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1 What is Sound
Sound is the vibration of matter, as perceived by the sense of hearing.
Physically, sound is vibrational mechanical energy that propagates through
matter as a wave.

Perception of sound
For humans, hearing is limited to frequencies between about 20 Hz and 20000 Hz,
with the upper limit generally decreasing with age. Other species have a different
range of hearing. For example, dogs can perceive vibrations higher than 20 kHz.
As a signal perceived by one of the major senses, sound is used by many species
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for detecting danger, navigation, predation, and communication. In Earth's
M atmosphere, water, and soil virtually any physical phenomenon, such as fire, rain,
Y wind, surf, or earthquake, produces (and is characterized by) its unique sounds.
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Many species, such as frogs, birds, marine and terrestrial mammals, have also
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developed special organs to produce sound. In some species these became
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highly evolved to produce song and (in humans) speech. Furthermore, humans
have developed culture and technology (such as music, telephony and radio)
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that allows them to generate, record, transmit, and broadcast sounds.

Physics of sound
The mechanical vibrations that can be interpreted as sound can travel through all
forms of matter: gases, liquids, solids, and plasmas. However, sound cannot
propagate through vacuum. The matter that supports the sound is called the
medium.

Video
Now Watch Podcast #1: Perception of sound

Reading
Now Read Chapter 1 (p13-45) of Sound Engineer
Handbook by Perman, D 2009. 5