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EXAMPLES/NOTES:

UNIFORM RECTILINEAR MOTION


1. Car A at a gasoline station stays there for 10 minutes after Car B passes at a constant speed of 40
miles per hour. How long will it take Car A to overtake Car B if it accelerates at 4 m/s
Solution:
Ta = Tb
Sa = S10 + Sb

Consider B:





Consider A:

) (

)

For S10:
(

)()

Substitute:



Answer: T = 77.85 seconds
2. A stone is thrown up from the ground with a velocity of 300ft/s. How long must one wait before
dropping a second stone from the top of 600ft tower if the two stones are to pass each other 200ft from
the top of the tower?

Solution:
Consider 1

) ()

) (

)

Consider 2

) (

)


How long must one wait?
t = 17.19 seconds 3.52 seconds

Answer: 13.67 seconds

VARIABLE ACCELERATION
1. The motion of a particle is given by

where is in and in . Compute


the values of and when .




()

()

() ;


()

() ;



2. A particle moves in a straight line according to the law

where is in and in .
a. When , compute .
b. Find the average velocity during the 3
rd
to 4
th
seconds.
c. When the particle comes to stop, what is its acceleration?

a.





()



b.

()


()

() ;


()

() ;

c.




( ) ;



3. The rectilinear motion of a given particle is given by

where is in and is in

. When
, , and

. Determine , , and relations.



()

()








MOTION CURVES
1. A particle starting with an initial velocity of 60 ft /s has a rectilinear motion with the constant
deceleration of 10 ft/

. Determine the velocity and displacement at t = 9 sec.



Solution:

() ()







()()

()( )


()

()()


()()

For

and

:






2. An auto travelled 1800 ft in 40sec. The auto accelerates uniformly and decelerates uniformly at
6 ft/

, starting from rest at A and coming to stop at B. Find the maximum speed in fps.

Solution:


3. An Auto starts from rest and reaches a speed of 60 ft/s in 15 sec. The acceleration increases uniformly
from zero for the first 9 sec after which the acceleration reduces uniformly to zero in the next 6 sec.
Compute for the displacement in this 15 sec interval.



()
120


( )



V
A



6x 6(40 x) = 0
6x 0 = 6(40 x)
6x = 240 6x
x = 20

Solution:







()()

();

()()

();

()()

()() ()()

5
;
V:

For

and


PROJECTILE MOTION
1. A golf ball is fired from the top of a cliff 50 m high with a velocity of 10 m/s directed at 45 to the
horizontal. Find the range of the projectile.


V
o
cos =



10cos45 =



For t:
y = V
o
sint -

gt
2

-50 = 10sin45t -

( 9.81) t
2

t
1
= 3.99 s (checked)
t
2
= -2.55 s
For range:

10cos45 =


10cos45 =



Range = 28.21 m




2. In figure 9-6.10, a ball thrown down the incline strikes it at a distance s = 254.5 ft. If the ball rises to a
maximum height h = 64.4 ft above the point of release. Compute its initial velocity and inclination .


Horizontal motion:
V
o
cos =



Vertical Motion:
y = V
o
sint -

gt
2



For maximum height:
H = 64.4 ft.

( )


()


( )


()

( )

= (2)(32.2)(64.4)


.4


For
-80.48 = V
o
sint -

gt
2

-80.48 = V
o
sin(


) -

(32.2)(

)
-80.48 = 241.44 tan -
()


-80.48 = 241.44 tan -
()


tan ; 53.06
tan ; -15.11
therefore,



V
o
= 80.57 ft/



3. Find the take-off velocity that is just enough to clear the gap.
Using


Using horizontal motion formula:
V
o
cos =


V
o
cos30 =


t =




Using vertical motion formula:
y = V
o
sint -

gt
2

-22.2= V
o
sint -

(32.2)t
2

-22.2= V
o
sin(


) -

(32.2)(


)
2


V
o
= 14.14 ft/s


4. How high is the hill?


Using horizontal motion formula:
V
o
cos =


100cos60 =
5


t =
5


t = 10 sec
Using vertical motion formula:
y = V
o
sint -

gt
2

y= 100sin(10)-

(32.2)(10)
2

y = -743.97 ft.
KINETICS
1. Determine P that will give the body an acceleration of 6 ft/sec
2
= 0.20.











(1)

5




(2)

5


Substituing 2 in 1 we get:
P = 722.17 lbs.





2. Determine the acceleration of the system and tension in the chord. = 0.30








Consider 200 N Block
FBD:






Consider 100 N Block
FBD:




a = 5.56 m/sec
2

T = 86.67 N
3. Find the acceleration of the system and tension in the block.







Consider 300 N Block
FBD:





Consider 100 and 200 N Block
FBD:




5

T = 208 N
a = -3 m/sec
2


4.

1. What is the tension in the card?
2. Acceleration of the blocks
3. Velocity of B after 2 seconds?





Consider B Consider A

T T T


a a
W







A
B
196.2 N
981 N
196.2 N
981 N
For

: For

2

Solve 1 and 2 simultaneously:



Therefore:

T = 327N

= 6.54



5





a
A



a
C
a
B

150 N
100 N 50 N
Determine the tension and acceleration of each blocks.
Consider block A:

T
1

a
A


150 N

1
Consider block B:
T
2


a
B

2

100 N

Consider block C:
T
2

a
C


50N
5

3





For T
1
and T
2
:

T
1





A:

5




S
A
B:




Original
C:

5

)
S
A

S
B

S
B







100N
50N
150N





For S
A
: For S
B
: For S
B
:



But

)

Equation 2 will now be:



1

5

T
2
= 120
a
A
= 5.836



a
B
= -7.848



3

5

T = 70 N
a
A
= -0.58


a
B
= 3.46



ASSIGNMENT NO. 1
9-3.6 How fast must an automobile of the previous problem move in the last 8 minutes to obtain an
average speed of 35 mph?
From the previous problem:



( )( )


( )( )


( )( )


;







9-3.8 On a certain stretch of track, trains run at 60 mph. How far back of a stopped train should a
warning torpedo be placed to signal an oncoming train? Assume that the brakes are applied at once and
retard the train at the uniform rate of 4 fps
2
.



()


9-3.10 A ship being launched slides down the ways with a constant acceleration. She takes 4 seconds to
slide the first foot. How long will she take to slide down the ways if their length is 900 feet?

) ;

()



9-3.12 A stone is dropped down a well and 5 seconds later the sound of the splash is heard. If the
velocity of sound is 1120 fps, what is the depth of the well?


For the stone, For the sound,
()

()

()

5
) + (

)

9-3.14. A train moving with constant acceleration travels 24 ft during the 10
th
sec of its motion and 18 ft
during the 12
th
sec of its motion. Find its initial velocity.
Solution:
S
1oth
= 24 ft @ t = 9 sec to 10 sec
S
12th
= 18 ft @ t = 11 sec to 12 sec
@ S
1oth
:

()

()

()

()

()

()
S
9-10

()

(eq. 1)
@ S
12th
:

()

()

()

()

()

()
S
11-12

()

(eq. 2)
Using the eq. 1 & 2:



9-3.16. An auto A is moving at 20 fps and accelerating at 5 fps
2
to overtake an auto B which is 382 ft
ahead. It auto B is moving at 60 fps and decelerating at 3 fps
2
, how soon will A pass B?
Solution:
@ Auto A: @ Auto B:


()

()

(eq. 2) ()

()

(eq. 2)
Subtract eq. 2 from eq. 1:




9-3.18. The rectilinear motion of a particle is governed by the equation s = r sin t where r and are
constants. Show that the acceleration is a = -
2
s.
Solution:

;
;


;
;


Since
Therefore:



9-3.20 A ladder of length L moves with its ends in contact with a vertical wall and a horizontal floor. If a
ladder starts from a vertical position and its lower end A moves along the floor with a constant velocity
v
A
, show that the velocity of the upper end B is v
B
= v
A
tan where is the angle between the ladder
and the wall. What does the minus sign mean? Is it physically possible for the upper end B to remain in
contact with the wall throughout the entire motion? Explain.
Solution:

()


But


Therefore:


When = 90,

, which is impossible.

9-3.22 The velocity of a particle moving along the x-axis is defined by v=kx -4x + 6x, where v is in fps, x
is in feet, and k is a constant. If x = 1, compute the value of the acceleration when x = 2 feet.
Solution:
At x = 2 feet
v = (1)(2) - 4(2) + 6(2) = 4fps


Substituting v = 4 fps.
()()

() ()() ()
Answer:














ASSIGNMENT NO. 2
Determine the acceleration of the 2 blocks after touching each other. Determine the time at which the
block will touch the block.

( ) ;

()

(1)

( ) ;

()

(2)

Equating (1) and (2)

;
Acceleration after touch:


ASSIGNMENT NO. 4
1044. An elevator weighing 3220 lb starts from rest and acquired an upward velocity of 600 ft per min in
a distance of 20 ft. If the acceleration is constant. What is the tension in the elevator cable?
Given:
W = 3220 lb Soln:
v = 600 ft/min = 10 ft/sec


s = 20 ft ()

()
Reqd: T

()


1045. A man weighing 161 lb is in an elevator moving upward with an acceleration of 8 ft per sec
2
.
(a) What pressure does he exert on the floor of the elevator? (b) What will the pressure be if the
elevator is descending with the same acceleration?

Given: Soln:
W
man
= 161 lb (a)


a = 8 ft/sec
2

()
Reqd:
(a) Pressure he exert (b)


(b) Pressure if the elevator

()
Descends with the same
acceleration
T
W
v
1046. The block in Fig. P-1046 reaches a velocity of 40 ft per sec in 100 ft, starting from rest. Compute
the coefficient of kinetic friction between the block and the ground.



Given: Soln:
v = 40 ft/sec


s = 100 ft

()
Reqd: Coefficient of kinetic


Friction,

() ()

1047. Determine the force P that will give the body in Fig. P-1047 an acceleration of 6 ft per sec
2
. The
coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.20.





Given: Soln:
a = 6 ft/sec
2


= 0.2

()

5
()
Reqd: force,P

5

161 lb
P= 60 lb
322 lb
P
4
3

()

5
() (

5
)


1053. Referring to Fig. P-1052, assume A weighs 200lb and B weighs 100lb. Determine the acceleration
of the bodies if the coefficient of kinetics friction is 0.10 between the cable and the fixed drum.






Fig. P-1052

Given:



Solution:


()

3
B A
Substitute 3 to 1:

4

From 2:



Substitute 2 to 4:
( )




1055. If the pulleys in Fig. P-1055 are weightless and frictionless, find the acceleration of the body A.






A



B.Fig. P-1055
200 lb
300 lb
For A:

a
A


200 lb

1
For B:
T T


a
B

) 2


300 lb
Equate 1 and 2:



1057. The coefficient of kinetic friction under block A in Fig. P-1057 is 0.30 and under block B it is 0.20.
Find the acceleration of the system and the tension in each cord.

B
A

30
o



200lb
100lb
300lb

At C,
300 T
2
=

a -----1

At B,
T
2
T
1
200sin30
o
200cos30
o
(0.2) =

a
T
2
T
1
134.64 = 6.21a -----2

At A,
T
1
100sin30
o
100cos30
o
(0.3) =

a
T
1
75.98 = 3.11a -----3
T
1
= 75.98 + 3.11a

Substitute T
1
to 2,
T
2
(75.98 + 3.11a) 134.64 = 6.21a
T
2
210.62 = 9.32a
T
2
= 210.62 + 9.32a -----4

Substitute 4 to 1
300 210.62 + 9.32a =

a
89.38 = 18.64a

a= 4.8 ft/sec
2
ans.

T
1
= 75.98 + 3.11 (4.8) = 90.91 lb ans.
T
2
= 210.62 + 9.32 (4.8) = 255.36 lb ans.
1059. Compute the acceleration of body B and the tension in the cord supporting body A in Fig. P-1059.




f
h
= 0.20 A
3
4
In block A,
200 T =

a
A


In block B,
2T -

5
(300) -

5
(300) (0.20) =

a
B

2T 228 =

a
B


In getting the acceleration for B,
Since a
A
= 2 a
B


2 [ 200 T =

a
A
]

+ -228 + 2T =

(0.5) a
A

400 228 = 550a
A


172 = 500 (2a
B
)


200lb
300lb
a
B
/ 32.2 = 172/1100

a
B
= 5.03 ft/sec
2
ans.

1061. Compute the time required for the 100-lb body in Fig. P-1061 to move 10 ft starting from rest.




f
h
=0.20

3
4

For 100-lb block,
T
1
-

5
(100) =

a
1


For 800-lb block,

5
(80) -

5
(80) (0.20) T
2
=

a
2


2T
2
T
1
= ma
2T
2
T
1
= 0
2T
2
= T
1


Since a
2
= 2 a
1


100 lb
80lb
a
2
= 2.82 ft/sec
2

Solving for t
1
(100lb),
S =

a
1
t
2

10 =

(2.82) t
2

t = 2.663 sec. ans.

1063. Determine the acceleration of each weight in Fig. P-1063, assuming the pulleys to be weightless
and frictionless.






A C
B B


For A,
T 150 =
5

a
A


For B,
2T - 480 =

a
B


For C,
150 lb
480 lb
300 lb
300 T =

a
C


Since a
B
=

a
C
-

a
A


For Tension,
5

a
A
= T -150
(480) (

a
C
-

a
A
) = 2T - 480

a
C
= 300 T

T = 218.7 lb

Solving for acceleration,
218.7 150 =
5

a
A
; a
A
= 14.7476 ft/sec
2
ans.

300 218.7 =

a
C
; a
C
= 8.7262 ft/sec
2
ans.


2(218.7) 480 = 480/32.2a
B

a
B
= -2.85775 ft/sec
2
or a
B
= 2.85775 ft/sec
2
(downward) ans.




1065. Determine the maximum and minimum weights of the body C on Illustration Problem 1043 that
will keep C stationary. All other data remain unchanged.
Solution:























N =gW
F = 16W

N = 800
F = 160
1000
T
B
2T
800
a
B
=

W
A

2B
800

W
F
8W
6W



For A;
600 160 T =


For B;
2T 800 =

)
Solving for T;
T = 407 lb
For up plane impending motion of C:

T = 407 = 6W + 16W
W = 535 lb
For down plane impending motion of C;

T = 407 = 6W - 16W
W = 924 lb








1067. In the system of connected blocks in Fig 1067, the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.20 under
bodies B and C. determine the acceleration of each body and the tension in the cord.
Solution:



B
f
h
= 0.20 A
3
4

Direction of motion: Assuming at rest
T= 400
On B, Net force = 2T = 800 480 > F
= 128 (B rises)
On B, Net force = 600 (T=400) > F
= 160 ( C falls)
With C at rest, Sa = 2Sb
With B at rest Sa = Sc
Net motion = Sa - Sa = Sa = 2Sb - Sc
Differentiating :
aA = 2aB aC
aB =

( )


For ;
400 T =


C
f
h
= 0.20
3
400lb
800lb
1000lb
4
For B;
2T 480 128 =


Solving;
T = 348.2lb
aA = 4.18 fps
2

aB = 3.57 fps
2

aC = 2.96 fps
2


1069. Two blocks A and B each weighing 96.6 lb and connected by a rigid bar of negligible weight move
along the smooth surfaces shown in Fig 1069. They start from rest at the given position. Determine the
acceleration of B at this instant. Hint: To relate aA to aB, use the method developed in Illus Prob on 258.








Solution:
V =




a =



Va + xaA + Vb + Yab = 0
At start,
Va = Vb = 0
aA =



or if Ab is down + down
aA =


For A;
6P =

= 4ab
For B;
96.6 8P =

ab = 3ab
Solving;
aB = 11.6 fps
2

aA = 15.47 fps
2


1071. The pulleys in the preceding problem have been assumed to be frictionless and weightless. What
changes would there be in the solutions of these problems if the pulleys (a) had friction (b) had
appreciable weight?
Solution:
(a) with friction, the tensions on the opposite sides of the pulley would be unequal.
(b) With appropriate weight, the supporting tension would not equal twice the outside tensions.






SEATWORK
A ball is dropped from the tower of 80 ft. high at the same instant that a second ball is thrown upward
from the ground with an initial velocity of 40 ft/sec. When and where do they pass, and with what
velocities?

SOLUTION:

()

()

()

()

Equate (2) and (1):

()




Substitute t to (1) and (2):
()

()

()






An automobile starting from rest speeds up to 40 ft/sec with a constant acceleration of 4 ft/sec
2
run at
this speed for a time and finally comes to rest with a deceleration of 5 ft/sec
2
. If the total distance
travelled is 1000 ft, find the total time required.

SOLUTION:

()()

()()

()()







The velocity of a particle moving along the x-axis is defined by v=kx
3
-4x
2
+6x where v is in m/s and x =
meter and k = 1. Compute the acceleration when x = 2m.

SOLUTION:

When k =1 ;
()

)(

)

When x = 2 m

()

()

() ()

()








a= ; when t = 2 sec; v = 36 m/sec; s = 30 m. Determine s at t = 3 sec.

SOLUTION:



When v = 36 m/sec; t = 2 sec
()

()

Therefore,


Or



When s = 30 m; t = 2 sec
()




Therefore,



When t = 3 sec
()