REFRIGERATED COLD STORAGE DESIGN

Refrigeration Requuirements:
Given:

Fruits and Vegetables
Specific Heat, Hs:
Storage Temperature:
From 21º to 0ºC
Store Room Dimension: 3X3X3

Store Room Height:
Crate Dimension:
37x53x31
cm³
Store Room Capacity:Crates
Weight of fruits per crate:
Total Capacity:
8,300.00 kgs.
Weight of the crate container:
Heat Loss, Walls:
Length
Width
Wall area, sq.m.
3.50
3.00
Heat Loss, Floor:
Floor Area, sq.m.:
Ceilling Area, sq.m.:
Heat Loss, Ceiling:

COMPUTATION:

3.80
21.00
31.50
3.00
0.06
415.00
20.00
2.00
1.05
39.00
34.10
10.50
10.50
0.64

Fruits and Vegetables

1.00 HEAT LOAD = W*Hs*ºC

662,340.00
27,597.50

KJ/day
KJ/hr

1.10 POWER REQT. , Watts:

7,665.97

Watts

KJ
ºC
cu.m.
m
cm³
Crates
kgs.
kgs.
KJ/sq.m.ºC-hr
sq.m.
KJ/h-sq.m.
sq.m.
sq.m.
KJ/h-sq.m.

R-value

0.95 sq.m.ºC-hr/KJ

R-value

0.03 sq.m.-hr/KJ

R-value

1.57 sq.m.-hr/KJ

2.00 HEAT LOAD, Crates:

43,575.00
1,815.63

3.00 Respiration Heat Maximum:
Heat Maximum of fruit
on the seventh day storage

KJ/day
KJ/hr

8,130.20

KJ/hr

3,285.42

KJ/hr

4.00 Heat Transmission (Walls):

862.41

KJ/hr

5.00 Heat Transmission (Floor):
8ºC temperature Difference

358.05

KJ/hr

3.10 Additional Respiration Heat:
5 days intake of fruit cooled
to 0ºC

6.00 Heat Transmission (Ceiling):
Temperature Difference

200.03

KJ/hr

30 ºC

7.00 Electrical Heat Load:
Lights
No.of light
Fan Motors
No. of Fan

40 Watts
2 units
1.5 Hp
1 unit

8.00 Air infiltration assumes three
complete air changes in 24 h,
outside air 21ºC

2,304.00

KJ/hr

4,029.00

KJ/hr

4,252.50

KJ/hr

45.00 KJ/cu.m.21ºC
TOTAL AMOUNT OF HEAT PER HOUR:
Power Requirement: Watts
Compressor Power Reqt., Watts
Refrigeration Requirement, Tonnes

52,834.72
14.68

KJ/hr
KWatts

17.27 KWatts
4.17

tonnes

23.15

Hp

Commulative Respiration Heat of fruits during cooling
produced when a tonne of fruits are stored daily
Days from
Start of
Loading
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Mean Fruit temperature (ºC)*
15
7,000.00
7,000.00
7,000.00
7,000.00
7,000.00
7,000.00
7,000.00

10

5,217.00
5,217.00
5,217.00
5,217.00
5,217.00
5,217.00

6

4

2

1

2,917.00
2,917.00
2,917.00
2,917.00
2,917.00

2,009.00
2,009.00
2,009.00
2,009.00

2,344.00
2,344.00
2,344.00

2,122.00
2,122.00

* Approximate average temperature of the fruit during successive days as it is being co

during cooling
stored daily

0

TOTAL
HEAT (KJ)

7,000.00
12,217.00
15,134.00
17,143.00
19,487.00
21,609.00
1,900.00 23,509.00

ive days as it is being cooled from 21ºC to 0ºC

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