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Volunteers recruited by public ads are If it was said early on to Aim- how people learn

not representative of the population as a withdraw- pps may refuse to Urged to continue
whole- they are self selecting continue early-effecting study Told truth at the end-
debriefed
PARTICIPANT
WITHDRAWAL
FROM STUDY

DECEPTION
DEMAND
CHARACTERISTICS Evaluation of
Milgrams study- BPS- code of ethics and
conduct march 06-sates
OBIEDENCE
Methodical Ethical issues deception allowed to
preserve the integrity of
PPS may not have believed issues reasercch.
cover story -therefore
believed experimenter
wanted them to give shocks
up to the highest level
HARM

ECOLOGICAL No obtained informed INFORMED


May of also believed that VALIDITY consent from CONSENT
no real harm would come participant
to learner (due to Distress
legitimacy of
authority/system) so
continued to obey on
basis of that belief.
lacks BPS- unless IC obtained, research
should be restricted to
observations of people in public
places
Difficult to generalise the
findings to obedience in the
real world

Mailgram argued
that obedience to
authority is the
same regardless of
the setting or the
task.