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UNIT 6: CAN YOU SPEAK ENGLISH?
Which countries are they? Which languages do they speak there?
Which sports or games are they?
PART: WHAT CAN YOU DO?
2 6 3 1
1. He can ski really well. 2. She can use a computer. 3. “ Can dogs swim?” “ Yes, they can.” 4. “ Can you speak Japanese?” “ No, I can’t.” 5. I can’t spell your name. 6. We can’t understand the question.
Match the sentences and pictures. Listen and check.
THE MODAL VERB “CAN”
1. FORMATION Positive: •
S + CAN + VERB (INF)…
Ex: I can speak English. She can drive a car. They can play the piano.
S + CAN’T + VERB (INF)…
Ex: I can’t speak English. She can’t drive a car. They can’t play the piano.
CAN + S + VERB (INF)…? - Yes, S + can. - No, S + can’t.
Ex: Can you speak English? - Yes, I can. / No, I can’t. Can she drive a car? - Yes, she can. / No, she can’t.
WHAT + CAN + S + DO?
Ex: What can you do? - I can speak English. What can he do? - He can play football. What can they do? - They can sing well.
• The modal verb “CAN” is used to denote an ability in the present. • Notes: - Can and can’t have the same form in all persons. - There is no do or does.
Listen and complete the sentences with can or can’t + verb. 1. I can speak French but Ican’t speak German ____ _____ ______, ____ _____ _______. 2. Hecan’t dance , but he ___sing . ____ _____ can ___ 3. “Can you cook ___ _____?” “ Yes, Ican ___” can’t ____. 4. They can ski but they ____swim ___ ___, 5. We ___dance and wecan sing ___ ____. can _____ 6. Can she drive “ ___ _____?” “ No, shecan’t ____.”
Tina can’t cook. Can you?
Listen to Tina and complete the chart. Put √ or × .
× × √ × √ √ √ × √
you your partner
drive a car speak French speak Italian cook play tennis ski swim play the piano use a computer
Complete the chart about you
Complete the chart about your partner. Ask and answer the questions.
Can you drive a car? Can you ski? No, I can’t.
Yes, I can. But not very well.
Tell the class about you and your partner. Louis can ski but I can’t.
What can computer do?
• Talk about computers with a partner. What can they do? What can’t they do?
√ × × × √ × √ × × × ×
They can translate, but they can’t speak English. Yes, they What can people do that can.
computers can’t do?
WHERE WERE YOU YESTERDAY?
Monday March school Yes No Yes No Yes No Sunday February home
Yes No he he he he
Talking about you Ask and answer questions with a partner. Where were you …….? • at eight o’clock this morning • at half past six yesterday evening • at two o’clock this morning • at this time yesterday • at ten o’clock last night • last Saturday evening
Complete the conversation, using was, were, wasn’t, weren’t, or couldn’t.
Were was Was was Were were Was wasn’t weren’t couldn’t was were was
READING AND SPEAKING
Look at the children in the photographs. How old are they? What can they do?
Answer the questions about Alexandra
1. How old is she? 2. Why is she special? 3. Where was she born? 7.8. No,coulddoesn’t, because every She she paints very She paints thirteen. She cubist day she( school pictures, 4. Where does she live now? 10. She 6.wellisLondon, Romania. Rome. 9.2. 3. (SheYes,large,sheParis four.a big No, 1.was inwhen She was and 4.5. shelives) afterdoes.can buy (She doesn’t.Los in family.does her lives) with her she in was born) Angeles. and sells them a lot world.) her little homework, plays with 5. Who does she live with? house and travel the of money. brother, then paints for two or 6. Does she go to school? three hours until bedtime. 7. What could she do when she was very young? 8. Does she have much free time? Why not? 9. Is she poor? 10. Where was she last year?
Answer the questions about Alexandra
1. How old is he? 2. Why is he special? 3. Where was he born? 7.Yes,can does the because he He could play the piano 2.3.No, he playWashington,a week ). 10. No, was with( his indays when He he doesn’t, 6.8.He He was born)piano veryin he/ 1. He lives) in two Opava well. 9.He’s he doesn’t. parents. ten. 5.was(two and he could read music ( 4. Where does he live now? practises theLondon. Vienna. day six He’s a brilliantpianoin hour a Chicago andRepublic. 4. ( He was pianist. the Czech born) 5. Who does he live with? before he could read concerts. and he gives lots of books. 6. Does he go to school? 7. What could he do when he was very young? 8. Does he have much free time? Why not? 9. Is he poor? 10. Where was he last year?
What is the same about Alexandra and Lukas? What is different? Discuss with your partner They are both geniuses. Alexandra is a painter, and Lukas is a pianist.
They were both born in Eastern Europe. They both travel a lot and have money. Alexandra has a brother, but Lukas is only child. Alexandra goes to school every day, but Lukas goes to school two days a week. Alexandra lives in the USA, but Lukas lives in Vienna. Lukas plays sports but Alexandra doesn’t.
VOCABULARY AND PRONUNCIATION
Look at the sentences. What do you notice about these words? - I have a black eye. - No, he doesn’t know the answer.
Find the words in B that have the same pronunciation as the words in A.
write – right / see - sea wear – where / by - buy hear – here / eye - I for – four / son - sun know – no / too - two hour – our / there - their
Correct the two spelling mistakes in each sentence.
1. I can here you, but I can’t sea you. hear see 2. Their are three bedrooms in hourhouse. There are three bedrooms in our house. 3. I don’t no wear Jill lives. know where Jill lives. 4. My sun lives near the see. son sea. 5. Don’t where that hat, by a new one! wear that hat, buy 6. Know, eye come come toparty. party. No, I can’t can’t to your your write. Sally and Peter can’t come for dinner. 7. You were right . Sally and Peter can’t come fourdinner. 8. Theredaughter could write when she was three. Their daughter could right when she was three. 9. I no mymy answer are right. know answers are write.
know son too write hear where
no sun two right here wear
When you don’t know someone’s telephone number, you can phone Directory Enquiries. In Britain you ring 153 for international numbers. Here are the names and addresses of some people you want to call.
Listen to the operator and answer her questions. Get Nancy’s telephone number.
Operator: International Directory Enquiries. Which country, please? Australia , please! You: __________. Operator: And which town? Perth You: __________. Operator: Can I have the last name, please? You: __________. Wilson Operator: And the initial? N You: __________. Operator: What’s the address? 302 Erindale You: __________. Road Recorded message: The number you require is 006198 4681133 _________.
Read the lines below. They are all from telephone conversations. What do you think the lines before or after are? Discuss with a partner. 1. This is Jo. 2. Can I take a message? 3. Great! See you on Sunday at ten, then. Bye! 4. Oh, never mind. Perhaps next time. Bye! 5. No, it isn’t. I’ll just get her. 6. I’ll ring back later. 7. There’s a party at my house on Saturday. Can you come? 8. Can I speak to the manager, please?
Complete the conversations with a line from exercise 3.
This is Jo
Great! See you on Sunday at ten, then. Bye!
No, it isn’t. I’ll just get her.
There’s a party at my house on Saturday. Can you come?
Oh, never mind. Perhaps next time. Bye!
Can I speak to the manager, please?
Can I take a message? I’ll ring back later.