‫يييي ييييي ييي‬

Rules of Numbers in Arabic

Numbers 1 and 2

Agree with noun in gender, case, and definiteness. Both of these numbers are normally used as adjectives therefore they will come after the noun. e.g.

‫واحدة‬ nom ‫اثنتان‬ accus/gen ‫اثنتين‬

‫واحد‬ ‫اثنان‬ ‫اثنين‬

‫رجل واحد‬ ‫بنت واحدة‬ ‫ولدان اثنان‬ ‫ممرضتان اثنتان‬ ‫رأيت ثلثة يييي‬ ‫ذهبت خمس يييييي‬

Numbers from 3 to 10

1. Inverted agreement of gender. This means when the noun is masculine the number would be feminine and when the noun is feminine the number would be masculine. The gender of the noun would be decided by looking at the singular of numbered noun 2. The noun will always be in the plural form 3. This clause will be an idafa construction therefore the numbers will not have tanween. The nouns will be in the genitive case. • Numbers 11 and 12 1. Agree with noun in gender and case.

‫ثلثة رجال‬
Not

‫ثلثة رجل‬

Feminine

masculine

5. The number will be followed 1

‫إحدى عشرة‬ ‫أحد عشر‬ ‫إثنتا عشرة‬ ‫إثنا عشر‬ ‫إثنتي عشرة‬ ‫إثني عشر‬ ‫رأيت أحد عشر يييي‬

‫يييي ييييي ييي‬

by a singular noun which is indefinite and is in the accusative case therefore will have a tanween (fathatayn) and an alif at the end (if the noun does not end with a ta marbuta). • Numbers from 13 to 19

And not

‫رأيت أحد عشر يييي‬

1. There is an inverted agreement in the unit with the numbered noun, and a direct agreement with 10.

‫أكل ثلثة عشر رجل‬
And not

‫أكل ثلث ييي رجل‬ ً ‫شربت خمس عشرة بنتا‬ ْ
And not

ً ‫شربت خمسة عشرة بنتا‬ ْ
2. The number will be followed by a singular noun which is indefinite and is in the accusative case therefore will have a tanween (fathatayn) and an alif at the end (if the noun does not end with a ta marbuta).

ً ً ‫رجل ـ بنتا‬
And not

‫رجال ـ بنات‬
In the case of a ta marbuta

ً‫سنة‬

2

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