Entity Integrity

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Entity Integrity ensures that there are no duplicate records within the table and
that the field that identifies each record within the table is unique and never null.
The existance of the Primary Key is the core of the entity integrity. If you define a
primary key for each entity, they follow the entity integrity rule.
Entity integrity specifies that the Primary eys on every instance of an entity must
be kept, must be unique and must have values other than !"##.
$lthough most relational databases do not specifically dictate that a table needs to
have a Primary ey, it is good practice to design a Primary ey for each table in the
relational model. This mandates no NULL content, so that every row in a table must
have a value that denotes the row as a unique element of the entity.
Entity Integrity is the mechanism the system provides to maintain primary keys. The
primary key serves as a unique identifier for rows in the table. Entity Integrity
ensures two properties for primary keys%
 The primary key for a row is unique& it does not match the primary key of any
other row in the table.
 The primary key is not null, no component of the primary key may be set to
null.
The uniqueness property ensures that the primary key of each row uniquely
identifies it& there are no duplicates. The second property ensures that the primary
key has meaning, has a value& no component of the key is missing.
The system enforces Entity Integrity by not allowing operations 'I!(E)T, "P*$TE+ to
produce an invalid primary key. $ny operation that creates a duplicate primary key
or one containing nulls is re,ected.

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