Owner’s Manual for the vehicle.

With a quick reference guide
for your convenience.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
A-Z
Contents
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

318i
318is
323i
Sedan 323is
Coupe 328i
Convertible 328is
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

Congratulations , and thank you for choos ing a BMW.
Thorough familiarity with your ve hicle will provide you with e nhance d control and
s e curity whe n you drive it. The re fore , we have this re que s t:
Ple as e take the time to re ad this Owne r’s Manual and familiarize yours e lf with the
information that we have compile d for you be fore s tarting off in your ne w car. It con-
tains important data and ins tructions inte nde d to as s is t you in e xtracting maximum us e
and s atis faction from your BMW’s unique range of te chnical fe ature s . The manual als o
contains information on care and mainte nance de s igne d to e nhance ope rating s afe ty
and contribute to maintaining your BMW’s value throughout an e xte nde d s e rvice life .
This Owne r’s Manual s hould be re garde d as a pe rmane nt part of the ve hicle . Whe n the
ve hicle is s old, the manual s hould re main in the car to furnis h the ne xt owne r with a
s ource of important information on ope ration, s afe ty and mainte nance proce dure s .
This manual is s upple me nte d by a Se rvice and Warranty Information bookle t
(US mode ls only). We re comme nd that you re ad this publication care fully.
Your BMW is cove re d by the following warrantie s :

Ð

New Ve hicle Limite d Warranty

Ð

Limite d Rus t Pe rforation Warranty

Ð

Fe de ral Emis s ions Sys te m De fe ct Warranty

Ð

Fe de ral Emis s ions Pe rformance Warranty

Ð

California Emis s ion Control Sys te m Limite d Warranty
De taile d information on the s e warrantie s is containe d in the Se rvice and Warranty
Information bookle t.
We wis h you many mile s of driving ple as ure and s atis faction.
BMW AG
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

4

Notes on the Owner's Manual

We have made e ve ry e ffort to e ns ure
that you are able to find what you ne e d
in this Owne r's Manual as quickly as
pos s ible . The fas te s t way to find ce rtain
topics is by us ing the de taile d inde x at
the e nd. If you re quire an initial ove r-
vie w of your ve hicle , this can be found
in the firs t chapte r. The de taile d table of
conte nts imme diate ly following the
inde x is inte nde d to arous e your curios -
ity about your BMW and s timulate you
to re ad about it.
If at s ome time you wis h to s e ll your
BMW, re me mbe r to le ave the Owne r's
Manual with the ve hicle ; cons ide r it part
of the ve hicle .
Should you have any furthe r que s tions ,
your BMW Re taile r will be glad to as s is t
at any time .

Symbols used

a

indicate s note s you s hould de fi-
nite ly re ad – for the s ake of your own
s afe ty and the s afe ty of othe rs , and to

avoid damage s to your BMW.

c

b

indicate s note s that ale rt you to
s pe cific fe ature s of your ve hicle .

c

A

s pe cial information on re cycling.

c
c

indicate s the e nd of a block of infor-
mation.

*

indicate s s pe cial e quipme nt, country-

s pe cific e quipme nt and optional e xtras .

The individual vehicle

In buying your BMW, you have de -
cide d in favor of a mode l with individu-
alize d e quipme nt and fittings . This
Owne r's Manual de s cribe s all mode ls
and e quipme nt that BMW offe rs within
the s ame ve hicle range .
We hope you will unde rs tand that this
manual de s cribe s e quipme nt and fe a-
ture s which you might not have chos e n
for your ve hicle . You can e as ily re cog-
nize any diffe re nce s , as all optional
acce s s orie s are marke d with an

as te ris k

*

.
If your BMW fe ature s e quipme nt which
is not de s cribe d in this Owne r's Manual
(e .g., car radio or te le phone ), (Supple -
me ntary) Owne r's Manuals are
e nclos e d. We as k you to re ad the s e
manuals , too.
indicate s that you s hould s tudy
the relevant s ection of this Owner's
Manual in conne ction with a particular
part or as s e mbly.

© 1997 BMW AG
Munich, Ge rmany
Re printing, including exce rpts , only with
the writte n cons e nt of BMW AG,
Munich.
Orde r-No. 01 41 9 790 377
US VIII/97
Printe d in Ge rmany
Printe d on e nvironme nt-frie ndly pape r

(re cyclable and chlorine -fre e ).
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

5

Status when going to press

BMW purs ue s a policy of continuous ,
ongoing de ve lopme nt that is conce ive d
to e ns ure that our ve hicle s continue to
e mbody the highe s t quality s tandards
combine d with advance d, s tate -of-the -
art te chnology. For this re as on, it is
pos s ible that the fe ature s de s cribe d in
this Owne r’s Manual could diffe r from
thos e on your ve hicle . We are unable to
comple te ly e liminate the pos s ibility that
e rrors might have occurre d. We the re -
fore as k you to acce pt that no claims of
a le gal nature involving the s pe cifica-
tions , illus trations and de s criptions can
be cons ide re d.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

For your own safety

a

Us e unle ade d gas oline only.
Fue ls containing up to 10% e thanol or
othe r oxyge nate s with up to 2.8% ox-
yge n by we ight (i.e . 15% MTBE or
3% me thanol plus an e quivale nt
amount of co-s olve nt) will not void the
applicable warrantie s with re s pe ct to
de fe cts in mate rials or workmans hip.
Fie ld e xpe rie nce has indicate d s ignifi-
cant diffe re nce s in fue l quality (i.e .,
volatility, compos ition, additive s , e tc.)
among gas oline s offe re d for s ale in the
Unite d State s and Canada. The us e of
poor-quality fue ls may re s ult in driving,
s tarting and s talling proble ms e s pe -
cially unde r ce rtain e nvironme ntal
conditions , s uch as high ambie nt te m-
pe rature and high altitude .
Should you e ncounte r proble ms while
driving that you s us pe ct could be
re late d to the fue l you are us ing,
we re comme nd that you re s pond
by s witching to a re cognize d high-
quality brand.
Failure to comply with the s e re com-
me ndations may re s ult in uns che dule d
mainte nance . Follow the re le vant
s afe ty rule s whe n you are handling
gas oline .

c

a

Important s afe ty information!
For your own s afe ty, us e ge nuine
parts and acce s s orie s approve d by
BMW.
Whe n you purchas e acce s s orie s
te s te d and approve d by BMW and
Original BMW Parts , you s imulta-
ne ous ly acquire the as s urance that
the y have be e n thoroughly te s te d by
BMW to e ns ure optimum pe rformance
whe n ins talle d on your ve hicle .
BMW warrants the s e parts to be fre e
from de fe cts in mate rial and work-
mans hip.
BMW will not acce pt any liability for
damage re s ulting from ins tallation of
parts and acce s s orie s not approve d
by BMW.
BMW cannot te s t e ve ry product from
othe r manufacture rs to ve rify if it can
be us e d on a BMW s afe ly and without
ris k to e ithe r the ve hicle , its ope ration,
or its occupants .
Original BMW Parts , BMW Acce s s o-
rie s and othe r products approve d by
BMW, toge the r with profe s s ional
advice on us ing the s e ite ms , are avail-
able from all BMW Re taile rs .
Ins tallation and operation of non-BMW
approve d acce s s orie s s uch as alarms ,
radios , amplifie rs , radar de te ctors ,
whe e ls , s us pe ns ion compone nts ,
brake dus t s hie lds , te le phone s
(including ope ration of any portable
ce llular phone from within the ve hicle
without us ing an e xte rnally mounte d
ante nna) or trans ce ive r e quipme nt
(e .g., C.B., walkie -talkie , ham radio or
s imilar) may caus e e xte ns ive damage
to the ve hicle , compromis e its s afe ty,
inte rfe re with the ve hicle ’s e le ctrical
s ys te m or affe ct the validity of the
BMW Limite d Warranty.
Se e your authorize d BMW Re taile r for
additional information.
Do not us e ke y or re mote control to
lock doors or luggage compartme nt
with anyone ins ide the car.
"Mainte nance , re place me nt or re pair
of the e mis s ion control de vice s and
s ys te ms may be pe rforme d by any
automotive re pair e s tablis hme nt or
individual us ing any ce rtifie d automo-
tive part."

c
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

7
The following only applie s to ve hicle s owne d and ope rate d in the US.

REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS

If you be lie ve that your ve hicle has a de fe ct which could caus e a cras h or could caus e injury or de ath, you s hould
imme diate ly inform the National Highway Traffic Safe ty Adminis tration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying BMW of
North Ame rica, Inc., P.O. Box 1227, We s twood, Ne w Je rs e y 07675-1227, Te le phone (201) 307-4000.
If NHTSA re ce ive s s imilar complaints , it may ope n an inve s tigation, and if it finds that a s afe ty de fe ct e xis ts in a
group of ve hicle s , it may orde r a re call and re me dy campaign. Howe ve r, NHTSA cannot be come involve d in indi-
vidual proble ms be twe e n you, your de ale r, or BMW of North Ame rica, Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may e ithe r call the Auto Safe ty Hotline toll-fre e at 1-800-424-9393 (or 202-366-0123 in
Was hington, D.C. are a) or write to: NHTSA, U.S. De partme nt of Trans portation, Was hington, DC 20590. You can
als o obtain othe r information about motor ve hicle s afe ty from the Hotline .
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

9

At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure

A
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Index


Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

Contents

A
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a

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s

a
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f
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s

Cockpit 16
Ins trume nt clus te r 18
Indicator and warning
lamps 20
Hazard warning s ys te m 22
Hazard warning triangle 22
Firs t-aid kit 22
Re fue ling 23
Fue l s pe cification 23
CARB OBD II inte rface 24
Tire inflation pre s s ure s 25

Locks and security systems:

Ke ys 30
Ele ctronic immobilizing de vice 35
Doors 31
Trunk lid 33
Luggage compartme nt 34
Powe r windows 35
Sliding/tilt s unroof 36
Conve rtible top ope ration 37

Adjustments:

Se ats 43
Ste e ring whe e l 45
Mirrors 46

Passenger safety systems:

Safe ty be lts 47
Child re s traint s ys te m 48
Ins talling child s e ats 49
Airbags 50
Child-s afe ty locks 52
Rollove r prote ction s ys te m –
conve rtible 52

Driving:

Ste e ring/ignition lock 54
Starting the e ngine 54
Switching off the e ngine 55
Parking brake 56
Manual trans mis s ion 57
Automatic trans mis s ion 58
Turn s ignals /high be am 60
Wipe r/was he r s ys te m 61
Cruis e control 62

Everything under control:

Odome te r 63
Tachome te r 63
Ene rgy control 63
Fue l gauge 64
Coolant te mpe rature gauge 64
Se rvice Inte rval Dis play 64
Multi-Information Dis play (MID) 66
Outs ide te mpe rature dis play
and digital clock 68
Che ck Control 71
Che ck Control with outs ide
te mpe rature dis play and
digital clock 74
Onboard compute r 77

Technology for driving comfort
and safety:

Automatic s tability control
plus traction (ASC+T) 84
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11

Contents

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Lamps:

Parking lamps /low be ams 85
Ins trume nt pane l lighting 85
Foglamps 86
Inte rior lamps 86
Re ading lamps 86

An inviting climate:

He ate d s e ats 87
Inde pe nde nt ve ntilation
s ys te m 87
Automatic climate control 88

Cabin convenience:

BMW Hi-Fi Sys te m 93
Glove compartme nt 93
As htray 94
Coin box, cup holde r 94
Cigare tte lighte r 94
Ce nte r arm re s t, re ar 95
Through-loading s ys te m 95
Ski bag 95
Cargo loading 98

Special operating instructions:

Bre ak-in proce dure s 100
Driving note s 100
Catalytic conve rte r 102
Antilock Brake Sys te m
(ABS) 103
Dis c brake s 104
Brake s ys te m 105
Winte r driving 105
Roof-mounte d luggage rack 107
Radio re ce ption 108
Mobile phone s 108
Hardtop – Conve rtible 109
Te chnical modifications
to the ve hicle 110

Wheels and tires:

Tire inflation pre s s ure s 111
Tire tre ad 111
Tire re place me nt 112
Inte raxle tire change s 112
The right choice 113
Winte r tire s 114
Approve d whe e ls and tire s 115

Under the hood:

Hood 118
Engine compartme nt 120
Was he r fluids 124
Engine oil 124
Coolant 127
Brake fluid 128
Powe r s te e ring fluid 128
Ve hicle Ide ntification Numbe r 129

Care and maintenance:

The BMW Mainte nance
Sys te m 130
Caring for your car 131
Cle aning and care
of the conve rtible top 136
Ve hicle s torage 137
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

Contents

O
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n
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r

s
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v
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p
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u
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A
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Replacement procedures:

Onboard tool kit 140
Winds hie ld wipe r blade s 140
Lamps and bulbs 141
Mas te r ke y with
batte ry lamp 145
Changing tire s 146
Batte ry 149
Fus e s 151

In case of electrical
malfunction:

Fue l fille r door 152
Sliding/tilt s unroof 152

Assistance, giving and receiving:

Jump-s tarting 153
Towing the ve hicle 154
Towing 154
Airbags 156
Automatic Stability Control
plus Traction (ASC+T) 156
Radio re ce ption 157
Safe ty be lt te ns ione r 157
Engine s pe cifications 160
Dime ns ions 161
We ights 163
Capacitie s 166
Ele ctrical s ys te m 167
Drive be lts 167
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Eve rything from A to Z 172
Owne r s e rvice proce dure s
from A to Z 174

I
n
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Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

15

At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
Index

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Cockpit 16
Ins trume nt clus te r 18
Indicator and warning lamps 20
Hazard warning s ys te m 22
Hazard warning triangle 22
Firs t-aid kit 22
Re fue ling 23
Fue l s pe cification 23
CARB OBD II inte rface 24
Tire inflation pre s s ure s 25
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

16

Cockpit
A
TO
3
6
0
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6
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1 Lamp s witch 85
2 Foglamps 86
3 Horn, e ntire s urface
4 Wipe r/was he r le ve r 61
5 Re ar window de fros te r 91
6 Hazard warning s ys te m 22
7 Automatic cruis e control

*

62
8 Adjus t s te e ring whe e l

*

45
9 Turn s ignals , high be am he adlamps
and he adlamp flas he r 60
10 Engine hood unlocking de vice 118

Cockpit
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Instrument cluster

3
6
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1
9
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19
1 Fue l gauge with low-fue l
warning lamp 64
2 Indicator lamp for turn s ignals 20
3 Spe e dome te r
4 Indicator and warning lamps for

d

Batte ry charge curre nt 20

d

High be ams 20

d

Engine oil pre s s ure 20
5 Tachome te r 63
Ene rgy control 63
6 Coolant te mpe rature gauge 64
7 Indicator and warning lamps for

d

Brake pad we ar 20

d

Brake s ys te m hydraulics 21

d

Parking brake 21

d

Airbag 50
8 Indicator lamp for ASC+T 20
9 Indicator and warning lamps for

d

Automatic trans mis s ion

*

20

d

Warning lamp for Che ck Control

*


71

d

Ple as e fas te n s e at be lts

*

21

d

ABS 20
10 Trip odome te r 63
11 Se rvice Inte rval Dis play 64
12 Odome te r 63
13 Indicator lamps for

d

Foglamps

*

20

d

Emis s ions -re late d s ys te ms
indicator 21

d

Rollove r prote ction s ys te m

*

21
14 Trip odome te r re s e t button 63

Instrument cluster
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

20

Turn signal left/right, green

k

Flas he s whe n the turn s ignals
are in ope ration.

Battery charge current, red

v

Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d.
If the lamp come s on during
normal ve hicle ope ration:
The batte ry is no longe r be ing charge d.
Indicate s a de fe ct in the ge ne rator drive
be lt or the charging circuit.

a

If the V-be lt is de fe ctive , do not run
the coolant pump; ove rhe ating and
pote ntial e ngine damage would re s ult.
Contact your BMW Re taile r.

c

High beam, blue

l
Lights up whe n the high be ams
are s witche d on or the he ad-
lamp flas he rs are activate d.
Engine oil pressure, red
w
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d. May come on brie fly at
idle whe n the e ngine is hot,
but mus t go out again at highe r e ngine
s pe e d.
If the lamp come s on during normal ve hi-
cle ope ration: s top ve hicle and s witch off
e ngine imme diate ly. Che ck e ngine oil
leve l; if ne ce s s ary, add oil. If oil leve l is
corre ct: contact your BMW Retaile r.
Foglamps*, green
t
Lights up whe ne ve r you s witch
on the foglamps .
Airbags, red
p
This lamp turns on for an ope r-
ational che ck whe n you turn the
ignition ke y to pos ition 1. If, at
the ope ration che ck, it doe s not go on,
or goe s on while driving, have it che cked
at your BMW Re taile r.
Additional note s : Page 50
Automatic transmission*, yellow
O
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d.
Additional note s : Page 58
ASC+T (Automatic Stability
Control plus Traction), yellow
s
Goe s out s hortly afte r the igni-
tion is s witche d on:
Sys te m OK.
Additional note s : Page 84
ABS (Antilock Brake System),
yellow
o
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d. If the lamp come s on
during normal ve hicle ope ra-
tion: ABS has be e n de activate d in
re s pons e to a s ys te m malfunction. Con-
ve ntional braking force re mains unim-
paire d.
Additional note s : Page 103
Brake pad wear, yellow
#
Lights up whe n s tarte r is actu-
ate d and goe s out whe n the
e ngine is s tarte d.
If the lamp come s on during normal
ve hicle ope ration: re place brake pads
imme diate ly.
aUs e only original BMW-approve d
brake pads othe rwis e the ve hicle
authorization is no longe r valid.c
Indicator and warning lamps
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
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Brake hydraulics, red
n
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d.
If the lamp come s on during
normal ve hicle ope ration: low brake
fluid. Additional note s : Page 128
Parking brake, red
m
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d. Come s on whe n you
e ngage the parking brake .
Additional note s : Page 56
Emissions-related systems
Y
Lamp goe s out once e ngine
s tarts .
If this indicator lamp lights up
during normal ve hicle ope ration, e ithe r
continuous ly or inte rmitte ntly, this indi-
cate s a fault in one of the e mis s ions -
re late d e le ctronic circuits . Although the
ve hicle re mains ope rational, you s hould
have the s ys te ms che cke d by a BMW
Re taile r at the e arlie s t pos s ible opportu-
nity.
Please fasten safety belts*, red
q
(With acous tic s ignal if the
drive r’s be lt is not buckle d).
Lights up brie fly whe n the
ignition ke y is turne d, and the n goe s out
(in s ome mode ls it goe s out afte r you
fas te n s afe ty be lts ).
BMW Convertible
Rollover Protection System*,
yellow
;
Goe s out s hortly afte r the igni-
tion is s witche d on:
Sys te m OK.
Indicator and warning lamps
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The button flas he s inte rmitte ntly whe n
the hazard warning lamps are on.
The button is als o illuminate d whe ne ve r
the ve hicle lighting is s witche d on.
The warning triangle can be s tore d in
the luggage compartme nt in a s torage
s he lf at the right for conve nie nt acce s s .
aComply with le gal re quire me nts
conce rning the ne e d to carry a warning
triangle in the car.c
On the right in the luggage compart-
me nt, on a s he lf.
aSome of the ite ms in the firs t-aid
kit are s uitable for us e for a limite d
pe riod only. The re fore you s hould re gu-
larly che ck the conte nts and re place
de fe ctive article s . The s e are available in
any pharmacy.
Comply with le gal re quire me nts con-
ce rning the ne e d to carry a firs t-aid kit in
the car.c
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Refueling Fuel specification
To unlock the fille r door in the e ve nt of a
ce ntral locking s ys te m failure , re fe r to
page 152.
aWhe n handling fue l, comply with
the s afe ty re gulations dis playe d by gas
s tations .c
Unle ade d gas oline only.
Minimum octane re quire me nt: 89 AKI
BMW e ngine s are e quippe d with knock
s e ns ors and automatically adapt to op-
e rate with fue ls of diffe re nt octane rat-
ings , as long as the minimum octane
re quire me nt is me t.
Highe r octane fue ls will provide in-
cre as e d pe rformance and fue l e con-
omy, while the us e of gas oline with a
lowe r octane rating will have an adve rs e
e ffe ct.
aNe ve r us e le ade d fue l, as it would
caus e pe rmane nt damage to both the
catalytic conve rte r and the e ngine -man-
age me nt s ys te m’s oxyge n s e ns ors .c
AKI = Anti Knock Inde x
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The OBD II inte rface (data link conne c-
tor) is locate d be ne ath a cove r pane l
(with the le tte rs "OBD") ne ar the foot
s upport in the drive r’s s ide footwe ll
(arrow).
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CARB OBD II interface
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BCBC+C/$ BCBC
Tire inflation pressures
If the drive r's door is ope n, the infla-
tion pre s s ure s are als o vis ible on the
door pillar. Inflation pre s s ure s are
indicate d in ps i (bar) with tire s cold
(ambie nt te mpe rature ).
The inflation pre s s ure s apply to tire s
from BMW-approve d manufacture rs ;
your BMW Re taile r will provide you
with this information. Highe r pre s -
s ure s may be re quire d for tire s from
othe r manufacture rs .
aPe riodically che ck the inflation
pre s s ure – als o of the s pare tire – at
le as t twice e ach month and be fore
s e tting out on an e xte nde d trip. Failing
this , incorre ct tire pre s s ure may re n-
de r the car uns table or caus e tire
damage re s ulting in an accide nt.c
Sedan models
BMW
mode l
Tire s ize s
Inflation pre s s ure s are
indicate d in ps i (bar)
318i
185/65 R 15 88 Q, T M+S
185/65 R 15 88 T
29
(2.0)
35
(2.4)
36
(2.5)
44
(3.0)
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/55 R 15 92 V
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.2)
32
(2.2)
32
(2.2)
39
(2.7)
328i
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
33
(2.3)
33
(2.3)
41
(2.8)
Se e next page for additional mode ls
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BCBC+C/$ BCBC
Tire inflation pressures (cont.)
Coupe models
BMW
mode l
Tire s ize s
Inflation pre s s ure s are
indicate d in ps i (bar)
318is
323is
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/55 R 15 92 V
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
32
(2.2)
32
(2.2)
39
(2.7)
185/65 R 15 88 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
35
(2.4)
36
(2.5)
44
(3.0)
328is
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
33
(2.3)
33
(2.3)
41
(2.8)
Se e next page for additional mode ls
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BCBC+$ BC 
max.
Tire inflation pressures (cont.)
Convertible models
BMW
mode l
Tire s ize s
Inflation pre s s ure s are
indicate d in ps i (bar)
318i
323i
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/55 R 15 92 V
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
32
(2.2)
32
(2.2)
39
(2.7)
328i
205/60 R 15 91 H
225/50 ZR 16
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S
29
(2.0)
33
(2.3)
33
(2.3)
41
(2.8)
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Locks and security systems:
Ke ys 30
Ele ctronic ve hicle immobilize r 30
Doors 31
Luggage compartme nt lid 33
Luggage compartme nt 34
Powe r windows 35
Sliding/tilt s unroof 36
Conve rtible top ope ration 37
Adjustments:
Se ats 43
Ste e ring whe e l 45
Mirrors 46
Passenger safety systems:
Safe ty be lts 47
Child re s traint s ys te m 48
Ins talling child s e ats 49
Airbags 50
Child-s afe ty locks 52
Rollove r prote ction s ys te m –
conve rtible 52
Driving:
Ste e ring/ignition lock 54
Starting the e ngine 54
Switching off the e ngine 55
Parking brake 56
Manual trans mis s ion 57
Automatic trans mis s ion 58
Turn s ignals /high be am 60
Wipe r/was he r s ys te m 61
Cruis e control 62
Everything under control:
Odome te r 63
Tachome te r 63
Ene rgy control 63
Fue l gauge 64
Coolant te mpe rature gauge 64
Se rvice Inte rval Dis play 64
Multi-Information Dis play (MID) 66
Outs ide te mpe rature dis play
and digital clock 68
Che ck Control 71
Che ck Control with outs ide
te mpe rature dis play and
digital clock 74
Onboard compute r 77
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
29
Technology for driving comfort
and safety:
Automatic Stability Control
plus Traction (ASC+T) 84
Lamps:
He adlamp s witch 85
Ins trume nt pane l lighting 85
Foglamps 86
Inte rior lamps 86
Re ading lamps 86
An inviting climate:
He ate d s e ats 87
Inde pe nde nt ve ntilation
s ys te m 87
Automatic climate control 88
Cabin convenience:
BMW Hi-Fi Sys te m 93
Glove compartme nt 93
As htray 94
Coin box, cup holde r 94
Cigare tte lighte r 94
Ce nte r arm re s t, re ar 95
Through-loading s ys te m 95
Ski bag 95
Cargo loading 98
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1 Mas te r key with batte ry-powe re d
lamp (s witch on by pre s s ing the BMW
s ymbol).
2 Mas te r key without lamp.
3 Spare key to be ke pt in a s afe place
e . g. in your walle t. This key is not
inte nde d for continuous us e.
4 Door and ignition key
This key doe s not ope rate the locks
for the glove compartme nt and the
luggage compartme nt. This is us e ful
e . g. at a hote l.
The e le ctronic ve hicle immobilization
unit incre as e s the anti-the ft prote ction
of your BMW – without additional
adjus tme nt or activation of s ys te ms .
This e le ctronic immobilization s ys te m is
de s igne d to re duce the s us ce ptibility of
the ve hicle to the ft by making it impos -
s ible to s tart the e ngine us ing any
me ans othe r than the s pe cial ke ys fur-
nis he d with the ve hicle .
The s ys te m fe ature s an e le ctronic chip
inte grate d within the ke y as a s upple -
me nt to the conve ntional me chanical
locking s ys te m.
The lock me chanis m its e lf is actually a
dual-function de vice , s imultane ous ly
s e rving as a communications inte rface
de s igne d to allow the car s e curity s ys -
te m to maintain a continuous s tre am of
variable , ve hicle -s pe cific s ignals with
the e le ctronic circuitry in the ke y. The
ignition, the flow of fue l and the s tarte r
are e nable d only afte r the ke y has be e n
re cognize d as "authorize d".
bExte rnal force can damage the
e le ctronic circuitry inte grate d in the ke y.
Such a ke y can no longe r be us e d to
s tart the e ngine .c
Replacement of a key
Re place me nt ke ys are available e xclu-
s ive ly through your authorize d BMW
Re taile r, who is als o unde r obligation to
re que s t ve rification of ve hicle owne r-
s hip be fore is s uing a s ubs titute ke y.
Your BMW Re taile r can als o cance l or
re s tore the e le ctronic s ys te m authoriza-
tion for individual ke ys (e .g., if a ke y is
los t). A de activate d ke y can no longe r
be us e d to s tart the e ngine .
For US owners only
The trans mitte r and re ce ive r units com-
ply with Part 15 of the FCC (Fe de ral
Communication Commis s ion) Re gula-
tions . Ope ration is gove rne d by the fol-
lowing:
FCC ID: LXBEWS
As de fine d in the re gulations , s uch a
de vice is not to e mit s ignificant inte rfe r-
e nce and mus t als o be s hie lde d agains t
inte rfe re nce from e xte rnal s ource s to
pre ve nt unauthorize d or inadve rte nt
activation.
aAny unauthorize d modifications
or change s to the s e de vice s could void
the us e r’s authority to ope rate this
e quipme nt.c
1 4
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M W
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Operating central locking system
from outside the vehicle
Whe n the front doors are clos e d, the
activation of a door lock or of the lug-
gage compartme nt lock with a ke y
unlocks or locks the following:
d Doors
d Luggage compartme nt
d Fue l fille r door
d BMW Conve rtible : the glove com-
partme nt.
The double -lock s ys te m is e ngage d at
the s ame time . Both the door locks and
re le as e handle s re main locke d.
aNe ve r us e the ke ys or the re mote
control* to lock an occupie d ve hicle , as
it would the n be impos s ible to unlock it
from ins ide .c
Conve nie nce clos ing* for powe r win-
dows and s liding/tilt s unroof: afte r clos -
ing the doors , hold the ke y in the lock
pos ition to clos e the windows and s lid-
ing/tilt s unroof. The windows /s unroof
s top moving imme diate ly whe n you
re le as e the ke y. To be able to ke e p the
clos ing s ys te m in vie w, conve nie nce
clos ing can only be activate d via the
drive r's door lock for s afe ty re as ons ,
e ve n on ve hicle s with re mote control.
Emergency lock operation
(in the e ve nt of e le ctrical failure )
Turn the ke y to the e nd pos itions of the
door lock to unlock/lock the re s pe ctive
door.
Activating the central locking
system from inside the vehicle
Pre s s ing the lock button of a front door
unlocks /locks the doors and luggage
compartme nt, but doe s not arm the
alarm s ys te m.
bIf the ve hicle is locke d from the
ins ide with this lock button, the fue l
fille r door re mains unlocke d to allow
re fue ling. On the BMW Conve rtible , the
glove compartme nt als o re mains un-
locke d to allow for its us e .
It is als o pos s ible to unlock the car from
the ins ide by pulling on one of the front
door handle s .c
To pre clude accide ntal locking of the
ve hicle
d it can not be locke d with the lock
button whe n the drive r's door is ope n
d the s afe ty button of the pas s e nge r
door activate s the ce ntral locking
s ys te m only whe n both front doors
are locke d.
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aChildre n can lock the doors from
ins ide . The re fore , you s hould always
re move the ke y and take it with you to
e ns ure that you can unlock the car from
the outs ide at all time s .c
In an accide nt, the ce ntral locking s ys -
te m automatically unlocks the doors
and the inte rior lamps s witch on.
De pe nding on the ve rs ion, the hazard
warning flas he rs are als o activate d.
aAvoid us ing the ins ide lock buttons
to lock the re ar doors while driving, as
the s e doors would the n fail to unlock au-
tomatically in the e ve nt of an accide nt.c
Opening doors from the inside
Pull inte rior door handle of a front door
twice in s ucce s s ion (the initial pull
unlocks the door, the s e cond ope ns it).
Central locking system button
This button ope rate s the ce ntral locking
s ys te m whe n the drive r’s door is
clos e d. It unlocks the doors and lug-
gage compartme nt, but doe s not arm
the alarm s ys te m.
The fue l fille r door re mains unlocke d to
allow re fue ling.
The picture s hows , as an e xample , the
s hift arrange me nt for the BMW s e dan.
Opening doors from the outside
Lift the handle .
Automatic window lowering
(BMW Coupe , Conve rtible )
aThe door windows are lowe re d
s ome what whe n the doors are ope ne d
and the n are rais e d again imme diate ly
afte r the doors are locke d. This make s it
e as ie r to ope n the doors , pre ve nts the
rubber door s eals from being damaged
and e ns ure s prope r s e ating of the
windows in the rubbe r door s e als afte r
clos ing.c
Driver's door lock heating*
Lift the handle of the drive r's door for
approx. 3 s e conds : the he ating
s witche s on. The s witch-on time is
automatically controlle d to s ave powe r.
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The lock actuation is only pos s ible with
a mas te r ke y.
Central locking system
To engage locks
To lock the luggage compartment
separately
The luggage compartme nt lid is locke d
and dis conne cte d from the ce ntral lock-
ing s ys te m. The luggage compartme nt
lid the n re mains locke d whe n the ce n-
tral locking s ys te m is unlocke d with a
door lock or the lock knobs .
Acce s s to the luggage compartme nt lid
is thus pre ve nte d whe n le aving the door
and ignition ke y with othe rs (re fe r to
page 30); this is us e ful e .g., at a hote l.
To unlock car
Emergency lock operation
(in the e ve nt of e le ctrical failure )
Turn the mas te r ke y to the le ft as far as
pos s ible : the luggage compartme nt lid
is unlocke d.
Afte r clos ing, the luggage compartme nt
lid mus t be locke d again s e parate ly.
The luggage compartment lamp
is on whe n the luggage compartme nt
lid is ope n.
=
Turn to the right: The luggage
compartme nt lid and - if the
front doors are clos e d - the
doors are locke d and the alarm s ys te m
is arme d.
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Turn the mas te r ke y to the right
until the s lot is horizontal, the n
e xtract the ke y from the lock.
<
Turn to the le ft: the luggage
compartme nt lid and the doors
are unlocke d.
Luggage compartment lid
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To close
The handle re ce s s (arrow) make s it e as -
ie r to pull down the luggage compart-
me nt lid.
aDo not drive with the luggage lid
ope n, as e xhaus t fume s could be drawn
into the inte rior of the ve hicle . Should it
be abs olute ly ne ce s s ary to ope rate the
ve hicle with the luggage lid ope n:
d Rais e all windows and s hut the s lid-
ing/tilt s unroof
d Maximize the air volume of the air
conditioning, re fe r to page 88.c
Luggage straps
Attach the s traps to the floor of the lug-
gage compartme nt to s e cure s malle r
s uitcas e s .
The luggage s traps pre ve nt obje cts
place d on the m from s lipping.
The fittings at the corne rs of the lug-
gage compartme nt provide you with a
conve nie nt me ans of attaching luggage
ne ts * and fle xible s traps for s e curing
s uitcas e s and luggage .
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Ope rational from ignition ke y pos i-
tion 1.
d De pre s s the rocke r s witch until you
fe e l re s is tance :
The window continue s to move as
long as the rocke r s witch is pre s s e d.
d Brie fly pre s s the rocke r s witch to jus t
beyond the pre s s ure point (one -
touch mode ):
The window move s automatically.
Pre s s and le t go again to s top move -
me nt.
The one -touch mode can be us e d to
ope n and clos e the front windows and
to ope n the re ar windows *.
On ve hicle s e quippe d with front and
re ar* powe r windows :
The re are s e parate s witche s locate d
be low the re ar windows (e xce pt on the
BMW Conve rtible ).
Safety switch* (arrow)
In this way the actuation of the windows
by me ans of re ar s witche s , e .g., by chil-
dre n, can be pre ve nte d.
aAlways ke e p the s afe ty s witch
(arrow) in the de pre s s e d pos ition whe n
childre n ride in the re ar s e at.
Always re move the ke y from the ignition
whe n le aving the ve hicle .c
Afte r the ignition is s witche d off, the
windows re main ope rational
d with the ignition key at pos ition 1 and
0, or re move d, or
d whe n the front doors are ope n (max.
15 minute s ) or until the front doors
are ope ne d for the firs t time.
Convenience mode
Afte r clos ing the doors , hold the ke y in
the lock pos ition:
Any windows s till ope n will clos e .
aCare le s s and inatte ntive clos ing of
the windows can le ad to injurie s .c
Safety feature
If one of the windows e ncounte rs re s is -
tance while clos ing, it will re s pond by
halting and the n ope ning s ome what
again.
You can de activate this prote ctive func-
tion, (e .g., in cas e of unauthorize d intru-
s ion into the ve hicle ) by pre s s ing the
s witch be yond its pre s s ure point and
holding it the re .
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Power windows*
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Pre s s ing and holding down the ce nte r
button ope ns or clos e s all four s ide win-
dows s imultane ous ly.
During ope ning, brie fly pre s s the rocke r
s witch to jus t be yond the pre s s ure
point (one -touch mode ): the s ide win-
dows move automatically. Pre s s brie fly
and le t go again to s top move me nt.
Ope rate in ignition ke y pos ition 2.
Open and lower
Pre s s re ce s s e d button (1) until pre s s ure
point is re ache d.
Close and raise
Pre s s rais e d button (2) until pre s s ure
point is re ache d.
At trans ition from clos ing to rais ing and
vice -ve rs a: s ys te m off.
One-touch mode
(only ope n/rais e )
Brie fly pre s s the re s pe ctive button
be yond the pre s s ure point.
The s liding/tilt s unroof move s automati-
cally. Brie fly pre s s the button a s e cond
time to s top the s unroof.
bDuring rais ing, the he adline r als o
re tracts a fe w inche s .c
In the e ve nt of an e le ctrical malfunc-
tion, you can als o ope rate the s liding/tilt
s unroof manually, re fe r to page 152.
Afte r the ignition is s witche d off, the
windows re main ope rational
d with the ignition key at pos ition 1 and
0, or re move d, or
d whe n the front doors are ope n (max.
15 minute s ) or until the front doors
are ope ne d for the firs t time.
Convenient closure*
Afte r clos ing the doors , hold the ke y in
the lock pos ition: the s till-ope n s unroof
is clos e d.
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aCare le s s clos ing can le ad to inju-
rie s .
Always re move the ke y from the ignition
whe n le aving the ve hicle .c
To avoid unple as ant drafts and pre s -
s ure variations within the pas s e nge r
compartme nt, you s hould ke e p the inte -
rior ve ntilation outle ts ope n whe n the
s unroof is ope n and particularly whe n it
is rais e d, and s e le ct a highe r blowe r
s pe e d as re quire d.
Manual convertible top
operation
The fabric top offe rs pe rfe ct we athe r
prote ction and can be ope ne d and
clos e d s imply and quickly by one
pe rs on.
He re are a fe w tips to e ns ure that you
have a lot of ple as ure with your con-
ve rtible : It is advis able to clos e the top
whe n the ve hicle is parke d. The clos e d
conve rtible top not only prote cts the
pas s e nge r compartme nt from unfore -
s e e able damage from the we athe r, it
als o provide s a ce rtain de gre e of the ft
prote ction.
Eve n with the top clos e d, it is always
advis able to ke e p valuable s locke d in
the luggage compartme nt.
Do not mount roof racks on the conve rt-
ible top.
Ple as e contact your BMW Re taile r for
s uitable mounting e quipme nt and othe r
acce s s orie s .
aWhe n clos ing the powe r windows
while driving: always clos e the re ar win-
dows firs t or all four windows s imulta-
ne ous ly, othe rwis e the windows may
not s e al tightly at highe r s pe e ds .c
Opening convertible top
Fold out the unlocking handle and turn
it to the e nd s top. Rais e (re lax) the top
approx. 8 in (20 cm).
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Unlock the conve rtible top s torage
compartme nt with the handle in the re ar
le ft s ide pane l.
bFrom ignition ke y pos ition 1 or with
the door ope n: If the s ide windows are
clos e d, the y move downward s lightly
whe n the conve rtible top compartme nt
unlocking handle is ope rate d.c
aTo pre ve nt damage , it is not pos s i-
ble to unlock the conve rtible top com-
partme nt with the luggage compartme nt
ope n.c
Pos ition the re ar conve rtible top bow
ve rtically and hold in place . Rais e the
conve rtible top compartme nt lid s ome -
what and unlock the catch lock by
pus hing it to the right. Ope n the con-
ve rtible top compartme nt lid com-
ple te ly.
Lay the re ar conve rtible top bow in the
conve rtible top compartme nt. Lift the
top at the front and als o lay down
towards the re ar.
In the proce s s , make s ure the re ar win-
dow is laid down e ve nly and fre e of
folds . To pre ve nt the re ar window from
be ing s cratche d, a s oft cloth s hould be
laid in the window fold.
Clos e the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid by pre s s ing down on both s ide s until
the y are he ard to e ngage s e cure ly.
Whe n the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid is clos e d, the ce ntral locking s ys te m
is automatically unlocke d, i.e ., the lug-
gage compartme nt is no longe r locke d
and can be ope ne d again.
aIf the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid is not prope rly clos e d, the luggage
compartme nt can not be ope ne d to pre -
ve nt damage .
To pre ve nt damage to the conve rtible
top due to the pe rmane nt pre s e nce of
mois ture , ne ve r fold down the top while
we t (als o re fe r to "Car care " s tarting on
page 136).c
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Closing convertible top
Move ignition ke y into pos ition 1.
Unlock and ope n the conve rtible top
s torage compartme nt. Lift out the top
by the s ide guide pie ce and the front
top frame .
bFrom ignition ke y pos ition 1 or with
the door ope n: If the s ide windows are
clos e d, the y move downward s lightly
whe n the conve rtible top compartme nt
unlocking handle is ope rate d. Move the
s ide windows into the de s ire d pos ition
or clos e the m afte r clos ing the conve rt-
ible top.c
Pos ition the re ar top bow ve rtically.
Clos e the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid by pre s s ing down on both s ide s until
the y are he ard to e ngage s e cure ly. Fold
down the top bow.
Whe n the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid is clos e d, the ce ntral locking s ys te m
is automatically unlocke d, i.e ., the lug-
gage compartme nt is no longe r locke d
and can be ope ne d again.
Pull the conve rtible top frame onto the
winds hie ld frame with the locking han-
dle and lock the top by turning the han-
dle until it is he ard to e ngage .
The re ar conve rtible top bow is auto-
matically pre s s e d onto the conve rtible
top compartme nt lid and clos e s wate r-
tight unde r te ns ion.
bIf the conve rtible top or the re ar
window be gins to flutte r at high s pe e ds ,
incre as e the air intake via the ve ntilation
control to pre ve nt a vacuum from
re s ulting in the pas s e nge r compart-
me nt.c
Fully automatic convertible top
operation*
The fully automatic conve rtible top pe r-
fe ctly combine s e xtre me ly s imple , com-
fortable ope ration with re liable prote c-
tion from the e le me nts . He re are a fe w
tips to e ns ure that you have ye ars of
ple as ure with your conve rtible :
It is advis able to clos e the top whe n the
ve hicle is parke d. The clos e d top not
only prote cts the pas s e nge r compart-
me nt from unfore s e e n we athe r-re late d
damage , it als o provide s a ce rtain
de gre e of the ft prote ction. Eve n with
the top clos e d, it is always advis able to
ke e p valuable s locke d in the luggage
compartme nt.
Do not mount roof racks on the conve rt-
ible top. Ple as e contact your BMW
Re taile r for s uitable mounting e quip-
me nt and othe r acce s s orie s .
To pre ve nt damage , do not ope rate the
top at te mpe rature s be low 325F (06).
To prote ct the batte ry, it is advis able to
ope rate the top with the e ngine running
whe n pos s ible .
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aThe conve rtible top ope rate s fully
automatically. As s is tance with your
hand is ne ce s s ary only as an e xce ption
(re fe r to the note , ne xt column).
Only ope rate the conve rtible top with
the ve hicle s toppe d and do not drive off
during ope ration, as othe rwis e the pro-
ce s s will be inte rrupte d. A half-ope ne d
top can caus e damage or injurie s .
Re move fore ign obje cts from the wind-
s hie ld frame be fore clos ing the conve rt-
ible top, s ince the s e may pre ve nt the top
from clos ing.
Do not lay obje cts on the conve rtible
top. The y would fall off during top ope r-
ation and caus e damage or injurie s .
Whe n clos ing the powe r s ide windows
during driving, always clos e the re ar
windows firs t or all four windows s imul-
tane ous ly, as othe rwis e the windows
may not s e al tightly at highe r s pe e ds .c
aDo not re ach into the conve rtible
top me chanis m during ope ning and
clos ing. Ke e p childre n away from the
s wive ling are a of the conve rtible top
during ope ration.
Re le as ing the ope rating button for the
top imme diate ly inte rrupts the automat-
ic move me nt. Move me nt can be contin-
ue d in the de s ire d dire ction by pre s s ing
the appropriate button.c
bIf the conve rtible top has be e n
s tore d in the conve rtible top compart-
me nt for a longe r pe riod, e .g., in the
winte r whe n the hardtop is us e d, it may
be ne ce s s ary to s upport the firs t auto-
matic clos ing ope ration by hand:
Should the top come to a s top s hortly
be fore the e nd of the clos ing phas e (s till
ope n approx. 8 in/20 cm), re ach into the
handle de pre s s ion in the ce nte r of the
front conve rtible top frame and brie fly
s upport the clos ing proce s s while
pre s s ing the button until it is automati-
cally continue d.c
Opening and closing
1 To ope n
2 To clos e
Pre s s the conve rtible top ope rating but-
ton until the ope ning or clos ing proce s s
is comple te d.
The indicator lamp (arrow) lights up
continuous ly during conve rtible top
ope ration. The indicator lamp flas he s
afte r re le as ing the button if the ope ning
or clos ing proce s s is not ye t comple te d.
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bThe luggage compartme nt can not
be ope ne d during conve rtible top ope r-
ation.
The s ide windows move down s lightly
whe n the conve rtible top ope rating but-
ton is pre s s e d; if you continue to pre s s
the button afte r the indicator lamp goe s
out, the y move up again as s oon as the
ope ning proce s s is comple te d.c
aThe s ide windows mus t be low-
e re d s lightly during conve rtible top op-
e ration. If the conve rtible top ope ration
is inte rrupte d, do not clos e the s ide win-
dows with the powe r window s witche s .
If the ope ning or clos ing proce s s is in-
te rrupte d, it may not be pos s ible to ope n
the luggage compartme nt.
To preve nt damage from continuous
dampne s s , neve r fold down the conve rt-
ible top whe n we t.c
Convenience closing with the
driver's door lock
Hold the ke y in the "lock" pos ition with
the door clos e d.
The windows /s unroof s top moving
imme diate ly whe n you re le as e the ke y.
bAt highe r s pe e ds , low air pre s s ure
in the pas s e nge r compartme nt can
caus e the conve rtible top or the re ar
window to be gin to flutte r. Incre as e the
air intake via the ve ntilation control to
pre ve nt low pre s s ure from re s ulting in
the pas s e nge r compartme nt.c
Closing convertible top manually
when electrical operation fails
bManual clos ing is be s t carrie d out
from outs ide the ve hicle with the drive r's
door ope n and the drive r's s e at folde d
forward. The re ar s e at be nch mus t not
be occupie d while doing s o.c
1 Rais e the le ft re ar s e at. Pull out the
s trap until re s is tance is fe lt. Now con-
tinue to pull firmly (two audible clicks )
to dis e ngage the drive s for the con-
ve rtible top and conve rtible top com-
partme nt lid.
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2 Ope n the conve rtible top compart-
me nt lid up to the s top with the lug-
gage compartme nt clos e d.
3 Gras p the conve rtible top on the lat-
e ral guide s e ction and on the front
s oft-top frame and lift it out (arrow).
Pos ition the re ar conve rtible top bow
ve rtically and clos e the conve rtible
top compartme nt lid. Now fold down
the re ar conve rtible top bow.
4 Place a s crewdrive r at the middle of
the cove r on the front conve rtible top
frame, and pry it out of its re ce s s .
5 Us ing the doubly be nt alle n key from
the onboard tool kit, place it in the
inte rnal hexagon (arrrow).
6 The clos ing proce s s is continue d by
turning to the le ft; turn until the front
conve rtible top frame is locke d to the
winds hie ld frame. The re ar conve rtible
top frame is automatically pre s s e d
onto the conve rtible top compartme nt
lid and clos e s wate rtight unde r te n-
s ion.
To e liminate the malfunction and re -
e ngage the drive s , ple as e s e e your
BMW Re taile r.
aNe ve r ope n the conve rtible top
manually in cas e of an e le ctrical mal-
function. The conve rtible top compart-
me nt lid can not be locke d and would
ope n during driving.c
bPle as e follow the ins tructions for
cle aning and care of the conve rtible top
in your Owner’s manual from page 136.c
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Longitudinal adjustment
Pull le ve r 1 and s lide s e at into de s ire d
pos ition.
Afte r re le as ing the le ve r, make s ure that
the locking de vice e ngage s prope rly.
Height adjustment
Pull le ve r 2 and load or re lie ve s e at as
re quire d.
Backrest angle
Pull lever and load or relieve as required.
bYou can re duce the load on your
s pinal column by s itting all the way
back in the s e at with your back pre s s e d
firmly agains t the backre s t.
Ide al s itting pos ture is achie ve d with
your he ad e xte nding from your s pine in
a s traight line .
For long-dis tance driving, you may wis h
to incre as e the backre s t angle s lightly
to re duce mus cular te ns ion. Ple as e
re me mbe r that you s hould always
re main able gras p the e ntire pe riphe ry
of the s te e ring whe e l without s traight-
e ning your arms .c
Front headrests
Adjus t he ight by pulling out or pus hing
in.
Adjus t angle by s wive ling.
Remove and install the front
headrests
Pull the he adre s ts upward until the y
s top.
With a force ful je rk, pull the he adre s ts
out of the ir s upports in the backre s ts .
Rear head restraints
Adjus t he ight by pulling out or pus hing
in.
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aHe ad re s traints re duce the ris k of
ne ck injurie s . Always pos ition the he ad
re s traint s o that it is ce nte re d roughly at
e ar le ve l.
Ne ve r try to adjus t your s e at while ope r-
ating the ve hicle . The s e at could re -
s pond by moving in a way that you had
not anticipate d, caus ing you to los e
control of the ve hicle which could le ad
to an accide nt. The front pas s e nge r
s hould not move the backre s t into the
"re cline d" pos ition during driving.
While driving, both the drive r and the
front pas s e nge r s hould ke e p the back-
re s t re lative ly upright. Othe rwis e the re is
a dange r of the occupants "s liding
through" the be lt in the e ve nt of an acci-
de nt, thus cons ide rably re ducing the
prote ctive e ffe ct of the be lt (s e e als o
s afe ty pre cautions in the "Safe ty be lts "
s e ction, page 47).c
BMW Sports Seat*
Additional adjus tme nts for s e at tilt and
thigh s upport.
Angle adjustment
Pull le ve r 1 and move s e at as re quire d.
Thigh support adjustment
Pull le ve r 2 and s lide front s e ction of
s e at into the de s ire d pos ition.
Electrical seat adjustment*
1 Angle adjus tme nt
2 Longitudinal adjus tme nt
3 He ight adjus tme nt
4 Backre s t angle
The tilt angle of the he ad re s traints -
and on the BMW Sports Se at als o the
thigh s upport - is adjus te d manually.
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Lumbar support*
Adjus t the curvature as de s ire d with the
rocke r s witch.
You can adjus t the backre s t's contour
for additional s upport in the curvature
of your s pine 's lumbar re gion.
The uppe r hips and s pinal column
re ce ive s upple me ntary s upport to he lp
you maintain a re laxe d, upright pos ture .
Releasing backrest*
Pull up le ve r: the backre s t can now be
folde d forward.
The oute r le ve rs als o s e rve as a s torage
point for the s e at be lt (not on BMW
Conve rtible ).
aThe front s e at backre s ts mus t al-
ways be locke d during driving.c
d Pull out clamping leve r.
d Adjus t s te e ring whe e l tilt for your
s e ating pos ition.
d Pus h the leve r back in to clamp the
s te e ring whe e l in the new pos ition.
aNe ve r adjus t the s te e ring whe e l
while driving – accide nt dange r.c
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Exterior mirrors
1 Mirror s witch for 4-way adjus tme nt.
2 Switch for changing to the othe r
mirror:
d Pus h s witch to le ft – drive r's mirror.
d Pus h s witch to right – pas s e nge r's
mirror.
You can als o adjus t the mirrors manu-
ally by pre s s ing agains t the oute r e dge s
of the le ns .
aThe mirror on the pas s e nge r's s ide
fe ature s a le ns with a more conve x cur-
vature than the mirror ins talle d on the
drive r's door. Whe n e s timating the dis -
tance be twe e n yours e lf and othe r traffic,
be ar in mind that the obje cts re fle cte d in
the mirror are clos e r than the y appe ar.
This me ans that e s timations of the dis -
tance to following traffic s hould not be
re garde d as pre cis e .c
Electric heaters
Both mirrors are he ate d automatically
corre s ponding to the outs ide te mpe ra-
ture with the ignition ke y in pos ition 2.
Inside rearview mirror
To re duce glare from be hind during
night driving: tilt s mall le ve r to dimme d
pos ition.
Lighted make-up mirror
Fold down the s un vis or, s lide the cove r
pane l to the s ide .
The mirror lamps ope rate from ignition
ke y pos ition 1 onward.
Sun visors
The s e can be folde d down toward the
winds hie ld or s wive le d out agains t the
s ide windows .
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Always fas te n your s e at be lt be fore
s tarting off.
To fas te n: make s ure you he ar the catch
e ngage in the be lt buckle .
To re le as e : pre s s the re d button in the
buckle , hold the be lt and guide it back
into its re e l.
The s afe ty be lt ine rtial me chanis m
locks :
d in a s udde n s top or cras h
d whe n you pull it s harply
d during abrupt braking and
acce le ration
d in curve s
d whe n the ve hicle is at an
extre me angle.
The s afe ty be lt can be adjus te d individ-
ually to diffe re nt body s ize s with the
be lt he ight adjus tme nt:
Downward adjus tme nt (1):
Pus h button downward.
Upward adjus tme nt (2):
Gras p de fle ction fitting on ribbe d s ide
s e ctions and s lide upward.
aFor your own s afe ty, ple as e ob-
s e rve the following whe n putting on the
s afe ty be lt, othe rwis e its prote ctive
function may be impaire d. Als o e ns ure
that the othe r occupants follow the s e in-
s tructions .
Ne ve r allow more than one pe rs on to
we ar a s ingle s afe ty be lt. Ne ve r allow in-
fants or s mall childre n to ride in a pas -
s e nge r's lap.
Avoid twis ting the be lt while routing it
firmly acros s the hips and s houlde r. Do
not allow the be lt to re s t agains t hard or
fragile obje cts in your pocke ts . The
s afe ty be lt mus t not run acros s the
we are r's ne ck, nor s hould it be trappe d
or abrade d by coming into contact with
s harp e dge s or obje cts .
The be lt s hould re s t as firmly as pos s ible
agains t your body You s hould avoid
we aring clothing that pre ve nts it from
doing s o. Pull the be lt pe riodically to re -
te ntion it acros s your s houlde r. In the
e ve nt of a frontal collis ion, a loos e lap
be lt could s lide ove r your hips , le ading
to abdominal injury. Due to the in-
cre as e d dis tance be twe e n be lt and
body, the re would als o be a de lay be fore
re s traint be come s e ffe ctive .
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Expe ctant mothe rs s hould always we ar
the ir s afe ty be lts , taking care to pos ition
the lap be lt agains t the lowe r hips ,
whe re it will not e xe rt pre s s ure agains t
the abdominal are a.
Ne ve r atte mpt to modify the s afe ty
be lts .c
For care ins tructions re fe r to page 134.
Ne ve r ins tall a re ar-facing child re s traint
s ys te m in the front pas s e nge r's s e at!
Ne ve r atte mpt to modify e ithe r the
s afe ty be lts or any child re s traint s ys -
te m.
Should the s afe ty be lts be damage d or
s tre tche d in an accide nt, the e ntire be lt
s ys te m - including s afe ty be lt te ns ion-
e rs - mus t be re place d and the anchor-
ing mounts ins pe cte d at a BMW
Re taile r.
If the s afe ty be lt te ns ione r has be e n
activate d, a dis tance of roughly 0.8 in
(20 mm) will re main be twe e n the s afe ty
be lt lock and the te ns ione r module .
Installing child restraints
To ins tall and s e cure child re s traint s ys -
te ms , all re ar s afe ty be lts (and the front
pas s e nge r's s afe ty be lt) are e quippe d
with a s pe cial locking mode .
A labe l with ope rating ins tructions is
attache d to the be lt ne xt to the latch
plate .
To lock the belt
Extract the e ntire le ngth of the be lt from
the ine rtia re e l me chanis m. Allow the
re e l to re tract the be lt s omewhat and
e ngage the buckle, the n tighte n the be lt
agains t the child re s traint s ys te m. The
re traction me chanis m is now locke d.
Always obs e rve the ins tallation ins truc-
tions provide d by the manufacture r of
the child re s traint s ys te m.
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To release the belt
Re le as e the buckle , re move the child
re s traint de vice and allow the ine rtia
re e l to re tract the be lt comple te ly.
bPle as e als o make this information
available to your pas s e nge rs and urge
the m to obs e rve the ins tructions for
s afe ty be lt us e .c
For care ins tructions re fe r to page 134.
All pas s e nge rs , and e s pe cially childre n,
s hould us e a re s traint device whe n
riding in the car.
Infants or s mall childre n s hould ne ve r
be pe rmitte d to ride on a pas s e nge r's
lap.
Childre n s hould always s it in the re ar
s e at and us e , de pe nding on age , e ithe r
a child re s traint s ys te m or the s afe ty
be lts ins talle d in the ve hicle . Accide nt
s tatis tics have s hown that childre n are
s afe r whe n prope rly re s traine d in the
re ar s e ats than whe n riding in the front.
Infants and toddle rs s hould be s e cure d
with a child re s traint s ys te m appropri-
ate for the ir s ize .
Childre n of s ix ye ars and olde r s hould
we ar s afe ty be lts .
Comme rcially available child s e ats
complying with le gal s tandards are
de s igne d to be s e cure d us ing e ithe r a
lap be lt or a combine d lap-s houlde r
be lt. Be caus e imprope rly ins talle d
re s traint s ys te ms can incre as e the ris k
of injury to childre n, we s trongly urge
you to care fully re ad and follow the
ins tructions s upplie d with the s ys te m.
Should the child re s traint s ys te m of your
choice re quire the us e of a s e curing or
te the r s trap, note that thre e anchoring
points (arrows ) have be e n provide d for
mounting it in your ve hicle.
As k your BMW Re taile r to pe rform the
ne ce s s ary ins tallation work.
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Child restraint system Installing child seats
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aBe fore ins tall-
ing any child re -
s traint de vice or
child s e at, ple as e
re ad the follow-
ing:
Ne ve r ins tall a re arward-facing child
re s traint s ys te m in the front pas s e nge r
s e at of this car.
Your car is e quippe d with an airbag
s upple me ntal re s traint s ys te m for the
front pas s e nge r. Be caus e the backre s t
on any re ar-facing child re s traint s ys -
te m (of the kind de s igne d for infants
unde r 1 ye ar and 20 lbs .) would be
within the airbag's de ployme nt range ,
you s hould ne ve r mount s uch a de vice
in the front pas s e nge r s e at, as the
impact of the airbag agains t the child
re s traint's backre s t could le ad to s e ri-
ous or fatal injurie s .
If it is ne ce s s ary for a child (not an
infant) to ride in the front s e at, ce rtain
pre cautions s hould be take n. Firs t,
move the pas s e nge r s e at as far away
from the das hboard as pos s ible . This
important pre caution is inte nde d to
maximize the dis tance be twe e n the air-
bag and the child. Olde r childre n s hould
be tightly s e cure d with the s afe ty be lt.
Younge r childre n s hould be s e cure d in
an appropriate forward-facing child
re s traint s ys te m that has firs t be e n
prope rly s e cure d with a s afe ty be lt.
We s trongly urge you to care fully re ad
and obs e rve the ins tructions for ins tal-
lation and us e provide d by the child re -
s traint's manufacture r whe ne ve r you
us e s uch a de vice .
Always e ns ure that all occupants (of
all age s ) re main prope rly and s e cure ly
re s traine d at all time s .c
All re ar s e ating pos itions in your ve hicle
me e t the re comme ndations of SAE
J1819, an indus try re comme nde d prac-
tice for s e curing child re s traint s ys te ms
in motor ve hicle s .
1 Front airbag s ys te m, cons is ting of
drive r and pas s e nge r airbag
2 Side airbags *
Protective effect
The front airbags provide additional
prote ction for the front-s e at occupants
in the e ve nt of a s e ve re frontal collis ion
in which the prote ction afforde d by the
s afe ty be lts alone would no longe r be
s ufficie nt. The s ide airbags he lp prote ct
the front s e at occupants in a s e ve re
s ide impact.
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The airbags are trigge re d by impacts
coming from the dire ctions s hown in
the illus tration. Note that the s upple -
me ntary prote ction agains t late ral
impact is available only on ve hicle s
e quippe d with optional door-mounte d
airbags .
Indicator lamp in instrument
cluster
Sys te m ope rational:
d The indicator lamp come s on brie fly.
Sys te m malfunction:
d The indicator lamp fails to come on.
d Indicator lamp lights up for approx.
4 s e conds , goe s out brie fly and the n
lights up again.
A s ys te m malfunction could pre ve nt the
s ys te m from re s ponding to an impact
occurring within its normal re s pons e
range .
Ple as e have your authorize d BMW
Re taile r ins pe ct and re pair the s ys te m
as s oon as pos s ible .
aFor your own s afe ty, ple as e ob-
s e rve the following pre cautions con-
ce rning airbags , as othe rwis e the ir
prote ctive function may be impaire d. We
als o re que s t that you make this informa-
tion available to your pas s e nge rs , and
that you urge the m to obs e rve the in-
s tructions for s afe ty be lt us e : the air-
bags are a s upple me ntal re s traint
de vice de s igne d to provide e xtra pro-
te ction; the y are not a s ubs titute for
s afe ty be lts . We ar your s afe ty be lt at all
time s . The s ys te m doe s not re s pond to
minor collis ions , if the ve hicle rolls ove r,
or if the impact is at the re ar of the ve hi-
cle . In this s ituation, only the s afe ty be lt
prote cts you.
Whe n adjus ting your s e at, s e le ct a pos i-
tion that provide s maximum dis tance
be twe e n you and the s te e ring whe e l, the
ins trume nt pane l and the door while s till
allowing comfortable and s afe acce s s to
all ve hicle controls .
Always grip the s te e ring whe e l on its
rim with your hands at the 9 and 3 o’clock
pos itions , othe rwis e hand and arm inju-
rie s could occur whe n the airbag
inflate s .
Ne ve r allow any obje cts to obs truct the
are a be twe e n the airbag and the drive r/
pas s e nge r.
Do not us e the cove r pane l above the
pas s e nge r-s ide airbag as a s torage
are a.
Do not glue , cove r or in any way alte r
the padde d cove rs on the s te e ring
whe e l, the ins trume nt pane l or the s ide
trim pane ls of the front doors .
Do not ins tall a re ar-facing child re -
s traint de vice on the front pas s e nge r
s e at. Childre n unde r 12 ye ars of age
s hould only s it in the back.c
Eve n whe n all the s e guide line s are
obs e rve d, the re is s till a re s idual ris k of
mild facial injurie s occurring in is olate d
ins tance s of airbag actuation. The igni-
tion and inflation nois e may induce a
mild te mporary he aring los s in s e ns itive
individuals.
Airbag information is als o locate d on
the s un vis ors .
p
The indicator lamp comes on from
ignition key pos ition 1 to indicate
that the s ys tem is operational.
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Notes on safety
Ne ve r atte mpt to re move the gas ge ne r-
ator for the airbag pas s e nge r-re s traint
s ys te m from the ve hicle . Te s ting and
s e rvice proce dure s are to be pe rforme d
e xclus ive ly by qualifie d te chnicians . In
the e ve nt of malfunction, de activation
or trigge ring (in re s pons e to an acci-
de nt), always e ntrus t re pair and s e rvice
ope rations to your authorize d BMW
Re taile r.
Do not modify or tampe r with e ithe r the
wiring or the individual compone nts in
the airbag s ys te m; the s e include als o
the padde d cove rs on the s te e ring
whe e l, on the ins trume nt pane l or on
the s ide trim pane ls of the front doors .
Ne ve r apply adhe s ive mate rials to the s e
compone nts and ne ve r cove r or modify
the m in any way. Do not re move or dis -
mantle the s te e ring whe e l.
The airbag ge ne rator can be dis pos e d
of only by a BMW Re taile r.
Unprofe s s ional atte mpts to s e rvice the
s ys te m could le ad to failure in an e me r-
ge ncy or unde s ire d airbag activation,
e ithe r of which could re s ult in pe rs onal
injury.
Ins e rt the ke y in the s lot in one of the
re ar door latch me chanis ms and turn
toward the outs ide : the door can now
be ope ne d from the outs ide only.
The rollove r prote ction s ys te m is acti-
vate d automatically in the e ve nt of an
accide nt or in a critical driving s ituation
(e xtre me tilting in the longitudinal or lat-
e ral axis , los s of ground contact). The
prote ctive bars locate d be hind the re ar
he ad re s traints e xte nd within a fraction
of a s e cond.
In addition to the roll bar inte grate d in
the winds hie ld frame , the rollove r pro-
te ction s ys te m he lps provide all ve hicle
occupants , and in particular the re ar
pas s e nge rs , with ne e de d he adroom.
bWhe n the hardtop* is on, it is
advis able to us e "s oft" prote ctive cov-
e rs , in orde r to pre ve nt damage to the
luggage compartme nt lid whe n the s ys -
te m is activate d. Ple as e contact your
authorize d BMW Re taile r for additional
information.c
aAlways ke e p the s pace re quire d by
the rollove r prote ction s ys te m fre e of
obs tacle s .
In the cas e of minor, non-rollove r acci-
de nts , pas s e nge rs are prote cte d only by
the buckle d s afe ty be lt and the be lt te n-
s ione r and, de pe nding on the s e ve rity of
the accide nt, the airbag re s traint s ys -
te m.c
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Airbags Child-safety locks Rollover protection system*
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Following an unfore s e e n, automatic
e xte ns ion, the rollove r prote ction s ys -
te m can be lowe re d again.
To do this , re move the s cre wdrive r han-
dle and the s pe cial tool (s tore d on the
s ocke t wre nch) from the onboard tool
kit and pus h the m toge the r.
d Pull out the he ad re s traint upward.
d Re move the prote ctive cap upward
from the prote ctive bar.
d Pus h the s pe cial tool into the guide
of the click-and-pawl me chanis m as
far as pos s ible (handle re s ts on the
backre s t) and hold in place.
d Ge ntly pre s s down the prote ctive bar
until the s pe cial tool is loos e.
d Pull out the s pe cial tool and pre s s
down the prote ctive bar comple te ly
until it audibly e ngage s .
d Re mount the prote ctive cap on the
prote ctive bar and pus h on firmly.
d Pus h in the he ad re s traint again.
Follow the s ame proce dure for the s e c-
ond prote ctive bar.
Have the rollove r prote ction s ys te m
che cke d by a BMW Re taile r.
aThe ope ne d conve rtible top can not
be clos e d with the rollove r prote ction
s ys te m e xte nde d.c
Notes on safety
No change s s hould be made to the indi-
vidual compone nts of the rollove r pro-
te ction s ys te m or to its wiring.
All work on the rollove r prote ction s ys -
te m mus t be carrie d out by a BMW
Re taile r.
Work carrie d out incorre ctly may le ad to
the failure or an accide ntal trigge ring of
the s ys te m.
To che ck the s ys te m and to e ns ure its
long-te rm ope ration, it is impe rative that
you obs e rve the mainte nance inte rvals
of the Se rvice Inte rval Dis play. The roll-
ove r prote ction s ys te m mus t be in-
s pe cte d e ve ry 2 ye ars at the late s t by a
BMW Re taile r.
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Rollover protection system* – Convertible
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0 Steering lock engaged
The ke y can only be ins e rte d and
re move d in this pos ition.
Afte r e xtracting the ke y, turn the s te e r-
ing whe e l a s mall amount to the le ft or
right until you he ar the lock e ngage .
Your ve hicle is e quippe d with an inte r-
lock; this me ans that the ignition ke y
can not be turne d into pos ition 0 and
re move d until the s e le ctor le ve r is in
pos ition P.
Furthe rmore, the s e le ctor leve r is locke d
in pos ition P whe n the ignition key is in
pos ition 0 or re move d from the ignition
s witch.
To turn the ke y back into pos ition 0 or
re move it, move the s e le ctor le ve r into
pos ition P firs t.
1 Steering lock disengaged
You will ofte n find that it is e as ie r to turn
the ignition key from pos ition 0 to 1 if you
move the s te e ring whe e l s lightly to he lp
dis e ngage the lock.
2 Ignition on
All e le ctrical e quipme nt and acce s s o-
rie s are available for us e .
3 Starter activation
bVe hicle s with manual trans mis -
s ion: de pre s s the clutch pe dal while
you turn on the ignition, othe rwis e a
blocking s ys te m will pre ve nt the e ngine
from s tarting.c
Before starting
d Apply the parking brake.
d The manual-s hift ge ar leve r s hould
be in ne utral; the automatic trans mis -
s ion s e le ctor leve r s hould be in P
or N.
d At low te mpe rature s ke e p the clutch
pe dal de pre s s e d.
d Start the e ngine without de pre s s ing
the acce le rator.
bDo not operate the s tarter too briefly,
but not longer than approx. 20 s econds.
Releas e the ignition key as s oon as the
engine s tarts. Do not allow the engine to
warm up by leaving it running while the
vehicle remains s tationary. Ins tead, drive
off immediately at a moderate engine
s peed.c
Should the e ngine fail to s tart on the firs t
atte mpt, e .g., if it is ve ry hot or cold:
d Stop and paus e brie fly be fore re pe at-
ing the s tarting proce dure. This pre -
ve nts the s park plugs from be coming
damp.
d Pre s s the acce le rator pe dal halfway
down while e ngaging the s tarte r.
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Steering/ignition lock Starting the engine
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Whe n s tarting a cold e ngine at e xtre me -
ly low te mpe rature s (+55F/-156 or be-
low) or at high altitude s (above 3,300 ft./
1,000 me te rs ), proce e d as follows :
d At the firs t atte mpt, ke e p the s tarte r
e ngage d for a bit longe r (approx.
10 s e conds ).
d Pre s s the acce le rator pe dal halfway
down while e ngaging the s tarte r.
If you ope rate the ve hicle for longe r
pe riods of time at high altitude s and
ve ry low te mpe rature s , put into the
e ngine an oil with a vis cos ity of 5W–30
(re fe r to page 126). Ple as e contact your
authorize d BMW Re taile r for additional
information.
aNe ve r allow the e ngine to run with
the ve hicle s tanding in an e nclos e d ar-
e a. The e xhaus t gas e s contain carbon
monoxide , an odorle s s and colorle s s ,
but highly toxic gas . Bre athing the e x-
haus t gas e s pos e s an e xtre me he alth
ris k, and can le ad to uncons cious ne s s
and de ath.
Ne ve r le ave the ve hicle unatte nde d with
the e ngine running, as s uch a ve hicle
re pre s e nts a s e rious pote ntial s afe ty
hazard.c
Turn the ignition ke y to pos ition 1 or 0.
aAlways re move the ignition ke y
and e ngage the s te e ring lock be fore
le aving the ve hicle .
Ve hicle s with manual trans mis s ion:
Always e ngage the parking brake whe n
parking on s lope s and incline d s urface s ,
s ince s e le cting 1s t ge ar or re ve rs e may
not provide ade quate re s is tance to roll-
ing.
Ve hicle s with automatic trans mis s ion:
Place the s e le ctor le ve r in Park.c
Starting the engine Switching off the engine
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To engage
The lock e ngage s automatically whe n
you lift the le ve r. The "P" indicator lamp
appe ars in the ins trume nt clus te r whe n
you turn the ignition ke y to pos ition 2
(re fe r to page 21).
To release
Pull up on the le ve r, the n pre s s the
re le as e button and lowe r the le ve r.
The parking brake is primarily de s igne d
to pre ve nt the ve hicle from rolling while
parke d, and acts on the re ar whe e ls .
aShould e xce ptional circums tance s
make it ne ce s s ary to e ngage the brake
with the ve hicle in motion, do not apply
e xce s s ive pre s s ure . Ke e p your thumb
pre s s e d agains t the re le as e button while
care fully pulling up the le ve r to apply
mode rate pre s s ure .
Exce s s ive pre s s ure can le ad to ove r-
braking and los s of traction (fis htailing)
at the re ar.
The brake lamps do not come on whe n
the parking brake is e ngage d.
Ve hicle s with manual trans mis s ion:
Always e ngage the parking brake whe n
parking on s lope s and incline d s urface s ,
s ince s e le cting 1s t ge ar or re ve rs e may
not provide ade quate re s is tance to
rolling.
Ve hicle s with automatic trans mis s ion:
Place the s e le ctor le ve r in "Park".c
To avoid corros ion, apply the parking
brake lightly from time to time whe n
coas ting to a s tands till, e.g., at a traffic
s ignal, provide d that it is s afe to do s o.
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The s hift le ve r's ne utral plane (dot in the
illus tration) is locate d be twe e n 3rd and
4th ge ars
Whe ne ve r you s hift from any ge ar into
"Ne utral", the s hift le ve r will automati-
cally re turn to the s pe cifie d ge ar plane .
Reverse
Se le ct only with the ve hicle s tationary.
Pre s s the s hift le ve r to the le ft to ove r-
come the s light re s is tance .
Backup lamps
As you do this the backup lamps will
turn on automatically whe n the ignition
ke y is in pos ition 2.
aDo not "ride " the clutch to hold the
ve hicle in place on s lope s ; us e the park-
ing brake ins te ad. A s lipping clutch in-
cre as e s clutch we ar.c
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Selector lever positions
P R N D 3 2 1
Shift programs
Switch:
d A (Automatic)
d M (Manual)
Shift le ve r in pos ition 3:
d Sport program
Se e ne xt page for an e xplanation of the
programs .
Range selection
A lock pre ve nts inadve rte nt s hifts into
ce rtain s e le ctor le ve r pos itions . To re -
le as e the s hift-lock me chanis m, pre s s
the button on the front s ide of the s e -
le ctor handle (arrow).
The e ngine can only be s tarte d in s e le c-
tor le ve r pos ition P or N.
bYou mus t s te p on the footbrake
with the ve hicle s tationary be fore the
s e le ctor le ve r will move out of P or N.
The footbrake mus t als o be de pre s s e d
be fore s e le cting a drive pos ition, s ince
the ve hicle "cre e ps " in idle whe n a drive
pos ition is e ngage d.
At e ngine s pe e ds of ove r 2500 rpm
a lock als o pre ve nts s hifting out of P
or N.c
Howe ve r, it is pos s ible to "rock" the car
fre e by s hifting rapidly be twe e n D and
R, e .g., s hould you ge t s tuck in de e p
s now or s and.
aPlace the s e le ctor le ve r in pos ition
P or N and firmly e ngage the parking
brake be fore le aving the ve hicle with the
e ngine running, othe rwis e the ve hicle
could roll. Ne ve r le ave the ve hicle unat-
te nde d with the e ngine running, s ince
s uch a ve hicle re pre s e nts a s e rious po-
te ntial s afe ty hazard.
If you s hould accide ntally s e le ct Ne utral
while trave ling at high s pe e d, re move
your foot from the acce le rator pe dal im-
me diate ly. Wait until the e ngine is at idle
s pe e d; only the n s hould you s e le ct a
ge ar, othe rwis e the trans mis s ion could
be damage d.c
P - Park
Se le ct only with the ve hicle s tationary.
Trans mis s ion locks to pre ve nt re ar
whe e ls from turning.
R - Reverse
Se le ct only with the ve hicle s tationary.
N - Neutral
Se le ct only if your journe y is inte rrupte d
for a longe r pe riod. Se le ct while the car
is be ing drive n only if the ve hicle be gins
to s kid.
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Automatic transmission*
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D - Drive (automatic shift program)
This pos ition is de s igne d for driving
unde r all normal ope rating conditions .
All forward ge ars are s e le cte d by the
trans mis s ion as ne ce s s ary.
3 - Sport Program, direct control
This pos ition is de s igne d for pe rfor-
mance -orie nte d driving, and fe ature s
de laye d ups hifts for optimal utilization
of the ve hicle 's powe r re s e rve s .
Whe n D is e ngage d, the trans mis s ion
may re s pond to ce rtain conditions by
re pe ate dly s hifting be twe e n 3rd and 4th
ge ars . You can s e le ct this pos ition to
s uppre s s ups hifts into 4th ge ar and pre -
ve nt the trans mis s ion from "hunting" in
this way.
2 and 1 - Mountain ascents and
engine braking
Se le ct the s e pos itions to pre ve nt un-
de s ire d s hifts on mountain roads or
e xte nde d uphill and downhill s tre tche s .
The s e range s le t you us e the e ngine 's
braking e ffe ct to maximum advantage .
The trans mis s ion ups hifts only as far as
the s e le cte d ge ar (1s t or 2nd).
Do not move the s e le ctor le ve r to e ithe r
of the s e pos itions whe n trave ling at
s pe e ds of 108 mph (170 km/h) or
above . The trans mis s ion downs hifts
only at corre s pondingly low s pe e ds .
"Kickdown" (automatic downshift)
To obtain maximum acce le ration, the
acce le rator pe dal can be de pre s s e d
be yond the normal to the full-throttle
pos ition, at which a pre s s ure point mus t
be ove rcome .
Shift programs
A - Automatic program
For e conomical driving. This is the initial
pos ition e ach time the e ngine is s tarte d.
M - Manual program
This program is for driving conditions
unde r which the s e le cte d ge ar is to be
re taine d. The trans mis s ion the n re mains
in this ge ar both whe n s tarting off and
during acce le ration. With this program
you drive only in 3rd ge ar in pos ition D.
It is advantage ous , e .g., on s lope s or
whe n towing a traile r, to drive in s e le c-
tor le ve r pos ition 1 or 2, or in winte r on
s lippe ry roads in s e le ctor le ve r pos ition
3, which e nable s ge ntle s tarts and pre -
ve nts unde s irable s hifting.
Automatic transmission*
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Indicator lamp for shift
electronics
d If the lamp fails to go out or
d if it lights up during driving, the re is a
malfunction in the s hifting e le ctronics
or in the trans mis s ion.
Bring the ve hicle to a s top, s e le ct trans -
mis s ion pos ition "P", s e t the parking
brake and turn the e ngine off (ignition
ke y to pos ition 0).
Wait a fe w s e conds , the n s tart the
e ngine .
If the indicator lamp goe s out afte r a
fe w s e conds , normal trans mis s ion pe r-
formance has be e n re s tore d. Drive off
normally.
If the indicator lamp doe s not go out, all
s e le ctor le ve r pos itions can s till be
s e le cte d, howe ve r in the forward pos i-
tions the ve hicle has limite d pe rfor-
mance s as it drive s only in the 3rd or
4th ge ar.
If this happe ns , avoid e xtre me e ngine
loads and cons ult the ne are s t autho-
rize d BMW Re taile r.
aNe ve r carry out any work in the
e ngine compartme nt without firs t
e ns uring that the trans mis s ion is in Park
or Ne utral. Ne ve r le ave childre n in the
ve hicle unatte nde d.c
For information on tow-s tarting, towing
and jump s tarting re fe r to page s 153
and 154.
1 High be am (blue indicator lamp)
2 He adlamp flas he r
3 Turn s ignal indicator (gre e n indicator
lamp and rhythmic ticking of the
blinke r re lay).
Flas hing of the indicator lamp and tick-
ing fas te r than normal: a turn-indicator
lamp is de fe ctive .
To signal briefly
Pre s s the le ve r up to but not be yond the
lock.
O
Goe s out afte r the e ngine has
s tarte d.
1
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Automatic transmission* Turn signals/high beam
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0 Wipe rs re tracte d
1 Inte rmitte nt wipe
2 Normal wipe
3 Fas t wipe
4 Brie f wipe
5 Automatic winds hie ld was he r
1 Intermittent wipe
The le ngth of the inte rval is varie d auto-
matically according to the car's actual
road s pe e d.
The he adlamp cle aning e quipme nt* can
als o influe nce this inte rval.
d Shift brie fly out of 0 into 1, and back
to 0.
d The time laps e until the s witching on
(out of 0 into 1) is the de s ire d inte rval
(maximum 25 s e conds ).
De le te the programming:
d approx. 10 s e conds afte r the le ve r is
in pos ition 0 or
d afte r s witching off the e ngine .
2 Normal wipe
The wipe rs automatically re ve rt to inte r-
mitte nt ope ration whe n the ve hicle is
s tationary.
5 Automatic windshield washers
The s ys te m s prays was he r fluid agains t
the winds hie ld and actuate s the wipe rs
for a brie f pe riod.
(Exce ption: If you pull the le ve r brie fly,
the s ys te m s prays fluid onto the wind-
s hie ld without activating the wipe rs ).
aDo not us e the was he rs whe n the re
is a dange r of the fluid fre e zing on the
winds hie ld, as othe rwis e your vis ion
could be obs cure d. Us e antifre e ze (re fe r
to page 124).
Do not us e the was he rs whe n the re s e r-
voir is e mpty, othe rwis e damage to the
was he r pump could re s ult.c
Windshield washer jets*
The winds hie ld was he r je ts are auto-
matically he ate d with the ignition ke y in
pos ition 2.
1
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Wiper/washer system
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You can s tore and automatically main-
tain any de s ire d ve hicle s pe e d above
approx. 25 mph (40 km/h).
The s tore d s pe e d is de le te d whe n the
motor is s witche d off.
1 Accelerate
Tap the le ve r brie fly:
The s ys te m re cords and maintains the
curre nt ve hicle s pe e d. Eve ry time you
tap the button the s pe e d incre as e s by
approx. 0.6 mph (1 km/h).
Hold the le ve r in this pos ition:
The ve hicle acce le rate s without pre s -
s ure on the acce le rator pe dal. As s oon
as you re le as e the le ve r, the s ys te m
re cords and maintains the curre nt
s pe e d.
2 Decelerate
Hold the lever in this pos ition:
With the cruis e control active, the s ys tem
automatically reduces the throttle open-
ing to s low the vehicle. As s oon as you
releas e the lever, the s ys tem records and
maintains the current s peed.
Tap the le ve r brie fly:
Each time you tap it you de ce le rate
approx. 0.6 mph (1 km/h) if you are
cruis ing at a controlle d s pe e d.
3 Resume
Tap the le ve r brie fly:
The ve hicle acce le rate s to and main-
tains the las t s pe e d s tore d.
4 Off
Tap the le ve r brie fly:
Imme diate ly de activate s the cruis e con-
trol.
In addition, the s ys te m is als o automati-
cally dis able d in re s pons e to the follow-
ing conditions :
d Whe n you apply pre s s ure to the
brake or clutch pe dal, and whe n you
move the automatic trans mis s ion
s e le ctor le ve r from Drive to Ne utral,
d if you e xce e d the programme d s pe e d
by more than 10 mph (16 km/h) for a
pe riod of more than 30 s e conds .
The s ys te m is s witche d off and the
s tore d s pe e d de le te d from its me mory
whe n you turn the ignition ke y to pos i-
tion 0.
aRe frain from us ing the cruis e con-
trol on twis ting roads , whe n high traffic
de ns ity pre ve nts driving at a cons tant
s pe e d and whe n driving on s lippe ry
(s now, rain, ice ) or loos e (s tone s , s and)
road s urface s .c
bIf, on a downhill gradie nt, the
e ngine braking e ffe ct is not s ufficie nt,
the controlle d s pe e d can be e xce e d-e d.
Spe e d can drop on uphill grade s if the
e ngine output is ins ufficie nt.c
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Cruise control*
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Re cords the total ve hicle mile age
(re gis te rs dis tance in kilome te rs on
Canadian ve hicle s ).
Trip odometer
Re cords trip dis tance s up to 999.9 mile s
(kilome te rs ).
To reset to zero
Pre s s button.
The dis plays appe ar from ignition ke y
pos ition 1.
To dis play with ignition s witche d off:
Pre s s the re s e t button (arrow).
Ne ve r allow the e ngine to ope rate with
the ne e dle in the re d ove rs pe e d s e ctor
of the gauge .
In this range the fue l s upply is inte r-
rupte d to prote ct the e ngine , producing
the s e ns ation of a los s of powe r.
Indicate s the curre nt fue l cons umption
in mpg (in lite rs pe r 100 km on Cana-
dian ve hicle s ).
Whe n the ve hicle is s tationary, the ne e -
dle re turns to ze ro (maximum re ading
on Canadian mode ls ).
20
40
120
140
km/ h
240
220
200
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
MPH
F
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Odometer Tachometer Energy control*
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Whe n you s witch on the ignition, the
indicator lamp come s on brie fly to indi-
cate that the s ys te m is ope rational.
If the indicator lamp come s on and
s tays on, the re are approx. 2.1 gallons
(8 lite rs ) of fue l in the tank.
Tank volume : Page 166.
If the tilt of the ve hicle varie s , e .g.,
whe n you are driving in mountainous
are as , this may caus e the ne e dle to
fluctuate s lightly.
aPle as e re fue l e arly, as driving
to the las t drop of fue l can re s ult in
damage to the e ngine and/or catalytic
conve rte r.c
Blue
The e ngine is s till cold. Drive at mode r-
ate e ngine and ve hicle s pe e ds .
Red
Indicator lamp come s on, the warning
"COOLANT TEMPERATURE" appe ars
in Che ck Control*: e ngine ove rhe ate d.
Switch off the e ngine imme diate ly and
allow it to cool down.
Between the blue and red sectors
Normal ope rating range . It is not un-
us ual for the ne e dle to ris e as far as the
e dge of the re d s e ctor in re s pons e to
high outs ide temperatures or s evere
ope rating conditions .
Che cking coolant le ve l: Page 127.
Green lamps
The numbe r of illuminate d lamps
de cre as e s as the time for your ne xt
mainte nance vis it approache s .
Yellow lamp
This fie ld appe ars toge the r with
OILSERVICE or INSPECTION.
Mainte nance is due . Ple as e contact
your BMW Re taile r for an appointme nt.
Red lamp
Mainte nance ove rdue .
F
R
1
2
UNLEADED GASOLI NE
ONLY
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Fuel gauge Coolant temperature Service Interval Display
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bHave your BMW Re taile r carry out
the mainte nance and re pair. Your BMW
Re taile r is always informe d on the late s t
mainte nance work and re pair te ch-
nique s and e quippe d with the re quire d
s pe cial tools . In addition, the te s ting of
parts known from e xpe rie nce to be s ub-
je ct to we ar is a pe rmane nt part of the
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Service Interval Display
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With the diffe re nt ve rs ions you can dis -
play not only the time and the date , but
als o information e .g., on e conomical
driving and warnings on de fe ctive s ys -
te ms .
The following applie s to all ve rs ions :
The unit will re je ct implaus ible e ntrie s .
Whe n e nte ring nume rical value s with
the numbe r e ntry ke ys , the nume rical
value is incre as e d by one e ach time the
ke y is pre s s e d and afte r e ach additional
half s e cond with the ke y he ld down.
Numbe rs can be e nte re d in any orde r.
The e ntrie s are s ave d in the me mory by
pre s s ing the SET/RES or SET ke y.
Any inte rruption in the powe r s upply,
e .g., whe n changing the batte ry, will
re s ult in the los s of all data s ave d in the
me mory. Afte r the powe r s upply is
re s tore d, you will ne e d to re -e nte r the
time , date and any s witch-on time s , the
dis tance or s pe e d warning thre s hold.
Outside temperature display and
digital clock
For e xplanations and ope rating ins truc-
tions , re fe r to page 68 ff.
Check Control
For e xplanations and ope rating ins truc-
tions , re fe r to page 71 ff.
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Multi-information display (MID)*
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Check Control with outside
temperature display and digital
clock
For e xplanations and ope rating ins truc-
tions , re fe r to page 74 ff.
Onboard computer
For e xplanations and ope rating ins truc-
tions , re fe r to page 77 ff.
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Multi-information display (MID)*
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You can
d dis play the time and date
d pre -program an hourly re minde r s ig-
nal (me mo) e.g., a re minde r of the
news
d dis play the outs ide te mpe rature.
1 Dis play for outs ide te mpe rature
gauge
2 Dis play for time and date
3 Tone s ymbol for active me mo
function
4 Entry key for minute s /date
5 Entry key for hours /date
6 SET key for s tarting
7 Function key - me mo
8 Function key - time /date
9 Scale s e le ction key
10 Function key - outs ide te mpe rature
10
MEMO
9 8 7 6 5 4
3 2 1
HR/DAT A-TEMP °C/°F SET h/DAT min/DAT
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Outside temperature display and digital clock*
To display time and date
d Pre s s the function ke y (8).
Whe n the ignition ke y is in pos ition 0 or
re move d, the dis plays appe ar for a fe w
s e conds ; in ignition ke y pos ition 1 the
de s ire d value is dis playe d inde finite ly.
You can dis play the time in 12 or 24 hour
incre me nts ; the date can be s hown in
Europe an or US s e que nce . To change
s e tting:
d Pre s s the HR/DAT ke y for approx.
3 s e conds until the dots in the
dis play flas h.
d Pre s s the s cale s e le ction ke y.
In the 12-hour mode , AM or PM will
appe ar on the right s ide of the clock
dis play.
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Memo mode
Pre s s the MEMO ke y to activate or
de activate the s ignal. Whe n MEMO is
active , a tone s ymbol appe ars in the
right dis play. The s ignal s ounds e ve ry
hour at the pre -programme d time or
without programming 15 s e conds
be fore e ach full hour.
Outside temperature
Data request: Pre s s TEMP ke y.
If the outs ide te mpe rature drops be low
37.5 5F (+36), a warning s ignal s ounds ,
the te mpe rature dis play automatically
appe ars and the unit of me as ure flas he s
for 8 s e conds .
The warning is re pe ate d whe ne ve r the
te mpe rature has incre as e d to 43 5F
(+66) at le as t once be fore falling to
37.5 5F (+36) again.
aThe te mpe rature warning de vice
doe s nothing to alte r the fact that s ur-
face ice can s till form at te mpe rature s
above 37.5 5F (+36), e .g., on bridge s
and on s hade -cove re d road s urface s .c
Entries
All numbe rs for the time and date are
e nte re d with the e ntry ke ys according
to the following principle : The numbe rs
can be e nte re d in any orde r. Each time
the ke y is pre s s e d, or for e ach half s e c-
ond the ke y is he ld down, the nume rical
value incre as e s by one .
Pre s s ing the ke y longe r s tarts the rapid-
advance function.
After a power failure
The dots in the dis play flas h.
d Pre s s the s cale s e le ction key as
re quire d.
d Ente r the time with the h/DAT and
min/DAT e ntry keys .
d Pre s s SET. The clock s tarts .
d Pre s s the HR/DAT key.
d Ente r the date with the e ntry keys .
d Pre s s SET.
d Confirm the ye ar by pre s s ing the SET
key or corre ct with the e ntry key and
comple te the numbe r e ntry by pre s s -
ing the SET key.
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Outside temperature display and digital clock*
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To reset the time
Pre s s the HR/DAT ke y in the clock
mode for approx. 3 s e conds until the
dots in the dis play flas h. Confirm your
e ntry by pre s s ing the SET ke y.
To reset the date
Pre s s the HR/DAT ke y in the date mode
for approx. 3 s e conds until the dots in
the dis play flas h. Afte r e nte ring the date
and ye ar, confirm your e ntry by pre s s -
ing the SET ke y.
Programming a reminder signal
Pre s s the MEMO ke y for approx. 3 s e c-
onds until two ze ros appe ar in the min-
ute s dis play. Comple te the numbe r
entry (min/Dat increas e, h/Dat decreas e)
by pre s s ing the SET ke y.
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h/DAT min/DAT HR/DAT SET
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Outside temperature display and digital clock*
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Te xts with me s s age s and warnings are
us e d to ale rt the drive r to de fe ctive s ys -
te ms . In addition, the re is a warning
lamp in the ins trume nt pane l.
The time and date can be dis playe d
with the digital clock.
1 Status re port s ymbol
2 Dis play
3 Plus s ymbol for additional me s s age s
4 CHECK key
The de fe ctive -s ys te m me s s age s are
divide d into 3 diffe re nt prioritie s :
Priority 1
The s e de fe cts are indicate d imme di-
ate ly with the flas hing warning lamp and
the flas hing warning s ymbol (1). Se ve ral
s imultane ous de fe cts are dis playe d
cons e cutive ly. Afte r 20 s e conds or
whe n the CHECK ke y is pre s s e d, the
warning lamp in the ins trume nt clus te r
s tops flas hing.
The me s s age s continue to be dis playe d
until the de fe cts are e liminate d and can
not be de le te d by pre s s ing the CHECK
key (4).
Brake lamp electrical system
The brake lamps have faile d. Fus e or
e le ctrical circuit is de fe ctive . Re fe r to
page 151 or cons ult your BMW Re taile r.
3
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Check Control*
Brake lamps defective
Brake lamps have faile d - bulbs
de fe ctive.
Re place bulbs . Re fe r to page 143.
Priority 2
The s e de fe cts appe ar whe n the ignition
ke y is in pos ition 2. The warning s ym-
bols re main afte r the me s s age dis ap-
pe ars . If the plus s ymbol (3) appe ars :
Additional me s s age s are pre s e nt and
can be dis playe d by pre s s ing the
CHECK ke y.
1 Brake lamp defective
A bulb has faile d. Re fe r to page 143.
Low beams defective,
Backup lamps defective,
License plate lamp
Bulb has faile d or fus e or e le ctrical
circuit de fe ctive . Re fe r to page s 141,
143, 145 or vis it a BMW Re taile r.
Washer fluid low
Too low, top up at ne xt opportunity.
Re fe r to page 124.
Check Control inactive
Me s s age s and warnings can not be
dis playe d. Se e BMW Re taile r.
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72
Priority 3
The s e s tatus re ports us ually appe ar
afte r the car is parke d and the ignition
ke y re turne d to pos ition 0 (if s e ve ral
me s s age s have be e n re corde d, the y will
appear cons ecutively, with Priority 3
me s s age s following Priority 1 and 2
me s s age s ).
Me s s age s re main available for a pe riod
of approx. two minute s afte r the dis play
goe s out and the ignition ke y has be e n
re move d, and can be dis playe d by
pre s s ing the CHECK ke y.
The me s s age s can als o be dis playe d
be fore you s tart driving with the ignition
ke y in pos ition 2. The te xts the n go out
afte r a s hort time or whe n you s tart driv-
ing, and no warning s ymbols re main.
Me s s age s are not dis playe d again until
the ignition ke y is turne d to pos ition 0.
If a plus s ymbol appe ars : dis play addi-
tional me s s age s by pre s s ing the CHECK
key.
Check coolant level
Indicate s that coolant is almos t down to
minimum le ve l. Top up at the ne xt
opportunity. Re fe r to page 127.
To che ck the Che ck Control dis play
(only whe n no me s s age s are dis playe d):
Pre s s the CHECK ke y with the ignition
ke y in pos ition 2: CHECK CONTROL
OK appe ars in the dis play.
Entries
All numbe rs for the time and date are
e nte re d with the e ntry ke ys according
to the following principle :
The numbe rs can be e nte re d in any
orde r. Each time the ke y is pre s s e d, or
for e ach half s e cond the ke y is he ld
down, the nume rical value incre as e s by
one .
To display time and date
d Pre s s the re s pe ctive function key
(CLOCK/DATE).
Whe n the ignition ke y is in pos ition 0 or
re move d, the dis plays appe ar for a fe w
s e conds ; in ignition ke y pos ition 1 the
de s ire d value is dis playe d inde finite ly.
AM
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Check Control*
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After a power failure
The time dis play flas he s and the follow-
ing appe ars in the le ft dis play: e nte r
time .
d Ente r the time with the e ntry keys .
d Pre s s the SET/RES key. The clock
s tarts .
The le ft dis play s hows : e nte r date .
d Ente r the date with the e ntry keys .
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
d Confirm the ye ar by pre s s ing the
SET/RES key or corre ct it with the
e ntry key and comple te the numbe r
e ntry by pre s s ing the SET/RES key.
To reset the time
Pre s s the CLOCK ke y until the le ft dis -
play indicate s : Ente r time . The dots
flas h.
Comple te the numbe r e ntry by pre s s ing
the SET/RES ke y.
To reset the date
Pre s s the DATE ke y until the le ft dis play
indicate s : Ente r date . The dots flas h.
Comple te the numbe r e ntry for the date
and ye ar by pre s s ing the SET/RES ke y.
If ne ce s s ary, e nte r the ye ar be fore
pre s s ing the SET/RES ke y, as
re que s te d in the dis play. Le ap ye ars are
programme d into the s ys te m and the re -
fore ne e d not be take n into account.
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DATE
1000 100
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Check Control*
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The Che ck Control us e s te xts with me s -
s age s and warnings to ale rt the drive r
to de fe ctive s ys te ms . In addition, an
indicator lamp is provide d in the ins tru-
me nt clus te r. For de tails and ope rating
ins tructions , re fe r to page s 71, 72.
The outs ide te mpe rature can als o be
dis playe d.
With the digital clock you can
d dis play the time and date,
d pre -program an hourly re minde r s ig-
nal (me mo) e.g., a re minde r of the
news .
1 Digital clock dis play
2 Tone s ymbol for active me mo
function
3 Function key - date
4 Function key - clock
5 SET/RES key
6 Function key - me mo
7 Scale s e le ction key
8 Function key - outs ide te mpe rature
9 Entry keys for nume rical value s
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Check Control with outside temperature display and digital clock*
To display time and date
d Pre s s the re s pe ctive function
key (4/3).
Whe n the ignition ke y is in pos ition 0
or re move d, the dis plays appe ar for a
few s e conds ; in ignition key pos ition 1,
the de s ire d value is dis playe d inde fi-
nite ly.
You can dis play the time in 12 or 24 hour
incre me nts ; the date can be s hown in
Europe an or US s e que nce . To change
s e tting:
d Pre s s time or date function key (4/3)
until the dots flas h.
d Pre s s s cale s e le ction key (7).
In the 12-hour mode , AM or PM will
appe ar on the right s ide of the clock
dis play.
Memo mode
Switch on and off with the MEMO ke y.
Whe n MEMO is active , a tone s ymbol
appe ars in the right dis play. The s ignal
s ounds e ve ry hour at the pre -pro-
gramme d time or without program-
ming 15 s e conds be fore e ach full
hour.
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Display outside temperature
Pre s s TEMP ke y.
If the outs ide te mpe rature drops be low
37.5 5F (+36), a warning s ignal s ounds,
the te mpe rature dis play automatically
appe ars and flas he s for 8 s e conds .
The warning is re pe ate d whe ne ve r the
te mpe rature has incre as e d to 43 5F
(+66) at le as t once be fore falling to
37.5 5F (+36) again.
aThe te mpe rature warning de vice
doe s nothing to alte r the fact that s ur-
face ice can s till form at te mpe rature s
above 37.5 5F (+36), e .g., on bridge s
and on s hade -cove re d road s urface s .c
Entries
All numbe rs for the time and date are
e nte re d with the e ntry ke ys according
to the following principle :
The numbe rs can be e nte re d in any
orde r. Each time the ke y is pre s s e d, or
for e ach half s e cond the ke y is he ld
down, the nume rical value incre as e s by
one .
After a power failure
The time dis play flas he s and the follow-
ing appe ars in the le ft dis play: "Ente r
time ".
d Ente r the time with the e ntry keys .
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
The clock s tarts .
The le ft dis play s hows : Ente r date .
d Ente r the date with the e ntry keys .
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
d Confirm the ye ar by pre s s ing the
SET/RES key or corre ct it with the
e ntry key; comple te the numbe r e ntry
by pre s s ing the SET/RES key.
AM
3
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1000 100 1 10
Check Control with outside temperature display and digital clock*
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To reset the time
Pre s s the CLOCK ke y until the le ft dis -
play indicate s : Ente r time . The dots
flas h.
Comple te the numbe r e ntry by pre s s ing
the SET/RES ke y.
To reset the date
Pre s s the DATE ke y until the le ft dis play
indicate s : Ente r date . The dots flas h.
Comple te the numbe r e ntry for the date
and ye ar by pre s s ing the SET/RES ke y.
If ne ce s s ary, e nte r the ye ar be fore
pres s ing the SET/RES key, as reques t-
e d in the dis play. Le ap ye ars are pro-
gramme d into the s ys te m and the re fore
ne e d not be take n into account.
Programming a reminder signal
Pre s s the MEMO ke y for approx. 3 s e c-
onds until the le ft dis play indicate s :
Ente r me mo. Comple te the numbe r
e ntry by pre s s ing the SET/RES ke y.
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CLOCK
1000 100
1
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DATE
1000 100
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MEMO SET/RES
Check Control with outside temperature display and digital clock*
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Allows you to s e le ct dis play data for
s afe and e conomical driving.
If your car is e quippe d with the Che ck
Control option, te xts with information
and warnings are us e d to ale rt the
drive r to s ys te m malfunctions . In addi-
tion, an indicator lamp is provide d in the
ins trume nt clus te r. For de tails and
ope rating ins tructions , re fe r to
page s 71 and 72.
With the digital clock you can
d dis play the time and date,
d pre -program a re minde r s ignal
(me mo), e.g., to re mind you of news
broadcas ts .
Re fe r to page 74 for information and
de tails on us ing the digital clock.
1 Dis play
2 Arrival time
3 Entry keys for nume rical value s
4 Information keys
For the onboard compute r ve rs ion
without Che ck Control, pre s s ing the
CHECK ke y s imply activate s all dis -
play e le me nts .
5 Light-Emitting Diode s (LEDs )
6 Scale s e le ction key
7 SET/RES key (s tart/s top)
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Onboard computer*
Standard displays (no previous
data entries required) Page
TEMP outs ide
te mpe rature 78
RANGE e s timate d cruis ing
range 79
SPEED ave rage s pe e d 78
CONSUM 2 le ve ls of ave rage
cons umption 79
With previous data entries
DIST dis tance re maining
to de s tination with
e s timate d
arrival time 79
LIMIT s pe e d limit warning 80
The following s ys te ms are controlle d by
the onboard compute r: Page
TIMER – 2 s witch-on time s
for inde pe nde nt
ve ntilation 81
–inde pe nde nt
ve ntilation in dire ct
ope rating mode or 82
–time r 80
CODE immobilization/
prote ction from
mis us e 82
The onboard compute r ope rate s at igni-
tion ke y pos itions 1 and 2.
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In the inte re s t of driving s afe ty, you
s hould always e nte r data with the ve hi-
cle parke d/s tationary. The on-board
compute r s tarts its calculations as s oon
as the ve hicle s tarts to move .
You can als o us e the re mote control to
s e le ct information for dis play, re fe r to
page 83.
The s cale s e le ction ke y (6) allows you to
dis play all information in e ithe r me tric or
US units .
bMe s s age s of the Che ck Control
s ys te m ove rride the dis play of the
onboard compute r.
With the e xce ption of Priority 1 me s -
s age s , the dis play can be cle are d by
pre s s ing the CHECK ke y.c
If the malfunction dis play "PPPP"
appe ars , cons ult your BMW Re taile r.
Outside temperature
Data re que s t: Pre s s TEMP ke y.
If the outs ide te mpe rature drops be low
37.5 5F (+36), a warning s ignal s ounds ;
the te mpe rature dis play automatically
appe ars and flas he s for 8 s e conds .
The warning is re pe ate d whe ne ve r the
te mpe rature has incre as e d to 43 5F
(+66) at le as t once be fore falling to
37.5 5F (+36) again.
aThe te mpe rature warning de vice
doe s nothing to alte r the fact that s ur-
face ice can s till form at te mpe rature s
above 37.5 5F (+36), e .g., on bridge s
and on s hade -cove re d road s urface s .c
Average speed
To s tart calculations :
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
Data re que s t: pre s s SPEED ke y.
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Estimated cruising range
Dis plays the e s timate d trave l range
bas e d on the re maining fue l. The value
take s into account the way in which
way the car has be e n drive n.
Data re que s t: pre s s RANGE ke y.
A plus s ymbol (+) in front of the value
indicate s that the cruis ing range is s till
be ing corre cte d (me as uring tole rance ).
If thre e s e gme nts flas h in the dis play,
the cruis ing range is le s s than 9 mile s
(15 km) and the car s hould be re fue le d
as s oon as pos s ible .
Whe n you re fue l, the onboard compute r
re gis te rs the action only
d if the fue l amount is ove r 1.2 gallons
(approx. 4 lite rs ).
d the e ngine is s witche d off.
Average fuel consumption
The compute r can calculate ave rage
fue l cons umption rate s s imultane ous ly
for two dis tance s , e .g., for an e ntire
journe y and for a s ingle s e ction of it.
To s tart calculations for dis tance 1:
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
To s tart calculations for dis tance 2:
Re pe at ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
Data re que s t: pre s s CONSUM ke y.
Pre s s the ke y re pe ate dly to s witch
be twe e n the ave rage cons umption of
the 1s t and 2nd s e ction of the journe y.
At the s ame time , the dis play als o indi-
cate s which cons umption (1 or 2) is cur-
re ntly indicate d.
Distance remaining to destination
Dis plays the dis tance to the de s tination.
Available only if the total dis tance was
e nte re d be fore the s tart of the journe y.
Ente r the dis tance :
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
Data re que s t: pre s s DIST ke y.
At the s ame time, the es timated time of
arrival is dis played, which is continuous ly
calculated in accordance with the driving
s tyle.
Any additional mile age e xte nding
be yond the total de fine d in the initial
e ntry is indicate d by a minus s ign.
To change s cale :
Pre s s the km/mls ke y once
d to change the dis tance
or twice to als o
d change the arrival time.
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Speed limit warning (Limit)
You are ale rte d whe n you e xce e d the
maximum s pe e d that you e nte re d e ar-
lie r (e .g., pos te d s pe e d limit). An acous -
tic s ignal s ounds , the corre s ponding
LED flas he s and the s tore d limit brie fly
appe ars in the dis play.
Ve hicle s pe e d mus t drop back to at
le as t 3 mph (5 km/h) be low the pro-
gramme d s pe e d to re s e t the s ys te m for
re pe at warnings .
To e nte r the s pe e d warning thre s hold:
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration. The
LED lights up.
To cance l s pe e d warning:
d Pre s s the LIMIT key again.
The LED goe s out, but the value re -
mains s tore d and can be re activate d
with the LIMIT ke y.
To adopt curre nt s pe e d as limit:
d Pre s s the LIMIT and SET/RES keys .
Timer*
The time r can be us e d only on ve hicle s
without inde pe nde nt ve ntilation. The
running time range s up to 99 hours and
59 minute s . The time is s hown in the
dis play: firs t in s e conds and te nths of a
s e cond, afte r a minute in minute s and
s e conds and afte r an hour in hours and
minute s .
To s tart:
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
The LED lights up and the time runs in
the dis play.
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Onboard computer*
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To s top:
Whe n the time is dis playe d:
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
If othe r information is dis playe d:
d Key s e que nce as in illus tration.
Take inte rme diate time :
d Pre s s the TIMER key.
The LED flas he s , the inte rme diate time
is dis playe d and the time r continue s to
run.
Dis play time again:
d Pre s s the TIMER key again.
bThe time r s tops with the ignition
ke y in pos ition 0 and runs again in pos i-
tion 1.c
Independent ventilation*
To enter activation times
You can s e le ct two s tarting time s for
inde pe nde nt ve ntilation. Afte r 30 min-
ute s the ve ntilation s huts off again auto-
matically.
Re fe r to page 87 for important informa-
tion on us ing the inde pe nde nt ve ntila-
tion s ys te m.
Whe n you pre s s the TIMER ke y, the
curre nt s tatus of the ve ntilation appe ars
in the dis play.
Ente r a s witch-on time :
Be fore you can e nte r data, the ignition
ke y mus t be at pos ition 1 and the digital
clock mus t be vis ible in the dis play.
Re pe at ke y s e que nce as in the illus tra-
tion. (Pre s s the TIMER ke y twice ).
Ente r the s e cond s witch-on time :
Re pe at ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
Corre ct the e nte re d time :
Re pe at the ke y s e que nce as s hown in
the illus tration, but e nte r a diffe re nt
time .
After you enter the time, an as teris k ∗
appe ars in the dis play and the LED
lights up, s o that you can as ce rtain that
a s witch-on time has be e n s e le cte d.
During ve ntilation the LED blinks . It
goe s off whe n you turn the s witch off.
Re que s t a pre vious ly s e le cte d time
(LED lights up):
d For the firs t s witch-on time, pre s s the
TIMER key twice.
d For the s e cond s witch-on time, pre s s
the TIMER key thre e time s .
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Switch on directly
Available only with ignition ke y at pos i-
tion 1.
Ke y s e que nce as in illus tration.
Switch off directly
In ignition ke y pos ition 1: ke y s e que nce
as in the illus tration.
In ignition ke y pos ition 0: pre s s only the
ke y SET/RES.
Enter code
In addition to e le ctronic ve hicle immo-
bilization (re fe r to page 30), you can
attain furthe r e ngine immobilization or
prote ction agains t tampe ring by e nte r-
ing a code into the onboard compute r.
A code numbe r is us e d to arm the s ys -
te m. The code is the n re quire d for s ub-
s e que nt s tarting atte mpts . Always
re me mbe r the code numbe r.
To s e t (ignition ke y in pos ition 1):
Pre s s the ke ys in the s e que nce illus -
trate d and the n turn the ignition ke y into
pos ition 0 or re move the ke y.
Code numbe rs from "0000" to "9999"
can be e nte re d. (You will have to re -
e nte r the code e ach time you activate
the s ys te m).
The LED lights up for up to 36 hours
with the ignition ke y in pos ition 0 or with
the ke y re move d. If the LED flas he s for
10 s e conds the e ngine hood has not
be e n clos e d or the radio has be e n
re move d.
To cance l with ignition ke y in pos ition 1
or 2:
A gong and the dis play "---- Code "
re que s t you to e nte r a code .
d Us e e ntry keys to e nte r the code
numbe r
d Pre s s the SET/RES key
d Start the e ngine.
The s ys te m re s ponds to atte mpts to
s tart the ve hicle us ing an incorre ct code
or no code at all by pre ve nting the
e ngine from s tarting.
2 1
TIMER km/ mls MEMO SET/ RES
1000 100
10 1
SPEED CONSUM TEMP DIST CHECK CLOCK DATE
LIMIT RANGE CODE
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Onboard computer*
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Remote control
You can us e the turn s ignal le ve r to
s e le ct various dis play s e que nce s for
compute r data following e ntry.
To e nte r:
d Ke e p the turn s ignal le ve r de pre s s e d
until "Prog 1" appe ars in the dis play.
d Pre s s the keys in the s e que nce in
which you want the information to be
dis playe d.
Each time you s tore data, the pro-
gram numbe r in the dis play change s .
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
If you wis h to dis play all data:
d Ke e p the dire ction indicator
de pre s s e d until "Prog 1" appe ars in
the dis play.
d Pre s s the SET/RES key.
bFor ave rage fue l cons umption 1
and 2 ple as e note the following: If, for
e xample , both cons umptions are to be
dis playe d, the CONSUM ke y mus t be
pre s s e d twice . If, for e xample , con-
s umption 2 is to be dis playe d (not con-
s umption 1), pre s s the km/mls ke y afte r
pre s s ing the CONSUM ke y (pre s s ing
the km/mls ke y re pe ate dly s witche s
be twe e n cons umption 1 and 2 as ofte n
as de s ire d).
Proce e d in a s imilar manne r for s witch-
on time s 1 and 2 for the inde pe nde nt
ve ntilation*.c
Data re que s t:
Brie fly tap the turn s ignal le ve r e ach
time .
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Onboard computer*
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Automatic Stability Control plus
Traction (ASC+T)
This s ys te m is de s igne d to e nhance
ope rating s tability, e s pe cially while
acce le rating and during corne ring.
ASC+T automatically as s ume s ope ra-
tion e ach time you s tart the e ngine .
The indicator lamp in the ins trume nt
clus te r goe s out s hortly afte r you s witch
on the ignition.
To deactivate the system
Pre s s the button; the indicator lamp
come s on.
To reactivate the system
Pre s s the button again; the indicator
lamp goe s out.
Indicator lamp flashes
The s ys te m is active ly re gulating drive
torque in re s pons e to monitore d ve hicle
ope rating conditions .
Indicator lamp fails to go out after
the engine is started, or comes on
in the course of normal vehicle
operation
The s ys te m has a de fe ct. The ve hicle
normally re mains ope rational e ve n with-
out ASC+T. Cons ult your authorize d
BMW Re taile r for re pair.
Whe n ASC+T is s witche d off, you drive
with a conve ntional drive s ys te m. We
re comme nd that you de activate the
s ys te m for incre as e d traction
d whe n rocking the ve hicle or s tarting
off in deep s now or on loos e s urfaces
(re fe r to "Starting off", page 105)
d or whe n driving with s now chains .
bBut e ve n with ASC+T the laws of
phys ics can not be s us pe nde d. Any
cons e que nce s aris ing from traction los s
due to e xce s s ive ve hicle s pe e d re main
the re s pons ibility of the drive r. We
the re fore urge you to avoid us ing the
additional s afe ty margin of the s ys te m
as an e xcus e for taking ris ks .c
For more de tails , ple as e re fe r to s e ction
"Advance d Te chnology" on page 156.
ASC
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Parking lamps
D
Low beams
LIGHTS ON warning
Whe n you turn the ignition ke y to 0, a
buzze r s ounds for a fe w s e conds afte r
the drive r's door has be e n ope ne d, if
the lamps have not be e n turne d off.
On ve hicle s with alpha-nume ric Che ck
Control*:
This warning come s through the Che ck
Control, re fe r to page 71.
Daytime-running lamps switch*
If de s ire d, the lighting s witch can be le ft
in the s e cond pos ition: whe n the igni-
tion is s witche d off, the e xte rnal lighting
is als o s witche d off.
On ve hicle s with daytime running fe a-
ture , the lamps come on whe ne ve r the
ignition ke y is turne d to pos ition 2 with
the he adlamp s witch re maining at 0.
Adjus t the illumination inte ns ity by turn-
ing the rotary dial.
E
Whe n you s witch off the ignition
without turning off the he ad-
lamps , only the parking lamps
s tay on.
Whe n you re turn the ignition ke y to
pos ition 0, a buzze r s ounds for a fe w
s e conds to re mind you that the lamps
have be e n le ft on.
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Parking lamps/low beams Instrument lighting
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Foglamps* 0 Continuous ly off.
1 Lamps on:
d With door ope n (s witching via door
contact).
d For a few s e conds afte r clos ing the
door; lamps go out imme diate ly
whe n the ignition is s witche d on.
d Afte r the ignition has be e n s witche d
off for a few s e conds , if the ve hicle
lighting was s witche d on.
d If your car is e quippe d with the
drive r's door lock he ating option,
whe n the drive r's door handle is
lifte d for a few s e conds with the ve hi-
cle clos e d (pos s ible a maximum of
thre e time s ).
d Following an accide nt.
BMW Conve rtible : With the s witch s e t
to pos ition 1, a s afe ty circuit e ns ure s
that any lamps in the ve hicle which may
s till be on are s witche d off automatically
approx. 15 minute s afte r le aving the
ve hicle .
2 Continuous ly on.
Footwell lamps*
The footwe ll lamps ope rate in the s ame
way as the inte rior lamp.
Reading lamps*
The re ading lamps are locate d in the
front ne ar the inte rior lamp and in the
re ar*. The y can be s witche d on and off
with the s witch adjace nt to e ach lamp.
t
A gre e n indicator lamp lights
up in the ins trume nt clus te r to
indicate that the front foglamps
are on.
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BMW Conve rtible
Foglamps Interior lamps
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BMW Convertible
The s witche s for the map re ading lamps
ne xt to the inte rior lamp are ope rate d in
the s ame manne r as the inte rior lamp
s witch.
The s e at cus hion and backre s t can be
he ate d at ignition ke y pos ition 2.
Pre s s the s witche s with the he ating
s ymbols :
To s witch ove r while he ating: pre s s the
dimly lit s witch.
To s witch off pre mature ly: pre s s the
brightly lit s witch.
This ve ntilate s the ve hicle 's inte rior and
lowe rs its te mpe rature us ing the he ate r
or the air conditione r fan.
The s ys te m is ope rate d by the onboard
compute r, re fe r to page 77.
You can s e t the time for the s ys te m to
s tart; it will re main active for 30 min-
ute s . You can als o turn it on and off
dire ctly.
As the s ys te m us e s a s ubs tantial
amount of e le ctric curre nt, you s hould
re frain from activating it twice in s uc-
ce s s ion without allowing the batte ry to
be re charge d in normal ope ration
be twe e n us e .
The inde pe nde nt ve ntilation is available
for us e whe n the outs ide te mpe rature is
above 60 5F (166), but not whe n driv-
ing.
The air come s out through the ve nts for
the uppe r body are a. The ve nts mus t
the re fore be ope n for the s ys te m to
ope rate .
Rapid he at-up as long as the
s witch lights up brightly. Auto-
matic change ove r to re gular
he ating.
He ating as long as the s witch
lights up brightly. The he ate r
s witche s off automatically.
3
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Interior lamps Seat heating* Independent ventilation*
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Automatic climate control
3
B
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AUTO
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1 Air flow dire cte d agains t winds hie ld
and door windows
2 Air flow toward uppe r body
The rotary dial on the right affords
continuous ope ning or clos ing of the
air s upply, the leve r change s the
dire ction of the air flow. The rotary dial
on the le ft te mpe rs the air coming out
(page 92).
3 Front footwe ll ve ntilation
Corre s ponding ve nt outle ts are als o
locate d in the re ar footwe ll.
4 Controls
Automatic climate control
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Controls
1 Automatic air dis tribution
2 Individual air dis tribution
3 Te mpe rature and air flow dis play
4 Air grill for inte rior te mpe rature
s e ns or - ple as e ke e p cle ar and
unobs tructe d
5 To de fros t winds hie ld and door
windows
6 Air conditione r
7 Re circulate d-air mode
8 Re ar window de fros te r
9 Te mpe rature control – right-hand
s ide
10 Air s upply
11 Te mpe rature control – le ft-hand s ide
Air conditioning for comfort
Us e the automatic s ys te m; s witch on
AUTO ke y1. Se le ct the inte rior te mpe r-
ature that is comfortable for you, e .g.,
70 5F (226). With e xte rior te mpe rature s
above 41 5F (56) you can als o us e air-
conditioning 6. This drie s the air and
pre ve nts window mis t whe n e .g., pe r-
s ons with damp clothing are in the ve hi-
cle . Adjus t ve nt 2 in s uch a way that the
air blows pas t you and doe s not s trike
you dire ctly. Turn the rotary control on
the le ft unde r the ve nts 2 for the uppe r
body are a to a middle s e tting, s o that
you will be driving in coole r air that
doe s not tire you out.
The following de s cription give s you
additional individual s e ttings .
Automatic air distribution
Individual air distribution
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Whe n you activate the AUTO
mode , the program take s
ove r the s e tting of the air dis tribution
and the air s upply and, in addition,
adjus ts your te mpe rature pre -s e le ctions
to e xte rior conditions (s umme r, winte r).
This program maintains a comfortable
in-car climate re gardle s s of the s e as on.
Se le ct the inte rior te mpe rature that is
comfortable for you, e .g., 70 5F (226).
The te mpe rature pre -s e le ctions as we ll
as the le tte ring AUTO for the air s upply
appe ar in indicator 3.
Ope n the ve nt outle ts for the uppe r
body are a. Switch on the air conditione r
in warm we athe r.
The maximum cooling capacity is
achie ve d whe n you s e t the rotary dial 3
(re fe r to page 92) to cold.
You can cance l the automatic
program by s e le cting dis tri-
bution patte rns to s uit your
individual re quire me nts . You
can dire ct air toward the winds hie ld and
windows 7, toward the uppe r body 5
and/or into the footwe ll 6.
AUTO
Automatic climate control
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To defrost windshield and door
windows
Air conditioner
Circulated air mode/Automatic
recirculated air control (AUC)*
Pre s s the button re pe ate dly to run
through the following control s e que nce :
d Indicator lamps off: outs ide air flow
ope rational.
d Le ft-hand indicator lamp on – AUC
mode : the s ys te m de te cts pollutants
in the outs ide air and re s ponds by
de activating the outs ide air flow as
re quire d. The s ys te m the n re circu-
late s the air curre ntly within the ve hi-
cle .
d Right-hand indicator lamp on: the
flow of outs ide air into the ve hicle is
pe rmane ntly blocke d. The s ys te m
the n re circulate s the air curre ntly
within the ve hicle .
aIf the winds hie lds fog ove r in circu-
late d air mode , s witch off the circulate d
air mode /Automatic re circulate d air
control and incre as e the air s upply. if
ne ce s s ary.c
Rear window defroster
BMW Conve rtible : He ate d re ar-window
blowe r.
The re ar-window blowe r is always
s witche d off with the conve rtible top
down.
Whe n the hardtop* is in place , pre s s
the re ar-window he ating button.
Temperature
This program is de s igne d for
rapid re moval of ice and con-
de ns ation from the winds hie ld and s ide
windows .
The air conditione r cools and
de humidifie s incoming air
be fore re he ating it to the s e le cte d te m-
pe rature .
De pe nding on the we athe r, the wind-
s hie ld may fog ove r brie fly whe n the
e ngine is s tarte d.
Switching off the air conditione r at out-
s ide te mpe rature s be low approx. 41 5F
(56) will pre ve nt the windows from
fogging up.
Fre que ntly s witching the air condi-
tione r on and off may als o promote the
formation of conde ns ation on the win-
dow s urface s .
bConde ns ation forms in the air
conditione r s ys te m during ope ration,
which the n e xits unde r the ve hicle . It is
not unus ual for a s mall puddle to form
the re .c
You can re s pond to unple as -
ant odors in the outs ide air
by te mporarily e xcluding the outs ide air.
The s ys te m the n re circulate s the air
curre ntly within the ve hicle .
A
The indicator lamp come s
on to confirm that the re ar
de fros te r is ope rating.
The de fros te r s witche s off automatically
afte r approx. 15 minute s .
On both the drive r's and the
pas s e nge r's s ide you can
adjus t the s pe cific te mpe rature . The fig-
ure s in the dis play provide a ge ne ral
indication of inte rior te mpe rature . We
re comme nd 70 5F (226) as a s tandard
s e tting for comfortable trave l, both with
and without the air conditione r. Whe n
you s tart the ve hicle , the s ys te m
e ns ure s that the s e le cte d te mpe rature
is achie ve d as quickly as pos s ible and
maintaine d at a cons tant le ve l by the
control.
Automatic climate control
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Air supply
Draft-free ventilation
You can adjus t the ve nt outle ts for the
uppe r body are a to s e le ct the optimum
airflow rate s and dire ctions for your
own pe rs onal re quire me nts :
Us e rotary controls 1 to ope n and clos e
the ve nts throughout and infinite ly-vari-
able range . Us e the le ve rs 2 to adjus t
the dire ction of the air flow.
The rotary control 3 allows you to mix
the air from the outle ts for your uppe r
body by warming or cooling it as
de s ire d:
Turn toward blue – colde r
Turn toward re d – warme r
Microfilter
The microfilte r re move s dus t and polle n
from the incoming air. The filte r is
change d by your BMW Re taile r whe n
you bring your ve hicle for mainte nance .
A s ubs tantial re duction in air flow indi-
cate s that the filte r ne e ds to be
re place d pre mature ly.
In the AUTO mode , the air
s upply is controlle d automat-
ically and AUTO appe ars in dis play 3,
re fe r to the s ummary on page 90. Us ing
"+" and "–" you can vary the air flow.
Your s e tting is indicate d by bars , the
automatic control is s witche d off. You
can re activate it by pre s s ing the AUTO
ke y.
Whe n you pre s s "-" during ope ration at
minimum blowe r s pe e d all dis plays are
cance le d: the fan, he ating and air con-
ditione r are s witche d off, the air s upply
is blocke d. By pre s s ing on any ke y of
the air conditioning you can again
e ngage the s ys te m.
Effe ctive he ating and cooling is e ns ure d
at a me dium blowe r s pe e d.
1 2 3
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BMW Hi-Fi System (Harman/
Kardon)
1 On
2 Off
In the "On" pos ition, the lis te ne r is give n
the impre s s ion of a cons ide rably large r
pas s e nge r compartme nt with an
improve d s te re o e ffe ct in all s e ats .
This function s hould be s witche d off in
the cas e of poor radio re ce ption due to
the fre que nt change s be twe e n s te re o
and mono which re s ult.
BMW Conve rtible :
You do not have to ope rate the con-
trols . The s ys te m de te cts whe the r the
top is ope n or clos e d and re gulate s the
s ound automatically.
To open
Pre s s the button and fold down the
door.
The glove compartment lamp s witches
on from ignition ke y pos ition 1.
To close
Fold up door.
To engage locks
Only pos s ible with a mas te r ke y.
aTo re duce the ris k of injury, always
clos e the glove compartme nt imme di-
ate ly afte r us e .c
Rechargeable flashlight
The conne ction for the re charge able
flas hlight is locate d on the le ft s ide of
the glove compartme nt.
The flas hlight fe ature s ove rcharging
prote ction, s o it can be le ft in its holde r
continuous ly.
Howe ve r, it mus t be re move d whe n the
batte ry is dis conne cte d or re move d.
aEns ure that the flas hlight is off be -
fore ins e rting it in its holde r.c
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To open
Pre s s agains t the re ce s s (arrow).
To e xtinguis h a cigare tte , tap off the as h
and ge ntly pre s s the tip into the funne l.
To empty
Pre s s on the e dge of the lid with the
as htray ope n: the as htray ins e rt pops
up and can be re move d.
The re ar as htray is ope rate d in the
s ame manne r.
The compone nts as htray (1), coin box
(2) and the two cup holde rs (3) can be
arrange d as you wis h.
Simultane ous ly pre s s lightly on the
ribbe d s urface s (arrows ) of the de s ire d
compone nts and pull the m upward.
Re place the compone nts in the bracke t
in the de s ire d arrange me nt and clip into
place .
Pre s s in. Re move as s oon as the lighte r
jumps back out.
aAlways hold the hot lighte r by its
plas tic knob, as othe rwis e s e rious
burns could re s ult.
The cigare tte lighte r re mains ope ra-
tional whe n the ignition ke y has be e n
re move d. For this re as on, childre n
s hould ne ve r be le ft in the car unat-
te nde d.c
Cigarette lighter socket
Suitable for attaching powe r s upplie s
for flas hlights , car vacuum cle ane rs ,
e tc., up to a rating of approximate ly
200 watts at 12 volts .
Ins e rting plugs of a diffe re nt s hape or
s ize may damage the s ocke t.
A
AUTO
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7 8 9 10 11
AUTO
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Pull the s trap to fold down the armre s t.
To ope n drawe r*:
Unlock and pull out the drawe r by pull-
ing on the drawe r handle . The drawe r
locks in any pos ition. The cup holde r
can be s hifte d as ne ce s s ary.
BMW Convertible
Ve hicle s without s ki bag*: Storage
compartme nt, acce s s ible by re moving
the fille r pie ce and re le as ing the trim
(re fe r to page 97).
The re ar backre s t is divide d in the ce n-
te r. Each s ide can be folde d down s e p-
arate ly to carry long obje cts .
To re le as e :
Re ach into the handle re ce s s , pre s s
down and pull forward.
Whe n folding back the re ar backre s t,
make s ure that the locking de vice is
prope rly e ngage d to e ns ure prope r
ope ration of the s afe ty be lt. The re d
s lide mus t move downward.
If the re ar backre s t is not locke d, the
s afe ty be lt can not be pulle d out.
It make s pos s ible a s afe , conve nie nt
trans port of 3 to a maximum of 4 pairs
of s kis (BMW Conve rtible , maximum of
2 pairs of s kis ).
The le ngth of the s ki bag in combination
with the additional s pace in the luggage
compartment makes it pos s ible to trans -
port s kis of up to 6.8 ft. (2.10 m) in
le ngth. Be caus e the s ki bag contracts
as additional s kis are ins e rte d, the bag
is s uitable for trans porting only two
pairs of s kis whe n both are a maximum
of 6.8 ft. (2.10 m) long.
If the s ki bag is not us e d for longe r pe ri-
ods , it s hould be s tore d in a dry place .
It is advis able to wipe off any wate r
which has colle cte d on the wate rproof
s ki bag from time to time .
aThe s ki bag mus t not hinde r the
drive r during driving.c
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BMW Se dan/ Coupe
Center armrest (rear)* Through-loading system* Ski bag*
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BMW Sedan - loading the ski bag
Fold down the ce nte r armre s t. De tach
from the mounts (1) with one hand,
pre s s s lightly toward the re ar with the
othe r hand (2) and re move upward.
De tach the Ve lcro
®
s trip at the top of
the cut-out trim and lay it on the s e at.
bWhe n re ins talling the ce nte r arm-
re s t, guide it into pos ition from above ,
the n apply downward pre s s ure until you
he ar it s nap into pos ition (3).c
Pre s s the round button to unlock the
cove r pane l in the luggage compart-
me nt.
The n unhook the re taining s trap at the
top and fold it down.
Exte nd the s ki s ack be twe e n the front
s e ats . The zippe r provide s conve nie nt
acce s s to the ins ide of the s ack, and
can als o be le ft ope n to promote drying.
Us e the magne tic re taine rs to attach the
cove r pane l to the lowe r s ide of the re ar
s he lf within the luggage compartme nt.
Ple as e e ns ure that the s kis are cle an
be fore loading the m into the bag. Take
care to avoid damage from s harp
e dge s .
For ge ne ral information on the s ki bag,
re fe r to page 95.
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BMW Convertible - loading the ski
bag
Re moving fille r pie ce .
De tach cut-out trim at bottom.
Exte nd the s ki s ack be twe e n the front
s e ats . The zippe r provide s conve nie nt
acce s s to the ins ide of the s ack, and
can als o be le ft ope n to promote drying.
bWhe n re mounting the trim, pre s s it
firmly onto the guide rod at the bot-
tom.c
Ope n the cove r pane l from the luggage
compartme nt and us e the magne tic
re taine rs to attach it to the lowe r s ide of
the re ar s he lf within the luggage com-
partme nt.
bSe cure the s tore d s kis or othe r
obje cts by tighte ning down the s trap on
the s ki bag at the buckle .c
For ge ne ral information on the s ki bag,
re fe r to page 95.
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Stowing a load
If you are trans porting a load in your
BMW
d Stow a he avy load as far forward as
pos s ible - dire ctly be hind the back-
re s ts or the front wall of the luggage
compartme nt - and on the floor.
d Cove r s harp e dge s and corne rs .
d Do not pile obje cts highe r than the
top e dge of the backre s t.
d If the load is he avy and the re ar s e at
is unoccupie d, put the oute r s afe ty
be lt in its lock.
Securing load
d Se cure s malle r, lighte r ite ms with
re taining s traps or draw s traps (re fe r
to page 34).
d For large, he avy ite ms , s e e your
BMW Re taile r for load-s e curing
device s *. The las hing eye s on the
corne rs of the luggage compartme nt
are us e d to attach the s e s traps .
d Obs e rve the information e nclos e d
with the load-s e curing device s .
aAlways pos ition and s e cure the
load corre ctly, othe rwis e it can e ndan-
ge r the pas s e nge rs in the e ve nt of brak-
ing or s we rving.
Do not e xce e d the pe rmis s ible gros s
weight and axle load (refer to page 163),
othe rwis e the ve hicle 's ope rating s afe ty
is no longe r as s ure d and doe s not com-
ply with traffic laws .
Do not s tow he avy or hard obje cts in the
pas s e nge r compartme nt, othe rwis e
the y would be thrown around during
braking and e vas ive mane uve rs and e n-
dange r the occupants .c
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Cargo loading
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At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
99
Special operating instructions:
Bre ak-in proce dure s 100
Driving note s 100
Catalytic conve rte r 102
Antilock Brake Sys te m (ABS) 103
Dis c brake s 104
Brake s ys te m 105
Winte r driving 105
Roof-mounte d luggage rack 107
Radio re ce ption 108
Ce llular phone s 108
Hardtop – Conve rtible 109
Te chnical modifications to
the ve hicle 110
Wheels and tires:
Tire inflation pre s s ure s 111
Tire tre ad 111
Tire re place me nt 112
Inte raxle tire change s 112
The right choice 113
Winte r tire s 114
Approve d whe e ls and tire s 115
Under the hood:
Hood 118
Engine compartme nt 120
Was he r fluids 124
Engine oil 124
Coolant 127
Brake fluid 128
Powe r s te e ring fluid 128
Ve hicle Ide ntification Numbe r 118
Care and maintenance:
The BMW Mainte nance
Sys te m 130
Caring for your car 131
Cle aning and care of the
conve rtible top 136
Ve hicle s torage 137
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To e ns ure that your ve hicle provide s
maximum e conomy throughout a long
s e rvice life , we re que s t that you
obs e rve the following.
Engine and differential
Up to 1,250 mile s (2,000 km):
Drive at diffe re nt e ngine s pe e ds and
ve hicle s pe e ds , but be care ful not to
e xce e d the following e ngine s pe e d:
4,500 rpm
Re frain from us ing full throttle and avoid
pre s s ing the acce le rator be yond the
kickdown point.
Afte r 1,250 mile s (2,000 km) you can
gradually incre as e the numbe r of re vo-
lutions or the s pe e d.
You s hould als o obs e rve the s e bre ak-in
proce dure s if the e ngine or diffe re ntial
is re place d late r in the cours e of the
ve hicle s e rvice life .
Tires
Due to te chnical factors as s ociate d with
the ir manufacture , tire s do not achie ve
the ir full traction pote ntial until an initial
bre ak-in pe riod has e laps e d. This
me ans that you s hould drive with addi-
tional caution for the firs t 200 mile s
(300 km).
Brake system
Brake pads and dis ks attain the ir opti-
mal we ar patte rns only afte r approx.
300 mile s (500 km).
Engine
Do not allow the e ngine to warm to its
normal ope rating te mpe rature by le av-
ing it idling with the ve hicle parke d.
Howe ve r, whe n s tarting in e xtre me ly
cold we athe r it is a good ide a to allow
the e ngine to run at fas t idle for about
30 s e conds be fore ge tting unde rway;
this pre caution e ns ure s ade quate lubri-
cation.
Avoid high e ngine s pe e ds while the
e ngine is s till cold; this he lps avoid pre -
mature we ar and re duce d s e rvice life .
Whe n driving unde r high e ngine loads
(acce le ration, s te e p hills ), try to ke e p
the e ngine running above 1,500 rpm.
We re comme nd downs hifting into a
more s uitable range , e s pe cially whe n
driving up e xte nde d incline s .
It is a good ide a to follow e xte nde d
pe riods of low-s pe e d ope ration (de ns e
urban traffic, s top-and-go driving) by
maintaining an e ngine s pe e d cons is -
te ntly above 3,000 rpm for s e ve ral
mile s . This proce dure he lps pre ve nt
de pos its from accumulating in the
e ngine .
Break-in procedures Driving notes
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Clutch
De pre s s the clutch throughout its com-
ple te trave l range to s hift ge ars . Do not
"ride " the clutch by driving with your
foot re s ting agains t the pe dal.
aBrake s :
Do not drive with your foot re s ting on the
brake pe dal. Eve n light but cons is te nt
pe dal pre s s ure can le ad to high te mpe r-
ature s , brake we ar and pos s ibly e ve n
brake failure .
Aquaplaning:
A we dge of wate r can form be twe e n
tire s and road s urface whe n you ope r-
ate the ve hicle on we t or s lus hy roads .
This phe nome non is re fe rre d to as
aquaplaning, or hydroplaning, and it is
characte rize d by a partial or comple te
los s of contact be twe e n the tire s and
the road s urface . The ultimate re s ults
are los s of s te e ring and braking control.
Wate r on the roads :
Whe n driving through wate r (maximum
de pth one foot = 30 cm) always drive at
walking s pe e d, othe rwis e damage to
the e ngine , the e le ctrical s ys te m and
the trans mis s ion can occur.
Re ar window s he lf:
Ne ve r us e the re ar window s he lf to
s tore he avy or bulky obje cts . The y
could pos e a dange r to the occupants
whe n the car is brake d he avily.
Clothe s hooks :
Whe n s us pe nding clothing from the
hooks , e ns ure that the y will not obs truct
the drive r's vis ion. Re frain from hanging
he avy obje cts from the hooks , as the s e
could caus e pe rs onal injury whe n the
car is brake d he avily.c
Driving notes
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The catalytic conve rte r re duce s harmful
e xhaus t e mis s ions .
It is de s igne d for us e with unle ade d fue l
only.
Eve n minute quantitie s of le ad would be
e nough to pe rmane ntly damage both
the catalytic conve rte r and the s ys te m's
oxyge n s e ns or.
To e ns ure e fficie nt, trouble -fre e e ngine
ope ration and avoid pote ntial damage :
d Always have your car s e rvice d in
accordance with mainte nance
ins tructions .
d Neve r continue driving until the fue l
tank is e mpty.
d Re s pond to e ngine mis s by s witching
off the e ngine at once.
d Neve r tow-s tart the car unle s s the
e ngine is cold, or e ls e unburne d fue l
may re ach the catalytic conve rte r.
Be tte r ye t: us e jumpe r cable s !
d Avoid othe r s ituations in which the
fue l would not be (comple te ly)
burne d, for ins tance :
Fre que nt, exte nde d, or re pe ate d
s tarting atte mpts during which the
e ngine fails to s tart. (Switching off
and re s tarting a he althy e ngine
caus e s no damage ).
Neve r le t the e ngine run with any of
the s park-plug cable s dis conne cte d.
aAlways obs e rve the above points
to pre ve nt unburne d mixture from
e nte ring the catalytic conve rte r. This
could re s ult in ove rhe ating, le ading to
s e rious damage .
High te mpe rature s occur on all ve hicle s
e quippe d with a catalytic conve rte r.
He at s hie lds are ins talle d adjace nt to
s ome s e ctions of the e xhaus t s ys te m.
Ne ve r re move the s e s hie lds ; do not
apply unde rcoating to the ir s urface s .
Whe n driving, s tanding at idle or park-
ing the ve hicle , take care to avoid con-
tact be twe e n the e xhaus t s ys te m and
flammable mate rials (e .g., gras s , hay,
le ave s , e tc.). Such contact could le ad to
a fire , re s ulting in pe rs onal injury and
prope rty damage .c
Traveling abroad
Always make s ure that unle ade d fue l
me e ting your e ngine ’s octane re quire -
me nts will be available whe n planning
trips outs ide the country. The us e of
fue l failing to me e t the official octane
re quire me nts could re s ult in e ngine
damage .
If you are cons ide ring trave ling to a
country in which unle ade d fue l is not
re adily available , ple as e re me mbe r that
le ade d fue l will de s troy the lambda oxy-
ge n s e ns or and the catalytic conve rte r
on your BMW. Afte r ope ration on
le ade d fue l, your ve hicle will no longe r
me e t Ame rican and Canadian e xhaus t
e mis s ion s tandards , and the re will als o
be a los s of fue l e conomy. Upon your
re turn to the US or Canada, you will be
e xpe cte d to comply with le gal ordi-
nance s re quiring that you re place both
the oxyge n s e ns or and the catalytic
conve rte r, and to have the fue l s ys te m
flus he d to re move any trace s of le ade d
fue l.
Catalytic converter
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ABS enhances active s afety by helping
to prevent the wheels from locking under
braking. When the front wheels s lide, the
driver los es s teering control over the
vehicle. Traction los s at the rear wheels
can caus e the rear end to break into
uncontrolled overs teer.
ABS is des igned to meet two es s ential
requirements during every application:
d to help provide vehicle s tability on all
types of road s urface (as phalt,
cement, dirt, mois ture, s now and ice).
d to help to retain s teering and maneu-
vering capability under the s ame con-
ditions.
However, certain important cons ider-
ations mus t be borne in mind in connec-
tion with thes e requirements :
Not even ABS can s us pend the normal
laws of phys ics. ABS alone can not pre-
vent accidents when the brakes are
applied without an adequate s afety
interval between vehicles, when the car
reaches exces s ive rates of lateral accel-
eration in curves, or if aquaplaning
occurs. Res pons ibility for thes e types of
s ituations remains in the hands (and feet)
of the driver. You s hould never allow the
added s afety of ABS to lull you into a
fals e s ens e of s ecurity, or mis lead you
into taking increas ed ris ks that could
affect your own s afety and that of others.
Driving with ABS
The yellow ABS warning in the ins tru-
ment panel goes out as s oon as the
engine is s tarted.
The s ys tem becomes operative once the
vehicle exceeds a s peed of 5 mph
(8 km/h). The ABS is deactivated when-
ever the vehicle's s peed drops below
approx. 2 mph (3 km/h). This means that
the wheels can lock in the final phas e of
a braking action - a factor of no s ignifi-
cance in actual practice.
The ABS s ys tem clos ed-loop control cir-
cuit cycles in fractions of a s econd. A
puls ation at the brake pedal indicates to
the driver that ABS is active, that is, that
the car is within its maximum braking
range. In addition, the audible puls ation
that accompanies the control operation
calls your attention to the reduced trac-
tion between tires and road s urface
(marginal adhes ion), and reminds you
that the vehicle's s peed s hould be
reduced to adapt to road conditions.
On road s urfaces featuring a loos e top
layer on a firmer s ubs tratum, e.g., on
gravel or s now, the braking dis tances
with ABS may be longer than with the
wheels locked. However, ABS continues
to provide enhanced vehicle and s teer-
ing control under thes e conditions.
aTo ens ure that the s ys tem remains
completely operational, never modify the
ABS. Service procedures on ABS are to
be performed by authorized technicians
only.c
ABS may fail to function with maximum
efficiency when tires of different s izes
are mounted (e.g., winter tires /s pare tire;
remount the correct tires at all wheels as
s oon as pos s ible).
In the event of a fault, the ABS warning
lamp in the ins trument clus ter lights up,
refer to page 18. The braking s ys tem
then reverts to conventional operation as
on a vehicle without ABS. However,
have the brake s ys te m che cke d by your
BMW Re taile r as s oon as pos s ible . To
pre ve nt unde te cte d de fe cts and cumu-
lative faults from adve rs e ly affe cting the
brake s ys te m, re fe r any proble ms to
your authorize d BMW Re taile r at the
e arlie s t opportunity.
Antilock Brake System (ABS)
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Dis c brake s furnis h optimum de ce le ra-
tion and braking control as we ll as
gre ate r fade re s is tance unde r he avy
us e .
Limite d ve hicle us e , e xte nde d pe riods
with the car parke d or in s torage and
light loading will incre as e the te nde ncy
for corros ion to form on the rotors , and
dirt to accumulate on the pads . This
happe ns be caus e the minimum pre s -
s ure be twe e n the pad and the dis c
re quire d for the s e lf-cle aning function
of the dis c brake s is not achie ve d.
If the brake rotors are corrode d, the y
will te nd to re s pond to braking with a
puls ating e ffe ct which e ve n e xte nde d
application will fail to cure .
aUs e only original BMW-approve d
brake pads, as othe rwis e ve hicle autho-
rization is no longe r valid.c
Driving notes
While driving in we t conditions and in
he avy rain, it is a good ide a to apply
light pre s s ure to the brake pe dal e ve ry
fe w mile s - Watch traffic conditions to
e ns ure that this mane uve r doe s not
e ndange r othe r road us e rs . The he at
ge ne rate d in this braking proce s s he lps
dry the brake pads and rotors .
Maximum braking force is obtaine d
while the whe e ls continue to rotate ,
pe aking whe n the whe e ls re main on the
ve rge of locking without actually doing
s o. ABS maintains this s tate automati-
cally. If the ABS fails , you s hould re ve rt
to the s tagge re d braking te chnique
de s cribe d above (re fe r to page 106).
Exte nde d or s te e p mountain de s ce nts
do not ne ce s s arily have to le ad to
re duce d braking e fficie ncy; downs hift
to a ge ar in which only minimal pe riodic
brake applications are re quire d (you
can move the s e le ctor le ve r to the
appropriate lowe r range if your car is
e quippe d with an automatic trans mis -
s ion).
You can furthe r incre as e the e ngine 's
braking e ffe ct by s e le cting a lowe r ge ar,
downs hifting as far as firs t ge ar or plac-
ing the s e le ctor le ve r in pos ition 1 (2).
Should e ngine braking prove inade -
quate , you s hould s till avoid e xte nde d,
continuous braking. Ins te ad of main-
taining low to mode rate pre s s ure ove r
an e xte nde d pe riod of time , you s hould
de ce le rate the ve hicle by applying more
s ubs tantial force at the pe dal (watch for
following traffic!) and the n paus ing
be fore re pe ating the application. This
s tagge re d braking te chnique allows the
brake s to cool in the inte rvals be twe e n
active braking phas e s , pre ve nting ove r-
he ating and e ns uring that full braking
capacity re mains available at all time s .
aDo not allow the ve hicle to coas t by
pre s s ing down the clutch pe dal or s hift-
ing into ne utral while unde rway. Ne ve r
drive with the e ngine s witche d
off (!). The e ngine provide s no braking
e ffe ct whe n the clutch is dis e ngage d or
the trans mis s ion is in ne utral, and the re
is no powe r-as s is t for brake s and s te e r-
ing whe n the e ngine is not running.
Ne ve r allow floor mats , carpe ts or othe r
obje cts to protrude into the are a around
the acce le rator, clutch and brake pe dals
and obs truct the ir move me nt.c
Disc brakes
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Failure of one brake circuit
Pe dal trave l incre as e s , more pre s s ure is
re quire d at the pe dal.
The re maining circuit continue s to pro-
vide good braking re s pons e .
aIn the e ve nt of any malfunction in
the brake s ys te m, cons ult the ne are s t
BMW Re taile r as s oon as pos s ible .c
The ons e t of winte r is ofte n accompa-
nie d by rapid change s in we athe r.
Adaptations in driving s tyle s hould be
accompanie d by pre parations on the
ve hicle its e lf to e ns ure that your
progre s s through the winte r re mains
s afe and trouble -fre e .
Coolant
Ens ure that the coolant contains the
ye ar-round 50:50 ratio of wate r and
antifre e ze with corros ion inhibitor. This
mixture provide s prote ction agains t
fre e zing down to approximate ly -345F
(-376). Re place the coolant e ve ry
thre e ye ars .
Locks
can be made ope rative again us ing
BMW lock de -ice r. This de -ice r als o
contains lubricants .
In addition, a tre atme nt with BMW lock
cylinde r gre as e is re comme nde d.
Rubber seals and components
To pre ve nt the we athe r-s tripping from
fre e zing, apply a s pray-on rubbe r tre at-
me nt or s ilicone s pray to the door, hood
and luggage compartme nt lid s e als .
bA comple te range of car-care
products is available from any autho-
rize d BMW Re taile r.c
Snow chains
BMW s now chains * can be mounte d on
both s umme r and winte r tire s . Mount
the m in pairs on the re ar whe e ls only
and obs e rve the manufacture r's s afe ty
pre cautions . Do not e xce e d a maximum
s pe e d of 30 mph (50 km/h). For maxi-
mum traction, de activate ASC+T whe n
driving with s now chains mounte d, re fe r
to page 84.
Starting off
Whe n driving off in de e p s now or "rock-
ing" the ve hicle to fre e it, you s hould
s witch off ASC+T, re fe r to page 84.
Driving on low-traction road
surfaces
Ope rate the acce le rator pe dal s e ns i-
tive ly, avoid high e ngine s pe e ds and
s hift up to the ne xt-highe r ge ar e arly.
Shift down into the ne xt lowe s t ge ar
whe n approaching uphill or downhill
grade s . Maintain an ade quate dis tance
be twe e n yours e lf and the car ahe ad.
Brake system Winter driving
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Brakes
Winte r road conditions s ubs tantially
re duce the amount of traction available
be twe e n the tire s and the road s urface ;
the re s ulting - cons ide rable - incre as e s
in braking dis tance s hould be continu-
ally borne in mind.
ABS is inte nde d to pre ve nt the whe e ls
from locking unde r braking; to he lp the
ve hicle to re main s table and s e ns itive to
s te e ring. Should the ABS fail, with lock-
ing whe e ls as a re s ult: Re duce the
pre s s ure on the brake pe dal until the
whe e ls jus t s tart to roll again while s till
maintaining e nough force to continue
braking. The n incre as e the pre s s ure ,
re le as e the pre s s ure whe n the whe e ls
lock, re apply pre s s ure , e tc.
This s tagge re d braking proce dure will
re duce s topping dis tance s while he lp-
ing you maintain s te e ring control.
It can allow you to s te e r around hazards
once you have re duce d the pre s s ure on
the brake pe dal.
aNe ve r downs hift to e xploit e ngine
braking whe n driving on s lippe ry road
s urface s ; it could le ad to los s of re ar-
whe e l traction and e ndange r ve hicle
control. ABS and ASC+T can not prote ct
agains t s uch los s of traction, s ince the y
have no e ffe ct on this kind of de ce le ra-
tion.c
bDis e ngage the clutch during hard
braking on road s urface s affording only
poor or une ve n traction.c
Loss of lateral traction (sliding)
Re le as e the acce le rator pe dal and
de pre s s the clutch pe dal or pus h the
s e le ctor le ve r to pos ition N with auto-
matic trans mis s ion. Counte rs te e r care -
fully and atte mpt to re gain control of the
ve hicle .
Parking
Se le ct 1s t or re ve rs e ge ar. If your car is
e quippe d with an automatic trans mis -
s ion, s e le ct Park. Engage the parking
brake whe n parking on hills and
incline d s urface s . To pre ve nt fros t and
corros ion from locking the parking
brake line rs at the drum, you can dry
the m by ge ntly pulling up the le ve r
while s topping (e ns ure that you do not
e ndange r following traffic).
aThe brake lamps do not light up
whe n the parking brake is applie d.c
Winter driving
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A s pe cial luggage s ys te m is available as
an option for your BMW. Ple as e
obs e rve the pre cautions include d with
the ins tallation ins tructions .
Be caus e roof racks rais e the ce nte r of
gravity of the car whe n loade d, the y
e xe rcis e a major e ffe ct on its handling
and s te e ring re s pons e .
You s hould the re fore always re me mbe r
not to e xce e d the approve d roof we ight,
the approve d gros s ve hicle we ight or
the axle we ights whe n loading the rack.
For s pe cifications re fe r to "Te chnical
data", page 163ff.
Make s ure that the load is not too he avy,
and atte mpt to dis tribute it e ve nly.
Always load the he avie s t ite ms firs t (on
the bottom).
Make s ure the re is s ufficie nt s pace to
rais e the s liding/tilt s unroof.
Se cure the roof luggage corre ctly and
s e cure ly to pre ve nt it from s hifting or
be ing los t during driving (dange r to fol-
lowing traffic).
Drive s moothly: avoid s udde n acce le ra-
tion and braking mane uve rs ; corne r
ge ntly.
The roof load incre as e s the s urface
are a e xpos e d to the wind: incre as e d
fue l cons umption and s tre s s on the roof
are the imme diate re s ults .
Roof-mounted luggage rack*
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The re ce ption and s ound quality
obtaine d from mobile radios varie s
according to a varie ty of factors , includ-
ing the broadcas t range of the trans mit-
te r and the dire ctional orie ntation of the
ante nna.
Inte rfe re nce factors s uch as high-te n-
s ion powe r line s , buildings and natural
obs tructions can all le ad to unavoidable
re ce ption inte rfe re nce , re gardle s s of
how we ll the ve hicle 's s ound s ys te m is
ope rating.
Climatic factors s uch as inte ns e s olar
radiation, fog, rain and s now can als o
inte rfe re with re ce ption.
Cellular telephones without official BMW
approval can ge ne rate radio inte rfe r-
e nce . This is notice able e.g., as a low-
pitche d hum in the louds pe ake rs .
Ple as e re fe r to the s upple me ntary ope r-
ating ins tructions provide d with your
s ound s ys te m for de taile d information
on its us e .
Mobile communications de vice s (mo-
bile phone s , two-way radios , e tc.) not
s pe cifically de s igne d for us e in your car
may trigge r malfunctions in othe r ve hic-
ular s ys te ms . BMW can ne ithe r te s t nor
as s ume re s pons ibility for e ve ry individ-
ual product be ing offe re d on the mar-
ke t. We re comme nd that you cons ult
your BMW Re taile r be fore purchas ing
any de vice of this kind.
To e ns ure that your BMW continue s to
provide re liable and trouble -fre e ope ra-
tion, re frain from us ing a ce llular te le -
phone or othe r radio de vice with an
ante nna locate d ins ide the pas s e nge r
compartme nt. The ante nna s hould
always be mounte d on the outs ide of
the ve hicle .
bBe fore loading the ve hicle on a
train or driving it through a car-was h,
re move the ante nna.c
Radio reception Cellular phones*
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Eve n in winte r, whe n the hardtop may
be in cons tant us e , the fabric top doe s
not ne e d to be re move d. Be fore s toring
the fabric top in the conve rtible top
compartme nt, it mus t be abs olute ly dry
to pre ve nt the formation of wate r and
milde w s pots .
Two pe rs ons are re quire d for mounting
and re moval. Us e e xtre me care whe n
working to pre ve nt paint damage and
damage to the body and hardtop.
To make it e as ie r to mount and re move
the hardtops , you can purchas e a s pe -
cially de ve lope d hardtop lift* from your
BMW Re taile r.
Mounting
Lowe r the s ide windows and re move
the rod ante nna if ne ce s s ary to pre ve nt
damage .
Unlock the conve rtible top compart-
me nt lid on ve hicle s with manual con-
ve rtible top ope ration, or ope n the con-
ve rtible top compartme nt lid s lightly
with the conve rtible top ope rating but-
ton on ve hicle s with e le ctric conve rtible
top ope ration, as illus trate d.
Re move the trim pie ce s on both s ide s
and the n clos e the conve rtible top com-
partme nt lid again.
Be fore pos itioning the hardtop on the
car, fold down the cove rs be low the
inte rior lamps at the le ft and right and
ope n the locking le ve rs outward.
Now, with s ome body e ls e ’s he lp, pos i-
tion the hardtop on the mounts .
Clos e the locking le ve r at the back by
turning it inward (arrow) up to the s top
be hind the trim.
As with the fabric top, fold out the lock-
ing handle ins ide and lock the hardtop
at the front by turning the handle until it
audibly e ngage s .
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Hardtop* – Convertible
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aDo not lift the hardtop by the s e als .
Accide ntally s hifte d or pulle d-out s e als
caus e le aks .c
Remove
Proce e d as for mounting, howe ve r in
the re ve rs e orde r.
Any BMW Se rvice s tation will gladly
provide information on the purpos e of
te chnical modifications to the car, the
le gal pos ition and the manufacture r's
re comme ndations . For this purpos e ,
the Re taile r re quire s the Ve hicle Ide nti-
fication Numbe r and, in s ome cas e s ,
als o the e ngine numbe r.
Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs)
Control units , dis plays and othe r inte rior
e quipme nt of your ve hicle have LED's
be hind prote ctive le ns e s as a light
s ource . The s e LEDs re s e mble conve n-
tional las e rs and are clas s ifie d by law as
"Clas s 1 light-e mitting diode s ".
aDo not re move the prote ctive
le ns and avoid s taring dire ctly at the
unfilte re d be am for e xte nde d pe riods
(s e ve ral hours ), as inflammation of the
iris could re s ult.c
Hardtop* – Convertible Technical modifications to the vehicle
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Information for your safety
The factory-approve d radial tire s have
be e n s e le cte d to provide optimum
s afe ty and driving comfort on your ve hi-
cle .
In a ve ry re al s e ns e , both tire life and
your own s afe ty are riding on corre ct
tire s pe cifications and inflation pre s -
s ure s .
Incorre ct inflation pre s s ure s are a fre -
que nt caus e of tire damage . To a gre at
e xte nt it als o influe nce s the ability of
your BMW to hold the road.
aChe ck the tire pre s s ure s – als o in
the s pare tire – at le as t e ve ry two we e ks ,
and be fore e ve ry e xte nde d trip.
Incorre ct inflation pre s s ure s can als o
le ad to tire damage and accide nts .c
Tire tread - tire damage
Ins pe ct your tire s fre que ntly for tre ad
we ar, s igns of damage and for fore ign
obje cts lodge d in the tre ad. Che ck the
tre ad de pth.
The tre ad de pth s hould not be le s s than
0.12 in (3 mm). Othe rwis e the re is an
incre as e d ris k of aquaplaning, e ve n at
re lative ly mode rate s pe e ds and with
only s mall amounts of wate r on the
road.
We re comme nd that you always re place
the tire s once the tre ad we ars to 0.12 in
(3 mm). Once the tre ad has worn to
0.063 in (1.6 mm), tre ad de pth indica-
tors appe ar.
aNe ve r continue driving on a de flat-
e d (flat) tire . A flat tire gre atly impairs
s te e ring and braking re s pons e , and can
le ad to comple te los s of control ove r the
ve hicle .
Avoid ove rloading the ve hicle s o that the
pe rmitte d load on the tire s is not e x-
ce e de d. This can caus e ove rhe ating and
gradual inte rnal damage . The ultimate
re s ult can as s ume the form of a s udde n
air los s .
Unus ual vibrations e ncounte re d during
normal ve hicle ope ration can indicate
tire failure or s ome othe r ve hicle de fe ct,
as can variations in normal ve hicle
re s pons e , s uch as a pronounce d te n-
de ncy to pull to the le ft or right. Should
this occur, you s hould re s pond by
imme diate ly re ducing your s pe e d and
care fully proce e ding to the ne are s t
BMW Re taile r or profe s s ional tire ce n-
te r, or having the ve hicle towe d in to
have it and its tire s ins pe cte d.
Tire damage (up to and including blow-
outs ) can e ndange r the live s of both the
ve hicle occupants and othe r road
us e rs .c
Tire inflation pressures Tire tread
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To maintain good handling and ve hicle
re s pons e , us e only tire s of a s ingle
tre ad configuration from a s ingle manu-
facture r.
aDo not us e re tre ade d tire s , as oth-
e rwis e driving s afe ty may be impaire d.
This is due to the pos s ible variations in
cas ing s tructure s and, in s ome cas e s , to
the ir e xtre me age , which can le ad to a
de cre as e in the ir durability.c
Tre ad we ar patte rns diffe r at the front
and re ar whe e ls according to the indi-
vidual ope rating conditions . In the inte r-
e s t of s afe ty and optimal ve hicle
re s pons e , we advis e agains t rotating
tire s from front to re ar and vice ve rs a.
Whe n cons ide ring the pote ntial e co-
nomic be ne fits of inte raxle tire rotation,
you mus t de cide whe the r the e xpe ns e
of having the tire s rotate d is like ly to be
amortize d during the anticipate d e xte n-
s ion in tire life . We re comme nd that you
dis cus s the matte r with your BMW
Re taile r.
Should you de cide in favor of rotating
the tire s , it is e s s e ntial to obs e rve the
following:
Le ave the tire s on the s ame s ide of the
ve hicle (include s pare in rotation pat-
te rn as de s ire d).
Braking re s pons e and traction may be
adve rs e ly affe cte d.
Rotation s hould always be carrie d out
at s hort inte rvals , max. 3000 mile s
(approx. 5000 km).
Following rotation always corre ct the
tire inflation pre s s ure .
Always re place tire s afte r 10 ye ars ,
re gardle s s of us e or tre ad we ar.
Spare tire s ove r 6 ye ars old s hould be
us e d only in cas e of e me rge ncy. Such a
tire s hould be re place d by a ne w tire
imme diate ly, and s hould not be fitte d
toge the r with ne w tire s .
The date on which the tire was manu-
facture d is indicate d by the code on
the s ide wall: DOT ... 327 indicate s that
the tire was manufacture d in We e k 32
of 1997.
Tire replacement Interaxle tire changes
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Tires and wheels
Us e only BMW-approve d tire s .
Due to the high s pe e ds which this ve hi-
cle can re ach, the us e of s pe cific
brands , s pe cifications and dime ns ions
is mandatory. Cons ult any BMW
Re taile r for de tails .
Obs e rve national, provincial and s tate
re gulations .
The tire code s will aid you in s e le cting
the corre ct tire . The e s s e ntial data for
radial tire s are as follows :
The s pe e d rating indicate s the
approve d maximum s pe e d for the tire .
Summe r tire s :
S = up to 112 mph (180 km/h)
T = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
H = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
V = up to 149 mph (240 km/h)
W = up to 167 mph (270 km/h)
ZR = ove r 149 mph (240 km/h)
Winte r tire s :
Q M+S = up to 100 mph (160 km/h)
T M+S = up to 118 mph (190 km/h)
H M+S = up to 130 mph (210 km/h)
Us e s cre w-on valve s te m caps to
prote ct the tire valve s agains t dirt. Dirt
in the valve s fre que ntly le ads to s low
le aks .
Example:
Nominal width
in mm
As pe ct ratio in %
Type of radial-code
le tte r for radial
Rim diame te r in inche s
Load rating
(not on ZR tire s )
Spe e d rating
(be fore R on ZR tire s )
205/60 R 15 91 H
Code s on s te e l/light-alloy whe e ls :
7 J x 15 H 2
Hump width (inche s )
Code le tte r for
flange type
De note s
drop-ce nte r rim
Rim diame te r (inche s )
Hump of 2 rim s houlde rs
The right choice
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We re comme nd winte r tire s (M+S radial
tire s ) for ope ration unde r incle me nt win-
te r driving conditions . Although all-s e a-
s on M+S tire s provide be tte r winte r
traction than s tandard s umme r tire s
with H, V, W and ZR s pe e d ratings , they
ge ne rally fail to provide the s ame leve ls
of pe rformance as s tandard s now tire s
in winte r driving.
If you fit winte r tire s , ins tall radial tire s
of the s ame tre ad configuration and
from a s ingle manufacture r on all four
whe e ls (be tte r s till: on all five whe e ls ).
This e ns ure s s afe tracking and s te e ring
re s pons e .
Fit BMW-approve d winte r tire s only.
Any BMW Re taile r will be glad to pro-
vide you with information on the be s t
winte r tire s for your particular driving
conditions .
Winte r tire s dis play a pe rce ptible los s in
the ir ability to cope with winte r driving
conditions once the tre ad we ars to
be low 0.16 in (4 mm), and s hould thus
be re place d.
Obs e rve the s pe cifie d tire inflation
pre s s ure s - and be s ure to have the
whe e l and tire as s e mblie s balance d
e ve ry time you change the tire s !
aNeve r exce e d the maximum s pe e d
for which the tire s are rate d.
Unprofe s s ional atte mpts by layme n to
s e rvice tire s can le ad to damage and ac-
cide nts .
Have this work pe rforme d by s kille d pro-
fe s s ionals only. Your BMW Re taile r will
be glad to as s is t you.c
Store tire s in a cool, dry place , away
from light whe ne ve r pos s ible . Prote ct
the tire s from contact with oil, gre as e
and fue l.
Winter tires
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bSize 185/65 R 15 88 T tire s are
only for the BMW 318i Se dan.c
bSize s 225/55 R 15 92 V,
225/55 R 92 Q, T, H M+S, 225/50 ZR 16.
The s e tire s are not s uitable for us e with
s now chains .c
Modifications to the ve hicle are re quire d
be fore re trofitting tire s in the above
dime ns ions .
Ple as e cons ult your BMW Re taile r.
The us e of fine -link BMW s now chains *
on s umme r or winte r tire s is only pe r-
mitte d in pairs on the re ar whe e ls .
Always obs e rve the tire manufacture r’s
s afe ty re comme ndations whe n fitting.
Tire s pe cifications Ste e l rim
(whe e l rim)
Light-alloy whe e l Rim offs e t
(mm)
BMW 318is Coupe, 318i Convertible, 318i Sedan
185/65 R 15 88 T 6 J x 15 H2 – 42
185/65 R 15 88 Q, T M+S 6 J x 15 H2 – 42
205/60 R 15 91 H 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
225/55 R 15 92 V 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
225/50 ZR 16 – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
Approved wheels and tires
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bSize s 225/55 R 15 92 V,
225/55 R 92 Q, T, H M+S, 225/50 ZR 16.
The s e tire s are not s uitable for us e with
s now chains .c
Modifications to the ve hicle are re quire d
be fore re trofitting tire s in the above
dime ns ions .
Ple as e cons ult your BMW Re taile r.
The us e of fine -link BMW s now chains *
on s umme r or winte r tire s is only pe r-
mitte d in pairs on the re ar whe e ls .
Always obs e rve the tire manufacture r’s
s afe ty re comme ndations whe n fitting.
Tire s pe cifications Ste e l rim
(whe e l rim)
Light-alloy whe e l Rim offs e t
(mm)
BMW 323is Coupe, 323i Convertible
185/65 R 15 88 Q M+S 6 J x 15 H2 – 42
205/60 R 15 91 H 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
225/55 R 15 92 V 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
225/50 ZR 16 – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
Approved wheels and tires
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bSize 225/50 ZR 16 tire s are not
s uitable for us e with s now chains .c
Modifications to the ve hicle are re quire d
if re trofitting the s e tire s .
Ple as e cons ult your BMW Re taile r.
The us e of fine -link BMW s now chains *
on s umme r or winte r tire s is only pe r-
mitte d in pairs on the re ar whe e ls .
Always obs e rve the tire manufacture r’s
s afe ty re comme ndations whe n fitting.
Tire s pe cifications Ste e l rim
(whe e l rim)
Light-alloy whe e l Rim offs e t
(mm)
BMW 328is Coupe, 328i Convertible, 328i Sedan
205/60 R 15 91 H – 7 J x 15 H2 47
205/60 R 15 91 Q, H M+S 6g Jx15 H2 7 J x 15 H2 47
225/50 R 16 92 Q M+S – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
225/50 ZR 16 – 7 J x 16 H2 45/46
Approved wheels and tires
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Unlocking
Pull the le ve r locate d unde r the le ft-
hand s ide of the ins trume nt pane l.
aDo not work on your ve hicle with-
out appropriate s kills . Always s witch off
the e ngine and allow it to cool down be -
fore working in the e ngine compart-
me nt.
Always dis conne ct the batte ry be fore
working on the e le ctrical s ys te m. Whe n
working on the ve hicle , follow the re le -
vant ins tructions and information. Whe n
you are not familiar with the re le vant
s pe cifications , have s e rvice ope rations
pe rforme d by your authorize d BMW Re -
taile r. Failure to proce e d in an informe d,
profe s s ional manne r whe n s e rvicing
compone nts and mate rials cons titute s a
s afe ty hazard for yours e lf and othe r us -
e rs of the public roads .c
To open
Pus h the re le as e handle – at the front
le ft unde r the hood – upward and ope n
the hood.
To close
Simultane ous ly pre s s down both s ide s
of the hood; continue pre s s ing until you
he ar the latche s e ngage .
aShould you de te rmine that the
hood is not comple te ly clos e d while
driving, s top imme diate ly and clos e it
s e cure ly.c
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Engine compartment BMW 318i, 318is
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1 Fus e box
2 Brake fluid re s e rvoir
3 Engine oil dips tick
4 Coolant expans ion tank
5 Engine oil fille r ne ck
6 Supply tank for he adlamp was he r*
and winds hie ld was he r s ys te m
7 Batte ry
Engine compartment BMW 318i, 318is
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Engine compartment BMW 323i, 323is, 328i, 328is
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1 Fus e box
2 Engine oil dips tick
3 Brake fluid re s e rvoir
4 Powe r s te e ring oil re s e rvoir
5 Coolant expans ion tank
6 Engine oil fille r ne ck
7 Supply tank for he adlamp was he r*
and winds hie ld was he r s ys te m
8 Auxiliary te rminal for jump s tarting
Engine compartment BMW 323i, 323is, 328i, 328is
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Headlamp washer* and
windshield washer
Capacity approx. 2.65 US quarts
(2.5 lite rs ) for the winds hie ld was he r or
5.3 US quarts (5 lite rs ) in conjunction
with the he adlamp cle aning s ys te m.
Fill with wate r and - if re quire d - with
antifre e ze (according to the manufac-
ture r's re comme ndations ).
bWe re comme nd that you mix the
was he r fluid be fore adding it to the re s -
e rvoir.c
Windshield washer spray
nozzles
The s pray from the nozzle s s hould be
dire cte d s o as to e ns ure e ffe ctive
cle aning, e ve n at high s pe e ds .
Us e a ne e dle to adjus t the nozzle s as
re quire d, or have the m adjus te d by your
BMW Re taile r.
Checking oil level
As with fue l e conomy, oil cons umption
is dire ctly influe nce d by your driving
s tyle and ve hicle ope rating conditions .
Cons e que ntly you s hould che ck the oil
le ve l re gularly with the ve hicle pos i-
tione d on a le ve l s urface - approx. e ve ry
600 mile s (1,000 km), or more fre -
que ntly if your ve hicle is drive n unde r
incre as e d de mands .
To obtain pre cis e re adings :
d Che ck with e ngine cold, be fore s tart-
ing.
d Whe n che cking with the e ngine
warm, wait brie fly for the oil to drain
back down into the oil pan (e .g.,
while re fue ling).
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Washer fluids Engine oil
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Me as ure the oil le ve l:
1 Pull out dips tick and wipe off with a
lint-fre e cloth, pape r tis s ue, e tc.
2 Pus h the dips tick all the way into the
guide tube and pull it out again.
3 The oil leve l s hould be be twe e n the
two marks on the dips tick.
Add oil
Wait until the le ve l has droppe d to jus t
above the lowe r graduation be fore add-
ing oil. Ne ve r wait until the oil drops
be low the lowe r mark.
The s pace be twe e n the two marks on
the dips tick corre s ponds to approxi-
mate ly 1.1 US quarts (1 lite r). Do not fill
to be yond the uppe r mark on the dip-
s tick. Exce s s oil harms the e ngine .
Be caus e it would be cons ume d within a
s hort pe riod, it would als o re s ult in an
abnormally high rate of oil cons ump-
tion.
aBMW e ngine s are de s igne d to op-
e rate without oil additive s ; the us e of ad-
ditive s could le ad to damage in s ome
cas e s . This als o applie s to the manual
and automatic trans mis s ions , the diffe r-
e ntial and the powe r s te e ring s ys te m.c
Engine oil specifications
Always re fe r to the API s pe cifications
whe n s e le cting oil.
Re quire d quality:
API SH
API-SH/CD
API-SH/CE
Viscosity ratings
Vis cos ity = Oil flow rating according to
SAE clas s .
Se le ct the SAE vis cos ity rating accord-
ing to the ave rage s e as onal air te mpe r-
ature .
Cons ult the table on the following page
to de te rmine the corre ct SAE vis cos ity.
You can continue to ope rate the ve hicle
for s hort pe riods of time at te mpe ra-
ture s be yond the range for the SAE rat-
ing of the oil be ing us e d.
AAlways obs e rve all e nvironme ntal
prote ction guide line s and re gulations
whe n dis pos ing of us e d oil.c
Re comme ndation: have the oil change d
by your BMW Re taile r.
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aContinuous e xpos ure to us e d oil
has caus e d cance r in laboratory te s ting.
Any s kin are as that come in contact with
oil s hould be thoroughly was he d with
s oap and wate r.
Always s tore oil, gre as e , e tc., out of
re ach of childre n. Obs e rve all warning
labe ls and information on lubricant
containe rs .
If you us e SAE 15W-40 e ngine oil in low
te mpe rature s be low 145F (-10 6) the
e ngine may be come difficult to s tart.c
* Spe cial e ngine oils individually
approve d by BMW are the mos t s uite d
to your e ngine . Ple as e contact your
BMW Re taile r for de tails .
.
Engine oil
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Coolant le ve l with e ngine cold: up to
the KALT/COLD mark on the trans par-
e nt coolant e xpans ion tank.
The coolant is a mixture of wate r and
e xte nde d-duty antifre e ze with corros ion
inhibitor. Always maintain the pres cribed
all-s e as on 50:50 mixture ratio for ye ar-
round prote ction agains t inte rnal corro-
s ion. No othe r additive s are re quire d.
Re place the coolant e ve ry thre e ye ars .
To add coolant
Wait until the e ngine cools be fore re -
moving the cap from the e xpans ion
tank. Be fore uns cre wing the cap, e n-
s ure that the ne e dle on the te mpe rature
gauge is in the blue s e ctor to avoid
s calding.
d Start by turning the cap counte r-
clockwis e. Paus e to allow any accu-
mulate d pre s s ure to e s cape, the n
ope n.
d Add coolant up to the KALT/COLD
mark. Exce s s coolant drains off
through the ove rflow line.
aDo not add coolant while the
e ngine is hot.
To avoid the pos s ibility of damage late r
on, ne ve r us e anything othe r than
factory-approve d nitrite and amino-fre e
long-te rm antifre e ze and corros ion
prote ctant. Your authorize d BMW
Re taile r is familiar with the official
s pe cifications .
Antifre e ze with corros ion prote ctant is
toxic. Always s tore in original contain-
e rs only, ke e ping the m tightly clos e d.
Store we ll out of re ach of childre n.
Whe n dis pos ing of it, obs e rve the
applicable e nvironme ntal prote ction
laws .
Long-te rm antifre e ze and corros ion
prote ctant contains the flammable
s ubs tance e thyle ne glycol. You s hould
the re fore avoid s pilling it on hot e ngine
compone nts , as it could catch fire and
caus e s e rious burns .c
AObs e rve the applicable e nviron-
me ntal prote ction laws whe n dis pos ing
of us e d antifre e ze .c
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Warning lamp for brake hydraulic s ys -
te m lights up:
Brake fluid los s re s ulting in e xte nde d
pe dal trave l.
Fill up to the uppe r mark (MAX, le ve l
vis ible from the outs ide ).
Any BMW Re taile r can provide you with
information on factory-approve d brake
fluids (DOT 4).
aBrake fluid is hygros copic, i.e ., it
abs orbs mois ture from the atmos phe re
ove r the cours e of time . To e ns ure that
your brake s ys te m continue s to ope rate
at maximum e fficie ncy, we s trongly re c-
omme nd that you have the brake fluid
change d at a BMW Re taile r e ve ry two
ye ars (re fe r to page s 71, 105 and 138
and to Se rvice and Warranty Information
bookle t). Brake fluid is toxic, and als o at-
tacks ve hicle paintwork. Always s tore in
the original containe rs , and ke e p the m
tightly clos e d, out of re ach of childre n.
Whe n dis pos ing of it, obs e rve the appli-
cable e nvironme ntal prote ction laws . Do
not s pill brake fluid and do not fill be -
yond the MAX graduation on the re s e r-
voir. Should it come into contact with
hot e ngine compone nts , the brake fluid
could catch fire and caus e s e rious
burns .c
APle as e obs e rve the applicable e nvi-
ronme ntal prote ction laws whe n dis -
pos ing of us e d brake fluid.c
With the e ngine off, uns cre w the re s e r-
voir cap, the n re ins e rt it.
The fluid le ve l s hould be in be twe e n the
graduations on the dips tick.
Us e ATF to top up as re quire d. Your
BMW Se rvice re pre s e ntative can pro-
vide you with the fluid s pe cifications .
Start the e ngine . Pour in more fluid as
re quire d, continuing until it re ache s to
be twe e n the two marks .
Switch off the e ngine . The fluid may ris e
to about 0.2 inche s (5 mm) above the
uppe r mark.
Scre w the re s e rvoir cap back on.
bBMW 318i, 318is : Ple as e contact
your BMW Re taile r for the re quire d
work.c
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High s te e ring e ffort:
Che ck oil le ve l, re fe r to pre vious page .
High s te e ring e ffort during s udde n tran-
s itions :
Ple as e contact your BMW Re taile r for
an imme diate ins pe ction.
aIf the powe r s te e ring fails , in-
cre as e d e ffort will be re quire d to s te e r
the ve hicle .c
In the e ngine compartme nt on the right-
hand s ide of the he ate r partition pane l
(arrow).
The information on the type plate and
the Ve hicle Ide ntification Numbe r mus t
match thos e containe d in the ve hicle
pape rs .
The s e data are e s s e ntial for proce s s ing
inquirie s , e xpe diting s e rvice proce dure s
and whe n orde ring re place me nt parts .
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The BMW Mainte nance Sys te m has
be e n de s igne d as a re liable me ans of
providing the cus tome r with maximum
ve hicle s afe ty and re liability with mini-
mum complication and e xpe ns e .
Ple as e re me mbe r that re gular pe riodic
mainte nance plays an e s s e ntial part in
e ns uring continue d ve hicle s e curity. It
als o he lps maintain the re s ale value of
the ve hicle .
Service Interval Display
Advance d te chnology is e mploye d to
calculate the optimal mainte nance
inte rvals , which are the n indicate d in
the Se rvice Inte rval Dis play. While con-
ve ntional mainte nance s ys te ms re ly on
mile age alone to de te rmine whe n s e r-
vice is due , the BMW Mainte nance Sys -
te m re fle cts the actual conditions unde r
which the ve hicle is ope rate d, be caus e
mile age is not s imply mile age :
From the point of vie w of mainte nance ,
62,000 mile s (100,000 km) accumulate d
in s hort-dis tance driving are not the
e quivale nt of the s ame dis tance cov-
e re d in long-dis tance highway trave l.
The BMW Mainte nance Sys te m
include s the Engine Oil Se rvice as we ll
as Ins pe ctions I and II.
Determining the maintenance intervals
according to the actual loads on the car
covers every kind of operating s ituation.
However, drivers who cover only
extremely s hort dis tances - s ubs tantially
les s than 6,200 miles (10,000 km) annu-
ally - s hould have the engine oil changed
at leas t once a year, as it continues to
age whether or not the car is us ed on a
regular bas is.
Service and Warranty Information
booklet
Ple as e re fe r to the Se rvice and War-
ranty Information bookle t for additional
information on mainte nance inte rvals
and proce dure s .
De pe nding on ope rating conditions , as
a pre caution agains t rus t it may be a
good ide a to have the body che cke d for
s tone damage and chips at the s ame
time .
Ple as e e ns ure that all mainte nance
ope rations are e nte re d in the Se rvice
and Warranty Information bookle t upon
comple tion. The s e e ntrie s will cons ti-
tute your proof that the ve hicle has
re ce ive d re gular mainte nance . The y
are als o re quire d for warranty claims .
bHave your BMW Re taile r carry out
the mainte nance and re pair. Your BMW
Re taile r is always informe d on the late s t
mainte nance work and re pair te ch-
nique s and e quippe d with the re quire d
s pe cial tools . In addition, the te s ting of
parts known from e xpe rie nce to be s ub-
je ct to we ar is a pe rmane nt part of the
mainte nance s pe cifications .c
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Washing your car
Right from the s tart, you can was h your
ne w BMW e ithe r by hand or in an auto-
matic car was h. BMW Conve rtible : For
ins tructions on cle aning and care of the
conve rtible top, re fe r to page 136 ff.
To pre ve nt s pots , avoid was hing whe n
the hood is s till warm, or imme diate ly
afte r and during e xpos ure to s trong
s unlight.
Whe n us ing an automatic car was h,
e ns ure that
d no damage occurs to ve hicle s with
add-on body e le me nts (e.g., s poile rs ,
te le phone ae rials ). Cons ult the car
was h ope rator if ne ce s s ary
d the ve hicle is cle ane d with minimum
brus h pre s s ure, and that ample wate r
is available for was hing and rins ing.
Loos e n and re move s tubborn dirt and
de ad ins e cts be fore was hing the car.
aAlways maintain an ade quate dis -
tance be twe e n the s pray s ource and the
ve hicle 's s urface whe n us ing s pray
wands and high-pre s s ure was he rs . In-
ade quate dis tance and e xce s s ive pre s -
s ure can damage or we ake n the finis h,
making it more s us ce ptible to s ubs e -
que nt attack. In addition, mois ture could
pe ne trate to ve hicle compone nts , le ad-
ing to long-te rm damage .c
Parts of the car which are inacce s s ible
to the automatic was he r - s uch as door
s ills , door and hood e dge s , e tc. -
s hould be cle ane d by hand.
bPle as e obs e rve the following
whe n cle aning the he adlamp cove rs :
d Do not cle an by wiping with a dry
cloth (s cratche s ). Neve r us e abra-
s ive s or s trong s olve nts to cle an the
cove rs .
d Re move dirt and contamination (s uch
as ins e cts ) by s oaking with BMW Car
Shampoo and the n rins ing with
ple nty of wate r.
d Always us e a de -ice r s pray to re move
accumulate d ice and s now – Neve r
us e a s crape r!c
In the winte r months , it is e s pe cially
important to e ns ure that the car is
was he d on a re gular bas is . Large quan-
titie s of dirt and road s alt are difficult to
re move , and the y als o caus e damage to
the ve hicle .
aAfte r was hing, the brake s may be
we t and thus le s s e ffe ctive ! Apply the
brake s brie fly to dry the m.c
Caring for your car
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Exterior finish
To provide e ffe ctive corros ion prote c-
tion, multilaye r paintwork is applie d at
the factory. Cataphore tic imme rs ion
priming te chnique s are s upple me nte d
us ing s pe cial body-cavity prote ctants ,
with the application of s pe cially-de ve l-
ope d and e xte ns ive ly te s te d mate rials .
The e ntire unde rbody is s praye d with a
fle xible PVC laye r be fore final compre -
he ns ive application of a wax-bas e d
prote ctant.
Re gular mainte nance make s an impor-
tant contribution to maintaining the
s afe ty and value of your ve hicle .
Incre as ing aware ne s s of the e ffe cts of
harmful e nvironme ntal factors on ve hi-
cle finis he s have le d paint and ve hicle
manufacture rs to initiate ongoing pro-
grams de s igne d to furthe r improve the
durability of the ir finis he s . De s pite the
high quality of the re s ulting products ,
local and re gional factors can s till have
a ne gative e ffe ct on your car's paint-
work. The s e s hould guide you in de te r-
mining the fre que ncy and e xte nt of your
e fforts to maintain the ve hicle finis h.
De pe nding upon mate rial and type of
impact (pe rforation of paint laye r), phys -
ical s tre s s e s from s and, road s alt,
grave l, e tc. can caus e corros ion to s tart
e xte nding be ne ath the finis h, s tarting at
the point of impact.
Road dirt, tar s pots , de ad ins e cts , ani-
mal droppings (s trong alkali e ffe ct) and
tre e e xcre tions (re s ins and polle n) all
contain s ubs tance s capable of caus ing
damage whe n allowe d to re main on
your car's finis h for any pe riod of time
(s pots , e tching, flaking, s e paration in
the top coat).
In indus trial areas, depos its from fly as h,
lime , oily s oot, s ulphur dioxide in pre -
cipitation (acid rain) and othe r e nviron-
me ntal pollutants will damage the car's
s urface (us ually limite d to the e xte rnal
horizontal s urface s ) unle s s ade quate
prote ction is provide d.
In coas tal re gions , high le ve ls of atmo-
s phe ric s alt and humidity promote cor-
ros ion.
In tropical zone s , te mpe rature s of ove r
100 5F (approx. 40 6) in the s hade pre -
vail, in addition to heavy ultraviolet radi-
ation and high humidity. Unde r thos e
circums tance s , light-colore d paints
re ach te mpe rature s of up to 175 5F
(approx. 80 6) and dark paints up to
250 5F (approx. 120 6).
Caring for the vehicle finish
As a pre caution agains t damage re s ult-
ing from e xpos ure to aggre s s ive s ub-
s tance s , we re comme nd that you was h
the car we e kly whe n it is us e d in an
are a with high le ve ls of air pollution or
aggre s s ive natural s ubs tance s (tre e
re s in, polle n).
Re move particularly aggre s s ive s ub-
s tance s imme diate ly in orde r to pre ve nt
change s to, and dis coloration of, the
paint. Such s ubs tance s are e .g., gas o-
line s pille d during re fue ling, oil, gre as e ,
brake fluid and bird droppings .
Any contamination re maining on the
s urface of the ve hicle will be e s pe cially
cons picuous afte r was hing. Us e cle an-
ing fluid or alcohol with a cle an cloth or
cotton pad to re move . You can us e tar
re move r to re move any s pots on the fin-
is h of the ve hicle , but s hould ne ve r
apply it or any othe r aggre s s ive
cle ans e r to le ns e s or he adlamp cove rs .
The s e are as s hould the n be waxe d to
maintain prote ction.
bA full range of car-care products is
available from your BMW Re taile r.c
Caring for your car
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Waxing your car
Prote ct the finis h us ing carnauba or
s ynthe tic-bas e d waxe s only.
The be s t way to de te rmine whe n the
finis h ne e ds to be waxe d is by noting
whe n wate r s tops be ading on the s ur-
face .
You can us e a glas s cle ane r to re move
any wax or s ilicone that may have be e n
le ft on the windows during waxing.
bA full range of car-care products is
available from your BMW Re taile r.c
Paint damage
You can touch up s mall are as of dam-
age with BMW s pray paint, a BWM
touch-up s tick or BMW paint tape .
The paint color code for your car is pro-
vide d on a s ticke r locate d ne xt to the
type plate and on the firs t page of your
Se rvice and Warranty Information book-
le t.
Damage caus e d by flying s tone s ,
s cratche s , e tc. mus t be touche d up
without de lay to pre ve nt rus t from form-
ing.
If corros ion has s tarte d to form in an
are a with paint damage , re move all rus t
and cle an the are a, the n prime the are a
with a BMW Prime r Stick. Finally, apply
the finis h coat. Wait a fe w days , the n
polis h the re paire d are a. Finis h by
applying a wax pre s e rvative .
More e xte ns ive paint damage s hould be
profe s s ionally re paire d in accordance
with the manufacture r's ins tructions .
Your BMW Re taile r us e s original BMW
finis h mate rials in accordance with offi-
cial re pair proce dure s .
Caring for other vehicle compo-
nents and materials
Light-alloy whe e ls * s hould be tre ate d
with alloy whe e l cle ane r, particularly dur-
ing the winte r months . Re frain from us ing
aggre s s ive products containing acids ,
s trong alkalis or abras ive s . Alloy whe e ls
s hould not be cle ane d with a s te am je t
ope rating at te mpe rature s in e xce s s of
140 5F (60 6) (note manufacture r's
ins tructions ).
You can us e window and glas s cle ane r to
cle an ins ide window s urface s and mir-
rors without s me aring and s tre aking.
Ne ve r us e polis hing pas te s or abras ive
(quartz) cle ans e rs on mirror le ns e s .
Cle an plas tic parts , imitation le athe r s ur-
face s , the roof lining, the le ns e s of lamps ,
the glas s cove r of the ins trume nt pane l
and all dull black s praye d parts with
wate r or products for the care of plas tics .
Avoid s oaking the he adline r. Ne ve r us e
s olve nts s uch as lacque r thinne r, he avy-
duty gre as e re move r, fue ls , e tc.
Rubbe r compone nts s hould be cle ane d
with wate r only; a rubbe r tre atme nt or s il-
icone s pray may als o be applie d.
Cle an the wipe r blade s with s oapy wate r.
The wipe r blade s s hould be re place d
twice a ye ar, be fore and afte r the cold
s e as on.
Caring for your car
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134
The s afe ty be lts s hould be cle ane d with
a mild s oap and wate r s olution without
be ing re move d from the car. Ne ve r
atte mpt che mical or dry cle aning, as
damage to the be lt fabric could re s ult.
Afte r cle aning, ne ve r allow the ine rtia
re e l to re tract the be lts until the y are
comple te ly dry. Dirty s afe ty be lts pre -
ve nt the ine rtia re e l me chanis m from
re tracting the s trap prope rly, and thus
cons titute a s afe ty hazard.
He avily s oile d floor carpe ts and mats *
can be cle ane d with an inte rior cle ane r.
The floor mats can be re move d from the
ve hicle for cle aning.
Ple as e us e only a damp cloth to cle an
woode n fas cia pane ls and compone nts .
Follow up by drying with a s oft cloth.
bProducts for cle aning and care are
available from your BMW Re taile r.c
Care of upholstery materials
Depres s ions res ulting in the uphols tered
mate rials in the cours e of e ve ryday us e
can be brus he d up by brus hing with a
lightly dampe ne d brus h "agains t the
nap".
The te nde ncy of the pile to lie in a par-
ticular dire ction on ve lour uphols te ry is
not a quality de fe ct, and, jus t as on
home te xtile s or clothing, can not be
avoide d.
Fuzz on uphols te ry mate rials , rubbe d-in
fabric or s uede res idues can be removed
with a fuzz or Ve lcro
®
brus h. A cle aning
glove is available for particularly "s tub-
born" fuzz. Stains and fairly large are as
of dirt s hould be cle ane d off without
de lay, us ing luke warm wate r and an
inte rior cle ane r, s tain re move r or cle an-
ing-grade be nze ne . Brus h the fabric
afte rwards to re s tore its appe arance .
If the uphols te ry is to be e xpos e d to
inte ns e s unlight or if the ve hicle is to be
s tore d for an e xte nde d pe riod, cove r all
s e ats to pre ve nt fading.
bA full range of car-care products is
available from your BMW Re taile r.c
The build-up of an e le ctros tatic charge
on the s e at cove rs , particularly if atmo-
s phe ric humidity is low, can give the
occupants an unple as ant e le ctric s hock
if the y touch me tal body parts afte r
le aving the ve hicle . Although this is not
dange rous in any way, it can be
avoide d by touching a bare or polis he d
me tal part of the car while ge tting out.
If ne ce s s ary, anti-s tatic products can
be us e d to e liminate this e ffe ct to a
large e xte nt.
Caring for your car
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Leather care
The le athe r uphols te ry* us e d by BMW
is a natural product of the highe s t qual-
ity, proce s s e d us ing s tate -of-the -art
me thods to e ns ure that it will maintain
its high quality for ye ars to come , pro-
vide d that it is prope rly care d for.
Be caus e this product is manufacture d
us ing natural mate rials , you mus t make
allowance for its s pe cial characte ris tics
as we ll as for the pe culiaritie s of its us e
and care .
Re gular pe riodic cle aning and care are
e s s e ntial, as dus t and road dirt act as
abras ive s in the pore s and cre as e s of
the mate rial. This le ads to we ar s pots
and pre mature brittle ne s s on the s ur-
face of the le athe r. We the re fore s ug-
ge s t that you cle an the le athe r with a
vacuum cleaner or dus t cloth at frequent
inte rvals .
For cle aning, us e BMW le athe r cle aning
foam.
As dirt and gre as e can s lowly attack the
prote ctive laye r of the le athe r, the
cle ane d le athe r s urface s mus t be
tre ate d with BMW Le athe r Care . This
s e rve s als o as an anti-s tatic age nt.
To prote ct agains t mois ture and wate r
you can tre at the le athe r with BMW
Impre gnating Age nt.
We re comme nd that you pe rform this
proce dure twice a ye ar on le athe r e x-
pos e d to normal us e .
Spills s hould be wipe d up imme diate ly.
Re move gre as e and oil s tains without
rubbing, but rathe r by dabbing with
s pot re move r.
If the uphols te ry is to be e xpos e d to
inte ns e s unlight or if the ve hicle is to be
s tore d for an e xte nde d pe riod, cove r all
le athe r s urface s (or, be tte r ye t, the win-
dows ) to pre ve nt fading.
aCle aning age nts can contain dan-
ge rous or unhe althy ingre die nts . The re -
fore always obs e rve the warnings and
dange r notice s on the package .
Ope n the doors or windows on your ve -
hicle whe n cle aning the inte rior.
Ne ve r cle an your ve hicle with s olve nts
or othe r mate rials not s pe cifically in-
te nde d for this application.c
Caring for your car
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136
Care
The appe arance and life of the conve rt-
ible top are highly de pe nde nt on its
prope r care and ope ration. You s hould
pay particular atte ntion to the following
ins tructions if your care has a light-col-
ore d top.
Prote ct the ve hicle from e xpos ure to
inte ns e s unlight whe ne ve r pos s ible by
parking it in the s hade to pre ve nt the
paint, rubbe r and fabric-cove re d parts
from be ing attacke d.
Ne ve r fold up the conve rtible top and
s tore it in the conve rtible top compart-
me nt whe n we t, dirty or froze n, as mil-
de w s tains and rub s pots may re s ult.
To pre ve nt the formation of a fold in the
re ar window and milde w s tains , do not
le ave the top folde d up in the conve rt-
ible top compartme nt for longe r pe ri-
ods .
If the ve hicle is te mporarily s tore d in a
clos e room, e ns ure that the top is dry
and provide s ufficie nt ve ntilation.
Cle an off bird droppings imme diate ly,
as the y attack the conve rtible top and
caus e the rubbe r s e als to s we ll due to
the ir caus tic characte ris tics .
Be s ide s wate r, only tre at rubbe r s e als
with talcum powde r, rubbe r care prod-
ucts or s ilicone s pray, particularly whe n
the y fe e l dry or te nd to s tick.
Nois e s , e .g., s que aks , can be e limi-
nate d with a lubricant s pray.
Ne ve r us e s harp-e dge d obje cts to
cle an the re ar window of s now and ice .
The us e of de -icing s pray is not pe rmit-
te d. Due to the dange r of damage and
dis coloration, do not apply adhe s ive
tape , s ticke rs e tc. to the window or
cove r it with plas tic film.
The conve rtible top and its s e ams may
be come le aky as the re s ult of imprope r
care and cle aning and from the s train of
long us e , and de pre s s ions and dirt can
re s ult. All warranty claims are void in
the s e cas e s . Ple as e take your ve hicle to
your BMW Re taile r for s e rvicing.
Washing your car
You can was h your BMW Conve rtible in
automatic car was he s . He re pre fe re nce
s hould be give n to brus hle s s s ys te ms .
If a brus hle s s car was h is unavailable
and brus h car was h mus t be us e d,
mode rn s ys te ms with s oft brus he s are
pre fe rable . Do not s e le ct s pe cial wax-
ing programs . The s mall amount of
be ading wax always us e d in automatic
car was he s will not harm your ve hicle 's
finis h.
In the cas e of more e xte ns ive dirt,
which is e s pe cially vis ible on light-col-
ore d top mate rials , cle an the top with
the BMW Conve rtible Cle aning Se t.
Ple as e proce e d as follows :
Spray the top with the cle aning age nt
and the n rub with a we ll-dampe ne d
s ponge us ing circular motions until a
foam de ve lops . The n you can finis h
was hing the ve hicle in an automatic car
was h. Afte r thre e to five was hings the
top s hould be tre ate d with a s pe cial
impre gnating s pray. Ple as e follow the
ins tructions on the s pray can.
Cleaning and care of the convertible top
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Ne ve r us e s pot re move r, paint thinne r,
s olve nts , gas oline e tc. to re move s pots
from the conve rtible top and from the
re ar window, as the s e s ubs tance s
de s troy the rubbe r s e als and le ad to
le aks . Us e only BMW-approve d cle an-
e rs .
In addition to the advantage of be ing
e xtre me ly fle xible , the re ar window als o
has the dis advantage of having a re la-
tive ly s oft s urface . For this re as on, only
cle an the re ar window with a s oft, anti-
s tatic cloth or with BMW Conve rtible
Re ar Window Cle ane r.
If you was h the ve hicle fre que ntly in
brus h car was he s , and in particular in
thos e with hard brus he s , faint s cratche s
in the re ar window may re s ult. With the
window re place me nt s ys te m you can
re place a he avily s cratche d window at a
re lative ly low price . Ple as e contact your
authorize d BMW Re taile r for additional
information.
bA full range of car-care products is
available from your BMW Re taile r.c
aCle aning age nts can contain s ub-
s tance s that are dange rous or bad for
your he alth. The re fore always obs e rve
the warnings and dange r notice s on the
package .
Ope n the doors or windows on your ve -
hicle whe n cle aning the inte rior.
Ne ve r cle an your ve hicle with s olve nts
or othe r mate rials not s pe cifically in-
te nde d for this application.c
Hardtop:
Ple as e follow the ins tructions for car
care from page 131.
If the ve hicle is to be te mporarily s tore d
for more than thre e months , have the
following mainte nance pe rforme d by
your BMW Re taile r:
1 Cle aning, pre s e rvation and re tre at-
me nt of the e ngine, e ngine compart-
me nt, unde rbody, axle s and
s ubas s e mblie s in accordance with
the factory s pe cifications . Ve hicle
was hing with inte rior cle aning fol-
lowe d by paint and chrome care.
Cle an rubbe r s e als of the hood, lug-
gage compartme nt lid and doors and
rub with e ithe r talcum powde r or
glyce rine oil.
2 Change e ngine oil and oil filte r at
ope rating te mpe rature. As an addi-
tional corros ion prote ction me as ure,
an anti-corros ive age nt can be adde d
to the e ngine in accordance with the
manufacture r's ins tructions .
3 Che ck the coolant leve l and conce n-
tration and top up if ne ce s s ary.
4 Che ck the acid leve l in the batte ry
ce lls and add dis tille d wate r if ne ce s -
s ary.
5 Incre as e the tire inflation pre s s ure to
50.9 ps i (3.5 bar).
Cleaning and care of the convertible top Vehicle storage
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Conduct the following work imme di-
ate ly prior to s toring the ve hicle :
1 Activate the parking brake and foot-
brake to dry the m; this will preve nt
the brake dis ks and drums from cor-
roding.
2 Store the ve hicle in a dry, we ll-ve nti-
late d room, s hift into reve rs e ge ar or
s e t the s e le ctor leve r to pos ition P
and chock the whe e ls to preve nt roll-
ing. Do not s e t the parking brake.
3 Re move the batte ry, re charge and
s tore in a cool, fros t-fre e room.
During s torage , re charge the batte ry
e ve ry thre e months , as othe rwis e it will
be come unus able . Eve ry time the bat-
te ry is dis charge d, e s pe cially ove r
e xte nde d pe riods , its s e rvice life is
re duce d.
Removing vehicle from storage
Re charge the batte ry and re place if
ne ce s s ary.
The n have Ins pe ction I carrie d out by
your BMW Re taile r.
aStorage pe riods during which the
batte ry is dis conne cte d are not take n
into cons ide ration by the Se rvice Inte r-
val Dis play for changing the brake fluid.
The re fore , make s ure that the brake fluid
is change d e ve ry two ye ars at the late s t,
re gardle s s of the dis play. Additional
note s : re fe r to page 128.c
Vehicle storage
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At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
139
Replacement procedures:
Onboard tool kit 140
Winds hie ld wipe r blade s 140
Lamp and bulbs 141
Mas te r ke y with batte ry lamp 145
Changing tire s 146
Batte ry 149
Fus e s 151
In case of electrical
malfunction:
Fue l fille r door 152
Sliding/tilt s unroof 152
Assistance, giving and receiving:
Jump-s tarting 153
Towing the ve hicle 154
Towing 154
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Unde r the luggage compartme nt lid.
Uns cre w the wingnut for acce s s .
Lift the wipe r arm, pre s s the locking
s pring and pull off the wipe r blade , pull-
ing along the wipe r arm.
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The lamps and bulbs on your car play a
vital role in e ns uring road s afe ty, a fact
which you s hould always be ar in mind
in caring for the m. Care fully obs e rve the
following ins tructions during bulb
re place me nt, re fe rring any proce dure s
with which you are not familiar to your
BMW Re taile r.
bNe ve r touch the bulb glas s of a
ne w lamp with your bare hands . Us e a
cle an cloth, pape r napkin, e tc. or hold
the bulb by its me tallic bas e .c
A re place me nt bulb s e t is available from
your BMW Re taile r.
aTo pre ve nt s hort circuits , always
s witch off all e le ctrical s ys te ms and
compone nts , or dis conne ct the ne gative
te rminal of the batte ry, be fore working
on the m.
To pre ve nt injurie s and damage , always
obs e rve any ins tructions provide d by
the bulb manufacture r.c
Low and high beams
Low be am: HB4, 55 watts
High be am: HB3, 65 watts
aEach bulb is pre s s urize d; always
we ar glove s and e ye prote ction! Failure
to obs e rve this pre caution could le ad to
injury if the bulb is accide ntally dam-
age d during re place me nt.c
d Turn the bulb holde r to the le ft and
re move.
d Re place the bulb.
Parking lamp
5 watt bulb
d Pre s s in the uppe r tab of the bulb
holde r to re le as e and re move.
d Pull out the bulb holde r.
d Pull off the bulb and re place.
bPle as e obs e rve the following
whe n cle aning the he adlamp cove rs :
d Do not rub the m dry and do not apply
s couring or caus tic cle aning age nts .
d Re move dirt and contamination (s uch
as ins e cts ) by s oaking with BMW Car
Shampoo and the n rins ing with
ple nty of wate r.
d Always us e a de -ice r s pray to re move
accumulate d ice and s now – Neve r
us e a s crape r!c
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Front turn signals
21 watt bulb
d Re le as e the hooks with a s crew-
drive r.
d Re move the lamp from the front.
d Re le as e the bulb holde r and re move.
d Apply ge ntle pre s s ure to the bulb
while turning it to the le ft to re move.
d Afte r re placing the bulb, re -ins e rt the
lamp and pus h it back until it
e ngage s audibly twice.
Side turn signals*
5 watt bulb
d Us e finge r pre s s ure agains t the re ar
e dge of the le ns (arrow) to pre s s it
forward for re moval.
d Pre s s ge ntly on the bulb and turn it to
the le ft to re move.
Foglamps*
H1 55 watt bulb
d Re le as e the lamp bracke t with a
s crewdrive r.
d Pull the foglamp out toward the front
d Turn the plas tic cap on the back of
the lamp to the le ft and re move.
d Pull off the plug.
d Re le as e the wire s pring.
d Re place bulb.
d Afte r re placing the bulb, guide in the
lamp again and pre s s on firmly until it
audibly e ngage s .
bThe retainer mus t be in the "Open"
pos ition, otherwis e the foglamp can not
be guided in.c
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Bulb replacement
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Taillamps
1 Turn s ignal ye llow
21 watt bulb
2 Backup lamp white
21 watt bulb
3 Brake lamp re d
21 watt bulb
4 Taillamp re d
5 watt bulb
d Re move the lamp cove r afte r re le as -
ing the locking device.
d Once you have found the lamp
holde r for the de fe ctive bulb, pus h it
ge ntly to the re ar while turning to the
le ft to re move.
d Us e the s ame proce dure to re move
the bulb.
Center brake lamp*
21 watt bulb
d Ope n the luggage compartme nt lid.
d Pus h the bulb holde r's re le as e knob
ge ntly to the re ar while turning to the
le ft to re move.
d Us e the s ame proce dure to re move
the bulb.
BMW Conve rtible :
LED s trip in luggage compartme nt lid.
Ple as e contact a BMW Re taile r in the
cas e of a malfunction.
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License plate lamps
5 watt bulb
d Screw out the s crews and re move
the handle.
d Pre s s the bulb holde r to the le ft and
re move.
d Extract the bulb from the contacts .
Front interior lamp
Inte rior lamp with re ading lamps :
(Bulbs 10 watt)
d Inte rior lamp: us e a s crewdrive r to
pre s s out the le ns at the le ft re ce s s .
Extract the bulb from the contacts .
d Re ading lamp: re move the e ntire
lamp from the trim, re move the con-
tact s trip and ge ntly pre s s agains t
the lamp while turning it to the le ft to
re move.
bWhe n re ins talling firs t, e ngage the
hous ing the n the le ns .c
Rear interior lamps
BMW Se dan, Coupe
Without re ading lamp
5 watt bulb
d Pull the lamp out of the trim.
d Fold up the re fle ctor and re move the
bulb.
With re ading lamp*
6 watt bulb
d Pull the lamp out of the trim.
d Fold up the PCB and re move the
bulb.
Illuminated make-up mirror*
10 watt bulb
d Re move lamp hous ing (us e a s crew-
drive r if ne ce s s ary).
d Re place bulb.
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Luggage compartment lamps
BMW Se dan, Coupe
10 watt bulb
Lamp on unde rs ide of re ar s he lf:
d Us e a s crewdrive r to pry out the lamp
at the re ce s s .
d Re place bulb.
BMW Conve rtible :
5 watt bulbs
The re is one lamp e ach in the bulb cov-
e rs of the re ar lamps .
d Us e a s crewdrive r to pry out the lamp
at the re ce s s .
d Re place bulb.
Glove compartment lamp
5 watt bulb
d Us e a s crewdrive r to pry out the lamp
forward.
d Re place bulb.
Footwell lamps*
5 watt bulb
d Us e a s crewdrive r to pry the lamp out
of the lowe r ins trume nt pane l trim.
d Re place bulb.
Replace battery
If lamp inte ns ity drops , re ne w the bat-
te ry to s afe guard agains t acid e s caping.
To change the batte ry, us e a s cre w-
drive r to re move the cove r on the back
of the ke y.
Ins e rt a ne w batte ry of the s ame type
(CR 2025) - as s hown in the picture - s o
that it touche s the contacts .
Snap the cove r back on and pre s s it in
e ve nly.
ABring old batte rie s to a colle ction
point or your BMW Re taile r.c
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aChange tire s only on a flat, hard
s urface affording good traction. Avoid
jacking the car on a s oft or s lippe ry s up-
port s urface (s now, ice , loos e grave l,
e tc.), as it could s lide s ide ways .
Take e xtra care to e ns ure that the bas e
of the jack is pos itione d on a s olid s up-
port s urface .
Ne ve r us e woode n blocks or s imilar
obje cts to s upport the bas e of the jack,
as the we ight of the car could e xce e d
the ir s upport capacity.
Ne ve r lie be ne ath the ve hicle or s tart
the e ngine while the car is s upporte d by
the jack - ris k of fatal injury.
Additional pre cautions to obs e rve whe n
changing flat tire s :
Whe n pulling ove r on the roads ide to
change a tire , always try to park the car
as far as pos s ible from pas s ing traffic.
Switch on the hazard flas he rs .
All pas s e nge rs s hould be outs ide the
car and we ll away from your imme diate
working are a (e .g., be hind the guard-
rail).
Turn the s te e ring whe e l to the s traight-
ahe ad pos ition, re move the ke y and
e ngage the s te e ring lock. Shift into 1s t
or re ve rs e (s e le ctor le ve r in Park with
automatic) and e ngage the parking
brake .
If a warning triangle or portable hazard
warning lamp is available , s e t it up on
the roads ide at an appropriate dis tance
from the re ar of the ve hicle . Obs e rve all
s afe ty guide line s and re gulations .c
bTo avoid rattling nois e s , note the
pos itions of the tools and re turn the m to
the ir original pos itions .c
To change the tire you will need
Car jack
In the luggage compartme nt be low the
floor mat at the right ne xt to the s pare
tire .
Afte r us ing, s cre w the jack all the way
back down and ins e rt it in its holde r.
Spare wheel and hexagon
adapter*
Both are s tore d in the luggage com-
partme nt be low the floor mat. Take out
the floor mat. Re move the he xagon
adapte r (only on mode ls with light-alloy
whe e ls with whe e l lug cove r in the
s hape of a large he xagon nut), uns cre w
the wing nut by hand and re move the
whe e l.
Wheel stud wrench
In the luggage compartme nt at the right
on the box.
Screwdriver
In onboard tool kit be ne ath luggage
compartme nt floor pane l.
bThe s torage s he lf in the s pare tire
can be us e d to s tore s mall parts . To
avoid rattling nois e s , you can place
cloths be twe e n the m.c
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Procedure
1 Whe e l bolt cove r* re moval.
Ste e l dis k whe e l: re move whe e l cove r
by hand. Light-alloy whe e l with lug
cap in the s hape of a large hexagon
nut: pos ition the hexagon adapte r on
the lug bolt cove r, apply the lug
wre nch and turn it to the le ft.
2 Loos e n lug bolts 1/2 turn.
3 Re move the re s pe ctive cove r cap
from the jacking point. De pe nding on
the ve hicle ve rs ion, re move the pro-
te ctive cap e ithe r by ins e rting the
s crewdrive r into the s lot and turning
to the le ft (arrow in le ft illus tration) or
by pre s s ing in the cap on the bottom
(arrow in illus tration above ).
4 Ins e rt the jack all the way into the
s upport while e ns uring that the bas e
of the jack is s e cure ly pos itione d on
the road s urface. Always chock the
whe e ls to preve nt the ve hicle from
rolling.
5 Turn the handle to rais e the jack until
the whe e l is fre e of the ground.
aThe ve hicle jack is de s igne d for
changing tire s only. Ne ve r us e it to rais e
anothe r ve hicle mode l or a load of an-
othe r kind, s ince that could re s ult in ac-
cide nts and pe rs onal injury.
Ne ve r lie be ne ath the ve hicle whe n it is
s upporte d by the jack – ris k of fatal inju-
ry!c
6 Uns crew the lug bolts and re move the
whe e l.
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Changing tires
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7 Lift the new or s pare tire into pos i-
tion, s e cure by s crewing at le as t two
lug bolts into oppos ite s ocke ts and
re move the alignme nt tool.
8 Screw in the re maining lug bolts ,
the n tighte n down all the lug bolts ,
working in a cros s patte rn.
9 Lowe r the ve hicle, re move the jack
and s crew the cove r back into the
jack ope ning with the s crewdrive r.
10 Tighte n the lug bolts , working in a
cros s patte rn.
aTo e ns ure s afe ty, have the lug
bolts te s te d with a calibrate d torque
wre nch (torque s pe cification is 72 lbs -ft/
100 Nm) at the e arlie s t opportunity. If
you have mounte d a ne w whe e l
(e .g., the s pare tire ) for the firs t time ,
che ck the lug nut torque afte r approx.
600 mile s (1,000 km).c
11 Mount whe e l cove r. Pos ition the
whe e l cove r with the valve ope ning
ove r the valve s te m in the rim and
pre s s with both hands s tarting from
the valve s te m and moving around
the e ntire circumfe re nce of the
whe e l cove r.
Whe n s toring the whe e l, e ns ure that
you do not damage the re taining pin in
the s pare tire re ce s s .
Whe n light-alloy whe e ls othe r than
Original BMW light-alloy whe e ls are fit-
te d to the car, it may be ne ce s s ary to
us e diffe re nt lug bolts .
Have the de fe ctive tire re paire d and
balance d at the e arlie s t opportunity.
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The batte ry is locate d be hind the right-
s ide trim pane l in the luggage compart-
me nt. A s e parate pos itive te rminal in
the e ngine compartme nt is available for
jump-s tarting (als o re fe r to page 153).
Only ce rtain batte ry type s may be us e d
on the BMW conve rtible . Cons ult your
BMW Re taile r for de tails .
The batte ry is mainte nance -fre e , me an-
ing that the e le ctrolyte will normally las t
for the life of the batte ry.
Should the e le ctrolyte drop to be low
the minimum le ve l - e .g., during e xte nd-
e d ope ration in hot climate s - add dis -
tille d wate r (no acid!).
Ele ctrolyte le ve l: Up to the "MAX" mark
on the outs ide of the batte ry in e ach
ce ll, approx. 0.2 inche s (5 mm) above
the top of the plate s .
Ke e p the top of the batte ry cle an and
dry.
Symbols
You will find the following s ymbols on
your car batte ry. To avoid injury, ple as e
obs e rve the corre s ponding pre cautions
whe ne ve r you work with or ne ar the
batte ry.
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Be fore working with the batte ry,
re ad the following:
R
We ar e ye prote ction. Avoid le t-
ting acid or le ad particle s come
into contact with your e ye s , your
s kin or your clothing.
S
Batte ry acid is e xtre me ly corro-
s ive . We ar e ye prote ction and
prote ctive glove s . Do not tilt the
batte ry; acid could e me rge from the
ve ntilation ope nings .
T
Ens ure that childre n ke e p we ll
away from batte rie s and batte ry
acid.
U
Neve r allow s parks or ope n
flame, and do not s moke in the
vicinity of the batte ry. Avoid
s parks from e le ctrical cable s and
e quipme nt. Ne ve r s hort-circuit the bat-
te ry te rminals . The re is a dange r of
injury from powe rful s parks .
V
A highly-explos ive gas is ge ne r-
ate d whe n the batte ry is
charge d.
W
If you happe n to ge t acid in your
eye s , rins e thoroughly for s ev-
e ral minute s with cle ar wate r.
The n cons ult a phys ician imme diate ly. If
you ge t acid s pray on your s kin or cloth-
ing, apply s oap imme diate ly to ne utral-
ize the acid, the n rins e with ple nty of
wate r. If e le ctrolyte is accide ntally
inge s te d, cons ult a phys ician imme di-
ate ly.
X
To prote ct the cas ing agains t
ultraviole t radiation, avoid
expos ing it to dire ct s unlight.
A dis charge d batte ry can fre e ze ; always
s tore the batte ry in are as whe re the
te mpe rature re mains above fre e zing.
Battery
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Removal and installation
aDo not dis conne ct the batte ry
cable from its te rminal while the e ngine
is running, as the re s ulting voltage s urge
would de s troy the ve hicle 's e le ctronic
s ys te ms .c
Whe n dis conne cting, s tart with the ne g-
ative te rminal, the n proce e d to the pos -
itive s ide . Uns cre w the batte ry re taining
clamp.
Whe n ins talling the batte ry, conne ct the
pos itive te rminal firs t, the n proce e d to
the ne gative pole .
aWhe n ins talling, always e ns ure that
the batte ry is prope rly mounte d.
Othe rwis e it will not be s ufficie ntly
s e cure d in an accide nt.c
Charging the battery
Always e ns ure that the e ngine is off
be fore re charging an ins talle d batte ry.
aTo avoid s hort circuits , always
dis conne ct the cable from the batte ry's
ne gative te rminal be fore working on the
e le ctrical s ys te m.c
On ve hicle s with a conne cting point in
the e ngine compartme nt, it is e as ie s t to
charge the batte ry by us ing this con-
ne cting point (pos itive pole ), and a
ground in the e ngine compartme nt
(re fe r to "Jump-s tarting" on page 153).
If you are planning to re move the ve hi-
cle from s e rvice for more than four
we e ks , you s hould dis conne ct the bat-
te ry at the ne gative te rminal.
If you inte nd to s tore your car for longe r
than s ix we e ks : re move the batte ry,
charge it and s tore it in a cool (but fros t-
fre e ) room. Re charge the batte ry afte r
thre e months at the late s t, as it will oth-
e rwis e be damage d be yond us e . Eve ry
time the batte ry is dis charge d, e s pe -
cially ove r e xte nde d pe riods , its s e rvice
life is re duce d.
ABring us e d batte rie s to an autho-
rize d colle ction point or a BMW Re -
taile r. Always maintain the batte ry in an
upright pos ition for trans port and s tor-
age . Se cure the batte ry agains t tilting
whe n trans porting.c
aStorage pe riods during which the
batte ry is dis conne cte d are not take n
into cons ide ration by the Se rvice Inte r-
val Dis play for changing the brake fluid.
The re fore , make s ure that the brake fluid
is change d e ve ry two ye ars at the late s t,
re gardle s s of the dis play. Additional
note s : re fe r to page 128.c
Battery
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If an e le ctrical de vice fails , s witch it off
and che ck the fus e .
The fus e box (e le ctrical dis tribution
ce nte r) with s pare fus e s , re lays and
plas tic twe e ze rs , is locate d on the le ft-
hand s ide of the e ngine compartme nt.
d Pre s s the re taining flap in and lift off
the cove r.
d Re move the fus e of the de fe ctive
cons ume r from the s ocke t with the
plas tic twe e ze rs .
d If the fus e is burne d through (the
me tal wire will have me lte d and s e p-
arate d), re place it with a new fus e of
the s ame ampe re rating.
A lis t of the fus e s with the ir re s pe ctive
ampe re ratings and the e quipme nt in
the ir circuits is provide d in the fus e box
lid.
aDo not patch burne d out fus e s or
re place the m with fus e s of a diffe re nt
color or ampe re rating, s ince this could
caus e an ove rload on an e le ctrical wire
and le ad to fire in the ve hicle .c
If the fus e continue s to burn through,
re fe r the proble m to a BMW Re taile r for
re pair.
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Unlock tank filler door
Pull the handle with the fue l pump s ym-
bol on the right trim pane l in the lug-
gage compartme nt.
Sliding/tilt sunroof
d Pre s s out the inte rior lamp with a
s crewdrive r at the le ft re ce s s .
d Re move the cove r pane l.
d Re move the Alle n wre nch from the
onboard tool kit, ins e rt it in the hexa-
gon he ad (arrow 1) and turn the s lid-
ing/tilt s unroof in the de s ire d
dire ction.
bTurning is e as ie r if the plug
(arrow 2) is pulle d out be fore hand.c
Have the malfunction re ctifie d by your
BMW Re taile r at the e arlie s t opportu-
nity.
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Manual activation in the event of electrical failure
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Ne ve r us e s pray s tarte r fluids to s tart
the e ngine .
Whe n the batte ry is dis charge d, you
can us e two jumpe r cable s to s tart your
car with powe r from the batte ry in a
s e cond ve hicle . Always us e jumpe r
cable s with fully ins ulate d handle s on
the te rminal clamps .
aWhe n the e ngine is running, con-
tact with e le ctrical conductors and com-
pone nts is dange rous and can be fatal.c
Care fully obs e rve the following ins truc-
tions to avoid pe rs onal injury as we ll as
damage to one or both ve hicle s :
1 Ens ure that the batte ry on the s up-
port ve hicle is als o rate d at 12 volts ,
and that the capacity (Ah) is roughly
comparable (printe d on cas ing).
2 Le ave your batte ry conne cte d to the
car's e le ctrical s ys te m.
3 The bodie s of the two ve hicle s mus t
not touch, or a s hort circuit could
re s ult.
4 Start by conne cting the pos itive te r-
minal of both batte rie s with a jumpe r
cable. If the batte ry of the BMW is not
ins talle d in the e ngine compartme nt,
a s upple me ntary pos itive te rminal is
provide d in the e ngine compartme nt
(the cove r is marke d "+", re move by
pulling tab, s e e arrow 1 in illus tration).
The n conne ct up the batte rie s ' ne ga-
tive pole s. Attach the cable to e ithe r
the s upport ve hicle 's ne gative batte ry
te rminal, or to a s uitable ground on its
e ngine or bodywork. On the BMW
the re is a s pe cial nut, re fe r to arrow 2;
the nut might als o be locate d furthe r
forward, on the s us pe ns ion s trut
dome.
aObs e rve the s ame s e que nce for
conne cting the jumpe r cable s whe n
he lping othe r ve hicle s ; this will he lp pre -
ve nt s parks from be ing ge ne rate d at the
batte ry.c
5 If the batte ry on the s upport ve hicle is
we ak, s tart the e ngine and le t it run.
Start the e ngine on the ve hicle ne e d-
ing the jump-s tart, and allow it to run
as us ual. If ne ce s s ary re pe at the
atte mpt to s tart afte r a few minute s ;
this allows for curre nt intake by the
dis charge d batte ry.
Be fore dis conne cting the jumpe r
cable s from your BMW, turn on the
lamps, re ar window de fros te r and
highe s t blowe r s pe e d to preve nt a
voltage s urge at the voltage re gulator.
The n dis conne ct the jumpe r cable s in
reve rs e s e que nce.
De pe nding on the caus e of the fault,
re charge the batte ry.
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Tow fittings
The s cre w-in tow fitting is s tore d in the
onboard tool kit; e ns ure that it re mains
with the ve hicle at all time s . It can be
s cre we d in to e ithe r the front or the re ar
of the ve hicle and is inte nde d for towing
only on a roadway.
Access to tow sockets
Front:
Pry out the cove r with a s cre wdrive r.
Re ar:
Pry out the cove r with a s cre wdrive r.
aEns ure that the tow fitting is
s cre we d in tightly.c
Ve hicle s with automatic trans mis s ion:
d Se le ctor leve r on N.
Towing s pe e d:
maximum 30 mph (50 km/h).
Towing dis tance :
maximum 30 mile s (50 km).
aThe s te e ring and brake s are with-
out powe r as s is t whe n the e ngine is off.
This me ans that incre as e d e ffort is re -
quire d for s te e ring and braking.c
Towing with a commercial tow
truck
Ne ve r us e s ling-type e quipme nt to
trans port the ve hicle .
Us e whe e l lifts or trans port the ve hicle
on a flatbe d truck.
Ple as e obs e rve all applicable national,
s tate , provincial and local towing laws .
aNe ve r allow pas s e nge rs to ride in
a towe d ve hicle .c
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Towing the vehicle Towing
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At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
155
Airbags 156
Automatic Stability Control
plus Traction (ASC+T) 156
Radio re ce ption 157
Safe ty be lt te ns ione r 157
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De ce le ration s e ns ors continuous ly
monitor the phys ical force s acting upon
the ve hicle . If a frontal impact re s ults in
de ce le ration, for which the prote ction
afforde d by s afe ty be lts no longe r s uf-
fice s , the gas ge ne rators of the drive r's
and the pas s e nge r's airbags ignite
s imultane ous ly. The pas s e nge r's air-
bag is activate d only whe n a s pe cial
s e ns or indicate s that the front pas s e n-
ge r's s e at is occupie d.
In the e ve nt of a s e ve re s ide impact the
s ide airbag* is activate d on the s ide on
which the impact occurre d.
The airbags , which are unde r the cove r
of the s te e ring whe e l, in the ins trume nt
pane l or the s ide trim pane ls of the front
doors , are de ploye d and inflate d by the
gas within a fe w millis e conds . In the
proce s s the y te ar or pus h apart the pro-
gramme d s e paration points in the ir
uphols te re d cove rs .
Be caus e the inflation proce s s mus t be
virtually ins tantane ous , it is ne ce s s arily
accompanie d by a ce rtain amount of
ignition and inflation nois e . The gas
which the s ys te m e mploys to inflate the
airbag is not dange rous , and the as s o-
ciate d s moke is quickly dis s ipate d.
The e ntire proce s s is comple te d within
one twe ntie th of a s e cond.
Automatic Stability Control plus Trac-
tion he lps maintain s table and con-
trolle d ve hicle re s pons e by inhibiting
s lip at the drive whe e ls .
The s ys te m e mploys s pe cial s e ns ors to
monitor whe e ls pe e d and re lay the data
to the s ys te m's e le ctronic control unit,
which us e s this information to calculate
s lip rate s at the individual whe e ls .
De pe nding on the driving s ituation, two
forms of re me dial action can the n be
take n by the s ys te m: it re acts to s lip-
page caus e d by large amounts of
e xce s s torque by ins tructing the e ngine
manage me nt s ys te m to re duce powe r
output. As a s upple me ntary me as ure ,
the s ys te m will als o re s pond to an
e s pe cially pronounce d te nde ncy to-
ward traction los s at e ithe r of the drive
whe e ls with automatic individual appli-
cation of the affe cte d whe e l's brake s .
This achie ve s a locking action compa-
rable with a controlle d limite d-s lip dif-
fe re ntial. This brake action is active up
to 25 mph (40 km/h). From 25 mph
(40 km/h) upward, a diminis he d brake
action improve s the traction up to
60 mph (100 km/h).
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AM provide s s ubs tantially longe r re ce p-
tion range s than FM. AM broadcas t s ig-
nals , propagate d at ground leve l in the
form of s urface waves, are als o refle cte d
from the ionos phe re as atmos phe ric
wave s .
Fre que ncy-modulation (FM) provide s
s ubs tantially be tte r s ound quality than
AM. Howeve r, be caus e FM trans mis -
s ions re ly on line -of-s ight broadcas t
wave s , the ir e ffe ctive re ce ption range is
limite d.
Although nume rous factors combine to
impos e inhe re nt limitations on the
re ce ption quality available from mobile
radios , s pe cially de s igne d s ys te ms can
be e mploye d to minimize the ir e ffe cts :
The Ante nna Dive rs ity s ys te m e mploys
s e ve ral FM ante nnas inte grate d within
the re ar window to provide thre e s e pa-
rate s ource s for re ce iving broadcas t
wave s . An inte gral proce s s or automati-
cally s e le cts the ante nna with the be s t
FM re ce ption quality at any give n time .
Be caus e the ongoing ante nna s e le ction
proce s s is comple te d within millis e c-
onds , it re mains inaudible to the radio
lis te ne r.
The s afe ty be lt te ns ione r re s ponds to
collis ions by tighte ning the be lts to
e ns ure that occupants re main firmly
pos itione d in the ir s e ats . A gas -pre s -
s ure s ys te m re tracts the buckle as s e m-
bly to te ns ion the s houlde r and lap be lts
within fractions of a s e cond, pre ve nting
the drive r and pas s e nge r from s lipping
forward.
3
6
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8
4
3
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0
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0
8
Radio reception Safety belt tensioner
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At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
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Engine s pe cifications 160
Dime ns ions 161
We ights 163
Capacitie s 166
Ele ctrical s ys te m 167
Drive be lts 167
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Engine specifications
BMW 318i Sedan
BMW 318is Coupe
BMW 318i Convertible
BMW 323is Coupe
BMW 323i Convertible
BMW 328i Sedan
BMW 328is Coupe
BMW 328i Convertible
Dis placement
Number of cylinders
cu.in (cmm) 115.6 (1,895)
4
152.2 (2,494)
6
170.4 (2,793)
6
Maximum output
at engine s peed
hp
kW
rpm
138
103
6,000
168
125
5,500
190
142
5,300
Maximum torque
at engine s peed
lb-ft (Nm)
rpm
133 (180)
4,300
181 (245)
3,950
206 (280)
3,950
Compres s ion ratio ε 10 10.5 10.2
Stroke
Bore
in. (mm)
in. (mm)
3.29 (83.5)
3.35 (85)
2.95 (75)
3.31 (84)
3.31 (84)
3.31 (84)
Fuel-injection s ys tem Digital-electronic engine-management s ys tem
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BMW 318i
Sedan
BMW 318is
Coupe
BMW 318i
Convertible
Length in. (mm) 174.5 (4,433) 174.5 (4,433) 174.5 (4,433)
Width in. (mm) 66.9 (1,698) 67.3 (1,710) 67.3 (1,710)
Height (unloaded) in. (mm) 54.8 (1,393) 53.8 (1,366) 53.1 (1,348)
Wheelbas e in. (mm) 106.3 (2,700) 106.3 (2,700) 106.3 (2,700)
Track, front in. (mm) 55.8 (1,418) 55.4 (1,408) 55.4 (1,408)
Track, rear in. (mm) 56.3 (1,431) 55.9 (1,421) 55.9 (1,421)
Minimum turning circle D ft. (m) 35.4 (10.8) 35.4 (10.8) 35.4 (10.8)
BMW 323is
Coupe
BMW 323i
Convertible
Length in. (mm) 174.5 (4,433) 174.5 (4,433)
Width in. (mm) 67.3 (1,710) 67.3 (1,710)
Height (unloaded) in. (mm) 53.8 (1,366) 53.1 (1,348)
Wheelbas e in. (mm) 106.3 (2,700) 106.3 (2,700)
Track, front in. (mm) 55.4 (1,408) 55.4 (1,408)
Track, rear in. (mm) 55.9 (1,421) 55.9 (1,421)
Minimum turning circle D ft. (m) 35.4 (10.8) 35.4 (10.8)
Dimensions
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BMW 328i
Sedan
BMW 328is
Coupe
BMW 328i
Convertible
Length in. (mm) 174.5 (4,433) 174.5 (4,433) 174.5 (4,433)
Width in. (mm) 66.9 (1,698) 67.3 (1,710) 67.3 (1,710)
Height (unloaded) in. (mm) 54.8 (1,393) 53.8 (1,366) 53.1 (1,348)
Wheelbas e in. (mm) 106.3 (2,700) 106.3 (2,700) 106.3 (2,700)
Track, front in. (mm) 55.4 (1,408) 55.4 (1,408) 55.4 (1,408)
Track, rear in. (mm) 55.9 (1,421) 55.9 (1,421) 55.9 (1,421)
Minimum turning circle D ft. (m) 35.4 (10.8) 35.4 (10.8) 35.4 (10.8)
Dimensions
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BMW 318i
Sedan
BMW 318is
Coupe
BMW 318i
Convertible
Vehicle weight empty
(including driver, ready for operation, with full tank of fuel,
options not included)
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
2,954 (1,340)
3,042 (1,380)
2,987 (1,355)
3,075 (1,395)
3,153 (1,430)
3,230 (1,465)
Approved gros s vehicle weight
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
3,924 (1,780)
4,012 (1,820)
3,957 (1,795)
4,045 (1,835)
3,990 (1,810)
4,068 (1,845)
Approved front axle load lbs (kg) 1,830 (830)
1,830 (830) 1,830 (830)
Approved rear axle load lbs (kg) 2,304 (1,045) 2,337 (1,060) 2,348 (1,065)
Maximum payload lbs (kg) 970 (440) 970 (440) 838 (380)
Approved roof load capacity lbs (kg) 165 (75) 165 (75) 88 (40)
Never exceed either the approved axle weights or the gros s vehicle weight.
Luggage compartment capacity cu. ft. (liter) 15.4 (435) 14.3 (405) 8.1 (230)
Weights
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BMW 323is
Coupe
BMW 323i
Convertible
Vehicle weight, empty
(incl. driver, ready for operation, with full tank of fuel,
options not included)
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
3,075 (1,395)
3,175 (1,440)
3,296 (1,495)
3,373 (1,530)
Approved gros s vehicle weight
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
4,045 (1,835)
4,145 (1,880)
4,134 (1,875)
4,211 (1,910)
Approved front axle load lbs (kg)
1,929 (875) 1,984 (900)
Approved rear axle load lbs (kg) 2,337 (1,060) 2,359 (1,070)
Maximum payload lbs (kg) 970 (440) 838 (380)
Approved roof load capacity lbs (kg) 165 (75) 88 (40)
Never exceed either the approved axle weights or the gros s vehicle weight.
Luggage compartment capacity cu. ft. (liter) 14.3 (405) 8.1 (230)
Weights
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BMW 328i
Sedan
BMW 328is
Coupe
BMW 328i
Convertible
Vehicle weight, empty
(incl. driver, ready for operation, with full tank of fuel,
options not included)
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
3,131 (1,420)
3,208 (1,455)
3,142 (1,425)
3,230 (1,465)
3,395 (1,540)
3,472 (1,575)
Approved gros s vehicle weight
with manual trans mis s ion
with automatic trans mis s ion
lbs (kg)
lbs (kg)
4,101 (1,860)
4,178 (1,895)
4,112 (1,865)
4,200 (1,905)
4,233 (1,920)
4,310 (1,955)
Approved front axle load lbs (kg)
1,940 (880)
1,940 (880)
1,995 (905)
Approved rear axle load lbs (kg) 2,348 (1,065) 2,370 (1,075) 2,425 (1,100)
Maximum payload lbs (kg) 970 (440) 970 (440) 838 (380)
Approved roof load capacity lbs (kg) 165 (75) 165 (75) 88 (40)
Never exceed either the approved axle weights or the gros s vehicle weight.
Luggage compartment capacity cu. ft. (liter) 15.4 (435) 14.3 (405) 8.1 (230)
Weights
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Quarts (Liter) Notes
Fuel tank
of which res erve
approx. 17 gal. (62)
approx. 2 gal. (8)
Fuel s pecification: Page 24
Winds hield was her s ys tem
with headlamp was her s ys tem
approx. 2.6 (2.5)
approx. 5.3 (5.0)
For details : Page 124
Cooling s ys tem including
heater circuit
6.9 (6.5) - 318i, 318is
11.1 (10.5) - 323i, 323is , 328i, 328is
For details : Page 88
Engine oil and filter change 5.2 (5.0) - 318i, 318is
6.9 (6.5) - 323i, 323is , 328i, 328is
Approved HD oil
Specifications : Page 126
Shift, Automatic- and final drive – Lifetime fluid, no fluid change required.
Capacities
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Battery
BMW 318i, 318is 12 V, 65 Ah
BMW 323i, 323is ,
328i, 328is 12 V, 75 Ah
BMW Convertible 12 V, 70 Ah
Spark plugs
Dual e le ctrode :
Bos ch F7 L DC R or
NGK BKR 6 EK
AC generator - Water pump -
Power steering
BMW 318i, 318is
Ribbe d V-be lt 6 PK x 1733
BMW 323i, 323is , 328i, 328is
Ribbe d V-be lt 6 PK x 1555
Air conditioning compressor
BMW 318i, 318is
Ribbe d V-be lt 4 PK x 889
BMW 323i, 323is , 328i, 328is
Ribbe d V-be lt 5 PK x 906
Electrical system Drive belts
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At a glance
Controls and features
Care and maintenance
Advanced technology
Technical data
Owner service procedure
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Index
169
Eve rything from A to Z 170
Owne r s e rvice proce dure s
from A to Z 175
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A
ABS (Antilock Brake
Sys te m) 103
Acce le ration value s 163
Activate d charcoal filte r 92
Adjus ting s te e ring whe e l 45
Air conditione r 91
Air dis tribution 90
Air pre s s ure 111
Air s upply 92
Airbag 50
Aluminum whe e l 115
Antifre e ze 105, 127
Antifre e ze ,
Radiator 105, 127
Antifre e ze ,
radiator 127, 105
Anti-lock braking s ys te m
ABS 103
Aquaplaning 100, 111
ASC+T Automatic s tability
control plus
Traction
Traktion 10, 84
As htray 94
AUC Automatic
re circulate d-air control 91
Automatic car was he s 131
Automatic re circulate d-air
control AUC 91
Automatic s tability control
plus traction
ASC+T 10, 84
Automatic trans mis s ion 58
Capacity 166
Filling capacity 166
Autoradio 108
Ave rage fue l
cons umption 79
Ave rage s pe e d 78
Axle load, pe rmis s ible 163
B
Backre s t unlock 45
Backup lights 57, 143
Batte ry 149, 167
Re moval and
ins tallation 150
Symbols 149
Batte ry capacity 167
Batte ry change
Ke y 145
Batte ry charge curre nt 20
Batte ry e le ctrolyte 149
Batte ry, dis charge d 153
Be lts 47
blowe r 92
BMW Conve rtible
Car was h 136
Care 136
Ele ctrical
Conve rtible top
actuation 39
Eme rge ncy clos ure 41
Fully automatic
Conve rtible top
actuation 39
Hardtop 109
Manual conve rtible top
Actuation 41
Manual conve rtible top
actuation 37
Re ar window
Ve ntilation 91, 105
Rollove r prote ction
s ys te m 52
Ski bag 97
Storage compartme nt 95
Ve hicle
de commis s ioning 137
BMW Convrtible
Ele ctrical windows
Lifte rs 36
BMW Hi-Fi Sys te m 93
BMW Sport s e at 44
Brake fluid 128
Brake lights ,
Re place bulbs 143
Brake pads 20
Brake s ys te m hydraulic
circuits 21
Brake -in proce dure 100
Brake s 104
De fe cts 128
Inte rfe re nce 105
Braking s ys te m 105
Bre aking in ve hicle 100
Bulb re place me nt 141
C
Car batte ry 149
Car was h 131
CARB OBD II inte rface 24
Care of uphols te ry 134
Care of wool ve lour 134
Care , e xte rior 132
Care , inte rior 133
Care , ve hicle e xte rior 132
Catalytic conve rte r 102
Ce llular phone 108
Ce nte r armre s t 95
Ce ntral brake light 143
Ce ntral locking s ys te m 31
Ce ntral locking s ys te m
button 32
Ce ntral locking unit 31
Change s ,
te chnical 6
Charge -curre nt indicator
light 20
Charging the batte ry 150
Che ck air pre s s ure 25
Che ck control 71
Che ck Control with outs ide
te mpe rature gauge and
digital clock 74
Che ck e ngine oil le ve l 124
CHECK ke y 71
Che ck oil le ve l 124
Childproof door locks 52
Child-re s traint s ys te m 48
Cigare tte lighte r 94
Everything from A to Z
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Clock 66, 67, 68, 69
Cockpit 16
Coinbox 94
Compute r 77, 78, 79, 80,
81, 82, 83
Cons umption dis play 64
Conve nie nt clos ure 31
Conve rtible , re fe r to BMW
conve rtible
Coolant 105, 127, 166
Coolant, Antifre e ze 105
Cooling s ys te m 166
Cruis e control 62
Cruis ing range 79
Cup holde r 94
D
Das hboard 16
Das hboard lighting 85
Data
Dime ns ions 161
Engine 160
Road pe rformance 163
We ights 163
Data, te chnical 160
Date 68, 72, 74
Daytime light s witch 85
De commis s ioning of the
Ve hicle 137
De e p wate r 101
De fros t winds hie lds 91
De fros t, winds hie lds 91
De fros ting pos ition 91
Die s e l
Inje ction s ys te m 19
Inte rfe re nce 19
Digital clock 66, 67, 68, 69
Dime ns ions 161
Dips tik, e ngine oil 124
Dis c brake s 104
Dis conne ct the batte ry 150
Dis play lighting 85
Dis tance , re maining 79
Door ke ys 30
Door locks 31
Doors , e me rge ncy actuation
31
Drive be lts 167
Drive r's airbag 50
Driving hints 100
Driving in winte r 105
E
Ele ctric window actuator 35
Ele ctrical s e at
Adjus tme nt 44
Ele ctrical s ys te m 167
Ele ctrolyte 149
Ele ctronic unit
Ve hicle immobilization 30
Ele me nts of ope ration 16
Eme rge ncy actuation,
Ce ntral locking s ys te m 31
Tank cove r 152
Ene rgy Control 63
Engine coolant 166
Engine data 160
Engine oil 124
Capacity 166
Filling capacity 166
Engine oil additive s 125
Engine oil cons umption 124
Engine oil le ve l 20
Engine oil pre s s ure 20
Eye le ts , tow s tarting and
Towing 154
F
Failure me s s age 71
Failure of an e le ctrical
de vice 151
Fault dis play 71
Fille r cap cove r 23
Filling capacity 166
Final drive
Capacity 166
Filling capacity 166
Firs t aid 22
Firs t aid kit 22
Flas he rs 60
Flat tire 111, 146
Flowe r polle n 92
Foglight 86
Foglights , re place bulb 142
Folding
Re ar backre s t 95
Footbrake 104
Footwe ll light,
Re place bulb 145
Footwe ll lights 86
Front s e at, pos ition 43
Fue l
Pre paration 160
Proce s s ing 160
Fue l cons umption indicator
63
Fue l gauge 64
Fus e s ,
Re placing 151
G
Glove compartme nt 93
Glove compartme nt light,
bulb re place me nt 145
Gros s we ight,
pe rmis s ible 163
H
Hand light 93
Handbrake 56
Hazard warning s ys te m 22
Hazard warning triangle 22
He ad re s traint 43
He adlight cle aning Sys te m
124
He adlight cle aning s ys te m
166
He adlight cove rs , care 131
He adlight flas he r 60
He ate d s e ats 87
He ight 161
Hi-Fi Sys te m 93
High be ams 60
Highbe am he adlights ,
Re place lights 141
Hood re le as e 118
Horn 17
Everything from A to Z
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I
Ice warning 66
Ide ntification mark, tire s 113
Ignition 54
Ignition ke y 30
Ignition s witch 54
Inde pe nde nt ve ntilation 81
Indicator lights 20
Inflation pre s s ure 25, 111
Ins ide mirror 46
Ins ide re arvie w mirror 46
INSPECTION 64
Ins talling child s e ats 49
Ins trume nt 18
Ins trume nt lighting 85
Inte rior lights 86, 144
Inte rior lights ,
Re place bulbs 144
Inte rmitte nt wipe r s witch 61
J
Jack 146
Jump s tart 153
K
Ke ys 30
Kickdown 59
L
Le athe r care 135
LED Light-e mitting diode s
110
Le ngth 161
Lice ns e plate light,
Re place bulb 144
Light s witch 85
Light-e mitting diode LED
110
Limit 80
Loading 98
Lock buttons 31
Locks , care 105
Lowbe am he adlight 85
Lowbe am he adlights ,
Re place lights 141
Low-fue l warning light 64
Luggage s traps 34
Lumbar s upport 45
M
M+S-Tire s 114
Mainte nance 64, 130
Make -up mirror 46
Manual trans mis s ion 57
Capacity 166
Manually controlle d
re circulate d-air 91
Maximum s pe e d 163
Micro-filte r 92
MID Multi-information
dis play 66, 67, 68, 69
Mirror he ating 46
Mirrors 46
Multifunction s witch 60
Multi-information dis play
MID 66, 67, 68, 69
O
Odome te r 63
Oil
Capacity 166
Oil additive s 125
Oil change inte rval,
Re fe r to the s e rvice
bookle t 124
Oil cons umption 124
Oil dips tick 124
Oil filte r change 166
Oil filte r re ne wal 166
Oil le ve l, indicator light 20
Oil pre s s ure , indicator light
20
OIL SERVICE 64
Oil, powe r s te e ring 128
On-board compute r 77, 78,
79, 80, 81, 82, 83
Ope rating 31
Outs ide re arvie w mirror 46
Outs ide te mpe rature 66, 78
Dis play 66
Outs ide te mpe rature
indicator 68
P
Paintwork, care 132
Paintwork, dirt and
contaminants 132
Paintwork, minor re pairs
133
Paintwork, waxing 133
Parking brake 56
Parking light 85
Parking light,
Re place bulb 141
Parking lights 60
Parking, Winte r 106
Pas s e nge r airbag 50
Payload, maximum 163
Pocke t light 93
Powe r door locks 31
Powe r s te e ring, oil 128
Pre s s ure , tire 25
Pre s s ure , tire s 111
Proce dure 147
R
Radiator 166
Re ading lights 86
Re ar backre s t,
folding 95
Re ar foglight 86, 143
Re clining s e at 43
Re fue ling 23
Re mote control
On-board compute r 83
Re move mis t
Winds hie lds 91
Re place me nt ke ys 30
Re ve rs e 57
Rims 113, 115
Road pe rformance 163
Roof load, approve d 163
Roof load, pe rmis s ible 163
Roof rack 107
Roof-mounte d luggage rack
107
Rubbe r parts 105
Rubbe r s e als and
Everything from A to Z
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compone nts 105
S
SAFETY DEFECTS 7
Se at he ate rs 87
Se at, e le ctric 44
Se at, me chanical 43
Se atback re le as e 45
Se atbe lts 47
Se ats , adjus tme nt 43
Se le ctor le ve r, automatic
trans mis s ion 58
Se rvice Inte rval Dis play 64
Shift programs 59
Side airbag 50
Sliding 106
Sliding/tilt s unroof 36
Clos e in cas e of e le ctrical
fault 152
Slippe ry roads 105
Snow chains 105
Spare ke y 30
Spare ke ys 30
Spare tire 112, 146
Spark plugs 167
Spe cial oils 125
Spe e d warning activation
thre s hold 80
Sport s e at 44
Start 54
Start the e ngine
Pre he ating 54
Starting as s is tance 153
Starting proble ms 102
Ste e l whe e l 115
Ste e ring 128
Ste e ring lock 54
Ste e ring whe e l lock 54
Stopwatch 80
Storage s he lve s 93
Summe r tire s 113
Sun vis or 46
Switching off the e ngine 55
Switching off the ve hicle 55
Symbols 4
Batte ry 149
T
Tachome te r 63
Tailgate 33
Taillights 143
Taillights ,
Re place bulbs 143
Tank cove r
Unlock in cas e of
e le ctrical fault 152
Te chnical Data 160
Te chnical data 160
Te le phone 108
Te mpe rature 91
Te mpe rature dis play 66
Te mpe rature laye ring 92
Te mpomat 62
Thigh s upport
Ajus tme nt 44
Third brake light 143
Through loading s ys te m 95
Time r 81
Tire change 146
Tire damage s 111
Tire inflation pre s s ure 25,
111
Tire ins cription 113
Tire re place me nt 112
Tire s ize s 115
Tire tre ad 111
Tool kit 140
Tools 140
Tow s tarting 154
Towing 154
Towing e ye le ts 154
Track 161
Traile r load, pe rmis s ible 163
Traile r nos e we ight,
pe rmis s ible 163
Trans mis s ion 57
Trave ling abroad 102
Tre ad de pth, tire s 111
Trip 63
Trip dis tance re corde r 63
Trip odome te r 63
Trunk
Capacity 163
Trunk lights ,
Re place bulb 145
Turn on 54
Turn s ignal indicator 60
Turn s ignal,
Re place bulb 142
Turn s ignals 143
Turning circle 161
Turning radius 161
U
Unloade d ve hicle we ight
163
Unlocking and locking doors
31
Us e d batte rie s 150
V
Ve hicle care , inte rior 133
Ve hicle de commis s ioning
137
Ve hicle ide ntification 129
Ve hicle ide ntification
numbe r 129
Ve hicle immobilization unit
30
Ve hicle paintwork 132
Ve hicle we ight 163
Ve ntilate at a s tands till 81
Ve ntilation, draft fre e 92
W
Warm fe e t - cool he ad 92
Warning 71
Warning Light-On 85
Warning lights 20
Was he r fluid
Add 124
Fill up 166
Was he r fluid re s e rvoir
Everything from A to Z
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
174
Note : This inde x doe s not corre s pond to the original manual in all de tails
Fill up 166
Was he r re s e rvoir
Fill up 124
Was hing your car 131
Wate r on the roads 101
Waxing, paintwork 133
We ights 163
Whe e l bolts 147
Cove r 147
Whe e l lug wre nch 146
Whe e l rotation on the
Axle s 112
Whe e l trim 147
Whe e lbas e 161
Whe e ls and tire s 113, 115
Whe e ls lip control, re fe r to
ASC+T 10, 84
Width 161
Window 31
Window actuator,
Safe ty s witch 35
Window actuator, e le ctric
35
Window mis t
Re move 91
Winds hie ld cle aning
Automatic program 61
Winds hie ld was he r fluid
re s e rvoir
Fill up 124, 166
Winds hie ld was he r je t,
He ating 61
Winds hie ld was he r nozzle
adjus tme nt 124
Winds hie ld wipe r blade
re place me nt 140
Winds hie ld wipe rs 61
Winte r ope ration 105
Winte r tire s 113
Wipe r blade re place me nt
140
Wipe r/was he r s ys te m 61
Wipe rs 61
Work in the e ngine
compartme nt 118
Everything from A to Z
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG
175
A
t

a

g
l
a
n
c
e
C
o
n
t
r
o
l
s

C
a
r

c
a
r
e
R
e
p
a
i
r
s
T
e
c
h
n
i
c
a
l
D
a
t
a
I
n
d
e
x
Note : This inde x doe s not corre s pond to the original manual in all de tails
A
Add coolant 127
Adding oil 125
Adjus ting was he r
nozzle s 124
Antifre e ze , us e 127
B
Backup lamp,
re place bulb 143
Batte ry,
charging 150
Batte ry change ,
mas te r ke y 145
radio re mote control 145
Batte ry,
add dis tille d wate r 149
dis charge d 153
Brake fluid, add 128
Brake lamps ,
re place bulb 143
Brake s , de fe cts 105
C
Che ck air pre s s ure 24
Che ck Control 70
Che ck e ngine oil le ve l 124
Coolant, add 127
D
De fros t winds hie lds 91
Difficult s te e ring 129
Door, e me rge ncy
actuation 32
E
Ele ctrical fault
Sliding/tilt s unroof 152
Fue l fille r door 152
Eme rge ncy actuation,
Door 32
Sliding/tilt s unroof 152
Fue l fille r door 152
Exte rnal s tarts 153
F
Failure me s s age s 70
Failure of an
e le ctrical de vice 151
Fault dis plays 70
Firs t aid 21
Fittings , tow-s tarting and
towing 154
Flat tire 146
Foglamps ,
re place bulb 142
Footwe ll lamp,
re place bulb 145
G
Glove compartme nt lamp,
re place bulb 145
H
Hazard warning s ys te m 21
Hazard warning triangle 21
He adlamp cove r, care 141
He lp in cas e of a
bre akdown 153
High be am he adlamps ,
re place lamps 141
I
Indicator lamps 19
Inflation pre s s ure 24
Inte rior lamps ,
re place bulbs 144
K
Ke y, batte ry change 145
L
Lice ns e plate lamp,
re place bulb 144
Low be am he adlamps ,
re place lamps 141
Luggage compartme nt lid,
e me rge ncy actuation 32
Luggage compartme nt
lamps , re place bulb 145
M
Mainte nance 63
O
Onboard tool kit 140
P
Parking lamp,
re place bulb 141
Powe r s te e ring,
add oil 128
Pre s s ure , tire s 24
Prote ctive glazing,
care 131
R
Re ar foglamps ,
re place bulb 142
Re move mis t on
winds hie lds 91
Re place bulbs 141
Re place fus e s 151
S
Sliding/tilt s unroof,
clos e in cas e of powe r
s upply inte rruption 152
Snow chains 105
Starting difficultie s 102, 153
Starting with a dis charge d
batte ry 153
T
Taillamp 143
Taillamp,
re place bulb 143
Tire change 146
Tire damage 111
Tools 140
Owner service procedures from A to Z
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176
Note : This inde x doe s not corre s pond to the original manual in all de tails
Top up winds hie ld was he r
fluid re s e rvoir 124
Towing 154
Tow fittings 154
Tow-s tarting 154
Turn s ignal,
re place bulb 142
U
Unlock tank cove r
in the e ve nt of
e le ctrical fault 152
Unlocking hood 118
Us e antifre e ze ,
radiator 127
W
Warning lamps 19
Was he r fluid, top up 124
Window mis t, re move 91
Owner service procedures from A to Z
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

So that you will have important s pe cifi-
cations available whe n you s top to re -
fue l, we re comme nd that you s upple -
me nt this table with data which apply to
your ve hicle .

Fuel


For a de s cription, re fe r to page 23

Engine oil

For a de s cription, re fe r to page 125
The s pace be twe e n the
two marks on the
dips tick corre s ponds to approx.
1.1 US quarts (1 lite r).
De s ignation
AKI: Minimum
AKI: For rate d pe rformance
AKI: For e nhance d
pe rformance
Quality

Tire inflation pressures

For a de s cription, re fe r to page 25
Summe r Winte r
Front Re ar Front Re ar
4 pe rs ons
5 pe rs ons or 4 plus luggage

Refueling
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

The Ultimate Driving Machine

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1
4
1
9
7
9
0
3
7
7
U
S
-
e
n

We wish you an enjoyable
driving experience.
Online Edition for Part No. 01 41 9 790 377 - © 07/98 BMW AG

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