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Friday, 27 November 2009 19:02 ,-

./011
1 2  34/-
Friday, 27 November 2009 19:24 6 178 ../01
1 :821.1 ;77<4= 24> ?
1   /ႛ -. -3 === ,-./01
1  2   34
 .A
=== .  1B
1   C  8.11 ?
1D -.
ႛ  =. - 
13 ./01
1  2   31-.A

./01ႛE .1=7
1 31/- .,  1  ./01F 6 178.ႛ -Gႛ 1.A

“:8:I J ႓  ႚ-1M128  =: .1႓8   N C ႓81 :8:I2 .1-Bႚ .ႛ28  G 1G 1 ႚ  - ႛ A :8:I J 
N=3ႛ    31 B.” , 4>=   - 14//2 1 ./01 =13Bႛ (ABMRC)   W3=.  N17 6 178.ႛ 1.A

. 1 ;X 4=   N17 . 24>B


1 :821? 1B႓8 ABMRC  = N1B. ./01F3=.A

“;77Y 3317F 8 1 1M1 :8:I2. 


=Z1/  . .1BC B[8  :8:I .8./B - -C .0\- 
- ]
.[^
1 ./011 

1 - N .1 3ႚ 31B1 2  
1 1 J-႒ 8႒ 8FB
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;77< 4= = J1 ;< -ႛ` === 24>.


1  4 -.3 ./01 
11. 3 28/ ?   1 4   aႛ .8./ 1 
1 
1  N 
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1 
11 .A

 17 N-N1.1 
 
1  - 14/   ./01    .-
1 G 1 . .A b[^J1.1  . 
1= -N.  - 1
./01
1. /G  =1 ? / 2/ cd 
1 3=.A

 - 14//2 1 ./01F= 3B႒ႛ 8 (ABMA)  = N1 1 F7B.  ef  “=== ./011-Bႚ b[^J1.1  34=1 1--BA 
   ./01 F ;g7 
1C .8  F ;7 3 /N1 ” , 2.A

.1.-1 7-႒ 8h1-. ./01 ,1-1 3B


ႛ 2 ./01
1  N-
N1.A ./01
1  8.11C  1 i j ,1G 1 4
ႛ  . ႓8 -.
ႛ .
 -

1  N-N1.A

- -႓  ႚ   k7F b[^ l. m1- W F7 ./01


ႚ.  1,1G 1  - 1 =/N1 G 1 . .A

“ k7F2 11 .ႚ Bႚ ‘  ’ -Bႚ ‘  1 G F-Bႚ’ G 1 4=  - - 1  1B /N1 1A ႓8BB 47J1 pq -ႛ-
--Bႚ G   1 -ႚ  1B 1 2 11,13ႚ / .” ,  k7F` 1.B. ,-1F 6 178.ႚ 1B.A

.1.-1 7-႒ 8h1- ./01


1  8.1 1 4    . N1 N1 =1  =1 
1 N ?  2N1G 1 . .A

“2  1M1 ./011  -8  =1G -G C ႓81 b8]1-Bႚ = 11 = 3ႚ .  -” , - - .8./.  1.1 
2.A .E 2
1  1M1
ႛ 31-., . .A

“24>B- FBB :8:I Bႚ 2


 ႚ 2  :8:I-Bႚ 1 1-G ႓81 2 7B.1 G ႓8C [F/ J-႒ 8
1 1 B :8:I 2. 
=Z1/
. / ” , ;77< 24>B
1 :821F7B.   - 4> -Gႛ 1.A

4r  
1N2 11F “ 7-Bႚ //   1  
 ႚ ./011-Bႚ J-႒ 8
1  -8 =1G -G 1” , 6 178.ႚ 12B.A

4r ./011
14 2 . . :8 = J1 N-. /B G 1 4r  
1N 2 11 FN/  . .A

“.
ႛ .1=-Bႚ 2
  1 .ႛJ 1 -.B21 .G J” , 2F 
1N2 11 -.
ႛ A

1M1
1. 24>B
1 F7B. :84>  3 28B႓8-1  aE 
1 3=. - -C . \- 
-႓  ႚ-  cd =1.   =BG .A N=:
1M1.ႛ  =1.   ./01
1C .8 
1C 2 . ?/  -G .1 
b8C [8 = 7[-1  
11  
  1NB.A

;77q 4= 1 J1 ABMA 3B႒ႛ 8 b


 W႒ 8.- k  ,-./01
1 4 b[^J1.1 D =1 1 ?
1  7-
1- - 

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NG 1 G 1B.A

1  W


1 [8   =81
Friday, 27 November 2009 10:35 bN .===
     1 B  1  W
1 =7=1 JB ==1M1 =-=. - - ,
./.12-G .A
“=17-  =Z   B 8- ႛ =.1   FG JA 1B 3=  12-
1  2 1F” ,   31. [b W႒ 8:8
1.A

 - 1[8   =8F21 [D12-=G  -  /႓ / 17-


==.1:8 (Photo: AP)
  1 B3=D1F  === .1 1. - .    3=႓8 b W႒ 84 [b W႒ 82
1 1 N2 1N x / . 
 
G -႒ 8 1-G 1 a 2 1.A

“  1 B J.


 B44 1M1 =-=B3= A [8   =871 ႛ
-1ႛ  
1JA B.1   1B” , 2F[b W႒ 8 2 1.A

   === -3 .4


  1 7-N 
1  =17-  =Z
13 /
1 1 3-8N1႓8   1 B  = 7=11  N1.13=G 1 a
./.1.A

“ 1 .  X7   -1 A .ႛ    -1 BFJA [FG 1
-1ႛ2 1  1 2
ႛ -1A [8 =Z  1/ 
-G JA   1 B1
3=F 1ႛ =:=1 ” , 2F[b W႒ 8 2 1.A

1  ;7p7   1 B      3=G 1  1 .
1 N D-
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1.1F21  4 . 1cF /=1-

27 November 2009

 - 14/ 1 N1. 
:
/- B YY
2  
1.1F21   4 / - ,B . 1cF /=1- ႛ 
.1[8   =8 3Bႚ
 1 cd 
:8 12 12FA

 - 14
 / 1 pqYY 4= 3=DBB =/ [8   =8 24>B    :821BB YY
2  
1.1
1 Bႚ F21   4   - 14/ 1 -=
4?-
2 - N1  -ႛ - ႛ  24> ?G 1 1 4/  ? 1 ႑ .

1-Bႛ  ;77< 4= 1 === 3 28႓8 N1.  
:
N11 3=FA

.ႛ  ႟/႓8 N1[M X< 4=


1 7/.8FB =-3
1[.  
:N1  N
ႛ 1FA

 - 14/ 1 === N1.


 
:
N11 / B 4/  
:.1 ;,;77 NB 1   4 F7႓8 .
ႛ  k3ႛ ႛ  3Bႚ=
1
12-G FA

 - 14/ 1 === .ႛ  2-ႛ


12 ? 11  --  . /JB 1./ 1 ႒ 8
 4 
  ႛ .
1 1 N1  31N1FA


ႛ  
 31  ? =/=  - ႓b.႖ 
1  -
 

2009--11-
2009 11-27

 - 14/ === 1M1 .ND


W--B ႛ  
 31  ?-Bႛ . ႓8 . cd //   1=8  1 8  3B= ႛ ႓8 =/= 3-
ႛ Bႛ
4/ 1 = ?2 1 1 /N  1 1 }1. 13Bႛ
 ILO   -
  313ႛ ႓b-=  ႓b-F8 -  -ႛ 12 FA

UN Photo/Jean-Marc FERRE

2=]1-4/ c
8-8b1႓  ႛ
  . cd ႛ  1=8 N=‡
-./ 3=F.A (UN Photo/Jean-Marc FERRE)

 - 14/ === 1M1


W--B 4= x:- ?C  - 1 G  1 k ႛ ?C 2 1 G 3  ?C :[  .3 ?-Bႛ i j
1 = ?-Bႛ . ႓8 =/= ==23ႛ ႓b-4/  - 1 [8   =8  F8=/ 
13Bႛ APPG    N 12 1 3=FA

[8  :821႒   -B -[-=  Burma Campaign UK -12  RFA 


1 N- 2 .
    -N1FA

3 28N1.1 F3 . 1


1 k - 3=12
Friday, 27 November 2009 18:53 B . - 
W
1 F3  ?3  - 1 === J   3 28N1.1 3=4/.1 F3 . 1 pŽ :8  -k - - - = 
3=./႟/ 12  G 1 . .A
႓8B. 47J1 pY -ႛ N4/ 3    N 1 B. =  Ž =8   - 1===   3 28B.A = D N7 C 3=4 [-8 1 4/
1 
F3 .1
1 F7G 1 b8(VOA) c\ 1-  .=1
41 31N1.A

NF3 .1
1. -1 23
1G 1. =-N1
  N-. /N1 G 1   31. 3= ./ - :8 VOA 12N1.A

- -  3= ./ -


 ႚ4 3 28/N1 . 3= F3  .1
1ႚ G 1 . .A

2F =    3=4/.1 F3 .1 pŽ :8F7 N7 



 
1 F7 1 
1= 1 [-8 1 4/.1 F3 .1
13=႓8 ==F p;Y :8   - 1=
3 28N1 G 1. .A

 =Z4 .   - 1= 4 24x4?3  - F3 - 17- .

1 N7  4/1  7-႒ 8   81/N1G 1C F3  .1
14
.J\1.1
1  - D4   N7  = ႒   -G 1 . .A

N7 =  . 8[81


1E 2 =  ; =E  
1 1 “Ho Yi Fa” 4 “Min Cheng Yi” ႛ 3=႓8
- ; =8   1 . A

 - 1= N-. N1. N7 4/.1


1F7 F3 .1
1E /႓/  4  2 1
1   1  - ႟=  -
  G 1
2,1 .h1- 2 . .A

=1/24>B. 4/ 
:.1:8  /

2009--11-27
2009

=-
:N1 1 
:
-B - - /႓  -
ႛ  4/ 
:. .4r1  N1
  1 =1/ 24>BB    =/N1 ႛ .1=-Bႛ
-8=. 1   1FA

(Photo:RFA/Tyler Chapman)

 - 14/C - -႓  ႚ-8  -1 23 ႝ1


1.1 =-N1 3=F.A (Photo:RFA/Tyler Chapman)

YY
 2 
1.,1 .4r1,1 4/  ?-Bႛ 
:
-.  .1 - 1]‡ ?-Bႛ =[M
-.-Bႛ  141N11  
-B  =1/24>B႓8 21
1M1 
 -
ႛ Bႛ 2  3= 1 -   =/ 13=ႛ /႓  -
ႛ  
 .1[8   =83Bႛ
 =3B‡
ႛ :8 1FA

႓  -
ႛ  =3B‡ ႛ A A“NB 1 J3=B1 
  ႛ  . J A G / -Bႛ J11 B21 NB 1  /N1 BC =1/ 24>
ႛ BA
-1ႛ 
=  ႛ =/=  1 NB 1 4/ -B

B 
 . 8  1]‡-B ႛ
B - -Bႛ  N1BA N121 N1[-–k- W 
. 8  .4r1 ႛ D 1
2 2/1 1 - 2FA =  
 1 NB 1 - 1N 1 2 1 11 JA B
-
1 B[8
-1ႛ . ”

.4r1,1 4/  ? 4= ?-Bႛ ;‡‡< 4= G.c ;Ž -ႛ 3 28/B ႓8-1  N1[M ;q 4= 
/N1 . 3=႓8 pqYY 4= 1 [D12-=G  Bႛ
 /13B
ႛ 3= 3B
ႛ BB ./ 13B‡
ႛ :8 3=FA

.4r1 Bႛ 33=. :8 ,1 /႓  -


ႛ  -[8 =3B‡
ႛ :83=႓8 G 1 3.1 Bႛ . FA [FG 1 .1=-8=.
 -Bႛ /႓  -
ႛ  -[8 3B

N1‡=1 =Z  21  -  ႛ  =1=1 /႓  = ႛ 3B‡ႛ  1FA

3= F3 . 1 pŽ :8  -4  ./ - ႒   

27 November 2009

 - 1 - NB  1 7 F3  ?-Bႛ ႓8BB .8NB 1 3 28 /B B 3= F3 . 1 pŽ :8 -
  1     - 14/ 3= ./ 1 
႒  =1-G FA

3= ./ 1 ,1 3 /- B F3 . 1-Bႛ ႚ B႓8 .ႛ   -4
ႛ 3ႛ =8=:BG ႛ - - 3=./႟/ G 1.-ႛ 1 1G 1 FA

 - 1== 1M1,1 47J1 pY -ႛ N7  F3  


11  3 28B႓8 3=4/.1 pŽ :8 F7 F3 . 1 p;Y :8  N-. BFA B[8NB

1=,1 [-8 1 4/.1 3=ႛ [. . 1 31G FA

.
ႛ  - - -1 ႒ 8 =-N1 1 3 28N-. N1ႛ   31B ./ -:8 Bႚ 1G 1
   1 31FA =-N1,1 x:-4=  ?-Bႛ
-1 ႒ 8BN1 3=႓8 G 1 JB  - 1[8   =8F21 [D12-=G   N-. BF.A

3 28/- B NB 1 ႟ -Bႛ N7  F3 . 1 F1 ႛ [8
  Bႚ /႓ / -Bႛ 
    1 3ႛ ႟=  - 11M1 
12Bႛ 2,1 . 1 31N1FA

 - 1 8.1- -:8 11


Friday, 27 November 2009 18:10 - .4=  8.1 1.8    - 14/.ႛ 1 1 . 4/1.1  8.1     1 ႓8B. 4=N  —7 14?-    1 1G 1
 - 1,4  8.11  7-႒ 8h1- (,/ 8)  =/= .  .A
2F7-႒ 8h1-E .N- h1-  17-/:8 “  14?- 4= [8
--B4
ႛ ?:G 1 11
1C [F1 8.1 1.8
႓8.J”,6 178.
ႛ 1.A

 - 14/.ႛ1 1 .  8.1


1. : 1   c
1 -8 4 .=4/ႚ 3=႓8 1   N4  4/ႛ   1 1 G G 1C  8.17 1  ? 14?- 1
G 1 8.1
1N =1
 -=႓  ႚ
1  7 1  ? 1 
11G 1 . .A

-= -8
4/
1  1 1 .  8.1
1. -=[.
1.14႓8  8.1 
1=. 1.8: 1 -. 1 J1  = ]--7F 8
N.1 
11.11G 1 ,/ 8 h1-  17-/ 1.A

 - 14/.ႛ 4/1.1 8.


1 7 1  ?. ႓8B. 4= 4=.-1 .1
1 7 1 B႓8 4=
   8.F p.--ႛ 7 1  - -ႛ -N1.,
 - 1,4  8.11  7-႒ 8h1-  N-N1. =8 /=1
1 . .A

 - 14/.ႛ 4/1.1  8.1


1  1 1 = -   8.1-4 . .   B
1   - 1 G 1. 8 c\-4/ -[-႓  ႚ4 = 1\4
 /
ႛ 
 
 8.1-
1      B
1  BG 1C 1 - b8 - 4/
  B
1  - G 1 N F ,/ 8 h1-
17-/ 1.A

 - 1 8.1-. ;77< 4= = J1 3=1 B. ./011


1:821.1  k7F 11 - 4 ;77Y 4=   B.
-1c=2 - -G 1  8.1:8
2.1G 1 C 4=-:8 11 3=G 1. .A

4/1.1  8.1
1  - 14/.ႛ1 1 
 
12/.1 1 . - 1
1 1 - -C 4rCc/ 4  -  -[.
1.ႛ

12/.1 1 ., 1႒ 8႓  ႚ/:8  1 .A

“ 1႓  ႚ-1 11


ႛ DB 1 1   
12/1C 1
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4/1.1  8.1
1. 1-႓  ႚ-8  1  8   -.ႛ 
 8N C 1႒ 8႓  ႚ -8  N1= c4  c
1.ႛ.1  1 1C 1႓  ႚ-8 
1D 1
1 -႓8 Nr81 - 4 1.1 - ႛ [. ?
1  G  ?G ., a 1.A

 - 1-/  .J17  =


1 4 .J17
1 . 1 -8
-/
1 4 4?=1
  
1 1 .2.1  - 1 8.1-.
=,1 ?
11 -.G 1C -8
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1 7N
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N1 .A

“ 8.   [= ./ .JC


- 1 7-21 ? .JC ႓8BB  8../1  c/ 1 2/.1”, a 2.A

 - 14/
   8.1-E /21 /
13=. 4/1.1 8.1
1   4/ 1=/4?- 48
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 [=  (႑ 7 ) ./  ? 1-F-.႓8 ,႒ 8
1 BF   -[D1 p777 N
 p7 14?--3 G 1C  8.1
-4.  === N 1 = -  8.1  ˜M8
14 F21   ? -F G 1a N1 .A

“ ႛ  1=7=1= 1- 1 1   


1  1 =F 4B 7-21 ? J1   JCC  -   
ႛ 3 81 JC =8/
=
႒ 81- ”,a 2.A

႓8B.4=  8.1-
1  ?/DB.   8.1-D  8  -.  8.
1=8. c
C B1 -4  14.=.
7-21 ? 1 -. 1-
1   1
BG . ,. .A

 - 1 8.1-. E 7  1.1 -/.J17i1ႚC 2-=FC .=-


1 B.ႛ  J™1  13.-3=G 1C  8.1-1
=== -3 

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1  .
1=1   .1
  8.1 -   1 ,
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 - 1 =2 N 4?-, 2


Friday, 27 November 2009 17:26 .-N :8 . - 14/  1J (D) .1 3   =G 21
1 3 28  ? 1  4=
1N  (Ž) 2-ႛ  
11 1G 1
?=27F  3
 3B
ႛ  17- .

1 N311G 1 .A

2F . cd =27F4 1]7 ?2 1႟/ (UNODC) 3B


ႛ  N-.1“2009 Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine - Type Stimulants and Other Drugs in East and South-East
Asia”,   . =8 /=1  B.ႛ 31N13=.A

UNODC E N-
`  - 14/ ;77Y 4= =G 21 / =.-
1 3 28 B .1  ;77q 4= X -ႛ ` a 21 .-B
3 28 .  4=
1N  Ž 2-ႛ  
111.,  .131N1.A

" =27F N  -,1 -=[. 1 ႓81


1121 
-1ႛ 1
ႛ  F" , UNODC =1  1 :83=. =Z1 cF 8 7=Z  --ႛ
J- 1 ႓  ႚ .=1 B .N1 
1  1G 1B.A

=27F
1. N4/  .1 [. 4/
13=. 1C b8 - C 4>4/
ႛ 2 
/ႚ4/ႛ 
 ., =Z1 cF 87=Z 2.A

N
ႛ G 1 =27F  17.

1. =27F   7
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4?-
1
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131
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 - 14/
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1   -
ႛ  B႓8. -1   N   1႓8C G.c  =27F  ?F ;—7 4  1/F —gg:8 
3 28 BG 1 === .=1
1 31N1.A

1  -  1  -- ႓  ႚ  -=


 
 1
14 
-
1 J-= 
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1  4=N    = 
1G 1
 
1 2.A

N4/.ႛ G 1  1  1.


  1 
. 8 :83=.  ? “ [84= 1 G  1  J 1  J- 11= C J1 = 
1
2
ႛ   -=
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ႛ  = ႓  ./    - 1
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.1
.1G 1
1”, 6 178.ႛ 1.A


3/ႚ ႓3   - (KDNG)  17F “ 
- 1 .=- -1-C 
1 =  -     B  -1C  k- --B
 21 J-  - 1 1 =  
1C J-= 
 ?  =81  73=C 1B
  1”, 1.A

=27F
1   -  
ႚ.1  .1 -   ႓ 
  3B

1 N -G ႓8 1
8႓  ႚJ   N4/.ႛ .21 1
?
1
G 1 . .A

 [.   .1 -   ႓ 


 3Bႛ 3Bႛ 3=.1 7 .=8  3Bႛ (UWSA) . =27F4 = 1B=.127F
1  1 
 
 1  1
-=
ႛ 1 N-. 3Bႛ 3Bႛ 3=G 1   - =27F  3
 3B
ႛ 2.A

 - 11M1
1  = 1]1 -1   3 28 -ႛ N-N1.A -1 . ႟k႒c/ [.  =27F  1 - -.3=႓8 a  ႟C N4 1
4/
1   -.A

  -4 . cdႛ E N-



1 }17- 13c--=Z-. J-
12/ N. 4/3=႓8  - 14/. [ 
12/ 4/3=G 1 . .A

1.

1 p 4==1, Nh1-
Friday, 27 November 2009 17:16 N .1B ?
1 21 8 p 4=-ႛ ႒   2 ?
1   .  pY 4=  .1
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N- G 1 8 .  .1N1.A

B= . / 8 p4= 


  =i12 1 2 ? -3 
 . 8 7=/
1  72 3=G 1 :[ F ., . .A

:[. ႓8B. b[^, -ႛ  = .  7  3=., .  .1N1.A

N4/
- 1 7-႒ 8h1- 2 /
14 2-
1  4=  1 7-21 ?
118 2 -4 B= . ?  .
1=1 =1G  - -G 1 N1G 1
. .A

N4/ 21  1=8  [F 1 Dr. Sampandh Komrit “[F,1 J7     ႒ 8Bႛ 2/3
 FC B=႓8  J  -1ႛ 1J C [F,1 .
 k1 =Z ,FJC 2
1.  --Bႛ .
ႛ  ႛ FJC B= . --Bႛ 4= -2/=1 ” , . 2.A


=.
 :8 3=.  21  8 “ N4/ 1  :[ N 1    1FC p4= 1 1 2 17-
  =1G   21
 11F-1C N4/ 

=.-Bႛ . ႓81   :[ J C 1 =1 . N1 /1 BJC 1 11-Bႛ. Bႛ :[
N 1Bႛ F
1 4/  11 - 1FC -1 N [8N Bႛ  ? 1 3=FC  - 14/ 1 2 1   1 1B” ,
2.A

2F :[.   B.1 B= ?  - —4=-ႛ =12 G 1C 1B.
1. .  pY4=  -4 N-.  - G 1
 1 
 ႒  
2 17-4 ႛ2/ -G 1 a 2 1.A

“  .1   2


ႛ   

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=.
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1 C  1 .821 1B. 2႓81 4 
G C” ,  8 2.A

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.1J7  
. 83=.ႛ 1B 2F 
-4=G 1 2 /   . ? /
 3=႓8 
. 8J7  
.13=.ႛ 1BF p 4=  ; 4=N 
-
2 . ?/႓ 8  B= 1B4G 1 . .A

- -႓  ႚ  

=. 
.1:8  
.1J7  
. 8J7.ႛ 1B 
G .1 
=. 
.1
11  -႓8 4G G 1C
1B - . ႛ / 2 /
14 2 .
 21
 B= ?/
   . G . 
1=3=-G 1 12.A


 -  - 1 . 1
1  B 2 .
Thursday, 26 November 2009 18:50 7F 831 .G.=G
C   -4  814/  2 17-
1 F7  - 14/  2 17-
1 N4/ 
 ႓  ႚ   - 1  =1-
J 1 
1 
1 ; G 1  - 1 . 1
1  21 1  .G 1 . .A

2 . ?
1   ;X   ;< -ႛN -/-  Y -1 8 1 - Ž-1 8 . 3=႓8 p  -1 Y7 
1   B .G 1 . .A


-1
ႛ [ ¡ 1 2/   81FA 
-1ႛ G 11 [8N4/ 1  - 1  k
ႛ 1 . 1F .- -
ႛ A -1 ႓8 .ႛ   - 
 8 -B. 3=-B    1 1  .1F” ,   31.  - 1 2 17- :8 6 178. ႛ 1.A

1 1  2 . ? /.


1= 1 41=8
12 3=.A 1 1cF
1 1  1 1cFC 8J8C .14/C
=4. .1  1cF
13=႓8 Ž
ႛ 1 ==2C
.
1  G 1. .A

“
.1-Bႛ
= 1FA 2- 1 .13 ႛ  - J1    J C    -1 .13ႛ
-  3=-A 1 
1႓81 1A -1 1  B3=C
ႛ .1-
J 1
1 1 3=C  - 12 17- F 21 1/  21F”,
N4/ 4=4=-ႛ -.1 .  ;Y   
 
 . 8 :8  1.

2 . ? 3Bႛ. 
 ႓  ႚ  2႓  ႚ .1  - 1. 1
1  .1  1  .B႓83=G 1 . .A Nႛ   - 1. 1

11-N.1 N - 1 -= B21 ႓  ႚ.ႛ .1 1  .  - G 1 N F 2 17- 2 1.A

“2-.1   N= 1  1 1 1J21 3=-B  1cF  NN 1  1  14B  2-  .1 1 .2 JA
-1 1    1  2/ -႓8 [ ¡ 1 1FA F.1  J ./ 1  1 N BA [81   - 12 17--Bႛ  B 1 1  .1

-1ႛ    1F”, /=1 . 1 :83=. .  ;— 4=  
 .1 J -2 1.A

 4/12 17-3B


ႛ   - 1. 1
1  21 1  .. [႒  3=႓8 N ႒   1  814/  2 17-
1 p 1 1 1 
.BG 1. .A

-1c=[ ¡.
1  8 -2B
Thursday, 26 November 2009 18:53 6 178 .F p .- Ž .1-ႛ -2/ .2/B .1 -1c= -   B. 1 pY  G 1B႓8 3=.1 N1F
1=1.1
[ ¡.
1. 18B
1 - 2B 3=., }1 . cd3Bႚ 1.A

-1c=2 - -[M / ႓8 pp G 1 [[ B ႓  ႚ-    B [ ¡.


1  ¢.ႛ  ႚ . (i1/ - ႟ 1)
 -ႛ -ႛ 4/ 1 W 
13Bႚ4 }1 . cdC  ႚ1 1 4/
1 . (128/) 4  - 14/ႛ F3Bႚ=N1.1 ./2 b,3Bႚ (TCG) ႛ ႚ2/
24B 4/ 1 W 
1 -1c=2 - [ ¡.
1    -[D1 YY .- W[F- -  B  G 1 TCG N- G 1
 F .A

NW[F-
1-  -1c= -[ ¡. p .-  .  7 
1 -
1  1N 31 -C  .= p<Y77 21  -C 
1.=F Ž7
21  - =. -
1   W[F- 3=G 1 TCG =1  . .A

.
ႛ .1 . cd 1  .1
 =1-1N1 N1.1 -
12 1 Bx4? 21
   m N W[-. .N 
1=1 
1--..,
 --ႛ 12B.A TCG 3Bႚ 1  ]N   -[D1 p7— .- 12N1G 1 . .A

-1c= - 8 2 .1


1E =1  1  
 .1=F p<Y777 1 2  =1 1 7 B.1 1 18B 
13 3=.
- 2B3=႓8  p .- 1   -.G 1 . .A

;77Y 4=   6 178 =7 £-  D[.  B.1 2 --1c=G 1  F Ž .- g .1
=8B 1  p .- Ž .1 .2/B႓8 ;. Ž .-
 B  B3=B .A - ႓8  —p -ႛ -1c= -. .

1  ./2b,3Bႚ TCG  3Bႚ=B.A

1 N4/C N


 .1G -83Bႚ  -1c= -. 1 [.3=. 6 178 =7 £-
 D  
 1 ; 1  2႟/ p ႟/=8 21 4 -   -[D1 p .-
Y .1
1  W[-BG 1 . .A

N
ႛ  N J . 81 ,1 
 8 .8 [/ 4 NG -83Bႚႛ - -႓  ႚ “
 .1 .WJM” 21 :8.= 21  -    -[D1 < .-
Y .1 W[F- BG 1 2,1 .h1- 31N1.A

 21 :8  -14=2- 3=4  3=႓8  - 14/ ႒ 82/ .WJM3=1   , 2.A

.F pg77 
1.14  3=႓8 4/  1.1 .WJM
1.ႛ -12 1  8
1 .14  3=G 1 . .A

 - 14/  2႟/
1 ..  Bႚ႒ / - .3  - 1
- 1 1M1
1 .
1 .W[F- - 4?21N1.A
- -2႟/ .   E 2 =: .F — N1-႓8 NNB  Y7 14?- 1 2႟/
1 -.1 .  / G 1. .A ;77Ž 4= 
;77Y 4=N Ž 4=1 1 -1F X;<pg :8  2႟/
1 ..4B.1 Ž7Y—< :8 1 .B., 2,1 . 31N1.A

.W3 
ႛ .  4 -  -
 4?21. -
- 1 h1- ႒   g7 N  .W 
1  cM   G 1 . .A

2/႟?/
1  
1G -, r1  m1

1.\
.1G 1-ႛC 47  J1 27  2009 4= 22 -1 8 04 -=

-1c= -[M/ .1 6 178  1


1` -21   -
121 1 . 1
11 
1G G 1 r1႓  ႚ-  
:8=8 m 1.A

6 178 r1႓  ႚ-C 1  1 .  -


 1  . 1 ;7 :8E  1
1  
1G  G 1 12 ?D . -ႛ-1G 13=.A

N
ႛ  
 1  ./ B. 
1 1 
1 ,B “=1
 ”
1.1 3= ., . 2.A

“B[F   ,JA 4/1  ./ 3N ႛ 1B =1


 FA 4/ 1 .  ႛ 2/႟?/.1B    6  4=.-F” , r1
႓  ႚ- :8=8h1- :8=8 m :81
1  ]Z
  1.A

.
ႛ .1 . 11  ;7 E 
1 11 21  -
1    =႓8 ./ B ႓8 6 ;77    N 
1G  .G 1 .
.A

. 1:8 “=F    1=B ႟.1A ႓8.JA  .ႛ  1 131 1 [ ¡ 1  -A .ႛ21 B- 1 -1 ,JA  =F F
 -F -1F” , ]Z
  1.A

r1႓  ႚ-` 21  -


1   1N31-. 1 < 
1 -႓83=႓8 2F . 1
1E 
1 
=8B. 1 - -G 1 ႓  ႚ/:8
1.A

႓8B. b
 mG 8.- kE -1c= -.[.  8=:႓8  B.ႛ  .  ?
1  N   
111႓8 21    ˜M8
14 =
21  -
1  -ႛC   21-G G 1 . 1.A

-1c=[M/B . 6 178႟ -1c= -[M/B .1 [.


1E -21   -
1  === 4 -8=.  ˜M8
13=.1 6 1 k7FC NC 7F7F7C
႟17FC  k./ C 6[C = - 1C  3  =.  ˜M8
1 :8=1 
  ႟N1.A

;77Y   ;-—  -1 8  p77 


13  .1 . -1c= -[M  6 178C - -C B C -C 1-4 --ႛ /  ႓8
6 178. 2 12/3=.A -G 1 F p .- Ž .1-ႛ .G B ႓8 F ; [f Ž .-  B  B 3=B .A

 - 1  X  1 4/ 1 B=


 :
1 :႓ 
]Z
 .h1-
.1G 1-ႛC 47  J1 27  2009 4= 18 -1 8 22 -=

-[8 ( ]Z
) A A }1 =8 1 =1 3B ႛ
  - 14/  ႓   X  1  N4/` 1 4=
 
  17႓ B.
 ႛ N 2/ .1 1 :႓ 
    ႓8,
 - 14/  =8 1 =13B ႛ
 (MEF) 1.A

2=]1-  }1 =8 1 =13B


ႛ
.ႛ 
1 N1 1 ႓8B. ;g -ႛ  G 1 - -  1 [c/႓  ႚ- N1= 4 / N1  MEF  [-: lm
:8႓ 
1 ]Z
  1.A


-1ႛ 2=]1- 1 B }1 =8 1 =13Bႛ
28  
1 N11 ႓8BB 1 J1 ;g -ႛ  BF” , . 1.A

:8႓ 
1. MEF  [-: lm4 -=-= m3= B3
 17-N1႓8 128/ ( ႚ11  4/
1 .)  =83Bႛ
 [-: lm 3=.A

4/ 1  =8႓ B



1.ႛ :႓ 
   .  
1 1 =-J C c/ . 8C .cC¤ PeachC  k24  k: l1    
1 3=.A

႓8B. c/႓  ႚ


B.1  =8႓ B.ႛ 128/  =83Bႛ
  2 17-
1 1 1 =:  
1  ==2႓8-1  4/ 1B

1.ႛ 7 1 :႓  -  

 8G 1 }1 =8 1 =13Bႛ
.ႛ N1 /
B.A .ႛ.1  
1.  =8 17႓ B  .13=႓8  =8 -
1႓ B    ,FA

 4/ 1  =8႓ B



1.ႛ MEF .1 1 :႓  1 14/
1   
1  1  F7:႓ B.A

 - 1 
1  G 1 83 .  -  B .3  
 ==2JBC 1 4= 3317F 8 N`
  128/  =8 1 =1႓ B
 
  :႓   
128/  =83B ႛ
 17- .

1  3D ===2=B 3=.A

“F1 .
1 ./
B  
 ./ 1JFA 1  .1႓ BF  1 b
1A B[8 1 ႓ B   1B B  A 1  -Bႛ
 =1. 121 
1G 8 21F” , :8႓ 
1 1.A

. 2 ႓8 ““,1 N 121 -8B  ..1 ႓8 ႓ 413=FA [J - 1
2 1:-Bႛ ..1  13=B  [8 -Bႛ ႓ 4 1 ,J A B
 B ““ , 1.A

 
1  N- - 1 -=.ႛ 1
13 ..
 1  1C N 2 ႓ B
 1.ႛ 2   D.1   3=.A

1   -8
 14/
  ;g ႒   28c ႓ B
 
   =81 =1B F7.3 1 4= 128/  =83Bႛ
  ႚ11   =8႓ B 3
331 8 .8.-

   =81 =1႓ B  =8=:N1 3=.A

pqqp 4= =N1B. MEF (Myanmar Equestrian Federation) . ;77Ž 4=
   14/ 8--
 -`  .1  =8 1 =1B
 1
   k/2 — 2C  ; 24
G  p  2 B..A

  
- 1   8=:=
]j
.h1-
.1G 1-ႛC 47  J1 27  2009 4= 18 -1 8 09 -=

- - ( ]႙ )A A 
1. .11 N1.1   
-  1  8=:3= ===  1B.A

- - == m b


7 E =8 / ?3  - 1G F - ./
 .J1\3 47J1 ;7 -ႛ
  =.1  G 1 - --   
-  8=:  8. Ž77

1  F.1B.A

 8.
1=  = 7-N 
13=G 8 41.
1C -/ 8[81
1 F.A

  =1 ; .1 g N1


 .  8=:.   
-=
1   - 14/ 2 ?  .G 1 3=.,  F
ႛ 21.  1 :8 1.A
 -8
-/
ႚ4 - 1 ? -G 1 1.1 .-/, k-.1 FA

- -    
-=. - -  ႚ-1 1J   ;X7  1 Jc\11  8  G 8 
-C c\1 
-C   
-C c
 8 
-C =1B 
-C

 -
ႛ F7 
-F p; 
- .A

  
  :8 N1
1 8   4= 1
1  1 
1= = 7-N 
13=G .A

;7p7 4=   1 B


   
-/ = J  -   ,   ႚ- 
.11 4 3/ႛ 3   1=8 : lh :8
1]1 G  ,1 -NN1.A

pqq7   1 B 


.1[8   =83B

  .ႛ 1 =1 :8.- gX 14-3 4
  B.A 4/11 .=Z131 - - ? :[  p;;(p)3
N1[M ;g 4=
/ .1 :8.-. .  g7   pqqX 4= G.c ; -ႛ =-N1NB -.1 .A

  4>3=B3 .1   


-=
1. b.
 -8 1   - 1-/   
-
  F .  kB1B.A

pqgq 1M1 ,1 b


G 8-7E  =1=  N    
-G 8  
-3= NN1 4/  
:.1
1  
ႛ 21B.A pq<p 4= 4/ 

:.1
1 =1/ 24>B
1 DF 8-1  - -=- N1.ႛ  kႚ1 8 
-N1   1.A

N
ႛ -1   E  B ?1 
  -B.1   
-D.ႛ 
1. .11  -.
ႛ B.A

( - - .N1  


ႛ .1 .  3-[F 3=
  .1.A)

7-႒ 8
 ႒ /3
/ႛ F21
1  
1.cM
]႙ .h1-
.1G 1-ႛC 47
 J1 27  2009 4= 16 -1 8 11 -=

-[8A A === 7-႒ 8


 b
႒ 8.-=-. N1= ႒ /ႚ 4 3/႓ႛ 3  = / F21
1  
]G 14 4/1   ? -
1
2 .1  - ႓8B. -c\4-ႛ 1 -  B.A

 - 1 7႓  ႚ 4/7-  G /ႚ3/ႛF21 <77 -ႛ 3


. 4= .=7 3B
  7-G 8
 N B.ႛ 1G 1B 3=.A

=7  .E NN   m3=. = 


 4 2 1 7-G 8h1- 7-G 8 b
m:8 :821
- 1 .1G 1-ႛ
  =1=1B 3
2/. 3=.A

““b
 mG 8.- k 1 .1G 1-ႛ =1=1B
 1 1  ႛ  
1 A N1 D 1.J““ , 7႓  ႚ- G /ႚ3/ႛ.  17- .:8 1.A

G /ႚ3/ႛ  ? .  4/ F83= .1 , .


1 DN -.1 ႓  ႚ-4 2    m
1   1 -.    =7
N =Z4 .  24 G 1 . 2.A

““4/ F8--Bႛ 1B32


ႛ 1
1 =7B
 1 241 FJA 13B
ႛ 21 3=4FJA N  k-G 11 FJ““ , . 1.A .
N 2.   .  - 2.A

G /ႚ3/ႛ.  === E ႟.႟3= .


1႓8 ==F21
1E  -ႛ
1  1N 31G .A

=== =8=:N1. ;7p7   1 B



1 G /ႚ3/ႛ. 4/ F83= .1 F7 - 11 G 1 =   - 1 G ? 1.
1
-
ႛ --G .A

 ? .3= 2    3= 1 ;7p7 4=   1 B


  === 1. F8  
1N1 -1 /   , /G -G .A

G /ႚ 4 3/႓ႛ 3  .  pqq— 4=


  ==G 8 B b
 mG 8.- k 3Bႛ=B.A b
 mG 8.- kC [ b
 mG 8 1C b
G 8.  k -C 7-G 8

b
G 8 .-=-4 -3   m (p) .8,. 1 :8ႛ 3B- ႛ 1
13=.A 4/.1:8 .- g7 
1-  3B7 ႛ F .- ;7 
1 ., 2.A

¢.  ===  3= -႓8 ;77< 4=   1=128 =


4?-
2   24>B

1  4 - 1` ./ B..A .
ႛ  D 24>-.
1 
41 C 3 284  
1  2ႛ 
1  BG .A

N
ႛ  ;77—    N  - 1.ႛ =႟/  8N .  - 1[8   =8F21 [D12-=G E 1:-  ==  [8B႓  ႚ-8 G 3 
  B 1 G /ႚ3/
ႛ
1 F7B., .
1 DN B.A

(2,/.1=- .ႛ.A /8 3.A)

2-G =
  -2B

.M
.1G 1-ႛC 47
 J1 27  2009 4= 11 -1 8 52 -=

- - ( ]Z
 ) A A / -13 2-.=D
- 1 2-=
4?-
1
2 .1 4= 2-.=7
-
  2- 1C 2-
1
1.1 =
4?-
2 2-G 
1 1 
=
4?-  2B 3=G 1 .  .A

-=14 /-=1
1 
12/ =1./.1 2-G 
1 =
4?-  1-  1 4= 2-
ႛ ?  1M
1N1
   14 ႛ -7    
1
G  .1 ? = -G 
ႛ G 1 3=., .   3=.A

““2-G  7-A [84= -


-.-B 
1N11 C 4=1  =ႛ -2B  
-   
1-G A - -. 11 1  ˜M8
 ႟  27N11-B
ႛ 1 2-G .= -   --1““ , - -႓  ႚ -   2-=F -=[  -.:8 .A

 - 14/  2-
ႛ 1 =
  G   ႟ 2-
1 .1 ႛ 3=႓8 2-
1 1 /
 -=1
1 i =1./.1 6 NC -1.C 2. =.
2-G =7 2-
13=.A (2-
G ? ;g 14?-.1 F7G 1 ;g - 2-3W, D2.A)

2-.= (
1)
1 
11 7 1 1 ?G 1  
-2-,1 (
1)
1 =
4?-
2-.1 - -. 2-.= (G ) 4 2-,1 (G )

ႛ G 1 =
 11
-FG 1 . .A

2-,1 (G )


1 1 B7 

 p<g77 -ႛ =
 -႓8 =
4?- 1 1 J12- -B.1 =
4?- 1 B
2   -3=.A

2-.= (G ) =


4?-
1 1 [[ BC  1 £-
 C 7F C  1 m =.1 N   1[.   .   =
- 11 ? -႓8 

 pŽ777  pg777 G 1
-.A

2-.=D= 1 J1 --ႛ 


 ;Xg77
7-
 / - -B.1 3
1/C  1 D2- k (N= ) 2-,1
1 1  --ႛ
 
 ;—777  ;Ž777
G 1.1 1႓8 2-.= (
1) D2- k 1
 pq777  ;7777 7-

 .1 -.   ႛ .A
“2-.=D= 1 2- =i1 -A N1 /J 21 2-,1N  =
- 1 / -FBA [F B [84= G =
 /-1 
1-Bႛ G  =
 .1A
=ႛ  
1N1
1 2 2B:8  -N1 -1 2-G =

1= 1  J A 2-
1 1 [84= =

1  -N1 A 2-G =
1
]--7F 8C 3317F 8 =2
ႛ BB
- =
 :8  -N1 ” , J -1 2-B႟/ 2.A

 -4= -1c= -[M/B ႓8C =FD


- =F=

2. [M /B . 6 178  . 1
13ႛ - . .1 1  4=4=3=G 1 - -.
1
2.A

““112 =F.= 


-=
 (G ) Ž .--8F 1 A 
- (,1) Ž .-B
1
1 -.A 
1 1 =F.= Ž .-B-Bႛ g .-G 1C
=F,1 X .-
11 N F =
 
 A . 11 [84= .  m
1  -N1 FA 
ႚ. 1  =F ႓8 = NB -  ႛ 1 A
=

1  11 1ႛ 
--G 1F““ , [[ B႓  ႚ-  2- -.:8 2.A

6 178 [.
1= 4= =FN 4?-  1 -G 1 
113 6  Ž7  <7 G 1 N 4?- G 1 [[ B2- -. 2.A

   }12-=
4?- 1   
 -.A 47J1 b8 - 4/. 4=  2/=/
-3= ;g  2-3W-
   -[D1 Ž<7 3
 1
B.A

 - 14/. ;77Y-;77q J™1 4= -1c= -G 1 =FN 4?-


1BC }1=81 
2 ?c  ႟ 
1 /B .1 .ႛ 2-=F  
ႛ ?
 
;77<-;77Y J™1 4=N  4=2-8F 
 xB.A

;77Y-;77q J™1 4=


  .ႛ 2--
- X .- < .1-ႛ 4
ႛ B႓8 ==F-3   -[D1 pYg.—p .- B 1C 2--
   -[D1 ;Y7 -8F 
 

B.A

J™1 4= ;77q-;7p7  .ႛ 2--


-.-  ႛ -  
1N1. B 1 6႓8  G.c -N g 1 1 2--
- Ž .-
1 (-3
  -[D1 ppX .-
1) 
ႛ B႓8-1  2--
- .-BN 1B
1N1B.A


1N1
  8   = 2-
ႛ ? 7F[  1B. B.A  . N1.1 2- 1M  7  .1 
ႛ 
 = N 1  -1 
 -.
ႛ 
  3
B.A

}12-=
4?-   1-C 
ႛ ?  
ႛ G 1 1   1.83=.1 J™1 4=  Ž 
  
1N1
 81 4
ႛ  , 2G 1
2-
ႛ -.  ˜M8 1.A

““ - 12-=
 1 NCႛ b8 - -
ႛ Bႛ 1FA    -  [D1 —Ž7 7-
1  -A 1  4=2-  1.8  1  1 [8N  ႛ4 1FA
112 4=  1M-8F .1 ႓8ႛ G 1A 
1N1
1 4  NF““ , .ႛ 2-
ႛ -.   ˜M8 2.A

[D1=

2 ?G 1 -c
8
1  ႒ /
1
1  / ;< 47J1 ;77q

[D1F7 4/1=

1
2- -c
8-  -.
1 NN -=-1- G 1 -1c=[. 2 -  -. -c
8 
2 17-:8 1.A

a “
-1ႛ  4/ 1 -c
8 - -1c= 2  1 ./3ႛ / - 
ႛ A 
ႚ  4/1 48 x 4/ ? JM -  17Bk႓8 [8 1  38=8-Bႛ
-N./A -1  
ႚ[D13=-B ႛ B -B.
ႛ 1႓8 ./A B[8 (;)
=/ 
-BႛB႓8 ./ 1 ႛ  [D1=
G 1
-1ႛ28 71B ,1 ႓8BB
 -B= ႛ 1  (p7) 14?-
1 
1.1A [F 
-1ႛ [8 1  - 1
-Bႛ -႓8 7 ./- 1   =

JA [8  -c
-1ႛ N1B proposal
  21 4F 1 .J” , 1.A

1 
   -c
83Bႛ
  -.
1C ./႟/`
ႛ -.
1 1 [D1=
G 1 aႛ7
1 (p7) 14?-
1 
1
.1G 1 2F2 17-
1.A

4/1 ႓8  - 1


 .ႛ -.
ႛ  .-4
8 .  - 14/.1E
ႛ 7
1 1 
1
.1႓8 NN -=
4?-
1
G 1
.1=7
1  B ႒ / G 1 . .A

4/13 =1 -.


1C 4/1  ႛ ?   /-N=1.1 .

1.1 4/1.ႛ ႛ -
ႛ -. 
ႛ --
1 N 1-G 1 . .A

 N =Z 4/1 .


ႛ :8  “
-1ႛ  N  -႓ႛ 8 - B Export Earning =
4?-
 (p,777) =-=-B -A 21
-1ႛ 
ႛ  
--
7=
C =  B[F1/     ႟?/1 ႟?/-A  2 ႓8  ႛ 1 J
ႛ 1 =:=1-” , 1.A

1 4/1.1  8.1-  -.


1  aE
ႛ 7-21  [D14  
  1 /N1႓8 
 `  - 1
 ./ 1
7-21 ?- .D  =-
-.1  3=1-G 1 1G .A

- -=
  
  [D1F =
 1 ႓8B. (p) [D1
 (p,p77) -8F  1  -ႛ ;<-pp-7q -ႛ    (p) [D1
 (qq7) 7-
.1 ႓8 (p7) 14?--ႛ

2
  1 Export Earning =
4?-
1 1 ႓8B.N (p) [D1 (p,p—7) 7-
 B 1  -ႛ Export Earning F =

(p) [D1 (p,7;7) 7-
.1 .A

- -႓  ႚ  =81 1 :8  - 14/ [D1=


 F
-. NN -=
4?-
1  ႓ B   F  
 .1 [D1 -3- 
F
NN -=Z-3  F- 

 -.  .
1=  Bႛ [ ¡ 1  ., 1.A

a “[8f-1 32 ႛ  =81 - 1  -  =1  4 ?-Bႛ =1 ႓ 2 ? 3ႛ B  - 1
-3 ႓  ? 3ႛ A B[8
, 1  - 1=81   ႓ 3=႓8 .
1= [ ¡ 1 G 13=” , 1.A

 1႓   4=N=
    .-F .-
8
4:8 / ;< 47J1 ;77q

b
႒ 8.  k -E.1 i 1F7. 6 1,.\1  ˜M8.  1႓     (p) =
 21  1   
 .-F (p) .-
1 BG 1 2F
21  -` F7B. c
-81:8 1.A

a “
-1ႛ =
21 1 2-F (p,——X) - N A   Bႚ - (p,p;Ž) -  -
 .- (g7) .1
.-F (gX,;77) A
 ˜M8B
  B -F (;p;) -  -2/
.- (Ž77) 1 -Bႛ =
3 11C G 3
:
 .-F (YŽ,Y77) A ==F7 .-F (p) .- (Ž)
.1 
1A =
21 1
.- (Ž) .1 -JA [81 ==F 
 .-F (p) .-
1 ” , 1.A

2F 6 1,.\1  ˜M8. b


႒ 8 k -E.1 1.  -C  1႓  ႓  ႚ/  m4 48. =81 . 1
1F7႓8   (p) =
 21  -  3B=
ႛ B3=.A

=
 81႓8-1   1႓  =  21    ˜M8
1 =
.=21    -  ႚ1 == mN/ B.1  
 JB
b
႒ 8 k -E.14 F  - –k-G 1 1    ˜M8 DF 13=.A

 B.ႛ 6 1,.\1  ˜M8 B


  2-
1 =
 1 1 2-- 1
1  . 1.-3 BG 1 =
.11   1 87:8 1.A

a “  ˜M8,1 =
 1  - 1 1 -. 
႒   N1႓8
-- 1 .1 B4? - 1
N1B1A  2-  
-G   J1  4J ” ,
1.A
 B.ႛ 3= 
  ႓   -1 4=N=
 21 ႓8 2-- 1 
N1=:  ႒ / B G 1C 
- 2-- 1
N1 ?  --  =: =
 =
3
1
 1 -=1 12B.1 ႟႓ 71 ? 21   : lm ႟==1 12BG 1 2F =
.11  1 87 1.A

a “=
.=
.1D    =-Bႛ [.2 11M1 Bႚ 2 2//,1   -B
ႛ 1 J1  N1J” , 1.A

pqYq   8 2`  1႓  ႓  ႚ.  1႓  ႚ13=B႓8 -1  =
႓  ႚ႓  ႚ 3=1 1 =
2 1
? i 3=1.  =

1  2-
1 1
--3႒ 8 G 1 =/= . .A

- -2   1=1


1 =
  =. 
78 / ;< 47J1 ;77q

- -႓  ႚ    . N1 .. 2   1=1႒ 8


1  
   =
  .  - . 2 1 –k-G 1N1G 1 . .A

- -= ႓ ႚ-17-/:8 “Shopping Center 1/  ႟/  . 3ႛ –k-G 1N1႓8႓8A
-B .=
ႛ 1 

C 7-N 


  G   ” , ႓ .ႛ 1G 1.A

N 2/-3 - -႓  ႚE ႒ 82/ ]-1]1  =


 17-N 
1E .J124> -\1-ႛ  =
 3= ႓8B. =.  G 1 . .A

“=
   [8  17 .  1
-1ႛ  -1  ႓8FA 47J1 (—7) -ႛ [8 -
 =႓8A 2  (Ž)  -1ႛ ႓8F” ,
]-11]1 1 N   17-N :8 1.A

]-11]1=
   . ႓83=.1
- .  1=1
14 - ႒ 8
1 1  .  -  
 .G 1 . .A

b,-႓  ႚ- ]-=1   17-N :8 “[8]-=1B


-B [c/=1ႛC -  =1ႛ 1   3ႛ .
1.JA 2  2 
G JFA
J1 ႛ B21  17-N   -1   
N1႓8.121 . .JA [F   .  ႛ1 G 1N1” , 1.A

- -႓  ႚ b
=
. -\1-ႛ  =
 3= . N1 ႓8 1N =
႒ 8
1C =1
1C - 
1 F႒ 8  
1.1  / -=
 

. N1 ..3  17-N ႛ ႓8-1  . 2 1  B.ႛ =.  - –k-G 1B3=.A

 127-N ႛ1 2 


1-3 .r (p) 
 (ŽY) -1 8N   =
 :[4 ႓=-
 -.3 . 17-႒ 8h1-.ႛ G 14G 1 -B. 
- -႓  ႚ17- –k-G 1N1.A

  - Cyclone Shelter [./


ႛ    

 4
1N  / ;< 47J1 ;77q

- -C  ႓/ -႓  ႚ-   -


 1 21 
 . Cyclone Shelter 1 ;7p7   ႓8=8 , 4/႟./ 31-.1

 -  ႚ4= [8]J1႓8=8 - 3=4G 1 Asia World 21    17- .:8 1.A

 2 -
 1 Cyclone Shelter 21  - 
1N1.1 21 / /47-1   -
 1 ;77q  3317F 8` =21 B.A

 Shelter . [M/4 - //.M¨1- /  (;) N3=႓8 (X) 6 
 - 1` 21 /
7- (p—g)   21 -3=.A

J 1-/ / (—) N4 21 /DN` .1  - (;) -N1  3=G 1C  - (;) G 1 ,1:2.  - F  3=႓8 (;Ž) -1 8 8=-=

./ 3=G 1C .   - 21  ? 1 (g7) 14?- ႓8=8-႓83=G 1 Asia World 21    17- .:8 1.A

21  - N.ႛ =8=: .1 -ႛN (p7) -ႛ 1 /31[ 4 - = N.2.1 ႓8=8..A

“  - Shelter  (g77) 2/G 1A 2 -C  1 C  -C -
1 
ႛ  1-8
= 1-BCႛ  (—,777) 
1 B   - 1
 J?/3ႛ - 1 /1 J” , 
1 
 1႒ 8:8 ./..A

Nႛ    - Cyclone Shelter 21  ?. [./


ႚ1     -4႟/ B [.
C .

  
ႛ 3=4, 
 1
 3B7 ႛ :8 2.A

.-F .1
8 -
4   B.ႛ Shelter 21 N  =81  /72
2.1. 1 (<) 4=- ႛ ႓83=.1   - ,-
1C
/B  N1.1 
== 8=-=4 2 .  3-
1 =/ 1 - -.1 [./ႛ  1-G .A

[-  - 1 . (;Y)   


1႓8 i4
 1N.1 r 1 .1 -. .A i4
 1- 7FJ1 .1 C 4= 1C    1ႛ .
  -
 1N 1  .1 1 r 1 3=.A  8. c
= 1 (;) =8.1N  ႓8 -ႛ7  1 ., . .A

   - . ?N- 1   .


1 1 1 
BG .A

?14 - 1[ 


1 = 1 
==N
 - 4= ..- B3 ႓8  8.1- N]-3= -3  .  1 [.3႓/ႛ 3    21  B.A

.
ႛ .1 .J17 1B ?   - 4 (p) -
ႛ 1` .1 ႒ 8 DN-1႓8 .ႛ ? ႟ 1JB  8.1
BF1 1   -
,-
1C [./ႛE  1731  1 ?
1 
=8B .A

-1c=J.=:   -


 1= (Ž) -ႛ    B႓8   - 1.1 (—) :8 .2/B.A

- -  =1I-:
1:  - 1  1
G 1. - -
1N  / ;< 47J1 ;77q

 =1I-:
1: ( - -)  - 11  1
႓83=  =1I-
11  - 1 J B1
1.ႛ  kႚ ,.1 .
1 - -႓  ႚ N D
  1 a
ႛ 1
 = .1 .
1.1 3=G 1 - - =1I-:
1:E 
  m :8  2 .A

.    -. , 74r1 7 7/ (pg)  11 11 f J B1.
ႛ k - =8=:-  N1N 1 12-3=4., a 1.A

- -႓  ႚ/
1 - - =1I-:
1:7   =1I-
1 -.1.   B.ႛ G ႟?
=3 , 1G .A

“4=
8႓8-1B  =1I-1
1
1  4= ]1  -1  =1I-:
1:  ႛ A 2 ႒ / 1C .= 1 1C .\2 /7 1J C
 1
ႚ1 B
-B1 -1 -3B.  -.1” , 
12 1 :8 1.A

 =1I-:
1:  
  m  “ - -  =1I-:
1: B
ႛ 1 -FA c\1[/C 1 1:
1: J B  =1I- C
13W (;)  1  1 1 m[F-B
 =1I- .1 -1  =1I-:
1: ႛ13=” , 1.A
 =1I-:
1: ( - -)  pq7p 4=
  .E
ႛ m (;) .- (Ž) .1
3  ႟ (Xp) 6  ႓8 =21 B.A pq7X  ]--7F 8
.=21  1 “7 J  -႓/4  =1I-:
1:” ,  B.A

:
1:7 pqq<  1 J1 (<)  4/ 12 8 J =/ =1   3=4B.A

-ႛ=17-N 
1F7 7-N  (—77) -ႛ / - -7
 ႓8 :
1:  =1I-=1=12 (p;) 2C 2 (;7) -4
ႛ    =: -. 1
. 2
1
3=N1 .A

“4=N 4= /G   1A  3  C 2  (;;g,777)


 . A 2=1=1 122  (pg) .-1 .
  A
7-B  1.82 =:G 
: 81 -- ” , 2 :8 1.A

 =1I-:
1: ( - -) .  6 1
 (Xq.;g) 6 ႓8 4==: -3 - 1 1 . (p) .-B-ႛ G 1 . .A

“ =1I-:
1:. - -႓  ႚE N - 1
13=. -1႒ 8C  kc/J 1C /J 1  (==႟/)
14 -8-.  - 
1
=
-G G 1
b,-႓  ႚ-
   =81 - :8 1.A

 - 1 - -/ iF
ႛ   = 1  ˜M8 
 

27 November 2009

= 1 =   G 1 c


-81  ˜M8,1 -1 4=2- =႓8  - 1 - 1 iF
ႛ   .- 
N13
ႛ   [D1.-
8B -
-N      N  FA

 q7 
1B iF
ႛ   .3ႛ [D1 << .-- =1
    31N1B  - 1  ˜M8-Bႛ 2 J1 (Swiber Holdings Company Ltd.) ႛ .J1
   NBG B G 1  ˜M8 .1G 1-ႛ N-B G 1
NB 1 31N1FA

-  ႒  21  -1  1 = ႛ 2 J1  ˜M8 1FA ;7p7 4= N ./ 1 - = 13=႓8 X  ႓8=8 ႛ 2FA

 - 14/D   --Bႛ : 14/ [M  ? 


N12B   = 1 F7  ႚ11  4/C  C 4> =B  -8
 4/ 1
 - 1=== -Bႛ =81 -. 2 2/  NN1N1FA

==-Bႛ -8=B = 3B


ႛ  =2 N

27 November 2009

 - 14/ =27F  17 ?    -႓8 1M1J  3 281.1 


1113=ႛ   =27Fႛ1 =1G  3Bႛ
N3112FA  .1  -   3Bႛ,1  - 1=== 4
 - 1  =  1G 1 .1N1B =27F   x 1
-2B . cd
=1 Bႚ = 1D 1  ./.12 13=FA [8.=/  N=  .N1   ]1 N1FA

UNODC D . cd =27F-Bႛ 1]7 ?4 - 3Bႛ =G 21-Bႛ 1 =27F 128 2 1 =8 /=1=1  J- 1 ႓  ႚ 1 -ႛ N-BFA

[8=8 /=1N7
- 1 . cd =1  - 1  .1  -   3B ႛ =,1 b,= ႓ 1 1 /- 1G 1 .ႛ 3Bႛ=-Bႛ
.
ႛ Bႚ -   N-
43
ႛ   .1N1B =27F    1
-ႛ .N1   12BFA

[812BD 1  - 1  1./.-. 1 7 .J1 G FJA

   =27F =1G 1  3B


ႛ Bႚ 3B
ႛ F21 :8-2 1 =27F  171,1 ႓8
111 J ႛ 1FA

" .ႛ  1-B,1,1   -Bႛ


-1--Bႛ
-1G .1 2  J1  . 1FJA . ႛ .1B 3 1 
111C B[FB3=A 
111 1
-3--B ႛ 1 UNODC 1.BFA .ႛ [8= =B 3Bႛ 1 11 1=ႛ .ႛ Bႚ 7   F    -1Fb
1A [F1 ,FA
[F -FBA .
ႛ .1B J  [8 -3-Bႛ 2 =-B [8 .= ႛ =Cႛ -1 ႓81 [83B
ႛ FA [8  ˜M8ႛ J12
ႛ   .
ႛ    
-1Bb
A"


-  - 1=== ,1 =   .13B
ႛ = =27F N  1
-1   B  F = 3B
ႛ  -1=1 3B=
ႛ   
  /1G 1 3 281 
11. =27F  G 1႓8 341 1ႛ :8-2 1FA

 - 1    =27F N 17-B - 1 :8-2  2 1FA

"[8 =Z,1 = =B 


B 1႓8 31ႛ JA [8 -3-NB 12 J- ႓81 = 1  ႛ A B[81 -3G 8=B -NB 1 = BJ-
 -/ = =B  3Bႛ28B  1 1 ,J A .- ႛ B
ႛ . B .=
ႛ =3BႛNB 1  1 1Bb
A B1 .ႛ 28 1 N ? 1BA"

 - - 1-= == 4/  1. :81


1]1  =27F N ? 1  - 1==-Bႛ -8=. 
113 F7 . -ႛ N1 FA

"[8-ႛ =27FN -1 i  - 1= ./-B . 23 3B


ႛ FA 2F1 N-=2F1C , - N -1A -1  /C 2 NB 12
 -  3B ႛ =F
1=1 A 1
8 1 1BA ,1   .J\1  =2 ႛ ႓8  3 B -1  2  G 8
B B[8 1A 4? J  12
   2/႓8 = -G 1BA  b 1.11 ,J A   1 71႓8 = -1A"

[8  =27F .- 17 1 1  - 17-


B ==  1 ႒ 8 F7. 1 ႛ :81
1]1 1FA

 - 1 1 8c  1-B



8B J-3W-Bႛ .--B

8B =G 21 3 28 B . 1 =   -
ႛ 3Bႛ-Bႛ  - 1==    ? 3=1BB
G.c-1  1 
12/ N D11 3=FA   3 28 1,1 B[81 
111 BFJA

 .1  -  3Bႚ 


ႚ =2 3-ႛ 3W-

27 November 2009

1  ,1  1 7 =႑  =2 31  1 ?   11-ႛ 4r 1 ႒ 81-႓8ႛ . cd =2-Bႛ 1]7 ? N-
  c
=8 G 1.-ႛ 1
=8 /=1=1 N-G 1 FA
 - 14/ 1  -    .1 = =2  1  1731  1 1  1 -G C  - 14/ 1B =2NB J-D 1 /N1B
J-3W =2
C ATS =႑ 2 =2
 F7C =.3 . cd c
=8  ႚ1 -Bႛ =3[. =1 J- 1 ႓  ႚ 1 .N1 
11

7 12.1 FA

-=
13 =2  1  1731  1 ? ႒ 8N11-႓8ႛ . cd =2-Bႛ 1]7 ? N-
  c
=8  ႚ1 -Bႛ =3[. =1 c 8
7== J- 1 ႓  ႚ 1 .N1 
11 1G 1FA

[D12-=G  2 ? 


1 B
  ႚ-4 x4?

26 November 2009

-  1 3 28/N1 B  - 1[8   =8F21 [D12-=G  Bႚ  ?-Bႛ . ႓8  1႟/
 1 2 ? N1B =Z  [8 -ႛ - 1 [D12-=G  
 ?   F 
21-B  ႚ- ႚ2/ 24BG FA [D12-=G -Bႛ ႚ2/႓8 -N 1B  ႚ-႒ 8 :8ª1M7  ..8  2 .  -႓8
N1FA

i 1 [D12-=G  Bႚ  ?-B


ႛ  -  1  -B [D7-Bႛ [D7 ႛ  ? F  1႟/
 1 N1B 2 ? Bႚ 
1 B
 
[8-ႛ- [D12-=G  -  1  ႚ--Bႛ 24BB G 1  NLD 1 .3=C  ?  
21-B  ႚ-3=B :8ª1M7 1FA

“i 1
-1ႛ  1႟/
 N1B 2 ? =ZC 2 ? 1 
1 B
3ႛ
-1ႛ 1B =1G -Bႛ Gx FA 4=FC  [D7ႛ 4=1 C
[D12-=G   ?FA [D7ႛ  ?FA 4= = ? / 
-1ႛ 24G AB[F-Bႛ . ႓8
-1ႛ =/ 24႓81 
1 B
 -႓8 2
3=
  1FA”

[8 -ႛ 24BB G 1 1NB  ? Bႚ J 


 D 1 i 24BG F.Bႛ :8ª1M7   G 1 . …

“[F :[ [8 ?,1  ? 1J 21  


: / 
: -FC J
  1 C J
  11J 21 24G 1FA 


-1ႛ
1
ႛ JA
-1J
ႛ  Prepare 3=  ႚ 1A  [8-ႛ 24BD 1 ႓81 -႓81 2 3=  1 A [F႓8 
-1
ႛ - 1A
J    1႟/
 1  ?=1  D.JA - 3- D 1 D4FA”

  ? Bႚ 
1 B 2 24 ? 1 G 1 1 [D12-=G -Bႛ 1224 3=Bႛ 2FA


-1
ႛ 24B1 [8 ? [8 
1႒ 8 24FA
-1ႛ F8
  =Z1 241 FA [F .N-= 1 
  FFJA”

- -  1႟/ 1 / -2  .1G 1-ႛ  ?  ==2 =1   N-1 ႛ - 3- 1 [8 ?=1  F F =1G -2B 3=ႛ :8ª1M7 1FA


-1
ႛ .1G 1-ႛ  ?=1   G  A  ?FC J-ႛ J 2  B[8 8 J  Prepare  1FA  1 D.1 / -B-1A
D2 1 1
 1FA B[F - 3- G  A - 3- F  -1  .1G 1 G  A 3ႛ 1 [D= 24B
 B 
D 1
2 .1႓8  1A”

[D12-=G  Bႚ  ?  
21-B  ႚ-႒ 8 :8ª1M7 1B1 3=FA

 ႚ-3=G B :8ª1M7C :8G 7 F7


- ႚ- ; :8=/F [8-ႛ- [D12-=G   ႚ2/ ႓8 [D12-=G ,1
- 1   1 1 - -
 
-ႛ  1FA

-1 F [8 [D12-=G  b


 m႒ 8.- k28  
ႛ BB =1-B
ႛ . ႓8 1M1J  =/ 1 
-N G 1-1 ..
[D12-=G  [8 =Z  J1  N1 1 J ႛ  :8ª1M7 1FA


1.1
1F7 1M1
1 J1/B 1 =1
Fri 27 Nov 2009, 1./
4= J1/ 1.8 -4 --  = 1.1 ႓ ႚ႒ 8
1 
1.1
1F7 ႓ ႚ/.

1.1 1M1
1 1 =1 =1-G 1
.႟ F.A

J1/B 1 =1[႒ 8


1. 
113 1M1ႚ4 48.
1 3=G ႓8 1M1ႚ1 1J1J N1G G 1 1 =1.:8 1.A

[/႓ ႚ-  [./:8 “


-1ႚ 1 
1-1 B 11A 
ႚ 1 =813=--BႚB 11 ႟A .ႚ 
- 1 =1  =1-A
[81 =1  =11 ႓ ႚ/ 1 
12/ ႚ A -1 ႓8 [ B  1 J3Bႚ=  ,J A  1.1   1 4 
-1ႚ
[ ႚ F” , 1.A

-ႚ1 =1-.1 }1J1/ ႓ B. =4=


 p7 -ႚ 1-.A

J1/႓ ႚ - 14/ႚ 1G    N4.1G 1 --    1 1 1.G 1-.1 
1.1
1 1 =14 2- G 1
-C J1/ l.  
1.1 =:8 1.A

“1 =1  1 - .A


-1ႚ 
1- —777 G 1 B 1A [F  33 =7=11C G 111 1 3=B -N
 1 1A 
ႚ 1 =1  =1 -Bႚ 
1=1  = 7=11B 
=81BN 3=1” , Ž 1.A

J1/႓ ႚ  ႓ ႚ/.


 m
14 1M1
1 .1 1 =1႟/ 3=N1G .A N1 =1႟/
1 -ႛ=: .-
8 1G N-G ., ႓ ႚ/=:8 1.A

2F  1 71 =1


1  . 2 11M1
1 3 28  ?  .1G 1   ?C  ?C 31 N ?C   ?
1 G 1M3=D-G 1 ႓ ႚ/
1
1.A

-=  71.  C J81


11  1 7, 2 1  - 1c . 2
Thu 26 Nov 2009, 1 1
N-= 2  - 1
 .ႚ 7 1 1.  C J81
11  1 7 .., G 18 
  ==2 cႚ . 2-G 1
-.
1 1.A

-.=:8 " 78 - - -  ႚB C J81  . 1C .   -2/-A  1 7J 2႓8
 NN  ==2 c  -2B
1A  -
.   -.1 ,Jb
A    .-
JBA 1=8  . / 1A ==82  -3 .- 1
8 ႟" , 1.A

N4/N  C J81

   78C J 1./2 4  1.1 =.-= 2  - 11M1ႚ4 -1 ? 8 .
 -.A

=F= /` - G 1 [./  - 11M1ႚE r . N1.


1 ႟.1 . G  21႓8F - N4G 1
N F -. 2.A

- -႓ ႚ =1.1 4 27F  B 3Bႚ (FDA)  7-N =:8 "-= - 71B  C J81  .-Bႚ .   1 /
 ႟J 21 -BB
   - 1-=7  N111 ႚA [F  3 28C . 2BN1
-1ႚ - –k-G 11 ႟.JA .   --B J81C   F-A [F 
.1 ./G F-Bႚႚ .11 1 " , 1G 1.A
"Only For Export" =1 F. N-=  71. J81
1. N4/  1. /2 J81
1N   . - - 
.1 ./=B4.
.    G 1 = - =8 /NN1.A =
4?- 1  N4/
   1. J81
1N  7 -8F 
1
.A

-= J81 (;Ž) J = lW/=/



. (p—777)
 (JŽ77 
1) ႟႓8  78-= =  = lW/F (Ž777)  (Y777) G 1 -ႚ=: ႚ- G 14
- -  1  .4F   (;) 2
1 ႟G 1 1 -.=:8 2.A

-=  .  .  


1-  8c
=8 (Regency) 1  - 1   71  12/ 3=.A 
12/ .. J81
1 1 2/2C
1.=2C .\
/2ႚ 3=႓8  1႓ 4 J1/႓ ႚD  - 1J81ႚ4 =
4?- 11JB =b (p;77)
3   7  .1 ./4.A

 (Xp)   1.1


1 
1 = = .ႚ
Thu 26 Nov 2009, 
-N1
-B.1 .r --    ႚ-  ႓  ႚ-B .1 1 4 1J/ 1  1
1    ႚ.ႚ  B 
1 = =B
1 .ႚ- ., . .A

 ႓  ႚ-B 11


 1-8 
N1.  (gY<) 11
 14 —  1 7.1 ႒  /1 
1 N-  
1 = =B
1   ႓  ႚ  
(Xp) .ႚ .ႚ - =N1 3=., =/ .1 .1 1  1. 1=:8 1.A

“.ႚ 3ႚ1 11BC 28 J1  JC ,1  = N C .ႚ 1  1 -21 
 - b
” , Ž 1. 1 1.A

Ž
1 = =B  1 ႒  /14  ႓  ႚ 1 p; 
1 17႓8C =-ႚ£ 4=F .1 .ႚ4., 1J/႟1  1. 1=:8 2.A

N F 1 (;) 1  = 1 


 =-ႚ 1 ; =8C p =8 ;  
ႚ- .A

“ (gY<) 1: lh 2 1.1  -11FC £-1ႚ ;  .ႚ C -1 -ႚ J.
  N B1 ..JC  -/ = ႒ 8B” ,
Ž1J/ 1  1. 1 2 1.A

 (gY<) ႚ 
1 = =B
1   ႓  ႚ   (Xp) .ႚ .ႚ - =-. 1 -B.1 ;77X 4= = 
 4 1 .
- 1  .ႚB.,
-ႚ 31[    ?ႚ21 2.A

“[F 1 .ႚ-


FC [F .FJ  (gY<) ;77Ž 4= - ;77< 4=  ႓  ႚ- 1 B  1J1႓/ ;g7 6 
1 —77 6 ႚ  . BFC ႓81
 1J1  N3=႓81 -= 1 F” ,  ?ႚ21 2 1.A

 -
 4 === ႛ 3=F B.1 BG 1 1.1=:8.2/

Kaowao 47J1 ;<C;77qA


 17F(-7J1- ;<)A A - G 12G 8  ႚ- --  14 J 1./  ႚ- G 1 1=-
 
 1  J-G 8
1-8 -ႛ-/- (Y)-1 8
--ႛ
 -  4 === ႛ  B3=F BG 1 [./=:8  1F.A

2F B. -3==G 1(p)  (—gX)  B(p) bG 8


1  :8=83B
ႛ   -
  (pX) B(;)E
ႛ  /   ? / 8 === J  
G G 8 1 .- N [FM 1 .1 ., 2F[./ 2F.A

¢ B` -3   - G 8


13 =B.1G 1 . (Ž7)
1
 . 8(p):8   - G 8 N -.3 .2/.1., 1=-
  1.1=:8  1F.A

Ž[..  1-3B

1 G 1M2. ==    1   -8 /  B
1 G 1M3=F BF.A

8B. = J1  B4/  BF (g)G  3=F B8 -3J   N  .2/[FM 1 ? 
11 BG 1 [./
1 1F.A

/ . AIDS  1cF7[-1႟ (p;):8-  


 . 8(;):8 -

Kaowao 47J1 ;<C;77qA


 17F(-7J1- ;<)A A N-/ -1႓  ႛ- 3-F[.=  =-1႟  ? 1  =1႟1  3ႛB  N1.1 
 . 8-21(p;):8 HIV  1cF
ႛ႟B႓8 Ž NB  
 . 84=:8. AIDS  1cF4 -7J1(;<) ,2႟/   -
 .1 G 1 Ž4 -8=.=:8  1F.A


-႟.17[-1႟ (p7):8 1 ,2႟/ 27F . ?/-.1  
1
 B-႓8 , 2  1B.A

N3==:  3-F[.=  =-1႟  ? 1 =1 ႟1   3Bႛ7 7  2 .   - 1` - .1 .1
 . 8 1  ႓  -
ႛ   1 -]13=႓8 -/ (Y)
-1 8
1
1
- :8]=F4 = 112 -
 .1 G 1
-႟.1-1
1 1 = 1 1-C =1 =1 =1-G 1C =iF႒ 8

-G G 1
1B.A

 1cF7[-1  /=1- .1  ႓  -


ႛ (xxx)
႟1  - =:8  2 .  - 1` 1 F1B.A

“ 
- =
ႛ =F(p;)1  [8 1cF3=-FA - - 
- . ႛ  
 (;)1 2/ .1A 
 - (ႛ g)1 JB[8 1
--A
-B(g) 1  1
-1 ႛ   A  . ႛ 
ႛ -N 1 .
ႛ 28 - JB.1 G A 
-  ႛ  1cF .-8A 
-  ႛ  .G 1G 1 - 1JA  
- N =1 7 -1
- A .1N 1 2. :8 ႛ A ”

2F 1cF7[-1/=1- .1 -


1. -  -
.1 .1=E cM. ¡1  E
ႛ    B8 .1.12 / 1 2 .
., 2F.A

. 2 1  3B


ႛ =  N - 1-=3=.1 =/ 8-8 .3=2 /
  
ႛ 21 -  2 . 1-., -1--8=.=:8 1F.A

.- <77 3 =


-  1 1M1ႛ 
1   

 N/ =1C  1  .1

47J1 ;gC ;77q

£-1ႛ -႓-  1႓  ႓  ႚ 1 G 1.- B. 1  /7-N :8 - 
1.N1.1 =
 =G  .- <77 
B./=1 N1ႛ 2FA

;77Ž  ;77q N .N1.1 NB  


 ႚ7  3=F.A Ž G 1 14 2 4႓8 . -.1  G 8 B4  G 8 B
႓8
4N1FA N
ႛ G 1
 .- —77 -ႛ - .႓8 ;— = J1 ;77q 1 / /3B႓ႛ 8 ==2BFA


-  .4.1G 1 1 J1 pC ;77q   1႓  ႓  Cႛ ႓ 
ႛ B=-    ? [ Ž7q 3  ?3N1G 1 . FA

.
ႛ .1 2 12/ 1 ;77q 4=  =
 = -
11/ .႓8C =  17 NN1႓8.1C Ž4=  =- . -

--G 1C  G 8 B  = 
11 /=1
 
  N႓8.1ŽC4?3Ž 
 
   
1  ?
1  BFA N
ႛ -1  ŽE
ႛ JM=1 .ႛ .FA

.E
ႛ  1 .1
1 =1-G 1 . 4 3   B=-  ?3
 ႓8 C = 
11 G 
-- 2႓8  -.- 3=FA
N
ႛ  -B.1 — 4=- ႛ -  .1 ႓8႓3=.1  [:8=8 W [D 1 =1/ /
N1FA  -  . -.
1  .
1 =/=  ==2 ? JB
႓= BB . (= )
11 .
 -FA

N
ႛ . 2 1 =1.1 2
1.ႛ1 1=1.1  1B- 1-G  ? JB  1 1  =1.1 .   21
1 -
31FA

N 1
1  N .ႛ G 1 1 G 1=1
1 1 N .ႛ  1   ? A  1႓   ?  F7. - ?
1 -FA

N.ႛ --21 - G 1G 1.1F - 


1 =.1C Ž= 1  1 7G 1C  G 8 B - 1G BFA

N.ႛ .

11 =႓8 =1.1 -.1 G 8 B
1 1  1႓   ,FJA -  
1 G 1A

N4/ 1   - 14/.1
11  B 2 .

.4 8[81 - A ]1႒ 8A


47
 J1 ;< C ;77q 4=A

4/F (g) 4/F7.  =1- J1.1 .= N4/ 1   - 14/.1


1 1  --ႛ4-ႚ 4=   B 2 .-.A

Hands in mission ,D. 2F3Bႚ 1 -[FC G.=


1  81C   -4  - 14/  2 17-
133Bႚ =N13=႓8 N4/ 1   - 14/.1
11
- 2 .3=.A

 - 1 kႚ1. 1
11 /
- 1  ==2 ..  .1 1cFC
= 4. .  1cF
1 ==2႓8 -11   1cF .

1 
.., N 3Bႚ 1 8-. i j2 1 =:8 1.A

N3Bႚ  2 ./.1  1cF==2/1G . 


1F7 J
14   F1. 
1 =
1 k ? = - =8=:
1 21N1.,
2 /B. =:8 1.A

“   3FJ1  /=/႓81  21 A ႓81 .8


2A i j .8
FA”

=8=:  -/-  q-1 8  - Ž-1 8


-    3=႓8 .11   B 3== - 
 ႓  ႚ  =1-.3Bႚ
1  17-
 ႒  ႛ  .A


- 1 ==2 - 1 1. 
. 8 =:8    B
- 1 ==2 .  
- ? . 1.
1 
- ? G ,  G 1
1.A

“.ႛ G  1 =


- /BA J1 B 1 B 2 17-  3131   A  1 1 - -
 B21 .ႛ =
-G 1FA”

3Bႚ 1 -B. g 4=-


ႛ =3Bႚ =B3=႓8
- 1   1.
11 27F .4 21 r1ႛ.-
1   G .A

2F 2 .-1 


 ႓  ႚ 2- 3      =1- J 1 
1   3=႓8 
 ႓  ႚ.
ႛ 1 8 N - 1-= 2႓  ႚ 1 . ?

4=   B႓8  78 B21 ႓  ႚ .1 1  . 3=.A

.
႟kႚ1. 1
1 N4/ 4.  ႟, F21
1N3D
.1G 1-ႚC 27 47J1 2009 .
./12 .
႟?N. N4/ G 1 = 2-ႚ
24> ? .
႟kႚ1. 1
1F7 .  ႟, .
. 1F21
11G 1.A

.
. 1. Workers Solidarity Association WSA 3Bႚ : lh =]  -“ ႟
 
 -3= 1  .1႓8  
 3ႚ i JBA
-1ႚ 6.C

-1..1  N4/ ?႟1 ? NB .
. 1F71 ႟FJC ႟1B==F=7 D႟C . 1
-
128.1 ႓8 2,11C 1” - , 1F.A

 ႟N= 1 2-ႚ


24>-. ႟-87N4/ 3Bႚ (www.schoenes-thailand.de)

47J1 ;Y   ႟N= 3 


 ?႟1 ?= , =Z1N 2
1N1 -1 / N1 .,2.1 ႟
8\-873BႚE 21G.
.N ?G 1 24> ?
 - 1  . 1
1 F7 2. .N BEA NႚG 1 NJ  1   — N-= 
1  7 N  =1G ==2 - b[^, -ႚ
–k-G 1N1EA


-1ႚ N4/  8႓8 7 =1႟1 1FA ႟  2/ -F 1C .1ႚ f-1 3=1  1 NB -Bႚ
႟kႚ1. 1
11/N 4A F/  1G 1 /  1 . 1 
-1ႚ  B1FA” - , Migrant Workers Foundation MWF
: lh =1h .
./12.ႚ 1F.A

N4/ 1  
႟`3 28/ .  1 7.
႟ႚ1. 1
1

N =Z4 .  N. 1  1h1- [F႟ 1 =Z1c


8 2 2-  N
 - .4/ 1. ႟kႚ1. 1 2 N4/ 4 F.  ႟G 1C
. BF N4//႓/   :[ N4/-N႟. ႓8 1 4/.ႚ 4N ႚ21/ 3=G 1C Nႚ  
1   . 1
11
311.21=႟/C 2/1 3 4/  ႟1 ?NBF7B
 N1[M p7 4= .ႚ , [M p .- / 3=G 1 12.A


 ႟ .
F21:8 - N4/ 1  .
႟kႚ1. 1
1.
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= 7G G 1C  F7BF  N ႟E 31C 3
11.21=G 13=., 1F.A


 . 8
1 G 3 /   1  .
11/26/2009

 1 (- :Z 1) 


 . 8
1 D G 3  /  1 
-N  1  .G 1 
 . 8 = /   W =1 1 1
1]1 1.A

“ 
 . 8,1 -3 ==1M1   1  1 =- 1 11
1 1 
-N G 3 /- - 3=FA B. G 3   -     
1.121 
-N    .JA B[8 G 1 £-
  ႚ --Bႚ 
 . 8 D G 3   
1 11 -B - 1 -8 =  -G  =1
21  -FA”

4/ 1 
 . 8
1D G 3  ?
1  -ႚ  -1  
 . 8
13Bႚ
 ( - 14)/ Jc\1[
h1-B  Jc\1[
ႚ -/  1J]1  ႚ -7J\1 ;g -ႚ

B.A

“ £-
  ႚ --Bႚ [8  -1 
 1,1 }14/ႚ 1 1 
 . 8  G 3     -A [F  8 1NB    -1
  

 1 3=FA £-   ႚ 
 . 8N  /  £-
  ႚ-Bႚ  
 . 8 G 3   
1   1 F F7  B 21  G 3ႚ  -  F” ,
. 1.A
-
  -3 === 1M1 1. 
-  =8 . 2 1 ==
1  
 . 8
1D G 3 

1 G 1  -  1B.A


 . 8
1 3Bႚ
( - 14/) Jc\1[
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 . 8 D [. 1 =BN1B == -
 =1 11C 1  1
1C 1M1  8   N 1,1 - - 11
1
1 3=D-FA [F  . 2 1 -3 1M1 1 1 .

 . 8 -   21 
-N =-=
21  3ႚ =8=:N11 .JA  2BN1B -3 3Bႚ=/NB 1 
 . 8  J1  N1B
   N.   2BN11 FJ” , 1.A

 -1.ႚ 
 .1 
 . 8 <7 -ႚ  1 B8 41 /1 
 1  
1.
1  
  .8

1 .82 33
1BG 8
- = 1 B   B.A

47J\1 ;g -ႚ  4/ 1 


 . 8
1D G  3  ? 
1  -ႚ3= pqqq  [8]J\1 p< -ႚ
. }1  . cd gŽ G   1 
41=/8
NN81/E Y— G   1 
41=/8 =7  . B.A

= 3 28 
1G 1 12 
1  - 1J `
=1  
1-1
11/26/2009

1(- :Z 1) 2  2


14 [./ ==
1E = 3 28 
1G 1  11
1NB
 
=1-.1 12     1 33

1-1-G 1 [./ :8 1.A

“ ,FA   1 [8  -1 J  -=


1  1 2 NF
1FA =  2 1 - 2F 1N =  .11-1 FA
F 2  =  ႚ 1 G 1F8A    .  1  2  2 2=  2   .-B   2,1 J -/J  
7 1 .1 ႚ 3=ႚ . FA”

-  1- 1 Jc\114 -8=8  1.-ႚ


1 .3 12 
1 N
=1 1 [. 3=.A

1  2
1  2
1   / .3

1 . [.2 1 ==1M1
1 2
1   / 3 28 
1 -G 1 J.81  / :8 1.A

“ J.81 1 23 3Bႚ FA 2  3 288 N-.  


1ႚ 8  b 1  ႚFA -BB    11  ႚ- 1
- 1 
 1-8 1 =  2N8  1  J.81 b
W,1 ?  :8=88 3 28BFA B[8 2  2N .  =- 17-/ 22 1 :8=/:8218
J.81  2111  ႚ F” , 1.A

a [./ ==  


1 -3 2  2
14 F8 2=
1  1-.3 =  2
1 G 1M .2/ 
1 -G 1 J.81  ႚ- 1 1 1 
[-  
 .1 :8  B.ႚ1.A

“ ==  G G 8 :8-Bႚ ==.1 4=:8 F7 3Bႚ 3Bႚ 1 ./:81  F7FA B. /=/
 -Bႚ  B N . 8 2= 1 2-BႚF8
= B 2   / = .3FA
-1ႚ -N 1 [. 1 B == =- 1 2.11 -Bႚ 2= B =-21 .1  3=FA”

 B.ႚ 12 


1   - 1J 
  =.3 4  3 28 
1 -.3 Jc\1[
ႚ -/ == 1 [. 2
1 7 1 -N
 1 N11-.,
-=  .1  1 .  1  :81G 13W   B.ႚ 1.A

“ J  2  Jc\1[


ႚJ   7 1 11 N 11FA  11B   2       
 ႚC =F .84/  7 1 
3
28 ႚ N 111  ႚ FA 2 J1N 1 1-.B21 2,1 :J  1 ,1JB -ႚJ  11 1NB 
711ႚC =F  7 1  =1.1 1  1FA  J  2 Jc\1 == 1 1--J   7 1 11 1 J  1
2= 1-B 2 [./ ==-Bႚ F8 12    .-B   3=F” , 1.A

Jc\1[
ႚ-/
  12 
1    
 G 1 
1 .2/  G 1M -.1 2
1  .3 3 28   :[ 

  1 =N1.A

-1c=[. =F=
4?-
1 1B3=
Thursday, 26 November 2009 17:41 ႟ — .=FD
- 1 6 178 =F=
4?-
1 - -3=., . 1
ႚ 12G .A

“D2-  .-C £-


 = (4/ 1)F . .-.1C =
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1  C G  - C 1 b1-F”
, [./ . 1:8 1.A

-1c=3=႓8-1  [. . 1


1-3 4 .   
1=1
-  1 6 .-
1.1 =F= 
 4G 1 a 2 1.A

“J ႓  ႚ- -/  6 ./.-


1 C  = 6 -
ႛ -
 .- =.11   A [F B
=8-Bႛ = 4B  
-C
B21 =FN 4?-
1FA”

E1 [. Ž7/ X7 N =FN 4?-.1 -1c=[M/B . £-


 .11
 1J  G  
173
.3 =FN 4?-
2-G 1 a
2 1.A

“ £- .11ႛ ႒  


1႒ 8ႛ
1 N JC . 2 1  .-B႓8 ႒   1 B.J1F =F 1႓8 -2 1FC   
1 [8=
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C -1  [./ -.႒ 8FC BC  kC C = =B  ¡1N1 /-Bႛ ႒  ႓81 N1 1 A 1 2 ႛ  
BiF G.]1C =  128C =  1 =B G 
 C ႒   BF
1 =F-Bႛ 
  1
11 A B[81 1B =F 
N 11B” , 2F . 1 2 1.A

G 4.

1.1 =FN 1. 
  7F႒ 8N1႓8 .1 -  . 1
1-3 G  24B = 
1  .N 1႓8 =17-    3 G .,
1.A

“. G 1FJC  -1 2  2-f-1  1 1J C  1 ?D1 1FA G  24B . 1 ?F” , 2   1.A

-1c= [ ¡.
1=1 - 
1 -2B

 - 14/  -1c= 2 - [M. . N1F


1=1. - 
1 -2B 3=G 1 . cd 1G 1  .A 47J1 (;Ž) -ႛ G 1


6 178  =7 £-
 D [.  J. . -2/ (pŽ7777) . -႒ 8 3.-  ႓8 (pY) 
G 1  1
-N -= 1 .G 1 .  .A

4/ 1 -. .


1  - F (p<Y77) 
4 
1F (Ž7) 
 21 4 - [D1(YY).- W[F- -4 (p).--ႛ   - ?J7   
=8 / -
1 21   - 2-.1 .  1M  .G 1 . cd 7-/B.A

. cdE 31


  - 1 .1= (p<Y777) -.
ႛ  -  

1 -G 1 . .A  .1= 1
1
1. 38
1C 18 B
1N 1
3=.-N G 2B3=.A a
ႛ -  
1=. N1 /  =Z
1  /7  BG 1 . cd 2.A

 - 14/ .ႛ ႓8B.4=   7 1   B. -1c=2 - -႒ 8 -2/ F (pŽ7777)
1 .2/႓8 - ==F (Žg7777) 

=8= 1 F (;.Ž).-  [ ¡  1 =B.A
--  N.  111:
1  8.  ? -F-

-- 
ႛ 212B -.1 N.  -1:
1 =8- F.  8. -F1.3 -1
  
1  .1 4. 11 G 1 --
N.1:: lm ­ 1.A

cd 7 -1:


1 
Bႚ2B1G 1 N.1:
1  8.=8- ? -1႓8 1:
ႚ 1 =81    .3 -1N1G 1 a 2  
1.A

 --   2B-.1 1 p7  7-


 ႓8 1=8 p77 
13 2BB 1 cd 71:
1G 1 ;77Y 4= = 1   N N.
1: ./ 1  17 -1N1G 1 . .A

 1႓  - - - 1 ;77Y 4=   -1N1 ႓8  1႓  -
 N4  1႓  -.1   8=:
ႛ 1 4== -1N1G 1 . .A

  
  -- 2   2B-.1 N.1: -= . .1  8.-F ?G 1 1:=8 -.1 / -N  G 14  11
1: <7 14?- -1N1 G 1 ­
  1.A

" 8. -B ႛ 8 . . .1.1-Bႛ -/ 1B=81


11A N. , 1  =81J A ® . 1JA

-Bႛ   =8 1JA
[FG 1 =8 .
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4== N.1:
11 8-8J=
13 2 x =1N 2BB.1 1=8 -F ?G 1 1  ? BG 1 ­ 1G 1.A

1  814/.1
1 4. -
1   - 1 - /.1
1    G 1 N  [M 1 ? x1 
12/3=

4/1 .1  ႟  D ? =-= (Employment Permit System,EPS) 3  - 1  . 1
11 1  81 4/   N :82/  17    - ;77< 4=x 
47J1   8 1 ႚ= 1 3/ႚ႓3  ? 3Bႚ= (HRD)4x  - 14/ x . 1
1 7-21 ? c
=8  k7ႛ F 1  17 . 1
1 D B.A
  x 
-   1  81 4/.ႛ EPS =-=3 .1 1   -.1  - 14/ x .1 p—77 
1 x-႓8 - 1 2 3= 3 .2/ B . 3= 
xBG 1 =/=  . x F.A

- .2/ B . 3=  x1 1  81 4/.ႛ    - EPS =-=3 -B. = 
1-
ႛ x  1  x 1.1  - 1 .1 =:8 . -
 
    =  .2/ B G 1 . .A Nႛ .1 1 G .  - 1 .1 
1=. -  - /4
1C - £ 
 ? x
1 
ႚ G 1 HRD  - 1h1-B x 17- x. =:8 2F.A

““.2/.1B.  Bႚ.  —7 7-


 x1 F A =1.1  NB x1 -B.ႛ 1FA F N  N  ? 3=.1 ႛ G 1 A .1B
.11
1
1,1 .႓8 - /4G FJA .1 2  . ႛ 
  4B - x1  x13=႓8 - 21 .1 N1FA 
  x x11 -2႓8 -11
  xFJA -1  ႟?/B x x121““ , Ž 2F.A

Nႛ  c


=8
14x 
2  .1 1 .1 .
1 -h1-
1`   G .
1` -1
-3= x -11 x3= 4/.ႛ -  1   x 1
1C £ 
 ?
x.1- 1
1 7 x - =1N 7 1    x c\FN  ? 3= 
1  
ႚ.1 = 4r 1႒ 8
1  £ 
 ? x
1G 1 
ႚ x1
.2/.N 3= 
1 xB., =/= . x F.A 1  814/ x EPS =-=3  - 14/ F7 4/F pŽ 4/ 
x .1
1  DN1႓8 4/  HRD
႟/B
1N1 x 1 HRD x -
    . 1
1E 
1 k1
1  
ႛ G 1 . .A N x 1  81 - x
1 Žႛ 4x=. .J1
.
. 1   
 DG 1 . x F.A

2F .1
1 .1 1  . = ႟/
1 - 7 1  8 £ 
./ .-. = ႟/
1 x. B.ႛ .- xJB -.ႛ -7 1  ?

1 xG 1 . .A Nႛ G 1 £ 
 ? xJB 4r 1 x. -
1   .F 12 3= 
1 DF   3=4G 1  k7c
=8 x
17- x. =:8 x.A

““ £-1
ႛ --Bႛ .1 .
   B[8 x1   dangerous C dirty -Bႛ difficult 2႓8 1  FA  .2/.1 B.  . 1 /G 
ႛ . FA .ႛ 4/ 
  
B  x1  13=B  4r 1 1 x x1FBA -  £ 
3
ႛ  ႒ 8““ , Ž 2  1.A

1  81.ႛ -B.1 x=4=


x  x = 1   =8=:3 .1 1   B
1 xB 1 
1=.1   1 B. x14/ x -= ႟/
1C 21  
-
1.1 .1 1  G 1  81J1.1 = 1 1  ? x 
- .1 1  ?
1 xB ႓8  - 1
.- <7 -8F -
B.,  814/ 
x=4=
x 1G 1 -NB.  - 1
=:8 - 1BF.A

Nႛ   - 14/ x  814/ x /-


1 7 1  - -8 .-
1 .1F-8 x   1 G .   
 ႚ x1 .
1=1  1 N1 ? x. 
-
1 12 ?
1 G 1M 3=D ?
1 xB. , =/= . x F.A

EPS =-=3 .1 1   .


1. [D1=N1 -8F -
B႓8 =
 -2/ 7  = x .-(=[D1
 7 =N1= 17-
) 4x .- 7-
- x
1 =4= x 
 =႒   . 1=1
 -
2  3= 1 ./4x=    3=G 1 . x F.A

F႒ 8 ႒ 8-ႚ
ႚ B   xB. ]-1]1 -\1-ႚ / -
x  =
  3= = . x

F႒ 8 ႒ 8 -ႚ
1 x B   xB. ]- 1]1` -\1 -ႚ / -
x  =
   3= 47J1 ;— -ႚ = . x  G 1 =
. =
.1
1N/ x =/= 
. x .A ႓8B. 1 J1  - - ႓  ႚ x =
7 =1
1C 1]1
1C  2  =
G 8
1 4x Shopping Center
11 =
 = C =

႒  7-N  -1  3= .  x  - .
1 N D BG 1 . xF.A

N.ႚ .
1 N D႓8 -1 ` =

ႚ / -
x -1 3=.  x - =
.=
 .1
11 24> B 1 B G 1 . x F.A

]-1]1 x 17- .
x  =:8 ““=
.=
.1 Bႚ B24>  ===႓8 =: -\1-ႚ=
 3= . x 1F““, x 1B.A

]-1]13-=8=Z  1
.2 x  17- N =:8 ““  F႒ 8 ႒ 8-ႚ
ႚ1 B7-N    -1  A 7-N  --Bႚ B =-ႚ1
N B 4?-N1  =1 NB 3FA [88 .  x 1 2 1F““, 2.A

- =1 x 17- .
x  =:8 ““ -1  B =
G 8  1-1 33  . 
x F  A-1  ႓8.1 =
 1 N႓8
-1 . x3ႚ JF““ , 2.A

c\1=
1   :.-ႚ
1 =
  3= 1C b
1 2-=
႒ 8. =: -\1-ႚ=
 3=
. xN1 xG 1CNႚ  N /2. 
x 
  3=., . x F.A

4/ 
:.1 k    1 B   /

2009--11-
2009 11-27

4/ 
:.1  kJB   1 B   - 1===
B 2   / 1 ,3ႛ [8 -ႛ 3=4/ -81႓ 
ႛ 1
B 1  [8  =-Bႛ
=J F8
1 1=8 pg ႒   1  81/ N -ႛ 1 .J1   ႛ . FA
(Photo: AFP)

 - 14/  ႟k‡F 1 ./01? 1 ? 4=4= 1  N  3= 34/ -81႓  ႚ   - 1=== ./႟/ ႚ = J1 ;g -ႛ 3 
 
1 =႟/24> 1
4/ 
:.1
1  1   12- 3=F.A (Photo: AFP)

[8 2/3

3ႛ =J 1- - 
ႛ DB 4/ 1 =J F8
13B
ႛ .
 13=G 1 81/   1 -B NCUB  - 14/
N1=
 .1
1 1=8 4/1 h1-1‡-/ :8 /  1 3  1FA

:8 / A A“i 1 2 1 =J F8


13B
ႛ [D12-=G   k  1  4/ - ;‡p‡   1 B  .1.1 2-ႛ
3ႛ
21 N1FA J1ႛB21 =J F8 F8F p<‡ F”

[881/ 1 N4/ 1M1 [8  =F8C  1-Bႛ .8  \14/ Bႛ –-


ႛ F= =1C  / 4/ F8 F‡ 1   =4/ =J -Bႛ
[8   F8‡   1 G FA  - 13B ႛ  B-=8J8 NN  W :8 1 1 F21ႛ . FA

81/ 1  - 1 =13B ႛ --Bႛ 112  - 1[8   =8F21 [D12-=G  Bႛ F21


    ႛ2/243ႛ  N11-Bႛ . ႓8
 - 1==F213  -ႛ - ? .B =ZD - N1G 3ႛ i N1႓8 24Bႛ :8 /  1FA

:8 / A A“


-1ႛ i N1 1 [D12-=G  Bႛ  
  -3 J  C b
 W႒ 8.- kJ  -ႛ -.BD 1
-1ႛ
=   3=A 1  NB 1 -B 4/ F8--Bႛ [8
  -13ႛ 2 ႓81
-1ႛ 1/.1  2B 
 
-1ႛ :8=1႓8 21  F”

- 3-81/ 11  }1[81-Bႛ  - 14/  2  24G 3


ႛ ႓8 [8   =8 4/-Bႛ ႛ G 1   - 1 =13B
ႛ F21 :8 1 1 3ႛ
ႛ . FA

-8[ ¡.=- 1 ‡  -1 -.1႓8

2009--11-
2009 11-27

N- - 1-= -8[ ¡.=-   p 1 H1N1 ‡   1cF ¡M1 ./. .
  -1   
1-.1႓83=႓8 -  1B  N1B
[ ¡.=-NB ‡N .1 1 ?  [8 -ႛ -3  ႓8ႛ . FA

=- 1 H1N1 ‡    1cF ¡M1 =႓8 


ႛ 1 4‡J1 ;‡ -ႛ 3=႓8 1 / --  - 1 -႓8ႛ -8[ ¡.=-  1 8‡:8
1 3  1FA

=- 1 8‡A A“3==-  4=  . ./. B-  1 1   1


1A [F   1121 ./. B-  1 21 
‡-
1 B
-1b
C 1121 B[8
-B ./. B -1 
1 2- 1B N1 N1.1F-1C  1cF
ႛ B 1  1
- 1.1႓8F-1C  -.1 ႓8A  1cF- 1 11
.1႓8”

 1.8,1  3=1 B 1.8 3=1G 1 -8 [ ¡.=- 1 .1 -     1cF 3=B :8  1
1-ႛ . FA 112
‡   1cF-Bႛ . ႓8 -111 [ ¡.=-NB 1 - ႒   -႒   ./
B= ႛ -Bႛ 1J1.1-Bႛ 1  - 1J1.1-Bႛ F 1 -ႛ 2FA

=- 1 8‡A A“
- 1 h1-Bႛ =- 1 8-Bႛ F႓81
- 1  1  NN 1  1  2 -F-1A 112 1 [8
-1ႛ
=- 1 8  k1FC B[8
- 1  1ႛA -1 ႓81 .ႛ [8
- 1 .1    NB 2႓81  B[8 1 1ႛ J1ႛ -A
[8 1cF ¡M1 B -1 J ¡M1 F-1A ႓81 B[8  ¡M1 1  J- B N BFA -1 ႓81  B[8  ¡M1 B 2-  1F-1A
B[8   --FF 3=B,1
1 2-  13ႛ BG 1FA B[F  ႓81  11”

112 N1B ႒  
1F‡ =1.
1  1  -\1-ႛ 1 -3  1 13=ႛ . FA -8 [ ¡.=-   p 1 [ ¡.
.1
1 -N
 ႓8 =- Bႛ
- 1 =1 1  ? 1 N4/ ,121႓  ႛ =  2 1 2   1 8 IRC i
821  -1 3=FA

N
- 1 ‡-႒ 8h1- Bႛ N-
 N4/ ‡   1cF ႛ N1. -1F 4=.1 N1
1 ႓8 6႓8 =ႛ [8 1cF-Bႛ .2/B.F pY< :8
G 1 . FA

 - 1    X  1 =


ႛ ႓8
 N1 1C - -
47
 J1 ;<C ;77q (photo: wallpapergate.com)
 - 1  ႓   X  1  4/      .3 4/ 1  =8႓ B

1.ႛ .1 1 41 3=G 1  --ႛ N7. 7 Day .c
1-
 
31N1.A

“   =ႛ1 [F N 2/BA   =ႛ Cႛ 4/ 1 ႓ B   1 ႓ B7
  --Bႛ  - 1 -Bႛ ႓  1 , 1  B ႒ / A  [8   1 =ႛ N1႓8
21 J4/ 1 ႓ B
   -B
ႛ  ႓  /B” ,  - 14/  =8 1 =1 3Bႛ
 (MEF) [: lm :8
1႓  7 Day  1.A

 
1  17 N 
     2 1  =81 =1 3B
ႛ
 .  2 17-
1 ႓8B.  - 1.ႛ 1 1  21
 .1.,
2.A

=ႛ .1 .1 =-J C  k: l1C c/ . 8C  k2C .c¤C Peach =.   X  1E  11 
    1
1 N.
 N1.3 . 2 1 E -/F 
==24., 2.A

႓  


1  4/    G 1 . N1  1 ႓ B7
    E 
 
1 .  -C =  1cF N-
 -  3=., . .A

G 1. 8 4=
1  - 1  =8. 1
1. [. 4/
1.ႛ .1 1 ႓8 :႓  1 2/2
1 B3.A

MEF 3Bႛ
  :8
1႓ .  ႚ11   =8 1 =1  1 8E [: lm :8 3=G 1  1 8E 1- =1
41 31N1.A

  8=: 7-႒ 8
 J82= 3
. 

47
 J1 ppC ;77q (J- 1 =
ႛ )
Friday, November 27, 2009

N -.႒ 8
1. .ႛ 4== 7 1 7-႒ 8
 3ႛ 3G 1N11  -႟ . ႓8 1 7-႒ 8
J82= .
ႛ Bႚ 
  8=:  3
  FA
-.႒ 8
1. Bႚ1B  .႓8 -1  11 [8 8,1 ..1    8 ,FJA .ႛ --Bႛ [8. Bႚ .J1N1  1Fႛ J82= 1FA
“[F N -.႒ 8
1. 3D1 3=A [8 1 .11 /႓ /21
-1 /A [F B 1M1-Bႛ   1 .
  24>. 1-B ႛ  . ႓8
=  
 -1 A 24>. 1 [ ¡ 1  1
 21  .
11N11
-1 --Bႛ N -.႒ 8
1. G /BB F ” ႛ
J82= 2FA

[8 -ႛ i - ႒ 8 Y77 1 ,1  1  ႓  ႚ1 1 — G 1 =7B  3ႛ 2/=G 1 3=FA ႓8BB -8N1 /.  
[.2 1 [8=:=: - . ႛ Bႚ . 4r 1  ႓ 1  12 13=႓8 1C -c\4-ႛ=7    1 3ႛ J82=  3G 1 ?,1 /႓ / -
.N1 -N1  1B.1 FA 
 C Chom Thong  C Narong Boonjongcharoen Bႚ   1 .- pX  -B ႛ  b/ X777  B . 28 
- 11
.ႛ/႓ / -B
ႛ . B =  
 - ?  2/   1 1F A Naarong ,1 UDD Bႚ /႓ / ? 1   3Bႛ.11 3=A ႛ -=/=   W Bb W ႒ 8 Songkrit
Ontakrai 1FA Narong 1 -8=-Bႛ .  ? G 1 FA -ႛ- N1 - .႒ 8
1. =7  2  A J82=  3 ႛ
1-FBA [F B .: lm Dusit Nontanakorn . Bႚi 3Bႛ7-Bႛ = 11႓8 11 3G 1N11  ႟.  FA


-1
ႛ --Bႛ [8=7 1 B.-Bႛ7-႒ 8
  4r 1 ,1
C [./  N  1
 3=.1  1 1FJ” ႛ =Z1 Dusit 1FA
-.႒ 8
1 . [8 -ႛ 1 =Z1J82=   17=1-Bႛ G /BFA 7-႒ 8
-B ႛ  1 .   /႓/    = --Bႛ ./3ႛ FJႛ .
1FA

[8=1C . 
 .1 ႛ J82=1- = --Bႛ UDD Bႚ N=7  --3ႛ   /႓ /  :[ m1-3ႛ 24BF.A
-1   1 =7-c/

  .2 ႛ 8  G 1G 1 13=ႛ 7-႒ 8
--Bႛ b8[8 -
 3 3
ႛ  FJႛ Dusit 1FA “ B႓BB  

J 21 -.႒ 8. Bႚ 
FBC
-1 ႛ --Bႛ  ႚ2 
1  2  
.1-  G 1= 21 i .1
B 3=C [F B =7
-NB 1 }1 8.1-    1 1 3=” ႛ . 2F .ႛ 8=:3
.  1,1 . ႛ Bႚ? 14 ?  -.
ႛ -1 3= ႛ 1႓8
73- ?  =Z1J82= 
1 12FA

“ ,JA
-11 [8 NFJ [F  11F C
-1ႛ --Bႛ 31.1  ႓ 1 / 1C
-1ႛC 17-  ==
111
1
1  1 ,J C = -21 13=2  [F  =B=
 B B B 1BA [F B [83=
  cd ™ =8=:2113=ႛ .ႛ =   -1 

-1 --Bc
ႛ =  1 3=” ႛ . 1FA

. ႛ F21 ; 1   3 3ႛ 7 N1  - ႛ  24>3ႛ -ႛ 


  Muang B =-3  1 -8N1 /. p77 1 ,1 =7BFA .ႛ B3Bႛ [. g
b
W႟ B
 [b
႒ 8 Somkid BoonthanomC 
  B
 b
 Sommai Kongwisaisuk -Bႛ Muang Bh1- B
 b W႒ 8 Yutthachai Puaprasert  ႛ  13ႛ 12BG FA
-1 ႓8  [8 - 7-႒ 8
J82=  . 4r 1 3ႛ ႓ 1 2႓8 ==B/ N1 B Phetchawat Wattanongsirikul  3 3ႛ ႒  =1BB B 
- ႛ  24>BG FA 
 -  1႟/ “
 
=. gp” = Bႚ F213=B  [8Nk.  3 7 N3ႛ  BFA

8 -1M1ႛ  


 4J2  i j. 

=8--C cF[8-C 1- 

47J1 ;<C ;77q

8 -4/E N 1.1 


ႛ    ႛ -  /
. 8:83=. “8J[8” E ;77— 4= 4J 
 2 /24     8 -1M1 ႛ
a-  8/.r1NB  N.   2.1., .G 1. .A a .ႛ  1  -=:C -  .1 / / 3Bႛ7
1 N-  4  ==2BG 1C
-B. .r -    7 1 8  
  4J2/24   
1  7 1  .  .1 G 1 .
1 2.A

4J2E 4=F p7Y 4= .  3= . N :82/ 3=8 -17= 8 -./ 1 N/ - ႛ  =1 ႛN1., . .A 8 -= N==B

1 
2 8 N 
 4J2  . [D1 p.— .-  7-   [D1 Ž .- = N/ 21 - .3 .  21
   3=G 1
= N-
   31N1., 2.A

 ႒ 8. -1 2


Tuesday, 24 November 2009 17:28 
1=1  .[D12-=G  -   1  11 ,  .1  
1
  1     - 1 . N  
=? 1 -= 1 3=-႓8A   [D12- =G .1 -  1 1F  - 1 4/  ?.
1=1 1B.1 4႓8 - . 7? 1 .-
11 A . ႛ .1 === ႒ 8 B b
 m႒ 8 .- k 
-.1  31 1,.  
1
1 N1F4:8A

“.
ႛ  G 1 1 -k3ႛ =8=: FA .
ႛ F8  - ==43
ႛ  F” ,  - 1== = E 4/1 7-႒ 8h1-   1  :8  .h1-  G 1. 8
1B.A

.ႛ1G 1
4 .  
.1[8   =8 3B

 (NLD) E 1 2 . :8ª1M7 “[8 =Z 1 G 1
-B =ZFB” , /ႛ - 12B.A

.
ႛ .1  - 1. 
1= .E
ႛ  
1

1  

 /1 .G 1  1=1 .J1F  -1G .A N-4 === E 1G 1

1 
./.N1 4 .E ႛ == -    
   .J1F 4 3=F  A === 3
11   ႒    
1N1C N  =

1   4 7 2.   ႚ႒ /
1  .B႓83=.A

N.
ႛ 1- [D12-=G   1 4, 2 ,FA .
1. 1 [D12-=G   1  2. 1 === 4  ႚ2/24-႓8
3=.1   - =  .  ႒ 8 :8=1 =Z 3=.A = 14/
.   - - 128/ 24B
  . jJ1 1  - 17-႒ 8

b
႒ 8.-=-4 ႚ2/=: [D12- =G   1    N /12B.A

.
ႛ 3== =Z1/ === 1M1 b
 m႒ 8.- kN/
 .1 2/.-.A ...1 -1 2/ 2/3
  
 . 3=.A   ..
1
2B. == k  
 N1.1  .1 =  ;7p7   1 B႓8 DF 1=  =ZD [D12-=G  3
3
28  4,
/G = -
 -k  A . ႛ ,F k= 1 G 1 A

f-1 3=- . 1  - 14/  [D12-=G   N N1 /႓8  G.]1 1႒ 8-. =Z 3=.A [D12-=G 
41 .4 NE
[8   =8 1 1-. 24>
1 1 4 28 /႑ 1   === G 1 2/ 3=.A

[D12-=G E ? 1 ?


1  42/ 
x N1. pqqg 4=4 ;77; 4= .ႛ  -k. M1` N .ႛ-8.ႛ 1 ႒ 83  
1

8 ?-211 = / 1  1BG .A

¢.ႛ 3=1    ==b



1 1 =Z
1N   =  G 1  /ႚ -B.A N.3 
- .ႛE   / -1 2/2 3=-.1G 1 
=  -G .A  - 1NE 1 1

1  4=F ;7 
1 2-B / C 1M1   -=: 1 1 . =  ?
1
W-BG ႓8-1 
1 4=  
   1 B. .ႛ 2   
3= - ., .N1G .A

2. 1 -1     = .    === E F21 ?D 2  .=Z1/ - ႓8 N.8 ==b
႒ 8
1 -4  =1
1 
   
-G 1G ? JB 22 -14 - -.A

-1 2/=.ႛ -81.4 


NE N1 / ?   1. [D12-=G E 
1G 1 ?  b
 m႒ 8.- k  =  = 11.A ¢
G 1
4=2- [D12-=G   - 

 . - pY  NB 3=.A 


N1 .N/
W
171.   - 4/.1  
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13 =[M 
B.A 1    1 B 1 ႓ . =1 - 

 N1 4 - =8=:B 3=.A

.
ႛ .1 [D12-=G   2  
41N1B. G.c = 1B 
ႚ 3=D1B.A N F. =Z 1   -N1=E . j
J1 1 = = J1  - 1=== 4    Nႛ 2 2/ , N-G 1B.
 3=.A

 - 1==b

1  N8
- 2ႛN1 ,. 1G 1  =BN1.1 7F[
1   BN  B ႓83=.A   -N1=. aE [M  ?  2  
N-. N12B 3=.1  .1 b
 m႒ 8.- k - -=1  /ႛ -
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1 ႛ 1 .A
1  ႒ 8. 1B 1 [D12-=G N/  N D1 3=.A [M2 ႛ ?
1 2/.=   === 4 F21   -
2. -G 1C ¢ =Z  4/ 1 ./ -
14 ႛ2/ -4 .E F8F21
14 ¢ =Z 2ႛ /24 - 12 ?  = J1
DF 1B.A ¢12
  ===  
1B.A   - N1=E  N1 4/1 7-႒ 8 1 JB :821. =13B4
ႛ 
ႛ2/24 B.D [D12-=G  J   
]G 1 G 1. 8 N31121B.A

¢.ႛ .=.1C -4 x ? . . ./ G 11 .4 


.J
ႛ   [D1 2-=G D 
N1. 

 -ႛ. ?
1

1F13 G 1 -1   - 1 === - 1B.A === E 7-႒ 8
 b
႒ 8.-=- ႓8B. 1 J1
. 128/ N.8
=7`   [D12-=G .1  1 -=1   -NB
 .J ႛ  
1F3 .,  
 12B.A

.
ႛ .1  -   [D12-=G   1 -=1  -NF =[M
1F
/ = , =12 B. 1 b
႒ 8.-=-E F21႒ 8
b
 m႒ 8.- k.1 3=.A [D12-=G   =[M 
 ႓8.4 ႓ -  

2.  1 /D` b
 m႒ 8E =1  3B3=႓8 .  =[M
N1[M — 4=  7 
1
B / 
  [D12-=G  " 1 -=1  -NF " N / . .1 
1 
1 /=1 = , 2B.A

[D12-=G  b
 m႒ 8.- kN/ = J1 =1ႛ 2 . B=: " 1 -=1  -N" 2.  .ႛ .J1F FG 1 .=B.A
[D12-=G  =81  2ႛ [M ? =ZD.1  31B႓8 1 4=
    1 B4 13 3=-. ;77Y 4= 3B=
ႛ /
/:[ =Z  
ႛ NJB 
-N1B.A

 - .႒ 8=13  1 - ?


1 2N1. -  
G 1    2 . 1 1 -  B.A  - 1==b
႒ 8
14 -8 .
.  =
1E 2 [D12-=G E  .J1   ?
1D b
 m႒ 8.- k "G " , 
-=1 =1G -., . .A

- 1  - 14/ ႑  B1M1  


 N1.  cd :8E =/=1
 D ႓8 
1B.1 4. B.ႛ  1-. - -

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=8.14., 2   A

¢

1  .N1.1G 1 [D12-=G  .႒ 8=13  
 21  - .A . ႛ .1  - 1 [8   =81=E F21:8 3=-.4
8 44  -2.  ႒ 8. =Z
1   12 1  3=.A : 1   1 BC 3B=
ႛ / /:[ =. =Z
1   1kB- JB
N3112    3=.A

. j J1 1F7 4/ 1 =


1  === 4 1224 - .႒ 8=13  ႚ21  -.A 3Bႚ=// :[ -./. 4 . 
.
ႛ  -
  12G    ,2.  aႛ 1G 1

1 . .A ¢ =Z  "
.1 f-1 4 x ?24 ?" 3=.1 21
 .., 2B.A

.
ႛ .1 b
 m႒ 8.- k   1  .E-1  
1  £ .= 1 =.A = =4B.A 7F b
႒ 8E 3
1./
4.  
 

1F
 2 N1.FA

..1N 1.1 
-4 . 1-. 1 [M2
ႛ ?
1  .  -4 -1 4=
 
    1 B [D 4/ 1 .1= .  1= -
3=.A .ႛ.1 .J
ႛ  1  
1 ?  
  - 21 .FA

¢
  G 13 .E  

1 1 NN1.1  ႒ 8 1, 24.A . 31
1 
1F.1= / 
.1    3= 1 3=4.A
31
1 /.11 1 . .1.1F .ႛ1M1 .       2  214.A -2 
    .1 2  =1:8 , 2 .A
.2
ႛ 
 [D12-=G   1 4=   1 B
႓8.  

3 2  N-. N1 :8  3=.A


- 1 . /႓/ =1-14    -  =7=1-. 2F .E   1 B =8=:  41  F G 1 [D12-=G N/ 
/1 . 1 /
 ႓8 -k. -N1
   B=-  
ႛ  1 214.A     1  B  1, ==B/    
 1kB.2F  21 - -  .1 .C 1 
 -  C [D12-=G   k    3=.A

.ႛ 2= -.  ႛ4/=1   -  1 -႓83=.A i  F. ]121
13=G .1 b
 m႒ 8.- kC [D12-=G 4   -
N1= ႛ ¢-  .J1F -1G ႓8 .႒ 8=13 21G  3=.A

.
ႛ .1 =/.1 - =/:8 =-=
ႛ 1  ႚ21 -1 -.A   1 21 ?
1 1F    =1B  1B
3=1=  A .ႛ ,F - 1 B  ႚ -1  2. 4/ - 3=.1 -F  A


1=1  .1. The Next Big Step  28
11 -231F.A

NDC B  f-1  - Ž


21F
bN  
G 1.-ႛC 47
 J1 26  2009 4= 13 -1 8 54 -=

4/1 1    l.  pqgg 4=- c\1[/ 1 ==h1-


 1 =3
 =BFA B[8-1  pqgY 4= 47J1 ;Ž -ႛ 1 3Bႛ=/ W.E (B.A/437/1/58)
-Bႛ 1  7-G 8h1- Bႚ =3= -3B
ႛ BFA B[8-1  4/1 1    l. Bႚ - 1  c\1[/ - -1 (—Ž/—q) G -- 2 . 3Bႛ28
1 kႛ BFA

B[8 - pqXX 4=   g -ႛ 1   (Ž) /J 1  [c/ (p) 
1-828 N kႛB-FA pq<X 4= 6႓8 ;7 -ႛ 1 4/1 1    l. - 1  q
B2
 8 1 k
ႛ B-FA pqqp 4= [8]J1 p -ႛ 1 3Bႛ=/ (War Establishment – W.E) 3 p7XC ;- qp -Bႛ N / 2BFA pqqŽ 4= 3317F 8 ;X -ႛ 11 q
B
 - 1 - - - ==h1-
 - .128 1=BFA - .1  ==႟/G 8/ 1 k
ႛ 1
- 1 - 1 2-
ႛ 1G 1 4/1 1    l.  ;77;
4= 6႓8 pq -ႛ 1 - .1 - [c/႓  ႚ-  ==႟/ ႟/,17G 8 N k
ႛ BFA

4/1 1    l. 1 pqXX 4= - pq<7 4=N  m


1   / .- q   3=B႓8 pqYŽ 4= - pqYY 4=N :[    /.- p7  3=BFA
== 1M1. ႓8 pqq;-pqq— 4= 1  m
1   / .- Ž -Bႛ  1 G 8
1 
 ?.- Ž  3=.G 1BFA B[8.-- 4/1 1  
 l.,1 2. 3=.1G 1 c\1[/ - - ==h1-
 =F .1 (  B) 1B 3  8  3=B F.A B[8-1  b mG 82
b
W,1 m  4/1 1    l. 1 
.G 1B .-  =3  =B 1  =: p - q N  1 G 8 :8 g77 :8-ႛ .G 1B႓8 3=ႛ
.  FA

4/1 1    l. Bႚ 7F[2 1  k-3Bႛ--Bႛ -1 3=  1 1   :8=8
 b.- k 21  ႓8 : lm3= [  1
1  :8=8
 b 1 21  FA 3Bႛ73= x4?  B  m b k -C == 
C ==N1 
C = 3
C G 1 1    1 
C
 1
   1 
C   :8=8
C  :8=8
-Bႛ   m3= 
1G 8ႛ F73B=
ႛ N11 
ႛ FA

B[83B ႛ Bႚ 
.1 1    -
 17-NB 1   — -Bႛ   Ž 
  ./.FA   —  4/1 3B= ႛ / /:[F m1-
 
/  -1႓8 /:[ DN-1   83/႓ႛ 3  ႓8 = 7B [8   =8 4/1.=   -,- 
 2   3႓/ႛ 3  =  
N-.  1 32 ႛ ႓8 F FA   Ž  -1c 4/1 Bႚ 
.14/  :821 ? - ™ 1 F7N 2143ႛ == C 4/ C =81 C 
    ႓8 =  
—  N  =/B 1   1=G 8  

N13ႛႛ F G 1  ႛ FA

[8
  1./.  
11G 8,1 -1c 4/1.= 1 N 31F 4/1 7F[-Bႛ 8 cd ,1b
W,1 1   1N 314=   B
2 .=
F21 1 -13 ==1M1 3= 

N132
ႛ B i˜1 N -FA -13 ;7p7   1 B႓8  == 
  
-N1  2   . .N113=ႛ  -1   ႛ 1 3=FA
3- 
.1 1   7F[   ; 3=B 4/1 ႓  4  1 
.11 C  1:[=  
ႛ    .1. Bႚ 
  1=D
 1  1  ™  ႓8  - 1   1=3= F=ႛ 4/1 1   4. 
 8 =1 G  =121 32 ႛ B 7F[ 
./.FA

 - 2 B -1C  8 =  N  B == - C B =Z
=/C 1:
 =/C  -=Z =.3 N1 / 
 8  ?   1 1 21 -Bႛ /
 =

N1  4.JB  1  - ,- G  =121 -1,1  1 1 
-B ႛ 1 -. 3=-1G 1 7F[
1-G 1 ./. FA

2 4/1 1    l.,1  1 ==.\


 1 3=B႓8 “  1
1”ႛ 2B 2႟= 11 BFA -3 
.1  Bႚ 7F[
1B.1 ႓8 4/1 1    l.   ႚ- - 11FA 2 -  m b m
 7 ,1 - J.81 -  11
 G 1 f-13=႓8 4/1 1    l. 
1G 8 3=B3 FA ==2  1 N
-B [b
G 8 N- 8 1 [b
G 8   Bႚ
-17- .N ?G 1 B[8  l. Bႚ 
1G 83= r=/ -B FA [F B :8-7 3==: - ..1 Bႛ .ႛ  - 1-
1G 1 1   7-G 8h1-
==2  N3B ႛ m 1N.=  =8N႓8 .ႛ  BFA

-7 3=F= B.7F  -Bႛ . ႓8  XX  ==1M1  


- ? JB 3 N
 BFA  m1 ==./ mC [ m  -J 
NN --c
1C b
W,1 m 3=G B b mG 8 . =1-Bႛ b mG 8  1:8
ႛ  -J  k-G 1  m-Bႛ B 
1  B  m3= 4 
 B.1
b
W,1 m b mG 8 =-1 1    
1 
1G 83= NB 1 -- 1BFA

b m
 =-1,1  XX 1 B=:  .1 BB [ m b mG 8 1b F7 1b
W,1 m-Bႛ 4?:  == == 1  -  /3
. 3=႓8C
[F.G 8  1  1 1  1   .1 NG B. 3=FA .,1     
1G 8-Bႛ B17-  B bN- m J7 1  k1- 1
: -Bႛ 
1F3ႛ  1 1B B mC = mC .-.1 
  1 -Bႛ G 1M 2/ႛG 1 f-1  B BN 
1  1 G 1  1 3=BFA

DSA =: X 2 B[8 b mG 8 =-1,1 b m


 3=.1 ႓8C N=: DSA =: p 2   m b
  1  DSA 8 
  .BFA b
G 8
 1 [  1 1   :8=8
-Bႛ 1   :8=8
 (G ) 3=-
- 11 b m
 =-1  - 1
ႛ 4/1 1    l.

1G 83= 1 kႛ႓8 b
 1N.ႛ  xB-FA

3- 4/1 1    l. 


1G 8 -1 :83=B b
 ,-
1  gg 1 r  m 17--Bႛ , -h1-
    B=: J-J  -21 Bႚ
3- 
1 
 -1C  J1c=ZC 21 :8.1   .F
- 1႓8 - -႓  ႚ -  - F 8  . ႛ Bႚ  21  1 1 
   1
./=BB1G 1 N1    =8 /=1  m 3=1JB     
1G 83= k.1 B FA DSA – p7 
12 b
 ,- b
G 8
 1   88 3111G 1 4/1 1    l. 
1G 83= 1 - 1 b
 1N .1 4BFA 
1G 8 ; :8,1 DSA

1288 DSA .-.1 B
41.1႓8 NB1G 1  m
1= 1 DSA .1 3= -G FA 1 OTS 
1.1 JB ႛ 4 OTC
.b JB ႛ  4 /B FA

-3 Bႚ 7F[   ==


1 
1-1႓83=ႛ 
 -Bႛ .-  :8=11 1  1   .- 1   1 1 C .- ႓8  1NB
“ ”  
1FA [F B b.8,. == 1-Bႛ b.8,. 1 :8, ႛ 1 4/1 1    l.
1  ႓8  1N   .-
ႛ Bႛ =:NB
.
3=. DSA p; 2 b=7
1 
11    JB 7-G 8
 3=.1 /C DSA pg 2 b:1M7  1 G 8  -   G  =1 1 
1 ႓8 
1N    =:NB .
3=. () - -  m b 2
1 
1C 311-  ႛ ==1M1  -
  G 8ႛ2B
G 1
-Bႛ .-  .1B/C ==႟/=- m b1.-   3=ႛ2 1 .-  C  ႚ- 2JB  b
 3=.1/B,1
.ႛ 
N1B  1-G 1 ./. FA

N F ./.
G 1 4/1 1    l. Bႚ 
.1 1    -
-Bႛ 7F[,1  --Bႛ 1-C 
. 
1G 8 Bႚ
 . /3
 1 
=1 r 
=8--Bႛ c  =1C DSA 
12 .1 N-C =1-
ႛ Bႛ  ႛ .,]1 3=C 4/1 1  
 l.  -7-Bႛ -3  1B q B - - .1C - .1 - ==႟/28 G  G   1 kႛ/ C / ?-Bႛ N1 / ?
1=1- =.
ႛ G 1
 ႓ 3= 1 4/1 1    l. Bႚ B f-1 -ႛ1 G 8N11-1  N2-FG 1 ./.   FA

1 1.=
 
 E1 1-

-,- 47J1 ;XC;77qA

-
 .11 h1- B
ႛ /-NB7.1 1 -
W1-Bႛ =1 ]1 =-B.
  ႛ FA .13D B/  -Bႛ 
 B  1,1 . B
ႛ 1 1- 3D-.
FJBA . B
ႛ .,1 1= 1 ႛ 
1 . N1 B . Bႛ 3.-1B BJ7 8  ,1 G 1  /3
 
  1
3 .-1=3 3
 
 
 1F A -=8B        =- 8 
1B B.
 ,FJA

 2-2-   N-N- 8 G  1 


138  1   1 -1 -G  =1B B. =:8ႛ2  1FJA . Bႛ 3.-1BBႛG /  1B 1 1
41  2  .--B .
ႛ B

 7-=/ . FA . B=
ႛ 1BD -NB 428=,1 B B1  2-Bႛ 1 1-
ႛ-2-=1G 1G 177
 31-2BFJBA J 1=D 1N-N1B  k  B ႛ  
ႛ ,1 J     -
ႛ -FA


- -
 .1=1.
1  1 11B
- 1 pqq—C qŽ 4= 1.4= 1FA B[8 
-  1 
1-1N1 A J1G 1B21 B[8
- (YY)  
3=- B
- 
- ( X) -B F.A [8=. 1 1 . 1J ႛ =:=1 1 B=D1 A .
1 G 81-1A [F  =NB 11
1.
B= -.JA [F   Bႚ J  3 1 BJ A  J  1  J1 -1 .1 B[8 
- =8 
- -B
ႛ 1 
 7 1.1BA

(pqq—)4= 1 1 -.=F81 h1-B=3=B  1   - ႛ 


 lb2B 1  = 1 1 -
 .1
13N1A B[8 11.1.=ႛႛ
.
=1  311 A [F 
 - =7=1 -Bႛ -1 B[8 =Z   .1 -A -1 1 
- 3-Bႛ . Bႚ.
=1 

- ႛ  118  ,1 413=1  
- =7=1B ႒ 1 1=
 ႚF1A B[F J1B21 -.=F8b,1 h1- B  1 /
.N/  1 . ႛ -
 
 .1
13N1A B[8 12  -
1.1 F(p77)
1
1 1   A B[82 1 1-1  
- G 11=NB 1 =
 3=.1A


 
ႛ Bႛ 
  .1
1 11  J1 ,-  Bႛ =NB 1=:=1 A [8-B ႛ
 - 3 B . 
3=B 2 1 4b1 B   .18 B[8- 1 
 --Bႛ .1 ႛ .1  -F1A

2 111   ႛ B[8 11.1


2  .1. ႛ FA [F  =17- 1  B  A 
 
== B-Bႚ B[8 1/7-4 1 ,FJA - 
3-2  2 1 -
  -
 .1
1  .1  
1.1 ႚ3ႚ A -.1  
.2 .-
 Bႚ .1 FA - -4ႛ1 2 1  A 
-
-4G 1 7-/8   1 13
ႛ   -.1 A  
 11    JA J
  B B[8
- 1 4/ --B
ႛ  =1C1
 N-B
-3=A 81 1G 81F 1 1.G 1 21 J =  1FA //7  J21
 -  81 1-A
  1G 83=
A  .  B .A 1   . 8J7  ႛ  J .1  B =.3F A -1 2/1 J .-11
  FA


- ႛ1- =8811 A   
 / /  1 -==.1 17-=1  1 1A =- 1 1 1 1 N1   ႛ= ႛ =.1
2.- 18 
- ႛ  // B- 1 17 A 
- =NB 11 [8=F1. 8 ႛ .
J 1=1  11 FBA ,=Z1C jM=Z1C
i=Z1 = .3FA / 1N1  =1-B  B  3=B 22B B[8- 1  -.1  -A B[8-B ႛ
 lb2 B 1 = 1   1 .1F 1A

- ႛ 1 .1 B 
-  13=A 
-  ႛ 1  1  1  1B 1J-G 8 
1 - 1F 21  B3=ႚ  1 1ႚ7B
- 1
1  1/ J-G 8
1 1 1=G A

.
1.18=1 . .B-Bႛ - 8= ႛ NB 1 =:=1  -1 1 N11 3=1 B8 -1 2/ 3 -  1 1B 
- ႛ
1.1.= 
G  2.113 -  1F  3=21. 1  .  W
1.1 A =NB 1 B3= 1Aႛ B[8 
- 12 12 1 =/=/88 
- ႛ 181
G 2G A 
- 
1.
1.1 2 12 1  =/=/ 88-B ႛ 1G  11 
1G 81 .1 A 
113 2 1C 2 1  1
 l. -
1. 
1.1
1A

1/=/ 1[8.-FB
1 FBA -3=81 2 1 J   G BF 1 B
ႛ  1  33 3W-Aႛ 
/-Aႛ NB 1
k
1-B 
-=
 - 3=-A  -  8=ႛ 1C   1= 1 11FA 12
ႛ    F (Ž7).1.1 1 B A =1.B- 11
J-G 8
1 1.8 1 11B  1 
- ႛ- A 1-1  1
 lb 1 BA  1b- 1-    1 8  1C  1cC  =C
B[8 1 J  1႟A [F  1 1 1F 1 21 C 
-.= 
1G 8BA B[8 1 1 G 1M2. b 1==-B
ႛ -
 ==ႛ  B3=FBB- 1FA
B[8-B

 lb 2B 1 
1  11. . -Bႛ 1. 1 1 4/  =8G 1 - .  11J A -33
 11A B[8
-- -.= F8-Bႛ ===   
   .J21 G 1 G 1 - 1FA -1 2/1 =1. ႛ 1J A
[8 1 -=1 13=3=C   B3=3= M3 1 =B8 1  ႛ 
12 1G 8 11A 1 -7B.2   B.
 
 1 1JB  .1
A 
-
1 1 721 .
 1 1B  .1 A

- 3-[8
 lb 1 -M 13ႛ 1J   =
1-1 1 .1=78  =1-G A B[8=== E J 1.N ႛ
    1  1  1=1.8
= 1 8= 1   . -Bႛ -1 2/ 1  1
 2B - 1  1 .1-A B[8 1 1 G 1G 8 -BA 2 1 .G 8 B   1-8- A
b 1==.11 1 2 1  N ႛ 1JA =1.BF 1 1G 17 - Bႛ FA  1 = 
- 12  
- 
ႛ ---
1A J1G 1B 21
1 1 1C  1 ¡C B[8J  ႟1 
- ႛ-B 1 1 1 1 = G A 
- 
ႛ  1 = . 1   NB 1
   4 C 4 -Bႛ
,-218 - - A -ႛ 1 1 = 8  11 =1. 1FA

=F 1 2 1 =1.---Bႛ 1 . 1=1  .1A 2 1  - ,-J ႟1  3=1 
ႛ 1A 
- ႛ =1.---Bႛ
=1 1/ .r1NB 1N7  G A 81-Bႛ 
1.1 1 2 1 F 1/ G 11FBA B F 1 .G 8. N1B   1.181-
-G A : 1=  12 ; 1  1 —1 1BN1A B[8-ႛ
  12 1 =1 .3=1J A  1 -1 =1 3 1FA [F B[8 1B
b 1==.1 71 ႛ .G 1-1 2 1 =1 3 1B =1=1 A  
11FA =1 3 J21A 21 .  1J2
1 G 1 1FA [F  JG 1  - .J A - =1=1(Ž)-1 81 1 
 1: lh 1814? -A B
1.1Cႛ N1N1
B
1.1ႛNN1 ႛ 1JA  1  - 1814? A 
- ႛ   B JB- 21 =1=1 N 11 1 
1FA 21 
 18 : lh BႚD21 1-1 F.1A =8 =:B [8
1.1 J  1-C B[8=B8-=A

-/-  1   


  1-- A  N 
ႛ JA N 
B.
  - 21 B[8-ႛ2  =-ႛ/ N  =1B   1B-- A
 
ႛ = ==.1 -.1   : lh1N1B 1 Bႚ,=-2/  1.181 N =1 A .1BF ,11-B, ႛ -21.1 8 4=1 =B
B[8N =1B    1 8 
- -1 N4= 1 .1  A B[8-B ႛ  -  -1G 11 -1 2/1 -
ႛ 1JA = ==.1
1 7=1A 
12 1G 8  1J A B[8
- 1 2 1 4=1  B 1A =1 . B-Bႛ 
-/-- 121 N1J
2 1 -1=ႛ1 A

B[8
- 1 -.=F8b,1 h1- -==- 1 1 

FBA [8
    1 h1-B 1- A [8-B=
ႛ 1.4=4==1 8.B-Bႛ
[8=F 11 =   1 - 1A 2 1 J 1B21 -ႛ  G 8 -DB.=1-FA B[8
- 1  2 1 -Bႛ - Gႛ 1Fႛ 1A

- 
ႛ 1 B1 1 2B.-Bႛ
 ..
  =8

ႛ FA

[8-B.
ႛ 8 
 1-DA -8 1 1 =812 1 1  = 1 1=1-A 
- ႛ =81 -8 .1 A -8 -2 /1:8 1  1 A
B[8/1:8 1 1 
- ႛ =1. -A =1. B    - : lh B41   - 13=FA B[8=1.B- 1   1 .=778
7 -G   J1  ႛ FJA / /  --1 = 1FA B[8JJB
 - ႛ  B
 =/ 3.- -Bႛ /1:82B 1 1 =4==1 1 .4= 
11   -Bႛ 82/.1BA 
-  1 [8Gႛ /- B 3=   J 1   1 1 ,. -
 .1
1 1 -
1.=:8Gႛ /- .1
[ ¡- 1.1 .1 
 .1=1.G 1 1 1 ¢- ႛG /-G ႛ NFA

B[8 -(pqqg)4= 1 1 -.=F8-Bႛ === ႛ  


  1 N - 1 -= 1 -B -.=F 8 Bႚb,1 h1-3=B 8=1h1- 11A (pqqX)
4= 1 
- -1 h1-   1 1A [8-B(ႛ pqq<) 4= 1 
- (p7)-= =1 B 73A N 4=1 1FJA [4= 1 
- 2-=1 B =4=-1
 81 -b,1 h1- Bႚ  1 /
 j 1  ႚ - -
12 13B ႛ 1 7 1 17-N 21A -1 4=
1 2-2 3A [F  1-
JA [8-Bႛ (Ž)4= 1 (;77;) 1   2-1A 2  1B 
- 7. l. 2  A pqq<4=
1 B 
- JB ႛ A 81  -  1 
h1- 1 17-2  N 21-2BFA h1- 1-=: c\=1  1.BFA 81 - 
W1-B
ႛ F . B-1  1.  BFA
[8 -ႛN1
-  1 1.=  1  
1႒ 8႟-F.A

. BJႛ 7]1G 1 18 1  1.1,- FA . B= ႛ 1BD 1 =1 2 1  
1 Bႛ 1  1.=
 
   B .
ႛ =2B 7± =1= 
ႛ FA
1 1.=  
 ,1 1.=    .= B
ႛ D 1 F -1 ,FJA 
1 21 
 G 1 -F 1B -= FA 1G 1B
1 21G 1 -
-N 8 1   . ႛ B
ႛ  21-B - FA . BJ ႛ 7,1B B
 
 G 1 - - - G  =1Bႛ 1  ?1N BB3=,1
1 1.=  
 -B4
ႛ      NFJA

( 
A A -1 h1-  2 1 
-N1 1.1 3=  -]1  3=F.A)

-‡   -.1 .1  ™

"... 1M1.  3Bႚ=/  3


႓8 1M1.  ,JB 3B=
ႛ /4 2-

JB 1M1. B 3=.A k1  
1 ,. = E .  . (X) .1
.A N
ႛ G 1 :8=8
႒ 8 ' 1 1  J 11B' , 
-3  - NB3.A pqX‡ 4=  ႟ 1 B .A .-
ႛ  32 .
4.A .- ႛ ႛ  . 2  B.  ႛ ႟?/႒ 8 ႟?/B . ႟ 1 BA ==  2 = 1=
1 .- ႛ ႛ  1M1 kB  - b W 1 1 
 2 G  G . ... " ... [
 cd]C   (ŽŽ)C 4‡J1C ;‡‡q N  G 1. -  .1 B b W
,1  1 1 G 1   .1N1B .-
(G  ) Bႚ "-‡   -.1 .1  ™" 21F ]

 - 1  1 /4   1 /2


 
1A

-‡   -.1 .1  ™

8–
 =႟/႓8 =-=

N1.1 ႓ B   1 B   .
ႛ ႗-3=B . ,.1 . .-=1 =:  FNB 1 =B-.A
.ႛ 1/ F8 2 .1BC b 1    1NB ‡B.A /  1 G 1  ,.\1႓  ႚ b W -4 E -1 
-  . -. b4
F    J84 BB.A 3- b 1 1    1 - ==.-
1  -1 2
(
= ‡ ?-)  ‡ B-A . .-=1 
  F‡.1  14 BB .A   ႓8-1   1 =i1 ==2  h1- 3=1   / .1 ‡3=BA .ႛ 3 ႓ B   14
 ႖1 ‡B .A

b 1 2 = F8 [- F21 3= 


 .1    B -1 2/2    F. ™
1  F‡ 21႟  B.A 1‡-

-=1 N 214B.3 ႒ 8
1  x1 =1C /G  1N1 /B .A     4/  1‡- N 21  NB  BJ1 
114 . ႗ 
 B .A  1 G 1   .B .A
  1. 
 .1   ႒    ?    311. 3= 4/  1=
 =/ F‡B.
 A Nႛ-1  . 3==:  .ႛ.J1. 21႓8
b 1 - W-= F8‡
1 =.1B.A -1  1 / 3 F‡-.1  1=
1. .- N႓8 = .1B-.A 2 = 1=
1C
1 1=
1C  .1 1=
1
-1.  1. .1 4/E cM. ¡14 8–1 
Bႚ 3B=
ႛ B 1 33 1႒ 8N11.A :8=8
F21
1 11.A  ႛ -     G 1 N 11.
1 -  :8 1 b W 1 1 3=.A N  ႓8 ႒    21B. 3=
.ႛ.ႛ  3=1.A .
ႛ .1  ႚ-N  .1 cd  ,C -1  
  .1 -
1.A

.. 
1.1 ? 1 ?C  l.. cd   WC  1  1-  3Bႚ F21 :83= ႓b.႖  1  1-  = =  / :821B.A
BJ1./
‡
1 -   ./:8  '.-N -' ႒   =kN1B.1 c
-ႛ 8 N.1   3=BA  1 1 D b1C J]/ D b‡C
- -J2C .=  =.
1 :821. 3B ႛ  =‡ ႗-D = 11
1
1  c
-4 J8  1  8 .  N14B.A J8 N  - 1.ႛ

8  1 b
12- :8=8.  ႒ 8E :8=8  1  3=B.A  =႒ 8-1 N 
8  .  B.A b 1 1    1 3B=
ႛ .1 F b 1 1.
b
12-E :8=8  1  3=.A

.12-.  1  1-  3B


ႛ F21 :83= 4/1.ႛ ႖ ႚ‡ =1  8N B.A  ႟  1 .1 [..ႛ .1 -
3=.1  .1 ႟     .1-B.A  1 :8
1႓ 4  1 1 :821.1 ႓b.႖ 2-ႛ
   1  1-  3Bႛ c
-.ႛ
.1 - [F 1 .- 1  2 [F 1 J 14 x4? –k-G 1B.A N
ႛ G 1 .12- c
-  1 .1 B 3=.A

b
12-4 BJ1./
 b 1
    1 3B=
ႛ   - 1.ႛ - ‡ 1 1.1 F  1  1-  -=3Bႛ - ™.

1 -.A b
  BJ1./
‡
1 J8C J8[8 F21
1 .‡ F‡-႓8 - G 11A /   1  1-  -=
3B ႛ
1 1   B.1  -F 3=-.A  ႚ11  
1 =႟/  3B= ႛ ႓8႓8A i [F 1J 1 2 B.1 ‡/.14 3B4
ႛ  ႛb 1 =႟/  F
b
ႛ 1 2 B.1 =႟/ = 3B= ႛ -.A

N=: b 1 1    1 ==h1-


   1‡- N -. b 1 1 - -႓  ႚ   1  1-  3Bႚ
1  - . . ==႓8 c
-
 1  1-  3B
ႛ  ႖ ႚ‡ =1 3Bႚ= NN1B.A    1 
1 :821 3B=
ႛ ႓8 33 ႟
1.
ႛ F 
Bႚ =႟/BG .A ¢.ႛ 21႟ B 1   1 
1-  - -=3B.
ႛ  4N .- 1 11B 3=.A ¢
. - .-.1 
 3=.A 2 = F8 .   .
1 . /
BA

4 
- 1 b 1 1    1.  
1  
Bႚ 3Bႚ=B 1     1  1-  3B ႛ
1E =႟/ ?G 1 
  3 2=
2-

  1=
1 1 ႒ 8N11.A  - 1.

1  =  - 3=84=  x:--.1 3 2 
1  1-  1N=
1 1G .A

N
ႛ G 1 - -႓  ႚ ‡[F 81 /႒ 8   3BN
ႛ 1.1 =-
1`   3 2=2-

  1
1  .  D႓8 ==.-
1 BG .A ¢.ႛ 3
3 2= 2-

   1  1-  3B ႛ
1    1  .F 11B.A

.ႛ 21႟ 1 -1      -13=.1 b 1 1 ႓b.႖ 2-ႛ
   1 1-  3Bႛ F21 :83=.1 :8
1႓    1 
1-  -= -1 . ႛ  1/ F8  F21 - .1 1  =႟/ 1 :8
1႓  b
12-  .  ., 2 1 ., =1 .
G 1. 3.A .ႛ4 :8b24 .
=
ႛ  
: B.A

==႓8  b 1 1. 21  .1  N1 21႟ B.A 31 3  :8=8
႒ 84 [ 1   :8=8
 (G ) 4
ႛ  =1႖
Professional skill ==  1   ႗ 
/ .A =1 .E N 
 3=.A .= .FA   ႓8-1  
 .1  1 21  ?
1 
G 3
 G  . 1  1 
  –k-G 1  WE - ™.
1=1  F.   ႛ  .A

pqŽq 4=C 4=:8 - -႓  ႚ1   B-


1 =-C ႒  ႚ -C ‡B/C i j -C :8= l-
1C /ႛ =.1  [.
1  ‡N1.A =-` .1
 B-  W႒ 8 
1 J J, D-G . ‡F   == ?N  [b W႒ 8 =11=-A 
1 ႒  ႚ -
=1.
1 -   21႓8
- -NB ‡1႖ 1 ႖1   -.A 2ႛ /4. A ==  - .. 
1 "[8
81 .1႓8" ,  -G .A N=: 
 
–k-G 1  W. [8 =N1 ,  
႓8 ==:8=8 (N ) -     ==႟/.ႛ D႓8 . ႖ == 1 
1  D=‡ 24 1 2
ႛ - k1
=8 /BG .A  B-

1   -. - -႓  ႚ.ႛ ‡1G JB .11‡8J   21   .- (;) 4 B J   21   .- (p)  ႛ 
=1-G .A   .-   
1 = 
1E  ?-/ ႓8 =-  1  1G 1A N2- /G.3A

-1 N 2- /3 .


ႛ BJ1C 2 = F84 :8=8
  W .1 == 1  =ႛ  ‡BF8
1  = 3B
ႛ  4?N
 =႓8 .4 :821.
== 1 
 ႚC B

1C ‡-
 =. bW႟   1 ႒ 8 :8=8. = 3B ႛ - G /=-.
1  -- - = 3B3
ႛ ႛ b 1 - W-= F8  3DB.1 b 1
- W-=F8 2B. =ZA  =Z  b
 1 1 -1  .B .A

2 = F8


2/-  1  -   pqgY 4=
  == 1M1. . =Z 3=.A b W1႒ 8 = F N1 /A .ႛ.1 F8 F21
1N/
b
 1 1 = 1-B.3 1M1. B 3=.A .J1 N1 /  .1 b W1႒ 8 -ႛ  A . ႛ .1 1M1.  3Bႚ=/  3
႓8
1M1.  ,JB 3B= ႛ /4 2-

JB 1M1. B 3=.A k1  
1 ,. = E .  . (X) .1 .A N ႛ G 1 :8=8
႒ 8 " 1 1
 J 11B" , 
-3  -NB3 .A pqX‡ 4=   ႟ 1 B .A .- ႛ  32 . 4.A .- ႛ 
ႛ  . 2 B.
 ႛ ႟?/႒ 8 ႟?/B . ႟k 1 BA ==  2 = 1=
1 .- ႛ ႛ  1M1 kB  - b W 1 1   2 G  G .A b W
 1 -3 N1.1  G , .1=1 .A

pqX; 4=C 1M1. 1 [ 1   :8=8


 (G ) 4  1   F.1 ‡F   ,1 W႒ 8 
 ႚ . A 1M1.  -1/  
႓8=8 1M1.   W႒ 8 1 1  ":8=8
  -ႛ  1 1M1 N-. ႓8 3=G 1" 1 1  .
ႛ  .., =1 . 
..A

b W  1 N1      :821 3B= ႛ .A ႓81 =8  2 . D.*, -1  3
/ .A  - .–k-G 1
 
21႟   3=.A 4 2 4k b႒ 8:8 (
 -)  . .-3
ႛ ႛ 21႟ B .A b႒ 8:8 -11 .-k. . .B1 D .A
b:8 1 . ႛ   1F,
.=Z1
-2N1 14F, -1.3 .J1  .B , 2.A N1    3Bႚ.ႛ . 1‡-B.   (p‡Ž)  -
  W [b W႒ 8
႒ 8  2 (  ) -  :8]E 3  - 21႟
  ? ႗ 
.3 
8
W.A ႗ 
 ? =1 3 
 .1  1 21   1‡- 
b W 
-=1 N 21B.A  =: F8  1 1 :8=8
 .ႛ   -1႓8 ./ - ‡-N  1‡-.A . 1‡- 
-=14 N 1  1 =1
N 21B.A

(* b W
  1 11 =8 Bႚ  [F , =8  2 . D., ==BG B G 1  1C =- 1  - W-= 2- ႛ
  =i13
b W
 1 1. ==:8=8
 b
-‡1 . JB =8   1 3 28 N1. ႟  1 
11 ==2 BG 1 3=.A frmo Note : 49,
Building the Tatmadaw: Myanmar Armed Forces Since 1948 By Maung Aung Myoe) - k.E  3= 
A

(N F =1[  


:=13 N1.1 =1.1
1 1 =1 . ' .- (G  )'   1႓8    3=/ .A  - 1 pqX7 ႟ 1 B ႓8 :84 F21.
.- ႛ  =  1.1FC b W
 1 1   
 .1 [8   =8 3Bႛ
 : lm 3= 1‡--. b W
1႟kC b W႒ 8  1C b W႒ 8  1C
b W႒ 8  1C b W႒ 8 G ‡C b W႒ 8 .-C [-b W႒ 8 
= =. 2 = 4‡ N.8  W p— :84  B[8
- ==:8=8
 3=. b
႒ 8 -‡
‡-႒ 8
 :84E N1 / ?3 pqXp 4=C 331‡F 8 ==  ႓ =1B.A Nႛ-1  b W
 1 11 =Z 4/.ႛ ./ ႒ 8 3= 1‡- =kB.A
b W
  1 1. ./ ႒ 8 3= pqXp-Xg  =Z C pqXg-pqXY  c=1b81C G.=G 81C Jc 814 c C pqXY-<;  [-8 14 3=4C pq<;-
<g  G.=G
4 -]8-ႛ   1‡- N 21B.A N ႛ  b W
  1 1.  =1= (pqgY-X7)  N  1 NB  N 1  3= 1‡-
B..A b W
  1 1  pq;7 4=    31B႓8C ;77q 4=C ] Y -ႛ .  (q7) 4= ႟   ႒ 8 1cF3 -
 B.A -  
-` ]-8C .1. 8
14
  Y :8
- =B.A) - k.E 3= 
A

 l. 
1.1. cd   WC ႓b.႖ 2-ႛ
   1  1-  3BႚC b 1    1C b 1 1    1C b
12-E
==:8=8  1 C c
- 2- ႛ
   1  1-  3BႚC 3 2  1-  b 1  1   (;)  WC ႓b.႖ - =. b 1 .-    (Ž)
B WC  1 b.- 
1႒ 8C  1  1  WC  1 
  –k-G 1  W =. 1‡-
1  N 21   1   12/

  B.A  W 1‡- N 21=:  B- 
:.1 3= ./4=1 -B .A

.ႛ .1 pqX; 4=  = b W


  1 1. .  12/ 
  1‡- N 21B.1  14 B1 B .A =1 . .ႛJ‡  1 G 1 
/ /./.႓8 '-‡   -.1 .1  ™' ,    .  (q‡) ႟ -  .1  1႓8 3=. b
 1 1    F.A

4 F pqqŽ-qg - ႛ .


ႛ -  .4 ႚB/  31F.A
-1 . .1. 'Burma Nationalist Movement … 1944-1948' =1  N4
' ႛ . B . ႖ 4/1 G / ?႒ 8' =1  J1.1- 3- ႛ
8႓8= 3=.A =1 .  -  . bN- (bN1 .=1 [81
,1) 4 .13=.
 1ႛ .13  ႛ  3=.A  8 2  . - - l. =1G    cd 
 ႚ  = ‡3-.A . -[-   1B.  
.    .=  rW ႓8  l. =1G    W[F-N1B 1  .
-1  3 .  .11.1 F 1JB 
1 2/-.1G 1 3=.A
 ,1413=
1  -1 1G   8.  
ႛ .A ႓b.႖ႛ4 
8
 2BG .ႛ   N1.1 =1႟ =1 
1 3=.A
-1-1
N .A 24G 1 .  -.1 

1C G 1 1
1 
-1 1/  N1 .1.
-1 1 ?1  .J1
.1/ .A
.ႛ31 3 
1 3=. :8=8
႒ 8 G 1C [- 1   :8=8
 G 1  -1.A . c =1 ?  G 1  1  .ႛ31 3 
1N/ 
4/1-  212 b W႒ 8  1N/  1 /W  4
-1 -1  .1 .1 b W႒ 8 :8N/    ‡F 1 N.1 B3 G 1 1. 

-1-1NB   G 11-G 1FA

b W
 1 1  1 1.c 1F=A

.- (G  )

 1 
  4 7-21  2 1 f-1
1A

( - 14/ 1 3=
-.1 -
14 . 8 [821F,1  -  - -N 1 B  .1  3=  3D FA .=:8
 3. ..B
႒ 1 1 
  3=  =2/ ..
1
1 3 W8-1  1.
1   2  .=FA [821F   .1B 
 
N
] F႒ 1   1႒ 1FA =1
 - -=- -)A

 - 1= 1/ 1 “ 1.1  ႚ-C ..1 2. 1“ 2B = 1/  FA [8= 1/ = B.
 ,1  ႚ-1C 2. 11 21 1 
.  
14 1
,FA 
- 1   B 3=BF 21   1 G FA  1 f-1 3=BF  ႚ-  1 G FA . C  C J7 
=Z ႚ 2. 1-Bႚ  ႚ-2  -=1 1N1G FA -1 2/ 
 ႚ    12 2 /C 2- .14ႚ  J  12 -
27.1 G FA B[8F
 [8  1 1. 1 .
41 1BA 7/F3
1[. 1 [F 1   DN - C =1ႚ - B [8.J1B
3=FA  2. 1-Bႚ  ႚ-   ႚ . 2  N1G FA [81   1-Bႚ ..11C =/ 1 2
  3=.112 B
“ 1.1 ႚ-C ..1 2. 1“ 21 FJ 28 k G 1FBA

[8D  - 14/F7 3/ႚ3    -1 


-B 4/ 1 3=D-1FA [84/ 1 = Bႚ
- 1  7-21  1- A
- 1 
 1ႚ 2 / 1  D3ႚ J A  D3ႚ 83-=B 2 .   1 1  ./=B4J A
- 1 -Bႚ . B 1 /- JA
 D1 
- 1 7-N C 2 17- B - 1  .1G A [8.1 1 1B G  -
=  f-1-Bႚ 2G -A J
- 1 J- 1C
J[.  J.  17- 2B 17- B7.   1G 1 -8= 1
- 1 7-N -Bႚ 2 17-28 DG A 17-.   B
F 1
1 -128  .1  C  .1 J21 21  Bႚ 2/3
D 1 . 3=-A [81 21  Bႚ -3-Bႚ - ™
 G 8 1.1 3=-A

  ႚD 1 2 /.1 B F


1B .ႚ 2 /28 .1 11C N  2-G 828 .1 11 21 G -Bႚ 18 2/3G -A .ႚ2 / 1
N 2 17-G 8-Bႚ ႚ2/ ./ 3ႚ B  B G -.A N 2 17-G 8  1 18 -1  G    2-1B .ႚ
-.1   .-1  N  2 17-G 8 ==2 21   1G -.A F N 2 17-G 1  2 f-1 B .A
.131 8N  4=1  B .ႚ 2 / 1 c
8 -18 G 1NB -1 [ ¡ 1 1B G / 3ႚ3A 1  31
- c = 3ႚ c
8 
.ႚ2- 1 .1G A B  2 B  3ႚ G A 21
7 B.B -1  B1
7-Bႚ81C 811 .JA

[F  b[2 1 [8


-    1   
ႚ28 B[8
- ႚ 128 c
8  F.1B -1B . BႚA G   =Z .1ႚ
BB c
8B  BႚA [8-Bႚ  -1 2 /D 1 1BF [F N c
8 C [F [c
8-  Bႚ 3=-1A 2 / 1 1 B .-1    1 1B
 -11C J c
8 Bႚ  -11 21  G A c
W-81[F 1C 2
1.1C .131.-.
1 c
8 Bႚ -1  .1  -BႚA
8 1 .1 4A  3=.1 .131  .  2 .1312 1    8C   B8 B  =   N  .
,1A [F   - 1   ႚG 8 2 / 1 1 BB 3=-G A F N1B c
8  2/ B N 2- -1  :8=1 ႚC
[8J 2 / 1 B 2 17- c
8-  1   Bႚ-Bႚ f-1 -G 1B .A

[8G 1NB “G   11C J1  B B“ 3=-1 B A “


- .1 C . 8 Jc
8-Bႚ  1“ 28  2G 1A [8NB 1
-
JB FFA
-  2 “. 8   -  c
8------  1A . c\--A  1=8c
8---------“ 21
  111 1A
- 1 [8B -1N11FA G 811 -  1A “. 8  - normal delivery B ,1  A c
8-Bႚ   C   .1312 1 -BႚB   C
J. B   . 8ႚ1 NB  1 11 8B.  1  Bႚ -3   BA .11  3=1  -Bႚ B[8.  11  Bႚ -1c 
J.  21 2/3 4.1“ 2B  -  [4=2
1. J7 1
-     - 3=BA

[8
- 1 1- “J.
  1N  8 1   i
21C J.1 21N  1B = 1 i
“ 2B [f- 

- . -1-B8A = 1- Bႚ - -   1./. 1 1 J.1 21N  [8= 1NB - -B 
  J1 F C /=1
-Bႚ 11
J1 F C ./.
 J1 F C B standpoint C J      21  =:=13ႚ  .A 2 17-C F 1 ¡C 1 1B
 B -4. 1 =1.1 - .C 1 B 11  -4J ႚB ./.ႚ JA  G 81 

 ./.43ႚBA [FG 1  1 
  2B = 1/
ႚ1 NB 1 DN 11B 3=A 1M1C 1C :=Z1=Z .-Bႚ 1M1 BC 1 BC =Z BG 1 1 f-1 3=1BF - -B  1=8   =-= ,1
-B G 8A 1,   1 .1=8 . 4 43ႚ  1 
  -Bႚ =-= .1 N-
4 1 3=A

[8 1 
  -Bႚ N-
4B =-= 13ႚ   3/ႚ 3 B 4/ 1 7-21  2B = 1/ Bႚ - ™   1G A : 1- 21 28 1 2 B
..1 2. 1ႚ
= G G 1-ႚ JA .ႚ Bႚ  1G 1 ..B .12  .ႚ 1 17- A J1G 1B21 21 -Bႚ -1G 1 1

- 1 7-21  21 B B 3=A 21 ,1 .ႚ 2 / 12  = 28  N1A N 2 / 12  N 2 / . B
=
4-NB - 7= 1 -N1A 7-21    -1 .ႚ
- 1 Jc
  =  -21N1A N 2 / 12 B
.B  
 A [FG 1 N -B
- 1  7-21   .ႚ 1 12 A  13=1  N/- -  - =   
 
A

[8BA F 1 ¡-Bႚ 


1.1 1B F 1 ¡ 
1.1  1 7-21  3ႚ  l. - =1N1A 
1.1 1 7-21     l. 
7-21 N1A 2 1J   -1  =
:-Bႚ 
1.1J   -1  =
:   l. 
N1A 
1.1 =
: 
31   N/-   A 2 1J  31 3
 B 
1.1 complaint   A 2 1 ႚ .=1F J1-Bႚ D= 1 J A :8-Bႚ
:8.   ,1 --Bႚ .   B 3=A [8BA 1. 2 1 /h1- 1B .ႚ 7-N 21 .N    7-21   13=A
.NJ  -B [8.ႚ 7-N  Bႚ  =1  -21   A 4/1 Bႚ =81  1 J   F721  N1  A
7-N J  B .N  7-213ႚ =1 N1A [8  7-21  B .  A [8BA B3Bႚ2 B [8BA  1:[=  
17-N  1A [8  [87-21   17-
- A 2 17- ႚ 21 28 .    1
  = JA = F21 ႚ :[ B 
  = JA
7-N  ႚC  1  ႚ28 1M1  = JA  ႚ- ႚ28   .   1
 =  = JA  1.G 8 ႚ28 - -  -ႚ
ႚ JA [8 1 B
.N 1  1   F/ႚ /B =BN14B  1 
  2 1 - ,-  A [F,1  B 4/ 1 N D-B  1 
  -Bႚ 7-21 2 1
.J1 1B 3=FA


- ႚ  - 14/ 1 7-21  2 1 .J1 1 1-3=-FA [83=-. ႚ f-1,1  -:8 1B 3=A 4/1 1   7-21   .NN/
   1 4/11M1  N1A 7-21   . 
. 28 :[N  1 -G A  1    G A == 1 :8N 
1D N1  8 -83 1B  118  1 BJA J1 -2-8B 2  ==b    1B 2N  1 -83=A =81 
=1

  . .28 ==b D1G 1 .A =81 -G 8  1M1 -Bႚ -8=. .1  7FG 8 N1G A 1]7   11
F7. .  ,1 1M1 -Bႚ -8=.   :[J 1 .1  = 11 , BG JA

 1:[=   7-21 B .ႚ BC  1 / B [8BA -8- B 3Bႚ  2   1cF2-Bႚ1 4 :G A “ / 1 C c 1 
3=
J“ 2B = 1 B[8  DN 11 3=A [F    
  1 1B [F 
1 .1 JA   1 /C c,1
.   -  7-21  - C  1 
  21
:-   - 1     N1.  G 1 = 1 -ႚ= 1 ,JA  - 1 
2 B 1B 3=A BC == B .ႚ 7-N 1 1 B f-1 3/3/ 3=--A .ႚ 7-N 21 .
 N
   . 2B 7-21   3ႚ
17- .3=A  1-  -  -.28    1 .1 1 =8 / A - / - -B -4 -N1 
   N28 / A
   1=8C   ႚ- 1=8  . N1B 7-21    =-=
N 21 A N =12 2/ A   
  17- .21
 1 G 828  1  N1   ,J A   -Bႚ . B 
 C  
   17-N 21  ..13=A /.1  .N
7-N   G 1  /ႚ .-= 1 J A 4/.4/.1 3=B  /=1N B 4/.1   /=1 A 7-21   12
  A [F B
 1 1  - 14/ 1 [F 1-3=-A 7-21      7-21     .
  “2 1 A [F81 F-1A [F 2 1 
 J 3“ 28 11-- 1-G -A

=.11 =ZB [8BA  - . 2 1 h1- [F  - 1 8  = B .ႚ  17-  
-1 3ႚB A [8NB 1 
17- 
B   / 3=1  =    3  38 D   21 B .A =J  B       =-=
=-ႚ=1
1 A 1ႚ   -1    A 17- 
1  A -1 2/ 28 2 N N =-=28   .-ႚ   B 1 .A
 B    1-   -G A   .ႚ17-C 17- 
8   J1  = 1 J A

[8BA 
12 1C 2 1 21 B . Bႚ . 2 1 
1 1 
1.1  1  7-21  7  A [F,1 17- .1 3=A 
1 1 1 
7-21  78 
- 1
W .1
   - 1 Bႚ =17-  -  /ႚ   
1 1 =1 1 1 .B
W  1 
 1 1.1C
W   B 
1.1  -NB 1  1C
W  1  -G  N 1
1 
1 1 N1B 17- 
1B3=A
2 1 11C  11C
7    1-1 ,J A 17-
  -Bႚ 17-
-   2-1B 3=A [81 -Bႚ 1   1 1 ႚ 1= 1 A
 - 1 Bႚ =81  - [F  - 1BA [82 [8-Bႚ   B  1
W .=1ႚB 3=41BA [8   /8 2 1 [8 Bႚ 17- 

- 1B 3=A
- ႚ  - 1 1 [87-21  .J1 1 1-3=-A 2 1. 121 11 - -.B J B 1 BG JA

1.1 B 73- BG JA  - 1 [8
1 B 7-21   113=B  
1  2B 7-21  7  complaint  
  A

 l.C  1 1B [8BA


- ႚ  N  1- b1G 8 
W  1  - 1 C 3 1 C =1 B-811 = 3Bႚ8
 k2BG   -1B 2 1 F ႚ3A  k2BG  1 J2 2BG    21 B F.A [8 =Z     -11 “N1 F . 8 A 2 121
= 1 1J“ BA
- 2 121  = 11 ,J A 2 121-BႚB .ႚ  -. 
-ႚ N1 /-= 1 JA .1. 
 -ႚ F-= 1
J A [8
1  .1   1
- J  
-C 1N  -Bႚ  -A [F
- 
B 1  7-21   3ႚ3=A 121  3ႚ3=A =1 B 13ႚ
,J A [8 
- -Bႚ 
1-BႚG 1 1 17-21   contract   A 
1 [87-21   28
- 28 N
 1A 
-1N1A
[8 C 4/1 
N1B 1 Jc
  - 
1A 2 1  1 7-21  28 4/1-Bႚ 
1 -ႚN1A [81
2 1 B B 17-
-   A [F 
-  
- -13=BA

21 -Bႚ -1G 1 1 B [8B 3=A 7-21  2 1 .J1 1 1-3=-A  -
- 1  21  /=1 B   1F
 B3=A [F  4/1
- 1  7-21   7 4J A 4/ 1 N =  -8 - -
- 1 Jc

8  B

- 1 =1 1    1ႚC
- 1 1 /-    2/ 8
- 1   1BF -
=   1 /- -1ႚ 28
/.™1-
 
  A JB3=3= 21 -Bႚ 2 ./.  G 1 1
- 1  7-21  contract A .B 21   1ႚ 1ႚ 4.C
 .1 B 21  .  1ႚ
B 1-ႚ JA
-  1 .
B B .7G 1 F / 1 G    11 J1 B B
=Z  
- 4=. B 
 
 ႚB A B[F 1 .-F
-    ႚ-87  1 - -11D B 7 1 B8
 B
C . - 4=. B [F  3- =8ႚ ႚ 3- 8.1 B -1 2  3- 8 37F
.1 B .1B
-
 Bႚ .ႚ .

] 3= . B 
BA 2 17-1 --Bႚ ..ႚ N1  J1 
1    B .13=ႚ . B  1 A  
1 1 -1 .1= . . 
] F28  
1G 8  
C 2-1  2B8 1 -1 2- -1B= 1A “
- ႚ 2 17- 
. .
] ႚ . ႚ JA B.1 . = 2 2 / 1 .B -11 F:8 1A -1 Bႚ / C 
- 81DB :8ႚ .1= C
- Bႚ
21  F=.1 ႚFA [D[D
-  
] --BႚA .1=  
]“ BA
- 1
-   = =  G 8 
=  1 1F-Bႚ1A . - 
2A 
] 3= -1 28 
] 1 N1-1  ,1BA


- 3-Bႚ
1 [8 =Z-BႚB . 8 =-ႚ . 3=G 3A 21 =Z-Bႚ1 ,J A [8
]  2B =Z-BႚA  1
- 328 .1ႚ3=A B[8 1
= .ႚ  -1-G A
-   1  1  JJႚ DႚA 28 2  1  1  .B ,B   -. Bႚ ]-8 B

- ႚ28 1 = G 8 Bႚ 
] 
1G 8F“ 28 D/ . 1 1C =NB FB
41G 8-Bႚ 1 1ႚA 3 B -ႚ -ႚG 8 NႚA 
] G 83=
G.7F[ - 1A 1  1 N  1NG 81C  =1 ႚ -ႚG /
11-BႚB  
-Bႚ  . 2B -BD 1
.1 -1-= 1 .1A “.   -  G 8ႚ -1 “ ႚ   G 8 G 1 11 1-.  J 1 1=1-B 3G 8C .
\ 
.J 1]1G 8  J4=F 
1 .1N -1G 3BA . G 8  -1  21   
 
] -B . G 8. B1A [F2B
. G 8ႚ -11 ,B   
  -ႚ -1ႚ  2   J13=.1  1BA [8- 1 1 -1/.  B =:=1= 1 1 
. -Bႚ  ႚG / -Bႚ 2 .-Bႚ =8 /-ႚB  1N -ႚ [8 1N-Bႚ 2B 17-  -1C =8 /-ႚB- . B .ႚ Bႚ  
-Bႚ  -Bႚ
2B 17-  N 21-1A J12ႚ 1NG 81-Bႚ  -1/8 
]  . /
 -G 1BA JB3=3= JJF =B - .B
[8N/ =:1G 8 1  - 128 1    =BႚA -1 2/ -7C -3 F211 J.1 .1 J11  -1 /B  -G F 11A

,1  =1= 1ႚႚ -1


-
 ႚ -11C 
] . 1  .J ႚ 2-1 ,FA =NB FB =:1 -G 1 1
G 11  ႚ3Bႚ=   111 ,A 
 ႚ 1 11 .
118C 1N   ,1  
D 1 ,B
N G 8D 1 3=1A B[8F 4/1 Bႚ N  = 1  N A  Bႚ 
 1 
=81A =: 1 1B 2 1C
2 1    21™1 -1C =: 1 1 N G 8  /= 21 -1-Bႚ == -B  .  ,B     -Bႚ  .

121B  F7 - -  1-B ႚ3Bႚ= Bႚ -1c,1 F ¡M1 3=1 1 ,11 .
1BA

21 -Bႚ 
]  ™G 1 -2 G 1FA 4/1
- 1 =1 1   7 B 4/ 1 -1
- 1  - 1121 1

]  
1G 8B 3=A 4/1
- 1 =-=C -N .N  C
- 1 Jc
B7  /=/C  D 83- 1 1C  D3-  3-2 1
,  2 DB .1=7C .
C  =8-Bႚ.112   =8 1.C J=-Bႚ.1  J= 1.C
- 1  =1 1   1 F721B 2 17-C 2 1 C
i1B1 C 2 /.-ႚ  . 1C 27F=/ C 27F 2 / 1 2.3=-1 NB 27FN  -C 2=--Bႚ . B 17- .  C
J 1cF  J27F-Bႚ ..21 8NBB 21 G 8C [82 17-C 2 1    NBB  l.C  1 2 1C
21=1 .1B.   .8.-G 8B 3=A 1/ N 21  17-  - - - - N 21-G ႚ
- 1 =1 1   4r 1G 8
 1 1 - -
  -1.13=A :81  Bႚ = 1G 1 ,JA [84r 1NB F.1/,1
- 1 =1 1   7-21  
-G .3=A  B 1 --Bႚ
- 1 =1 1    /=1 C -N . 1 --Bႚ -Bႚ N .B 7-21   .B 
[87-21  Bႚ =1./. 3=1 13=A 4/1 17-
 B 2 / 1 ,B 1cd 2 /C 2- 12  A [F =
7.B3=A 

- 1 7-21  2B -=Z
A [8  A 2 17-C 2 1 J 
- 1 7-21  -=Z   1A 7-21  21 ႚ B
 1N ,B  G  ႚ 28 -Bႚ JA [F  7-21   1 1 =1./.1 --Bႚ Complaint      C 
1G  1  C
N -=-1     1:[-Bႚ8 3   A

=1.1 2  =1BN Bႚ 7-21   


-BF 2 --c
1  -G A /1-2 1 1 7-N  Bႚ 7-21   
-BF . 2 1 h1- Bႚ
N/--Bႚ8 -   A 
12 1 Bႚ Professional Misconduct  . 2 1 1 h1-28  A .ႚ 2 / 12 B 2 /G 8 B 
- A
- 1 7-G 8h1-  - A =/=    1 3Bႚ8 ==2 A .  1  A cd 2 / 12 B . 2 1 21 -Bႚ
. 8  17G 1    A cd 2 / =/=  J3Bႚ3Bႚ8 ==2  3ႚA J1G 1B21 -1-Bႚ . 8C 21  Bႚ /3
  C
123=  G 1 N -=-1  2  [8-
 1 
- 1 7-21  1 cd 2 /3=ႚBA 2 /-Bႚ -1G 1 1 7-21  contract A 2 /-Bႚ
21 G 1 1B -ႚN1  -Bႚ 2B contract B3=3=C  1 =1 contract B3=3= A [F  
 31    BF 1 Medical Negligence 3=  ,1  1   1 A
F / 1 1]7   1 1B A JB3=3= -=-1B -1 J  B :[  1 =Z  
 
-1.
 -Bႚ 3ႚ A

1 - - 1 3=1 BB B=   1 - .2/  f-1-Bႚ . 8 1- -
 D 1 1  . 
/ႚ4/ႚ-A [8 =Z  .
1G  2 
 1 
  -Bႚ 7-21  2 1 f-1  ႚ  13=A 2 /
- 1  =1 1   7-21   -Bႚ 1A -1 J  2 /  27F . =  A
-2  7-21   7  A 2 / 21    (.ႚ ,)  1 8 21./
N1A [8  2 /-Bႚ -1 G 1 1C 2 /-Bႚ
21 G 1 1 contract  A B[8 1 -1.A [8 -1.  ,1 2 17- Bႚ B=   1G 1 -1 J  8[81 -2 N31=  =BN1A
[F-Bႚ . 8 8[81 Bႚ  .1
 
Jႚ ./..B A 21F 1  .1N1
 1 -1  Bႚ 1G 1
   1N1A [81
J  ႚB 24A [F  [8 2 1 8[81J  . 2 12--Bႚ 2 17-  2 .B1 J21.
1  J .ႚ 24 13=A

 ႚ 8[81J  2 .  -8  . 2B 2--Bႚ 2 17- B N311G 1  C 2  J1  12 1 8[81 Bႚ  1 .1
 
J  ႚ 24J A [8- 1 1 . 2 1 2 17-  .   1/--Bႚ  .13-ႚ7
 1A .=    ./.3=N1 / .C surgical error 3=B
2 17-1 --Bႚ ==B. /N1 . --Bႚ.1 :[G 1 ./4 -ႚ 13=A B=   1 risks  A [8 risks   -1 (.ႚ) -1  
G  123ႚ 2 17-28 1 17- A
- ႚ  - 1 1 2 17- B “F11 1 .ႚ J1- 1B“ ႚ 2 A -1 B “2 1ႚ B
-11FA 2 1ႚ .1F“ ႚ 2G A   B ,JA 2 17-C 21 J  -1J  -14B = 1/ ./4--Bႚ
3=4
B risk   N1 A -1J  B -11   A B[83=1  risk G 1 3=1B f-1  2 17- 1ႚ =NB G 8
. N1  11-.1 A 2. 1cM21  N1 N18 3 1G B -1C -1   - 1 1 
1G 8BA =NB - [82 17- F 
.ႚ -G B -1  J ႚ J.14.BA [F,1 =NB 1 1-   1 ,J A
 1     1.13=A risk -Bႚ error
 ..
1
1 B =313ႚA [F  risk  error ႚN8 . 2B 2 17-C 2 1   =NB -1G -1C / G 3=1 
1-.1 13=A B[8B
error  3= B -B 21   .ႚ 1 .ႚ.1 N1  .3=A 121  .-=1 ႚ 1 13=A

1  1 1.1  2  1 G 1 .=  3=  :[  21    A [8B 2 17-1  Bႚ  1 (error) G 1 .=  3=1 1
2 17- ႚ28 
-N1 .1A :[G 1  1  C 1]7   1 =[M-Bႚ 8 
B 2   1 -2 1B3=A
- ႚ = 1-

- 1 -Bႚ. B  :[NB 1 Surgical Errors 21 
(p) 1.1 B=   
(;)  1cF4 . 2.1 1. 4^1 = B=
(—)  2 4 . 8 B=-=: 3=1 1.1  1
1
(Ž) cosmetic surgery  1
1  N.  31N1FA
[8 1-Bႚ . 8 2 17- Bႚ 2 . = .   C 1]7  1   :[    C  1   1   
1G 21  =1 A

[81  =Z 1 . 2 12 17-   1/3= ==B-1C N  .B 8[81 J .B .B11C F7. -. 123ႚ 2-8
 1-11 21 .
1 1 8[81J   ႚ 12-1N =1   3=.1 1 -=-1.J  -  17G 1 C =/=   1  3Bႚ8
=/= 3ႚ12 C   Post-Mortem ==2  C 2 .  -Bႚ 2==
    :[J 1.1 8-Bႚ 12G   ==2  C surgical risks 1C
surgical errors 121 12-==8 error C Medical Negligence  3=-B B  1=B2    .B =Z  .13=A [821
 .1
 1 
  -Bႚ 7-21  2 1 f-1  3 4 1 3=A

-1J  2 17-J   “ 2 . =  .=


1 -1 .J“C “B[82 17-FA ႚ3  . 1“C “ - 1 2
1.1
2 J A 2 17-  J A = 1.1  G “C “2 17-B 
41B G -G “ 2B = 1/ N D 12 ,1  -  
 -18
-1D 1  =-1N1BC 17-
B 2 17- B 8 =1 1 . 3==4FA  -  1B 2 17-J  -1J   c  = B
“.ႚ J1-1 1B“C “ႚ =ZNB 11 1 2 17- ႚ1“C “-1 1  -1 
1G 8 .A  = 1  B  ႚ 2 1    A ႚ 2 17-A
[F   -4J “C “F 1.1B .
121 - B F

  J. J11ႚ 1 ႚB“ 2B D  N1 3ႚ FA 2 17-C
2 1 C 21 J 
- 1 =1 1   7-21  1  8 J7  C 7   21FA -1J  G -Bႚ 8 [87-21  
7  FA =Z7 . 7 =Z Bႚ  .  G  A  1
 2
  -1 A 7-21  - - - -   complaint   F A
=Z 1.J  B =Z  .  1 11  A - -.1B 7-21    1B3=FA

JB3=3=  G 1. 8  - 1 1 3=1 BB 3= ,1 1 4/ 1 3=1 B2  :[G 1 13=/=  31N==2   1 
  -Bႚ 7-21  2 1
f-1B 3=FA  - 1 1  1N 314 1 21 1 2B :[-Bႚ . 2FA  1N 314J 2 1  1 
  
21
:4B -3 ==
 =-= Bႚ 1-
 G 1ႚB 2 F  A -1 N1-
 B   FA F-
- -Bႚ  - 1 G 1 B
=:2  1-B  13 211 -Bႚ  - 1G 1 = 113=- . 1FA “-ႚ  - 1 1M1 =-=    1 4=4= 1 1
3 1G 11A 1M1 2-B ႚJ1NB D  1 1B-G 81A   21  =13=A ==1M1   2-ႚ
- 2B
-28 11 F F B 
  -- JA F 1 1B JA    =83ႚ “ ႚ 1FA
- .
1-8 =:=1G  
3ႚ G  =1 F1A


- ႚ28 1 . .1  =B-B “G 8 = 11-   G 8-Bႚ -  :8 1 JC / J“C “2 12  - 1 JC J= 1  /=/
-1N1 “C “ / 1 c 1  3=
J“C “-Bႚ F-Bႚ 21  FB -1  “C “ - 3==-BႚC ./ “C “ ..=C 3=.
 ,1“C “./ .1
1 FC J7 7·G -Bႚ F“C “  .ႚ  J1B  -  .1A [FG 1 -/ 1 - 1FA =NB N1-Bႚ1“C “.ႚ 1.=8  1F“ 2B
D-Bႚ 1  1 
  13ႚ 21    FJA  1 [8 B N  1G 8. ႚ 1  D11 B . BႚA
1- 1 ./3ႚ = 
1 .1 -.A : 1-  1     82F1A ./3ႚ N 1JA 2B8  =11BA B-
B1  = B     1   -Bႚ 3 .18 / =- 1   8 2F1C 8B .1 1 .A  11B / .A 
41/ B
7·G F1ႚ1 .J 2- 1A [8.1 1= 2    /  7·G F1ႚFႚ 1 J1ႚ  G .BA i 1 J.   N   - C
J. N   - J 28 =NB 1  34    /-ႚ 34/- .1 3=A

[FG 1  1 
  -Bႚ 7-21    1 f-1   1 
    . 1 1   2 3ႚ FG 1-Bႚ 34  -Bႚ  1  21 341C
 11  F/ႚ/-.B G / ႚ  f-1 3=FG 1  .1  FA


  (;gC ppC ;77q)A

.
28

cD 

47J1 ;XC ;77q

,1႓/  ႛ =1


1 1 4=3
 ႓/ -Bႛ  .
  ႓ B  
ႛ A .J7  . ႓ B 
-
1 
 -/BA ႓1.   1= 1 ႓1 A
 ႛ 8A .ႛ28 - J1  ႓81./  G 1B JA 11
1
1  .ႛ   G A

-ႛ   1 .
2/    1 1-Bႛ 4?2 ႓8C .

" [8-ႛ F ..1WA .==1 HIV positive BA F .Wႛ JA"

.ႛ  G  1 J1  ႓3=.BA =  N-,


ႛ -  J 21 N NB J A

-ႛ  1 -Bႛ .J


ႛ 7G 1 1BA

" F,1 F B =1 -B


ႛ  ×× ×× ×× 1 1 1 -NA B[8 1 1
1.113  B   1 1  N4/3  8
.1 G A 2B. . B.
   ...”

"F . pg4= 8 21 .


1B .1 .8 28  B  8=1 -B
ႛ  N4/3  
B.  
ႛ B - G 81 -Bႛ
 .1 B
 FA B21  1 1    1 N1B8 B[8 - G 8 "F  .1 M.1 " 28 
1 .1B1 [8-ႛN ႛ1FJ BA ;  1 G 11
1  1DA ( - J- 1  .1 A  .1 A -Bႛ  .1  B ...)”

"
1 B 3=
A  .1 1 A  2/ 1 A  2/     ႛ  … 2B F
1=1-Bႛ 1DB.-
 Bႛ   .1A
 1 .1 1 /7
G 8-Bႛ N1B  G 8G 8/28  1 BA  
1G 8A"

";  —  1  83


1NB 1 1    8C —  -1 
1 F  1D.1 -JG 8B =Z-Bႛ A  1=1
7=1 78 NB  D.1BA"

"D.1B- 1 8 1 - -  WG G 8/-Bႛ Night Club 28 FA =D 1  1 /=8 8 -G A /J1J8 N 7N1G A
F 
1 - NB NN1A .J1 F,1".= "FA"

"B[8-ႛ =8 F,1 1


1-21J7  1 .1 11BA F N 3ႛ G  G   G  =1 =:=1 B  1 BFJA 24>   3
1  A
3
1 NB 1 2NN1 21 .JB 21 .1 1FA”
" = Fႛ Customer   1 1 2 2/႓-  31 3 1/ B  1 G 1-Bႛ   / A FJ
ႛ 7,1 -1--  1 
 B/=1
  7 

 
BG A"

" "24>      12/ " 2B 


  -
ႛ 1  1   2/=1  JB Ž4= 2B A J.
 J.ႛ   1.1B 21 . 
.B1F"

.
 -1 2/႓1 1

"F [8J7 1 
1.1 ႓8" 21BA

.ႛ  J ႓=  1BA

pg 4=.1  -Bႛ  1NNB -


/  1A 1
1- B -21J7-Bႛ  1=1/ .1C - 
 ႛ 1 13 1 1JA

 -Bႛ -==
1  1  1=1/- B .
 8   14  
1G 8FA J721 3-88 3=11
  .  3-8JB  /3-8 B
-
  A

.13=
-Bႛ .  B  .-- A .4/ 
-Bႛ J1  /=1 - . 3=-G A   - 1 3 - 1  311G B  - 1. .1
1/,1 . 8=   14 FA [8 .
  2 8 
=
W ? N1G / 11A

47J1 p<C ;77q

.1NB 1     ..


.
3   1-B G 1 A

41D 81 1 1 G 1
 . 
-B  
1

 -B.1 
1.. --BF
3,1 G  B= 1 /NB 1

 2
3,1 3 == B.1 1
8   c
-2B../-B N BB 1.
c
-1 
1 .1 1
 1  1- .1 1.
/  1 G 1 ..
c
-1  - 1 .=Z131 
 B- 1   ./ 
/ ..
81 =
41N/ ..

- …
 - 1  ..
.B1..-=-1
3B1..1- E G- 1A


3F..
 1G 18..
-/ . 1…YY 
1.1..
N1NB 7N     -JB
4= -= N1NB..22B..

 1  33.
   - = ¡ 1 / 
.1G  
-B  1cF-B  3
.  (Ž7) 
1 B 3N  B3..

.1  =1B1 
1..
    1=1-B1 
1
 N E =..
1M1E  =2 3 

 
=
1   1=1.
1..
. 
1  . 
1..
    .. 2B B. 
1
- 1 1 A

  ...c
-  1 
..-3 G /32. 2- 
 -.
..  - J ..
3 
 ...    3 ..
 1
28  
 ..

B .1  1 ..


.1NB 1   2N  3 
17-  
-G = 

-3 ==J8 ..


 
1  ==8..2==83 ..
- 
 / 1..

.[^F (ppA;ŽA;77q)

soft F7F  


 ./
 p

-] (J1.1-.)
Friday, November 27, 2009

}14/ - 7- N 1  .--1


1
=  == F7F =BN./ . J1.J173==:NB 1 £ 
 ?-      F= ./=B 3 .
1 .1 
- 1 
1. [N F  1  1 3 ႛ 1  ႓  1    ==24kB 3=. / 3- /F 2.
 11 =81   G 1
 -Bႛ  ႟ 2. 
. 2 4 ? --A 1 . [ N D143 ႛ 1  4= 
1 =81  [M 2 ႛ ? 21.11 4/ 1
JM=1 . ?  -ႛ .N1 .1 =  Bႚ 1J1J ?4?-N1 
/ႚ4
/ႛ ? 12844 (.)ႛ 4G 1 = 31
3 N1 / 8 ?
214 13=A

soft F7F ./


17 [8N  B.  ႛ G 1   =1  1 /4.1  =
1=1. = N-
 ? 4r 1J1 1  -4
[8
.  1  ?  Nႛ /. =8 --Bႛ ႒ 8. 7-.N1 C [F .J177-
2 1 7F[  1B/31 1 1 soft F7F
 .1  = N  F.2. .7 21  1. [ N D13 ႛ 1  1 1N 
-  21 1 A
b8 - ==4/ 1G 1 =1 -= B႓8 2/ . 11 ႟?/-  ?-B.ႛ 1 ႛ  B .  ႛ 3=  (.ႛ) 1. [ N D13
ႛ 1  =81  
 [M2 ႛ ?3 ./႒   1 1 ႒   1NB3 . . G 12 1N1  N1 == 3=1  . (.)ႛ
=81   21  
G 1 M1  
1 - 1.1 [N  D1 1  1 G 1
 =Z  1-1 ?  - -B. ႛ 1 . 2 ? -
1 1 6 - -2
ႛ  1BA1

=81   [M2
ႛ ?3 2=4=
11 2[ ,=- N  8 4/  21B .11 2  ႓ B-.  == - ./ ႓8
.r1 1 =  E 
  2/-=B13   - Bႚ 8 4/DN1 .  -
 N 2  
1  1N31214B2 ႛ  A ==3 2 1  1 :8 Bႚ .J1N1 1 ႒ 8  .1  1  ?  .1.႟,13
J1
282/႟?/.1.B21N   J121  3-84.B 21D 1.  2/3=8 

.  =£1N1 8 ==B - 1 1
J 1႑ 
-- =B B21FBA2 [F 
ႚ.1 7F[ 2 1 .3- ႛ
8 ?G 1  1.1
- 11 =8=:2 4=   (.ႛ)
1. [  ႒   1  N-. 4=  1A .2 ႛ . J
131 soft F7F Bႚ -71-. .J1 N,1 hard F7F N  
/4 C .
 1႟?N4  B- -B ,¹. 21ႛ 2   A

-:8 1  B=  ?
= -3 soft F7F  N 1 =1 
 ./  4 G 1  soft F7F .4^ N  1  1N  ႓8

8=
: .G 1.1
3=A p<-pY 1=4=
1 1 .=    1 =14?12 .1 : 1 /.ႛ .=:
 ? 
/ႚ43 /ႛ 
ႛ 1 
.==1   ႛ 17 ./ - 2 1 J1.1= 1  3=B.11   1-Bႛ ႟  = .1F 1[.2 1  1႟/ 11  /./ -G  BႚA
.=1-  1 F 1.ႛ 1-  D 2.  3
ႛ 1  .=

,1 4/:8.
1   ႟ 2.N313  ,1
2BG A .=-  1 ==B 1႟/?- ႓8-1  pYY— 4= = .== ,1
2-.   Bႚ cM. ¡1 - x3 ႛ 1  ,1 4/28.ႛ
.=J1.1= 14 =1  ႛ -3= x ႛ21BA ./ - 2 1
N/--13 N-x21  .=:
 ?  F  1.ႛ 
/ႚ43
/ႛ 
ႛ 1
   
-Bႛ 213=ႛ . 2 1 =
 B=  1 4?
 131F N1 A 3 88C c
1 M8-Bႛ 1.14/ . G 1 1B
[8--1
./21F 1A

N }1== 1 1B = 1


1
1,1 7F[3- ႛ
3
ႛ 1  ႟/= ႓8 soft F7F =8=: 
3- ႛ
  -,-=1-B
ႛ 2111 ႛ A
  - = -3 ႟/= 21  .11 ==B F7.   =14= 1
1NB ႓b-4 c
1 M84/ ႛ Bႚ
1
= D:႓ 21
-Bႛ . ႓8   -. Bႚ.J1N1 ,1 1  N1   k  ႒ 8=-2 ႛ  A c
1 M8 Bႚ=:2  
NFNF 7F[3- ႛ
 ?,1  11  1 1 .  1 4 ႓b- Bႚ soft F7F  -.1
./ ႓8 7F[3-

21
,1   -  D=8 .7 Bႚ
1႟/
== / . 1 
3=N-   ? 1B
ႛ A  BႚcM. ¡1C = . . ?4 31 ? B ?= .ႛ  =1N .-=1
?
/ႛ 21 ?= 43
ႛ 1  N -k1k1   Bႚ .3 BB. ,1 =1 -Bႛ N D1.  8b8 -
1= Bႚ 4 /.  1
4N=13 =B႓ BN
- =BG 1 =1 1 ==
 7F[3-

 -Bႛ . . 1  2-2-12-==N1. =8 /=1 1 31F N1A4

./ - 2 1 N/-3  


 
F  1 1 3
ႛ 1  :
 ? N/ i4 .  
 2 1 2 =  - 
./
႓8
1  11 1   - N1=,1 /313-811BA pqp< 4= . j 7[႟ 782-  N  1 .ႛ2 2/   1 8   
3B=
ႛ N1B႓8 .E 2 .=12 13=. c
1   8 :8=8 21
 BA .
ႛ Bႚ1 7-7º 1 1 }1႒ 8
2/.1 =-= ႛ 1-  G 1 1႓8
.N 1=7=13=11 3-ႛ 3W21 .  11 -3=ႛ c
1   8 7-/12BA5 .႟ႛ /-,1 7F[ 3- ႛ
 2B
/=/N  
1-
 ႓8 .1 2 14 .
  ႛ .1  1N3121 3=A .2 ႛ .G 1
 1 
 D 13 1
,-212-3/ N1  A  8 Bႚ1.1 G 1 =Z 3=B =8=:
 8.1C   -7F[  14  . ႓8   =1=1 
2  N73 = E .1J1  21  C ႟ N .    == 1 1F.1 -==Z B N7C ႟./]1 
.႟21 2   - Bႚ F ¡M121.1  21
    NG /  ႛ 13=A6 . \1 3= 3 1 
  
/1 =1 == ႓8 4G 1N႑ 11 ?/ႛ21 ? 3=႓8 ==႓8႓ 
  1  11  =/3
1 3
= 11BA

pq;7 -
 4=  [8DF= -:8 1 1 =. = 
1=,1 FJ1.1= 13 ./Nk႓8 ./?==2  24kBBG 4 pq—7
-  4= 1 11 F 1.
 N/ - W-=4 3 2==-=
ႛ Bႚ :႓  ?/   
ႛ 1 1 N1  3==BA [F F 1J1.1= 1
3  [8./kNkC -1]8c
1 M8,1 ႟./]1    12/႟  Nk႓8 7F[3- ႛ
 21BA  1 -. :
 ?2 1 N/ i3
7F[3-
ႛ 21,1 . 3
. 4/1  2 1 7F[ 
W2 G 13=D1B 
 
=82/႟?/ ?  =14 1 1 £
    -
-2 ႛ  13=.11  12/ႛ  .1 . N1. ./ - 2 1 7F[ 1  
: B,1 
BႚN12 ,B

 1 -N1   N,D=  2B21 .  .4 -./.21  =
W႟? 1 1B. G 1.1
3=ႛ pq—< 4= 1
႓b-4/1 7-႒ 8 -N1-8 [2 . .M¨1-.= Bႚ.J1 1D  ./1BA 7 2=4= --
 ႓8 pq;; 4= 1 BBC  =N1
: 14 1 J1.1= 1F=/ႛ 3 ./k Nk ?  211F 1A

  - //  ,1 1.1 4/ 1 B N BႚN1 /112 ? - 4  13= ႛ pq—7 -  4= ႟==bB 
  1 .  
1  1
 1 //G 1BA8     7-
7  c
1 M8 Bႚ 7F[3- ႛ 21
-B2ႛ 4႓8 . j ႟==bB :8    13=A =  :8=8 pq—Y 4= 1
:
 ? 2 2/ h1-  =N1B႓8 -1 4= 4=G 1   -      1h1-  -2  1 83B1 ႒ 8G :8=8 ?3   - .-G 1 4
   :
 ? N/ i =:1-3  
-2.  x211BA pq—q 4= 1 c
1 M8,1      =8=: 
.r
 < -1 8G 14   - N1=  p; -1 8G 1 ./k7F[3- ႛ
 Nk1BA pqŽp 4= 1 1 1   - N1=,1 
-2.
7F[3-

14BA9

}1==   - F71B႓8-1  = E =8 /21


3 }17  :
 ?2 1-B2
ႛ =ႛ N==2  1C N1     3B= ႛ ႓8
G /7F[3-

 ? = .-211  2-== 3
ႛ 1  ,1b
W,12 1h1-  N1     3B= ႛ 4 ==B 1 - -3=4
.1
.
    / 3
ႛ 1  .-G 1 h1-  pqŽ; 4= ==B 1  ႟==bB 3=4BA 1.1.ႛ1 
 N 
2- -ႛ  N1C 
Bႚ3=
  4 3/k 3
ႛ 3 ==B 1 .-G 1 h1-,1 ,187[ ႟ 1  7F[3- ႛ
   - -2113=
.J1N1/313-821BA10

==C 
=81ႛ4 F= ?/ႛ 21 3-83 ,187[  ?213Bႛ7,1 7 -.1-Bႛ
F211G A ==   1- ,187[ ႟ 1 .7 1 J 2 13=BG .   - =81 3B
ႛ = ႒ 8-Bႛ G 11-
 ?21 1 ,1 . ႛ BႚN -=  1.1F 1.ႛ  1 

: B.11   - :
 ?-Bႛ -3 1
-=3=ႛ21.
 BG A11 ==   1 1 = 4 .8cd ,1 
ႚ.1 soft F7F  =  =1 3-8N1G A

2  -…
http://www.naytthit.com/internationalnews/Nov09/bl-nov27.html


 /႓ /  :[ ./3
ႛ
1

47
 J1 ;XC ;77q (J- 1 =
ႛ )
Thursday, November 26, 2009

1M1 2- ႛ
  [8   =88 F= (UDD) 3B႒ႛ 8 [8 1 =
ႛ 8=:N1B N=7B႒ 8  b[^, -ႛ 3
.  ႓8 1 = --Bႛ   
/႓ /  :[   121  =8 / -  2/ .3ႛ -N1  1 .1 FA J- --Bႛ  N :[m1-1  kႚ23 ႛ
1 1Fႛ b[^,-ႛ 7-႒ 8

J82= 114/ - 1FA

“ [8 -ႛ - -1  c\F-ႛN J1  3=J 2 C   /႓ /  :[m1-3ႛ  1 ,FJ” ႛ . 1 FA 11 -1႓8C G 1.1-ႛ 1 -
 B33ႛ  7-႒ 8
-Bႛ /႓ / 1M1 Gႛ 1 3=FA
= 3 13ႛ [8 - [8]J1 ; -ႛN 24>B ႛ UDD G 1႓8 1 J- 1 ႓  ႚ / 1 =--ႛ - [8]J1 pŽ -ႛN   /႓ /  :[ 
m1-3ႛ J-  c\F-ႛ 2/3B FA   ႓/  /  :[ m1-
 1 .G \-- i ႟-3=.
 3= 3=1  B
႒   21႟   ?
 213ႛ /႓ /   1   
 N1FA

[8 :[m1-1 3
. 3ႛ 2/3 1 = --ႛB -   ?  =1G  1Fႛ [7-႒ 8
 2N N12J  - 1FA “ J1G 3  ? 
3=J 21 /G BF [8 :[ 
-1ႛ  .  1F” ႛ b[^, -ႛ 1
  
 /႓ / ==2 h1- =7   1 =Z1 2N  1 FA

N1   /႓ /  ==2 h1---ႛB 


 /႓ /  :[ m1-3ႛ 
-B
ႛ  . ႓8  1B3ႛ .FJႛ 
 /႓ / ==2 h1- 3Bႛ7C
18 B
 NN-  12 1FA UDD =7  3
. 32 ႛ /3N1 B  1 /႓ /  2 1 ႒  2N1  ? 1
2   --Fႛ ==1 2
  . Sansern Kaewkamnerd 1FA

UDD Bႚi 1B 1N 3/B B 7-႒ 8


,1 N= 24>B1-Bႛ  . ႓8-=:=13ႛ = /  W  c\F-ႛ 12 ႓8 1
3=D11FA N=7B ႒ 8  -B
ႛ . ႓8 N= =  -FA J1ႛB21 [8]J1 g -ႛ 1 J ႒ 8 Bႚ  -ႛB -1  / 1
2G 1 
ႛ FA ႛ UDD F21 Veera Musikapong 1FA

UDD =7  kႚ23ႛ   1-Bႛ 2/3B1BA J1


ႛ B21 = .ႛ/႓ /   :[  m1- 3ႛ 2/3N11 3=A [F,1 “   B1C  1 2-1B”
ႛ . A N=7B J  -ႛ -1  N 1 .
1႒ 2N13ႛ 2/3N11 3=A “=  1-1ႛ

-11NA [F 
-1ႛ .-=1 
C
-1J ႛ  N=7B3
3ႛ  1 N1႓8႓8C [F
-1 ႛ 1 17-
 ?  21  1B” ႛ .
2FA

[F B UDD 1 =  1N   


1 1 ,J C [8]J1 1 .
ႛ F21,1 .
ႛ  
  N24 ႛ =Z1 Veera 1FA
  /႓ /  :[ m1-1 .C . 2 1-B
ႛ . ႓8 .ႛ--B
ႛ 1 [82  G 1.1-ႛ 1  F8 - =7B
 1 2 ႓8=1[   1B 3=ႛ UDD
F213=C Puea Thai F8   3=B Jatuporn Prompan 1FA

[81 1 =Z1 J82= -c\4-ႛ 1 N -.႒ 8


1 4==7  3ႛ 
   .1 C .1J21-B
ႛ . ႓8  /4?-FA
-  /႓ / 1M1 =1G - FA -8N1 /. .ႛ. 4r 1   [8 - ႓ 1 12႓8-1  11 J82= J
4r   -B
ႛ . ႓8 =  
 - ? 1-F A

7-႒ 8
--B
ႛ =71 2 C N= Bႚ 1/[.3=B 
 
ႚ- 1 11 / ႓ /  :[ N- F ႛ =Z1 2N  1FA
cd =81  ™ Bႚ /G  ?   3ႛ   =Z1J82=,1 [8=7   3= ႛ 1N .-Fႛ =Z1 2N  1FA [F B
1-   [8=7  b8[8 -   3  2 -
ႛ -
 1 2 3=FA G 1.1 -ႛ 1 [8 8=:-B
ႛ . ႓8 .1  .1  = --Bႛ
./. 13=FA

=Z1 J8\2= 1 2  -8 .ႛ  ႒  2 1 3=ႛ 


 C -8F21C Petchawat Wattanapongsirikul 1FA

=Z1J82= --Bႛ -27F ?   13ႛ [8 8=:  13ႛ Puea Thai   12FA “.  [8=7 41BC [F B ..1 1
/႓ /  :[ 1 N 13=1A }1 8.1- 1 
 1B” ႛ 
   Puea Thai :8 3=B Surapong Towichakchaikul 1FA

= --Bႛ / / =8 / -   1 

47
 J1 ;gC ;77q (J- 1 =
ႛ )
Wednesday, November 25, 2009

1M1 2-

  [8   =88  F= (UDD) -8 [8  1
  = 2- ႛ
 24> B    13ႛ 2/32     /႓ /  :[ 
J-  1  ႓  ႚ/ 1 m1-  .ႛ Bႚ =8 / -
   = --Bႛ -=:=1 ႛ /႓ /  =Z ႒ 8G  B [7-႒ 8 
 2N N12J  - b[^,-ႛ 12FA

[F,1 [8]J1 g -ႛ 1


 1   J ႒ 8 Bႚ Y;4= 1  -ႛ-8 1႓83=ႛ 4/  24> ?  J3B
ႛ   2 
-F 1FBႛ . 1FA

.ႛ--Bႛ [8- =  1 1   /႓ /   :[=


:  2-==3ႛ 
 / ႓ / ==2  h1-
-Bႛ 1/႓ / h1- Bႚ ႒ 8 B-Bႛ 2
ႛ / 1 3=Aႛ
=Z1 2N  1FA .ႛ [8   =8 ,1 3Bႛ (PAD) N1 /. 7FF21  =B2  N1B  ?- J .Bႛ  G  BF 1C =/= ==2 ?
-Fႛ . 1FA ႓8BB4= 47J1 7F,1 .7MJ   2  .  BFA


-1--Bႛ  ?==B 1   N -
ႛ   N1FJA [F B  1/  =[M
/= F ” ႛ =Z1 2N  1FA [8-c\4C 
  1
 
-.႒ 8
1=7  .ႛ/႓ /     1 3ႛ 7-႒ 8
  . G / BFA

7-႒ 8
--Bႛ N -.႒ 8
1 Bႚ 4==7  3ႛ 1B
- 1 
 
=. -8= -/ gp 3Bႛ = 2-

  i 24>B႒ 8   1 ႓  ႚ1 1

3ႛ =8=:N1FA

“ -8,1 N=7B
  1 G 3 B . =:1 1G 1 7-႒ 8
 J82= --Bႛ 
  .1 1  1.” ႛ . 1FA “
-1  1
J- 1 -Bႛ 
  1 B -8,1 = 4A .2
ႛ 4>B    3ႛ G 3  ? 14”A 
  1 ႓  . 3=1G 1 J- 1 
-8 BႚN=7B   27F14ႛ . 1FA

2=[-8႓ ႚ -1 8=D  ႓8 .1


-B. =/B
.
1}7  8  1 -4 ႛ 
/ႛ -Bႛ 2=[-8 -1 8=D 
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¼=G
4/C 2=[-8႓  ႚ  -1 8  
1=႒ 8 D.ႛ   1     2 2/B. =/B4 . ႓8 ႓  ႚ/
1 =7=1 -G G 1 .  .A

47J1 (;7)  -ႛ 2=[-8  


1=D 7=1  JB 3=
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1  
1= 1     
1G  ? G . Daily Telegraph .=1
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N.. 1}47  
/ႚ4/ႛ .1႓8-1  N=/B 1 . 3=G 1 =7=1 ?    1B.A N-ႛ -8-1   l.   
1.1C 
1.
1.
=1 B ႓82/ . N   
1B24kB
1 24kB-G 1 .
1 ႛ. 
1.1
1 (.
ႛ ,) -1 8= -8  -81  -B  -N.

1 3=4G 1 -
ႛ  - 
N1G .A

Daily Telegraph .ႛ 


 .1:8 =/B
  
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1.1:8 3=G 1C 2=[-8 
J 17 =1 7=1 7=: 
 . 8:84  ႛ B႓8-1  N-1 8=D   1 
=B4kBB 3=G 1 .
ႛ B.A

.
ႛ .1 .=1 Ei1/  .JB   4G 1 1G 1N1.A Nႛ .=1 1/ N1. 
 . 84 
 .1ႛE Identity  -4
. ႓8 
 
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ႛ ?
1  1   1-2B 3=.A

2=[-8 
  3Bႛ  a.
ႛ       4=႓  ႚ.1  
1=1 3
3
28 B ,.3   - =8=: G 1  12 .A

Facebook ./႓8 
1.1  311B. 2 1 N1[M 
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Face Book 1 -ႛ.ႛ ,1 :81 .21311 1 2 2/B. ႓b.
2 1 [ 1 /1.ႛ 1-=: © ( Photo: 8 .m1- )
Facebook 2 2/2B.1 .  (pg)4=    ,1 :81 .21 311 1  2 2/B.   ႓b.
2 1 1 N1[M (;)4=-8F

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.  (—q)4=   [ 1 .  31 .1 2F 


1.14 Facebook  
-
   1 1 F NB 1 ႓8 1 -1 -
႒  C ,1E :8 -  ႒    2 2/ BG 1 B
1 31N 
ႛ B.A

J1.1  .-2 1 :8 3=. [ .  N1 4  (;):8 .  3=.A [. . .21 N1. 
1E   1
.     N -  -
  B..A

-
=1 17  1 /. N ?  ==2 ?
1  ႓8-1  [. .  (pX)4=1  4  2 2/BG 1 = ? N 1.3  .8F
 N1[M (—;) 
 ႓8 3=.A

[. ,14 Facebook  - 2/႓ႛ 8-1  2 . - J3- /  N1BG 1 =  ႚ-
1 1G 1B.A 47J1 (;Ž)  -ႛ
=[M 
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1 /- . ႓b- 1 1  22/ -N1 N -ႛ  .A

[. ]--7F 8 ,14 2 ႛ /B 3=.A . . 3317F 8 (q)  -ႛ 1 F NB    2 2/-=: =1:8  ႛ ႓8 N.
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