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Look & Sound

Like an Effective
Public Speaker
Modes of Delivery
Manuscript
Memorized
Extemporaneous
Impromptu
Appearance
Rules of attire for
public speakers?
Look credible
Look better than
the audience
CLOTHING
GROOMING
ARTIFACTS
Peek-A-Boo!

Eye Contact
Why does eye contact remain an
important public speaking cue?
Facial Expressions

Gestures
Nonverbal Emblems
direct verbal translations
widely understood
Nonverbal Adapters
potentially problematic
unintentional movements
Nonverbal Illustrators
used to demonstrate & reinforce verbal messages
Posture

Volume
The relative loudness of a speakers voice
Speech delivery --> louder than normal conversation
Consider:
size of the room and audience
whether or not a microphone is available
the level of background noise
Vocal Variety
Pitch
Rate
Emphasis
I can do that.
I can do that.
I can do that.
I can do that.
I can do that.
Pause
It is essential that every college student
take a public speaking course.
Non-words (Verbal fillers)
Um/Uh
Like
So
Yeah
Pronunciation
COMMONLY MISPRONOUNCED WORDS
SUPPOSEDLY
LIBRARY
ATHLETE
ETCETERA
ASK
CLOTHES
ESPECIALLY
Any other words?
The correct formation of word sounds.
Articulation
COMMON MISARTICULATION
OTTA - OUGHT TO
DINT - DIDNT
DUNNO - DONT KNOW
HAFTA - HAVE TO
WANNA - WANT TO
WILYA - WILL YOU
The clarity or forcefulness with
which the sounds are made.
Vary Your Vocalics
Recite aloud the following line:
A frog jumped out of the water.
Anger

Disgust

Love

Boredom

Relief
Surprise

Pain

Guilt

Uncertainty

Joy
Effective Delivery
The controlled use of body & voice
Look
Pay attention to appearance
Maintain eye contact
Have facial expressions
Use appropriate gestures
Practice good posture

Sound
Adjust your speaking volume
Use vocal variety
Use strategic pauses
Avoid meaningless vocal fillers
Be conscious of pronunciation &
articulation

Nonverbal Immediacy
The degree of perceived closeness:
physical or psychological
Developing Your
Rhetorical Style

My what?


Magnified gestures
Longer eye contact
Builds tension or exaggerates for emphasis
Uses colorful language to create mood or paint a picture

Dramatic Style
Energetic
Enthusiastic
Excited

Audience knows what the
speaker thinks or feels.
Animated Style
Open Style


Conversational
Invites audience involvement
Pleasant, sincere, trusting, self-disclosing
Not afraid to emote (like Animated Style)
Humorous Style
Relies primarily on humor to engage the audience
Think youre funny?
Get plenty of feedback to validate your perception!

1. Choose a style that fits you.
2. Dont stress style over substance.
3. Build on your own strengths as a communicator.
3 things to consider:
Articulator Agility
is a Marvelous Ability
Manipulating the Dexterity
The Tongue
The Teeth
The Lips
To sit in solemn silence
On a dull dark dock
In a pestilential prison
With a life long lock
Awaiting the sensation of a short, sharp, shock
From a cheap and chippy chopper
On a big black block
I slit the sheets
The sheets I slit
Upon the slitted sheets I sit
I am a mother pheasant plucker.
I pluck mother pheasants.
I am the pleasantest mother
pheasant plucker who ever did
pluck a mother pheasant.
I am not the fig plucker.
Im the fig pluckers mate.
Im out plucking figs because
that fig pluckers late!
LOLITA
LIGHT OF MY LIFE
FIRE OF MY LOINS
MY SIN, MY SOUL, LOLITA
THE TIP OF THE TONGUE
TAKING A TRIP OF THREE
TWIRLS
LO-LI-TA
ABCDEFGHIJKLMN
OPQRSTUVWXYZ