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COMPUTER APPLICATIONS

APPLICATIONS IN CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

DRYING
PROBLEM:

A porous solid is dried in a batch drier under constant drying condition


required to reduced the moisture content from 35 to 10 percent. The c
moisture content was found to be 16 percent and the equilibrium mois
is 2 percent. All moisture content are on a dry basis. Assuming that th
during the falling rate period is proportional to the free moisture conte
should it take to dry a sample of the same solid from 35 to 6 percent u
drying conditions?
ant drying conditions. Six hours are
to 10 percent. The critical
the equilibrium moisture content
s. Assuming that the rate of drying
free moisture content, how long
om 35 to 6 percent under the same
Given:
Case1: Case2:
Xi= 0.35 Xi= 0.35
Xf= 0.1 Xf= 0.06
Xc= 0.16 Xc= 0.16
Xe= 0.02 Xe= 0.02
θTi= 6 θTi= ?

Drying at Constant Rate Period and Falling Rate Period (Xi>Xc and Xf<Xc)

θT=Ws/ARc[(Xi-Xc)+(Xc-Xe) ln (Xc-Xe)/(Xf-Xe)]

SOLUTION:
6=Ws/ARc[(-0.16)+(0.16-0.02) ln (0.16-0.02)/(0.1-0.02)]
6= Ws/Arc 0.27
Ws/Arc= 22.36 Case 1

(Ws/Arc)1=(Ws/Arc)2
θT= 8.17 Hours Case 2