# COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR z FOR GASES USING REDLICH-KWONG EQUATION OF STATE

By: Ankur Srivastava
Date: May 09, 2006
Redlich-Kwong (R-K) Equation & its solution:
The R-K equation is usually written as:
P = ((R*T)/V-b) - (a/V*(V+b)*√T) 1
where
a = 0.42747*(R
2
*T
c
2.5
/P
c
) 2
b = 0.8664*(R*T
c
/P
c
) 3
P = pressure in atm absolute
V = molar volume in L/g-mol
T = Temperature in °K
R = universal gas constant = 0.08206 atm*L/g-mol*°K
T
c
= critical temperature in °K
P
c
= critical pressure in atm absolute
Eliminating V from eq. 1 & writing it as a cubic equation of the compressibility factor z, yields
f(z) = z
3
-z
2
-q*z-r = 0 4
where
r = A
2
*B 5
q = B
2
+B-A
2
6
A
2
= 0.42747*(Pr/Tr2.5) 7
B = 0.86664*(P
r
/T
r
) 8
Here P
r
= reduced pressure (P/P
c
) and T
r
= reduced temperature (T/T
c
).
C = (f/3)
3
+ (g/2)
2
9
where
f = ((-3*q)-1)/3 10
g = ((-27*r)-(9*q)-2)/27 11
If C>0, there is one real solution for z: 12
z = D+E+1/3
where
D = ((-g/2)+√C)
1/3
13
E = ((-g/2)-√C)
1/3
14
If C<0, there are three real solutions:
z
k
= 2*(√-f/3)*cos[(φ/3)+2*p*(k-1)/3]
k = 1,2,3
15
where
φ = a*cos*SQROOT[(g
2
/4)/(-f
3
/27)] 16
r = P*M/R*T*z 17
Eq. 4 can be solved analytically for 3 roots. Some of these roots are complex. Considering only the
real roots, the sequence of calculations involves the following steps:
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COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR z FOR GASES USING REDLICH-KWONG EQUATION OF STATE
By: Ankur Srivastava
Date: May 09, 2006
Inputs:
Gas: Propane
Molecular Weight, M 44.1 g/g-mol
Crit. Temperature, T
c
: 369.83 °K
Crit. Pressure, P
c
: 41.92 atmA
Oper. temperature, T 333.15 °K
Operating Pressure, P 20.414 atmA
Constants Used:
Gas Constant, R: 0.08206 L*atm/g-mol*°K
Calculated Parameters:
Reduced Temperature, T
r 0.901 (T/T
c
)
Reduced Pressure, P
r
0.487 (P/P
c
)
Equations:
A
2
= 0.27028 Eq. 7 sheet 1
B = 0.04684 Eq. 8 sheet 1
q = -0.22125 Eq. 6 sheet 1
r = 0.01266 Eq. 5 sheet 1
f = -0.11208 Eq. 10 sheet 1
g = -0.01298 Eq. 11 sheet 1
C = -0.00001 Eq. 9 sheet 1
D = IRRELEVANT Eq. 13 sheet 1
E1 = IRRELEVANT Eq. 14 sheet 1
φ = 0.45354 Eq. 16 sheet 1
E = IRRELEVANT Eq. 14 sheet 1
z1 = 0.71550 Eq. 15 sheet 1
z2 = 0.09183 Eq. 15 sheet 1
z3 = 0.19267 Eq. 15 sheet 1
z0 = IRRELEVANT Eq. 12 sheet 1
z = 0.71550
r = 46.02 g/l or kg/m
3
Yellow colored cells are inputs. Blank yellow cells have been provided to add components.
Calculation of Pseudocritical Temperature & Pressure for a Natural Gas Mixture:
Component
description
Mole
Fraction, y
i
Component
Critical Temp.,
Tc1, °K
Pseudo-
critical
Temp, T
pc
,
°K
Componen
t Critical
Pressure,
Pc
i
, atmA
Pseudo-
critical
Pressure,
P
pc
, atm
Componen
t Molecular
weight, M
i
Mixture
Molecular
weight,
y
i
*M
i
CH
4
0.932 190.6 177.64 45.35 42.27 16.04 14.95
C
2
H
6
0.058 305.33 17.71 48.07 2.79 30.07 1.74
C
3
H
8
0.01 369.83 3.70 41.92 0.42 44.1 0.44
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00
1.000 T
pc
= 199.05 P
pc
= 45.47 M
mix
= 17.13
Prepared by: Ankur Srivastava
Chemical Engineer
e-mail: ankur2061@yahoo.co.in
(for gas mixtures use peudocritical values, see example below below for
calculating pseudocritical temperature)
(for gas mixtures use peudocritical values, see example below below for
calculating pseudocritical pressure)
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COMPRESSIBILITY FACTOR z FOR GASES USING REDLICH-KWONG EQUATION OF STATE
By: Ankur Srivastava
Date: May 09, 2006
Disclaimer : The information and methods included within this spreadsheet are presented for compressibility factor z
calculations. It is intended to be used by technically skilled persons at their own discretion. I do not warrant the suitability or
accuracy of these methods.
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