the morning he contacted a group of Cfs and killed two of them. He immediajely conducted follow up after the remainder who had fled. His endurance, good l/adership and most of .all excellent jungle craft eventually led him to a camp where the CTs were preparing to base up. During the ensuing fire fight he and his patrol eliminate all the five CTs. His exploit for that day brought the elimination to 1 CTs killed without any loss to his men. He was awarded the Panglima Gagah Berani for his determination, courage and outstanding leadership.

d. PGBTRlO

Another "first" ofthe many "first" achieved by this battalion was the occassion when three members were awarded PANGLlMA GAGAR BERANI for bravery and courage. shown during one action. SG KEDUP incident was the outstanding occassion when the "War-Cry" of" Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban" began to fill the air and rallied aU member to fight for their dear lives. The outstanding bravery and courage shown by three personnel in particular . SGT MELING. SGT DAJAI and CPL UNGGEK· put the CTs to flight leaving behind 1 of their dead. The platoon lost one member with four others injured. The three received their awards in the fields when Chief of Armed Forces Staff himself represented His Majesty the AGONG to present the award during a parade in SIBU.

e. SGT AMBAU AKGERASI

The member of the assault unit of the Communist Terrorist Organisation were known fOT their expertise in camouflaging their track so much so no follow up could be done after a contact. During one such contact with members of the 5th Assault Unit. members of this unit managed to maintain contact with CTs for seven days. This was made possible by the determination and courage of SGT AMBAU AK GERASI who fullheartedly believe in "Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban". After leading the follow up for two days. he onmany occassions put himself in danger. On 19 JUI, he was on four occasion being. ambushed by the stay behind parties left by the fleeing cr group. On each occassion he disregarded the danger to himself and boldly charged Llpthe enemy position fOlcing them to flee. On the fourth occassion he was rather unfortunate to have his muzzle shot up and rendered his weapon useless. fa his attempt to get neater to grenade throwing distance. he was shot and became • casualty with six gun shot wounds in his body.: His eaduraace and courage contributed to the battalion making one kill two days later and the recovery of documents from this contact helped the Special Branch tremendously in making many successful operations. SGT AMBAU's courage and determination are recorded by the battalion although he has yet to be recognise6 at state or national level.

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f. Late CPL JUGAT AK. TIGANG

As a result of the good effort made by SGT AMBAU AK. GERASI the Ngel~ban Platoon was able to follow on the tract left by the CTs. On 22 JUt 76 this platoon made a contact with the enemies holding out at a very advantageous position to them. CPL JUGAT. section leader in the platoon, detected the position of the enemy automatic weapon which was preventing assault by the platoon. He made for the position alone in order to surprise the position. His dead body was recovered at the end ofthe action with his "Parang liang" unsheathed and his weapon damaged. His body laid near to the gun position. It was assessed that as he was nearing this target he was shot at and one of the bullet struck the part near the magazine catch - he could therefore not change his magazine. So his last resort was to unsbeath his parang Hang and made for the CTs. It was during this effort he was shot fatally at point blank on his face which subsequently killed him. He also received gun shot wound in his thigh and leg. His devotion to duty and his sacrifice will always be remembered by this battalion}