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Warm-Up Exercises

Find the exact value.


ANSWER
7
ANSWER
12
1. 49
2. 144
Warm-Up Exercises
ANSWER
2.3
ANSWER 11 ft
4. The area of half of a square mural is 60 square
feet. What is the length of a side of the mural?

1
2
16
3. Use calculator to approximate the value of
to the nearest tenth.

82
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 1
Use properties of square roots
Simplify the expression.
5 = 4 a. 80
5 16 =
= 3 14 b. 6 21 126 =
9
14 =
c. 4
81
=
4
81
=
2
9
d.
7
16
=
7

16
=

4
7
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 1
27 1.
3 = 3
27
3 9 =
SOLUTION
98 2.
2 = 7
98
2 49 =
SOLUTION
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 1
3.
6 = 5
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
10 15
10 15
6 25 150 = =
4.
8 28
14 = 4
14 16 =
224
= 8 28
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 1
5.
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
9
64
=
3
8
9
64
9
64
=
6.
15
4
15
4
15
4
=
=

2
15
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 1
7.
SOLUTION
SOLUTION
11
25
11
25
11
25
=
8.
36
49
36
49
36
49
=
=

5
11

7
6
=
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 2
Rationalize denominators of fractions.
Simplify (a)
5
2
and
3
7 +
2
SOLUTION
(a)
5
2

2
10
=
=
5
2
=
5
2
2
2
(b)
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 2
Rationalize denominators of fractions.
SOLUTION
(b)
3
7 +
2
=
3
7 +
2
7
2
7
2
=
21 3
2
49 7 + 7 2
2 2
=
21 3 2
47
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 3
Solve a quadratic equation
Solve 3x
2
+ 5 = 41.
3x
2
+ 5 = 41 Write original equation.
3x
2
= 36 Subtract 5 from each side.
x
2
= 12 Divide each side by 3.
x =
+ 12 Take square roots of each side.
x =
+
4 3
x =
+ 2
3
Product property
Simplify.
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 3
Solve a quadratic equation
ANSWER
The solutions are and 2 3 2 3
Check the solutions by substituting them into the
original equation.
3x
2
+ 5 = 41
3( )
2
+ 5 = 41 2 3
?
41 = 41

3(12) + 5 = 41
?
3x
2
+ 5 = 41
3( )
2
+ 5 = 41 2 3
?
41 = 41

3(12) + 5 = 41
?
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4
Standardized Test Practice
SOLUTION
1
5
(z + 3)
2
= 7 Write original equation.
(z + 3)
2
= 35 Multiply each side by 5.
z + 3 = +
35
Take square roots of each side.
z = 3 +
35
Subtract 3 from each side.
The solutions are 3 + and 3 35 35
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 4
Standardized Test Practice
ANSWER
The correct answer is C.
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
Simplify the expression.
9.
SOLUTION
6
5

5
30
=
=
6
5
=
6
5
5
5
6
5
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
Simplify the expression.
10.
SOLUTION
9
8
=
9
8
=
9
8
8
8
9
8
2
4
=
3
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
Simplify the expression.
11.
SOLUTION
17
12
=
17
12
=
17
12
12
12
17
12
51
12
=
2
51
6
=
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
Simplify the expression.
12.
SOLUTION
19
21
399
21
=
=
19
21
=
19
21
21
21
19
21
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
6
7
5
=
6
7
5
7 +
5
7 +
5
=
42 6
5
49 7 + 7 5
5 5
=
21 3 5
22
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
13.
6
7
5
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
2
4 +
11
=
2
4 +
11
4
11
4
11
=
8 2
11
16 4 + 4 11
11 11
=
8 2 11
5
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
14.
2
4 +
11
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
1
9 +
7
=
1
9 +
7
9
7
9
7
=
9 + 7
81 9 + 9 7
7 7
=
9 + 7
74
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
15.
1
9 +
7
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
4
8
3
=
4
8
3
8 +
3
8 +
3
=
32 + 4
3
64 4 + 4 3
3 3
=
32 + 4 3
61
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
16.
4
8
3
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
17.
Solve the equation.
5x
2
= 80
Write original equation. 5x
2
= 80
x
2
= 16 Divide each side by 5.
x =
+ 16 Take square roots of each side.
x =
+
4 4
x =
+ 4
Product property
Simplify.
Warm-Up Exercises

for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
ANSWER
The solutions are and . 4 4
Check Check the solutions by substituting them into
the original equation.
5x
2
= 80
5( 4)
2
= 80
?
80 = 80

5(16) = 80
?
5x
2
= 80
80 = 80

5(16) = 80
?
5(4)
2
= 80
?
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
18.
Solve the equation.
z
2
7 = 29
Write original equation.
z
2
= 36
z =
+ 36 Take square roots of each side.
z =
+
6 6
z =
+ 6
Product property
Simplify.
z
2
7 = 29
Add 7 to each side.
Warm-Up Exercises
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
ANSWER
The solutions are and . 6 6
Check Check the solutions by substituting them into
the original equation.
29 = 29

z
2
7 = 29
?
(6)
2
7 = 29
?
36

7 = 29
29 = 29

z
2
7 = 29
?
( 6)
2
7 = 29
?
36

7 = 29
Warm-Up Exercises
SOLUTION
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
19.
Write original equation.
Take square roots of each side.
Division property
3(x 2)
2
= 40
3(x 2)
2
= 40
Divide each side by 3.
(x 2)
2
=
40
3
+
(x 2) =
40
3
x =
40
3
2
+
x =
40
3
2
+
3
3
=
120
3
2
+
Warm-Up Exercises
for Examples 2, 3, and 4
GUIDED PRACTICE
=
4(30)
3
2
+
=
2 30
3
2
+
ANSWER
The solutions are .
2 30
3
2
+
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5
Model a dropped object with a quadratic function
Science Competition
For a science competition,
students must design a container
that prevents an egg from breaking
when dropped from a height of 50
feet. How long does the container
take to hit the ground ?
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5
Model a dropped object with a quadratic function
SOLUTION
h = 16t
2
+ h
0
Write height function.
0 = 16t
2
+ 50
Substitute 0 for h and 50 for h
0
.
50 = 16t
2
Subtract 50 from each side.
50
16
= t
2
Divide each side by 16.
50
16
+ = t
2
Take square roots of each side.
+ 1.8 t Use a calculator.
Warm-Up Exercises EXAMPLE 5
Model a dropped object with a quadratic function
ANSWER
Reject the negative solution, 1.8, because time must
be positive. The container will fall for about 1.8
seconds before it hits the ground.
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 5
GUIDED PRACTICE
What If? In Example 5, suppose the egg container is
dropped from a height of 30 feet. How long does the
container take to hit the ground?
20.
SOLUTION
h = 16t
2
+ h
0
Write height function.
0 = 16t
2
+ 30
Substitute 0 for h and 30 for h
0
.
30 = 16t
2
Subtract 30 from each side.
30
16
= t
2
Divide each side by 16.
30
16
+ = t
2
Take square roots of each side.
+ 1.4 t Use a calculator.
Warm-Up Exercises
GUIDED PRACTICE
for Example 5
GUIDED PRACTICE
ANSWER
Reject the negative solution, 1.4, because time must
be positive. The container will fall for about 1.4
seconds before it hits the ground.
Warm-Up Exercises
Daily Homework Quiz
Simplify the expression.
5
2.
6 +
3
3. Solve 3n
2
5 = 49.
ANSWER 2 60
ANSWER
33
30
3
5
ANSWER 2 ,
3
2
3
1. 20 40 3
Warm-Up Exercises
Daily Homework Quiz
4. If a ball is dropped from a height of 100 feet, how
long will it take for the ball to hit the ground?
ANSWER 2.5 sec