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034 - Isotopes of Selenium - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

034 - Isotopes of Selenium - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Isotopes of Selenium
Isotopes of Selenium

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The chemical element selenium (Se) has six naturally occurring isotopes, five of which are stable:
74
Se,
76
Se,
77
Se,
78
Se, and
80
Se. The
last three also occur as fission products, along with
79
Se which has a half-life of 327,000 years,
[1][2]
and
82
Se which has a very long
half-life (~10
20
yr, decaying via double beta decay to
82
Kr) and for practical purposes can be considered to be stable. 23 other unstable
isotopes have been characterized, the longest-lived being
79
Se with a half-life 327,000 years,
75
Se with a half-life of 120 days, and
72
Se
with a half-life of 8.40 days. Of the other isotopes,
73
Se has the longest half-life, 7.15 hours; most others have half-lives not exceeding
38 seconds.
Standard atomic mass: 78.96(3) u
Contents
1 Table
1.1 Notes
2 See also
3 References
Table
Isotopes of selenium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_selenium
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nuclide
symbol
Z(p) N(n)

isotopic mass (u)

half-life
[n 1]
decay
mode(s)
[3][n 2]
daughter
isotope(s)
[n 3]
nuclear
spin
representative
isotopic
composition
(mole fraction)
range of natural
variation
(mole fraction)
excitation energy
65
Se 34 31 64.96466(64)# <50 ms
β
+
(>99.9%)
65
As
3/2-#
β
+
, p (<.1%)
64
Ge
66
Se 34 32 65.95521(32)# 33(12) ms β
+ 66
As 0+
67
Se 34 33 66.95009(21)# 133(11) ms
β
+
(99.5%)
67
As
5/2-#
β
+
, p (.5%)
66
Ge
68
Se 34 34 67.94180(4) 35.5(7) s β
+ 68
As 0+
69
Se 34 35 68.93956(4) 27.4(2) s
β
+
(99.955%)
69
As
(1/2-)
β
+
, p (.045%)
68
Ge
69m1
Se 39.4(1) keV 2.0(2) µs 5/2-
69m2
Se 573.9(10) keV 955(16) ns 9/2+
70
Se 34 36 69.93339(7) 41.1(3) min β
+ 70
As 0+
71
Se 34 37 70.93224(3) 4.74(5) min β
+ 71
As 5/2-
71m1
Se 48.79(5) keV 5.6(7) µs 1/2- to 9/2-
71m2
Se 260.48(10) keV 19.0(5) µs (9/2)+
72
Se 34 38 71.927112(13) 8.40(8) d EC
72
As 0+
73
Se 34 39 72.926765(11) 7.15(8) h β
+ 73
As 9/2+
73m
Se 25.71(4) keV 39.8(13) min
IT
73
Se
3/2-
β
+ 73
As
74
Se 34 40 73.9224764(18) Observationally Stable
[n 4]
0+ 0.0089(4)
75
Se 34 41 74.9225234(18) 119.779(4) d EC
75
As 5/2+
76
Se 34 42 75.9192136(18) Stable 0+ 0.0937(29)
77
Se 34 43 76.9199140(18) Stable 1/2- 0.0763(16)
77m
Se 161.9223(7) keV 17.36(5) s IT
77
Se 7/2+
78
Se 34 44 77.9173091(18) Stable 0+ 0.2377(28)
79
Se
[n 5]
34 45 78.9184991(18) 3.27(8)×10
5
a β
- 79
Br 7/2+
79m
Se 95.77(3) keV 3.92(1) min
IT (99.944%)
79
Se
1/2-
β
-
(.056%)
79
Br
80
Se 34 46 79.9165213(21) Observationally Stable
[n 6]
0+ 0.4961(41)
81
Se 34 47 80.9179925(22) 18.45(12) min β
- 81
Br 1/2-
81m
Se 102.99(6) keV 57.28(2) min
IT (99.948%)
81
Se
7/2+
β
-
(.052%)
81
Br
82
Se
[n 7]
34 48 81.9166994(22) 0.97(5)×10
20
a β
-
β
- 82
Kr 0+ 0.0873(22)
83
Se 34 49 82.919118(4) 22.3(3) min β
- 83
Br 9/2+
83m
Se 228.50(20) keV 70.1(4) s β
- 83
Br 1/2-
84
Se 34 50 83.918462(16) 3.1(1) min β
- 84
Br 0+
85
Se 34 51 84.92225(3) 31.7(9) s β
- 85
Br (5/2+)#
86
Se 34 52 85.924272(17) 15.3(9) s β
- 86
Br 0+
87
Se 34 53 86.92852(4) 5.50(12) s β
-
(99.64%)
87
Br (5/2+)#
Isotopes of selenium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_selenium
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β
-
, n (.36%)
86
Br
88
Se 34 54 87.93142(5) 1.53(6) s
β
-
(99.01%)
88
Br
0+
β
-
, n (.99%)
88
Br
89
Se 34 55 88.93645(32)# 0.41(4) s
β
-
(92.2%)
89
Br
(5/2+)#
β
-
, n (7.8%)
88
Br
90
Se 34 56 89.93996(43)# 300# ms [>300 ns]
β
-
, n
89
Br
0+
β
- 90
Br
91
Se 34 57 90.94596(54)# 270(50) ms
β
-
(79%)
91
Br
1/2+#
β
-
, n
90
Br
92
Se 34 58 91.94992(64)# 100# ms [>300 ns] β
- 92
Br 0+
93
Se 34 59 92.95629(86)# 50# ms [>300 ns] 1/2+#
94
Se 34 60 93.96049(86)# 20# ms [>300 ns] 0+
^ Bold for isotopes with half-lives longer than the age of the universe (nearly stable) 1.
^ Abbreviations:
EC: Electron capture
IT: Isomeric transition
2.
^ Bold for stable isotopes 3.
^ Believed to decay by β
+
β
+
to
74
Ge 4.
^ Long-lived fission product 5.
^ Believed to decay by β
-
β
-
to
80
Kr 6.
^ Primordial radionuclide 7.
Notes
The precision of the isotope abundances and atomic mass is limited through variations. The given ranges should be applicable to
any normal terrestrial material.
Values marked # are not purely derived from experimental data, but at least partly from systematic trends. Spins with weak
assignment arguments are enclosed in parentheses.
Uncertainties are given in concise form in parentheses after the corresponding last digits. Uncertainty values denote one standard
deviation, except isotopic composition and standard atomic mass from IUPAC which use expanded uncertainties.
See also
Selenium
Selenium-79
References
^ The half-life of
79
Se (http://www.ptb.de/en/org/6/nachrichten6/2010/60710_en.htm) 1.
^ Jorg, Gerhard; Buhnemann, Rolf; Hollas, Simon; Kivel, Niko; Kossert, Karsten; Van Winckel, Stefaan; Gostomski, Christoph Lierse v.
(2010). "Preparation of radiochemically pure 79Se and highly precise determination of its half-life". Applied Radiation and Isotopes 68 (12):
2339–51. doi:10.1016/j.apradiso.2010.05.006 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.apradiso.2010.05.006). PMID 20627600
(//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20627600).
2.
^ http://www.nucleonica.net/unc.aspx 3.
Isotope masses from:
G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon (2003). "The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay
properties" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/amdc/nubase/Nubase2003.pdf). Nuclear Physics A 729: 3–128.
Bibcode:2003NuPhA.729....3A (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003NuPhA.729....3A).
doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.nuclphysa.2003.11.001).
Isotopic compositions and standard atomic masses from:
J. R. de Laeter, J. K. Böhlke, P. De Bièvre, H. Hidaka, H. S. Peiser, K. J. R. Rosman and P. D. P. Taylor (2003). "Atomic
weights of the elements. Review 2000 (IUPAC Technical Report)" (http://www.iupac.org/publications/pac/75/6/0683/pdf/).
Pure and Applied Chemistry 75 (6): 683–800. doi:10.1351/pac200375060683 (http://dx.doi.org
Isotopes of selenium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_selenium
3 of 4 10.2.2014 17:03
/10.1351%2Fpac200375060683).
M. E. Wieser (2006). "Atomic weights of the elements 2005 (IUPAC Technical Report)" (http://iupac.org/publications
/pac/78/11/2051/pdf/). Pure and Applied Chemistry 78 (11): 2051–2066. doi:10.1351/pac200678112051 (http://dx.doi.org
/10.1351%2Fpac200678112051). Lay summary (http://old.iupac.org/news/archives/2005/atomic-weights_revised05.html).
Half-life, spin, and isomer data selected from the following sources. See editing notes on this article's talk page.
G. Audi, A. H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon (2003). "The NUBASE evaluation of nuclear and decay
properties" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/amdc/nubase/Nubase2003.pdf). Nuclear Physics A 729: 3–128.
Bibcode:2003NuPhA.729....3A (http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003NuPhA.729....3A).
doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2003.11.001 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.nuclphysa.2003.11.001).
National Nuclear Data Center. "NuDat 2.1 database" (http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nudat2/). Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Retrieved September 2005.
N. E. Holden (2004). "Table of the Isotopes". In D. R. Lide. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (85th ed.). CRC
Press. Section 11. ISBN 978-0-8493-0485-9.
Isotopes of arsenic Isotopes of selenium
Isotopes of
bromine
Table of nuclides
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Categories: Selenium Isotopes of selenium Lists of isotopes by element
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