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]p-kv-X-I-w- B-dv- / e-°w- A-©- v- / 2009 \-hw--_¿- -/ 1430 Zp¬- J-Av-Z-

11

Jp¿-B≥-˛im-kv-{X-]-T-\-߃- {]-k-‡n-bpw- ]-cn-[n-bpw-


˛Fw.-Fw.- A-Iv-_¿-

hm-b-\-°m-cp-sS- kw-hm-Zw- 4
hn-ip-≤- ]m-X- 6
]-{Xm-[-n-]¿-°v- ]-d-bm-\p-≈-Xv- 7
{Iqio-I-cWw IYbpw Imcyhpw
˛ap-l-Ω-Z-en- am-kv-‰¿- 15
tbip ss__nfnepw Jp¿B\nepw
˛A_q-lw\ Imc-Øq¿ 25
-am\-h-kvt\lØn-se- Nn-e- A-k-ln-jv-Wp-X-Iƒ- Iq-Sn...-
˛]n.-hn.-F.- {]nw-tdm-kv- 31
{]Im-im-Xn-th-KX Jp¿B\nepw {]hm-NI hN-\-ß-fnepw
˛tUm: ]n.sI. A_vZpd-km°v kp√-an 35
ap-kv-enam-bn- P-\n-°m≥- I-gn-™n-s√-¶n-epw...-
˛Zo]vXn a-dn-b-w- / sse-e- Xr-°-cn-∏q-¿- 38
Iq-Sn-°m-gv-N- 43
Iq´psI´nse acymZIƒ
˛iao¿ aZo\n 45
{InkvXy≥˛apkvenw kwhmZw ]n∑mdnbXmcv? 49

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EditorM.Mohammed
Editor M.MohammedAkbar,
Akbar,Niche
NicheofofTruth,
Truth,P.B
Kalabhavan
No:1981, Road,
Vyttila,Cochin-18.
Cochin-19.
hm-b-\-°m-cp-sS-
kw-hm-Zw-
dvsIm≠v {k„m-hns‚ KpW-ßsf∏‰n-
am-{Xta Nn¥n-°m≥ Ign-bq. ÿe-Ime
k¶¬∏-ß-fp-sS-sb√mw ssUa≥j\v
A∏p-d-Øp-≈-h-\mWv A√mlp AYhm
{]]©{k„m-hmbn ssZhw. Ahs‚
hN-\ß - f- mWv Jp¿-B≥. kam-Av F∂m-
¬ D]-cn-a-fiew F∂mWv A¿Yw. `qan-
bpw D]cnafi-e-ßfpw tN¿∂-XmWv
{]]©w F∂v ]d-™-Xn¬ Jp¿B≥
F¥v sX‰mWv ]‰n-bXv? Cu ImWp∂
\oem-Im-ihpw `qanbpw tN¿∂-XmWv
{]]©w F∂v ]d-™X - n¬ Jp¿-B\n\v
bp-‡n-hm-Z-sa-∂m¬-- Db-c-Øn-ep≈ Hcp hkvXp-hns\ \nco- F¥vsX-‰mWv ]‰n-bXv? Cu ImWp∂
sh-dp-w- P¬-]-\t-a-m-?- £n- ° p- I bpw Ah- c psS \nco- £ - W - \oem-Im-ihpw `qanbpw tN¿∂-XmWv
Øns‚ tImWpw Ah¿ \n¬°p∂ AI- {]]©w F∂v Jp¿-B≥ ]d-™n-´n-√.
2009 HtŒm- _ ¿ kv t \l- k w- h m- Z -
ehpw D]-tbm-Kn®v Hcp apgp-h≥ hrØ- Jp¿-B≥ ]d™ H∂mw BImiw (kam-
Øn¬ skbvXvapl-ΩZv B\-°bw Fgp-
Øns‚ \ofw IW- ° m- ° p∂ coXn D-Zp≥bm) CXv hscbpw imkv{Xw Is≠-
Xnb teJ\w hmbn- ® p. Ncn- { Xw,
Ah¿ \S-Øn-bn-cp∂p F∂-Xn¬\n∂v Øn-bn-´n-√. AXn-\v Xmsg-bmWv F√m
imkv{Xw, aXw F∂nh-sb-°p-dn-®p≈
`qan°v tKmfm-Ir-Xn-bmWv F∂v Atd- \£- { X- ß fp {Kl- ß fpw Kme- I v k n-
A⁄-X- I-Øn-ep-S-\ofw ImWmw. a\p-
_y≥ ]fin-X-∑m¿°v t_m[y-ap-≠m- Ifpw {]Imit{kmX-   p- I ƒ BWv
jysc t\cmb am¿K-Øn-te°v \bn-
bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v History of Astronomy from \£-{X-߃ F∂-Xn-\m¬ Ahsb hnfn-
°m≥ th≠n Cd-°-s∏´ {KŸ-amWv
Thales to Kepler F∂ Akvt{Sm-Wan °p-hm≥ F∂v Jp¿B≥ {]tbm-Kn-®-
Jp¿B≥. F√m imkv { X- h n- ⁄ m- \ -
{KŸ-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. `qan ]c-∂X - m-sW- Xn¬ F¥mWv sX‰v?
ßfpw ]Tn-∏n-°m≥ th≠n Ah-X-cn-∏n-
∂√ Ah¿ hniz- k n- ® n- c p- ∂ - s X∂v
°-s∏´ Hcp hn⁄m-\-tIm-i-a√ AXv. {]]- © - Ø nse k¿∆{Zhyßfpw
CXn¬\n∂v a\- n-em-°mw. A∫mkn-
F¶nepw Jp¿-B-\n¬ ]d™ imkv{X- tN¿∂p Cosmic egg (BZna ]nfiw)
bm Ime-L´- Ø- nse AXp-ey-amb imkv-
kqN-\I - ƒ H∂pw imkv{XkXy-߃°v s]m´n-sØ-dn®v `qanbpw BImitKmf-
{X\thm-Ym-\-Øn\v ImcWw Jp¿B≥
FXn-c-√. 39mw A[ymbw kpa¿ 5mw hN- ßfpw D≠mbn F∂v 1927¬ FtUzUv-
BsW∂v \nco-iz-c-hm-Zn-bmb Ph-l¿-
\-Øn¬ "]I¬ cm{Xn-bn-t∑epw cm{Xn emabv s {X I≠p]nSn- ® - t ∏mƒ AXv
em¬ s\lvdpt]mepw kΩ-Xn-°p-∂p-≠v.
]I-en-t∑epw Np‰n-s∏m-Xn-bp∂p' F∂v bp‡n-bpw `qanbpw D]-cn-a-fi-e-ßfpw
]d-™t- ∏m¬ "bpI∆ndp' F∂ ]Z-amWv BImi`qan-I-fpsS kr„n∏v 24 aWn- (BIm-i-߃) H∂n®v tN¿∂n-cp-∂p.
D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. "Ipd-Xp≥' ]¥v AYhm °q¿ ho-X-ap≈ 6 Znh-k-ß-fn-emWv \S- ]n∂oSv \mw (A√m-lp) Ahsc hnL-
tKmfw F∂ [mXp-hn¬\n-∂mWv bpI- ∂Xv F∂√ Jp¿-B≥ ]d-™-Xv. Zn\- Sn-∏n®p F∂v 21mw A[ymbw 30mw hN-\-
∆ndp F∂ {Inb D≠m-bXv F∂v Ad_n sa-∂-XvsIm≠v Dt±-in-°p∂v Bbn-c-°- Øn¬ Jp¿-B≥ hnh-cn-®-t∏mƒ AXv
hymI-cWw Adn-bp∂ B¿°pw Adn- W-°n\v h¿j߃ Zo¿L-amb bpK-ß- bp‡n- c - l n- X hpw Aim- k v { Xo- b hpw
bmw. cm∏-I-ep-Iƒ amdn-amdn hcp-∂-Xn- fmWv F∂v 22:47¬ A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p.
BIp-∂p-sX-ßns\?
s\-°p-dn®v Nn¥n-°m≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂p. C∏-d™ 6 L´-߃ F¥mWv F∂v
41-mw A[ymbw lmaow-k-PZ 9 apX¬ 12 BIm-i-߃°n-S-bnse Zqcw 500
AXn¬ _p≤n-bp-≈-h¿°v Zr„m-¥-ß- h¿j-amWv F∂v {]hm-N-I≥ ]d-™n-
fp-s≠∂v Jp¿B≥ ]d-bp-∂p. `qan-bpsS hsc-bp≈ hN-\-߃ hnh-cn-°p-∂p.
CXn¬ Aim-kv{Xo-ba - mb H∂p-an-√. BIG ´p-≠v. H´-I-Øn\v 500 h¿jsØ bm{X
Zn\-N-e-\-sØ-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ Cu Ft∂m Ggm-bncw h¿j-߃sIm≠v
kq‡-߃ t{]cW \¬Ip-∂p. BANG AYhm alm-hn-kvt^m-S-\-amWv
{]]©kr„n- ∏ ns‚ XpS°w F∂v \S- s ∂- Ø m- h p∂ Zqcw Ft∂m Jp¿-
Keo-entbmbpsS HºXv \q‰m-≠p- imkv{X-⁄-∑m¿ Is≠-Øn. AXn∂v B\ntem {]hm-NIhN-\-ß-fntem ]d-
Iƒ°v apºv Pohn-®n-cp∂ A∫mko apsº-¥m-bn-cp∂p Ahÿ F∂v tNmZn- ™n-´n-√. {]Im-i-tØ-°mƒ F{Xtbm
Jeo-^- a-Avaq≥ ]mƒaod kaX-eØ - n¬ °-cp-Xv. AXv A¿Yan-√mØ tNmZy-amWv Cc´n thK-X-bp≈ Hcp -Sm-°n-tbm≥
tKmfo-b{- Xn-am-\K - nXw (Spherical Trigo-
- W F∂v aXhnizm-kn-Iƒ ]d-bp-tºmƒ bqWn-‰mWv {]hm-NIhN-\-Øn¬ ]d-
nometry) D]-tbm-Kn®v `qan-bpsS Np‰-fhv AsX-ßn-s\ b - p-‡n-cl- n-Xa
- mhpw? ÿe- ™-Xv. B bqWn‰v Is≠-Øm≥ imkv-
Is≠-Øm≥ \n¿t±iw \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. Ime ]cn- a n- X n- I ƒ°I- Ø vam{Xw {X-⁄-am¿°v CXp-hsc Ign-™n-´n√
\n›nX Zqc-Øn¬ \n¬°p∂ c≠p-t]¿ C≥Ãmƒ sNø-s∏´ a\p-jy-Ø-e-t®m- F∂v am{Xw.
2009 \-hw--_¿- 4
Jp¿B\n¬ `qansb saØbpw hncn- hgn-sh-°-cp-X-t√m. Øn¬ skbvXv apl-ΩZv B\-°bw
∏p-am°n F∂v ]d-™-XmWv as‰mcp CØcw Ipdn-∏p-Iƒ hmb-\-°m-cpsS Fgp-Xnb IØmWv Cu Ipdn-∏n-\m-[mcw.
hna¿i-\w. HmIvknP≥ izkn®v sh≈w IØp-I-fne-√msX {]kn-≤o-I-cn°mw; bp‡n-bpsS am{Xw ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬
IpSn®v anXio- t Xm- j v W - m h- ÿ - b n¬ Ah-cpsS adp-]-Sn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn. cq]w sImSp-Øn-´p≈ Xs‚ Nn¥-Iƒ
D¬°m]-X-\-ß-sfbpw Aƒ{Smhb-e‰v icm-ic- n-t_m-[hpw Adn-hp-ap≈ Hcp sIm≠v Ahm-kvX-h-amb ]cm-a¿i-߃
civan-I-sfbpw `b-s∏-Sm-sX, Hcp saØ- apkvenan\v adp-]Sn ]d-bm-hp∂ hna¿i- Agn-®p-hn-Sp-hm-\mWv At±lw ]cn-{i-an-
bn¬ InS-°p∂ hn[-Øn¬ PohnXw \-ßtf Cu A‘s‚ Ipdn-∏n-epap-≈q. ®n-´p-≈-sX∂-Xn¬ kwi-b-an-√. bp‡n-
\bn-°m≥ ]‰p∂ GI BImi tKmfw ]d-™n-s´-¥p-Imcyw? HIvtSm-_¿ e°w hmZn-Iƒ F°m-ehpw {ian-®n-´p-≈Xp-
`qan-bmWv F∂s{X hncn∏pw sXm´n-bp- am{Xw I≠ Hcmƒ F¥-h-ÿ-bn-em-bn- t]mse Xs∂ h¿Ø-am-\-Im-e-Øp≈
am°n F∂XvsIm≠v Dt±-in-°p-∂-Xv. cn°pw! {i≤n-°m-\-t]£. Xß-fpsS bp‡n-sb-t¥m, AXn-\-\p-k-
tai -t]mse ]c-∂-XmWv F∂-√. cn®v hnizm-k-ßsf ]cn-l-kn-°p-hm\pw
˛ ap_m-dIv, Xncq¿°mSv bp‡n-°-\p-tbm-Py-a-s√∂v ÿm]n-°p-
kv{Xo°v A\-¥-c-kzØv ]IpXn
sImSp-°p-∂X - mWv as‰mcp Btcm-]W
- w. *** hm-\pamWv At±-lhpw ]Wn-sb-Sp-Øn-
amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°pw `mcy°pw a°ƒ°p- ´p-≈-Xv.
A-‘≥-am¿-
sams° Xma-kw, `£-Ww, hkv{Xw, ssZh- h n- i zm- k n- I ƒ F°m- e hpw
F-¥-dn-™p- hn-t`m-...-!-
NnIn-’, ]T\w XpS-ßnb F√m Imcy- tNmZn-®p-t]m-∂n-´p≈ Nne tNmZy-߃
߃°pw ]Ww -sNe-h-gn-°m-\p≈ \n¿- sIm≠v XpS-ßp∂ At±lw X{¥-]-c-
2009 HIvtSm-_¿ e°w kvt\l-kw-
∫‘_m[yX ]pcp-j-s\-bmWv Gev]n- ambn Ah-s°m∂pw adp-]Sn \¬ImsX
hm-Z-Øn¬ skbvXv -ap-l-ΩZv B\-°-b-
®-Xv. kv{Xo°v C{X _m[y-X-sbm∂pw XSn-X-∏p-I-bmWv. F∂mem-Is´, Cu
Øns‚ Ipdn∏v I≠p. ]g- I n- ∏ p- f n- ®
Gev]n-®n-´n-√. F∂n´pw ]IpXn kzØv Ckvemwhncp-≤-cpsS hmZsØ Nn°n-®n- tNmZy-߃s°m∂pw Xs∂, "BZn-sXm´v
\¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvX-Xn¬ A\o-Xn-sb- I- s ™- S p- Ø p- s Im≠v {ioam≥ B\- Ah-km\w hsc-bp≈ F√m Adn-hp-
hnsS? {k„m-hns‚ \nbahyh-ÿ-amWv °bw IpØn-°p-dn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xn-\v apºv Ifpw Xß-fpsS InØm-_p-If - n-ep-s≠∂v
A\yq\w. AXmWv Ckvemw. kvt\l-kw-hmZw Xs∂ a-dp-]Sn sImSp- Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°pw' adp-]-Sn-bn-
Ø-Xm-Wv. s]mXpsh kwhmZw amknI s√∂v ]cn-l-kn-°p-∂p-ap-≠v. bYm¿Y-
\me- ∏ mSv \mcm- b Wtat\ms‚
B\-°-b-Ønt‚Xv t]mep≈ hna¿i-\- Øn¬ Cu tNmZy-߃s°m∂pw bp‡n-
IhnX hfsc {]k-‡-am-Wv.
߃ Xc-t°-Sn-√m-Ø-XmsW-¶n¬ {]kn- hm-Zn-Iƒ°v adp-]-Sn-bn-s√∂v hywK-ambn
""A\-¥-a-⁄m-X-a-h¿Æ-\o-bw, kΩ-Xn-°p-∂-tXm-sSm∏w B Ip‰w Ckv-
≤o-I-cn®v sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. F∂m¬
Cu temItKmfw Xncn-bp∂ am¿§w. emans‚ ta¬ IqSn Btcm-]n-°p-Ib - mWv
B\-°-b-Øns‚ "apkvenw kapZmbw
AXn-se-ßm-s≠m-cn-S-Øn-cp∂v At±lw sNøp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Ckvemw
F¥p-sIm≠v Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂n√' F∂
t\m°p∂ a¿Xy≥ IY- s b¥v am{Xta Cu tNmZy-߃°v bp‡n-`-
Ipdn∏v hmbn-®-t∏mƒ A-t±-l-Øns‚
I≠p?'' {Zhpw kwi-bt- e-ia - t- \y-bpap≈ DØcw
\ne-hmcw a\- n-em-°m≥ as‰m-∂n-s‚-
˛A-_q-km-Pn-Zv-,- Xn-cq-c-ßm-Sn- bpw Bh-iy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. \¬Ip-∂p-≈p-sh-∂-XmWv hmkvX-hw.
*** ""\mw F¥n\v P\n®p?''-˛H∂m-aX - mbn
Ckveman¬ Aim-kv{Xo-bXbps≠-
At±-l-Øn\v tNmZn-°phm-\p≈ tNmZy-
]{Xm-[n-]-tcm-Sv- ]-d-bm-\p-f-f-Xv- ∂v hmZn-°m-\mbn Xs‚ Ipdn-∏n¬ sImSp-
Øn\v At±lw Xs∂ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p∂
Ø-Xm-Is´ kvt\l-kw-hm-Z-Øns‚ hn-
DØcw A¤p-XI - c- a- m-Wv. "Xn∂p-I, IpSn-
HIvtSm-_¿ e°w kvt\l-kw-hmZw hn[ e°-ßf - n¬ N¿® sNbvXX - nse Xp-
°p- I , can- ° pI' F∂n- ß - s \- b p≈
hmbn-®p. "hmb-\-°m-cpsS kwhmZw' ≠pw apdn-bp-am-Wv. B\-°-b-sa∂ CΩn-
e£yw- am{Xta Cu Pohn-X-Øn-\p-≈p-
F∂ ]w‡n-bn¬ skbvXv -ap-l-ΩZv Wn _√y ⁄m\n°v CØcw Nhdv
sh∂ tNmZy- Ø n- \ v hwiw \ne- \ n¿-
B\-°-b-Øns‚ Ipdn∏v I≠p. hna¿i-\-ß-fmtWm D∂-bn-°m-\p-≈-Xv?-
ØpIsb∂ DØcw IqSn ]d-bm-\p-≠v.
aXsØ hna¿in-°p∂ CØcw Ipdn- kwhm-Z-Øns‚ hmb-\-°m-c≥ F∂ AXm-b-Xv, Xn∂p-I, IpSn-°p-I, can-°p-
∏p-Iƒ sImSp-°p-∂Xv sIm≈mw ]s£, \ne°v B\-°-b-Øns‚ hna¿i-\-°p- I, hwiw h¿[n-∏n-°pI F∂nh sNøp-
AXns‚ IqsS AXn-\p≈ adp-]Snbpw dn∏v Cubp- ≈ - h ≥ Ad- _ n- ° - S - e n¬ tºmƒ AXv a‰p≈hsc D]-{Z-hn-°msX,
sImSp-°-Ww. Cßs\ ImS-S®p shSn- X≈p-∂n√. ImcWw Ad-_n-°-S-ens\ P\m-[n-]X- y-co-Xnbpw atX-Xc - X- z-co-Xnbpw
sh-°p∂ A‘-∑m-cpsS Ipdn-∏p-I-fpsS aen-\-s∏-Sp-Ø-cp-Xt√m? kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠m-h-W-sa-t∂-bp-≈p''
bYm¿Y-ÿm\w Nh-‰p-sIm-´-bm-Wv. adp- ˛ss^k¬ \qdm-Wn,- ]me°mSv kmwkvIm-cnI Nn¥-I-tfbpw [m¿an-I-
]-Sn-bn-√ms-X {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®m¬ AXp- *** t_m-[-tØbpw kZm-Nm-c-ko-a-I-sfbpw
sIm-≠p≈ tZmjw Zqc-hym-]-I-am-Wv. hn- ]q¿ho-I-cpsS sI´p-I-Y-I-sf∂pw ]ucm-
jw han-°p∂ Cu Ipdn∏v hmbn-°p-I- bp-‡n-cm-ln-Xyw- hn-Im-c-Øn-\v- WnI tKm{X-\n-b-a-ß-sf∂pw ]cn-l-kn-
bpw adp-]Sn hmbn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-IbpamIp- h-gn-am-dn-b-t∏mƒ- °p-∂-h¿ F¥n-\mWv hwi-h¿[\ "a‰p-
tºmƒ B hnjw hmbn-°p∂hs‚ Xe-
bn-ep-≠m-Ipw. AØ-cs - amcp sX‰n\v \mw HIvtSm-_¿ e°w kvt\lkwhmZ- (ti-jw- t]-P-v 9¬-)-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 5
t{]ahpw aX]cn-h¿Ø-\hpw
A-_q-A-ao≥-
""aXØns‚ ImcyØn¬ _e{]tbmKta C√. k≥am¿Kw Zp¿am¿KØn¬ \n∂v hyIvXambn
th¿Xncn™v Ign™ncn°p∂p. BIbm¬ GsXmcmƒ Zp¿aq¿ØnIsf Ahnizkn°pIbpw
A√mlphn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw sNøp∂pthm Ah≥ ]nSn®n´p≈Xv _eap≈ Hcp Ibdn-
emIp∂p. AXv s]m´n t]mIpItb C√. A√mlp (F√mw) tIƒ°p∂h\pw Adnbp∂h\pam-
Ip∂p.'' (Jp¿-B≥- 2:256)

aX-]c - n-h¿Ø\Øn\v t{]a-sa∂ ]pXn- {]t_m-[nXkaq-l-Øn\p apºn¬ ka¿- F¥p-sIm-≠Xv km[n-°p∂p F∂Xv
sbm-cp-am¿Kw IqSn ]co-£n-°-s∏-Sp-∂- ∏n-°p-∂X - v. A√msX hnIm-cß- sf C°n- IqSn ]cn-tim-[\mhnt[-ba - m-t°-≠X- p-≠.v
Xmbn h¿Kob^mkn-Ãp-Iƒ Bt{Im-in- fn-s∏-SpØns°mt≠m hni∏pw tcmKm-h- ]´nWn]mh-߃°v `£Ww hmßn-
®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. "eu PnlmZv' F∂ ÿbpw NqjWw sNbvXv Hcp Nm°v Acn- s°m-SpØpsImt≠m tcmKn-Iƒ°v acp-
t]cn¬ hm¿Øm-am-[y-a-ß-fn¬ AXv sImt≠m Hcp amksØ acp-∂p-sIm-t≠m ∂v hmßn \¬In-s°mt≠m hnhml
N¿®bm- h p- I bpw apkv e nw- I - s fbpw {]t_m-[n-Xsc hne-°p-hm-ßm-sa∂v Ckv- {]m-b-sa-Ønb kv{XoIsf {]W-b-h-e-
Ckvem-an-s\bpw AXns‚ t]cn¬ {]Xn- emw Icp-Xp-∂n-√. adn®v DƒIm-gvNt- bm-sS bn¬ IpSp-°n-s°mt≠m A√ Ckvemw
tN¿°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. kXy-Øn- {]amW_≤-amb {]t_m-[\ - hpw Bib hf-cp-∂-Xv. a‰v ]ecpsSbpw AP≠
¬ t{]a-Øn\v aXhpw PmXnbpw `mj-bpw hn\n-ab- h - p-amWv Ckvemw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. t]mse C{X h¿j-Øn-\p-≈n¬ C{X-
tZi-hp-sam∂pw ]e-t∏mgpw XS- -am-hm- (\_ntb,) ]dbpI: CXmWv Fs‚ t]sc XnI®v Hcp {]tXyI temIw
dn-√. AXnse sX‰pw icnbpw [¿-ahpw krjvSn-°m≥ ssZ-hn-Ia - X
- a- mb Ckvemw
am¿Kw. ZrVt_m[ytØmSv IqSn A√m-
A[¿ahpsam∂pw Ian-Xm-°ƒ - °v {]iv\- AXns‚ A-\p-bm-bnItfmSv Bh-iy-s∏-
lphnte°v Rm≥ £Wn°p∂p. Rm-
am-Im-dp-an-√. F∂n´pw AXn-s‚ t]cnepw Sp-∂p-an-√. adn-®v kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw
\pw Fs∂ ]n≥]‰nbhcpw. A√m-lp F-
Ckvemw am{Xw F¥p-sIm-≠v hna¿in- th¿Xn- c n®v a\ n--e m°nsImSp- Ø p-
{X ]cnip≤≥! Rm≥ (Aht\mSv) ]¶p-
°-s∏-Sp-∂p F∂Xv a\- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. sIm≠v kXy- Ø n- t e- ° v P\- ß sf
tN¿°p∂ Iq´Øne√ Xs∂. (12:108)
Xm≥ a\- n-em-°nb kXy-Øn-s‚- £Wn-t°≠ _m[yX am-{X-ta {]hm-N-
Ckvem-anse ssZhhnizm-khpw ]c-
bpw tam£-Øn-s‚bpw ktµiw a‰p-≈- I-∑m-scbpw aX {]t_m-[I - sc-bpw A√m-
h¿°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°epw B \-∑- temIhnizm-khpw XpSßn sNdpXpw
lp G¬]n-®n-´p-≈q. sX-fn-hp-Iƒ \ncØn
bn-te°v CX-csc £Wn-°epw Ckvemw hep-Xp- a- mb Imcy-ß-sfm-s°bpw sXfn-
P\-ß-tfmSv kwh-Zn-°p∂ ssZ-hnIaX-
hfsc al-Øc - ambn ImWp∂ k¬I¿a- hp-Iƒ \nc-Øn-s°m≠v Xs∂-bmWv
amb Ckvem-an\v tIm-dw XnI-°m-\mbn
am-Wv. kvt\lhpw KpW-Im-£bpw B- Jp¿-B-\pw kp∂Øpw ({]hm-N-Im-[ym-
Bsf Iqt´≠ Bh-iy-an-√.
flm¿Y-sa-¶n¬ GsXmcp a\p-jy-\nepw ]-\-ßfpw) hni-Zo-I-cn-®n´p≈Xv. i‡-
amb sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ASn-Ø-d-bn-em-bn- A√mlp ]d-bp∂p: ""...-(\_ntb,)
AXp--≠ m- h pI kzm`m- h nIw am{Xw. \ns∂ \mwAh-cpsS ta¬ Imh¬-°m-
F∂m¬ aX {]t_m-[-\-Øn\pw AXp- cn-°-Ww Hcm-fpsS BZ¿iw ]Sp-Øp-b-
¿tØ-≠Xv. As√-¶n¬ AXn\v ÿmbo- c\mbn Ab®n´n-√. \ns‚ ta¬ {]t_m-
h-gn-bp-≠m-tb-°m-hp∂ aXwam‰-Øn\pw [\_m[yX am{Xtabp≈p. Xo¿®bm-
GXv am¿Khpw kzoI-cn-°pI F∂Xv `mhap-≠m-hp-I-bn-√. AXn-\m¬ Xs∂
hyh-ÿn-Xn-tb-°mƒ a\x-ÿn-Xn-bpsS bpw \mw a\p-jy\v \ΩpsS ]°¬ \n∂p-
Ckvem-an-I-a-√. e£yw t]mse am¿-K-
am‰-amWv Ckvemw {i≤n-®n-´p-≈X - v. AXv ≈ Hcp A\p-{Klw BkzZn∏n-®m¬ A-
hpw \∂m-h-W-sa-∂-XmWv Ckvem-ans‚
sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ]n≥_-e-tØm-sS-bp≈ Xn-s‚ t]cn¬ Ah≥ BÀmZw sIm≈p-
A[ym-]-\w. Hcmƒ Ckvem-ans‚ am¿K-
∂p. A-hcpsS ssIIƒ apºv sNbvXp
Øn-te°v IS-∂p-h-cp∂Xv \√-Xp-X-s∂. BZ¿it_m[-h¬°-c-W-Øn-eq-sS-bm-
sh®-Xn-s‚ ^eambn Ah¿°v h√ Xn≥-
]t£, AXv am\yhpw \∑-bp-tSbpw am¿- Wv km[n-°p-I. ]m›m-Xy≥ \mSp-I-f-
abpw _m[n°p∂psh¶ntem At∏mg-Xm
K-Øn-eqsSbmh-W-sa∂v kmcw. {]am-W- S°w temI-Øns‚ hnhn-[-`m-K-ß-fn¬
a\p-jy≥ \µnsI´h≥ Xs∂bmIp-∂p.''-
ß-fn-eqsS, sXfn-hp-Iƒ \nc-Øn-s°m- {ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂
(42:48)
≠mWv Ckvemw AXns‚ Bi-b-߃ aXw Ckvem-am-sW∂v Xncn-®d - n-bp-tºmƒ

2009 \-hw--_¿- 6
]-{Xm-[n-]¿-°v- ]-d-bm-\p-≈-Xv-

Pn-lm-Zn-\p≈ t{]c-Iw kvt\l-am-Ip∂p!

CkvemanIPohn-X-Øns‚ B[m-c-amWv Pnlm-Zv. hy‡-n-]-c-amb XymK-]-cn-{i-a-ßfpw


CkvemanI-{]t_m-[-\-Øn\p th≠n-bp≈ ]T-\-˛-kw-th-Z-\-˛-kw-hm-Z-{]-{In-b-Ifpw BZ¿i- -a-\p-
k-cn®v Pohn-°p-hm\pw kXy-aX{]t_m-[\kzmX-{¥y-Øn\pw th≠n-bp≈ t]mcm-´-hp-sa√mw
Pnlm-Zns‚ ]cn-[n-bn¬ s]Sp-∂p. kz¥-tØm-Sp-w- k-l-Po-hn-I-tfmSpw am\-hn-I-X-tbm-Sp-ap≈
kvt\l-amWv Pnlm-Zn-\p≈ t{]c-Iw. ss]im-NnI {]tem-`-\-ß-tfmSv t]mcm-Sn-s°m≠v ssZhnI
am¿K-\n¿tZi{]Imcw Pohn-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂Xv A√m-lp-hns‚ Xr]vXn Ic-ÿ-am-°-W-sa∂pw
AXp-hgn kz¿K-{]-thiw km[y-am-°-W-sa∂pw B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv˛ kz¥-tØm-Sp≈
kvt\lw. X߃°p Np‰pw Pohn-°p-∂-hsc ssZhtIm]-Øns‚ imizX \c-I-Øn¬\n∂v c£n-
°p-hm-\p≈ ]cn-{i-a- a-- mWv CkvemanI {]t_m-[\w- ˛-- k --- l-Po-hn-I-tfm-Sp≈ kvt\lw. icn-sb∂v
]q¿Wt_m[y-ap≈ BZ¿i-a--- -\p-k-cn®v Pohn-°p-hm-\p≈ kzmX-{¥y-Øn-\mbn t]mcm-Sp-∂Xv am\-
hn-I-Xsb Zo]vX-am-°p∂ ASn-ÿm-\m-h-Im-i-Øns‚ kwÿm-]-\-Øn\p th≠n-bm-Wv ˛--- -- a-- m\-hn-
I-X-tbm-Sp≈ kvt\lw. PnlmZv kvt\l-Øn¬ A[n-jvTn-X-am-Wv. kz¥-sØbpw kl-Po-hn-I-
sfbpw am\-hn-IX - s
- bbpw kvt\ln-°p-∂X - p-sIm-≠mWv apkvenwIƒ PnlmZv sNøp-∂X - v. {]kvXpX
kvt\l-amWv Pnlm-Zn-\p≈ t{]c-Iw. kvt\l-an-√m-Ø-h¿°v PnlmZv sNøm-\m-hp-I-bn√!
kvt\l-Øn\v Cw•o-jn¬ "eu' F∂v ]d-bpw. amXm-]n-Xm-°fpw a°fpw XΩnepw ktlmZco
ktlm-Z-c≥am¿ XΩnepw `m-cym-`¿Øm-°≥am¿ X-Ωnepw kvt\ln-X≥am¿ XΩn-ep-sa-√m-ap≈
kvt\l-Øn\v "eu' F∂p Xs∂-bmWv ]d-bp-I. t{]a-Øn-\p≈ IrXy-amb ]Zw "sdmam≥kv'
F∂m-sW-¶nepw ae-bm-fo-hy-h-lm-c-ß-fn¬ "eu'sh∂m¬ {]Wbsa∂m-W¿Yw. "sdmam≥kn¬'
\n∂p-≠mb "tdmantbm'sb∂ ]Z-Øn-\¿Yw- "t{]atemep-]-\mb bphmhv' F∂m-Wv. hnhm-l-
]q¿∆ {]Wbeoe-I-sf- tZym-Xn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠mWv "eu', "tdmantbm' XpS-ßnb ]Z-߃ hyh-l-cn-
°-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - v. hnhm-lØ
- n\v ap≥]p≈ {]Wbeoe-Is - fm-∂pw X
- s∂ Ckvemw AwKo-
I-cn-°p-∂n-√. t{]aw Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv hnhm-l-tØmsSbmI-W-sa-∂mWv Ckvemw \njvI¿jn-°p-
∂-Xv. Bsc-sb-¶nepw C„-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm-°-fp-ambpw Xs‚ c£n-Xm-°-fp-
ambpw _‘-s∏´v Ahsc hnhmlw Ign-°p-Ibpw tijw t{]an-°m-\m-cw-`n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I-
sb-∂-√m-sX, hnhm-l-]q¿∆ kvt\l{]I-S-\-ß-sfm-∂pw-Xs∂ Ckvemw A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-√. ae-
bm-fn-bpsS hyh-lm-c-Øn-ep≈ "eu'hpw "tdmantbm'bpw Ckvemw AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-X-s√-∂¿Yw.
Cu c≠p ]Z-ßsf Pnlm-Zp-ambn Iq´n-bn-W°n {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xp-Xs∂ Atcm-N-Ihpw ASn-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 7
ÿm-\-c-ln-X-hp-am-Wv. hy`n-Nm-c-sØ-tbm, aZy-]m-\-sØtbm ]en-i-sbtbm F√mw Pnlm-Zp-ambn
Iq´n-bn-W°n {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xp- t]m-se-bp≈ tXm∂n-hm-kw. ]c-kv]chncp-≤-amb ]Z-ßsf hnf-
°n-t®¿Øm¬ e`n-°p-∂Xv Ad∏pw shdp-∏p-ap-≠m-°p∂ k¶-c-]-Z ß --- fm-bn-cn-°pw. Chn-sSbpw
kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv as‰m-∂-√. Pnlm-Zn-s\bpw hnhml]q¿∆ {]Wbeoe-I-sfbpw hnf-°n-t®¿Øp-
sIm-≠p-≈ k¶-c-]Zw BcpsS akvXnjv- I -- Øn¬\n∂v Dbn¿sIm≠-Xm-sW-¶nepw Ah¿ hnIr-
Xhpw hrØn-sI-´X - p-amb a\- ns‚ DS-aI - f
- m-Wv. AØ-c° - m¿ \nbaIqS-ßf - psS Xe-∏Øpw \oXn-
\n¿∆-lW - Ø - ns‚ Db-cØ - p-an-cn-°p-tºmƒ AXns‚ Zp„-^e - a - \
- p-`h
- n-t°-≠n-hc - nI kaq-lØ - nse
km[m-c-W-°m-cm-Wv. AXmWv Ct∏mƒ tIc-f-Øn¬ kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
apkvenwI-f√ - mØ s]¨Ip´n-Isf t{]as-°W - n-bn¬ s]SpØn aXw am‰p-∂X - n\p th≠n-bp≈
aXauen-I-hm-Zn-I-fpsS t_m[-]q¿∆-amb ]cn-{i-a-߃ \S-°p-∂p-s≠∂pw AXn-∂m-bn-Ø-s∂-
bp≈ kwL-S-\-bpsS t]cmWv apI-fn¬ ]d™ k¶-c-]-Z-sa-∂p-ap≈ I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-amWv t]meo-
knepw tImS-Xn-bn-ep-ap-≈- D-∂-X≥am¿ \S-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv; AXmWv C∂v am[y-a-߃ BtLm-
jn- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Jp¿B\pw kp∂- Ø p- a - \ p- k - c n®v Pohn- ° p∂ Hcp apkv e nan\v
hnhml]q¿∆-{]-W-b-eo-e-I-fn-sem∂pw G¿s∏-Sm≥ km[y-a-s√-∂n-cn-s°, Fß-s\-bmWv t{]a-
Øn¬ ]q≠ CkvemanI{]t_m-[-\-sa∂ Bibw km¿YI-am-hpI?
\ne-hn-ep≈ kΩn{ihnZy`ym-k-Øns‚ Zp„^e-ß-fn-sem-∂mWv Imºkv{]W-b-߃. Ch
]e-t∏mgpw Imº-kn¬Xs∂ AkvX-an-°p-∂-h-bm-Wv. hnhm-l-Øn-se-Øn-t®-cp-∂-h-bm-Is´
\s√mcp iX-am-\hpw kwXr-]vX-ambn IpSpw_PohnXw {]Zm\w sNøm≥ Ign-bp-∂-h-bm-Im-dn-√.
AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-ap≈ amXm-]n-Xm-°-sfm∂pw CØcw {]W-b-ßsf AwKo-I-
cn-°m-dn√. F∂m¬, {]W-b-{`m-¥ns‚ hn{`m-¥n-bn-ep-≈-h¿°v ]e-t∏mgpw amXm-]n-Xm-°-fpsS
FXn¿∏v Hcp {]iv\-ambnØs∂ tXm∂m-dn-√. {]mb-]q¿Øn-bmb GsXmcp C¥y≥ ]uc\pw
Xs‚ CWsb kzoI-cn-°p-hm-\p≈ ]q¿W-amb Ah-Im-i-ap-s≠∂ `c-W-L-S-\-bpsS hIp-∏ns‚
XW-en¬ \n∂p-sIm≠v amXm-]n-Xm-°f - psS AwKo-Im-ca - n-√m-sX-Xs∂ Ah¿ hnhm-ln-Xc - m-hp-Ibpw
H∂n®p Pohn-°p-Ibpw sNøm-dp-≠v. (CØcw _‘-ß-fn¬ ]eXpw ]n∂oSv sX‰n-∏n-cn-bp-Ibpw
c£n-Xm-°f - psS ASp-tØ-°vXs∂ Xncn-s®-Øp-Ibpw sNøm-dp-s≠-∂Xv Hcp A\p-`hbmYm¿Yyw!)
{]W-b-Øn\v IÆpw aq°p-an-√m-ØXp t]mse aX-hp-an-s√-∂-XmWv kXyw. aX-hn-izm-kn-I-fmbn
Adn-bs - ∏-Sp-∂h - s - c-¶nepw aXPohnXw \bn-°p-∂h - c
- √
- m-Øh - c- mWv Imºkv {]W-bß - f- n¬ sN∂p
s]Sp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ {]Wb km^-ey-Øns‚ hnhm-l-th-Zn-bn-se-Øp-tºmƒ Ah¿°p ap∂n¬
aXw Hcp XS- a - mbn \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. Bsc-¶n-ep-sam-cmƒ as‰-bm-fpsS aXw kzoI-cn®v X¬°mew
{]iv\w ]cn-l-cn-°p-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv. Cßs\ lnµp-°-fm-bn-Øo¿∂ apkvenwI-fpw apkvenwIfm-
bn-Øo¿∂ {InkvXym-\n-Ifpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fm-bn-Øo¿∂ lnµp-°-fp-sa√mw tIc-fobkaq-l-Øn-
ep-≠v. Bcy-k-am-P-Ønepw lnµp-a-lm-k-`-bnepw {InkvXy≥ ]≈n-I-fnepw s]m∂m-\n-bn-ep-saØn
Ah¿ aXw amdp-∂Xv Ah-cpsS {]Wbkm^-ey-Øn-\p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. F√mw kz¥w C„-Øn\p
th≠n sNøp∂ Imcy-߃! Ch-bn-sem∂pw bmsXm-cp-hn[ KqVm-tem-N-\bpw CXp-hsc Bcpw
I≠n-´n-√. Hcp CkvemanI kwL-S-\bpw CsXm∂pw t{]m¬kmln-∏n-°m-dn-√. XnI®pw aX-hn-cp-
≤-amb hnhm-l-]q¿∆ {]W-bsØ t{]m¬kmln-∏n-°p-hm≥ Hcp apkvenw kwL-S-\bpw k∂-≤-
am-hp-I-bn-√-t√m. t{]a{]I-S-\-ß-fn-eqsS Aapkvenw s]¨Ip´n-Isf he-ho-in- aXwam‰p-I-sb∂
Bibw Ckveman-t‚-X√; apkvenw kwL-S-\-I-fp-tS-Xpa√; aqØ Hcp \nb-a-]m-e-Is‚ Xe-bn¬
DZ-bw-sIm-≈p-Ibpw DØ-c-hm-Zn-Ø-an-√mØ \nbahnim-c-Z-cn-sem-cmƒ Bh¿Øn-°p-Ibpw
B´n≥tXme-Wn™ am[ya^mjn-Ãp-Iƒ BtLm-jn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp Bibw am{X-amWnXv!
Fs¥ms° IY-I-fmWv am[y-a-߃ {]N-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. t{]a-s°-Wn-bn¬s]-Sp-
Ø-s∏´v aXw amdn-b-h-cpsS IZ-\-I-Y-Iƒ! aXw amdn-b-Xn\v tijw Dt]-£n-°-s∏-´-h-cpsS k¶-S-
߃! apkvenw aX-au-en-I-hm-Zn-bpsS ho´n-seØnbXn\v tijw aXwamdnb s]¨Ip´n kln-
t°-≠n -h∂ ]oU\-߃! Ah-km\w Cßs\ aXw amdn-b-h-cn¬ ]ecpw hmWn` kwL-ß-fn-
se-Øn-t®-cp-∂p-s≠∂ At\z-j-Wm-flI ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\hpw! CsX√mw I√p-sh® \pW-I-fm-
Wv. ]®-°≈ -- -߃! C\n kXy-am-sW-¶n¬ Xs∂ Ckvemapw apkvenw kwL-S-\-I-fp-sa¥v ]ng®p?
Ckvemw i‡-ambn shdp-°-Ibpw ITn-\-ambn in£ hn[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn´p≈- hmWn-`-Øn\v
sIWn-I-fp-≠m-°p-∂-h¿ bYm¿Y- apkvenwI-f-s√∂v B¿°mWv Adn-™p-IqS-m-ØXv? AØcw
kmaq-ly-hn-cp-≤-cpsS {]h¿Ø-\-ßsf Ckvemans‚ t]cn¬ sI´nsh°p-∂-Xn-s‚bpw hna-e-amb
Hcp CkvemanI i_vZsØ AXns‚ t]cn¬ Xa-kvI-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xn\v F¥v \ymbo-I-
c-W-am-Wp-≈Xv?

2009 \-hw--_¿- 8
s\X¿em‚ vknse tkmjy¬ Bt{¥m-t∏m-f-Pn-Ãmb Icn≥hm≥ \yqs°¿°ns‚ "hnsa≥
Fwt{_bvknwKv Ckvemw' F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ ]m›mXytemI-Øp-\n∂v Ckvemw kzoI-cn-°p∂
A©p-t]-cn¬ \mepw kv{XoI-fm-sW∂v \nco-£-n-°p-Ibpw Ckvemw kv{XoIsf ASn-a-s∏-Sp-Øp-
∂p-sh∂ {]Nm-cW - ß
- ƒ°v \Sp-hnep-w F¥p-sIm-≠m-Wv ]m-›mXykv{XoIƒ Ckveman¬ A`bw
Is≠-Øp-∂-sX∂v B›-cy-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v. bYm¿Y-amb Bflo-bX At\z-jn-°p∂
Bcpw Ckveman-se-Øn-t®-cp-sa-∂Xv Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. {k„m-hn\pw kr„n-Iƒ°p-an-S-bn¬
bmsXmcp ad-bp-an-s√∂ Ckveman-I-[ym-]-\-amWv Xß-fpsS {]iv\-ßfpw {]Xn-k-‘n-I-fp-sa√mw
ka¿∏n-°p-hm≥ Hcp AØmWn tXSn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ ]m›mXyh\n-X-I-fn¬ an°-h-scbpw
Ckveman-se-Øn-®-sX∂v \yqs°¿°v ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv tIc-f-Øn-sebpw ÿnXn.
Bflo-bm-[-a-Xz-ß-fn¬ \n∂v a\p-jysc tamNn-∏n®v {k„mhpw kwc-£-I-\p-am-b-hs‚ \nba
\n¿t±-iß- f - n-eqsS \S-°m≥ ]cym-]vXa- m-°p∂ Ckvemans‚ Zm¿i--\n-Ia - mb A\yq-\X - b
- n¬ BIr-
„- c mbn Ckv e mw kzoI- c n- ° p∂ \nc- h [n ktlm- Z - c n- a m¿ tIc- f - Ø n--e p≠v ; Ah- s cbpw
CkvemanIkaq-l-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-°-gn™ Ah-cpsS kwc-£-W-®p-a-X-e-tb-s‰-Sp-°p∂Xv Xß-
fpsS _m[y-X-bm-sW∂v a\- n-em°n Ahsc CW-I-fmbn kzoI-cn-°p∂ CkvemanI{]h¿Ø-
I-scbpw ]oU-n∏n-°p-hm\pw {]bm-k-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm-\p-ambn {]tXyIw Unssk≥ sNø-s∏-´-XmWv
]pXnb tImem-l-e-ß-sf-∂mWv a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. C¥y≥ `c-W-L-S-\-bpsS {][m\
khn-ti-j-X-bmb aX-\n-c-t]£-X-bpsS Bflm-hn\v \nc-°mØ cq]-Øn-emWv Cu tImem-l-e-
߃ apt∂m-´p-t]m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. kXyw a\- n-em°n Ckveman-se-Øn-t®¿∂hsc ]oU-
\-߃sIm≠v ]n≥am-‰n-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂-h¿ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \n∂v ]mT-apƒs°m-
≈m-Ø-h-cm-Wv. kz¥w BZ¿i-ß-fpsS Po¿W-X-bn-em-Wv, Ckveman-s‚tbm apkvenwI-fp-sStbm
IpSn-e-X-bn-e√ aX-t\-Xm-°ƒ {]iv\-Øns‚ _oPw Xnc-tb-≠-Xv. C°m-cy-Øn¬ apkvenwIƒs°-
Xnsc k`m-˛-t£{X t\Xm-°-sf√mw H∂n® ÿnXn°v F¥p-sIm≠v Nn¥n-°p-∂-h¿ Ckveman-
se-Øn-t®-cp-∂p-sh∂v hkvXp-\n-jvT-ambn ]Tn-°p-Ibpw AXn\v Ah-cpsS Iøn¬ _p≤n-]-chpw
Zm¿i-\n-I-hp-amb ]cn-lm-c-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-I-bp-amWv sNtø-≠-Xv. AX-√m-sX, kXy-
aXw kzoI-cn-®-hsc ]oUn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v Ckveman¬ \n∂v Xncn-®p-\-S-Øm≥ {ian-°p-∂Xv `ocp-Xz-
am-Wv. BZ¿i-]-chpw ss[jWn-I-hp-amb Bbp-[-߃ \„-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cpsS `ocpXzw!

(bp-‡n-cm-ln-Xyw ....-t]-Pv- 5¬- \n-∂v- Xp-S¿-®)-


≈- h sc D]- { Z- h n- ° m- s X, P- \ m- [ n- {]h¿Øn-°p-∂h - ¿ F∂v ]cn-tim-[n-°p- a- W n- Ø q°w Xn∑ sNøp- ∂ pthm
]XycoXn-bn¬, atX-X-c-Xz-]-c-am-bm-h-W- hm≥ th≠n ac- W hpw Pohn- X hpw Ah\Xv ImWpw'' (99: 7--˛8). \∑-bn-te°v
sa∂v' Bh-iy-s∏-Sp∂Xv? C\n GsX- krjvSn-®-h-\m-W-h≥(A√mlp) Ah≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-hm\pw Xn∑-bn¬ \n∂v XS-
¶nepsamcmƒ Cu \n_-‘-\-I-sfm∂pw {]Xm- ] nbpw Gsd s]mdp- ° p- ∂ h\p- bp-hm\pw apkvenwIƒ°v Cu Bb-Øp-
]men-°msX tkz—m-[n-]-Xy-]-c-ambn amWv'' (67:2) \∑-bm-I-s´, Xn∑-bm-Is´ Iƒ Imc-W-am-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ bp‡n-hm-
hwi- h ¿[- \ hv \S- Ø n- b m¬ Xs∂ Ah-s°√mw {]Xn-^ew \¬Ip-hm≥ Zn- I - t f, krjv S n- ] - c - a mb {]h¿Ø- \ -
bp‡n-hm-Zn-Iƒ F¥n\v k¶-Ss - ∏-SWw? Hcp ]c-tem-I-ap-≠v. \∑ sNbvX-h\v ߃°v {]tNm-Z\w \¬Ip-hm≥ \nß-
am{X- a √, \n_- ‘ - \ - I - f mWv kaq- l - kz¿Khpw Xn∑ sNbvX-h∂v \c-I-hp- ƒ°v F¥mWv Imc-W-am-Ip-∂Xv?
Ønse [m¿an-Im-hiyw F∂v B\-°- ap≈ B temIØv c£-s∏-tS-≠-Xp-≠v. F¥n\v \Ωƒ P\n®p F∂-Xn\v
bsØ Hcp apdn-bnencp-s∂-gp-Xn-bm¬ AXp-sIm≠v \∑ sNø-W-sa∂v Hcp-h- Ckvemw \¬Inb adp-]Sn \mw I≠p-
AXv ]n≥]-‰n-bn-s√-¶n¬ a\p-jy¿s°- t\mSv D]-tZ-in-°p-hm≥ aX-hn-izm-kn°v sh-¶n¬ skbvXv apl-ΩZv CtX tNmZy-
¥mWv kw`-hn-°m-\p-≈Xv? [m¿an-I-I- Ign-bp-tºmƒ GXv am\-Z-fi-Øns‚ Øn\v Ckvemw \¬Inb adp-]-Sn-bmbn
X kaq-l-Øn¬ \S-∏m-h-Wsa¶n¬ Cu ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n- e mWv temI- Ø n\v Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ Xv F¥mWv F∂v
\n_- ‘ - \ - I - f mWv Ahiywth≠Xv amdmØ Xe- t h- Z \Iƒ krjv S n® ImWp-I. ""\mw F¥n\v P\n®p? F∂
F∂v GXv `uXnI Af-hp-tIm-ep-I-fp- tkz—m- [ n- ] - X n- I - t fmSv \n߃ Xn∑ tNmZy-Øn\v Ckvemw ]d-bp∂ adp-]Sn
]-tbm-Kn-®Xv sIm≠mWv sskZv apl- sNø-cp-sX∂v bp‡n-hm-Zn-Iƒ°v ]d-bm- CXm-Wv˛ A√m-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-®m¬
Ω-Zn\v e`n-®Xv F∂-dn-bp-hm≥ IqSn \m-hpI? F∂m¬ \∑-bm-bmepw Xn∑- aXn'' At±lØns‚ hcn-Iƒ hmbn-
hmb-\-°m¿°v IuXp-I-ap-≠m-hnt√? bm-bmepw˛AXns‚ hep∏w ]cn-K-Wn- ®m¬ tXm∂pI A√m-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-
AtX-k-abw, \msa-¥n\v P\n®p °m-sX˛Ah°v {]Xn-^ew e`n-°p-sa- °pI F∂-X-√msX Xs‚ `uXn-I-amb
F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v kwi-b-te-i-at\y ∂mWv Jp¿-B≥ ]Tn∏n-®Xv. ""At∏mƒ Bh-iy-߃°v th≠n-bp≈ Hcp {ia-
hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ adp-]Sn ]d-bp-∂p≠v. B¿ Hcp AWp-a-Wn-Øq°w \∑ sNøp- Øn\pw apkvenw A\p-h-Zn-°-s∏-´n´n√
""\nß-fn¬ BcmWv IqSp-X¬ \∂mbn ∂pthm Ah-\Xv ImWpw. B¿ Hc-Wp- F∂m-Wv. `uXn-IX - bpsS Pzcw ]nSn-s]´
2009 \-hw--_¿- 9
IÆp-Iƒ sIm≠v Bflo-b-Xsb t\m- Xp hmbn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v a\- n-em-Ip-I. bn \ap°v tXm∂n-b-Xv? ]nXm-hns‚ kz-
°n-°m-Wp∂ Hcmƒ CXn-ep-a-∏pdw ]d- CkvemanI{]am-Wß - f- n-se-hn-sSbpw Øn¬ \nt∂m as‰-hnsS \n∂p-sa-¶ntem
™n-´n-s√-¶nte A¤p-X-ap-≈p. ssZh- \nß-sf-√m-hcpw \mev sI´-Ws - a∂v \n¿- kmº-ØnIkzmX{¥yw {]Xo-£n-°p-
sØ Bcm-[n-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv a\p- _-‘n-®X - mbn \mw hmbn°p∂n-√. AtX- Itb sNøm≥ Ign-bm-Xn-cp∂ kv{Xokaq-
jy-sc√mw krjvSn--°s∏-´n-´p-≈Xv F∂v k-abw kml-N-cy-߃ \n¿_-‘n-°p-I- l-Øn\v Ah-cpsS kzØnepw A\-¥-c-
DW¿Øp-∂-tXm-sSm∏w `uXn-I-Xsb bm-sW-¶n¬ Hcmƒ°v \mev hsc sI´m- kz-Ønepw Ah-Imiw \¬Inb Ckv-
]q¿W-ambpw \n߃ shSn-b-W-sa∂v sa∂v A\p-h-Zn-®n-´p-≠v. Aß-s\-bp≈ emans‚ \S-]-Sn-sb-bmtWm ImS≥\nb-
A√mlp I¬]n-®n-´n-√. AtX-ka - bw hf- Hcp Imcy-sØ-bmWv At±lw sNbvXn- a-ambn Xm¶ƒ°v hnti-jn-∏n-°p-hm≥
sc kpµ-c-amb hm°p-I-fn-eqsS `uXn-I- s√-¶n¬ ]c-tem-IØv in£ e`n-°p∂ Ign-™Xv? kv{XoIƒ hkv{Xw [cn-°p-
X-bp-sSbpw Bflo-b-X-bp-sSbpw AXn- ^¿Zmb(\n¿_-‘a - mb) Imcy-ambn ]cn- ∂Xv Xs∂ F¥n\v F∂v A¤p-Xt- Øm-
¿h-cº - p-Iƒ Jp¿-B\ - n¬ hy‡-am-°n-bn- N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. ]c-tem-IØv sN∂m- sS tNmZn®ncp∂ Hcp kaq-lØ - n\v ap∂n-
´p- ≠ v . `uXn- I - X - b n¬ {`an®phimbn ¬ A√m-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-®n-t√ F∂ eqsS Ahsf am\y-ambn hkv{Xw [cn-
Bflo-bXsb ]q¿W-ambn \ncm-I-cn®v tNmZy-Øn\v tijw ""F¥p]‰n? \mep ∏n®v kwc-£-W-ta-Inb hnπ-h-amtWm
Jmdq-\n-t\mSv \¬Ip∂ D]-tZiw bYm¿- sI´n-bn-´nt√? Hscm‰ sh∏m-´n-tbbpw Xm¶-fpsS ZrjvSnIƒ°v AtcmNIam-b-
Y-Øn¬ `uXn-I-Xsb ]q¿W-ambn Xnc- kzoI-cn-®n-´p-an-t√! IS°v \c-I-Øn-te- Xv? kv{Xo-Iƒ°v Ckvemw \¬Inb GXv
kvI-cn-°p-∂-h¿°v IqSn-bm-sW-∂-Xn¬ °v'' F∂v ]d-bp-sa∂v Jp¿-B-\nepw Ah-Im-i-amWv Xm¶-fpsS Nn¥-bn¬
kwi-b-an-√. hpip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ A√m- lZo-Ynepw ]Tn-∏n-°s - ∏-´n-´p-s≠∂ t]m- Bdmw\q‰m- ≠ nse ImS≥\nb- a - a mbn
lp ]d-bp∂p: ""A√mlp \n\°v \¬In- se-bp≈ kwkm-c-߃, XI¿∂psIm- A\p-`-h-s∏-´Xv F∂v hy‡-am-°msX
bn´p≈XneqsS \o ]ctemIhnPbw ≠n-cn-°p∂ Xß-fpsS ]mf-b-Ønse Btcm-]n-°p-∂X - n\v bp‡n-bpsS ]n≥_-
tXSpI. sFlnIPohnXØn¬ \n∂v sImgn-™p-t]m°v XS-bp-hm≥ D]-I-cn- e-ap-s≠∂v Bcpw a\- n-em-°p-∂n-√.
\n\°p≈ Hmlcn \o hnkvacn°pIbpw t®- ° p- s a- ∂ - √ msX _p≤n- b p- ≈ - h sc imkv{Xo-ba - mb At±-lØ - ns‚ Nne
th≠.. A√mlp \n\°v \≥a sNbvXXv sX‰p[-cn-∏n-°m≥ AXn-sem-∂p-an-√. X´n-∏p-Iƒ°v IqSn adp-]Sn ]d-bmsX
t]mse \obpw \≥asNøpI. \o \m´n¬ Cu FgpØv ]q¿W-am-hp-I-bn-√. `qan
Ipg∏Øn\v apXnccpXv. Ipg∏ap≠m-°p- Bdmw \q‰m≠nse -\n-b-a-hy-h-ÿ-
Iƒ \ne-\n¿Øn F∂-XmWv At±lw tKmf-am-sW∂v A√m-lp-hn\v Adn-bm-Ø-
∂hsc A√mlp Xo¿®bmbpw CjvSs∏-
D∂- b n-°p∂ as‰mcp {]iv\w. kv{XoI- Xp-sIm≠v ]c-∂-Xm-sW-∂mWv Jp¿-B-
Sp∂X√.'' (28:77) C{Xbpw hy‡-ambn
fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ F√m {]iv\-ß-sf- \n¬ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂s - Xs∂ms°bp≈
Bflo-b-X-bp-sSbpw `uXn-I-X-bp-sSbpw
bpw ]cn- l-cn-°pIbpw kpµ-chpw {]m- hna¿i-\-߃ kvt\l-kw-h-m-Z-Øn¬
AXn¿h-c-ºp-Iƒ hy‡-am-°p∂ hmN-
tbm- K n-
I h
- p-amb BZ¿iw X¬ÿm-\Øv Xs∂ ]e-X-hW adp-]Sn h∂pIgn-™n-
I-߃ as‰-hn-sS-bmWv \ap°v Z¿in-°p-
]Tn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Ckvemans\ ´p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v C\nbpw Bh¿Øn-
hm≥ Ign-bp-I.
hna¿in-°p-∂-h-cpsS \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ hen- °p-∂n-√.
XpS¿∂v At±lw \mw F¥n\v P\n-
b kpµ-c-am-sW∂v Icp-Xp-hm≥ \ymb- F∂m¬ 7000 h¿j-Øns‚ AI-e-
®p? F∂ tNmZy-Øn\p≈ adp-]Sn XpS-
apt≠m? hwiw \ne-\n¿Øp-hm\p≈ Øn¬ \S∂sØm-hp∂ cq]-Øn¬ ASp-
cp-∂Xv ImWp-I. ""\mw F¥n\v P\n®p?
F∂ tNmZy-Øn\v Ckvemw ]d-bp∂ {ia-Øn¬ "Iøq-°p-≈h - ¿ Imcy-°m-c≥' °n sh°-s∏-´-XmWv Cu {]]-©-amsI
adp-]Sn˛A√m-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-®m¬ F∂ sNm√v Hcp bp‡nhmZn- b ßv F∂ At±-l-Øns‚ {]kvXm-h-\°v
aXn. Ign-hp-≈-h¿ _lp-`m-cyXzw kzoI- {]tbm- K n- ® m¬ Xs∂ XS- b p- h m≥ F¥v Dt]m¬_-e-I-amb sXfn-hp-I-sfm∂pw
cn-°s- ´, Ign-bp-∂{X sh∏m-´n-Isf kzoI- \nb- a-
ß fmWv sskZv apl- Ω Zns‚ ]°- {]mam-WnI{KŸ-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-≤-cn-°-
cn-°s´ F∂m¬ Ign-hn-√m-Ø-h¿ Ah- ep- ≈ Xv ? am{X-a√; Bdmw \q‰m- ≠ nse ∏´p I≠n-√. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ AXn-
cpsS hnImcw \nb-{¥n-°p-hm≥ {hXw GXv \nb- a -amWv Ckv e mw \ne- \ n¿Øn- \v adp-]Sn ]d-tb≠ _m[y-X-bp-an-√.
A\p-jvTn-°s´'' tI´m¬ tXm∂pw Bdv bXv? Pohn-°p-hm≥ t]mepap≈ Ah- Ckvemwhna¿i-I-cp-sS- s]mXp-hmb
hnizm-k-Im-cy-ßfpw A©-v Ckvemw Imiw \¬ImsX ]n©p s]¨Ip-™p- \ne-hm-cØ- n¬ \n∂v Gsd-sbm∂pw apI-
Imcy-ß-fpw ]Tn-∏n-®-Xn¬ ""A√m-lp- ßsf Ipgn-®-aq-Snb ImS≥\nb-a-amtWm fn-e√ skbvXv apl-Ω-Zns\ t]mep≈
hns\ Bcm-[n-®m¬ aXn'' F∂v ]d-™- Ckvemw \ne-\n¿Øn F∂v Xm¶ƒ ]d- bp‡n-hm-Zn-I-fp-sSbpw ÿm\w. Bi-b-
Xn\ptijw DSs\ Hm¿a-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv bp-∂Xv? ASn-a-kv{Xo-Isf kz¥w Bh- ]-c-amb kwhm-Z-cw-KØv hna¿i-\-߃-
""\nß-sf√mw \mev `mcy-am-scbpw FÆ- iy-߃°pw em`-߃°pw th≠n hy`n- °pw ÿm\w sImSp-°p∂ kvt\l-kw-
an-√mØ sh∏m-´n-am-scbpw kzoI-cn-°- Nm-c-Øn\v \n¿_-‘n® apX-em-fn-amsc hmZw t]mse-bp≈ amkn-I-Iƒ Gsd
Ww. Cs√-¶n¬ \n›-b-ambpw \nßsf AXn¬ \n∂v XS™p F∂-XmtWm t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°-s∏-tS-≠-XmWv. A√m-
\mw \c-IØ - n¬ {]th-in-∏n°pw'' F-∂m- Ckvemans‚ ta¬ Xm¶ƒ I≠ Bdmw- lp \mta-h-cp-tSbpw k¬I¿a-߃ kzo-
Wv. temIw apgp-h≥ \mev `mcy-am-tcbpw \q‰m≠nse \nb-aw? `mcysb ssewKn- I-cn-°p-Ibpw Ahs‚ kz¿K-Øn¬ Hcp-
FÆ-an-√mØ sh∏m-´n-am-tcbpw kzoI-cn- I-m-h-iy-߃°v th≠n am{X-am-sW∂v an®p Iq´p-Ibpw sNøp-am-dm-Is´!
®n-´ns√ ¶ --- n¬ Ckvemw Cu temI-Øn\v Icp-Xnb Hcp IpSpw-_-hy-h-ÿn-Xnsb ˛ap-lv-kn≥- sF-Zo-Zv,- s]m-∂m-\n-
apºn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ BZ¿iw apgp- A∏msS Xncp-Øn-°p-dn®p F∂-XmtWm
h≥ XI¿∂-Sn-™Xp Xs∂ F∂-t√ C- Ckvemans‚ t]cn-ep≈ henb ]ng-hm-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 10
Jp¿-B≥-˛im-kv-{X-]-T-\-߃-
{]-k-‡n-bpw- ]-cn-[n-bpw-

k¿∆i-‡-\mb {k„m-hn¬\n∂v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂v kzbw {]Jym-


Fw.-Fw.- A-Iv-_¿- ■- ]n-°p∂ Htc-sbmcp thZ-{K-Ÿ-amWv Jp¿-B≥.
""Xo¿®bmbpw CXv (Jp¿B≥) temIc£nXmhv AhXcn∏n®Xv Xs∂bm-
Jp¿B\n-ep≈-sX-√mw Ip∂p.'' (Jp¿-B≥-- :26:192)
imkv{X-am-sW∂pw ""Aen^v˛emw˛aow. Cu {KŸØns‚ AhXcWw k¿∆temIc£nXmhn¶¬
Jp¿B\ns‚ AwKo-Im-c-an-√m- \n∂mIp∂p. CXn¬ bmsXmcp kwibhpan√.'' (Jp¿-B≥-- : 32:1,2)
Ø-sXm∂pw imkv{X-a-s√-∂p- ""]caImcpWnI≥ Cu Jp¿B≥ ]Tn∏n®p.'' (Jp¿-B≥-- : 55:1,2)
ssZhn-I-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ A_-≤-ß-sfm-∂p-ap-≠m-I-p-hm≥ ]mSn√; sX‰p-]-‰m-Ø-h-
ap≈ coXn-bn-ep≈ ]cm-a¿i-
\mb ]S-®h - \
- n¬\n∂v AhXo¿W-am-bs- X∂v Ah-Im-is - ∏-Sp∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ sX‰p-
ßfpw,- imkv{X-Øn\v hni- I-fp-≠m-Ip-hm≥ ]mSn-s√-∂Xv kmam-\y-amb Hcp hkvXp-X-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ a\p-
ZoI-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-™n-´n- jy-cpsS cN-\-Iƒ Aß-s\-b√; F{X henb _p≤n-Po-hn-bpsS cN-\-bm-sW-¶nepw
AXn¬ A_-≤-ß-fp-≠m-Im-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Ah Nne-t∏mƒ Abm-fpsS PohnXIme-
√mØ taJ-e-I-sf-°p-dn®
ØvXs∂ shfn-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-Spw. AX-s√-¶n¬ Xe-ap-d-Iƒ Ign-™m-bn-cn°pw AXv
Jp¿-B≥ ]cm-a¿i-ßsf t_m[y-s∏-Sp-I. a\p-jy-cpsS Adnhv ]cn-an-X-am-b-Xn-\mepw AXv hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-
imkv{Xo-b-ambn hymJym-\n- cn-°p-∂X- n-ep-amWv CXv. C∂-se-bp≈ Adn-hns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Fgp-Xn-bXnse
A_-≤-߃ C∂v IqSp-X¬ IrXy-amb Adnhv e`n-°p-tºmƒ \mw Xncp-Øp-∂p.
°p-hm-\p≈ Xzc-bp-sa√mw
hn⁄m-\-h¿[\hn\-\p-k-cn®v kw`-hn-°p∂ kzm`m-hn-I-amb am\-hnI {]{In-b-
]cn-[n-hn-´Xpw AwKo-I-cn-°p- bm-Wn-Xv. F√mw Adn™p Ign-™p-sh∂ Hcp Ahÿ am\hkaq-l-Øn\v Hcn-
hm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-Xp-am-Wv. °epw D≠m-Ip-hm≥ t]mIp-∂n√ F∂n-cns° Cu Xncp-ج {]{Inb a\p-jym-h-
km-\w-hsc XpS¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Hcp hn⁄m-\o-bhpw Hcn-°epw kzbw
2009 \-hw--_¿- 11
kºq¿W-am-Ip-∂n√ F∂-Xp-sIm-≠p- k-ß-sfbpw Ipdn-® -]-cm-a¿i-ß-fp-s≠- a\p-jy-s\bpw Ahs\ \ne-\n¿Øp∂
Xs∂ AXn-ep≈ Adnhv Ft∏mgpw ¶n¬ AXn¬ Xncp-Ø-ep-Iƒ Bh-iy- {]IrXn {]Xn- ` m- k - ß - s f- b pw, kqcy-
h¿[am\-am-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw {]kvXpX ambnhcpw F∂-XmWv imkv{X-tem-I- s\bpw N{µ-s\bpw kap-{Z-sØbpw Im‰n-
h¿[-\-hn-\-\p-k-cn®v C∂-sesØ hnh- Øn-s‚ s]mXp-hmb ImgvN-∏m-Sv. s\bpw ag-sbbpw a\p-jys‚ {`qW ]cn-
c-߃ Xncp-Ø-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw Jp¿-B≥ ssZhn-I-am-sW∂ hkv- Wm-a-sØ-bp-sa-√m-ap≈ ]cm-a¿i-ß-fp-
sNøpw. {k„mhv k¿∆-⁄\ - m-Wv. Ah- XpX t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂ {][m-\-s∏´ taJ- ≠m-bn´v AXn-sem∂pw bmsXmcp A_-
s‚ Adnhv F∂pw kzbw kºq¿W-am- e-I-fn-sem-∂m-Wn-Xv. {]]-©-sØbpw ≤-ßf - p-an-s√-∂Xv A¤p-XI - c- w- X-s∂-bm-
Wv. {]kvXpX Adn-hn-te°v bmsXm-∂pw {]Ir-Xn-sbbpw Ipdn® \nc-h[n ]cm- Wv. h¿[-am-\-amb Adn-hns‚ DS-a-bmb
Iq´n-t®¿°-s∏-Sp-Itbm AXn¬\n∂v a¿i-߃ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿B\n-ep-≠v. a\p- a\p-jy-\n¬ \n∂p-≈-X√ Cu {KŸ-
Fs¥-¶nepw Ipd-bp-Itbm sNøp-∂n-√. jy- c psS ssZ\w- Z n\ Pohn- X - h p- a mbn sa∂ hkvXpX hy‡-am-°p-∂-XmWv
AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ahs‚ hN-\-ß- _‘-s∏-Sp∂ hn⁄m-\o-b-ß-fn-ep≈ CXv. ]q¿W-amb Adn-hns‚ \mY\v
fn¬ A_-≤-ß-fp-≠m-bn-°q-Sm. ssZhn- ]cm-a¿i-ß-fm¬ \n_n-V-amWv Jp¿- am{Xsa Hcn-°epw sX‰p ]‰mØ Hcp
I-sa-∂h - I- m-is - ∏-Sp∂ GsX-¶n-ep-samcp B≥ hN-\-߃. ]Xn-\mev \q‰m-≠p- {KŸw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m-\m-hq. ]pXnb
{KŸ- Ø n¬ A_- ≤ - ß - f p- s ≠- ¶ n¬ Iƒ°v apºv \nc-£-c-\mb Hcp a\p-jy- ]pXn-b imkv{Xob Kth-jW - ß - ƒ Jp¿-
{]kvXpX Ah-Im-i-hmZw sX‰m-sW-∂- s‚ \mhn-eq-sS-bmWv temIw Cu hN- B≥ hN-\-ß-fpsS IrXy-Xbpw A{]-
Xn\v AXp-Xs∂ aXn-bmb sXfn-hm-Wv. \-߃ {ihn-®-Xv. C∂p \mw D]-tbm-Kn- am-Zn-Xzhpw hy‡-am-°p-tºmƒ AXv
{]]- © - s Øbpw {]Ir- X n- s bbpw °p∂ imkv{Xo-b-amb am\-Z-fi-߃ ssZhn-I-am-sW∂ hkvXpX IqSp-X¬
Ipdn® hkvXp-\n-jvTa - mb ]T-\a - m-Wt√m sh®p t\m°p-tºmƒ hn⁄m-\o-bß - ƒ sXfn™p hcn- I - b mWv sNøp- ∂ - X v .
imkv{Xw. imkv{Xo-b-amb hn⁄m-\o- Ah-bpsS {`qW-Z-i-t]mepw {]m]n-®n-´n- imkv{Xo-b-amb Kth-j-W-߃ Jp¿-B-
b-ß-sf√mw h¿[-am-\-amb Adn-hns‚ √mØ ka-b-ØmWv Jp¿-B≥ hN-\- \ns‚ ssZhn-I-Xbv°v sXfn-hp-Iƒ \¬-
ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øs - ∏-´h- b
- m- ߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-Xv. a‰p {KŸ- In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂s - X-∂v
Wv. \ΩpsS At\z-jWw ]ptcm-K-an-°p- ßsf ]cn-tim-[n-°p-hm≥ D]-tbm-Kn- ]-d-bp-∂Xv CXp-sIm-≠m-Wv.
∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn®v Hmtcm hn⁄m\-Øn- °p∂ am\-Z-fi-߃ sh®p t\m°p- Jp¿-B≥˛imkv{X ]T-\-߃
ep-ap≈ ]q¿∆-Ime [mc-W-I-fn¬ ]e- tºmƒ Jp¿-B≥ A_-≤-ß-fm¬ \n_n- F¥n\v?
Xpw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Xncp-Ø- V-am-tI-≠-Xm-Wv. F∂m¬, A¤pXw! imkv{Xo-b-amb ]pXnb I≠p-]n-Sp-
s∏-Sp-I-bpw- sN-bvXn-´p-≠v. C∂se icn- Jp¿B\n¬ A_-≤-ß-sfm∂pw Xs∂ Ø-߃ \S-°p-tºmƒ CsX√mw Xß-
bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Icp-Xn-bh sX‰m-sW- Is≠-Øp-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Jp¿-B≥ fpsS thZ-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ aptº ]d-™n-´p-
∂v a\- n-em-hp-Ibpw ]pXn-bXpw IrXy- ]cm-a¿in® Imcy-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ s≠-∂v-A-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂ ]n¥n-cn-∏≥
hp-amb icn-If - n-se-Øn-t®-cp-Ibpw sNøp- hn⁄m-\o-b-ß-fpsS hf¿® AXn¬ \ne-]m-SmWv Jp¿B\n¬ imkv{Xo-b-
I-sb-∂Xv imkv{XtemIsØ kzm`m-hn- A_-≤-ß-fp-s≠∂v ÿm]n-°p-I-b-√, ambn IrXy-amb ]cm-a¿i-ß-fp-s≠∂v
I-amb {]Xn-`m-k-am-Wv. hn⁄m-\o-b-ß- {]XypX AXn¬ kp_-≤-ß-tf-bp-≈p- Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cp-tSsX∂v hmZn-°-
sf- ° p- d n® {]Xn- ] m- Z - \ - ß - f pƒs°m- sh∂v ÿnco-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv sNbvXn-´p- s∏-Sm-dp-≠v. ASn-ÿm-\-c-ln-X-amb Hcp
≈p∂ Hcp {KŸ-Øn¬ Xe-ap-d-Iƒ Ign- ≈-Xv. Btcm-]-W-am-Wn-Xv.
™n´pw Xncp-Ø-ep-I-sfm∂pw th≠n-h- ]Xn- \ mep \q‰m- ≠ p- I ƒ°p apºv Jp¿-B-\n¬ F√m imkv{Xob hkv-
cp-∂n-√-sb∂ h¿Ø-am\w imkv{Xtem- temIw {ihn® Hcp {KŸ-Øn¬, {]]©- Xp-X-Ifpw ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏-´n-´p-s≠t∂m
I-Øn\v Xosc Dƒs°m-≈m-\m-hm-ØX - m- sØbpw AXns‚ \ne-\n¬]n-s\-bpw, AXn¬ ]d-™n-´p≈ Imcy-߃ am{X-
Wv. {]Ir-Xn-sbbpw {]m]-©nI {]Xn-`m- `qan-sbbpw AXnse Poh-Pm-eß - s - f-bpw, amWv imkv{Xob Kth-j-W-߃ ]pd-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 12
Øp-sIm-≠p-h-cp-∂Xv Ft∂m D≈ Ah-
Imi hmZ-ßs - fm∂pw apkvenwIƒ°n-√.
Jp¿- B ≥ imkv { Xw ]Tn- ∏ n- ° p- h m≥
th≠n Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-´-X√ F∂-Xp-
sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AXn¬ kIe imkv{X-
hpw Ds≠∂v B¿°pw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sm-
\m-hn√; Aßs\ Bcpw Ah-Im-i-s∏-
Sp-∂p-an-√. {]IrXn {]Xn-`m-k-ß-sf-°p-
dn®v ]cm-a¿i-ß-fpƒs°m-≈p∂ Jp¿-
B≥ hN-\-ß-fpsS IrXy-Xbpw A{]-
am-ZnXzhpw imkv{Xob Kth-j-W-߃
hy‡-am-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂Xv F∂m-
Wv apkvenwIƒ Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.
CsXmcp tIh-e-amb Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-a-√.
B¿°pw ]cn-tim-[n®v kzbw Xs∂
t_m[y-s∏-Sm≥ Ign-bp∂ hkvXp-X-bm-
W-Xv. Xß-fpsS ssIh-ia - p≈ ]ucm-Wn- Jp¿-B≥ ]cm-a¿in® Imcy-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ hn⁄m-
Itam B[p-\n-Itam Bb GXv am\-Z-
fi-ap-]t- bm-Kn®v ]cn-tim-[\mhnt[-ba - m- \o-b-ß-fpsS hf¿® AXn¬ A_-≤-ß-fp-s≠∂v ÿm]n-
°n-bmepw Jp¿-B≥ A_-≤-ß-fn¬ °p-I-b√, {]XypX AXn¬ kp_-≤-ß-tf-bp-≈p-sh∂v
\n∂p -ap-‡-am-sW∂v B¿°pw a\- n- ÿnco-I-cn-°p-I-bmWv sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv.
em-hpw.
imkv { Xob hkv X p- X Iƒ apgp- h -
\ptam Kth-j-W-ß-fn-eqsS \n¿Ωn-s®- imkv{XZ¿i-\Ø - ns‚ ImgvN∏ - mSv F¥m- B≥-˛-imkv{X ]T-\-ß-fpsS bYm¿Y-
Sp-°p-∂- km-a-{Kn-I-sf-°p-dn® hnh-c- sW∂pt]mepw CØcw hymJym-\hnim- [¿aw a\-   n- e m- h m- Ø - X p- s Im- ≠ mWv
ßtfm Jp¿B\n¬ aptº ]cm-a¿in-°- c- Z ≥am¿ ]cn- K - W n- ° m- d n- √ . imkv { X- CØcw hna¿i-\-ß-fp-≠m-hp-∂-Xv.
s∏-´n-´p≠v F∂-X√ \ΩpsS Ah-Im-i- Øns‚ te_-en¬ ImW-s∏-Sp-∂s - X√mw imizX aqey-ßf - mWv Jp¿B≥ ]Tn-
hm-Zs- a∂ hkvXpX Jp¿-B\ - ns‚ A\p- kXy-am-sW∂ [mc-W-bpsS shfn-®- ∏n-°p-∂-Xv. AXnse {][m-\-s∏´ {]Xn-
Iq-en-Ifpw {]Xn-Iq-en-Ifpw Htc-t]mse Øn¬ \S-°p∂ CØcw Jp¿-B≥-˛- ]m-Zy-ß-sf√mw imkv{Xo-b-amb A]-{K-
a\-   n- e m- t °- ≠ - X p- ≠ v . Jp¿B\n¬ imkv { X ]T- \ - ß ƒ°v Jp¿B- \ ns‚ Y-\Ø - n\v ]pd-Øp-≈h - b
- m-W.v {k„mhpw
A_- ≤ - ß - f n- s √∂ bmYm¿Yy- Ø n\v AwKo-Im-c-an√; Ahbv°v imkv-{Xo-b- kwc-£I - \- p-amb Xºp-cm-\n-ep≈ hnizm-
imkv{Xo-ba - mb Kth-jW - ß - ƒ sXfnhp amb ASn-Ød - b- p-ap-≠m-Im-dn-√. Aß-s\- khpw Ah-s\ -am{Xw Bcm-[n-t°-≠-
\¬Ip- ∂ p- s h- ∂ - m Wv apkv e nwI- f psS bp≈ ]T-\° - k - ¿Øp-Iƒ ap∂n¬sh-®v, Xns‚ Bh-iy-I-X-bp-amWv Jp¿-B-\nI
hmZw. CXv th≠ cq]-Øn¬ a\- n-em- Jp¿-B-\n¬ A_-≤-ß-sfm-∂p-an-s√∂ ]cm-a¿i-ß-fpsS tI{µ-_n-µp. {]]-©-
°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Nne-t∏m-sg√mw Jp¿- hkvXp-X-bv°v imkv{Xw km£yw hln- sØ kr„n®v ]cn-]m-en-°p-∂, ]Zm¿-Yw
B≥ imkv{X ]T-\ß - ƒ]-cn-[n-hn´ Ah- °p-∂p-sh∂ hkvXpX hy‡-am-°p∂ temI- Ø n\v AXo- X - \ mb A√m- l p-
Im-i-hm-Z-߃ D∂-bn-°p∂ Ah-ÿ-bn- Kth- j - W - ß sf ]n¥n- c n- ∏ n- ° m- \ mbn hns‚ AkvXn-Xztam Ahs‚ Bcm-[y-
se-Øn-t®-dm-dp-≠v. Jp¿B\n-ep≈-sX- Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv \ym-bo-I-c-W-a¿ln- Xtbm imkv{Xo-ba - mb A]-{K-Y\ - Ø
- n\v
°p-∂n-√. Ign-bp-∂-X-√. ac-Wm-\-¥cPohn-Xhpw
√mw imkv{X-am-sW∂pw Jp¿B\ns‚
AwKo-Im-c-an-√m-Ø-sXm∂pw imkv{X-a- imkv{X-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xnbpw AXnse c£m in£-I-fp-amWv Jp¿B-
s√- ∂ p- a p≈ coXn- b n- e p≈ ]cm- a ¿i- ]T-\-ß-fpsS aqeyhpw \n¬ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°-s∏-Sp∂ c≠m-asØ
ßfpw imkv{X-Øn\v hni-Zo-Ic - n-°p-hm≥ Hcn-°epw sX‰p-]-‰m-Ø-sX∂v hniz- {][m-\-s∏´ Imcyw. Chbpw imkv{Xo-
Ign-™n-´n-√mØ taJ-e-I-sf-°p-dn® kn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Jp¿-B≥ hN-\-ßsf b-amb \nco-£-W-߃°v AXo-X-amb
Jp¿-B≥ ]cm-a¿i-ßsf imkv{Xo-b- sX‰m≥ km[y-X-bp≈ imkv{X kn≤m- hkvXp-X-I-fm-Wv. \≥aXn≥aI-sf-°p-
ambn hymJym-\n-°p-hm-\p≈ Xzc-bp- ¥-ß-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ hymJym-\n-°p- dn® D¬t_m[-\a - mWv ]n∂oSv Jp¿B\n-
sa√mw ]cn-[n-hn-´Xpw AwKo-Ic - n-°p-hm≥ ∂Xv A]-S-I-chpw _men-i-hp-amsW∂v ep-≈-Xv. [¿am-[¿a-ßsf hyh-tO-Zn-°p-
Ign-bm-ØX - p-am-Wv. Hcp If-¶h - p-an-√mØ Icp-Xp-∂-h-cp≠v. Jp¿--B≥ imkv{X-]-T- hm≥ imkv{X-Øns‚ ]°¬ am\-Z-fi-
hnip-≤ -s\-ømWv imkv{X-sa∂ [mc-W- \-߃ ]cn-[n-hn-Sptºmƒ Ah A]-I-S- ß-sfm-∂p-an-√. Jp¿B\ns‚ {][m-\-
bpsS shfn-®-Øn-emWv CØcw Ik- I-c-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-s≠∂Xv icn-bmWv.- s∏´ {]ta-bß - s - fm∂pw Xs∂ imkv{Xo-
¿Øp-Is - f√mw Ac-tß-dm-dp-≈X - .v imk-{v X F∂m¬ Jp¿-B-\ns‚ ssZhnIX hy- b- a mb A]- { K- Y - \- Ø n\v ]‰p- ∂ - X - √ .
\nK-a-\-ßfpw kn≤m-¥-ßfpw hkv-XpX- ‡-am-°p∂ ]T-\-ßsf apgp-h≥ \ntj- AXp--sIm-≠p-Xs∂ "Jp¿B\ns\ imkv-
Ifpw XΩn- e p≈ _‘- s Ø- ° p- d n® [n-°p-hm≥ AXv Imc-Wa-mb - n-°q-Sm. Jp¿- {Xo-b-ambn hymJym-\n-°pI'sb∂v ]d-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 13
Ah ho≠pw hnI-kn-°p-hm≥ km[y-X-
bp-≈X - m-Wv. kqcy{]Im-iØ
- n¬ AS-ßn-
bn-cn-°p-∂Xv k]vXh¿W-ß-fmWv (vib-
gyor) F∂Xv imkv{Xo-b-ambn AwKo-I-
cn-°-s∏´ Hcp bmYm¿Yy--am-Wv. F∂m-¬
k]vXh - ¿W-ßsf IqSmsX Aƒ{Sm-hb - -
e-‰,v C≥{^msdUv XpS-ßnb IncW-߃
IqSn kqcy-{]-Im-i-Øn-ep≠v F∂-Xv
{]kvXpX bmYm¿Yy-Øns‚ hnIm-k-am-
Wv. imkv{Xo-b-ambn kvYnco-I-cn-°-s∏´
hkvXp-X-Iƒt]mepw ]q¿W-am-bn-s°m-
≈-W-sa-∂n√ F∂¿Yw.
hnip≤ Jp¿B\n¬ A_-≤-ß-sfm-
∂p-an-s√∂v imkv{Xo-b-amb ]T-\-߃
hy‡am°p-∂p-sh∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ ÿn-
co-I-cn-°-s∏´ hkvXp-X-Iƒ Jp¿B\n-
s‚ A{]-am-Zn-XzsØ AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂p-
sh∂v am{Xsa A¿Y--a m- ° p- ∂ p- ≈ q.
imkv{X-⁄-cpsS \nK-a-\-ßfpw sXfn-

kqcy{]Im-i-Øn¬ AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv k]vXh¿W-ß-fm-


bp-∂Xv Xs∂ ip≤-t`mjv°mWv. imkv-
Wv F∂Xv imkv{Xo-b-ambn AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏´ Hcp bmYm¿-
{X-Øns‚ A]-{K-Y\ hni-Zo-I-cW ]cn-
[n-bn¬ hcmØ Imcy-ßsf Fß-s\- Yy--am-W.v F∂m-¬ k]vXh
- ¿W-ßsf IqSmsX Aƒ{Sm-hb
- e
- ‰v,
bmWv imkv{Xo-ba - mbn hymJym-\n-°pI? C≥{^msdUv XpS-ßnb IncW-߃ IqSn kqcy-{]-Im-i-Øn-
{]IrXn {]Xn-`m-kß - s - f-°p-dn® Jp¿- ep≠v F∂-Xv {]kvXpX bmYm¿Yy-Øns‚ hnIm-k-am-Wv.
B\nI ]cm-a¿i-߃ sX‰p ]‰m-Ø-h-
bm-sW-∂-Xn\v imkv{Xob \nco-£-W- km[y-X-sb-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ imkv- bn-°-s∏-SmØ kn≤m-¥-ßfpw Nne-t∏m-
߃ \¬Ip∂ sXfn-hp-Is - f-°p-dn® ]T- {Xob \nK- a - \ - ß ƒ, kn≤m- ¥ - ß ƒ, ƒ Jp¿B\nI ]cm-a¿i-ß-tfmSv sshcp-
\w Jp¿-B-\ns\ imkv{Xo-b-ambn hym- hkvXp-XI - ƒ F∂nh XΩn-ep≈ hyXym- [yw- ]p-e¿Øp∂p-≠m-hmw. Ah Jp¿B-
Jym-\n-°-e√; Aßs\ Bbn-°q-Sm. kw \mw IrXy-ambn a\- n-em-t°-≠X - m- \ns‚ km[p-Xsb Hcphn[-Ønepw _m-
Jp¿B\ns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ imkv{X-K- Wv. X\n°v e`n® hnh-c-ß-fpsS shfn- [n-°p-∂n-√. {]kvXpX kn≤m-¥-߃°v
th-j-W-ßsf ]cn-tim-[\mhnt[-b-am- ®-Øn¬ imkv{X-⁄≥ BZy-ambn Hcp A\p-kr-X-ambn Jp¿B\ns\ hymJym-
°-emWv AXv. Jp¿B\nI ]cm-a¿i-ß- "\nK-a\- '-Øn¬ (hypothesis) FØnt®cp- \n-°p-hm≥ {ian-°p-∂Xv ssZhn-I-{K-Ÿ-
ƒ F{X-tØmfw IrXyhpw sX‰p-]‰ - m-Ø- ∂p. {]kvXpX \nK-a-\-Øn\v Dt]m¬_- tØmSv sNøp∂ henb ]mX-I-am-Wv.
h- b p- a m- s W∂v a\-   n- e m- ° p- h m≥ e-I-amb sXfn-hp-Iƒ tiJ-cn-°p-Ibpw imkv{X-temIwXs∂ AwKo-Ic - n®p Ign-
imkv{Xob Kth-j-W-ßsf D]-tbm-K- {]kvXpX sXfn-hp-I-fpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ ™n-´n-√mØ k¶¬∏߃°p A\p-k-
s∏-Sp-Øp-I- am-{X-amWv ChnsS sNøp-∂- Hcp kn≤m-¥-Øn\v (theory) Abmƒ cn®v {k„m-hns‚ hN-\-ßsf hymJym-
cq]w \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp∂p. {]kvXpX \n®v hnI-e-am-°p-∂Xv bmsXm-cp-hn[
Xv. AX-√m-sX, \ne-hn-ep≈ imkv{X-
kn≤m¥w icn-bm-sW-¶n¬ I≠p-]n-Sn- \ymbo-I-c-W-hp-a¿ln-°p-∂n-√. sXfn-bn-
⁄m-\Ø - n-\v- A-\p-kr-Xa
- mbn Jp¿-B≥
°-s∏-tS≠ Imcy-ß-sf-°p-dn® {]h-N-\- °-s∏´ hkvXp-Iƒ°v A\p-kr-X-ambn
hN-\ß - s - ftbm ]cm-a¿i-ßs - ftbm hym-
߃ icn-bm-sW∂v ÿnco-I-cn-°-s∏- Jp¿-B≥ hymJym-\n-t°-≠X - n√; hkvXp-
Jym-\n®v hnI-e-am-°-e√ Jp¿B≥˛-im-
Sp∂tXmsS AXv imkv{X-temIw AwKo- X-Iƒ hymJym-\ß - f
- n-√m-sX-Øs∂ Jp¿-
kv{X ]T-\-߃ sNtø-≠-Xv. Aßs\
I-cn-°p∂ kn≤m-¥ß - f - psS KW-Øn-se- B≥ ]cm-a¿ißsf kXy-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-
hymJym-\n-°p∂ ]T-\-߃ bmsXmcp
Øn-t®-cp-∂p. kzoI-cn-°-s∏´ kn≤m-¥- h-bm-bn-cn°pw F∂-XmWv bmYm¿Yyw.
\ymbo-I-c-Wh-p-a¿ln-°p-∂n-√. sX‰p
hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ kwi-b-߃ Zqco-I- Jp¿-B≥ ssZhn-I-am-sW-∂-Xn\v AwKo-
]‰m-Ø- A-√m-lp-hns‚ hN-\ß - sf hym- cn-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw DØcw Is≠-tØ≠
Jym-\n-°p-hm≥ A_-≤-߃ kw`-hn-®p- I-cn-°-s∏´ imkv{Xob hkvXp-X-Iƒ
{]iv\-߃°v ]cn-lm-c-am-hp-Ibpw sN- \¬Ip∂ sXfn-hp-Iƒ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-
sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ imkv{XsØ D]-tbm- øp-∂-tXmsS AXv Hcp bmYm¿Yy-ambn
K-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv \oXo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign- bm-Wv, imkv{X-Øn-\\- p-kc- n®v Jp¿B≥
(fact) AwKoIcn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. imkv{X- hymJym-\n-°p-I-b√ Jp¿B≥-˛-imkv{X
bmØ Imcy-am-Wv. tem-IØv AwKo-I-cn-°-s∏´ bmYm¿Yy- ]T-\-ß-fpsS e£y-sa∂v Npcp-°w.
imkv { X- Ø ns‚ sX‰p]‰m\p≈ - ß ƒ sX‰p- ] - ‰ m- Ø - h - b m- I m- s a- ¶ nepw

2009 \-hw--_¿- 14
{Iqio-I-cWw
IYbpw Imcyhpw

ap-l-Ω-Z-en- am-kv-‰¿- ■-

ss{IkvXh - X
- b
- psS ASn-ÿm-\h
- n-izmkw tbip-hns‚- Ipcnipa-cW - hpw
Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏p-am-Wv. D¤-h-]m-]-amWv AXn\p Imc-W-sa∂v ss{I-
kvX-h-Z¿i\w ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. D¤-h-]m]w km¶¬]n-I-am-sW∂v ss__n-
fns‚-bpw ss{IkvX-h-]-fin-X-∑m-cp-sS-bpw D-≤-c-Wn-I-ƒ -sIm≠vv apºv ka-
¿Yn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. ss{IkvX-htemIw Ipcn-ip-a-c-Whpw Dbn¿sØ-gp-
t∂¬∏pw Ah-cpsS a¿Ω{]-[m\ hnjbam-°n-s°m≠v apt∂m´v t]mIp-
∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ss__n-fns‚ `qan-I-bn¬ \n∂p Xs∂ Ah-cpsS Cu
hnizmkw Ip-e¶-i-ambn A]-{K-Yn-t°-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.
Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏v F∂ BZ¿i-Øns‚ D]-⁄m-Xmhv ]utem-kmWv.
At±lw ]d-bp-∂p. ""{InkvXp Dbn¿∏n-°s - ∏-´n-´n-s√-¶n¬ Rß-fpsS {]kw-
Kw hy¿Y-am-Wv; \nß-fpsS hnizm-khpw hy¿Yw. am{X-a√; R߃ ssZh-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 15
Øn-\p-th≠n
I]- S - k m£yw
hln- ° p- ∂ - h - c m- b n-
Øo-¿-∂p'' (1 sImcn-t¥mkv
15:14-,-15). AYhm {InkvXp Ipcn-in¬
acn®v AS-°s - ∏´v aq∂mw-\mƒ Dbn¿sØ-
gp-t∂-‰n-√m-sb-¶n¬ anj-W-dn-am-cpsSbpw
a‰pw {]kw-Kß - ƒ ]mgvthe-bm-Wv. AXp-
t]mse ss{IkvXhtemI-Øns‚ hnizm-
kw Pe-tc-J-bpam-Wv. am{X-a-√ anj-W-
dn-amcpw a‰p hnizm-kn-Ifpw ssZh-Øns‚
apºn¬ I]-S-km£yw hln-°p-∂-h-cp-
a-m-Wv. ta¬ kqNn-∏n® hN\w sIm≠p-
≈ hnh-£ CXmIp∂p.
CXv N¿® sNøpw-apºv tbip-hns‚
Ipcnipa-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ hnizm-
k-sØ kw_-‘n®v CkvemanI ImgvN-
∏mSv hy‡-am-t°-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. F¶n¬
{InkvXp
am{Xta Cu hnj-b-tØmSv \oXn ]pe-
¿Øm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈p. A√mlp Jp¿- Ipcn-in¬
B-\n¬- ]d-bp∂p: acn®v AS-°-
""A√mlphns‚ ZqX\mb, a¿bans‚ s∏´v aq∂mw-\mƒ
aI≥ akolv Cukmsb R߃ sIm-
∂ncn°p∂p F∂h¿ ]d™Xn\mepw Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂-‰n-√m-
(Ah¿ i]n°s∏´ncn°p∂p) hmkvX- sb-¶n¬ anj-W-dn-am-
hØn¬ At±lsØ Ah¿ sImes∏Sp- cpsSbpw a‰pw {]kw-K-
Ønbn´pan√, {Iqin®n´pan√. ]s£ (bm- ]cn-ip≤ {]hm-N-I-\mbpw AwKo-I-cn-
Ym¿Yyw) Ah¿°v Xncn®dnbmXmhp- ߃ ]mgvthe-bm-Wv.
°pIbpw sNbvXp. tbip Xs‚ {]t_m-
IbmWp≠-mbXv. Xo¿®bmbpw At±l- [-\t- h-fb- n¬ Ahn-izm-kn-Ifpw Al-¶m-
AXp- t]mse ss{IkvX-
Øns‚ (CukmbpsS) ImcyØn¬ `n∂n- cn-I-fp-amb `qcn-]£w hcp∂ blq-Z-cp- htemI-Øns‚ hnizm-kw
®h¿ AXns\∏‰n kwibØn¬ Xs∂- sS Zp¿\-S-]-Sn-I-sfbpw tXm∂n-hm-k-ß-
bmIp∂p. Dulmt]mlsØ ]n¥pScp- Pe-tc-J-bpam-Wv. am{X-a-√
sfbpw Bt£- ] n- ° m\pw Ah¿°v
∂X√msX Ah¿°v A°mcysØ∏‰n k∑m¿tK-m] - t- Ziw \¬Ip-hm\pw Bw`n- anj-W-dn-amcpw a‰p hnizm-
bmsXmcp Adnhpan√. Dd∏mbpw At±- ®-t∏mƒ Ah-cpsS hn[w amdn. Ah¿ kn-Ifpw ssZh-Øns‚
lsØ Ah¿ sImes∏SpØnbn´n√. At±-lsØ \ntj-[n-°p-hm\pw At±-
F∂m¬ At±lsØ A√mlp Ah¶- apºn¬ I]-S-km£yw
l-tØmSv ]I-sh-°p-hm\pw XpS-ßn.
te°v Db¿ØpIbs{X sNbvXXv. A√m- Aßs\ Ah-¿ At±-lsØ sIme-s∏- hln-°p-∂-h-cp-a-m-Wv.
lp {]Xm]nbpw bpIvXnam\pamIp∂p.'' Sp-Øp-hm≥ ]≤-Xn-bn-´p. F∂m¬ A√m-
(4:157--,-158) lp Ah-cpsS ]≤Xn XInSw adn-®p. Hcp
tbip-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-ac - W
- h
- p-ambn _- sXfn™p ImWmw. CXv hnip-≤-Jp¿-
Ip-cn-ip-kw-`-hw- \-S-∂n-´p-s≠-¶n-ep-w- b-
B≥ 4:157-,158 hN-\ß
- f
- n¬ ]d-™n-SØv
‘-s∏´ CkvemanIho£-W-amWv ta¬- lq--Z¿-°v- Cu-k- ˛tb-ip-{In-kv-Xp-˛s\-
kq-Nn-∏n-®X - v. blq-Z¿ Cukm ako-ln¬ FØn-t®-cp-∂p-≠v. AXv ]n∂oSv hni-Z-
sIm-es - ∏-SpØp-hm-t\m- {Iqin-°p-hmt\m
(tbip-{In-kvXp-hn¬) Ahn-iz-kn-°p- am-°p-∂p-≠v.
Ign-™n-√. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ AhnsS \S-
Ibpw At±-l-Øns‚ amXm-hmb adn-b- ∂-sX-¥mWv Ah¿°v Xncn-®-dn-bmsX Cukm s\ {Iqin®p sIme-s∏-Sp-
ans‚ t]cn¬ hºn® I≈m-tcm-]Ww t]mIp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. ss__nfpw Øn-sb∂v blq-Z¿ am{X-a√ Ah-sc-
sI´n-sh-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-sIm≠v AXn- ss__nƒ CXctc-J-Ifpw Cu kw`-h- t∏mse ss{IkvX-hcpw hmZn-°p-Ibpw
eqsS adnbw hy`n-Nm-cn-Wn-bm-sW-∂pw sØ-°p-dn®v ]d-bp∂ {]kvXm-h-\-Iƒ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]t£ Ccp-
Cukm Pmc-k¥ - m-\a
- m-sW-∂pw Ah¿ ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬, {Iqin-°s - ∏-´b
- mƒ Cu- Iq´cm-pw XΩn¬ auen-I-amb A¥-c-ß-
{]N-cn-∏n-®p. F∂m¬ Ah-cn¬ Hcp \yq- km  AYhm tbip Bbn-cp-∂n-√ F- fp-≠v. Xß-fpsS i{Xp-hpw hy`n-Nm-c-]p-
\-]-£-w Akm-[m-c-W-amb \ne-bn¬ ∂pw- adn®v At±-l-sa∂ [mc-W-bn¬ {X\pw I≈-{In-kvXphpam-sW∂ Btcm-
P\n® tbip-hn¬ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw as‰m-cm-sf-bm-bn-cp∂psh∂ hkvXpX ]-Wm-Sn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ B IrXyw Xßfp-
At±-lsØ ako-lv({InkvXp) Bbpw hy‡- a m- ° p∂ ]eXpw Ah- b n¬ sS [oc-X-sbbpw Io¿Øn-sbbpw Ipdn-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 16
°p∂ Hcp ¿ FSpØv ImWn-°p∂ {][m\tcJ-Iƒ Ib-‰n-bX
- m-Wn-hs- b∂v ss{IkvXh - ¿ X-
kw`- h - a m- b n- ´ m- ^vfmhn-bkv tPmkn-^-kv, Smkn-‰m-kv, s∂ ÿm]n-°p-∂p≠v! s{]m´-Â v ss_-
Wv blq-Z¿ Icp-Xp-∂- πo\n XpS-ßnb N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑-m-c-p-tS-Xm- _nƒ ]fin-X\ - mb- F^v.F- ^
- v. {_qkv
Xv . {Inkv X ym- \ n- I - f m- I s´ Wv. Ah-cpsS IrXn-Iƒ hkvXp-\njvT- At±-l-Øn-s‚ "]pXnb\nba-tc-J-Iƒ
as‰mcp hn[-Øn¬ C-Xns\ hne-bn- ambn ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ tb-ip-hp-am-bn- _- Ah hniz-k\ - o-btam?' F∂ ]pkv-XI - -
cp-Øp-∂p. blq-Z-cpsS Cu sNbvXn-Iƒ ‘-s∏-´- `m-K-߃- ss{IkvXh]fin-X- Øn¬ Xncp-In Ib-‰nb `mK-sØ-°p-dn®v
A{I-a-]-chpw h©-\m-]-c-hp-am-sW-¶n- ∑mcm¬- ssII-SØ - s- ∏´h-bm-sW∂v a\- kqN\ \¬-Ip-∂p-≠.v At±lw ]d-bs - ´:-
epw P∑-]m-]n-bmb a\p-jy-h¿K-Øn-s‚  n-em-°-mw. Nne `mK-߃ ImWp-I. ""GI-tZiw Cu ka-bØv tbip
]m]-`m-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw tamN-\w e`n-°p-
tPmkn-^kv: Ncn-{X-Im-c-\mb tPm- F∂p t]cmb ⁄m\n-bmb Hcp a\p-
hm≥ th≠n ssZ-h-]p-{X-\mb tbip
kn-^kv {In-.- 37¬ Hcp PqX]ptcm-lnX jy≥ Fgp-t∂-‰p. Ahs\ hmkvX-h-
Ipcn-in¬ c‡w-Nn¥n acn-®-Xmbn´mWv
IpSpw-_-Øn¬ P\n-®p. {In 100 ¬ A¥- Øn¬ Hcp a\p-jy-s\∂v \ap°v hnfn-
Ah-c-Xns\ ImWp-∂-Xv.
cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Hcp ]co-i\pw ISp- °m-sa-¶n¬. ImcWw Ah≥ A¤p-X-
hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ 4:157,158 hN-\-ß- Ø blq-Zn-bp-am-bn-cp-∂p At±lw. At±- I-c-amb {]hr-Øn-Iƒ sNbvX-h-\mWv.
fn¬ Bdv Imcy-ß-fmWv hy‡-am-°p- l-Øns‚ {][m\ IrXn-Iƒ Jewish An- k\m-X-\-amb kXysØ kt¥m-j-k-
∂Xv tiquities (blqZ ]pcm-X-\ -X-Øz-߃), taXw a\p-jysc ]Tn-∏n® Hcp Kpcp-hm-
(1) tb-ip-hn-s\- Ah¿ {Iqin-®n-´n-√. The wars of the Jews (blq-Z-cpsS bp≤- bn-cp∂p Ah≥. At\-Iw- blq-Z-∑m-cpw-
(2) bmYm¿Yyw Ah¿°v Xncn-®d - n-bm-
sXbmhp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.
(3) tb-ip-hns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ `n∂n-®-
Ir{Xn-at- c-JI
- ƒ Ncn-{X-tc-JI - f
- m-sW∂v sX‰p-[cn-∏n-®p-sIm-
h¿ AXn-s\-∏‰n˛{Iq-io-I-c-W-sØ-∏-‰n-˛- ≠mWv ss{IkvXh - an-jW- d- n-am¿ tbip-hn-s‚- Ipcn-ip-ac
- Ww
kw-i-b-Øn¬ Xs∂-bmWv. Hcp Ncn-{X-kw-`-h-am-sW∂v sXfn-bn-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xv.
(4) Dulm-t]m-lsØ ]n¥p-Sc - p-∂X - -
√msX Ah¿°v A°mcysØ∏‰n bm-
sXmcp hnh-c-hp-an-√. ß-ƒ) XpS-ßn-b-h-bm-Wv. Ch Acm-anIv ]-e- b-h-\cpw Ahs\ A\p-K-an-®p. Cu
(5) Dd-∏mbpw tb-ip-hn-s\ Ah¿ `mj-bn-emWv Fgp-X-s∏-´-Xv. C-∂v- AXn- a\p-jy≥ {InkvvX - p-hm-bn-cp-∂p. \ΩpsS
sIme-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n-√. s‚ Hcp Xmfp-t]mepw \ne-hn-en√ F∂- a[y--Øn-ep-≈- {]-[m-\n-I-fmb ]e-cp-
XmWv hkvXp-X. ]n¬°m-eØv ss{Ikv- sSbpw Ip‰m-tcm-]-W-Øn-s‚- ^e-ambn
(6) F∂m¬ At±-lsØ A√mlp
X-h¿ hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXp- F-∂v- ]-d-b- ]nem-tØmkv Ahs\ {Iqin-°p-hm-\m-
Ah-¶t- e°v Db¿Øp-Ib - mWv sNbvXX- .v bn in£°v hn[n-®p. ]t£ BZyw apX-
s∏-Sp-∂ ]cn-`m-j-I-fmWv C∂p-≈-Xv.
ss{IkvXh thZ-{KŸw ]cn-tim-[n- Ah tPmkn-^-kns‚ ]pkvX-I-tØmSv ¬ Ahs\ kvt\ln-®-h-cpsS kvt\l-
®m¬ hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp∂ Cu F{X-tØmfw kXy-k-‘X ]pe¿Øp- Øn\v bmsXmcp Ipdhpw h∂n-√. Imc-
Imcy-ß-sf√mw hcn-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ss_- ∂p-s≠∂v HØp-t\m°phm≥ AXns‚ Ww aq∂mw-\mƒ Ah≥ Poh-t\m-sS
_nƒ AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xmbn ImWmw. aqew \nehn-en-√. At±-l-Øns‚ IrXn- ho≠pw Ah¿°v {]Xy£- \ m- b n.
AXp-sIm≠v ta¬ kqNn-∏n® hkvXp-X- bn¬ {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ ap≥Iq´n A-cp-f-n-sN- C°m-cyhpw a‰-t\Iw A¤p-X- Im-cy-
Iƒ ss__n-fns‚ `qan-I-bn¬ \n∂p- bv-X-{-]-Im-cw- P-\n-®- {In-kv-Xp-hm-Wv- tb- ßfpw Ah-t\m-Sp≈ _‘-Øn¬ kw`-
sIm≠v Xs∂ hni-Za - m-°p-hm-\mWv Dt±- i-ps
- h-∂pw,-Ip-cn-in¬- Xq-°n-s°m-∂X - n-\p- hn-°p-sa-∂X - n-s\-°p-dn®v ssZh-Øns‚
in-°p-∂-Xv. ti-jw- aq∂mw\mƒ Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂‰p {]hm-NI- ∑- m¿ t\csØ {]h-Nn-®n-cp-∂p.
ss{IkvXh ho£Ww F∂pw,- {]hm-NI - ∑- m¿ ap≥Iq´n ]d-™- AXn-\p-tijw {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ F∂
Xp t]msebmWn-sXm-s° kw`-hn-®-sX- t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏´ P\-k-aqlw CXp-h-
Ipcn-ip-a-cWw Hcp Ncn-{X-kw-`-h-am-
∂pw ]d-™-Xmbn ss{IkvXh-]fin-X- scbpw \in-®p-t]m-bn-´n-√'. CtX t]Pn¬
sW∂mWv ss{IkvX-h-hmZw. AXv sX-
∑m¿ Ah-Im-is - ∏-Sp-∂p. C{X-bp-sams° X-s∂- {_qkv ]d-bp∂p: "B a\p-jy≥
fn-bn-°m≥ anj-Wd - n-am¿ ss__nƒ CX-
Hcmƒ hniz-kn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ tPmkn- {Inkv X p- h m- b n- c p- ∂ p' F∂ hmNIw
c-tc-J-Ifpw, ]g-b-\n-ba-{]-h-N-\-ß-fpw
^kv Xo¿®-bm-bpw {Inkv-Xym-\n-bm-tI- {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ CS°v Iq´n-t®¿Ø-Xm-
]pXn-b-\n-b-a-tc-J-Ifpw apt∂m´v sh°p-
≠-Xm-Wv. ]-t£ ISpØ blq-Z aXhn- sW∂v ]ecpw hnNm- c n- ° m- \ p- ≠ mb
∂p. Ah hkvXp\njvTambn A]-{K-Yn-
izm-kn-bm-bn-cp∂p At±-l-sa∂v tPmkn- ImcWsØ°p-dn®v HdnP≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv,
®m¬ shdpw Pe-tc-JI - ƒ am{X-am-sW∂v
^-kns‚ t]cn-ep-≈ IrXn-bn¬ \n∂p X- tPmkn-^kv Hcn-°epw tbip-hns\ an-
ImWmw.
s∂ sXfn-bp-∂p≠v. A-t∏mƒ ]ns∂ F- in-l-bmbn hniz-kn-°p-Itbm B \ne-
ss__nƒ CX-c-tc-J-Iƒ ß-s\-bmWv apºv kq-Nn-∏n-®- hmN-I-ß- bn¬ {]Jym-]n-°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´n√
Ipcn-ipa-c-W-Øns‚ Ncn-{Xm-kvXn- ƒ tPmkn-^k - ns‚ IrXn-bn¬ IS-∂p-Iq- F∂m-Wv'. -(]pXnb\nbatcJ-Iƒ Ah
Xzw sXfn-bn-°m≥ anj-W-dn-am¿ hfsc Sn-bXv? ]n¬-°m-eØ - v ss{Ik-Xh]-fin- hniz-k-\o-btam ]pdw 182-,183)
t¢in®v tcJ-Iƒ lmP-cm-°mdp≠v. Ah- X-∑m¿ ]I-¿Øn Fgp-Xn-bt- ∏mƒ XncpIn At±lw XpS¿∂v- F-gp-Xp-∂p: ""apI-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 17
fn-¬ tcJ-s∏- Xob Fgp-Øp-Imsc am‰n-\n¿Øn-bm¬ ss__nƒ hnh¿Ø-I¿ Hebrew aqe-
Sp- Ø n- b n- c n- ° p- ]nem-tØm-kn-s\-°p-dn®v kqNn-∏n-°p∂ Øn\v A¿Yam‰w hcpØn Ah-cpsS
∂ tPmkn-^-kns‚ GI ]pcm-X\ Ncn-{X-Im-c-\mWv Smkn-‰- BZ¿i-Øns\mØv h - {In-®X - pw Ah¿°v
{]kv X m- h - \ - b n¬ "henb' kv. Hcp tdma≥ Ncn-{X-Im-c≥ Hcp tdma≥ _q-a-dm-ßm-bn. ss{IkvXh-anj-W-dn-am¿
A£-c-Øn¬ Fgp-Xnb `mKw Hgn®v `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbmb ]nem-tØm-kns\-°p- Ah s\©n-te‰n {]N-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-
_m°n `mKw hniz-k-\o-b-am-sW∂v ¢u- dn®v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ GIhkvXp-X, °p-∂-Xv ]pen-hm-em-bn-sIm≠v apt∂m´p-
kv\¿ AwKo-Ic - n-°p-∂p-≠v. c≠mw tZhm- tbiphns\ Ah≥ h[-in-£°p hn[n® t]mIp-∂p F∂XmWv hkvXp-X. Ah
e- b - Ø ns‚ Ncn- { X- t Øm- S p≈ _‘- Imcyw am{X-am-sW-∂p-≈Xv Ncn-{X-Øn- Xmsg hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p≠v.
Øn¬ blqZ B[n- I m- c n- I - X tbmsS se Hcp hntcm-[m-`m-ka - mbn IW-°m-°m- {]h-N\w Ds≠∂v BZyambn Ah-
hnth-Nn-®-dn-b-s∏´ Cu hn[n ]cn-K-W- hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Smkn-‰-kns‚ Ncn-{X-tc-J-I- Im-i-hmZw D∂-bn-®Xv ]utem-km-Wv.
\m¿l-am-Wv. tPmkn-^kv Fgp-Xnb ]mT- fpsS Hcp Ah-in-jvSØ - n¬ {InkvXo-b At±lw ]d-bp∂p: ""{In-kvXp \ΩpsS
`mKw blq-Z-∑m¿ A√, {]XypX {Inkv- hn-izm-ksØ°pdn®v Hcp kqN\ Im-Wp- ]m]-߃°v th≠n Xncp-sh-gp-Øp-Iƒ
Xym-\n-I-fmWv {]km-cWw sNø-s∏-´-Xv. ∂p-≠v. F.-Un. 70¬ bcq-itew tZhm-e- {]Imcw acn®p AS-°-s∏´p- Xncp-sh-gp-
F∂-Xn-\m¬ tbip-hn-s\-°p-dn®p≈ bw Np´p\in-∏n-®-Xn-t\m-Sp≈ _‘-Øn- Øp-Iƒ {]Imcw aq∂mw-\mƒ Dbn¿sØ-
At±-l-Øns‚ kqN-\-Iƒ, Ime-{I-ta- -em-WXv' (AtX ]pkvXIw. ]pdw: 201) gp-t∂‰p'' (1 sImcn: 15:3-,4) Cu hN-\sØ
W {InkvXob A`n-cp-Nn-°-\p-km-c-ambn- F^v . - F - ^ v . {_qkns‚ hcn- I ƒ hni-Zo-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v tbip ]d-™-
Øo¿∂p-sh-¶n¬ AXn¬ A¤p-X-Øn-
\-h-Im-i-an√'' (]pdw 183)
A-Sn-h-c-bn-´- `m-Kw- t\m-°p-I-.-- tbip-
hn-s‚- Ipcn-ip-a-cWhpambn _‘-s∏´ tbip-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-a-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´ Hcp {]h-N\w
kqN-\-Iƒ tPmkn-^-kns‚ ]pkvX-I- t]mepw ]g-b-\n-b-a-Øn¬ C√. kphn-tij cN-bn-Xm-°ƒ
Øn¬ {InkvXym-\n-I-fm-¬ Xncp-In--°b- ]gb\nba]pkvX-I-Ønse Nne hN-\-߃ AS¿Øn-sb-
‰n-bX - m-sW∂v F^v.F - ^ - v. {- _qkv Xs∂
ka¿Yn-°p-∂p. ss__n-fn¬ ssII-S- SpØv˛Ah ]cn-tim-[n-°msX˛Ipcnipac-W-tØmSv H∏n-
Øm≥ aSn-bn-√mØ Ch¿°v tPmkn-^- °m≥ {ian-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv.
kns\ t]mep≈ Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m-cpsS
{KŸ-ß-fn¬ Ah-cpsS A`n-cp-Nn-°-\p-
k-cn®v "I≈ Fgp-Øp-tIm¬' {]tbm-Kn-
°p-hm≥ Hcp aSnbpw D≠m-Ip-I-bn-√. {_m°n-tbm-en-\n-bp-ambn tbmPn-®p-t]m- Xmbn At±- l - Ø ns‚ tXmg- \ mb
AXn¬ A¤p-X-Øn-\-h-Im-i-hp-an-√. Ip-∂p. Ir{Xn-at- c-JI- ƒ Ncn-{X-tc-JI - f - m- eqt°mkv Fgp-Xp∂p:
Smkn-‰mkv: tdma≥ Ncn-{X-Im-c-\mb sW∂v sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠mWv ss{I- ""tami-bpsS \nb-a-Ønepw- {]hm-N-
Smkn-‰kv {In 55¬ BWv P\n-®X - v. At±- kvXh - an-jW
- d
- n-am¿ tbip-hn-s‚- Ipcn-ip- I-]p-kvXI - Ø
- nepw, k¶o¿Ø-\ß - f - nepw
lw Xs‚ IrXn-bmb Annals F∂ ]pkv- a-cWw Hcp Ncn-{X-kw-`h - a
- m-sW∂v sXfn- Fs∂- ° p- d n®v Fgp- X - s ∏- ´ n- c n- ° p- ∂ -
X-I-Øn¬ tbip{InkvXp-hns‚ Ipcn-ip- bn-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xv. ASp-ØXv πo\n- sX√mw \n-hr-Øn-bm-I-W-w-.- A-h≥- ]-d-
a- c - W - s Ø- ° p- d n®v ]d- ™ n- ´ p- s ≠∂v bpsS Imcy-am-Wv, AXpw- XssY-h. ™p-:- {In-kv-Xp- I-jv-Sw- A-\p-`-hn-°p-I-
ss{I-kvXh anj-W-dn-am¿ Ah-Im-i-s∏- ]g-b-\n-ba {]h-N-\-߃ bpw- aq∂mw\mƒ acn-®-h-cn¬ \n∂v Dbn-
Sm-dp-≠v. ]Xn-\©mw \q‰m-≠n¬ "{_m°n- tbip-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-a-c-WsØ kw- ¿sØ-gp-t∂¬°p-Ibpw Ahs‚ \ma-
tbm-en\n'- Ir{Xn-a-ambn \n¿an-®-XmWv _-‘n®v ]g-b\ - n-ba- Ø
- n¬ [mcmfw {]h- Øn¬ am\-km-¥-chpw ]m]-tam-N-\hpw
"A∂-¬kv' F∂v tdmkns\ t]mep≈ N-\-߃ Ds≠∂pw Ah Im¬h-cn-°p- sbcp-i-te-an¬ XpSßn kI-e-Pm-Xn-I-
]fin-X-∑m¿ ]d-bp∂p. F^v.-F-^v. ∂n¬ {InkvXp-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-a-c-W-tØm- sfbpw {]kw-Kn-°bpw thWw F∂n-ß-
{_qkv ]d-bs´: sS \n-h¿Øn-bm- b - X-v ]pXn-b\ - n-ba
- Ø
- n¬ s\ Fgp-X-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.'' -(eq°v: 24:44-
"]nem-tØmkv tbip-hns\°pdn-®p- tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠∂v- anj-W-dn-am¿ ˛47)
≈ GsX-¶nepw dnt∏m¿´v tdman-te°v hmZn-°m-dp-≠v. tbip-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-ac - W
- - ASn-h-c-bn´ `mKw Xncp-sh-gp-Øp-I-
Ab-®n-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ a‰p≈ Ncn-{X-Im- hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´ Hcp {]h-N\w t]m- fn¬(]g-b-\n-b-a-Øn¬) Ds≠-∂mWv
c-∑m-sc-°mƒ D]-cn-bmbn Smkn-‰-kn\v epw ]g-b-\n-b-a-Øn¬ C√ F-∂-Xm-Wv- ]utemkv- 1sIm-cn- 15:-3,4¬-]d-bp-∂-Xv. C-
A°mcyw IqSp-X¬ hy‡-ambn a\- n- h-kv-Xp-X-. kphn-tij cN-bn-Xm-°ƒ h-n-sS- eq-t°m-kv- tb-ip-hn-s‚- t]-cn¬- F-
em-°p-hm≥ Ign-bpambncp-∂p. ]t£ ]gb\nba]pkvX-I-Øn-se Nne hN-\- gp-Xn-∏n-Sn-∏n-®- h-N-\-w- \ymb-{]-am-W-Øn-
Aßs\bp≈ \nK- a - \ - ß ƒ icn- b m- ߃ AS¿Øn-sb-SpØv˛ Ah ]cn-tim- tem (tXmd-bntem), {]hm-N-I-]p-kvX-I-
tWm F∂v a\- n-em-°p-hm≥ Ign-bmØ [n-°msX˛Ipcnip ac-W-tØmSv H∏n- ß-fntem, k¶o¿Ø-\-]p-kvX-I-Øntem
\ne- b n¬ At±- l - Ø ns‚ hnh- c Ww °m≥ {ian- ° p- I - b mWv sN- ø p- ∂ - X v . D-s≠-∂p- ImWn®pXcp-hm≥ anj-W-dn-
hfsc {lkz-am-Wv. GXm-bmepw Hcp-Im- Aßs\ {ian-®-t∏mƒ [mcmfw A_-≤- am¿°p Ign-bptam? Pohn-X-Imew apgp-
cyw {i≤-b¿ln-°p-∂p. blqZ {Inkv- ߃ Ahsc ]nSn-Iq-Sn. A{]-ImcwXs∂ h\pw IpØn-bn-cp∂p ]cn-tim-[n-®mepw
2009 \-hw--_¿- 18
Aß-s\-sbm- 4. Ah≥ \nµn-°s - ∏-´p. \mw Ahsc 9. Ah≥ Hcp AXn-{I-ahpw sNbvXn-
cp hN\w I- _lp-am-\n-®n-√. \ΩpsS thZ-\-I-fmWv √. Ahs‚ hmbn¬ h©\ ]pd-s∏-´p-an-
s≠-ØpI km[y-a√. bYm¿Y- Ø n¬ Ah≥ hln- ® - X v. √. F∂n´pw ZpjvS-X-cp-sSbpw [\n-I-cp-
eqt°mkv, ]u-tem-kn-s\- F∂m¬ ssZhw Ahs\ {]l-cn-°p-I- sSbpw CS-bn¬ Ah≥ kwkvI-cn-°-s∏-
\ymbo-I-cn-®p-sIm≠v tbip-hns‚ bpw in£n-°p-Ibpw- sNbvsX-sX∂v \mw ´p. Ah\pw £X-ta¬°-W-sa-∂Xv I¿-
t]cn¬ hymPw sI´n-sh-®-Xm-Wv. tbip Icp-Xn. Øm-hns‚ lnX-ambncp∂p.
Aßs\ ]d-™n-´p-an-√. 10. Ahn- S p- ∂ mWv Ahs\ t¢i-
5. \ΩpsS AIr-Xy-߃°p-th≠n
b-i-øm- 53mw- A-[ym-b-hpw- Ah≥ apdn-th¬∏n-°-s∏-´p. \ΩpsS ߃°v hn´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xv. ]m]-]-cn-lm-
ss{I-kv-X-h-cpw- AIr-Xy-߃°p th≠n £-Xt- a¬∏n-°- c-_-en-bmbn X∂-Xs∂ A¿∏n-°p-tºm-
]g-b-\n-b-a-Øn¬- \n-∂p-w- Nne- h-N- s∏-´p. Ahs‚ taep≈ in£ \ap°p ƒ Ah≥ Xs‚ k¥Xn]c- º - c sb
\-߃ ]pXn-b-\n-b-a-tØmSv G®p-Iq-´n c£ \¬In. Ahs‚ IjvS-X-I-fm¬ ImWp-Ibpw Zo¿Lm-bpkv {]m]n-°p-I-
tbip-hns‚ Ipcn-ip-a-c-W-tØm-sSm-∏n®v \mw kuJyw {]m]n-®p. bpw sNøpw. I¿Øm-hn‚ lnXw Ah-
hymJym-\n-°m≥ ss{IkvXh¿ {ian-°m- \n-eqsS \nd-th-dp-Ibpw sNøpw.
6. BSp-I-sf-t∏mse \mw hgn sX‰n-
dp-≠v. AXn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ D≤-cn- 11. Xs‚ ITn\thZ-\-bpsS ^ew
t∏mbn. \ΩpsS AIr-Xy-߃ I¿Ømhv
°p∂ hN-\-amWv biø: 53:1-˛12. AXv I≠v Ah¿ kwXr-]vX-\m-Ipw. \oXn-am-
C{]-Im-c-am-Wv. Ahs‚ ta¬ Npa-Øn. \mb Fs‚ Zmk≥ Xs‚ ⁄m\-Øm¬

1.- \Ωƒ tI´Xv Bcv hniz-kn®p? 7. Ah≥ a¿±n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw ]oUn- At\-Isc \oXn-am-∑m-cm-°pw. Ah≥
I¿Øm-hns‚ Icw B¿°p shfn-s∏-´n- ∏n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶nepw Dcn- Ah-cpsS Xn∑-Isf hln-°p-Ibpw sN-
´p-≠v. bm-Sn-bn-√. sIm√m≥ sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂ øpw.-
2.- ssXs®Sn t]mse hc≠ `qan-bn- Ip™m-Sns\ t]msebpw tcmaw I{Xn- 12. alm-∑m-tcm-sSm∏w Rm≥ Ah\v
¬ \n¬°p∂ apf-t]mse, Ah≥ Ahn- °p-∂-h-cpsS apºn¬ \n¬°p∂ sNΩ- Ah-Imiw sImSp°pw. i‡-∑m-tcm-
SpsØ apºn¬ hf¿∂p. {i≤m¿l-amb cn-bm-Sns\ t]msebpw Ah≥ au\w SpIqsS Ah≥ sIm≈apX¬ ]¶nSpw.
cq]-`w-Kntbm Kmw`ocytam BI-¿j-I- ]men-®p. Fs¥∂m¬ Ah≥ Xs‚ Pohs\ ac-
amb kuµ-cytam Ah-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. 8. a¿±-\-Øn\pw in£mhn-[n°pw WØn\v G¬∏n®psImSp°pIbpw ]m-
3. Ah≥ a\p-jy-cm¬ \nµn-°-s∏-Sp- A[o- \ \mbn Ah≥ FSp- ° - s ∏- ´ p. ]nItfmSpIqsS FÆs∏SpIbpw sNbv-
Ibpw Dt]-£n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Fs‚ P\-Øns‚ ]m]w \nan-Ø-amWv Xp. F∂n´pw At\IcpsS ]m]`mcw
Ah≥ thZ-\bpw ZpxJhpw \nd-™-h- Ah≥ ]oU-\-ta‰v Pohn-°p-∂-h-cpsS Ah≥ t]dn. AXn{Ia߃°v th≠n
\m-bn-cp-∂p. Ahs\ I≠-h¿ apJw Xncn- CS-bn¬ \n∂v hnt—-Zn-°-s∏-´-sX∂v a[yÿX hln®p''
®p-I-f-™p. Ahs‚ Xe-ap-d-bn¬ Bcv IcpXn? ta¬kqNn∏n® hN\ß-fn¬- H-∂p-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 19
t]mepw Ipcn- en-bmbn Xs∂Øs∂ A¿∏n°ptºmƒ tb¬' As√-¶n¬ "bmt°m_v' F∂ G-
ipacWhpambn Ah≥ Xs‚ k¥Xn]cºcsb ImWp- I- h - N - \ - c q- ] - Ø n- ¬ - A`n- k w- t _m- [ \
HØptNcp∂n√. ASn- Ibpw Zo¿Lmbp v {]m]n°pIbpw sN- sNøp-∂Xp-sIm-≠m-sW-∂v tXmd-bp-sS-
hcbn´ hN\߃ ]cntim- øpw' F∂v sImSpØncn°p∂p. tbip bpw {]hm-N-I-]p-kvX-I-ß-fp-sSbpw km-
[n°pI. Ah- ""a°ƒ°v th≠n AhnhmlnX\mbncp∂psh∂Xv Hcp £y-Øn¬ Ah¿ ka¿Yn-°p-∂p.
]nXm°∑msctbm ]nXm°∑m¿°p-th- hkvXpXbmWv. F¶n¬ Fßs\bmWv 53mw A[ym-b-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂ a¿±-\-
≠n a°sftbm h[n°cpXv. ]m]Øn\p- A-t±-lw- Xs‚ k¥Xn ]cºcsb Im- hpw £Xhpw `mhn-bn¬ blq-Z¿°v kw`-
≈ acWin£ Ah\h≥ Xs∂ A\p`- Wp∂Xv? AXpt]mse, tbiphns‚ ac- hn-°m-\n-cn-°p∂ Ah-tl-f-\-tbbpw
hn°Ww.''(Bh 24:16), AXpt]mse Ww kphntij (aØmbn, am¿t°mkv, ]oU-\-ß-sfbpw Iq´-°p-cp-Xn-sbbpw
""]p{X≥ ]nXmhns‚ Xn∑IIƒ°v th- eqt°mkv) {]Imcw 31mw hb nemWv. ]‰n-bp≈- {]h-N\ - a- m-sW∂v Ah¿ hmZn-
≠ntbm ]nXmhv ]p{Xs‚ Xn∑Iƒ°p tbml∂m≥ kphntij{]Imcw ap∏- °p-∂p. e£-Øn¬]cw blq-Zsc Iq´-
th≠ntbm in£n°s∏SpIbn√. \oXn- Ønaq∂c hbknepw. bp-h- {]m-b-Øn¬- °p-cpXn \S-Ønb ln‰vedn-s\bpw Ipcniv
am≥ Xs‚ \oXnbpsS ^ehpw ZpjvS≥ a-cn-®- tbip Zo¿Lmbp v {]m]n°p∂- bp≤-Ønepw a‰v am¿§-ß-fn-eq-sSbp-≈
Xs‚ ZpjvSXbpsS ^ehpw A\p`hn°- sXßs\?! ss{IkvXh - c - m¬ G¬t°≠n h∂ A]-
Ww'' (Fsk 18:20) F∂o hN\߃°v 12mw hN-\Ø - n¬ "alm-∑m-tcm-sSm∏w am-\-tØbpw a¿±-\-sØbpw Iq´-°p-cp-
hncp≤amWv. ]gb\nbaw ]gb\nba- Rm≥ Ah\p Ah-Imiw sImSp-°pw. Xn-sbbpw AXn\p sXfn-hmbn ImWn-°p-
sØ Jfin°pItbm?! i‡-∑m-tcmSp IqsS Ah≥ sIm≈-ap- ∂p. s{]m: sI.-Fw. A{_lmw ]d-bs´:
7mw hN\w ImWpI: ""F¶nepw Dcn- X¬ ]¶nSpw' F∂v ImWp-∂p. Fs‚ "{In-kv-Xp-a-Xw- td-m-am- km-{amPy-Øn-
bmSnbn√. sIm√m≥ sIm≠pt]mIp∂ temIw sFlnIa√ F∂v - ]- d - ™ - s‚- Hu-tZym-Kn-I- a-Xa - m-bn- Xo¿-∂t- Xm-sS-
Ip™mSns\ t]msebpw... sNΩcnbmSn- tbip- h ns\- Ipcn- i n- t e- ‰ n- s °m- ∂ Xv b-lq-Z-]o-U-\-Øn-s‚- H-cp- ]p-Xn-b- bp-Kw-
s\ t]msebpw au\w ]men®p''. Cu ss__nƒ {]Imcw A∂sØ "alm-∑m- ]n-d-∂p. b-lq-Z-sc- sh-dp-°p-∂-Xn-\v- Aw-
hN\w tbiphpambn bmsXmcp hn[Øn- cmWv'. ]ns∂ F¥¿Y-Øn-emWv alm-
t{_m-kv-; {-In-tkm-kv-‰w- Xp-S-ßn-bp-≈-
epw tbmPn°p∂n√. ImcWw, KXvska- ∑m-tcm-sSm∏w Ah-Imiw sImSp-°p-
"hnip-≤-'- k-`m-]n-Xm-°∑m-cp-sS- A-`n-{]m-
\bn¬ sh®v IÆotcmsSbpw henb hn- sa∂v ]d-bp-∂X - v. AXp-t]mse i‡-∑m-
b-ß-fpw- Im-c-W-am-bn. b-lq-Z¿-°v- k¿-
em]tØmSpw IqsS {]m¿Yn°pIbpw tcm- s Sm∏w sIm≈- a p- X ¬ ]¶n- S m≥
°m¿- k-¿-∆o-kn¬- {]-th-i-\-an-√m-bn-cp-
IpcnipacWØn¬ \n∂pw c£s∏Sp- tbip sIm≈-°m-c-\m-bn-cpt∂m?
∂p.- A-¥- p-≈- sXm-gn-se-m-∂p-w- ]m-Sn-
Øphm≥ ssZhtØmSv bmNn°pIbpw 53:1-˛12 hN-\-ß-fn¬ Hc¿Y-Ønepw √m-bn-cp-∂p.- {In-kvX - ym-\n-If - p-sS- Zm-k∑ - m-
sNbvXnt√? AXpt]mse hnNmcWth- tbip-hp-ambn tbmPn-°p-∂n-√. anj-W- cm-Im≥- A-h-sc- A-\p-h-Zn-®n-cp-∂p-!- F-
fbn¬ {][m\ ]ptcmlnXs‚ tkhI- dn-am¿ Cu hN\-߃ Ipcnip ac-W-hp- ∂m-¬- {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-sf- Zm-k-∑m-cm-°p-
cn¬ Hcmƒ tbiphns\ ASn®t∏mƒ tb- ambn _‘n-∏n-°p-hm≥ F{X-tØmfw ∂-Xv- in-£m-¿-l-a-m-bn-cp-∂p.- {In-kv-Xym-
ip Aht\mSv ""Rm≥ ]d™Xv sX‰m- {ian-°p-∂pthm A{X-tØmfw Ah¿ \n-I-fp-am-bp-≈- b-lq-Z-cp-sS- hn-hm-lw- ac-
sW¶n¬ AXv sXfnbn°pI. icnbmWp k¶o¿W-Xb - n¬ AI-s∏-Sp-∂X - mbn-´mWv W-in-£- A¿-ln-°p-∂- Ip-‰-am-bn-cp-∂p.-
]d™sX¶n¬ F¥n\p \o Fs∂ ImWp-∂-Xv. {In-kv-Xym-\n-I-fpw- b-lq-Z-cp-w- X-Ωn-ep≈-
ASn°p∂p'' (tbml 18:22---,23)F∂v {]Xn- biøm 53mw A[ym-bhpw tI-kp-If - n¬- H-cn-°e - pw- b-lq-Z¿-°v- \oXn-
Icn®sX¥n\mWv? AXpt]mse Ipcn- blq-Z-∑mcpw e-`n-®n-cp-∂n-√.- b-lq-Z-sc- a¿-±n-s®m-Xp-°p-
in¬ InS∂v "Fs‚ ssZhta Fs‚ ssZ- ∂-Xn-\pw- sIm-s∂m-Xp-°p-∂-Xn-\pw- F-
biø 53mw A[ym-bsØ kw_-‘n-
hta \o Fs∂ ssIhn´sX¥v?' F∂v s¥-¶n-epw- ap-S¥ - ≥- - \ym-bß - ƒ- {In-kX v ym-
®v blq-Z-∑m¿°v Ah-cp-tS-Xmb Imgv®-
D®Øn¬ \nehnfn®sX¥n\mWv? 7mw \
- n-Ifpw- A-hc - p-sS- t\Xm-°∑ - m-cp-w- I-s≠-
∏m-Sp-≠v. Cu A[ymbw tbip-hp-ambn
hN\w Fßs\bmWv tbiphns‚ Ipcn- Øn-bn-cp-∂p.- Ip-cniv bp≤-Im-eØv apkv-
_‘-s∏´ {]h-N-\am-sW∂ anj-W-dn-
ipacWhpambn tbmPn®p t]mIp∂Xv?! enwI-sf-°m-tfsd PqXsc-bmWv sIm-
am-cpsS hmZsØ Ah¿ \nin-Xambn hna-
9mw hN\Øn¬ ""ZpjvScpsSbpw [\n- ¿in-°p-Ibpw Jfin-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. s∂m-Sp-°n-b-Xv F∂p ]d-™m¬ henb
IcpsSbpw CSbn¬ Ah≥ kwkvIcn°- AXnse ]m]-]c - n-lm-ch
- p-ambn _‘-s∏- sX‰n-√. ImcWw AXv A\m-bm-ka - mbpw
s∏´p'' F∂v ImWp∂p. ss__nƒ {]- ´ hN-\sØ Ah¿ Bh¿Ø\w 24:16 Poh`b-an-√m-sXbpw sNøm-am-bn-cp-∂p.
Imcw tbiphns\ kwkvIcn®-Xv AXp- hN\w sIm≠v Jfin-°p-∂p. Cu A- C≥Iz-kn-js‚ ]oUt\m-]m-b-߃°v
hsc Bscbpw kwkvIcn°mØ Hcp [ym-b-Øn¬ "Ah≥' F∂ {]tbmKw Cc-bm-b-h-cn¬ AkwJyw blq-Z-cp-≠m-
tXm´Ønse ]pXnb I√dbnemWv. B Bh¿Øn-°p-∂-Xmbn ImWmw. AXv bn-cp-∂p. {]IrXnt£m`hpw ]I¿®-hym-
tXm´w Acna∞y°mc\mb tbmtk^n- tbip-hns\ kw_-‘n-®p-≈-Xm-sW∂ [n-If - pw a‰p-ap-≠m-Ip-tºmƒ blq-Z∑ - m-sc-
s‚ kzImcy DSabn¬ D≈XpamWv. anj-W-dn-am-cpsS hmZsØ Ah¿ biø bm-Wv ]gn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. 14mw \q‰m-≠nse
AXv ih∏dºpw Bbncp∂n√. F¶n¬ 45:4 hN\w sIm≠v Jfin-°p-∂p. Cu tπKv (Black death) _m[-°p-Ø-c-hm-Zn-
Cu hmIyhpw tbiphpambn tbmPn°p- {]h-N-\-Øn¬ "Ah≥' F∂ GI-h-N- Iƒ Ah-cm-sW∂v- ]d™v At\-Isc
∂sXßs\? \cq]w hcp-hm-\p≈ ImcWw C{km-bo- sImes∏-Sp-Øp-I-bp-≠m-bn. \ho\Im-
10 mw hN\Øn¬ "]m]]cnlmc_- ey-cnse 12 tKm{X-ß-sfbpw "Ckvdm- esØ ]oU-\ß - ƒ°v Xp-S°w Ipdn-®Xv
2009 \-hw--_¿- 20
Iƒ°v \n m-chn-e°v hn¬-t°-≠n-bn-cp-∂p.
F√m-h¿°pw ]cn-lk - n-°p-hm\pw Im¿°n-®p-
Xp∏p-hm-\p-ambn blq-Z¿ a™-sØm∏n [cn-
®v th≠n-bn-cp∂p {]Xy-£-s∏-Sm≥. t]-∏¬
kwÿm-\-ß-fn¬ blq-Z-∑m¿°mbn {]tXy-
Iw Xncn-®n-´n-cp-∂p. "sK-t‰m'- Ifn¬ am{Xta
Ah¿°v Xma-kn-°m≥ A\p-hm-Z-ap-≠m-bn-
cp-∂p-≈p.- A-hnsS Ah¿ Iq´-ambn arK-sØ-
t∏mse Pohn-t°-≠n-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cpsS kp\-
tKm-Kp-Ifpw thZ-{K-Ÿß - f - pw \in-∏n-°s - ∏´p.
Ah-cpsS Ip´n-Isf amXm-]n-Xm-°-fn¬ \n∂v
th¿s]-SpØn \n¿_-‘-ambpw amtam-Zok
ap°n-bn-cp-∂p. ]q¿Æ-a-\- n-√msX aXw am‰-
s∏-´h- ¿ {InkvXym-\n-If - mbn Ign-bm≥ _m[y-
ÿ-cm-sW∂v s_\-UnIv XIV (]m-∏) hn-[n®p.
AXn\v Xøm-d√ - m-Øh - ¿ ISp-Øi - n£ A\p-
`-hn-t°≠nbncp-∂p. Hcp blq-Z≥ Hcp {InkvXy≥
]qtcm-ln-Xs\ A]-am-\n-s®-∂v c≠p {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ
km£n-]-d-bp-hm≥ Xøm-dp-s≠-¶n¬ B blq-Zs\ ac-W-
in-£°v hnt[-b-\m-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. {InkvXp LmX-I¿- F∂
\n-e-bn¬ blq-Z-cpsS Ip-‰w- Xe-ap-d-Iƒ Ign-bpt¥mdpw IqSp-X¬
ITn-\a- m-IW - s- a-∂pw Bb-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿ \nXy-ambn ]o-Un-∏n°s∏tS≠-
h-cmsW-∂p-amWv {KnK-dn VIII A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´-Xv- (1581).-- k-am-\-am-b- A-`n-{]m-b-
߃- h-®p-]p-e¿-Øp-∂h - c- m-W-v entbm XII, ]bkv VII, {KnKdn XVI, ]nbqkv IX, ]nbqkv
XII, XpS-ßn-b-h¿...12mw ]nbqkns‚ au\m-\p-hm-Z-tØmsS ln‰ve¿ hI-hcp-Øn-bXv
shdpw 60 e£-tØm-f-am-bn-cp-∂p-ht√m.'-- (CXv ssZh-ÿm-]n-Xtam? t]Pv: 127˛129).
"{In-kv-Xp-a-Xw- td-m-am- Cu kw`-h-ßfpw blq-Z¿ 53mw- A-[ym-b-Øn-\v sXfn-hmbn ]d-bm-dp≠v.
Ign-™- C-cp-]X - v- \q-‰m-≠p-Iƒ - °nS-bn¬- b-lq-Z¿- ss{I-kvX - h - k- `- b- m¬- G¬-t°-
km{amPy-Øn-s‚- Hu-tZym-Kn-I-
≠n-h∂ - - {Iq-cX
- I
- ƒ-°v- tPm¨-t]mƒ- c-≠m-a≥- 2000 am¿-®v- 12-mw- Xo-bX - n- £-am-]Ww-
aXam-bn- Xo¿-∂-tXm-sS- b-lq-Z- \-S-Øn.- b-lq-Z-tcm-Sp- am-{X-a-√- Ip-cn-ip-bp-≤-ß-fn¬- ap-kv-enw-I-tf-m-Sp- sN-bv-X- {IqcX,-
]o-U-\-Øn-s‚- H-cp- ]p-Xn-b- C≥-Izn-kn-j≥- (a-X- Ip-‰- hn-Nm-c-W)- tIm-S-Xn- A-\p-h¿-Øn-®- A-{I-a-߃- Xp-S-ßn-
G-gp- ]m-]-߃-°v- "ta-bm Ipƒ-∏'- (Cu- em-‰n≥- ]-Z-Øn-s‚- A¿-Yw- "Rm≥- ]ngbmfn'-
bp-K-w- ]n-d-∂p. b-lq-Z-sc- -F-∂m-Wv-)- sNm-√n- ssZ-h-tØm-Spw- a-\p-jy-tcm-Spw- A-t±-l-w-- am-∏v- tNm-Zn-®p.-
sh-dp-°p-∂-Xn-\v- Aw-t{_m-kv-,- Ah¿ Fs‚ ssIIm-ep-Iƒ Xpf®p
{-In-tkm-kv-‰w- Xp-S-ßn-bp-≈- {InkvXp-hn\pw Bbncw h¿jw apºv tbip-hns‚ Ipcnipac-Ws - Ø-°p-dn®v ZmhoZv
"hn-ip-≤-'- k`m-]n-Xm-°∑m Xs‚ k¶o¿Ø-\-Øn¬ {]h-Nn-®n-´p-s≠∂ Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-hp-ambn anj-W-dn-am¿
-cp-sS- A-`n-{]m-b-ß-fpw- Im-c-W- cwKØp hcm-dp-≠v. B hN\w C{]-Im-ca - m-Wv. ""Ah¿ Fs‚ ssIIfpw Imep-Ifpw
Xpf®p'' (k¶o: 22:16). Im¬hcn-°p-∂n¬ tbip-hns\ Ipcn-in¬ Xd®v- sIm∂-tXmsS
am-bn. b-lq-Z¿-°v- k¿-°m¿- B {]h-N\w \nhr-Øn-bm-sb∂v Ah¿ ]d-bp-∂p. {InkvXp-hns‚ ssIIm-ep-Ifnse
k-¿-∆o-kn¬- {]th-i-\-an-√m-bn- BWn-∏-gp-Xp-I-fmWv AXn\p sXfn-hmbn ImWn-°p-∂-Xv.
cp-∂p.- A-¥- p-≈- sXm-gn-se-m- blqZthZ-{K-ŸØ - nse hebrew aqew- (Text) ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ B hN\w ss{Ikv-
Xh hnh¿Ø-I-cm¬ Itø‰w sNbvXv A-h-cp-sS- B-Z¿-i-Øn-s\m-Øv- "Xncp-Ønb'
∂p-w- ]m-Sn-√mbn-cp-∂p.- {In-kv- Hcp `mK-am-sW∂v a\- n-em-°mw. blqZ{KŸ-Ønse Hebrew Text Dw AXns‚
Xym-\n-I-fp-sS- Zm-k-∑m-cm-Im≥- hnh¿Ø-\hpw ImWpI
A-h-sc- A-\p-h-Zn-®n-cp-∂p-!-

t]mƒ IVs‚ Hcp X - n-cp-sh-gpØmWv (1555).


{In-kv-Xp-hns‚ LmX-I¿ F∂ \ne-bn¬
blq-Z¿ F°m-ehpw ASn-a-I-fm-bn-cn-°- blq-Z-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ Cu hN\w 22:17emWv ImWp-∂-Xv. AXn¬ "ssIImep-Iƒ
W-sa∂ t]mƒ ]m∏ \njvI¿-jn-®p. Ah- Xpf®p' F∂-√. "ssIIfpw Im-ep-Ifpw knwlsØ t]mse' F∂mWv.- ss{IkvXh
cpsS hkvXp-h-I-I-sf√mw {InkvXym-\n- ss__n-fn¬ AXv XncpØn "Xpf®p' F∂m-°n. AXmWv hkvXp-X. Ah¿ Xncp-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 21
Øn-bXv ta¬- h-N-\-Øn-se- A-Sn- \nc-h[n hN-\-߃ ImWm≥ Ignbpw.
h-c-bn-´ "---- ' (KaAri) F∂ ]Z-am- biø 7:14
Wv. AXns‚ A¿Yw "knwlsØ t]mse' a\p-jy-cpsS ]m]-߃ t]dn Ipcn-in¬ acWw hcn-°p∂
F∂m-Wv. AXn¬ " ---- ' ----- (Ka) F∂Xv ln{_p-hnse Hcp c£-Is‚ P\-\s - Ø-°p-dn®pt]mepw {InkvXp-hn\pw 700
Preposition BWv. A¿Yw "Like' (t]mse) F∂m-Wv. " ' h¿j-߃°v apºv biøm {]hm-NI - ≥ {]h-Nn-®n-´p≠v F∂v
(Ari)-˛Gcn˛F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿Yw "---- Lion'--- As√-¶n¬ "--a lion' anj-W-dn-am¿ hmZn-°m-dp-≠v. AXn\p sXfn-hmbn sIm≠p-
(knwlw) F∂pam-Wv. F∂m¬ ss{IkvXh- ]fin-X-∑m¿ hcp∂ hN\w C{]-Im-c-am-Wv. ""AXp-sIm≠v I¿Ømhv
22:16 hN\w tbip-hns‚ Ipcnipac-W-Øn-\p≈ {]h-N-\- Xs∂ \n߃°v Hcp AS-bmfw Xcpw. I\yI K¿`n-Wn-bmbn
am°n am‰p-hm≥ "KaAri' F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ bYm¿Y A¿Yw Hcp aIs\ {]k-hn-°pw. A-h-\v- C-Ωm-\p-th¬- F-∂v- t]¿-
am‰n B ]Z-hp-ambn bmsXmcp _‘-hp-an-√mØ "They Pierced' hn-fn-°pw-'-' (biøm 7:14) AXns‚ Cw•ojv th¿j≥ ""There
(Ah¿ Xpf®p) F∂ A¿Yw sImSp-Øp. A{]-Imcw Ir{Xn- for the Lord himself will give you a sign. The virgin will be
a-Øn-eqsS "Xncp-Ønb'XmWv 22:16mw hN\w. with child and will give birth to a son and will call him
AXn-\p≈ sXfnhv, ss{IkvX-h¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ Immanuel'' F∂mWv PqX-thZ-{K-Ÿ-Ønse Hebrew TextDw
lo{_p aqehpw AXns‚ hnh¿Ø-\hpw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ AXns‚ hnh¿Ø-\hpw ImWpI:
ImWmw.

A-S-nh -- -c-bn-´- `m-Kw- {i-≤n-°p-I: - Chn-sS "---- --- '-- (alma)˛


A¬am-˛ (icn-bmb D®m-cWw "√Énª∏r Yn '- F∂mWv) F∂ ]Z-Øn\v-
ASn-h-c-bn´ `mKw {i≤n-°pI: lo{_p aqe-Øn¬ "KaAri'
F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ hnh¿Ø\ `mKØv "like a lion' F∂-Xn\v young woman (bphXn) F∂mWv hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn-´p≈-
]Icw XncpØn A¿Yw am‰nb "they Pireced' F∂ ]Zhpw Xv. AXns‚- icn-bmb A¿Yw bp-h-Xn- F-∂p- X-s∂-bm-Wv.-
ImWmw. F∂m¬ ss{IkvXh ss__n-fn¬ "Virgin'- (I\yI) F∂mWv
sImSp-Øn-´p-≈-Xv. tbip-hns‚ AΩ adnb I\y-I-bm-b-Xn-
ss{IkvX-h¿ Xs∂ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ Hebrew English
\m¬ Aßs\ hcp-Øn-Øo¿°m≥ ss{IkvXh hnh¿Ø-
Inertinear NIV Bible¬ sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWpI. A
- Xn¬
I¿ "almah' F∂ ]-Zw-- sX‰mbn hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXv "I\yI'
hnNn-{X-amb Xncp-Ø-emWv \S-Øn-bn-´p-≈-Xv.
F∂m-°n. Xncp-Ø-en\v hnt[-b-amb as‰mcp ]Z-am-Wn-Xv.
I\yI F∂ ]Z-Øn\v ln{_p-hn¬ {]tXyI ]Zw Xs∂-
bp≠v."--- ' (Bethulah)-˛s_-Xp-em˛F∂m-WX
- v. bi-ømbp-
sS- ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ almah F∂ ]Zw Hcp {]mhiyw am{Xta
D]-tbm-Kn-®n-´p-≈p. AXv biø 7:14¬ BWv.
lo{_p-hn¬ bph-Xn°pw I\y-I°pw Htc-t]mse D]-
"Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, tbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp ]Z-amWv " ' (Eshshah) ˛C-»m˛ AXn-
they have pierced" my hands and my feet.
s‚ A¿Yw a woman, married or unmarried F∂m-Wv.- (ss{I-
ASn-hc - b
- n´ `mKw {i≤n-°pI: lo{_p aqe-Øn¬ (KaAri) kvX- h - n-°p-∂- Hebrew English Lexicon ]-cntim-
- ¿- {]-kn-≤o-Ic
F∂ ]Z-Øn\v Xmsg "--- like the lion'--- F∂v ]cn-`m-j-s∏-Sp-Øn- [n-°p-I)-. F∂n´pw- 7:14¬ "alma'˛bp-h-Xn-˛F∂v sIm-Sp-ØXv-
bn-cn-°p-∂p. (The F∂ B¿´n-°nƒ A√ "a' F∂ B¿´n- hfsc {i≤m¿l-am-Wv.
°nfmWv th≠-Xv. ImcWw "Ari' F∂ ]Z-Øn\v- Definite
ss{IkvX-h¿ {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p∂ Hebrew-english, inter-
B¿´n-°nƒ C√. "-T---- he'--- F∂Xv sX‰mb hnh¿Ø-\-am-Wv.)-
linear NIV Bible ImWp-I.
F∂m¬ Cw•ojv hnh¿Ø-\Ø - n¬ Xncp-Ønb "they have
Pireced' F∂ ]Zw sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂p. AYhm lo{_p aqe-
Øn¬ Xmsg icn-bmb hnh¿Ø-\hpw Cw•ojv hnh¿Ø-\-
`mKØv ss{IkvXh - c
- psS Bi-bØ
- n-s\mØv Xncp-Ønb ]-Zhpw.
Holy Bible Easy-to- Read version¬ "icn-bpw sX‰pw' Iq´n-
°p-g® cq]-Øn¬ hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn-´p-≠v. AXv ImWpI:
"Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be
""Like a lion, they pierced my hands and my feet'' ChnsS with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel".
"Like a lion' F∂ icn-bmb hnh¿Ø-\-tØmSp IqsS "they
Pireced' F∂v sX‰mb hnh¿Ø\w(Xncp-Ønb ]Zw) " ' ASn-h-c-bn´ `mKw {i≤n-°pI: " ' (haalme -lm
F∂ "variant'- Nn”-tØmsS Iq´n-°p-g®v Fgp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. A¬-am--) bpsS Xmsg "--- The virgin' F∂v sX‰mbn hnh¿Ø\w
ss__nƒ A-Sn-ap-Sn- ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ CtX-t]mse Xncp-Ønb sNbvXn-cn-°p-∂p. ( ˛lm-˛lo{_p-hnse definite article BWv.
2009 \-hw--_¿- 22
{In-k-vXp-hn- Xns‚ {]Xn-^-e-ambn In´nb
ap∏Xv sh≈n \mW-b-߃
s‚ LmX-I¿ bqZmkv- {][m\]ptcm-ln-X∑ - m-
F∂ \ne-bn¬ tcbpw {]am-Wn-a-c-scbpw G¬-
blq-Z¿ F°m-ehpw ]n-°m≥ {ian-®p. Ah¿ AXv
\nc-kn-®-Xn-\m¬ B sh≈n-
ASn-a-I-fm-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂v- \m-Wb - ß- ƒ A-h≥- tZhm-eb - -
t]mƒ ]m∏ \njvI¿jn-®p. Øn- t e°v hen- s ®- d n- ™ n´v
Ah-cpsS hkvXp-h-I-I-sf√mw t]mbn Xqßn®Øp. ]ptcm-ln-
X-∑m¿ B sh≈n\mW-b-ß-
{Inkv-Xym-\n-Iƒ°v
sf-SpØp-sIm-≠v- ]-d-™p.- C-
\n m-chn-e°v hn¬t° Xv- c-‡Ø - n-s‚- hn-eb
- m-Ib
- m¬-
-≠n-bn-cp-∂p. F√m-h¿°pw `-fim-cØ - n¬- \n-t£-]n-°p-∂-
Xv- A-\p-h-Z-\o-b-a-√.- A-ß-s\-
]cn-l-kn-°p-hm\pw
B- ]-Ww-sIm-≠-v A-h¿- hntZ-
Im¿°n®pXp∏p-hm-\p-ambn io-b-sc kwkvI-cn-°m≥ Ip-i-
blq-Z¿ a™-sØm∏n h-s‚- ]dºv hm-ßn. C\n h-N-
[cn®v th≠n-bncp∂p \-w- ImWpI:
{]Xy-£-s∏-Sm≥. ""bn{km-tb¬ a°ƒ hne-
aXn-®-hs‚ hne-bmb ap∏-Xv
A¿Yw "The' F∂mWv) AtX ss__n-fnse Introduction¬ sh≈n-°miv Ah¿ FSp-Øp. I¿Ømhv Ft∂mSv Acpfn
hnh¿ØI≥ "lmA¬am'- s-Im-≠v- {Sn∏okv Ifn-®Xv ImWpI:- sNbvX-Xp-t]mse Ipi-hs‚ \ne-Øn\v th≠n sImSpØp.
F∂v bncaym{]-hm-N-I≥ apJm-¥cw Acpfns®bvX-Xn\pw
A∂p \nhrØn h∂p'' (a-Øm- 27:-9,10)-
bnc-aymhns‚ ]pkvXIØn-¬ 52 A[ymbß-fm-Wp-≈X - v.-
A-h- ap-gp-h≥- ]-cn-tim-[n-®m¬- F-hn-sS-bpw- A-ß-s\- H-cp-
hN-\w- I-s≠-Øm≥- I-gn-bp-I-bn-√.- AXv aØmbn bnc-aymhv
]pkvX-Iw ]cn-tim-[n-°msX A_-≤-Øn¬ FgpXn-t®¿Ø-
Xm-sW∂m-Wv- a-\- n-em-°m≥- I-gn-bp-∂-Xv-.
(The Interlinear NIV Hebrew- English Old Testament, Introduction. Page No XII)
F∂m¬ "Bharath Bible Society' {]kn-≤o-Ic- n-°p∂ "hnip≤-
ta¬kqNn-∏n® Jfin-I-bpsS A-h-km-\-Øn¬- 'It does ]p-kvXIw' AXv XncpØn Fgp-Xnb-Xv- ImWpI: ""bn-{km-
not prove that means "the virgin"'F-∂p- sIm-Sp-Øn-cn- tbm¬-a-°ƒ- hn-e-a-Xn-®-h-s‚- hn-e-bm-b- ap-∏-Xv- sh-≈n-°m-
°p-∂p.- A-Y-hm- "lm-A¬am'bpsS A¿Yw "I\yI' F∂m- iv- A-h-¿- F-Sp-Øp,-- I¿-Øm-hv- F-t∂m-Sv- A-cp-fn- sN-bv-X-Xp-
sW∂v sXfn-bn-°pI km[y-a√ F∂v NIV hn-h¿-Ø-Iƒ- X- t]m-se- Ip-i-h-s‚- \n-e-Øn-\p-th-≠n- sIm-Sp-Øp.- F-∂v-
s∂- k-ΩXn-°p-∂p.- skJcym {]hm-N-I≥ apJm-¥cw Acpfn sNbvXXv A∂p
Good News Bible, Jerusalam Bible, Revised standard ver- \nhrØn h∂p'' bnc-aym-hns\ am‰n B ÿm\Øv skJcym-
sion XpS-ßnb Cw•ojv ss__n-fp-Iƒ "--- The young woman' hns\ XncpIn°b-‰n. Ahn-sSbpw hnh¿ØI-¿°v A_≤w
F∂mWv hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. ItØm-en°k` ]nW-™p. skJcymhv 11:12,13 hN-\-ß-fmWv AXn\p sXfn-
{]kn-≤o-Ic - n-°p∂ POC ss__nƒ t]mepw "bphXn' F∂m- hmbn ImWn-°p-∂Xv: Ah-bm-I-s´, c≠v CS-b-∑m-sc∏‰n-
Wv hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXn-´p-≈X - v. AXpsIm≠v 7:14 se "almah' bp≈ `mK-amWv. B- hN-\-߃ ImWpI:
F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿Yw "bphXn' F∂pXs∂-bm-Wv. bphXn ""Rm≥ Ir] F∂ hSn FSp-sØm-Sn-®p. Aßs\ kI-
K¿`w [cn-°p-∂X - n¬ A¤pXw C-√t- √m-. I-\y-I- K¿-`w- [-cn°- e-P-\-X-I-fp-ambn sNbvX Fs‚ DS-ºSn Rm≥ Akm-[p-hm-
e
- m-W-v A-¤p-Xw.- A-X-v tb-ip-hn-s‚- A-Ωb- m-b- a-dn-bm-bn-¬ G®p- bn. Fs∂ {i≤n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ BSp hym]m-cn-Iƒ CXv
Iq-´m≥- {i-an-®-Xm-Wv- C-hn-sS- A-_-≤-Øn-\v- Im-c-W-am-b-X-v.- I¿Øm-hns‚ hN-\-am-sW-∂dn™p. Rm≥ Ah-tcmSv ]d-
ap∏Xv sh≈n-°mipw Ipi-hs‚ \nehpw ™p; \n\°v bp‡-sa∂v tXm∂p-s∂¶n¬ Iqen XcpI.
Ipcn-ip-a-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ sXfn-hn-\mbn ImWn- As√-¶n¬ \n߃ Xs∂ kq£n-®p-sIm-≈p-I. Ah¿ Fs‚
°p∂ as‰mcp {]h-N\ - a
- mWv aØmbn 27:9,10 hN-\w- .- {InkvXp- Iqen-bmbn ap∏Xp it°¬ Xq°nØ∂p. I¿Ømhv Ft∂mSv
hn\pw 620 h¿j-߃°v ap-ºv Pd-anb {]hm-N-I≥ ]d-™Xv Acpfn sNbvXp. AXv `fim-c-Øn¬ \nt£-]n-°p-I˛ Ah¿
bqZmkv tbip-hns\ H‰psImSp-Ø-Xn-eqsS \nhr-Øn-bm-sb- F\n°v aXn® \√ hne! Rm≥ B ap∏Xv sit°¬ sh≈n
∂mWv anj-W-dn-am¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXns‚ kµ¿`w ss_- I¿Øm-hns‚ Be-b-Ønse `fim-c-Øn¬ C´p. ]ns∂
_nƒ ]d-bp-∂Xv C{]-Im-c-amWv: "tbip-hns\ H‰psImSp-Ø- C{kmtbepw bqZmbpw XΩn-ep≈ kmtlm-Zcyw Ah-km-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 23
\n-∏n-®p.'' (kJ 11:10˛14) k¶o¿Ø\w 69:4mw hmIyw
aØm- b nse {]h- N - \ hpw ta¬ Ipcnivac-WØ - n\v sXfn-hmbn apt∂m-´p-sh-°p∂ as‰mcp
kqNn-∏n® hN-\-ßfpw XΩn¬ F¥mWv hN-\-amWv k¶o 69:4 hN-\w. hN\w ImWpI: ""ImcWw
_‘w? Hcp _‘-hp-an√ F∂-Xs√ hkvXp-X. IqSmsX Fs∂ FXn¿°p-∂-h¿ Fs‚ Xe-ap-Sn-sb-°mƒ
skJcymhns‚ ]pkvXI - Ø - n¬ "ap∏Xv it°¬ F∂v I≠- IqSp-X-emWv''. Cu hN-\-Øns‚ tatem´pw Xmtgm´pw hmbn-
t∏mƒ B `mKw Dƒs°m-≈p∂ hN\w Hcp {]h-N-\-ambn ®m¬ AXn\v FXn-cm-bp≈ hN-\-am-sW∂v a\- n-em-°mw.
InS-°-s´ F∂v aØm-bn°v tXm∂n F∂mWv 27:9, 10 hN-\- Xmtgm-´p≈ hN-\w ImWpI: ""Fs∂ \in-∏n-°m≥ Hcp-ßn-
ß-fn¬ \n∂pw a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. ]s£, AXv b-h¿ \pW-sIm≠v Fs∂ A{I-an-°p-∂-h¿ {]_-e-cm-Wv.
bnc-aym-hns‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn-emsW∂v sX‰n≤-cn®v B {]hm- Rm≥ tamjvSn-°m-ØXv Xncn®v sImSp-°p-hm-\m-Iptam?
N-Is‚ t]cv sImSp-Ø-XmImw. I¿Øm-th, Fs‚ t`mjØw Ahn-Sp-∂d - n-bp-∂p. Fs‚ sX‰p-
hmkvX-h-Øn¬ skJcym-hn¬ ]d-™n´p≈ hN-\-߃ Iƒ Aß-bn¬ \n∂p ad-™n-cn-°p-∂n-√.'' (k¶o: 69:4,5--).
c≠v CS-b-∑m¿ AYhm \√-h-\mb Hcp CS-b-s\bpw \oN- ASnhcbn´ `mKw ImWpI: 69:4,5 hN\w tbip-hns\
\mb Hcp CS-b-s\bpw ]‰n-bp≈ `mK-am-Wv. skJcymbpsS kw_- ‘ n- ® p≈ hN- \ - a m- s W- ¶ n¬ tbip t`mj\pw
]pkvXIw 11mw A≤ymbw Hcm-h¿Øn hmbn-®m¬ AXv (hnUvVnbpw) ]m]n-bp-am-sW-∂s√ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.
hy‡-amIpw. ChnsS 11:10˛14 hsc-bp≈ hN-\-߃ sImSp- Fs‚ A¶n-°mbn Ah¿ \dp-°n-Sp∂p
°p-hm-\p≈ ImcWw; hmb-\-°m¿°v Imcy-߃ a\- n-em- k¶o: 22:18se hN-\-am-Wn-Xv. AXns‚ ]q¿Wcq]w
°m-\m-Wv. Cu hN-\-ß-fn-se-hn-sSbpw Ipi-hs‚ \ne-sØ- ""Ah¿ Fs‚ hkv{X-߃ ]¶n-s´-Sp-°p-∂p. Fs‚ A¶n-
∏‰n H∂pw ]d-bp-∂n-√. ap-∏-Xv- sh-≈n-°m-iv- `-fim-c-Øn¬- °mbn Achv \dp-°n-Sp-∂p.'' aØmbn 27:35epw am¿t°mkv
C-´p-sh-∂v- skJcym-h-- v- ]-d-bp-tºmƒ-,- `-fim-c-Øn¬- \n-t£- 15:24epw eq°v 23:34epw tbml-∂m≥ 19:24 epw Hcp {]h-N-\-
]n-°msX tZhm-e-b-Øn-te°v hen-s®-dn-™p-sh∂v a-Øm- am-bn-´mWv k¶o: 22:18 sImSp-Øn-´p-≈-Xv. Cu kphn-ti-j-
bn- ]-d-bp-∂p.- AXp-sIm≠v aØmbn 27:9,10 G®v Iq´nb hN- I¿ k¶o¿Ø-\-]p-kvXIw ]cn-tim-[n-°m-sX-bmWv AXv
\-am-Wv ]-d-bp-∂Xv. G-®pIq´n-bm¬ apg-®n-cn°pw Fs∂mcp Fgp-Xn-]n-Sn-∏n-®X
- v. tbip-hp-ambn bmsXmcp _‘-hp-an√mØ
sNm√p-≠-t√m. B apg-∏mWv \mw ChnsS I≠Xv. hN-\a - m-sW∂v Iotgm´v hmbn-®m¬ a\- n-em-Ipw. hmZ-Øn\v
F-s‚- ssZhta,- F-s‚- ssZhta th≠n AXv Ipcn-iva-c-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏´ hN-\-am-sW∂v
\o Fs∂ ssIhn-´-sX¥v k¶¬]n-®m¬ apºv kqNn-∏n-®Xv t]mse Iotgm´v hmbn-®m¬
CXv Hcp ]gb\nba{]h-N-am-bn-´mWv anj-W-dn-am¿ ]cn- Ipcniv ac-W-Øn¬ \n∂pw c£-s∏-Sp-hm≥ th≠n-bp≈
N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xv. a-Øm-bn- 27:-46¬- ""tb-ip- D-®-Øn¬- \n-e- {]m¿∞-\-bm-bn-´mWv a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. B `mKw
hn-fn-®p...- F-s‚- ssZhta,- F-s‚- ssZhta F-¥p-sIm-≠v- \o- ImWpI! ""I¿Øm-th, Aßv AI-∂n-cn-°-cptX! F\n°v
F-s∂- D-t]-£n-®p.-'' F-∂v- Im-Wmw.- hN\w tIƒ°p-tºmƒ XpW-bm-bh - s\ Fs‚ klm-bØ - n\v thKw hc-Wta! Fs‚
Xs∂ Adn-bmw, Ipcn-in¬- a - c
- W
- w- h-cn-°m≥- tbip-hn\v Xosc Pohs\ hmfn¬ \n∂pw c£n-t°-Wta! Fs∂ \mb-bpsS
Xm¬]-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂v-. Cu {]h-N\w {InkvXp- ]nSn-bn¬ \n∂pw tamNn-∏n-t°-Wta!'' (k¶o: 22:19,20) k¶o:
hn\pw Bbncw h¿j-߃°v apºv ZmhoZv Xs‚ k¶o¿Ø- 22:18 tbip-hns‚ Ipcniv ac-W-Øns‚ {]h-N-\-am-sW∂v
\-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠∂v anj-W-dn-am¿ ]d-bm-dp- hmZn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬; XpS¿∂p≈ hN-\-߃ hmbn-®m¬
≠v. k¶o¿Ø-\-Øn-se- h-N-\w- ImWpI: ""Fs‚ ssZh-ta, AXn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ AYhm Ipcniv ac-WØ - n¬ \n∂pw c£-
Fs‚ ssZhta F¥p-sIm≠v Aßv Fs∂ Dt]-£n®p! s∏-Sp-hm≥ th≠n-bp≈ {]m¿∞-\-bm-bn-´mWv a\- n-em-Ip-
Fs∂ klm-bn-°m-sXbpw Fs‚ tcmZ\w tIƒ°m-sXbpw ∂-Xv. ASn-h-c-bn´ `mKw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-I.
AI∂p \n¬°p-∂-X¥psIm≠v? Fs‚ ssZhta, ]I¬ BZ¿i-Øn-s\mØv thZ-{K-Ÿ-Øn¬ Iq´n-t®¿°mt\m
apgp-h≥ Rm≥ Aßs\ hnfn-°p∂p; Aßv tIƒ°p-∂n√; \o°n-°-f-bmt\m ss{IkvXh thZ-⁄∑m¿°v bmsXmcp
cm{Xn-bnepw hnfn-®-t]-£n-°p∂p; F\n°v Bizmkw e`n- a\- m-£n-°p-Øp-ap-≠m-bn´n√. "am¿Kw GXm-bmepw e£y-
°p-∂n√'' (k¶o¿Ø\w 22:1,2) Øn¬ apt∂-dpI'- F∂ \m-kvXnI X{¥-amWv Ah¿°p-≈-
k-¶o-:- 22:-1,2¬- \n-∂p-w- ""F-s‚- ssZhta,- F-s‚- ssZhta Xv. ]ucm-WnI ss{IkvX-h-]n-Xm-hmb bptk-_n-bkv ]d-
F-¥p-sIm-≠v- \o- F-s∂- D-t]-£n-®p!''- F-∂- h-N-\w- am-{Xw- bp∂p: "{InkvXp-hn\v th≠n \pW ]dbpIbpw h©n-°p-
a-Øm-bn- A-S¿-Øn-sb-Sp-Øv- 27:-46¬- Fgp-Xn-]n-Sn-∏n-®p.- a-n-j- Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv \nb-a-]-c-amWv' (Jesus: God, man or myth,
\-dn-am¿- Ip-cn-ip-a-c-W-Øn-\v- sX-fn-hm-bn- A-sX-Sp-Øv- D-≤-cn- cutner, page No: 98). anj- W - d n- a m¿ CXv A\p- k yqXw
°p-∂p. Ip-cn-ip-a-c-W-Øn-s\-Xn-cm-bp-≈- H-cp- {]-h-N-\-am-Wn- {]mh¿Øn-I-am-°ns-°m≠n-cn-°p-∂p F∂-XmWv hkvXpX.
Xv-.- Ip-cn-ip-a-c-W-Øn¬- \n-∂pw- X-s∂- c-£-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥- th{Z-{KŸw Xncp-Øn-bm-ep-≠m-Ip∂ `hn-j-yØn-s\-∏‰n
tb-ip- ssZ-h-tØm-Sv- cm-]-I-en-√m-sX- {]m¿-∞n-®n-´pw ssZhw- ss__nƒ ]d-bp-∂Xv ImWpI: ""Ahs‚ hN-\-ß-tfmSv \o
A-Xv- {i-hn-°m-sX- h-∂-t∏mƒ- Ip-cn-in¬- In-S-∂v- \n-cm-i-tbm- H∂pw Iq´-cp-Xv. Ah≥ \ns∂ hnkva-cn®n-´v- I≈-\m-I-p-hm≥
sS- -ssZ-h-tØm-Sv- ]-cm-Xn-s∏-´ `m-K-am-Wv- aØmbn 27:46 hN- CS-h-c-cpXv''- (kZr-iy-hm-Iy-߃ 30:6) ss__n-fns‚ `mj-
\-sa∂v k-¶o-:- 22:-1,2 H-cm-h¿-Øn- hm-bn-®m¬- -a-\- n-em-°m≥- bn¬ ]-d-™m¬- apI-fn¬ kqNn-∏n® "Iq´n-t®¿Ø I≈≥'
I-gn-bp-∂-Xv.- Bcm-bn-cn-°pw. Nn¥n-°p-I.

2009 \-hw--_¿- 24
tbip ss__nfnepw Jp¿B\nepw
A_q-lw\ Imc-Øq¿ ■-

PqX Xm≥t]mcnabpsS CcIfmWv ss__nƒ ]gb\nbaØnse


ssZhhpw {]hmNI≥amcpw F∂Xv AsXmcmh¿Øn hmbn°p∂
Gh¿°pw hy‡amIpw. ss{IkvXhcmIs´ hgnsX‰nb C{kmtb¬
Ip™mSpIsf ssZham¿KØnte°v £Wn°m≥ h∂ tbiphns\
ssZhhpw ssZh]p{X\psa√mam°n h{IoIcn®p; PqXtcm tbiphns\
]msS XnckvIcn°pIbpw sNbvXp. AXnitbm‡nIfpw AkXyßfp-
an√msX tbiphns\bpw amXmhns\bpw IrXyambn Nn{XoI-cn°p∂Xv
2009 \-hw--_¿- 25
]cnip≤-Jp¿B≥ am{XamsW∂XmWv 2) F√m PqXscbpw C{kmtbens‚ CtX Bibw Xs∂ eqt°mkns‚ kp-
X¿°a‰ kXyw. PqX∑m¿ tbiphn¬ aÆn¬ XncnsI Hcpan®p Iq´pw. (biøm- hn-tijw 12:49˛53epw hmbn°mhp∂-
hniz- k n- ° mØXn\v \ncØnb Nne hv 43:5,6) XmWv. CØcw hN\߃ D]tbmKn®p
hmZK-Xn-Iƒ ]cntim[n°mw. 3) F√m ]IbpsSbpw, ASn®a¿Ø- sIm≠v PqX∑m¿ tbip aninlm A√
PqXcpw aninlmbpw epIfpsSbpw, tcmKØns‚bpw ]oU\- F∂p ka¿Yn®p hcp∂p.
PqX∑mcpsS ss{IkvXh aX\ntj- ßfpsSbpw Imew Ign™v temIkam- aninlmbpsS hy‡nKpW߃
[-Øn\pff sXfnhpIsf hniZambn [m\Øns‚ \mƒ IS∂p hcpw: ""PmXn tbiphn¬ ktΩfn®n´n√
]cntim[n°ptºmƒ ]gb \nba]pkv- PmXn°p t\sc hmtfmßpIbn√. Ah¿ Ncn{XØnse G‰hpw alm\mb
XIhpw X¬aqZpw BWv sXfnhmbn C\n bp≤w A`ykn°pIbpan√''. (bi- {]hmNI\mbncn°pw aninlm. At±lw
D≤cn°p∂sX∂v ImWmhp∂XmWv. ømhv 2:4) tami°v sXm´SpØ ÿm\Ømbncn-
H∂maXmbn tbip aninlm As√∂p- 4) C{kmtb¬ ssZhsØIpdn®pff °pw (ssatamssWUvkv˛bmZv tXiph
ff ka¿Y\amWp≈Xv. PqX d∫n {jmK hn⁄m\w temIsaºmSpw hym]n°pw: 9:2)
knΩ¨kv FgpXp∂Xv ImWpI. "anin- ""btlmh k¿h`qan°pw cmPmhmIpw, temI PqXP\kwJysS alm `qcn-
l' F∂ ]Zw ln{_p ]Zamb "ainbmJv' A∂mfn¬ btlmh GI\pw Ahs‚ `mKhpw A[nhkn°p∂ C{kmtb¬
F∂ ]ZØns‚ BwKteb cq]amWv. \maw GIhpambncn°pw'' (skJcymhv tZiØmWv {]hmNIXzw \ne\n¬°p-
"FÆ ]pc´pI' F∂ A¿YamWv CXn- 14:9) ∂-Xv. ss{IkvXhh¿jw 300\v apºv am-
\pffXv. tZlamkIew FÆ]pc´n ssZ- D]cnkqNnX hyhÿIfn¬ Hs∂- {Xw \ne\n∂ncp∂ HchÿbmWnXv.
hZmkyhrØnbn¬ kzbw ka¿]n® Hcp ¶n-epw Hcp hy‡nbn¬ ]pecmXncp∂m- F{kmbpsS ImeL´Øn¬˛- _ m_n-
hy‡nsbbmWv (A`njn‡≥) Cu ¬ Abmƒ aninlm BIm≥ Xcan√. tem- W n¬ \n∂pw C{kmbnente°v
hm°psIm≠v km[mcWbmbn A¿Y- Ct∂mfw Bcnepw `mhncmPmhns\ IpSntbdm≥ `qcn]£w PqXcpw hnkΩ-
am°mdp≈Xv. (]pd∏mSv 29:7,1 cmPm°- Ipdn®pff ss__nfnIhnhcWw ]q¿- Xn® ImeØv˛Ahkm\ {]hmNI\mb
∑m¿ 1:39, 2 cmPm°∑m¿ 9:3) l§mbn, kJcymhv, amemJn F∂nhcp-
ØoIcn°s∏SmØXn\m¬ PqX¿ C-
F√m cmPm°∑mcpw D∂X ]ptcm- t∏mgpw AhcpsS aninlmsb ImØncn- sS acWtØmsS {]hmNIXzw Ahkm-
lnX∑mcpw A`njn‡cm°s∏Sp∂p °pIbmWv. AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ anin- \n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. {]hmNIXzw Ah-
F∂Xn\m¬ Chcpw aninlm°ƒ X- lm BsW∂v AhImis∏´ \kmd- km-\n®v 350 h¿j߃°v tijw BK-
s∂. (1 kmaph¬ 26:11,2 kmaph¬ 23:1, X\mb tbip Hcp {]hmNI\mbncp∂n-
°m-c\mb tbiphpw, _m¿ tImIv_-
b-iø 45:1 k¶o¿Ø\w 20:6) √ F∂v PqX∑m¿ i‡ambn hmZn-
bpw, i_vXn knhnbpsa√mw X≈s∏´p.
°p∂p.(3)
F∂m¬ PqX Nn¥bnse aninl ss{IkvXh¿ tbiphns‚ c≠mwhc-
F∂Xv {]hmNI]pkvXIßfn¬ an°- hn¬ Cu e£Wßsf√mw ]q¿ØoI- ZmhoZns‚ Xmhgn
Xnepw {]hNn°s∏´n´p≈ Aaq¿ØX- cn°s∏Spsa∂v ]dbp∂p. F¶nepw PqX PqXtcJIƒ {]Imcw, a\pjycmb
bpsS ImeL´Øn¬ C{kmtb¬ `cn- {]amW߃ aninlmsb Ipdn®p≈ amXm]nXm°ƒ°v ]nd°p∂ Aam\p-
°p∂ ZmhoZv cmPmhns‚ Xmhgn°m-c- {]hN\߃ DS≥ Xs∂ ]pecpsa∂m- jn-I-KpWßfn√mØ A¿[\tcizc≥
\mWv. `mhnbn¬ C{kmtb¬ `cn°m\n- Wv ]dbp∂Xv. PqX ss__nfnemIs´ F∂ Hchÿbpan√mØ CXca\pjy-
cn-°p∂ {]kvXpX A`njn‡ cmPmhm- Hcp c≠mw hchns\ Ipdn®pff kqN\- sc t]mse km[mcW `uXnIcq]n-bm-
Wv PqXcpsS aninl. (biømhv 11:1 ˛--- 9, t]mepw e`ya√. (2) Wv aninlm. aninlm Xs‚ ]nXmhns‚
Pdanb 23:5,6, 30:7˛10)(1) PqXhnizk{]Imcw akolns‚ ss]XrIØn¬ ZmhoZv cmPmhns‚
aninlmsb kw_‘n®pff BKa\w sbiømhv 2:4¬ ]dbp∂Xv Xmh-gn°mc\mbncn°Ww. (D¬]Øn
{]hN\߃ tbiphn¬ t]mse kam[m\w ÿm]n°phm\mWv. 49:10 biømhv11:1, Pdanb 23:5, 33:17, sb-
]q¿ØoIcn°s∏´n√ F∂m¬ tbip Xs∂ ]dbp∂Xv Im- l-kvtI¬ 34:23,24) ss{IkvXh hnizk-
{]Imcw tbiphns‚ P\\w I\yIbn-
aninlmbpsS t\´ßsfIpdn®v WpI.
¬ \n∂pamWv. At±lØn\v ]nXmhv
ss_-_nƒ ]dbp∂p. ""Rm≥ `qanbn¬ kam[m\w hcp- D≠mbn´n√. BbXpsIm≠v Xs∂
1) hnip≤ aµncw (The Third Temple) Øphm≥ h∂p F∂p \ncq]n°cpXv; ]nXm-hns‚ Xmhgnbn¬ ZmhoZpambn
ÿm]n°pw. (blkvtI¬ 37:26˛28) kam[m\w A√, hmƒ As{X hcp-Øp- _‘ap≠m°pI F∂ aninlmbpsS
hm≥ Rm≥ h∂Xv.'' (aØmbn 10:34)

am\km¥cs∏Sm≥ hnkΩXn°p∂htcmSv t]mcmSpsa∂pw Zp¿\SØn∏pImcn


am\km¥cs∏Sp∂n√ F¶n¬ AhfpsS a°sf sIm∂pIfbpsa∂pw tbip ]dbp∂Xmbn
shfn]mSp]pkvXIw hc®p Im´p∂p.

2009 \-hw--_¿- 26
PqXcpw ss{IkvXhcpw tXmtfmSvtXmƒ tN¿∂v
tbiphns\ CIgvØptºmƒ
AXn`mhpIXzßfn√msX tbip F∂
alm\mb {]hmNIs‚ kXyktµiw
btYmNnXw hc®pIm´pIbmWv
]cnip≤ Jp¿B≥.

ASbmfw tbiphn¬ ]q¿ØoIcn°s∏- ¬ FgpXs∏´n´p≈Xv PqX∑m¿ AYhm tZhmebØn¬ I®hSw \SØnb-


Sp∂n√.(4) C{kmtb¬ GIamWv F∂v KWn°s∏- h-tcmSv kam[m\Øne√ tbip {]Xn-
tbiphpabn _‘s∏SpØnb Sp-∂-Xn\memsW∂pw Ah¿ hniZoIcn- I-cn-®Xp F∂v hy‡w.
hnIe X¿PaIƒ °p∂p.(7) Xs‚ sNbvXnIƒ°v amXrIbmbn
lo{_p ]Xn∏n¬ \n∂pam{XamWv tbiphmWv Cu A[ymbØn¬ ]d- `hn®Xp tbiphns‚ Cu {]hr-Ønbm-
ss__nƒ (]gb\nbaw) a\knem°m- bs∏Sp∂Xv F¶n¬ 53:12¬ ""_ehm∑m- bncp∂p F∂v km£m¬ ln‰ve¿ Xs‚
\mhpI F∂pw ss{IkvXh X¿PaIfn- tcmSp IqsS Ah≥ sIm≈ ]¶nSpw'' {]kwKßfnsem∂n¬ {]Jym]n®ncp-∂p.
¬ Ht´sd sshIey߃ ZriyamsW- F∂-Xv tbiphn\v _m[amIpw. tbip Cu hN\sØ ln‰ve¿ hniZoIcn®p.
∂pw PqX¿ hmZn°p∂p.(5) sIm≈ ]¶nSpItbm? Zp¿hymJym\ß- ""Hcp {InkvXym\n F∂ \ne°p≈
I\ymP\\w ƒ°v \¬tI≠n hcp∂ hne F{X tam- Fs‚ hnImc߃ Fs‚ c£Is\bpw
iw!! ssZhsØbpw Hcp t]mcmfnbnte°v
biømhv 7:14¬ ]dbp∂ "A¬a' Hcp
]pXnb \nbaØnse tbip hnc¬Nq≠p∂p. CXv F\n°v kqN\
Ip™ns\ {]hkhn°psa∂ {]tbmK-
Xcp∂Xv GXm\pw injy∑mtcmsSm∏w
Øn¬ \n∂mWv ss{IkvXh¿ I\ymP- tbiphns\ PqX∑m¿ \ntj[n®Xpw
Hcn°¬ H‰s∏´pt]mb B a\pjys\
\\w F∂ Bibw \n¿[mcWw sNbv- A[nt£]n®Xpw \mw I≠pht√m?
Ipdn®mWv. PqX≥am¿ F¥mbncp∂p-
Xn-´p≈Xv. "A¬a' F∂ ]ZØn\v F-- F∂m¬ PqX∑mcpsS {KŸsØ hnizm- sh∂v Xncn®dn™Xn\m¬ AtZlw
°m-eØpw D≈ A¿Yw "bphXn' F∂p k]cambpw PqXkaqlsØ cmjv{So-b- a\pjysc Ah¿s°Xncn¬ s]mcpXm≥
am{XamWv. F∂m¬ \q‰m≠pIƒ°v ti- ]cambn Ckvemans\Xnscbpw D]tbm- £Wn°pIbmbncp∂p. AtX, ssZham-
jw cwKØph∂ ss{IkvXh Xntbmf- Kn®p hcp∂ ss{IkvXh{]amWamb sW kXyw! At±lw XymKnbmbncp∂n-
Pn-ÃpIƒ "A¬a'sb I\yI F∂v X¿- ]pXnb\nbaw tbiphns\ F{]Imcw √. adn®v Hcp t]mcmfnbmbncp∂p. ss{I-
Pa sNøpIbmbncp∂p. PU߃ ssZh- Nn{XoIcn°p∂p F∂pw a\knemt°- kvXhs\∂ \ne°v AXnc‰ kvt\l-
Øm¬ K¿`w [cn°psa∂ BZy\q‰m- ≠-Xp≠v. Xm≥ \ntbmKnX\mbXv kam- tØmsSbpw Hcp a\pjys\∂ \ne°pw
≠nse _lpssZhmcm[IcpsS hnizm- [m\w ÿm]n°phm\√ F∂p tbip B hcnIfneqsS Rm≥ IS∂pt]mIp-
k-tØmSv kam\amWv Cu hnizm-kw Xpd∂p ]dbp∂Xmbn aØmbn10:34, tºmƒ ssZhw F{]ImcamWv Xs‚
F∂mWv d∫nam¿ CtXIpdn®v A`n-{]m- eqt°mkv12:49˛53 F∂o hN\ßfn¬ i‡nbn¬ DW¿∂v NΩ´nbpw Iøn-te-
bs∏´Xv.(6) am{Xa√ {]kvXpX hN\- \mw hmbn®p. CXnep]cnbmbn Ip]nX- ¥n B AWenk¥XnItfbpw hnjk-
Øn-¬ B Ip™v "CΩm\pth¬'F∂v \m-b tbiphns\bpw ss__nƒ Nn{Xo- ¿-]ßsfbpw tZhmebØn¬ \n∂v ]pd-
hnfn-°s∏Spw F∂mWv ]dbp∂Xpw!! Icn°p∂p. ""tZhmebØn¬ Imf, BSv, Øm°nbsX∂v F\n°v ]d™pXcp-
IqSmsX biømhv 53¬ ]dbp∂ {]mhv F∂nhsb hn¬°p∂hscbpw ∂p. PqXhnjØns\Xncmbp≈ temI-
]oU-\w kln°p∂ hy‡n tbiphm- AhnsS Ccn°p∂ s]m≥hmWn`°m-sc- Øn\mbn At±lØns‚ t]mcm´w
sW-∂Xpw sX‰mb hymJym\ambn PqX- bpw I≠n´v IbdpsIm≠v Hcp NΩ´nbp- F{X `bm\Iw. C∂v c≠mbncw h¿j-
∑m¿ hnebncpØp∂p. biømhv 52¬ ≠m°n BSpamSpItfmSp IqsS F√m- ß- ƒ °v tijw AKm[thZ\bm¬,
PqX¿ H∂msI \mSpISØs∏SpIbpw h-scbpw tZhmebØn¬ \n∂v ]pdØm- F∂tØXnepw A[nIw, Rm≥ Xncn-
]oUn∏n°s∏SpIbpw sNøp∂Xmbn °n. s]m≥ hmWn`°mcpsS \mWy߃ ®dnbp∂p; CXn\p th≠nbmbncp∂p
]d-bp∂Xns‚ XpS¿® am{XamWv 53¬ XqIn If™v taiIsf adn®n´p...'' (tbm- At±lw Xs‚ c‡w Ipcnin-semgp-°n-
]dbp∂Xv. {]hN\߃ GIhN\-Øn- l∂m≥ 2:14-˛16) bXv. Hcp ss{IkvXhs\∂ \ne°v kz-

2009 \-hw--_¿- 27
bw h©nX\mhm≥ F\n°v _m[yX- tbiphns\ C∆n[w {Iqc\mbn ™pXcnIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. IqSmsX
bn√. F∂m¬ kXyØn\pw \oXn°p- Nn{XoIcn°m≥ ss__nfn\p Ign™p aØmbn 23:27¬ tbip Chsc ""I]S-
ambn s]mcpXpI Fs‚ ISabpamWv... F∂XpXs∂ AXns‚ ssZhnIX°p- ∑m¿'' F∂p IqSn hnfn°p∂p.
Hcp ss{IkvXh≥ F∂ \ne°v F\n- ≈ sXfnhmbn At∏mfPnÃpIƒ°v eqt°mkv kphntijw 11:39,40
°v Fs‚ kz¥w P\XtbmSv IS∏m-Sp- IW°m°mw. ss__n-ƒ{- ]hmNI∑m-cp- hN\߃ t\m°pI:
≠v. ]pe¿Imeßfn¬ ]pdtØ°nd- sS A[m¿anIXsb A{]ImcamWt√m
""]coi∑mcmb \n߃ In≠n-°n-
ßsh Cu ]oUnXapJ߃ hcnhcnbm- Ch¿ KWn®phcp∂Xv!!
ÆßfpsS ]pdw shSn∏m°p∂p. \nß-
bn \n¬°p∂Xv ImWptºmƒ F\n°- ssZh]p{Xs\ \cImhIminbm- fpsS D≈ntem Ih¿®bpw ZpjvSXbpw
htcmsSmcp Zbmhmbv]pw tXm∂p∂n√ °p∂p! \nd™ncn°p∂p. aqV∑msc, ]pdw
F¶n¬ GsXmcp P\XbmemtWm Cu alm\mb tbip{Inkv X phns\ D≠m°nbh≥ A√tbm AIhpw D≠m-
]mhw a\pjy¿ ASn®a¿Øs∏SpIbpw At±lØns‚ Xs∂ A[ym]\- ß - °nbXv?'' (ept°mkv 11:39,40)
NqjWw sNøs∏SpIbpw sNøp∂Xv ƒ°v hncp≤ambn ssZhhpw ssZh]p{X- Cu "aqVm' hnfnbneqsS aØmbn
Ah¿s°Xncn¬ c≠mbncw h¿j߃- \psa√mam°n am‰n bYm¿Y ssZhhn- 5:22se c≠mw Bib{]Imcw tbip
°v apºv \ΩpsS I¿Ømhv sNbvXXv izmksØ ss{IkvXh ]utcmlnXyw \cIm·n°v A¿l\pamWv ! ! C\n
t]mse Rm≥ {]h¿Øn°p∂n√m F¶n- -\in∏n®psh¶n¬ tbiphns\ \cIm-h- CsX√mw am‰nsh®m¬ Xs∂ ]Tn∏n-®-
¬ Rm\dnbp∂p, Rms\mcp ss{IkvX- Iminbm°p∂ ]WnbmWv ss__nƒ Xv {]h¿Øn°m≥ IgnbmØ I]S\m-
ht\b√.'' (Adolf Hitler,12 April1922¬ Gs‰SpØXv. bn tbip Nn{XoIcn°s∏SpIbpw sN-
\SØnb {]`mjWØn¬ \n∂v)(8) tbip ]d™Xmbn ss__nƒ ]d- øpw. ssZhØns‚ bYm¿Y Ip™mSm-
tbiphns‚ Hcp sNbvXnbn¬ \n∂v bp∂p: ""Rmt\m \nßtfmSv ]dbp∂Xv: Im≥ IgnbmØh\mbn tbip Nn{Xo-
ln‰ve¿ At\Imbncßsf sIm∂psh- ktlmZct\mSv tIm]n°p∂h≥ F- Icn°s∏SpIbmWnhnsS. ]cnip≤m-
¶n¬ B hN\w icnbmWv. ""Rm≥ `qan- √mw \ybhn[n°v tbmKy\mIpw. k- flmhn\m¬ \nizmkyambn FgpXs∏´
bn¬ kam[m\w hcpØphm≥ h∂p tlmZct\mSv "\n mcm' F∂p ]d™m- kphntijØns‚ Ahÿbs{X CXv!
F∂v \ncq]n°cpXv; kam[m\w A√, tem \ymb[n]k`bpsS apºn¬ \n¬- "N°ns°mØ N¶c≥' F∂ \mS≥
hmƒ At{X hcpØphm≥ Rm≥ h∂- t°≠n hcpw. "apVm!' F∂v ]d™m- {]tbmKsØ Hm¿an∏n°p∂XmWv PqX
Xv.'' (aØmbn 10:34) tem A·n\cIØn\v tbmKy\mIpw'' ss{IkvXhcpsS Cu sNbvXnIƒ!
am\km¥cs∏Sm≥ hnkΩXn°p-∂- (aØmbn 5:22)
Cukm\_n Jp¿B\n¬
htcmSv t]mcmSpsa∂pw Zp¿\SØn∏p-Im- ChnsS c≠v ImcyßfmWv ]dbs∏-
PqXcpw ss{IkvXhcpw tXmtfmSv-
cn am\km¥cs∏Sp∂n√ F¶n¬ Ah- ´Xv: 1) ktlmZct\mSv tIm]n°p∂h≥
tXmƒ tN¿∂v tbiphns\ CIgvØp-
fpsS a°sf sIm∂pIfbpsa∂pw tb- \ymbhn[n°v A¿l\mIpw. 2) aqVm!
tºmƒ AXn`mhpIXzßfn√msX tb-
ip ]dbp∂Xmbn shfn]mSp]pkvXIw F∂v hnfn®m¬ \cIm·n°v tbmKy\m-
ip F∂ alm\mb {]hmNIs‚ kXy-
hc®p Im´p∂p. Ipw. \tS kqNn∏n® {]XnIcWcoXn-I-
ktµiw btYmNnXw hc®pIm´pI-bm-
ƒ Xs∂ Cu \nbaØn\v _m[IamWv
""BIbm¬ am\km¥cs∏SpI; Wv ]cnip≤ Jp¿B≥.
F¶nepw XXvImew Ah am‰nsh°mw.
A√m™m¬ Rm≥ thKXbn¬ h∂v aØmbn kphntijw 12:34 hmbn°pI: adnbw 
Fs‚ hmbnse hmfpsIm≠v AhtcmSv tbip ]dbp∂p: ""k¿∏k¥XnIsf \n- tbiphns‚ amXmhmb adnban
t]mcmSpw'' (shfn]mSv 2:16) ߃ ZpjvScmbncns° \√Xv kwkmcn- s\ hfsc tæNamb coXnbn¬ Nn{Xo-
""Rm≥ Ahƒ°v am\km¥cs∏- ∏m≥ Fßs\ Ignbpw?'' Icn® PqXcN\Iƒ \mw I≠pht√m?
Sphm≥ kabw sImSpØn´pw Zp¿\S∏p 'k¿∏k¥Xn'Isf∂ NoØhnfn "]Xn{hX' Ft∂m "I\yI' Ft∂m
hn´v am\km¥cs∏Sphm≥ Ahƒ°v thsdbpw kpe`amWv . "\n mc≥' "Nmcn{XyhXn' Ft∂m H∂pw A¿Yw
a\kv h∂n√. Rm≥ Ahsf InS∏nepw F∂pt]mepw hnfn°cpXv \ymbhn[n- \¬Im≥ IgnbmØ tIhew "bphXn'
Ahfpambn hy`nNcn°p∂hsc Ah- °Xv A¿lam°pw F∂pw ]Tn∏n® F∂¿Yap≈ "A¬a' F∂]Zw s]m°n-
fpsS \S∏v hn´v am\km¥cs∏SmXncp- tbip k¿∏k¥XnIsf∂pw ZpjvS∑m- ∏nSn®v PqX ss{IkvXh¿ X¿°Ønte-
∂m¬ henb IjvSXbnepw B°n°- sc∂pw ]coi∑mscbpw imkv-{Xnamsc- ¿s]Sp∂Xpw apºv kqNn∏n®pht√m?
fbpw, AhfpsS a°sfbpw sIm∂pI- bpw hnfn°ptºmƒ At±lw \ymbhn- F∂m¬ GXp hnjbØnepsa∂-t]m-
fbpw'' (shfn]mSv 2:21˛-23) [n°v A¿l\msW∂v ss_-_nƒ ]d- se hfsc IrXyambn C\nsbmcp kwi-

'\n mc≥' F∂pt]mepw hnfn°cpXv \ymbhn[n°Xv A¿lam°pw F∂pw ]Tn∏n®


tbip k¿∏k¥XnIsf∂pw \n߃ ZpjvS∑msc∂pw ]coi∑mscbpw imkv{Xnamscbpw
hnfn°ptºmƒ At±lw \ymbhn[n°v A¿l\msW∂v ss__nƒ ]d™pXcnIbmWv
sNøp∂Xv.

2009 \-hw--_¿- 28
bØn\pw km[yXbn√mØhn[w Jp¿- kXyw. ChnsSbpw ]cnip≤Jp- ¿ - B - sW∂v \ns‚ c£nXmhv ]d™ncn°p-
B≥ ]dbp∂p: \n¬ am{XamWv kphy‡ambn hnj- ∂p. Ahs\ (B Ip´nsb) a\pjy¿-
""Xs‚ Kplyÿm\sØ kq£n®p- bw AhXcn∏n°s∏Sp∂Xv. s°mcp ZrjvSm¥hpw, \ΩpsS ]°¬
sh®hfmb adnbans\ Hm¿°pI.'' (21:91) ""F∂n´v Ah¿ ImWmXncn°m≥ \n∂p≈ ImcpWyhpw B°m\pw (\mw
Ahƒ Hcp adbp≠m°n. At∏mƒ \Ωp- Dt±in°p∂p). AXv Xocpam\n°s∏´
""adnbta, Xo¿Nbmbpw A√mlp
sS Bflmhns\ (Pn_vcoens\) \mw Hcp ImcyamIp∂p. Aßs\ Ahs\
\ns∂ {]tXyIw sXscs™Sp°pIbpw,
AhfpsS ASptØ°v \ntbmKn®p. K¿`w [cn°pIbpw, F∂n´v AXpambn
\n\°v ]cnip≤n \¬IpIbpw, temI-
Aßs\ At±lw AhfpsS apºn¬ Ahƒ AIse Hcp ÿeØv amdnØm-
Øp≈ kv{XoIfn¬ sh®v DXvIrjvSbm-
XnI™ a\pjycq]Øn¬ {]Xy£s∏- akn°pIbpw sNbvXp.'' (19:17˛22)
bn \ns∂ sXscs™Sp°pIbpw sNbv- ´p. Ahƒ ]d™p: ""Xo¿Nbmbpw \n∂n-
Xncn°p∂p'' (3:42) ""A√mlpsh kw_‘n®nStØmfw
¬ \n∂pw Rm≥ ]caImcpWnI\n¬ Cuksb D]an°mhp∂Xv BZant\mSm-
""Xs‚ Kplyÿm\w ImØpkq£n- icWw {]m]n°p∂p. \o [¿a\njvT-bp- Ip∂p. Ahs\ (Ahs‚ cq]w) aÆn¬
\n∂pw Ah≥ krjvSn®p. ]n∂oSv AXn-
t\mSv D≠mIq F∂v ]d™t∏mƒ Ah-
≥ (BZw) AXm D≠mIp∂p.'' (3:59)
ss{Ikv X h¿ ]et∏mgpw tbip
ssZh"hN\'amsW∂pw AXn\v Jp¿B-
\n¬ sXfnhps≠∂pw 3:45 D≤cn®v
]dbmdp≠v. F∂m¬ AhnsS ]dbp∂
B "hN\w' BWv 3:59¬ hni-Z-am-°p-
∂Xv. "Ip≥' AYhm D≠mIq F∂ I¬-
]\bt{X B "hN\w'. {]kv X pX
"hN\'sØ ssZhw F∂v hntijn∏n®m-
¬ F√m krjvSnIfpw ssZhamsW∂v
ss{IkvXh¿°v ]dtb≠n hcpw. Imc-
Ww A√mlp ]dbp∂p:

tbip-hns\ ]nimNn\v ]oUn∏n°phm-t\m ss]imNnIX-


bn¬ AIs∏-SpØn sX‰p sNøn°mt\m Ignbn√ F∂p
Xs∂bmWv CkvemanIhnizm-kw. AXp ]t£ At±lw
ssZhambXpsIm-t≠m ssZh]p{X\mbXpsImt≠m A√.
® C{ams‚ aIfmb adnbant\bpw'' kXym-hÿ Fs¥-∂dnbm≥ Jp¿B≥ hmbn°pI.
(66:12)
tbiphns‚ P\\w
tbiphns\ Pmck¥Xnbm°m≥
PqX IsøgpØptIm¬ ]WnsbSpØ- ≈h\msW¶n¬ (Fs∂ hn´v amdn ""BImißsfbpw `qansbbpw ap≥-
t∏mƒ BZn]m]Øn\v sXfnhp]nSn-°m- t]mIq). At±lw (Pn_vco¬ ) ]d™p: amXrIbn√msX \n¿an®h\s{X Ah≥.
≥ ""Fs‚ amXmhv Fs∂ ]m]Øn¬ ]cnip≤\mb Hcp B¨Ip´nsb \n\- Ahs\mcp Imcyw Xocpam\n®m¬ D≠m-
K¿`w Npa∂p'' F∂ ]gb\nba hN\- °v Zm\w sNøp∂Xn\v th≠n \ns‚ Iq F∂v ]dbpI am{Xta th≠Xpffp.
sØ Iq´p]nSn®v ss{IkvXh¿ AtX]- c£nXmhv Ab® ZqX≥ am{XamIp∂p DSs\ AXpap≠mIp∂p.''(2:117)
Wn XpScp∂p. ss{IkvXh hnizmk{]- Rm≥. Ahƒ ]d™p: F\ns°ßs\
""Xm≥ Hcp Imcyw Dt±in®m¬ AXn-
Imcw F√m a\pjycpw ]m]nIfmWv. Hcp B¨Ip´nbp≠mIpw? bmsXmcp
t\mSv D≠mIq F∂v ]dbpI am{XamIp-
BbXpsIm≠pXs∂ adnbapw AXn¬ a\pjy\pw Fs∂ kv]¿in®n´pan√.
\n∂v ap‡b√. tbip ]Tn∏n°mØ ∂p. Ahs‚ Imcyw At∏mgXm AXv
Rm≥ Hcp Zp¿\S∏pImcnbmbn´pan√.
Bibw hnizmkambn kzoIcn®t∏mƒ D≠mIp∂p.''(36:82)
At±lw ]d™p: ""(Imcyw) Aßs\
ssZhhpw ssZh]p{X\pw, amXmhpw Xs∂bmIp∂p. AXv Xs∂ kw_‘n- Xs‚ amXmhns‚ Nmcn{Xip≤nbn¬
]m]nIfmbn amdnsb∂XmWv ZmcpW ®nStØmfw \n mcamb Hcp Imcyam- kwibap∂bn®v h∂hsc Cukm
2009 \-hw--_¿- 29
sXm´nen¬ InS∂p sIm≠v kwkmcn®v AXp ]t£ At±lw ssZhambXp- s‚ ewL\amIpw AXv F∂mWv Jp¿-
kvX_vZcm°p∂ cwKw ]cnip≤ Jp¿- sIm-t≠m ssZh]p{X\mbXpsImt≠m B\n¬ \n∂v a\knemIpI. ssZ-hw
B\n¬ am{XamWp\≈Xv. A√. kXym-hÿ Fs¥∂dnbm≥ Jp¿- hmKvZm\w ewLn°p∂h\√ F∂
""A\¥cw Ahs\(Ip´nsb)bpw B≥ hmbn°pI: Jp¿B\nIm[ym]\w IqSn \ne-\n¬-
hln®v sIm≠v Ahƒ Xs‚ BfpIfp- ""F∂n´v {]khn®t∏m- ƒ Ahƒ s° apkvenwIƒ°v tbiphns\ ss]-
sS ASpØp sN∂p. Ah¿ ]d™p: a¿- ]d™p: Fs‚ c£nXmth, Rm≥ imNnI ]oU\Øn\v hnt[b\m-bh≥
{]khn-® Ip´n s]ÆmW- Bbn ImWm≥ km[ya√. bmYm¿Yyw
t√m˛ F- ∂ m¬ A√mlp CXmbncp∂n´pw ss{IkvX-h¿ tbiphn-
Ahƒ {]khn®Xns\]‰n s\bpw At±lØns‚ amXmhns\bpw
IqSp- X ¬ Adnhp≈h\- sXdnhnfn°p∂ PpXtc-bpw AhcpsS
s{X. B¨ s]Æns\t∏m- {KŸsØbpw tXmfnte-‰p∂p. PqX¿
se-b√. B Ip´n°v Rm≥ ]d™p≠m°nbXnt\bpw ss__nƒ
a¿bw F∂v t]cn´ncn°p- hnIrXam°nbXns\bpw XnckvIcn®v
∂p. i]n°-s∏´ ]nimNn¬ Cukm\_nsbbpw amXmhns\bpw
\n∂v Ahsfbpw Ah-fpsS temImhkm\w hsc ]cnip≤cm°p∂
k¥XnIsfbpw c£n°p- A[ym]\ßfpambn h∂ Jp¿B\ns\-
hm\mbn Rm≥ \n∂n¬ bpw apkvenwIsfbpw {]hmNI≥ apl-
icWw {]m]n°pIbpw sN- ΩZv \_nsbbpw tamiamb coXnbn-
øp∂p. Aßs\ AhfpsS ¬ Nn{XoIcn®p hcn-IbmWv ss{IkvX-
(a¿ban- s ‚) c£nXmhv h¿. A{_lmtam, tamitbm, tbipthm
Ahsf \√-\nebn¬ kzo- H∂pw ]Tn∏n-®n´n√mØ {XnXz hnizk-
Icn°pIbpw, \√\nebn- hpw I¿asØ Hgnhm°n IpcnipacW
¬ hf¿-Øns°m≠p hcnI- hnizmkØm¬ kz¿Kw t\Smsa∂ ]u-

PqX¿ ]d™p≠m°nbXns\bpw ss__nƒ hnIrXam°n-


bXns\bpw XnckvIcn®v Cukm\_nsbbpw
bta, Bt£]Icmb Hcp Imcyw Xs∂- amXmhns\bpw temImhkm\w hsc ]cnip≤cm°p∂
bmIp∂p \o sNbvXncn°p∂Xv. tl,
A[ym]\ßfpambn h∂ Jp¿B\ns\bpw
lmdqs‚ ktlmZco, \ns‚ ]nXmhv Hcp
NoØa\pjy\mbncp∂n√. \ns‚ amXm- apkvenwIsfbpw {]hmNI≥ aplΩZv \_nsbbpw
hv Hcp Zp¿\S∏p°mcnbmbncp∂n√. A- tamiamb coXnbn¬ Nn{XoIcn®p hcnIbmWv
t∏mƒ Ahƒ Ahs‚ (Ip´nbpsS)
ss{IkvXh¿.
t\sc Nq≠n°mWn®p. Ah¿ ]d™p:
sXm´nbnep≈ Hcp Ip´ntbmSv R߃
Fßs\ kwkmcn°pw? Ah≥ (Ip´n)
]d™p: ""Rm≥ A√mlphns‚ Zmk- bpw, Ahfp-sS kwc-£WNpaXe Ah- temknb≥ Dt´m-]ybpw Isømgn°m-
\mIp∂p. Ah≥ F\n°v thZ{KŸw ≥ k°cn-ømsb G¬]n°pIbpw sNbv- ØnStØmfw Ch¿-°v tam£an√ F∂
\¬IpIbpw Fs∂ Ah≥ {]hm- Xp.'' (3:36,-37) kXyw C\nbpanh-¿ Xncn®dn™ncp∂p
NI\mb°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p.'' adnbans‚ amXmhv, Xm≥ ]≈nbn- F¶n¬!!
(19:27-˛30) te-°v t\¿®bm°p∂ aIƒ adnban\pw, Reference:
tbiphns‚ ]m]]cnip≤n Ahƒ°p≠mtb°mhp∂ k¥m\ß-
1-7. (Why Jews Don't believe in Jesus,
ƒ-°pw ]nimNn¬ \n∂p≈ bmsXmcp
tbiphns\ \ymbhn[n°v A¿l\m- Rabbi Shrage Simmons)
D]{Zhhpw D≠mIcpsX∂v {]m¿Yn°p-
bpw \cIm·n°v tbmKy\mbpw ]Tn- 8. Baynes Norman H.Ed."The
∂p. A√mlp B {]m¿Y\ kzoIcn°p-
∏n°p∂ ss__nƒ At±lsØ 40 Speaches of Adolf Hitler, April
I-bpw adnbans\ A{]Imcw hf¿-Øn-
\mƒ ]nimNv ]oUn∏n®Xmbpw aØmbn 1922-August 1939" Vol: 1of 2,
sIm≠phcnIbpw sNbvXp F∂mWv
A[ymbw 4¬ ]d- b p∂p. F∂m¬ Oxford University Press 1942
ChnsS Jp¿B≥ ]dbp∂Xv. At∏mƒ
tbip-hns\ ]nimNn\v ]oUn∏n°phm-
ss__nƒ ]dbp∂Xpt]mse tbip
t\m ss]imNnIXbn¬ AIs∏SpØn
]nimNn\m¬ ]oUn∏n°s∏´p F∂p
sX‰p sNøn°mt\m Ignbn√ F∂p
h∂m¬ ssZhw \¬Inb hmKvZm\Øn-
Xs∂bmWv Ckv e manIhnizm- k w.
2009 \-hw--_¿- 30
am\-h-kvt\lw kXyk‘-am-hWw˛2

-am\-h-kvt\lØn-se-
Nn-e- A-k-ln-jv-Wp-X-Iƒ- Iq-Sn...-

]n.-hn.-F.- {]nw-tdm-kv- ■- iq{Z\pw thZm[yb\hpw


]n.hn i¶c\mcmbWs‚ "am\hsFIyw kXyØne[njvTnXambncn°Ww'
F∂ hna¿i\ teJ\Øn¬ NmXp¿h¿WyØn¬ AkaXzan√ F∂v sXfn-bn°m-
\mbn {][m\ambpw FSpØp≤cn®ncn°p∂ sXfnhv iq{Z\v thZw ]Tn°m≥ A\p-
hmZw \¬Ip∂ps≠∂XmWv. adn®p≈ Btcm]Ww hkvXp\njvTas√∂pw AXv
BZyteJIs‚ A⁄XbmWv shfnhm°p∂sX∂pamWv At±lØns‚
Is≠ج. ]m›mXy]WvUnX∑mcpsS {]kwKßfmWv apkvenwkplrØp°sf
CØcw A_≤hnizmk߃°v t{]cn∏n°p∂sX∂pw KpcpapJØv \n∂v thZw
]Tn°pI am{Xta CXn\v ]cnlmcap≈qsh∂pw \n¿Zin°p∂p≠t±lw. iq{Z
thZm[yb\sØ°pdn®v KpcpapJØv \n∂v Xs∂ A¬]w Imcy߃ {Kln°mw:
""{ihWm[yb\m∞{]Xntj[m¬ kvartX›''
i_vZm¿Yw:˛{ihWm≤yb\m¿∞{]Xntj[m¬=thZØn¬ iq{Z∂p thZ-Øn-
s‚ {ihWhpw A≤yb\hpw, A¿YNn¥\hpw {]Xntj[n®n´p≈Xp sIm-≠pw.
kvartXx N=kvarXnbnepw Aßns\ ]d™n´p≈Xp sIm≠pw PmXniq{Z∂p thZ-
hnZybv°[nImcans√∂p sXfnbp∂p.
kmcw:-˛{ipXnbn¬ ip{Z∂p thZ{ihWhpw thZm≤yb\hpw thZm¿YNn¥-
\hpw \ntj[n®n´p≠v. ""GX¬ ivaim\w b¬ iq{Zx Xkvam¬ iq{Zky kaot]
\mt≤yXhyw.'' "{iqZ≥ ivamim\Øn∂p Xpeyw AipNnbmIp∂p. AXn\m¬
"iq{Zs‚ kao]Øncp∂p thZm≤yb\w sNøcpXv' F∂nßs\. CXpsIm≠v iq{Z-
∂p thZm[nImcw \ntj[n°s∏´ncn°p∂p. {ihn°m≥ Xs∂ A[nImcans√∂p

2009 \-hw--_¿- 31
]d™m¬ ]ns∂ A[yb\Øn∂pw
A¿YNn¥\Øn∂pw A[nImcans√∂p
]dtb-≠Xn√t√m. Cßns\ Xs∂kvar-
Xnbpw Cu hnjbsØ kvacn®n´p≠v.
]cipcmakvarXnbn¬ ]dbp∂p: ""thZm-
£chnNmtcW iq{Zx ]XXn X¬£-
Wm¬.'' ""thZm£chnNmcw sIm≠p
iq{Z≥ s]s´∂v A[x]Xn°m≥ CS-
bmbnØocp∂p' F∂nßs\. Cßs\
PmXniq{Z∂p thZm[nImcsØ \ntj-
[n®ncn°p∂p {ipXnkvarXnIƒ.'' ({_“-
kq{Xw: 1:3:38˛hymJymXm: kzman ⁄m-
\m\µ kckzXn˛t]Pv: 103,104)

`mcXØn¬ {ZmhnUscsb-∂ t]mse _p≤aXØns‚bpw


Xmb-vthcv AdpØXv slµh `cWm[nImcnIfpw Ah¿°v
XtØzm]tZiw \¬Inb Zm¿i\nI∑mcpamWv.
_u≤mZ¿i߃ ]´ntØmen¬ Hgn®psh® ]iphn≥]m¬
Rm-\w)- sIm-Sp-°c - p-Xv- F∂pw- ]-d-™n-
t]mebmsW∂mbncp∂p Ggmw \q‰m≠n¬ Pohn®
´p-≠v.'' ({_-lva- k
- q-{X-i¶ - c
- `
- m-jyw- 1:3:38)
Ipamcne`´≥ hnizkn®ncp∂Xv. teJ\Øn¬ kqNn∏n® t]mse
iq{Zs‚ ImXn¬ Cubw Dcp°nsbmgn-
thZ]T\Øn\mbn {]tXyI \nba-ßfps≠∂pw A£- °-Wsa∂v i¶cmNmcy¿ "kza\ mse' ]d™Xmhm≥ hgn-
c߃°nSbnse Imehpw Iº\hpw ]men°W-sa∂pw bn√. X߃ ]ca-]cnip≤ßsf∂v IcpXp∂ kvarXn-a{¥-
D®mcWcoXn°p am{Xambn in£ F∂ \nbaw ]men-°- ßsf km[qIcn°m-≥ At±lØn\v CX√msX thsd \n¿-
Wsa∂pw, A¿Y hniZo-IcWØn\mbn \ncp‡w thW- hmlan√t√m... iq-{Zs‚ hmbnepw sNhnbnepw FÆ Hgn-
sa∂p-sa√mw iTn-°pIbpw AXn√mØXmWv XpS°Øn¬ °Wsa∂ a\pkvar- X nbnse ˛hmIv]mcp- j ysa∂
Xs∂ ]ng°m≥ ImcWsa-∂pw Btcm]n® teJI≥ apkv- Xes°´n\v Iognse˛ D≤cWn-Iƒ ImWpI.:
enwIƒ-s°Xn-cmb√; X߃ ⁄m\hr≤sc∂v IcpXp∂ ""\maPmXn{Klw tXzjm a`nt{Zm-tlW I¿∆Xx
]gbIme ]WvUnX∑m¿s°-XnscbmWv hna¿i\w D∂-bn- \nt£t]ym tbmabx i¶p¿Pze∂mtky ZimwKpex
°p∂Xv F∂XmWv hmkv X hw. Ct±lw ÿm\- Ø pw [¿tΩm]tZiw Z¿t∏W hn{]mWmaky I¿∆Xx
Aÿm\Øpw ]pIgvØnb i¶cm-Nmcy¿ {]kvXpX t«mI- X]vXamtkNtbssØew hIvt{Xt{imt{X N
Øn\v \¬Inb hniZoIcWw IqSn t\m°nbm¬ Bcm-Wv ]m¿∞nhx''
thZ ]mcmbW-\nba߃ ]Tnt°-≠sX∂v kpXcmw hy‡- (\maPmXn{KlWtØmSpIqSn ISphN\w ZznPmXntbmSp
amhpw. ]dbp∂ iq{Zs‚ hmbn¬ ]ØwKpew \ofap≈ ]gp∏n®
""-iq-{Z-\v- {_-lv-a-Pv-Rm-\-Øn-\-[n-Im-c-an-√. F-s¥-∂m¬ CcpºmWn \nt£]n°Ww. Al¶mcw \nanØw {_m“-
kvar-Xn- A-bmƒ thZw- tIƒ°p-∂-Xn-s\-bpw- A-[yb-\w- sN- W\p I¿Øhy[¿tΩm]tZiw sNøp∂ ip{Zs‚ hmbnepw
øp-∂X - n-s\-bpw- {]-Xn-tj-[n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. th-Z{- i-hW - Ø
- n-s≥d sNhnbnepw Xnf∏n® FÆ Hgn°Ww.) (a\pkvarXn 8:271, 272)
{]-Xn-tj-[-hpw- th-Zm¿--Y-⁄m-\-Øn-s≥d-bpw- th-Zm-\p-jv-Tm\- "F√mhcnepw Htct]mse hnfßn\n¬°p∂ Bfl-ssN-
Øn-s≥d-bpw- {]-Xn-tj-[h - pw- iq-{Z-s\- kw-_\ - v[
- n-®v- kva
- r-XnI- X\ysØ A\p`hn®dn™ i¶cmNmcy¿' Xmgv∂ PmXn°m-
fn¬- sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p-∂p. {i-h-W-{]-Xn-tj-[-Øn-\v- D-Zm-l-c-W- tcmSp am{Xa√, sslµhXbnse Ahm¥chn`mKßtfmSpw
am-bn- "-th-Zh- m-Iyw- {i-hn-®m¬- A-bm-fp-sS- sN-hn-bn¬- Cuøhpw- \ntj[mflI \ne]mSv Xs∂bmWv ]pe¿Ønbncp∂Xv.
A-c° - pw- D-cp-°n-sbm-gn-°W - w-', "-iq-{Z≥ k-©c - n-°p∂ ivaim- F√mw icnsb∂ hmZw BZ¿icwKØv At±lØn\n√m-
\-am-Ip-∂p. A-Xp-sIm-≠v- iq-{Z-s≥d- A-Sp-Øp-sh-®v- thZw- A- bncp∂psh∂¿Yw. ""tbm-Kw- sIm-t≠m- kmw-Jyw- sIm-t≠m-
[y-b-\w- sN-øm≥ ]m-Sn-√.' C-Xp-sIm-≠v- A-[y-b-\-{]-Xn-tj- a-XI- ¿Ω-߃ sIm-t≠m- sh-dpw- hn-Zy-sIm-t≠m- tam-£w- t\-
[-hpw- hn-[n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. F-s¥-∂m¬- b-sXm-cp-hs - ≥d- k-ao]w- Sm≥ Ign√. B-Xv-am-hpw- {_-lv-a-hpw- H-∂m-sW-∂v- A-\p-`-hn-
A-[yb-\w- sN-øm≥ ]m-Sn-√-tbm- A-h≥ kz-bw- A-[y-b-\w- ®-dn-bp-I-b√m-sX- tam-£-km-£m-Xv-Im-c-Øn-\v- a-‰p- am¿-Kß-
sN-øp-∂s - X-¶n-s\-?- "-Ah - ¿- th-tZm-®m-cW - w- sN-bvX - m¬- Pnlzm- fn-√.'' ({io -i-¶-cm-Nm-cy¿-: hn-th-I-Nq-Vm-a-Wn- 5.58)
tO-Zw sN-øWw. th-Za - {- ¥-߃ [-cn-®m¬- sIm-√W - w' F∂pw- CXns\ hniZoIcn®psIm≠v {io. ]n.sI. tKm-]m-e-Ir-
]-d-™n-´p-≠v. A-Xn-\m¬- A-bmƒ°v- th-Zm¿-Y-⁄m-\-hpw- jvW- ≥ F-gp-Xp-∂p-: "-"th-Zm-¥a - X
- Ø
- n-s≥d- A-ssZz-X- hym-Jym-
A-\p-jv-Tm-\-hpw- ]m-Sn-s√-∂v- kn-≤n-°p-∂p. "-iq{Z-\v- _p≤n (Pv- \w- am-{X-am-Wv- i-cn-sb-∂p- i-Tn-®- i-¶-c≥, ssP-\-˛_p-≤-a-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 32
Ncn{XkvamcIßsf Ipdn®p≈ bp\kvtImbpsS thƒ-Uv
sldnt‰Pv ssk‰n¬ t]mepw Dƒs∏´n´n√mØ A^v-Km\n-
ÿm\nse _p≤{]XnaIsf XI¿ØXn¬ Ncn{X-kvamcI-
ßtfmSp≈ A\mZch√msX hnizmkkzmX-{¥yØn\p
taep-≈ Itø‰sam∂pa√ lnµpXz{]`rXn-Iƒ Z¿in®-Xv
F∂-Xm-Wv- G-sd- c-k-I-c-w.-

X-߃, aow-amw-ka - X
- w, Im-]m-en-Ia
- X
- w, im-Itv- X-ba
- X
- w, ssh- ßsf∂v Icp-Xp-
jv-W-h-a-Xw- Xp-S-ßn- A-t±-l-Øn-s≥d- B-i-b߃s°-Xn-cm- ∂ ]e t£{X-
bp-≈ a-X-߃ ap-gp-h≥ A¿-Y-iq-\y-ß-fm-sW-∂p- hm-Zn-®n- ß- f pw _u≤
cp-∂p-'' (]n.sI. tKm-]m-e-Ir-jv-W≥: tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ kmw-kv- tZhmebßfm-
Im-cn-I-N-cn{Xw- ]p-dw- 3) bncp∂psh∂v
Ncn{XtcJI- f p-
_p≤sc A{Ian®Xv apkvenwItfm?
≤cn®v sXfnbn-
`mcXØn¬ apkvenwIƒ h∂tXmsSbmWv _p≤∑m¿ °m\m-hpw. C°mcyßsfsb√mw AhKWn®v A^vKm\n-
\in∏n°s∏´Xv F∂mWv teJIs‚ ASpØ Btcm]Ww. ÿm\n¬ \S∂ GsX¶nepsamcp {]Xna XI¿°ens‚
Cu AklnjvWpXbpsS _m°n]{XamWs{X 2001¬ t]cn¬ `mcXØnse ]q¿∆apkvenwIsfsb√mw hn{Kl[zw-
A^vKm\nÿm\n¬ \S∂ _p≤ {]Xnam [zwk\w. kIcmbn Nn{XoIcn°p∂ coXn Ncn{XtØmSp sNøp∂
bYm¿YØn¬ `mcXØn¬ {ZmhnUsc∂ t]mse _p≤- {Iqc-XbmWv.
aXØns‚bpw Xmgvthcv AdpØXv slµh `cWm[nIm-cn- Ncn{XkvamcIßsf Ipdn®p≈ bp\kvtImbpsS thƒ-
Ifpw Ah¿°v XtØzm]tZiw \¬Inb {io i¶cs\-t]mep- Uv sldnt‰Pv ssk‰n¬ t]mepw Dƒs∏´n´n√mØ A^vKm\n-
≈ Zm¿i\nI∑mcpamWv. _u≤mZ¿i߃ ]´ntØmen¬ ÿm\nse _p≤{]XnaIsf XI¿ØXn¬ Ncn{XkvamcI-
Hgn®psh® ]iphn≥]m¬ t]mebmsW∂mbncp∂p Ggmw ßtfmSp≈ A\mZch√msX hnizmkkzmX{¥yØn\p taep-
\q‰m≠n¬ Pohn® Ipamcne`´≥ hnizkn®ncp∂Xv. ≈ Itø‰sam∂pa√ lnµpXz{]`rXnIƒ Z¿in®-sX∂XmWv
_u≤Z¿i\sØ XI¿°m\mbn \nch[n kwhmZ߃ Gsd ckIcw. bYm¿YØn¬ Xmen_m≥ `cWIqSØns‚
G¿s∏SpØpIbpw AXn¬ ]cmPbs∏Sp∂hsc Xesh-´p- A∂sØ \S]Sn hnizmkkw_‘ambncp∂ns√∂pw cmjv-
I, \mhdp°pI t]mep≈ IncmXamb hyhÿIfneqsS {Sob e£yßfmWXn\v ]n∂n¬ h¿Øn®sX∂pw kpXcmw
\m´n¬ \n∂v \njvImk\w sNøpIbpambncp∂p Ah¿ hy‡ambncp∂p. A∂v A^vKm≥ hntZiImcya{¥nbmbn-
e£yan´ncp∂Xv . BZ¿icwKØp≈ lnwkmflIamb cp-∂ h°o¬ AlΩZv apXh°n¬ Cu \S]Sns°Xnscbp-
CØcw {]h¿ØnIƒ°v ]pdsa cmjv{Sob\o°ßfpw \S- ≈ hna¿i\ßtfmSp {]XnIcn®Xv ""Aßs\sb¶nepw
Ønbncp∂p, A∂v sslµhXbpsS h‡m°ƒ. A^vKm\nse knhnenb∑m¿ A\p`hn®psIm≠ncn°p∂
A·nIpe£{Xnb\mbn ÿm\mtcmlWw \SØn, _n. sISpXnIƒ temIkaqlØns‚ {i≤bn¬s∏´t√m...''
kn 185¬ aucykm{amPyØnse _p≤cmPmhmbncp∂ {_m- F∂mbncp∂p. A∂sØ AhcpsS HutZymKnI sh_vsk-
l]{X N{Ih¿ØnbpsS ssk\nIta[mhn ÿm\tØ°v ‰n¬ {]kn≤oIcn® "{]XnaIƒ NsØmSpßptºmƒ...' F∂
IS∂pIbdn cmPmhns\ h[n°pIbpw cmPy`cWw Gs‰- teJ\Øn¬ _manbm≥ Ip∂pIfn¬ \S∂ Cu {]Xn-
Sp°pIbpw sNbvX ]pjyman{X\mWv ]mSen]p{Xw apX¬ am[zwk\ØneqsS ]oUnX A^vKm\n¬v am[ya{i≤ ]nSn-
imIme hscbp≈ _p≤hnlmcßf{Xbpw XI¿ØpIf- ®p]‰nb IY hy‡ambn hnhcn®ncp∂p.
™Xv. AtimI≥ ]WnIgn∏n® 84000 _p≤kvXq]߃ lnµpaXØnse Cuizck¶¬]w
\in∏n®Xpw Hcp _p≤`n£phns‚ Xe sIm≠phcp∂h\v sslµhhnizmk{]Imcw ssZhw GI\mWv F∂pw
\qdp kz¿W\mWb߃ C\mambn {]Jym]n®Xpw Ct±lw \izcßfmb krjvSnIfn¬ CuizcssNX\yw Z¿in°m≥
Xs∂bmbncp∂p. ]›na_wKmfnse KuUtZisØ ssl- km[yas√∂pap≈ BZyteJ\Ønse ]cma¿ißfmWv
µh cmPmhmb iim¶\mWv Gsd ]pWysa∂v hntijn°- i¶c\mcmbWs\ Gsd sNmSn∏n®ncn°p∂Xv. AXn\v
s∏´ t_m[nhr£sØ \in∏n®Xv. {imhkvXnbnse cmPm- sXfnhmbn \¬Inb thZkq‡ßfpw D]\njXv a{¥-ß-
hmb hn{IamZnXy\pw alncIpes\∂ ssih`‡cm-Pmhp- fpw Zp¿hymJym\w sNbvXXmsW∂pw kµ¿t`mNnXambn
sa√mw CØcØn¬ _p≤aXNn”߃°pw aXm\pbmbn- AS¿ØnsbSpØXmsW∂pamWv At±lw Btcm]n°p-
Iƒ°psaXnsc B{IaWw Agn®phn´hcmWv. ∂Xv.
am{Xa√, i_cnaebS°w C∂v sslµh¿ ]ca]qX- hyXykv X Z¿i\߃ A\p[mh\w sNøpIbpw
2009 \-hw--_¿- 33
XXx `qbx Ch Xax {]hni¥n (Ah¿ AXnt\°mfpw
IqSpXembp≈ Ccp´n¬ sN∂v s]Sp∂p)
i_cnaebS°w C∂v sslµh¿ ]ca- \izcßfmb tZh]nXram\hmZnIsf D]mkn°p∂h¿
A⁄m\amIp∂ tLmc‘ImcØn¬ ]Xn°p∂p. Ahn-
]qX-ßsf∂v Icp-Xp-∂ ]e t£{X-ß-fpw \minbmb ]camflmhns\ Ipdn®v anYym`nam\tØmSv IqSn-
_u≤ tZhmebßfm-bncp∂psh∂v Ncn- bncn°p∂hcpw tLmcm‘ImcØn¬ Xs∂ ]Xn°p∂p.
{XtcJI-fp-≤cn®v sXfnbn-°m\m-hpw. (D]\njØv k¿hkzw˛Un. {ioam≥ \ºqXncn t]Pv 35).
am{Xa√ Cuizc≥ C{µnbtKmNcßf√ F∂pw hn{Klm-
cm[\°v sslµhZ¿i\Øn¬ bmsXmcp {]mamWnIXbpw
IW°m°m≥ IgnbpIbn√ F∂pw "kXym¿Y {]Imi'Øn-
¬ al¿jn Zbmµ kckzXn hy‡ambn hnhcn°p∂p≠v.
Hcp]mSv Ahm¥chn`mK߃ \ne\n¬°pIbpw sNøp∂ ""tNmZyw: Cuizc≥ \ncmImc\mWv . AXn\m¬
BZ¿ikwlnXIfpsS kap®bamWv lnµpaXw. Chsc√mw [ym\Øn¬ sIm≠phcm≥ km[ya√. AXn\m¬ hn{Klw
{]amWambn kzoIcn°p∂XmIs´ Htc {KŸßfmWpXm- IqSntb Ignbq. as‰m∂pw sNøphm\mIp∂ns√¶nepw
\pw. thZßfnse Htc t«mIßsf hymJym\n®p Xs∂- hn{KlØn\p apºn¬ sN∂v ssIIq∏n Cuizcs\ kvacn-
bmWv ASnÿm\]cambn sshcp[y߃ ]pe¿Øp∂ °pIbpw \maw sNm√pIbpw sNøp∂Xnse¥mWv Xct°Sv?
\ymb˛sshtijnI˛kmwJy˛tbmK˛aoamwk˛thZm¥˛AssZzX DØcw:- Cuizc≥ \ncmImc\pw k¿hhym]nbpamWv. B
Z¿i\ßsf√mw `mcXØn¬ DSseSpØXv. AXn\m¬ Cuizcs‚ hn{Klw \n¿an°mt\ km[ya√. hn{KlØns‚
Xs∂ teJI≥ D≤cn® A¿YØnepw hymJym\Ønep- Z¿i\am{Xbn¬ CuizckvacWbp≠mIpsa¶n¬ Cuizc-
ap≈ ]pcmW`mjy߃ e`yamtb°mw. AXpsIm≠v ItTm- s‚ A¤pXcN\bmb ]rYn, Pew, A·n, hmbp, h\hr£-
]\njXn\v BZy teJI≥ \¬Inb hymJym\saßs\ ߃ apXemb At\Iw hkvXp°fpw Cu hIsb√mw D≈
a{¥_‘an√mØXmIpw? Zp¿hymJym\amIpw?! `qan, ]¿hX߃˛CuizccNnXamb Cu almaq¿ØnIfn¬
ItTm]\njØnse ZznXobh√nbnse 22mw a{¥Øn¬ \n∂mWt√m a\pjy≥ hn{Klßfp≠m°p∂Xv˛ apXemb-
Pohmflmhns\ Ipdn®mWv N¿® sNøp∂sX∂pw; AX√ h I≠m¬ CuizckvacWbp≠mhpIbnt√? Cs√¶n¬
]camflhmWv AhnsS {]Xn]mZyhnjbw F∂pw hmZn-°p- hn{Klw I≠m¬ CuizckvacW hcpsa∂v ]dbp∂Xv
∂ ]WvUnX∑mcp≠v. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ D]cyp‡kq‡- Xo¿Øpw anYybmWv. hn{Klw apºnen√mØt∏mƒ Cuizc-
Øn\v teJI≥ kzbw Hcp A¿Yw Nabv°pIb√ sNbX- kvacW D≠mImXncn°p∂XpsIm≠v a\pjy≥ GIm¥X-
Xv. adn®v {]kn≤ hymJym\{KŸamb "D]\njXv Zo]vXn' bn¬ sN∂v tamjWw hy`nNmcw apXemb ZpjvI¿aßfn¬
\¬Inb A¿Yhpw hymJym\hpamWv AhnsS FSpØp-tN¿- G¿s∏Sm≥ km[yXbp≠v. ChnsS Fs∂ Bcpw ImWp∂-
ØXv. AXmhs´ sslµhtemIw \mfnXphsc AwKoIcn®p- s√∂ tXm∂¬ \nanØw Ah≥ A\¿Yw sNømXncn°n√.
t]mcp∂Xpw, a{¥ßƒ {]£n]vXßfmsW∂v hn[nsgbp- Cßs\ \nch[n Zqjy߃ inemZn hn{KlßfpsS
XmØXpamWv. ItTm]\njØnse a{¥kq‡ßƒ°v Bcm[\bn¬ \n∂p≠mIpw. t\m°q! inemhn{Klßsf
hymJym\t`Zßfps≠∂v {iocmaIrjvWaTw ]pdØnd°nb Bcm[n°msX kZmk¿h hym]I\pw k¿hm¥cymanbpw
arUm\µ kzanbpsS "ItTm]\njXv hymJym\'Øn¬ \ymbImcnbpamb ]camflmhns\Øs∂ Fßpw \nd™-
hnhcn°p∂pap≠v. h\msW∂v AdnbpIbpw IcpXpIbpw sNøp∂ Bƒ
{]kvXpX a{¥Øn\v Aßs\sbmcp A¿Yw I¬]n®p £Wam{Xt]mepw Xm≥ Cuizc\n¬ \n∂I∂ncn°p∂n-
\evInb hymJymXm°ƒ t]mepw BZyteJ\Øn¬ FSp- s√∂dn™v ZpjvI¿aw sNøp∂Xp t]mIs´, a\ n¬ Nn¥n-
Øp-tN¿Ø a‰p t«mI߃°v icnbmb A¿Yw Xs∂bmWv °pIt]mepan√. a\km hmNm I¿aWm Fs¥¶nepw NoØ
\¬Inbncn°p∂Xv. hna¿iI≥ Xs‚ hnizmk߃-°\pk- sNbvXm¬ A¥cymanbpsS \ymbØn¬ \n∂v in£ e`n-
cn®v thZsØ kao]n°pIb√; {]amW߃°\pk-cn®v BZ- °msX c£s∏SpIbns√∂bmƒ°dnbmw.'' (kXym¿Y
¿isØ Nn´s∏SpØpIbmWv sNøp∂sX¶n¬ {]kvXpX {]Imiw˛kzman Zbmµ kckzXn˛X¿Pa: \tc{µ`qj≥,
t«mI߃°v F¥v A¿Yhpw hymJym\ßfpw \evIpw? t]Pv 484,485)
DZmlcWambn Cuimhmtkym]\njØnse 12mw-t«mI- {]mamWnIambn sslµhZ¿i\ßsf kao]n® ]WvUn-
Øn\v Un. {ioam≥ \ºqXncn \¬Inb A¿Yw t\m°pI: X≥am¿ FØnt®¿∂ BZ¿i\nKa\ßfmWv apIfn¬ D≤-
""A‘w Xax {]hni¥n tb kw`pXn ap]mktX cn®Xv. CXns\sb√mw AhKWn®v Xm≥ ]nSn® apben\v ap∂v
XtXm `qb Ch tXXtam b D kw`p Xymw cXx'' sImsº∂ [m¿jvSyhpambn \S°p∂h≥ \tS kqNn∏n®
tb Akw`qXw D]mktX tLmcm‘ImcØnemWv sNs∂mSpßpIsb∂v Hm¿an∏n-
°s´. AØcsamcp \cIØn¬ \n∂v ktlmZc≥˛-D]kw-
(Gh¿ D¬]Ønbn√mØ {]IrXnsb tkhn°p∂p) tX
lmcØn¬ kqNn∏n®t]mse˛ £ahm\pw im¥\pamb
A‘w Xax{]hni¥n (Ah¿ Iqcncpfns\ {]m]n°p∂p)
Cuizc≥ c£n°s´ F∂v {]m¿Yn®p sIm≠v \n¿Øp∂p.
tb D kw`pXymw cXx (Nne¿ kw`qXnbn¬ (BZyambn D¤-
hn® {_“Øn¬ (lncWyK¿`Øn¬) X¬]ccmWv) tX
2009 \-hw--_¿- 34
{]Im-im-Xn-th-KX
Jp¿B\nepw {]hm-NI hN-\-ß-fnepw

tUm: ]n.sI. A_vZpd-km°v kp√-an ■- AI-eØ - n¬ aq∂m-asØ {Kl-am-Wv. kqcy≥ `qan-tb-°mfpw


]Xn-aq-∂-c-e-£w -C-c´n hep-∏-ap-≈, tImSn-°-W-°n\v Un{Kn
{]Imiw Hcp sk°‚n¬ 3 e£w Intem-ao-‰¿ thK-X- sk‚n-s{KbvUv NqSn¬ Xnf-®p-a-dn-bp∂ Hcp \£-{X-am-Wv.
bn¬ k©-cn-°p-∂p. {]ImithKX ÿnc-am-sW∂pw AXn- kqcy-t\-°mƒ sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb ]Xn-\m-bncw tImSn
t\-°mƒ IqSnb thKX Akw-`-hy-am-sW∂pw B¬_¿´v \£-{X-ß-fp-sSbpw tImSn-°-W-°n\v {]Im-i-an-√mØ {Kl-
sF≥Ão≥ kn≤m-¥n-°p-∂p. CXn-t∑¬ cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb ß-fpsSbpw alm-k-aq-l-amWv KmeIvknIƒ. \ΩpsS Kme-
kn≤m-¥-amWv E=MC2 AYhm F\¿Pn = ]nfiw x {]Im-i- Ivknbmb an¬ °nth (Milky way)bpsS hymkw Hcp e£w
Øns‚ shtem-kn‰n2 {]Im-ih - ¿j-amWv. Hcp sk°‚n¬ aq∂v e£w In-temao‰¿
Zqcw k©-cn-°p∂ {]Imiw Hcp h¿jw- k-©c - n-®m¬ FØp-
Cu kn≤m-¥sØ tNmZyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v tImgn-t°m-
∂ Zqc-amWv Hcp {]Im-ih - ¿jw (Light year). 9.46 e£w tImSn
´p-Im-cn-bmb Hcp ]Xn-\©
- p-Imcn s]¨Ip´n l\m≥ _n≥Xv
Intem-ao-‰-dmWv Hcp {]Im-i-h¿jw F∂¿-Yw. an¬°osh-
lmjnw temI-Øns‚ apºn¬ Xs‚ Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ Ah-
bpsS Ab¬ KmeIvknbmb B≥t{Umao-Ub - n-te°v 22 e£w
X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw ISRO bpw NASAbpw AXv AwKo-I-cn-°p-I-
{]Im-i-h¿jw Zqc-ap-≠v. Cßs\ 20 KmeIvknIƒ tN¿∂
bpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-IbmWv. Cu kµ¿`-Øn¬ {]ImithKX
\ΩpsS KmeIvkn kaq-l-Øn\v VIRGO CLUSTER F∂v ]d-
ÿnc-amtWm At√ F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ ssZhnI hN-\-am-b-
bp-∂p. \ΩpsS Ab¬ ¢Ãdmb "tIma' 35 tImSn {]Im-i-
Jp¿B\nepw ssZh-Zq-X-\mb apl-ΩZv\_n-bpsS hN-\-
h¿jw AI-se-bm-Wv. C{]-Imcw Bbncw tImSn-bn-e-[nIw
ß-fn-ep-ap≈ ]cm-a¿i-߃ ]cn-tim-[n-°p-∂Xv IqSp-X¬
KmeIvknIƒ Cu {]]-©-Øn¬ Is≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Ah-
{]k-‡-am-bn-cn-°pw.
bn¬ G‰hpw Zqsc-bp-≈h 1000 tImSn-bn-e-[nIw {]Im-i-
H∂mw hm\hpw \£-{X-ßfpw h¿jw Zqsc-bm-Wv. CXvhsc- I-s≠-Ønb F√m KmeIvknI-
\mw `qan F∂ Hcp BIm-i-tKm-f-Øn¬ Pohn-°p-∂p. fp-sSbpw \£-{X-ßf - p-sSbpw A∏p-dØv F¥mWv F∂v CXp-
40,075 Intem-ao-‰¿ Np‰-f-hp≈ Cu tKmfw kqcy-\n¬\n∂v h-scbpw tKmf-im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿°v Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-™n-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 35
´n-√. AXn-\-∏p-d-tØ-°p≈ Imcy-߃
Jp¿B\pw {]hm-NIhN-\-ßfpw sh®p-
sIm-≠ vam-{Xta ]d-bm≥ ]‰p-I-bp-≈q.
H∂mw hm\-amWv \£{X afi-e-߃-
°-∏p-dØ - p-≈X - v. \mw ImWp∂ \oem-Im-
i-a√- . `qan-tbm-S-Sp-Øp≈ s]mSn-]-S-e-ß-
fnepw Pe-I-Wn-I-I-fnepw X´n NnX-dp∂
kqcy{]Im-i-Ønse \oe \ndw \ΩpsS
IÆn-se-Øp-tºmƒ BImiw \oe-bm-
bn \ap°v tXm∂p∂p F∂v am{Xw.
A¥-co£hmbp C√mØ N{µ-\nse
BImiw Idp- Ø n- c p- ≠ - X m- W v . H∂m-
asØ BIm-i-Øn\v Xmsg-bmWv \£-
{X-߃ F∂v 41mw A[ymbw ^p n-e-
Øv 12mw hN- \ - Ø n¬ A√mlp ]d-
bp∂p: \mw H∂mw hm\sØ hnf-°p-
Iƒ˛ AYhm \£-{X-߃ sIm≠v Ae-
¶-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.
sSe-kvtIm-∏p-Iƒ sIm≠p≈
\nco-£Ww
BImi\nco-£Ww \S-Øm≥ Jp¿-
B≥ 50mw A[ymbw Jm^v 6mw hN-\Ø - n¬ t{]cn-∏n-°p-∂p. amWv (Zqcw) AXn\p apI-fn¬ F¥mWv F∂-dn-bptam?
""\mw AXns\ kr„n-®Xpw Ae-¶-cn-®Xpw Fßn-s\-bm-sW- Ah¿ ]d™p: A√m-lp-hn\pw Ahs‚ ZqX\pw Adn-bmw.
∂v (a\- n-em-°m≥) Ah¿°v apI-fn-ep≈ BIm-i-Øn-te- \_n ]d™p: (c≠mw) hm\w. AXn-te°pw 500 h¿jsØ
°-h¿ t\m°p-∂nt√?''ho≠pw \nco-£-W-Øn\v t{]m’m- Zqc-ap-≠v. A{]-Imcw Ggm-Imiwhsc ]d-™p. Hmtcm BIm-
l\w \¬Ip-∂p. \Kv\t\{X-߃sIm≠pw Hm]vSn-°¬ sSe- i-߃°pw CS-bn¬ `qanbpw H∂mw BIm-ihpw XΩn-ep≈
kvtIm-∏vsIm≠pw tdUn-tbm s - S-ekvtIm∏p-sIm≠p t]mepw Zqc-ap-≠v.''
{]]-©-Øns‚ A‰w ImWm≥ Ign-bmØ a\p-jys‚ \n - CXv {]Imcw Ggmw BIm-i-Øn-te°v 3500 h¿jsØ
lm-b-X-sb-∏‰n Jp¿B≥ 67mw A[ymbw A¬ap¬°v 3,4 Zqc-ap-≠v.
hN-\-ß-fn¬ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. ""Ggv BIm-i-ßsf ASp-°p-
Jp¿B≥ 32mw A[ymbw kPZ 5mw hN-\Ø - n¬ ]d-bp∂p:
I-fmbn kr„n®h\mWv Ah≥. ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-Is‚ kr„n-
""BIm-iØv \n∂v `qan-bn-te°v (Ah≥) Imcy-߃ \nb{¥n-
bn¬ bmsXmcp G‰-°p-dh - pw \o ImWp-Ib - n-√. F∂m¬ Zr„n ®v Ab-°p-∂p. ]n∂oSv Ah-s‚-b-Sp-°-te°v (Imcyw) Db¿-
\o H∂p-IqSn Xncn®p sIm≠p-h-cq. h√ hnShpw \o ImWp- ∂v t]mIp-∂p. \n߃- F-Æp∂ Bbncw h¿j-am-Ip∂p B
∂pt≠m? ]n∂oSv c≠v XhW IÆns\ \o Xncn-®p-sIm≠v ZnhkØns‚ Af-hv.''
hcq. \ns‚-bS- p-tØ°v B IÆv ]cm-Pb - s
- ∏-´\- n-eb
- n¬ ]ch-
BIm-i-Øn¬\n∂v `qan-bn-te°v A™qdpw Xncn®v t]m-
i-am-bn-sIm≠v aS-ßn-h-cpw.'' C°mcyw Xs∂ tKmf-im-kv{X-
hp-∂Xv A™q-dpw˛ AXmWv Bbn-cw. C°mcyw Jp¿B≥
⁄-am¿ ]d-bp∂p: CXvhsc Is≠-Ønb {]]© KmeIv-
22mw A[ymbw l÷v 47mw hN-\-Ønepw ]d-bp∂p: ""Xo¿®-
knIƒ F√mw alm-{]--©-Øns‚ Hcp ht°m hmtem am{X-
bmbpw \ns‚ c£n-Xm-hn-s‚-b-Sp-°¬ Hcp Znh-k-sa-∂m¬
am-bn-cn-°mw. CXn-e∏ - pdw R߃°v Ct∏mƒ km[n-°p-∂n-√.
\n߃ FÆp∂ Bbncw h¿j-߃ t]mse-bm-Ip-∂p.'' `qan-
BIm-i-ß-fn-te-°p≈ Zqcw bnse Hcp Znhkw 24 aWn-°q-dm-Wv. ImcWw `qan Hcp {]mh-
H∂mw hm\-Øn-\-∏pdw A{X-Xs∂ ZqcØv c≠mw hm\- iyw kzbw Xncn-bm≥ FSp-°p∂ kabw 24 aWn-°q-dm-Wv.
hpw A{]-Imcw AtX Zqc-ß-fn¬ Ggv hsc hm\-ßfpw Hm- F∂m¬ kuc-bq-YØ - nse c≠mw {Kl-amb ip{I-\nse Hcp
tcm∂pw at‰-Xns\ s]mXn™ \ne-bn¬ hebw sNbvXv Znhkw `qan-bnse 243 Znh-kß
- ƒ°v Xpey-amWv F∂v imkv-
\n¬°p-∂p. Ggv BIm-i-߃ H∂n\p apI-fn¬ H∂mbn {Xw ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXv \ap°v {Kln-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-sh-¶n-¬
\ne-\n¬°p∂p F∂¿Yw. AlvaZv, Xn¿anZn F∂n-h¿ dnt∏m- A√mlphns‚bSp-°¬ Hcp Znhkw Bbncw h¿j-amWv
¿´v sNøp∂ lZo-Yn¬ C{]-Imcw ImWmw: F∂Xpw {Kln-°m≥ Ign-b-Ww.
C_v\p A∫m-kv]d™p: \_n tNmZn®p: \nß-fpsS- Ggm-asØ BIm-i-Øn-\-∏p-dØv F¥mWv?
bpw AXn-s‚bpw (`qan-bp-sSbpw H∂mw hm\-Øn-s‚-bpw) apl-ΩZv \_n-bpsS BIm-tim-tcm-lW
- ß- s
- f-∏‰
- n-bp≈
CS-bn-ep≈ Zqcw F{X-bm-sW∂v \n߃°-dn-bptam? Ah¿ lZo-Yn¬ Ggm-asØ BImiw Ign™v D∂-Xn-bpsS Db-
(kzlm_n-am¿) ]d™p: A√m-lp-hn\pw ZqX\pw Adn-bmw. cß-fn-te°v {]hm-N-Is\ Db¿Øn-b-Xmbn dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-
\_n ]d™p: \n߃°pw AXn\pw CS-bn¬ 500 h¿j- ∂p≠v.
2009 \-hw--_¿- 36
`qan-bnse Hcp Znhkw 24 aWn-°q-dm-Wv. ImcWw `qan Hcp
{]mhiyw kzbw Xncn-bm≥ FSp-°p∂ kabw 24 aWn-°q-dm-
Wv. F∂m¬ kuc-bq-Y-Ønse c≠mw {Kl-amb ip{I-\nse
Hcp Znhkw `qan-bnse 243 Znh-k-߃°v Xpey-amWv F∂v
imkv{Xw ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXv \ap°v {Kln-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-sh-
¶n¬ A√mlphns‚bSp-°¬ Hcp Znhkw Bbncw h¿j-amWv
F∂Xpw {Kln-°m≥ Ign-b-Ww.

Ggmw BIm-i-Øn¬\n∂v F{Xtbm A\-¥-amb AI- sIm≠vam{Xw a\p-jy≥ \n¿Ωn-®X - mWv F∂v hy‡-am-Wt√m.
se-bmWv ssZhnI knwlm-k-\w. `uXnI hymJym\-Øn-eq- A[ymbw 42 iqdm 29mw hN-\-Øn¬ A√mlp ]d-bp∂p:
sS AXv hni-Zo-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. Ahs‚ Zr„m-¥-ß-fn¬ s]´-XmWv BIm-i-ß-sfbpw `qan-
ae-°p-Ifpw {]Im-imXnthK-Xbpw sbbpw Poh-Pm-e-ß-fmbn Ah c≠nepw Ah≥ hnX-cWw
H∂mw BIm-i-Øn-te°v t]mepw Bbncw tImSnbne- sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xn-s\bpw kr„n-®-Xv. Ah≥ Dt±-in-®m¬ Ah-
[n-Iw h¿jw {]Imiw k©-cn-°m≥ am{Xw Zqc-ap≠v F∂v sb XΩn¬ Hcp-an®v Iq´m≥ Ign-hp-≈-h-\mWv Ah≥.
\mw a\- n-em-°n. F¶n¬ apl-ΩZv \_n Znhyt_m[-\hp- apl-ΩZv Aam-\n -au-e-hn-bpsS Jp¿B≥ hymJym\w \m-
ambn k©-cn-°p∂ Pn_vco¬ F∂ ae°pw; BImi temI- emw hmfyw 2942mw t]Pn¬ ]d-bp-∂p. ""BImi tKmf-ß-fn-
Øv \n∂v `qan-bn-te°v h∂v t]mIp∂ a‰p ae-°p-Ifpw; epw ae-°p-Iƒ°v ]pdsa ]eXcw Pohn-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°m-
Ggmw BIm-i-Øns‚ A∏pdwhscbpw Xncn®pw Hcp cm{Xn- sa∂v Cu hN-\-Øn¬\n∂v a\- n-em-°p-∂p.''
bn¬ anAvdmPv bm{X \S-Ønb apl-ΩZv \_nhpw {]Im- am{X-a√ A\ytKmf Pohn-Ifpw a\p-jycpw XΩn¬ I≠p-
i-tØ-°mfpw F{Xtbm thK-X-bn-emWv k©-cn-®Xv F∂- ap-´m-\p≈ km[y-Xbpw Cu Bb-Øn-ep-≠v. NASA bpsS
Xn¬ kwi-b-an-√. At∏mƒ {]Im-i-sØ-°mƒ thK-X-bn¬ At\Iw t]S-I-߃ kuc-bq-Y-Ønse {Kl-ß-sf-°p-dn®v
k©-cn-°p-∂Xv Akm-[y-amWv F∂ sF≥Ão≥ kn≤m¥w \S-Ønb ]cy-th-jWß-fn¬ kuc-bq-Y-Øn-\p-≈n¬ `qan-
k¿∆-{]-]-©-߃°pw _m[-I-amb kn≤m-¥-a√ F∂v b-√mØ Hcp BImitKmf-Ønepw Pohn-Iƒ C√ F∂v
hy‡-am-Wv. {]Im-imXnthKX AYhm Sm°n-tbm¨ kv]o- Xs∂-bmWv CXvhsc-bp≈ hnh-cw.
Uv k¶¬∏-a√ bmYm¿Yy-amWv F∂v Jp¿B\n¬ \n∂pw
{]hm-NIhN-\-ß-fn¬\n∂pw {Kln-°mw. kuc-bq-YØ - n\v ]pd-Øp≈ bqY-ßf - n-te°v a\p-jy¿°v
k©-cn-°mt\m Ahn-SpsØ Pohn-Iƒ°v Ctßm´v k©-cn-
am{X-a√ {]]-©-Ønse Hcp \n›nX AXn¿Øn-°-∏pdw °mt\m Hcp a\p-jym-bp vsIm≠v Ign-bn-√. A{Xbpw Zqsc-
Chn-SpsØ ]e Ne\\nb-aßfpw am‰w hcp∂p F∂pw bmWv Ah. AXn-\m¬ {]ImithK-X-bpsS sXm´p-Xm-sg-
hy‡-am-Wv. bp≈ thK-Xbntem {]Im-im-Xo-Xt- h-KX - b- mb Sm°n-tbm¨
kq∏¿kvs]bn-kn-te-°p≈ bm{X kv]oUntem k©-cn-°p-∂X - n-\p≈ km[yX Cu Bb-Øn¬
A[ymbw 55 A¿dlvam≥ 33mw hN-\-Øn¬ A√mlp kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p.
]d-bp∂p: ""Pn∂p-I-fp-sSbpw a\p-jy-cp-sSbpw kaq-lta, kam-]-\w
BIm-iß - f - p-sSbpw `qan-bp-sSbpw taJ-eI
- f
- n¬\n∂v ]pdØv
tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ _ln-cm-Imi k©mcn-bmb bqdn
IS-∂p- t]m-Im≥ \n߃°v km[n-°p-sa-¶n¬ \n߃ IS∂p
-K-Km-dn≥ Ncn-{X-Øn-em-ZysØ _ln-cm-Im-i-bm{X \SØn
t]mhp-I. Hcp A[n-Im-c-i‡n IqSmsX \n߃ IS∂p t]m-
Xncn-s®-Øn-b-t∏mƒ R߃ Ahn-sS-sbm∂pw ssZh-sØ-
hp-I-bn-√.''
I-≠n√ F∂v Al-¶mc]q¿∆w ]d-™p. C\n-bp≈ _ln-
`qan-bpsS ]mem-b\ {]thKw (Escape Velocity)sb AXn- cm-Imi bm{XnI¿ bm{X-bn¬ Al-¶-cn-®m¬, {]ImitØ-
Po-hn®v ]pd-tØ°v IS-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ tdm°-‰p-Iƒ D]- t∏mepw AI-tØ°v hen-°m≥ am{Xw ]mem-b-\-{]-thKap-
tbm-Kn-®p≈ _ln-cm-Imi bm{X-bmWv CXvsIm≠v Dt±iw ≈ ªm°v tlmƒ(-X-tam-K¿Øw) \£-{X-ß-fnepw sN∂v
F∂v Nne¿ hymJym-\n-°p-∂p. Aßn-s\-bm-sW-¶nepw _ln- s]´m¬ Ahn-Sp∂v c£-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Sm°n-tbm¨ kv]oUn¬
cm-Imi bm{X- \-S-Øm-\p≈ hml-\-ßfpw `uam-¥-co£w k©-cn-°p∂ ae-°p-Iƒ th≠n-hcpw Ft∂m¿°p-I.
IS∂pt]mIm-\p≈ tdm°-‰p-Ifpw A√m-lp-hns‚ klmbw

2009 \-hw--_¿- 37
A-`n-ap-Jw-

ap-ke-v nam-bn-
P-\n-°m≥- I-gn-™n-s√-¶n-epw...-

Zo]vXn a-dn-b-w- / sse-e- Xr-°-cn-∏q-¿- ■- Ckvem-an-te°v hcm-\p-≠mb ImcWw hni-Zo-I-cn-°mtam?


Fs∂-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ ]q¿Æ-hf
- ¿®-sb-Øn-
t]cv,-\mSv IpSpw_w? bn-´n-√mØ Ip™m-bn-´mWv Rm≥ P\n-®-Xv. Bdv amkw
t]cv Zo]vXn. Rm≥ P\n-®Xpw hf¿∂-Xp-sams° _mw•q- ]n∂n-´-t∏mƒ tUmIvS¿am-sc√mw Xo¿Øp]d™p ]nd-hn-
cn¬. A—≥ Fbdt\m-´n-°¬ F©n-\o-b¿. AΩ ho´-Ω. bn-ep≈ {]iv\-߃ aqew imco-cnIsshIeyw D≈ Ip´n-
bm-Wn-hƒ. aq∂-Sn-bn-tesd s]m°-ap-≠m-hn-√, _p≤n-hn-Im-
c≠v ktlm-Z-c≥am¿. aqØ ktlm-Z-c≥ e≠-\n¬ ]oUn-
khpw th≠{X ImWn-√-..! aq∂v ktlm-Z-c-∑m-c-S°w hen-
bm-{So-jy-\m-bn-cp-∂p. Cfb Bƒ hnZym¿Yn-bpw. Iq´p-Ip-Spw-
sbmcp Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_-Ønse GI s]¨X-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂t√m
_-amWv Rß-fptSXv. A—-s‚ IqsSXs∂-bmWv A—s‚
Rm≥, B‰p-t\m-‰p-≠mb GI s]¨Ip-´n. AXn-\m¬ k¿∆-
ktlm-Z-c≥amcpw Xma-kn-°p-∂-Xv. Ah¿°v c≠p-t]¿°pw
hn[ ]cn-N-c-W-ßfpw G‰p-hmßn Pohn-®-hƒ. am{X-a√
aq∂v B¨a-°ƒ. F√m-h¿°pw IqSn-bmbn Rms\m-cpØn
Rß-fpsS kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ°mWv apJy-ÿm-
am{Xw.
\w. IpSpw-_kz-Øns‚ Ah-Im-ihpw kap-Zm-bØ - n¬ s]¨-
hnZym-`ymkw? Ip-´n-Iƒ°m-Wv. GXm-bmepw A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-l-Øm-
MBBS ]q¿Øn-bm-°n. kvIqƒ ]T\w _mw•q-cn¬ Xs∂- ¬ sshZy-im-kv{X-Øns‚ IW-°p-I-sf√mw sX‰n®v F√m
bm-bn-cp-∂p. πkv Sphn\v tijw awK-em-]p-cØv K S Hedge {]mb-Ønepw ka-{]m-b-°m-sc°mƒ \ofhpw XSn-bp-sams°
saUn-°¬ tImfPn¬ tN¿∂p. Ct‚¨jn∏v ]q¿Øn-bm- F\n-°m-bn-cp-∂p. Ft∏mgpw Fhn-sSbpw IpSpw-_-Øns‚
°n-bn-√. apgp-h≥ {i≤bpw ]cnN-c-Whpw kzm{Xy-¥yhpw F\n°v
Ct∏mƒ tPmen-? e`n-®n-cp-∂p. ]nXmhv Hcn-°epw hn{K-lmcm[I-\m-bn-cp-∂n√.
F∂m¬ Hcp ssZhn-I-i-‡n-bn¬ hnizmkn-®n-cp∂p-Xm-\pw.
C√, Nne {]iv\-߃ ImcWw Ct∏mƒ tPmen sNtø-
AXn-\m¬ Fs∂bpw ktlm-Z-c-∑m-scbpw hf¿Øn-bXv B
s≠∂v Xocp-am-\n-®p.
coXn-bn-emW.v AXn-\m¬Xs∂ ssZh-`bw, Aº-e-Øn¬

aq∂v ktlm-Z-c-∑m-c-S°w hen-sbmcp Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_-Ønse GI s]¨X-cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p


Rm≥, B‰p-t\m-‰p-≠mb GI s]¨Ip-´n. AXn-\m¬ k¿∆-hn[ ]cn-N-c-W-ßfpw
G‰p-hmßn Pohn-®-hƒ. am{X-a√ Rß-fpsS kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ°mWv
apJy-ÿm-\w. IpSpw-_kz-Øns‚ Ah-Im-ihpw kap-Zm-b-Øn¬ s]¨Ip-´n-Iƒ°m-Wv.

2009 \-hw--_¿- 38
Rm\p-t]-£n®v t]m∂ Hmtcm ku`mKy-ßfpw Cs∂s‚ Pohn-X-Øn-te°v ]Xn∑-Sßv
tim`-tbmsS Xncn-®p-h∂psIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Fs‚ `£-W-Im-cy-Øn¬ t]mepw
A√mlp {i≤n-°p-∂p≠v F∂mWv Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p-∂-Xv. ho´n¬ Rms\m‰
s]¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏m-sg\n°v Hcp-]mSv ktlm-Z-cn-am-cp-≠v. \√ hoSp-≠v,
\√ `£-W-ap-≠v. F√mw A√mlp F\n°v th≠n Hcp°n sh®n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.

t]mhpI XpS-ßnb Imcy-ß-sfm∂pw Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m- am-Wv. {Iqio-I-c-W-Øn¬ hnizkn-°p-∂p Fs∂m-gn-®m¬


bn-cp-∂n-√. kz¿K\-c-I-ßsf Ipdn® Nn¥tb D≠m-bn-bn-cp- Ipsd Imcy-ßf - n-se√mw Ah¿ \tΩmSv kmZriyw ]pe¿Øp-
∂n-s√∂p kmcw. ∂p. icocw ad°pw; _nw_m-cm-[\ \S-Øn-√. aX-Im-cy-ß-
Rm≥ sshI-ey-ap≈ Ip´n-bm-sW∂v tUmIvS¿am¿ ]d- fn¬ \njvI¿j-Xbpw Nn´bpw ]pe¿Øn Pohn-°p-∂-h-cm-
™-t∏mƒ t]mepw F\n°v th≠n Ah¿ Aº-e-߃ Ib- Wv Ah¿. Ah-cpsS koUn-Iƒ tIƒ°m≥ F\n-°n-jvS-am-
dn-bn-d-ßp-Itbm t\¿®-h-gn-]m-Sp-Iƒ \S-Øp-Itbm D≠m- bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ Unt_‰v a¬k-c-߃s°ms° t]mIm-dp-
bn-√, adn®v sshZy-im-kv{X-Øn¬ In´m-hp∂ ap¥n-b-Nn-In¬- ≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v CsXms° kq£va-X-tbmsS hne-bn-
km ]cn-N-c-W-߃ e`y-am-°n-sb∂p am{Xw. UmUn hfsc cp-Øm-dp-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
\√ a\p-jy-\m-Wv. hfsc k≥a-\ pw hnim-el - r-Zb
- h
- p-ap≈ -Rm≥ BZy-ambn hmbn® aX-]p-kvXIw ss__nƒ
hy‡n-. At±lw Pohn-°p∂ coXn, Rßsf hf¿Ønb BWv. Imc-Ww, lnµp-a-X-ß-sf-Ip-dn®v F\n°v Adn-bm-am-
coXn, Hs° hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. ]Tn-°p-I, Ifn-°p-I, R-߃- bn-cp-∂p. ]Ømw-¢m-kn¬ R߃s°mcp hnjbw aX-]-T-
°v km[n-°p-∂-sXms° sNøp-I, sNøp∂ Imcy-Øn¬ \-am-bn-cp-∂p. A∂p -Rm-≥ lnµp-a-X-amWv ]Tn-°m≥ Xnc-
"s_Ãv' Bhm≥ {ian-°p-I, -C-sXm-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p R߃- s™-Sp-ØX - v. AXn¬ ssZh-Øns‚ XpS-°hpw \ne-\n¬]pw
°pff \n¿t±-i߃. s]¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-∂n´p t]mepw Hs° ck-I-c-amb sI´p-I-Y-I-fp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-Wv.
^pSvt_mƒ Ifn-°m≥ ]nXmhv Fs∂ t{]m¬kmln-∏n-®n- F√mw km¶¬]n-Ihpw AXn-i-tbm‡n Ie¿∂Xpw hniz-
cp-∂p. Rm≥ ]Ømw-¢m-kn¬ ]Tn-°p-tºmƒ Fs∂bpw Iq´n kn-°m≥ Gsd {]bm-k-ap-≈-hbpw. inhs‚ Imcyw Xs∂
]nXm-hv km°n¿ \mbn-°ns‚ Hcp ]cn-]m-Sn°v t]mbn. shdp- t\m°q, At±-l-Øns‚ `mcy°v Hcp Ip™p-≠m-hp-tºmƒ
sX UmUn-bpsS IqsS t]msb∂v am{Xw. A°m-eØv AXv Xs‚ aI-\m-sW-∂-dn-bmsX At±lw AXns\ sIm√p-
km°n¿ \mbn-°n\v Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ {]tXy-In-s®m∂pw I-bm-Wv. kz¥w aIs\ sIm√p∂ A—t\m F∂v Rm≥
sNøm-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]t£, Rm\-t±-l-Øns‚ {]kw- ]e-t∏mgpw Hm¿Øp-t]m-bn-´p-≠v. kz¥w aI-\m-sc-∂d - n-bmØ
K-ßfpw tNmtZym-Ø-c-ßfpw tI´n-cp-∂p. Ckvem-an-s\-Ip- ssZh-Øn\v ]ns∂-ßs\ Fhn-sStbm InS-°p∂ Rm≥
dn®v P\-߃ IqSp-X¬ kwkm-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßnb Ime-am- BcpsS aI-fm-sW∂v Adn-bpI? ]ns∂-ßs\ Fs‚ {]m¿-
bn-cp∂p AXv. sk]vXw-_¿ 11 AXn-s\mcp Imc-W-am-bn. Y\ tIƒ°m≥? DØcw \¬Im≥? F\n-°n-sXms° hfsc
Ckvem-anI Xo{h-hm-Z-sØ-Ip-dn-®m-bn-cp∂p F√m-hcpw A∂v Xam-i-bmbn tXm∂n. Xs‚ aI-s\mcp Xe sImSp-°p-hm≥
IqSp-Xepw kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. ssZh-Øn\v Hcm-\-bpsS klmbw th≠n h∂p. Aß-s\-
cmjv{Sobw F\n°v hfsc CjvS-am-Wv. AXp-t]mse bpff ssZh-Øn-s\-ßs\ Fs∂ klm-bn-°m≥ ]‰pw?
]{Xw hmb-\-bpw. Ckvem-anI Xo{h-hm-Z-sØ-Ip-dn®v Fs¥- CXn-sem∂pw Hcp Imcy-hp-an-s√∂v a\- n-em-°nb Rm≥
¶n-ep-sam∂p F√m Znh-ksØ ]{X-ß-fnepap≠m-Ip-am-bn- {InkvXym-\n-‰n-sb-Ip-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. F\n°v
cp-∂p. apkvenw-I-sf-∂m¬ ]mIn-kvXm-≥Imcpw A^vKm-\n- tIm´-bØp \n∂pff Hcp Iq´p-Im-c-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Fs‚
ÿm≥Imcpw hnZy-`ym-k-an-√m-Ø-h-cp-am-bn-cn°pw F∂m-bn- ]nXm-hns‚ Iq´p-Im-cs‚ aI≥. kz¥w ktlm-Z-c-s\-t]m-
cp∂p Fs‚ [mc-W. se-bm-bn-cp∂ Ah≥ sPdn≥ tPmbv _neo-h-dp-I-fn¬ s]´-
πkvSp-hn\v tijw Fw._n-._n.-F-kn\v tN¿∂p. tImfPv h-\m-bn-cp-∂p. \n߃ hniz-kn-®mepw Cs√-¶nepw Rms\mcp
Zn\-ß-fn¬ Ckvem-an-s\bpw Pnlm-Zn-s\bpw Ipdn-s®ms° Imcyw ]d-bs´. sPdn-bpsS kwkmcw tI´v Rß-fpsS tImf-
Rm≥ Hm¿°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.-Nne knUn-I-fn¬ Rm≥ AXn- Pnse 16 lnµp-Ip-´n-Iƒ {InkvXp-a-X-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Ø\w
s\-Ip-dn®v tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. sNbvXp. tImf-Pn¬ Cu hnjbw ]t£ BZy-ambn kwkm-
Bcm-bn-cp∂p CDIƒ X∂n-cp∂Xv? cn-®Xv Fs‚-bSp-Øm-Wv. Rm≥ XpS-°-Øn¬ AXv Nncn®p
kXy-Øn¬ AXn-\pw hgn-sbm-cp-°n-bXv UmUn-Xs∂bm- X≈n. kz¿§-Øn-s‚bpw \c-I-Øns‚bpw a≠≥ IY-Iƒ
bn-cp-∂p. aX-ß-sf-Ip-dn®v ]Tn°p-Ibpw {]kw-K-߃ tIƒ- ]d-bm≥ \n\°v \mW-ant√ Fs∂m-cn-°¬ Rm\hs\ Ifn-
°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ hy‡n-bm-bn-cp∂p UmUn. ÿnc-ambn bm-°n. kz¿§-sØbpw \c-I-sØbpw t]mse Fs¥-¶nepap-
Benny Hinns‚ knUn-Iƒ {ihn-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. _neo- s≠∂v Rm≥ Hcn-°epw Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXym-hiyw hc-
h-dp-I-fpsS {]i-kvX-\mb Hcp {]mkw-Kn-I-\m-bn-cp∂p °p-am-bn-cp∂ Rm≥ Ahs\ IYm-]m-{X-am°n Nne -Im¿´q-
s_∂n. _neo-h-dpIƒ {InkvXym-\n-I-fn-ep-ff Hcp hn`m-K- Wp-Ifpw hc-®p. GXmbmepw kz¿§-tØbpw \c-I-tØbpw

2009 \-hw--_¿- 39
UmUn hfsc \√ a\p-jy-\m-Wv. hfsc k≥a-\ pw hnim-e-lr-Z-b-hp-ap≈ hy‡n-.
At±lw Pohn-°p∂ coXn, Rßsf hf¿Ønb coXn, Hs° hyXy-kvX-am-Wv. ]Tn-°p-I,
Ifn-°p-I, R-߃°v km[n-°p-∂-sXms° sNøp-I, sNøp∂ Imcy-Øn¬ "s_Ãv'
Bhm≥ {ian-°p-I, -C-sXm-s°-bm-bn-cp∂p R߃°pff \n¿t±-i߃.

Ipdn-®p≈ Nn¥ BZy-ambn Fs‚ a\-kn-te°v C´p X∂Xv ]n∂n-ep≈ bYm¿Y hnIm-c-sa-¥mWv? Jp¿-B-\n\v CXn-
Ah-\m-Wv. \Ωƒ Pohn-X-Øn¬ sNbvX-sXms° Hcp \mƒ se-s¥-¶nepw ]¶pt≠m? PnlmZv sNøm≥ bYm¿Y-Øn¬
tNmZyw sNøp-sa∂v Ah-s\-t∂mSv ]d-™p. 16 Ip´n-Iƒ aXw Jp¿-B≥ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂pt≠m? Aßs\ Rm≥ Ckvem-
amdn-bt∏mƒ tImf-Pn¬ AsXmcp tImfn-f°w krjvSn-®p. an-s\-Ip-dn®v hmbn-°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. ]t£ Pnlm-Zn\v
lnµp-°fpw {InkvXym-\n-Ifpw CS-]-g-Ip-∂Xv \ntcm-[n-®p. ]Icw Jp¿-B\ - nse imkv{X-sØ- kw_-‘n-°p∂ Hcp ]pkv-
F\n-°-h≥ Ipd®v _p°p-Ifpw koUn-Ifpw X∂n-cp-∂p. X-I-amWv F\n°v BZy-ambn hmbn-°m≥ e`n-®Xv. AsX-
Rm\Xv hmbn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. ]s£, F\n-°-Xn-¬ H´pw s∂ icn-°pw A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øn. GI-tZiw cm{Xn 9.30 \mWv
kwXr]vXn Is≠-Øm-\m-bn-√. a\-kn¬ Ft∏mgpw iq\yX. Rm\Xv hmbn-°m≥ Bcw-`n-®X - v. hmbn®v Xo¿∂Xv ]pe¿s®
Hcp ss__n-fn-ep-≈-X√ as‰mcp ss__n-fn-ep-≈-Xv. H∂n- \me-c-a-Wn°pw. cm{Xn Rm≥ Dd-ßn-b-tX-bn-√. Hmtcm t]Pv
ep-≈Xv as‰m-∂n¬ ImWn-√. NneXv t\sc hn]-co-X-hpw. IgnbpwtXmdpw ASp-Ø-Xn-te°v...- AXv Ign-bp-tºmƒ AXn-
Rm\n-Xn-s\-°p-dn®v Ah-t\mSv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ Ah≥ ]d- \-Sp-Ø-Xn-te°v Aß-s\-b-ßs\ AsXs∂ icn°pw Iog-
™p ssZh-Øn¬ \n∂v Cd-°n-bXv Htc-t]m-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p S-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p! icn°pw Rm≥ A¤pXw sIm≠pw hnkv-
P\-ßf - mWv Ah am‰n-ad - n-®X
- v F∂v. Rm≥ Xncn®v tNmZn®p a-bw-sIm-≠pw hms]m-fn-®p! Cu ]d-bp-∂-sXms° CtX a´n-
P\-߃ AXns\ am‰n-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ ]ns∂-ßs\ A-Xnse ¬ Xs∂ apkvenw-I-fpsS {KŸ-amb Jp¿-B-\n¬ AtX]Sn
kXyw Is≠Øpw? AtXmsS Rm≥ ss__nƒ am‰n-sh®p. D≠m-Iptam? F\n-°Xv hniz-kn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Xo¿®-
AsX-\n°v Xosc kwXr]vXn \¬In-bn-√. F\n°v ]q¿Æ- bmbpw CXv imkv{Xw hf¿® {]m]n-®-Xn\v tijw a‰mtcm
tXm-Xn¬ kwXr]vXn e`n-®mte Rms\mcp Imcyw Xnc-s™- FgpXn tN¿Ø-Xm-hm-\mWv km[y-X. 1400 h¿jw aptº
Sp-°p-I-bp-f-fp. sNdp-∏-Ønse Fs‚ ioe-am-W-Xv. UmUn- C{Xbpw IrXy-amb imkv{Xob hnh-c-ßtfm? Fs∂ G‰-
bn-¬ \n∂v In´n-b-Xmhmw Cu ioew. hpw A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv {`qW-im-kv{X-am-Wv. Rms\mcp
tUmIvS-dm-Wv F∂-Xmhmw Imc-Ww.
Bbn-S-°mWv A¶n-fns‚ ho´n¬ Hcp ]m¿´n \S-∂-Xv.
Hcp apkvenw IpSpw-_hpw AXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Øn-cp-∂p. Ah¿- Fs‚ Fw._n-._n-.Fkv ]T-\-Im-eØv G‰hpw _p≤n-
°v c≠p Ip´n-If - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcm¨Ip-´nbpw Hcp s]¨Ip- ap-´-\p-`-h-s∏´ hnj-b-hp-am-bn-cp∂p AsX-\n°v. C∂pw B
´n-bpw. c≠p-t]cpw Fs‚ kplr-Øp-°-fmbn amdn. ]t£ hnj-b-sØ-Ip-dn®v s]s´∂v tNmZn-®m¬ F\n°v BsI
A°m-e-sØm∂pw Ah¿ A{X aX-Nn-´bpw aX-t_m-[hpw I¨^yq-j≥ BIpw. ]t£! Bbn-c-Øn-\m-∂qdv sIm√w
H∂pw D≈-hc - m-bn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ A¬lwZp en√mlv C∂- apºv \nc-£c - \
- mb Hcp a\p-jy≥ C{Xbpw IrXy-ambn {`qW-
h¿ Hcp-]mSv amdn. B s]¨Ip-´n°v Fs‚ AtX {]mb-am- im-kv{XsØ Ipdn®v kwkm-cn-°p-∂p F∂vsh®m¬ Fß-
bn-cp-∂p. Rß-fpsS kwkmcw an°-t∏mgpw aX-ßsf Ipdn- s\ hniz-kn-°m≥ ]‰pw? B ImeØv B¿°mWv a\p-jy-
®m-bn-cp-∂p. Ahƒ ]d-™p, Ckvem-amWv kXy-aXw F∂v. i-co-c-sØ-Ip-dn-s®ms° Cßs\ IrXy-ambn ]d-bm-\m-hpI?
AXv tI´v Rm≥ s]m´n-®n-cn-®p. sPdn ]d-bp∂p {InkvXym- \Ωƒ ]Tn-®Xv kqcy\pw {Kl-ßfpw kz¥w A®p-X-
\n-‰n-bmWv kXy-sa-∂v. Chƒ ]d-bp-∂p, Ckvem-amWv kXy- ≠n¬ Id-ßp-∂p≠v F∂m-Wv. ]t£! 2003 emWv imkv{Xw
]m-X-sb-∂v. Rm\n-sXm∂pw Xosc Imcy-am-°n-bn-√. ]t£! kqcy≥ Id-ßp-∂n-√, {Kl-߃ am{Xta Id-ßp-∂p≈p
Ah-sfs∂ Ckvem-ans\ Ipdn-®v hmbn-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-®p. F∂v Is≠-Øn-bXv. Um¿hn≥ Xnbdn icn-bmWv F∂m-bn-
""FXm-bmepw \o KoXbpw ss__nfpw hmbn-®n-s√, C\n cp-∂p \mw ]Tn-®n-cp-∂Xv ]t£! Ct∏mƒ AXv imkv{Xw
Ckv-em-ans\ Ipdn--®pw H∂v hmbn®v t\m°v. F∂n´v Xocp- Xs∂ Xncp-Øp-Ibpw sX‰m-sW∂v AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw
am-\n°.v \o Ckvemw kzoI-cn-°W -- -sa∂v Rm≥ ]d-bn-√, sNbvXp. ]t£! 14 \q‰m≠v aptº Xs∂ Jp¿-B≥ AXv
]t£ Ckvem-an¬ kXy-ap-s≠∂v \n\°v t_m[y--amhpw IrXy-ambn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂p. CsXms° Fs∂
AXp-d∏v. Rm≥ \s√mcp `‡-bm-h-W-sa-∂n-√. ]s£! Ckv- h√msX A¤p-X-s∏-SpØn If-™p.
em-amWv kXyw F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ F\n°v kwi-b-an√''. ]pe¿s® Bd-c-bm-hp-∂Xv hsc Rm≥ Fß-s\-sbm-
Ah-fpsS Cu kwkmcw Ckvem-an-s\-Ip-dn-s®-s¥-¶nepw s°tbm kabw Xf-fn-\o-°n. t\cw ]pe¿∂-tXmsS BZyw
hmbn-°m-\p-ff Xocp-am-\-Øn¬ Fs∂ sIms≠-Øn-®p. Xs∂ F\n°m ]pkvXIw X∂ Iq´p-Im-cnsb Rm≥ t^m-
]ns∂ Pnlm-Zn-s\-Ip-dn-s®ms° aX-{KŸw F¥v]-d-bp- Wn¬ hnfn-®p. ""Rm\o hmbn® Imcy-ß-sfms° Jp¿-B-\n-
∂p F∂v a\-kn-em-°m≥ F\n°v B{K-lhp--ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- ¬ icn-°p-apt≠m? F¶n¬ F\n°v Jp¿-B≥ hni-Z-am-sbm-
F-¥n-\mWv Bfp-Iƒ Cßs\ acn-°p-∂Xv? Ah¿ kzbw ∂p ]Tn-°m≥ In´Ww. ASp-Ø-Xmbn Rm≥ Fs‚ ]nXm-
sIm√-s∏-Sp-Ibpw a‰p-≈h - sc sIm√p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CXn\v hns\ hnfn®v Cu Imcy-ß-sfms° hniZ-ambn ]d-™p.
2009 \-hw--_¿- 40
At±lw Nncn®p sIm≠v \n\-s°¥p ]‰n-sb∂v tNmZn-®p. GI-Xz-sØ-Ip-dn-®p-ff Fs‚bo hnizm-k-ap-≠t√m AX-hn-
Rm≥ ]d™p CsXs∂ h√msX A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂p Um- sS Xo¿®-bmbpw hnP-bn°pw. AXns‚ ÿm\w kz¿K-Øn¬
Un! CtX Ipdn®v icn-°p-sam∂v ]Tn-°-Ww. tlm! AsXm- Xs∂-bm-Wv. AsX-\n-°p-d-∏p-≠v. Rm≥ icn°pw Xcn-®n-cp-
s° \ns‚bnjvSw t]mse sNbvtXm? BZyw aΩnbpw CX- ∂p t]mbn. Hcp henb aX{]mkw-Kn-I≥ Fs‚ apºn¬
{X-Im-cy-ambn FSp-Øn-√. Rms\-t∏mgpw Fs¥-¶nepw aX- s]m´n-°c - ™
- t- ∏mƒ shdp-samcp km[m-cW apkvenw s]¨-
{K-Ÿ-ß-sfms° hmbn-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ Ckveman- Ip´n hfsc ss[cy-tØmsS ]dbp∂p A√m-lp-hmWv imiz-
s\ Ipdn®p hmbn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bt- XmsS AsXs∂ h√msX X-kXysa∂v. Jp¿-B-\mWv icn-bmb ]mX AXmWv Cu
BI¿jn-®p. h√m-sØmcp a\x-kw-Xr-]vXn. Cu temIØv Bfl-hn-izm-k-Øns‚ Icp-Øv. Ckvem-ans‚ i‡n Rm\pw
as‰m-cmƒ°pw, as‰mcp hkvXp-hn\pw Fs∂ CtX-t]mse Ct∏mƒ A\p-`-hn-°m≥ XpS-ßn.
kzm[o-\n-°mt\m, Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-hmt\m Ign-™n-´n-√. F\n-°-dn-bm-hp∂ hn[w Rm≥ \a-kvI-cn-°m≥ Bcw-
AXn-\nsS Rm≥ awK-em-]p-cØv kwL-Sn-∏n® Hcp {]kw- `n-®p. B ka-bØv Fs‚ hnhmlw \n›-bn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-
Kw tIƒ°m≥ t]mbn. Hcp apkvenw {]`m-j-I-t\mSv Rm≥ bn-cp-∂p. -Hcp lnµp-hns\ hnhmlw Ign-®m¬ Fs¥-¶nepw
Ipsd tNmZy-߃ tNmZn-°p-Ibpw a\- ns\ t_m[y-s∏-Sp- {]iv\-ßfpw {]bm-k-ß-fp-ap-≠m-hp-sa∂v A∂v Rm≥ Icp-
Øpw hn[w IrXy-ambn DØcw \¬Ip-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ahn- Xn-bXpan√. AXn-\n-sS-bmWv Rm≥ hmbn-®X - v, Hcp hnizmkn
sS sh®v Rm≥ Ipd®v ke^o {]h¿Ø-Isc ]cn-N-b-s∏´p. Hcp hnizm-knsb Xs∂ hnhmlw Ign-°-W-sa-∂v. Hcp apkv-
AtXmsS Ckvem-an-s\-Ip-dn®v IqSp-X¬ hmbn-°m\pw ]Tn- en-ans\ am{Xta Rm≥ hnhmlw sNøp-sh∂v AtXmsS
°m\pw Ah-kcw Xpd∂p In´n. Xocp-am-\n-®p. \n›-bn® hnhmlw th≠m F∂v Rm≥ ho´n-
Aßs\sbmcp Znhkw Rm≥ Fs‚ Iq´p-Im-c≥ sPdn- ¬ Adnbn-®p. AXv ho´n¬ henb tImfn-f-°hpw {]iv\-ß-
tbmSv tNmZn®p""\o ac-W-s∏-´p-sh∂v k¶¬]n-°p-I, A¥y- fpw D≠m-°n. AtXmsS F\n-s°mcp sNbv©v IqSn-tb- Xocp
\m-fn¬ tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp∂ Znhkw kz¿§-Øn-s‚bpw \c- F∂v Fs‚ aΩn°v tXm∂p-Ibpw Fs∂ Zp_m-bn-ep≈
I-Øn-s‚bpw ap∂n¬ \ns∂ \n¿Øn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-sW∂pw _‘p-°-fpsS ASp-tØ-°-b-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Rm\o ka-
\o k¶¬]n-°p-I. At∏m-gmWv \o Adn-bp-∂Xv \o hniz- bØv Ckvem-ans\ Ipdn®v Xs∂ kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv Ah-
kn-®Xpw {]h¿Øn-®X - p-amb Imcy-ßs - fms° sX‰m-bn-cp∂p cn¬ kwibw P\n-∏n®p XpS-ßn-bn-cp-∂p.
F∂v. Aßs\ \nt∂mSv \c-IØ - n-te°v t]mhm≥ B⁄m- Zp_m-bn¬ F\n-s°mcp tPmen In´n. ]t£ Htcm-sbmcp
]n®p F¶n¬ \o F¥v sNøpw? \s√mcp {]mkw-Kn-I-\m- Znhkw am{Xta Rm≥ tPmen°v t]mbp-≈p. Ahn-Sp∂v Rm≥
W-h≥. {]kw-K-Øn-\-h≥ C‚¿\m-j-W¬ Ahm¿Uv Ic- jm¿P-bn-te°v t]mbn. awK-em-]p-cØp \n∂pff Hcp apkv-
ÿ-am-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Fs‚ tImf-Pnse 16 Ip´n-Isf aX-]-cn- enw ktlm-Z-cs‚ klmbtØmsS aXw amdp-Ibpw k¿´n-
h¿Ø\w \S-Øn-°m≥ Ahs‚ hmIvNmXp-cn°v Ign-™n- ^n-°‰v t\Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]n∂oSv Rm≥ ho´n-te°v Xncn-
´p-≠v. Aß-s\-bp≈ sPdn Fs‚ Cu hm°v tI´-t∏mƒ ®p hcn-Ibpw Fs‚ aX-]-cn-h¿Ø\w F√m-h-scbpw Xpd-
s]m´n-°-c-™p. F∂n´v ]d™p F\n-°-dn-bn-√,- F-\n-°-dn- ∂-dnbn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ho´n¬ AsXmcp `qI-º-am-bn.
bn√ Aß-s\-sbmcp Ahÿ h∂m¬ Rm≥ F¥v sNøpw? hnh-c-a-dn™v e≠-\n¬ ]oUn-bm-{So-j-\mb ktlm-Z-c≥
F¥v sNøpw? Ah≥ h√m-sØmcp Ah-ÿ-bn-em-bn. A- tPmen Dt]-£n®v \m´n-se-Øn. ho´p-Im-cp-sSbpw \m´p-Im-
tXmsS Hcp Imcyw F\n°v t_m[y-s∏-´p. Ah≥ hniz-kn- cp-sSbpw _‘p-°-fp-sSbpw ap∂n¬ Rm≥ hen-sbmcp A]-
°p-Ibpw {]h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Imcy-ß-fn¬ Ah\v cm[w sNbvX Ip‰-hm-fn-bm-bn. A°m-eØv {]m¿Y\ H∂v
\qdv iX-am\w Bfl-hn-iz-khpw Dd∏pw C√. F¶n¬ Fs‚ am{X-am-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ apºn-ep≈ hgn. C∂pw Ft∂mSpw
apkvenw ktlm-Z-cn-tbmSv CtX tNmZyw Rm≥ tNmZn-®-t∏m- \nß-tfm-Sp-sams° D]-tZ-in-°m-\p-≈Xpw {]m¿Y-\sb
ƒ Ah-fpsS DØcw Fs∂ A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-ØpI Xs∂ sN- Ipdn®v Xs∂. Xo¿®-bmbpw Ah≥ \Ωsf klmbn°pw.
bvXp. Ahƒ henb aX-`-‡tbm {]mkw-Kn-Itbm hmIvNm- Bcpw {]Xo-£n-°mØ B¿°pw IW-°p-Iq-´m≥ Ign-bmØ
Xpcnbp-≈-htfm H∂p-a-√m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£! Rm\o tNmZy-a- hn[-samcp t]mwhgn Ah-\p-≠m°n Xcpw. sIm√-s∏-S-W-
ßv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ Ahƒ ]d™p Rms\mcp henb aX-`- sa-∂mWv A√m-lp-hns‚ Xocp-am-\-sa-¶n¬ AXv \S-°pw.
‡-b-√m-bn-cn°mw Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp-]mSv hogvNIfpw B¿°pw AXv XSp-°p-hm≥ km[y-a√. CXn-s\-bmWv Pnlm-
sX‰p-Ifpw kw`-hn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cn°mw. AXn-\m¬ Rm≥ Zv F∂v ]d-bp-∂-sX∂v Rm≥ a\-kn-em-°p-∂p. A√m-lp-
Nne-t∏mƒ \c-I-Øn-se-dn-b-s∏Spw. ]t£! ssZh-Øns‚ hns‚ am¿K-Øn¬ XyPn-°p-I.

Jp¿-B-\nse imkv{X-sØ- kw_-‘n-°p∂ Hcp ]pkvX-I-amWv F\n°v BZy-ambn


hmbn-°m≥ e`n-®Xv. AsXs∂ icn-°pw A¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øn. GI-tZiw cm{Xn 9.30\mWv
Rm\Xv hmbn-°m≥ Bcw-`n-®-Xv. hmbn®v Xo¿∂Xv ]pe¿s® \me-c-a-Wn°pw. cm{Xn Rm≥
Dd-ßn-b-tX-bn-√. Hmtcm t]Pv IgnbpwtXmdpw ASp-Ø-Xn-te°v AXv Ign-bp-tºmƒ
AXn-\-Sp-Ø-Xn-te°v...- Aß-s\-b-ßs\ AsXs∂ icn°pw Iog-S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p!

2009 \-hw--_¿- 41
Fs‚ Fw._n-._n-.Fkv ]T-\-Im-eØv G‰hpw _p≤n-ap-´-\p-`-h-s∏´ hnj-b-hp-am-bn-cp∂p
{`qW-im-kv{Xw. C∂pw B hnj-b-sØ-Ip-dn®v s]s´∂v tNmZn-®m¬ F\n°v BsI
I¨^yq-j≥ BIpw. ]t£! Bbn-c-Øn-\m-∂qdv sIm√w apºv \nc-£-c-\mb Hcp a\p-jy≥
C{Xbpw IrXy-ambn {`qW-im-kv{XsØ Ipdn®v kwkm-cn-°p-∂p F∂vsh®m¬ Fßs\
hniz-kn-°m≥ ]‰pw? B ImeØv B¿°mWv a\p-jy-i-co-c-sØ-Ip-dn-s®ms° Cßs\
IrXy-ambn ]d-bm-\m-hpI?

hfsc Db¿∂ kmº-ØnIÿnXn Df-fX - m-sWs‚ IpSpw- hoSp-≠v, \√ `£-W-ap-≠v. F√mw A√mlp F\n°v th≠n
_w. cmjv{So-b-kzm-[o-\-a-S°w `c-W-Iq-S-ß-fn-sems° hen- Hcp°n sh®n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F\n°v hnhm-l-tem-N-\-
b ]nSn-]m-Sp-≈ IpSpw-_w. F∂n´v t]mepw Rm≥ sIm√- Iƒ \S∂phcp∂p AXnepw F\n°v \n_-‘-\-I-sfm-∂p-
s∏-Sp-I-tbm B{I-an-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm D≠mbn-´n-√. AXm-Wv an-√. A√m-lp-hn-\-dnbmw F\n°v G‰hpw DØaw GXm-
A√m-lp-hns‚ Xocp-am-\-hpw Ahs‚ kwc-£-W-hpw. HSp- sW-∂v. AsX-\n°h≥ \¬Ipw; Ah≥ \√tX \¬Iq
hn¬ ho´p-Im¿ Fs∂-sIm≠v s]mdpXnap´n. ""\n\°v Ckvem- Fs∂-\n-°p-d-∏p-≠v.
amtWm IpSpw-_-am-tWm th≠Xv? Ckvem-amWv th≠sX- Ckvem-an¬ \nßsf G‰hpw BI¿jn® Imcyw F¥m-
∂v Rm≥ IÆ-S®v DØcw ]d-™p. AXv icn°pw thZ\m- sW∂v hni-Zo-I-cn-°mtam?
P-\-I-amb Hcp \nan-j-am-bn-cp-∂p. F\n-°p-≈-sX√mw Dt]-
Fs∂ G‰hpw BI¿jn-®Xv Jp¿-B-\nse imkv{Xo-b-
£n®v Rm≥ ho´n¬ \n∂v Cd-tß≠ Ah-ÿ. D∂-X-amb
]-cm-a¿i-߃ Xs∂-bm-Wv. AsXs∂ icn°pw A¤p-X-
coXn-bn-emWv Rm≥ hf¿∂-Xv. hmbn¬ kz¿Æ-°-c-≠n-
s∏-Sp-Øn-°-f-™p.
bp-ambn ]nd-∂p-ho-W-hƒ! Rm≥ hpfp-sh-SpØv c≠v dIv-
AØv \a-kvI-cn-®p. F∂n´v A√m-lp-hn-t\mSv ]d™p kvt\lkwhmZw hmb-\-°m-tcmSv {]tXy-In®v Fs¥-¶nepw
""Fs‚ \mYm Rm\nXv sIm≠v kz¿§-a-√msX as‰m∂pw ]d-bm-\pt≠m?
B{K-ln-°p-∂n-√. Rms\s‚ amXm-]n-Xm-°-sfbpw IpSpw- F\n°v ]d-bm-\p-f-fXv aXw {]t_m-[\w sNøp-I. ]-
_-sØbpw hoSn-t\bpw kI-e-kp-J-ku-I-cy-ß-tfbpw F- t£! Bscbpw \n¿_-‘n-t°-≠-Xn-√, Ah¿°v hmbn-°m-
√mw CXm Dt]-£n-°p∂p \ns‚ kz¿K-w In´Ww F∂ \pw ]Tn-°m-\p-ap-ff Ah-k-c-߃ D≠m°n sImSp-°p-I.
\nøØv am{Xta F\n-°p-≈p. \ob-sX-\n°v \¬ItW''. H∂n\pw \n¿_-‘n-t°-≠-Xn√. Fs‚ Imcyw Xs∂-sb-Sp-
Bdp-am-k-Øn-tes-d-bmbn Fs‚ aΩntbm ktlm-Z-c- °mw. Ckvem-ans\ Ipdn®v a\- n-em-°n-bn´pw ]¿± [cn-°m≥
ßtfm Ft∂mSv an≠n-bn-´v. Rm≥ awK-em-]p-c-tØ°v h∂v Rm≥ F´p amk-sa-Sp-Øp. ]t£! C∂-Xns\ Rm≥ Bflm-
Fs‚ tImf-Pn¬ Ct‚¨jn∏v sNøm-\m-cw-`n-®p. AsXmcp ¿Y-ambn kvt\ln-°p∂p A-Xn-√msX F\n°v ]pd-Øn-d-ßm-
sj´n tImf-Pm-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\m¬ Ah-scs∂ XpS¿∂v ]Tn- ≥ ]‰mØ am\-kn-Im-hÿ - . AXn\v ImcWw Rm\Xv kzbw
°m≥ A\p-h-Zn-®n-√. ]ns∂ Rm≥ BZ¿i-kp-lr-Ømb Xnc-s™-Sp-Øp-sh-∂-Xn-\m-em-Wv. a‰m-cp-tS-sb-¶nepw \n¿_-
Hcp apkvenw A¶n-fns‚ IpSpw-_-hp-ambn IqSp-X¬ ASp- ‘-{]-Im-c-am-W-¶n¬ Rm\-Xns\ shdpØp t]mIp-am-bn-cp-
°p-Ibpw Ah-tcm-sSm∏w Xs∂ Xmakw Bcw-`n-°p-Ibpw ∂p. F√m-hcpw X∂m-emhpw hn[w ZAvhØv sNøp-I.
sNbvXp. \n߃°dn-bptam, Rm\p-t]-£n®v t]m∂ Hmtcm Hcp apkven-ambn P\n-°pI F∂Xv henb Imcy-a-√.
ku`mKy-ßfpw Cs∂s‚ Pohn-X-Øn-te°v ]Xn≥-a-Sßv adn®v apkven-ambn acn-°pI F∂Xv hfsc hfsc henb
tim`-tbmsS Xncn-®p-h∂psIm≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Fs‚ `£- Imcy-am-WvXm\pw. AXn-\m¬ apkven-ambn acn-°m≥ F√m-
W-Im-cy-Øn¬ t]mepw A√mlp {i≤n-°p-∂p≠v F∂mWv hcpw {ian-°p-I. A√mlp \ap-°-Xn\v ku`mKyw \¬Ip-
Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p-∂-Xv. ho´n¬ Rms\m‰ s]¨Ip-´n-bm- am-dm-I-s´.
bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏m-sg\n°v Hcp-]mSv ktlm-Z-cn-am-cp-≠v. \√

H-‰- {]-Xn- ˛ 10
H-c-p- h¿-j-tØ-°v- -˛ 120
c-≠p- h¿-j-tØ-°v ˛ 240
(Jp¿-B≥- ]-cn-`m-j- ku-P-\yw, cq-]- 20 X-]m¬- Nm¿-Pv-)-
SNEHASAMVADAM MONTHLY
P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Kochi-19, Tel: 0484 2301275

2009 \-hw--_¿- 42
z Zm-º-Xy-cw-K-Øv- \-_n- "Z-cn-{Z-sc'- ]-cn-K-Wn-t®m?-
z C-¥y- km-bp-[-Pn-lm-Zn-\v- ]m-I-s∏-´n-´n-t√?-
z G-‰p-ap-´¬- sIm-e-]m-X-I- hm¿-Ø-Iƒ- Xo-{h-hm-Zn-I-sf- sh-≈]q-ip-∂p.-

Iq-Sn-°m-gv-N-
Hcp s]Æn\v aldpw sNehpw sImSp-°m≥ Ign-hn-√mØ bphm-hn-t\mSv t\mºv-

? t\m‰v hnIm-cØ- n\v ia-\a


- p-≠m-°m≥ \n¿t±-in® \_n, IeymWw Ign-°msX
F{X ASnakv{XoIsf A\p-`-hn-®p. KXn-sbm-∂p-an-√mØ Zcn-{Z¿°v ASn-a-sb-
t∏mepw CW-bmbn \¬Im≥ A\p-hmZw \¬Im≥ a\ v hcmØ \_n bYm¿-
YØn¬ Zmº-Xy-cw-KØv Ab¬hm-kn-bpsS ]´n-Wn-bn¬ hbdv \nd-®p-Æp-∂-
h-\m-bn-cp-∂nt√?
˛˛-dn-bmkv Ip‰n-®nd

kzX{¥kv{XoIsf hnhmlw Ign- k¿h-⁄-\p-a-s{X.'' (hnip≤ Jp¿B≥ apºpw tijhpw temI-Øns‚ an° `mK-
°p-I, ASnakv{XoIsf hnhmlw Ign- 24:32) ß-fnepw ASn-a-Ø-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ASn-
°p-I, kz¥w DS-a-ÿ-X-bn-ep≈ ASna- Zcn-{Z-cm-bn-´p≈ Btcm-Spw, \n߃ a-I-sf-sIm≠v ITn-\-ambn ]Wn-sb-Sp-∏n-
kv{Xosb `mcy-sb-t∏mse (sh∏m-´n-bm- hnhmlw Ign-°-cp-sX∂v A√m-lpthm ®n-´mWv Ata-cn-°sb Hcp hnI-knX
bn) kzoI-cn-°pI F∂o Imcy-߃ {]hm-NI - t\m hne-°n-bn-´n-√. alv¿ F∂ cm{„-am-°n-Øo¿Ø-Xv. sh∏m´nk{º-Zm-
hnip≤ Jp¿-B\ - n¬ F√m-h¿°pw A\p- \ne-bn¬ bmsXm∂pw˛-Hcp Ccpºp tam- bhpw AXns‚ IqsS-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.
h-Zn-®n-´p-≠v. kmº-ØnItijn Ipd-™- Xncw t]mepw \¬Im≥ Ign-bmØ Hcm- Imd¬am¿Ivkn\v t]mepw Hcp sh∏m-´n-
h¿ hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂-Xns\ \ncp-’m- tfmSv \_n \n¿t±-in-®X - v, `mcy°v Jp¿- bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ kzX-{¥-cmb-
l-s∏-Sp-Øp-I-b√ Xs‚ A\p-{K-lØn- B≥ kq‡-߃ ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°pI hsc ]nSn-IqSn ASn-a-bm°n am‰m≥ Ckv-
¬ {]Xo-£-b¿∏n-®p-sIm≠v hnhm-ln-X- F∂Xv alvdmbn \n›-bn-®p-sIm≠v emw A\p-hmZw \¬In-bn-´n-√. apkvenwI-
cm-Im≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-I-bmWv A√mlp hnhm-lw Ign®p sIm≈m-\mWv. IpSpw- sf bp≤-ØS- h - p-Im-cmbn ]nSn®m¬ CXc
sNøp-∂X - v. ""\nß-fn-ep≈ Ahn-hm-ln- X- _s®e-hp-Iƒ hln-°m≥ Ign-bn-s√∂ kaql-߃ Ahsc ASn-aI - f
- m°n hn¬-
scbpw \nß-fpsS ASn-a-I-fn¬\n∂pw Bi¶ \nanØw hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ °p-I-tbm- ]oUn∏n°p-Itbm sNbvXn-
ASn-a-kv{Xo-I-fn¬\n∂pw \√-h-cm-bn-´p- H´pw ss[cyw tXm∂mØ Btfm-S,v Bfl- cp∂ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ apkvenwIƒ°pw
≈-h-scbpw \n߃ hnhm-l-_-‘-Øn- kwb-a\w ]men-°m≥ \n¿t±-in-®-Xns\ Nne-t∏mƒ XØpey \S-]Sn kzoI-cn-t°-
te¿s∏-Sp-Øp-I. Ah¿ Zcn-{Z-cm-sW-¶n¬ hnhmlw \ncp-’m-ls - ∏-Sp-Øe - mbn hym- ≠n-h-cn-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. Cßs\ ASn-
A√mlp Xs‚ A\p-{K-l-Øn¬\n∂v Jym-\n-°p-∂Xv XnI®pw sX‰m-Wv. a- I - f m- b n- Ø o¿∂ bp≤- Ø - S - h p- I msc
Ah¿°v sFizcyw \¬Ip-∂-Xm-Wv. ASn-aØw apl-ΩZv \_n D≠m- ]oUn-∏n-°cp-sX∂pw sh∏m-´n-Iƒ°v
A√mlp hn]p-e-amb Ign-hp-≈-h\pw °nb k{º- Z m- b - a - √ . At±- l - Ø n\p Ip´n-I-fp-≠m-bm¬ Ah-sctbm a°-sf-

2009 H-
\-Ihv-tw-Sm-
-__ ¿- ¿- 43
tbm ASn-a-I-sf-t∂mWw {Ib-hn-{Ibw kv{XoIƒ ssewKnI Acm-P-I-Xz-Øn\v ¿°pw A°m-eØv sh∏m-´n-am-cp-≠m-bn-
sNø-cp-sX∂pw Ckvemw hyh-ÿ-s∏-Sp- hgnsh°p-∂Xv Hgn-hm-°m≥ sh∏m´n cp-∂p. bp≤-ØS- h
- p-Im¿ ASn-aI
- f
- m-°s
- ∏-
Øn-bn-´p-≠v. ASn-aI
- sf tamNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv k{º-Zmbw Gsd D]-I-cn-®n-´p-≠v. apl- Sp∂ kml-Ncyw amdn-b-t∏mƒ ASn-a-
Ckvemw Hcp ]pWy-I¿a-ambpw Nne ΩZv \_n Pohn-X-Øn-emsI c≠p Øhpw sh∏m´n k{º-Zm-bhpw kz`m-hn-
]m]- ß ƒ°p≈ {]mb- › n- Ø - a mbpw sh∏m-´n-amsc am{Xta kzoI-cn-®n-´p-≈q. I-ambn Ah-km-\n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.
\n›-bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. ASna- hnizm-kn-Ifpw Ahn-izm-kn-If
- p-amb ]e-

apkvenw bphm-°ƒ CXc aX-Ønse bph-Xn-Isf {]W-bn®v kz¥w aX-Øn¬


tN¿°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ tIc-f-Ønse aXw-am‰ tI{µ-ß-sf- \n-tcm[n°W-sa∂

? kwLv]cn-hm-dns‚ Bh-iy-hpw, aXw am‰w Kh¨sa‚ v {]Xn-\n-[n°v apºm-


sI-bm-I-W-sa∂ k¿°m-dns‚ \n¿t±-ihpw h∂n-cns°, C¥y aX-kzm-X-{¥y-
ap≈ cmPy-am-sW∂pw AhnsS kmbp-[-Pn-lmZv ]mSn-s√-∂p-am-sW-¶n¬ CXn-
s\-Xnsc Fßs\ {]Xn-I-cn-°mw.
˛˛i_o-den ]md-°-Shv

kwLv]cn-hm-dns‚ Ckvemw˛-apkv- "tcmK'hpa√. i‡-amb Ckvemw hncp≤ Bbn-cn-°-W-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv hy‡n


enw hncp≤ {]Nm-c-W-߃s°-Xn-cn¬ {]Nm-cWw \S-°p∂ ]m›mXycm{„-ß- kzmX{¥y \ntj-[a - m-sW∂v tXm∂p-∂n-
sNtø≠ PnlmZv Ahbv°v {]kw-K-ß- fn¬ bYm¿Y PnlmZv \S-Øp-∂Xv HuNn- √. Kh¨sa‚ v {]Xn-\n[n aXwam‰-Øn\v
fn-eq-sSbpw teJ-\ß
- f
- n-eq-sSbpw hy‡- Xyt_m[-tØmsS CkvemanI{]t_m- XS w kr„n-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ AXns\
hpw i‡-hp-amb `mj-bn¬ adp-]Sn [\w \S-Øp-∂-h-cm-Wv. cm{„o-b-amtbm \nb-a-]-c-amtbm t\cn-Sm-
\¬Ip-I-bmWv. kv{XoIsf {]W-bn®v aXw amdp-∂-h¿°v AXv kw_-‘- hp-∂X- m-Wv. apkvenwIƒ°v IqSn ]¶p≈
aX-Øn¬ tN¿°-W-sa∂v A√m-lpthm amb HutZym-KnI tcJ-Iƒ icn-bmbn Hcp P\m-[n-]Xy `c-WI - q-SØ
- ns\Xncn¬
dkqtem A\p-im-kn-®n-´n-√. {]Wbw Int´-≠X- v- B-hi
- y-am-Wt- √m. AXn-\m¬ kmbp[t]mcm´w \S-Øm≥ CsXm∂pw
Hcp hn`m-KsØ am{Xw _m[n-°p∂ aXwam‰w A[n-Ir-X-cpsS Adn-thmsS aXn-bmb \ymb-ß-f-√.

GsX-¶nepw hymP G‰p-ap-´¬ sIme-]m-X-I-Øn¬ acn® Bfp-I-fpsS apkvenw

? t]cp-I-sf-SpØv sh®v C¥y-bnse apkvenwIƒ ]oUn-X-cm-sW∂v {]N-cn-∏n°p-


∂-Xn¬ F¥v A¿Y-am-Wp-≈Xv? `qcn-]£w hcp∂ bYm¿Y Xo{h-hm-Zn-Isf
CXns‚ t]cn¬ sh≈-]q-ip-I-bt√ apkvenw aX-t\-Xm-°ƒ sNøp-∂-Xv?
˛˛-i-in-[-c≥ tNhm-bq¿

C¥y≥ apkvenwIƒ samØ-ambn °-fpsS `mh\mkr„nb√. "lnµp' Zn\- Wv ]Xn-hv. Ah-cpsS Zr„n-bn¬ F√m
]oUn-X-cm-sW∂v aX-t\-Xm-°ƒ {]N-cn- ]-{X-Øns‚ {]km-[-I¿ {]kn-≤o-I-cn- Cc-Ifpw `oI-c-cm-Wv. apkvenwIsf `qcn-
∏n-°p∂p F∂v ]d-bp-∂Xv kmam-\y-am- °p∂ {]apJ tZiob ]m£n-I-amb ]£ Xo{h-hm-Zn-If - mbn Nn{Xo-Ic- n-°p-∂-
bn kXy-a√ - . {]apJ aXkwL-S\ - I
- f
- psS "{^‚ v sse\n's‚ G‰hpw ]pXnb e°- tNmZyI¿Øm-hns\ t]mep-≈h - ¿ Cc-I-
t\Xm-°ƒ Aßs\ {]kw-Kn-°p-Itbm Øn¬ KpP-dm-Øn¬ \S∂ hymP G‰p- fpsS a\p-jym-h-Im-i-sØ-°p-dn®v Nn¥n-
Fgp-Xp-Itbm sNøm-dn-√. F∂m¬ kw- ap-´¬ sIme-]m-X-I-ßsf kw_-‘n®v °m≥ t]mepw Xøm-dm-Ip-sa∂v tXm∂p-
Lv-]-cn-hmdpw Ah-tcmSv A\p-`m-h-ap≈ {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ c≠p teJ-\-ßfpw ∂n-√.
Nne ssk\n-Icpw t]meo-kp-Imcpw \S- alm-cm-{„, PΩp-˛-I-mivao¿, aWn-∏q¿, apkvenwI-fpsS Iq´-Ønepw {Inan-\-
Øp∂ AXn-{I-a-߃ Hcp henb hn`m- U¬ln, I¿Æm-S-I, Xangv\mSv F∂o ep-Ifpw `oI-ccpw D≠mImw F∂ hkv-
Kw apkvenwIsf Ac-£n-Xcpw hn£p_v- kwÿm\- ß - f n¬ \S∂ G‰p- a p- ´ ¬ XpX ad®p sh°p-∂n-√. F∂m¬ kwLv-
[cp-am°n am‰p-∂p-≠v F∂ bmYm¿Yyw sIme-]m-X-ß-sf-°p-dn®v Hcp teJ-\-hp- ]cnhmdnse sImSpw-`o-Ic - sc sh≈]qin-
B¿°pw \ntj-[n-°m-\m-hn-√. apkvenw ap-≠v. "hymP \oXn' F∂mWv Cu teJ- s°m≠v apkvenw Xo{h-Xbv°v AdpXn
`oI-cX F∂v hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv \-Øns‚ Xe-s°-´v. ÿm\-°b - ‰w t\Sn- hcp-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√. hymP G‰p-ap-´-ep-
hen-sbm-cf - t- hmfw th´-°m¿s°-Xn-cn-ep- sbSp-°m-\p≈ Hcp X{¥w F∂ \ne- I-fnse {]Xn-If - mb t]meo-kp-Im-scbpw
≈ Cc-If - psS sshIm-cnI {]Xn-Ic - W
- - bn-emWv KpP-dm-Ønse t]meokv Hm^o- ]´m-f-°m-scbpw kwc-£n-°m≥ `c-W-
am-Wv. B {]Xn-IWw Nne-t∏mƒ AXn- k¿am¿ "G‰p-ap-´¬ sIme-]m-X-I-ßsf' IqSw kZm hy{KX ImWn-°p-∂Xv apkv-
cp-Ih
- n-™Xpw hnth-Ii - q-\y-hp-am-Ip-∂Xv D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-sX∂v "{^‚ vsse- enw a\- p-If - n¬ GXv Xc-Øn-ep≈ {]Xn-
kwLv-]-cn-hm-dns‚ Xm¬]-cy-߃°v ≥' teJ-I≥ sh¶-tS-i-c≥ hy‡-am-°n- I-cW
- a- m-Wp-≠m-°p-Is - b∂v kmam\y_p-
klm-bI - a- mbn Iem-in-°p-Ib - mWv ]Xnhv. bn-cn-°p-∂p. {]apJ ae-bmf am[y-aß
- ƒ ≤n-bp≈ B¿°pw Duln-°m-hp-∂X - m-W.v
hymP G‰p-ap-´e - p-Iƒ apkvenw t\Xm- CØcw hm¿Ø-Iƒ Xa-kvI-cn-°p-I-bm-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 44
Iq´psI´nse acymZIƒ
iao¿ aZo\n ■- CWßp∂h\mWv . CWßpItbm CW°s∏SpItbm
sNømØh\n¬ \∑bn√.'' (AlvaZv)
]ckv]cw klmbn®pw klIcn®pw Pohnt°≠hcmWv NßmXnsb tXSptºmƒ
a\pjy¿. F{X henbh\pw BcptSbpw klm-bamhiyan- Iq´pIqSm≥ t{]cn∏n® Ckvemw ]n∂oSv XZvhnjbIam-
√msX H‰bm\mbn IgnbpI km[ya√. ASnÿm\mhiy- bn au\w Zo£n®ncn°pIb√. adn®v AXpambn _‘s∏´
ßfmb BlmcØnt‚bpw hkv{XØnt‚bpw ]m¿∏nSØn- ]e am¿K\n¿tZißfpw \¬Inbn´p≠v. Iq´psI´pIƒ°v
t‚bpw ImcysaSp°pI. \mw ImWpItbm AdnbpItbm kz`mhßfnepw kwkvImcßfnepw i‡amb kzm[o\ß-
t]mepw sNømØ \qdpIW°n\mfpIfpsS A[zm\hpw fp≠m°phm≥ km[n°pw. Nnet∏mƒ Nne Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ
klIcWhpw AXns‚ ]n∂neps≠∂ bmYm¿Yyw B¿- sIm≠v kz¥w hy‡nXzw Xs∂ \int®°pw. a‰pNnet∏mƒ
°mWv \ntj[n°m\mhpI? DØaamb kz`mhhpw kwkvImchpw kzoIcn®v A¿Yh-
a\pjy≥amcn¬ \n∂v AI∂v GIm¥hmkw \bn°p- Ømb Hcp PohnXw \bn°m≥ klmbIambXpw Iq´psI´p-
∂Xns\ Ckvemw t{]m¬kmln∏n°p∂n√. \_n]d™p: sIm≠mbncn°mw. AYhm Iq´psI´neqsS \∂mhm\pw
""P\ßfpambn CS]gIpIbpw AhcpsS iey߃ kln- NoØ-bmIm\pw km[yXbps≠∂v kmcw.
°pIbpw sNøp∂ hnizmkn°mWv Aßs\b√mØhtc- ]pIhen, aZy]m\w t]mep≈ Zpx»oe߃ ]eXpw Iq´p-
°mƒ alØmb {]Xn^eap≈Xv.'' (C_v\pamP) CW°- sI´neqtSbmWv hym]n°p∂Xv. BZysam∂pw AØcw
hpw klIcWhpamWv bYm¿Y hnizmknbpsS kz`mhsa- Zpx»oeßfn√mXncp∂h¿ ]n∂oSv Iq´pImcn¬ \n∂v Ah
∂pw \_nDW¿Øn. \_n]d™p: ""kXyhnizmkn ]I¿s∂SpØv AXns‚ ASnabmbn amdp∂ ÿnXn hncf-
2009 \-hw--_¿- 45
a√. AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ a‰p≈hcpambn Iq´pIqS∂Xn\p- ®ncps∂¶n¬ F{X \∂mbncpt∂s\, Fs‚ IjvSta! C∂
apºv Xs‚ kplrZvhebØns‚ IÆnIfm°m\m{Kln-°p- Bsf Rm≥ kplrØmbn kzoIcn®n´n√mbncps∂¶n¬
∂ NßmXnamscIpdn®v Dƒ°mgvNtbmsSbp≈ sXsc-s™- F{X \∂mbncpt∂s\. F\n°v t_m[\w h∂pIn´nbXn\v
Sp∏v BhiyamWv. tijw AXn¬ \n∂h≥ Fs∂ sX‰n®pIf™pht√m.
\_n]d™p. ""Hcmƒ Xs‚ kvt\lnXs‚ a-X-Øn--em- ]nimNv a\pjys\ ssIhn´pIfbp∂h\mIp∂p.'' (25:27-˛29)
bncn°pw. AXn\m¬ \nßfntemtcmcpØcpw Xm≥ Iq´pIqSp- Bcp-am-bn-´m-IWw?
∂hsc Ipdn®v Nn¥n®p t\m°s´'' (A_qZmhqZv, Xn¿anZn) h¿K-˛-h¿W hyXym-k-ßtfm kmº-Øn-I-ta-∑tbm Xd-
\∑bn¬ Iq´pIqSn \∑bpsS h‡m°fmb kvt\lnX- hm-Sn-Ø-Øns‚ al-Xztam H∂p-a√ kulr-Z-Øn\v ]cn-K-
∑mtcbpw Xn∑bpsS an{Xßfmb Zp¿am¿KnIsfbpw Wn-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xv. adn®v [m¿an-I-t_m-[hpw \√ kwkvIm-c-
Ncn{XØn¬ ImWmw. \_nbpw AhnSpsØ kzlm_- hp-ap≈ \∑bnte°v \ap°v {]tNm-Z\w \¬Ip∂ kplrZv
Øpw \∑bpsS kulrZØns‚ al\ob DZmlcWß- he-b-Øn-\mWv Htcm-cp-Øcpw {ian-t°-≠-Xv. \mSn\pw \m´p-
fmWv. tZi˛`mj˛h¿W hyXymk߃°XoXambn \∑bn- Im¿°pw \∑ {]Zm\w sNøm≥ ]‰p∂ \∑-bpsS h‡m-°-
¬ Ah¿ GtImZc ktlmZcßfmbn. \ot{Km ASnabm- fpsS Iq´m-bva-bmbn AØcw kplrZv _‘-߃ hf-c-Ww.
bncp∂ IdpØ _nemepw Jpssdinbmbncp∂ shfpØ Pohn-X-]-¶m-fn-bmbn CWsb sXc-s™-Sp-°p-tºmgpw
A_q_°dpw ]W°mc\mb DYvam\pw ]Wn°mc\mb Jp- Cu Imcy-Øn-\m-bn-cn-°Ww apJy-]-cn-K-W\ \¬tI-≠-Xv
ss__pw Ad_nbmb Dadpw t]¿jy°mc\mb k¬am\p- F∂mWv \_n D]-tZ-in-®-Xv. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p.
sams° Ahcnep≠mbncp∂p. as‰√m AXn¿hcºpIfpw ""tl; a\pjytc, Xo¿®bmbpw \nßsf \mw Hcp BWn-
t`Zn®v D—\oNXz߃°XoXambn GtImZcktlmZcß- ¬ \n∂pw Hcp s]Æn¬ \n∂pambn krjvSn®ncn°p∂p.
fmbn Hcp BZ¿iØns‚ Iogn¬ Ahsc√mw AWn\nc∂p. \n߃ At\ym\yw Adntb≠Xn\v \nßsf \mw hnhn[
Ncn{XØn¬ XpeyXbn√mØ kulrZamWv kzlm_Øn- kapZmbßfpw tKm{Xßfpw B°pIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p.
\nSbn¬ \ap°v ImWm≥ km[n°p∂Xv. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlphns‚ ASpØv \nßfn¬ G‰hpw
DJv_Ø - p_v\p A_o apCuXpw Da-øØ - p_v\p Je^pw BZcWob≥ \nßfn¬ G‰hpw [¿Ω\njvT ]men°p∂h-
A_q-Pl - epw DØv_Øpw ssi_-Øp-sams° B \∑-s°- \mIp∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp k¿∆PvR\pw kq£va-
Xn-cn¬ Iq´p-sI-´p-≠m-°nb Xn∑-bpsS h‡m-°-fm-bn-cp-∂p. PvRm\nbpamIp∂p.'' (49:13)
DJv_Øv_v\p A_o apCuXpw DaøØv_v\p Je^pw NoØ-Iq-´p-sI-´p-Iƒ Hgn-hm-°p-hm\pw \√-h-cp-ambn Iq´p-
D‰ NßmXnamcmbncp∂p. DJv_Øv \_nbpambn kwkm- Iq-Sm\pw t{]cn-∏n-°p∂ \nc-h[n \_n-h-N-\-ßfpw ImWmw.
cn-°p-Ibpw kvt\l-_‘w ]pe¿Øn-t∏m-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. \_n Cu c≠p-X-c-Øn-ep≈ Iq´p-sI-´n-eqsS D≠m-tb-°m-
Aßs\ DJv_ aXw amdn apl-Ω-Zns‚ aXw kzoI-cn-s®∂v hp∂ t\´-˛t- Im-´ß - sf hy‡-am-°n-s°m≠v Hcp D]-ab - n-eqsS
Jpssd-in-Iƒ ]d-bm≥ XpS-ßn. Cu hm¿Ø-b-dn™ Da- Imcy-߃ hnh-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWp-I. \_n ]d-bp-∂p. ""\√
øØv DJv_-tbmSp ]d™p ""\o C\n apl-Ω-Zns\ ImWp- Iq´p-Im-ct- ‚bpw NoØIq´p-Im-ct- ‚bpw D]a IkvXqcn hml-
tºmƒ Ahs‚ apJØv Im¿°n®v Xp∏p-Ibpw ]nc-Sn°v Nhn- I-t‚bpw De-bn¬ DuXp-∂h - t- ‚bpw t]mse-bm-Wv. IkvXqcn
´p-Ibpw Bt£-]n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂X - p hsc Rm\pw \obpw hml-I≥ H∂p-In¬ AXn¬ \n∂pw \n\°v \¬In-tb°pw
XΩn¬ bmsXmcp _‘hpap≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.'' As√-¶n¬ \n\°v Ah-\n¬ \n∂v hne-sIm-SpØp hmßmw.
Da-ø-Øp-am-bp≈ NßmØw \jvS-s∏´p t]mI-cp-sX∂v AXp-a-s√-¶n¬ AXns‚ ]cn-afw AXn¬ \n∂pw \n\°v
IcpXn DJv_ B ]d-™-sXms° sNbvXp-hs{X! Ahsc Bkz-Zn-°mw. F∂m¬ De-bn¬ DuXp-∂-h-\m-Is´; H∂p-
]cm-a¿in-®p-sIm-≠mWv hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse Cu hN\w In¬ \ns‚ hkv{Xw (B Xos∏m-cn-Iƒ sIm≠v) Icn-®p-I-f-
Ah-X-cn-∏n-®-sX-∂mWv Jp¿-B≥ hymJym\ ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ bpw. As√-¶n¬ (A-gp-°n-t‚bpw hnb¿∏n-t‚-bpw) Zp¿K-‘-
A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. ""kplrØp°ƒ B Znhkw At\ym- am-bn-cn°pw Ah-\n¬ \n∂v \n\°v e`n-°p-I.'' (_p-Jmcn,
\yw i{Xp°fmbncn°pw. kq£vaX ]men°p∂hscmgnsI.'' apkvenw)
(43:67) (Jp¿Xzp_n 16/109) {kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-\p-amb A√m-lp-hns‚ CjvSm-\n-
CXn\v kam-\-amb kw`hw Xs∂ Jp¿B\nse 25:27˛29 jvSß- sf ]cn-KW - n-®p-sIm-≠m-bncn-°Ww krjvSn-It- fm-Sp≈
s‚ hnh-c-W-Ønepw ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ D≤-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw ASp-∏hpw AI¬®bp-sams° \ne-sIm-t≈-≠-Xv. {kjvSm-
(C_v\p IYo¿). \oXnbpw \∑-bpw H∂pw ]cn-K-Wn-°m-sX- hns\ [n°-cn-®p-sIm≠v Hcp krjvSn-tbbpw A\p-k-cn-°p-
bp≈ Iq´p-Im¿°n-Sb - n-ep≈ A‘-amb hnt[-bX - zhpw ]n¥p- Itbm {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm sNbvXp-IqSm F∂mWv Ckvem-
Wbpw Cu `uXnI temIØv Xs∂ \nc-h[n {]Xym-Lm-X- anI A[ym-]-\w. A√m-lp-hns‚ t]cn-ep≈ _‘-߃°pw
߃°pw tJZ-Øn\pw CS-h-cp-Øp-sa-∂Xv Hcp hkvXp-X- kvt\lm-Zc - h
- p-Iƒ°pw ]mc-{XnIPohn-XØ - n¬ {]tXyI ]cn-
bm-Wv. ]c-temIPohn-XØ - nepw AØcw Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ sIm- K-W-\bpw {]Xn-^-e-hp-ap-s≠∂v \_n Adn-bn-®n-´p-≠v.
Spw tJZ-Øn\pw \jvS-Øn\pw CS-h-cp-Øp-sa∂ Imcyw Jp¿- \_n]d-bp∂p. ""Db¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏ns‚ \mfn¬ A√mlp
]dbpw: Fs‚ t]cn¬ ]c-kv]cw kvt\-l-_‘w ]pe¿Øn-
B≥ DW¿Øp-∂p-≠v. A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. bn-cp-∂-h-sc-hnsS? Rm≥ \¬Ip∂ {]tXyI XW-e-√msX
""A{Iaw sNbvXh≥ Xs‚ ssIIƒ ISn°p∂ Znhkw. a‰v XW-sem-∂p-an-√mØ C∂v Rm\-h¿-°v XW¬ \¬In
Ah≥ ]dbpw dkqens‚ IqsS Rms\mcp am¿Kw kzoIcn- kwc-£n-°p-∂X - mWv.'' (ap-kvenw)
2009 \-hw--_¿- 46
kplr-Øp-°ƒ XΩn-ep≈ _‘w ≥ \nßfmsc¶nepw CjvSs∏Sptam? F-
IqSp-X¬ `{Z-am-°p-hm\pw Ah XI¿∂p- ∂m¬ AXv (ihw Xn∂p∂Xv) \n߃
t]m-ImsX kq£n-°p-hm\pw \_n shdp°pIbmWp sNøp∂Xv. A√mlp-
Nne \n¿tZ-i-ßfpw D]-tZ-i-ßfpw {]- sh \n߃ kq£n°pI. Xo¿®bmbpw
tXyIw \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. A√mlp ]ivNmØm]w kzoIcn°p-∂h-
]c-kv]cw I≠p-ap-´p-tºmƒ ssZh-c- \pw IcpWm\n[nbpamIp∂p.'' (49:11,12)
£°pw kam-[m-\-Øn\pw th≠n-bp≈ A{]- I mcw Xs∂ ]c- k v ] - c - a p≈
{]m¿Y-\-Iƒ AS-ßp∂ A`n-hm-Z\co- _m[y-X-Isf Ipdn®pw \_n ]e-t∏m-
Xnbpw (kemw ]d-b¬) XpΩnb tijw gmbn DW¿Øn-bn-´p-≠v. klm-b-ß-fm-h-
A√m-lp-hns\ kvXpXn-°p-∂Xp tIƒ- iy-am-Ip∂ kµ¿`-ß-fn¬ klm-bn-°p-
°p-tºmƒ Abmƒ°p-th≠n ssZhn-Im- I. `uXn-I-amb klm-b-߃ am{X-a√
\p-{K-l-Øn\p th≠n {]m¿Yn-°epw AXp-sIm≠v A¿Y-am-°s∏Sp-∂-Xv. X-
Xncn®v Ctßm´pw \∑-°mbp≈ ]ckv- s‚ kplr-Øn¬ ImWp∂ \yq\-X-Iƒ
]c {]m¿Y-\-Ifpw tcmKn-bm-bm¬ kµ¿- am\y-amb coXn-bn¬ DW¿Øn Ah Xncp-
in-°epw th≠ klm-b-߃ FØn- Øm-\m-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw A{I-a-ß-fn¬
°epw £Wn-®m¬ £Ww kzoI-cn-°- \n∂v Abmsf ]n¥n- c n- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ Xpw
epw KpW-Imw-£-tbmsS h¿Øn-°-ep-
sa√mw hnizm-kn-Iƒ ]c-kv]cw ]men- Nne Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ sIm≠v kz¥w hy‡nXzw Xs∂
t°≠ _m[y-X-I-fm-bn-´mWv \_n
\int®°pw. a‰pNnet∏mƒ DØaamb kz`mhhpw
]Tn-∏n-®-Xv.
kmtlm-Zc - y-Øn\v tIm´w X´p∂ sN- kwkvImchpw kzoIcn®v A¿YhØmb Hcp PohnXw
dnb kwK-Xn-Iƒ t]mepw \_n Kuc- \bn°m≥ klmbIamtb°pw. AYhm Iq´psI´neqsS
h-tØmsS DW¿Øp-Ibpw ]c-kv]cw \∂mhm\pw NoØbmIm\pw km[yXbps≠∂v kmcw.
sI´p-d∏ - p≈ Hcp kulr-Zm-¥c - o-£Ø- n\v
th≠ F√m D]-tZi\n¿tZ-iß - fpw Ahn-
Sp∂v \¬IpI--bpw sNb-vXn-´p-≠v. \ntXy- _‘-߃ inYne-am-Ip∂ hn[-Øn- Abmƒ°p-sN-øp∂ klmbw Xs∂-bm-
¬ ]c-kv]cw IpØp-hm-°p-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn- Wv. \_n ]d™p: ""\ns‚ ktlm-Z-c-
\-bp≈ A©p-t\-csØ \n¿_-‘a - mb
°p-Ibpw ]cn-l-kn-°-ep-sa√mw henb ≥ a¿Z-I\ - m-bmepw a¿Zn-X\
- m-bn-cp-∂mepw
\a-kI v m-cß- ƒ°v ]c-am-h[n ]≈n-If - n¬
]m]-am-bn-´mWv Ckvemw ImWp-∂-Xv. \o Ahs\ klm-bn-°pI.'' At∏mƒ
Hcp-an-®p-Iq-Sm\pw tXmtfmSp--tXmƒ tN¿∂v
A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p. Hcp kzlm_n tNmZn®p ""{]hm-N-I-tc,
]c-kv]cw ASp-Øp-\n∂v AWn-bW - n-bm-
""kXyhnizmknItf, Hcp P\hn`m- a¿Zn-X-\m-sW-¶n¬ Ahs\ klm-bn-°-
bn \a-kvI-cn-°m-\p-sam-s° \nc-¥cw
W-sa-∂Xv a\- n-em-bn. F∂m¬ A{I-
\_n  DW¿Øp-am-bn-cp∂p. Kw as‰mcp P\hn`mKsØ ]cnlkn°-
cpXv. Ch¿ (]cnlkn°s∏Sp∂h¿) an-bm-bn-cns° Rm≥ Fß-s\-bmWv
]Ibpw i{Xp-Xbpw hf¿Øm-\n-Sb - m- Ahs\ klm-bn-t°-≠Xv?'' \_n ]d-
Ahsc°mƒ \√hcmbncpt∂°mw. Hcp
°p∂ GsXmcp {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fnepw ™p: ""\o Ahs\ B A{I-a-Øn¬ \n-
hn`mKw kv{XoIƒ as‰mcp hn`mKw kv-
G¿s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m\pw Ahn-Sp∂v DW¿- ∂pw ]n¥n-cn-∏n-°e- mWv Ah-\p≈ klm-
{XoIsfbpw ]cnlkn°cpXv . Ch¿
Øp-am-bn-cp-∂p. \_n ]d™p. ""\nß- bw.'' (_p-Jm-cn)
(]cnlkn°s∏Sp∂ kv{XoIƒ) a‰h-
fnsem-cmfpw Xs‚ ktlm-Zc - ≥ hnhm-lm- \oXnbpw \ymb-hp-sam∂pw t\m°m-
sc°mƒ \√hcmbncpt∂°mw. \n߃
tem-N\ \S-Øn-b-Xn-\p-ta¬ hnhm-lm- sX kz¥w kplr-Øp-°-tfbpw _‘p-
At\ym\yw IpØphm°v ]dbcpXv .
tem-N\ \S-Øc - p-X.v Hcmƒ \S-Ønb I®- °-tf-bp-sams° A{I-aØ - nepw A\o-Xn-
\n߃ ]cnlmkt]cpIƒ hnfn®v ]c-
h-SØ
- n\p tase I®-hSw \S-Øp-Ibpw bnepw A‘-ambn ]n¥p-W-°p∂ coXn
kv]cw A]am\n°pIbpw sNøcpXv.
sNø-cp-Xv.'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) \oNhpw hn`m-Ko-bX hf¿Øp-∂-Xp-am-
kXyhnizmkw ssIs°m≠Xn\p ti-
Dulm-t]m-l-߃ shSn-bp-hm\pw jw A[m¿ΩnIamb t]cv (hnfn°p-∂- Wv. bYm¿Y hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v AØcw
i{Xp-Xbpw Akq-bbpw NXnbp-sa√mw Xv) F{X NoØ! h√h\pw ]ivNmØ]n- A\o-Xn-I-fn¬ ]¶m-fn-I-fm-hm≥ km[n-
Dt]-£n-°p-hm\pw c‡hpw [\hpw °mØ ]£w AØc°m¿ Xs∂bmIp- °p-I-bn-√. A√mlp ]d-bp∂p.
A`n-am-\h - p-sams° ]c-kv]cw kwc-£n- ∂p A{IanIƒ. kXyhnizmknItf, ""kXyhnizmknItf, \n߃ A√m-
°p-hm\pw Ah-bpsS ]hn-{X-X-Iƒ Im- DulØn¬ an°Xpw \n߃ shSnbpI. lphn\v th≠n km£yw hln°p∂h-
Øp-kq-£n-°p-hm\pw \_n DW¿Øm- Xo¿®bmbpw DulØn¬ NneXv Ip‰- sc∂ \nebn¬ IWniambn \oXn \ne-
dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kz¥-Øn\p \∑ B{K- amIp∂p. \n߃ NmchrØn \SØpI- \n¿Øp∂hcmbncn°Ww. AXv \n߃-
ln-°p-∂X - p-t]mse kz¥w ktlm-Zc - ß - - bpw AcpXv. \nßfn¬ Nne¿ Nnesc∏‰n °v Xs∂tbm, \nßfpsS amXm]nXm°-
ƒ°pw \∑-bm-{K-ln-°p-∂Xphtc°pw AhcpsS A`mhØn¬ Zpjn®p]dbpI- ƒ, ASpØ _‘p°ƒ F∂nh¿t°m
bYm¿Y hnizmknIfm-hm≥ km[n-°p- bpw AcpXv. Xs‚ ktlmZc≥ acn®pIn- {]XnIqeambnØo¿∂mepw icn. (I£n)
I-bn-s√-∂mWv \_n ]Tn-∏n-®-Xv. S°ptºmƒ Ahs‚ amwkw `£n°phm- [\nIt\m, Zcn{Zt\m BIs´, B c≠v
2009 \-hw--_¿- 47
hn`mKtØmSpw IqSpX¬ _‘s∏´h≥ kµ¿`-ßf - n¬ ka-Nn-ØX - tbmsS kln- F∂m¬ AØcw A\p-c⁄ - \ {ia-
A√mlphmIp∂p. AXn\m¬ \n߃ °m\pw s]mdp-°m\pw km[n-°p-tºm- ß-tfmSv kl-I-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°epw FXn¿
\oXn ]men°msX X∂njvSßsf ]n≥- gmWv Hcmƒ IqSp-X¬ D¬Ir-jvS\ - m-hp- hn`m-KsØ D]-{Z-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°epw
]‰cpXv. \n߃ hfs®mSn°pItbm Hgn- ∂-Xv. Dulm-t]m-lß - ƒ°v NndIv sh∏n- Ah¿°v \¬In-sIm-≠n-cp∂ klm-b-
™v amdpItbm sNøp∂ ]£w Xo¿®- °msX hn´p-ho-gN v b
- p-sSbpw \∑-bp-sSbpw ߃ \n¿Øn-sh-°-ep-sams° \∑-Iƒ
bmbpw \n߃ {]h¿Øn°p-∂Xns\- hgn-Iƒ tXSn-bm¬ GXv i{Xp-hn-s\bpw \jvSs - ∏-Sp-Øepw d∫ns‚ A\p-{Klw
∏‰nsb√mw kq£vaambn Adnbp∂h\m- D‰-an-{X-am°n am‰p-hm≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂mWv XS-bp-Ibpw sNøp∂ {]h¿Ø-\ß - f- m-W.v
Ip∂p A√mlp.''(4:135) Jp¿-B≥ Adnbn-°p-∂X - v. ]s£, AXn- A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""F∂m¬ \akv-
kplr-Øp-°-fnse \∑-Iƒ I≠-dn- \v F√m-h¿°pw Ign-™p-sIm-≈W - s- a- Imc°m¿°mIp∂p \miw. XßfpsS
bp-hm\pw Ah°p t{]m’m-l-\hpw ∂n-√. amkvac - nI i‡n shfn-s∏-Sp-Ønb \akvImcsØ∏‰n {i≤bn√mØhcmb
{]tNm-Z-\-hp-ta-Im\pw km[n-t°-≠-Xp- CØcw \nc-h[n kw`-h-߃ \_n P\ßsf ImWn°m≥ th≠n {]h¿-
t]m-se-Xs∂ G‰-°p-d-®n-ep-I-fn-√msX bpsS Pohn-XØ - n-ep-≠m-bn-´p-≠v. Øn°p∂hcmb ]tcm]Imc hkvXp°-
Ah-cpsS sX‰p-Iƒ Nq≠n-Im-Wn®v Xncp- A√mlp ]d-bp-∂p: ""\√Xpw NoØ- ƒ apS°p∂hcpamb'' (107:4˛7)
Øm\pw km[n-°p-tºmƒ am{X-amWv bpw kaamhpIbn√. G‰hpw \√Xv G- AØ-c-°m-cpsS k¬I¿a-߃ A-
kplrZv _‘-Ønse IS-a-Iƒ \nd-th- tXm AXv sIm≠vv \o (Xn≥asb) {]Xn- √mlp kzoI-cn-°msX am‰n-sh-°p-sa-
‰p∂ icn-bmb kplr-Øp-°-fmbn amdm- tcm[n°pI. At∏mƒ GsXmcph\pw ∂pw Ah¿ ]nW°w am‰n-h-cs´ F∂v
≥ km[n-°p-I. kplr-Øp-°ƒ ]ckv]- \obpw XΩn¬ i{XpXbpt≠m Ah\- Ah≥ ae-°p-It- fmSv ]d-bp-sa∂pw lZo-
cw IÆm-Sn-I-fm-I-W-sa∂ XtØzm-]-tZ- Xm (\ns‚) D‰_‘p Ft∂mWw Bbn- Yp-I-fn¬ ImWmw.
i-Ønse s]mcpfpw At∏m-gmWv A\z- Øocp∂p. £a ssIs°m≠h¿°√m- A√m-lp-hns‚ Imcp-Wyhpw hn´p-ho-
¿YamIp-∂-Xv. sX AXn\p≈ A\p{Klw \¬Is∏Sp- gvNbpw B{K-ln-°p-∂-h¿ Xs‚ kl-
klm-bhpw ]n¥p-Wb - p-am-hi
- y-ambn Ibn√. hºn® `mKyap≈h∂√msX Po-hn-It- fmSpw Imcp-Wy-tØmSpw hn´p-ho-
AXn\p≈ A\p{Klw \¬Is∏SpIbn- gvNt- bmSpw h¿Øn-°W - s - a∂mWv A√m-
hcp∂ kµ¿`- Ø n¬ kplr- Ø ns\
√.'' (41:34˛35) lp \n¿t±-in-°p-∂-Xv. A_q-_-°dn
Isøm-gn-°p-I-sb-∂-Xv bYm¿Y hnizm-
kn-Iƒ°v tN¿∂-X-√. AØcw kµ¿`- C\n h√ Imc-W-Ømepw hg-°n-Sp- s‚ sNe-hn¬ Ign-bp∂ Bfm-bn-cp∂p
ßfn-¬ em`-˛\ - j- vSß - sf Ipdn®v Iq´n-°n- Itbm ]nW-ßp-Itbm sNbvXm¬ Xs∂ ankvXz-lv. I]-Sh - n-izm-kn-If - psS Ip{]-
gn-°-ep-Iƒ \S-ØmsX \nkzm¿Y kl- aq∂v Znh-k-Øn-e-[nIw AXv Zo¿Ln-®p- N-c-W-ß-fpsS \nN-ÿn-Xn-b-dn-bmsX an-
t]m-I-cp-sX∂v \_n {]tXyIw DW¿- kvXz-lv A_q-_-°¿s‚ aIfpw
I-c-W-hp-ambn ap∂n-´p-h-cp-∂-h-\mWv
Øn. ]nW-°-a-h-km-\n-∏n-°m≥ D≈p-Xp- {]hm-NI ]Xv\n-bp-amb BC-isb
bYm¿Y kplr-Øv. \_n ]d-bp-∂p.
d∂ kwkm-chpw N¿®-bp-amWv th≠- Ipdn-®p≈ A]-hmZ{]N-cW - Ø
- n¬ ]¶m-
""hnizmkn hnizm-kn-bpsS ktlm-Z-c-\m-
Xv. AXn-\p≈ kml-Nc - y-sam-cp-°p-Ibpw fn-bm-bn-t∏m-bn. CX-dn™ A_q-_-°¿
Wv. Ah≥ Ahs\ D]-{Z-hn-°p-Itbm
A\p-c-⁄\ {ia-߃ \S-Øepw aq-  ankvXz-ln-\p≈ klmbw \n¿Øn-sh-
Iogvs∏-Sp-Øp-Itbm C√. B¿ Xs‚
∂mw I£n-bpsS _m[y-X -Iq-Sn-bm-bn-´m- °p-I-bm-sW∂v Adn-bn-®p. Cu kµ¿`-
ktlm-Zc - s‚ Bh-iy-߃ \n¿hln°p- Øn-emWv A√mlp C{]-Imcw Bb-Øn-
hm≥ k∂-≤-\m-Ip-∂pthm A√mlp Wv A√mlp DW¿Øn-b-Xv.
d-°n-b-Xv.
Abm-fpsS Bh-iy-ßfpw \n¿h-ln-®p- ""kXyhnizmknIfn¬ \n∂p≈ c-
sIm-Sp-°pw.'' (_p-Jm-cn, apkvenw) ≠p hn`mK߃ ]ckv]cw t]mcSn®m¬ ""\nßfpsS Iq´Øn¬ t{ijvTXbpw
\n߃ Ah¿°nSbn¬ cRvPn∏p≠m°- Ignhpap≈h¿ IpSpw_-_‘ap≈h¿-
ktlm-Zc - ß- f - psS t£ssaiz-cy-߃ - °pw km[p°ƒ°pw A√mlphns‚ am¿-
At\z-jn-°epw Ahsc kµ¿in-°-ep- Ww. F∂n´p c≠n¬ Hcp hn`mKw adp-
hn`mKØns\Xncn¬ AXn{Iaw ImWn- KØn¬ kztZiw shSn™p h∂-h¿-°pw
sams° kvt\l-_‘ - ß - ƒ Du´n-bp-d∏ - n- H∂pw sImSp°pIbns√∂v i]Yw sN-
°m\pw {]Xn-^-e-߃ t\Sn-sbSp°p- ®m¬ AXn{Iaw ImWn°p∂ hn`mK-
øcpXv. Ah¿ am∏p\¬IpIbpw hn´phogv-
hm\pw klm-bI - a - m-W.v \_n ]d-bp-∂p. tØmSv Ah¿ A√mlphns‚ I¬]\bn-
N ImWn°pIbpw sNøs´. A√m-lp \n-
te°v aSßnhcp∂Xp hsc \n߃ ka-
""Hcmƒ Xs‚ as‰mcp \m´p-Im-c-\mb ß-ƒ°v s]mdpØpXcm≥ \n߃ CjvS-
cw \SØWw. Aßs\ B hn`mKw
ktlm-Z-cs\ kµ¿in-°m-\mbn ]pd-s∏- s∏Sp∂nt√? A√mlp Gsd s]mdp°p∂-
aSßnhcnIbmsW¶n¬ \oXn]q¿∆w
´m¬ A√mlp Hcp ae-°ns\ Abm-fpsS h\pw IcpWm-\n[n-bp-as{X.'' (24:22)
B c≠p hn`mK߃°nSbn¬ cRvPn∏p-
hgn-bn¬ \n¿Øpw. F∂n´v B ae°v ≠m°pIbpw \n߃ \oXn ]men°pI- Aßs\ A_q-_-°¿ ankvXz-ln
hnfn®p ]dbpw: "" \n›bw, \o Cbmsf bpw sNøpI. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlp \o- \v \¬In h∂n-cp∂ klm-bß - ƒ ]q¿-
kvt\ln-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse A√mlp \n- Xn ]men°p∂hsc Cjv S s∏Sp∂p. thm-]cn \√ \ne-bn¬ ]p\-cm-cw-`n-®p.
s∂bpw kvt\ln-°p-∂p-≠v.'' (ap-kvenw) kXy-hnizmknIƒ (]ckv]cw) ktlm- Aßs\ A√m-lp-hns‚ \n¿tZ-i-߃-
F{X Xs∂ kvt\l-Ønepw kulr- Zc߃ Xs∂bmIp∂p. AXn\m¬ \n- °-\p-k-cn®v a\ pw ico-chpw ]mI-s∏-
Z-Ønepw Ign-™n-cp-∂-h-cm-sW-¶nepw ßfpsS c≠p ktlmZc߃°nSbn-¬ Sp-Øm≥ km[n® A_q-_-°¿s‚
Nne kµ¿`-ßf - n¬ kplr-Øp-°f - psS \n߃ cRvPn∏p≠m°pI. \n߃ A amXr-I-bmWv \mw ]n≥]-t‰-≠-Xv. k¿h-
kwkm-chpw s]cp-am-‰ß - fpw \sΩ thZ- √m-lpsh kq£n°pIbpw sNøpI. \n- i-‡\ - mb A√mlp AXn\v \sΩ A\p-
\n-∏n-°p∂ hn[-Øn-em-tb-°mw. AØ-cw ߃°v ImcpWyw e`nt®°mw.'' (49:9,10) {K-ln-°s´! (B-ao≥)

2009 \-hw--_¿- 48
{InkvXy≥˛apkvenw kwhmZw
]n∑mdnbXmcv?
]Xn‰m≠ntesdbmbn aXXmcXay]T\cwKØv {]h¿Øn®phcp∂ \n®v Hm^v {SqØv hnhn[ aX˛--atXXc˛-
\n¿ΩXhmZnIfpambn kwhmZßfn¬ G¿s∏´phcp∂Xv kphnZnXamWt√m? h{IXbpsS em©\ t]mepan√msX
AhXcn∏n°s∏Sp∂ kXyaX{]t_m[\Øns‚ lcnXm`bm¿∂ thZnIfmWv \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ Ct∂mfap≈
kZ pIƒ F∂Xv kXymt\zjnIƒ aSnIqSmsX A`n{]mbs∏SpIbpw sNøp∂p. F∂m¬, {InbmflIhpw
]T\m¿lhpw Nn¥\obhpamb kvt\lkwhmZkZ pIƒ XßfpsS ]utcmlnXy coXnimkv{XØn\v \nc°p-
∂X√ F∂p a\ nem°nbhcpw {]ikvXn°p≈ sN∏SnhnZybmWv Ckvemans\bpw A¥y{]hmNI≥ aplΩZv
\_nsbbpw CIgvØpIbpw ASnÿm\clnXsa¶nepw hna¿i\ßfpsS IqcºpIƒ {]tbmKn°pI F∂p
Nn¥n°p∂ Nne \∑bm{Kln°mØ Aklnjv°fpw hfsc B[ntbmsSbpw \ocktØmsSbpamWv Cu kwhn-
[m\sØ KWn®phcp∂Xv.
CØcw a\ ns‚ DSaIfmb GXm\pw ss{IkvXhanjWdnam¿ \n®v Hm^v {SqØv C{Xbpw Imew kwhmZ-
ßfnte¿s∏´sX√mw Xs∂ hnhctZmjnIfmb {InkvXym\nItfmSmbncp∂p F∂ hnNn{X hmZhpambn ASpØnsS
{]Xy£s∏SpIbp≠mbn. tIcf\m´n¬ Hcp Hm^otkm aebmfØn¬ Fs¥¶nepw Hcp ]cn]mSntbm C√mØ-
hcmWv F¶nepw C°q´cpsS sh√phnfnIƒ°pw {]NcW߃°pw adp]Sn ]dbm≥ \n®v Hm^v {SqØvv \n›bn®p.
\neºqcnep≈ Chcn¬s]´ Hcp ]mXncnbpambn \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ HutZymKnIh‡mhv kwkmcn°pIbpw
"ss__nfns‚ ssZhnIX' "Jp¿B\ns‚ ssZhnIX' F∂o hnjbßfn¬ kwhmZamImsa∂v ]dbpIbpw sNbvXp.
{]kvXpX hnjbßfn¬ N¿®°v Xøm-d-s√∂pw "Jp¿B\nse hlnøv ssZhnItam?' "ss__nƒ ssZh\nizm-
kytam?' F∂ tNmZycqt]Wbp≈ hnjbßfn¬ kwhm-Za - m-Im-sa∂pw ]mXncn \n¿_‘w ]nSn-®t- ∏mƒ A{]Imcw
Xocpam\n°pIbpw sNbvXp. 28˛02˛2009\v ]mXncnbpw \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ {]Xn\n[nbpw tN¿∂v 15 hyhÿ-I-
fSßp∂ Hcp {]mYanI Icmdp≠m°n H∏n´p.
ÿehpw XnøXnbpw ]s¶Sp°p∂hcpsS hnhcßfpw ]cn]mSnbpsS ssZ¿Lyhpw, tamUtd‰¿, tNmtZym-
ØccoXn, D]kwlmcw F∂o hnjb߃ Icm-dn¬ Dƒs∏´ncp∂p. ]Xnaq∂maXmbn ""AwKoIrX{]amWßfn¬
\n∂mbncn°Ww Ccp-hn`mKhpw sXfnhpIƒ D≤cnt°≠Xv''F∂v {]tXyIw \njvI¿jn®n°p∂p. kwhm-Z-Øn-
\mbn \n›bn°s∏´ XnøXnIfn¬ dafm≥ hcp∂Xn\m¬ HtŒm_¿ 3, 4 XnøXnIfnte°v kwhmZw am‰Wsa∂v
\n®v Hm^v {SqØv HutZymKnIambn Adnbn°pIbpw A{]Imcw Xocp-am-\n°s∏SpIbpw sNbvXp. ]p\¿ N¿®°mbn
\n›bn® Znhkw CcpIq´¿°pw A\nhmcyamb ImcWßfm¬ tbmKw tNcm≥ IgnbmsX hcnIbpw Iq´mb
Xocpam\ {]Imcw AXv BKkvXv 15˛2009 sshIo´v 4.30 apX¬ tImgnt°m´v kmK¿ tlm´ens‚ tIm¨^d≥kv
lmfn¬ sh®v kwLSn∏n°s∏SpIbpap≠mbn. ]cn]q¿Wambpw \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ sNehn¬ \S∂ {]kvXpX
tbmKØns‚ Icm¿ \S∏nem°pI F∂ AP≠bn¬ \n∂p Xs∂ N¿® hgnamdnbt∏mƒ \n®ns‚ HutZymKnI
h‡mhv CSs]´v Icmdnte°v sIm≠phcm≥ {ian®p. ]t£, \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ {]Xn\n[nIƒ ItkcIfn¬
Ccns°Øs∂ ss{IkvXh AwK߃ H∂ns®gpt∂‰v t]mIpIbmWp≠mbXv. A\p\bn∏n°phm\p≈ {ia߃
hn^eamIpIbmbncp-∂p.
F¶nepw H∏n´ Icm¿ \S∏nem°p∂Xns‚ `mKambn \n®v Hm^v {SqØn\v AwKoIcn°mhp∂ kwhmZØns‚
coXnimkv{Xw FgpXn H∏n´v 17˛08˛2009\v ss{IkvXhsc G¬]n°pIbp≠mbn. {]kvXpX ]{XnI°v ]mXncnam¿
\¬-Inb adp]Sn hnNn{Xhpw ip≤ IfhpIfm¬ \n_nVhpambncp-∂p. 28˛02˛2009se Icmdnse hyhÿ 13¬ ]d-
™Xp {]Imcw "{]amWßfn¬ \n∂mbncn°Ww' F∂Xns\ kw_‘n®v apkvenwIfpsS k¿∆mwKoIrX {]am-
W߃ ]cnip≤ Jp¿B\pw kzlolmb lZoYpIfpamsW∂v \n®v Hm^v {SqØv \¬Inb ]{XnIbn¬ ]d-™n-
cp∂p. 24˛8˛2009\v ]mXncnam¿ \¬Inb adp]Snbn¬ Ah¿ {]amWkw_‘nbmbn FgpXnbXv ImWpI ""{]amW-
߃: CcpIq´cptSbpw AwKoIrX {]amWßfn¬ \n∂p≈ sXfnhpIfmbncn°Ww D≠mbncnt°≠Xv. ss_-
_nfmWv RßfpsS B[nImcnI {]amWw. F∂m¬ ss{IkvXh˛apkvenw kwhmZhpambn _‘s∏´v Jp¿B\pw

2009 \-hw--_¿- 49
BtKmf apkvenwkaqlw Ckvemans‚ BZyImew apX¬ hym]Iambn D]tbmKn®p t]mcp∂ kodIƒ, lZoYp-
Iƒ, X^vkodpIƒ, Xz_vcnbpƒs∏sSbp≈ Ncn{X{KŸßƒ, \nba kwlnX, ^XvhIƒ F∂nhbpw AhXc-
WtbmKyambn R߃ Icp-Xp∂p.''
CXn\p≈ adp]Sn 28˛09˛2009\v \n®v Hm^v {SqØv \¬Inbt∏mƒ Ccp Znhkßfnepw H∂maXmbn hnjbm-
hXcWw ss{IkvXh hn`mKØn\v \¬IWsa∂p XpSßn an° Bhiyßfpw AwKoIcn°pIbp≠mbn. F∂m¬
{]amWßfpsS hnjbØn¬ ss{IkvXhcpsS {]amWw GsX∂v Ah¿ hy‡am°nbXpt]mse apkvenwIfpsS
{]amWßtfsX∂v ]db\p≈ AhImiw apkvenwIƒ°mWv F∂ XnI®pw \ymbamb ImcysØ ap≥\n¿Øn
C{]Imcw FgpXn \¬In: ""17˛08˛2009\v R߃ \¬Inb ]{XnIbn¬ hy‡am°nbXpt]mse apkvenwIfpsS
{]amW߃ Jp¿B\pw kzlolmb({]amWtbmKyhpw kzoImcytbmKyhpamb) lZoYpIfpamWv. C≥im A√m-
lv, Ccphn`mKhpw H∏nSp∂Xn\p th≠n Xømdm°p∂ Ahkm\ tcJbn¬ \n߃ ]d™Xp{]Imcw
ss{IkvXhcpsS {]amWw ss__nfpw, apkvenwIfpsS {]amW߃ Jp¿B\pw kzlolmb ({]amWtbmKyhpw
kzoImcytbmKyhpamb) lZoYpIfpamWv F∂v tN¿t°≠XpamsW∂v Adnbn°p∂p''
]n∂oSv GXm\pw C sabnepIƒ°pw t^m¨hnfnIƒ°pw tijw \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ GdWmIpfw Hm^o-
kn¬ h∂v H∂pIqSn N¿® sNøm≥ Ahkcap≠m°Ww F∂v 09˛09˛2009\v tcJmaqew Adnbn®Xns‚ ASnÿm-
\Øn¬ 10˛09˛2009 \v Xs∂ Ahsc kzmKXw sNbvXpsIm≠v adp]Sn \¬In. 16˛09˛2009\v aq∂p anjWdnam¿
N¿®°mbn \n®v Hm^v {SqØns‚ Fd-Wm-Ipfw sk‚dnseØn. ImeØv 11 aWn°v XpSßnb N¿® D®°v
tijw 3 aWntbmsSbmWv Ahkm\n®Xv. ap≥ N¿®Ifn¬ \ne\n∂ncp∂ F√m {]iv\ßfpw ]cnlcn°s∏´p.
GXphsc F∂m¬ Ccp- Znhkhpw H∂masØ hnjbmhXcWhpw Ahkm\sØ D]kwlmcßfpw ss{IkvX-
h¿°v \¬IpI F∂Xv GI]£obamb \S]Sn Bbncp∂n´pw \n®v Hm^v {SqØv kΩXn°pIbmbncp∂p. F∂m¬
apkvenwIfpsS {]amWtasX∂p≈ anjWdnamcpsS ]´nIsb kzm`mhnIambpw AwKoIcn°pI km[yas√∂pw
Jp¿B\pw kzlolmb lZoYpIfpw {]amWambn kzoIcn®psIm≠pw, ss{IkvXh{]amWambn Ah¿ Xs∂
FgpXn X∂Xp{]Imcw ss__nƒ ASnÿm\am°nbpw kwhZn°p∂Xn¬ \n®v Hm^v {SqØv F∂pw Xbm-
dmsW∂pw Bh¿Øn®mh¿Øn®v ]d™n´pw R߃°Xn\v kΩXa√ F∂v anjWdnam¿ iTn°pIbmbncp∂p.
Icmdn¬ {]amW߃ GsX∂v FgpXnbmepw {]`mjI¿°v a‰v tcJIfpw {]amWambn kzoIcn°m\p≈
kzmX{¥yw thWw F∂mbncp∂p anjWdnamcpsS coXn. Icmdnsem∂pw {]hrØnbn¬ as‰m∂pw F∂Xv
A\nkvemanIambXpsIm≠pXs∂ \n®v Hm^v {SqØn\v hntbmPnt°≠nh∂p. ssZhnI kphntijØn¬ Ifhpw
h©-\-bp-sa√mw BImsa∂ ]utemknb≥ kn≤m¥w ss{IkvXh¿°t√ _m[IamIp∂p≈q.
Icmsds¥∂pw kwhmZØn\v hyhÿIsfgpXp∂Xv F¥ns\∂pt]mepw AdnbmØhn[w _meniambncp∂p
anjWdnamcpsS kwkmcw. \nßfpsS {]amWtasX∂v \nßsfgpXpI RßfptSXv Rßfpw FgpXmw F∂m¬
kwhmZØn¬ sXfnhmbn F¥v kzoIcn°Wsa∂Xv {]`mjIcpsS kzmX{¥yamWv F∂p≈ anjWdnamcpsS
]nSnhmin Icm¿ F∂ BibsØ Xs∂ XInSw adn°p∂Xmbncp∂p. Ct∏mƒ \n®v Hm^v {SqØv kwhmZØn¬
\n∂v ]n∑mdnsb∂ \pW{]NcWtØmsSm∏w Jp¿B≥ hymJym\nt°≠Xv lZoYpIƒsIm≠√ adn®v kodIƒ
sIm≠msW∂ P¬]\hpambn DucpNp‰pIbmWnh¿. Ch¿ sNøp∂Xpw ]dbp∂Xpw Fs¥∂v Ch¿°v Xs∂
\n›ban√. F¥psNømw {]amWw ss__nfmbnt∏mbnt√!?
28˛2˛2009\v H∏n´v ssIamdnb 15 hyhÿIfSßp∂ D]cnkqNnX Icmdns‚ {]m_eyw Ct∏mgpw \ne\n¬-
°p∂p F∂v hnizkn°p∂Xn\m¬ XZSnÿm\Øn¬ GXv ss{IkvXh anjWdnamcpambpw kwhmZØn\v \n®v
Hm^v {SqØv XømdmsW∂ hkvXpX IqSn CXn\m¬ Adnbn°s´.
""Ah¿ AhcpsS hmbvsIm≠v A√mlphns‚ {]Imiw sISpØn°fbm\mWv Dt±in°p∂Xv. kXy-
\ntj[nIƒ°v A\njvSIcambmepw A√mlp Ahs‚ {]Imiw ]q¿Ønbm°p∂h\mIp∂p.''- (61:8).

jaow sI.F®v
AUvan\nkvt{S‰¿
\n®v Hm^v {SqØv

2009 \-hw--_¿- 50