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THE ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES ACT, 1955

An Act to provide, in the interests of the gener! p"#!ic, for the contro! of
the prod"ction, s"pp!$ nd distri#"tion of, nd trde nd co%%erce, in certin
co%%odities
&e it encted #$ 'r!i%ent, in the Si(th $er of the )ep"#!ic of Indi s
fo!!o*s+ ,
1- Short tit!e nd e(tent- , .1/ This Act %$ #e c!!ed the Essenti!
Co%%odities Act, 1955-
.0/ It e(tends to the *ho!e of Indi-
0- Definition- , In this Act, "n!ess the conte(t other*ise re1"ires, ,
2132.i4/ ,Code, %ens the Code of Cri%in! 'roced"re, 1956 .0 of 1957/, nd3
2032.ii4/ ,Co!!ector, inc!"des n Addition! Co!!ector nd s"ch other officer,
not #e!o* the rn8 of S"#4Division! Officer, s %$ #e "thorised #$ the
Co!!ector to perfor% the f"nctions nd e(ercise the po*ers of the Co!!ector
"nder this Act93
./ ,essenti! co%%odit$, %ens n$ of the fo!!o*ing c!sses of co%%odities+
.i/ ctt!e fodder, inc!"ding oi!4c8es nd other concentrtes9
.ii/ co! inc!"ding co8e nd other derivtives9
.iii/ co%ponent prts nd ccessories of "to%o#i!es9
.iv/ cotton nd *oo!!en te(ti!es9
.iv4/ dr"gs-
E(p!ntion- , In this s"#4c!"se, :dr"g; hs the %ening ssigned to it in
C!"se .#/ of Section 6 of the Dr"gs nd Cos%etics Act, 197< .06 of 197</9
.v/ foodst"ffs inc!"ding edi#!e oi!4seeds nd oi!s9
.vi/ iron nd stee!, inc!"ding %n"fct"red prod"cts of iron nd stee!9
.vii/ pper inc!"ding ne*sprint, pper #ord nd str* #ord9
.viii/ petro!e"% nd petro!e"% prod"cts9
.i(/ r* cotton, nd *hether ginned or "nginned, nd cotton seed9
.(/ r* ="te9
.(i/ n$ other c!ss of co%%odit$ *hich the Centr! >overn%ent %$, #$ notified
order, dec!re to #e n essenti! co%%odit$ for the p"rposes of this Act, #eing
co%%odit$ *ith respect to *hich 'r!i%ent hs po*er to %8e !*s #$ virt"e of
Entr$ 66 in List III of the Seventh Sched"!e to the Constit"tion-
.#/ ,food4crops, inc!"de crops of s"grcne9
.c/ ,notified order, %ens n order notified in the Offici! >?ette9
.cc/ ,order, inc!"des direction iss"ed there"nder9
.d/ ,Stte >overn%ent,, in re!tion to @nion territor$, %ens the
d%inistrtion thereof9
.e/ ,s"gr, %ens ,
.i/ n$ for% of s"gr contining %ore thn ninet$ per cent of s"crose,
inc!"ding, s"gr cnd$9
.ii/ Ahndsri s"gr or #"r s"gr or cr"shed s"gr or n$ s"gr in cr$st!!ine
or po*dered for%9 or
.iii/ s"gr in process in vc""%4pn fctor$ or r* s"gr prod"ced therein-
2632.f/ *ords nd e(pressions "sed #"t not defined in this Act nd defined in
the Code sh!! hve the %enings respective!$ ssigned to the% in tht Code-3
STATE AMENDMENTS
,Hi%ch! 'rdesh+
,, After s"#4c!"se .vi/ of C!"se ./ of Section 0, the fo!!o*ing ne* s"#4
c!"se .vi4/ inserted, n%e!$+
,, .vi4/ pc8ing cses %de *ho!!$ or prt!$ of *ood, crd #ord or str*-
,2H-'- Act 1 of 19903
,Mhrsthr+
,,, .i/, After the *ords ,the conte(t other*ise re1"ires,, the fo!!o*ing c!"se
sh!! #e inserted, n%e!$+
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .4i/, :Contro!!er; in >reter &o%#$ %ens the Contro!!er
of )tioning nd inc!"des n$ Dep"t$ or Assistnt Contro!!er of )tioning, nd
e!se*here %ens the Co!!ector of the District nd inc!"des n$ Assistnt or
Dep"t$ Co!!ector or District S"pp!$ Officer *ithin his respective ="risdiction-,
,,, .ii/, After c!"se .#/, the fo!!o*ing c!"ses sh!! #e inserted, n%e!$+
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .#/, :ho!der; in re!tion to n$ gric"!t"r! !nd, %ens
the person in ct"! possession of s"ch !nd nd inc!"des co%pn$ or other
#od$ corporte, fir%, ssocition, =oint f%i!$ or #od$ of individ"!s in =oint
possession of s"ch !nd9
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .##/, :ho!ding; %ens the ggregte of !! !nds in
possession of ho!der-
,2Mh- Act 1 of 195B3
Co%%ents
, Ce%ent , Is essenti! co%%odit$- A%rit Singh v- Stte- 1995 Cri-L-C- 6551
.De!hi/
6- 'o*er to contro! prod"ction, s"pp!$, distri#"tion, etc, of essenti!
co%%odities- , ,.1/ If the Centr! >overn%ent is of opinion tht it is necessr$
or e(pedient so to do for %intining or incresing s"pp!ies of n$ essenti!
co%%odit$ or for sec"ring their e1"it#!e distri#"tion nd vi!#i!it$ t fir
prices, or for sec"ring n$ essenti! co%%odit$ for the Defence of Indi or the
Efficient cond"ct of %i!itr$ opertions, it %$, #$ order, provide for
reg"!ting or prohi#iting the prod"ction, s"pp!$ nd distri#"tion thereof nd
trde co%%erce therein-
.0/ Ditho"t pre="dice to the gener!it$ of the po*ers conferred #$ s"#4section
.1/, n order %de there"nder %$ provide, ,
./ for reg"!ting #$ !icences, per%its or other*ise the prod"ction or
%n"fct"re of n$ essenti! co%%odit$9
.#/ for #ringing "nder c"!tivtion n$ *ste or r#!e !nd *hether pp"rtennt
to #"i!ding or not for the gro*ing thereon of food crops gener!!$ or of
specified food4crops, nd for other*ise %intining or incresing the
c"!tivtion of food crops gener!!$, or of specified food4crops9
.c/ for contro!!ing the price t *hich essenti! co%%odit$ %$ #e #o"ght or
so!d9
.d/ for reg"!ting #$ !icences, per%its or other*ise the storge, trnsport,
distri#"tion, dispos! c1"isition, "se or cons"%ption of, n$ essenti!
co%%odit$9
.e/ for prohi#iting the *ithho!ding fro% s!e of n$ essenti! co%%odit$
ordinri!$ 8ept for s!e9
.f/ for re1"iring n$ person ho!ding in stoc8, or engged in the prod"ction, or
in the #"siness of #"$ing or se!!ing, of n$ essenti! co%%odit$, ,
./ to se!! the *ho!e or specified prt of 1"ntit$ he!d in stoc8 or prod"ced
or received #$ hi%9 or
.#/ in the cse of n$ s"ch co%%odit$ *hich is !i8e!$ to #e prod"ced or received
#$ hi%, to se!! the *ho!e or specified prt of s"ch co%%odit$ *hen prod"ced or
received #$ hi%,
,to the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent or to n officer or gent of
s"ch >overn%ent or to Corportion o*ned or contro!!ed #$ s"ch >overn%ent or to
s"ch other person or c!ss of persons nd in s"ch circ"%stnces s %$ #e
specified in the order-
E(p!ntion 1- , An order %de "nder this c!"se in re!tion to foodgrins,
edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s, %$, hving regrd to the esti%ted prod"ction,
in the concerned re, of s"ch foodgrins edi#!e oi!4seeds nd edi#!e oi!s, fi(
the 1"ntit$ to #e so!d #$ the prod"cers in s"ch re nd %$ !so fi(, or
provide for the fi(tion of s"ch 1"ntit$ on grded #sis, hving regrd to
the ggregte of the re he!d #$, or "nder the c"!tivtion of the prod"cers-
E(p!ntion 0- , Eor the p"rpose of this c!"se, ,prod"ction, *ith its
gr%%tic! vritions nd cognte e(pressions inc!"des %n"fct"re of edi#!e
oi!s nd s"gr-
.g/ for reg"!ting or prohi#iting n$ c!ss of co%%erci! or finnci!
trnsctions re!ting to foodst"ffs, or cotton4te(ti!es *hich, in the opinion of
the "thorit$ %8ing the order, re, or, if "nreg"!ted, re !i8e!$ to #e
detri%ent! to the p"#!ic interest9
.h/ for co!!ecting n$ infor%tion or sttistics *ith vie* to reg"!ting or
prohi#iting n$ of the foresid %tters9
.i/ for re1"iring persons engged in the prod"ction, s"pp!$ or distri#"tion of,
or trde, nd co%%erce in n$ essenti! co%%odit$ to %intin nd prod"ce for
inspection s"ch #oo8s, cco"nts nd records re!ting to their #"siness nd to
f"rnish s"ch infor%tion re!ting thereto, s %$ #e specified in the order9
.ii/ for the grnt or iss"e of !icences, per%its or other doc"%ents, the
chrging of fees therefor, the deposit of s"ch s"%, if n$, s %$ #e specified
in the order s sec"rit$ for the d"e perfor%nce of the conditions of n$ s"ch
!icence, per%it or other doc"%ent, the forfeit"re of the s"% so deposited or n$
prt thereof for contrvention of n$ s"ch conditions, nd the d="diction of
s"ch forfeit"re #$ s"ch "thorit$ s %$ specified in the order9
.=/ for n$ incident! nd s"pp!e%entr$ %tters, inc!"ding in prtic"!r, the
entr$, serch or e(%intion of pre%ises, ircrft, vesse!s, vehic!es or other
conve$nces nd ni%!s, nd the sei?"re #$ person "thori?ed to %8e s"ch
entr$, serch or e(%intion, ,
.i/ of n$ rtic!es in respect of *hich s"ch person hs reson to #e!ieve tht
contrvention of the order hs #een, is #eing, or is #o"t to #e co%%itted nd
n$ pc8ges, coverings or receptc!es in *hich s"ch rtic!es re fo"nd9
.ii/ of n$ ircrft, vesse!, vehic!e or other conve$nce or ni%! "sed in
crr$ing s"ch rtic!es, if s"ch person hs reson to #e!ieve tht s"ch ircrft,
vesse!, vehic!e or other conve$nce or ni%! is !i#!e to #e forfeited "nder
the provisions of this Act9
.iii/ of n$ #oo8s of cco"nts nd doc"%ents *hich in the opinion of s"ch
person, %$ #e "sef"! for, or re!evnt to, n$ proceeding "nder this Act nd the
person fro% *hose c"stod$ s"ch #oo8s of cco"nts or doc"%ents re sei?ed sh!!
entit!ed to %8e copies thereof or to t8e e(trcts therefro% in the presence of
n officer hving the c"stod$ of s"ch #oo8s of cco"nts or doc"%ents-
.6/ Dhere n$ person se!!s n$ essenti! co%%odit$ in co%p!ince *ith n order
%de *ith reference to C!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/, there sh!! #e pid to hi%
the price therefor s hereinfter provided, ,
./ *here the price cn, consistent!$ *ith the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed
"nder this section, #e greed "pon, the greed price9
.#/ *here no s"ch gree%ent cn #e reched, the price, c!c"!ted *ith reference
to the contro!!ed price, if n$9
.c/ *here neither C!"se ./ not C!"se .#/ pp!ies, the price c!c"!ted t the
%r8et rte previ!ing in the !oc!it$ t the dte of s!e-
.64A/.i/ If the Centr! >overn%ent is of opinion tht it is necessr$ so to do
for contro!!ing the rise in prices, or preventing the hording of n$ foodst"ff
in n$ !oc!it$, it %$, #$ notifiction in the Offici! >?ette, direct tht
not*ithstnding n$thing contined in s"#4section .6/, the price t *hich the
foodst"ff sh!! #e so!d in the !oc!it$ in co%p!ince *ith n order %de *ith
reference to C!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/ sh!! #e reg"!ted in ccordnce *ith
the provisions of this s"#4section-
.ii/ An$ notifiction iss"ed "nder this s"#4section sh!! re%in in force for
s"ch period not e(ceeding three %onths s %$ #e specified in the notifiction-
.iii/ Dhere, fter the iss"e of notifiction "nder this s"#4section n$ person
se!!s foodst"ff of the 8ind specified therein, nd in the !oc!it$ so specified,
in co%p!ince *ith n order %de *ith reference to C!"se .f/ of s"#4section
.0/, there sh!! #e pid to the se!!er s the price therefor, ,
./ *here the price cn, consistent!$ *ith the contro!!ed price of the
foodst"ff, if n$, fi(ed "nder this section, #e gree "pon, the greed price,
.#/ *here no s"ch gree%ent cn #e reched, the price c!c"!ted *ith reference
to the contro!!ed price, if n$9
.c/ *here neither C!"se ./ nor C!"se .#/ pp!ies, the price c!c"!ted *ith
reference to the verge %r8et rte previ!ing in the !oc!it$ d"ring the
period of three %onths i%%edite!$ preceding the dte of the notifiction-
.iv/ Eor the p"rposes of s"#4section .c/ of C!"se .iii/ the verge %r8et rte
previ!ing in the !oc!it$ sh!! #e deter%ined #$ n officer "thorised #$ the
Centr! >overn%ent in this #eh!f, *ith reference to the previ!ing %r8et rtes
for *hich p"#!ished fig"res re vi!#!e in respect of tht !oc!it$ or of
neigh#o"ring !oc!it$9 nd the the verge %r8et rte so deter%ined sh!! #e
fin! nd sh!! not #e c!!ed in 1"estion in n$ co"rt-
.64&/ Dhere n$ person is re1"ired, #$ n order %de *ith reference to C!"se
.f/ of s"#4section .0/, to se!! to the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent
or to n officer or gent of s"ch >overn%ent or to Corportion o*ned or
contro!!ed #$ s"ch >overn%ent, n$ grde or vriet$ or foodgrins, edi#!e oi!
seeds or edi#!e oi!s in re!tion to *hich no notifiction hs #een iss"ed "nder
s"#4section .64A/, or s"ch notifiction hve #een iss"ed, hs cesed to #e in
force, there sh!! #e pid to the person concerned not*ithstnding n$thing to
the contrr$ contined s"#4section .6/, n %o"nt e1"! to the proc"re%ent price
of s"ch foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s, s the cse %$ #e specified
#$ the Stte >overn%ent, *ith the previo"s pprov! of the Centr! >overn%ent
hving regrd to, ,
./ the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed "nder this section or #$ or "nder n$
other !* for the ti%e #eing in force for s"ch grde or vriet$ of foodgrins,
edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s9
.#/ the gener! crop prospects9
.c/ the need for %8ing s"ch grde or vriet$ of foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or
edi#!e oi!s vi!#!e t reson#!e prices to the cons"%ers, prtic"!r!$ the
v"!ner#!e sections of the cons"%ers9 nd
.d/ the reco%%endtions, if n$, of the Agric"!t"r! 'rices Co%%ission *ith
regrd to the price of the concerned grde or vriet$ of foodgrins, edi#!e
oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s-
.64C/ Dhere n$ prod"cer is re1"ired #$ n order %de *ith reference to C!"se
.f/ of s"#4section .0/ to se!! n$ 8ind of s"gr .*hether to the Centr!
>overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent or to n officer or gent of s"ch >overn%ent or
to n$ other person or c!ss of persons/ nd either no notifiction in respect
of s"ch s"gr hs #een iss"ed, "nder s"#4section .64A/ or n$ s"ch notifiction,
hving #een iss"ed, hs cesed to re%in in force #$ eff!"( of ti%e, then,
not*ithstnding n$thing contined in s"#4section .6/ there sh!! #e pid to
tht prod"cer n %o"nt therefor *hich sh!! #e c!c"!ted *ith reference to
s"ch price of s"gr s the Centr! >overn%ent %$, #$ order, deter%ine, hving
regrd to, ,
./ the %ini%"% price, if n$, fi(ed for s"grcne #$ the Centr! >overn%ent
"nder this section9
.#/ the %n"fct"ring cost of s"gr9
.c/ the d"t$ or t(, if n$, pid or p$#!e thereon9 nd
.d/ the sec"ring of reson#!e ret"rn on the cpit! e%p!o$ed in the #"siness
of %n"fct"ring s"gr9
nd different prices %$ #e deter%ined fro% ti%e to ti%e for different res or
for different fctories or for different 8inds of s"gr-
E(p!ntion- , Eor the p"rposes of this s"#4section ,prod"cer, %ens person
crr$ing on the #"siness of %n"fct"ring s"gr-
.7/ If the Centr! >overn%ent is of opinion tht it is necessr$ so to do for
%intining or incresing the prod"ction nd s"pp!$ of n essenti! co%%odit$,
it %$, #$ order, "thorise n$ person .hereinfter referred to s n "thorised
contro!!er/ to e(ercise, *ith respect to the *ho!e or n$ prt of s"ch
"ndert8ing engged in the prod"ction nd s"pp!$ of the co%%odit$ s %$ #e
specified in the order, s"ch f"nctions of contro! s %$ #e provided therein nd
so !ong s s"ch order is in force *ith respect to n$ "ndert8ing or prt
thereof, ,
./ the "thorised contro!!er sh!! e(ercise his f"nctions in, ccordnce *ith
n$ instr"ctions given to hi% #$ the Centr! >overn%ent, so, ho*ever, tht he
sh!! not hve n$ po*er to give n$ direction inconsistent *ith the provisions
of n$ enct%ent or n$ instr"%ent deter%ining the f"nctions of the persons in
chrge of the %nge%ent of the "ndert8ing e(cept in so fr s %$ #e
specific!!$ provided #$ the order9 nd
.#/ the "ndert8ing or prt sh!! #e crried on in ccordnce *ith n$
directions given #$ the "thorised contro!!er "nder the provisions of the order,
nd n$ person hving n$ f"nctions of %nge%ent in re!tion to the "ndert8ing
or prt sh!! co%p!$ *ith n$ s"ch directions-
2S"#4sections .74A/, .74&/ nd .74C/ to Section 6 inserted #$ Act 17 of 19B5
Section 0 cesed to hve effect fro% 6146419BF-3 )epe!ed #$ Act 5B of 1957,
Section 0 nd Sched"!e I-
.5/ An order %de "nder this section sh!!, ,
./ in the cse of n order of gener! nt"re or ffecting c!ss of persons,
#e notified in the Offici! >?ette9 nd
.#/ in the cse of n order directed to specified individ"! #e served on s"ch
individ"!, ,
.i/ #$ de!ivering or tendering it to tht individ"!9 or
.ii/ if it cnnot #e so de!ivered or tendered, #$ ffi(ing it the o"ter door or
so%e other conspic"o"s prt of the pre%ises in *hich tht individ"! !ives, nd
*ritten report thereof sh!! #e prepred nd *itnessed #$ t*o persons !iving
in the neigh#o"rhood-
.B/ Ever$ order %de "nder this section #$ the Centr! >overn%ent or #$ n$
officer or "thorit$ of the Centr! >overn%ent sh!! #e !id #efore #oth Ho"ses
of 'r!i%ent, s soon s %$ #e, fter it is %de-
STATE AMENDMENTS
,&ihr+
,, In Section 6 of the Act ,
,,, ./, in s"#4section .0/, for c!"se .f/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e nd
sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+, ,.f/ for re1"iring n$
person ho!ding in stoc8, or engged in the %n"fct"re or prod"ction of, or in
the #"siness of #"$ing or se!!ing, n$ essenti! co%%odit$ to se!! the *ho!e or
specified prt of the 1"ntit$ he!d in stoc8 or %n"fct"red or prod"ced or
c"sed to #e prod"ced #$ hi% or received or !i8e!$ to #e received #$ hi% in the
co"rse of the sid #"siness, to the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent or
to s"ch other person or c!ss of persons nd in s"ch circ"%stnces s %$ #e
specified in the order-
,, E(p!ntion- , An order re!ting to foodgrins %de *ith reference to this
c!"se ,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,.i/, %$ specif$ the prices, fi(ed #$ the Centr!GStte
>overn%ent in this #eh!f fter t8ing into cco"nt the reco%%endtion, if n$,
of the Agric"!t"r! 'rices Co%%ission nd *ith the prior conc"rrence of the
Centr! >overn%ent s the %o"nt *hich sh!! #e pid for the foodgrins re1"ired
to #e so!d "nder the order9
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .ii/, %$ fi( or provide for the fi(tion of the 1"ntit$ to
#e so!d #$ prod"cer *ith reference to the re "nder c"!tivtion nd the
vi!#i!it$ of irrigtion for prod"ction of the prtic"!r foodgrin to *hich
the order re!tes nd !so fi( or provide for the fi(tion of s"ch 1"ntities or
grded #sis hving regrd to the ggregte re he!d #$ or "nder the
c"!tivtion of different prod"cers,9
,,, .#/, in s"#4section .6/, for c!"se .c/, the fo!!o*ing c!"ses sh!! #e nd
sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,,, .c/, in cse of foodgrins, *here neither c!"se ./ nor c!"se .#/ !!ies,
the price, if n$, specified in the sid order9
,,, .d/, *here neither c!"se ./, nor c!"se .#/, nor c!"se .c< pp!ies, the
price c!c"!ted t the %r8et rte previ!ing in the !oc!it$ t the dte of
s!e,9
,,, .e/, in s"#4section .64&/, fter c!"se ./, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e
nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een inserted, n%e!$+
,,,, ./, in the cse of foodgrins, *here no contro!!ed price is fi(ed #$ n
order %de *ith reference to c!"se .c/ of s"#4section .0/, the %o"nt specified
in the sid order %de *ith reference to c!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/ for s"ch
grde or vriet$ of foodgrins9 or,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2&ihr Act
IH of 195F3-
,Mhrshtr+
,, In Section 6 of the princip! Act, ,
,,, .i/, in s"#4section .0/, for c!"se .f/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,,,,,, .f/, for re1"iring n$ person ho!ding in stoc8, or !i8e!$ to ho!d in
stoc8 or, engged in the %n"fct"re or prod"ction or processing of, in the
#"siness of or #"$ing or se!!ing, n$ essenti! co%%odit$ to se!!, the *ho!e or
specified prt of the 1"ntit$ or the essenti! co%%odit$ he!d in stoc8 or
!i8e!$ to #e he!d in stoc8 #$ hi% or %n"fct"red or prod"ced or processed or
!i8e!$ to #e %n"fct"red or prod"ced or processed #$ hi% or received or !i8e!$
to #e received #$ hi% in his #"siness of #"$ing or se!!ing to the Centr!
>overn%ent or the Stte >overn%ent or to n officer or gent of n$ >overn%ent
or to s"ch other person or c!ss of persons nd in s"ch circ"%stnces s %$ #e
specified in the order-, E(p!ntion- , An order %de "nder this c!"se in
respect of foodgrins %$ fi( or provide for fi(tion of the 1"ntit$ to #e so!d
#$ prod"cer *ith reference to the nt"re nd e(tent of his ho!ding or the !nd
reven"e p$#!e #$ hi% *ith certin *eightges *hich %$ #e prescri#ed for
certin crops or !nds en=o$ing irrigtion or other fci!ities nd !so fi( or
provide for fi(tion of the 1"ntit$ to #e so!d on grded #sis hving regrd
to the si?e of the ho!dings of different prod"cers-,
,,, .ii/, in s"#4section .6/, for c!"se .c/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted, nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+, ,.c/
*here neither c!"se ./ nor c!"se .#/ pp!ies, in the cse of foodgrins, the
%o"nt, if n$, specified in or c!c"!ted in ccordnce *ith the order %de
"nder c!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/ red *ith s"#4section .64&/, nd in the cse
of n$ other essenti! co%%odit$, the price c!c"!ted t the %r8et rte
previ!ing in the !oc!it$ t the dte of s!e-,
,,, .iii/, for s"#4section .64&/, the fo!!o*ing s"#4section sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted, nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s, to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+, ,.64
&/ Dhere, #$ n order %de *ith reference to c!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/, n$
person is re1"ired to se!! n$ grde or vriet$ of foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds
or edi#!e oi!s to the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent or n officer or
gent of s"ch >overn%ent or Corportion o*ned or contro!!ed #$ s"ch >overn%ent
or to person or c!ss of persons specified in the order, nd either no
notifiction in respect of s"ch foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s hs
#een iss"ed "nder s"#4section .64A/, or n$ s"ch notifiction hving #een
iss"ed, hs cesed to re%in in force #$ eff!"( of ti%e then, not*ithstnding
n$thing contined in s"#4section .6/, there sh!! #e pid to the person
concerned n %o"nt deter%ined #$ the Centr! >overn%ent or the Stte
>overn%ent, s the cse %$ #e,

,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ./, hving regrd to the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed
"nder this section or #$ or "nder n$ !* for the ti%e #eing in force for s"ch
grde or vriet$ of foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s, or
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .#/, hving regrd to the prices reco%%ended #$ the
Agric"!t"r! 'rices Co%%ission for the concerned essenti! co%%odit$, *here no
contro!!ed price in re!tion to s"ch co%%odit$, hs #een fi(ed #$ or "nder n$
!* for the ti%e #eing in
force-,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 2Mh- Act 1 of
195B3-
,Oriss+
,, In Section 6 of the Act, ,
,,, .i/, in s"#4section .0/, for c!"se .f/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e nd
sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .f/, for re1"iring n$ person ho!ding in stoc8 or engged in
the %n"fct"re or prod"ction of, or in the #"siness of #"$ing or se!!ing n$
essenti! co%%odit$ to se!! the *ho!e or specified prt of the 1"ntit$ he!d
in stoc8 or %n"fct"red or prod"ced or c"sed to #e prod"ced, %n"fct"red or
prod"ced #$ hi% or received or !i8e!$ to #e received #$ hi% in the co"rse of the
sid #"siness, to the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent or to n officer
or gent to s"ch >overn%ent or to s"ch other person or c!ss of persons nd in
s"ch circ"%stnces s %$ #e specified in the order-
,, E(p!ntion- , An order re!ting to foodgrins %de *ith reference to this
c!"se ,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .i/, %$ specif$ the prices, fi(ed #$ the Stte >overn%ent
in this #eh!f, fter t8ing into cco"nt the reco%%endtions, if n$, of the
Agric"!t"r! 'rices Co%%ission nd *ith the prior conc"rrence of the Centr!
>overn%ent, s the %o"nt *hich sh!! #e pid for the foodgrin re1"ired to #e
so!d "nder the order9
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .ii/, %$ fi( or provide for the fi(tion of the 1"ntit$ to
#e so!d #$ prod"cer *ith reference to the re "nder c"!tivtion nd the
vi!#i!it$ of irrigtion for prod"ction of the prtic"!r foodgrin to *hich
the order re!tes, nd !so, fi( or provide for the fi(tion of s"ch 1"ntities
on grded #sis hving regrd to the ggregte re he!d #$ or "nder the
c"!tivtion of the different prod"cers-,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .ii/, in s"#4section .6/, for c!"se .c/ the fo!!o*ing
c!"ses sh!! #e nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,.c/, in the cse of foodgrins, *here neither c!"se ./,
nor c!"se .#/ pp!ies, the price, if n$, specified in the sid order+
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .d/, *here neither c!"se ./, nor c!"se .#/, nor c!"se
.c/ pp!ies, the price c!c"!ted t the %r8et rte previ!ing in the !oc!it$
t the dte of s!e-,
,,, ,,,,,,,, .iii/, in s"#4section .64&/ fter c!"se .i/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se
sh!! #e inserted nd sh!! #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een inserted, n%e!$+, ,
.i4/ in the cse of foodgrins *here no contro!!ed price is fi(ed #$ n order
%de *ith reference to c!"se .c/ of s"#4section .0/, the %o"nt specified in
the sid order %de *ith reference to c!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/ for s"ch
grde or vriet$ of foodgrins9
or,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2Oriss Act F of 195B3-
,@ttr 'rdesh+
,, In s"#4section .0/ in c!"se .f/, fter E(p!ntion 1, the fo!!o*ing
E(p!ntion sh!! #e inserted, n%e!$+
,, ,E(p!ntion 14A- , An order %de "nder this c!"se in re!tion to rice %$,
hving regrd to the %i!!ing cpcit$ of rice %i!!, fi( the 1"ntit$ to #e
so!d #$ the !icensed %i!!er nd %$ !so fi( or provide for the fi(tion of s"ch
1"ntit$ on grded #sis-,
,2@-'- Act 1B of 195F3
,, In s"#4section .0/, fter c!"se .f/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e inserted,
n%e!$+
,, ,.ff/ for preventing the hording of n$ essenti! co%%odities,-,,, 2@-'- Act
No- 9 of 19573-
,, In s"#4section .6/, for c!"se .c/, the fo!!o*ing c!"se sh!! #e s"#stit"ted
nd #e dee%ed !*$s to hve #een s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,,, ,.c/, in the cse of foodgrins, *here neither c!"se ./ nor c!"se .#/
pp!ies, the %o"nt, if n$, specified in the sid order %de *ith reference to
c!"se .f/ of s"#4section .0/9
,,, .d/, *here neither c!"se ./, nor c!"se .#/, nor c!"se .c/ pp!ies the
price c!c"!ted, t the %r8et rte previ!ing in the !oc!it$ t the dte of
s!e-,,,,,, 2@-'- Act 1F of 19553-
Co%%ents
, 'rosec"tion d"t$ #o"nd to est#!ish 8no*!edge on the prt of the cc"sed, nd
#$, his, %ere!$ #eing driver, #$ est#!ishing tht the f"e! tn8 did contin
8erosene, s"ch 8no*!edge co"!d not #e est#!ished- A#d"! C##r v- Stte of
Mhrshtr- 1995 Cri-L-C- 677B, .&o%-/
, S!e of d"!terted ce%ent , D%ged stoned ce%ent not ce%ent , 'roceedings
1"shed- Sri Mhdev Ch- M?"%der v- Stte of Dest &eng! nd others- 1997
Cri-L-C- 6F<F .C!c"tt/
, &!c8 Mr8eting , &rech of distri#"tion nd contro! order regrding, s"gr
received "nder !icence , Acc"sed !i#!e for p"nish%ent- Stte of Mdh$ 'rdesh
v- Chhgn!! sGo- )%!! Dho!i- 1996, Cri-L-C- 1795 .M-'/
, Eor%"!tion , Inc!"des even one #"!8 dr"g *here tht one #"!8 dr"g #$ itse!f
is treted s %edicine- &!8rishn 'i!!i nd nother, v- MGs-, Mth
Medic!s nd others- 1991 Cri-L-C- 77F I 1991.1/ CT 106 I 1991.1/ )ec Cri ) 0B6
I 1991 SCC .Cri/ 7B1 I AI) SCD 1991 SC 679 .S-C/
, Eood grins so!d in nticiption of !icence , A#sence of n$, intention!
contrvention of Section 5 , Conviction set side- Shi8er Chnd v- Stte of
)=sthn, 1997 Cri-L-C 5B< I 1997.0/ )ec Cri ) 665 I 1997 .0/ CCC 0<5 .)=-/
7- I%position of d"ties on Stte >overn%ent, etc - , An order %de "nder Section
6 %$ confer po*ers nd i%pose d"ties "pon the Centr! >overn%ent or the Stte
>overn%ent or officers nd "thorities of Centr! >overn%ent or the Stte
>overn%ent, nd %$ contin directions to n$ Stte >overn%ent or to officers
nd, "thorities thereof s to the e(ercise of n$ s"ch po*ers or the dischrge
of n$ s"ch d"ties-
5- De!egtion of po*ers , The Centr! >overn%ent %$, #$ notified order, direct
tht the po*er to %8e orders or iss"e notifictions "nder Section 6 sh!!, in
re!tion to s"ch %tters nd s"#=ect to s"ch conditions if n$, s %$ #e
specified in the direction, #e e(ercis#!e !so #$, ,
./ s"ch officer or "thorit$ s"#ordinte to the Centr! >overn%ent9 or
.#/ s"ch >overn%ent or s"ch officer or "thorit$ s"#ordinte to Stte
>overn%ent,
s %$ #e specified in the direction-
B- Effect of orders in consistent *ith other enct%ents - , An$ order %de "nder
Section 6 sh!! hve effect not*ithstnding n$thing inconsistent there*ith
contined in n$ enct%ent other thn this Act or n$ instr"%ent hving effect
#$ virt"e of n$ enct%ent other thn this Act-
B4A- Confisction of essenti! co%%odit$ - , .1/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$
is sei?ed in p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto,
report of s"ch sei?"re sh!!, *itho"t "nreson#!e de!$ #e %de to the
Co!!ector of the district or the 'residenc$ to*n in *hich s"ch essenti!
co%%odit$ is sei?ed nd *hether or not prosec"tion is instit"ted for the
contrvention of s"ch order, the Co!!ector %$, if he thin8s it e(pedient so to
do, direct the essenti! co%%odit$ so sei?ed to #e prod"ced for inspection
#efore hi%, nd if he is stisfied tht there hs #een contrvention of the
order confisction of, ,
./ the essenti! co%%odit$ so sei?ed9
.#/ n$ pc8ge, covering or receptc!e in *hich s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ is
fo"nd9 nd
.c/ n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce "sed in crr$ing s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$+
'rovided tht *itho"t pre="dice to n$ ction *hich %$ #e t8en "nder n$ other
provision of this Act, no foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds sei?ed in p"rs"nce of
n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto fro% prod"cer sh!!, if the
sei?ed foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds hve #een prod"ced #$ hi%, #e confiscted
"nder this Section +
'rovided f"rther tht in the cse of n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other
conve$nce "sed for the crrige of goods or pssengers for hire, the o*ner of
s"ch ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce sh!! #e given n option to
p$, in !ie" of its confisction, fine not e(ceeding the %r8et price t the
dte of sei?"re of the essenti! co%%odit$ so"ght to #e crried #$ s"ch ni%!,
vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce-
.0/ Dhere the Co!!ector, on receiving report of sei?"re or on inspection of
n$ essenti! co%%odit$ "nder s"#4section .1/, is of the opinion tht the
essenti! co%%odit$ is s"#=ect to speed$ nd nt"r! dec$ or it is other*ise
e(pedient in the p"#!ic interest so to do, he %$, ,
.i/ order the s%e to #e so!d t the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed for s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$ "nder this Act or "nder n$ other !* for the ti%e #eing in
force9 or
.ii/ *here no s"ch price is fi(ed, order the s%e to #e so!d #$ p"#!ic "ction +
2732'rovided tht in the cse of n$ s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ the reti! s!e
price *hereof hs #een fi(ed #$ the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent
"nder this Act or "nder n$ other !* for the ti%e #eing in force, the Co!!ector
%$, for its e1"it#!e distri#"tion nd vi!#i!it$ t fir prices, order the
s%e to #e so!d thro"gh fir price shops t the price so fi(ed-3
.6/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is so!d, s foresid, the s!e proceeds
thereof, fter ded"ction of the e(penses of n$ s"ch s!e or "ction or other
incident! e(penses re!ting thereto, sh!!, ,
./ *here no order of confisction is "!ti%te!$ pssed #$ the Co!!ector,
.#/ *here n order pssed on ppe! "nder s"#4section .1/ of Section B4C so
re1"ires, or
.c/ *here in prosec"tion instit"ted for the contrvention of the order in
respect of *hich n order of confisction hs #een %de "nder this section, the
person concerned is c1"itted,
#e pid to the o*ner thereof or the person fro% *ho% it is sei?ed-
STATE AMENDMENTS
,&ihr+
,, Eor Section B4A, the fo!!o*ing section sh!! #e s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,, ,B4A- Confisction of foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds, edi#!e oi!s, etc- , .1/
Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is sei?ed in p"rs"ne of n order %de "nder
Section 5 in re!tion thereto it sh!! #e reported *itho"t n$ "nreson#!e
de!$ to the Co!!ector of the District in *hich s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ is
sei?ed nd the Co!!ector %$, if he thin8s it e(pedient so to do, inspect or
c"se to #e inspected s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ *hether or not the prosec"tion is
instit"ted for the contrvention of s"ch order nd the Co!!ector, if stisfied
tht there hs #een contrvention of the order, %$ order confisction of ,
,,, ./, the essenti! co%%odities so sei?ed9
,,, .#/, n$ pc8ge9 covering or receptc!e in *hich s"ch essenti! co%%odit$
is fo"nd9 nd
,,, .c/, n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse!, or other conve$nce "sed in crr$ing s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$9
,, 'rovided tht, *itho"t pre="dice to n$ ction *hich %$ #e t8en "nder n$
other provision of this Act, no foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds sei?ed in
p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto fro% prod"cer
sh!!, if the sei?ed foodgrins or edi#!e oi! seeds hve #een prod"ced #$ hi%,
#e confiscted "nder this section-
,, .0/ Dhere the Co!!ector, or receiving report of sei?"re or in inspection of
n$ essenti! co%%odit$ "nder s"#4section .1/ is of the opinion tht s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$ is s"#=ect to speed$ nd nt"r! dec$ or tht it is
other*ise e(pedient in the p"#!ic interest so to do, he %$ order the s%e to #e
so!d t the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed "nder n$ !* for the ti%e #eing in
force-
,, .6/ In he cse of foodgrins, *here there is no contro!!ed price the
Co!!ector if he thin8s fit, %$ order the foodgrins sei?ed "nder s"#4section
.1/ to #e so!d thro"gh fir price shops t the price fi(ed #$ Centr! >overn%ent
or the Stte >overn%ent, s the cse %$ #e, for the s!e of s"ch foodgrins to
the p"#!ic thro"gh these shops or %$ order s"ch foodgrins to #e so!d #$ p"#!ic
"ction-
,, .7/ The Co!!ector sh!!, *henever it is prctic#!e so to do, hving regrd
to the nt"re of the essenti! co%%odit$, t8e nd reserve s%p!e of the s%e in
the prescri#ed %nner #efore its s!e or distri#"tion-
,, .5/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is so!d s foresid the s!e4proceeds
thereof, fter ded"ction of !! e(penses of the s!e or "ction, s the cse %$
#e, sh!! ,
,,, ./, *here no order of confisction "!ti%te!$ pssed #$ the Co!!ector9 or
,,, .#/, *here n order pssed on ppe! "nder s"#4c!"se .1/ of Section B4C so
re1"ires9 or
,,, .c/, in the cse of prosec"tion of the order in respect of *hich n order of
confisction hs #een %de "nder this section nd *here the person concerned is
c1"itted #e pid to the o*ner thereof or the person fro% *ho% it is sei?ed+
,, 'rovided tht in the cse of foodgrins so!d thro"gh fir price shops in
ccordnce *ith s"#4sections .0/ nd .6/ the o*ner sh!! #e pid for the
foodgrins so so!d, the price fi(ed #$ the Stte >overn%ent, for reti! s!e of
s"ch foodgrins thro"gh s"ch shops !ess !! e(penses of s!e or "ction "nder
s"#4sections .0/ nd .6/-
,, .B/ Not*ithstnding n$thing to the contrr$ contined in the Code of
Cri%in! 'roced"re, 1956 .Act 0 of 1957/ *hen the Co!!ector or the ppe!!te
"thorit$ is sei?ed *ith the %tter "nder this section no co"rt sh!! entertin
n$ pp!iction in respect of essenti! co%%odities, n$ pc8ge, covering,
receptc!e, n$ ni%!, vehic!e or other conve$nce "sed in crr$ing s"ch
co%%odities s fr s its re!ese, distri#"tion, etc- is concerned nd the
="risdiction of Co!!ector or the ppe!!te "thorit$ *ith regrd to the dispos!
of the s%e sh!! #e e(c!"sive-
,, .5/ The Stte >overn%ent %$, #$ notifiction in the offici! >?ette,
"thorise n$ officer not #e!o* the rn8 of S"#4Division! Mgistrte, to
dischrge !! or n$ of the f"nctions of Co!!ector "nder this section-
,, .F/ The Co!!ector sh!! for the p"rpose of this Act hve the s%e po*ers s
re vested in co"rt "nder the Code of Civi! 'roced"re, 19<F *hen %8ing
en1"iries "nder this section in respect of the fo!!o*ing %tters, n%e!$, ,
,,, ./, receiving evidence on ffidvits9
,,, .#/, s"%%oning nd enforcing the ttendnce of n$ person nd e(%ining hi%
on oth9 nd
,,, .c/, co%pe!!ing the prod"ction of doc"%ents-
,, .9/ A!! en1"iries nd proceedings "nder this section #efore the Co!!ector nd
the ppe!!te "thorit$ sh!! #e dee%ed to #e ="dici! proceedings nd *hi!e
dischrging f"nctions "nder this section the Co!!ector nd the ppe!!te
"thorit$ sh!! #e dee%ed to #e co"rt-
,2&ihr Act IH of 195F3
,Mhrshtr+
,, Eor Section B4A of the princip! Act, the fo!!o*ing section sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,, B4A- Confisction of sei?ed co%%odities- , .1/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$
is sei?ed in p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto
report to tht effect sh!!, *itho"t n$ "nreson#!e de!$, #e sent to the
Co!!ector *ithin *hose ="risdiction the sei?"re is %de, nd the Co!!ector %$,
if he thin8s it e(pedient so to do, inspect or c"se to #e inspected s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$, nd *hether or not prosec"tion is instit"ted for the
contrvention of s"ch order, the Co!!ector, if stisfied tht there hs #een
contrvention of the order, %$ order confisction of ,
,,, ./, the essenti! co%%odit$ so sei?ed9
,,, .#/, n$ pc8ge, covering or receptc!e in *hich s"ch essenti! co%%odit$
is fo"nd9 nd
,,, .c/, n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce "sed in crr$ing s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$+
,, 'rovided tht, *itho"t pre="dice to n$ ction tht %$ #e t8en "nder n$
other provision of this Act, no foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds sei?ed in
p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto fro% prod"cer
sh!!, if the sei?ed foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds hve #een prod"ced #$ hi%, #e
confiscted "nder this section+
,, 'rovided f"rther tht, *here n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce
is "sed for the crrige of goods or pssengers for hire, the o*ner of s"ch
ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce sh!! #e given n option to p$ in
!ie" of its confisction fine not e(ceeding the %r8et price t the dte of
sei?"re of the essenti! co%%odit$ to #e crried-
,, .0/ Dhere the Co!!ector on receiving report of sei?"re or on inspection of
n$ essenti! co%%odit$ "nder s"#4section .1/ is of the opinion tht s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$ is s"#=ect to speed$ nd nt"r! dec$ or tht it is
other*ise e(pedient in the p"#!ic interest so to do, he %$ order the s%e to #e
so!d t the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed "nder n$ !* for the ti%e #eing in
force, or *here no s"ch price is fi(ed, #$ "ction+
,, 'rovided tht, in the cse of foodgrins *here there is no contro!!ed price,
the Contro!!er %$ order the foodgrins sei?ed to #e so!d thro"gh fir price
shops t the price fi(ed #$ the Centr! >overn%ent or the Stte >overn%ent, s
the cse %$ #e, for the s!e of s"ch foodgrins to the p"#!ic thro"gh these
shops+
,, 'rovided f"rther tht, *henever it is prctic#!e so to do, hving regrd to
the nt"re of the essenti! co%%odit$, he sh!! t8e nd preserve s%p!e of the
s%e #efore its s!e or "ction-
,, .6/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is so!d s foresid, the s!e proceeds
thereof, fter ded"ction of the e(penses of the s!e or "ction, s the cse %$
#e, sh!! ,
,,, ./, *here no order of confisction is "!ti%te!$ pssed #$ the Co!!ector9
or
,,, .#/, *here n order pssed on ppe! "nder s"#4c!"se .1/ of Section B4C so
re1"ires9 or
,,, .c/, in the cse of prosec"tion #eing instit"ted for the contrvention of
the order in respect of *hich n order of confisction hs #een %de "nder this
section, *here the person concerned is c1"itted #e pid to the o*ner thereof or
the person fro% *ho% it is sei?ed+
,, 'rovided tht, in the cse of foodgrins so!d thro"gh fir price shops is
ccordnce *ith the first proviso to s"#4section .0/, the o*ner sh!! #e pid
for the foodgrins so so!d the price fi(ed #$ the Stte >overn%ent, for reti!
s!e of s"ch foodgrins thro"gh s"ch shops, !ess !! e(penses of s!e or "ction
"nder s"#4section .0/-
,2Mhrsthr Act 1 of 195B3-
,@ttr 'rdesh+
,, Eor Section B4A of the princip! Act, the fo!!o*ing section sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted, n%e!$+
,, ,B4A- .1/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is sei?ed in p"rs"nce of n order
%de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto report to this effect sh!!, *itho"t
n$ "nreson#!e de!$, #e sent to the Co!!ector of the District in *hich the
sei?"re is %de, nd the Co!!ector %$, if he thin8s it e(pedient so to do,
inspect or c"se to #e inspected s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ nd *hether or not
prosec"tion is instit"ted for the contrvention of s"ch order, the Co!!ector, if
stisfied tht there hs #een contrvention of the order, %$ order confisction
of ,
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ./, the essenti! co%%odit$ so sei?ed9
,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,.#/, n$ pc8ge, covering or receptc!e in *hich s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$ is fo"nd9 nd
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, .c/, n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce "sed in
crr$ing s"ch essenti! co%%odit$9
,, 'rovided tht, *itho"t pre="dice to n$ ction tht %$ #e t8en "nder n$
other provision of this Act, no foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds sei?ed in
p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion thereto fro% prod"cer
sh!!, if the sei?ed foodgrins or edi#!e oi!seeds hve #een prod"ced #$ hi%, #e
confiscted "nder this section+
,, 'rovided f"rther tht *here n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce
is "sed for the crrige of goods or pssengers for hire, the o*ner of s"ch
ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce sh!! #e given n option to p$ in
!ie" of its confisction fine not e(ceeding the %r8et price t the dte of
sei?"re of the essenti! co%%odit$ so"ght to #e crried-
,, .0/ Dhere the Co!!ector on receiving report or on inspection of n$
essenti! co%%odit$ "nder s"#4section .1/ is of the opinion tht s"ch essenti!
co%%odit$ is s"#=ect to speed$ nd nt"r! dec$ or tht it is other*ise
e(pedient in the p"#!ic interest so to do, he %$ order the s%e to #e so!d t
the contro!!ed price, if n$, fi(ed "nder n$ !* for the ti%e #eing in force,
or *here no s"ch price is fi(ed, #$ "ction+
,, 'rovided tht, in the cse of foodgrins, *here there is no contro!!ed price,
the Co!!ector %$ order the foodgrins sei?ed to #e so!d thro"gh fir price
shops t the price fi(ed #$ the Centr! >overn%ent or the Stte >overn%ent, s
the cse %$ #e, for the s!e of s"ch foodgrins to the p"#!ic thro"gh these
shops+
,, 'rovided !so tht *henever it is prctic#!e so to do hving regrd to the
nt"re of the essenti! co%%odit$ he sh!! t8e nd preserve s%p!e of the s%e
#efore its s!e or "ction-
,, .6/ Dhere n$ essenti! co%%odit$ is so!d s foresid, the s!e4proceeds,
thereof fter ded"ction of the e(penses of the s!e or "ction, s the cse %$
#e, sh!! ,
,,, ./, *here no order of confisction is "!ti%te!$ pssed #$ the Co!!ector9
or
,,, .#/, *here n order pssed on ppe! "nder s"#4c!"se .1/ of Section B4C so
re1"ires9 or
,,, .c/, in the cse of prosec"tion #eing instit"ted for the contrvention of
the order in respect of *hich n order of confisction hs #een %de "nder this
section, *here the person concerned is c1"itted, #e pid to the o*ner thereof
or the person fro% *ho% it is sei?ed+
,, 'rovided tht in the cse of foodgrins so!d thro"gh fir price shops in
ccordnce *ith the first proviso to s"#4section .0/ the o*ner sh!! #e pid for
the foodgrins so so!d the price fi(ed #$ the Stte >overn%ent, for reti! s!e
of s"ch foodgrins thro"gh s"ch shops !ess !! e(penses of s!e or "ction "nder
s"#4section .0/,
,2@-'- Act 1F of 19553-
B4&- Iss"e of sho*4c"se notice #efore confisction of essenti! co%%odit$- , ,
.1/ No order confiscting n$ essenti!, pc8ge, covering, receptc!e, ni%!,
vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nces sh!! #e %de "nder Section B4A "n!ess the
o*ner of s"ch essenti! co%%odit$, pc8ge, covering, receptc!e, ni%!,
vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce or the person fro% *ho% it is sei?ed, ,
./ is given notice in *riting infor%ing hi% of the gro"nds on *hich it is
proposed to confiscte the essenti! co%%odit$, pc8ge, covering, receptc!e,
ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce9
.#/ is given n opport"nit$ of %8ing representtion is *riting s"ch
reson#!e ti%e s %$ #e specified in the notice ginst the gro"nds of
confisction9 nd
.c/ is given reson#!e opport"nit$ of #eing herd in the %tter-
.0/ Ditho"t pre="dice to the provisions of s"#4section, .1/, no order
confiscting n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce sh!! #e %de "nder
Section B4A if the o*ner of the ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce
proves to the stisfction of the Co!!ector tht it *s "sed in crr$ing the
essenti! co%%odit$ *itho"t the 8no*!edge or connivnce of the o*ner hi%se!f,
his gent, if n$, nd the person in chrge of the ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or
other conve$nce nd tht ech of the% hd t8en !! reson#!e nd necessr$
prec"tions ginst s"ch "se-
.6/ No order of confiscting n$ essenti! co%%odit$, pc8ge, covering,
receptc!e, ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce sh!! #e inv!id %ere!$
#$ reson of n$ defect or irreg"!rit$ in the notice given "nder c!"se ./ of
s"#4section .1/, if, in giving s"ch notice, the provisions of tht c!"se hve
#een s"#stnti!!$ co%p!ied *ith-
STATE AMENDMENTS
,@ttr 'rdesh+
,, After Section B4&, insert Section B4&&, n%e!$+
,, ,B4&&- )evie*- , .1/ Dhere the Contro!!er is stisfied tht n order of
confisction or n order ref"sing confisction %de "nder Section B4A s"ffers
fro% %ist8e pprent on the fce of the record .inc!"ding n$ %ist8e of
!*/, he %$ *ithin one %onths of s"ch order iss"e notice to the record
.inc!"ding n$ %ist8e of !*/, he %$ *ithin one %onth of s"ch order iss"e
notice to the o*ner of the essenti! co%%odit$, pc8ge, covering receptc!e,
ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce, or, s the cse %$ #e, the person
fro% *ho% it *s sei?ed, to sho* c"se *h$ tht order sho"!d not #e revie*ed,
nd fter giving hi% reson#!e opport"nit$ of #eing herd, pss s"ch order or
revie* s he thin8s fit-
,, .0/ The provisions of Section B4C nd B4D sh!! pp!$ in re!tion to n order
pssed on s"ch revie* s the$ pp!$ in re!tion to n order pssed origin!!$
"nder Section B4A-
,2@-'- Act 1F of 19553
B4C- Appe!- , .1/ An$ person ggrieved #$ n order of confisction "nder
Section B4A %$, *ithin one %onth fro% the dte of the co%%"niction to hi% of
s"ch order, ppe! to 2532the Stte >overn%ent concerned nd the Stte
>overn%ent sh!!3, fter giving n opport"nit$ to the ppe!!nt to #e herd,
pss s"ch order s it %$ thin8 fit, confir%ing, %odif$ing or nn"!!ing the
order ppe!ed ginst-
.0/ Dhere n order "nder Section B4A is %odified or nn"!!ed #$ 2B32the Stte
>overn%ent3 or *here in prosec"tion instit"ted for the contrvention of the
order in respect of *hich n order of confisction hs #een "nder Section B4A,
the person concerned is c1"itted, nd in either cse it is not possi#!e for n$
reson to ret"rn the essenti! co%%odities sei?ed, s"ch person sh!!, e(cept s
provided #$ s"#4section .6/ of Section B4A #e pid the price therefor, s if the
essenti! co%%odit$ hs #een so!d to the >overn%ent *ith reson#!e interest
c!c"!ted fro% the d$ of the sei?"re of the essenti! co%%odit$ nd s"ch price
sh!! #e deter%ined, ,
.i/ in the cse foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s, in ccordnce *ith
the provisions of s"#4section .64&/ of Section 6-
.ii/ in the cse of s"gr, in ccordnce *ith the provisions of s"#4section .64
C/ of Section 69 nd
.iii/ in the cse of n$ other essenti! co%%odit$, in ccordnce *ith the
provisions of s"#4section .6/ of Section 6-
STATE AMENDMENT
,&ihr+
,, Eor Section B4C of the sid Act, the fo!!o*ing section sh!! #e s"#stit"ted+
,, B4C- Appe!- , .1/ An$ person ggrieved #$ n order of confisction "nder
Section B4A %$, *ithin one %onths fro% the dte of co%%"niction to hi% of s"ch
order, ppe! to n$ ="dici! "thorit$ ppointed #$ the Stte >overn%ent
concerned nd the ="dici! "thorit$ sh!!, fter giving n opport"nit$ to the
ppe!!nt to #e herd, pss s"ch order s it %$ thin8 fit, confir%ing,
%odif$ing or nn"!!ing the order ppe!ed ginst-
,, .0/ Dhere n order "nder Section B4A is %odified or nn"!!ed #$ s"ch ="dici!
"thorit$, or *here in prosec"tion instit"ted for the contrvention of the
order in respect of *hich n order of confisction hs #een %de "nder Section
B4A, the person concerned is c1"itted, nd in either cse it is not possi#!e
for n$ reson to ret"rn the essenti! co%%odit$ sei?ed, s"ch person sh!!, sve
s provided #$ s"#4section .6/ of Section B4A, #e pid the price therefor s if
the essenti! co%%odit$ hd #een so!d to the >overn%ent *ith reson#!e interest
c!c"!ted fro% the dte of sei?"re nd s"ch price sh!! #e deter%ined ,
,,, .i/, in the cse of foodgrins, edi#!e oi!seeds or edi#!e oi!s, in
ccordnce *ith the provision of s"#4section .64&/ of Section 69
,,, .ii/, in the cse of s"gr, in ccordnce *ith the provisions of s"#4section
.64C/ of Section 69 nd
,,, .iii/, in the cse of n$ other essenti! co%%odit$, in ccordnce *ith the
provisions of s"#4section .6/ of Section
6-,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,
,,,,, ,,,,,2&ihr Act IH of 195F3
B4D- A*rd of confisction not to interfere *ith other p"nish%ents- , The *rd
of n$ confisction "nder this Act #$ the Co!!ector sh!! not prevent the
inf!iction of n$ p"nish%ent to *hich the person ffected there#$ is !i#!e
"nder this Act-
2532B4E- &r of ="risdiction in certin cses- , Dhenever n$ essenti!
co%%odit$ is sei?ed in p"rs"nce of n order %de "nder Section 6 in re!tion
thereto, or n$ pc8ge, covering or receptc!e in *hich s"ch essenti!
co%%odit$ is fo"nd, or n$ ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce "sed in
crr$ing s"ch essenti! co%%odit$ is sei?ed pending confisction "nder Section
B4A, the Co!!ector, or, s the cse %$ #e, the Stte >overn%ent concerned "nder
Section B4C sh!! hve, nd, not*ithstnding n$thing to the contrr$ contined
in n$ other !* for the ti%e #eing in force, n$ co"rt, tri#"n! or other
"thorit$ sh!! not hve ="risdiction to %8e orders *ith regrd to the
possession, de!iver$, dispos!, re!ese or distri#"tion of s"ch essenti!
co%%odit$, pc8ge, covering receptc!e, ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other
conve$nce-3
5- 'en!ties- , .1/ If n$ person contrvenes n$ orders %de "nder Section 6, ,
./ he sh!! #e p"nish#!e, ,
.i/ in the cse of n order %de *ith reference to C!"se .h/ or C!"se .i/ of
s"#4section .0/ of tht section, *ith i%prison%ent for ter% *hich %$ e(tend
to one $er nd sh!! !so #e !i#!e to fine, nd
.ii/ in the cse of n$ other order, *ith i%prison%ent for ter% *hich sh!!
not #e !ess thn three %onths #"t *hich %$ e(tend to seven $ers nd sh!! !so
#e !i#!e to fine9
2F32 J, J, J, J 3
.#/ n$ propert$ in respect of *hich the order hs #een contrvened sh!! #e
forfeited to the >overn%ent-
.c/ n$ pc8ge, covering or receptc!e in *hich the propert$ is fo"nd nd n$
ni%!, vehic!e, vesse! or other conve$nce "sed in crr$ing the propert$ sh!!,
if the co"rt so orders, #e forfeited to the >overn%ent-
.0/ If n$ person to *ho% direction is given "nder C!"se .#/ of s"#4section
.7/ of Section 6 fi!s to co%p!$ *ith the direction, he sh!! #e p"nish#!e *ith
i%prison%ent for ter% *hich sh!! not #e !ess thn three %onths #"t *hich %$
e(tend to seven $ers nd sh!! !so #e !i#!e to fine-3
2932 J, J, J 3
.6/ Dhere person hving #een convicted of n offence "nder s"#4section .1/ is
gin convicted of n offence "nder tht s"#4section for contrvention of n
order in respect of n essenti! co%%odit$, the co"rt #$ *hich s"ch person is
convicted sh!!, in ddition to n$ pen!t$ *hich %$ #e i%posed on hi% "nder
tht s"#4section, #$ order, direct tht person sh!! not crr$ on n$ #"siness
in tht essenti! co%%odit$ for s"ch period, not #eing !ess thn si( %onths s
%$ #e specified #$ Co"rt in the order-
Co%%ents
, K"shing of E-I-)- , Cnnot #e ordered on the gro"nd tht s%p!e *s not t8en
proper!$- Sr"p Chnd nd others v- Stte of '"n=#- 1995 Cri-L-C- 1B<1- .'LH/
, 'ending prosec"tion is not inv!idted on the e(pir$, of contro! order *hich
*s for specific d"rtion- Isher Ds v- Stte of Hr$n 1990 Cri-L-C- 0605 I
AI) 1990 SC 1595 I 1990.0/ )ecent C) 665 I 1990 AI) SCD 1567 .SC/
, Dhet e(port , 'rovisions p"nish tte%pt to e(port nd not its preprtion-
Coginder Singh v- Stte of '"n=#- 1997 Cri-L-C- 10B I 1990.6/ A!! Cri- L) 5F5
I1990.19/ Cri-LT 690 I 1997.1/ IL) .'LH/ 0F6 .'LH/
, Speci! Co"rt is co%petent to pss, orders "nder s"#4section .5/ of Section
1B5, Cr-'-C- in the cse "nder Section 5.1/./.ii/ of the Act *hich is tri#!e
#$ hi% in s"%%r$ *$- 'h!g"ni Dtt v- Stte of Dest &eng!- 1991 Cri-L-C-
5B5 I 199< C! Cri L) 005 I 199<.0/ C! HN 157 .C!c"tt/
21<3254A- 'o*er of Centr! >overn%ent to recover certin %o"nts s rrers of
!nd reven"e- , .1/ Dhere n$ person !i#!e to, ,
./ p$ n$ %o"nt in p"rs"nce of n$ order %de "nder Section 6, or
.#/ deposit n$ %o"nt to the credit of n$ Acco"nt or E"nd constit"ted #$ or in
p"rs"nce of n$ order %de "nder tht section,
%8es n$ def"!t in p$ing or depositing the *ho!e or n$ prt of s"ch %o"nt,
the %o"nt in respect of *hich s"ch def"!t hs #een %de sh!!, 2*hether s"ch
order *s %de #efore or fter the co%%ence%ent of the Essenti! Co%%odities
.A%end%ent/ Act, 19F7, nd *hether the !i#i!it$ of s"ch person to p$ or
deposit s"ch %o"nt rose #efore or fter s"ch co%%ence%ent3 #e recover#!e #$
>overn%ent together *ith si%p!e interest d"e thereon co%p"ted t the rte of
21132fifteen per cent3 per nn"%, fro% the dte of s"ch def"!t to the dte of
recover$ of s"ch %o"nt, s n rrer of !nd reven"e 21032or s p"#!ic
de%nd3-
.0/ The %o"nt recovered "nder s"#4section .1/ sh!! #e de!t *ith in ccordnce
*ith the order "nder *hich the !i#i!it$ to p$ or deposit s"ch %o"nt rose-
.6/ Not*ithstnding n$thing contined in n$ other !* for the ti%e #eing in
force or n$ contrct to the contrr$, no co"rt, tri#"n! or other "thorit$
sh!! grnt n$ in="nction or %8e n$ order prohi#iting or restrining n$
>overn%ent fro% recovering n$ %o"nt s n rrer of !nd reven"e 21632or s
p"#!ic de%nd3 in p"rs"nce of the provisions of s"#4section .1/-
.7/ If n$ order, in p"rs"nce of *hich n$ %o"nt hs #een recovered #$
>overn%ent s n rrer of !nd reven"e 21732or s p"#!ic de%nd3 "nder s"#4
section .1/ is dec!red #$ co%petent co"rt, fter giving to the >overn%ent
reson#!e opport"nit$ of #eing herd, to #e inv!id, the >overn%ent sh!!
ref"nd the %o"nt so recovered #$ it to the person fro% *ho% it *s recovered,
together *ith si%p!e interest d"e thereon, co%p"ted t the rte of 21532fifteen
per cent3 per nn"% fro% the dte of recover$ of s"ch %o"nt to the dte on
*hich s"ch ref"nd is %de-
*hich the concerned order Section 6 *s %de or *here s"ch order *s %de #$ n
officer or "thorit$ s"#ordinte to n$ >overn%ent, tht >overn%ent-3
F- Atte%pts nd #et%ent- , An$ person *ho tte%pts to contrvene, or #ets
contrvention of n$ order %de "nder Section 6 sh!! #e dee%ed to hve
contrvened tht order+
21B32'rovided tht *here person hs #etted the contrvention of n$ order for
the p"rpose of proc"ring n$ essenti! co%%odit$ of the nt"re %entioned in s"#4
section .iv4/ or s"#4c!"se .v/ of C!"se ./ of Section 0 for his o*n "se or
for the "se of n$ %e%#er of his f%i!$ or for the "se of n$ person dependent
on hi%, nd not for the p"rpose of crr$ing on n$ #"siness or trde in s"ch
essenti! co%%odit$, the co"rt %$, not*ithstnding n$thing contined in
Section 5 nd for resons to #e %entioned in the ="dg%ent, i%pose sentence of
fine on!$-3
9- E!se stte%ents- , If n$ person, ,
.i/ *hen re1"ired #$ n order %de "nder Section 6 to %8e n$ stte%ent or
f"rnish n$ infor%tion, %8es n$ stte%ent or f"rnishes n$ infor%tion *hich
is f!se in n$ %teri! prtic"!r nd *hich he 8no*s or hs reson#!e c"se
to #e!ieve to #e f!se, or does not #e!ieve to #e tr"e, or
.ii/ %8es n$ s"ch stte%ent s foresid in n$ #oo8, cco"nt, record,
dec!rtion, ret"rn or other doc"%ent *hich he is re1"ired #$ n$ s"ch order to
%intin or f"rnish,
he sh!! #e p"nish#!e *ith i%prison%ent for ter% *hich %$ e(tend to five
$ers, or *ith fine, or *ith #oth-
1<- Offences #$ co%pnies- , .1/ If the person contrvening n order %de "nder
Section 6 is co%pn$, ever$ person *ho, t the ti%e the contrvention *s
co%%itted, *s in chrge of, nd *s responsi#!e to, the co%pn$ for the cond"ct
of the #"siness of the co%pn$ s *e!! s the co%pn$ sh!! #e dee%ed to #e
g"i!t$ of the contrvention nd sh!! #e !i#!e to #e proceeded ginst nd
p"nished ccording!$-
'rovided tht nothing contined in this s"#4section sh!! render n$ s"ch person
!i#!e to n$ p"nish%ent if he proves tht the contrvention too8 p!ce *itho"t
his 8no*!edge or tht he e(ercised !! d"e di!igence to prevent s"ch
contrvention-
.0/ Not*ithstnding n$thing contined in s"#4section .1/, *here n offence
"nder this Act hs #een co%%itted #$ co%pn$ nd it is proved tht the offence
hs #een co%%itted the consent or connivnce of, or is ttri#"t#!e to n$
neg!ect on the prt of, n$ director, %nger, secretr$ or other officer of the
co%pn$, s"ch director, %nger, secretr$ or other officer sh!! !so #e dee%ed
to #e g"i!t$ of tht offence nd sh!! #e !i#!e to #e proceeded ginst nd
p"nished ccording!$-
E(p!ntion- , Eor the p"rposes of this Section, ,
./ ,co%pn$, %ens n$ #od$ corporte, nd inc!"des fir% or other ssocition
of individ"!s, nd
.#/ ,director, in re!tion to fir% %ens prtner in the fir%-
Co%%ents
, 'rosec"tion , Officer of Co%pn$ cnnot #e prosec"ted in the #sence of
Co%pn$ #eing i%p!eded- Sh% S"nder &ssi v- Stte of '"n=#- 1990 Cri-L-C-
1199 I 1991.6/ )ecent C) 1199 .'LH/
1<4A- Offences to #e cogni?#!e 21532nd non4#i!#!e3- , Not*ithstnding
n$thing contined in the Code of Cri%in! 'roced"re, 1956 .0 of 1957/ ever$
offence p"nish#!e "nder this Act sh!! #e cogni?#!e
Co%%ents
, Offences "nder the Act , Are cogni?#!e nd non4#i!#!e- Stte of )=sthn
v- 'r8sh Chndr nd others- 1995 Cri-L-C- 0095-.)=/
21F321<4AA- 'o*er to rrest- , Not*ithstnding n$thing contined in the Code of
Cri%in! 'roced"re, 1956 .0 of 1957/, no officer #e!o* the rn8 of n officer4
in4chrge of po!ice sttion or n$ po!ice officer "thorised #$ hi% in this
#eh!f in *riting sh!! rrest n$ person cc"sed of co%%itting n offence
p"nish#!e "nder this Act-3
1<4&- 'o*er of co"rt to p"nish n%e, p!ce of #"siness etc- of co%pnies
convicted "nder the Act- , Dhere n$ co%pn$ is convicted "nder this Act, it
sh!! #e co%petent for the co"rt convicting the co%pn$ to c"se the n%e nd
the p!ce of #"siness of the co%pn$, nt"re of the contrvention, the fct tht
the co%pn$ hs #een so convicted nd s"ch other prtic"!rs s the co"rt %$
consider to #e pproprite in the circ"%stnces of the cse, to #e p"#!ished t
the e(pense of the co%pn$ in s"ch ne*sppers or in s"ch other %nner s the
co"rt %$ direct-
.0/ No p"#!iction "nder s"#4section .1/ sh!! #e %de "nti! the period for
preferring n ppe! ginst the orders of the co"rt hs e(pired *itho"t n$
ppe! hving #een preferred, or s"ch n ppe!, hving #een preferred, hs #een
disposed of-
.6/ The e(penses of n$ p"#!iction "nder s"#4section .1/ sh!! #e recover#!e
fro% the co%pn$ s if it *ere fine i%posed #$ the co"rt-
E(p!ntion , Eor the p"rposes of this section, ,co%pn$, hs the %ening
ssigned to it in C!"se ./ of the E(p!ntion to Section 1<-
1<4C- 'res"%ption of c"!p#!e %ent! stte- , .1/ In n$ prosec"tion for n$
offence "nder this Act *hich re1"ires is c"!p#!e %ent! stte on the prt of
the cc"sed, the co"rt sh!! pres"%e the e(istence of s"ch %ent! stte #"t it
sh!! #e defence for the cc"sed to prove the fct tht he hd no s"ch %ent!
stte *ith respect to the ct chrged s n offence in tht prosec"tion-
E(p!ntion , In this section ,c"!p#!e %ent! stte, inc!"des intention,
%otive, 8no*!edge of fct nd the #e!ief in, or reson to #e!ieve, fct-
.0/ Eor the p"rposes of this section, fct is sid to #e proved on!$ *hen the
co"rt #e!ieves it to e(ist #e$ond reson#!e do"#t nd not %ere!$ *hen its
e(istence is est#!ished #$ prepondernce of pro##i!it$-
11- Cogni?nce of offences- , No co"rt sh!! t8e cogni?nce of n$ offence
p"nish#!e "nder this Act e(cept on report in *riting of the fcts
constit"ting s"ch offence %de #$ person *ho is p"#!ic servnt s defined in
Section 01 of the Indin 'en! Code .75 of 1FB</ 21932or n$ person ggrieved or
n$ recognised cons"%er ssocition, *hether s"ch person is %e%#er of tht
ssocition or not-3
20<32E(p!ntion , Eor the p"rposes of this section nd Section 104AA, ,
recognised cons"%er ssocition, %ens vo!"ntr$ cons"%er ssocition
registered "nder the, Co%pnies Act, 195B .1 of 195B/ or "nder n$ other !* for
the ti%e #eing in force-3
STATE AMENDMENT
,@ttr 'rdesh
,, In Section 11, for the *ords ,#$ person *ho is p"#!ic servnt s defined in
Section 01 of the Indin 'en! Code,, the *ords ,#$ order of or "nder "thorit$
fro% the District Mgistrte or s"ch other officer s %$ #e e%po*ered #$ the
Stte >overn%ent #$ gener! or speci! order in this #eh!f, sh!! #e
s"#stit"ted-
,2@-'- Act 9 of 19573
10- Speci! provisions regrding fine- , ,20132 J J J 3
20032104A- Constit"tion of Speci! Co"rts- , ,.1/ The Stte >overn%ent %$, for
the p"rpose of providing speed$ tri! of the offences "nder this Act, #$
notifiction in the offici! >?ette, constit"te s %n$ Speci! Co"rts s %$
#$ necessr$ for s"ch re or s %$ #e specified in the notifiction-
,.0/ A Speci! Co"rt sh!! consist of sing!e C"dge *ho sh!! #e ppointed #$
the High Co"rt "pon re1"est %de #$ the Stte >overn%ent-
E(p!ntion- , In this s"#4section, the *ord, ,ppoint, sh!! hve the %ening
given to it in the E(p!ntion to Section 9 of the Code-
.6/ A person sh!! not #e 1"!ified for ppoint%ent s C"dge of Speci!
Co"rt "n!ess ,
./ he is 1"!ified for ppoint%ent s C"dge of High Co"rt, or
.#/ he hs, for period of not !ess thn one $er, #een Sessions C"dge or n
Addition! Sessions C"dge-
Co%%ents
, Speci! Co"rt , Speci! Co"rt constit"ted "nder the Act is e%po*ered to t8e
cogni?nce on po!ice report s"#%itted #efore it *itho"t the cc"sed #eing
co%%itted %"st #e regrded s Cri%in! Co"rt of origin! ="risdiction c!othed
*ith !! the po*ers e(ercis#!e #$ s"ch Co"rt "n!ess e(press!$ e(c!"ded , Cn
ver$ *e!! direct f"rther investigtion #$ 'o!ice "nder Section 15B.6/, Cri%in!
'roced"re Code- Mhesh A"%r Cind! nd others v- Stte- 1996 Cri-L-C- 6FB1
.C!-/
20632104 AA- Offences tri#!e #$ Speci! Co"rts - , .1/ Not*ithstnding n$thing
contined in the Code, ,
./ !! offences "nder this Act sh!! #e tri#!e on!$ #$ the Speci! Co"rt
constit"ted for the re in *hich the offence hs #een co%%itted or *here there
re %ore Speci! Co"rts thn one for s"ch re, #$ s"ch one of the% s %$ #e
specified in this #eh!f #$ the High Co"rt9
.#/ *here person cc"sed of or s"spected of the co%%ission of n offence "nder
this Act is for*rded to Mgistrte "nder s"#4section .0/ or s"#4section .04A/
of Section 1B5 of the Code, s"ch Mgistrte %$ "thorise the detention of s"ch
person in s"ch c"stod$ s he thin8s fit for period not e(ceeding fifteen d$s
in the *ho!e *here s"ch Mgistrte is C"dici! Mgistrte nd seven d$s in
the *ho!e *here s"ch Mgistrte in n E(ec"tive Mgistrte+
'rovided tht *here s"ch Mgistrte considers ,
.i/ *hen s"ch person is for*rded to hi% s foresid9
.ii/ "pon or t n$ ti%e #efore the e(pir$ of the period of detention "thorised
#$ hi%9
tht the detention of s"ch person is "nnecessr$, he %$, if he is stisfied
tht the cse f!!s "nder the proviso to Section F, order the re!ese of s"ch
person on #i! nd if he is not so stisfied, he sh!! order s"ch person to #e
for*rded to the Speci! Co"rt hving ="risdiction9
.c/ the Speci! Co"rt %$, s"#=ect to the provisions of C!"se .#/ of this s"#4
section, e(ercise, in re!tion to the person for*rded to it "nder c!"se .#/,
the s%e po*er *hich Mgistrte hving ="risdiction to tr$ cse %$ e(ercise
"nder Section 1B5 of the Code in re!tion to n cc"sed person in s"ch cse *ho
hs #een for*rded to hi% "nder tht section9
.d/ sve s foresid no person cc"sed of or s"spected of the co%%ission of n
offence "nder this Act sh!! #e re!esed on #i! #$ n$ co"rt other thn
Speci! Co"rt or the High Co"rt +
'rovided tht Speci! Co"rt sh!! not re!ese n$ s"ch person on #i! ,
.i/ *itho"t giving the prosec"tion n opport"nit$ to oppose the pp!iction for
s"ch re!ese "n!ess the Speci! Co"rt, for resons to #e recorded in *riting, is
of opinion tht it is not prctic#!e to give s"ch opport"nit$9 nd
.ii/ *here the prosec"tion opposes the pp!iction, if the Speci! Co"rt is
stisfied tht there pper reson#!e gro"nds for #e!ieving tht he hs #een
g"i!t$ of the offence concerned +
'rovided f"rther tht the Speci! Co"rt %$ direct n$ s"ch person %$ #e
re!esed on #i! if he is "nder the ge of si(teen $ers or is *o%n or is
sic8 or infir% person, or if the Speci! Co"rt is stisfied tht it is ="st nd
proper so to do for n$ other speci! reson to #e recorded in *riting9
.e/ Speci! Co"rt %$, "pon per"s! of po!ice report of the fcts
constit"ting n offence "nder this Act 20732or "pon co%p!int %de #$ n
Officer of the Centr! >overn%ent or Stte >overn%ent "thorised in this
#eh!f #$ the >overn%ent concerned3 20532or n$ person ggrieved or n$
recognised cons"%er ssocition, *hether s"ch person is %e%#er of tht
ssocition or not,3, t8e cogni?nce of tht offence *itho"t the cc"sed #eing
co%%itted to it for tri!9
.f/ !! offences "nder this Act sh!! #e tried in s"%%r$ *$ nd the
provisions of Sections 0B0 to 0B5 .#oth inc!"sive/ of the Code sh!!, s fr s
%$ #e, pp!$ to s"ch tri!9
'rovided tht in the cse of n$ conviction in s"%%r$ tri! "nder this
section, it sh!! #e !*f"! for the Speci! Co"rt to pss sentence of
i%prison%ent for ter% not e(ceeding t*o $ers-
.0/ Dhen tr$ing n offence "nder this Act, Speci! Co"rt %$ !so tr$ n
offence other thn n offence "nder this Act, *ith *hich the cc"sed %$, "nder
the Code, #e chrged t the s%e tri! +
'rovided tht s"ch other offence is, "nder n$ other !* for the ti%e #eing in
force, tri#!e in s"%%r$, *$ +
'rovided f"rther tht in the cse of n$ conviction for s"ch other offence in
s"ch tri!, it sh!! not #e !*f"! for the Speci! Co"rt to pss sentence of
i%prison%ent for ter% e(ceeding the ter% provided for conviction in s"%%r$
tri! "nder other !*-
.6/ A Speci! Co"rt %$, *ith vie* to o#tining the evidence of n$ person
s"spected to hve #een direct!$ or indirec!$ concerned in, or priv$ to, n
offence "nder this Act, tender prdon to s"ch person on condition of his
%8ing f"!! nd tr"e disc!os"re of the *ho!e circ"%stnces *ithin his
8no*!edge re!ting to the offence nd to ever$ other person concerned *hether s
princip! or #ettor in the co%%ission thereof nd n$ prdon so tendered sh!!,
for the p"rposes of Section 6<F of the Code, #e dee%ed to hve #een tendered
"nder Section 6<5 thereof-
.7/ Nothing contined in this section sh!! #e dee%ed to ffect the speci!
po*ers of the High Co"rt regrding #i! "nder Section 769 of the Code nd the
High Co"rt, %$ e(ercise s"ch po*ers inc!"ding the po*er "nder C!"se .#/ of
s"#4section .1/ of tht section s if the reference to ,Mgistrte, in tht
section inc!"ded !so reference to ,Speci! Co"rt, constit"ted9 "nder
Section 104A3-
Co%%ents
, Chrges fr%ed , After fr%ing of chrges proceedings cnnot #e dropped ,
Co"rt hs either to c1"it or convict the cc"sed- Aisn Sev Sh8ri S%iti
Ltd- v- &chn Singh- 1996 Cri-L-C- 057<.A!!/-
104A&- Appe! nd revision- , The High Co"rt %$ e(ercise, so fr s %$ #e
pp!ic#!e, !! the po*ers conferred #$ Chpters HHIH nd HHH of the Code on
High Co"rt, s if Speci! Co"rt *ithin the !oc! !i%its of the ="risdiction of
the High Co"rt *ere Co"rt of Sessions tr$ing cses *ithin the !oc! !i%its of
the ="risdiction of the High Co"rt-
104AC- App!iction of Code to proceedings #efore Speci! Co"rt - , Sve s
other*ise provided in this Act, the provisions of the Code .inc!"ding the
provisions s to #i! nd #onds/ sh!! pp!$ to the proceedings #efore Speci!
Co"rt nd for the p"rposes of the sid provisions, the Speci! Co"rt sh!! #e
dee%ed to #e Co"rt of Sessions nd the person cond"cting prosec"tion #efore
Speci! Co"rt, sh!! #e dee%ed to #e '"#!ic 'rosec"tor-
104&- >rnt of in="nction, etc-, #$ civi! co"rts- , ,No civi! co"rt sh!! grnt
n in="nction or %8e n$ order for n$ other re!ief ginst the Centr!
>overn%ent or n$ Stte >overn%ent or '"#!ic Officer in respect of n$ ct
done or p"rporting to #e done #$ s"ch >overn%ent, or s"ch officer in his
offici! cpcit$, "nder this Act or n$ order %de there"nder, "nti! fter the
notice of the pp!iction for s"ch in="nction or other re!ief hs #een given to
s"ch >overn%ent or Officer-
16- 'res"%ption s to orders- , Dhere n order p"rported to hve #een %de nd
signed #$ n "thorit$ in e(ercise of n$ po*er conferred #$ or "nder this Act,
co"rt sh!! pres"%e tht s"ch order *s so %de #$ tht "thorit$ *ithin the
%ening of the Indin Evidence Act .1 of 1F50/-
17- &"rden of proof in certin cses- , Dhere person is prosec"ted for
contrvening n$ order %de "nder Section 6 *hich prohi#its hi% fro% doing n$
ct, or #eing in possession of thing *itho"t !*f"! "thorit$ or *itho"t
per%it, !icence or other doc"%ent, the #"rden of proving tht he hs s"ch
"thorit$, per%it, !icence or other doc"%ent sh!! #e on hi%-
15- 'rotection of ction t8en "nder Act- , .1/ No s"it, prosec"tion or other
!eg! proceeding sh!! !ie ginst n$ person for n$thing *hich is in good
fith done or intended to #e done in p"rs"nce of n$ order %de "nder Section
6-
.0/ No s"it or other !eg! proceeding sh!! !ie ginst the >overn%ent for n$
d%ge c"sed or !i8e!$ to #e c"sed #$ n$thing *hich is in good fith done or
intended to #e done in p"rs"nce of n$ order %de "nder Section 6-
154A- 'rosec"tion of p"#!ic servnts- , Dhere n$ person *ho is p"#!ic servnt
is cc"sed of n$ offence !!eged to hve #een co%%itted #$ hi% *hi!e cting or
p"rporting to ct in the dischrge of his d"t$ in p"rs"nce of n order %de
"nder Section 6, no co"rt sh!! t8e cogni?nce of s"ch offence e(cept *ith the
previo"s snction, ,
./ of the Centr! >overn%ent, in the cse of person *ho is e%p!o$ed or, s
the cse %$, #e, *s t the ti%e of co%%ission of the !!eged offence e%p!o$ed,
in connection *ith the ffirs of the @nion9
.#/ of the Stte >overn%ent, in the cse of person *ho is e%p!o$ed or, s the
cse %$ #e, *s t the ti%e of co%%ission of the !!eged offence e%p!o$ed, in
connection *ith the ffirs of the Stte-
1B- )epe!s nd svings- , .1/ The fo!!o*ing !*s re here#$ repe!ed +
./ the Essenti! Co%%odities Ordinnce, 1955 .1 of 1955/9
.#/ n$ other !* in force in n$ Stte i%%edite!$ #efore the co%%ence%ent of
this Act in so fr s s"ch !* contro!s or "thorises the contro! of the
prod"ction, s"pp!$ nd distri#"tion of, nd trde nd co%%erce, in n$ essenti!
co%%odit$-
.0/ Not*ithstnding s"ch repe!, n$ order %de or dee%ed to #e %de #$ n$
"thorit$ *htsoever, "nder n$ !* repe!ed there#$ nd in force i%%edite!$
#efore the co%%ence%ent of this Act, sh!!, in so fr s s"ch order %$ #e %de
"nder this Act, #e dee%ed to #e %de "nder this Act, nd contin"e in force, nd
ccording!$ n$ ppoint%ent %de, !icence or per%it grnted, or direction iss"ed
"nder n$ s"ch order nd in force i%%edite!$ #efore s"ch co%%ence%ent sh!!
contin"e in force "nti! nd "n!ess it is s"perseded #$ n$ ppoint%ent %de,
!icence or per%it grnted, or direction iss"ed "nder this Act-
.6/ The provisions of s"#4section .0/ sh!! #e *itho"t pre="dice to the
provisions contined in Section B of the >ener! C!"ses Act, 1F95 .1< of 1F95/9
*hich sh!! !so pp!$ to the repe! of the Ordinnce or other !* referred to
in s"#4section .1/ s if s"ch Ordinnce or other, !* hd #een n enct%ent-
44444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444444
213 Ins- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
203 C!"se- .i4/ of Section 0 is ren"%#ered s c!"se- .ii4/ nd #efore c!-
.ii4/ s so ren"%#ered, c!- .i4/ is ins- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1, for fifteen
$ers .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
263 After C!"se .e/ of Section 0, C!"se .f/ *s ins- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1,
Section 6 te%porri!$ for 5 $ers, for ten $ers .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
273 S"#s- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1, for fifteen $ers .*-e-f- 149 19F0/-
253 S"#s- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
2B3 S"#s- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
253 S"#s- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB-
2F3 O%itted #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
293 O%itted #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1-
21<3 Ins- #$ Act No- 67 of 19F7-
2113 S"#s- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB for ,si( percent,-
2103 Ins- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB-
2163 Ins- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB-
2173 Ins- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB-
2153 S"#s- #$ Act No- 70 for ,si( percent,-
21B3 Added #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1, for fifteen $ers .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
2153 Added #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 for fifteen $ers .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
21F3 Ins- #$ Act No- 67 of 1996 .*-e-f- 054F41990/-
2193 Ins- #$ Act- No- 56 of 19FB .*-e-f- 145419F5/-
20<3 Ins- #$ Act No- 56 of 19FB .*-e-f- 145419F5/
2013 O%itted #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
2003 S"#s- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/-
2063 S"#s- #$ Act No- 1F of 19F1 .*-e-f- 149419F0/
2073 Ins- #$ Act No- 70 of 19FB-
2053 Ins- #$ Act No- 56 of 19FB, .*-e-f- 145419F5/-

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