You are on page 1of 11

July 7, 2014

The Right Honourable Stephen Harper, P.C., M.P.


Prime Minister of Canada
Office of the Prime Minister
80 Wellington Street
Ottawa, ON K1A 0A2
Dear Prime Minister:
Re: Canadas response to the decision in Canada
(Attorney General) v. Bedford
We write to you as concerned citizens and members of the
legal profession.
We are concerned about the direction your government
is taking with respect to adult prostitution in Canada. Bill
C-36, also known as the Protection of Communities and
Exploited Persons Act, proposes a legal regime that crimi-
nalizes many aspects of adult prostitution, including the
purchase of sexual services, the advertisement of sexual
services, and most communication in public for the pur-
pose of prostitution.
As the Supreme Court of Canada unanimously held in
Canada (Attorney General) v. Bedford (Bedford), three of
Canadas current adult prostitution laws are an unjustifi-
able infringement of sex workers right to security of the
person, pursuant to s. 7 of the Canadian Charter of Rights
and Freedoms (the Charter). These laws were found to
create and exacerbate dangerous conditions and prevent
sex workers from taking action to reduce or mitigate the
risks they face. We are concerned that, for the very same
reasons that caused the Court to strike down these pros-
titution laws, the criminal regime proposed by Bill C-36 is
likely to offend the Charter as well.
The prohibition on purchasing sexual services (and com-
municating anywhere for that purpose) will have much the
same effect as existing adult prostitution laws. Targeting
clients will displace sex workers to isolated areas where
prospective customers are less likely to be detected by
police. Such criminalization will continue to limit the practi-
cal ability of sex workers to screen their clients or negotiate
the terms of the transaction, as there will be pressure from
clients to proceed as quickly as possible. Sex workers will
continue to face barriers to police protection and will be
prevented from operating in a safe indoor space, as clients
face the potential of being arrested if they attend such
spaces.
As a result, while criminalizing the purchase of sexual ser-
vices is said to be aimed at protecting sex workers, this
type of criminal prohibition will in fact do what the current
7 juillet 2014
Le trs honorable Stephen Harper, P.C., M.P.
Premier Ministre du Canada
Bureau du Premier Ministre
80, rue Wellington
Ottawa, ON K1A 0A2
Monsieur le Premier Ministre,
Re: Rponse du Canada au jugement dans Canada
(Procureur gnral) c. Bedford
Nous vous crivons en tant que citoyens et membres de
la communaut juridique.
Nous sommes proccups par lorientation envisage
par votre gouvernement en ce qui a trait la prostitution
adulte au Canada. Le projet de loi C36, intitul Loi sur
la protection des collectivits et des personnes victimes
dexploitation, propose un rgime lgal criminalisant plu-
sieurs aspects de la prostitution adulte, y compris lachat
de services sexuels, la publicit de services sexuels et
la majorit des communications publiques relatives la
prostitution.
Tel qutabli dans le jugement unanime de la Cour su-
prme du Canada, Canada (Procureur Gnral du Cana-
da) c. Bedford (Bedford), trois des articles de loi actuels
sur la prostitution constituent, en vertu de larticle 7 de la
Charte canadienne des droits et liberts (la Charte), une
atteinte injustifiable aux droits des travailleurs(euses) du
sexe et la scurit de leur personne. La Cour a jug que
ces articles de loi crent et exacerbent des conditions de
travail dangereuses pour les travailleurs(euese) du sexe,
les empchant ainsi de prendre les moyens ncessaires
pour rduire ou attnuer les risques auxquels ils(elles) doi-
vent faire face. Nous sommes proccups que le rgime
propos par le projet de loi C-36 est susceptible de cont-
revenir la Charte pour les mmes raisons ayant amenes
la Cour invalider les trois articles de loi concernant la
prostitution.

Linterdiction de lachat de services sexuels (et la commu-
nication nimporte o cet effet), aurait les mmes effets
que la loi actuelle sur la prostitution adulte. En ciblant les
clients, lon dplacerait les travailleurs(euses) du sexe vers
des endroits isols o les clients potentiels seraient moins
susceptibles dtre reprs par la police. Une telle crimi-
nalisation continuerait aussi de limiter la capacit effective
des travailleurs(euses) du sexe de filtrer leurs clients ou
de ngocier les termes de la transaction, puisquil y aura
des pressions de la part des clients de procder le plus
rapidement possible. Une telle criminalisation continuerait
galement de restreindre laccs la protection policire,
1
adult prostitution laws do, which is to subject sex workers
to a greater risk to their safety. This constitutes the reason
why such laws were invalidated in the Bedford judgment.
Bill C-36 also proposes a law that will prohibit the sex in-
dustry from advertising. This type of prohibition will sig-
nificantly limit sex workers ability to work safely indoors,
as it restricts their ability to communicate their services to
potential clients. This is concerning considering that the
Court in Bedford clearly found that the ability to operate in
indoor venues is a key measure for sex workers to reduce
the risk of violence.
We would also like to address the proposed prohibition on
communication to offer sexual services in a public place
that is or is next to a place where a person under the age
of 18 could reasonably be expected to be found. This pro-
vision continues to criminalize street-based sex workers,
who are among the most marginalized segment of the in-
dustry, and is only marginally narrower than what the Court
struck down in Bedford. The law will have the same effect
of displacing sex workers to isolated areas where they are
more likely to work alone in order to avoid police detection,
and where they will continue to rush into vehicles without
taking the time to screen clients and negotiate the terms
of the transaction.
We urge you to keep in mind the harms that the Court in
Bedford said were caused by criminal prohibitions and to
ensure that any future legal regime conforms to the Char-
ter and does not cause sex workers an increased risk of
harm.
Yours sincerely,
puisque tant les travailleurs(euses) que les clients craindront
la prsence policire. De surcrot, les travailleurs(euses) du
sexe continuent dtre empchs(es) doprer dans des
endroits scuritaires intrieurs, puisque les clients seraient
susceptibles dtre arrts sils sy rendent.
En consquence, bien que la criminalisation des clients
pour lachat de services sexuels vise soi-disant la protec-
tion des travailleurs(euses) du sexe, le mode de prohibition
envisag reproduira les effets des lois actuelles, soit de
mettre risque la scurit mme des travailleurs(euses) du
sexe, entranant du coup les mmes maux qui ont motiv
linvalidation des lois dans le jugement Bedford.
Le projet de loi C-36 propose aussi un article de loi qui in-
terdirait lindustrie du sexe de faire de la publicit. Ce type
dinterdiction limiterait de faon significative la capacit des
travailleurs(euses) du sexe de travailler en toute scurit
lintrieur car cela limiterait leurs aptitudes communiquer
leurs services aux clients potentiels. Ceci est troublant car la
Cour a clairement jug, dans la dcision Bedford, que la ca-
pacit de fonctionner lintrieur est essentielle pour rduire
les risques de violences auprs des travailleurs(euses) du
sexe.
Nous sommes galement proccups par linterdiction pro-
pose doffrir des services sexuels dans un endroit public
o une personne de moins de 18 ans pourrait raisonnable-
ment se trouver. Cet article de loi continue de criminaliser
les travailleurs(euses) du sexe qui travaillent dans la rue,
ceuxci (celles-ci) figurant parmi le groupe le plus margin-
alis de lindustrie; cet article est seulement marginalement
moins restrictif que larticle de loi qui a t invalid par la
Cour dans Bedford. Larticle de loi aura le mme effet de d-
placer les travailleurs(euses) du sexe vers des zones isoles
o ils(elles) seront davantage susceptibles de travailler seuls
pour viter dtre dtects par la police, et de se prcipiter
dans des vhicules sans prendre le temps de filtrer certains
clients ou de ngocier les termes de la transaction.
Nous vous exhortons garder en mmoire que les maux
dnoncs par la Cour dans Bedford sont la consquence
dune prohibition criminelle et vous assurer que le fu-
tur rgime lgal soit conforme la Charte et quainsi ce
nouveau rgime nentrane pas de risques accrus pour les
travailleurs(euses) du sexe.
Bien vous,
2
Parlee McLaws LLP
British Columbia Family Maintenance Enforcement Program
Pivot Legal Society
Cavalluzzo
Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University
Barrister + Solicitor
Farris, Vaughan, Wills & Murphy LLP
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto (Board Member)
Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto

Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Adjunct Faculty, Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia
Barrister + Solicitor
HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario
Ouellet, Nadon et Associ(e)s
Barrister + Solicitor
JD (University of Toronto)
| LLM, PhD (c) (University of British Columbia)
Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University
Ruby Shiller Chan Hasan Barristers
McCarthy Tetrault LLP
West Coast Environmental Law
LLB (University of Alberta) | LLM (University of California,
Berkeley) | PhD (c) (University of British Columbia)
Barrister + Solicitor
Chercheuse Associe, Chaire Claire-Bonenfant, University Laval
Edmonton AB
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Montreal QC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Burnaby BC
Quebec QC
Adam J. Norget
Adrian McKeown
Adrienne Smith
Adrienne Telford
Alan Young
Alana Klein
Aleem Bharmal
Alison Latimer
Alison Symington
Allison Tremblay
Amanda Carling
Amanda Driscoll
Amanda Merritt
Amber Prince
Amita Vulimiri
Amy Wah
Andre Bourbeau
Andrew MacIsaac
Andrew Pilliar
Angela Campbell
Angela Chaisson
Angela Juba
Anna Johnston
Anna Lund
Anne Beveridge
Anne Robinson
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
3
LLB (University of British Columbia)
| MPhil/PhD (c) (University College London)
Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Ratclif & Company LLP
Law Ofces of barbara fndlay Q.C.
Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School
Bibhas Vaze Law Corporation
Champ & Associates
Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Stockwoods LLP
Hunter Litigation Chambers
Hastings Labour Law Ofce
Brian J. Wallace Law Corporation
Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP
Martland & Saunier
Simcoe Chambers
A. Cameron Ward Law Corporation
British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Avocate Defense Aide Juridique
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP
Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto
Daniel S. Shier Law Ofce
Henein Hutchison LLP
Professeure Adjointe, Facult de Droit, Universit Laval
JFK Law Corporation
London UK
Toronto ON
North Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Toronoto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Victoria BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Whitehorse YT
Toronto ON
Qubec QC
Vancouver BC
Ashleigh Keall
Audrey Macklin
Ava Murphy
barbara fndlay Q.C.
Benjamin Berger
Bibhas Vaze
Bijon Roy
Brenda Cossman
Brendan Van Niejenhuis

Brent Olthuis
Brett Matthews
Brian Wallace Q.C., C.Arb.
Bridget Gilbride
Brock Martland
Brydie Bethell
Cameron Ward
Carmen Cheung
Caroline Braun
Ccile Kazatchkine
Charlene Wiseman
Charles-Maxime
Panaccio SJD
Christa Big Canoe
Christina Zahar
Christine Mainville
Christine Vzina
Claire Truesdale
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
4
Coalition des Organismes Communautaires Qubcois de
Lutte Contre le Sida
Ruby Shiller Chan Hasan Barristers
Director, Dalhousie Health Law Institute | Associate
Professor, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP
McCullough Blazina Dieno Gustafson & Watt
Borden Ladner Gervais LLP
Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP
Pivot Legal Society
Henein Hutchison LLP
Barrister + Solicitor
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
David N. Fai Law Corporation
Barrister + Solicitor
Barrister + Solicitor
Pivot Legal Society
JD (University of British Columbia) | LLM, SJD (Harvard
University) | Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, (University of
British Columbia)
Assistant Professor, Schulich School of Law
Juristes Power/Power Law
JFK Law Corporation
Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto
LLB (Queens University) | JSD (c),
(New York University, School of Law)
Barrister + Solicitor
Di Luca Barristers
JFK Law Corporation
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Halifax NS
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Victoria BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Montreal QC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Halifax NS
Ottawa ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
New York NY
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Claude Longpr-Poirier
Clayton Ruby C.M.
Constance MacIntosh
Craig Bavis
Cynthia Petersen
Dale Melville
Daniel Girlando
Daniel Sheppard
Danielle Larkin
Danielle Robitaille
David Olson
David Blair
David Fai
David Wotherspoon
Dominique Neuman
Douglas King
Efrat Arbel
Elaine Craig
lie Ducharme
Elin Sigurdson
Emily Hill
Emily Kidd White
Emma Siemiatycki
Erin Dann
Erin Thomson
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
5
Editor-in-Chief, National Journal of Constitutional Law
| Visiting Fellow, Harvard Law School | Professor,
Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
West Coast Environmental Law
Part-time Professor, Department of Criminology,
University of Ottawa
Member of the Law Society of Upper Canada
Fasken Martineau DuMoulin LLP
Ruby Shiller Chan Hasan Barristers
Barrister + Solicitor
British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Professor, Schulich School of Law and Department of Psychia-
try, Faculty of Medicine (Cross-Appointment)
Dalhousie University
Professor adjoint, Facult de droit, Universit de Montral
Martha McCarthy & Company LLP
LLB-BCL (McGill University)
| SJD (c) (Harvard Law School)
Silverstein & Associate
Law Union of Ontario & Income Security Advocacy Centre
Flett Law
Holness Law Group
Schulich Fellow, Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University
Gratl and Company
LL.B & Criminologist
Barrister + Solicitor
Pivot Legal Society
JFK Law Corporation
Canadian Merchant Service Guild
Juristes Power/Power Law
Ottawa ON
Vancouver BC
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Halifax NS
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Cambridge MA
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Victoria BC
Vancouver BC
Halifax NS
Vancouver BC
Montral QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Ottawa ON
Errol P. Mendes
Eugene Kung
Eugene Oscapella
Eva Massai Warden
Fallon Melander
Gavin Cameron
Gerald Chan
Grace A. Jackson
Grace Pastine
H. Archibald Kaiser
Han-Ru Zhou
Heather Hansen
Heidi Matthews
Ingrid Grant
Jackie Esmonde
Jacqueline Flett
Jacqueline Small
Jamie Baxter
Jason Gratl
Jean-Yves LeBlanc
Jef Carolin
Jef Johnson
Jef Langlois
Jefery Sanders
Jennifer Klinck
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
6
Prisoners Legal Services
Assistant Professor, Schulich School of Law,
Dalhousie University
Caroline + Gislason LLP
Conroy + Company Law Corporation
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario
Simcoe Chambers
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Hospital Employees Union
Banister Law Corporation
Cooper, Sandler, Shime & Bergman LLP
Farris, Vaughan, Wills & Murphy LLP
British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Professeure, Directrice par Intrim de la Clinique de Droit In-
ternational Pnal et Humanitaire | Co-directrice du Centre
Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur lAfrique et le Moyen
Orient, Facult de droit | Universit Laval
Barrister + Solicitor
Browning, Ray, Soga, Dunne & Mirsky
Prisoners Legal Services
Canadian Bar Association
Ratclif & Company LLP
Professor of Law, Civil Law Section, University of Ottawa
Pivot Legal Society
Barrister + Solicitor
Abbotsford BC
Halifax NS
Vancouver BC
Abbotsford BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Burnaby BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Qubec QC
Vancouver BC
Montral QC
Montreal QC
New Westminster BC
Abbotsford BC
Ottawa ON
North Vancouver BC
Ottawa ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Jennifer Metcalfe
Joanna Erdman
Joanna Gislason
John Conroy Q.C.
John Hodgins
John Norquay
John Norris
John Rogers Q.C.
Jonathan Chapnick
Jonathan Hanvelt
Jonathan Shime
Joseph Arvay Q.C.
Josh Paterson
Julia Grignon
Juliana Dalley
Julie Pelletier D.D.N.; LLL
Julie Shugarman
Karen Mirsky
Karen Slaughter
Karin Galldin
Kate Blomfeld
Katherine Lippel
Kathy Grant
Katrina Pacey
Katrina Peddle
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
7
Professor of Law, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Brownlee LLP
CUPE Local 15
Law Ofce of Kirk Tousaw
JFK Law Corporation
LLB (University of British Columbia) | MSt (University of Oxford)
JD (Univesity of Ottawa) | LLM (Yale University)
| SJD (c) (University of Toronto)
Legal Aid Ontario
Embarkation Law Group
Barrister + Solicitor
Moore Edgar Lyster,
| President, British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Ratclif & Company LLP
Helps Law
JD (University of Toronto) | SJD (c) (Harvard Law School)
LLB (University of British Columbia) | LLM, JSD (c)
(New York University)
Barrister + Solicitor
Barrister + Solicitor
Caroline + Gislason LLP
Lidstone & Company
Barrister + Solicitor
Paliare Roland Rosenberg Rothstein
Rolston & Associates
Fulton & Company LLP
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Edmonton AB
Vancouver BC
Duncan BC
Vancouver BC
The Hague
The Netherlands
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Ottawa ON

Vancouver BC
North Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Cambridge MA
New York NY
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Winnipeg MB
Kamloops BC
Keith Hamilton Q.C.
Kent Roach
Kent West
Kevin Tilley
Kirk Tousaw
Krista Robertson
Kristy Sim
Kyle Kirkup
Lainie Basman
Laura Best
Leslie Robertson
Lindsay Lyster
Lisa Glowacki
Lisa Jean Helps
Lisa Kelly
Lisa Kerr
Lobat Sadrehashemi
Louisa Chantler
Lyndsay Watson
M. Kathleen Kinch
Maegen Giltrow
Maia Tsurumi
Manpreet Dhaliwal
Marc Zurbuchen
Margot McMillan
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
`150
151
152
8
JD (University of New Brunswick)
| LLM (c) (Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University)
Assistant Professor, Law Faculty, McGill University
Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Barrister + Solicitor
Barrister + Solicitor
Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP
Martha McCarthy & Company LLP
Ethos Law Group LLP
Henein Hutchison LLP
Assistant Professor, Faculties of Medicine and Law,
Dalhousie University
MN Law
HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario
JFK Law Corporation
Cooper, Sandler, Shime & Bergman LLP
Barrister + Solicitor
LLB (University of Alberta) | LLM (Cambridge University)
| PhD (c) (University of British Columbia)
Thompson Rivers University
McCarthy Ttrault LLP
Paliare Roland Rosenberg Rothstein LLP | Adjunct Faculty,
University of Toronto Faculty of Law and Osgoode Hall Law School
Professor, University of British Columbia Faculty of Law
Law Ofces of Michael McCubbin
Michael Tammen Law Corporation
Ruby Shiller Chan Hasan Barristers
Chantler & Company
Halifax NS
Montreal QC
Ottawa ON
Vancouver BC
Victoria BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC

Toronto ON
Halifax NS
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Kamloops BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Maria Powell
Marie Manikis
Marie-Eve Sylvestre
Marjorie Brown
Mark Redgwell
Mark Rowlinson
Marlys Edwardh, C.M.
Martha McCarthy LSM
Mary Childs
Matthew Gourlay
Matthew Herder
Matthew Nathanson
Meagan Johnston
Megan McConnell
Megan Schwartzentruber
Megan Vis-Dunbar
Meredith Hagel
Micah Rankin
Michael Feder
Michael Fenrick
Michael Jackson Q.C.
Michael McCubbin
Michael Tammen Q.C.
Mina Chamsi
Nader Hasan
Neil Chantler
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
9
Nicolas M. Rouleau Professional Corporation /
Nicolas M. Rouleau, Socit Professionnelle
Farris, Vaughan, Wills & Murphy LLP
Grace, Snowdon & Terepocki LLP
Jordan Battista LLP
Juristes Power/Power Law
Barrister + Solicitor
British Columbia Civil Liberties Association
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
Fowler and Smith
RTG Law Corporation
Barrister + Solicitor
Cooper Litigation
Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, McGill University
Barrister + Solicitor
Silverstein & Associate
Simcoe Chambers
Eyford Macaulay Shaw & Padmanabhan LLP
HIV & AIDS Legal Clinic Ontario
Barrister + Solicitor
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network
BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS
Barrister + Solicitor
Law in Action Within Schools Program
JD (University of British Columbia) | Open Society Foundations
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Abbotsford BC
Toronto ON
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Montreal QC
Ottawa ON
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Montreal QC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
New York NY
Nicolas Martin Rouleau
Nikki Charlton
Ondine Snowdon
Pablo Irribarra
Perri Ravon
Peter Copeland
Raji Mangat
Rene-John Nicholas
Renee Lang
Richard Elliott
Richard Fowler
Rishi Gill
Robert Champagne
Robert Cooper
Robert Leckey
Robin Whitehead
Russell Silverstein
Ryan Clements
Ryan Parsons
Ryan Peck
Samuel Singer
Sandra Ka Hon Chu
Sarah Allan
Sara Hopkins
Sarah Pole
Sarah Sharp
Scott Bernstein
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
10
Barrister + Solicitor
Osgoode Hall Law School
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Barrister + Solicitor
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Victory Square Law Ofce LLP
Farris, Vaughan, Wills & Murphy LLP
Grace, Snowdon & Terepocki LLP
Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto (Board Member)
Faculty of Law and Legal Studies, Carleton University
Member of the Quebec Bar,
| PhD (c) (University of California, Irvine)
JFK Law Corporation
Desrosiers Joncas Nouraie Massicotte
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Western University
Toronto ON
Toronto ON
Vancouver BC
Saint-Charles-
sur- Richelieu QC
Vancouver BC
Vancouver BC
Toronto ON
Montreal QC
Vancouver BC
Abbotsford BC
Toronto ON
Ottawa ON
Montreal QC
Vancouver BC
Montral QC
London ON
Shaheen Hirani
Sonia Lawrence
Stefanie Quelch
Stephanie Claivaz-Loranger
Stephanie Drake
Steven Rogers
Tanya DeMello
Tara Santini
Timothy Dickson
Tonia Grace
Trevor Winter
Ummni Khan
Vronique Fortin
Virginia Mathers
Walid Hijazi
Zoe Sinel
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
11