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jrefrmEkdifiHjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;ESihfywfoufaom taxGaxGokH;oyfcsufrsm;

tykdif; (1)
twdwfutrSm;rsm; (1988-90 tvGefESpfrsm;)

vuf&Sdtajctaeudk twdwfurSm;cJhwJhtrSm;awG&J@tusKd;qufvkd@ jrifw,f? 'ga=umifh twdwfutrSm;awG udk


ususeerpdppfEkdif&if vuf&Sdtajctaeudk xdxdrdrd qkyfudkifEkdifp&m&Sdr,frxifyg?
&Spfav;vkH;uae tcktxd ukd,fhbufu trSm;awG t}udrf}udrfusL;vGefcJhw,f? trsm;pku vuf0J
aoGzDa&;trSm;awG/ vuf0JaoGzDa&;u vufsmaoGzDa&;xuf tEW&m,fykdrsm;ygw,f? vufsmaoGzDa&; (tajc
taeuawmif;qkdaewmxuf aemufususef&pfaewm) u t&SdefjrSifh+yD; ausmfv$m;oGm;vkd@&ao;w,f/ vuf0JaoGzDa&;(
tajctaeucGifhjyKwmxuf ykd+yD;wkdufyGJqifwm)u [yfxkd;udk vJusapawmhwmygyJ? wcgvJ+yDqkdwmeJ@ vmzdr,fhppfbdeyfu
tqifoifhrkd@ awmfawmfeJ@ jyefxzkd@vG,frSmr[kwfbl;? 'DvkdeJ@ tajctae[m a&S@wkd;rvmbJ aemufjyefqkwfukefwmu
rsm;w,f?
tck 'Dtwkdif;jzpfcJhwm? 'Dvkdvuf0JaoGzDa&;rsKd; t}udrf}udrfjzpfcJhwmrkd@ trSm;&J@'%fawGudk tcsdefwkdtwGif;
jyifqifEkdifzkd@ vG,fvdrfhr,fawmhr[kwfygbl;? 'DtajccH Concept eJ@ 'Dpmwrf;udk a&;ygw,f?

yxrvuf0JaoGzDa&;
a'gufwmarmifarmifvufxuf 'kwd,rdef@cGef;t+yD;rSm tpkd;&eJ@ Compromise rvkyfEkdifcJhwm rSm;w,f?
tJ'Dwkef;u oydwf&J@ awmif;qkdcsufu =um;jzwftpkd;& (Interim Government)? pum;vkH;t& =um;jzwf
qkdxm;ayr,fh vufawG@wu,fawmif;aewmu ,m,Dtpdk;& (Temporary Government) jzpfaew,f/ tpdk;&bufu
b,folrSrygbJ ukd,fhpdwfwkdif;us tpkd;&zGJ@r,fqkdwJhoabm? b,fvkdrS &Ekdifp&m r&Sdyg/ ukd,fhbuf ol@buf ESpfbufpvkH;ygwJh
=um;jzwftpkd;&qkd&if &Ekdifp&m&Sdygw,f? (Oyrm AkdvfcsKyfwkd@ vufxufu yqyvudk,fpm;vS,fawG
bk&ifcHtwkdifyifcHaumifpDrSm ygcJhwmrsKd;)
tJ'Dumv acgif;aqmifawGa&m/ vlxkyg =um;jzwfeJ@ ,m,D uGJuGJjym;jym;em;vnf[ef&SdcJh=uykH r&bl;? vufawG@rSm
a'gufwmarmifarmifurf;vmwJhvufudk ukd,fhbufu ykwfcscJhw,f? 'g&J@teD;qkH; tusKd;qufu e0w tm%modrf;wmygyJ/
a&&SnftusKd;qufu Rule of the Game csrSwfEkdifa&;rSm udk,fhbufu vufv$wfvkduf&w,f?

'kwd,vuf0JaoGzDa&;
w&m;0ifEkdifiHa&;ygwDzGJ@cGifh&awmh tJ'DygwDawGxJrSm UG awG ygvmwm rSm;w,f?
'DtwGuf t"du wm0ef&Sdolu BCP ? NLD tygt0if trsm;pkvnf; 'DtrSm;eJ@ ruif;bl;/ ygwDwnfaqmufa&;
(Institutionalization)udk b,fygwDurS rvkyfEkdifcJhbl;/ wlnD0wfpkH0wf [efa&;jyae=u wmeJ@/ UG/OG wGJokH;wJh
vkyfenf;vkyf[efudkom tm;jyKvkyfae=uwm awG@&w,f? ajym&&if wlwlwefwef ygwDrsKd; wckrSr&SdcJhyg? tm;vkH;
oydwfaumfrwD t}uD;pm;awGom jzpfae=uw,f?
UG/OG wGJvkyfwJhtrSm;rsKd;[m ppf}uKdfacwfuwnf;u &SdcJhwmyg? Oyrm ocifA[def; (BCP UG) eJ@
'kd@Armtpnf;t&kH; (OG)wGJvkyfcJh=uwmrsKd;? cktxdvnf; vkyfae=uwkef;ygyJ? 'gudkeif;+yD; wzufu qkdifwm a&m rqkdifwma&m
odrf;}uKH;+yD; General Suppression vkyfvmEkdifygw,f? rvkdtyfbJ jrefjrefqefqef t+zKdcGJ cHcJh=u&ygw,f? 'ga=umifh
vuf0JaoGzDa&;vkd@ ajym&wmjzpfygw,f?
'Dvuf0JaoGzDa&;tusKd;qufa=umifh jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;wyfaygif;pk (rew) ,l*sDayguf&muae wjcm;rqkdifwJhygwDawGyg
xdckdufukefygw,f? General suppression eJ@ tcsdefrwkdifrD apmapmpD;pD; }uKHcJh=u&w,f? )

wwd,vuf0JaoGzDa&;
1962 ckESpf/ ykHESdyftufOya'udk tuef@towfr&Sd tm%mzDqef&muae taxGaxG tm%mzDqefa&;txd
u|HoGm;wmrSm;w,f?
trSefu 1962 ckESpf ykHESdyftufOya'[m EkdifiHa&;ygwDawGeJ@ rqkdifygbl;/ EkdifiHa&;ygwDawGrSm w&m;0if
uif;vGwfcGifhyg&SdjyD;om; jzpfygw,f? 'gudke0w owif;xkwfjyefa&;tzGJ@u rodvkd@ 'DOya'eJ@ EkdifiHa&;ygwDawGudk
udkifzkd@}uKd;pm;wmyg? 'ga=umifh 62ckESpf ykHESdyftufOya' uif;vGwfcGifhudk ukdif+yD; qef@usifwm rSefw,f? aemufykdif;rSm
'gudkodawmhrS EkdifiHa&;ygwDawGu xkwfa0wJhpmawG pmaypdppfa&;udk pmrlwif/ cGifhjyKcsuf&rSxkwf qkdwJhtrdef@a=ujimcsuf
xkwfjyefvmygw,f? 'g[m vufawG@rjzpfEkdifwmrkd@ tm%mzDqefwm rSefw,f?
'DawmhrS e0wbufu avsmhvmw,f? pmaypdppfa&;udk pmrlwifp&mrvkd/ 'gayr,fh wESpfwcg rSwfykHwifyg/
+yD;&ifvGwfvGwfvyfvyfxkwf qkdwmjzpfvmcJhw,f/ 'g ukd,fhbufu tEkdifyJ/ 'Dae&mrSmwif uef@owfoifhcJhygw,f?
'gayrJh vufawG@rSm b&dwftkyfvkd@r&awmhbl;? rw&m;wJhOya'rSefor# wm0eft& qef@usif=u qkd+yD;
taxGaxGtm%mzDqefa&; vkyfcJh=uygw,f? vuf0JaoGzDa&;yJjzpfygw,f? 'g&J@tusKd;qufa=umifh
a':atmifqef;pk=unftygt0if tpOftvmeJ@ tawG@t}uKH&SdwJ@acgif;aqmifawG tm;vkH; a&G;aumufyGJrwkdif cif
tapm}uD;uwnf;u tzrf;cHvkduf&ygawmhw,f? tpOftvmeJ@ tawG@t}uKH&SdwJhacgif;aqmifawG tjyifrSmr&SdbJ
a&G;aumufyGJudk &ifqkdifcJh=u&w,f?

1989 a&G;aumufyGJOya' (vuf,maoGzDa&;)


90 a&G;aumufyGJrwkdifcif Rule of the game rSm ukd,fhbufu oabmxm;wifjyzkd@ tcGifhta&;wck yGifhvmzl;w,f?
tJ'gu 1989 a&G;aumufyGJOya'yg? vufawG@rSm 'DtcGifhta&;udk vufv$wfcJh&w,f? 'DOya'rSm vmrJha&G;aumufyGJudk
jynfol@v$wfawmf a&G;aumufyGJvkd@ w&m;0ifac:xm;w,f/ 'gqkd&if tpkd;&zGJ@cGifh tm%m&Sd&r,f? wu,fvkd@
wkdif;jyKjynfjyKv$wfawmfa&G;aumufyGJqkd&if zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya' a&;qGJcGifhtm%m&Sd&ygr,f/ 'gayr,fh
xGufvmwJha&G;aumufyGJOya'rSm bm mandaterS ygrvmbl;? 'ga=umifh
1? tckvkyfrJha&G;aumufyGJ[m bmvJ (jynfol@v$wfawmfvm;/ wkdif;jyKjynfjyKv$wfawmfvm;)
2? bm mandate &SdovJ (tpkd;&zGJ@cGifhvm;/ zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya' a&;qGJcGifhvm;)
3? yxrt}udrf v$wfawmf b,fawmhac:rSmvnf;
'Dar;cGef;okH;ckeJ@ ywfoufvkd@ wduswJhtajz&rS a&G;aumufyGJ 0ifoifh r0ifoifh qkH;jzwf=uyg qkd+yD; ygwDi,fav;wcku
ygwD}uD;awGudk tqkdjyKcJhzl;ygw,f? 'D-+idrf;u vufcHayrJh NLD u vufrcH y,fcscJhygw,f? 'g&J@tusKd;qufa=umifh
a&G;aumufyGJt+yD;rSm jy\emawGtrsm;}uD; }uKHcJh&wmjzpfygw,f?

pwkwWvuf0JaoGzDa&;
1990 a&G;aumufyGJ tEkdif&wmuae xGufay:vmwJh aoGzDa&;jzpfygw,f?
a&G;aumufyGJ&vm'f[m popular vote &J@tusKd;qufomjzpfw,f? popular revolution &J@ tusKd;qufr[kwf/
'ga=umifh ukd,fhbufu vkdcsifwmtukefr&Ekdifbl;? vuf&Sdtpkd;&(ppfwyf)eJ@ wpkHw&m tay;t,lvkyfEkdifrSmom
tajzwckxGufEkdifr,f? 1990 ckESpfatmifyGJudk 'DtajccHay:uaepOf;pm;+yD; AsK[mcif;oifhw,fvkd@ jrifygw,f?
a&G;aumufyGJt+yD;rSm tEkdif&cJhwJh NLD taeeJ@ a&G;p&mokH;vrf; &SdcJhygw,f?

1? Constitution topfa&;rvm;
(tEW&m,ft}uD;qkH; a&G;cs,fr_jzpfygw,f? 'gudka&G;vkduf&if 1? tcsdef=umr,f/ 2? ppftpkd;&atmuf rSm a&;&r,fh
zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya'[m &SdaeESifh+yD;om; ESpfckxuf ydkaumif;zkd@ rjzpfEkdifbl;/ ykdqkd;zkd@om&Sdw,f?)

2? 1947 Constitution eJ@ tm%mul;ajymif;a&;aqG;aEG;rvm;


(wbufu ckcHr_tm;}uD;ygvdrfhr,f/ tajzwckck&zkd@ rvG,fyg/ udk,fhbufupOf;pm;&ifvnf; 47 rSm
tm;enf;csuf&Sdw,f/ 0ef}uD;csKyf odk@r[kwf orRw&J@ wOD;csif;qkH;jzwfcsufeJ@ ta&;ay:tajctaea=ujimvkd@ &wJh
tm;enf;csuf&Sdw,f/ (1958 tdrfapmifhtpkd;&[m 'Dtm;enf;csuf&J@ tusKd;quf) aemifjzpfvmr,fh 0ef}uD;csKyf okd@r[kwf
orRwudk wenf;enf;eJ@ zdtm;ay;+yD; wyfutm%modrf;Ekdifw,f?)

3? 1974 Constitution eJ@ tm%mul;ajymif;a&; aqG;aEG;rvm;


(wzufu ckcrH _ tm;enf;Ekid w
f ,f/ tJ'Dtcsed rf mS OD;ae0if; =oZm&Sdaeao;w,f/ ukd,fhbufupOf;pm; &ifvnf;
tm;aumif;csuf&Sdw,f/ v$wfawmf&J@ oabmwlnDcsufeJ@om ta&;ay:tajctaeausjimEkdifwJh tm;aumif;csuf&Sdw,f/
v$wfawmf[m ukd,fhv$wfawmfjzpfae&if 'g[mjy\emr&Sdawmhbl;/ 'ga=umifh 1974 constitution tajccHe@J power sharing
vkyfzkd@ NLD taeeJ@ tpkd;&udk pwifurf;vSrf;oifhw,fvkd@ jrifygw,f?
'gayr,fh NLD [m tEW&m,ft}uD;qkH;vrf;a=umif; (yxra&G;cs,fr_)udk a&G;cJhygw,f/ *END vrf;a=umif;yg/ 'Dawmh
ppfwyfu 1/ 90 eJ@ wkef@jyefygw,f/ tusKd;qufu trsKd;om;nDvmcH?
ypPKy`eftajctae (1990 vGefESpfrsm;- 2000 vGefESpfrsm;)
aemufxyftrSm;(txl;ojzifh vuf0JaoGzDa&;)awGvJ t}udrf}udrf usL;vGefcJhygw,f? trsKd;om; nDvmcHtwGuf
t}uKdnSdE_dif;=uwkef;u rule of the game udk ol@bufu wzufowf,lwmukd vkH;0rckcHbJ oabmwlcJhwm (vufsmaoGzDa&;)/
aemuf ukd,fbufu Alternative tpDtpOfr&SdbJ nDvmcHuxGufwm (vuf0JaoGzDa&;)/ a':atmifqef;pk=unf
yxrt}udrfvGwf+yD; usif;yaecJhwJh tdrfa&S@w&m;yGJawG (Dialogue twGuf vufawG@r}uKd;pm;bJ taygpm;
trsm;}uKdufEkdifiHa&; Debate awGvkyfaewm ('gvJ vuf0JaoGzDa&;yg)/ ygwDwnfaqmufa&;udk
uspfuspfvspfvspfjzpfatmifrvkyfbJ e,fvSnfh tiftm;jy aecJhwm ('gvJ vuf0JaoGzDa&;) awG[m aoGzDa&;awGjzpfygw,f/
tao;pdwfrajymvkdawmhyg?
vuf0JaoGzDa&; w}udrfusL;vGefwmeJ@ ukd,fhbufu tiftm;enf;+yD; ol@bufu tiftm;}uD;vm wmcsnf;ygyJ/
tJ'Dvkd trSm;awG t}udrf}udrfusL;vGef&if;eJ@ vuf&Sdtajctaeudk a&mufvmwmjzpfygw,f/ a'gufwmarmifarmifvufxufu
ol@buf ukd,fhbuf Balance of power udk 50;50 owfrSwf&if vuf&Sd tajctaerSm 90;10 yJ&Sdawmhr,f? ukd,fhbufrSm 10
avmufusefaewmukdu jrefrmjynfvlxk EkdifiHa&;tod Ekd;=um;vGef;vkd@yg? 'ga=umifh jrefrmjynfjy\em vlxkbufrSm
wm0efr&Sdawmhyg? Leadership &J@ tm;enf; csufvkd@ ajymcsifygw,f?

vuf&SdtajctaeeJ@ Road Map

ol@buf
Rule of the game wpfckvkH;udk pdwfwkdif;usa&;EkdifwJh taetxm;&Sdae+yD/ ol@pdwf}uKduf AsL[mcif;Ekdif+yD?

'gayrJh jynfolvlxk axmufcHr_&atmifawmh rpnf;&kH;Ekdifbl;/ 'ga=umifh vlxk&J@tnGwftEl;axmufcHr_rygbJ


olcif;wJ@AsL[mudk ZGwftaumiftxnfazmf&r,fhykH&Sdaeygw,f? ZGwftaumiftxnfazmfEkdifwJh taetxm;vnf;
&Sdaeygw,f?

EkdifiHwum zdtm;udkvnf; wpkHw&mxnhfwGufae&w,f/ 'gayr,fh wckvkH;tajymif;tvnf;jzpfonftxd awmh EkdifiHwum


zdtm;oufoufeJ@ pGrf;aqmifEkdifp&mr&Sdygbl;/

ukd,hfbuf
tqkd;&Gm;qkH; taetxm;udk a&mufae
NLD -a':atmifqef;pk=unfr&Sd&if bmrSrvkyfEkdif/ a':atmifqef;pk=unfukd,fwkdifvnf; tajctaeudk ikHrd[efrwl/
88 Generation -tukefeD;yg;avmuftxJa&mufae=u+yD/ aemufxyf}uD;}uD;rm;rm; v_yf&Sm;r_ vkyfEkdifzG,f&mr&Sd/
jyifytiftm;pkrsm; -ta0;uae atmf&kHomwwfEkdif=uawmhw,f? oljzL&if igrnf;r,fqkdwJh logic eJ@ oGm;ae=uw,f?
Strategy r&S/d
vlxk -rauseyfcsufeJ@ ta=umufw&m; r#ajcrSm&Sdaew,f/ okd@aomf Tr#ajcrSm rjidrf/ tcsdefra&G; aygufuGJ Ekdifw,f?
(pufwifbm [m 'DvkdaygufuGJr_rsKd;jzpfw,f)
jcKHvkduf&if ol@bufu vkH;0tay:pD;&ae+yDvkd@ qkdEkdifw,f/ Road Map [m 'Dtajctaeay:rSm ay:xGufvm
wmjzpfygw,f?

Road Map
ol@bufu&nfrSef;csuf
tjrifhqkH;&nfrSef;csuf - vkH;0tm%mrv$J&ef/ 'DtwGuf Road map udk wwfEkdifoavmuf tcsdefqGJ
qef@+yD; wjznf;jznf; rSdefaysmufoGm;atmif }uKd;pm;aecJhw,f/
tedrfhqkH;&nfrSef;csuf - Road Map udk jrefjreftaumiftxnfazmf+yD; pdwf}uKduf Constitution eJ@
c&D;quf&ef
udk,fhbuf&J@vuf&Sdtiftm;eJ@qkd&if 'DESpfck=um;rSmyJ AsL[mcif;oifhygw,f? ukd,fhtwGuf tjrifhqkH;&nfrSef;csuf [m
ol@&J@tedrfhqkH;&nfrSef;csufyJ jzpfEkdifygw,f? 'Dxufykd&Ekdifp&mr&Sdygbl;/

pufwifbmta&;tcif;
b,fEkdifiHa&;tiftm;pkurS azmfxkwfvkdufwmr[kwfygbl;? spontaneous movement omjzpfygw,f? 'gudk
EkdifiHa&;tzGJ@tpnf;toD;toD;u tokH;cswmawmhrSefygw,f? okd@aomf positive outcome rxGufvmbl;/ negative
outcome omxGufvmygw,f?

88 rsKd;quf&J@ tm;ay;wGef;aqmfr_udk todtrSwfjyK&ygr,f/ okd@aomf 3 &uftwGif; t+zKdcGJcHvkduf&ygw,f/ 'g


bmudkjyaewmvJqkd&if EkdifiHa&;tiftm;pkawG&J@ v_yf&Sm;r_qkd&if t}uD;xGm;rcHbJ acsr_ef;ypfrSmyJqkdwJhoabm jzpfygw,f?

ol@bufu yckuULtrSm;a=umihf oHCmhv_yf&Sm;r_ay:vmwmjzpf+yD; 88 awG&J@v_&Sm;r_vkdrsKd; csufjcif; racsr_ef;&JcJhyg? wpkHw&m


Shock &oGm;w,fvdk@ qkdEkdifw,f? 'gudk odrfodraf rG@arG@eJ@ xdef;a=umif;Ekdif&if tjrwfwcsKd@ &Ekdifw,f/ w&m;0if okd@r[kwf
w&m;0ifwykdif; oHCmhtzGJ@tpnf;awmif ay:xGufvmEkdifw,f/ tedrfhqkH; oHCmem,utzGJ@xJrSm 'Drkdu&ufwpfoHCmrsm;
0ifEkdifzkd@ vrf;yGifhoGm;Ekdifw,f/ wckvkH; ajymif;zkd@ txd rar#mfvifhoifh=uygbl;/

jzpfoifhwmu 'Davmuf=uyfaewJhtajctaerSm EkdifiHa&;tiftm;pkawGtaeeJ@ supporting tcef;rSmyJ &yfcJhoifhygw,f/


ukd,fwkdifyg0ifyl;aygif;+yD; EkdifiHa&;awmif;qkdcsufawG wifvmawmh wbufu acsr_ef;zkd@ jzpfvmcJhwmyg/ 'gvJ vuf0JaoGzDa&;yg/
'gayrJh a&S@uvuf0JaoGzDa&;awGvkd vkH;0qkH;&_H;oGm;wmcsnf;awmh r[kwfaybl;/ ay;&wmeJ@ rumrdwJh tusKd;tjrwftcsKd@
xGufcJhygw,f? +yD;cJhwJh ausjimcsufESpfcku (qENcH,lyGJ eJ@ a&G;aumufyGJ) 'Dv_yf&Sm;r_uae xGufvmwJh tjrwfvkd@ qkdcsifygw,f?
jzpfpOft&ajym&&if oHCmeJ@vlxk&J@ toufpGef@paw;r_a=umifh EkdifiHwumzdtm;jyif;xefvmygw,f/ (w&kwfeJ@
tmqD,Huyg wpkHw&mzdtm;ay;vm[ef&Sd) 'ga=umifh ol@&J@ tjrifhqkH; &nfrSef;csuf (vkH;0rv$Ja&;) uae tedrfhqkH;&nfrSef;csuf
(Road Map jrefjreftqkH;owfa&;) udka&G@vmwmjzpfygw,f?

1/ 2008 eJ@ 2/ 2008


a=ujimcsufESpfckpvkH;u tpkd;&taeeJ@ ol@&J@ expected value uae better off udka&G@vmwmjzpfygw,f? a,bk,stm;jzifh
}uKdqkdoifhw,fvkd@ xifygw,f? okd@aomf a=ujimcsufaemufuG,frS &nfrSef;csufudk t=uGif;rJh,kHI&onfawmhr[kwfyg?
jzpfEkdifajcESpfck&Sdaeygw,f?

1? Road Map udk trSefwu,f tqkH;owfcsifaeoavm/ Tokd@ &nf&G,fv#if arvqENcH,lyGJwGif Constitution udk
twnfjyKEkdifzkd@ }uKd;pm;ygvdrfhrnf? (ppfwyftaejzifh trSefwu,f T&nfrSef;csufrsKd; &Sdv#if ukd,fhtwGuf
vuf&Sdt=uyftwnf;rS xGufaygufjzpfEkdifonf/ vuf&Sdtajctaexuf ykdaumif;vmEkdifonf? better off [k ,lqonf?)

2? Tokd@r[kwfrlbJ oljzLv#if igrnf;rnf [laom twkduftcHwkd@. logic udo k ad eawmh tjcm;&nfrSef;csuf wckuvnf;
&SdaeEdkifao;w,f? olwkd@udk,fwkdifu twnfrjyKapvkdjcif;jzpfygw,f? vuf&Sd constitution twnfrjyKEkdifonfhtwGuf
aemufxyftopfa&;OD;r,fqkd+yD; tcsdefqGJEkdifygw,f/ aemufw}udrf trsKd;om;nDvmcH xyfac:v#if
b,favmufxyf=umr,fqkdwm rodEkdifawmh/ b,fvkdrS aumif;aomtusKd;qufrjzpfEkdifyg? tu,fI ppftpkd;&wGifom
T&nfrSef;csufrsKd;&Sdv#if xkdtpkd;&.&nfrSef;csufrsm; atmifjrifap&ef tm;oGef cGefpkduftm;xkwf}uKd;yrf;aeolrsm;rSm
jynfwGif;jynfyrS twkduftcHtiftm;pkrsm;yifjzpfaeonfudk owdjyK=uapvkdygw,f?

'Dae&mrSm Constitution twnfrjyKEkdifap&ef }uKd;yrf;ae=uaom jynfwGif;jynfytwdkuftcHtiftm;pk rsm;okd@


ar;&ef&Sdvmygw,f? olwkd@}uKd;yrf;r_atmifjrif+yD; Constitution twnfrjyKEkdifv#if bmjzpf vmrnfenf;/ ppftpkd;&rS ukdif;
usKyfwkd@qGJwJh constitution r}uKdufbl;qkdv#ifvnf; cifAsm;wkd@ pdwf}uKduf constitution a&;=uAsm qkd+yD; tpkd;&u
tomw=unfurf;vSrf;vmvdrfhrSm r[kwfwmawmh aocsmonf? olwkd@ vuf&Sdtay:pD;&xm;aom tajctaet&
olwdk@vufrcHEkdifwJh constitution wckudk rnfokd@r# cGifhjyKvdrfhrnfr[kwfyg? twdkuftcHbufu vlxkwkdufyGJeJ@
ZGwftaumiftxnfazmfr,fqkdv#ifvnf; aemufxyf aoyGJ owfyGJawG }uKH&zkd@om&Sdygawmhw,f? 'DudpP tpkd;&ESifh
nSdE_dif;aqG;aEG;=urnfqkdv#ifvnf; aocsmayguf tcsdef=umygawmhr,f? ESpfbufpvkH;u expected value rsm;udk
wif;cHae=urSmjzpfvkd@ bmtajzrS xGufay:vmEkdifp&mr&Sdawmhyg/ wkdif;jynfom zGwfoxufnpfzkd@&Sdygw,f?
Constitution ESifh ygvDref &SdonfhtajctaeESifh r&Sdonhftajctae rnfonfu ykdaumif;oenf;

&Sdonfhtajctaeu ykdaumif;w,f[k qkdcsifygw,f? The Best awmh rjzpfEdkiyf g/ better off awmh jzpfEkdifygw,f?
bmawGykdaumif;ygoenf;?

1? Constitution r&Sd/ ygvDrefr&SdwJh tajctaeatmufrSm vlxkwkdufyGJqifE$J&onfrSm tultumr&Sd/ tulwkdufyGJqifIr&/


xD;xD;}uD;jzpfaeI tvGeftEW&m,f}uD;ygw,f? ajcr_ef;cH&zkd@vnf; &mE_ef;jynfheD;yg; aocsmaeavh&Sdygw,f? constitution
ESifhygvDref&Sdv#if ygvDreftwGif;tjyif nSyfwkdufEkdifI Tr#tajctae rqkd;Edkifyg? toufay; paw;&onfrsm; ododomom
avsmhyg;oGm;Ekdifygw,f?

2? ppfwyfxJrSm moderate tiftm;pktcsKd@ &SdEkdifygw,f? okd@aomf vuf&Sdtajctae (atmosphere) atmufrSm


b,folb,f0gqkd+yD; odEkdifrSm r[kwfyg? xkdolrsm;ukd,fwkdifvnf; vlvkH;xGufjy&JvdrfhrSmr[kwfyg? olwkd@touf&SLEkdifaom
ywf0ef;usifwck &Sdvm+yD;rSomv#if odEkdifygvdrfhr,f? vufawG@ yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf jcif;jzifhom cGJjcm;odjrifEkdifp&m&Sdygw,f?
Constitution ESifh ygvDrmef &Sdvmv#if Tokd@aom yl;aygif;aqmif &Gufr_rsKd; vrf;yGifhvmEkdifygw,f? wlonfht&m
(pD;yGm;a&;wkd;wufr_ jzpfaumif;jzpfEkdifonf) udk yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&if; rwlonfht&m (EkdifiHa&;tjymif;tvJ) udk
ndSE_dif;cGifh&vmEkdifygw,f? ,ckvkd tjyeftvSef &efjzpfae&wmeJ@pmv#if wkdif;jynftwGuf ykdaumif;ygvdrfhr,f?

3? Constitution eJ@ ygvDrefr&SdwJh tajctaerSm vlyk*~KdvfwOD;. power base rSaeI ay:vpDcif;=u&ygw,f? Constitution
ESifh ygvDref&Sdvmv#ifrl Institutional base jzifh ay:vDcif;vmEkdifp&m&Sdvmygvdrfhr,f? ajym&v#if rule of the game
csrSwf&mwGif ukd,fhbufrS wpkHw&majyma&;qkdcGifh (100 &mckdifE_ef;awmhr[kwf) &vmEkdifp&m&Sdygonf?
csKyfajym&v#if vuf&Sdtajctaexuf better off jzpfvmvdrfhrnf[k xifygonf?

bmvkyf=urvJ

The best may be enemy of good qkdaompum;ukd qifjcif=uapvkdygonf? rdrd. vuf&Sdtaetxm;t&/ taumif;qkH;
(the best)qkdaom a&G;cs,fp&m r&Sdawmhyg? rlvtajctaexuf ykdaumif; (better off)v#ifyif avmavmq,f
auseyfoifhygonf? aemufrS ykdI ykdIaumif;aom taetxm;okd@ OD;wnfoihfonf[k oabm&ygonf?
yGifhyGifhvif;vif;ajym&v#if Road Map tjref+yD;a&;onfom tpkd;&twGufa&m twkduftcHtwGuf yg better off
jzpfygvdrhfrnf? Constitution udk raxmufcHcsifv#ifawmifrS rysufysufatmif zsufrnf[k rqkH;jzwfoifhyg? Tokd@
qkH;jzwfvkyfudkifvkdufv#if ukd,fhqkwfvrf;udk udk,fwkdifjyefzsufovkd jzpfygvdrfhrnf? ,ck Tvrf;a=umif;twkdif; OD;wnfae+yDudk
owdcsyf=uapvkdygonf?

NLD twGuf pOf;pm;csuf

NLD OD;aqmif+yD; constitution udk uef@uGufzkd@ BCP rS t}uHay;onfudk zwf&ygonf? tpkd;&uom trSef wu,f
twnfjyKvkdv#if b,folOD;aqmifOD;aqmif ratmifjrifEkdifyg? tu,fI twnfjyKEkdif+yD; 2010 a&G;aumufyGJ usif;yjzpfv#if
constitution vufrcHwJhygwD a&G;aumufyGJ r0if& qkdonfrsKd; vkyfvmygu NLD twGuf qkwfvrf;rusefawmhyg? okd@twGuf
constitution ESifhywfouf+yD; w&m;0ifoabmxm; ray;bJ vlxkqENtwkdif; vufcHrnf qkdaom txkdifESifhom
&yfcHoifhygonf? okd@rSom tajctaet& wufEkdif/ qkwfEkdifrnfjzpfonf?

tem*wftvm;tvm(2010 tvGef)

jzpfEkdifajct&SdqkH; tvm;tvmrSm 2008 arv qENcH,lyGJwGif constitution twnfjyKEkdifzkd@ rsm;ygonf? xkdrS 2010
taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJvnf; usif;yvmEkdifygvdrfhrnf? TjzpfEkdifajcudk tajccHI a&S@vkyfief;pOftcsKd@
}uKdwifwGufqxm;oifhonf[k xifygonf? (tu,fI Ttwkdif;jzpfrvmcJhv#if tqkd;&Gm;qkH;tajctae twGuf
jyifqif&awmhrnfjzpfygonf?)
EkdifiHwumrS 'Drkdua&pDul;ajymif;a&;rsm;udk =unfhv#if vrf;a=umif;okH;rsKd;&Sdonfudk awG@Ekdifygonf?
1? atmufrSvmaom tajymif;tvJ
- vlxkv_yf&Sm;r_rsm;jzifh pwifaom 'Drkdua&pDv_yf&Sm;r_/
- awmiftmz&duESifh ta&S@Oa&myEkdifiHrsm;wGif awG@&/
- xl;jcm;csuf-- pm;yGJ0kdif;aqG;aEG;yGJrsm;udk jzwf+yD;rS tajzwckck&cJh=ujcif;jzpf

2? txufrSvmaom tajymif;tvJ
- vuf&Sdtm%m&xm;aom tiftm;pk/ (wyfjzpfap/ t&yfom;jzpfap) ukd,fwkdif OD;aqmifaom
jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;/
- ta&S@tm&SEkdifiHrsm;/ w&kyf wkd@wGif jzpfay:cJh/
- xl;jcm;csuf-- pD;yGm;a&;bufwGif atmifjrif aomfvnf; EkdifiHa&;bufwGifrl vpfb&,f 'Drkdua&pD
txdra&muf/ tjrifhqkH; illiberal demoracy txdom a&mufEkdif

3? ab;rSvmaom tajymif;tvJ
- jyifytiftm;}uD;EkdifiHwck/rsm; rS 0ifwkduf+yD; regime change vkyfwmrsKd;/
- tD&wfESifh tmz*efepPwefwGif jzpfcJh/
- xl;jcm;csuf-- jzpfEkdifajcenf;/ vufawG@jzpfcJhaomf jy\emtrsm;}uD;&Sd

jrefrmEkdifiH[m eHygwfwpf vrf;a=umif;eJ@pcJhwmrSefayrJh pm;yGJ0kdif;udk rjzwfEkdifcJhvkd@ tajzr& jzpfcJh&w,f?


1990 ckESpfaemufykdif;rSm eHygwfESpf vrf;a=umif;udk OD;wnfvmwmawG@&ayr,fh &Spfav;vkH;awmif;qkdcsufxJ u
aps;uGufjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;ukdom pdwfygvufygvkyfcJh(ratmifjrifwmwykdif;)aomfvnf; 'Drkdua&pDjyKjyif ajymif;vJa&;udkrl
wwfEkdifoavmuf tcsdefqGJaecJh+yD; ppfwyfudk,fwkdifuvnf; pdwfrygcJhyg?

tu,fI 2010 a&G;aumufyGJomjzpfcJhv#if rnfonfhygwDtEkdif&onfjzpfap 'Drkdu&ufwpftiftm;pkrsm; twGuf


w&m;0ifvrf;a=umif;wckyGifhvmEkdifonf? Tvrf;a=umif;udk Transitional period wpfcktjzpf oabmxm;+yD;
qufvufv_yf&Sm;=u&rnfjzpfygonf?

1? rdrdwkd@bufrS tjrifhqkH;&nfrSef;csufrSm vpfb&,f'Drkdua&pDokd@ OD;wnfa&;jzpfonf? (Tae&mwGif v$wfawmfxJrS


wyfudk,fpm;vS,frsm; z,f&Sm;a&;rSm qkHcsufjzpfonf?)

2? okd@aomf tqkdygtjrifhqkH;&nfrSef;csufudk tv#ifpvkd pwifIrjzpf/ jyifqifr_r&SdbJ ZGwfxvkyfv#if


aemufxyfaoGzDa&;wckokd@ a&mufoGm;Ekdifygonf?

3? okd@twGuf yxr 4ESpfoufwrf;twGif; wyfukd,fpm;vS,fudpPukd vkH;0 rukdifwG,foifh/ Tumv vkyfEkdifonfrsm;rSm


- wnfqJ constitution twGi;f citizen right rsm; wwfEkdifoavmuf csJ@,l&ef
- wyfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESifh wlwmwGJvkyf+yD; em;vnfr_wnfaqmuf&ef
(tajctaeay;v#if wyfrS Moderate tiftm;pkrsm;udk qGJaqmifodrf;oGif;&ef)
- Public ESihf Private sectors rsm;wGif vkyf&ef (ta&;}uD;ygonf?)
- Civil Society rsm; w&m;0if &yfwnfcGifh&vmatmif }uKd;yrf;&ef

4? 'kwd, 4 ESpfoufwrf;avmufrSpI wyfukd,fpm;vS,f tqifhqifh av#mhcsa&;udk tqifhqifhvkyfoGm; &ef/


(umvowfrSwfcsufrSm twdtusr[kwf/ tckdiftrmtajctaet& qkH;jzwf&ef)

5? Trnasitional Period udk wnfwnfjidrfjidrfESifh jrefjrefqefqefjzwfausmfEkdifa&;rSm rdrdwkd@. vkyfwwf


udik w
f wfr_tay: rlwnfygvrd fhrnf? TtwGuf tzG@J tpnf;t&a&m/ wpfO;D csi;f t&yg tav;teuf
jyifqifoifhygonf?