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1. (m 8) (m 9)

2. (z + 6) (z 10)

ANSWER

m

2

17m + 72

ANSWER

z

2

4z 60

Warm-Up Exercises

3. (y +20) (y 20)

ANSWER

y

2

400

4. (d +9)

2

ANSWER

d

2

+ 18d +81

Find the product

Warm-Up Exercises

6. A car travels at an average speed of (m + 17) miles

per hour for (m + 2) hours. What distance does it

travel?

ANSWER (m

2

+ 9m + 14) mi

5. (x 14)

2

ANSWER

x

2

28x +196

Find the product

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 1

Factor trinomials of the form x

2

+ bx + c

Factor the expression.

a. x

2

9x + 20

b. x

2

+ 3x 12

SOLUTION

a. You want x

2

9x + 20 = (x + m) (x + n) where mn = 20

and m + n = 9.

ANSWER

Notice that m = 4 and n = 5.

So, x

2

9x + 20 = (x 4)(x 5).

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 1

Factor trinomials of the form x

2

+ bx + c

b. You want x

2

+ 3x 12 = (x + m) (x + n) where mn = 12

and m + n = 3.

ANSWER

Notice that there are no factors m and n such that

m + n = 3. So, x

2

+ 3x 12 cannot be factored.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

Factor the expression. If the expression cannot be

factored, say so.

1. x

2

3x 18

SOLUTION

You want x

2

3x 18 = (x + m) (x + n) where mn = 18 and

m + n = 3.

Factor of

18 : m, n

1, 18 1, 18 3, 6 2, 9 2, 9 6, 3

Sum of

factors:

m + n

17 17 3 7 7 3

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

ANSWER

Notice m = 6 and n = 3 so x

2

3x 18 = (x 6) (x + 3)

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

2. n

2

3n + 9

SOLUTION

You want n

2

3n + 9 = (x + m) (x + n) where mn = 9 and

m + n = 3.

Factor of

9 : m, n

1, 9 1, 9 3, 3 3, 3

Sum of

factors:

m + n

10 10 6 6

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

ANSWER

Notice that there are no factors m and n such that

m + n = 3 . So, n

2

3x + 9 cannot be factored.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

3. r

2

+ 2r 63

SOLUTION

You want r

2

+ 2r 63 = (x + m) (x + n) where mn = 63 and

m + n = 2.

Factor of

63 : m, n

1, 63 1, 63 21, 3 21, 3 9, 7

Sum of

factors:

m + n

17 17 11 7 2

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

ANSWER

Notice that m = 9 and n = 7 . So, r

2

+ 2r 63 = (r + 9)(r 7)

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 2

Factor with special patterns

Factor the expression.

a. x

2

49

= (x + 7) (x 7)

Difference of two squares

b. d

2

+ 12d + 36

= (d + 6)

2

Perfect square trinomial

c. z

2

26z + 169

= (z 13)

2

Perfect square trinomial

= x

2

7

2

= d

2

+ 2(d)(6) + 6

2

= z

2

2(z) (13) + 13

2

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 2

4. x

2

9

= (x 3) (x + 3)

Difference of two squares

5. q

2

100

= (q 10) (q + 10)

Difference of two squares

6. y

2

+ 16y + 64

= (y + 8)

2

Perfect square trinomial

Factor the expression.

= x

2

3

2

= q

2

10

2

= y

2

+ 2(y) 8 + 8

2

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 2

7. w

2

18w + 81

= (w 9)

2

Perfect square trinomial = w

2

2(w) + 9

2

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 3

Standardized Test Practice

SOLUTION

x

2

5x 36 = 0 Write original equation.

(x 9)(x + 4) = 0 Factor.

Zero product property

x = 9 or x = 4

Solve for x.

x 9 = 0 or x + 4 = 0

ANSWER

The correct answer is C.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4

Use a quadratic equation as a model

Nature Preserve

A town has a nature preserve with a

rectangular field that measures 600

meters by 400 meters. The town wants

to double the area of the field by

adding land as shown. Find the new

dimensions of the field.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4

Use a quadratic equation as a model

SOLUTION

480,000 = 240,000 + 1000x + x

2

Multiply using FOIL.

0 = x

2

+ 1000x 240,000

Write in standard form.

0 = (x 200) (x + 1200) Factor.

x 200 = 0 x + 1200 = 0 or

Zero product property

x = 200 or x = 1200

Solve for x.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4

Use a quadratic equation as a model

ANSWER

Reject the negative value, 1200. The fields length

and width should each be increased by 200 meters.

The new dimensions are 800 meters by 600 meters.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 3 and 4

8. Solve the equation x

2

x 42 = 0.

SOLUTION

x

2

x 42 = 0 Write original equation.

Factor.

Zero product property

x = 6 or x = 7

Solve for x.

x + 6 = 0 or x 7 = 0

(x + 6)(x 7) = 0

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 3 and 4

9. What If ? In Example 4, suppose the field initially

measures 1000 meters by 300 meters. Find the new

dimensions of the field.

SOLUTION

New Area New Length

(meters)

New width

(meters)

=

2(1000)(300)

= (1000 + x) (300 + x)

600000 =

Multiply using FOIL.

300000 + 1000x + 300x + x

2

0 = x

2

+ 1300x 300000

Write in standard form.

0 = (x 200) (x + 1500) Factor.

x 200 = 0 x + 1500 = 0 or

Zero product property

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 3 and 4

x = 200 or x = 1500

Solve for x.

ANSWER

Reject the negative value, 1200. The fields length

and width should each be increased by 200 meters.

The new dimensions are 1200 meters by 500 meters.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5

Find the zeros of quadratic functions.

Find the zeros of the function by rewriting the function

in intercept form.

a. y = x

2

x 12

b. y = x

2

+ 12x + 36

SOLUTION

a. y = x

2

x 12 Write original function.

= (x + 3) (x 4)

Factor.

The zeros of the function are 3 and 4.

Check Graph y = x

2

x 12. The graph passes through

(3, 0) and (4, 0).

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5

Find the zeros of quadratic functions.

Find the zeros of the function by rewriting the function

in intercept form.

a. y = x

2

x 12

b. y = x

2

+ 12x + 36

SOLUTION

b. y = x

2

+ 12x + 36 Write original function.

= (x + 6) (x + 6)

Factor.

The zeros of the function is 6

Check Graph y = x

2

+ 12x + 36. The graph passes

through ( 6, 0).

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 5

Find the zeros of the function by rewriting the function

in intercept form.

10. y = x

2

+ 5x 14

SOLUTION

y = x

2

+ 5x 14 Write original function.

= (x + 7) (x 2)

Factor.

The zeros of the function is 7 and 2

Check Graph y = x

2

+ 5x 14. The graph passes through

( 7, 0) and (2, 0).

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 5

11. y = x

2

7x 30

SOLUTION

y = x

2

7x 30 Write original function.

= (x + 3) (x 10)

Factor.

The zeros of the function is 3 and 10

Check Graph y = x

2

7x 30. The graph passes through

( 3, 0) and (10, 0).

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 5

12. f(x) = x

2

10x + 25

SOLUTION

f(x) = x

2

10x + 25 Write original function.

= (x 5) (x 5)

Factor.

The zeros of the function is 5

Check Graph f(x) = x

2

10x + 25. The graph passes

through ( 5, 0).

Warm-Up Exercises

Daily Homework Quiz

Factor the expression.

1. y

2

+ 5y 24

2. z

2

225

3. 4w

2

20w + 25

4. Solve x

2

9x + 8 = 0

ANSWER (y + 8) (y 3)

ANSWER (z + 15) (z 15)

ANSWER

(2w 5)

2

ANSWER 1, 8

Warm-Up Exercises

Daily Homework Quiz

5. Find the zeros of f(x) = x

2

+ 14x + 49.

ANSWER

7

6. The dimensions of a playground are 50 feet by 75

feet. You want to double its area by adding the

same distance x to the length and width. Find x

and the new dimensions of the playground.

ANSWER x = 25;

75 ft by 100 ft

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