70 views

Uploaded by api-19505025

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- mr salinass math plan
- Dynamics Tutorial 1-Linear and angular displacement, Velocity and acceleration-14p.pdf
- Yearly Scheme of Work Year 5 2011
- Frequency Fundamentals
- BeerVM11e_PPT_Ch11b
- parentguide math 6eng
- Andhra Bank Po 2011
- Free February Activities From Teaching Resources
- _Physics Formulae - Wikiversity
- parentguide math 6
- Basic Math Symbols
- lesson plan 4 - equivalent fractions
- paper2 11
- parentguide math 6
- topic 12 lesson plan
- Practice Set- II Sbi Associate Clerk
- 11 Maths Exemplar Chapter 3
- planbook 15
- Example Truss Problem.pdf
- What Are Real Rational Numbers

You are on page 1of 11

Introduction

3/2/98

Natural

Whole Numbers = Cardinal (N)

Integers (J) 0,1,3,4,etc. Zero

Rational (Q)

The Real Decimals Negative

Number System Fractions

Irrational (I)

Surds

Complex Numbers

Unreal Number System

Terms:

Quadatic Degree is 2 E.g. 2x2 3x + 3

Linear Degree is 1 E.g. 3x 8

Monic Leading coefficient is 1 E.g. x3 2x + 3

Degree The leading terms power 3 E.g. x3 2x + 3

Conjugate a+b & a–b

Alpha

Beta

Delta

Gamma

Epsilon

Pi

Theta

Rho

Lambda

Sigma

Omega

Infinity

Radian:

The angle subtended at the centre of a circle by an arc equal in length to the radius

of the circle.

Equation: Circumference (360) = 2. rad

Proof:

C(360) = 2..r units

2..r

C(360) = rad

r

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 2

= 2. rad

Irrational - Surds

3/2/98

3

Top Numerator Bottom Denominator

4

Remember: a2 = 9 a = 9

Properties:

(1) c a d b = c.d a.b

a a

(2) =

b b

(3) a = a

2

3

E.g. (1) Rationalise the denominator of

5

3 3 5

A So, =

5 5 5

3 5

=

5

2 3 5

E.g. (2) Rationalise the denominator of

3 4 2

2 3 5 2 3 5 3 4 2

A So, =

3 4 2 3 4 2 3 4 2

=

2 3 5 3 4 2

29

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 3

2 3

0 1 2

4/2/98

Decimals:

Terminating

1

E.g. = 0.25

4

1

= 0.125

8

Recurring

1

E.g. = 0.333…

3

1 = 0.142857142857…

7

E.g. Change 0.111… to a fraction

A n = 0.111… …(1)

10n = 1.111… …(2)Note:

(2) – (1) One recurring number = 10n

9n = 1 Two recurring numbers = 100n

1 Three recurring numbers = 1000n

n= Etc.

9

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 4

Index Laws

5/2/98

(1) nm nn = nm + n

(2) nm ÷ nn = nm n

(4) n0 = 1

a

na n

(5) =

ba b

1

(6) a1 =

a

(7) n½ = n

(8) m

a

n = m

n a

or n

ma

1 n

(9) a

=

n a

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 5

Factorising

9/2/98

Quadratics:

E.g. x2 + 4.x + 3

A So, a+b=4

And, a.b = 3

(x + 1)(x + 3)

Equation: a2 2ab + b2 = (a b)2

2

b

Add to complete the square on: a2 + b.a

2

b b 2 4.a .c

Equation: x

2.a

Proof:

a.x2 + b.x + c = 0

b.x c = 0

x2

a a

2 2

2 b.x b c b

x

a 2.a a 2.a

2 2

b b c

x

2.a 2.a a

2

b b 2 4.a .c

x

2.a 4.a 2

b b 2 4.a .c

x

2.a 2.a

b b 2 4.a .c

x

2.a

Perfect Squares:

Equation: (a – b)2 = a2 – 2.a.b + b2

Luke Cole Page 5

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 6

Equation: a2 – b2 = (a – b)(a + b)

Equation: a2 – 1 = (a –1)(a + 1)

Equation: a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a² – a.b + b²)

Proof:

(a + b)(a2 – a.b + b2) = a3 – a2.b + a.b2 + a2.b + b3

= a3 + b3

Proof:

(a – b)(a2 + a.b + b2) = a3 + a2.b + a.b2 – a2.b – a.b2 – b3

= a3 – b3

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 7

Simultaneous Equations

17/2/97

Equations with Two Unknowns Variables:

E.g. y = x2 …(1)

y=x+2 …(2)

Sub (1) into (2)

x2 = x + 2

x2 – x – 2 = 0

(x – 2)(x + 1) = 0

x–2=0 x+1=0

x=2 & x=–1

Sub x = 2 & x = – 1 into (2)

y=2+2 y=–1+2

y=4 & y=1

x=2 & x=–1

y=4 & y=1

E.g. a–b+c=7 …(1)

a + 2.b – c = –4 …(2)

3.a – b – c = 3 …(3)

(1) + (2)

2.a + b = 3 …(4)

(1) + (3)

4.a – 2.b = 10 …(5)

(4) 2

4.a + 2.b = 6 …(6)

(5) – (6)

– 4.b = 4

b=–1

Sub b = – 1 into (4)

2.a – 1 =3

2.a = 4

a=2

Sub b = – 1 & a = 2 into (1)

2 – (– 1) + c = 7

2+c=7

c=4

a=2

b=–1

c=4

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 8

Inequalities

19/2/98

The inequality sign reverses when or ÷ by a negative.

Never write E.g. 4 > x > 5 (write x < 4 & x > 5), only E.g. 4 < x < 5.

E.g. (1) Solve for x 3.x + 1 19

A 3.x 18

0

x6

A – 2.y – 4 > 12

– 2.y > 16

y<–8 8 0

Find want doesn’t work.

Solve as if it were a normal equation. Or use Method 2

Check whether inside/outside works.

Method 1

1

E.g. 4

x

A Here, x 0

Also, 1 = 4.x

1

Test, x =

8

4>8

Test, x = 1

1<4

Test, x = 1

1<4

x<0&x>¼

2 2¾

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 9

Absolute Values

20/2/98

All ways check answers, because they are not always right.

When you have absolute values on both sides of the equal or inequalities sign, there’s

no need to do four possible solutions, two is enough.

Definition:

a = a E.g. 5 = 5

– a= a E.g. – 5 = 5

Alternatively

If a > 0, then a = a E.g. 3 = 3

If a < 0, then a = – a E.g. – 3 = – (– 3)

If a = 0, then a = 0 =3

Properties:

a.b= a b E.g. – 3 2 = – 3 2

– 6 = 3 2

6=6

a2 = a2 E.g. – 5 = – 52

2

52 = – 52

a + b a + b E.g. – 3 + 5 – 3 + 5

2 3 + 5

28

If, a < 3 Then, –3 < a < 3

E.g. x 2 5

–5x–25

–3 x 7

If, a > 3 Then, a < –3 & a > 3

E.g. Solve for xx – 2 5

A x–25 & – (x – 2) 5

x7 x–25

x–3 & x7

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 10

GIKPKC7 94107 The Real Number System Page 11

- mr salinass math planUploaded byapi-316368388
- Dynamics Tutorial 1-Linear and angular displacement, Velocity and acceleration-14p.pdfUploaded bymanfredm6435
- Yearly Scheme of Work Year 5 2011Uploaded byAziz Mamat
- Frequency FundamentalsUploaded byAnil_Nambiaruveetil
- BeerVM11e_PPT_Ch11bUploaded byMike Fal
- parentguide math 6engUploaded byapi-272093032
- Andhra Bank Po 2011Uploaded bynrpindia
- Free February Activities From Teaching ResourcesUploaded byGabriela D Costescu
- _Physics Formulae - WikiversityUploaded byJohn Allen
- parentguide math 6Uploaded byapi-293753588
- Basic Math SymbolsUploaded byKhairul Arif
- lesson plan 4 - equivalent fractionsUploaded byapi-251663017
- paper2 11Uploaded byMohd Yusri
- parentguide math 6Uploaded byapi-261509606
- topic 12 lesson planUploaded byapi-275333643
- Practice Set- II Sbi Associate ClerkUploaded byPrakash Jha
- 11 Maths Exemplar Chapter 3Uploaded bySarthakJain
- planbook 15Uploaded byapi-337273832
- Example Truss Problem.pdfUploaded bynaim
- What Are Real Rational NumbersUploaded bynishagoyal
- FPLUploaded byNEERAJ
- 75570 y7 Cie Scheme of Learning MathematicsUploaded byPped Pt
- 2015 Final test Ans..pdfUploaded byAlex
- Surds ReviewUploaded bytonynugan
- 6.algebraicformulaeUploaded byViran Gill
- 6 3 for classUploaded byapi-234934912
- RegUploaded byThennarasu Ramachandran
- C4 Gold 2Uploaded byCostas Paschalides
- iep for susieUploaded byapi-273216977
- simplifying radicalsUploaded byapi-355095027

- autonomous_lego_climber_project-stingrayUploaded byapi-19505025
- wepUploaded byapi-19505025
- ipv6Uploaded byapi-19505025
- drawing_using_the_scorbot_manipulator_armUploaded byapi-19505025
- insect_inspired_robots-acra06Uploaded byapi-19505025
- monte_carlo_localisation_for_mobile_robots-shortUploaded byapi-19505025
- monte_carlo_localisation_for_mobile_robotsUploaded byapi-19505025
- trigonometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- localisation_using_active_mirror_vision_system-anu05Uploaded byapi-19505025
- sequences_and_seriesUploaded byapi-19505025
- the_tangent_and_the_derivativeUploaded byapi-19505025
- the_binomial_theoremUploaded byapi-19505025
- relations_and_functionsUploaded byapi-19505025
- probabilityUploaded byapi-19505025
- polynomials_iiUploaded byapi-19505025
- polynomials_iUploaded byapi-19505025
- permutations_and_combinationsUploaded byapi-19505025
- parabolaUploaded byapi-19505025
- matrices-incompleteUploaded byapi-19505025
- intergationUploaded byapi-19505025
- geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- geometrical_applications_of_differentiationUploaded byapi-19505025
- co-ordinate_geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- conic_sectionsUploaded byapi-19505025
- complex_numbersUploaded byapi-19505025
- circle_geometryUploaded byapi-19505025
- localisation_using_active_mirror_vision_system-anu05-slidesUploaded byapi-19505025
- airhockey-pergames06Uploaded byapi-19505025
- airhockey-chi06-posterUploaded byapi-19505025

- DPR-1061_A1_Manual_1.00(WW)Uploaded byYeo Hock Cheng
- EAMON RYAN Newsletter Summer 2008Uploaded byEamon Ryan
- MathematicsUploaded byGamini Hettiarachchi
- A bar examinee.docxUploaded byLayaw Na Uding
- 3 Alloy Zn NiUploaded byDante Castillo Cisneros
- oedipus.Uploaded byEric Cura Borre
- managementhistory-140114101232-phpapp01Uploaded byTariq Bezinjo
- ppptcaUploaded byrahulrd14
- Learn to Breathe EnergyUploaded byAleksandar Novakovic
- GEM311E-0Uploaded byIgbalMammadli
- Highway Damage CostsUploaded byErdrick Pérez
- PCMT4401 X Ray and Electron Microscopy 7th Sem MMEUploaded byShibaji Sahoo
- aacemanagementofdyslipidemiaandpreventionofatherosclerosis-170306051354Uploaded byNazmul Alam Faruki
- Aboriginal Health Risk AssessmentUploaded byThe Globe and Mail
- Class03 ChemistryG12 Notes and HomeworkUploaded byAndy Rei Kou
- El Iluminador Summer 2006 Print IssueUploaded bySigma Lambda Beta - El Iluminador
- Problem Solution Manual for Unsaturated Soil MechanicsUploaded bygullipalli
- MOTOTRBO DM4000Series Accy FactSheetUploaded byAdvantec Srl
- Finishing Occlusion 2Uploaded byPae Anusorn Amtanon
- Enteral NutritionUploaded bytwy113
- BOOK 06 Mass & Balance and PerformanceUploaded byMichal Maliniak
- Indonesia: Decentralized Health Services ProjectUploaded byIndependent Evaluation at Asian Development Bank
- Hyten CorporationUploaded byLatha Devi Sundara Murthi
- RoIP-302MUploaded byAli Alkasem
- 2014 Comprehensive CatalogUploaded byCarlos Rosales Guzman
- Firewall Types and ConfUploaded byHimanshu2599
- Tausin-9-3Uploaded byNguyễn Thanh Bình
- Accenture Services Private Limited CSR Policy 2015Uploaded byHarshit Katyal
- Staad ExcelentsUploaded byAbdul Hamid Bhatti
- Swot e BankingUploaded byGideesh Padinjakara