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You are on page 1of 34

ANSWER

7

ANSWER

12

1. 49

2. 144

Warm-Up Exercises

ANSWER

2.3

ANSWER 11 ft

4. The area of half of a square mural is 60 square

feet. What is the length of a side of the mural?

1

2

16

3. Use calculator to approximate the value of

to the nearest tenth.

82

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 1

Use properties of square roots

Simplify the expression.

5 = 4 a. 80

5 16 =

= 3 14 b. 6 21 126 =

9

14 =

c. 4

81

=

4

81

=

2

9

d.

7

16

=

7

16

=

4

7

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

27 1.

3 = 3

27

3 9 =

SOLUTION

98 2.

2 = 7

98

2 49 =

SOLUTION

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

3.

6 = 5

SOLUTION

SOLUTION

10 15

10 15

6 25 150 = =

4.

8 28

14 = 4

14 16 =

224

= 8 28

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

5.

SOLUTION

SOLUTION

9

64

=

3

8

9

64

9

64

=

6.

15

4

15

4

15

4

=

=

2

15

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 1

7.

SOLUTION

SOLUTION

11

25

11

25

11

25

=

8.

36

49

36

49

36

49

=

=

5

11

7

6

=

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 2

Rationalize denominators of fractions.

Simplify (a)

5

2

and

3

7 +

2

SOLUTION

(a)

5

2

2

10

=

=

5

2

=

5

2

2

2

(b)

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 2

Rationalize denominators of fractions.

SOLUTION

(b)

3

7 +

2

=

3

7 +

2

7

2

7

2

=

21 3

2

49 7 + 7 2

2 2

=

21 3 2

47

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 3

Solve a quadratic equation

Solve 3x

2

+ 5 = 41.

3x

2

+ 5 = 41 Write original equation.

3x

2

= 36 Subtract 5 from each side.

x

2

= 12 Divide each side by 3.

x =

+ 12 Take square roots of each side.

x =

+

4 3

x =

+ 2

3

Product property

Simplify.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 3

Solve a quadratic equation

ANSWER

The solutions are and 2 3 2 3

Check the solutions by substituting them into the

original equation.

3x

2

+ 5 = 41

3( )

2

+ 5 = 41 2 3

?

41 = 41

3(12) + 5 = 41

?

3x

2

+ 5 = 41

3( )

2

+ 5 = 41 2 3

?

41 = 41

3(12) + 5 = 41

?

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4

Standardized Test Practice

SOLUTION

1

5

(z + 3)

2

= 7 Write original equation.

(z + 3)

2

= 35 Multiply each side by 5.

z + 3 = +

35

Take square roots of each side.

z = 3 +

35

Subtract 3 from each side.

The solutions are 3 + and 3 35 35

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4

Standardized Test Practice

ANSWER

The correct answer is C.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

Simplify the expression.

9.

SOLUTION

6

5

5

30

=

=

6

5

=

6

5

5

5

6

5

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

Simplify the expression.

10.

SOLUTION

9

8

=

9

8

=

9

8

8

8

9

8

2

4

=

3

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

Simplify the expression.

11.

SOLUTION

17

12

=

17

12

=

17

12

12

12

17

12

51

12

=

2

51

6

=

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

Simplify the expression.

12.

SOLUTION

19

21

399

21

=

=

19

21

=

19

21

21

21

19

21

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

6

7

5

=

6

7

5

7 +

5

7 +

5

=

42 6

5

49 7 + 7 5

5 5

=

21 3 5

22

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

13.

6

7

5

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

2

4 +

11

=

2

4 +

11

4

11

4

11

=

8 2

11

16 4 + 4 11

11 11

=

8 2 11

5

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

14.

2

4 +

11

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

1

9 +

7

=

1

9 +

7

9

7

9

7

=

9 + 7

81 9 + 9 7

7 7

=

9 + 7

74

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

15.

1

9 +

7

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

4

8

3

=

4

8

3

8 +

3

8 +

3

=

32 + 4

3

64 4 + 4 3

3 3

=

32 + 4 3

61

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

16.

4

8

3

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

17.

Solve the equation.

5x

2

= 80

Write original equation. 5x

2

= 80

x

2

= 16 Divide each side by 5.

x =

+ 16 Take square roots of each side.

x =

+

4 4

x =

+ 4

Product property

Simplify.

Warm-Up Exercises

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

ANSWER

The solutions are and . 4 4

Check Check the solutions by substituting them into

the original equation.

5x

2

= 80

5( 4)

2

= 80

?

80 = 80

5(16) = 80

?

5x

2

= 80

80 = 80

5(16) = 80

?

5(4)

2

= 80

?

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

18.

Solve the equation.

z

2

7 = 29

Write original equation.

z

2

= 36

z =

+ 36 Take square roots of each side.

z =

+

6 6

z =

+ 6

Product property

Simplify.

z

2

7 = 29

Add 7 to each side.

Warm-Up Exercises

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

ANSWER

The solutions are and . 6 6

Check Check the solutions by substituting them into

the original equation.

29 = 29

z

2

7 = 29

?

(6)

2

7 = 29

?

36

7 = 29

29 = 29

z

2

7 = 29

?

( 6)

2

7 = 29

?

36

7 = 29

Warm-Up Exercises

SOLUTION

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

19.

Write original equation.

Take square roots of each side.

Division property

3(x 2)

2

= 40

3(x 2)

2

= 40

Divide each side by 3.

(x 2)

2

=

40

3

+

(x 2) =

40

3

x =

40

3

2

+

x =

40

3

2

+

3

3

=

120

3

2

+

Warm-Up Exercises

for Examples 2, 3, and 4

GUIDED PRACTICE

=

4(30)

3

2

+

=

2 30

3

2

+

ANSWER

The solutions are .

2 30

3

2

+

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5

Model a dropped object with a quadratic function

Science Competition

For a science competition,

students must design a container

that prevents an egg from breaking

when dropped from a height of 50

feet. How long does the container

take to hit the ground ?

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5

Model a dropped object with a quadratic function

SOLUTION

h = 16t

2

+ h

0

Write height function.

0 = 16t

2

+ 50

Substitute 0 for h and 50 for h

0

.

50 = 16t

2

Subtract 50 from each side.

50

16

= t

2

Divide each side by 16.

50

16

+ = t

2

Take square roots of each side.

+ 1.8 t Use a calculator.

Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5

Model a dropped object with a quadratic function

ANSWER

Reject the negative solution, 1.8, because time must

be positive. The container will fall for about 1.8

seconds before it hits the ground.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 5

GUIDED PRACTICE

What If? In Example 5, suppose the egg container is

dropped from a height of 30 feet. How long does the

container take to hit the ground?

20.

SOLUTION

h = 16t

2

+ h

0

Write height function.

0 = 16t

2

+ 30

Substitute 0 for h and 30 for h

0

.

30 = 16t

2

Subtract 30 from each side.

30

16

= t

2

Divide each side by 16.

30

16

+ = t

2

Take square roots of each side.

+ 1.4 t Use a calculator.

Warm-Up Exercises

GUIDED PRACTICE

for Example 5

GUIDED PRACTICE

ANSWER

Reject the negative solution, 1.4, because time must

be positive. The container will fall for about 1.4

seconds before it hits the ground.

Warm-Up Exercises

Daily Homework Quiz

Simplify the expression.

5

2.

6 +

3

3. Solve 3n

2

5 = 49.

ANSWER 2 60

ANSWER

33

30

3

5

ANSWER 2 ,

3

2

3

1. 20 40 3

Warm-Up Exercises

Daily Homework Quiz

4. If a ball is dropped from a height of 100 feet, how

long will it take for the ball to hit the ground?

ANSWER 2.5 sec

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